28056 Student guidelines - NZQA

28056 Student guidelines - NZQA

NZQA Assessment Support Material Unit standard 28056 Title Read and understand texts on familiar topics (EL) Level 3 Credits 5 Version 1 St...

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NZQA Assessment Support Material

Unit standard

28056

Title

Read and understand texts on familiar topics (EL)

Level

3

Credits

5

Version

1

Student guidelines Introduction Refer to the unit standard document for the outcome, evidence requirements and grading criteria. THIS UNIT STANDARD CAN BE AWARDED WITH AN ACHIEVED, MERIT, OR EXCELLENCE GRADE

AWAR D O F G R AD E S •

For award with Achieved, understanding of written texts is demonstrated by: – –

Identifying the overall idea, main points and supporting details. The meaning of language features and essential vocabulary key to understanding the text is identified.

Range language features may include but are not limited to – lexical and grammatical cohesive devices, tense, modals, imperatives, persuasive language. minimum of three different language features for each text; minimum of ten vocabulary items for each text. •

For award with Merit, clear understanding of written texts is demonstrated by: – –



Linking the main points and supporting details. Language features and essential vocabulary key to understanding the text are located and linked to meaning.

For award with Excellence, thorough understanding of written texts is demonstrated by: – –

Explaining the overall idea of the text, and links between main points and supporting details. Language features and essential vocabulary key to understanding the text are explained.

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 1 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

This unit standard has one outcome: Outcome 1: Read and understand texts on familiar topics (EL) Range

two texts of different topics and text types, assessed on separate occasions; text types may include but are not limited to – information, persuasive, recount.

Task – Driving in New Zealand Conditions of assessment These materials contain assessment tasks for ONE transactional text only. In order to complete this standard, you must successfully complete activities for two transactional texts. • • • •

Do this activity in class. You may ask the assessor to explain the instructions. You may use an English dictionary but not an electronic translator. Your spelling and grammar do not need to be perfect but your assessor needs to be able to understand what you mean. Learner checklist In this assessment task you will need to show that you can do the following: To achieve you will need to say what you think the overall idea or purpose of text is e.g. to tell the reader why smoking should be banned. To achieve with Excellence you will need to explain your answer e.g. The title is ‘Smoking hazards’. The word hazard tells us that this is dangerous, and the graphs and pictures show how many people die and the harmful effects of smoking on people. To achieve you will need to show that you understand the text by identifying main points and supporting details. To achieve with Merit you will also need to link main points and supporting details. To achieve with Excellence you will also need to explain links between main points and supporting details with reference to the text e.g. The main point is that smoking causes a variety of diseases. The information in the paragraph outlines a number of different diseases that are caused by smoking. To achieve you need to identify the meaning of at least three different language features key to understanding the text. To achieve with Merit you will also need to find language features and link to the meaning of these as they are used in the text. To achieve with Excellence you will also need to explain the meaning of language features as they are used in the text e.g. The use of the word ‘many’ tells me that a large number, but not all people who smoke get ill.

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 2 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

To achieve you need to identify the meaning of ten essential vocabulary items key to understanding the text. To achieve with Merit you will also need to find some vocabulary items in the text and link to their meanings. To achieve with Excellence you will also need to explain the meaning of some vocabulary items e.g. In this text the word ‘current’ means at the present time’ or ‘happening now’.

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 3 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

Reading text

Driving in New Zealand 1 2 3 4 5 6

New Zealand has a graduated driving licence system. This means that you have to complete a number of stages before getting a full New Zealand driving licence. It normally takes two years to get a full driving licence in New Zealand. This information outlines the rules for getting a full Class 1 licence, which allows you to drive a car, ute or van. If you want to drive a different type of vehicle e.g. a truck or motorcycle, the rules are different.

7 8 9 10 11 12

Before you learn to drive on the road you must get a learner licence. To get a learner licence you must sit and pass the learner licence test. You will also have your photograph taken, pay a fee and take an eyesight test. If you fail the eyesight test you will have to see an optician. To take the test you need to take proof of where you live and your identity, such as a birth certificate or passport, to the local testing office.

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

The learner licence test is a theory test that you take on a computer. It has thirty-five questions that test your knowledge of the road rules. The questions are multi-choice and true/false questions. You choose the answer you think is most correct by clicking on it. You must answer thirtytwo questions correctly. Once you have your learner licence you can start to learn to drive. However, you must have a supervisor who has a full licence with you in the car at all times, and you must have ‘L’ plates on the car when you are driving.

21 22 23 24 25 26

The next stage is the restricted licence. To get a restricted licence you have to do a practical test. You are allowed to do the practical test six months after you get a learner licence. The vehicle you use for the test must have a current warrant of fitness, registration and working brake and indicator lights. It must also have ‘L’ plates on display. You will need to do an eyesight test again and should have your learner licence with you.

27 28 29 30 31 32 33

The practical test takes about thirty minutes and there is another fee. The testing officer will watch you drive and check that you are a safe driver. He or she will want to know that you are aware of the things around you when you are driving, for example, children playing near the road. The testing officer will also want to see if you can adjust your speed and change your direction when you need to, and that you can do a number of different driving skills for example, three-point turns and hill starts.

34 35 36

Once you have a restricted licence there are special rules. People with restricted licences cannot drink alcohol before they drive, must not drive between 10pm and 5am, and can only carry certain passengers.

37 38 39 40 41 42 43

After 18 months of safe driving on a restricted licence you qualify for a full licence. However, you will have to do a full licence on-road test, another eyesight test and pay another fee, but you will not need to do another theory test. You will need to provide the vehicle that you sit the test in. The full licence road test has three parts; basic driving, detecting and responding to dangers in built-up areas, and detecting and responding to dangers on higher speed roads e.g. motorways.

44 45 46 47

However, you can get a full licence in twelve months instead of eighteen months if you do a defensive driving course or an advanced driving course. You can do this once you have your restricted licence. If you pass the course you will get your full licence sooner. 606 words

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 4 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

Task – Driving in New Zealand Learner’s name:

Date

Read the text and answer the questions below. 1. The overall idea of the text is identified. (A)

Which of these is the best description of the main idea of the whole text? a) New Zealand driving tests b) Driving safely in New Zealand c) The New Zealand driving licence system 2. Explain why you think this. Refer to the text in your answer. (E)

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...……...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...……...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...……...

3. Main points and supporting details are identified. (A)

Read these lines in the text. Are these ideas from the text main ideas or supporting information? Write ‘M’ or ‘S’ next to each one

Lines 1-6

Main or Supporting

a) There are 3 stages. b) New Zealand has a graduated driving licence system. c) It usually takes two years to get a full licence.

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 5 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

Lines 7-12

Main or Supporting

d) Pass the eyesight test. e) Pay the fee. f)

You need to do these things to get a learner licence.

Lines 13-20

Main or Supporting

g) When you pass the theory test you can drive a car. h) It has 35 questions. i)

The theory test checks your knowledge of the road rules.

4. Main points and supporting details are linked. (M)

Use the ideas below to complete the chart of main ideas and supporting information. Write the letter only. a) The testing officer checks your driving. b) Do an advanced driving course. c) It is possible to get a full licence more quickly. d) Information about the practical test. e) You can only carry certain passengers. f)

The restricted licence has special rules.

Main points

Supporting details

i) ……………………

It takes about 30 minutes. iv) …………………………… You are not allowed to drink alcohol.

ii) ………………… v) …………………………… You cannot drive between 10pm and 5am. Learn to drive at a driving school. iii) ………………… Do a defensive driving course. vi) ………………………………

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 6 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

5. Main points and supporting details are explained. (E)

Look at this section of the text. After 18 months of safe driving on a restricted licence you qualify for a full licence. However, you will have to do a full licence on-road test, another eyesight test and pay another fee, but you will not need to do another theory test. You will need to provide the vehicle that you sit the test in. The full licence road test has three parts; basic driving, detecting and responding to dangers in built-up areas, and detecting and responding to dangers on higher speed roads e.g. motorways. a) What is the main idea of this paragraph? i)

You must do an on road test to get a full licence.

ii) You must be a safe driver to get a full licence. iii) Things you have to do to get your full licence. b) Explain your choice of answer. …………………………………………………………………………………………...………...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...

…………………………………………………………………………………………...………...

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 7 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

6. The meaning of language features key to understanding the text is identified. (A)

a) Pronoun reference Find the pronouns in bold in the text below and write the noun or phrase they refer to.

1 2 3 4 5 6

The next stage is the restricted licence. To get a restricted licence you have to do a practical test. You are allowed to do the practical test six months after you get a learner licence. The vehicle you use for the test must have a current warrant of fitness, registration and working brake and indicator lights. It must also have ‘L’ plates on display. You will need to do an eyesight test again and should have your learner licence with you.

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

The practical test takes about thirty minutes and there is another fee. The testing officer will watch you drive and check that you are a safe driver. He or she will want to know that you are aware of the things around you when you are driving, for example, children playing near the road. The testing officer will also want to see if you can adjust your speed and change your direction when you need to, and that you can do a number of different driving skills for example, three-point turns and hill starts.

14 15 16

Once you have a restricted licence there are special rules. People with restricted licences cannot drink alcohol before they drive, must not drive between 10pm and 5am, and can only carry certain passengers.

i.

‘You’ (line 2

………………………………………………………………………

ii.

‘He’ (line 8)

………………………………………………………………………

iii.

‘they’ (line 15)

………………………………………………………………………

b) Connectives

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

After 18 months of safe driving on a restricted licence you qualify for a full licence. However, you will have to do a full licence on-road test, another eyesight test and pay another fee, but you will not need to do another theory test. You will need to provide the vehicle that you sit the test in. The full licence road test has three parts; basic driving, detecting and responding to dangers in built-up areas, and detecting and responding to dangers on higher speed roads e.g. motorways.

8 9 10 11

However, you can get a full licence in twelve months instead of eighteen months if you do a defensive driving course or an advanced driving course. You can do this once you have your restricted licence. If you pass the course you will get your full licence sooner.

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 8 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

Look at the words in bold in the text above. Write ONE of these words in each of the boxes below. Which word:

introduces a contrasting piece of information?

tells us that something will happen later?

gives a condition?

i) ……………………….

ii) ………………………

iii) ……………………….

c) Class/sub-class Complete the table by writing what group of things the following are.

i) Types of ……………………

car, ute, truck, van, motorcycle

ii) Types of ……………………

learner, restricted, full

iii) Types of …………………..

three point turns, hill starts

7. Language features key to understanding the text are located and linked to meaning. (M)

Collocation: words that go together. Find all of the words that mean a type of test in the text. i)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………… iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 9 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

8. Language features key to understanding the text are explained. (E)

After 18 months of safe driving on a restricted licence you qualify for a full licence. However, you will have to do a full licence on-road test, another eyesight test and pay another fee, but you will not need to do another theory test. You will need to provide the vehicle that you sit the test in. The full licence road test has three parts; basic driving, detecting and responding to dangers in built-up areas, and detecting and responding to dangers on higher speed roads e.g. joining traffic on a motorway. However, you can get a full licence in twelve months instead of eighteen months if you do a defensive driving course or an advanced driving course. You can do this once you have your restricted licence. If you pass the course you will get your full licence sooner. Read the text in the box above and answer the questions below. a) i)

Do you have to provide a vehicle for the on-road test?

Yes/No (circle one)

ii) How do you know this? …………………………………………………………………………………………...……

…………………………………………………………………………………………...…… b) i)

Does everyone get a full licence after 12 months?

Yes/No (circle one)

ii) How do you know this? …………………………………………………………………………………………...……

…………………………………………………………………………………………...…… c) i)

Do you do a defensive driving course before or after you get your restricted licence?

Before/After (circle one)

ii) How do you know this? …………………………………………………………………………………………...……

…………………………………………………………………………………………...……

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 10 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

9. The meaning of essential vocabulary key to understanding the text is identified. (A)

Match the words with the correct meanings as used in the text. There are more words than meanings.

to adjust

to provide

a supervisor

an optician

fee

identity

speed

responding

dangers

basic

select

indicator

direction

restricted

normally

a.

your name, who you are

b.

an eye doctor

c.

a person who is in charge

d.

only allows you to do some things

e.

to change, move to a better position

f.

usually

g.

to choose something

h.

a light on a car that flashes on and off to show the direction you are going in

i.

money you have to pay

j.

to give something to someone

k.

reacting to something

l.

something that is not safe

10. Essential vocabulary key to understanding the text is located and linked to meaning. (M)

Find the words that have these meanings in the text. Write the word in the box next to the meanings. a.

lines 21-23: something you do, usually with your hands

b.

lines 13-15: a written assessment of what you know about something

c.

Lines 28-30: able to see or notice something or someone

d.

lines 37-39: to pass a test or meet the standard

e.

lines 46-48: doing something to protect yourself and avoid accidents

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 11 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014

11. Essential vocabulary key to understanding the text is explained. (E)

a) What is the meaning of the word ‘graduated’ (line 1) in the text? Make sure you use the meaning of the word in this text. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… b) What is the meaning of the word ‘current’ (line 23) as it is used in the text? Make sure you use the meaning of the word in this text. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… c) What is the meaning of the word ‘plates’ (line 25) as it is used in the text? Make sure you use the meaning of the word in this text. ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

28056 version 1 Student guidelines

ASM version 1 July 2014

Page 12 of 12  New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2014