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region, this TU x. IS Keepin and set sail with the 5"" Fleet.
Vigilance and Volatility
Sailors and Marines of the U.S. Navy‘s 5th Fleet are tasked with maintaining peace and stability in an area of responsibility covering 7.5 million square miles, including the Suez Canal, Rad Sea, Northeast Africa, North Arabian Sea and Arabian Gulf. They don’t have to look for a challenge. They live it everyday.
Guarding the Gulf Since 1879, when Commodore Robert W. Shufeldt sailed the American man-of-war USS Ticonder through the Straight of Hormuz and into the Arabian Gulf, the United States has kept a close eye on this tumultuous region of the world, which has over the past half century become increasingly vital to national interests.
The Gulft Pearl Known as the “Pearl of the Gulf,” Bahrain is an archipelago of islands about 20 miles east of Saudi Arabia and home to approximately 600,000 people. I
Secretary of the h a v y
The Honorable Richard Danzig
ART AND D E S I G N WiI&Bates communicationDesign
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JOl Ron Schafer JOl Rodney Furry 701 Jason Thompson J02 JeremyAllen J02 Brigette Barnes DM1 Rhea Mackenzie DISTRIBUTION Garland Powell
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Still Media Department Head
LCDR John Kirby PublishingDivision Officer
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When most Sailors advancement exams are coming. You have studied everything on your bibliographies. You have gone over the occupational standards. You know what is expected for your particular job. You know what is going to be on that test. You are ready. Or are you?
they think of sun, sand and camels. Well, there is that. But there is so much more.
Online Education Sailors go to sea. That's just the way it is. But being deployed doesn't mean your dreams of obtaining a degree have to be put on hold. If you have a computer, access to the Internet and the ability to manage your time wisely, you CAN earn a degree.. online.
Keeping Pace Thanks in large part to programs like the Program for Afloat College Education, more and more enlisted Sailors are finding college degrees don't have to wait while they are at sea.
,- &,ailof light created by an F/A-18 Hornet’s afterburner illuminates the flight deck of USS Enterprise (CVN 65) during strikes against Iraq in support of Operation Desert Fox. Photo by PH3 Timothy S. Smith
bongressional? Although oftea referred to as “Congressional Medal of Honor,” as in the article [on page 8 of the November issue], isn’t the nation’s
harness (look at the leg straps hanging down around his knees and the shoulder straps about to fall off his shoulders). I recommend you consider writing an article about personal protective equipment and how important it is to wear it properly,
CDR Rich Hrezo Naval School of IHealth Sciences San Diego
According to the1 book Medal of Honor Recipimts: “TheMedal of Honor is presanted to its recipients by a high oficial in the name of the Congress of the United State. For this reason it is sometimes called the Congressiondl Medal of Honor.” ed.
Harnessing ISafety I am a safety spqcialist working in the safety office at the Chief of Naval Educa on and Training [CNE 1. I appreciate e fine work you are doing with All Hands magazine. No dbubt you have quite an influence on all the young Sailois in the fleet.
Mark Brownson CNET Pensacola, ma. It 1s wtn that influence in mind that I submit this [letter] to you. On Page 44 of the November 1998 issue, a Sailor is shown cleaning windows on the island of an aircraft carrier. At first glance, it appears that evgrthmg is being done properly, i.e., safety goggles and a safety harness. I invite your attention to the improper way the Sailor is wearing his fall-protection harness. In the event of a fall, it is highly probable this young man would be seriously injured because he did not take the time to properly adjust his
Send your comments to:
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or e-mail: allhandsQmediacen.navy.mil
I am wondering if you can print this letter for me. It’s an important one. What does the term shipmate mean to you? As I came up through the ranks, I always heard and still hear negative responses when a Sailor calls another Sailor “shipmate”.I have often wondered about this and now I would like to address this attitude towards a very meaningful word. When I think of a shipmate, I think of that Sailor who works side by side with you in port or at sea. It’s that Sailor who shares the rough times, as well as the good times. It’s that same Sailor who goes to general quarters and battle stations with you when tragedy strikes; and that same Sailor that you will entrust your life with. True shipmates are those Sailors with whom you
that can never be compared to anything. Look at the Sailor next to you and see if he or she fits that description, I think your answer will be “most definitely,” There is no other job comparable to the “US.Sailor.”We put our lives in harm’s way for what we believe in. We sacrifice time away from our families and loved ones when the rest of the world is working 9 to 5 and going home to their loved ones. That individual word (shipmate) means so much to me. And yet a lot of Sailors are offended by that word because they just don’t understand the true meaning. So next time a Sailor in your command calls you shipmate, take it as a compliment instead of an insult. Be proud you have a shipmate to serve with. I take the word shipmate very seriously. I take it with pride and honor along with all Sailors before us who served their country with honor, courage and commitment. They have passed on this tradition with meaning and sacrifice. Always be proud of who you are, and tell that citizen or acquaintance that you are proud to be called “Shipmate!”
MSCM(SW/AW) Zoppi Command Master Chid USS Paul E Foster (DD 964)
A L L
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L CPO Scholarship Fund The Senior Enlisted Academy Alumni Association (SEAAA) began taking applications Jan. 1,1999, for CPO dependents. The program applies to active, Reserve and retired Navy CPO family members who are not on active duty. Candidates can only participate in one of five categories: 1) Active Duty CONUS (East of Great Lakes, Ill. including Great Lakes) 2) Active Duty CONUS (West of Great Lakes, Ill.) 3) Active Duty (Outside CONUS) 4) Reserves (TAR, TEMADD, etc.) 5) Retired (Fleet Reserve, all retired, medical, deceased or disabled) Applicants must be entering a school during the 1999/2000 school year with the goal of obtaining an associate’s,bachelor’s or graduate degree. Awards are provided directly to the school. Amounts awarded will be announced when candidates are selected to fill the five categories. Applications can be requested directly from SEAAA by submitting a business-sized self-addressed, stamped envelope to: SEA Alumni Association Attn: CPOSF Naval Education and Training Center 1269 Elliot Avenue Newport, RI 02841-1525 Applications can also be downloaded directly from the SEAAA web site: www.seaaa.org. Applications must be received no later than April 1, 1999. Selected students will be announced at the end of May 1999. F E B R U A R Y
i a a a
Around the F l e e t
Y2K i Welcome to the first installment of “Y2K and You”, a brand new column designed to answer youi questions about the Year 2000 problem and its potential impact on the Navy. This month we visitecl with the CNO’s Y2K Project Office, headed by RADM Steve Johnson, and asked them to provide us with some typical questio Here’s what they had to say: Q: The Year 2000 problem appears to be very comple. Will the time? A : Over 80% of our Missior
Critical Systems are completed, validated, and installed today. The rest will be done by October 1999. We start Integrated Battle Group Testing in February 1999. The Navy is fully mission capable today, 3nd will continue to be well nto the next millennium. Q: To learn how Y2K will affect my ship or station, whom should I contact?
command. Local Y2K coordinators are available -or specific inquires. Major commands such as Ty Commanders, Fleet Commanders and Syst Zommanders are putti jetailed Y2K informati updates on the World Wid Web. You can get a great start in your Internet expl ’ation of Y2K by checkin
Q: I live in base housing. What is happening to ensure that I have power and water utilities on Jan. 1, 2000?
A: Every Public Works
nepartment is working in onjunction with base authorities, as well as with local utility Providers, to ensure that all your utilities will achieve a smooth transition. Components such as power grids are being examined and evaluated, and
olated outages. Planning is place t o make Jan. 1,200 st another New Year’s Day. Q: I use direct deposit. Is my
pay going to be affected?
This is a 1:wo-part problem. Pay and Personnel Y stems are considered mission critical and are being implemented and tested along with our weapons systems. The Navy will be ready come Jan. 1,2000. The second part is beyond Navy control. Because we all use different banks and each individual bank must also be Y2K ready for electronic funds transfer to work, we have t o be ready in case the transfer fails. Contingency planning is being conducted to take care of any isolated problems. Most major banks are already Y2K ready, but it’s still a good question for each of us to ask the financial institutions we use Lir
written, or are already in lace, t o compensate fc ...*a*
O l . L .
: Ail Hands Magazine : (ATTN: Y2K and You), : NAVSTA Washington, Anacostla : 2701 S. Capitol St., Bldg 168 * Washington, D.C. 20374.
Or you can send us an emall at ailhands8medlacen.navy.mil. Be sure to Include your name, rate and duty station and don’t forget to put the words
i i i i i i
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cydists across the nation with leukemia patients to raise money to find a cure. During the last four years, Team In Training has raised more than $50million. Scudi first got involved with the program more than a year ago as a way of offering support to his wife, Alicia, who lost her father to leukemia-related cancer. After learningmore about the program’s cause, he
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times, may not fully understand i the severity of what he’s going through, I think it really touches people like him when i someone other than a family i member or a close friend shows him they care,’’Scudi said. Even with his hands full : preparing for his upcoming i marathon, Scudi is finding the I time to do just that - s
Naval Strike and Air Wurfure Day in 1997. His participation Center Public Affairs. i raised more than $3,000 for : I leukemia research. : New Pins LT John Scud1 gives 8-year-old Devin Normtt a personalized tour of a ahmeN ~ $newest ~ i N~~ sCu&is preparing for helicopter at the Vaval Strike and Air Warfare Center in Faiion, Nev. i another marathon set for tion, surface and Seabee combat i May 2,1999, in Vancouver, standards (FQS)programs have Canada. This time, Devin is 118 i (NSAWC) in Fallon, Nev., is i doing whatever he can to raise serving as his source of motiva i funds for Devin Norcutt, an i tion and inspiration. ales and i 8-year-oldboy diagnosed with i “To be able to contribute to i another person’s life is a olicits acute lymphocytic leukemia. i wonderful thing. Completing ds for Scud sponsors Devin as i part of the Leukemia Society of i this run for Devin and aiding in an inter- i America’s Team In Training i the fight for this great cause is the Naval i program, which pairs up thou- i the least I could do,’’Scudi said. : “Although this child, at Center i sands of runners, walkers and
his first marathon on Father’s
By M a s t e r C h i e f P e t t y O f f i c e r of t h e Navy MMCM(SS/SW/AW) Jim H e r d t
i W e h e w going in that the i products we would develop i would affect every enlisted Sailor i in the Navy,”explainedMaster i Chief Gunner’s Mate (SW/AW) i Tim Merrill, NETPDTC PQS i production officer. “We started i from ground zero, and we’re very i proud of the finalproduct. We i know it will work because it is i what the fleet wants.” i Here’s a brief look at the PQS i changes: i Now candidates will have to i complete the PQS core book i and a unit-specific platform i PQS. i The program is no longer i voluntary. Enlisted Sailors i E-5 and above serving in i Type 2 and Type 4 sea duty i assignmentswill now be i required to complete i the program within an 18-monthwindow. i Program completion will i now be a requirement for i advancement to E-6 and i E-7 for Sailors serving with : theseunits. i Sailors will have to requalify : :
upon reporting to different platforms. Hard charging E-3 and E-4 : personnel, if recommended : by the senior enlisted : community,mayalso : participate in the program. : “The new standards are unit : specific,”explained Senior Chief : Aviation Systems Operator (AW) : Bill Rainwater, NETPDTC : enlisted warfare PQS coordinator. : “If you are assigned to an aircraft : carrier, for instance, then you will : complete the PQS core book and : the carrier platform. If you Continued on nextpage
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BUl Poole, Hawaii Q: Now that downsizing is over, will high-year tenure limits be raised? high-year tenure (HYT) limits. During downsizing, HYT limits were lowered 2
rate at the front door. We are still tweaking the force especially at the E5/E-6/E-7 levels, and we are rounding the bend in improving advancement opportunity. Perhaps down the road, HYT limits will be raised, but at this time they keep the advancement system from stagnating at the E-5 t o E-7 levels. Do not expect a change t o HYT in the near future.
RM3 Barrientez, Naval Computer k Area Master Station, Pacific Q: How will the new warfare qualifications affect me on shore duty and what are the changes to the program? A : The new warfare program will not affect you while you are on shore duty. It is mandatory for Sailors who are E-5 and above t o qualify within 18 months when reporting t o a Type 2 or 4 sea duty command with a warfare program. Completion of the warfare program is required for advancement t o E-6 and beyond for Sailors serving in these units. This advancement requirement does not apply t o Sailors who have not had the opportunity t o earn a warfare device. The requirement t o qualify is only one of the major changes t o the warfare program. Personnel qualification standards (PQS) have also been modified. There is a Common Core PQS covering common topics shared by a warfare community and Platform-Specific PQS covering items that are unique t o a specific ship type, aviation squadron or Seabee battalion. Sailors are now required t o requalify when reporting back t o Type 2 or 4 sea duty commands with warfare programs. Requalification must be completed within one year of reporting aboard. If you are interested, you can get a copy of the program on the internet at
e the TSP as a meaningful r t o stress the ease and im
Speaking with Sailors is a monthly column initiated by the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy as a way of reachingout to the men and women of the fleet, whether they are stationed just down the road or halfway around the world.
~~- 1 transfer to a destrc , must then qualify __ platform. “The end result,” Rainwater i continued,“will be Sailors whc i not only fully understand the i mission of their command,but i also the importance of their job in completing that mission. They will be more aware of the role that aircraft, ship or i battalion plays, as a team, in the Nverall big picture of things.” The new PQS Program CDs : were mailed out to Type 2 and
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Type 4 sea duty commandsin qeptember. PQS books are low available electronically, via CD ROM and mailed out semi-annually.The program is available on the Internet at www.cnet.navy.mil/netpdtc/ pqs/default.htm;on the NETPDTC Bulletin Board at DSN 922-1280/1364, or through the ship’s SALTS system.
By JOC (AW)Jon Gagne, CNET Public Affairs.
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EMl(SW) Ferris Hayward, an instructor at the NETC Fire Fighting School in Newport, R.I., helps 2nd grader Alex Sloman with his helmet as he tries on firefighting gear.
the] challenge [of an atomic arise, Navy men are now being
ure, lots of kids have had the chance to visit a fire station. They try on a pair of fiefighting boots, pet a Dalmatian and even sit behincl the wheel of a fie truck. But how many firehouseswill turn on the water and touch off a real fire so the youngsters can feel the heat across their faces? Eighteen 2nd graders from Aquidneck School in Middletown, RL, recently too. a field trip to Naval Station Newport’s firefightingschool and trainer in observance of National Fire PreventionWed and got the treat of a lifetime. Damage Controlman 1st Class Jason Perry and Electrician’s Mate 1st Class (SW) Ferris Hayward, both instructors at the school, volunteered to demonstrate basic shipboard firefighting techniques to the energetic youngsters.
Atomic Weapons” and covers the ognize a nuclear blast
plan for an atomic bomb attack
Pupils Alex Sloman and Skyler Williams-Hamilton were allowed to dress in full fiefighting gear, including an insulated suit, helmet, flash hood, gloves and boots. The children then entered the firefighting trainer for a demonstration of what happens to a hose under pressure when a fire fighter loses control. The “wild hoses” with a heavy brass nozzle whipped and slashed around inside a huge tank, sprayingwater in all directions. Before leaving the school, the studentswatched Perry drag a 175-pound dummy about 100 feet. Perry then let the children try to liftit. It took all 18 of them.
By Richard K. Alexander, Editor, Newport Navalog.
Mediterranean, the crew of the Norfolkbased fleet oiler USS Plutte ( A 0 186)
by transferring 500,000 gallons of fuel to eight NATO force ships in just six hours. What made their achievement even more impressive was the way the crew dealt with their most formidable challenge - overcoming the language barrier. Boatswain’s Mate 2nd Class Edward Klimek, Plutte’s winch operator, said the ship’s rig team had to improviseby using hand signals in place of soundpowered phones to coordinate the underway replenishment with their counterparts on the receiving end of the fuel lines. “It was exciting to refuel foreign ships,” said the Grand
Navy ships and aircraft played a vital role in the success of Operation Desert Fox, an operation designed to degrade Sadd Hussein’s ability to deliver chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, as well as wage war against his neighbors. During the course of Desert Fox, American and British warplanes flew more than 650 strike and strike support sorties and U.S. Navy ships launched more than 325 Tomahawk cruise missiles.
For ships at sea, an underway : replenishment, or UNREP,is like : pulling into a moving gas station. i The one twist to Platfe’s six-hour, i eight-ship NATO force UNREP was : that the orders for fuel were taken : in several different languages.
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Island, Neb., native. “We had no choice but to find a different way to communicatewith them?
: Story by LTJG Phaedra J.
Link, USS Platte
Flight operations occur around the clock during the third wave of air strikes against Iraq.
A Tomahawk cruise missile (TIAM) is fired from an Arleigh Bufke-class destroyer during the fourth wave of
The afterburner from an F/A-18 Horne. lights up the flight deck of USS Enterprise
vrGTLp( Top left: HM1 Thomas Jacob from USS Hopper (DDG 70) descends a merchant vessel into a waiting RHlB (Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boat) during Maritime Interception Operations (MIO) in the Arabian Gulf. Top Center: Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Christopher Taylor stands post near the front gate of the Administrative Support Unit Southwest Asia in Bahrain where provides surveillance and cover fir other security personnel.
THE 5TH FLEET IS READY. In a vital and volatile region that garners frequent international attentlon, Sailors and Marlnes of the 5th Fleet MUST always be ready. While people around the world watch the region’s events on
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forces serve right where it happens. Their mission is to maintain peace and stabllity In an area of responsibility (AOR) covering 7.5 milllon square miles, including the Suez Canal, Red Sea, northeast Africa, North Arabian Sea and, of course, the Arabian Gulf. In this part of the world, Sailors don’t have to look for a challenge. They live it everyday.
T H E out
E. E BLACKGOLD re doing work-ups ana les stateside, you don’t
on 3s of
get out here a with the whole
the big picture.” The “big picture” in the region is
rests. The United
Above: QM3 Jay Kintner from Evergreen, Colo., uses a sextant to verify the position of USS Cowpens (CG 63),while
provide the capability to keep sea lanes safe for both military and commercial vessels, while supply and repair ships keep the fleet operating at full capacity. The Sailors, ships and aircraft of 5th Fleet have proven their readiness time and time again. In the summer of 1996, Saddam Hussein used military force against the Kurdish population in northern Iraq, despite international protests. In response, cruise missiles launched from Navy ships and submarines as part of Operation Desert Strike helped bring Iraqi aggression under control. The arrival of USS Enterprise's (CVN 65) battle group to join USS Curl Vinson (CVN 7 0 ) demonstrated the Navy's flexibility and ability to react to contingencies on very short notice. In late 1997 and early 1998, Iraq again demonstrated an unwillingness to cooperate with U.N. weapons inspec:
tors. While diplomatic efforts continued in the hope of a peaceful solution, naval presence in the Gulf swelled as Operation Desert Thunder began. Within days of being notified, USS George Washington (CVN 73) arrived in the Gulf to join the Nimitz (CVN 68) battle group. USS Independence (CY 62) ensured the presence of two carrier battle groups, when she relieved Nimitz on station a few months later. These 5th Fleet forces, combined with allied and coalition ships such as the British carriers HMS Invincible (R 05) and HMS Illustrious (R 06), accounted for a fleet of 50 ships and submarines and 200 naval aircraft, which assembled in a matter of weeks to put some weight behind diplomatic efforts. Without firing a shot, the combined force flexed enough muscle to bring about Iraqi compliance.
A03 Robert Thomas from Byron, Ga., and A01 Roger Withrow from Union, W.Va., lo a Sidewinder onto an F-140 Tomcat on board USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) whi station in the Arabian Gul
FLEET 4 CONSTANT h e Al-Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia in June 1996. The explosion killed 19 U.S. servicemen and women, and injured hundreds of others. The Sailors aided While 5th Fleet must be ready to respond to contingencies, it also must deal with recovery, rescue and security efforts. the shadowy world of smugglers and When terrorists bombed the American terrorists. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, more than 250 people, The use of terror in the region has a including 12 Americans, were killed and long history. Sailors and Marines in 5th Fleet maintain a constant vigil to protect about 5,000 were injured. Once again, 5th themselves from potential attacks. They Fleet Sailors were called upon to help. have also shown a capacity to respond to “I was devastated when I arrived:’ said Chief Electronics Technician (AW) Jeff terrorist attack when vigilance fails. Fifth Fleet Sailors assisted other Strickland, a communications security American forces shortly after the bombing manager from the 5th Fleet staff. “I COLL still see smoke and people rummaging , through the rubble looking for survivors. I wondered, ‘What would possess some’ body to do this?”’ Operation Resolute Response brought military assistance to the ed-2ttlJ embassies. “We set up our communications pl on the aircraft while flying to Nairobi, Strickland said. “I helped reestablish communications with the Embassy, tht Kenyan police and military, the Marine FAST (Fleet Anti-terrorist Security Team), and between the Joint Task Fort headquarters and 5th Fleet. VI
VIGIL T n
PROTI 31 THEMSELVES FROM Pc TENTI ATTACKS.
Above: LT Garrett “Vinny” Krause and LT Mike “Buzz” Donnelly conduct patrol in an F-14D Tomcatof Fighter Squadron (VF-31) embarked aboard USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72). Left: MMFN Brian Zitt drives the LosAnge/esclass attack submarine USS Tucson (SSN 770) while operating in the Arabian Gulf. 16
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A watchstander in the Combat Information Center (CIC) aboard USS John S.McCain (DDG 56) monitors activity in the Arabian Gulf.
Smugglers would also prefer to remain hidden from the world. Since August 1990, a cat-and-mouse game has been played out between vessels carrying unauthorized cargo to and from Iraq in violation of U.N. sanctionsfresolutions and those charged to enforce the sanctions as part of Maritime Interception Operations (MIO). Ducking in and out of territorial waters, running without lights and hiding among commercial traffic, these
bandits continue to test the skill of the crews trying to stop them. “There are a lot of contacts everywhere,’’ said Seaman Apprentice Stephanie Collins of USS Mil& (DDG 69). “Going 25 knots with contacts all around you is dangerous, especially with these little dhows that don’t even have lights. You have to keep a good lookout for them.” Once queried and stopped, suspect vessels are boarded and checked for contraband. Not all smugglers are
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MNSR Everett Morales reports a surface contact to the bridge while standing forward lookout watch in the Arabian Gulf aboard USS A
coopera decisive action. “We went to full power in the RHI (Rigid Hulled Inflatable Boat) and chased [the suspected vessel] down:’ recalled QM2 Paul Ferrell, a member of Milius’ boarding team, about a particular smuggler. “We came alongside them, spotlighted them and told them to stop. They didn‘t. We jumped up on the gunwale and spread out on either side. Then we entered the bridge and stopped ships m 15 different nations have helped enforce U.N. sanctions under the command of 5th Fleet. More than 25,000 vessels have been queried and more than 11,500 have been boarded for inspection. Almost 700 ships and boats have been
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”I could take b d o
violators. For many in 5th Fleet, assignment to M I 0 is a favorite and exciting mission. As Collins remembers, ‘Chasing smugglers was really cool.”
THEE,,GE Where else in the world can so many Sailors stay busy doing so many things for so long? Fifth Fleet units are forward deployed to help protect vital interests and to keep peace in the region. As such, they are involved in every operation, more than 40 naval exercises a year, and remain on constant watch against nations and groups whose goal is t upset the fragile balance. The capability and character of the 5th Fleet Sailor is the bottom line.
5th Fleet and give them our adversaries’ equipment and I have the confidence that they could win:’ VADM Moore said. “It is the quality of our Sailors in 5th Fleet that gives us the edge, not the technology.” Indeed, whether it’s patrolling the Strait of Hormuz, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq, stopping smugglers or finding mines, the true “edge” for the Navy lies in its “best weapon” - the Sailors and Marines of 5th Fleet.
Compiled fiom information provided by JOCS Neil Gui Public Affairs.
JA 879, American man-of-war
J THE Considered the birthplac
Middle East's social and political stability has
been tested time and time again for thousands of years. And although the Arabian Gulf measures less than 6
e Strait of Hormz
Basra, where it meets the Shatt al-Arab River, and pport an operatioiral fleet, the U:S. Navy has maintained a permanent presence in the region for the past 50 years. Why? To maintain peace in an area of the world that has, over the past half-century, become vital A"
to national interests. 21
THEEARLY YEA^. The Navy’s prestnce in the Gulf has grown steadily since 1879, when Commodore Rabert W. Shufeldt sailed USS Ticonderogu through the Strait of Hormuz, making it the first American man-of-war to visit the Gulf. His diplomatic visit it0 Muscat and the Sultan Turki Ibn-Said reassured the strength of American commercial interest in the region, but it did little to inspire stronger diplomatic and military ties. Over the next
30 years, an industrial revoiuuon and two world wars would bring the world t the Middle East’s doorstep seeking to to her vast oil reserves. World War I created th greatest need for petroleum products the world had seen to date. Technological advances such as the internal combustion engine ushered in a new era of oil-fueled ships that were superior in performance and maintainability. mett\EL. Meanwhile, the American oil industry continued to entrench itself in Middle East oil concerns based
sh force desig
solely on its commercial value. But since major oil reserves in Texas supplied all of our needs at the time, official American policy toward the Middle East remained somewhat idle. Until 20 years later when World War I1 threatened Great Britain’s imperial stranglehold on the region and created a new demand for fuel for the U.S. war machine.
nce became both Commander, Central 5th Fleet, retaining only the 5th Fleet tit1 As naval activities in the Central PaciRc increased and operations dimi
commander, 3rd Fleet, or VADM Spruance, Commander, 5th Fleet, exercised command. Leadership and the fleet number varied, because while one admirat commanded the fleet in a specific operation, the other admiral served . ashore with his staff planning the next major qffensive. One of the most striking operations executed by the 5th Fleet was the capture of the Japanese island of Okinawa. Other battles involving the fleet included the Marianas Islands Operation, the Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Iwo Jima Operatlon. In March 1945,Commander, 7th Fleet, assumed responsibilities for the control of the areas and the forces assigned t o 5th Fleet, and the staff moved ashore to the west coast. By July 1995,the development of events during the course of the past 46 years made a new numbered fleet necessary. Since the Gulf War, NAVCENT fulfilled the roles of both a naval component command and as the fleet command. Ships from the East and West Coasts comprised the fleet, but it operated without a traditionally understood structure or numbek. Navy leaders questioned the anomaly and raised the issue that ships deployed to the region “walked like a fleet, talked like a fleet and looked like a fleet. So, why not call it a fleet?” After a 48-year hibernation, the U.S. 5th Fleet was reactivated and it now cruises the Gulf in partnership with our friends and allies to help keep the peace and protect vital interests.
PERMANENT NAVAL PRESENCE By 1943,American forces had fully occupied the Gulf region in support of the Allied war effort. The United States sent more than 30,000 troops to the area and strengthened the region’s infrastructure by constructing pipelines, airfields, port facilities and communications networks. The most significant event in the establishment of U.S. interests in the region was President Roosevelt’s
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Gulf. Established as flagship in 1972, it was painted stark white, just as Vulcour had been, to reflect the intense sun that relentlessly pounded the Gulf. On the eve of the Iranian hostage crisis in 1979, the first echoes of sentiment for establishing a 5th Fleet were heard following a Joint Chiefs of Staff Middle East strategy review. At the time it was deemed a bad idea despite the strain that was beginning to take its toll on the 6th and 7th Fleets. Turmoil dominated the region through most of the 1980%with Iran and Iraq at war. On May 17,1987, two French-made Exocet missiles fired from an Iraqi warplane slammed into the superstructure of USS Stark (FFG 31). The guided-missile frigate was almost sunk a.nd 37 American Sailors were killed.
n King Ibn-Saud In February 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Saudi AI held a historic meeting aboard USS Ouimy(CA15) in the Arabian Gulf.
eventually become the Middle East Force. unscheduled visit with Saudi Arabia’s The meager force was made up of King Ibn-Saud in February 1945 aboard USS Quincy (CA 15). The meeting only a few destroyers, a seaplane tender strengthened Saudi confidence in and command aircraft based at Bahrain. America’s commitment to the Middle But a foothold had been established. By East, even after the war’s end. During the 1951, CAPT Ernest M. Eller, Commander Middle East Force, would write a letter to next four years, a Soviet display of force then-Chief of Naval Operations Forrest on Iran’s northern borders, coupled with P. Sherman stating, “Great nations are increasing anxieties about America’s dwindling strength in the oil export busistirring and great events are shaping up in this part of the world. I hope the ness brought about an expressed need for a permanent naval presence in the Gulf. United States will comprehend them and Although a permanent U.S. Navy presbe equal to the opportunity.” ence has been in place for 50 years, a permanent command in the area did not exist until after World War 11. Through a slow evolution,ADM Richard L. By 1966, the Middle East Force had Connolly, Commander in Chief, grown to warrant its own flagship, Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean, USS Valcour (AGF 1). But it was “the was able to formally shape task forces in Great White Ghost of the Arabian the area to give them a more permanent position. In 1949, he was able to turn o ~ ~ Coast,” ~ r USS LaSalle (AGF 3 ) , that would make the most enduring presence in the operational command
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SURGEI N RESPONSE TO TENSION Because the free flow of trade in region was threatened as Iran staged a “tanker war,” a stronger U.S. stance became necessary. Then-President Ronald Reagan approved a request by the Kuwaiti government to reflag a number of tankers under the Stars and Stripes to afford them escort protection through the the vital choke point known as the Strait of Hormuz. Operation Earnest Will proved successful, but it wasn’t long before the small country of Kuwait would become the focus of the entire world. After the 1990 Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, the largest armada since World War I1 assembled in the Gulf in support of Operation Desert Shield, and ultimately Operation Desert Storm in 1991. The Middle East Force found itself operating under operational control of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command where it remained following the war. In 1993, LaSalle weighed anchor and departed for overhaul and reassignment as flagship for 6th Fleet.
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nied Sailors serving ashore in Bahrain, while 12 months is the standard for those unaccompanied. Challenging work, good compensation and great housing are just some of the reasons many Sailors decide to extend their tours in Bahrain. Drawbacks to serving in Bahrain e few for most Sailors and families, but it is important that Sail rs seeking duty in the region talk early and often with their sponsors to get the proper perspective before moving. Adequate preparation before leaving the United States can ease the transition to duty in Bahrain. With no on-base housing or barracks, living accommodations vary. For city dwellers, there are plenty of apartments to choose from. Those who prefer a calmer neighborhood environment can choose from compounds in the city or outlying suburbs of Manama. Grand villas, many with pools, become homes to those who like to live in a more secluded area. The overseas housing allowance for all pay grades goes a long way in Bahrain. Some compoundsoffer homes in excess of 3,000 square-feet situated in the middle of what can only be called an “oasis”of date palm trees. Most homes are within 20 minutes of : the ASU. Amenities within the compounds often include bowling 0 : alleys, modern gyms with aerobics, weight machines, indoor and outdoor pools, hot and cold Tacuzzis, saunas, steam rooms, playgrounds, etc. f Yeoman 3rd Class Michael Lombardo from Buffalo, N.Y., lives in a two-bedroom flat about five minutes from the ASU. His M y furnished flat includes two televisions, a VCR, maid service (twice a week), a microwave and I all cooking utensils. His building also has a pool, Jacuzzi,weight room, sauna and game room. : “The flat is great for an E-4 f living in the Navy. [It’s]better than anywhere else I’ve ever lived,” -said Lombardo, who works for the 5th Fleet CNO-designated Command Fleet and Force Master Chief. “I’ve only lived in two places since I’ve been in the Navy in the barracks in Meridian, Miss., and at Sigonella,Italy. If I could take this apartment back to the states with me, I would.” Overall, the cost of living is relatively high in Bahrain. Despite that, prudent Sailors and families do well financiallybecause of a substantial Cost of Living Allowance (COLA), housing allowance, tax breaks and $150 per month Imminent Danger Pay. Many Sailors cite the friendly people, a great school system and a low crime rate as prime attractions of life in Bahrain. “It’s a lot safer here than in the states,”said Disbursing Clerk 2nd Class (SW) Frank Jordan from Brooklyn, N.Y., a travel supervisor at the ASU stationed in the area since 1995 with his family.
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By J 0 2 Brigette Barnes
“$50? No, I don’t think so.” The weather is temperate and comfortable October through April. Although rainfall averages about three inches a year, sunshine is the norm almost year round, and the summers will redefine “hot” for most people. In fact, the summer of 1998 was the hottest season of the century. Children attend the Department of Defense Dependents School (DODDS) known as Bahrain School. It is unlike any other school in the DODDS system. In addition to military and other U.S. agencies, students and youth from about 50 countries attend the school as well. Scholastically,it rates high in the DODDS system. Shopping on ASU is limited. A small ship’s store stocks basic food items, toiletries, electronics and some clothes. Scarce uniform items are limited to rank insignias, ribbons, belts and buckles. Most items available stateside can be found in Bahrain. Two new malls recently opened in Bahrain, complete with a modern “cinemaplex”showing newly-released movies. Recognizing that life and duty so far away from home can be challenging, Sailors and family members who serve in the region for two years are eligible for a funded Environmental and Morale Leave (EML) trip, and another one for extending a year or more. “Funded means that the Navy will pay the air fare for travel to places such as Germany, Switzerland,Thailand, Hong Kong or other destinations. The possibilities are endless - travel, shopping, new cultures and a safe place to live and work. Enjoy your tour in Bahrain.
Barnes is a journalist assigned to All Hands.
If you’ve ever bought a new car, you’ve experlenced the art of bargalnlng, or haggling. It can be uncom fortable, embarrassing and Just plaln difficult. But most of us agree that paying a lower prlce on a new or used car is well worth the hassle. There are stlli places in the United States where Amerlcans can flex their bargalnlng muscles - flea markets, garage sales and, of course, car deaiershlps. But most of the t h e , we pay whatever it says on the ticket. For Sailors stationed In Bahrain, bargaining with merchants is a way of life. There are great deals to be made on brassware, franklncense, perfume oils, carpets, even gold and silver. Of course, you must go up against the experts when bargaining in the Mlddle East. They do it all the t h e and they are very good at it. But with a little preparation, you can get a good deal on almost any item or service. Most merchants expect customers to bargain, and it can be a lot of fun for the buyer. You never have to pay top prlce when there is room to haggle! Before you haggle for a car, you must be an Informed consumer - meaning, you have to get as much informatlon as possible about that car you want. The more information you have, the better your bargaining position. In the same way, you should always try t o find out as much as you can about the items you want t o buy when shopping in the Middle East, BEFORE YOU GO SHOPPING! For example, you can flnd out about the various kinds and quallty of carpets by checktng local newspapers. Here are some tips to help you get the best deal while bargaining:
Remember that merchants want your money as much as you do. When you find something you like, don’t act too interested In It. Be casual. Take your own han&held calculator, never flash a wad of money and never appear In a hurry. Ask for the “best prlce.” If the merchant says some thing like, “For you, a special prlce,” your return should be, “Great, then I know you’ll llke my offer.’’ Continue the process by offering 50 percent less. lake your time, but be Rrm. To hold your Interest. a merchant may offer you
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tea, coffee or soda. Graciously acceptlng does not obilgate you to make a purchase from the merchant. If you intend to buy several items, such as a necklace, bracelet and a ring, from the same merchant, you might get a better deal if you buy in volume and bargain for the whole lot. Say up front that you will pay wlth cash (if you can). If you pay with a credlt card, you usually will not get as good a deal. After the merchant’s first counter offer, you go down he goes up. Don’t go up too fast. Let hlm move. Generally, you should reach around 70 to 75 percent of the orlglnal asklng price. Continue the process and use your calculator to reduce the amount each time the merchant glves a counter offer until you feel he will not go any lower on the price. Don’t worry if the merchant starts getting gruff. Continue t o bargain until you feel you have reached the best price. Sweeten the pot by saying that you will tell your friends if you get a good deal. Ask for his buslness card. If the bargaining is slow, but you still think there is hope, pull out the exact cash you want to spend and say, “Thls is all I have. Do we have a deal?” Another tactic is t o find another item that you like and add it t o the pot. Increase the amount you are wlliing t o pay, but only proportionally t o the value of the additional item. If you have the time and thlnk a deat is in the making, but not quite sealed, walk out of the store. The merchant may follow you. if not, return later and continue the process where you left off. Be at the shop when it opens or step inslde minutes before closing you might get the best deal of the day.
storles. You may experie a bit of culture shock whe you have to go back to paying full price, but, hey, you might Just be able t o close that great deal on a new car.
Sailors from USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) eniov i meal while ashore in the United Arab Emirates, about his time in the United Arab Emirates while ashore from USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 7 2 ) . In Bahrain, ships tie up at pierside at Mina Sulman. Larger ships anchor out and Sailors must take a short liberty launch or water taxi ride to the pier. Buses will take Sailors to the Administrative Support Unit (ASU). In the United Arab Emirates, ships moor at Mina Rashid or Mina Jebel Ali. Taxis are usually your main mode of transportation in the region. If you take a taxi, insist that they use the meter - most taxi drivers will want to bargain the fare. It is your choice, but you will usually “fare”better with the meter. If you bargain, agree on a price BEFORE you pull into traffic. “In Bahrain we talked a lot with the cabbies because they were being nice, and they‘d tell us all the best places to go,” said Sonar Technician 3rd Class Eric Erost from Salem, Ore., assigned to USS Milius (DDG 69). “When we went to the souk, they had a guy walk us to the gold souk, or market, to show us where it was because we didn’t have a clue. The place is huge.” If you’re just not up to the adventure of local cuisine, then you’re in luck. American fast-food restaurants like McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, KFC, Hard Rock Cafe and Dairy
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SAILORS WHO WALK OFF THE BROW IN THE GULFGET THE CHANCE OF A LIFETIME FOR ADVENTURES IN A BEAUTIFUL EXOTIC COUNTRY, RICH WITH TRADITIONS. DESERT DEMOGRAPHICS SAUDI ARABIA Saudi Arabia has a land area of 756,983 square miles and a population of 18,729,576with a growth rate of 3.68 percent. The population of Saudi Arabia is 90 percent Arab and 10 percent AfroAsian. The country has two-thirds of the world’s oil and natural gas reserves (315 billion barrels of oil and 235 trillion cubic meters of natural gas). The number of students at all levels of education rose from 600,000in 1969 t o some 4 million in 1996.The average annual increase during this period was 7.1 percent for male students and 13 percent for female students. BAHRAIN Bahrain has a land area of 239 square miles and has a population of 575,925 with a growth rate of 2.58 percent. The population is 63 percent Bahraini, 13 percent Asian, 10 percent Arab, 8 percent Iranian and 6 percent other. Bahrain is an archipelago of 33 islands, only two of which are inhabited, with a total land area in excess of 300 square miles. Its name is derived from two Arabic words “thnain Bahr” meaning “two seas” and refers t o the phenomenon of sweet water springs under the sea which mingle with the salty water. This phenomenon is believed t o be responsible for the unusual
QATAI. Qatar is the length of the peninsula from south t o extreme north is about 160 km, and the total area including the island is about 11,427square kilometers. Qatar is bordered by the kingdom of the Saudi Arabia t o the south, the United Arab Emirates t o the southeast and the St?+lfp of Bahrain t o the west. YEMEN of 203,797square miles and a population of 15,804,6 a 3.7 percent growth rate. The pop of Yemen is 95 percent Arab and 5 percent Afro-Arab, Asian and other.
IRAQ Iraq has a land area of 168,023square miles and a population of 20,643,769 with a growth rate of 3.72 percent. The population is 75 t o 80 percent Arab, 1520 percent Kurdish, and 5 percent Turkoman, Assyrian and other. IRAN Iran has a land area of 613,660square miles and a population of 64,625,455with a growth rate of 2.29 percent. OMAN Oman has a land area of 82,029square miles and a population of 2,125,089with a growth rate of 3.71 percent. The populb tion is 73 percent Omani Nationa
of 6,880squa of 1,817,397 with a growth rate of 7.46 percent. The population is 45 percent Kuwaiti, 35 percent other Arab, 9 percent South Asian, 7 percent other and 4 percent Iranian. percent. The South Asian, percent Emiri expatriates.
o escape the hot sun in the United Arab Emirates.
b y ’H2
AT2 James Warner from Trenton, N.J., shows off his stuff during a sand boarding exhibition hosted by USS George Washington’s (CVN 73) MWR.
Saiiors from USS George Washinofon (CVN 73) window shop in the gold souk during a visit to the United Arab Emirates.
Queen can be found throughout many of the larger cities. While in port in the area, Sailors are required to act and dress conservatively while enjoying the culture and hospitality of their Arab hosts. Remember, while touring the countryside, locals consider it offensive to photograph Muslim women. A little hint: ask permission before photographing anybody. Many establishments serve alcohol, but the countries do not tolerate public intoxication. “It was enjoyable. I did a lot of shopping for gold and jewelry,”said Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling)2nd Class Terrance Flournoy from Piermont, N.Y., about his port visit to Dubai while aboard USS Essex (LHD 2). “The United Arab Emirates is a great country,”said Storekeeper 3rd Class Lonny Wedell from Hesperia, Calif., who works in the air traffic control center aboard USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72). “It reminded me of the California high desert. It was really nice.’’ So, whether you’re riding a water taxi up Dubai Creek, or bargaining with gold merchants at the souks in the United Arab Emirates or Bahrain, Sailors who walk off the brow in the Gulf get the chance of a lifetime for adventures in a beautiful, exotic country, rich with traditions.
Sailors from the USS George Washington (CVN 73) play basketball during a port visit to the United Arab Emirates. a3
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al Education and
Exam writers are ular rate. When the ex Exam writers find the list of things a Sailor, at each pay grade, should know how to do in the Occupational Standards (NAVPERS 18065). One occupationalstandard can be use
The test writer can develop m depending on the situation.
According to many Sailors, so than one correct answer to questions,”’ said Master Ch Manual and Advancement
.c I I
The most-knowledgeable “Every question on the occupationalor naval standard and can’t write a question without a refer
he date is set. The Navywide advancement exams are coming. You have studied everything on your bibliographies. You have gone over the occupational standards, and you r are you? You open the know what is expected in your particular job. You are ready. O test and that sick feeling begins to well up from the pit of your stomach. You’ve studied all the wrong things! Where did all these questions come from? They seem like they were plucked out of the sky. You’ve just experienced what thousands of Sailors face every six months at advancement-in-rate exam time - the frustration of taking the test.
The references are all on a bibliography, which is used by Sailors to study for the exam. It contains all the books and instructions needed for the next exam. They are written after the exam has been completed and are released six months prior to the next one. “Different writers choose how they want to do their bibliography for their particular rate,” said Chief Legalman (AW) Mary Morgan, legalman advancement exam, training manual and advancement handbook writer. “The subject-matter expert can choose to be more specific or more general. For example, one of my references is the Manual for CourtsMartial. If I put just that manual on the bibliography, it really doesn’t help my Sailors [when they] study. They would have to read the whole thing. I choose to be more specific. I’m going to take the JAG [JudgeAdvocate General] Manual and break it down into articles. I believe this will make studying less overwhelming.” Each exam has 150 questions - 135 are rate-specific and 15 are military requirements. The only exception to this is for Seabee ratings. They are given 20 military requirement questions, five of which are Seabee Combat Readiness related. If you are attached to a Seabee battalion, but are not in a Seabee rating, you will only have 15 military requirement questions. All exams are prepared 12 months in advance, according to Yates. That gives plenty of time for proofreading and accuracy checking. The exam goes through many versions before it is finally approved and serialized. For example, each item is checked for grammatical correctness. One item can be either a question or a statement. The exam is also checked to make sure every question is supported by a reference.
After the exams have b NETPDTC to be sc which reads the an computer. ‘Mer 75 percent of the exam answer sheets have been scanned, we take a look at the answer key,” said Yates. “We ask ourselves,‘Were there any particular problems with the questions?’For example, if the correct response to a question was ‘1,’but everyone answered ‘4,’ I’ll ask myself, was the question written properly?Was it understandable? Did the reference change? If the reference changed and now ‘4’ is the correct answer, I’d change the answer key.” Discrepancies also slow down the process. “It is very important to make sure all the information on your worksheet is correct:’ continued Yates. “Don’t sign it if there is something incorrect on it. It’s your career.” Historically, the No. 1 cause of discrepancies is an incorrect Social Security Number entered on the exam answer sheet. So, people need to double check the information before handing in the exam.
By PH2 Joseph Gunder Ill
The Next Cycle So, what do the exam writer’s recommend to help you do well on the exam? “Use the bibliography,”said Morgan. “Start studying early. I recommend starting to study for the next exam as soon as you complete the current one. That’s when the bibliography comes out. We don’t want Sailors to wait until the last minute to study. I believe that is why some people are better test takers than others. My best advice is to just calm down, don’t cram. Just relax and go in there with the mind set, ‘I’m going to do the best I can.’ Also, remember that just because you PNA’d the exam, it doesn’t necessarily mean you didn’t do well. There are always other factors to consider, such as available money, number of billets and how well everyone else did. Just keep going. The system still works and it works well. Keep studying and keep moving forward.” “Take a look at your occupational standards and your Professional Advancement Requirements (PARS),”said Yates. “If you can do everything on those lists, there’s no question an exam writer can ask you that you can’t answer. Just remember, those are only two sources that we use.” So, it’s March. You sit down to take your exam. You’ve studied everything on your bibliography and you have gone over your occupational standards. You are ready. There’s nothing you can’t accomplish. You have three hours to complete the exam. Begin.
Barnes is a journalist assigned to All Hands. F E B R U A R Y
A New Profil T Myth 1: The exam writers code the exam.
Reality: The exam writers do not code or follow any pattern. The exam writers have a computer program that helps them write the exam. The questions and answers are input into the Examination Development System (EDS). The writers format the exam and the program helps develop it.
Myth If you have no idea what the answer is, pick “3.”
Reality: The test writers don’t write trick questions and there aren’t any more correct ‘1’s than 2’s, ‘3’s or ‘4’s. Myth 3: On a 150-question test, if the maximum score is 80, then 70 questions are tossed out.
~ lquestions l are used for scoring unless there is a valid reason to delete them (outdated equipment or materials).
Myth 4:Exam writers pick questions out of the air.
Reality: AU questions have to be supported with a reference.
Myth 5: If a question is thrown out, one Sailor will be affected more than another.
Reality: Since all questions are used for scoring, a discarded question will affect everyone equally.
he new rating exam profile sheet, which saw its first use this past exam cycle, will help to take some of the mystery out of how well you performed and what exactly goes into your “final multiple.” The new profile sheet, designed by a team of military and civilian personnel at Naval Education and Training Professional Development and Technology Center (NETPDTC), Pensacola, Fla., is going to make it easier for Sailors to figure out not only how they fared on their rating exam, but also how they rated among their peer group. “The new profile sheet gives the Sailor a better representation of his relative standing to his peers by laying it all out,” said Master Chief Personnelmen Bill Renaud, an exam writer at NETPDTC. A new row of data includes the “average of candidates advanced in your rate.” Here a Sailor can see what average numbers the selectees had, including standard score, performance mark average and other factors. The new sheet provides “instant, useful feedback just by comparing the candidate’s numbers against those of the Sailors who got selected,” said Master Chief Electronics Technician Thomas Bossa, one of the exam writers who helped propose a new design. “This allows the Sailor to better focus his or her preparation efforts for the next promotion cycle,” said Bossa. “The information that went into someone’s final multiple has always been out there, it’s just that no one knew quite where to go to get it,” Bossa added. The whole idea to revamp the profile sheet came from the exam writers at NETPDTC. They wanted to design something that would show more of the “whole Sailor.” This new sheet details how a Sailor’s performance, longevity, awards and PNA points all play a part in the final multiple. There is also a break down of the questions by section so Sailors can actually tell how well they scored in a particular section. Bossa hopes the new sheet will help clear up a lot of misconceptions with exam scores. “With the old profile sheet, you might get only nine of 20 questions correct and you’d get a “Superior” (S) - if most everyone else who took the same test scored lower. With only an “S” to go by, a person could believe they were very knowledgeable about this topic (and avoid studying it) while, in fact, in raw score they only got 45 percent correct. The new profile sheet gives Sailors both raw score and percentile standing, so they can [draw] better, more informed conclusions.” Bossa and a few other exam writers came up with an initial profile sheet proposal that was sent off to the Senior Enlisted Academy (SEA) for their evaluation. What the students at SEA sent back formed the basis for the new profile sheet. With the new profile sheet, Sailors can see the “big picture” and how they fit in, what each score means and where to look to bring up the numbers for the next cycle.
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Gunder is a photojournalist for All Hands
By J 0 2 Jeremy Allen
f getting a degree is something you want, you might consider an online course of instruction. Sailors go to sea. That’s just the way it is. But being deployed doesn’t mean your dreams of obtaining a degree have to be put on hold. If you have a computer, access to the Internet and the ability to manage your time wisely, you can earn a degree online. Step out of the classroom and into the chat room. That’s where you’ll find Sailors getting educated today. Traditional classroom instruction is quickly giving way to flexible, online computer classes through Distance and Non-Traditional Education Services, or DANTES. “DANTES provides academic courses ranging from high school to graduate level through nearly 100 institutions,” said Jim Rumpler, DANTES distance learning program manager. “The DANTES course guide even breaks down the choices for DOD-approved schools that offer high school to graduate programs. The guide lists approximately 100 associate, 225 baccalaureate, 100 graduate degree and about 45 creditbearing certificate programs all available at a distance.” “Distance education [DE] is the wave of the future,”said Senior Chief Journalist (SW) James S. Baron. “I run into more people with master’s degrees who have earned it through DE. Society is different today. Moms and Dads work, have families, cook, clean and do the dishes at night. Nobody wants to sit in class until 1O:OO p.m., after all that. DE is a convenient way to earn a degree at non-traditional hours and on the weekends when most classrooms are closed.”
Baron, who has been enrolled full time as a graduate-student at the University of Phoenix, since June 1997, will receive his Masters in Education in June 1999 after completing his thesis. Imagine that - completing your thesis paper on the computer and then e-mailing it to your professor in another state or country. With online courses, you have that and many more options available. “You have the ability to communicate with others through the voice mail program,” said Raymond J. Andreno, a Navy family member whose wife is stationed at NAS Jacksonville,Fla., and is getting his degree in fire science. “It allows you to do some work, stop for something else, and come back to it at any time of the day.” According to the University of Maryland, which offers 13 undergraduate and five graduate degrees online, more than 138 Sailors have joined up for DE classes during the last year. “Our students are in all 50 states and on seven continents,”explained Dr. Kathleen M. Burke, Assistant Dean for Distance Education. “Online courses are great for military personnel because they have a great need for flexibility.” Having the freedom to work any time of day or night allows you to work around the Navy’s schedule and still complete your homework assignments on time. “I can take it with me on the road,” said Chief Engineman (SW) Jim Ballou, stationed at Space Warfare System Center Chesapeake Detachment, Japan. “All that is required is an e-mail account and the ability to access it to send and receive course work.”
Traditional time and location restrictions might be lifted, but that doesn’t mean the assignments are any easier. “Even though you can be flexible and work on your course at your pace, you can’t let yourself get too far behind,” said Master-at-Arms 1st Class Dave W. Bruce, a behavioral science major assigned to Naval Criminal Investigative Service, Washington, D.C. “Your assignments will add up if you put them off.” Remembering to check in with your professor is important. “Any time you’re dealing with people over long distances, there’s going to be some sort of communications problems,” said Baron. “So you’ve got to realize you have to pick up the phone and make contact with your instructor. Fortunately, the program I am enrolled in is superb. There’s a web site with a library and research lab available for us on-line. People are available 24-hours a day, toll-free, and they are willing to answer my questions and concerns.” “There’s no reason why everyone in the Navy cannot complete a degree this way at their own pace,” added Baron. “Get your Page 4s reviewed, CLEP what you can, attend night school and take DE courses. You’ll be finished before you know it! The toughest part of off-duty education is getting started. Once you’re on a roll, education is addictive.” Allen is a photojournalist assigned to All Hands.
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lips on Selecting a DE tourse and complete DE courses and program
a definite reason that you
on paper. Define solid goals (degree or knowledge needs, not
course with that person occasionally. Th between involvement and commitment.
your military career? IObtain a
clear, complete description of the course. Call th
periodically. Be honest and serious.
school and ask for a catalog. Know exactly how your course fits into your degree plan. Select your course based on
Study in the same place for each study session. Choose
31Ensure your school will accept the course you are taking, and -
wnile you study at a
that the course will satisfv a definite dearee reauirement. Give your home school a copy of the description. Will the course fit where you need it?
41Consider enrolling with a friend. Study with a partner. Distance learning students need a support group.
distance. The school is the most logical place to ask for help. Consider your school advisor, education counselor, on-base instructors, subject matter experts or friends. Review feedback from instructors. Consider all graded or
dictate your study schedule, so write out your plan and
when balanced with your work schedule, family and other
Be reasonable. Set aside some time to reward yo
More information on DANTES and University of Maryland distance education (DE) courses can be found at: www.umuc.edu/orientation or www.ed.umuc.edu or via the DANTES homepage at http:/voled.doded.miI
Please provide any suggestions on DANTES to: u receive your first lesson.
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Code 206 6490 Saufley Field Road Pensaeola, FL 32509-5243 Tel: (904) 452-1360, DSN 922-1360 Fax: (904) 452-1161, DSN 922-1161 E-mail: [email protected]
Story and photos by JO1 Rodney J. Furry
A4 Brandie M. Laferney hits the books in her
Thanks in large part to Navy initiatives like the Program for Afloat College Education, or PACE, more and more enlisted Sailors are finding that college degrees don’t have to wait while they’re at sea.
was originally designed to make it easier for deployed Sailors to pursue higher education despite unpredictable duty schedules and extended cruises at sea far from college campuses. Using a combination of interactivevideo and computer programs and traveling instructors, PACE has helped young Sailors fulfill many lower level requirements at a large number of academic institutions. “I take PACE every semester:’ said Airman Apprentice Brandie M. Laferney, a student Sailor at HC-11, NAS North Island, Calif. “There seems to be a lot more reading involved in the computerized courses because you don’t have an instructor to filter out the information. But, it’s nice to be able to work at my own pace:’ she said. Working at your own pace is one of the secrets to the success of the program. Just being far from a campus makes studying hard enough, but the stress and unpredictabilityof an underway schedule far too often discourages Sailors from even considering college. With a PACE interactive course, you study when you have time, whether it’s on a lunch break, or late at night between watches. “Occasionally, I’ll have a week at work that’s really chaotic and I don’t have time to study. I may only get one chapter
IPACE done:’ said Laferney. “But other weeks are slow and I may breeze through three or four.” Aviation Maintenanceman Helicopter (AW) 1st Class Darrell L. Rogers is Laferney’s educational services officer. He thinks it’s a great program for Sailors who don’t have a lot of free time, because the materials you need for the courses are close to where you work. Also, since he’s there to or has to do is hit the books help do the legwork, and pass the exams. “Once they get signed up for the course and buy their textbook, I’ll monitor their progress and make sure they’re staying on schedule. The time it takes them to finish the course is really up to them, within the limits of the course term:’ he said. Laferney, who is majoring in marine biology with a minor in psychology finds PACE really fits into her lifestyle even if it doesn’t have the atmosphere of a traditional school.
According to Alan Matsushima, AA Brandie M. Laferney, a counselor with the Navy Campus from Lake Havasu City, Office at NAS North Island, Calif., Ariz., mouse-clicks her PACE offers course study for just way to a degree in about any major. Psychology using inter“Thanks to the Servicemember’s active CD-Roms and Opportunity Colleges program, you video lectures with the can feel comfortable that any PACE program. course you take in the PACE catalog will transfer to a large number of academic institutions:’ he said. That’s comforting to a student like Laferney, since it normally takes a Sailor more than four years to finish a Bachelor’s degree; years that may span several duty stations and assignments anywhere in the world. The organizersof PACE at the Navy Personnel Command and Middlesex Research Center, the current PACE contractor, have kept that difficulty in mind as they expanded PACE services to include more upper-level courses. al that More and more Sailors are learning how diploma really is. For example, a recent study by the Center for Naval Analysis found that 66 percent of Sailors who made E-5 in less than five years were participants in voluntary education programs like PACE. That’s a pretty significant number considering that Sailors who had no voluntary education stood a mere 31 percent chance of putting on that second chevron in the same amount of time. According to Laferney, the numbers don’t mean as much as the value higher education has on your ability to be a good team member. “I think a college education better equips a Sailor for making decisions and performing their job wel1:’she said. “I feel more comfortable as an airman filling a 2nd class billet, and I think my education gives me the confidence to do that.”
Furry is a photojournalist assigned to All Hands.
, the holiday leftovers have
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he relatives have finally -and, more importantly, 1, if you’re like me and got a
ed long before then, so don’t waste any time and get today. And if you really want to impress Mom and Dad
chat rooms (although those are co
If all this leaves you still lingering in a haze of doubt and uncertainty, pick your favorite search engine and type in thc words “distance education.”You will get some great links like allaboutcollege.co~ vw.schools.com. Another site called www.collegenet.com can even help you narrow your selections down based on price, location or major. If you’re already in college and just need studyinr an online dictionary then stop by So put away those games for a while and start surfini education. If you have a computer you can get a degree, whether you’re at sea or anywhere in the world. “-+-
Yes, you heard me right. Yo forward-thinking educator
J (TA) is probably your best option. The clock is ticking for all of you out there waiting to get bit
d list. Or you can view the colleges
by the love bug this Valentines Day. If you want to assist cupid in finding that
someone special then surf on over to “sweet” sites like
................. A L L
.... H A N D S
nd now, the momeni - f a i t h f u l webmasters iround the world have been vaiting for, the prestigious XSOE award for the bestooking, most-functional ilnd easiest-to-understand website. The envelope please.. . Since A// Hands is looking at education this month, let’s
look at “the best of the best” in education and training commands. First place goes to Fleet Aviation Specialized
Ooerational Trainina.. GrouD Pacific Fleet, NAS North .faso.navy.mil). Island, Calif.
-leet Training Center
These folks train more than 15,000 personnel in 75 different courses in things from SERE to Aviation to Surface Warfare. This site has an excellent load time, no dead links, no spelling errors n d no HTML design flaws, while providing timely and useful information to the fleet. Second place is awarded to a Center, San Diego (
e, yet effective, site at cnet.navy.mil/cnet/ft
hey offer more than 280 courses to more than your loved one an ele float Training Group Western Pacific
tronic card or e-fl
ore and afloat commands in the Pacific.
I have two honorable mentions - Chief of Naval Educatic .ntcpao.com). They both provide tons 1
yourself $.32 on postage, not that I’m cheap or anything).
iseful information for Sailors enlisting or advancing.
low I know what you’re saying, WHAT ABOUT MINE! Well, if think your site is something special, e-
search engine and type in the word “valentine.” After you are done looking through the millions of sites that pop up, e-mail me the best ones for next year’s celebration. F E B R U A R Y
E Y E
tne F l e e t
€ 7 is a monthly photo feature sponsored b y
the Chief of Information Navy News Photo Division. We are looking for
I G H
P A C T.1
quality photography from
in the fleet, to showcase the American Sailor in
6 _. ..USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) Sailors (from left) AOAN
Allan Davis from New Orleans, A03 Stanley Gibson from Richmond, Va., AOAN Ken Madison from West Branch, Mich., and A01 William Stallworth fr Sidewinder on the wing of an Photo by PH2 Shawn Eklund
I To be considered, forward your images with full credit and cutline information, including: full name, rank and duty station. Name all identifiable people within the photo and include important information about what is happening, where the photo was taken and the date. Commands with digital photo capability can send attached .jpg files to: navynewsphotoQhq.navy.mil. Mail your submissions to: NAVY NEWS PHOTO DIVISION NAVSTA WASHINGTON, ANACOSTIA ANNEX, BLDG 168 2701 S. CAPITOL ST S.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20373-5819 Photo by PHl(AW) Nicholas D. Sherrouse
n n thcl
COWBO MM3 h a d M. Fife from Rayville, La., a Sailor UII
board USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72), r i d v a mechanical bull at a bar in noto oy rH2 Kristen Seay
Photo by PH2 Shawn Eklun
Senior ChiefNavy Counselor Jesse 1.Kamekona
Modern cartography sprang from
received the Admiral’s ExcellenceAward for recruiting and was named Area 8 Chief Recruiter of the Year for W98. Kamekona advanced from recruiter to recruiter-in-charge to zone supervisor to chief recruiter all during one tour at Naval RecruitingDistrict, Los Angeles (the country‘s largest recruiting district).
an Islamic religious need of establishing correct coordinates of cities so that could determine the direction of Ka’bah, or qibla, towards which all Muslims must face in prayer five times daily. This led to significant developments in trigonometry, a field fundamental to terrestrial mapping and the computation of planetary orbits.
Hospital Corpsman 2nd Class (FMF) Paul B. Johnson of Branch Medical Clinic, NAS Whiting Field, was selected Naval Hospital, Pensacola, 1997 Junior Sailor of the Year for his dedicated service as an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) coordinator and instructor, clinic equipment custodian and sick call screener. He is also the clinic’s supply leading petty officer and community service coordinator.
The Word algebra is derived
Machinist Mate 1st Class (SS) Chrlstopher W. PWO of USS Asheville (SSN 758),was selected for the Seaman to Admiral program. A native of Fort Worth, Texas, Petro had a stellar career on board Asheville, qualifying Chief of the Watch and in-port duty chief (as a second class petty officer),in addition to his duties as controlled material petty officer, quality assurance inspector and work center 3M coordinator.
captain James Campbell
from Honolulu, recently completed the 21-mile swim across the English tannel in 17 hours and 41 minutes. Of the 6,000 attempts to swim across the English Channel, only about 500 (or 8 percen;) have been successful. Campbell is the biotechnology program manager at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C.
I-i “For this month’s A// Hands cover, we wanted to use an image that illustrated life in the Middle East 5th Fleet’s Area of Responsibility,” said JO1 Robert Benson, All Hands
Assistant Editor. “Excellent shots from Bahrain, Sautli Arabia and other Middle Eastarn countries crossed our desks, but no single image really said, ‘5th Fleet, operational readiness and exotic.’ So, wlth the aid of five sllde projectors, three able assistants and one ‘model,’ we created our own illustration. The backdrop consisted of five sheettof translucent tracing paper, with the images projected from the rear. The shadow cast on the paper is that of a young Sailor from the Ceremonial Honor Guard, Washington, D.C.” 48
the Arabic word “a/-jab~”which means reunion of broken parts.” The word gain widespread use after being featured in title of a book, i/m a/-jabr wa’/-mukaba/a (The Science of Restoring What is Missing and Equating Like with Like), written by Arab mathematician Abu Ja’far Muhammad. He introduced writing down calculations instead of using an abacus, an instrument used for performing calculations by sliding counters along rods or in grooves. Algorism (the Arabic, or decimal system, of writing numbe algorithm both derive from his name.
Daily meals in Bahrain are served in communal dishes. People eat while seated on an Arabic sofa that rests on the floor. The names of the meals are 1Ttaror Foutour (breakfast), Ghada (lunch) and Esha (sup The Arabian Gulf, an arm of the Arabian Sea, measures 90,000 sq. miles and is situated between the Arabian peninsula and Iran. It extends about 600 miles from the Shatt ahArab Delta to the Strait of Hormuz, which links it with the Gulf of Oman. The Gulf is mostly shallow and ha many islands, Bahrain being the largest. bordered by Oman and the United Arab Emirates to the south, to the west by Qa and Saudi Arabia, to the north by Kuwait and Iraq, and along the entire east coast by Iran.