The Measurement of Overnights, Arrivals, and Capacities in: Hungary 1. Who is responsible for the statistics? The measurement and publication of information on overnights, arrivals, and capacities is operated by the Services Statistics Department of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (H-1024 Budapest, Keleti Károly u. 5-7. Hungary, head of department: Dr. Ákos PROBÁLD (Mr), [email protected]
, contact person: Edina VIRÁG (Ms), [email protected]
). Arrivals at frontiers are registered by the Ministry for Interior Affairs, and published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 2. Outline of the methodology A. Monthly first release on tourism The publication ‘First Release’ of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office surveys the turnover (arrivals and guest nights, occupancy rate and accommodation fee) of the public accommodation establishments. The First Release containing preliminary data is published monthly, 40 days after the reference period. Final data are published during the summer/autumn of the year following the reference period. The survey on the number of accommodation units, rooms and beds is published on an annual basis (on 31st July). Public accommodations are all establishments entitled by operation license, built or refurbished and used for such purpose that are operated in professional way, throughout the year or periodically, that provide accommodation services without intervals by continuous daily operation. Monthly (preliminary) and final data contain information regarding all commercial accommodation facilities. The public accommodation establishments are classified into the following groups: 1. Hotels (five-, four-, three-, two-, and one-star hotels), within hotels: spa hotels, wellness hotels, garni hotels / flophouses, and apartman hotels, 2. Boarding houses 3. Tourist hostels 4. Youth hostels 5. Bungalows 6. Camping sites. Number of arrivals at frontiers are available for every country in the world on a monthly basis. Total arrivals and Hungarians traveling abroad are available distinguished by border relation, and by mode of transport. Number of flights and number of passengers are available distinguished by the main destinations / airports, registered by the Budapest Airport service. Number of arrivals, number of guest nights and average length of stay at public accommodation establishments and separately at hotels, spa and wellness hotels are distinguished by the following source markets: 1. European countries 2. Austria 1
3. Belgium 4. Bulgaria 5. Cyprus 6. Croatia 7. Czech Republic 8. Denmark 9. Estonia 10. Finland 11. France 12. Germany 13. Greece 14. Ireland 15. Italy 16. Latvia 17. Lithuania 18. Luxemburg 19. Malta 20. Norway 21. Poland 22. Portugal 23. Rumania 24. Russia 25. Serbia and Montenegro 26. Slovakia 27. Slovenia 28. Spain 29. Sweden 30. Switzerland 31. The Netherlands 32. Turkey 33. Ukraine 34. United Kingdom 35. Other European countries 36. European Union 37. Asian markets 38. China 39. Israel 40. Japan 41. Other Asian markets 42. African markets 43. American markets 44. Canada 45. USA 46. Other American markets 47. Australia and Pacific 48. Foreign total 49. Domestic total 50. Total Further data on the public accommodation establishments are available:
• Income from accommodation fee distinguished by type of accommodation, and domestic / foreign guests • Accommodation fee per room and per operation day • Occupancy rate of rooms in hotels distinguished by type of hotels • Average prices of bedrooms in hotels • Data of conference rooms (number of conference rooms, total floor area and average floor area of conference rooms) As of 1998 the territory of Hungary was classified into nine tourist regions, besides the seven statistical regions already existed, the Lake Balaton and the Lake Tisza – because of their importance in Hungary’s tourism – were separated. Number of arrivals and guest nights, average length of stay, occupancy rate and accommodation fee distinguished by domestic and foreign markets are available for the nine tourist regions and the capital, as well: 1. Budapest and Central Danube Region (of which: Budapest) 2. Lake Balaton 3. Lake Tisza 4. Southern Transdanubia 5. Northern Great Plains 6. Northern Hungary 7. Southern Great Plains 8. Southern Transdanubia 9. Western Transdanubia Regarding the system of the holiday voucher system (which is a domestic tourism incentive tool of the government), as of 1999 data on the number of accommodation establishments accepting holiday cheque and turnover of holiday cheque are published. The results of the survey on the private accommodation establishments (capacity, foreign and domestic arrivals and guest nights) is published on an annual basis (during summer / autumn of the following year of the reference period). Private accommodation establishments are private rooms in cities and resorts, and private rooms in rural areas. Further data published in the monthly first release are: • Tourist arrivals at public accommodation establishments by motivation (leisure, conference, other business, spa tourism / medical treatment) • Main data of activity of tour operators (inbound, domestic and outbound tourism) • Main variables of Hungarian economy and tourism B. Monthly hotel monitor In order to provide more up-to-date information on tourism’s performance for the stakeholder and decisionmakers, as of October 2002 the Hungarian Central Statistical Office monitors more than 150 hotels (five-, four- and three-star hotels in Budapest and in the countryside). Supplying of data is obligatory for all five-, and four-star hotels, and some three-star hotels (according to the directive 1964/03). With the help of the monthly hotel monitor, the participants of the survey, and the main stakeholders of tourism have an actual view of the turnover of the hotels 5-6 days after the reference period. The hotel monitor contains the following data: number of rooms, number of occupied rooms, number of operation days, gross accommodation fee (without breakfast, VAT included) and number of guest nights. The data of the hotel monitor is available for the hotels participating in the survey, and for the 3
main stakeholders of tourism. A short summary in Hungarian is available on the website of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (www.ksh.hu). 3. Publications and Internet resources Executive summaries and findings are regularly (monthly and annual data) published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office on www.ksh.hu. The complete database is accessible via the online database system of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (http://portal.ksh.hu/portal/page?_pageid=38,119941&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL). Publications are available in Hungarian and English. The annual yearbook (together with a CD-ROM) is published during the autumn of the year following the reference period. Aggregated figures based on this database are accessible for free via the TourMIS database (www.tourmis.info). These data are updated by the Hungarian National Tourist Office (Telephone: +36 1 4888710, E-mail: [email protected]
). Monthly and annual reports are published on the website of the Hungarian National Tourist Office (www.hungary.com >> Travel Trade Pages >> Market Research). The information is available in Hungarian. Furthermore, the electronic publications Tourism in Hungary 1990-2002, Tourism in Hungary in 2002, 2003 and 2004, can be found on the website of the Hungarian National Tourist Office (www.hungary.com >> Travel Trade Pages >> Tourism in Hungary). The publications are available in Hungarian, English and German (for the period 1990-2002, and for the year 2002), respectively in Hungarian and English (for the year 2003 and 2004). As part of the joint marketing activities of the V4 countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia), a Statistical Information leaflet was published by the Slovakian National Tourist Office in 2002 and in 2003 about the main tourism figures of the V4 countries. Data on Budapest’s tourism are regulary published as well on the website of the Budapest Tourism Office (www.budapestinfo.hu).