3 October 1986 - The Namibian

3 October 1986 - The Namibian

STAFF REPORTERS IN WHAT WOULD appear to be a 'Iastditch' atte~pt to engender the supp ort of the .population of Na~ibia, t he interi~ govern~ent has ...

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IN WHAT WOULD appear to be a 'Iastditch' atte~pt to engender the supp ort of the .population of Na~ibia, t he interi~ govern~ent has launehe d a ~ajor pUblieity ea~paign, whieh will inelude T-shirts, bu~per stiekers and badges. Theea~paign, f inaneed by t 'a xpayer's ~oney, also eo~e s at a ti~e when the self-styled ' Govern~ent of National Unity' i s riddled with dissension i n i ts o wn r anks, ' with Mini s t ers r esorting t o t he eourts i n atte~pts to arbitrate t heir disputes. - Mr Pau l v a n Schalkwyk , head of t he I nformation Service, confirmed yester day t hat 5000 T-shirts were on order; a n d t hat badges a nd bumper stickers w er e also to be p rinted to promote t he interim government.

Pregnant women allege l'ape by soldiers in north TWO PREGNANT WOInen who ela iIn t o h ave h een r a ped and assaulted h y IneInher s of 5 3 BattaUo n a re presently h e i ng treat ed at the Onandjokwe H ospita l i n n o rthern N aIni h i a. Bot h WOInen said they inten d ed t o l ay eltarges one e t hey h ad lef t t he h o s p ita l . The alleged rape and assault took place in the early morning hours of last Tuesday at Oluno, and residents confirmed that an unidentified third woiIlan also fell prey to members of the security forces who were allegedly looking for Swapo fighters who blew . up telephone poles in the region. Nine months pregnant Mrs Mari~ Kamut ukwata, 30, in a quivering voice told The Namibian from her hospita l bed at Onandjokwe that three ' Defence Force members on Tuesday forcefully opened her room and ordered everybody to wake up. She said she was with another elderly woman in her room, whom the soldiers ordered out, before grab-

bing and dragging her out to nearby bushes. She said the soldiers spoke 'a strange African language' which she said - was 'definitely from South Africa.' 'Two soldiers held me by my arms and legs while the third slapped me through the face and then raped me. Continued on page 3

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Friday October 3 1966

Bessinger ~ubject t o intensive check a t roadblock

Evidenee-to he heard A JUDGEMENT to the effect that . legal preceedings commence and oral evidEmce be submitted for the hearing of an urgent application brought by Swapo Education Secretary and Namibia Literacy Project Director, Mr Joshua . Hoebeb,againstNudomember,Mr Unotjari Katjimune, has been handed down by the Windhoek Supreme Court this week. Mr Hoebeb's application sought an order interdicting and restraining the respondent Mr Katjimune from assaulting, molesting, threatellingto physically harm or to unlawfully interfere with Mr Hoebeb's fundamental human rights. Further relief claimed against the respondent was an order directing him to immediately surrender any firearm and animunition in his possesssion or under his control to the police, and that he be declared unfit to legally possess any firearm. The application arose from an attempt on the life ofMr Hoebeb during the evening of June 8, this year, when shots were fired at his vehicle and the windows smashed with sticks and metal rods. Mr Hoebeb,in a sworn sta't ement, earlier told the court that he and other Augustineum School Committee members attended an emmergency meeting at the house ofCCN Welfare Director Mr Vezera Kandetu following a fire which broke out in a staff room. He said he went out to a neighbouring house of a Mr Otniel Kazombiaze to phone when he spotted a white 'Ibyota Hiace microbus parked in the street across Mr Kandetu's house. He told the court that he immediately became suspicious, retreated and later got into his motor car and drove some 60 metres away when the same

microbus blocked his way at a stop street. 'Two persons 'immediately jumped' out of the microbus, moving towar4s . me andl noticed that they we.re carrying long objects in their hands: he said. He said he sped around the microbus as the persons starteasmashing his vehicle's windows with the objects, but Jater discovered that he had also been shot at. One ofthe bullets recovered had been

do not respect the rights. of others and who would not refrain from killing people who they conceive are their political opponents! The respondent originally opposed the application, but later denied most of the alleg1!-tions and filed extensive applications to strike out annexures and parts of alleged offending matter appearing in appllcant's affidavits. Handing down judgement on Tuesday Mr Justice Johan Strydom ruled that oral evidence be heard in regard to whether the applicant was attacked by the respondent; but that the events at and during a Corpus Cristi Procession last June be specifically excluded'from such evidence. . He ruled further that the parties shall be entitled to subpoena and call any witness to give evidence provided that if a witness was to be called who had not yet filed an affidavit, then one had to be filed with the Registrar not less than two weeks before a fixed date of hearing. The Judge directed that the matter be postponed to a date to be fixed by arrangement with the Registrar, and that the matter of costs of the application be reserved for argument after hearing evidence. .

Mr Joshua Hoeb'eb handed to the police, and Mr Hoebeb added that since the incident he had been living in fear for his life. . He described the attack onhis life as 'the work of politically motivated people who clearly show little or no respect for the due process of the law, and who

Affidavits by several people were filed in support ofMr Hoebeb's application. Included among them are affidavits by Mr Vezera Kandetu, Mr Dan 'I)ongarero, Mr Otniel Kazombiaze, Miss Nora Chase, two Windhoek journalists Mr John·Liebenberg and Mr David Pieters.

Mr Katjimune is cited as the first respondent, and the Democratic'Turnhalle Allience (DTA), of which N udo is a member party, as the second in the matter. .

Mr Niko Bessinger

Swapo rally ' in Nom.tsoub SW APO is to hold a public rally in Nomtsoub, Tsumeb on Sunday. The rally will be held at the open area between the Saint Fransiscus Roman Catholic Church and the Tsumeb Municipal Compound at 14:00. Speakers will include Mr Eliazer . Tuhadeleni, Mr Dan Tjongarero, Mr Solomon Gamatham.

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SWAPO JOINT Foreign affairs Secretary, Mr Niko Bessinger, was last Thursday subjected to what he called 'exceptional scrutiny' of his vehicle and personal documents at an army road block on the Tsumeb-Ondangwa road. Mr Bessinger said although a road sign indicating a police road block ahead was put up , he was convinced that the men manning the block we~e from the Defence Force and were dressed 'i n army uniforms. He said the thorough search through his car and documents, and the consequent questions amounted to an 'isolated and selective' manner of manning road blocks . , He pointed out that although he produced his Identification Document when asked for a senior Defence Force member kept on asking for it and questioned him on the purpose of his visit to the north. 'Are you a Swapo executive member? Are the other people also Swap os? And are you going to hold a Swapo meeting in Ow ambo? ' were some of the questions put to Mr Bessinger. . He said the men also photographed'and made notes of most of his personal and professional documents, and repeated the same action on his way back from the north. Mr Bessinger's trip followed an invitation to the official inauguration of a new library at Oniipa.

P ublic respect f .or g.overnment is J ost, s ays Sarel Becker MR SAREL BECKER, Chief Executive of the Herstigte Nasionale Party (HNP) in Namibia, has called for the reinstatement 'of rule by the Administrator General. ~ - . . In a telex to the South African State President, Mr P W Botha, Mr ' Be'eker asked for the disbanding of the interim government and rule by the South African-appointed Administrator General. .He said that members of the interim government were fighting among themselves and taking one another to court. The interim government had also failed to broaden its base. Mr Becker said that public respect for the government had been lost and that the interim government should be disbanded. He suggested that t h e Administrator General 'be advised' by the second tier authorities.

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Friday October 3 1986


'Like a laIDb to slaughter' LIKE AN innocentlamb, Namibia's fishing industry, already decimated after decades of plunder, was being ' led to the' slaughterhouse, said Mr Charles Courtney-Clark, Chairman of the Fishing Licence Action Group (FLAG), in a press release on the , currentstateofthetisbingindustry this week. Saying that if'South Africa's interim government in Namibia ratifies the recommendations of its specially-appointed panel instructed to devise a socalled new fisheries dispensation for this country, it will be the end ofthe lit, tie that still remains of our fisheries', Mr Courtney-Cla.rke added that massive confusion surrounding the report and recommendations of the panel of consultants.' He also alleged that the consultants were 'wholly sympatlietic' to the South African cause. He said it was 'absolutely im- _ perative' that the recommendations

should not be passed by the National While the demarcation was allegedAssembly without drastic revision and ly presently the subject 'o f socalled . amendment. bilateral negotiations between Win'This is because they are in essence ' dhoek and Pretoria, 'arrangements a cleverly concealed delaying tactic for are nevertheless being made to remaintaining and rationalising the allocate fi&hing concessions for the status quo typified by South Africa's 1987 season'. ' continued domination and overexThese negotiations were diverploitation of our marine resources', he sionary and 'serve as a screen behind said. . which recommendations and criteria While the new policy was billed as are being devised to perpetuate South upholding the 'Namibia first' position, African concessionaires' virtual the practical implications of adopting monopoly of our fisheries', he said. this policy would achieve exactly the He added there was nothing to preopposite, he said. vent the Cabinet from allotting its 86 'The recommendations do not adpercent share of new 'fishing conce!!,dress themselves to the crux of the sions to Namibians and leaving South fisheries question, namely, the N amiMrica to do what it liked with its 14 bianisation of ,this country 's percent. legitimate 86 percent share of the Referring to the report, he said that fishing resources between the Orange , it did not lay down a coherent policy and Cunene Rivers'. statement concerning the NamiSouth Africa's legitimate share, he bianisation of the fisheries in princiadded, based on territorial claims to ple, but consisted instead of a 'long Wal~is Bay and islands to the south, catalogue of disjointed amounted to rio more than 14 percent. recommendations'. 'Ib the interim government Minister of Fisheries, Mr Eben van Zijl, FLAG asked: 'We in FLAG are the country's fishermen. Why are you not talking to us Mr van Zijl?' He added that 'the hour has now arrived for the effective N amibianisation of 86 percent share in the in-shore fisheries (pilchards and crayfish) over building the mine, were still , which South African companies have continuing . 95 percent control. He said the mine would only be a 'We challenge those members ofthe small ' operation as the gold, also National Assembly who claim they are found in other parts of the area was patriotic N amibians, to stand up and of a low grade and close to the surdemonstrate their support ofthis conface, and not comparable to any of tinued South Mrican domination or the goldmines in South Africa. the real Namibianisation of the No official comment could be obfisheries and we call on our fellow tained from the Department of Water N amibians to support our fishing comAffairs, as to the role they would play munity as guardian ofthis treasured in supplying the water. national asset' .

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Anglo speaks on gold deposit A SPOKESMAN for Anglo . American in Johannesburg this week confirmed that gold had been found in the Karibib area, but that no decision had been taken yet concerning the mining of the deposit. Investigations into the commercial viability of mining the metal and the supply of water to ~he area, which would play an decisiv~ role in

9verilD1ent's PR caInpaign Continued from page 1

He could not say what the cost involved in the new campaign would be, but estimated that the T-shirts alone would cost in the vicinity of R20 O()(). He also confirmed the setting up, at J G Strydom Airport, of billboards advertising the interim government. Meanwhile the manager at J G Strydom said that the interim government did not pay for the display at the airport, but confirmed that Cigarette manufacturers; for insta~ce, paid for the advertising space, in the airport b~ilding. ' Asked about the campaign, Mr van Schalkwyk could not say whether the T-shirts, which would have the slogan: 'Peace

brings prosperity, unity makes it possible', would be sold or 'given' away'. He said one of the reasons for , the campaign was that the 'government feels strongly about unity in the country'. He also said the campaign had already been budgeted for, and was complete separate from Mr Sean Cleary's R4-million per annum budget to 'promote the image of the interim government abroad'. It is almost unheard-of that a government 'sells' itself in such a manner, by printing T-shirts and other publicity material. Critics see it as a 'last-ditch' attempt on

Alleged rape in nort:h Continued from page 1

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behalf of the interim government, which has shown considerable dissension in its ' ranks, to engender the support of the population of Namibia. Approach'ed for comment on the issue, interim government Justice Minister, ,Mr Fanuel Kozonguizi, said that the T-shirts were part of a campaign to celebrate the first anniversary of the interim government on June 17 this year, a celebration which did not come off. When asked whether it was not unusual for a government to 'sell itself', his reply was: 'Why not?' He said however, that he would look into the matter.

'I felt terrible and screamed out for help but.every time I screamed the soldier holding my legs slapped and throttled me causing me not to be able to utter any sound. 'At a stage I managed to get loose and it seemed as if they decided to leave me alone, but as I struggled away, they assaulted and all three raped me again,' Mrs Kamutukwata said. She said the soldiers then told her to 'f... off and report again as she did before, and warned her that they would come back again. Mrs Kamutukwata told The Namibian that it was the second time that 53 Battalion members had raped her. She said she was first raped in May 1984 while four months pregnant, and although she had since laid a charge with the Ondangwa Police, those responsible 'could not be traced.' 'What makes me very bitter is the fact that I am married with two children, but these soldiers' do not care about that. I pray that this time they will be punished,' she said. Seven months.pregnant Mrs Selma Nuumbala, 34 , told The Namibian that on t he same Tuesday about five Casspir veh icles arrived at her kraal allegedly following a bicycle track t h at led into her homestead, She said it was about 10:00 and two white soldiers entered and asked ~bout the 'Swapo terrorist,' who blew

up telephone poles and then fled into her home. She said she told them that she has not seen t he 'terrorist,' but the soldiers insisted and grabbed her by her chest tearing her dress. 'They searched my kraal but when , they found nothing they kicked and beat me up. I was with Linea Joseph, 18, who helps me with my domestic work when I am at work, and she too was beaten up. 'All I wish to happen is that these men who call themselves defenders 'of our people be withdrawn, and the soldiers concerned be severely punished,' Mrs N uumbala said. Both women expressed their 'utter hate and contempt,' for the Defence Force, and vowed to lay charges once discharged from hospital. Meanwhile hospital authorities described the conditions of both women as 'slightly better'. A spokesman for the Defence Force in Windhoek said this was a straightforward case and he could not comment since no charges had been la id as yet. He said if nothing was recorded then there wa s noth ing to investigat e. Asked about t he concern for an increase in t h e alleged cr imes, the spokesman said:' 'There ate su ch isolated cases, but as far as I k now the men in that area are well disciplined.' The spokesman however took down the particulars of the allegations. '


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Ministers ohject to unfair attacks Mr Gauntlett went on to say that MR JUSTICE Harold Levy there was a presumption that the reserved judgement on Friday in an application by the Free Press rule audi alteram partem applied to of Namibia (Pty) Ltd, for the setthe exercise of judicial and quasijudicial power to effect prejudicially ting ~side of a deposit levied on '- The Namibian purportedly in . freedoms of the individual. The Cabinet, he added, was r~quired 'to terms of the Internal Security Act make an assessment into the pro(no 44 of 1950) by the interim government Cabinet, in the babilities of misconduct in the future. The particular newspaper or its proamount of R20 000. Section 6 (bis) of the Internal prietor cannot at that stage have performed the notiona l acts, the Security Act provides that no likelihood or possibility of which newspaper shall be registered 'unless leads the Respondent to make its inthe proprietor of such newspaper fringement of the newspaper's deposits with the Minister ofthe Infreedom of expression'. terior such amount not exceeding Mr Gauntlett said the 'effect of s.6 twenty thousand rand as the bis is even more draconian than s.6. Minister may within the said period A right is infringed not because a determine whenever he is not man has done something, but satisfied that a prohibition under s. because the Respondent is not 6 will not at any time become satisfied that he will not do it at any necessary in respect of such time in the future '. newspaper' . He added the Free Press had a Mr Jeremy Gauntlett, for the Free legitimate expectation of being heard Press, submitted that the provisions by the Cabinet before it took its deciof Section 6 constituted 'a clear infrsion to impose the R20 000 deposit. ingement of the fundamental It was· apparent that the Cabinet freedom of expression'. He added that decisions were taken in terms of the the applicant had a fundamental memoranda laid before it by the right to freedom of expression and Directorate of Civic Affairs and Manthat the Cabinet had purported to power, as well as a report by the restrict it. former head of the Security Police, Mr Gauntlett went on to say that Brigadier Sarel Strydom, and Colthe Cabinet 'failed to apply its mind onel S Eimbeck. to the true meaning of the words The then Chairman of the Cabinet, calculated to endanger the security of mr Moses Katjiuongua: said in an afthe state or the maintenance ofpublic fidavit that 'as will appear more fulorder. In acting on the basis of all the ly fro m (the memoranda) the Direcinform ation placed. before it, it torate regarded it as inadvisable that manifestly took into account imthe leaders of the present government proper and irrelevant considerations and omitted to take into account pro- . ie the Ministers, should be subjected to unfair attacks on them personally. per and relevant considerations'. 'In the light of what had happened Mr Gauntlett added th at th e in the past .. . the Cabinet naturally Cabinet 'demonstrably acted in bad took this fa ctor into acco unt in comfaith in the proper legal sense'. ing to its decision '" He continued to say that the Inter'The Cabinet was of the view that nal Security Act had been repea led unfair attacks on its members will inand was in conflict with the Declarater alia tend to lower the esteem in tion of Rights.

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which they are held by the public; it will adversely affect their political integrity and their credibility; it will lower the ~tatus of the Cabinet as such, and ultimately, the Cabinet, and its members will be hampered in the performance of its, and their, duties and functions. This, in the view of the Cabinet, is likely to have the effect to endanger the security of the State or the maintenance of public order'. Mr Katjiuongua further stated that 'the Cabinet is of the opinion that by

FORMER Security Police Chief, Sarel Strydom.

giving such prominence to th e unrest in the R epublic of S outh Africa, The Nam ibian, under the editorship of Ms Lister, is actually sowing the seeds of civil unrest in South West Africa. Mr Katjiuongua added: 'It cannot, in my view, be denied that views and

attitudes such as held by Ms Lister towards institutions like the State CounCILand the MPC, can only have an adverse effect on the evolutionary processes that are taking place in S outh West Africa. Th ere was no reason to believe that The Namibian would not advocate and propagate these views and attitudes and by doing so, the newspaper would actually be engaged in any attempt to eliminate institutions who endeavour to bring about change·in South West Africa in a peaceful and evolutionary. manner. It also cannot be denied, in '" my view, that such attempt can only further the aims of those who advocate revolutionary change'. Mr Gauntlett went on to emphasise that the Cabinet had acted on the basis of all the material before it, and included in this was the strategy of the Directorate of Security Management (Colonel S Eimbeck) that a large deposit should be claimed 'om die wind uit Lister se seile te neem '(to take the wind out of Lister's sails). Mr Fame Mynhardt SC, instructed by the acting State Attorney Mr Chris Brandt, said the Internal SecUrity Act had not been repealed and that Section 6 bis did not offend against the Bill of Rights. Asked by the Judge if a distinction was made between the applicant (the Free Press of Namibia) and the editor , Mr Mynhardt said it was important to have regard for the person . in control. Mr Mynhardt said there was no basis to the allegation that the Cabinet were 'hostile' towards Ms Lister. They did differ and had a lways differed, he said.

Brigadier Strydom's recommendation to the Cabinet that Swapo was a 'revolutionary' organisation, was a point of view shared by the Cabinet, he said. He described the decision by the Cabinet to impose a deposit as a 'value judgement' which someone had to make. The general tenor of her writings showed that Lister sided with Swapo, he said. Disputing the applicant's allegation that Mr Katjiuongua had held views similar to those he now described as 'revolutionary', and that he himself had 'Marxist' sentiments, Mr Mynhardt said that Mr Kat· jiuongtra had 'changed' and that the new Swanu (MPC) constitution did not contain the objectives of revolution. Asked how the 'State' could suffer if one or two of their Cabinet members were attacked, Mr Mynhard told Judge Levy that the effect of the attacks on them personally hampered effective government and 'you can't have effective government if they are personally attacked'. Reacting to Colonel Eimbeck's view that a heavy deposit should be levied 'om die wind uit Lister se seile te neem', Mr Mynhardt said that was merely one piece of material before the Cabinet . A sserting ma lafides on the part of the Cabinet in making its decision , Mr Gauntlett asked 'where political criticism ends and begins?'. Describ- ' ing the State's case as 'feeble and hypothetical', he said there was a difference between public order and the security of the state.

Mala\Vi visit for conservators ACCORDING to a press release from the Department of Nature Conservation, Mr Poll a Swart, Director ofNature Conservation aQ.d Dr Eugene Joubert, ChiefNature Conservation Researcher, are to represent Namibia at the Management and Utilisation QfWildlife and Nature Conservation (MUNC) meeting to be held in Malawi next month. The visit to Malawi follows shortly after a visit by a senior Malawian conservation official Mr Henry N sanjama to Namibia last month. The main reason for his visit was to investigate the use of electric fencing in parks. Member countries ofthe MUNC include Malawi, Swaziland , Botswana, Lesotho, the RSA and Namibia, and the theme of the 1986 meeting concerns the drawing up of master plans in conservation areas. Dr Joubert will deliver a paper on the subject at the meeting.

Other topics to be discussed at the meeting include improvement of communications between :eotswana andNamibiaregarding random movement of both

poachers and game in the vicinity ofthe eastern Caprivi, and the status of elephantsJ rhino and crocodiles in the various member countries.

Data and statistics are sadly lacking oflabour activities in the country. THE INTERIM government'Clearly it will be necessary for appointed NatiQnal , Labour Council held its second · the Council to take steps to remedy this situation and this will meeting, and discussed in fact be a priority task for the various reports relating to Council'. functions and work of the Otl~er issues relating to labour Council, according to a press economics, labour relations and release by Mr Charles the training of labour were also Truebody, the Chairman, this considered at the meeting and as week. He said that it was of major concern that so little data in the form of evaluated reports and statistics were available on the many facets

soon as possible steps would be taken to remedy the defects in the data base in respect ofthese issues as well.

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Judge reminds SADF they sUhjeet to laws THE WINDHOEK Supreme Court this week sentenced two South African Defence Force members to ten years imprisonment each for brutally raping a twenty four year, old virgin in northern Namibia early last year. The two soldiers Richard Fischer, 21, and James Roland Malon, 19, earlier pleaded not guilty to the charges of housebreaking with aggravating circumstances, assault and rape, but agreed that they were slightly intox, icated during the night ofthe-crimes. According to evidence before the court, soldiers Fischer and Malon on February 28, 1985, without permission left their Base at Ruacana, for nearby Cuca shops where they took . alcohol without paying, indulged in heavy drinking, threatened inhabitants and indecently assaulted women. Later that night the two soldIers ar-

rivedatacucashopwheretwowomen Luna Natangwe Kandenge and Martha Eric were fast asleep, and ordered them to open. . Soldier Fischer after i!lquiring about a certain Maria, assaulted the women with his fists and threatened to shoot them. On arrival at the next cuca shop they forced a door open and found another woman Selma Nduluka Amulova in bed. The soldiers first demanded money, and then repeatedly and brutally raped the woman. At a stage one soldier stood guard at the door while ordering the woman to stop screaming. Giving evidence before the court witnesess Luna Kandenge and Martha Eric both testified that soldier Fischer assaulted them and that they heard Miss Amulova screaming out for help. Miss Amulova confirmed the assault by Fischer and told the ourt that she


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CCN .calls for sanctions THE COUNCIL of Churches in Namibia has appealed to all governments with economic ties with the South African Government, and specifically the USA, UK, Federal Republic of Germany and Portugal, to impose comprehensive mandatory sanctions on South Africa. In a motion adopted by the recent AGM of the Council of Churches (CCN), they said that 'we are conscious of the consequences as a result of our call butweseethisastheonlyrelative" ly non-violent recourse left open to us ,. The motion for sanctions was adopted after the Council noted 'the intransigence of the South African

Government in,. not having .' implemented UNSCR435; having noted the entrenchment of the SADF and the ' transitional government in our country; and further conscious of the deep suffering ofour people as a result ofthe above and the ongoing warfor.ced upon this country by the South African Government; and also conscious ofthe . continued suffering of the voiceless majority ofthe people of South Africa; andrealising that their suffering and ours issue from a common cause; seeking to end the costly destruction oflife and property immediately, and having denied access to our pleas for human rights, dignity, justice andfreedomfor all, hereby appeal to all governments

Bunger strike ends TWELVE political prisoners in the ·Windhoek Central Prison terminated their hunger strike on the 13th day, after agreement was reached between theJr legal representative and the Prisons Department (which resorts under the Department of Justice). In terms ofthe agreement the matter was referred to Windhoek's Chief Magistrate, Mr Frikkie Truter, who in the presence ofthe legal adviser of the 12, on Wednesday heard the grjevances, and will compile a written report to the Secretary of Justice, after which a decision would be taken concerning the grievances. Saying he was 'sa~isfied with the way

in which the matt~r was resolved', Mr Dave Smuts of Lorentz and Bone, who represented the 12, confirmed that the Magistrate had spoken to the 12 prisoners on Wednesday, and would then compile his report. The main grievances concerning prison conditions of the 12, were the fact that they were allowed only one visit am!, one letter a month each. The 12, who drank only water for nearly 13 days, include Sam Mundjinji, Veiko Ngitewa, Erastus Uutoni, Desidirius Ankome, Vilho Kashilulu, - Frans Angula, Eliakim Shumbe, Bernadinus Shikongo, JosefSagarius and Teofilus Jason.

P J Malherbe 'd ies THE AUDITOR GENERAL, Professor P J Malherbe, died in the Windhoek State Hospital on September 26, after a long illness. Born in Bloemfontein, Professor Malherbe was a member of the Economic Advisory Board of the South African Prime Minister from 1964 to 1979, He was also Chairman of the Diamond Board for five years, He was married and leaves three children.

having economic ties with the SA Government ... to impose comprehensive and mandatory sanctions'. The Council added that they saw this as the only 'non-violent recourse' open to them, and added further that 'the alternative of a genocidal civil war is all too real and spurs us to underline the urgency 'a nd importance of bringing about the end ofSA's illegal occupation of Namibia'. The Council added that 'we choose to live through the comparatively short discomfort pf sanctions in hope, rather than endure one more day of dehumanisation and degradation under the SA racist government or its surrogates'.

was hit with fists and that each soldier raped her twice causing vaginal bleeding. The court also heard that Miss Amulova was a virgin who became pregnant as a result of the rape but later lost the child. . A ·doctor's report handed in to the court tallied to the woman's evidence. Both soldiers denied the allegations and said they were merely slightly intoxicated, and thatthey did not know what happened that night, while soldier Fischer told the court that Miss Amulova agreed to have sex with hini for R20,OO. Mr Justice Herbert Hendler dismissed the soldiers' evidence with contempt and stressed that they made a very bad impression on the court. 'Both accused gave very unsatisfactory explanations most of which are unaccep, table and the court rejects their evidence as false while accepting the complainant's as correct. She made a very good impression on this court and no one would believe ·that such a woman could undergo all she did for R20,OO: he said. The Judge then found both a<;cused guilty ofrape and sentenced each to ten years imprisonment, and conditionalIy suspended three years there-offor a period offive years. Soldier Fischer was found guilty on the additional charges of assault and housebreaking but not with aggravating circumstances and a further nine months were imposed.. Mr Justice Hendler further appeal- ' ed to Defence Force authorities to inform servicemen that they too were subject to the laws of the country, and that the courts would not hesitate to impose severe punishments for crimes committed against the local inhabitants. 'I appeal to all branches of armed forces to seriously warn and inform their men that this court will continue

Texaeo's -erudeoil ' windfall in Angola

to impose severe pUlllsments for treating local inhabitants in any m~nner they see fit: he said. In."a brief and hard hitting preamble before passing sentence; the Judge described the soldiers' actions as 'a night's madness: and said their actions were particularly sh~meful as they were directed against inhabitants. 'Surely this act is so shameful as you acted as ifthe local inhabitants have no right to privacy, and worse still,you committed it against a virgin on her own bed and in her own room. 'Although I sympathise with you, and that you were in the operational area where it is said that you at times operate under tension, ' I ·would however be failing in my duty if! did not impose a heavy sentence. 'I am obl1ged to do so because this court has also got to protect the community of that area, further because the complainant asks for it and most important to deter your fellow servicemen from molesting local inhabitants: the Judge said. Mr Justice Hendler also expressed his concern for the increasing incidents of various crimes committed against the local inhabitants by service men, and said he wondered whetherthese'men were informed that they were not 'above the law; 'In the about 18 months that I have been in Windhoek, I dealt and am increasingly dealing with many such crimes committed , by servicemen against inhabitants from especially the northern regions. I have been imposing heavy ' sentences, . perhaps heavier than otherjudges, but still the situation doesnot seem to have improved,andljustwonderifthesemen are told that they have no right to mplestpeopleeveniftheywerearmed and wore uniforms,' the judge concl uded.

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TEXACO, which has remained in Angola despite pressure from conservatives to withdraw, app~rently has reaped a windfall from its involvement in the country. According to the latest bulletin of the Washington Report on, Africa, an international consortium led by Tex" aca, recently made a discovery of crude oil in a wildcat well off the north west coast of Angola. Further evaluation is underway to determine the new discovery's developme'n t potential, but it is believed to be sizeable. ,


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~aranels at Wits WHILE P ROGR ESSI VE forces in th e Namibian capital of Windh oek are still planning when to hold a public meeting in Katutura, N anso students organised an information seminar on the Namibian struggle at Gly n Thomas House, Wits University, on September the 20th. An audience of approximately 60 students sat patiently for five hours listening to speakers who fired a myriad of salvos in a bid to share their common plights emanating from the South African Government and ultimateJ,y declared that an injury to aN anso member in particular and all N amibians in general was an injury to oppressed South African masses. Amongthe speakers was Mr Aubrey Mokoena of the R.M.C. (Release Mandela Committee) who expressed sympathy and unqualified support for the struggle in Namibia. . Mr Dali Mphefu of Azaso (Azania Students Organisation) made an urgent appeal to all N anso members to stick together and form a concrete of unity to mobilise and conscientise their fellow N amibians to understand the basic purpose afliberation struggle which could not be separated from the misery of education that has been

designed to provide qualified black ; professionals of mediocre quality. John Peter Damaseb, the first and former Nanso President delivered a speech on international solidarity towards the Namibian struggle and severely -castigated imperia lism, capitalism and oppression which he cited as only sec.ond to Nazism of Hitler. On the riJ.ass support a nd armed . str uggle by Swapo, Nanso activist Dave Uirab gave the entire history of black resistance to occupation and oppression in Namibia and the' heroic figh t waged by great men like Maharero and Afrikaner during the German occupation. Nanso national President Paul Kalenga came all the way from Cape Town for the occasion. Paul Kalenga castigated in strong terms the 'devious and evil manner in which the agents of apartheid are trying to infiltrate and . indoctrinate the Namibian students through quasi-cultural organisations like Etango and Ezuva which came into being in Northern Namibia's Ovambo and Kavango speaking regions'. N anso, he said would never stand idle and leave such 'cheap propaganda machines' unchallenged. The Nanso president also expressed his concern about the non-existence of a truly and fully recognised university in Namibia notwithstanding the mineral resources which are being exploited

of resistan'ee without the benefit ofthe inhabitants ofthe country. Conc1udingthe seminar, AdolfNarib expressed. his utmost gratitute on behalf of the N arnibian student$ and emphasised that the liberation strugge in Namibia was inextricably tied to that of the oppressed masses in South Africa and there was a great deal of parallel in every sphere of resistance.

and at UCT IT H AD been estimated by a British academic that the Namibian war would cost the South African Government more, on a pro rata basis, than the Vietnam war had cost the US Administration. Swapo member Mr Anton Lubowski, addressing a Nanso seminar at the University of Cape 'Ibwn today, said that Swapo had decided that 'political and military efforts in pursuit of national liberation were not contradictory, but rather complementary, and they should be pursued concurrently'. Swapo had, and would always fight on three levels, he said, namely the military, political and.diplomatic. Diplomatically Swapo had had a great deal of success and had been granted the status of'sole and authen-

Mr Anton Lubowski


tic representative ofthe Namibian people' by the UN in the mid-Seventies. Apart from this the movement had permanent observer status at the OAU and full member status in the NonAligned Movement. On the political level, he said, Swapo had agreed to Resolution 435 'which is nothing more than a ceasefire and the holding offree and fair elections under international supervision'. Swapo had been fighting the war for 20 years he said, and yet the military consistently said that 'Swapo's back is

broken'. He said that in Namibia there was presently speculation ab01,lt another 'possible internal or phoney election'. This would be done in order to try and achieve some form ofrecog.nition for the interim government, he said. Swapo would not participate in such elections, he said. 'Let me assure you that no government in the world will give that election, or any socalled government that would be established after such elections, any recognition whatsoever. Neither will any country in the world recognise any constitution that will be drafted·or implemented by these SA puppets', he said. Mr Lubowski added that the world and the people ofN amibia would only give recognition ·to a government elected under international supervision in terms ofUNSC Resolution 435, and nothing else'.

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Token black? THE FACT that the United States' next Amhassador to South Africa - Mr Edward Perkins - was a blackman, was ofno concern to the South African Government, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Pik Botha, said this week. Corifirming through a spokesman in . Pretoria the' substance of an earlier media interview, he said there were already five black Ambassadors in South Africa - from the "TBVC" states and Malawi. It was of no concern to the SA Government what the skin colour of an ambassador was. Mr Botha had also,'lightheartedly, added that he hoped South Africa would one day send its own black ambassador to the United States. . Meanwhile two Johannesburg morning papers, "The Sowetan" and "The Citizen", have criticised the nomination of Mr Perkins as America's Ambassador to Pretoria, while "Business Day", has welcomed it. . In an editorial, "The Sowetan" said that if the appointment had coine at another time and under different circumstances, "It would not have raised any eyebrows. His appointment comes when the call for sanctions has reached a crescendo in America". "The Citizen" said in its editorial that the fact that Mr Perkins was specifically chosen because he is black was "objectionable", since it suggests that the Reagan administration "intends to make a political statement via the colour of his skin". ·"Business. Day" stated that although the appointment was unlikely to win over any South African blacks, or that it did not appear to have had any impact on the s~nctions debate in Congress, it still welcomed the nomination. "The Sowetan" said that "as the clamour was rising, the US President Mr Ronald Reagan started looking around for a black to replace Mr Herman Nickel in Pretoria. In the search a few blacks were approached with the offer to take up the position!' Mr Reagan could have decided on a black man for one of three reasons, the newspaper said. He . might have hoped to improve the image of America among South African blacks, or to convince the pro-sanctions lobby in America that it was a "strong anti-apartheid statement", or because he believed the appointment of a black ambassador to a white government "goes so much against the grain that the hosts will see it'as an antiapartheid statement". The paper concluded "We believe that Mr Perkens should have refused to · take the job. He was not chosen on merit but becaus.e he is black!'

Hurley on 'struggle' THE ROMAN CATHOLIC Archbishop of Durban, ARchbishop Denis Hurley, says he cannot imagine any church seeking involvement in the "armed struggle". He was commenting on a statement by the Deputy Director ofthe Research Division of the Bureau for Information, Mr David Venter, that the ANC had stepped up its campaign in 1986, and that among its aims was to increase its credibility and get the church more and more involved in its struggle. . Archbishop Hurley said the expression "to get the church more and more involved in its struggle", was open to many interpretations. "But it is quite justifiable for churches, like any other bodies, to find out what the ANC says about itself and to have dialogue with it about its motives, aims and methods". The Anglican Bishop of Natal, Bishop Michael Nuttall, said he was not aware that the ANC wanted to use the church in this way. .

WORKERS AT many factories in Natal heeded a call by the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), on Wednesday and stopped work at middayas amark ofrespectforvictims of the Kinross mine disaster. Several Indian-owned shops in the City's Grey Street complex also shut down between 12 nqon and 13hOO in response to a call by the Natal Indian

Congress in solidarity with the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), for October 1 to be declared a national day of mourning. There were no stoppages at the Hlobane Colliery near Vryheid, but the mine's flags were flown at half. mast as a mark of respect, a manage- ' ment spokesman told reporters. _A Cosatu spokesman said at most factories, where the Unionhadmajori-

ty members, workers stopped work between 12 noon and 13hOO in solidarity . with Num's demand for a commission of inquiry into the mine disaster and for greater consultation between mine managements and workers to ensure ·s afety at the mines. However, he was unable to supply

any figures, saying that they were still awaiting a report back from shop stewards. In Durban on Wednesday night, a large crowd attended a special prayer service for the Kinross victims at the Ecumenical Centre in St Andrews Street.

Jaap Marais quotes seeret Bro~der paper THE SE'CRETIVE Afrikaner Broederbond which was closely aligned with the Cabinet had become a mouthpice for Communism and liberalism, the leader of the Herstigte N asionale Party, Mr Jaap Marais, said this week in the Pretoria City Hall, where he addressed about 500 people. Mr Marais quoted extensively from a "secret. Broederbond" document, which he said was a memorandum for South Africa's constitutional future, and which told Afrikaners that the exclusion of blacks from government processes was a threat to the future of whites in the country. Mr Marais offered to make copies of the document - the existence ofwhich has already been raised in Par liamentary debate - available to ~embers of the public at R2,00 per copy. Citing extracts from the seven·page memorandum which was distributed to Broederbond members, Mr Marais said it maintained the repeal of all racially discriminatory measures was a necessity if Afrikaners were to survive. It asserted all races, including blacks, should be included in government bodies up to the. highest level, and this meant that in some instances some leaders, and even the State President, might not be white, the HNP leader said to cries of "skande" (scandalous), from supporters. The document said groups' rights had to be protected, butthat this could not be guaranteed. The Broederbond - of which most Cabinet Ministers were probably members and approved o( the document - had been founded to protect Afrikaner interests, but "Now it is the mouthpiece of Communism and Liberalism". Mr Marais said the document amounted to "an announcement of a policy that will lead tothe destruction of whites in South Africa". In a wide-ranging, two-hour speech in which he attacked the N atiortal Party Government policies under the STate President, Mr PW Botha as well

as the former leader, Mr John Vorster, the HNP leader said that until 1966, when the premier at that time, Dr Hendrik Verwoerd, was assassinated, South Africa had been a stable, prosperous and united country. Twenty years later, there. was insecurity and instability, increasing in· ternational hostility and an economic and financial "mess". People were confused and frustrated, he went on, and there was no prospect of a return to the Verwoerdian era's stability unless the present goverrlment was removed . . MR Marais said that although there would be no general election this year (because the NP was no longer sure of itself as it knew the HNP and Conser· vative Party Rightwing Alliance would capture 40 to 60 seats to become the official opposition), there would be one soon. "Then", MrMaraissaid, "the whites will have to fight as'never before". The rightwing would not take over the government then, but as the of· ficial opposition; many NP seats would become marginal and Mr PW BOtha "ifhe is still leader then, will have to call another election within a year because of the tensions which will result in his Party. That is when we will beat them", Mr Marais said. The·HNP leader said the NP could no longer be trusted with the whites' interests as it had already abdicated in spL it from this task and -was busy "selling us out just as it did in Rhodesia." Laterinhisspeech,hesaiditwasjust as impossible to makewhite and black equal in South Africa - which was what the gqvernment was doing - as it was to make Europe and Africa equal. . The white man would be able to get along in South Africa much better without the blacks than vice versa, and ' although whites would have problems for a while without black labour, they would win through in the end, while the black man would "sink back to the living standards he had before the white man arrived", Mr Marais concluded.

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Friday October 3 1986


African Press Review •






'Well·fed men in bondage'

Kenya's oldest newspaper, The Standard , accused British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of being unfair to Africans and quoted recent events that tended to indicate that she was getting close to being accused of blatant racism . . The daily first accused Mrs Thatcher ·in regard to sanctions against South Africa, " with the West German Chancellor Mr Helmut Kohl , they insist thal sanctions should not be imposed because they will 'hurt black South Africans and those in the neighbouring independent states, more than the racist whites' '. With dismay, the paper said the black South Africans were being told in "simple terms" that they were better off as well-fed men in bondage than they would be in freedom . The paper also balked at Britain's decision to tighten visa controls for visitors from West Africa and the Asian sub-continent, claiming that they were causing "immigration chaos" at London's Heathrow airport. "Short of saying that 'we do not want people of your race here', or producing evidence that they have broken the law - which surely they can not do collectively - .no one has bothered to give a valid reason for the new measure."

African anger and Aids However, what has aroused the wrath of Africans more was the contemplated British.requirement that visitors from Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia be tested for Aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), before entering Britain. " This smacks of racism", the paper said. " Why not then check the Americans, who are more frequent visitors to 'holier than thou Britain', or would this anger Ronald Reagan?" the paper asked. Kenya's mass circulation newspaper The Daily Nation , said that one was . entitled to suspect that the British action was merely another pretext for "slapping further restrictions on black, and perhaps later, brown people from entering Britain to settle there." "Why single out the Africans and leave out the whites in Europe", asked The Times of Zambia, adding that the move was extremely puzzling because all reports indicated that Aids was widespread in Europe and the United States. "While Africa cannot boast of having a large army of prostitutes and homosexuals, the United States and Europe have the largest share", it said. The paper suggested that Britain drop its plans against Africans and clean its own house first , because the source of Aids was not in Zamiba, Tanzania or Uganda. The paper concluded " Since Britain and other 'developed countries are in this mess with us, instead of abusing us they should help educate us on this and other diseases, so that we can help ourselves as we make progress. The Standard later this week added that had the various African ' regimes acted decisively and slammed their doors against all the hordes of "hippies" who invaded these countries posing as "tourists", in the early 1960s and 70s, Whitehall would not be prying into the "Aids witchcraft" in east and central Africa today.

Reagan misses a golden opportunity US President Mr Ronald Reagan was criticised by The Zambian Daily Mail for turning down an invitation to meet leaders of the Frontline states in Lusaka. It said Mr Reagan had " missed a golden opportunity to understand the real mood of Africans" with regard to the conflict in Southern Africa. Hinting at the President's insenSitivity to the African point of view, the paper said Mr Reagan had "lowly-rated the destructive nature of the blight of apartheid by assigning his Secretary of ST~te, MrGeorge Schultz, to.visit Southern Africa and explain Reagan's South African policy. . . In trying to understand Washington's obviously pro-apartheid stand, the paper reasoned that in the past Mr Reagan must have been briefed from "information improperly concocted" to Win l>upport by the South African Government and its supporters. This ·side of the South African problem paints the false picture that the issue!! of the south are basically ideological, that it is bet. ween communism and capitalism, the paper said. By asking Mr Reagan to meet the African leaders, it said, the Frontline states were trying to prevent the possibility of shifting toe conflict to an east-west ideological one. "

On mine disasters and banditry Meanwhile, the Tanzania government-owned newspaper The Dally News directed its acrimonious tone at the lack of "concern over the death, of 177 miners in Eastern Transvaal", last week. .. . It lashed out at the "ruthless and crude explOitation of the cheap black African · labour", which ignored safety' rules consistently while coercing miners to work. It accused the Government of initating a "sham inquiry" into the disaster, and "unsafe as conditions are there, mining operations have resumed." Commemorating Mozambique'S 22nd anniversary of Frelimo's launching of its independence war against Portugal (Sept 25, 1964), the Mozambican dai· Iy Notlclas said to defeat Mozambique'S present enemy, South African-backed bandits, it was necessary to strengthen the armed forces and the consolidation of national unity. It warnec;l"The rest of our journey will be longer and more difficult than the road we have already travelled along". Radio Maputo, the English language external service of Radio Mozambique, concentrated on Mozambican President Samora Machel's visit to the northwestern province of Tete last week. He had denounced Malawian complicity with the South African-backed bandits operating out of Malawi. "President Machel did not blame ordinary Malawians for this situation", the Radio said . "IT was just a group of Malawian Ministers and their police and security officials who sold their souls to the South Africans and other foreign militarists". The Mozambican armed forces, the Radio continued, "Will not be fooled into forgetting who the real enemy is. Malawi is only a simple agent used by South Africa and its imperialist all(es who are the real enemies of the Mozambican people's state".

Promote wellbeing of mankind Turning to the 41st session of the Un General Assembly presently meeting in New York, The Daily Star of Nigeria called on the session to think more about promoting the welfare and happiness of mankind instead of stressing on things that divide nations. It asked that the UN decry the arms race, terrorism, as well as apartheid, and urged for the resolution of the' Palestinian question. Meanwhile, an Indian Ocean island government-owned newspaper The .. Seychelles Nation cautiously welcomed the Stockholm agreement on the notification and inspection of military activities in Europe. It added however, that the big powers should now establish trust and security in other parts of the world . "It is neither just nor human for the major powers to preserve their own homes from the dangers of war while their military forces continue to menace other people who are less powerful". . · - It reterred to the Indian Ocean where, it said, the Littoral states had long called for the removal of foreign military bases and forces from those waters. "Their fleets still abound in the Indian and Pacific oceans and other seas, carrying with them the threat of war like a dreaded disease. Trust and security should not be confined to their backyards only", it said, adding that it was the hope of mankind, once the security of the human race had been guaranteed, to see a re-deployment of the world's resources towards the economic wellbeing of all nations instead of wasting precious money and raw materials on preparing for war. . .


Nkomo contributes to peace

RECENT PROGRESS in unity talks between Mr Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU (PF) Part~ and Mr Joshua Nkomo's ZAPU had greatly reduced dissident activity in south and western Zimbabe, Mr Enos Nkala, the Minister'ofHome Affairs, has revealed. He said "Joshua Nkomo has done a great deal. Almost every weekend he is in the bush with some of the members of his Party's central Committee and I think this is contributing . " to the relative peace in the affected ll.reas", he stated in an interview . published in 'The Herald'. He also revealed more details about the committee on which his ministry . is represented which screens would-be

returnees to Zimbabwe, most ofwhom are whites who left to go to South Africa. He said "Vetting" of whites returning from South Africa had been going on for a long time. A new committee would soon be formed, consisting of representatives of several ministries and the Reserve Bank ofZimbabwe, which would insist that would-be returnees repatriated all the assets they exported. Some applicants, he said "had already failed to make the grade. "Those who went out felt they were unsafe. Now they are safe they should bring back the assets they took from this country. Ifthey don't, then I do not think we need them", h.e said.

Tribute to Seretse BOTSWANA marked 20 years ofindependence this week, unveiling a statue to honour founder President Sir· Seretse Khama who shaped this former British protectorate in. to one of Africa's most stable " democracies. Paying tribute to the memory of his predecessor, who died in 1980; President Quett Masire said at the unveiling ceremony Sir Serete's staunch belief in non-racialism had allowed Botswana to steer an independent path from South Mrica. . The two countries have no diplomatic relations, although Botswana is, ironically, economically dependent on South Africa. "Sir Seretse Khama abhorred racialism", Dr Masire S8id, adding that formal links with South Africa whose troops allegedly attacked Botswana twice in the past 15 months - "would have meant a total betrayal of his strong beliefin the equality of all human beings". Also present at the ceremony, where the bronze statue was unveiled on a small hill overlooking this dusty capital, were Presidents Samora

Machel and Kenneth Kaunda of Mozambique and Zambia respectively, and former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere. Earlier the leaders attended a rally in the National stadium, where Dr ' Masire told a crowd ofthousands that South Mricans should learn from .countries such as Botswana and Zimbabwe that blacks and whites could live peacefully side by side. Dr Nyerere also paid tribute to Sire Seretse at the unveilirigceremony, telling another crowd he would go down in history as the founding father of the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC). SADCC; which was formally ln~ itiated only months before Sir Seretse died, groups the nine black-ruled states of Southern Africa in an internationally-funded body working to lesson the region's economic dependence on South Africa. Calling SADCC an effective example of African co-operation, Dr Nyerere added "It was a great bequest to Africa and the Third World:' The anniversary celebrations have been dubbed "20 Years of Progress".

"Some oftheSe returneesliavefanns, 1:!.ouses, and cash in blocked accounts which they will get back". Mr Nkala blamed 'returnees for pushing up the price of houses in Zimbabwe through extravagant bids with their newly-released funds. "We will not accept those who want to come back and'take away jobs from Zimbabwians. But if they are in the critical skills sphere, there is no problem". Over 100 000 whites are believed to have emigrated to South Africa since the start ofthe bush war in 1972,many claiming South African passports by descent in order to enter the Republic as 'returning residents'. Under newiy-introduced legislation abolishing the right to dual citizenship, they will have automatically lost their Zimbabwean status, evenifborn in Zimbabwe, and have no right of residence. The position oftposewhoretained Zimbabwean citizenship alone is not clear. -Sapa

Mugabe &Wonder ZIMBABWE'S Prim~MinisteJ;.Mr Robert Mugabe, met American rock star Steyie Wonder this week and praised hUn for his stand against apartheid and his support for the struggle in Africa, Zimbabwe's semi-official news agency Ziana, reported from New York. The blind musician called on Mr Mugabe . at his hotel with United States Civil Rights leader, Rev Jesse Jackson. MrMugabe, who was in New Yorkon a week-long official visit to the United States, said he was deeply grateful to Stevie Wonder for the "excellent work" he had done for Africa, and his stand against apartheid. "We have various ways of fighting this monster apartheid - you can sing against it, or mobilise forces, as we fight from other fronts;' Mr Mugabe said to Stevie Wonder.

Swazis square up to refugees AN EXPLOSIVE situation has developed between thou!l8nds of refugees from Ngwavuma and Mozambique who have settled in north-eastern Swaziland after accusation by the Swazis of largescale theft oftheir livestock. This week, Chief Ntunja Mngomezulu, who fled with thousands ofhis Swazi clanfroru. alleged Zulu-backed persecution in their homeland, Ngwavuma in the mid-1970s, was reported to be continuing a series of meetings with his community leaders in the Lubuli area

about the situation. Trouble between the Mozambican and Swazi refugees has been brewing for several weeks as the influx of Mozambicans across the border into the refugee settlement areas of Ndzevane and Lubuli increased, worsening the already overcrowded conditions and causing several Swazi refugee families to return to Ngwavuma. . Followers ofChiefNtunja claim that the Mozambicans are arbitrarily settling on farming and grazing land allocated to the Swazi refugees and

causing serious. over-grazing and friction. A meeting ofMngomezul u families at Lubuli alleged that the Mozambican refugees had now resorted to open large-scale stealing of their cattle and other livestock. The Swazis have now threatened to mobilise and have a "showdown" with the Mozambican refugees unless the authorities deal with the problem. Last week, an informed source at Lubuli said that many ofthe Swazis as well as the Mozambicans in the area were known to possess arms.


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Top men at the ,~~

Friday October 3 1986

.The five secretaries-general








Norwegian 1946 -53 (resigned)

Swedish 1953-61 (killed)

Burmese 1961-71

Austrian 1972-81

Peruvian 1982-

Surgery bypass of lIN problem BY TED MORELLO WITH THE election only weeks away,Javier Perez de Cuellar looks almost certain to secure another term as Secretary General of the United Nations. In the weeks since' his quadruple bypass heart surgery, the uncertainty about his ability to fulfill a second term has dissipated. So has the list of prospective successors. There has never been a serious question that the veteran Peruvian diplomat could command re-election if he indicated his availability. The issue of a successor arose only after a UN spokesman revealed that Perez de Cuellar had ordered him into a New York hospital in July for routine coronary tests. The swirl of speculation that followed ,the announcement grew to maelstrom'propo'rtio~s when doctqrs revealed he would have to undergo the bypass on July 24. It continued even after the surgery which wasjudged as 'very successful'. Diplomats monitored the secretary general's post-surfery progress almost as closely as his doctors. So did some of the Secretariat members, nervous about the effect of a new boss on their own careers. And much of the UN press was initially sceptical about the daily medicaL,Qulletins read out by UN spokesmen. - :: ' " --

UNTIL RECENTLY it looked as though UN Seeretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar's ', heart prohlem.s would lead to a round of politieal m.anoeuvering over the appoint,m.ent of a sueeess~r. But surgery has hypassed the prohlem., reports Gem.ini News Serviee, and the veteran Peruvian diplom.at looks set to take on a seeond five-year term. of offiee. Uncertainty about the secretary generalship was heightened by the cancellation ' of two important engagements: de Cuellar's traditional speech before the opening session of the OAU summit in Addis Ababa and an official trip to China, Then it was announced that on August 2 the hospital had discharged him to continue his recuperatioh at his home near the UN. Officials reported that the Secretary General had resumed his official dutt~snyreceivfng at his residence Norwegian Ambassador 'Ibm Vraalsen, head ofthe group of18 experts appointed to recommend ways of getting the UN Qu(ofitsJinap,cial morass. The,appointmentwasfollowed by a series of others, including the presentation of credentials by ambassadors. By then it was clear even tothe sceptics that Perez de Cuellar was w~ll on' his way to total recovery. Any journal ~stic doubt was scotched on August

8 when he invited officers of the UN correspondents association ' to his home. Their host told visitors he was 'ready to serve if asked'. His only precondition, it was reported, was that the UN wou,ld be able to function as its foun, ding fathers intended. He said his health woul_d not be the determining factor. His decision would, be based:' on the int ernational atmosphere and implementation of key recommendations ofthe Group of 18. 'He would not be willing to preside over a financially crippled organisation', the report conclud~d. ,.' While there had never been any ;' .serious opposition to Perez de Cuellar, even before his illness there had been political jockeying based on the possibility that he might consider one term enough. African·d iplomats were the most active, urging ,that it is Africa's turn for the UN's highest post. The news ofthe Secretary General's

l\funjuku on the Green Flag •

CHIEF MUNJUKU Nguva,uva II of the Mbanderu Councilhas'attacked the Herero Administration for mentioning the Green Flag, which according to' him symbolises the Mbanderu Council, in a draft ordinance to create a Herero Cultural Council. Referring to tho se h e calle d 'dissidents' ofthe Mbanderu Council, he said they had no r ight to claim the Green Flag. He said anyone claimin g the fl ag without his consent was a 'thief. Chief M unjuku charged that Herero Administration was merely formed overnight by Sout.h Africa. 'The Mbanderu Council stand firmly in not associating,themselves with

the Herero Administration and South Mrican installed puppet government', he said. For years, Chief said, the Administrator General had tried vainly to get him under the leadership of Riruako. 'All South African puppets including the Hereros under Riruako are out to extinguish the Mbanderu people' but, he continued, 'we Mbanderus are - prepared to tackle political realities. We are closely watching the socalled · Government of National Disunity', said Chief Munjuku.

Draftordinanee ereates Herero Cultural Couneil TH E H erero eth n ic government has propo'sed a d r aft ord inan ce to e stablish a 'Cultural Cou ncil' for t he H ereroes. In the draft ordinance the objects of the Cultural Council are described 'to establish and control a cultural institution for the Hereros', The 'Cultural Council' is further described as being utilised as a cultural centre for the Hereroes; serve as official residence for the 'P aramount


Chief; office venue of the Headmen's Council; official venue of the three traditional cultural flag organisations known as Red Flag, Green Flag and White Flag. The Council would further consist of three to five members appointed by the Executive Committee after consultation with the Paramount Chief and would hold office for five years. The ordinance would be called t he Cultural Council of the Hereroes Ordinance 1986.


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surgery sent a ripple through the OAU meeting, but delegates were unable to agree on a candidate for the succession, , partly because of rivalry between English and French-speaking countries. Even if the post should become available, Africa's political strength is more numerical than real. Real power lies with the five veto-wieldingperma- ' nent members ofthe Security CouI).cil. China proved the point when it held out against a third term for Austria's Kurt Waldheim, thus clearing the way for PerezdeCuellar'selectionin 1981. Perez de Cuellar's backing by the five - Britain, China, France, the Soviet Union and the United States -appears to be solid. Nor is there any evidence

of dissatisfaction among the rest ofthe UN's 159 member states. 11leconsensusisthattheincumbent has done as well as anyone could have hoped for, given the political realities of his office. It is understood that ofthe Big Five, all but China have indicated they would support him for a second term. China has remained inscrutable about its intentions. Perez'de Cuellar was expected to clarify the position during his now-postponed trip to Beijing. Signals from behind the bamboo curtain suggest Beijing is satisfied with Perez de Cuellar's first five years and will ,not stand in the way of another five. - Gemini News.


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Question: Minister President Rau, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) has nominated you as Chancellor Candidate for the next general election in Germany on 25 January 1987. How optimistic are you about the coming election campaign? What are the chances of the SPD forming the next government? Rau: The SPD has found its feet again, During the last two years it h as made significant progress in elections on state and communal level and has gained.support at the expense of the ruling coalition parties (CDU and FDPlin Bonn. The SPD enters the election campaign united. These are excellent preconditions to win over the majority ofthe"electorate, Question: I have noticed that in the Federal Republic of Germany political and church organisations, trade unions as well as other organisations and institutions, show particular interest in the political developments in Soutl), Africa and its government's apartheid policy, Is it conceivable that South Africa could become an issue and could playa political role in the forthcoming election campaign of West Germany and if so, with what consequences? Rau: The SPD caucus has during the present reign ofthe CDU government repeatedly taken the initiative in the Bundestag on South African issues. Most recently the SPD has moved a resolution in the Bundestag, entitled 'Measures on how apartheid can be eradicated'. In the coming election campaign it will certainly and emphatically emphasise the needed reforms in South Africa, Question: Do you think that the political issues of Souih Africa will, apart from the election campaign, also find wider and ever-increasing interest in the public opinion ofWest Germany, and if so, with what consequences for the West Germans and the South African Government? Rau: The citizens of the Federal Republic ofWest Germany consider it as a matter 'Of course that wherever people live together there should be equality of rights irrespective of the colour of their skin, Such a societal order is wanted for South Africa as well as for all other countries in thewor Id, A social democratic government in West Germany will therefore, by way of all the appropriate means available, , exert influence on the present ruling gov;ernment in South Africa to ultimately achieve such a goal. Question: What could a SPD-ruled government contribute iri the solving of socio-political problems and ,tensions in South Africa and with what aim? Rau: The political endeavours ofth.e Social Democrats will be motivated by its desire to make an active contribution to overcome apartheid and simultaneously to prevent a racial war. Question: What fundamental and moral objections do you personally have against the apartheid policy, also referred to as the policy of separate development? Rau: It is against my moral convictions to treat people of a different skin colour differently. There is nojustification for such a policy. Such treatment is in its deepest sense un-Christian. All people are equal before God. Question: What would you consider to ,be short term and what long term objectives which the South African Government should comply with in the political development process of South Africa? Rau: A SPD-ruled government would have a number of clear demands to make to the SoutH African Govern·ment. Thesewouldinclude:theunconditional, release of all political prisoners, especially the release of Nelson Mandela; the lifting of the ban of black and coloured political organisations; to part with the homeland concept; a uniform South African citizenship for all people of all colours living in South Africa; and to abolish the discrimination against the black population on social and educationallevels. The objective ofthe reformation process in South Africa must be the equal participation of all blacks in the exercise of political power. Question: It seems that the SPD is of the opinion that the present CDuiFDP colaition government in your country pursues a policy towards South Africa which is considered inadequate. What ,

THE FOLLOWING ARTI<:LE is an interview with Dr Johannes Rau, of the State North Rhine Westphalia, in West' GerDlany, and <:haneellor <:andidate of the Soeial DeIDoeratie Party for the fortheoIDing national general eleetion in We8!t GerIDany on January 25 1987. The interview was eondueted by Professor Gerhard ToteIDeyer of the DepartIDent of Politieal Studies, {J<:T.

Professor Totemeyer in this policy would you criticise most? Rau: The criticism of the SPD is directed against the passivity of the present government in our country towards the racist regime in South Africa, This holds especially true for its economic support of South Africa, for instance the, export of high technology products, the taking over of export guarantees, and that it permits German concerns to provide South Africa with crude oil and mineral products. Question: For many the whole question of disinvestment, economic boycott and pressure against South Africa, has become a political issue. What is your attitude towards economic sanctions as a political objective to exert pressure? How do you judge the possibility to bring about changes in South Africa by such means? Rau:TheSPDdemandedinitsresolution tabled in the Bundestag, that 'selected, reversible and possibly temporary economic pressures' should be taken against South Africa -although knowing that economic sanctions with the objective to accomplish political pressure, are controversial and at least, problematic: We are, however, of the opinion that only measures that are felt will compel the South African Government to bring about the necessary reform. Question: The United Nations Organisation has decided on an arms embargo against South Africa in one ofits resolutions which is binding to all its members. How would a government headed by you, see to it that the West German Government complies with the embargo? , Rau: A West German Government headed by me would make the 'Act on the Control of War Weaponry' which has been tabled by the SPD in the West German Bundestag, the ground rule of its politics towards South Africa. This Act provides for the controlled ban on all arms exports to countries outside the OECD, which includes South Africa. Question: It is being said that an economic boycott would harm the West German industry severely. Is this argument valid? Rau: The West German foreign policy must make a contribution towards the realisation ofhuman rights in all countries ofthe world. This is an obligation related to the credibility of our democracy. We owe it to our democracy. Economic considerations must be subordinated to this moral, political consideration. Question: Do you think that the West German enterprises in South Africa have besides the profit motive, also a developmental socio-political function in South African society? Do they do justice to this function? Do you believe that the German enterprises in South Africa take sufficient care of this function? Rau: Without any doubt the German enterprises in South Africa have a developmental political function. This

is why the SPD has demanded in its resolution that the European Comlllunity Codex of Conduct should be applied by all German enterprises in ' South Africa and with all its consequences. I believe that the German firms should be made answerable to the German . Bundestag. All the reports of the German firms in South Africa must be accompanied by statements oftrade unions operative in these firms. Question: Min,i ster President Rau, you are not only a very experienced politician with a longstanding but also a practising and confessing Christian. What is your attitude towards the relationship church and politics or church and state as applicable in the South African situation? Rau: The South African Government explicitly confesses Christianity. I consider it as legitimate that particularly the churches (of the black population) in South Africa constantly urge to practice Christianity and to bring an end to the un-Christian actions ofthe government. Question: Particularly in the younger . black generation of South Africa, one Dr Johannes Rau - 'We eannot reeognise incan observe a declining confidence in teriDl governIDent'. the West especially in the West's not come into existence by democratic political attitude towards South of complete political and economic . means, not by way of elections. Conseisolation of South Africa, particularAfrica. This generation is particularquently we cannot recognise it. ly if it should show no socio-political ly critical towards the USA, Great Bri.Question: What do YOll consider as the tain and West Germany. These counchanges? , role and the position of the ~rman Rau: J don't consider a political and tries stand accused that in their relaschools in South Africa and N amibla economic isolation ofSouth Africa purtions with South Africa, they are firstly interested in their economic, in- . which are heavily financed by the West sued by all free countries ofthe world German government? Would a SPDas a possibility. I assume that the sancterests and only thereafter in the ruled government continue with such tions which have been demanded by political demands and perceptions of the SPD will affect socio-political financial support and ifyes, with any the black population in South Africa. particular conditions attached to it? changes in South Africa. This above How would you react to this criticism? Rau: West German schools in all, ifthe sanctions will be executed colWould you welcome and support a Namibia which are financially suplectively by all the members of the more intensive involvement and more ported by West Germany must under European Commjlnity. initiatives by the European Question: As a young man you were all circumstances b~ open to people of Community? all colours. This would be a nonexposed to a political system which was Rau: We need a more uniform and founded on racism. Res~lting from negotiable demand for any financial credible action in the European comsupport by a West German governthis, would you say that you have a munity on South Africa. This is imporment ruled by Social Democrats. special commitment t
Tender AFO. 114186 -

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Friday October 3 1986


DTA in secret fund WITHOUT control by the Parliament, the Foreign Office of Hans Dietrich Genscher is . forwarding payments amounting to millions to foreign politichms and parties, one of which ~ is Namibia's Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA), according to the September 22 edition of Der Spiegel. Mainly recipients in the Third

Meyer-Landrut. _ Parliamentariansofthe Union, ofthe SDP and FDP, according to the report in Der Spiegel who are in the know and from time to time receive cash amounts from Genscher's secret fund against receipt, take careofdiscretion and receipts are annually put in the shredder. From this secret fund third world politicians in Latin America and Africa received German tax money from time to time. But also politically persecuted

or fled foreign diplomats are served from this huge secret cash fund, at _present amounting to 7.7 million DM per year. On the list of recipients, which only the President ofthe Federal Audit Office is allowed to have a look at once a year, are the conservativeDemocratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA)in N amibia, which is supported by Franz Josef Straus, and in the future, Chief Gatsha Buthelezi, on whom the Christian Democrats in Bonn pin great hopes.

Frontline has edge on SA in m.ilitary puneh IN PURELY quantitive terms, the Frontline States have a slight edge over South Africain conventional . military strength.

Hans Dietrich Genscher World, for example the Christian Democratic President of El Salvador, Jose Napoleon Duarte, are supplied with the secret disposition fund administered by the Secretary of State, Andreas

According to the Washington Report on Africa, Pretoria has overwhelming superiority over its black neighbours in key strategic and technological areas. Quoting the London-based Institute for Strategic Studies, the Report said that South· Africa, prior to the development of the Cheetah, possessed 356 combat aircraft, while the Frontline States have 290. The combined armies of the Frontline States are slightly larger, at 166 850 men, than South

I: ell:

Africa's regular force of 106400. But only Angola and Tanzania have reserve forces (an estimated 50 000 each) while South Africa has a well-trained reserve capability of 317 000 men. In another important area, South Africa has only 250 battle tanks compared with 871 possessed by the Frontline States. Mike Hough, director ofthe Institute for Strategic StU9.ies at the University of Pretoria, calls the situation - where South Africa's neighbours hold a material edge, while Pretoria maintains qualitative superiority - 'not entirely dissimilar to Israel's' position vis-a-vis its neighbours in the Middle East.

II) ~ I I By Jan Cupido I Handicaps of the .disabled I AM very glad to be granted this opportunity to air my opinion regarding the disabled people in Namibia. First of all I would like to stress the fact that there is a vast difference between being born disabled and becoming disabled through an accident. Being born disabled is in a wayan advantage because you learn from childhood to live with it and to make life easier for yourself. Also you might find it easy to be accepted and integrated into a school fornon-disabled pupils, depending upon your ability and your degree of mobility. - Becoming disabled through an accident or any illness also has its advantages and disadvantages. First I would like to highlight the advantages. When a child becomes disabled he or she might still have a chance ofbeing accepted into a school for non-disabled pupils. When an adult becomes disabled he or she might find it easy to go back to where he or she was employed prior to the accident/illness or else he or she will be able to apply for any other work because of qualifications they might have_ Secondly, the disadvantages, and here I would like to refer to the recent ~ase of a child who become disabled as a result of a stray bullet. The degree of -disability in her case is such that she must attend a special school in South Africa. Such schools are a luxury which this country cannot afford. I therefore stand for integrated schools with accessibility 'to all. Regarding adults becoming disabled, I would like to highlight the following points: o a person might have practical experience for a number of years in a cer· tain field but because of hislher disability will not be able to continue in that particular line especially if helshe has a low level of school education; o the illiterate disabled who perhaps were working as assistant to an-artisan or perhaps a casual labourer, would find it even more difficult to be employed by someone other than an organisation catering for the disabled or providing sheltered employment; o the severely illiterate disabled person will have to rely on relatives and a pension which is not adequate to

Before our recent national games in South Africa, we as disabled sportsmen and women, who were selected to represent the country, were given lists in order to collect money to enable us to go to the games. Each athlete was expected to collect at least R250 to cover half the travelling and accomodation fees. I would like to highlight one particular incident while collecting money tocover my fares. I went to a big estate agent and after explaining the situation to the financial manager, I was told he would contact me telephonically. On this day I had taken leave from work to collect funds, and sacrificed pay ofR20. After a few days the man had not contacted me, so I contacted him and was told ' I should _ telephone again. Eventually I was told I could pick upthe donation, and after wasting petrol and a day's pay, I was givenR5. The concl usion one can draw here is that most major companies and business people will only sponsor sport for able bodied athletes. But what they don't realise is that they or their children could become disabled in a matter of seconds as a result of either an accident or an illness. Being able-bodied and handicapped by a lack offunds in orderto participate in a favourite sport is only one bridge to cross; but being disabled and handicapped by lack.of sponsorship gives us two bridges to cross. . JAN CUPIDO, 32, was born in The la.ck of funds means that you Karasburg. He has 14 years excannot meet fellow disabled and make perience as a construction electrifriends and participate in a common cian with no formal qualificagoal to show the world that we as tions. In July 1983 he was involvdis~bled can still function as normal, ed in a car accident, which if not better than, most able-bodied resulted in damage to his spinal persons. , cord. He is presently employed as Last but not least is the fact that a foreman at the Association for children should be educated at home the Handicapped Ehafo Centre and at school, colleges and univerand in this opinion piece today he sities, about the disabled, and be engives his views on the position of couraged to accept them as normal the disabled in society today. human beings who also have the right because of the difficulty in classifying to live and to fully participate in life's them into certain categories. activities. A problem regarding sport for the I have written this opinion of mine with the slogan 'my body disables me physically disabled is that wheelchairs which one has to use for basketball and but society handicaps me', but I do trust that in the near future, we as disabled, racing are so expensive that most of us ~ ill have the chauce amI freedom to can hardly afford to buy them. And at this point! would like to deal with the say: 'My body disables me, but society subject of sponsors. accepts m~'. survive. It is true to say that our bodies disable us but the current status quo of the education system handicaps us even more so than our disabled bodies. A positive aspect ofbeing disabled isthat you can participate in a wide variety of sporting events regardless of your degree of disability. But here I must mention the fact that thementally disabled cannot be accomodated

by Gwen Lister

PERSPECTM, WHAT IS DESCRIBED by interim government clones abroad as 'remarkable progress' made in Namibia since this government came to power, is actually the res~t of a well-orchestrated and expensive propagand.~ campaign by Mr Sean Cleary. In addition, it is to be noted, both here and abroad, that the government, which is supposedly only an 'interim' or 'transitional' measure, is increasingly given an air of permanence. Apart from the propaganda abroad which is already making untrue- claims such as 'No discrimination in schools', . inside Namibia the interim government shows no signs, despite statements to the contrary by some of its adherents, of being a . 'transitional arrangement'. At J G Strijdom Airport, a huge pictorial exhibition, hailing the 'government of national unity', has been set out in the airport building. Apart from stressing the socalled representivity of the interim government, the display also featw:es all the 'ministers' with their 'functions' , describes the various government departments, and generally seeks to imbue the foreign visitor with a sense that this is 'government according to the will of the people'.

IF 'INTERIM' THEN WHY ALL THE EXPENSE? AND IF THE interim government is meant to be 'interim', then the huge amounts of money presently spent on enhancing the image of this government, both here and abroad, are hardly warranted. Mr Sean Cleary's R4-million per annum budget for propagating the image ofthe interim government abroad, has succeeded only -i n cementing the support of those conservative forces who were supporters of'this interim government in any case. Certainly this amount is not war rant ed when Mr N icholas Winterton, British Conservative MP and 'others who are S9 right ""ing they are in danger of falling over the edge', are the only instances receptive to the 'pro-interim government' campaign. Mr Cleary's plush 'Namibia Office' , situated in Storey's Gate London, and the expensive dinners and luncheons for those in favour of the government without mandate, are indications to people in Britain that the country has plenty of money to 'buy' the support it has failed to generatj:l onts own accord.

'INFORMATION' SERVICES ABOUND IN THE COUNTRY THERE IS AN abundance of 'information' services in this country, most of which are nothing other than instruments of propaganda. Various publications, both inside and outside the country, hail the 'achievements' ofthe interim government and tty to generate some form of credibility for this government. Certainly there are those gullible persons, both here and abroad, who are 'taken in' by the propaganda, but generally people are . cynical of the public relations exercises. Now the J G Strijdom Airport (a name which in any case smacks of apartheid and the reminder of South African occupation) has been decorated with pro-interim government propaganda. As an example of the kind of propaganda, the Department of Justice and Information is listeq as having the function: 'To promote the image of the government, internally and abroad, and to liaise with other levels of government'. Scant mention of the word 'justice' in the functions of this Department. And once again, the cost of such an exercise designed to impress the foreign visitors, comes from the pocket of the Namibian taxpayer .

DRIVE TO EXCLUDE NAMIBIAN FROM SANCTIONS THE DRIVE TO exclude Namibia from sanctions against South Africa, is one that has been taken up with alacrity by the interim government adherents abroad. Said Mr Nicholas Winterton in a letter to British Secretary of State, Sir Geoffrey Howe: ' ... that Namibia must not be made the subject of economic sanctions just because of South Africa's failure to take speedy steps to eliminate apartheid .. . a positive demonstration of such a policy will be to distinguish clearly between Namibia and South Africa by giving credit where it is due in respect of the remarkable progress made in Namibia'. He goes on to motivate that 'The evolutionary model- the Namibian model - proves the validity of a carefully managed transition from apartheid to non-racial society. We must do all we can to protect Namibia from sanctions ifthis evolutionary model is to compete effectively with that of revolution' . He then goes on to say that apartheid had been 'eliminated' in N amibja, and cited as examples of this the fact that the cabinet had 'eight ministers only two of whom are white' (!) and the decision that AG 8 had to be removed ~ that no state of erp.ergency had been declared in Namibia; that there was 'political freedom' and that political movements had been 'unbanned' ; and that the government had adopted a bill of rights. Once again, whatever is done to 'promote the image' of the interim government, only real change would ever enhance its credibility. And there has been no real change, despite what Mr Sean Cleary and his cohorts may allege abroad.

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October 3 1986

A: tribute to· ~ruger ONE OF THE MANY areas in which the interim government has failed to legislate effectively, .concerns the controversial public holidays issue. . Next week on Friday Namibians are forced to commemorate the South African public h oliday known as Kruger Day, a day which means little or nothing to the people of this country. It is the lack of decisiveness on issues such as these which indicates the lack of unity in the ranks of the interim government - for they are unable to break away from the t raditional South African mould into which Namibia has been forced for the past decades, and establish an own identity (or the country. The former DTA-government in this territory was disbanded on this very issue - public holidays - and one have thought it would have been a priority for a 'new' government, which claims to have full legislative and executive p~wers , apart from the key areas of Foreign Affairs and Defence, to correct the situation. Unfortunately h owever, the record of the interim government shows oDly 'reforms' agreed to in principle, but little or nothing implemented in practice. The disunity in their ran~s is all too evident, in virtually every sphere - from integrated education to the writing of an 'independence' constitution - and there is little one can say in their favour. The commemoration of Kruger Day in Namibia in the year 1986 and with the country ostensibly under the control of an 'own government', is another indication of the scant amount of change which has taken place since the interim government took over from the South African-appointed Administrator General.

What's in a nam.e? WHETHER OR NOT to change the name of 'South West Africa' to 'Namibia', was hotly debated in the National Assembly this week. . While the matter has been referred to the socalled Constitutional Council, it is evident that this is another matter on which there is no consensus or agreement in the ranks of the interim government. In most cases, . parties in that government which formerly referred to 'Namibia', now prefer the less controversial 'SW A/N amibia' , since the name 'Namibia' has apparently been equated with opponents of the status quo. But except among the extreme right-wing, there is little doubt that 'Namibia' it will be, and 'SWAIN amibia' will soon become redundant as did 'Zimbabwe/Rhodesia' .


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the .Photographer John Liebenberg takes a pietorial look at the . people soeiety have largely forgotten - the uneDlploye~ a~d hODleless, Hlany of whoHllive In Hlakeshift 'hoHles' and eat off the Hunieipal rubbishduDlp. IF ONE drives from the affluent suburbs of Windhoek, to the Municipal rubbish dumps just outside the city, one is struck by the contrast. Arrive at the rubbish dump and·one is met with the frightening picture of children, adults and starving dogs, all anxiously waiting for rubbish to be offloaded so that they can scrabble through the refuse in search of food. The habitual attitude of some ofthe authQrities in question is that people are 'too lazy to work', but when one drives there On a SatuTday after noon, one sees there is little substance in this claim. One sees hordes of young children going through the rubbish in search of food, and in so doing, risking their lives and possibly even facing death. For instance, in Oshakati last week three children died and two are still in a serious condition after picking up food at the rubbish dumps at Oshakati. Municipal officials, when asked for comment, said that at times they called in the task force or the police to remove ' the people who he said sometimes walked all the way from Katutura-to scrounge in the garbage. Another official made it clear that it was an offence to remove garbage but that people did so in any case. . This of course, does not address the real issue, which is that people are starving and somehow, they have to eat, and are homeless, and are forced to erect 'homemade' sh~lters, which are


also 'illegal' accordjng to Municipai regulations. According to sta_tistics provided by Mr Leon Venter, Director ofKatutura, approximately half of Katutura's 48 000 population, are unemployed_ According to Civic Affairs and Manpower, the unemployed are entitled to no benefits whatsoever from the State, but he was unable to provide any countrywide statistics of unemployment. According to one ofthe unemployed adults at the Municipal dump, it's a vicious circle: 'If you haven't been educated, you can't get ajob; ifyou can't get ajob; you don't get a house; and in the meantime there's a family to feed and house'. According to the Private Sector Foundation, halfNamibia's estimated population oftwo million people in the year 2000, will be unemployed, 'unless we find jobs for the people at a rate of more than 20 000 a year for the next 15 years', (Presently only 5 000 new jobs are created per year). PSF estimate the present unemployment rate in NamIbia as 28 percent. Mr Vezera Kandetu, head of the Welfare Unit at the Council ofChurches, the State should provide unemploynient benefits, while according'to Ms Lindi Kazombaue, Catholic social worker in Katutura, said she was inundated with calls for ' 'assistance, most of which the Catholic Church could not meet. In the meantime, the plight of the unemployed and homeless continues.

Friday October 3 1986




Focus on Africa

Friday October 31986

...-----...~~'AMEROON Nigeria 250 Kilometres

Area: 475,000 sq . km.


Au Gold

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International airports



Major ports



Population : 9.45 million 11985 estimate). Capital: Yaounde Principal Towns: Douala Ithe biggest city), Bamenda, Maroua , Bafoussam. Date of Independence: 1 January 1960 lEast Ca meroon ), 1 October 19611Federal Republic formed with West Cameroon).




Om. ~

Cattle Goats





Sheep Coffee Cocoa

Bananas Rubber trees

Cotton Peanuts , Oil palms


Industrial fish in g

. Head of State: Paul Biya IPresidentl . Government: One-party state. The President and the National Assembly elected every five years, though the laner may extend its terms of office aJ the instance of the President. languages: Official languages : French and English . Three-quarters of the population live in francophone areas, but there is a wide diversity of African languages.


Religions: Islam, Christianity and local beliefs loften animistl.



Currency: The CFA franc divided into 100 centimes.

GENERAL INFORMATION Geograpby: Cameroon, which stretches from 2° to 13° north , has a diversity of physical environments , from mangrove swamp and dense tropical rain forest along the coast (the coastline is 200 km .) tothe dry Sahel region in the remote north . People: A diverse population, very unevenly distributed. Density overall is 16 inhabitants per sq. km ., varying from one in the east to 300 in the northern mountains. There are concentrations in the west and the north. The northern limit of the 'Bantu line' traverses Cameroon and Bantu-speaking peoples prevail in the southern forest regions, where pockets of Pygmies are also found . "The Bantu-related Bamihjke are widely distribllted in central areas. In the " northern areas there is a complex mix of Negroid, Hamitic and Arab (Choa) peoples.

invited England to establish a protectorate over the area . ' They wrote to Queen Victoria, but receiving no reply they turned to Germany, which set up a protectorate in . 1884; this was the beginning of the colonial era. The country's domestic history is not well-known. but it is full of valuable lessons for the understanding of present-day ClImate: "Due to the varied geographical Cameroon. Before colonialism this region features, the climate has marked gradahad many. pre-capitalist socia-economic tions. The south has an equatorial climate with two rainy seasons and over 4,500 mm. structures arid many ethno-linguistic 01 rainfall per year in the south-west, while groupings. The south and east of the " there is one wet season in the central country was inhabited by Bantu peoples savannah . organised on a patrilinear or matrilinear BaIIIdDg: Cameroon is one of five countries basis. The inhabitants of the 'Bamileke whose central bank of issue is the 8anque plateaux and of the grasslands had complex des Etats de I'Afrique Centrale. There are several international and local banks, socio-political structures centred on including four development banks. independent chiefdoms. In the north, quasifeudal chiefdom existed side by side with AIr Transport: The international airport is at Douala , which is served by many intersegmentary societies. The empire of Bornu, national airlines and the national carrier, firstly, and then of Mandara and of Sokoto Cameroon Airlines. There are daily return (Fulani) had left their impression on that flights from here to Yaounde, and less frequent flights to other places in the part of the country north of a line drawn interior, including Ngaoundere , Maroua between Banyo, Tibati and Meiganga. and Garoua. Whereas the south and west.had long been Road Transport: The main centres are well in direct or indirect contact with the served by all-weather roads, but on the Europeans via the coast, the north was in whole communications are poor and many effect the eastern border area of empires roads are impassable at times in the rainy centred in Nigeria . In 1884, the whole of seasons. 'fe udal' north Cameroon was a-dependency Radio: The national radio service is Radio,of the Emir of Yola, himself a vassal of diffusion du Cameroun, which broadcasts in ' . Sokoto. French, English and local languages. There are also several local stations. Television is By the eve of the First World War, the soon to be introduced. Germans were in total "control of the Press: The Cameroon Tribune is the daily country. They had crushed the rather halfnewspaper, published in French . hearted resistance of the coastal dwellers, 'pacified' the interior and attempted to Armed Forces: Army 7,700; Navy 500; reduce the Muslim chiefs of the north to Airforce 300; paramilitary forces 5,700. submission. The beginnings of a school system had been established and the first major infrastructure projects had been completed, notably the NkongsambaDouala-Edea· railway. After the war the League of Nations placed the west of the country under British mandate and the east under French mandate-an arrangement At the end of the 15th century the Portuguese confirmed by the UN after the Second baptised the Wouri river 'Rio dns CamarOes', World War. after the large pink prawns found there, and The Union des Populations du Cameroun from this came the country's present name: " (UPC) was founded in 1948 by F. Maumee, Cameroon. Until the second half of the 19th century, the history ' of the country's R. Urn Nyobe ; E . Ouandie and A. Kingue . relations with the outside world resembles Its programme was : 'Unification and immediate independence '. From that that of the whole African coast. At first, slaves were traded fa! trinkets , salt, fabrics . moment forwards, events proceeded apace. and metal; later, from about 1820 onwards, In March 1952 Cameroon elected representthe export of local products replaced that of ' " atives to the territorial assembly and the French parliament. The first serious slaves. In 1856, one of the three chiefs of Douala disturbance followed in 1955, when demon(King Bell) signed a commercial treaty with strations organised by the UPC were . the E nglish. Subsequently, the chiefs harshly suppressed.


Congo Banned by Governor Roland Pre, the UPC ~ent underground in the Bamileke country and in the west. It . called for a boycott of the elections to be held under the foi cadre, and there were a large number of abstentions when elections for a legislative 'assembly took place on 23 December 1956. The assembly. based on the French model, met for the first time on 10 May 1957. It comprised four groups: the largest was the Union Camerounaise, led by Ahmadou Ahidjo. chiefly representative of the north; the Paysans Independants 'Yith eight Bamilekes; the Parti Democrate, led by A. M. Mbida, which had 20 seats; and C. Assale's Action Nationafe with nine deputies, Only the last two groups had support from all areas of the country. Pierre Messmer. the High Commissioner, installed A.M. Mbida as Prime Minister to lead the country . to independence. Prompted by the French, Mbida totally refused to negotiate with UPC, and his intransigence led to disturbances in Sanaga Maritime from September 1957. The following year 300 UPC 'rebels, including Ruban Urn Nyobe (\3 September 1958), were killed in tlie repression. Also in 1958, an address delivered to the assembly by the new High . Commissioner. Paul Ramadier. precipitated a political crisis which ended with the resignation of Mbida and his replacement by A. Ahidjo. who was installed in power on 19 February 1958. The Prime Minister's first concern was to transform the Union Camerounaise into a national party . . since hitherto it had only represented the traditional rulers of the north. In September 1958. a week after the death of Urn Nyobe ;- his right-hand man Mayi Matip renounced clandestine operations and founded the legal UPC which participated in the elections of 12 April 1959. despite being 'denounced from exile by Moumie. On 1 January 1960, with rebellion raging in the west and the Bassa country, Cameroon became independent. Five batallions of French troops under General Briand and a squadron of fighter bombers took eight months to suppress the Bamileke up-rising with extreme ruthlessness. It is still impossible today to estimate the number of victims. In this atmosphere of oppre~sion the constitution was drawn up, modelled on that of the French Fifth Republic , with a strong executive. On 21 February 1960. in a referendum. 60% of the popUlation approved the new constitution. Rather surprisingly, to say the least, it also received

51 % of the vote in the Bamileke area, Elections for the National Assembly were held on 10 April. the Union Camerounaise winning 51 of the 100seats. the legal UPC 13 seats, the Parti Democrate II and Action Nationafe 10. On 5 May 1960. Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected President by 89 votes out of99. On 3 November 1960 Felix Moumie was assassinated by a French agent in Geneva. Th.e rebellion in Cameroon continued sporadlcaIly until the death of Ernest O~andie, who was arrested in August 1970 and executed by firing sq uad on 15 January of the following year. Only in 1975 did the government revoke the ban on visits to the Bamileke . area and Sanaga Maritime without a special pass, a system which had lasted 13 years. _ On I October 1961, Cameroon was reunified by referendum , becoming a Federal state with three assemblies and three governing bodies. Almost eleven years later, on 20 May 1972, it became the United "Republic of Cameroon . On 5 April 1975 , EI Hadj Ahmadou Ahidjo was re-elected President with 99% of the votes cast. The . following month Paul Biya was inst~lIed as the country's first Prime Minister. A constitutional amendment passed in June 1979 stipulates that if for any reason the President is unable to complete his term of office, the Prime Minister will automatically succeed him . Biya is thus clearly marked out as heir to the throne. . The history of Cameroon over the last 18 years is characterised by a headlong drive towards unification . In the most artificial country in the whole of Africa, with more than 200 ethnic groups, unification was considered a necessary prelude to economic development. This pursuit of unity can be seen in the evolution of political and social institutions: an 1 September 1966. the six political parties merged into a single party, Union Nationafe Camerounaise (UNC), and similarly in 1971 the three trade union organisations were forced to merge into a single union. l'Union Nationale de Travaill. eurs Camerounais (UNTC). The fear of recurrence of disorder in the country has led the government to arm itself with a battery of legislation which could be invoked if necessity demanded. Thus although the state of emergency has effectively lapsed, it has never been formally ended. Strikes are illegal, but this does not prevent wildcat stoppages, especially in Douala, and the occasional large-scale strike such as that by railway workers . Nowadays, the press is virtually nonexistent. The national daily, Cameroon Tribune, after a promising start, .has sunk into an insipid, second-rate style of journalism which is' not helped by the declining technical standard of production . Journalists are constantly harasseQ and the press never mentions strikes; not a word was published about the events of 19-20 April 1976 when leaflets were distributed calling for a resu rgence of the UPC, after which action several hundred people were arrested . to be released a few at a time in the course of the following year . According to Amnesty International, there " are still several hundred people detained without trial in Cameroon; the government only admits to having 50 political prisoners. The vagueness of the law permits such abuses. In such a system , every policeman or senior official can exercise conSiderable power, often failing to distinguish between unity and unanimity, authority and authoritarianism. discussion and rebellion . ' Personal contacts are the only recourse against arbitrary power. and corruption flourishes . In a unified and pacified country with a promising economic future and wellestablished political institutions. many Cameroonians both in the towns 'arid the rural areas regard the struggle against authoritarianism and the abuse of power as the most pressing task confronting them. In its foreign policy, Cameroon seeks to establish friendly relations with as many " countries as possible . It is a member of the . non-aligned group, and although it has a special relationship with France. it does not participate in any Franco-African meetings. It established diplomatic relations with the USSR in 1964 and with the People's Republic of China in 1971 . 0


Friday October 3 1986


Obsolete trade structure

of these options' has its merits and demerits. With planned exploitation, the marine fishery resources of Namibia can provide a valuable commodity to warrant the consideration of a sound marketing system. The seafood market orNamibia is composed of pilchard which is suited . to large-scale canning, . and th'e fishmeal and fish-oil by-products, anchovies, mackerel, maasbanker (horse mackerel), roundherring, snoek and tuna fish; Cape Hake, kingclip, west coast sole and kabelTHE POLICIES of successive jou; rock lobster and other marine products including carious crustacea, colonial regimes, particularly squid and seaweed. those of the apartheid regime of South Africa, have resulted . . Trade policy options for Namibian fisheries will need to be based on the in Namibia producing what it assumption that independent does not consume and conNamibia will not be a member of suming what it does not ICSEAF in its present setting, and produce. may negotiate to join CECAF along with Angola. A new struGture of trade will Its fish exploitation strategy should therefore be required after inaim at ensuring that fish and other dependence due to a number of facmarine products are available for sale tors: (1) the re-orientation of economic at all times. and social ·goals resulting in the In recent years, the contribution of restructuring of production relations, and reconstruction and development of the war-torn economy; (2) the increased demands of the black population resulting from the incomes and social welfare policies of the government; (3) population movements, including returnees from exile resulting in a short-run.increase in food imports, and a shift in the product mix; (4) the requirements of development programmes for reconstruction such as machinery, equipment, vehicles, human expertise, foreign capital, etc; and (5) in keeping with Swapo's ' policy, a reorientation of trade away from apartheid South AfriCa. Issues that are likely to influence the trade policy of independent Namibia include: the characteristics of the country's primary commodities which are dominated by minerals; Karakul farming in Namibia. the fluctuations in the prices, supply and demand for these commodities, uranium has become increasingly significant with the decreasing conNamibia's market share; the; internal tribution of diamonds to sales promarket size and level of development; ceeds. Virtually all the minerals prothe preponderance and the commercial policy action.of transnational corduced in the territory are exported to South Africa, Great Britain, the porations in the economy; and the cyclical fluctuations of the internaFederal Republic of Germany, Japan, Belgium, the United States, Italy, tional political economy which has France, the Netherlands and Israel. continued to be dominated and Internal ,trade in minerals is manipulated by the industrial . limited to intra-company . transaccapitalist countries. tions. Although the prices of minerals Namibia's commerce is dependent on the level of economic activities in tend to fluctuate considerably on the mining, .agriculture and fishing. world market, Namibia produces a variety of minerals and it should be Merchandise exports over 1975-83 possible to achieve relatively stable have fluctuated between 58 and 80 earnings. per cent of GDp, with an average of Most of the diamonds produced in 67 per cent for the nine-year period. Namibia are. of gem quality (98 per While nearly 67 per cent of all cent), imd the territory possesses five goods and services (about 90 per cent per cent· of. the world's proven . of goods) produced are exported, the reserves. Namibia is a member ofthe economy could be particularly senDiamond Producers Association of sitive to fluctuations in commodity South Africa and its diamonds are prices. sold via De Beers Central Selling Similarly, merchandise imports as Organisation (CSO) with its heada percentage (an average of 59 per quarters in London. cent for nine-year period), of GDP While the Consolidated Diamond tends to suggest that the economy Mines of SWA Ltd (CDM), and could also be sensitive to trends in the supplying countries. . Marine Diamond Corporation (Pty) Ltd, both fully-owned subsidiaries of This 'openness' of the economy is De Beers monopolise the mining of the outcome of the political-economic diamonds in the territory, CSO strategy of South Africa. handles over 80 per cent of total The most important agricultural world sales of the stones. As the activities in Namibia are beef cattle raising, karakul pelts production and ownership, production and marketing small livestock husbandry. Conseis concentrated in the hands of De Beers,"it implies that CSO is the diaquently, livestock trade dominates mond price pace-setter._ the agricultural sector. In 1976-81 this trade constituted As Namibia has about five per cent 80 to 90 per cent of commercial of all the exploitable uranium agricultural output. The relevant reserves of the world, and this issues that could influence trade in resource has pfaced the territory in agricultural commodities include the a very precarious position strategicalnature of the ecosystem, the prevailly and politically, it may be realistic ing racially biased market structures, for the independent country to opt for transport system, veterinary and an open commercial sales policy. other extension services, slaughter Namibia produces a number of base house s, storage facilities and minerals such as lead, copper, zinc, tin etc. The semi-processed metals are financing., Various policy options with regard exported to South Africa, Europe, to the existing South African inJapan and North America. With stituted boards of trade may be conregard to trade policy options, the sidered. These boards could either be government may wish to form a state(1) abolished altogether; (2) abolishowned National Metal Mar keting Corporation. . ed and replaced by other government institutions such as co-operatives This corporation could be charged under an Agricultural Development with the responsibility for all trade Authority; (3) reconstructed into a in base minerals, inchiding products of th'e ' industries based on these single board wit.h various specialised divisions; or (4) retained in the ir minerals. Any or all of the following Ilresent form but desegregated. Each marketing methods .may be pursued:

(1) the direct sale to customers if prices are better than those prevailing on LME can be negotiated; (2) contract arrangements in which ' brokers may be involved; and/or (3) appointment of sales agents in world trading centres. The manufacturing sector of the Namibian economy is basically concerned with the processing of food products from fishing and agriculture. In 1971-72, food products accounted for about 67 per cent of the total value of all goods manufactured' in Namibia. Of the 67 per cent, fish products represented 72 per cent, meat products accounted for 20 per cent, butter and cheese contributed 2 per cent and other food products accounted for 6 per cent. Trade in manufactures will be influenced by import substitution based on endigenous industrial development strategy, export promotion in pursuance of the many objectives of a policy of diversification of the economic base; and the establishment and promotion of small-scale industry" including the development

supply or service of foreign equipment in the primary export industries. Wholesale firms are therefore often no more than local branches of foreign firms. The few import substituting plants in existence, such as the British-owned Metal Box Company's can-makingractory at Walvis Bay, are owned 'by foreign firms. Unlike the wholesale trade, retail trade activities tend to be fairly well distributed across the country, with notable concentrations in centres such as Windhoek, Karasburg, Keet: rnanshoop, Luderitz , Mariental, Gobabis, Swakopmund, Otjiwarongo, Grootfontein, Tsumeb and Walvis Bay. In 1977 there were 1 284 retail establishments with a sales turnover of R221-million. trade activities are concentrated in urban and industrial centres and are monopolised by whites. There are a few supermarkets and chain stores, but most retail outlets are small and locally owned by long-resident Germans. In ' urban locations, black shopkeepers have hitherto only been.

and acquisition 'of appropriate allowed to rent the premises from the technology. FNDC. The major components of the In terms of value, the wholesale vehicles trade are not limited to the and retail trade is dominated by large type of vehicles, but include derived South Africa companies, which have demand for spare parts; maintenance continued to treat Namibia as a mere facilities and petroleum products. extension of South African On attainment of independence operations. and a change in social conditions and The services sector provides an incomes policies, the number of essential infrastructurallink among passenger vehicles on Namibian economic agents both internally and roads could be expected to increa·s e. internationally. In Namibia there Further, the deterioration of . could be numerous constraints in this machinery and. equipment in the field.. such as the non-availability of economy due to neglect and a possioverhead capital in services like ble attempt to run down the productransportation, which requires tive capacity of assets prior to intrucks, rolling stock and other equipdependence, and additional need for ment, and the paucity of skilled construction equipment, could lead to human resources in services like ina large-scale programme of import asurance, accounting and consultancy. tion of machinery and equipment . Trade policy in the services sector The importation, production and should focus on: transport of goods distribution of petroleum products and pasengers by various modes such could be carried out by a National as air, sea, road, rail, transfer of Petroleum Corporation. At present, market information, financial serShell and BP are the largest imvices including banking, insurance, porters and distributors via their brokerage and professional technical South African subsidiaries, while Services, including accounting, adverCaltex Oil (SWA) Pty Ltd operates tising, construction and engineering service stations and supplies consultancy and management, data petroleum products throughout processing, legal serv~ces and Namibia. tourism. The Government could, in the earInsurance services in the territory ly phase of independence, enter into are foreign owned. Companies . arrangements with these companies operate according to the provisions of to directly import and dsitribute the Insurance Act of South Africa and petroleum products to ensure conare supervised and controlled by the tinued supplies. South African Registrar of Insurance. The government would, however, On independence, the government need to negotiate with these comcould choose to nationalise the inpanies to import direct into Namibia surance services, run them as a joint as against through, or from South ' venture in partnership with private Africa. If however, the existing oil local or foreign capital, or leave them distributors resist a change in oil entirely in the hands of private supply sources, direct arrangements capital. . with countries and/or new companies Tourism is an important 'conmay become necessary. tributor to invisible trade in the . Wholesale and retail trade perform balance of payments accounts. the essential function of satisfying Namibia has good tourist potential consumer demands. In 1977, there · and therefore incentives should be were 32 wholesale and 1 284 retail provided for its promotion. establishments in Namibia. Professional and technical services, In 1983 the contribution of the such as basic engineering, civil wholesale and retail trade to GDP engineering, motor and boat repair was estimated to be 13,6 per cent. services, accountancy, advertising, Most of the wholesale establishments consultancy, management, data pro-' are concentrated in Windhoek. In cessing and legal services are 1977 their combined sales volume presently in the hands of South was R328-million .. Africa and other foreign-owned firms. Wholesale trade as the source of. These should be indigenised. In retail trade is tied to the consumption order to accomplish this ideal, needs of the white elite, and to the

qualified professional and technical personnel will be required. Public administration staffing needs ' should take into account the personnel requirements for the commerce and external economic relations sector. It is estimated that the relevant ministry and boards may 'require about 250 staff. RECOMMENDATIONS:

The marketing boards should be reconstituted and desegregated into a Dairy Control Board, a National Livestock and Meat Corporation, a Grain Control and Cash Crop Corporation and an Agricultural Supplies Corporation~ 2) . The government should consider the establishment of a National Fisheries Corporation to assume responsibility for all ocean fishing, processi ng and marketing, and fish eries co-operatives which catch and sell their fish to the corporation and to the consumers at the point of landing. 3) A National Diamond Corporation should be formed. 4) Study should be undertaken to determine a suitable mode for trade in diamonds. Two options include the sale ofgems outside CSO, and the sale through CSO under revised terms. 5) A diamond cutting industry should be established to increase the value added. 6) For the uranium sales, three alternatives may be considered; (a) to ratify the existing contracts subject to a review of their terms, especially in respect to quantity and prices; (b) to abrogate the existing contracts within . the context of the 1974 United Nations Council of Namibia Decree No 1; and (c) to enter into ajoint venture with the existing or other mining-companies for production and marketing.' 7) With regard to trade in base metals, a National Metal Marketing Corporation should 'be established. 8) Selective importation of motor vehicles, equipment a'nd spare parts should be carried out through a multiproduct State Trading Corporation or through an entirely new Motor Trade and Equipment Corporation to be established for this purpose. A National Petroleum Corporation should be established to import, produce and distribute petroleum products. Alternatively, motor vehicles, .equipment and spares and petroleum products could be' directly imPorted th}-ough a Central Tenders Supplies and Marketing Board. 9) A roster should be prepared of the distribution of expertise among Namibians who have undergone training in the trade sector.


NEWS TIPS? Telephone ° o


during office hours



Friday October 3 1986

Business & Social Public poleInic WE WOULD like to air our views concerning the public polemic which is on the move between Professor Christo Lombard and Mr Andreas ' Shipanga . In the first instance, Professor Lombard was by no meC\ns 'bribed' to go to Lusaka and to·propagate the Swapo policy. He went to meet the top leadership of Swapo on an invitation, and not behind closed doors. On his r eturn, he shared his experience and findings in an honest way with the public. Mr Shipanga, on the contrary, is n ot wo r th a r g uin g with . He' showsthat he h as a Trustration and fear of Swapo. For instance, in his first letter to Professor Lombard, he failed to give r elevant comments on Professor Lombard's personal viewpoints and experiences during his Lusaka visit, but instead Mr Shipanga expressed his own personal grievances and hatred of Mr Sam Nujoma. What a shame! In his second letter he deviates in· to scrutinising the being/nature of Swapo. In spite of the fact that Professor Lombard answered him convincingly, Mr Shipanga is not prepared to yield 'the battle'. Mr Shipanga has no right to comment on issues concerning the Namibian nation at all, because if someone thinks and decides on his behalf, how on earth can he. decide for somebody else? We Nanso members at the Academy feel that the topic has now been exhausted and should come to an end. We fully support what Professor Lombard said franl.d y and would like to advise him not to bother himself with Mr Shipanga's absurd business in the future . NANSO STUDENTS Academy WINDHOEK

Police & letters

levels in Namibia. She stat es that 'it was not possible to survey children in the nort hern war zone ... because of considerable security risks involved'. Firstly Miss Hughson should have more courage than that and see for herself what risks she could have endured in Ovamboland. Secondly, she states that 'it is reasonable t o suggest that the children in the war zone will have even poorer nutritional and hea lth status (than the rest of Namibia). This supposition is totally incorrect. Mr s Annchen Parkhouse, a nurse from South West Africa, speaking at a seminar for the Organisation of Livestock Producers held in Pretoria, is quoted in the Farmer 's Weekly of August 8 1986 that 'most (Owambo) customers bought their meat from butchers who slaughtered their stock under a tree from where . it was sold. In spite of the health implications of such 'meat markets' disease 'related to meat was ra~e . It was also important to realise that pr otein deficiency disease in young children was uncommon in Ovamboland' . I hope Oxfam subscribes to your paper.

Exhibition of landscape watercolours Astrid von Kalckstein, a German artist who has lived in Kenya for many years; is currently staging an exhibition of her landscape water·colours at Galery 191 in Windhoek. The exhibition is open daily from 09hOO-17h30 and will come to an end on October 4. Pictured here on the opening night are Ms A von Kalckstein, Mr E Fahl, owner of GaIery 191 and Manager of Nedbank, Mr HW Ollewagen and his wife.


. Soccer 'gaIne' I AM A soccer lover, but I must confess that I am swimming in a pool of confusion. What is going on in the NNSL? . I cannot comprehend how they select a national team consisting only of central players. What are they (the selectors) trying to prove? Perhaps they want to ' show the world that the only place that can produce players of such good calibre is Windhoek. But nevertheless, please, to the selectors and committee as such, stop this ridiculous game. Think about players like Lazarus Shetekela of Benfica; Phello of Blue Waters; Sedek Gottiied of Eleven Arrows; Dapdy U shona ofBenfica : all these players deserve a place in the national team on merit.

CERTAIN police officials in Tsumeb are trying to find out the names of people who write letters to The "SHUFFLE Namibian, and many people have WALVIS BAY been asked' by police about :writing letters or articles for the newspaper,.: As a result readers of. the ' SEX education must be m~de a newspaper in Tsumeb are in great priority for our students. It is unfair, fear of intimidation by police if they and also a sin before God, to bring write letters. children into the world who we canI · think· it is very wrong of the no t afford tofeed, clothe'ap,d educate. governmen.t or the authorities to in- \. Proper sex education, both at home timldate people who try to express anq at school, is of vital importance their ideas in public. ~'nd I am call- ' ing upon all countrymen who read' -- to (he youth of today. It is a sad fact -. that the level of sex education in our The N amibiim to stand together schools, especially in the north of against such 'undemocratic' actions Namibia, is limited. . of the .government. Teenager s today have a far more I believe The Namibian is the oncasual approach to sex that before . ly informative newspaper in the There has been a dramatic increase country and people should be free to in unwanted pregnancies. write to it concerning their.problems. The youth must be taught sex education in or der to avoid .the evils WRITER TSUM~B and en-orsgirls of unwanted Young become children. pr egnant because they are not aware of all the facts of sex education, and also because parents do not advise their IN YOUR edition ' of Frida y children on this matter . September 12, 1986, you quote from a report prepared by H eather EDUCATION Hughson of Oxfam on nutritional OSHAKATI

Bronze merit award . A PUPIL -of the Technical High School in Windhoek, 15-year-old Carsten Siebeck, was awarded a bronze medal Merit Award at the Transvaal Young Scientists Expo held in Johannesburg last weekend. Carsten, who is in Standard "I , part icipated in the exhibition-with nearly 1 000 other South African young' scientists, with participants competing in 49 different categories. Earlier in September, Carsten's ex-· hihit, a fuily operational rocket, was chosen as the best individual project in any category at ROssing's Young Scientists National Exhibition held in Windh~ek . .

:Sex educatiitn


'Stanswa appointment

Small mining gets going SMALL MINING has gone from strength to strength lately and the FederatioriofSmall"scale Miners of . Namibia was recently ':formed under the chairmanship of Mr Robert Cm, with a strong co:riimittee, and on Monday at 17h30, a presentation (ENOK's role in small mining in Namibia), is to be made totheWindhoekseCtionoftheIMM at the Safari Motel. MrLeRouxvanSchalkwyk, who has emerged as a prominent figure in the small mining scene in the country, will be making the presentatign.

Mr Van Schalkwyk is not only closely involved with these people and activities, but will also be able to comment on the new start-up of at least three small mines in the country during the last five months. Recently EN:OK has made a' turnabout with their small mining policy which ·has been manifested in many ways. One obvious change is the addition ofMr John Rogers to the team. He was wellknown during his time as Chief Mining Engineer at Oamites Mine and more recently at the Klein AubMine.

Mr Syly ester Black has bee~ ap. pointed _A!isistant ,Manager of Standard ' Bank SWA Limited's Windhoek Branch, after serving in the bank in :various capacities before his present appointment. Mr Black, a born and bred Namibian, joined Stanswa in 1981. He is married and the father of two children.

1-------------------------------+-------------PSF and NPl launch campaign to

CEttTRAL METHODIST C,HORCH - YOOTti~'" Cheap and efficient car washes will be provided between 08hOO and 12h30 this Saturday morning, October 4 and again on October 8 io the car park of the Central Method ist Church , cotner of Casino and Luderitz Streets. (Just up from M&Z). While your car is being washed, you can relax with ,coffee, tea, cooldrinks and cake on the premises. The c~r washes cost R2,50 each and will be provided by the youth gro'up of the Central Methodist Church, wh ich is rais ing fund s to send one of its members to a conference. They guarantee that their hands and energy will get out th e, dust from every. crevice and th ey will make even your farm tractor shine again! All this costs only R2,50 on Saturday October 4 at the Central Methodist Church.

As a reward for his achievement, ROssing sponsored his trip to Johannesburg, accompanied by the company's Education Officer, Miss June Horwitz. . On his return from South Africa Carsten expressed a wish to continu~ research in the field of rocket technology. The missile he exhibited locally and in South Africa, will be launched soon and he hopes it will reach a n altitude of400 metres before returning to earth by parachute. He intends to study ~ngineering when he leaves school and to explore further rocket technology and design "but only for peaceful purposes"; he says.

improve productivity in Namibia MR CHARLES Truebody, Director of the Private Sector Foundation, has announced that the PSF, in collaboration with the National Productivity I nstitute (NPD of South Africa, will la unch-a campaign to impr ove productivity in Na mibia . The project would include the crea4 0n of public awareness in respect of the need to improve productivity, to provide expertise in the measurement of productivity and to provide informatio n on metHods on improving productivity. The PSF are planning to represent the NPI in Namibia gradually replacing the whole spectrum of services and expertise which the NPI has available at the disposal of institutions in Namibia.

Union meets

NAMIBIAN Food . and Allied Union delegates met last Saturday to elect a n executiv e of ten members. Delegates from t he newly formed union represent ing workers in the food, milling and hotel industries last weekend were given the opportunity of electing Mac Donald Ntlabathi of the OK Bazaars as the union Cha irman, Mr Gideon Siwombe from Model Supermarket as the Vice Chairman, andMr Leopold Elias from SWAVLEIS Okahandja as the union secretary. The three Namibians will lead the claimed 6000-strong union on a path of promoting the implementation of Resolution 435 through the country's workforce, and to form a combined force against existi ng business management.



, Friday October 3 1986


Business & Social •

Getting rid of the 'only white' Image AMINI-CONVENTION on Human Earnest B Mercer, IBM Persomiel Operations Manager, RSA. Resources Development in the Third World: A Challenge for This Convention is an annual occaNamibia, will ·be held at the sion and focuses this year on the Academy on October 7,1986. development of people in an equitable environment. The Convention is being offered by Executives, management, personnel the Institute for Personnel Managepractitioners and representatives of ment (IPM), in conjunction with the Bureau for Management Consultan- . organised labour are invited to attend. According to Mr Theo Mey, Chaircy and the Faculty of Economic and man ofthe IPM "Statutory discriminaManagement Sciences ofthe Academy. tion has been removed in the Proceedings'will commence in the workplace and in society - in industry Academy auditorium (Room 207 in the and business, equal opportunities is a Lecture Block), in Storch Street at catch-phrase. 08h45 and will adjourn at 16h30. 'Yet managerial and leadershipposi. Two keynote addresses are to be tions in private and public enterprises presented by dynamic speakers in still portray an 'only white' image to their field of expertise. the majority ofthe people in this coun'The Advancement of Third World try. The IPM feels that it is now the Nationals into First World managers', time to take a good, hard look at relewill be given by Derek J Wake, Prinvimt technology and experience in cipal of the Institute of Management order to enhance efforts to provide an Education, United Kingdom, while environment in which all individuals 'Equal Opportunity.in the Workplace may achieve their maximum potential -What and How?' will be delivered by .

Mr Earnest I;3rant Mercer.

without regard to their race, colour, re1igion or sex." Mr Mercer, one of the two speakers, was born in Alabama, USA during the Great Depression. He has been employed by IBM since 1962, where he has served in various managerial capacities including administration, finance, personnel, training, development and planning. His career took him on assignments all over the world befQre assuming his present duties as Personnel Operations Manager for IBM South Africa. His work experience has kept him involved for more than 23 years with race relations, equal opportunity programmes and other activitiesrelatingto the development of disadvantaged persons. His most recent assignment before joining IBM SA was in world-wide strategic planning for management development. His major task in SA will be the

development of disadvantaged persons with IBM. Mr Mercer holds a Bachelor of Professional Studies and a Master of Business Administration degrees. Mr Wake, the other speaker, is Principal of the Institute of Management Education in the UK, Member British Management Training Export Council, Chairman International Division , of the Institute of Training' and Development, ,Executive Board Treasurer, International Federation of Training and Development Organisations. Mr Wake, with his staff of six heads of department and 37 tutors;have led 400 courses concerned with the advancement of nationals in Africa alone. The Institute of Management Education is held in high regard by various inter national bodies. For further information, Mr Theo Mey can be contacted at telephone number 38010 x 2073.

Christmas post WITH THE festive season just arou~d the corner, the Postmaster General hils directed a special appeal to the public to post Christmas mail early ijJ. order to alleviate the work pressure at post offices dur, ing the Christmas period. At the same time, he reminded persons who are about to buy Christmas or other cards that internal postage on non-standardised cards is almost double that for cards of standardised sizes: In order to qualify for the 14c postage • rate, th~ dimensions of envelopes and cards must be at least 90x140mm, and not more than l20x235mm, while the thickness must not be more than 5mm and the total mass should not exceed 50g. The minimum internal postage for non-standardised mail- i.e. those not conforming to the specified dimensions - is 22c for surface mail and 30c for airmail up to 100g in mass. + These rates also !lpplyto mail destined for the Republic of South Africa, 'Bophuthatswana, TRanskei, Venda andCiskei. The minimum rates ofpostage on all postal articles (except parcels), to Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi , Swaziland and Zimbabwe, are 20c for , shrface mail ,u p to 50g and 20 for 109 in respect of airmail. The rates for surface mail in respect , 'of letters, Christmas 'c ards etc to

destinations in all other countries, are as follows: up to 20g - 25c above 20g-100g - 60c Airmail rates vary from country to country and particulars in this regard can be obtained from postmasters. Inrespectofthe posting ofChristmas mail, the public is reminded to make sure that mail is addressed properly (including the· postal 'codes), and without misleading abbreviations; return addresses sl).ould be furnished on the back of envelopes or wrappers; parcels should be packed properly in strong containers and thick paper and must be tied firmly. Special containers are available at all post offices at Rl,09 each. . Calenders, trade circulars, , catalogues and price lists must be posted before December 2. Finally, the public was also asked to take note of the fact that parcels are normally retained for only three weeks at post offices after which they are returned at the sender's expense. .' People whQ wilt be away from home for more than three weeks during the Christmas period are advised to make arrangements for the collection of their post. Demurrage is payable on all parcels not collected within seven working days after the original delivery advice has been issued.

110 .Years service with "a.mib Sun ·Hotels During a small function recently, seven employees ofthe Namib Sun Hotel Group each received welldeserVed cheques and Certificates to commemorate the event. Picture at the function are from left to right: Mr Albert Nakale, (20 years), Mr Julius Joram, (20 years), Mr Fillimori Nekola, (15 years), Mr Josef GOttlieb, (10 years), Mr Andreas Shittingona, (10 years), Mr David Andjene, (Ie) years), and Mr Moritz Hengari, (25 years).


An _own -healthprofessio'n al council for Namibia THE NEED for the establishm'ent of an own health professional council for Namibia, has grown rapidly over the past few years'as part of the pursuit for independent Namibian structures and bodies to appropriately control health professionals locally.1b thisend, exploratory discussions have been held on ministerial level with the South African Minister ofNational Health and Population Development, Dr Willie van N iekerk, who concurs with the necessity of establishing an own health professional council for Namibia. In order to establish appropriate guidelines for the establishment of such a body, an advisory committee under the chairmanship of the Secretary of National Health and Welfare has been appointed, consisting of representatives of the various professional associations active in Namibia, selected from nominations provided by the various bodies as well as members of the Department of National Health and Welfare. The merobers of the committee are as follows: Dr LJ Erasmus (Chairman), National Health and Welfare; Dr GB Maughan-Brown, National Health and Welfare; Mrs E Barlow, National Health and ' Welfare; , Dr WRS Swiegers, Medical Association of South Africa;

Dr AD Hanekom, Dental Association ofSouth Africa; MrsAvanDyk,NursingAssociationof South West Africa; Mr WP van Wyk, Pharmaceutical . Society ofSouth Africa; Mr JA .van Rooyen, Health Officers Association ofSouth Africa; Mrs ML van Dyk, South African Radiograph Association;


A 1111


Miss L Dodds, Namibian Society of Medical Technologists; Mrs C Dialer, South African Association ofOccupational Therapists. The terms ofreference ofthe commit- '. tee are as follows: (a) 'lb provide a set of guidelines to be followed when drafting legislation for submission to the National Assembly' regarding an own health professional

council or councils; (b) to formulate proposals for cooperation with the various health professional councils and boards in the RSA in order to maintain standards of professional practice currently in force and to ensure reciprocal recognition ofregistration, training, institution status, etc.; (c) to advise the Minister of Manpower and National Health and Welfare as to the time-scale of implementation;

(d) to advise the Minister of Manpower and National Health and Welfare of any other matter regarded as relevant and important in the implementation of an independent health professional council or councils for Namibia; and (e) to complete its task without undue delay.

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exp~rt dire~~~rs1iip of~~lJ. Lyne, she acc.e pted and has not lOOKed back. Born in Athens, Geoi'gia, she grew up in a family of seven children and from her father (a concert pianist who toured in the Big Band era), she inherited Ii love of music. She is a gifted singer, pianist and guitarist and also learned to express herselfcreatively as a dancer through fifteen years ofballet training. In her teens, a local beauty contest led to her success in a Miss Breck competition, following in the footsteps of her mother, a former Breck girl herself. At the age of seventeen Basinger moved to New York as a model and under the guidance ofthe Eileen Ford Agency, earned $1000 a day during her peak years. For nearly five years she was much in demand as a cover girl, while appearing in ads for Clairol, Maybeiiine and Revlon. When she eventually decided she had had enough ofmodelling, she packed her jeep and drove to Hollywood accompanied by her four dogs and a cat.

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IT'S BEEN in -the news for months, 'slammed by Mother Grundies, criticised, loved, hated, applauded by the media, termed an 'erotic piece', 'a love.story of the '80s', and sundry other 'for' or 'against' comments have been made about '9112 Weeks', the controversial film starring former model Kim Basinger and relative newcomer Mickey Rourke, which has now arrived on the local circuit at Kine 300. Based on the novel by Elizabeth -McNeill, itisa love story -of sorts. Certainly, it is a love story with a difference. Elizabeth (Basinger), has been alone since her divorce. She is beautiful and very romantic, but has insulated herself from emotional risks through . her successful career as an art dealer. Many of her personal and professional urge her to open up and begin to live again, but. she continues to hold back, tha.t is, until she meets John (Rourke). John is a man who has never been in love. Soft-spoken and compelling, he is an over-achiever who has earned his wealth as a commodities broker with relative ease. Although many of his lovers have tried to penetrate the aura of mystery that surrounds him, he remains untouched emotionally until he meets Elizabeth! A chance 'encounter brings them together, leading to a relationship of temptation, seduction, clarity, confusion, excitement, fear, passion and rage - turning into shared obsession which breaks every rule for nine and a half weeks. Kim Basinger gives a sensitive and emotional portrayal of Elizabeth, and also represents one facet of the new direction her career is turning to. Most recently she was seen alongside Sam Shepard in 'Fool For Love', and she has been accepting more challenging dramatic roles since her successful role as Memo Paris in 'The Natural'. Ironically, she was reluctant at first to tflke the role, feeling that she related too closely to the character of Elizabeth. But eventually, under the

Today, her love of imimals is still a constant in her life. At her Thpanga Canyon home she lives with her husband Ron Britton, eight dogs and Ophelia the cat with her "People who t iove animals are deficient in


Kim Basinger stars as Elizabeth; .the divorcee who 'lives' again after meeting John, a man who brings about the most sensational nineand-a half weeks in her life! /'


KlttE 300

T'll: 341 55

Fri & Sat: 14h30/18h00/21hO()' Sun-Thurs: , 14h30117h30/20hOO 91/2 WEEKS: (2-18) An erotic love story with a difference starring former model and covergirl, Kim BaSinger, and Mickey Rourke.

Saturday: 10hOO

GUNG-HO: A comedy set against the background of the auto industry in America, starring Michael Keaton.


T'll: 51 700

19h15 -

POLICE ACADEMY NO 3: Steve Guttenberg in another hilarious look at life In a police academy. PWS: GUNG-HO: Michael Keaton in a comedy.

East v West and "Gang-Ho·· for the rest! GUNG HO is a contemporary comedy from Ron Howard, the 31-year-old Hollywood director who gave the movie world the sci-fi comedy 'Cocoon' and the fantasy romanc.e comedy 'Splash'. Gung Ho (slang for wor k together), stars.Michael Keaton as Hunt Stevenson, the man who tries to save the town of Hadleyville, Pennsylvania from disaster .when, after 35 years, the town's major industry, its autoplantis shutdown. This leaves the residents facing financial disaster- all except the UHaul Rental, where business is boomingwith all the citizens who are packing up and moving out. . All seems lost as Hadleyville goes into a ' swan dive with a rapidly diminishing population. But all is not lost - enter Hunt, previously a foreman with the defunct auto plant and now the people's choice to mastermind a last-ditch civic salvage attempt to save the factory and the town it has supported. In the role of a 'hero', Hun:t flies to Thkyo and manages to persuade the Japanese motorcar firm Assail Motors to take over and regenerate the factory. But, in perfect harmony with Michael Keaten's off-beat type of humour, nothing works out quite the way it is expected to! The EastWest line is clearly defined from the start, and traditions,

George Wendt as Buster, the fpreman in the film 'Gung-Ho'. cultures and egos are destined to clash head-on. Gung Ho is the first major feature film to deal with the unprecedented Japanese influence in the America of the '80s. In fact, at this point in time, some ofthe biggest Japanese manufacturing firms are opening factories all over America's heartland. Ron Howard explains 'I thought this project offered a greafopportunity to' be very funny and at the same time comment on something that is really happening every cj.ay. 'It is great to make an audience laugh, and when you have a conflict this strong you are bound to have humour that is just as strong'. Michael Keaten (backed by other ac-

tors such as Gedde Watanabe, George Wendt, Mimi Rogers, and Japanese . star Soh Yamamura), made his debut as Billy Blaze in another of Howard's comedies, 'Night Shift'. Critics acclaimed his characterisation of the manic morgue attendant who turns his workplace into an after hours bordello. His television debut came as a sports reporter on 'Maude', and he was subsequently cast in a regular role in the series 'All's Fair', and later still, a regular on the 'Mary Tylor Moore Show', where he met his wife, actress Caroline McWilliams. . After 'Night Shift', he went on to costar with Terri Garr in 'Mr Mom', and more recently in 'Thuch and Go'.

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OCT3-0c;r9 Fridoy

STAYING HOME tOJporrow night to see the feature f"llm on TV nnght not be such a ba:d idea - not with the scheduled . entertainment being the movie ' 'Mayerling', starring Oniar Sharif, Catherine Deneuv~; James Mason and Ava Gardner.

17h27 ,Prog, Schedule 17h30 Hand in Hand _ 17h35 Classic Cartoons 17h58 ' Your Thmorrow 18h13 Double Trouble 18h41 Hoekie vir Eensames . ' 19h1l Macgyver 20hOO Suidwes Nuus 20h15 Miami Vice 21h02 Mannheimsage ' 21h44 NewslWeather NuuslWeer 22h04 Die Vissers van Moorhovd 22h28 Net Voor Nagse 22h52 Dagsluiting





- - -- -- - -

17h27 17h30 17h33 17h56 18h07 18h33 19h06 19h54 20h19 20h59 23h09 23h29 23h52

Programrooster Kompas The Gummi Bears Sane Society Lekker Ligte Liedjies Vee Bee Gunsmoke WKRP in Cincinnati Musiekmakers '86 (final) Film: Mayerling NuuslWeer News/weather Alfred Hitchcock presents .. , Epilogue

16h27 16h30 16h53 17hl7 17h36 18h04

Progamrooster The Wuzzles - (final) Storybook International Die Blye Boodskap The 700 Club David Tidboald & the National Symphony Orchestra Specialist (Quiz) Meeresbiologie St Elsewhere (New series) News ReviewlNuusoorsig Skattejag , Another Life NewslWeather NuuslWeer By Still Waters


18hl8 19h45 19h14 20hOO 20h15 21h20 22h04 22h2A



17h27 Prog, Schedule 17h30 Hand in Hand 171135 RObotech 17h59 Ein fall fur TKKG 18h24 Sport 19h06 ' G~spr~k & Profie'I ~ - " 19h36 Growing Pains 20hOO Suidwes-Nuus 20h15 Matt Houston 21h02 Key to Rebecca 2Hi46 NewslWeather NuuslWeer 22h06 Andalusien _Land der Mauren (Andalusia _Landofthe Moors) 22h49 Dagsluiting


TUClSdoy 17h27 17h30 17h35 17h50 18h14 19h22 20hOO 20h15 21h03 21h18 21h42 22h02 22h17

Programrooster Kompas Wielie Walie Langs die Pikkewyne , Sport Die Losprys South West News Falcon Crest Use or Abuse? Benson· NuuslWeer NewslWeather Minding Media Epilogue -


WCldnclSdoy _


17h27 17h30 17h35 17h58 18h03 18h28 18h33 19h15 20hOO 20h15 20h56 21h13 21h36 21h56 22h13

Prog. Schedule Hand in Hand Sindbad The Bllbblies Energy (documentary) Musiek Weltlunseglung mit Familie GenTIan documentary, Knight Rider Suidwes Nuus Centennial Eendag as Ek Aftree Goeienag Boston , NuuslWeer NewslWeather Telefoonetiket Dagsluiting

Thursdoy 17h27 Programrooster 17h30 Kompas 17h33 He-Mari and Masters of , the Universe 17h54 Pieriewieriepark 18h06 Sport 18h46 Videofashion 19h14 Die Waaghals (final) 20hOO South West News ' 20h15 Hotel 21h02 Die Schwarzwaldklinik 21h45 NuuslWeer NewslWeather 22h05 Perspective 22h31 Epilogue

- ,-'~";-'--- -.

Of course it is film nearly twenty years old (directed in 1967 by Terrence Young), but has a very strong story, ' with some of Hollywood's greatest names, and it is in colour! At any rate it offers a change from the, 'gimmicky, glitzy, raunchy' g~nre of film which usually tops box office records! Mayerling is the famous tragedy of the high-born lovers who chose death 'in the royal hunting lodge at Mayerling, rather than accept the Imperial will which would have rentthis love asunder, Rudolph, sonofthe Emperor FranzJoseph, is the heir to the AustrianHungarian throne, but is temperamentally and ideologically opposed to his father's rigid regime, He is also unhappily married in a politically-arranged match with Princess Stephani,e, By chance he meets Maria Vetsera, who is to become the love of his life and his partner in death, Of a noble family, she is accepted with sympathy by the Empress, but rejected by Franz-Joseph, who exiles her to Venice and sends Rudolph on army manouevres, The Prince openly rebels against his , father and brings Maria back to Vien, na with him, He renounces his claim , to the throne and asks for assylum forhimself and Maria in France, But, as is often the case in life, fate steps in and nothing works out as planned, not for the ill-starred young . lo'(ers or the stern Emperor! ' Strange, with the ebb and flow of good programmes, how favourite view- , ing evenings change from one day to ,the hextL ,, "",_ , Saturdays used to be popular for settling down for a good session of viewThe half-hour special starring Bugs Bunny on Friday is a combina-tion of animation and live action ing, what with 'Airwolf, 'Prime Time', featuring Denver Pyle, better known as Jesse in "The Dukes of Hazzard". Denver is convinced that the 'Solin Gold' and others, west was won by Bugs way back in 1849. Now however, the emphasis has reverted back to Friday nights, with Classic Cartoons, Double Trouble, Skattejag, the SABC treasure hUJ:).t ed to be a must for 'espionage' fans. world from a different angle, and to Macgyver, Miami Vice; and last but game, at times provides some Based on the novel by Ken Follett, find a new understanding of certainly not least Mannheimsage, highlights, ,Last week many local the story unfolds in the period during This Afrikaans drama series has themselves. With hard work and World War II, and there is no lack of exviewers looked forward to such a really turned into something worthtenacity they made their dream come 'highlight', believing that the hunt citement, tension, action, humour and true, while to wait up for, proving that some would take place in Luderitz. pathos, in short compulsive viewing! very good things can come from South Finally, on Thursday evening all And after all the anticipation, things On Wednesday night, African producers and writers! those with an interest in music should fella bit flat when the venue turned out Weltumseglung mit Familie could Sandra Prinsloo, who takes the mamake a point of seeing Perspective, to be Stellenbosch. be interesting, The preparations took jor female role reaffirms the fact that The programme next week will several years, but eventually they set It seems that the quality ofthis parshe is an actress of high calibre, while revolve around electronic music, ticular programme was so bad that the sail, Joachim Campe, his French wife, Trix Pienaar proves her mettle all over Over the years, the scraping of SWABC could not use it, and 'StellenMarie, their children Sylvester, 12, again, and Brian O'Shaughnessy also horsehair against cat gut, or the blowbosch', initially scheduled for October Bartholome, 11, Laetitia, 10, Calixt, 5, shows the world that he has what it , ing of a reed, the beating of skin stret'5-, was used instead. The 'Luderitz' and their teacher, Dagmar HaeckeL takes, especially when it comes to beched over a hollow bowl or the lip tentape has been re-ordered from the Campe, an architect and designer, ing an arch-villain! sion applied to a horn, have supplied SABC and the powers-that-be in Petgave up hisjob, sold their family house In stark contrast Hoekie vir Eenmankind with music, . in Germany, bade goodbye to their tenkofer Street hope to transmit it this ,sames is .. ' dismal, for want of a betToday, with , the development of Sunday, friends and took the plunge,- setting terword, There are a few programmes to make microchips and microcircuit magic, off to sail around the world, a dream At times during the past weeks, musical expression is available not onthey had clung to for years. a note (lfnext week, Key to Rebecca there has been a slight flicker of ly to the trained minority, butto all, as As a family they wanted to exwith Cliff Robertson, Season Hubley, 'something', but it never quite makes new music emerges from new Anthony Quayle, David Hemmings, perience a new kind offreedom, to be the grade. technology. David Soul and Robert Culp has provinvolved in new experiences, to see the What bothers most is the obvious 'ham acting' that seems to plague all the actors and actresses. And a complaint heard fr.om many quarters is that some ofthe stories are just too subLa Perdiz Shopping tle for commercial teleVision, This Centre leads one to wonder whether in fact this ,~nane SerleS should:, even .be 90 Gobabis Rd elevated- to the level of possessing Tel: 33227 , 'subtlety', or whether 'it-is just ,plain, below average script? , On Sunday - the greyest viewing day of the week - there are some encouraging changes,Younger viewers (and their older .' counterparts), will be bidding goodbye to The Wuzzles after this weekend, presents in our deli'ghtful courtyard Replacing this programme is Polka Dot Door, a series bf26.episodes for with the distinctive, continental children using a variety show format, There are different hosts and charat,mosphere ming fantasy figures and pets ina wide (weather ' perm itti ng) POTJIEKOS will be served assortment of characters. , Also starting this ~unday is the new wjth various artists performing TICKETS: R5,00 pp (meal incl) St Elsewhere series, the ambitious, realistic and often humorous medical BRING YOUR FRIENDS drama set in a large teaching hospital, at 18hOO sharp AND HAVE FUN! and infinately more appealing than the just concluded 'Dr Kildare' series, which hopefully will NOTbe brought back,



&tinea jfotul l\estaurant

"OPEN AIR" Musical evening





Friday October 3 1986

Basic English

Fever canbe .deadly! FEVER When a person's body temperature is too h0t', we say he has a fever. Fever itself is not" a sickness, buta sign of many different illnesses, and a high fever can be very dangerous, especially in a small child. When a person has a fever, we must consequently treat the cause of the fever - not only the fever itself.

WHEN A PERSON HAS A FEVER: 1) Uncover him completely. Small children should qe undressed completely and left naked until the fever goes down. . 2) Fresh air, or a breeze, will not harm a person with a fever. On the contrary, a fresh breeze helps lower the fever. 3) We can give a child or adult with fever certain medicines - for instance aspirin or paracetamol. The instructions on the packet ' must always be followed very carefully. 4) Anyone who has a fever must drink lots of water, juices or other liquids. For small children , especially habies, the water should be boiled first (and then

cooled) and kept covered it it is lett to" stand . ' 5) Find and treat the cause of the fever.



A very high fever can be dangerous if. not brought down quickly. It can cause fits (convulsions), qr even per-manent brain damage. High fever is most dangerous for , small children. To bring down a high fever follow the advice given above, but in addition fan the ,person, or bathe him in cool water. If a high fever does not go down, or fits begin, seek medical help at oncel ,

To begin with , we will briefly define the different types of sentences that we 'get in English . These are: 1) Statements 2) Questions 3) Commands It follows that when we write or speak, unless we are asking questions or givil}g commands (orders), we are making statements. The great majority of English s.entences are statements. Look at the following examples:

Tonsillitis The person will have a sore and red throat, and will have pain when swallowing. He will ' also have a fever. Here again, we must treat the fever as well as the cause of the fever.

The rain should come soon. Maize is nutritious. He doesn't know where he is going.

MEASURING FEVER SOME COMMON DISEASES CAUSING FEVERS Measles Measles cause a cough, a rash and sometimes diarrhoea, but fever is usually the first symtom. The child with measles also has sore eyes. Keep the child with measles in the house and if he has a fever, in bed. Treat the fever as advised and give the patient protein food to eat. , Most children with measles do not need an antibiotic.

All of these sentences are presented as statements of fact. This is also true of a sentence like "Namibia is a province of India". Even though this is obviously not the case, the sentence, which is gramatically correct; makes a statement - it asserts, or claims something. The claims made by statement - sentences can be very different. They may refer to some activity or action (eg "The rain comes", The inan walks across the street" ), or they may simply state the nature of something (eg . " Maize is nutritious").

We measure fever with a thermometer if we have one. This can be bought from any pharmacy. It is however, not essential that one has a thermometer. We can feel if a person has a fever by putting the back of our hand on the forehead of the patient, and the other hand on the forehead of a person who is not ill - the difference should be felt. Remember that fevers can be dangerous! Next week we will discuss injuries and poisoning.

WINDHOEK music-lovers can look for ward to a very'special event':" after the overwhelming success of " Baroque ala m ode" last year - there will be a similar event next week on Thursday, October 8, called " Classics by Candlelight", breaking away from the usual formal concert atmosphere.


In one of the first Basic English columns, we introduced the idea that most sentences in English are statements. Today we will look at this idea in more detail.

Malaria, ' Maleria occurs commonly in some parts of Namibia, for example in Owambo , and Kavango. If a person living in these areas has a fever, our first thought must be male ria, and . we should go to our nearest clinic 'or hospital for the necesary treatment. Do not neglect the fever because there could be sflrious complications.

Shades of Vienna Starting at 20hOO, the musicians will be performing in the Aula ofthe DHPS, but instead of on the stage; in the hall itselfto form a closer contact between performers and audience. , The audience will be seated at tables in candlelight, comfortably sipping their wine, reminiscent of the Viennese concert-style a century ago. The programme includes the following works: Mozart - Overture II Seraglio ~, Mozart - 8.ernade Notturno'lfr6 in iJ , Stravinsky' - S ui,! No I far small orchestra , Gounod ~ p.,etite Suite for winds S chube;t -Symphony No'8 (unfinished) The@n:bestraof aboJlt36mJlsicians, consists' of Co n ser vatoire and Academy lecturers, teachers and students ofthe DHP8, as well as other music-lovers', with Sjoerd Alkema as conductor. The initiative to have concerts with a difference came from a few music enthusiasts, who feel there is a need to incorporate mllsicians and amateurs of all,language groups in an orchestra, the only aim being their love ofmusic and the pleasure of making music together. ' Consequently the orchestra' is not "commercialised" and is not attached to any organisation . It is hoped t hat this initiative will develop into something permanent, which could lead to a new Windhoek symphony orchestra-being creat ed. Table bookings for the concert can be made at the "Bucherkeller".



It should be clear that every sentence needs some verb to show what activity is being referred to, or to show that the sentence says something about the nature of things. There may be other verbs in the sentence as well, but every sentence must have at least one main verb. C


The main verb is the key to the meaning of a sentence. Without a main verb, ,a sentence says nothing at all . The following are all examples of incomplete " sentences" that don't have main verbs: The fi ~e that was burning wildly and destroying everything. The people who were doing thei r best to stop the fire. Although there are verbs in these sentences (eg . " burning" , " doing" ), they are not main verbs. They help to tell us more about the subjects of the " sentences", but they do not actually say what the subjects did. These are not sentences at all , because there are no main verbs. What about the fire that was burning wildly and destroying everything? Was it out of control? Had it been raging for three days? , We don't know, as no statement has been made. Likewise, we don't know what the speaker of the second "sentence" means. Were the people tired? Were they about to give up? Again, we don't know, as no statement has been made. We can continue the "sentences" so that they do make statements, and thus mean something. Here are some ways of completing them:







The fire that was burnrng wildly and destroying everything had started on a neighbouring farm. The people who were doing their best to stop the fire had worked for ten hours. Now the sentences are complete; as they each have a main verb (" had started" and " had worked"). We can also, change the original incomplete-sentences fnto complete sentences with main verbs like this: The fire was birning wildly and destroying everything. The people were doing their best to stop the fire. Note that " was burning" and "(was) destroying" don't merely describe the' fire 'before we hear the. aetual main statement. They have become the main statements. 'In the same way, "were doing" has become the main statement of the second sentence. .




A DIESEL FITTER Salary negotiable, dependi ng on experienceWe offer the usual fringe benefits, pension fund etc Please apply in writing ,to: PO Box 3637, Windhoek or tel: 37693

THE. SOUTH AFRICAN Coordinating'Performing Arts Council (SAC PAC), met earlier this month to award the annual SACPAC Drama Prize, with ~r Hannes Horn e as Chairma n a n d all the h eads of d r ama dep a rtments of other arts coun cils formin g the panel of judges. A total of68 entries were received, out ,of which four best plays were selected (quite by chance two English and two Afrikaans). The winner will be notified on October 23 in Durban, with R25 000 in prize money. Thi s is the second year this pr izehas been awarded, although last year there were only six consolation prizes awarded. Damon Galgut's 'A Party For , Mother' was one of these. Swapac was the only regional council to stage one of the winning plays. . The play, directed by Manie van Rensburg and starring Mees Xteen , and Grethe Fox, was a resounding success both in the Windhoek Theatre and The Loft in Durban . The four best plays selected this year (and from which a final winner will be chosen) are: Back and Forth - Raymond Druker Die Koggelaar - Pieter Fourie Footsteps Lady - ' Luanshye Greer Aap in die Mou ~ Deon Opperman


Friday October 3 1986


Miniature Mo and furry Fanuel THE INTERIM government appears to have embarked on a massive publicity campaign ... not unlike the promoters of some dangerously-cheap, ill-selling softdrink would do. ' In this case, the manufacturers have their factory in a cleverly-disguised warehouse called the Union Buildings in Pretoria. One of the distributing outlets of their toxic product is an incredibly affluent cuca shop in Namibia .. . called the Tintenpalast. However, since the product hit the market just over a year ago, the consumer has bought hardly a word of it. Initially they sampled the wares, but found it left a bitter taste in the recesses of their hearts and minds. And now the manufacturers are panicking. They cannot accept the reality of having a non-selling dud on their hands. They are like ' all fanatics who

become such blind believers that they shouldn't be allowed onto the streets without a harnessed dog, white stick and dark glasses. The head of the processing plant at the Union warehouse is like a devout Catholic who enters the chamber for a private audience with the Pope, finds the great man stoned out ofhis head on mescaline and pushing a heap of white powder around his desk with the butt of a sawn-off shotgun. He would not be able to accept such a crazed reality. And this is why the ultra-suave advertising agents and Brut-dusted public relations officers have been called in from their chalets and chateaux around the world ... to save the dying product. TheyarrivedinNamibiaonthe6.30 flight and their first move 'was to plaster the national airport with slogans and souvenirs. 'Get Your Miniature Moses Here!' screams a poster at the door leading

Of !Itt.. MY II.O«f(Ftll IINP CHIlf(MItl7 Qf!1If/1766, . UltII._ *6/ R/&H1/ MY 1t

You!'. Naturally, compared with their own country of overstated emergency, Namibia is like an enormous Garden of Eden. 'See, see our wonderful apartheid· free country ... our land of peace. See the Fish River Canyon, the Ai-Ai's and the ~agnifice nt Rehoboth Spa!' (Keep them south brother, keep them south). No need to go further than the Oshivello gate ... nothing there but desert, we promise. So it goes on. The manufacturers are still worried because their product is becoming more and more like a Lucky Packet with nothing inside. The distributors don't really care because most of them are pining for the fjords anyway. '\ The consumer is baffled and doesn't really know who is fleecing who anymore.

by Berke Breathed

BLOOM COUNTY Wilt 0fI0(/t.tJ Yc:V MIII?RY t1It t till.• WIlY, 8a/1t166 .'

from International Arrivals. 'Furry Fanuels for only R3 apiece,' shouts a plain-clothes ad-man holding up a four-inch plastic doll covered in ' coarse hair. In the corner near Domestic Arrivalf:\ is a one-legged PRO imported from the backstreets of Pretoria. He stands at a stall covered in metallic space creatures that whirr ' and bleep if fed with Rl coins. These are called Andreas Androids and come with a guarantee to keep the wealthier families happy. Even those entering Namibia by car cannot escape the advertising campaign. This side of the Orange River are twenty metre-high billboards covered in blown-up portraits ofthe Cabinet ministers. These are aimed at South Africans who are fleeing from civil war, and many are no doubt impressed by a multi-racial government which uses the slogan 'National Unity Works For

I CIW CtXJK 11 Me11N Sfl(IIP SOf/fft.& '" I SN~ 8IIRRY

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STANtJW& Of( MY !leAP -(/

IN 1He 5HtJHleR!






THE DISCO HIT "Don't Leave Me This Way" by the Communards, stayed atop the British singles chart for the iIfth straight week. "Rain or Shine", by the American group Five Star, soared from 11th 'place last week to capture the number two spot, bumping Cameo's "Words Up" from second to third. Madonna's new release, "True

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Blue" burst onto the scene at number six. This week's top ten newcomer was "Sweet Freedom" by Michael McDonald, which advanced from number 14 to number 10. This week's Top Ten singles as listed by Melody Maker Magazine, with last week's positions in brackets are as follows:

1.(1) Don't Leave Me this Way


WRNlNG". Ne11K1H6 BOrtrlM ...

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- the Communards 2.(11) Rain or Shine - Five Star 3.(2) Word Up - Cameo 4.(3) We Don't Have To - J erma ine Stewart 5.(4) Walk This Way - Run DMC 6.0 True Blue - Madonna 7.(9) Thorn in My Side - Eurythmics 8.(5) aJ Died in Your Arms - Cutting Crew 9.(10) Love Can't Turn Around - Farley 'Jackmaster' 10.(14) Sweet Freedom - Michael MCD.onaid


Friday October 3 1986


Sport Profile Now also in Windhoek! SOUTH WEST MARBLE PRODUCTS • euilding products (stones, window-sills, tiles) • Tombstones • Ornaments • Furniture . • and much more ... available in various colours, can also be made to specifications! Come and see for y'ourself today at WITVLEI MARBLE cor Parson and Republic Roads, southern industrial area. Tel : 31533 PO Box 5541 . BEFORE GOING ON HOLIDAYMake sure your house is safe with security systems, locks and keys from GORELICKS 119 Kaiser Street tel: 37700.

IMII FOR all shockabsorbers and installations:""CLUTCH & BRAKE SUPPLIES (SWA)(PTY) LTD., Tel: 24541

Residents of Khomasdal · and Katutura! Do you know that

Khomasdal Service Station

SEMINAR Women at Work: Career and Personal Growth This workshop seminar will assist career orientated women to better understand and manage careerlife challenges. Workshops will focus on: o career planning o decision making o assertiveness o time management o stress managem~nt. DATE: - 8-9 October TIME: - 08h30-17hOO VENUE: -IMLT Seminar Room , Goethe St Centre 2nd floor. PRESENTER: - Mrs Truida Prekel (SBL, Unisa) COST: - .no charge, lunch included Registration: - Tel. 37353 Mr von Seydlitz

offers the following service at 'competitive 1 - -__- - - - - - - - _ prices? * REPAIRS TO ALL CARS AND LDV'S (BAKKIES) * WHEEL ALIGNMENT AND WHEEL BALANCING * SERVICE AND TUNE-UPS * TOW-IN SERVICES * ELECTRICAL REPAIRS

Vehicle for sale

, Phone 38818 or 32415 and

get peace of mind!

- EMERGENCY RATIONS 'Trail Chief' instant meals for your next hike or camping trip. Just add water. Cooks in more or less ten minutes! Large variety available at

GORELICKS 119 Kaiser Str. IN THE MAGISTRATE'S COURT for the District of WINDHOEK held at WINDHOEK Case No: 4841/86 In the matter between _ Standard Bank SWA Limited Execution Creditor and Mr WP Pienaar tla Ebony Supermarket Execution Debtor

Notice of Sale in Execution .


In execution of a judgement of the Magistrate's Court for the DISTRICT of WINDHOEK, given on 22nd August 1986, in the abovementioned case, a Judicial Sale by PUBLIC AUCTION will be held ofthe following on Saturday 25th October 1986 at 10hOO at the · premises of the Messenger ofthe Court, Erf 12, being 29 Omuramba Road, EROS, WINDHOEK. 17 bags White Sugar 22 bags Brown Sugar 22 bags Jabula 27 packets Orno 2 packets Surf 4 packets Jungle Oats 32 packets Salt 2 Tins Fish 5 Tins Guavas 29 packets }(ing Kong Beer Sprouts 11 packets Soap 31 packets Tea 14 tubes Colgatetoothpaste 60 tin Mugs 6 bottles Gill 6 packets candles 1 Till CONDITIONS OF SALE: 1. The sale will be held without wi 11 be sold to the highest bidder. 2. The goods will be sold 'voetstoots'. 3. Payment shall be madein cash or by bank guaranteed cheque. DATED AT WINDHOEK on this the 24th September 1986 PLAINTIFF'S ATTORNEY LORENTZ & BONE Standard Bank Chambers Kaiser Street PO Box 85,

For used cars, bikes, trailers, trucks, boats and caravans. Looking for one? Plione us, we will help you find it. Want to sell your vehicle? For only R30,00 a month we make your vehicle available to buyers countrywide. Windhoek Snyman Circle.

Tel: 37700

H.H. ENKE Your importer of office machines. Make ·use of this opportunity and get your calculators, typewriters and photocopiers at very favourable prices! Tel: 37420 StObel Street ·


FOR SALE 1981 TOYOTA COROLLA SPRINTEf:I 1.6 GLS RS 000,00 o.n.o Tel: 225746 after 18hOO hrs

CURTAINS! We have a large selection of dress fabric, patterns and curtain material. Made to measure from Chelsea FashlC)ns

Beta stereo/audiolhi-fi video casette recorder with 14 days/8 event programme timer and infra-red remote control! Was R2420 Now R1896 excl GST as long as stocks last!

Tel: 31154 PO Box .21424 103 Kaiser Street (next to Dave's Furnishers)

Tel 061/31551 61 Bahnhof Str. PO Box 1870, neben Lewis Stores

1982 Opel Kadet SR with radio and tape: R5 500;00 1982 Nissan 1800 pick/up, low kilos: R8 500,00 1984 Toyota TUV pick/up: R6500,00 1983 Nissan' Safari (4x4) bakkie: R14900,00 1984 Nissan King Cab: (4x4) R12700,00 1983 Toyota HiLux (4x4): R13500,00 1984 Ford Cortina 3 litre Leisure Pack 5-speed with radio and tape, spotless: R12950,00 1977 Audi 100LS roadworthy: R2500,00 Phone Steve Winson 34713 (after hours) 38868

HAKAHANA service station Hostel street Katutura Tel: 6-3327 FOR THE PEOPLE OFKATUTURA

*. Petrol - enroute to the north * Wor_kshop - conven iently close


your vic inity.

ZEDEKIAS OUXAMB AFTER BEING selected for tbe national side for the first time last year, this 22 year-old Orhindo Pirates midfielder has made a name for himselfthis season and since taking over the captaincy at OP midway through the season has led the club to the top of the NNSL league. Nicknamed 'Axab', his marvellous ball control and coolness under pressUre and his youth augur well for hiin in the fut ure both at club and national level. . Born and educated in Windhoek, he started his club career with Sorendo Bucs FC in 1976. Mter a short spell with the now defunct Swallows Soccer Club he rejoined the Bucs. This year he decided to join one of the traditional 'top four' clubs, Orlando Pirates a nd wa s welcomed with open arms. _ While at school, Axab did not show t he promise which has made him a household name among soccer lovers in, N a m ibia but his passion for the game and dedication has helped him to the top. Locally, Zedekias has a high regard for Khomasdal's Young Ones who are 'alway s a difficult side to beat' and in South Afr ica he supports Iwisa Kaiser Chiefs. His favourite player in Namibia is Boniface Poulino of Black Africa and in South Africa he admires the skills of Jan Lechaba who played in Namibia this year for Ace Mates. Apart from soccer, Zedekias enjoys swimming and table tennis.

Archery Championships THE THIRD South West African Archery Championships are to take

Upholstery Services Furniture Dept Lazarette Str 28 Tel : 36196 Ons koop en verkoop top gehalte tweedehandse meubels! Skakel ons vir gratis kwotasies en flinke diens. Ons bied spesiale pryse aan op voorraad wat langer as drie maande in ons' besit is. Groot verskeidenheid meubels teen baie lae pryse. Besoek ons persele en oortuig use If. Indien u van u ou meubels wil ontslae raak, skakel ons.

Make your furniture problem ours! Contact Gert van Taak for service. . .

place at the Ramblers Sports fields in Pioneerspark on Saturday and on Sunday. ' This year, archers from as far afield as Grootfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria and Vanderbijlpark will be competing in the two day event which will be officially opened by the President of the South Mrican National Archery Association, Mr E Ford on Saturay at 7.30am. The Tour nament Organiser and Direc· tor of Shooting and Chief Judge for the championships is the Chairman of the local association, Mr Brian Cummings. The other judges are R Albrecht, H P,insenschaum and K Schnack, The first arrows will be shot at 8am tomorrow with the 90 metres for men, 70 metres fOf" Ladies and Boys under 18, 60 metres for Boys under 15 and 80 yards for di vision 2 archers taking place. The last sections on Saturday will start at 3.15pm with the championships conti· nuing at 7.30am on Sunday The tournament ends at 4.45pm on Sun· day and at 7.30pm a prize·giving banquet will be held at the Ramblers clubhouse. The contestants for the championships are; FITA International Rounds · Men: G Hubner , 0 Meth·Cohn , J Hoff, R Keller, S Cummings, E Ford, M Pinsenschaum, K Schnack, B Zimmeran and K Hicks. . Women: G Hubner, A Vrey and R Schenk. J unior National Rounds · Boys Under 18: J Botma, R Gi lich and D Hicks · Boys Under 15: T Botma, W von Wrede, R Humphries, L de Mendonza and H Horn. Springbok Round : P Bergner, H Pinsenschaum, W Liebenberg, R Pinsenschaum and H Vrey.



Goal spree puts OP in front AFTER SPENDING the last feW.' months near the bottom reaches of the NNS.Lle.ague, Orlando Pirates FC of Windhoek finally got it all together last weekend with two emphatic victories which shot the team to the top of the league for the first time since it's inauguration at the beginning of last year. They started their rise to the top in dramatic fashion at the Katutura Stadium on Saturday when they ~n­ nihilated Benfica ofTsumeb 7 -l. They hada harder time of it against Chelsea on Sunday buttheir 3 - 2 win ensured them top positioning with a better goal average than second~placed Tigers. When Franciscus 'NGobon' Witbooi gave Orlando Pirates a 1-0 lead in the fifth minute of their match against Benfica the doors finally opened for Orlando who then ran riot, scoring another three goals before half-time. At the start ofthe second half Or lando continued to dominate andincreased their lead to 6 - 0 before Benfica managed to open their scoring with an opportunist goal. The legendary Ambr0sius Vyffrubb.ed more salt in the Benfica wounds ' scoring a late goal to leave the final score at 7 - l. Benfica regained some of their lost pride on Sunday wi th a well deserved 1 - 0 win against JPS semi-finalists

African Stars. Grootfontein's Chelseamissed their chance of going top ofthe log after losing both their matches in Windhoek despite 'playing better football than their opponents. On Saturday.they were unlucky to lose 1 - 2 against African Stars with Alfred 'IJazuko and Mike Peterse scoring for the Windhoek side and on Sunday, in the most exciting·m atch ofthe weekend, they were defeated 2 - 3 by Orlando Pirates. The weekend's r~ults have left the league wide "open with six teams still in t.lJ.e running for honours. .OPhave two matches left to play and can only hopeJor a tally of23 points. Tigers with a game in hand and one . point behind the leaders can retain the title they won lastyear while Chelsea too are not out of the running with three matches left to play and 18 points to their 'credit. Early s~ason 'leaders Blue Waters can also still win the championships. With sixteen points and five matches still to play, an unbeaten run to the end of the season' will see them crowned league champions. The other teams still in the running are Black Africa (16 pts from 14 mat- ' ches) and Eleven Arrows (14 pts from 12 matches). No league fixtures will be played this weekend because ofthe JPS knock-out semi -finals.


ABOVE - Benjamin Gaseb (Orlando Pirates - right) and a Chelsea player . tussle for the ball during their league . clash last Sunday. OP w~m the match 3 - 2 to go to the top of the log for the first time this' seasofl. RIGHT - Mike Peterse of African' Stars in action against Benfica last Sunday. Benfica Came back from a 7 - 1 hiding at t.h e hands of OP to beat the mo-re fancied Stars line-up 1 - O.

SURROUNDED by WP players in front ofthe goalmouth, top go81 scorer Frankie Fredericks waits for the corner kick.

Frankie'top goal-scorer Kookaburras set to fly Ahrens, Kosie Springbok and BerTHE NAMIBIAN under 19 soccer team continued their dominance of n~ard de Cotle scoring. In their second match, the side easithe Western Province counterparts lydefeatedthe WPUnder 16's4-0with last weekend with 1-0 win in their Fredericks (2), Kosie Springbok-and last match of a five match tour in Paul Xoagub on target. CapeTown. The coach of the team, Mr Manie One ofthe stars ofthe side, Bernard Goldbeck praised the team on their de Cotle ofKolen in Arandis and Black return for the 'excellent spirit' and for Africa scored the solitary goal in the their ' on the field . match which all agreed had been poorly officiated, bad decisions robbing the Namibians of at least two goals. The Western Province manager Mr Bert Locke went so far as to apologise WELSH INTERNATIONAL striker Ian for the bad decisions while conceding Rush scored a hat-trick on Tuesday , his team had been beatep. by a superior night as Liverpool beat city rivals Everteam. ton4-1 to win the English Super Cup 7 Sandro de Gouveia of Dunes ide was .' - 2 on aggregate. Liverpool, the English Leaguec!J.ampions adjudged the 'Player of the Match'. and Football Association (FA) Cup holders, National striker Frankie added to their collection of silverware with Fredericks, despite having to contend a brilliant performance from Rush, who with at least three markers in each joins J:uventus of Italy next year, at Evermatch, emerged the top goal scorer on ton's Goodison.Park Stadium. tour with six. He scored twice against Rush struck after 11, 29, and 85 minutes WPU16 and hit top gearinthe match to take his tally in Merseyside derby games against Western Province B, scoring to 16 --- only three less than Dixie Dean's alltime record -- and Stev\l Nicoljoined in with four in Namibia's 5 - 2 win. The other . a 63rd minute volley. goal carne via the boot of Kosie Everton's SCQttish striker Graeme Sharp Springbok. scored a consolation goal in the 89th minute Despite their good form throughout fFom the penalty spot after Kevin Sheedy the tour, the N amibians suffered one had hit the bar in the first half and Trevor defeat, a 1 - 2 loss against Pens GoodSteven the post with a53rd minute penalty. woo d, Steve Emongwa scoring ' Even without injured player-manager Namibia's solitary goal. ,Kenny Dalglish, Liverpool showed lethal finishing and' thoroughly embarrass'ed In their first match on tour, the side 'Everton with a powerful display in the onegot offto a flying start with a 3 - 0 win sided final, held over from the end of last against Old Mutual with Volker

However, he lamented the fact that . junior soccer i.n Namibia was split. ' He said this week that the quality of the team that played in Cape 'Ibwn proved that Namibia had a wealth of talent and ~tressed the importance of junior soccer joining forces to ensure the continued improvement of the sport in the younger ranks.

Hat-trick for 'striker Rush-

season when fixture congestion prevented it from being played before the World Cup finals.

Festival THE Katutura-based Namibia . Sport and Recreational Club ' (Nasok) will hold sport, art and tal.e nt festival tomorrow at the Ellis Park Stadium starting at The festival will include various talent shows -traditional and contemporary - with The Heroes Band giving background music. All activities will be free of charge and refreshment will also be available. Further enquiries can be directed to the chairman of the Club Mr L. Mambo (Sifu Xam) at 63423, Katutura.

THE 1986/87 CRICKET season officially gets underway tomorrow with three SFW Premier League fixtures being contested in Windhoek. At the Union field, Talparkplay Defence, Wanderers tackle United at the Wanderers field and in the other match newly promoted Police face Ramblers at the D andE field. All three matches' start at 9am' Wanderers and Ramblers have both started the season in fine fashion with ' Wanderers winning the inaugural Tafel , Lager six-a-side tournament and Ramblers taking the honours in the Woker Freight"" Services six-a-side in Walvis Bay. First League players will be keen to make an early impression on the national sel~c­ tors with the first provincial match to be played on October 24 and 25 against Griqual and West in Windhoek. Sub-union trials are scheduled for October 10 and ·11 with Centrals A playing against Westerns at the Union field at lOam and the Centrals 'B{ side tackling Northerns on the D and E field at 9.30am. On October 11, the selectors will choose four teams according to merit to play in the last two matches of the weekend. The two Centrals,teams are; Ateam: Dave Thompson (defence), Andy Fallis (Ramblers), Bobby Craddock (Ramblers), Jan Ackermann (Wanderers), Greg Patten (De!), Jeff Luck (Ramblers), Heinrich Lubbe (United), Lennie Louw (Wanderers - captain), Gavin Murgatroyd (Talpark), Chris Myburgh (Ramblers), Marius Stander (United) and Francois Brink (De!). The manager is Mr Ted Rudd.

Centrals B: Melt van Schoor (Poli~e), Rob Jones (De!), Martin Martins (Det), Andre Smuts (United - captain), Jurie Louw (Wanderers), Ian van Schoor(Pol), Dean van der Walt (Det), Shaun McCully (Det), Peter Davidsqn (Ramblers), Andr,e Gous (Talpark), Ben Forrer (United) and Shaun Fallis (Ramblers). The manager is Major Louis van der Berg. ' Of the new faces ,in the teams, Shaun McCully and Grant Patten seem likely to be selected to the national team. McCully is by far the quickest opening bowler around while Patten, as a medium pace bowler and middle order bnatsman has represented Natal B. After the trials, a Kudus XI and the national side will be announced to participate in the Zebra Games the following weekend. On October 17, the Kudus pl,ay the SA Police at the Union field and on Saturday, October 18, the national XI tackle the SA Police XI.

Afi'erreachingthe~mi-finalsoftheSFW Country Districts competition for the first time last year, the national side will be going all out to revenge their defeat at the hands of Border in the semi-finals. An ear· ly declaration by Border in the first innings denied SWA additional bonus points which gave Border victory although SWA had played the better cricket. With what seems likely to be a better balanced team than last season, skipper for season Lennie Louw should again steer his side into the semi-finals of the SFW competition.


Friday October 3 1986



JPS KNOCK-OUT fever hits Windhoek again this weekend with the playing of the semi-finals tomorrow and on Sunday. The line·up is intriguing with Young Ones playing Mrican Stars tomorrow and Black Africa and Chelsea clashing on Sunday. Predicting the results is a treacherous task but the two Katutura teams, Black Africa and African Stars must start as the favourites to progress to the final on Octcil5er 19 despite the fact that each side will be missing a key player. BA will be without the services of their star striker, Frankie Fredericks who will be in Durban for an athletics meeting while Stars will be without their veteran defenderAlbert Tjihero who is sick. Young Ones and Chelsea do not have similar problems and will be fielding full strength teams. Despite losing 1- 2 to Stars in a recent league clash, Young Ones are confident they can reverse the result to reach the final ofthe prestige tournament while Chelsea last weekend showed they will be a tough nut to crack for Black Africa. Although Chelsea lost both matches, against Stars and Orlando Pirates, they were the better side on both occasions and will provide BA with a stern test on Sunday. • Young Ones vs African Stars -Saturday Katutura Stadium 3.30pm (RefMr Ben Uanivi): In Alfred 'Juku' Tjazuko and Mike Peterse Stars have an attacking pair who can turn the tables on any team. In the quarter-finals the two combined superbly to oust NNSL log leaders Or lando Pirates 3 -0 and a similar combiningtomorrow could well put paid to Ones' hopes. Ones will be relying on six-goal scorer in the ope~ing round Harald Olivier and young Kosie Springbok as well as Dawid Madjiedt and Lance Willemse to shoot them into the finals but they will have to contend with a tough Stars defence which includes Cosmos Damaseb, George Gariseb and Festus Ndjao and national keeper Asaria Kauami. Stars' vast experience should be the deciding factor in the match. The teams are; Mrican Stars: Asaria Kauami, George Gariseb, Jamanuka

Tjihero, Festus Ndjiruete, Bernard Newman, RudolfKatjire, Nico Ndjao, Cosmos Damaseb (captain), M;ike Peterse, Edward Kharigub, Bernard Mingeri, Jackson Merero, Dave Kaurivi and Hannes Louw. The manager is Mr Sebedeis Kaudonga and the coach is Mr Oscar mengo. Young Omis: Isak Garoeb, Capes Nel, Jeffrey Bailey, Martin Dandu, Wolfie Henckert, Veertjie Ferris, Willie Erasmus, Lionel Mathews (captain), Coenie Mouton, Pieter. Moller, Dawid Madjiedt, Harald Olivier, Lance Willemse, Kosie Springbok, Jeffrey Zhaal and Ricci Franks. The manager is Mr Chris de Kler k and the coach Mr Gary Sales. Chelsea vs Black Africa'- Sunday Windhoek Stadium 3.30pm (RefMr Ben Naobeb): Even without Frankie Fredericks, BA have ample firepower up front to upset Grootfontein's Chelsea. Dawid Snewe, Ricci Steenkamp, Boniface Poulino and under 19 star Bernard de Cotle are the danger men for Chelsea but ifBA have the men to score, they do not exactly possess a watertight , , defence. ' Chelsea.have experienced players who can"turn the match in their favour should the BA defence crack. The Damaseb brothers, Orlando and Pieces have a penchant for scoring goals and will certainly test Atta Wehrman in the BA goal mouth. Reaching the' JPS final will be the highest honour achieved by Chelsea but Black Africa's ability to rise to the big occasion will probably be the deciding factor iii this match. the'teams are; Chelsea: Timotheus Xoagub, Immanuel .Subeb, David Ameb, RudolfNaobeb, Erich Francis, Alex Gamaseb, Gotfriedt Damaseb" Doctor Heshiku, Steven Damaseb, Dawid Mugunda, Marceleus Pollmann, Immanuel Garosab, Orlando Damaseb and Pieces Damaseb. The manager is Mr Jonas Oxurub and the coach Mr Anton Oxurub. Black Africa: Atta Wehrman, M Toromba, Dawid Snewe, Bernard de Cotle, Lucky Richter, Rusten Mogane, Ricci Steenkamp, Boniface Poulino, Fighter Louis, Otto Gaeb, Ehrens Gawanab, Bigman Schultz and Jomo Doeseb. The manager is Mr Vyff Hochobeb and the coach Mr- Katze Gaeb.

THIS WEEKEND will see which two sides contest the JPS Knockout final when the semi-finals are played at the Katutura fl'ld Windhoek Stadiums. Pictured above is Sedekias Ouxamb of Orlando Pirates (right) during the quarter· ·finals in amtch won 3 - 0 by African Stars.

Di-scriminatio-n in sport crushed

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THE NAMIBIAN Sports Council this week issued a directive prohibiting any sport type affiliated to . the Council from discr:iJninating on the grounds of colour, race or religion . . This followed an ultimatum from the Department of National Education and the Directorate Sport and Recrea-, tion that ifthe amendments were not brought into the various constitutions, including that ofthe Sport Council, the Department would withhold some R585 000 earmarked for. the Sports Council. The Head of the Directorate Sport and Recreation Mr Thea Grunewald said that although various i.n stances, including the Sports Council, did hot discriminate on any grounds, this was not explicitly stated in their constitutions. Those instances not complying with' the new directive will probably be expelled from the Sport Council. In a short press release issued by the Director ofthe Council Mr Nico du Bois on' Wednesday, the Council gave al'l controlling bodies; sub-unions and clubs until March 31 next year to bring

about the necessary amendments to their constitutions to fall in line with the new directive. Under the heading 'sport takes ac· tion', the Council said that following the Special Council meeting held on June 30, the Council convened a 'very important' special Council meeting on Tuesday,this week at which delegates of all but six of the Sport Council's 51 affiliated sport types were represented. The motion to end discrimination in sport was unanimously passed by the delegates. The head of the Directorate Sport' and Recreation Mr Du Bois declined to comment ofthe directive other than to say 'it is in the interest of sport' nor did the Council say what steps would be' taken against instances which did not comply with the directive, Apparently, certain clubs like Wanderers and United have already decided not to change their constitutions. However, Mr Grunewald said this week that those clubs will have to change their stance if they wish to remain affiliated to the Sport Council.