9 September 1988 - The Namibian

9 September 1988 - The Namibian

100 years for voet Iti lers Pollee blaIne.· in voodoo Inurdertrial -----By CHRIS SHIPANGA--.....- - A SUPREME COURT JUDGE has severly criticised...

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100 years for voet Iti lers Pollee blaIne.· in voodoo Inurdertrial


CHRIS SHIPANGA--.....- - A SUPREME COURT JUDGE has severly criticised me mbers of the police force for failing to carry ou t their duties. Mr Justice Chris Mouton m a d e his remarks while sentencing five members of the Police Counjer Insurgency Unit (Koevoet) to -a.total of 100 years imprisonment for the murder of two women.

Judge Mouton, who is a lso the interim government's ombudsman, stressed that two women would not have lost their lives and the accused ~ould not have st{)od trial for murder if certain members of t h e police had done their job. The judge was r eacting to the matter saying:"Is it you Ovambos again with your witchcraft· you can evidence th at five members ofthe 301ve that case you rselves." Koevoet had sought the advice of The. accused men theh went to see a witchdoctor after police and a their local headman, who explained tribal h eadman in nort h ern t hat-he did not handle matters ofthat Namibia failed to a tt end to a,mat· natu}'e, the court heard. They then con· t,er in which t wo\,\,omenJ Lmia sul. ed k"Witchdoctor, who told them , David and Ellisa F illipus, were: t hat unless they killed the two women * accused of witchcraft by thrQWing them into a river, some · evil spirit would strike down the whole *h eld against their will oftheir families, and they would all die. *an d later thrown into the The court heard that the accused Kunene River to drown. Mr Justice Mouton directed that the case of t wo policemen, a Constable Erasmus and a Lieutenant Nel, who according to evidence knew about the unlawful! detention of the deceased women butfailed to do anything about the matter, be forwarded to the At· torney Genera l for a decision. The court heard earlier that Koevoet members Antonius Amunsele, Festus Kaviru, Alwendo Al'lgoIa, Titus Lasarus, and Lasarus Onesiml!ls ac· cused the two women of having bewit· ched their uncle Thomas Kalipi Haimbqnde. . Thomas was the husband of both women and on January 28rlast yea"!', one of the women, Linia, gave some kind of " Iove·medicine" to Thomas. The medicine was meant to make her husband love her more, but the ...-_.....J'-'usband's health rapidly deteriorated, an he suddenly died. The defendants heard about their . uncle's death and went to question the women . One of the accused, Titus Lasarus, told the court that he and his uncle were very close. He said that, at the t ime of Thomas's death, he was in th e bush fighting against PLAN com· batants, having joined Koevoet in 1978. When he came from the bush on that day, relatives told him that his uncle was bewitched by his wives, and that he felt very bad about the incident. He also learnt that the you nger wife, J Linia, slept wi tl) hts'lJ:lllcle the previous night;-a:n~:rhomashad great pain in his stomack during thatnight, and tha t Li nia was crying. . The two accusettreported thematter to a constable Erasmus, but the latter said t he police were not interested in




KOEVOET IN THE NORTH - Members of the Police Counter Insurgency Unit taking a break from their duties in the north. The actions of the security forces, particularly Koevoet have constantly been criticised hy many. This wee-k a supreme court judge joined the critics as he reprimanded the actions of members of the police while sentencing five Koevoet men for the grisly murder of two women in the "operational area". (None of those pictured are the men convicted for the women's murder.)' '

CCN .student held under AG g. in Katima

-----------BY Security Police in Katima Mulilo detained a student at the CCN school in the area, Mr John Hiskia, .under security proclamation AG9 yesterday. A contingent of policemen headed by the head ofSecurity Police in the area, Major Buter, arrived at the home ofMr Paddy Mwazi in the early houra of Thursday. The police, according to Mr Mwazi, informed him that they had informa· .tion to the effect that there were han·

RAJA MUNAMAVA----------~ dgrenades in his house and that they day, police were,Etill searching some had come to conduct a search. houses and it was not clear whether further arrests were made or not. At the end ofthe search, which lasted A spokesman for the police head· almost two hours, a diary belongingto quarters in Windhoek confirmed the Mr Hiskia was confiscated together detention ofMr Hiskia under AG9 for with several documents, interrogation and added that police The police later returned to arr~st suspected he was involvedin terrorist Mr Hiskia under AG 9. activities. Several other houses in the Ngwezi township were searched, among them The spokesman further confirmed the search of various homesteads and that of Mr Liswani Simasiku, said police were looking for weapons Shadrack Mwilima, Martin Mulonda, and bombs. Robert Silelo and Desmond Monyaza. At the time of going to press yester·




wanted to prevent this from happening to their families, and they therefore de· tained the two women to wait for the right time to carry out the witchdoc· tor's advice. The accused then forced the two women to attend the funera l of their uncle so they could tel! the men's families that they were indeedrespon· sible for the death of Thomas. Linia admitted giving some " love· medicine" to Thomas, but said she did not mean to kill him. She told the late man's relatives that she ~ot the medicine from her mother, and that it was meant to make him love her more. Lieutenant Nel from the police also attended the funeral, and urged the defe ndants not to revenge their uncle's death, and then left. After the fu neral, the women were driven in a bakkie to a point near Ruacana. While two of the five kept nearby soldiers busy, the other three went to the river, fastened both women's arms and legs, and then tied heavy rocks to each woman before throwing the m into the water their bodies were found by police two days later, The two accused told the court that they knew it wilS wrong to take the life of a person, al1d that they felt bad about it, but pointed out that they were not sorry for the deed as the women were . responsible for their own deaths. They a lso told the judge that they believed in witchcraft, and that they would do s uch a thing again if needs be. Mr JustiGe Mouton found the five men guilty of murder with ex· tenuatingcircumstances, and sentenc· ed each to ten years imprisonment for each murder, ordereing that the ·sentences r un concurrently.

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2 Friday September 09 1988



THE NEWS that Katutura's premier retail outlet, Black Chain, had been put under judicial management came as no suprise to most people. lengthy affidavit tothe Supreme Court Launched with a great fanfare in which he set out the reasons why he in November 1984 to serve as a felt that the two companies should be symbol of black enterprise in the put under judicial management. ' business field. But the superIn this document he also revealed market failed to live up to the high that Black Chain owed its main supexpectations people had of it. plier, the Sentra Wholesale group, Right from the beginning, Black Chain was plagued with a lack of continuity in senior management and a poorly trained staff. As anyone who has ever tried finding a product at the supermarket will testify, Black Chain possibly had one of the most disorganised and confusing shopfloor arrangements of any supermarket anywhere. The application to have Black Chain Supermarket Limited and Black Chain Propriety Limited put under judicial management was made by the FirstN ational Development Corporation (Enok). Black Chain Super mar ket Ltd owed Enok R 1545 761,35 of which the the monthly instalment ofR 5 800,00 was outstanding and due at the time Enok made its Supreme Court application. - Another loanofR278473,00wasowed to Enok by Black Chain Propriety Ltd,ofwhichR9730wasoutstanding and due. Mr Henning Van Wyk, manager of Support Services atEnok submitted a

R260 000 which it could not pay. As evidence he submitted a photostat of an urgent telex that Sentra had sent out to all its branches ordering them to freeze Black Chains account. Mr Van Wyk said, in total, Black Chain Supermarket Ltd owed creditors, other than, Enok R 1 200 000. Furthermore, he said the cashflow situation at the company had become critical and there was only enough money left to pay wages and salaries up to the end of August. During the application it emerged that the directors oftbe company had asked Enok to act as guarantor for a R 250000 bridging loan to solve the cashflow problem. Mr Van Wyk explained that because Enok belived the company could be run on a sound basis, they might have been prepared to lend the money to Black Chain. He however said they could not ac-


TIle Black Chain Supermarket whic l ast week put under judicial management but appears to have been saved from total banh:rup.tcy for the time being. ;0-

cept some of the conditions on which the directors wanted the loan. to be granted. , According to Mr Van Wyk, Enok had takp.n over the administrati ve management of Black Chain in November 1985. None ofthe directors had been sacked and he and the other Enok officials only acted as advisors in the decision making process. He further revealed Enok had provided BJack Chain office accomodation, computer facilities, accounting services, and printing services free of charge. Enok also paid the full salary of Enoks' General Manager and 50% of the Administrative Manager's salary. The Enok representative however stressed that at no time had he or anyone else from Enok exercised de facto control over the management of the company. He said that day to day control over the affairs ofthe business had remained in the hands Of Black Chains directors and this had severely hampered (geknieha.lter) Enok's management contribution. Mr Van Wyk said he put forward several suggestions on changes he fel t should be made inorder to make Black Chain profitable, but these were ignored.

'h e - b c-repency between the, estimated gross profit and actual profit was so great, said Mr Van Wyk, that itcould only suggest two things; short~omings in the way the business was managed and that large scale theft was _ occuring. Mr Van Wyk said that the situation atBlack Chain was so serious that the Court was faced with one of two alternatives ' either liquidating the company or putting it under judicial management. He however argued that since liquidating the company would mean that trading would cease this wo uln be detrimental to the creditors. He quoted various statistics to show why Enok was still optimistic about Black Chain's prospects. One ofthese tables showed that turnover had grown from R 4155000, when Enok started managing Black Chain in an advisory capacity, to R 5 998 000 in 1987. The projected turnover for 1989 (based on turnover up to date) was R 7900 000. At the same-time, a loss ofR 364 446 in 1985 had been converted into a profit ofR 24 834 in 1988. ' Mr Van Wyk said that by simply shortening trading hours, staff costs could be cut by 20%. If the Court granted the application for ajudicial manager to be appointed, Enok was furthermore prepared to suspend the R 30 000 a month loan repayment for six months. He submitted a cash flow forecast which showed that ifEnok 's proposal wasac:ct'Ilted, Black Chain would have cash reserves ofR 842000 by February 1989. His fore: ast also projected that t wo thirds of the R 1,2 million owed to creditors could be paid back in six months time. The judicial manager appointed by the Supreme Court, Dr Otto Herrigel, this week largely confirmed what Enok's Mr Van Wyk had told the Court. "The reason why the company got into financial difficulties was that it did not have a ,sufficient cash flow. It appears that there' was weak management, and it also appears as though considerable theft had taken place" he said,

"There was a situation where the company was overstaffed and, to make it operate profitably, there was no other option than to reduce the staff." Dr Herrigel confirmed that approximately 30 employees had _been dismissed. This he said included both managers and lower level employees. Furthermore, theft had been reduced considerably and the company had already returned to profitability. ____ He p ad appointed Enok's Financial Manager, Mr Fanie Du Plessis, as Ac' ting General Manager of Black Ch In, ,but stressed that this was only a temporary arrangement. The new management were negotiating with Sentra for the reopeningofBlack Chain's account with the wholesaler. The 10SSofthe Sentra account did not, however, prevent the company from carrying on normal business because itnow made its pur.chases on a cash basis. Dr Herrigel said that in his capacity as judicial manager he would be reporting on the situation at Black Chain to a meeting of creditors on 21 Septemb~r.

He said that based on what he now knew about the affairsofthe company, he would not be making a recommendation for the company to be liquidated. He would ask for the order for judicial management to be made final and then take a fresh look at the situation. He did not, however, rule out the possibility of a takeover offer being" made for Black Chain by another company before then. , On Tuesday tHe lawyer acting for the 'susPended-directors of Black Chain, Mr Hartniut Ruppel, said at this sta ge he had no instructions to oppose the application to have Black Chain put under a final judicia l managemen t order. He §aid the suspended:directors were presenlly considering drafting an affidavit that would put the record 'straight on celtain allegations made by Enok about the management of the company. The directors were Mr M Gariseb, Mr K Nderura, Mr I Karuhumba, Mr J " Zagarias,Mr G Gaseb and Mr S Mwoja .



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FIELD OFFICER The succesfu l candidate should: - have a post matric agricultural qualification - have a valid driver's licence ' - be in the age-group 22-34 years _- be able to speak/write English and Afrikaans fluently . Nama is not a pre-requisite but would be supportive - have initiative with plenty of confidence to break new grounds - be willing to do fieldwork in Southern Namibia - be able to commence with duty immediately.

* We are offering a good salary (to be negot iated) plus pension' and thi rteenth Cheque. *: Fo r enquiries contact: Mr P Vleermuis and or Mr U Davids at 36029 (w), Room 11 + 12 Gathemann Bid. WHK, POBox 50155, Bachbrecht, Windhoek, 9000


Friday September 09 1988 3

State with· dra s charges BY RAJAH MUNAMaVA to be a road-works truck apTwenty school children were proaching in their direction. arrested last week near Buitepos, east of Gobabis, on Unbeknown to the children, grounds of trying to leave the a police van was closely trailing behind the supposed roadcountry without travel works truck. documents. The twenty were initially The next thing they heard charged wjth trying to leave was a shot in the air and shouts the country illegally and by policemen calling on the trespassing after being found children come toge"her and not run away. on Dawis Farm near Buitepos, The children go on to claim a but the charges ~were withdrawn on Wednesday policeman then invited the against all but one, John Shino, children into the police van who is ,charged with helping aDd promised to "help" them. people to leave the country They said they were then driven to a nearby farm shop illegally. where1he police made a phone . Mr Shino's case has been posfponed to November 2 and can! apparently to the police Part of the group of children arrested nflar Buitepos. the matter has been referred to base at Buitepos. the Attorney General in WinAnother police van later ardhoek for a decision. He is out rived and the children were a number of countries in order to con· the Gobabis area. from northern Namibia crossed the taken to Buitepos where they on a R200 bail. tinue with their education. , Charges against them were border into Angola in a single group. were questioned. Earlier this year, police also arrested The twenty children, thirteen withdrawn and they have since been The children reportedly called at re leased. a group of33 young people for allegedly boy.s and seven girls, were The police, according to some ofthe Swapo transit camps in the South of tryingto leave the country illegally in children, demanded to know why they Angola and have since been placed in taken to Buitepos for questionhad been heading for the border, the ing and later transfered to make of the vehicle which they had us· Gobabis where they have since ed for transport, its registration been held. numbers, and even wanted to know The children briefly apwhether it was a CCN vehicle or one peared in the Gobabis belonging to Swapo. Magistrate Court on Monday The children denied knowing the but were not asked to plead. name ofthe driver except that they hacl ly slapping me in my face. Mrs. Nafine also alleged that the BY SARAH JOHANNES They were remanded in . come in a white Toyota Hiace Van. "They then beat me.with their fists soldiers asked her for monev. "I gave They admitted trying to cross the custody until Wednesday this on the back of my neck ,'kicked me in themR80, the only money Ihadincash border over to Botswana for the pur· THE WIFE of evangelist the ribs with their boots on both the left week pending further police ,a t home. On Wednesday morning I 'pose of "furthering their education". realised that a few items, including the · Filliphus Nafine, Mrs Rauna , and right hand side, and one hit me investigations. In Gobabis, a number of the children hard withariflebutt in the chest;' she ' spectacles i got from my doctor, were According to some of the N afine, 56, claimed she WaS were taken to the local petrol filling missing:" explained with tears running from her children, the group was walkbadly assaultt:d by members of station to identify the person who had eyes. Mrs. Nafine explained that she had ing on the main road when they the SADF at Oshinyadhilajust refilled their van. Furthermore, Mrs Nafine said the" been'alone at the homestead when the outside Ongwediva on Tuesnoticed a cabin off the road. Gobabis State Prosecutor Mr Mar· soldiers, whom she said had spoken in soldiers had assaulted her. "My husdon confirmed on Wednesday that all day while at home preparing to Three members ofthe group broken Oshiwambo, also insisted on band, Fillippus Nafine, works at ; go to wo~k. '.~! • against the twenty have been charges went to the cabin where they having sex with her, but she had told Engela Elcin Church Office and the withdrawn. Mrs N afine said eight black soldiers found six people waiting there. them to kill her rather than rape her. children had already gone to school" This year has seen an exodus of wearing green uniforms arri ved at her . They enquired about the But she said that the attitude of the she explained. school children from Namibia. They homestead at about 06h30 and asked , soldiers and the things they said had "When my assailants left, I went to distance to the border post and cross the borders into neighbouring her why she had not responded when convinced her that they were the type the main road to hitch-hike to the were told it was some distance countries mainly because of the they had asked whe1her there was of security force members who com· Onandjokwe Hospital. At the hospital further on. schools boycott situation here which anybody at the homestead. monly commit atrocities against I was x-rayed and given medicine and It was now about Il.OOam has paralysed educational activities at "While I was trying to explain that civilians. told to go home." and with the day becoming hot. many schools. I had a cough and therefore could not "They told me that they can do Mrs Nafine said that she had apThe biggest exodus was recorded in Some members of the group speak loudly and that I had not even anything to me, because I don't know proached the Human Rights Centre in July when about 5 000 school children were feeling tired after the long heard them, the soldiers started cruel· them," Mrs Nafine said. Ongwediva for legal assistence. walk on foot, so they decided to rest until sunset before the journey was resumed. COSMO FOR SWANKIE SWANKIE LOOK At about 13hOO the same day, POBOX 6740 ' most members of the group FOR THE MODERN WOMEN AUSSPANNPlATZ were sleeping under trees on 9000 Dawis Farm, into which they had strayed after failiqg . to . make a headway to the border. RC Not long after they had been sleeping, the group was woken by the sound of what appeared

Woman claims assault

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Savimbi's ivory 'not' sold through Namibia ·-

The American environmentaJist group told Congress that the tusks -were ferried by army trucks to a stag-, ~ ing point at Rundu from where they CRAIe:, . were taken by tractor-trailors accross Mr Swart was asked to comment on a report which appeared VAN NoTE' Namibia to South Africa. in last Friday's edition of The Weekly Mail about the slaughter Pf4OTO " Most of the ivory is shipped out on of Close to lQO 000 elephants in Angola. ~UPIOS aircraft and boats to Taiwan ... and to . numbers exceeding 200 000, at one The report claimed that ivory reaped China 'and India ... Some undoubtedtime constituted the largest elephant from the slaughter had been smugglly is routed to the United Arab population in Africa. " ed through Namibia by Angolan Unita Emirates (UAE):' The Conservation Environmental rebels, with SADF complicity: Some ofthe tusks were also said to be and Animal Welfare Consortium says The profits from this Iucrati ve little transported via Zaire to Burundi these herds have been systematically arrangement where then allegedly uswhere Chinese operators shipped the annihilated by armed U nita bands so ed to pay for Unita's war against the booty to Hong Kong, Japan and the that the movemimt could pay for its government of Angola. UAE. South African aid. Mr Swart, however, says the direc"At this very moment, more than 100 South African inThe disclosure of torate routinely set up road-blocks to' tons of ivory.- the product of ofperhaps eprevent~the slnuggling of game pro- . volvement in this illegal trade led to ' 10 000 massacred elephants - is questions being asked in the House of ducts, and that if they caught anyone stockpliled in Burundi awaiting exAssembly. These caused Minister of guilty of such an offense they would port by airtothe UAE and other outlaw Defence, Magnus Malan, considerable prosecute immidiately. nations .. .;' say the environmentalists. discomfort and on Wednesday the He says that ivory smuggling was "An investigation of South African Minister complied with an earlier carried out by well organised synexports for the years 1982 and 1983 pledge, and appointed a Commission dicates and it was not possible for showed that ivory tusk shipments ofInqiury to investigate charges that<. Nature Coservation to stop all the trafwere at least ten times the amount ofthe SADF helped to market ivory. fic in the highly prized commodity. ficiallyexported:' __ _ The newly appoiI}ted president ofthe The directorate was aware of the fact The American report was compiled that some smugglers avoided detec- , Board of Inquiry, Brigadier Ben De by Craig van Note, Executive Vice Wet, issued a statement appealing to - President ofthe enviroruIiental consortion, but he denies that smuggling anyone with information about the could be carried out on a large scale. tiUm, who says he gathered muchofhis allegations to contact the Defence He says that ifit was true that large information during a field trip to ... Force. quantities oftusks were being smugglAngola and Namibia in' the EarJier this year, Jonas Savibi • ed from Angola, the likelihood was mid-1980's. himself apparently told the French that they were being taken out He declines to name his sources for magazine Paris Match that SADF supthrough either Botswana and Zambia fear of exposing them to harassment, rather than through this country. port fqr his movement had to be repaid but insists he gathered information A Washington-based conservation with iVOI:Y ind teak from the forests of from people who had been eyeAngola. , group has presented detailed evidence witnesses to the slaughter qfelephants In its testimony to the U.S. Congress, to the United States Congress to back and the illegal ivory traffiking. He says the Conservation Environmental and up allegations that South Africa was his informants incuded wildlife exAnimal Welfare Consortium said: "Ai:running a massive international ivory perts and governlI\ent officials. , cording to reliable sources in Africa, a smuggling ring. Van Note, who nine years ago helped According to the enviromentalist massive smuggling ring 'has been expose the operation ofan ivory smuggroup, the great elephant herds that operating for years, withthe complicigling connection between France and used to roam the plains of Angola in ty of South African officials at the Emperor Bokassa of the Central highest levels of government and African Republic, says ,he has addimilitary to funnel ivory and other contional evidence to back his claims traband out of Africa ... about the "South African connection'.' "ThEl South African m,i litary has and was willing to make this available to gl-OUPS in the RSA. cynically aided the virtual annihilaResponding~ the defence ministry tion of the once-great elephant herds of Angola. Jonas Savibi and his rebel representative's rejection of his claims forces in Angola, largely supplied by and figures for the number of South Africa, have ruthlessly lielephants slaughtered, Van Note says quidated perhaps 100000 elephants to Angola's herds ,had obviously been help finance the 12-year-old conflict ... decimated by now, so the number of "A third major flow ofpoached ivory elephallts being killed each year was AAN JOU SKEPPER declining rapidly. aided by South Africa is from Mozambique ....Reliable reports indicate the His e~imate of! 00000 was a figure ' Renamo rebel forces have killed tens for the number ofelephants killed over of thousands of Elephants in recent the last 10 years in Angola, he says. years to help finance their Rupert Lorimer, the PFP spokesman insurrection." on environmental affairs, who played a key role in urging Malan to set up a When a South African military probe into the allegations-says he was representative was confronted with .the allegations, he rejected them as behorrified by the details in Van No~e's ing ludicrous, adding: "I doubt report. He urged Malan to appoint an whether there are that many independent conservationist 10 the elephants in Africa." board of inquiry.

THE DIRECTOR OF NATURE CONSERVATION, Mr P.S. Swart, says the directorate is unaware of any largescale ivory smuggling from Angola through Namibia.




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Enlge persoon of Inslonsles mag deelneem sonder ,beperking op die gelol inskrywings Slegs pasorders of Ijeks waf geldig is word oonvoor. Die inskrywingsfooi is R2,OO per inskrywing . , lemond waf egler meer os een R2,OO wi! woog, hoef ook slegs een lnskrywingsvorm lit vollooi. solonk die korrekle bedrog op die Ijek of pOsorder verskyn ~ Die orgoniseerders sluur slegs op oonvroog per kerende pas 'n reeksnommer soos per komper loegeken len opsigle von elke inskrywing oon die deelnemer Sluitingsdolum vir inskrywings ·is 31 Moort 1989 Die wenner word persoonlik in kennis gestel en sy/hoor noom word in 'die pers bekend gemook Die orgoniseerders belool die verkoopsbelosling op die voertuig Die beslissing von ·die beoordeloors is finool en geen korrespondensie sol oglerno gevoer word nie Foloslole of goeie nafreksels 1S oonvoorboor Die orgoniseerders behou die reg voor om die'sluitingsdafum uit Ie stel indien dit nodig geog sou word Die fondse sol oongewend word vir die oonkoop von opvoedkundige hulpmiddels

U nita ·rejects three-year Cuba,n pullout for the some 50,000 Cuban Soldiers who are helping Luanda's Marxist government fight pro-western Unita. Angola and Cuba want a four-year 'withdrawa,l period and insist Pretoria and Washington cease all aid to the rebels. Crocker, US Assistant Crocker made the offer at a meeting Secrebiry ofState for African Affairs, with Unita offiCials in an undisclosed h~s acted as mediator ' ,i n the African country on August 27 ;the N anegotiations. tional Union for, the Total In- ' U nita said its delegation at the talks dependence of Angola (Unita) added in with Crocker was 'led by Secretarya statement distl'ibuted in Lisbon.·' Geilera! Miguel Nzau Puna and in"Dr Chester Crocker tried in vai~ to cluded Brigadier Isidro Huambo and persuade the.Unita delegation to acColonel ,Jorge Alicerces Valentim. cept a period of 36 moriths for the Rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was not 'withdrawal of Cuban troops from present. Angola:' the statement said. Savimbi strongly criticised Crocker The rebels have been excluded from at the weekend when he said Luanda .negotiations between Angola, South was manip~lating the peace talks in Africa, Cuba and the United States on order to destroy Unita. ending the 13-year-old war in Angola In another st atement distributed in and bringing independenc~ to Lisbon, Unita said it killed 38 governNamibia. ' ment soldiers and lost one man itself The United States and South Africa in a series of military strikes have proposed a oneto two-year pullout throughout Angola last \lVeek.

ANGOLA'S UNlTA rebels said on Monday they had rejected a proposal from top U.S. Africa expert Chester Crocker for 'a . three-year pullout of Cuban troops from Angola.


------/~ - --------------~--~------- -----~---

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------- Friday September 09 1988 5


CUBAN WITHDRAWAL AT CRUCIAL STAGE TOUGH NEGOTIATIONS over a Cuban troop withdrawal from Angola showed few signs of progress on Thursday and a South African negqtiator said it lo_o ks as though the target date of November 1 for starting to impliment a Namibian independence plan would be h ard to achieve.

NAMIBIANS WERE represented by Swapo of Namibia at a worldwide cultural carnival recently held at Notting Hill, London. A London-based Namibia support organisation called Church Action on Namibia (CAN), contributed a lorry to the Swapo singers for the cultural march attended by some 500 000 people from across Europe. ... Carnival participants oelonging to the "Christian Movement for Peace;' partook in a workcamp organised by the CAN band to learn freedom songs. The carnival took place on August 29.

NEW BUILD-UP? BY OUR UN CORRESPONDENT ALTHOUGH SCHEDULED to resume last Monday, the temporarily suspended peace-talks on Angola in Namibia only recommenced on Wednesday in Brazzaville. More than any other round ofthe six sesions previously held in London, Cairo, New York, Cape Verde, Geneva imd Brazzaville, this resumed session ' is regarded by most observers as possibly the make or break round_ "If we don't get an agreement this time, both sides will be cocking their weapons;' said one well-placed participant in a report in Wednesday's Christian Science Monitor in the US. The reference to a possible reengagement by military forces of Angola and Cuba with South Africa on the Angola-Namibia border was made against a background of reported troop build-ups by both the CubanMilitary inside Angola, and the SADF bases in the Northern Nambia_ US State Department officials stated on September 3 that while they have no evidence of recent build-ups, their concern was that large numbers of the estimated 15 000 new Cuban forces sent to Angola in late 1987 and

earlier this year, were now redeployed near the southern border. At the same time, it was apparent that the SADF battalions which had withdrawn from Angola by September 1 deadline were only now just a few miles ~nside Namibia. Both State Department and Reagan Administration officials predicted that if the peace talks should fail, both sides might be planning major offences_ The officials significantly made particular note ofa possible pre-emptive strike by South Africa agains Angola, said a report in the New York Times. This cautionary note came as reports surfaced on the new South African Cheatah E jet fighter and its better combat capabilites over the Mirage 3 fighters presently in use. South African pilots are reported to fee l that their previous superiority in the air over southern Angola has been lost to the newest MiG fighter models now "game for a fight".



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Negotiators from South Africa, Angola, and Cuba and their US mediators began a second day of talks in Brazzaville after weathering a complex row on Wednesday over a reported build-up of Cuban troops in Angola. But the slow progress ofthe negotia. tions, centred on setting a timetable for withdrawing about 50 000 Cuban troops from Angola, has cast doubts on whether they can keep to their deadline for implimenting the UN plan for South African ruled Namibia. " It is beginning to look quite tough;' South African chief negotiator Neil Van Heerden told reporters on Thursday, although the parties had not yet decided to tell the UN they could not maintain that date. "We have notre ached that point yet;' he said. Agreement on a timetible for a Cuban troop withdrawal is the last major obstacle blocking a regional peace agreement that would incorpOl'ate Namibian independence_ On Thursday, the parties were again locked in hard bargaining over formulas and mechanisms for a Cuban withdrawal involving not just a timetable, but troop movement and security considerations_ Angola and Cuba have proposed withdrawing over three years, but South Mrica wants a much shorter period, closer to the seven months the

UN has envisaged it will take to impliment its plan for Namibian independence, which includes a South African military pullout from Namibia_ On Wednesday, South African State President PW Botha accused Angola of violating a month-old ceasefire, At issue are claims Cuba has sent 10 000 more soldiers to Angola, bringing its force to 60 000. Mr Botha said:"If a recent report of a further large-scale buildup of Cuban troops and armaments in Angola are correct· we will have to P.1ake sure of that- then it is breach ofthe principles agreed to in New York and of the provisions of the Geneva Protocol. "This is the subject which will be placed on the top oftoday's agenda by our delegation." The' Johannesburg Star quoted a senior military source 11<; putting prospects for an agreement at less than 10 percent. Angola has denied that the Cuban force, which helps it in its fight with anti-marxist guerrillas as well as in blocking South African military incursinns, has been augmented. Officials ofthe Cuban delegation, which joined in the US-Mediated talks, also denied the report. U.S. sources in Washington first made the claim of the Cuban reinforcements, but the Us. State Department subsequently said it continued to estimate there were 50 000 Cubans in Angola. Guerrilla leader Jonas Savimbi took up the claim in a news conference last week, and also said US. diplomats had tried to persuade him to accept an agreement that would allow the Cubans three years to withdraw their forces. South Africa, which says it has withdrawn its forces from Angola, has insisted the Cubans be withdrawn

within one year. It has said it will grant independence to Namibia if t he Cuban ~ withdraw. Angola initially said it would take four years for the Cuban withdrawal, t hough it apparently has offered to send them home in three years . .

SELFDEFENCE - COURT A KOEVOET member walked free from Windhoek Supreme Court this week following his acquittal from a charge of murdering his «olleague in northern Namibia last year. The Supreme Court on Wednesday found that Fillemon Teofilus acted in self defence when he shot and killed another Koevoet member, Hipondoka Hiholuue, at Ohangwena on November 5. According to evidence before the . court, Teofilusand other persons were on a visit in the township of Ohangwena. There the accused met Hiholuue, and an argument between the two men ensued. . The two men slapped each other, and the deceased drew a panga with which he wounded Teofilus in the face. The fight was stopped and the two men seperated. Later that day, the accused returned to Hiholuue's cuca shop armed with a rifle, and fired several shots Into the latter.

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Swapo threatened with court action _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ BY RAJAH MUNAMAVA - - - - - - - - - - - SWAPO HAS BEEN WARNED that for every bomb that kills a civilian, its in ter n al leadership would be taken to court and charged with murder. The warning was sounded by interim government Deputy Ministerof Finance, Mr Katuutire Kaura, at a Nudorally last,Saturdayin Windhoek. Mr Kaura quoted Swapo Secretary for Foreign Affairs Mr N ico Bessinger as saying' "the war will be brought to t heir door steps" and said that a day wi II come soon when tli.eSwapo leaders here will have to standtrial for murder if a bomb killed a civilian. He warned that his threat should be takEm seriously and that things could not continue the way they were. Mr Kaura also said elections were on the horizon and suggested that his party would not allow Swapo to win. He did not know whether the elections would come in the form ofresolut ion 435, but all he could say was t hat t here could be elections of some sort, addi ng tha t his party must prepare to win them. Mr Kaura-castigated what he caned' " political hippies" who, he said, ran to

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at the meeting, said: " You Hereros arE! the biggest tree on which all the birds take shelter. " You fought the Afrikaner and his Rehoboth to try and imitate the DTA. followers, yqu won and there was peace. But they too will never win any You fo ught the Ndebeles, won and elections. there was peace. And la!l.tly, you fought This was an apparent reference fo . the whites and.yoU: were conquered the so-called gang offive compirising and now we 'are slaves." . ofMssrs Pretorious (N ational Party), He wen't on to claim that the world Kala ngula (CDA), Garoeb (Damara was asking what the Hereros were doCouncil) , Diergaardt (Rehoboth ing about the future of t he countr y. Liberation.Front) and Kerina (N udo Jo To the amus'e ment of some of those . Horongo). . at the meeting, the speaker claimed The have been reports of behind the that even Swapo President Sam Nuscenes activities by these groups, but . joma;when abroad, always told people their strategy it is not yet clear. - . he was a Herero. It is, however, believed that part of The first petitioners to the UN were their objective is to protect the inHereros, he said, and that Namibia terests of second tier governments. Day was also known as Herero Day Mr Kaura further claimed that Chief when they commemorated the tribe's Justus Garoeb, ofthe Damara Council, past heroes. had telexed Mr Kalangula of the Severa l speakers at the meeting Ovambo Administration asking him alluded that no single party would win fut ure elections. how many sch ools and children in h is area were invol ved in Qoycott act ions. These speakers did not r ule out t he possibility of anyone party wi nning Twice, the telexes were not replied to, said Mr Kaura, but on the th ird enfree and fa ir elections. But this leaves quiry, Mr Kalangula told ChiefGaroeb unanswered the question of what will that the boycott sit uation in the north happen if Swapo wins an electiong was a matter for the Ovambos and that under Resolution 435, as many people believe they will. it had nothing to do with the Damaras. Are we goi ng to have a Savimbi tryMr Kaura said no one party had sacrificed more for the country than ing to wrestle power by force of arms? his organisation. In the same vein, there was last The meeting often lapsed inJo a mere week's statement by interi m governpropaganda exercise, and one speaker ment Minister of Justice, Mr Justus after another fell foul to tribal politics Kozonguizi, to the effect that Swapo could win elections under 435, but instead of preaching the unity they claimed to stand for. their maintenance of power would depend on the support of the police and The Hereros were presented as the most significant population group army. without which nothing could be done Does this suggest the possibility of for the country. a coup d'etat, as happened in the ConAnother Mr Kaura , who also spoke go in t he 1960s?

De Cuellar to SA UNITED NATIONS SecretaryGeneral Javier Pere z De Cuellar has accepted in principle an invitation by President P.W. Botha to visit South Africa, a UN spokeswoman said on Tuesday. The two side were discussing a date for the visit, she added, and Perez De

Cuellar would visit other countries in the region during the trip. The invitation was extended more than a month ago for talks on the implementation of a lO-year old UN independence plan for Namibia and on the wlthdrawal of Cuban troops from neighbouring Angola. South Africa, Angola and Cu ba have held talks on the twin topics since last May under United States Auspices, and have set November 1 as the date to begin to carry out the Namibia Plan. But no agreement has yet been reached on a timetable for a Cuban troop withdrawal, which South Afr ica regards as an essential condition.

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Friday September 09 19887


NEW ACT TAKES ITS TOLL --------______________~_ RRAAJ~A~HHNMrrU~NUA~M~A~V.~A~.,----------------------. . .

THE PROTECTION of Fundamental Rights Act has begun taking its toll among the student community in this country, though so far no students have been sentenced under the new law. couraged students not to attend classes. All but one admitted to selling the tshirts, but denied having encouraged anyone to boycott classes. He further pointed out that he did not think selling t-shirts constituted an offence. The rest denied selling any t-shirts and encouraging any students to boycott. Stephanus Kanyeta disclosed this week that he had been assaulted by the police atRundu during his detention. He was ordered to hold onto two wires, he said, before he was questioned. When he denied kn()wing Martin Kutenda, the wires in his hands shocked .him. He nearly collapsed and started crying. He said he suffered this treatment again and he eventually said he knew Kanyeta and that he had gi ven him tshirts to sell. The case ofthe six students has been postponed to October £3 and they were released on bail ofR300. This brings the total number of studentsinRundu who are facing trial arising fFom the boycott situation there to almost 26. Reports reaching The Namibian say that 3 students were charged under the Protection of Fundamental Rights Act this week in Swakopmund, 2 in Uis; another 3 at Karasburg. Last month, a total of 36 Academy students were arrested and charged

The number of students being arrested and charged with offences under the.act is spiralling and latest reports from around the country suggest that security forces are looking for alleged ringleaders of the schools boycott. Reports frbm the far northern town of Rundu say six students were arrested last week and charged under the Protection of Fundamental Rights Act. Police apparently went to Rundu Junior Secondary School and requested the students, who were attending classes, to accompany them for questioning. The schools situation in the area has somewhat normalised and most students are now back at their classes. Two of the students, Stephanus Kanyetu and Martin Kandjimi, were arrested on August 31. The four others - Petrus David Kavalaka, Pius Mukoya, GondofKanyinga and Theophilus Kakonda were arrested the following day. Also held is Martin Kutenda, the headboy of Rundu Senior Secondary School who has been detained under Proclamation AG9. Kutenda is facing charges of public violence. In the case of the six students who were arrested under the Protection of Fundamental Rights Act, the state alleges that the students sold Swapo Namibia Day t-shirts atRundu Junior Secondary School and, at that time, en-

Homeland soldiers rape woman BY CHRIS SHIPANGA POLICE AT Oshakati are investigating a case of rape after two members of the SADF allegedly assaulted and raped a young mother of five children at Ongwediwa.


changed her mind and sold the soldiers some meat and alcoholic drinks on account. Later that night, the spokesman continued, two of the soldiers arrived and banged againstthe door with their rifles, ordering that the "door be opened or else.!' As Ms Ntinda opened the door, both soldiers seized her by the arms, slapped her in the face, and forced her onto her bed, said the spokesman. Her frightened children were told to shut up, and the soidiers then repeatedly raped the woman, before making off with R400,91 which the woman made from the bazaar, the spokesman added. Nursing staff at the Oshakati Hospital later confirmed that the woman received treatment at the hospital following the i.ncident. ChiefInspector Kierie Du Rand from the SWA Police Public Relations Section confirmed the rape had taken place, but could not confirm the allegations of assault and theft.

A spokesman at the office for the Ovambo Administration, where the woman, Ms Sarah Ntinda, 35, is also employed, said the incident took place on August 28 in the woman's room in the presence of her children. R400,91 was allegedly also stolen by the soldiers. The spokesman said that Ms Ntinda had a bazaar at her home to which she had invited a few friends and relatives. Several members of the SADF, "probabely from soc alled homelands, as they spoke a foreing dialect;' also arrived_ The soldiers asked the woman if they could buy alcohol on account, promising they would come and pay back at the end of the month, said the spokesman. The woman initially refused to do so, but later


A.M.E. PRIVATE COMMUNITY SCHOOL at . , HOACHANAS' Congratulate "The Namibian" on their 3rd anniversary -

under the new law. A German national, Simon Seebas who was arrested together with the 36 students, was later deported. Also last month; a 'group of six minors were arrested in Windhoek and charged with various charges incl uding the new act after class boycott

actions at Shifidi Secondary School in Katutura. Their case was also postponed. And a Shipena Secondary School student, JOSeph Hendriks, is presently in police custody after he was refused bail in the magistrate court recently.

He is facing charges under the same new law and his trial will resume on October 20. The new law seeks to outlaw any class. boycotts, school or work stayaways. Any one found guilty under the law is liable to 10 years imprisonment or a R200 000. fine, or both .


7 8 Friday September 09 1988

ElC condemns police action THE EVANGELICAL Lutheran Church (ELC) Coworkers Consultation which recently met in Windhoek (September 1-2) has strongly condemned what it calls the ongoing and unwarranted police and interim government action against peaceloving Namibian students and clergy. In a statement signed by ELC Bishop Hendrik FrederiK, the Church's Coworkers Consultation stated that after thorough discussions concerning the present school crisis, the following resolutions were decided on: "They regard the current school crisis as a result ofthe continuing illegal occupation of Namibia by South Africa; more particularly as a result of South Africa's refusal to remove the military bases from the vicinity of schools despite the demands of ~tudents , parents and workers. "They unanimously resolve to support the resolutions of the National People's Assembly as seconded and tabled at · Dobra and Otjimbingwe. They affirm the call for an immediate end to the burning and destruction of schools by South Africa and its Agents, "The time has come for the Church to embark upon positive defiance action. We call upon each Christian/Namibian to pray to be used by God as a liberator for one's neighbour, community, society, nation and Church . The ethical implication of our prayer is that we will swim against the stream of the disorderly Government which controls, penetrates, poisons and disrupts Namibian society so that the people suffer and die. *The time has corrie for the Ch urch to demand an end to the massive propaganda aimed·at ELC in particular.

SUNRISE SUNSET - Bishops aeft to right) Haushiku, Kauluma and Dumeni are still awaiting . ' a court decision on their bid to rid the north of the curfew.

Curfew bishops still waiting · THE APPELLATE DIVISION in Bloemfontein has reserved judgement in an appeal by three Namibian Bishops seeking the setting aside of curfew regulations in northern Namibia. Bishops James Kauluma, Boniface Haushiku, and Kleopas Dumeni, and their churches viz. the Anglican Diocese ofN amibia, the Roman Catholic Diocese of . Windhoek, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia, appealed against the decision of a full bench of the Windhoek Supreme Court to dismiss their application for an order to declare section 3 of Proclamation AG 9 of 1977 invalid and of no force and effect. The Bishops also contended that consequently orders AG 26 of1978 and AG 50 of 1979, issued by the territory's first Administrator General, Mr Justice M.T. Steyn; were invalid. The respondents were the Cabinet ofthe interim government, the South African Minister of Defence, and the Administrator-General of SWA. The appeal was heard by Mr Justice Joubert, Mr Justice Hefer, Mr Justice Vivier, Mr Justice Eksteen, and Mr Justice Viljoen who is an actingjudge of appeal. Mr P.C. van der Byl SC, for the respondents, submitted that it was clear that parliament, under the provisions of Section 38 of the SWA Constitution Act of 1968, not only gave wider powers to the State President, but clearly intended to clothe him with complete legislative powers.


The State President, in turn, equally intended in Proclamation R181 of 1977, to confer such complete powers on the Administrator-General. The only limitation on the powers of the Administrator-General was that he might not alter or repeal Section 38 himself, and that his laws (Proclamations), must be approved by the State President. On January 16, last year, the Windhoek Supreme Court found that the Sections in question under Proclamation AG 9 of1977 were not invalid, in that the enabling provision conferred wide powers on the AdministratorGeneral were indeed applicable in nor, thern Namibia to impose an absolute prohibition at night, that inherent in the imposition of such an absolute prohibition was a power to relax that prohibition, and that the AG was competent to select the categories ofj>er!l.ons to wh~m the-prohibition applied. It was submitted that the reasons for the issue ofthe relevant orders were to confine the movements ofinsurgents in northern Namibia, to prevent them moving around at night to "commit their terrorist deeds in Owambo and to intimidate the local population to drop its support for the security forces, or to move through Owambo to the south to commit deeds of terrorism". "It spoke for itselfthat the AG, in the circumstances, found it necessary to leave it to a peace officer or officer ofthe






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IF the South African government was prepared, in implementing UN. Resolution ·435 in Namibia, to remove all discrimination, release all political detainees and prisoners and allow the safe return of exiles, then it could also be done in the Republic. This optimistic view was expressed by the leader of the Labour Party, Mr Allan Hendrickse, on Wednesday. Speaking in the joint debate on peace negotiations between the government, Angola and Cuba, he said: "Any settlement in SWAINamibia will be in, complete until, likewise in South Africa, all apartheid and discrimination is removed and all South Africans are equal." Mr Hendrickse said his party supported the government's moves to achieve peacft in Namibia -an!i appreciated the difficulty and complexity of the situation. . The LPwasencouraged by the "rays of hope that elections may still take place" in Namibia, and the party

FORGED LETTERS have been cJrculated calling on international labour organisations n'ot to support sanctions against South Africa, ' the South African union umbrella group Cosatu reported this week. The Canadian Labour Committee and their Dutch counterparts both received such letters supposedly signed by Food and Allied Workers Union (FAWU) general seci'etary, Jan Theron. "These letters are forgeries;' said Cosatu General Secretary Jay N aidoo. "Jan Theron has not signed or sent any letter to this effect. "This is obviously yet another pro-


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preferred to listen to the "propl;..ets of hope" rather than the "prophets of doom" -such as Dr Andries Treurnicht of the Conservative Party. One of the reasons for the past 10 years' ~f deadlock on the Namibian issue was the lack of understanding of others' perceptions, and while the LP supported the government in achieving a solution, "we must at all times and at all costs avoid becoming our own enemies". 'We are glad that there is a movement away from the granite wall (ofthe government 10 years ago) and that there is a preparedness to meet each other;' If the current attitude of the government applied to Namibia, then it should' also apply to the situation inside South Africa. For South Africa, the last 10 years of war had proved a huge financial burden, with lossoflives, timeandopport unities, but the LP hoped these resources would soon be available to help create an atmosphere ofpe.ace in . South Africa itself. I

'For.g ed' letters '




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security forces, with special knowledge ofthe security situation in a particular area, at a particular time, to take a decision whether or not permission could be granted for persons to move around." Mr l.W.B. De Villlers SC, for the ap· pelants, contended that Section 38 of the SWA Constitution Act did not vest in the State President "all the powers of parliament in relation to the territory", and that his powers were ex. pressly subjected to parliamentary control. He said that under Section 38, the State President had created the office of Administrator-General in 1977, and had accorded the latter with certain executive and legislative powers. It was in keeping with those powers that the AG purported to enact Section 3 of Proclamation AG 9 of 1977. It was submitted that legislation by the State Presjdent, pursuant to his power under Section 38 was characterised as subordinate legisla-. tion and was accordingly .subject to judicial scrutiny. - - . Consequently, as subordinate legislation, Section 3 of AG 9, AG 26, and AG 50 might be declared "ultra vires" by a court. It was not contended that the AGwas gi ven no power to devise a curfew provision.It was, however, submitted that he was not given the power to impose curfew measures without a proper system of exemption to operate. The exemption system provided for in AG 50 was said to exceed the enabling powers in that the system was, in the circumstancefl, unworkable, ineffective and, in part, even absurd. It was further submitted that the system of exemption was inherently vague and uncertain and accordingly not within the enabling power of the AG. Mr De V illiers submitted that AG 26 exceeded Section 3 in that the AG gave himself or his delegee a specific and prescribed power of prohibition. He submitted that the AG, or his delegee, could not, in a notice pursuant to that power; empower another person to determine, entirely in his subjective discretion, whether or not a particular person or persons was to be subject to the prohibition.

This propaganda must be stopped. The truth in any matter must be brought to light. We alert Namibians to the dangerous indoctrination which takes place on FM radio and television, "The consultation has heard reports of false accusations made against our Church leaders. We reproach officials of the Department of National Education, SJlch as Theron and De Klerk, for their wild and unsubstantiated charges against Dr, Z Kameeta in particular. We include other minor ethnic administration officials in this reproach. The various Church leaders and congregation members who are invol ved in the school crisis have our support because they are parents and have been elected by fellow Namibians. "The ELC demands the immediate removal of the entire SADF from Namibia. At the same time we forbid the armed forces and the police to enter Church property. Nor should these forces remain at the schools. Their presence only makes matters worse because they do not guarantee any safety. "We call upon parents, students and congregations to strive for unity as well as healthy interpersonal relationships while the crisis continues disunity, m isunderstanding and violent confrontation will not serve the future independence, peace andju~tice in Namibia. *The ELC reiterates its position that . the Church will not ignore the beaten, wounded and oppressed Namibians in the hands of the SADF and the police. The students and the oppressed masses are part of us and we are part of them. Their agony diminishes us, and their struggle, liberation and salvation enlarge us. According to St. Paul in I Cor. 12:24: "An injury to one is an injury to all"


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duct ofright wing "dirty tricks" groups who are attempting to undermine the position of the labour movement in this country. "There has been a marked increase in this type of incident in the past months with dozens of smear pamphlets being issued in an attempt to create divisions within our affiliates 'and our federation itself, as well as between our federation and other organisations with whom we are developing closer ties. "These pamphlets are being issued throughout the country on a weekly basis," Mr Naidoo urged unions to ignore the forged letters and to inform Cosatu should any other such literature appeal'.


Friday September 09 19889


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... 10 Friday September 09 1988


W-a lvis Bay


In an independent N aDlibia BY JURIE VAN DER WALT



IN certain sections of the Namibian community at large, there are groups where a case of blindly 'following the leader' is applicable. Apart from the -better-known laager mentality of the majority of whites, this also applies to the Rehoboth community. This group apparently refuses to think for itself: and the recent well-publicised meeting between Hans Diergaardt, the Rehoboth 'Kaptein' and the leader of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, aroused not one voice of protest from Rehoboth residents. FROM the outset it must be pointed outthat in the community of Rehoboth, which is largely self-contained, there are an abundance of professional and highly-skilled people; people whom, one would think, would be outspoken in their opposition to the recent Diergaardt meetings with white right-wingers. Hans Diergaardt himself, a socalled elected leader of that community, certainly does not seem to know where he is going politically: talk has it that he no longer even takes an active part in meetings of the interim government Cabinet, and is in fact, seldom in his office in the Tintenpalast. Is this because his new political bedfellows, in the form of the AWB, are exerting a stronger influence on him that even the white National Party? In meetings of the Cabinet itself, it was a well-known fact that Diergaardt aligned himself politically with the white National Party delegation on most issues, rather than with black colleagues in the same government. There is no doubt, at this stage of his political career, that, despite apparent undercover overtures to meet with the Swapo hierarchy abroad, Diergaardt is a tribalist, to a large extent a raist, and certainly someone who is in favour of the bantustan system of government. The confused political state of the Kaptein is one thing: the silence in Rehoboth which greeted the revelations of his meetings with the AWB, quite another.

SEVERAL ISSUES regarded as stumbling blocks on the way to peace in Angola and independence for Namibia have overshadowed the negotiations which started in London in May. But one issue has not yet received the attention it deserves - who will control Walvis Bay? Other questions also arise. Would it be best to leave this issue until after Namibian independence or should the future of Walvis Bay - the West Coast port declared part of South Africa -be discussed now? Swapo says the question of Walvis Bay pas "already been ' settled" throughRe~0Iution435, which states that the bay is "in fact an integral part of Namibia". Says Kandy Nehova, Swapo's Publicity Secretary in Lusaka : "Although South Africa may not abide 'by the resol uti on, Swapo is committed to the liberation of Namibia just as it is also committed to liberating Walvis ( Bay, even after independence:' But South African Deputy Minister 'of Defence, Wynand Breytenbach made it clear, on August 29, that Walvis Bay will always be 'a part of South Africa. Coming at this particular point in time, while serious and tense talks are underway between Angola, Cuba and South Africa, Mr Breytenbach's remark serves as a clear indication that even with an independent Namibia, South Africa will continue to use Walvis Bay as its o~n naval facility. The insistence of South Africa to retain Walvis Bay is not a new one. While still Prime Minister of South Africa, PW. Botha said Walvis Bay would remai n a part of his country, though use of the port could be negotiated with a "friendly " Namibian government. A month later, in October 1982, South African Foreign Minister Pik Botha sai,d, in reaction to the question

of a Swapo government in Namibia, that "certainly Walvis Bay would be under threat of seizure, so South Africa would be forced to plan actions which might cause serious upheaval in southern Africa". Without explaining the "actions", Botha added that South Africa "cannot condone the red flag in Windhoek. It simply cannot. It is directly contrary to our interests". This month, Walvis Bay was the scene of the biggest South African naval exercise known to date, increas· ing speculation that the South African navy was testing its ability to " protect" this South African enclave once Namibia becomes independent. The exercise, which started on August 4 and was code-named "Magersfontein", was designed to test the capacity ofthe South African navy to operate far from home ports and { logistic infrastructure. South Africa has never needed to operate far from its home ports and military observers are now asking why such manoevres became neccessary at this very point in time when Namibian independence see ms again to be a possibility. A further reason.for speculation is the fact·that exercise Magersfontein heralded a new phase in South African naval history because it was also a:imed to test the navy's ability to protect South African maritime interests, amI not just the strategic Cape sea route. The last major naval exercise held was OpefationRiksha in 1985, which was also conducted in the Atlantic Ocean off the Walvis Bay coast.

Ships and sailors from all the flotillas ofthe South African Navy took part in the most recent exercise, which featured the full spectrum of naval ac· ti vi ty. These incl uded surfacp and air tactical gunnery, mine countermeasures, refuelling at sea, amphibious landing, and withdrawals by marines. Submarine vessels also took part. Walvis Bay" has been described by historians as another of the geographical anomalies resulting from colonial rule in Africa. The bay was seized by the British in 1878 to counter German Emperor Bismarck's colonial ambitions. When the Germans took over South West Africa, the governor of the then British-ruled Cape Colony annexed _ Walvis Bay. In September 1977, one year before Resolution 435 was adopted, Pretoria claimed full control over the enclave, which measures 1 124 square kilometres. And today Walvis Bay is still part of South Africa, even though it lies some 500 miles north of the nearest South African tl'!rritory. When international pressure mounted against South Africa to quit Namibia in 1977, the Pretoria government stood by its "historical claim" to Walvis Bay. That attitude nearly wrecked the settlement negotiations taking place at the time. The issue was finally left in abeyance to be resolved after Namibian independence. The town, with a population of 24 000, has important strategic value for South Africa, especially if Namibia itself should fall into "hostile" (Swapo) hands, as it is the only deep· sea port on the Namibian coast. In addition, South Africa has a strong military presence in Walvis Bit.Y.

Continued on next page

Rehobothers generally, can be considered quite a privileged group, in the sense that their children have had access to schooling throughout the years; where a majority of black children had to battle to get enrolled in schools; where they were part of excessively large classes; and where they even had to attend schools under trees and in the nights, in order to further their education. Not so with ·Rehoboth. One would have to question Mr Diergaardt himself quite extensively on why he felt the need to . meet secretly with 'Eugene Terre'blanche's AWB: a white Afrikaner-dominated movement of which Diergaardt and his people could not become members, even if they wanted to. But Mr Diergaardt himself keeps a fairly low-profile, restricting himself to the Rehoboth Gebiet, and does not make himself easi- ly available for such inquiries. However one must remind Mr Diergaardt, that he and his Party are signatory to the soc aIled Windhoek Declaration and the Bill of Rights, both of which were drawn up by th.e interim government. Both these documents would, in their anti-discrimination stance, seem to reject the type of organisation which the AWB is. Once again, Mr Diergaardt may have his own views, and even reasons, for meeting with this racist movement; but it still does not explain the silence emanating from the Rehoboth society as a whole on his clandestine meetings with a 'whites-only' organisation; and in particular, one that is not even indigenous to Namibia, but is an import from the colonial occupier, South Africa. It is perhaps time that many ofthose highly-skilled and professional inhabitants of Rehoboth (who do not have the excuse ofignorance) state their views on the political activities and clandestine meetings of their leader. As far as Mr Diergaardt himself is concerned, he owes it to the people he ostensibly represents, to explain his most recent actions, which generally shocked Namibians; probably even his allies in the National Party! Its time too that the people of Rehoboth realise that they cannot form themselves into the familiar Afrikaner laager, and expect to retain all the privileges in the future, which they enjoyed under colonial rule. It is time they looked north, to their fellow Namibians, who have suffered for many years under a state of war; a war which has not (yet!) affected the south. The Rehoboth Self Government Act has to a large extent protected this group and succeeded in retaining its privileges; but this same act may be scrapped by a future Namibian government, andit would do well for the Rehoboth community to no longer hold themselves in isolation from the rest of the country, and to prepare themselves for a future to be shared with the Namibian nation as a whole.

VITAL LINK - Walvis Bay's economic importance in the future of Namibia.


it a potential political stumbling block


Friday September 09 1988

time bomb W"ho W"ill rule Walvis Bay? Cont. from prev. page a nd the South African air force uses the nearby airport. Today, one hundred a nd ten years after the bay became British property, Walvis Bay might again become a n issue of controversy; a potentia l major stumbling block in the reaching of a negotiated sett lement in Angola a nd Namibia . The issue has all the ingredients of a polit ica l time bomb which could go off evpn after Namil;>ian independence, transfering Angola's fate to ~a mibi a . South Africa is certain to retltin the enclave as a lever aga inst any f uture hostile government in Namibia, a nd the South Africans are certain to barga in hard over it. Even though South Africa has an historical claim to Walvis Bay, good sense would point to its willingness to hand over the enclave to an independent Namibia. But South Africa is sitting tight. In so doing, it retains a useful bargaining counter to be kept until the pay the handover of Namibia ,cannot be avoided. South Africa's policy of destabilisation in southern Africa is well-known and, once Namibia became independent, South Africa could easily start a new campaign of de-s tabilisation agai'nst any " hostile" Namibian government. SeniorSwapoofficial , Andiba Toivo Ya Toivo has suggested a Swapo government would give refuge to ANC fighters, butSwapo President Sam N ujoma has said ANC bases would not be

permitted in an independent Namibia. Mr Thivo Ya Toivo, Swapo's Secretary General, also predicted that an independent Na mibia would soon be in armed conflict with South Africa. Speaking rece ntly in Oslo, he said: "The fate of Angola will be transfered to Namibia," adding that he did not bel ieve South Africa was ready to live in peace with its neighbours. Within th e objectives of th e Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC)-that ofl essening economic dependence on South Africa - Wa lvis Bay would certainly feature as a major factor. At the ' moment , th e SADCC member-countries have to rely on South African ports, the Mozambican harbours of Maputo; Beira and Nacala, and Benguela and Luanda in Angola. These non-South African ports have been at the mercy of South Africanbacked rebel MNR and Unita forces. With South Africa continuing its control over Walvis Bay, an export harbour which could otherwise be of vital importance to the economic development ofthe SADCC, the nine SADCC states will remain shackled to South Africa. Walvis Bay's economic importance stands out as another reason why Pretoria insists on keeping control over the port. The scene for a showdown between Swapo and South Africa is being prepared. While all indications are that Swapo will win United Nationssupervised elections, South African defence minister Magnus Malan has stressed his government's opposition '

to allowi-ng Swapo r ule in Nami bia as long as he and his army have a say in the matter. Senior Nationalist Party offi cials believe that, whatever happens in the Angolan peace talks, Swapo will not rule Na mibia and the " red fl ag" will not fly over Windhoek . " It was always our policy to. keep Marxi sm and 'Peoples' Democracies' from our front door. We will not turn from this path," says Mr Ma la n. "Our presence in South West AfricaIN a mi bia is therefore to protect and help the pro-democratic and fre edom-loving people. Therefore the struggle is worth the trouble a nd th e money." Against this backdrop, Walvis Bay could become South Africa's military . stronghold. Swapo'sNehovaadmitsPretoria's insistence on controlling Walvis Bay, even after independence, would certainly pose a threat to lasting peace in Namibia. "IfSouth Africa insists that they are going to maintain Walvis Bay as a naval base, it means that they have intentions of threatening the independence of Namibia, and we are not going to tolerate this. It also means that they do not want to live in peace with their neighbours and this is blackmail. "South Africa does not need Walvis Bay. The only reason for their insistence could be that they want to keep an independent Namibia under constant threat' - both from the nor' them and South African sides."

Walvis to

Namib'ia NON-ALIGNED foreign ministers look set to call on the United Nations Security Council to declare Walvis Bay and islands off the coast of Na mibia an integral part of Namibia.

THEY SHALL NOT PASS - South African troops on patrol in the Walvis Bay district.


Settle Walvis ·issue now Walvis Bay is an integral and inalienable part of Namibia and why the Walvis Bay question should even need discussing is beyon~ comprehension. One need look no further than its geography to see Namibia's claim to the enclave is obvious. Despite this, as the article that appears on these pages predicts, the Walvis Bay question has become a major stumbling block on the path towards peace for Angola and independence for Namibia. Reports from Brazzaville have claimed that the South African delegation had become 'very angry' when Angolan negotiators brought up the issue of Walvis Bay. The Sout h Africans are apparently adamant that Walvis Bay is an issue that can only be negotiated after independence - with a government of an independent Namibia. No one should have any doubts about the fact that intimidating an independent Namibia is the only reason South Africa is determined to~cling to the enClave. The South African naval exercise 'Operation Maggersfontein' presently taking place of the coast of Walvis Bay is highly provocative seen against the backround of the current U.S. mediated. It would surely have been better to canc~l the exercises than risk jeopardising the talks? An even more worrying aspect of the naval exercise are the rumours that South Africa might use Walvis Bay to carry out a navaLblockade of Angolan ports to prevent Cuban reinforcements arriving by sea. P W Botha statement that the 'use' of Walvis Bay could be only negotiated with a friendly Namibian government is totally unacceptable because.it opens the way to various forms of blackmail. A friendly government almost certainly means one subservient to Pretoria's interests, something the Namibian people will not accept'after suffering under the yoke of colonialism for more than century. Pretoria's so-called 'historical claim' to Walvis Bay is based on an unjust colonial history which N ami- . bians reject. It is time South Africa faced up to the issue and realised that N amibians will never accept a situation where Pretoria could continue to destabilise, thre.a ten and blackmail the country from Walvis Bay after independence. -



Meeting in Nicosia this week, the foreign ministers further proposed the matter should not be left as an issue for negotiat ion bet ween an independent Namibi a and South Africa . In the draft of a document to be issued at the end of the conference, the 101 member states are asked to support Swapo and the ANC in their struggle against the South Afr ican government. The document we lcomes t he current Angolan-Namibia n peace t alks, but points out that Namibia is the responsibilityofthe United Nations until selfdetermination is achieved by Namibia ns, and calls on the Securi ty Council to ensure that there is no modification of Resolution 435. Foreign companies operating in Na mibia were doing so in defi ance of an order by the United Nations Co uncil for Na mibia, said the document. and such compani es should ta ke steps to withdraw from the country. The document goes on to condemn South Africa for using Namibia as "a springboard for committing acts of state terrorism, including subversion, aggres sion and destabilis a tion against neighbouring states", and its "recruitment and training of Namibians for tribal ar mies, and its use of mercenaries to supress the Na mibian people".

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12 Friday September 091988


BY RAJAH MUNAMAVA. SWAPO HAS DENIED responsibility for a powerful bomb blast which ripped through a Windhoek hotel last Thursday, killing two people and injuring at least fifteen others. . The bomb, which exploded at around 1900 hours and was heard in outlying Windhoek.suburbs, caused extensive damage to the Continental Hot el and nearby shops. Barely an hour later, a limpet mine blew up along part of the railway line near the Furstenhoff Hotel, but caused minimal damage to the track. Swapo has also denied responsibility for the latter explosion. The movement's Secretary for Infor· mation and Publicity, Mr Hidipo Hamutenya, said:"The combatants of the People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN), are under strict in· structions not to initiate any military action pending a formal ceasefire agreement between Swapo and South Africa." He further said that his movement suspects South African agents of car· rying out the two bomb attacks in order to scare the population, particularly whites, into believing recent peace de~lopments - especially the cessa· tion of hostilities -will not bring peace

- - .- -


to Namibia. The Swapo information chief concluded by saying the attack was also aimed at damaging vital Namibian infrastructures as the country moves closer to its independence. The bomb atthe Continental Hotel, which was apparently planted in The Private Bar, also wrecked a white Volkswagen Beetle car which was parked in front of the hotel. . Pieces of glass, metal and other debris were strewn all over Kaiser Street, which Police immediately cor· done.d off when they arrived on the scene. Police identified one of the dead men as Mr Andrew Crocker, an Australian anthropologist. The other dead man . was Thomas Gabriel, the hotel's night watchman, who came from northen Namibia. One of the injured, Mr Bertustein, was said to be in a critical condition. Armed soldiers stood guard outside the hotel on Friday morning while police bomb experts sifted through debris to establish what type of explosives were used in the blast.


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Police said they were still inThurday's bombs followed on the Louis Pienaar, immediately blamed vestigating and that no arrests have heels of an announcement by Swapo Swapo for the two bombs when he been made as yet. that it would start observing a visited the blazing Continental Hotel ceasefire with South Africa with effect Fire Fighters on Thursady evening on the Thursday night. battled for hours to put out the blaze from beginning of September, in line And the Namibian branch of the which was sparked by the blast .. ultra-conservative Afrikaane r with the Geneva agreement. Staffand customers at the Continen- September 1, the day the two bQ.mbs Weerstandbeweging (AWB) extended went off, was the date all military ac· tal Hotel rushed out ofthe hotel while sympathy to the victims of " Swapo's others on the upper floors ofthe hotel tions between Swapo and South Africa latest onslaught in Windhoek". had to be evacuated by elimbing down were supposed to end soas to facilitate TheAWB said thatit would redouble fire brigade ladders. the implementationofResolution 435 its efforts to procure a white st ate in An employee ofthe hotel said she and - scheduled for November l. Namibia . the night watchman went down to The Local Swapo officials conceded in It also sympathised with "the people Private Bar after they were told private that the bomb blasts could be of the territory who were forced t o there was trouble there. the beginning of a strategy by South share their land and a miserable She then decided to go back to her Africa to try and withdraw from the future with this gang of terrorists". work on the upper floor ofthe hotel and peace talks and avoid having to impleInstead of banning Swapo, the inhad been there for less than five ment Resolution 435. terim government regularly issued inminutes whenshe heard a huge bang. The officials said enemies of .he talks vitations to Swapo to join in the forThereafter, she could not remember and independence were the likely mulation of a constitution , the AWB what happened, she said. culprits responsible for the bombs. said. The South WestAfrica Broadcasting ·The Administrator General , Mr Corporation (SWABC) said in news bulletins on Thursday evening and Friday morning that they had receiv· eu two anonymous telephone calls from someone purporting to be a Swapo who claimed responsibili ty for the bomb on behalf of his movement . .It is Swapo's standing tradition that all mili tary actions by its armed wing A VISITING AUSTRAUAN ANTHROPOL,OGIST died in Thurare commented on by the movement's day's bomb blast only hours after arriving in Windhoek and leadership abroad, and that no one in· checking into the now devasted Continental Hotel, the Namibia side the country, including the internal leadership, gives comments on Communications Centre reports. such matters. Andrew Crocker, an expert on Australian Aborigines, was in Namibia One observer questioned why Swapo to do research on the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert and planned to 'spend a week in the country. . would acknowledge responsibility for the bomb via the SWABC rather than Mr Crocker arrived from Johannesburg on Thursday morning and through news releases or news agen-' later that day met with Charles Hartung, an agriculturalist of the Ju/W a cies abroad, as it has done in the past. Bushmen Development Foundation, before being dropped off at the hotel by photographer John Liebenberg. He said he believed that it was a " cooked" story and that the SWABC The next morning, MI' Liebenberg had to identify the dead man's body. would be the last in the chain of media The British Embassy in Pretoria said Mr Crocker had recently spent some time in Botswana. . organisations to be contacted by Swapo on such matters. The Continental Hotel was one of the first in Windhoek to open its He- further noted- that it stood to doors to all races. But the bar still attracted followers of the neo-fascist reason that by making a call to the Afrikaanse Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and has been the scene of several racial incidents. SWABC, such a person would be giving away his presence in the country to the Two years ago, a black Lutheran bishop, Bishop Hendrik Frederik police, something a guerrilla would not of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia, was assaulted b y normally do. whites while entertaining a party of German churchmen.

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EMERGENCY - a fleet of ambulances arrives to ferry the injured to hospital as fire gets a grip of the hotel.



Friday September 09198813

No arrests hotel opens POLICE HEADQUARTERS confirmed this week that investigations into the Continental Hotel bomb blast have, so fat; proved unsuccessful and no arrests have been mag.e. . Police also have been unable to establish the type of explosives used in the bombing of the hotel last Thursday, nor the cost ofthe damage caused by the blast. A spokesperson for the Continental . said the hotel was back in business except for The Private Bar, which was extensively damaged. Repair works could take a longtime and it might be some months before the . bar opens again , said a hotel spokeswoman. Accommodation, all the private bars, the coffee shop as well as the restaurant were now fully operational and all the staff were back at work, she said. She added that the hotel did not want to comment further at this stage, but a press conference might soon be called to inform members of the public about what had taken place at the hoteL

Auditors were also busy trying to establish the cost of damage incurred as a result of the bombing. The Jet store opposite the hotel was also damaged by the explosion but the shop reported it was now business as usuaL Mrs Jordaan-of Jetsaid there were no ·problems at her shop and that it was operating as normal. Not much damage was caused by the bomb except to the shop's display windows and someofthe goods hanging in the windows. Details about damages in terms of cost were not available at this stage she said. Walking through town, the city still seemed sleepy and the public showed little alertness to any suspicious objects. Some· businesses, however, have deployed extra security guards and. small shops are no exception.

Pienaar rejects Swapo denial THERE IS SUFFICIENT evidence to show Swapo was attacking civilian targets, says Administrator General Louis Pienaar. In reply to Swapo's deniaj ofresponsibility for the two bomb explosions in Windhoek last Thursday, Mr Pienaar referred to a sworn statement by 24-year-old Leonard Sheehama who is standing trial for February's Oshakati bank blast. Appearing In Ondangwa magistrates court last week, Sheehama -charged with 28 counts of

murder and one of sabotage -claimed he was was a trainee Swapo cadre who. had been instructed to attack civilian targets. Mr Pienaar said Swapds allegation that South Africa was tryingto set up a puppet government in which Swapo would have no say was "totally 'unfounded". South Africa had committed itself to an election in 1978 in terms ofU nited Nations Resolution 435, said the Administrator General in an interview on the South African Broadcasting Corporation this week. SAPA

THE MORNING AFTER - Soldiers guard the devastated hotel and shops as the clearing up operation begins. Crowds gathered throughout much of the day to view the damage.

111!1 -1'11 ,iii


BOMB EXPERTS start to sift through the rubble in an attempt to find out the type of explosives used in the blast. In the centre of the picture is the wrecked Volkeswagon Beetle which destroyed by the force of the bomb. .

14 Friday September 09 1988









Members of the Trade Unions-ask:

* Do these employers work hand in hand with SADF and KOEVOET ? * What difference is there between these employers and SA's armies which bring mortars to schoqlhos-


tels and which maintain war in our country ?

, * 'Where will you go when the foreign invaders are forced to leave our country ? E;mployers who have dismissed workers as result of their stay away on 20/21 June:


Okahandja Bakkery, Khomas Takeaway, FRJ Marting, Steenbras, Michelson, Spesbona Okahandja, ' Granma Road l!ouse, Inkoopsentrum Pionierspark, KeurwyJie Bottel Store, EI Tobo Steak House, MarientalBakkery, Apollo Restaurant, Alfa Koop, Lotterymans, SKW Sport Klub, City Produce, Olympia Supermarket, SWAKOMA, Khomasdal Bottle Store, Woerman & Brock Swakopmund, Windhoek , Municipality, Rehoboth Administration, 'Swakopmund Municipality, Bavaria, SWABINA Construction, Nico Maritz Bouer's, Henk Mudge (Contractor), GudoConstruction, City Motors"Star Binders;" Invo Star Bou, Pedru Body, Li Tres Garage~ Bussiness'Services, B.G. Vulstasie, Kraatz Stowe~ ' Schna~el & Hansen, Swanepoel J.P., Swanib Cable, Elwiwa, Wuchers Garage, Highway Motors, S.K. Bross, Gr'(}ss , Motors, Remcken, Hoch + Tief, Horn Brothers, Safari Motel (Builders), Nordland Construction, Stejen Construction; Peralin, Sweiskor, F+ H Construction, Hydroweld Marine, Swanip Cables, TCL. · ,



•j _

f ~

We demanq the reinstatement of the over 300 dismissed workers who stayed away on 20\21 June in protest' against state violence and colonial war. We consider an injury to these workers as an injury to all workers. Awaiting your response,


General Secretaries of NUNW, 11UN, NAFAU, MANWU, NAPWU, NATAU. Contact at Tel 62876 (NUNW), 63108 (NAPAU), 63109 (MUN), 63100 (MANWU), 62876 (NAPWU), 62876 (NATAU).

Advertisement placed by the National Union of Namibian Workers (NUNW), Namibia Food and Allied Union (NAFAU), Mineworkers Union of Namibia (MUN), Metal and Allied Namibia Workers Union (MANWU), Namibia Public Workers Union (NAPWU), Namibia Transport and Allied Workers Union (NATAU).




Friday September 09198815

'You eneourage revolution'

We, the nurses, are never allowed to a ir our grievances. Whenever we try we are told that the law forbids nurses to participate in any sort of boycotts and we are threatened with dismissal. But Baragwanath hospital nurses did boycott work and their problems were solved and no nurses were dismissed.

I am a regular reade r of yo ur newspaper. I have a complaint about the type of reporting and the handling ofthe school boycott since it started in June. Your articles about the boycotting and the burning of schools tend to make heros of the kids involved. You even support this whole issue by helping to create the so-called Crisis Committee andtobyrevolt helping to organize the "masses" against the school system. It would seem that you encourage a revolutionary situation in our country. Is this the way for liberation from colonialisation? At present, we have a few places where schooling takes place under trees. If we follow your path to liberation, all schools will be under trees. When I use the word "you", I mean your newspaper and the political aims it represents. On nearly every page, you claim to represent the views ofthe people. Surely you should be more responsible· than to promote views which are a crime to the very people you say you represent? You, as adults, let youngsters decide to ruin their own future and destroy hundreds ofthousands of Rands worth of property which belongs to the people of Namibia. Even if Swapo com~es to power, will they have the ability to build up the nation with uneducated people? Will they have the money to rebuild these schools? This seems to me a very bad way to help the people of Namibia who you claim are so near to your heart. We all know that the present system of education is not the best, but it has nevertheless produced some very worthy members of our society. Whether you like Minister M.a tjila or not, he at least is trying, step by step, to improve the system. Why not promote the betterment of the system instead of total destruction of buildings that can be used in the future Namibia? If you promote a "wasteland" policy, you may just end up with a,wasteland. We note that many ofSwapo leaders' cfiildren are in private schools not affected by the strikes, so they will not lose a year of education like "the masses". MR. M. HOTH POBOX 13 KAMANJAB.

Your accusations are not backed by facts. Nowhere in our reports have we supported or suggestec;l. that the burning of schools was a good thing. Nor have we ever encouraged students and pupils to engage in boycotts. What we have done is to report the situation as it is. We believe in putting facts before our readers and it is then up to them to make their own judgempnts. Your assei1ation that we helped to create the Crisis Committee and organise mass revolt is equally unfounded and on the brink of being libellous. (The editors).

Reply to Helin This is the spiritual answertoMr R.H. Helm's attack on his colleagues at the University ofNamibia(The Namibian 26.8.88). It is sad that new politicians are initially alarmed by the sheer number of Oshiwambo-speaking citizens. Anyway, they end up saying: "The UN must stop being partiaL" The structure, mood, content and discourse of Helm's letter betray his sudden emotional entrance into the political arena of this country, after having sheltered in academic physics. He should read at least two separate issues of the Windhoek Observer and study thoroughly at least one edition of The Namibian of any weekend. One cannot fully understand the political currents in our country unless one reads widely. The media and information services are unquestionably biased. At this university, we try to let the brotherly spirit prevail to show the rest of Namibia that: * white and black can live together * whi te and black can follow the same curricul !-1m, syllabus or qualifications '" differ'ftces in skin colour, political conviction or culture need not


. I----------------------------------------------~ necessarily result in aggression or talk to Pretoria about. But let us be one Makakunyas in as Namibians. violence. Attacks on, and abuse of Some party leaders make people conKatutura Hosp academic colleagues instead of open debate are .intolerable bad manners. We, as established staff members, have always observed the principle of mutual trust and cooperation in building upouryouriguniversity. Let us unite to overcome eaGh other's shortcomings to prevent disunity. I hope you join forces with the rest. L. NAMASEB PRIVATE BAG 13301 WINDHOEK

Lives at stake A community without its own doctor is like sheep without a shepherd. There is a place in Namibia known as a mineral area of copper, Tsumeb, !mder the control of South Africa and TCL. This company has its own doctors to treat the company's workers and these doctors have their own private hospital in the black man's area to help the Tsumeb community, simply becasue the government hospital of Tsumeb has no doctors for the community at all. Therefore, these private doctors are making business out of the community ofTsumeb and charge the sick people much money. Many people use these doctors because they have no other choice. Of course, these pri vate doctors are all white men who are employed by TCL and they use their spare time to make money out ofthe sick blacks of the Tsumeb community. Anyway, people ofN amibia, I cannot understand the reason why a large community like Tsumeb, with a population of about 1500 blacks, does not have a doctor in its government hospital. Many people have died because the people lack proper treatment. Many people have complained but the government does not listen. As a result, the Tsumeb government hospital has remained a big problem for the community ofTsumeb and is of 1ittle use for the sick people. Sick people lie in the beds for a week or two waiting for a doctor to come from the TCL hospital. The two people involved in last week's bus accident in Tsumeb died on their way to Windhoek for treatment after they had been lying in Tsumeb hospital for some days without any treatment, apart from pain-killing tablets. The two men died'because they did not receive any treatment at all after the accident a~d they died, too, because of the long distance they had to travel to Windhoek. If any of us happen to have medical problems during the weekend, it is likely that we could die straight away in the hospital because the private doctors are only available from Mondays to Fridays in cases of serious sickness. Peop'e, is this really a healthy community? Will we continue like this or will we get our own government hospital doctor? Can the government give us a doctor please. SILAS SHIKONGO PO BOX 1407 TSUMEB

Prolnises, prolnises I am astonished-by other Namibians . who have the ideology of holding private talks \\lith the South African president while accepting Resolution 435. I am ~rry that one party leader went to South Africa despite not even being considered part of the interim government. I don't know whether he is looking for accommodation after independence or to stay in Caprivi. I don't know why he went. I still ask myself: "Who sent him there and for what objectives?". We Caprivians and Namibians did not choose a person to represent us on behalf of Botha. We have nothing to

Nalnihians heware

fused and lie about new houses for teachers in rural areas made ofbricks and zinc. We don't want promises which cannot be fulfilled. Furthermore, you party leaders bring in tribalism, especially into the division of education. . Beloved Namibians, do not be puppets looking for back-paid money, thus betraying your fellow N amibians. The Boers are laughing at you. A guilty conscience will be with you in the future when you will be old, and your fellow friends know this for sure. You will be betraying them, sendingthem to prison and torture for nothing. My beloved N amibians. Let us work like ants.. Stop private talks . Dangerous talks always make an empty noise like tin. Sheba muraho.

I WANT to warn N amibians to be alert I HEREBY want to inform the public to propaganda campaigns going on in about what has been going on in Namibia. We all know that the TranKatutura Hospital in recent·months. sitional Government members, the Who ever came to Katutura hospital National Party and all those who supwill know what I am talking about. port th~ Boers are crying crocodile We at present are experiencing a tears about Resolution 435. They are shortage of staff. The reason we are so 'a fraia of it that . they talk to given why the autho:'ity cannot themselves in their sleep, because they employ new staff is that there is no know for sure who will win that money to pay them. election. ) , All of a sudden, the hospital was To prevent Res.435 being im· swarming with men in camouflage plemented they are desperate in their uniforms doing nursing. The saddest efforts to try to win the hearts of the part ofthe story is that they were even N amibians in order to prevent Res. 435 . deli vering babies!! from being implemented. Before one can become a nurse, even I don't think that Ovambos will be afan assisted nurse, one has to attend fected because they have witnessed too classes and be taught the theoretical much sufferi ng in the hands ofthe oppart of nursing after which you are sent pressors. The.y know their tricks too to the. wards for practice under superwell. But other Namibians such as vision. But these makakunyas begin . KABBY K. SICHINUWANA Damara, Nama, and Tswana-speaking to deliver babies and to do mos~ nursBOX 4600 ingprocedureswithoutanytheoretical . N amibians who are supporting Swapo KATIMA MULILO \..., teaching at all! have not tasted the suffering which the But be informed my fellow NamiOvambo-speaking people have gone .Hats off bians, these makakunyas were never through, and deserve the blessing. employed at Windhoek hospital ·Because it is difficult to feel the pain Ekandjo ' inflicted on your neighbour exactly as because you all know it, whites won't I WOULD like to pay tribute 'to Mr the neighbour himself, but still they allow nurses to be untrained! By the Ekandjo and his entourage for having way, while I mention this fact, I want are brave, courageous and true successfully staged a Swapo meeting freedom fighters. the public to know that even first year in this part of the country (Caprivi). student nurses are rarely allocated to Be warned! These tricks are done The support shown towards the peowith purpose, that is why there never the white Windhoek hospital, only 3rd ple's movement was just fantastic. To year and 4th year black students who has been a bomb planted by any other raCial group except the Ovamboimagine that it was the first Swapo are about to complete their training, meeting here for almost 10 years, it speaking .people. . while no, or very few, white students was indeed a breath-taking are allocated to work in Katutura The Boers know that the Ovambohospital. . experience. speaking people are the majority of all Our black nurses do enquire about races in Namibia, and this is why they We just hope and would want to this lInd also why they should be (the Boers) don't want any other group believe more meetings ofthat nature allocated to work in Windhoek to join them to add to the majority. will be a regular occurence in this part Especially, to the Herero-speaking hospital while their brothers and of the country to mobilise the masses. Namibians, I have this to say. Your sisters are dying iIi. overcrowded, short- . I would be failing in my duties if! did record as far as the struggle towards instaffed Katutura hospital. not praise the 'local' Swapo leaders They were threatened with dependence of this land is not too good, here at Katutura, the Mwazis, Lutokwa and many other patriots for dismissal ifthey refused to work there! especially those ofyou Ii ving inside the holding on fast. Coming back to makakunyas in country. It is not yet too late. Do Katutura hospital. I want to imform To you comrades, I say, Aluta Consomething before it is too late. you further that the public and nurses Disassociate yourselves from the optinua! The wind of change will soon in Katutura hospital were disgusted by pressors because you can't expect to eat blow and victory is at hand: these soldiers presence. Most Katutura the fruit offreedom after independence residents complained to nurses. when you have done little or even CNATASHA Nurses then took action and drew up nothing towards the achieve~ent of POBOX 114 a petition signed by all c;l.tegories of independence. KATIMA MULILO nurses giving reasons why they don't You know what? The Boers wau't to want soldiers in the hospital. Before make you their Second Savimbi after Soeeer. ilnports the petition was completed, some pupindependence! So that you can fight IT seems to me that immatl:lrity and pets had reported it t9 the matronS and your fellow Namibians. To be their ignorance have brought about the preseveral nurses were called' by these shield in their war against indepensent situation whereby some of our socmatrons and warned not to continue dent Namibia. Please come to terms cer groups in this c01J..n.try are unable with the petition. with reality! Join your brothers, to formulate club narri'es reminiscent Out of shame and because of the because united we shall win. of our local situation and experiences. truthful facts given in the petition, It is quite embarrassing and confus_ makakunyas have been removed. SELMA THE ODOR ing to see the following names, PO BOX 26581 I know the matrons and superintenpresumably imported _from South dent will oppose this letter as they have WINDHOEK 9000 Africa, being adopted and used in this done in the past whenever nurses comland. These include: Cosmos, Iwisa, plains about apartheid which reigns in Mamelodi Sundowns, Orlando these two hospitals, but fellow NamiIt's time to become Pirates, Leeds, Celtic,just to mention bians take note that, whatever they but a few of them. 'say, this is the truth and it is what is CONSUMER CONSCIOUS! I feel that their being used in this happening here. country constitutes a typical breach of established soccer norms, for which . ~~~~those responsible could see themsel ves /i" appearing before the law. To form ulate unique soccer names isn't a "hard nut. to crack" at all. Let us definitely see reality in this message, and make some change for the better and before it is too late. Secondly, I would like to appeal to our soccer administrators and officials in this country to try and organize soccer on a more broader basis that is the case KAISERKRONE CENTER at present. The exclusion of some Valid September 1988 regions or sections of this country's population from any national aspect, such as collective sport, will only contribute to the already existing policy of fragmentation and compartment<).lization -something that we have rejected, and still continue to reject. Let our soccer administrators review this situation once again, and try to come up with something meaningful to this effect.

to )





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In previous article s I have explained that t h e study of adapta· tion ca n be regarded as part of the subject of E cology. Examples of plant adaptations were given in t he artide of 9·10·87, a nd .of animal adaptations in the last two articles. Today I introd uce the other topics t hat I will discuss under t h e ge n er al h eading of Ecology. These topics are given in capital letters. AS explained two articles ago (12·8·87), an insect is adapted to the particular food it consumes (eats). This is true of all animals, So for example, leopar,ds are adapted to catch and eat wildebeest and other' animals on which they feed. The wildeheest, in turn, is adapted to feed on grass; it is also adapted to escape from leopards and other animals that feed on it (we call such animals predators). In anyone place, all the different sorts of animals are interrelated through their feeding relationships. I will give you two examples takenfrom the Kalahari. Leopards not only feed on wildebeest . 'They also feed on Springbok , Gemsbok, Steenbok , Duikers, even antbears, porcupines and rats. They have also been record· ed taking birds. All these animals are then in 11- sense interrelated through feeding relationships with leopards. Another example: Certain birds may feed on , amongst other ·things, grasshoppers. But they may also take and eat preying mantids which, in their turn, may feed ongrassheppers. So certain birds, grasshoppers and preying mantids are interrelated through their feeding relationships. If you were to try to make a diagram of all the feeding relationships in an area such as the Kalahari, you end up with what is called FOOD WEB , because there are so many connections between the different animals that you have a whole web of relationships. (To understand the word "web" . all the strands of material in a piece of

clothing make a web; a spider produces a lotofsilk threads which are woven togeth er to make a web; some aquatic birds have their toes connected together by a thin flap of skin called a web.) In anyone area there will usually be very many different species of micro· organisms, plants and animals. They interact with each other in various' ways, such as being part ofthe food web, or competing with each other for food etc. They face a common physical en· vironment which will be different from the environment in a different place. Such a collection of organisms is call· ed a COMMUNITY and the place in which the community lives is called the community's HABITAT. The community and the habitat in which it lives can be considered together as a single unit. They are, of course, a single unit in the sense that there is interaction between the com· munity and its habitat. For example, animals produce faeces which fertilize the soil and provide, from the soil, nutrients for plants. The single unit which comprises (is made oD the com· munity and the habitat is called an ECOSYSTEM.For example, the com· munity of plants and animals in the Kalahari share a common habitat, characterised by such factors as: a) the ground is deep sand; b) the rainfall is seasonal but low; c) daytime temperatures are usually hot, etc. We spe ak t hen of t he Kalahari ecosystem. In any ecosystem there is a flow of energy through that system. The

energy comes, ultimately, from the sun. The sun's energy is fixed by the green plants by photosynthesis, and used to build up the bodies of the plants. Plants are fed on by animals (herbivores) which then get their energy from green plants. Other animals (carnivores) feed on the her· bivores and thus get their energy,from the herbivores. We will want. therefore, to discuss ENERGY FLOW in ecosystems, In many parts ofthe world we could argue that the single most important factor for an ecosystem is the energy from the sun, since the sun is the ultimate source of energy for the whole community. However, could we say this for hot arid regions like parts of Southern Africa? Here the sun is shin· ing during most of the daytime, so there is usually abundant radiant energy. But we a11 know how sparse the plant cover, and how small the animal populations, can be. We might argue that here the single most important factor is water, since there is very lit· tie rain. Such matters clearly must be taken up and discussed. Ecosystems in different parts ofthe world differ considerably from one another. Th us an ecosystem in the arc· tic will be very different from one in the tropics! We must therefore look at rna· jor ecosystem groupings in the world. If we consider any group of organisms in any ecosystem, we will fi nd that there are a certain numberof species (we may of course not have . discovered them all). For example, if we were to add up all the different species

oftree found in the Kalahari, we would end up with a specific number. Now some ecosystems are much richer than others in terms of number of species. For example, woodlands in temperate lati tudes have far fewer tree species that do tropical rainforests. We could ask· why should this be? This is an interesting question we will not at· tempt to answer just at this moment. But we will wish to think about SPECIES RICHNESS later. If we study the l\alahari ecosystem we may find certain species of plants a nd animals that are very common there. Ifwe go to another part ofAfrica, some of these plants and animals may be uncommon or simply not occur at aiL Probably most ofthe animals found in the Kalahari can also be found out· side it. But if you consider anyone species, and you go far enough away from the Kalahari, you will eventual· ly reach aplacewhere the species does not exist. You will , in fact, have gone beyond the limit of distributionofthat species. What stops a species from ' spreading everywhere? We need to look at FACTORS LIMITING THE DISTRIBUTION OF S P E':IES. Communities do not remain. the same for ever. Climatic and other changes take place and the com· munities change. We will want to look at SUCCESSION in communities. Ifwe study any species of animal over a long period of time in one area, we will find that the numbers of that species goes up and down· numbers fluctuate.·To what extent, if at.all , are such changes in density controlled by

the climate? To what extent are the densities of herbivores regulated by carni vores? Such topics are obviously important. So we will want to deal with VARIATION IN ABUNDANCE. .Sometimes populations seem to get out of controL An obvious example is locust plagues. Since such plagues oc· cur and are very important economically in Southern Africa, Wfl will consider LOCUST PLAGUES. Now we come back to adaptation, with whic.h I started this article. The plants and animals in an ecosystem are adapted to the physical environ· ment in which they live. But they are also adapted towards other plants and animals with which they interact. Often species ofplant and animal com· pete with each other, for example, for space or food. So we will study COMPETITION. Finally, we know that the adapta· tions of organisms to the physical en· vironment and to other organisms have evolved over a very long period of time. One particular type of organism in one particular type of habitat and community may evolve very different· ly from another-organism in a different place. Evolution takes place by selec· tion, so we will want to study SE LEC, TI 0 N in relation to ecology. In a la ter series of articles we will consider selec· tion in relation to the science ofheredi· ty (Genetics).


NEXT ARTICLE: Food chains and Food Webs

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Friday September 09198817

Reasons to' be cheerful: you're 'joking! It's a laugh isn't it? Readers of that veritable fountain of knowledge, the Sunday "there's sod-all else to read" Star might possibly be aware that this wee k has been declared National Laugh Week in South Africa. Well, what applies in the glorious Republic must surely apply here in Sout h Africa's equally g, orious, though slightly down-trodden colony. So Namibians, split your sides with mirth. Letthere not be a straight face from Rundu to Oranjemund, Swakopmund to Gobabis. Come on people, let's have you in hysterics. Well, at least ma nage a little chuckle...What do you mean there's nothing to laugh about? This should get you going: Knock knock. Who's there? Moses. Moses who? Moses Katjiuongua. Ha ha ha ha ha ha hal No, I guess that joke is a lit tle old. There must be something to be, at least, a little cheerful about? For a start, think how lucky we are to have such an incredibly clever man as our Administrator General. Mr Louis Pienaar - such intellect, such

perception. Take last Thursday, for example, when Advocate Pienaar arrived at the bomb-shattered Continental Hotel. No sooner had he glided onto the scene, dressed immaculately in a dark suit and tie (and these were his pyjamas), the AG was telling the world that Swapo had planted the explosives which ripped apart the Kaiser Street hotel. What detective work! Louis t he Supersleuth just had to sniff the cordite-laden air, and glance into the smoking ruins to know instantly that the explosion was the work ofSwapo. Why bother having police experts spend hours sifting through the rubble at great expense to the Namibian tax payer, when the Administrator General- in the tradition ofthe heroic French detective, InspectorClouseau - can put a finger on the culprits the minute he walks onto the scene ofthe crime. The man is a genius (or else he knows something we don't). So, surely we must happy at having such a wonderboere looking after our affaits? And we should be celebrating, too, the fact that we are served by such a superb broadcasting service. Had it not

been for the SWABC, we would never have known that Thursday's bombs were planted by a Swapo guerrilla. Who else would the self-confessed Plan man have made his ghastly admission to if the SWABC did not exist? The terrorist was so impressed with the service he recei ved, he phoned the network a second time, just to make sure the person at the other end had got the message. The bomber need not have worried for they are all unerring professionals at the SWABC. No sooner had the murderer hung up, the corporation was broll-dcasting to the nation that Swapo "did it". What expertise! What news hounds, with such noses for a story! Supersleuth Louis Clouseau and the SWABC make a world-beating team. Namibians, surely this must make your hearts swell with pride and the corners ofyour mouths turn up just an incy wincy bit, eh? Now that at least some ofyou are feeling a trifle more cheerful, spare a thought for those poor people sitting in Windhoek's predominantly white suburbs behind their electric and razor-wire fences. These people must be very lonely and incredibly unhappy, even though

the SWA rugby team did rather well this season. For September is here, the month when the number of suicides soars in direct correlation with the temperature. In the current political climate, it wont take much to send a slightly overheated Windhoeker, feeling a wee bi t sick after eating some under-done boerewors, rushing head long at the fizzing, volt-filled strands of wire which were errected to ward off the horrors of the outside wor1d. It is only right that, in the true spirit ofN ational Laugh Week, all you N amibians should visit at least one of these beleaguered households in order to try and cheer up the inhabitants.

Tracy zaps pop star




Talkin' about love... and revolution With just a guitar and biting vocals, she captivated the cfowdof70 000 and millions oftelevision viewers. Her Wembley performance


TO MARK the passing of National Laugh Week, Dr Gonzo would like to hear about the things that made you, this paper's wonderful readers, laugh the most during the week. A prize of R5 will be awarded to the item which scores highest on the good Doctor's laughometer, and the best entries will be published in forthcoming editions. The competition is open to everyone, including the Administrator General and the SWABC.


JUST AS POP STAR EGOS were about to hijack the Nelson Mandela birthday concert at London's Wembley Stadium, up stepped the -unknown Tracy Chapman and started Talkin' About Revolution.

Tell them some jokes or sing them a song, though take a megaphone as some of those walls are high and the dogs tend to bark very loudly. What do you mean you don't know any jokes? You must know at least one or two? No? Well, how about tellingthe one about the "red flag" 01 top of the Tintenpalast ...or the one about Sam Nujoma and his house in Pioniers Park. Failing that, tell the one about the ANC offices in Kaiser Street . You've got to laugh, haven't you?

catapulted the young American singer to instant stardom and her debut album, called simply Tracy Chapman, has become a best seller across the world. But Chapman's overnight success is not the product of some record company mega-hype, more the fruit of hard graft. The songs on tbe album - out on the Elektra record label were compiled over the last six years, during which time she performed in coffee bars and busked on street corners.

RISING STAR: Tracy Chapman

Politics and songs of social conscience take a high profile: "Across the lines Who would dare go Under the bridge, Overthe tracks That separate whites from blacks." (She is singing about America.) However, some of Chapman's most moving ballads are love songs, Baby Can I Hold You and For My lover being two ofparti!;ular note. With the simples~-accompaniment -on the chilling Behind The Wall there is no instrumentation at all - Chapman's strong, deep, slightly jagged voice delivers her message straigh t to the heart, via a few goose pimples on the back of the neck. She has been compared with Joan Armatrading, a comparison she quite justifiably rejects. On first hearing, Chapman's voice might have a similar ring to that of her black compatriot, but Chapman soon creates an individual, quite distinctive impression, and looks set to carve out her own niche in the music world. Instead of rushing back into the studio to cash in on her sudden appeal, Chapman is off on an Amnesty International world tour, starting this month, when she will share the stage with the likes of Sting and Peter Gabriel. All the artists are said to be giving their services free of charge. Chapman does not come across as the sort who will let herselfbe carried away by her new-found fame too easily. She is shy ofinterviews in which she is infuriatingly non-commital. Instead, she allows others to do all the talking while she gets on with what she does best - singing and writing songs. "I'm not gonna let myself be so afraid of how people are going to lable me that I'm not going to do something I believe in," she says defiantly. "It's always important to follow your instincts and do what your heart and your mind tell you to do. If it's not comfortable, it doesn't work.

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18 Friday September 091988



Oh oh, hoodlums

SEP 09 - SEPT 15 FitlDAY 18h27 Prog. Schedule 18h30 Weetjy Nie 18h35 Liewe Heksie 18h45 . All Family Specials 19h10 Perfect Strll,ngers 19h34 Hooperman 20hOO Suidwes-Nuus 20h15 The Wonderful World ofDisney 21h42 Rollin' on The River 22hOO NewslWeather Report 22h20 The Dom DeLuise Show 22h42 Sport 23h42 Dagsluiting

SATURDAY 18h27 18h30 18h35 18h58 19h37 20hOI 20h25

Programrooster Kompas Matt en Jenny Boere-Orkeskompetisie Alf6 Growing Pains Feature film: "I'd Rather be Rich" Vuller NuuslWeer News/weather Spenser for Hire 14 Die Alabama-Studentegeselskap Epilogue

21h56 22hOO 22h21 23h06 23h37

PERFECT STRANGERS, tonight is entitlet "Can I Get A Witness?" When Balld is offered a job he can't refuse as a "delivery boy" for a notorious hoodlum, Larry fears that he may be heading for danger, especially after they discover the contents of the deliveries. In The Wonderful World of Disney, also screened tonight - a year after a devastating hurricane has ripped throughthe Louisiana bayou con.try, destroying a small church and dislodging a precious silver bell, Jeannot and his younger cousin determine to retrieve the bell from the dangerous waters'ofDead Man's Bayou where it now lies buried. To succeed in their ob-

SUNDAY 16hOO 16h03 16h18 16h33 16h58 17hl0 17h34 17h37 18h15 18h35 19h14 20hOO 20h15 21hOO 21h25 22hOO

Herhalingsrooster Pitkos Teletales Brandkluis Die Ouer as Beroepsopvoeder Exploring Programrooster The Flying House Thy Kingdom Come 700 Club Portugal's Age of Discovery Nuus/news review Highway to Heaven The Heritage Singers The Origin Series NuuslWeerberig/ NewslWeather Report 22h20 Insight

MONDAY 18h27- Prog. Schedule 18h30 WeetJy Nie 18h35 Batman 18h4B Die Schiinsten Lieder der Berge (l) 19h15 Agter Elke Man 20hOO Suidwes-Nuus 20h15 Matlock: (final) "Trauma Center" 21h03 Fresno (new) 21h48 The World We Live In 22hOO NewslWeather NuuslWeer 22h20 Sport 22h50 Dagsluiting

TUESDAY 18h27 18h30 18h35 18h57 19h14 20hOO 20h15 21h05


Programrooster Kompas Die Avonture van Tom Sawyer Vu ller Beste Professor South West News Emerald Point N.A.S. Spies en Plessie: Met Permissie NuuslWeer NewslWeather Abenteuer der Stille For the Honor of their Country (final) Evening Prayer



_8h27 13h30 1 ~h35 Uh57 2G hOO 201-.15 20h40 21h25 21h53 22hOO 22h20

Prog. Schedule Weet Jy Nie Inspector Gadget Sport Suidwes Nuus Full House 11 Ki ng of The Olympics (new) Abenteuer Malerei Vuller NuuslWeer NewslWeather Pitkos .

22J)0 25" .120 ;- 2h50

Robert Goulet starrmg as Paul Benson in I'd Rather Be Rich. jective:they are forced to match wits wi th a murderous alligator lurking in the perilous swamp. On Saturday night we will have a feature film, entitled "I'd Rather be Rich", on the screen . Phillip Dulaine, aged, wealthy tycoon who has suffered a heart attack, wants to see his granddaughter, once more before he dies. Cynthia rushes to her grandfather, and finds him weak and very anxious to meet her fiance, Warren. Due to bad weather however, Warren is unable to ' leave Boston and a desperate Cynthia persuades Paul Benton, to act as her fiance, in order to bring a final moment of happiness to her grandfather. But suddenly Dulaine begins to recover ... The 5th episode of The Origin Series which will be screened on Sunday night is entitle "The Origin of Mankind". Didman evolve from apelike ancestors? Examine evidence presented by Evolutionists for each of

the most important supposed "missing links" in history of man. Revealing evidence that totally human man has existed from the beginning. On Monday night we will have a new Comedy mini-series, Fresno, which follows "North and South". This Comedy is divided in six parts. "Fresno" is the spraw ling saga of two families, the Canes and the Kensingtons, and their fight for control of the powerful raisin carte. Set against the backdrop of Fresno, California, th,e six hour mini-series explodes with all the passion and power one would ~x­ pect in the exciting and fascinating world of raisins. The two warring families are headed ,by the stunning and wilful Charlotte Kensington (Carol Burnett) and t.he ruthless and stunning Tyler Cane. The proud Char lotte, matriarch . of the financially endangered raisin producing dynasty, has allowed her power-hungry son, Cane, free reign over Kensington Raisins. His unquen,chable ambition threatens to destroy his entire family, not to mention the area's ecology. They are blocked at every turn by Tyler Cane, head of Cane Enterprises, who will stop at nothing to destroy the Kensingtons, aRd assume sole command of the city's .powerful raisin carte. Adding to the intrigue is Torch, a mysterious drifter-turned-farmhand, who exudes a strange magnetic pull on the flffections of the Kensington women through his honesty, his sensitivity, and his bare chest. These are people driven by greed, by lust, by revenge, and by Charles the chauffeur. Fresno's raisin elite - the power ... the passion ... the produce! The second episode 9f Emerald Point N.A.S. will be screened on Tues- , day night. Kay asks Hilary if Jeremy Gregory Harrison plays Torch in Fresno, a 'n ew six part comwas the man she saw talking to her at edy starting on Monday. the fly-in. Hilary denies it, but relents when Kay reminds her she will be Brundage takes on an immediacy and horizon ... totheCold War crisis when asked again in court. That night at , impactlike never before. Avery lost his Communist China walked out in '56 ... home Kay lets her feeling for Glenn to the unspeakable massacre of the first Olympic gold in the discuss throw show during a fight with her father Israeli team in Munich. He was brandto the great Jim Thorpe. But the ruggover Glenn's impending court mared a fascist, scorned by Stalin and ed 6'3" Midwestern athlete plunged tial.Despite her feelings, and his own right back into training. Every drop of thrown out of the White House by fondness for Glenn, he says duty his blood and sweat went into preparFranklin Delano Roosevelt. But Bruncomes first. ing for the 1916 games. dage would never gi ve in ... He was a - In the final episode ofF9rthe Honor Then, at the peak of his athletic proman of contradictions. He made fierce of Their Country -"China" you will wess, World War I broke out. The enemies ana-ardent friends. He dared witness the birth of a-new Olympic to take enormous risks in times of games were cancelled. His worst power. A nation, that in 1932 sent ongreat crisis, but had an heroic visionnightmare became a reality. Brundage ly one athlete to the Summer Games a vision of peace forged by the spirit of vowed then and there that neither and did not win a medal before World commercial opportunists nor warsportmanship -that made the world' s - War II, suddenly rising to prominence mongering politicians would ever athletic arena aV

. THURSDAY 18h27 lSh30 18h35 18h46 19h34 20hOO 20h 15 21h15 22hOO 22h20

l'rogramrooste,r Kompas Wielie Walie Tienerfokus CuI de Sac (slot) E uth West News T"le Poor Man's Orange Das·Erbe der Guldenburgs N uus/weer - NewslWeather Besluitnemtng 'n Dilemma" 2~h40 Sport 23h-l0 Epilogue '

. . ."' ''

tAm "

The cast from Emerahl Point N.A.S.: (Top left to right) - Richard Dean Anderson, Stephanie Dun-. nam, Dennis Weaver, Charles Frank, Andrew Stevens. (Bottom I to r) - D()ran 9!lrk" Susan D;ey and Sela Ward. .

Friday September 09198819


, ''{ t

A People's College Book ~

·'· Write

.NAMIBIAN ART REFLECTIONS - The Reflector, POBox 2l5?9, Winahoek.


PeBpl~'·s: culture' now! THE REFLECTOR THE TRADITIONAL and contemporary Namibian cultures are presently operating in a colonial setup under its influences and pressures. That is why a future culture, based on the people's aspirations, will have to be shaped and moulded for the future Namibian-society. This is the view of Bruce Line, a University of the Western Cape· student, ona true Namibian people's culture.Bruce is a fieldworker of Nanso. 'The principles ofinternationalism, working class solidarity, anti· imperialism, non-racialism and the maintenance of democratic values form the social basis of a people's culture.These principles are guaranteed by the national democratic force in the country,' he said. He also said that socio-cultural reform will be necessary for a new set of basic moral values and ideas for a

future government who have to adopt new philosophical and ethical norms in Namibia. Mr Line also said that culture mU'st be an intrinsic improvement of people's lives. The problem with _.traditional culture, is that it projects the world in a very irrational way, it stupefies people and force them to follow traditional authorities :n total obedience. 'Namibians should not only inherit dances and music from African culture, . but also positive and progressive elements and aspects such as care for life and people,' he said. Mr Line believes that a people's culture must be preceded by an objec-·

ti ve analysis of all facets ofN amibian culture.He said that the colonial oppressors have controlled the Namibian masses mentally and physically to a great extent, inorder to make people accept oppression, the struggle, resistance and unity. 'The oppressors use everything in their power to structurally subjeCt Namibians. For this purpose they employ their powerful organs and instruments to project and enforce their own culture. These instruments include the schooling system, the educational process, the stage, the television, the church, the English language, it's ideological producers, lecturers and youth organisers. Through these channels, colonialism has sought to make Namibians reject their own culture and embrace Western cultere', he said.


THE COVER of the latest in 'A People's College' book-series, Write your Own History, which has recently been published by Ravan Press in Johannesburg. The book was written by Leslie Witz as part of a History workshop for Wits University and Sached Trust. The Sached Trust is an educational organisation which aims to counter the imbalance created by'the apartheid education system. The book seeks to uncover the history of ordinary people. Three groups in South-Africa, workers, students and rural youth participated in the writing of this book.

BOOK ON MANDELA THE FIRST authorised book on Nelson Mandela, banned African National Congress leader now recuperating in a private clinic in Cape Town, was published this week. The biography on Mandela was written by Professor Fatima Meer, a fellow-activist and lecturer the University of Natal. The book, Higher than Hope, was written to mark the 70th birthday ofthe ANC-leader, who was jailed in 1962 for plotting to overthrow the South-African goverment. The book should sell like hot cakes. Prof Meer, a close friend of Mandela, working closely with him in the ANC, obtained a personal letter from the jailed nationalist giving the author the goahead fo'r her research. The book confirms Mandela's political reputation and also shows him to be an over-indulgentfather. The book also reveals the factthat Mandela was married twice, first to a nurse and later to his present wife,


SOUTH AFRICAN actress, Sharlene-Surtie Richards, is to stage her own one woman show, Bybie, in Windhoek as from 26 . September to October 8. The show is presented in conjunction with Swapac. Sharlene was highly acclaimed for her role in the movie, Fiela se Kind, which is currently on circuit in English in SouthAfrica. She is a Capetonian, borne in Upington. She first hit the showbizheadlines at the Grahamstown Arts Festival in the lead part of Athol Fugard's Hallo and Goodbye.

Arts Review

SOUTH-AFRICAN playwright Athol Fugard's The Blood-Knot is to be staged in October by Swapac. The play will ~e directed by Swapac's head of drama, Mees Xteen. This worldwide-~wn dramatist is presently staying in America where he is making a big name for himself in movies and soapoperas. The Blood Knot tells the story of twp brothers, one darker than the other, and relationship with each other.

BACCHU.S PLEASES AUDIENCE THE PLAY: Bacchus in die Boland, by Barto Smit. STAGED BY: Swapac DIRECTOR: Hannes Horne VENUE: Windhoek Theatre CAST: Johan van Wyk, Frederick Philander, Karin Blumer, Patty Freiser, Eric Feris, Sabastian Thimothy, Frans Gertze, Filicity Celento, Neville Neveling, Suzette Jordaan, Juli'an Williams, Basil de Walt and Irene Henshaw·Dann. RUN: Till tom'morow evening. BARTO SMIT'S plays have a reputation of not reaching their opening nights. Yet, on Tuesday evening, history was made in the Windhoek Theatre. For the first time ever the play Bacchus in die Boland was produced the way the dramatist had intended it with a mixed cast.

The theme of the play is very apparent in this production . Willem Adriaanse has to come to a clear understanding oftrue fellowship, and once he has reached this point, he has outgrown his contemporaries. His knowledge and understanding of fellowship threatens his wife and workers with the result that they flee from the farm and Adriaanse is left behind, isolated in his knowledge. Even today, a theme like this is very

apt. Director Hannes Horne has made use of a visually interesting and functional stage with smooth scenechanges. An energetical character portrayal of Will em Adriaanse was done by Johan van Wyk. He was masterly supported by Hannes Horne as the 'dominee' and Frederick Philander as as the deity Bacchus. It is a pity, however, that the apt, sharp remarks of the ensemble were not always audible, owing either to a weak projection or not holding a toughline. Visually pleasant groupings and lines were used which suggests a very efficient and experienced director and this greatly compensated for the odd errors on the side of the cast. Nevertheless, Bacchus in die Boland was received well by an appreciative audience. DG.

Winnie. As a father, Mandela has always been persistent that his children attain the highest qualifications possible. In the bQok, Prof. Meer also describes Mandela's early days in the ANC and his part in a coup by the Youth League, which seized control of the ANC in 1949. The Youth League ste-ered the ANC from passive resistance towards armed opposition to racial discrimination. In a forword to Meer's book, Mandela's present wife, Winnie, writes: "The picture F atima presents is that of an ordinary human being with natural emotions and desires, and not an ancient myth:'

Book Reflections

A POLITICAL REVIEW OF NAMIBIA - Nationalism in Namibia Edited by Na-iem Dollie Retail selling price: R27,20 (softcover) EDITED by Na-iem Dollie, contributors to this book include Hergen Junge, Gwen Lister, Laura Sasman and Andre Strauss. The book is divided into five sections: Part 1 being a theoretical discussion about nationalism; Part 2 an introduction to the history of colonised Namibia; Part 3 deals with the contemporary period; Part 4 is an assessment of the limits and possibilities of nationalist intervention in Namibia; and Part 5, a glossary of institutions and parties. (A review of the book will be published in the near future).

Powerful Mozart IT'S been 32 years since the D minor Requiem was last performed in Windhoek. This weekend saw the Cantare Audire and the Windhoek Symphony Orchestra join .forces to present this difficult work. Mozart died before completing the Requiem, leaving sketches for his pupil Sussmayr to use to finish the score. The Requiem contains some of Mozart's most inspired writingand the WSO and Cantare Audine rose to the occasion. We were to hear some sublime singing ably supported by a very well rehersed orchestra.

Under conductor Ern~t Van Biljan, the performances were kept at a tight pace, never falling into the sanctimonious. The shape and pointing of the WSO, in particular the lead violins, violins and cellos was very fine. Blended with the excellent tone of the Cantare Audire, the evening at times produced powerful Mozart. Andre Howard'(Baritone) sang a focused line and Alida Claasen (soprano) with poignancy. Windhoek is indeed fortunate to have such a fine orchestra and chorus. One can only look forward to their next collabol·ation. Bravo indeed!


20 Friday September 09 1988


BLACK AFRICA FC, LEAGUE CHAMPIONS, JPS CHAMPS,MAINSTAY CHAMPS· 1987 StandingQ to r)- Moses Crooks Casper, Fransiskus Big Man Schultz, Rusten Zukile Mogane, Bernardtus Shakes Haoseb, George Spraco Marthin, Frankie Speedy Fredericks, Lucky Thindwa Boonstander, John Be Good Sammuels, Metra Banks Toromba. (Front row) Joseph Katze Gaeb, Bonifacius Maradona Paullino, David Fellah Snewe, Marcellus The Cat Witbeen, Lucky Bazooka Richter, Eric Jazzman Quest, Carpio Tigana Kavindji and Johasiel Banks Eigowab.





. ::.:iMliMt

Mainstay Cup . semi-final count down ~

, .'

THE THIRp ROUND ofthe Mainstay Cup will kick-off tomorrow at the Katutura Stadium and Katutura fans can expect first-class soccer.

The mercurial KokQ Muatunga, The Birds captain, and und01,lbtly Namibia's most creative and consistant midfielder. The Pepsi Boys' midfield trio will have a difficult task marking this devastating Namibian player.


Yorath gambles with ' Hauwe · WALES ARE SET to gamble on Everton defender Pat van den Hauwe when they launch their daunting World Cup soccer bid against European champions the Netherlands in Amsterdam on September 14.


But with strikers Ian Rush and Mark Hughes together for the first time since rejoi~ing Liverpool and Manches.t er United respectively from abroad this summer, Wales manager Terry Yorath was optimistic. " Obviously if Kevin Ratcliffe had been fit, our preparations would have been ideal. But it will be a gOOd game for us and we will be full ofconfiqence;' he said.

The bruising full-back had been out of action since aggravating an ankle injuryin June, but made his comeback for Everton late last month. Van den Hauwe's experience will be The squad: Neville Southall, Pat van vital in the absence of his injuredclubden Hauwe, Tony Norman, Gareth mate and captai'n Kevin Ratcliffe. Hall, Peter Nicholas, Clayton With only one team certain to Blackmore, Mark Hughes, Kenny qualify for the finals -to be held in ItaJackett, Glyn Hodges, Brian Law, ly - from a group which also includes '.' Alan Davies, Barry Horne, 'Mark West Germany, Wales appear to be on Aizlewood, Geraint Williams, Ian a hopeless mission. Rush and Deim Saunders.

Advertise.in The Namibian. It's working for your future.

As the draw shows - Pepsi African Stars v. Blue Waters and SWA Toyota Young Ones v. SE Sorento Bucs -all are cup-specialists and traditional crowd pleasers, with the Pepsi-Birds clash, enjoying top priority and is expected to produce tough but exciting soccer. The Pepsi Boys will try to revenge - their JPS defeat at the hands of The Birds and the latter, in return, will be out to convince Katutura soccer en-' thusiasts that their victory over Stars , a few weeks ago in Walvis was no fluke .. Stars, ~njoying home-ground advantage, are tipped favourites to clinch this one, and the (JPS) disciplinary dispute in which the league frontrunners (Blue Waters) are involved, could affect their game badly: But with The Birds current form and high team spirit. And don't forget the " Koko Factor", so one can expect another upsetTor the high-riding Pepsi Boys. . Novel Ford Cup champions SE Sorento Bucs cannot expect an easy win over SWA Toyota Young Ones, as the lads from Khomasdal are playing their bestfo()tball these days. And with

pi vot Kosie Springbok and ex-Hungry Liol)s' midfield genius Billy back on top form, The giant killers could be in real danger. Although they have the reputation for being on their best when the odds are against them, Sorento must produce the form that saw them to victory in the Novel Ford championship or they can kiss the Mainstay cup goodbye. However, with ball-juggler and midfield dynamo Wagga-Wagga back after a nagging shin injury, Sorento could prove their critics wrong and proceed to the final, to be played on October 9. The other thorn in the "Red Devils" side will be Sorento's acrobatic 'keeper, Gruzi "The Magnet" Goseb, declared by ma ny as the 'keeper with the safest pair of hands in the NNSL Super League. But Gruzi was not so impressive in his team's JPS game against Robber Chanties in Tsumeb when he conced- ed three easy goals. yet he is hard to beat on his day and Young Ones could fin~ it hard to get the ball past the magnetic 'keeper.

Dalglish says no toPSY Eindhoven LIVERPOOL MANAGER Kenny Dalglish has ended .speculation that ~· John Aldridge, the team's top scorer last season, would transfer to }t;uropean and Dutch champions PSV Eindhoven. "John Aldridge is going nowl1ere," Dalglish said on Monday after Liverpool had received a message from Eindhoven saying they were interested. Earlier reports in the British and

Dutch media said Aldridge would travel to the Netherlands on TUI~sday for talks with Eindhoven who, according to a senior club official, were prepared to pay around £1 million for the striker. The PSV offer followed Liverpool's re-signing of Welsh striker Ian Rush from Juventus for £2.8 milllon; a move which some thought mIght threaten Aldridge's place in the team. Aldridge, bought by Liverpool from Oxford 18 months ago, hit 29 goals last

season. He opened his bid to repeat last year's performance with a hat-trick against Charlton in the first match of . the new season after scoring two goals in the Charity Shield match against Wimbledon late last month. He failed, however, to score in the 1-0 league defeat of Manchester United on Sunday.

Friday September 091988'21



Tyson not fit to fight Bruno


TIlE OCTOBER 22 bout between Heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson and Britain's Frank Bruno has been postponed due to injuries Tyson sustained in a road accident on Sunday, his manager said on Tuesday.

ENGLAND STRIKER Tony Cottee repaid a slice of his fourmillion-dollar transfer fee on Saturday 'with the goal that lifted Everton above Liverpool to the top ofthe English soccer First Division after just two games.

"The doctor strongly recommends against it (the October ~2 Bruno fight)," Tyson's manager Bill'Cayton said, This is strictly a medical decision, The chairman of the World Boxing Council said on Tuesday that safety will be the top priority in determining whether Tyson should be allowed to fight. "The first step will be to make sure Tyson is in good health as ahuman being, a friend and boxing hero;' said Jose Sulaiman, speaking from his home in Mexico City. The WBC is the sanctioning body for the Bruno!]'yson fight. Cardiologist Dennis Reison said at a news conference at the hospital that there is no evidence of electrical or other problems with Tyson's heart following the car accident on Sunday. John Morris, secretary ofthe British Boxing Board of Control said: "It doesn't matter how much money's involved, how much hype is involved or who the boxer is, any boxer who has a question mark over him, the important thing is ifhe's fit to go into the ring. "The doctors must become satisfied ' that that is the case." Doctors at the Columbia Presbyterian hospi tal, where Tyson is being treated, said the 22-year-old boxer had blacked out for up to 30 minutes, sustained concussion and is still suffering bouts of amnesia surrounding the road accident in upstate New York. Cayton said the Bruno bout, already put back by two weeks after Tyson injured his right hand in scuffie with former heavyweight contender Mitch Green on August 23, was likely to take place in December. Doctor Caroline Britton told a news conference: "There is a rather significant duration of unconsciousness, more than average for a head injury. "He did not recall what happened when he first woke up. He does not recall theimpactofthecar;' said Britton, a neurological specialist. "The fact that he' has amnesia is a point of great concern for the doctors;' Gayton said. "It shows that Mike is not normal. Originally he remembered nothing, not even getting intq the car. Over the last 48 hours he has begun to get a recall. But he does not remember the impact." Cayton and Britton said Tyson expressed no remorse over the cancellation. "He took it pretty well," Britton said. " I didn't have to spar with him, gratefully." Cayton said he would try for a December date at the 11 000 seat Wembley Arena because the 55,000 seat Wembley Stadium was unavailable after October 22. He said the move to the smaller venue would cost Tyson about 1.5 million dollars from his percentage of the gate. The postponement makes moot the question of whetherthe New York State Athletics Commission would issue a 60-90 day suspension to Tyson for being "kicked unconscious." Cayton said that in any event the State Athletics Commission would not have jurisdiction over the fight. The accident; in which Tyson hit his head while driving his BMW sports car alone near his training camp about 150 miles (240 km) north of New York City, was the iatestmishap to'befall the young champion this year.. In addition to the altercation with Green on a Harlem street last month, Tyson crashed his Bentley on a New Yor k Ci ty street and tried to then gi ve the luxury car away to the police who attended the accident scene. There was also hi,S well-publicised legal dispute with Cayton over his career, and this involved Tyson's actress wife Robin Givens, his mother-in law Ruth Rooer and his promoter, Don King. >

Cottee, who left West Ham for Everton in a blaze of publicity in one of English soccer's major close-season .t ransfers, followed his opening-day hat-trick against Newcastle with a decisive header in the 1-0 triumph at Coventry. It not only secured all three points for Everton, but also provided more evidence that team manager Colin Harvey had not been over-extravagant in his continuing search for a striker to partner Scottish international Graeme Sharp. For years, both before and since - England striker Gary Liniker left Everton, after only a year with the club, for Barcelona of Spain following his succesat the 1986 World Cup finals, the club have sought the perfect foil for Sharp in attack. Now, even Sharp conceded they may have found the answer. "These partnerships always take a little time to gel, and it is earlier days yet. But I am very optimistic that we will hit it off," Sharp said. While Cottee collected the goal, he had to share the glory with goalkeeper Neville Southall, who saved a penalty in an outstanding display. "That was the best goalkeepingperformance I have ever seen," Coventry manager John Sillet enthused. "His save from Greg Downs in the second halfwas on a par with the one Gordon Banks made from Pele in Mexico World Cup. He was brilliant. After Saturday's second full programme of English First Division fix- . tures, Everton shared the lead with Southampton, while rivals Liverpool and Norwich are close on their heels. All have six points. Southampton, who came out 1-0 winners at Queen's Park Rangers thanks to a 16th minute goal by Mattews Le Tissier, have an identical goals and points record to the leaders. Champions and · perennial rivals Liverpool ended an eight-year jinx when they beat Manchester United 1-0 atAnfield with a controversial penalty from Danish international midfielder Jan Molby. Norwhich won 3-2 at newlypromoted Middlesbrough with goals from RobertRosario, Robert Fleck and an own goal by Mark Brennan, who was making his first appearence for Middlesbrough after signing from Ipswich. Arsenal, expected to lead London's title challenge, were out-manoeuvred and beaten 3-2 at home liy another promoted team, Aston Villa, while Tottenham came from 2-0 down to drawn 2-2 at Newcastle. Millwall, playing their first-ever home match in the FirstDivision, beat Derby 1-0 with a goal by Teddy Sherinham.




The victorious school boys from Tsumeb, the Otjikoto High School are all smiles after they won their first cup game.

Temane wins Excella Cross Country SPRINGBOK SUPERSTAR Matthew Temane of Western Transvaal is still South Africa's king of cross-country. He retained his crown by only one second in the Excella SA Senior Cross Country Championships in Sasolburg on Saturday. In a superlative performance, Temane, beaten all winter by archrival Xolile Yawa of Free State, struck back like a cobra in wet conditions in 38:27 over the 12km after a desperate last minute surge. The two, running beautifully in a tactic-al elash{ split-the field;-with Simon Medi of Free State taking

third place in 38:47. It was Yawa's first defeat on road or rough country this !?eason, and it was sweet revenge for Temane, who lost his national half-marathon title in East London when he was suffering from a cold. . The' two took turns to lead, but neither was able to get ahead decisively until thatlast "kick": ' Elana van Zyl, the Western Pro- ' vince Sprinkgbok, also retained her women's title, and in decisive fashion, by nearly a minute over South Africa's outstanding road queen, Colleen Lindeque ofN ata1. Van Zyl took the 5km in her stride in 17:14, with I:.indique clocking 18:23. Transvaal champion Ronell

'Scheepers finished fifth in 18:43 after a fall. Veteran Sonja Laxton of Transvaal elected to run the senior race and finished 10th, leaving Anne Weedon ofNatal to snatch the veteran's honours in 16:'06. Helen Lucre, also Natal, won the subveterans in-15:44. ' Deon Fouche of Northern Transvaal, the SA intervaI'sity champion, annexed the under 21 title in 32:47 over 10 km. The supreme Harold Dobson and Steve Hollier, both Transvaal, retained their masters and sub-veteran titles. But veteran champion Geoff Bacon, also Transvaal, slipped to sixth position with team-mate Philemon Shika winning in 28:07.

Ian Botham, says no to apartheid ENGLAND CRICKET STAR Ian Botham has urged politicians to stop interfering with the lives of sportsmen. But he says he will not.go to South Africa. In an interview in Britain's Today newspaper, Botham said: ~'Sport­ smenjust seem to be pawns in the big game of politics, whether it is athletes and the olympics or cricketers and South Africa. "The political world is full of double standards. It really makes me sick the way they try to dictate to us and yet let others do the complete opposite. , "I am a great fan of Maggie Thatcher, but! find it difficult to understand the government's attitude on South Africa. On the one hand sportsmen are told not to visit a country that deals in apartheid, but on the other hand there is simply no effort made to stop businessmen trading there. "Once the gov.e rnment acts to stop all lin'k s with South Africa, then it can tell sportsmen what they should do morally. But not until then." Botham, who has been out of action most ofthis summer because ofa back operation, said that'since his international career started in 1977 he had had invitations to go to South Mrica but had turned them all down. ~ "There have been offers all the time, either directly to me or through agents, and while-not all of them have been genuine, the sums of money involved have been staggering. But l have said no every time because I believe all men are born equal and I just could not go to a country where a black man has to sit at a different table to a white man to eat his food." Botham·said his concern about racism, which grew mainly out of

his close'friendship with West Indies captain Viv Richards, had increased recently. "I was in Australia last winter and was staggered at the attitude 'of people racism exists there also. . "They were highlighting the treatment ofthe Aborigines-during the Bicentenary celebrations and that's a form 'of ap~heid.

"The Aborigines have to live either in the desert or on the Northern Islands, sorrounded by crocodile-infested swamps. Yet you never hear the politicians in this country giving the Aborigines support or trying to prevent our cricketers going to Australia in protest?'

ROBSON -LOSES LICENCE ENGLAND AND Manchester United captain, Bryan Robson, was banned from driving for three years on Monday, after he -admitted to a drunk driving offence. The 31-year-old Manchester United midfielder also was fined 250 pounds after he pleaded guilty to failing to provide a specimen for analysis. Prosecutor Michael Church-Taylor told magistrates at Middleton that Robson was spqtted by police standing by his car on an access road to a service station on the M62 freeway in the early hours of June 23. Hiscar had run out of petrol. Church-Taylor said the officers believed the England captain had-been driI'\king and, when Robson blew into a breathalyzer bag, the test proved positive. When he was taken to Middleton Police' station, however, he refused to undergo two tests on an intoximetre, th.e prosecutor said. Defence lawyer Michael Green said Robson had been involved in a number of arduous ,business' meetings which 'culminated in a di~ner with a business partner when they both drank alcohol. Green siti'd Robson declined to . undergo'the intoximetre tests because he mistakenly believed he was entitled to have his lawyer present. The magistrates were told that, in '

1982, Robson was banned for a year for a "drink-related matter." A three-year disqualification is mandatory for anyone banned previously. The disqualification is the lat~st blow tolWbson in a trouble-filled year. Earlier in June, England's national team performed disastrously under his leadership in the EuroRean Championships, despite going into the competition as one
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22 Friday September 09 1988


MaCGregor for Amakosi JOHN PLAYER SMOOTH (JPS) champs, lwisa Kaizer Chiefs, South African soccer's glamour boys and equivalent to England's Liverpool, this week signed one of the deadliest finishers in the game - NSL Castle league leading goal scorer from eighth placed Grinaker Rangers, Shane MaCGregor. MaC Gr egor bec am e th e late st bigname player join the Amakhosi for what is believed to have been a record transfer fee . Chiefs signed Mike Mangena last month. It is an open secret that MacGregor has intended leaving Rangers since the start of t his season, but the Black and Whites valued him so much. Club spokesman Orphan Duma said he was worth RIOO 000 on the open marked. Mbroka Swallows, Amazulu , Mamelodi Sundowns and Jomo

Cosmos are known to have been in· t erested in the hotshot striker, but Chiefs have beaten them to the punch. Geoff Butler, Chiefs coach said: " I haven't seen much of Ma cGregor, but everybody has been telling me he's one of the sharpe.st strikers around. "He's spoken about a lot a nd if that is the case and he's as good a s they tell me, I'm trully happy to have him in the club." MacGregor's move to Chiefs involves a swop deal with Aubrey "The Great" Makopela, who . was signed from Swallows in June.

skills a nd . creativeness, th ey could ca use ni ghtmares to oppositio n defences and could take the NSL by stor m.

MacGregor, ifhe fits into the Ch iefs squad a lon g with the Ch iefs captain an d goal -poac her, Marks "Pro" Maponjane, will form (if not the deadliest}one of the most feared striking combinations in the South African National Soccer League (NSL). Both players are fast, good in the air, and can shoot with both feet from all angles. With Maponjane's dribbling

ShauD MaCGregor

·SWA·RUGBY TEAM FUTURE UNCERTAIN BY THE NAMIBIAN SPORT SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT SOUTH WEST AFRICA will have played their first and possibly last full season in the Currie Cup A Section rugby competition if Swapo comes to power after Namibian independence.

JONATHAN APPOLUS OF THE Bues FULL NAME: Jon~than ieremias Appolus. BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Windhoek, October 4, 1965. HEIGHT AND WEIGHT: 170m - 65kg. MARRIED: No my tJra, not yet. EDUCATION: Attended the Dordabis Secondary School, Dordabis. CAR: No. NICKNAME: Samora. PREVIOUS CLUB: The recruiting school of top soccer players, Pirates F.C. 9'f Dolam. TEAMSUPPORTED ASA BOY: My current club, Orlando Pirates F.C. alias the Bucaneers, any young player's dream team .. FAVOURITE HERO OF CHILDHOOD: The Bucs' ex-masterdribbler, Norbertus "Norries" Goraseb, the best ball-juggler Namibia has ever produced. FAVOURITE CURRENT PLAYER: My team-mate, Les Goagoseb, this young lad has a promissingfuture and with a little advice, he could mature in to one of the best midfielders in the country. MOST MEMORABLE MATCH: Our first-round league clash against champions Black Africa, although we lost 3-2, wit}l a last minute goal by Kandas Paullino, I was satisfied with my teams performance. BIGGEST DISAPPOINTMENT: Our 3-0 lost to Stars in 1986 during a JPS Cup encounter. CLUB HONOURS: I won the "Most All-round Player" award last year. NATIONAL HONOURS: o Yes! I played for the National team last against Boputhatswana. DIFFICULT OPPONENT: Blue Waters mercurial captain, Koko Muatunga, he is the country's top mid(ielder. FAVOURITE OTHER SPORTS: Volleyball and Tennis. VOURITE SPORTS PERSON: World sprinting champ, .Ben

But it could also mean international r e cognition for the Namibian Biltongb()ere, allowing them to compete against the best in the rest of the world, Asked about sports policy, a Swapo spokesperson said the organisation had more urgent priorities at the moment and had not considered the issue. "Ask us after the elections," he added. Political analysts pointed out that Swapo has said in the past that it would seek to join the movement of nonaligned countries which, with the Organisation of African Unity and most other countries, are abibing by the Gleneagles agreement which bars sporting ties with South Africa. Black, brown and white Namibian rugby enthusiasts said it would be a sad day if the SWA side had to drop out of the Currie Cup leaguJl next year. If Namibia was to gain its independence, it would mean cutting its sporting ties

with South Africa as long as Pretoria continued with its apartheid policies. This season saw the SWA team make a near-miraculous recovery from a shaky start to their first season in the A Division to finish third in the log. SWA reached the top-flight in five seasons, soaring from the then Sport Pienaar League, through the Bsection, to the Super league this year when they toppled the mighty Western Province and Tra nsvaa l, and were perhaps a little unfortunate to lose narrowly against champions Blue Bulls at Loftus Versveld. " SWA has written rugby history in the last five years which I do not believe will be equalled;' coach Henning SnymantoldSAPA.SW~striumphi s

all the more remarkable when considered against the thinly-spread rugby talent in the vast terri tory. The number of players in the whole of Namibia is less than the number of

players of many clubs in the RSA. The team is selected from fewer than 30 players with provincia l potentia l, compared to the depth of rugby talent in the large rugby unions of South Africa. The SWA successes have won them many black rugby enthusiasts who have previously shown little interest in the game. " ~t will be a loss to many ifSWA could no longer play in the Currie Cup competition," Mr Snyman said. SWA play bottom of the log Orange Free State this Saturday, but are certain of third place even if they lose. _ The SWA rugby team selectors have announced the side that trounced Eastern Province will remain unchanged. The team is as follow: Andre Stoop, Wally Clark, Danie van der Merwe, Gerhard Mans (captain), Shaun McCulley, Basie Buitendag, Casper Derks, Eben Beukes, Manie Grobbler, Johan Barnard, Nartjies Nortje, Arra van der Merwe, Willem Maritz and Sarel Losper. However one change was made on the SWA bench; Leon Stoop will be replaced by Japie Vermaak, who will join Chris du Toit as reserves.

Nico Horn, the captain of the victorious Etosha High School from Tsumeb receiving the Kloppers Cup, for the first time. . '

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FAVOURITE GROUB: S'outh Africa's most succesful groub, Stimela, they are just magic. FAVOURITE OTHER TEAM: Aitsa the

by Berke Breathed


~~--~----------~~-==---------------------~--------~---------------------------------.~----~--------~-----------=--~--~~ THE NAMIBIAN

Friday September 09 198823

FIXTURES MAINSTAY CUP SEMI-FINALS. KATUTURA STADIUM, WINDHOEK- SATURDAY Pepsi African Stars v. Blue Waters (16hOO). SUNDAY: SE Sorento Bucs v. SWA Toyota Young Ones (16hOO). NNSL SUPER LEAGUE. KUISEBMOND STADIUM, WALVIS BAY- SATURDAY Eleven Arrows v. Cuca Tops (14h30), Explora Eleven v. Chelsea (16hOO). SUNDAY: Explora Eleven v. Cuca '!bps (14h30), Eleven Arrows v. Chelsea (16hOO). MOKATI STADIUM, OTJIWARONGO- SATURDAY Life Fighters v. Benfica (16hOO). NDAY Life Fighters v. Chief Santos (16hOO). KHORIXAS STADIUM, KHORIXAS- SATURDAY Robber Chanties v. Chief Santos (16hOO). . SUNDAY: Robber Chanties v. Benfica (16hOO). NNSL FIRST DIVISION LEAGUE (CENTRAL). KATUTURA STADIUM, WINDHOEK- SATURDAY: M.Sundowns v. YStars (llh30), Swapol v. Firestone (13hOO). SUNDAY: Cosmos v. G.Chicago (09hOO), PRISON S. v. Whk Celtic (1 0h15), Russup v. J .Cosmos (llh30), Swapol v. Iwisa(12h50).

"I will get those goals", says Forra

ACADEMY FIELD, KHOMASDALSATURDAY E..Jumpers v. Leeds Utd (llh30), Russup v. A.Blizzards (12h50), J.Cosmos v. Hotflames_ (14hOO), G.Rivers v. Prison S. (15h20).

WHAT IS UP with Forra? That's the question obviously lingering in Tigers', as well as Namibian soccer followers' minds after the pint-sized striker's recent slump of form. . season. The best of them was the Frans, or ForrestaNickodemus as he is better known to his fans, . Tigers-Benfica league clash a few months ago at the Katutura stadium, surely is one ofthe mostfeared and when he netted bqth his side's goals in respected strikers in the country a very tough and exciting game, on his day, and the game's 'Forra" renown for his ~first-class deadliest finisher when on top goals, ,scored two surperb goals, form. described by friend and foe as the best

SUNDAY: YStars v. Firestone(llhOO), Leeds Utd v. M.Sundowns(12h20), Hotflames v. A.Blizzards (13hOO). •

;: IilIiiIIlti

Forra Nickodemus, Tigers a~d the National team's ace striker. The prolific striker is struggling to hit form this season.



After being the league's most consistent strikers last year, the dribbling maestro is struggling to hit back on his goal-scoring form this season, Critics say Forra has become just as ordinary as any otherl>layef in HIe league this season. Forra "let them dance" Nickodern.us, with his neat touches, is one'ofthe best dribblers in the tough NNSL Super League, and has no equal when it comes to shooting the ball accurately on the first,strike. , But despite his recent sl ump ofform, the national team striker has had a few marvellous games for Tigers this

around and controlled it as it hit the ground, out-dribbled two defenders and struck it home with a ferocious shot, giving the out-rushing keeper no chance, ~ Forra admitted afterwards that it was one of the best goals he had ever scored, '

Asked about his goal drought this season, the pivot said: "I am finding it hard to settle down vyith a newly reshaped teain. Now most of my teamseen in a long time, The first goal resulted from a mates of last season are not with us anymore, and I have to battle' it out bea utiful cross from Bandike Oxurub . with. a few young and inexperienced ('keeper who had to play on the rightplayers upfront. . wingbe"causeofthelatkofplayersdue to injury}, Duikie, Benfica's young and "But as soon as we get 'u seu to one inexperienced 'keeper, failed to clear another's play, I will bounCe" back ' again: ' .:Brave _wol;ds from" a brave from the cross as he punched the ball towards the advancing_Fort?, Th,e- ,-, player, but this. seemingl}>" wiH ,only striker, who has the gift to be in the happen next se?-son, as th~ ~ea,r. 'is almost over. , right place at the riglit t~me, firsttimed the ball in-'ti{the faf corner ofthe 'oli his d~y, Forra,.s positiQnal, pl~y is , net. : flfSt-C.I~ss, dribbl~ng 'splendid\y with The second goal, too, was ~ m~ste~- ' a deadly pace, and his trump card shooting - is surperb, as he can score piece. He received a high ball from left back Johny, flicked it on, turned goals from any angle.

RESULrs --NNSL FIRST DIVISJ()N (WEST). Namib Woestyn 10-0 Atlanta Chiefs, Super Stars 2-1 United Stars, SAP Xl 2-1 Atlanta Chiefs, Namib Woestyn 4-2 United Stars. SPOILERS F.C. TOURNAMENT- OKAHANDJA. ~ The Tournament was won by Moroka City Star as they beat Young Stars 2-1 in the final. Moroka pocketed the R1200 first-prize and Young Stars received R400 for their effort in the final. Rollmg Computers and Spoilers each recei ved R200 as theywere ousted out of the competion by Moroka and Stars in the semi-finals, respectively.





The netball section was won by Rolling Computers as they beat-Ga'lden -Chicago 15-12 in a very exciting final game. Computers received R600 and Chicago R200 for their trouble. The two semi-finalists, Battley Boys and Yopng Stars, received R10a each.


IMCOR CHIEFS F.e. TOURNAMENT- KHORIXAS: JPS quatrefinalists Robber Chanties and rivals Indian Pirates shared the spoils in the final game of the tournament as they could not complete the programme due to the dark. . EPAKO PIRATES F.C. TOURNAMENT- GOBABIS. The Tournament was won by Dessert Rollers as they defeated Jorries Cosmos in the final. Hosts, Epako Pirates and Epukiro Chiefs could only managed' to reach the semies. ' RUGBY. SANTAMBANK CURRIE CUP. SWA 27-15 Eastern Provinc~.







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BRUCE HORNSBY: Range Scenes from the South Side GREGORY ABBOT: I Will Prove it to You GEORGE MICHAEL: Faith ZIGGY MARLEY & THE MELODY MAKERS: Conscious Party ATLANTIC STAR: All in the Name of Love ROD STEWART: Out of Order STEVIE WONDER: Characters STEVE WINWOOD: Roll With It TEDDY PENDERGRASS: Joy




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LOCAL ARTISTS FUNKY MASIKE MOHAPI: Back. Forever BIG DUDES: No Share For The Boys TAXI: Dangerous PRINCESS NANA: Sekoloto TABOO: Amigo ~. ALI KATI: Killer JOHNNY CLEGG: Shadow Man






Certain companies boyc~tt The Namibian and refuse to .advertise for political reasons . - .








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~~--------------------------------------------------------~-~ TRUST RADIO HOSPITAL TRU ST GARAGE TRUST SPARE PARTS TRUST BAR

24 Friday September 09 19.86- -'


NNSL Super league log B Waters A Stars Benfica EArrows o Pirates Young Ones Tigers R Chanties Sorento Bues Cuca Thps B Africa C Santos Chelsea Explora XI HLions L Figh ters

P 25 26 24 24 27 26 26 26 25 25 24 25 23 26 24 27

W 15 16 15 15 12 14 l1 10 7 8 10 9 7 6 7 6

D 7 3 3 3 7 3 2 5 9 6 2 3 5 5 3 5


3 7 6 7 .7 10 12 l1 9 l1 12 13 l1 15 16 16

GF 62 52 50 46 41 69 47 42 32 31 58 36 28 48 33 23

GA 32 35 24 33 35 63 45 51 25 37 34 43 47 56 70 52


P 37 35 33 33 32 31 25 25 23 22 22 21 19 17 17 17

The Eastern Province serum-half, Francois Anker, booting the ball away. With team-mates, Andre de Villiers (no.12) and Craig Vaughan (no.14) looking on.

BILTONGBOERE LASHES EASTERN ·PROVINCE - - - - -- -- - - BY CONRAD ANGULA. - -- - -- - - - SWA (21) 27 - - -- - - -- -EASTERN TRANSVAAL (9) 15 . --~---""-THE SOUTH WEST AFRICA (Biltongboere) rugby team secured their third place in the Currie Cup log as they trounced Danie Gerber's team in an exciting league clash o~ Saturday at the South West Stadium in Windhoek. The Biltongboere played I5-man-rugby as they out-ran and out-witted Eastern Province in a match that saw them scoring four tries to one, with scrumhalf Basie Buitendag scoring twice and being instrumental in his side's other two tries.

SASSY'S LA CHIC (S.L.C.) TEL: 227024 BOitGWflitD STitEET Oit verskaf ons genot ,om aan te kondig dat Lynn weer by ons haar pos is!



Haarkleur, "Wash & Blow": R25-00; -bespaar R10-50

* "Oil Treatment", "Wash & Blow": R25-00, bespaar R10-50


South West Africa scored their first try only 10 minutes into game after a splendid move from Buitendag, who swerved past two E astern Province players and layed a pass to left-flank Wally Clark. The latter sprinted towards the Eastern's goal·line and passed on Shaun McCulley, who touch· ed down beautifully under the posts. McCulley then made no mistake with the convertion and put SWA 6·0 into the lead . . Three minutes late1tBuitendag was robbed ofa possible try as he was block· ed three metres from the line by the Eastern Province defenders. Basie received the ball from fullback Andre Stoop, who started the attack from the back, out·manoevred a few Eastern Province players and let it go to Nartjies Nortje, who burst through two players and layed it to Basie, the latter finding the EP defence just too solid to

penetrate. SWA scored their second try through J ohan Barnard to make it 15,0 for the Biltongboere. But Gerber's boys sensed blood and forced the Namibians back on 'the defence, their efforts paying off in the 26th minute when they were awarded a penalty. FlyhalfGiepie van Zy I made no mistake from the spot. Basie Buitendag scored the Namibians' third try in the 32nd minute of the game and McCulley was on the target again from the convertion a s he beautifully kicked between t he post s to put his side into a comfrotable 21-6 lead. Giepie van Zyl added three more points for the Easterns from a penalty shortly before changeover to bring the halftime score to 21-9. The Eastern Province centre, Andre de Villiers, surprise the Biltongboere with a beautiful try in the early stages of the second half as he beautifuly swerved past the Namibians to put the , ball under the post. With the score now at21- 15, the Easterns caused havoc to tl;te SWA defence as they perpetually attacked the defence with beautiful moves from the back. But South West Africa again started to regain the territorial advantage they enjoyed for most of the game,

fullback Andre Stoop launching at· tacks from the back, forc ing the Easterns back on the defence. First·class rugby was displayed as both sides tried to penetrate each others defence, with the Easternslook· ~ ing dangerous at ti mes. However the Biltongboere got their fourth try ofthe match and their 25t!J of the season, in the dyin g minutes of the game through their scr umhalf . workaholic, Buitendag, and McCulley again converted, a masterly kick which brought his points tally for the' season to l15. The SWA scoring·machine , and. flyhalf, Shaun McCulley, "Player of the'Match" Basie Buitendag, fullback Andre Stoop, Nartjies Nortje, winger Wally Clark and Danie van der Merwe played well for the victorious Biltongboe·:e. Captain and crowd· favourite, Gerhard'M ans always ra ised a roar when ill posssesion. Flyhalf Giepie van Zyl, captain , Danie Gerber, Francois Langberg and N ico Meyer did well for the Easterns. SCORERS. SWA: ShaunMcCulley (four conversions, try, penalty), Basie Buitendag (two tries), Johan Barnard (try). Eastern .Province: Giepie van Zyl (two penalties, conversion), A.de .Villiers (try), G.Parker-Nance (drop r goal).



"Perm": R46-00, bespaar R10-00

SPESlflLE flfI"BOD: Maan-Don, Snm. - 9nm.


" Wash & Blow": RS-50

* Hoogtepunte, "Wash & Blow": R35-00, bespaar R10':00.

HAARSTYL KOMPETISIE: Ons kies vir u 'n haarstyl en indien u dieselfde een kies, kry u 'n 50% afslag.


Manie G robler, SWA's prop-forward, trying to burst through t he Eastern Transvaal defence.