A shipowner global strategy for environmental - On The MoS Way

A shipowner global strategy for environmental - On The MoS Way

A shipowner global strategy for environmental shipping Ladies and Gentlemen All through history and the development of mankind, shipping has played a ...

100KB Sizes 0 Downloads 1 Views

A shipowner global strategy for environmental shipping Ladies and Gentlemen All through history and the development of mankind, shipping has played a central role. It is one of the oldest businesses in the world. The oceans unite people and enable trade – it is a fantastic resource. Shipping is an important enabler of world trade and thereby increased distribution of wealth. Shipping has employees from all over the world and is truly a global business that we are proud to be a part of. It is also the safest and most environmentally friendly mode of transport. The European shipping sector is 40% of world shipping. This is much more than the trade we represent. We should be proud of the fact that European ships are trading on all oceans serving many markets. Through a well-functioning system of ports and operators European shipping is also a central part of the intra European transport system. A ferry sailing between Civitaveccia and Barcelona is as much infrastructure as a tunnel under the River Elbe. The shipping industry operates some 80.000 ships. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) is the governing body over this industry. States together with the industry work side by side to improve shipping as a whole, especially when it comes to safety and environment. The soon to arrive Ballast Water Convention, which addresses the serious problem with invasive species, is one example of

important work from IMO. It is also worth noting that the shipping industry is the only industry with a global regulation for CO2 emissions. It regulates what type of ships we are allowed to build and requires that all ships have an energy efficiency plan. I would like to stress that IMO is a well-functioning body for our industry. I dare say that among the different UN organizations – this is the best one. We should refrain from local or regional regulations and focus our efforts in IMO when it comes to developing our industry. The strong European shipping community also comes with a responsibility. Who, if not we should be the forerunners of making shipping more sustainable and less harmful for the environment? That is actually why we are here today – is it not? And we have many challenges 1. Reduction of greenhouse gases 2. Further reduction of sulfur, nitrogen and particles to air 3. Reduction of harmful emissions to the water 4. Reduction of noise 5. Increase safety both for humans and the environment To name five important ones. There are many areas were solutions may be found to these challenges and I want to name the most important ones

Today most ships run on fuel oil. Fuel oil is not sustainable and we are looking to find other options, preferably non fossil alternatives which lead in to the first area of important development for a more environmentally friendly shipping industry. Natural gas is a comparably clean fuel. It is also quite cheap. The problem is that it is very hard to transport, unless you are close to a pipeline. This problem can be solved in different ways. First, by lowering the temperature to -163 degrees, which makes the gas a liquid and 600 times smaller in volume. This is called LNG (liquefied natural gas). A second alternative is to convert natural gas to methanol at the source. Then it becomes a normal flammable liquid. It is possible to produce methanol from many different sources, for example forest products or waste. It is even possible to make methanol from C02 and water. We are looking very closely at these different options as they develop and are being used by more and more operators. Currently in the Stena fleet we operate 173 vessels out of which 172 are using fuel oil and one methanol. None of them are using LNG. The second area of development for environmental shipping is electricity. New types of efficient batteries and the low cost of electricity is a promising development that will change the shipping industry. Already today there are 100% electric ferries in Norway and we believe that we are in the beginning of a very interesting evolution. With fast charging techniques or battery switch techniques, short sea shipping

has the potential to use electricity as its main source of propulsion energy. For longer routes hybrids may be a good alternative. This exciting area need more research, funding and brave forerunners. A third area is new materials when building ships. We changed from wood to steel some 100 years ago. It´s probably time to change again. New lighter but still strong materials at competitive costs would reduce the need for fuel and hopefully also reduce the construction cost. A fourth area is to continue the development of hydrodynamics. Although the Vikings got it pretty right with the hullform and John Eriksson with the propeller in 1839 – we still see potential for substantial improvement in this area. And finally the fifth area for more environmentally friendly shipping is to use the potential of digitalization. This can improve everything from how we design and construct vessels to how we operate them. In short to utilize our resources better with improved loading, optimized routing and communication with other parties. Why should we run at full speed to a port just to be told to wait? In addition to reducing the use of energy, digitalization can also play an important role in increaseing safety. To sum this up. If you want to be a shipping company for the future you have to actively take part in shaping this future. Going forward we will see, and be part of, exciting

developments in traditional alternative fuels, electricity, new materials, hydrodynamics and finally digitalization. Shipping is developing with society – and will continue to contribute to a sustainable world. Thank you! CB