Active Queensland Participation Survey - Department of National

Active Queensland Participation Survey - Department of National

Research Report. Authors: Adam Hinds, Jodie Gordon & Lexi Crouch Issue Date: 25 May 2016 Project number: DNPSR0002 2015 Survey Contents 1. Executiv...

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Research Report. Authors: Adam Hinds, Jodie Gordon & Lexi Crouch Issue Date: 25 May 2016 Project number: DNPSR0002

2015 Survey

Contents 1. Executive summary ............................................................................................. 6 1.1.

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 6

1.2.

Key Findings .......................................................................................................................................... 6

1.3.

Conclusions ......................................................................................................................................... 10

2. Introduction ........................................................................................................ 12 2.1.

Background ......................................................................................................................................... 12

2.2.

Research Objectives............................................................................................................................ 13

3. Methodology in Brief .......................................................................................... 14 3.1.

Interpreting This Report ....................................................................................................................... 16

4. Findings ............................................................................................................. 20 4.1.

Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months ............................................................................. 20

4.2.

Types of Physical Activities Participated In.......................................................................................... 24

4.3.

Number of Physical Activities Participated In ....................................................................................... 30

4.4.

Role in the Physical Activity ................................................................................................................. 32

4.5.

Physical Activities Participated in Most Often ...................................................................................... 37

4.6.

Location of Physical Activity ................................................................................................................ 43

4.7.

Distance Travelled to Participate in Physical Activity ........................................................................... 48

4.8.

Extent of Physical Activity .................................................................................................................... 51

4.9.

Physical Activity Organisations ............................................................................................................ 59

4.10.

Drivers to Participation in Physical Activity .......................................................................................... 64

4.11.

Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity ......................................................................................... 72

4.12.

Future Involvement in Physical Activity................................................................................................ 79

5. Sample Profile ................................................................................................... 84 7. Appendix A: Telephone (CATI) Questionnaire ................................................... 91 8. Appendix B: Online Questionnaire ................................................................... 106 9. Appendix C: Comparing QSERSA Results to ABS .......................................... 121

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Index of Tables

3

Table 1: Geographical Quotas

14

Table 2: Sample Profile Summary

15

Table 3: Definitions

16

Table 4: Local Government Areas (LGAs) Within Each Region

17

Table 5: Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

21

Table 6: Frequency of Physical Activity (Differences By Respondent Sub-Groups)

23

Table 7: Frequency of Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

25

Table 8: Types of Physical Activities Participated in (Differences By Respondent SubGroups)

27

Table 9: Number of Physical Activities Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

31

Table 10: Role in the Physical Activity - Summary (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

33

Table 11: Role in the Activity by Each Physical Activity (Overall Results)

34

Table 12: Physical Activities Participated in Most Often (Overall Results)

38

Table 13: Physical Activities Participated in Most Often (Differences by Respondent SubGroups)

40

Table 14: Location of Physical Activity – Summary Across All Physical Activities (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

44

Table 15: Top Locations for Each Physical Activity (Overall Results)

45

Table 16: Distance Travelled to Physical Activity (by Physical Activity)

49

Table 17: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

52

Table 18: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (by Physical Activity)

53

Table 19: Average Length of Session in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (By Physical Activity)

55

Table 20: Number of Sessions Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Excluding Past Month) – Top 3 Activities (By Physical Activity)

57

Table 21: Average Length of Session in Past 6 Months – Top 3 Activities (Overall Results)

58

Table 22: Organised vs. Non-Organised Activities (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

60

Table 23: Type of Organiser (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

63

Table 24: Drivers to Participation Amongst High Frequency Participants (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

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Table 25: Changes That Would be Required to Enable Low Frequency and Non-Participants to Participate in Physical Activity More Frequently (Differences By Respondent Sub-Groups)

70

Table 26: Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity (Overall Results)

72

Table 27: Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent SubGroups)

73

Table 28: Physical Activities Desired if There Were No Barriers (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

76

Table 29: Expectations and Intentions for Future Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

80

Table 30: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

83

Table 31: Sample Profile (Detailed)

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Index of Figures Figure 1: Key Metrics Summary Figure 2: Participation Rates According to Age and Gender

10

Figure 3: Participation Rates According to Socieconomic and Time Availability Factors

11

Figure 4: Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months (Overall Results)

20

Figure 5: Frequency of Physical Activity (Overall Results)

22

Figure 6: Number of Physical Activities Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Overall Results)

30

Figure 7: Role in Physical Activity – Summary (Overall Results)

32

Figure 8: Location of Physical Activity – Summary Across All Physical Activities (Overall Results)

43

Figure 9: Distance Travelled to Physical Activity (Summary Across All Physical Activities)

48

Figure 10: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities Summary Across all Physical Activities)

51

Figure 11: Number of Sessions Participated in Past 6 Months (Excluding Past Month) – Top 3 Activities Summary Across all Physical Activities)

57

Figure 12: Organised vs. Non-Organised Activities (Overall Results)

59

Figure 13: Type of Organiser (Overall Results)

61

Figure 14: Drivers to Participation Amongst High and Moderately Frequent Participators (Overall Results)

65

Figure 15: Changes That Would be Required to Enable Low Frequency and NonParticipants to Participate in Physical Activity More Frequently (Overall Results)

69

Figure 16: Physical Activities Desired if There Were No Barriers (Overall Results)

75

Figure 17: Expectations and Intentions for Future Physical Activity (Overall Results)

79

Figure 18: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (Overall Results)

81

Figure 19: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (By Current Physical Activity Level)

82

Figure 20 QSERSA Survey compared to ABS Survey of Participation in Sport and Physical Recreation Australia, 2013-14 (4177.0)

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121

1. Executive summary 1.1. Introduction Colmar Brunton was approached by the Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing (‘the Department’) to conduct the 2015 Queensland Sport, Exercise and Recreation Survey – Adults (QSERSA). The aim of the QSERSA survey is to collect robust data to a Queensland regional level and meet Queensland Government’s policy, program development and planning needs for sport and recreation participation. This is the first wave of this annual survey and as such, provides us with baseline data for comparison with future waves of the survey. The objectives of this research are to: 

generate valid, reliable and generalizable data at the state and regional level for Queensland on adult participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation;



supplement national data on adult participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation;



generate data that will be useful for planning and program development, such as data on participation enablers and barriers; facilities, places and spaces used and factors linked to their use; organised versus non-organised activities; along with demographic associations between these factors; and



provide the vehicle for generating data on an ongoing basis to allow for time series analysis, including data for performance measurement on the Service Delivery Standard indicator of Queenslander participation rates in sport and recreation.

The research involved 7,208 surveys in total utilising a dual data collection methodology of ComputerAssisted-Telephone-Interviews (CATI) and online surveys. The telephone survey utilised a random digit dialling of fixed lines and mobile phone numbers. The online survey was conducted using an online panel. Surveys took 10 minutes on average but varied slightly dependent on the extent of the respondent’s stated physical activity. The research was conducted between 8 July and 28 August 2015. The responses to some questions about recent physical activity should be considered with the knowledge that the survey was conducted during winter months and some physical activities tend to be influenced by seasons.

1.2. Key Findings Participation rates in sports, exercise and recreation Three-quarters (75%) of Queenslanders could be described as participants, that is, they have participated in physical activities for sports, exercise or recreation during the last 12 months. The remaining quarter (25%) could be described as non-participants.

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The results are relatively positive with self-reported levels of physical activity being fairly high. 







Almost two-thirds (63%) of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as high frequency participants, that is, they participate in physical activity once a week or more often. This includes twenty-one per cent (21%) who report they undertake physical activity at least once a day. Just over one tenth (12%) of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as medium frequency participants, that is, they participate in physical activity once a fortnight or less often but at least once every 6 months. Just 1% of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as low frequency participants, that is they participate in physical activity at least once a year, or know that they have participated over the past 12 months but can’t recall how often. One-quarter (25%) are non-participants in physical activity over the past 12 months.

Figure 1: Key Metrics Summary

High frequency participants Nearly two in three (63%) of Queenslanders are high frequency participants. The following summarises high frequency participants’ sports, exercise and recreation activities over the past 12 months. The incidence of participation is highest for: Most popular physical activities

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1. Any walking activity (63%) 2. Any gym activity (31%) 3. Running/jogging (18%) 4. Swimming (17%) 5. Bushwalking (14%) 6. Yoga/Pilates (10%) 7. Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) (9%) 8. Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (8%) 9. Golf (6%) 10. Tennis (6%)

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Physical activities participated in most often/frequently

1. Any walking activity (57%) 2. Any gym activity (26%) 3. Running/jogging (13%) 4. Swimming (10%) 5. Yoga/Pilates (6%) 6. Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) (5%) 7. Bushwalking (5%) 8. Golf (4%) 9. On-road cycling (4%) 10. Tennis (4%) 1

On average, they participate in two to three physical activities . Number of physical activities participated in

Role in physical activity

Location of physical activity

Distance travelled to participate

Involvement with an organisation

1

8

   

One activity (25%) Two activities (25%) Three activities (18%) More than three activities (32%)

Looking across all physical activities, a large majority of high frequency participants were active players or participants (96%). Just under 1 in 10 (9%) fulfilled another role (e.g. coach, trainer or referee). There is a small amount of cross-over, with 5% fulfilling both roles.

Roads, streets or walking paths clearly exceed all other locations in terms of the most common locations. Almost half (45%) indicated they participated in physical activity on roads or streets, whilst four in ten (41% high frequency) indicated walking paths. Following these two locations, the gym (27%) and private dwellings (home/private property/home of friends or family) (26%) were the next most common locations of physical activity.

On average, most physical activities require the participant to travel 5km to less than 10km, if not, slightly less (2km to 5km).

 A large majority participate in at least one activity which has no involvement with a club (85%).  Around 1 in 3 participated in at least one physical activity where activities are entirely organised by a club, association or other organisation (30%).  Around 1 in 10 participate in at least one physical activity where some activities are organised by a club, association or other organisation (11%).  Sports clubs or associations that require payment of fees for membership, participation or registration are most common (16%) followed by fitness or leisure organisations or indoor sports centres that also require payment (12%).

Sub-activities of walking, gym and motorsports are counted as one activity each.

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Number of sessions of physical activity

On average just over 20 sessions of physical activity were undertaken over the past month (mean=23.7; median=20).    

Up to 10 sessions (24%) 11 to 20 sessions (26%) 21 to 30 sessions (22%) More than 30 sessions (e.g. once a day or more often) (28%)

The average length of each session varies significantly based on the type of physical activity.

Drivers to participation The top four drivers to participation amongst high frequency participants were:    

Personal interest and motivation (41%); Making the time or having more time available (38%); Meeting with friends to socialise or gaining/having an exercise buddy/ies (37%); and Having a car (36%).

Barriers to participation Low frequency participants and non-participants were asked the main reasons why they did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months at all or more frequently. Lack of time due to other commitments such as work, study and family is the key barrier to participation, with 39% of low frequency participants and 33% of non-participants citing this as their main reason. Amongst low frequency participants, physical activities being too expensive was the second most common reason (26%) followed by work commitments (19%). Amongst non-participants the second most common reason was ongoing illness or injury (24%) followed by work commitments (19%). A demographic profile of these groups also suggests that age, adverse health or disabilities appear to be heightened issues amongst these groups of respondents as opposed to respondents who participate in physical activities more frequently. Language barriers may also be a barrier for low frequency participants.

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1.3. Conclusions Queenslanders are an active bunch but there is certainly scope for improvement. We need to get Queenslanders Up, Out and Active. As a champion for physical activity in Queensland, the Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing can utilise the findings in this benchmark survey to better understand the extent and type of physical activities being undertaken by Queenslanders at the present. If this survey is to be replicated in future, it can also be utilised as a benchmark to determine the impact of any Department initiatives arising from this research on Queenslanders’ physical activities. Increasing participation rates start with an understanding of who should be targeted as a priority. The degree to which Queenslanders participate in sports, exercise and recreation tends to vary based on:    

age and associated health factors; socioeconomic factors; time availability; and to a lesser extent, gender.

Figure 2 below summarises how participation rates tend to vary according to age and gender.

Figure 2: Participation Rates According to Age and Gender

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Figure 3 below summarises how participation rates tend to vary according to socioeconomic and time availability factors.

Figure 3: Participation Rates According to Socieconomic and Time Availability Factors

Most Queenslanders are aware of the personal benefits of an active lifestyle, however there are key barriers in the way. To increase participation rates in sport, exercise and recreation there are indicators to suggest focussing on the following may be key:    

11

Increasing awareness and availability of options for who time availability is a problem (due to work, parenting or caring commitments). Increasing awareness and availability of affordable options (including those that are free). Increasing awareness and availability of physical activities appropriate for the elderly or less physically able. Motivating people to simply start participating, including those who believe they are too unhealthy, overweight or unfit to even start in the first place.

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2. Introduction Colmar Brunton was approached by the Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing (‘the Department’) to conduct the 2015 Queensland Sport, Exercise and Recreation Survey – Adults (QSERSA). The aim of the QSERSA survey is to collect robust data at Queensland regional level and meet Queensland Government’s policy, program development and planning needs for sport and recreation participation. This is the first wave of this particular Queensland focused survey and as such, provides us with baseline data for comparison with future waves of the survey.

2.1. Background One previous similar survey was the Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS). This was a joint initiative of the Australian Sports Commission and State and Territory Departments of Sport and Recreation conducted on an annual basis between 2001 and 2010. The ERASS collected information on the frequency, duration, nature and type of physical activities participated in by persons aged 15 years and over for exercise, recreation or sport during the 12 months prior to the interview. With the cessation of the ERASS in 2010, Australian jurisdictions signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to conduct a biennial national sport and recreation participation survey as part of the Multipurpose Household Survey (MPHS). As part of this arrangement with the ABS, jurisdictions were allocated a proposed base sample size for the participation survey. Queensland’s base sample size for the 2013-14 collection was 2,350 households. However this sample was insufficient to generate robust data at the Queensland regional level. As a consequence, the Queensland Government’s Sport and Recreation Services (SRS), in the Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing (NPSR), sought proposals from research providers for providing robust survey data on participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation at both the state and regional level, and on a more frequent basis – that is, to conduct the newly formed Queensland Sport, Exercise and Recreation Survey – Adults (QSERSA). Colmar Brunton was awarded this contract in 2015. The questionnaire used for the 2015 QSERSA included indicators used in the ABS MPHS (some of them with modifications) but also allowed for robust data at the Queensland regional level on these indicators. Importantly, additional indicators (for instance, on participation barriers and enablers) have been included in the survey that will allow SRS to better align data collection with performance measurement as well as program development and planning.

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2.2. Research Objectives Sport and Recreation Services (SRS) in the Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing (NPSR) identifies one of its key priorities as increasing the number of Queenslanders participating in physical activity for sport and recreation. As such, the Queensland Government required data that will better meet its policy, program development and planning needs for sport and recreation participation. In light of this key priority for SRS, the objectives of the QSERSA survey are to:

• • •



13

generate valid, reliable and generalizable data at the state and regional level for Queensland on adult participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation; supplement national data on adult participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation; generate data that will be useful for planning and program development, such as data on participation enablers and barriers; facilities, places and spaces used and factors linked to their use; organised versus non-organised activities; along with demographic associations between these factors; and provide the vehicle for generating data on an ongoing basis to allow for time series analysis, including data for performance measurement on the Service Delivery Standard indicator of Queenslander participation rates in sport and recreation.

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3. Methodology in Brief Two data collection methodologies were utilised as part of this survey: 



Computer-Assisted-Telephone-Interviews (CATI) using: o Random Digit Dialling (RDD) for targeting of fixed-line households o Random Digit Dialling (RDD) for targeting mobile phones Online survey using online panel

This combined approach ensured we could overcome any sample bias associated with using any one data collection method or sample frame alone. The target respondents were adults aged 18 years or older currently residing in Queensland. The survey was undertaken between 8 July and 28 August 2015. Geographical quotas were set to ensure coverage of all areas across Queensland. Locational quotas can be seen in Table 1 below. In all locations the minimum quota was achieved and in some cases, exceeded, thus the numbers below are not the final sample achieved but the minimum targets sought – a full profile of the sample achieved can be seen in Table 2 on the following page.

Table 1: Geographical Quotas

Online

100

1600 (combination of above, with at least n=30 per location)

CATI

200

2410 (combination of the above mentioned, with at least n=100 each location)

Total

300

4010 (combination of above, meeting minimum quotas specified)

Brisbane East

Brisbane South

Brisbane Inner City

Brisbane West

Brisbane North

Gold Coast

Logan

Ipswich

Moreton Bay South

Moreton Bay North

Sunshine Coast

Toowoomba

South-East Queensland

Other Queensland Cairns

Townsville

Mackay

Fitzroy

Wide Bay

QLD Outback

Darling Downs

Online

160

150

60

80

200

0

50

CATI

300

290

290

380

420

150

360

Total

460

440

350

460

620

150

410

No age quotas were set however the sample was monitored to ensure there were no noteworthy skews versus the true population. Soft quotas were placed on gender to ensure that around 40% of the overall sample were males (traditionally males are less likely to participate in research than females).

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The final sample achieved was n=7,208 responses, the fall-out of which is summarised in the table below. Section 5 of this report presents a profile of the sample in further detail.

Table 2: Sample Profile Summary Characteristic

Number of respondents (n=)

Unweighted % of sample

Data collection method

Characteristic

Number of respondents (n=)

Unweighted % of sample

Location (detailed)

CATI

3,382

47%

Brisbane - East

365

5%

Online

3,826

53%

Brisbane – Inner City

366

5%

Brisbane - North

368

5%

Gender Male

2808

39%

Brisbane - South

378

5%

Female

4400

61%

Brisbane - West

370

5%

Cairns

475

7%

Age 18-29 years

759

11%

Darling Downs – Maranoa

364

5%

30-44 years

1997

28%

Fitzroy

460

6%

45-59 years

2576

36%

Gold Coast

375

5%

60 years plus

1876

26%

Ipswich

364

5%

Logan – Beaudesert

367

5%

Location (summary) South-East Queensland

4,020

56%

Mackay

354

5%

Other

3,188

44%

Moreton Bay – North

342

5%

Moreton Bay – South

355

5%

Sunshine Coast

370

5%

Toowoomba

306

4%

453

6%

625

9%

Brisbane

1534

21%

ATSI Status Yes, Aboriginal

139

2%

Yes, Torres Strait Islander

16

0.3%

Yes, both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

7

0.1%

6995

97%

Wide Bay

51

1%

Region

None of the above Prefer not to answer Language

Townsville

English only

6680

93%

Central

994

14%

Speaks language other than English

528

7%

Far North

518

7%

North Coast

1272

18%

- Top languages: - German

38

0.5%

Northern

858

12%

- Mandarin

37

0.5%

South East

904

13%

- Hindi

30

0.4%

South West

1128

16%

The sample was post-weighted to ensure it was reflective of the true Queensland population as reported by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. For further details of the approach that was taken to the survey, please contact the Department

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The CATI questionnaire can be seen in Appendix A. The online questionnaire can be seen in Appendix B.

3.1. Interpreting This Report 3.1.1. Definitions The following terms or abbreviations have been utilised throughout this report.

Table 3: Definitions Term of abbreviation

Definition

The Department

Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing

SRS

Sport and Recreation Services (within the Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing)

ABS

Australian Bureau of Statistics

LGA

Local Government Area

SR

Single Response

MR

Multiple Response

ATSI

Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander

LOTE

Language Other Than English

High frequency participants

Has participated in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation at least once a week (including once a day) over the past 12 months

Moderate frequency participants

Has participated in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation at least once a fortnight to once every 6 months

Less frequent participants

Has participated in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation at least once in the past 12 months (or know that they have participated in the past 12 months but don’t recall how frequently)

Non participants

Has not participated in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the past 12 months

Survey respondents were classified into Queensland locations for the purpose of post-weighting the data and analysing the results by geography. Locational classifications were discussed and agreed with the Department, as shown below. These locational classifications are based on Queensland Local Government Areas (LGAs) which were in turn, based on postcode. These locational references are referred to as ‘region’ throughout.

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Table 4: Local Government Areas (LGAs) Within Each Region Brisbane

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

Brisbane

Banana

Aurukun

Gympie

Boulia

Gold Coast

Balonne

Barcaldine

Cairns

Moreton Bay

Burdekin

Logan

Bulloo

Barcoo

Cassowary Coast

Sunshine Coast

Burke

Redland

Goondiwindi

Blackall Tambo

Cook

Carpentaria

Ipswich

Bundaberg

Croydon

Central Highlands

Charters Towers

Etheridge

Cloncurry

Lockyer Valley Maranoa/Rom a

Cherbourg

Hope Vale

Doomadgee

Murweh

Diamantina

Kowanyama

Flinders

Paroo

Fraser Coast

Lockhart River

Hinchinbrook

Quilpie

Gladstone

Mapoon

Isaac

Scenic Rim

Longreach

Napranum

Mackay

Somerset

North Burnett

Northern Peninsula

McKinlay

Southern Downs

Rockhampton

Pormpuraaw

Mornington

Toowoomba

South Burnett

Tablelands

Mount Isa

Western Downs/Dalby

Winton

Torres Shire

Palm Island

Woorabinda

Torres Strait Island

Richmond

Weipa

Townsville

Wujal Wujal

Whitsunday

Yarrabah

3.1.2. Percentages and Averages Percentages are generally rounded to whole numbers. Some percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding. Where percentages add up to more than 100% this may be due to:  

the question being multiple response (MR) rather than single response (SR); or respondents participating in multiple physical activities and therefore the results represent the proportion of activities rather than the proportion of respondents.

Average ratings (e.g. mean scores) are rounded to one decimal place.

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3.1.3. Sorting of Results In many tables and charts, rows are sorted from most frequent response to least. The exceptions to this are:  

where responses are ordinal and thus more logical to present in that way (e.g. the frequency of performing physical activity is ordered from lowest to highest frequency); and where lists of physical activities are shown these are shown in alphabetical order to allow the reader to find them easily.

3.1.4. Weighting The results of this survey have been weighted according to age, gender and region. For further details about weighting please contact the Department.

3.1.5. Tests of Statistical Significance Tests for statistical significance have been conducted on particular subgroups of interest in this survey, including:   

region (Brisbane, Central, Far North, North Coast, Northern, South East, South West); age (18-29 years, 30-44 years, 45-59 years, 60 years plus); and gender (male and female).

Tests have been undertaken at a 95% confidence level. If there is a statistically significant difference between the result for a particular group and the result for the wider Queensland population, we can be confident that this difference has not occurred by chance, rather that it reflects a genuine difference among that group compared to the wider population. The results for these tests are shown as tables throughout this report. Shaded cells indicate a statistically significant result. Whereby, the following legend applies.

Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

An example table is shown below as well as a brief explanation of how to interpret the significance shading. a

This example table shows that, at an overall level, 75% of respondents surveyed indicated they had participated in physical activities over the past 12 months. However, when we look at differing age groups there is a variance. The cells in blue indicate a result that is significantly higher (statistically speaking) when compared to the total respondents surveyed. Therefore a significantly higher

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b

c

proportion of 18-29 year olds (81% ) and 30-44 year olds (81% ) have participated in physical activities over the past 12 months compared to the total sample. The gold cells indicate a result that is significantly lower than the total sample – specifically the result for respondents aged 60 years plus d (65% ).

Example Table: Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months (Differences by Age)

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

7208

18-29 years

Sample size (unweighted) n=

Age

TOTAL

All

759

1997

2576

1876

Yes, I have participated in physical activities in the past 12 months

75%

a

81%

b

81%

c

74%

65%

No, I have not participated in physical activities in the past 12 months

25%

19%

19%

26%

35%

d

Q1. In the last 12 months did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (SR) (Base: All survey participants n=7,208) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Whether there is a statistical difference between two figures is dependent on a number of aspects, particularly sample size. This may explain why one figure is statistically different to the total result, but a similar figure is not. Therefore a result of say 70% may show up as being statistically significant for a sub-group with a large sample size, whilst the same result of 70% may not show up as being statistically significant for a sub-group with a lower sample size.

3.1.6. Reliability The margin of error associated with this survey is +/-1.15%. This means that if 75% of our sample indicated they had participated in physical activity in the past 12 months, we can be 95% confident that the true result in the population of interest lies between 73.85% and 76.15%. Where sample sizes are low (less than n=30), these are shaded in grey throughout this report. These results should be interpreted with caution due to their high degree of unreliability. As with all surveys, a small amount of non-sampling error may be at play in the results.

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4. Findings 4.1. Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months All Queenslanders surveyed were asked whether they had participated in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation over the past 12 months – see Figure 4. Three-quarters (75%) of Queenslanders could be described as participants, that is, they have participated in physical activities for sports, exercise or recreation. The remaining quarter (25%) could be described as non-participants.

Figure 4: Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months (Overall Results)

No (25%) Yes (75%)

Q1. In the last 12 months did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (SR) (Base: All survey participants n=7,208)

Table 5 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of respondents in the sample. Key take-outs include: 

 

Far North (82%) and Brisbane (80%) respondents are most likely to have participated in physical activity in the past 12 months, whilst Central (71%) and South East (71%) respondents are the least likely to have done so. The younger a respondent, the more likely they are to have participated in physical activity in the past 12 months. Males (77%) appear to be more active in this regard compared to females (74%).

In addition, those respondents who identified themselves as having a disability were less likely to have participated in physical activity in the past 12 months (56%). Household income also appears to

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be a factor on which physical activity varies, with the likelihood of participating in physical activity over the past 12 months increasing as household income increases:   

67% low income (less than $800 per week / $50,000 per year) 77% medium income ($800-$1,599 per week / $67,600-$83,199 per year) 84% high income ($1,600 plus per week / $83,200 plus per year)

Table 5: Participation in Physical Activity in Past 12 Months (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

7208

1534

994

518

1272

858

904

1128

759

1997

2576

1876

2808

4400

Yes, I have participated in physical activities in the past 12 months

75%

80%

71%

82%

74%

79%

71%

74%

81%

81%

74%

65%

77%

74%

No, I have not participated in physical activities in the past 12 months

25%

20%

29%

18%

26%

21%

29%

26%

19%

19%

26%

35%

23%

26%

Sample size (unweighted) n=

Q1. In the last 12 months did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (SR) (Base: All survey participants n=7,208) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Queenslanders surveyed were then asked to specify how frequently they had participated in this physical activity over the past 12 months – see Figure 5. The results are relatively positive with self-reported levels of physical activity being fairly high. 







21

Almost two-thirds (63%) of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as high frequency participants, that is, they participate in physical activity once a week or more often. This includes twenty-one per cent (21%) who report they undertake physical activity at least once a day. Just over one tenth (12%) of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as medium frequency participants, that is, they participate in physical activity once a fortnight or less often but at least once every 6 months. Just 1% of all Queenslanders surveyed could be described as low frequency participants, that is, they participate in physical activity at least once a year, or know that they have participated over the past 12 months but can’t recall how often. One-quarter (25%) are non-participants in physical activity over the past 12 months.

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Figure 5: Frequency of Physical Activity (Overall Results) 28% 21%

At least once a day At least once a week

42%

56%

63% of all respondents: High frequency participants

7% 5%

At least once a fortnight

5% 4%

At least once a month

12% of all respondents: Moderate frequency participants

2% 2%

At least once every three months

1% 1%

At least once every six months At least once a year

0.4% 0.3%

Don’t know/can’t remember

0.5% 0.4%

1% of all respondents: Low frequency participants

Has not participated in physical activity in last 12 months

25% of all respondents: Non-participants

25% 0%

20%

40%

60%

Base: Has participated in physical activity in past 12 months (n=5,352) Base: All respondents (n=7,208) Q1A. How regularly would you say you had participated in physical activity over the last 12 months? Would you say at least…READ, SR. (Base: As shown)

Table 6 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of respondents in the sample. Key take-outs include: 





22

Far North and Northern Queensland respondents appear to undertake physical activity more frequently than respondents in other locations, with one-quarter (25%) reporting they do so at least once a day and a further 44% at least once a week. Over three-quarters of respondents in each of these locations could be described as high frequency participants. In terms of age: o Respondents aged 60 years plus are more likely to be non-participants (35%). o Physical activity levels marginally reduce between 18-29 years of age and 30-44 years of age, but then start to reduce significantly thereafter. o A ‘dip’ in physical activity levels being undertaken at least once a day is observable in the 30-44 years age bracket, before recovering again in the 45-59 year age bracket. One theory for this is parenting commitments, which include a lack of access to childcare or babysitters and a lack of time associated with these commitments around this age. Females (26%) are more likely to be non-participants than males (23%).

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Table 6: Frequency of Physical Activity (Differences By Respondent Sub-Groups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

7208

1534

994

518

1272

858

904

1128

759

1997

2576

1876

2808

4400

High (once a week or more often)

63%

65%

61%

69%

60%

69%

60%

62%

66%

64%

63%

59%

64%

62%

Medium (once a fortnight – at least once every 6 months)

12%

14%

9%

12%

13%

10%

10%

11%

14%

16%

11%

6%

13%

11%

Low (once a year or don’t know/can’t remember)

1%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

Non-participators (has not participated in 25% physical activity in past 12 months)

20%

29%

18%

26%

21%

29%

26%

19%

19%

26%

35%

23%

26%

Sample size (unweighted) n= Frequency of participation (summary)

Frequency of participation (detailed) At least once a day

21%

19%

21%

25%

21%

25%

22%

20%

21%

18%

22%

24%

21%

21%

At least once a week

42%

46%

40%

44%

39%

44%

39%

42%

45%

46%

41%

35%

42%

41%

At least once a fortnight

5%

6%

5%

5%

6%

3%

5%

5%

5%

7%

5%

3%

6%

4%

At least once a month

4%

5%

3%

4%

4%

5%

3%

3%

5%

5%

4%

2%

5%

4%

At least once every three months

2%

2%

1%

3%

3%

1%

1%

2%

3%

2%

1%

1%

2%

2%

At least once every six months

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

At least once a year

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Don’t know / can’t remember

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

None

25%

20%

29%

18%

26%

21%

29%

26%

19%

19%

26%

35%

23%

26%

Q1A. How regularly would you say you had participated in physical activity over the last 12 months? Would you say at least…READ, SR. (Base: All survey participants n=7,208) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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4.2. Types of Physical Activities Participated In Queenslanders surveyed were asked to specify which sports, exercises or recreational activities they had participated in over the past 12 months – see Table 7. This question was asked of both high frequency and medium frequency participants. Amongst high frequency participants, the 10 most popular activities (in order of popularity) are as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Any walking activity (63%) Any gym activity (31%) Running/jogging (18%) Swimming (17%) Bushwalking (14%) Yoga/Pilates (10%) Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) (9%) Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (8%) Golf (6%) Tennis (6%)

Following this, moderately popular activities are below: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Weight Training (7%) On-road cycling (6%) Dance (5%) Football/soccer – outdoor (5%) Recreational angling/fishing (4%) Basketball (3%) Netball (3%) Ten pin bowling (3%) Touch football (3%) Boxing (3%)

Compared to moderate frequency participants, some physical activities were more likely to be participated in by high frequency participants, the key ones are as follows:   

Any gym activity (31%) Running/jogging (18%) Weight Training (7%)

Compared to high frequency participants, some physical activities were more likely to be participated in by moderate frequency participants, the key ones are below:

24

    

Bushwalking (18%) Golf (9%) Recreational angling/fishing (6%) Outdoor cricket (5%) Console-based/guided physical activities (5%)



Ten pin bowling (5%)

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Table 7: Frequency of Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups) Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (Please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Any gym activity Gym - cardio Gym - free weights Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Any motorsports activity Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports – enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing

25

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High frequency participants (n=4,516)

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

3%

5%

1% 2% 5% 1% 8% 2% 5% 6% 0% 31% 22% 21% 16% 0% 1% 2% 1% 3% 9% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 3% 6% 0% 1% 4% 0% 0% 2% 1% 2% 1% 18% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2%

1% 5% 5% 0% 4% 1% 3% 9% 0% 14% 11% 7% 7% 0% 0% 2% 0% 3% 9% 1% 5% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 5% 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 14% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 1%

0% 0% 1% 2% 0% 3% 1% 2% 3% 14% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2% 1% 3% 0% 3% 2% 18% 1%

Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Any walking activity Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

High frequency participants (n=4,516) 17% 3% 6% 3% 1% 1% 63% 19% 51% 15% 7% 10% 8%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792) 19% 5% 7% 2% 0% 1% 59% 14% 48% 21% 4% 8% 8%

Q1B. In the last 12 months, what activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (MR), (ALLOW FOR UP TO 5 ACTIVITIES) (Base: High and medium frequency participants n=5,308) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Looking at just high frequency participants, the types of activities participated in amongst key subgroups of respondents in the survey over the past 12 months are shown in Table 8 below. Many differences exist according to age and gender; not as many according to location. The most interesting findings are noted below: 

 





26

Younger respondents (particularly those aged 18-29 years) are more likely to participate in a wide variety of sports, the most notable being any gym activities (48%) including free weights (37%), cardio (33%) and weight machines (25%). Running or jogging is also typically participated in by younger people (32% of 18-29 year olds) and tends to decline as one gets older. Physical activities that tend to be preferred by older people (aged 60 years plus) include walking for exercise (64%) and to a much lesser extent, bowls (7%). Walking for exercise is also an activity strongly correlated with age, whereby the older one is, the more likely they are to walk for the purpose of exercise. On the other hand, walking for the purpose of transport tends to decline slightly over time. Some stereotypical differences in preferences also exist according to gender, with males preferring gym - free weights (23%), golf (10%), on-road cycling (8%), football/soccer – outdoor (7%), recreational angling/fishing (5%), basketball (5%), outdoor cricket (4%), mountain-biking (4%), touch football (4%), Australian rules football (3%), football/soccer – indoor (3%), rugby league (3%) and rugby union (2%). On the other hand, women tend to prefer walking for exercise (62%), walking the dog (24%), swimming (20%), walking for transport (17%), yoga or Pilates (17%), fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (13%), dance (8%), netball (5%), horse riding/equestrian (3%) and dancesport (1%). A small number of noteworthy differences exist according to location, the key ones being: o South East respondents prefer swimming (20%) and surfing (4%) o Brisbane respondents prefer gym - free weights (26%), walking for transport (21%) and yoga and Pilates (14%) o Far North respondents prefer bushwalking (18%), weight training (10%) and recreational angling/fishing (7%)

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Table 8: Types of Physical Activities Participated in (Differences By Respondent Sub-Groups)

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

Sample size (unweighted) n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

Abseiling

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Artificial climbing/indoor rock climbing

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

Athletics (track and field)

1%

1%

0%

0%

2%

1%

1%

1%

3%

2%

0%

0%

2%

1%

Australian rules football

2%

2%

1%

1%

2%

3%

3%

1%

5%

2%

1%

1%

3%

1%

Baseball

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Basketball

3%

5%

2%

6%

3%

3%

3%

1%

8%

4%

1%

0%

5%

2%

BMX

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

0%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Bowls

2%

2%

4%

2%

3%

2%

2%

3%

0%

1%

1%

7%

3%

2%

Boxing

3%

3%

3%

3%

2%

2%

4%

3%

5%

4%

2%

0%

2%

3%

Bushwalking

14%

16%

8%

18%

15%

8%

17%

10%

16%

16%

14%

8%

12%

15%

Challenge ropes courses

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect)

3%

2%

2%

1%

5%

2%

4%

2%

4%

4%

2%

1%

3%

3%

Cricket - indoor

1%

1%

1%

0%

2%

1%

2%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Cricket - outdoor

2%

3%

2%

2%

1%

1%

2%

4%

5%

3%

1%

0%

4%

1%

Dance

5%

4%

3%

5%

4%

3%

7%

4%

8%

4%

3%

4%

2%

8%

Dancesport

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumb a (specified)

8%

9%

7%

8%

7%

7%

9%

7%

8%

9%

6%

9%

3%

13%

Football/soccer indoor

2%

3%

0%

1%

2%

2%

1%

2%

4%

2%

1%

0%

3%

1%

Football/soccer outdoor

5%

6%

3%

5%

5%

4%

4%

5%

11%

5%

3%

0%

7%

2%

Golf

6%

6%

6%

4%

7%

3%

9%

7%

4%

6%

7%

8%

10%

3%

Gridiron/American football

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Any gym activity

31%

36%

20%

29%

32%

33%

32%

26%

48%

35%

24%

17%

32%

30%

Gym - cardio

22%

25%

15%

20%

24%

25%

23%

18%

33%

26%

18%

13%

21%

24%

Gym - free weights

21%

26%

14%

19%

22%

21%

22%

15%

37%

23%

15%

9%

23%

19%

Gym - weight machines

16%

18%

10%

14%

19%

17%

17%

11%

25%

20%

11%

7%

17%

15%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

Gymnastics

27

Region

TOTAL

All

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28

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Hockey

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Horse riding/equestrian

2%

1%

3%

1%

2%

2%

2%

3%

2%

2%

2%

1%

1%

3%

Ice/snow sports

1%

2%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

0%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

Kayaking/canoeing

3%

3%

2%

4%

3%

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths)

9%

9%

9%

11%

12%

9%

10%

5%

10%

9%

11%

7%

10%

9%

Martial arts

2%

3%

1%

2%

2%

2%

2%

3%

4%

3%

1%

1%

3%

2%

Any motorsports activity

2%

1%

1%

2%

2%

2%

3%

2%

1%

3%

2%

0%

3%

1%

Motorsports - dirt track

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Motorsports – enduro riding

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports freestyle

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports karting

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports minikhana

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports motocross

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports recreational trail bike riding

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Motorsports speedway

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Mountain biking

3%

2%

2%

3%

4%

2%

2%

2%

3%

4%

2%

0%

4%

1%

Netball

3%

4%

2%

2%

3%

3%

3%

3%

7%

4%

1%

0%

1%

5%

On-road cycling

6%

8%

4%

6%

7%

8%

5%

4%

6%

8%

8%

3%

8%

4%

Orienteering/rogaining

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Oztag football

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

2%

0%

0%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Recreational angling/fishing

4%

3%

3%

7%

4%

5%

4%

2%

3%

4%

6%

3%

5%

2%

Recreational caving

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

River rafting

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Rock climbing

2%

2%

1%

1%

1%

2%

2%

1%

3%

3%

1%

0%

2%

1%

Rowing

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

2%

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

2%

1%

Rugby league

2%

1%

1%

0%

2%

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

1%

0%

3%

0%

Rugby union

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

2%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Running/jogging

18%

23%

14%

20%

15%

18%

17%

15%

32%

25%

12%

3%

19%

17%

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Sailing

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

2%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Scooter riding

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Scuba/snorkelling

2%

2%

1%

4%

1%

2%

2%

0%

2%

2%

2%

0%

2%

2%

Shooting sports

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

Skateboarding

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

Squash

1%

1%

2%

2%

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

1%

Surfing

2%

3%

1%

0%

3%

1%

4%

1%

3%

2%

3%

1%

3%

2%

Swimming

17%

19%

16%

17%

16%

12%

20%

11%

16%

19%

16%

14%

14%

20%

Ten pin bowling

3%

4%

2%

2%

3%

2%

4%

2%

4%

4%

2%

2%

3%

3%

Tennis

6%

9%

4%

5%

6%

3%

7%

6%

6%

9%

6%

4%

7%

6%

Touch football

3%

3%

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

3%

6%

4%

2%

0%

4%

1%

Triathlon

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

Volleyball

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

2%

1%

1%

2%

2%

0%

0%

1%

2%

Any walking activity

63%

60%

69%

66%

63%

60%

65%

61%

48%

56%

72%

76%

51%

75%

Walking - dog

19%

15%

23%

20%

20%

16%

22%

18%

18%

17%

24%

16%

14%

24%

Walking - for exercise

51%

49%

53%

52%

52%

49%

53%

49%

35%

45%

60%

64%

40%

62%

Walking - for transport

15%

21%

10%

13%

15%

10%

16%

8%

19%

17%

13%

10%

12%

17%

Weight training

7%

8%

4%

10%

6%

4%

8%

4%

10%

8%

6%

2%

6%

7%

Yoga/Pilates

10%

14%

5%

8%

9%

5%

11%

7%

12%

11%

9%

6%

3%

17%

Other (specified)

8%

6%

10%

12%

7%

9%

7%

11%

5%

7%

8%

13%

8%

8%

Q1B. In the last 12 months, what activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (MR), (ALLOW FOR UP TO 5 ACTIVITIES) (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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4.3. Number of Physical Activities Participated In Figure 6 below shows the number of physical activities participated in by high and moderate frequency respondents. These results tell us the variety of physical activities participated in. Looking at high frequency participants, one-quarter (25%) report participating in just the one physical activity over the past 6 months, and a further quarter (25%) report participating in two. The remaining half report participating in 3 or more activities, including 13% who report having participated in more than five. The number of physical activities participated in by moderate frequency participants over the past 6 months is slightly lower than that of high frequency participants, with almost three in ten (29%) reporting they participated in just the one and 44% participating in three or more (compared to 50% of high frequency participants).

Figure 6: Number of Physical Activities Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Overall Results) 25%

1 activity

29% 25%

2 activities

27% 18%

3 activities

16% Average number of physical activities:

11%

4 activities

High frequency participants: Mean 3.3, Median 2

9% 8%

5 activities

Moderate frequency participants: Mean 2.9, Median 2

7% 13%

More than 5 activities

12% 0%

10%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

20%

30%

40%

50%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q1B. In the last 12 months, what activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (MR), (ALLOW FOR UP TO 5 ACTIVITIES) (Base: High and moderate frequency participants n=5,308) * Note that ‘other (specify)’ responses are included in this calculation.

Table 9 below shows the number of physical activities participated in by key sub-groups of high and moderate frequency participants. Looking at high frequency participants only:

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Brisbane and South East respondents appear to be undertaking a high variety of physical activities; respondents in both locations have undertaken 3.6 physical activities on average over the past 6 months. Those in Central and South West Queensland appear to be undertaking the lowest variety of physical activities; respondents in both locations have undertaken 2.7 physical activities on average over the past 6 months. The variety of physical activities participated in over the past 12 months declines significantly over time. Those aged 18-29 years are undertaking the most activities (4.2 on average) compared to 2.2 on average amongst those aged 60 years plus. Women are undertaking a wider variety of physical activities than men (3.4 on average compared to 3.1 amongst men).

Table 9: Number of Physical Activities Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

1 activity

25%

21%

33%

22%

24%

26%

22%

36%

15%

21%

28%

38%

26%

24%

2 activities

25%

24%

29%

29%

24%

25%

24%

24%

22%

22%

25%

31%

25%

25%

3 activities

18%

17%

19%

22%

16%

18%

17%

17%

18%

18%

19%

16%

17%

18%

4 activities

11%

11%

7%

9%

11%

13%

14%

8%

15%

11%

11%

8%

11%

10%

5 activities

8%

10%

5%

8%

9%

8%

7%

6%

10%

10%

8%

4%

9%

7%

More than 5 activities

13%

17%

7%

10%

16%

9%

16%

9%

21%

18%

10%

3%

12%

15%

Mean

3.3

3.6

2.7

3.3

3.4

3.0

3.6

2.7

4.2

3.7

2.9

2.2

3.1

3.4

2

3

2

2

3

2

3

2

3

2

2

2

2

3

792

212

83

57

153

78

92

117

118

300

266

108

342

450

1 activity

29%

27%

33%

38%

26%

29%

29%

33%

21%

25%

38%

42%

30%

28%

2 activities

27%

24%

37%

20%

24%

31%

33%

26%

21%

30%

24%

36%

29%

25%

3 activities

16%

13%

9%

21%

24%

21%

11%

20%

22%

13%

17%

14%

16%

16%

4 activities

9%

9%

11%

5%

10%

9%

11%

6%

10%

9%

11%

6%

9%

10%

5 activities

7%

9%

8%

5%

6%

5%

5%

7%

8%

8%

6%

1%

7%

7%

More than 5 activities

12%

19%

1%

12%

10%

4%

11%

7%

18%

15%

4%

1%

10%

13%

Mean

2.9

3.5

2.3

2.6

3.0

2.4

2.8

2.6

3.6

3.1

2.4

1.9

2.8

3.1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

2

2

High frequency participants n=

Median Moderate frequency participants n=

Median

Q1B. In the last 12 months, what activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (MR), (ALLOW FOR UP TO 5 ACTIVITIES) (Base: High and moderate frequency participants n=5,308) * Note that ‘other (specify)’ responses are included in this calculation.

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4.4. Role in the Physical Activity Figure 7 shows the type of participation in physical activity, that is, whether the respondent was an active player or participant versus some other role such as coach, trainer or referee. This question was asked in relation to all physical activities participated in over the past 12 months. Looking across all physical activities, the large majority of high frequency and moderate frequency participants were active players or participants in the physical activity (96% and 97% respectively). Furthermore, just under 1 in 10 (9%) high frequency participants and 4% of moderate frequency participants also fulfilled another role. The findings suggest there is a small amount of cross-over, with 5% of high frequency participants and 1% of moderate frequency participants fulfilling both roles.

Figure 7: Role in Physical Activity – Summary (Overall Results) 100%

96%

97%

80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

9% Player / Participant High frequency participants (n=4,516)

4% Other role (Please specify)

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q2. Just to confirm, for were you a player or participant, or did you perform another role such as a coach, trainer or referee? (Base: As shown) (*Note: question was not asked of low frequency participants)

Table 10 below shows these results split by key sub-groups of high and moderate frequency participants. Looking at high frequency participants:   

32

Little difference exists in the type of role undertaken in physical activity according to region, except for Brisbane where they are less likely to be an active player or participant (97%). The likelihood to be an active player or participant in physical activity decreases as age increases – but is still relatively high amongst those in the older age groups. Males are more likely to participate in another role such a coach, trainer or referee compared to females (11% vs. 6%).

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Moderate frequency participants in Central Queensland report being more likely to have participated in another role (4%).

Table 10: Role in the Physical Activity - Summary (Differences by Respondent SubGroups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

High frequency participants n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

Player/participant

96%

97%

95%

97%

96%

97%

95%

95%

98%

97%

95%

93%

96%

96%

Other role

9%

8%

9%

9%

9%

7%

9%

9%

9%

10%

8%

6%

11%

6%

Moderate frequency participants n=

792

212

83

57

153

78

92

117

118

300

266

108

342

150

Player/participant

97%

99%

96%

97%

98%

97%

96%

92%

100%

97%

96%

94%

98%

97%

Other role

4%

2%

4%

1%

4%

4%

7%

7%

1%

6%

4%

6%

3%

5%

Q2. Just to confirm, for were you a player or participant, or did you perform another role such as a coach, trainer or referee? (Base: As shown) * Sample size is less than n=30 – results are therefore indicative and should be interpreted with caution Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Table 11 below shows the type of role each high and moderate frequency participant had in each physical activity. Participation in a role such as coach, trainer or referee is more common is certain physical activities. Looking at just high frequency participants, these roles are most common in team sports such as Australian rules football (31%), rugby union (28%), athletics (track and field) (25%), outdoor football/soccer (24%), rugby league (22%) and touch football (19%). There are also indicators that these roles may be more common amongst activities such as motorsports – speedway, orienteering/regaining, abseiling and gymnastics however small sample sizes prevent these findings from being conclusive. When comparing the roles undertaken by high and moderate frequency participants, we can see that participation as a player or participants is more common at a moderate frequency, such as the case with dance, fitness classes, tennis and yoga and Pilates.

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Table 11: Role in the Activity by Each Physical Activity (Overall Results)

Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (Please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Any gym activity Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Any motorsport activity Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports – enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining

34

High frequency participants (n=4,516) Player/ Other role Participant (Please specify) 100% 100% 91% 78% 93% 96% 94% 98% 98% 99% 96%

27% 6% 25% 31% 16% 10% 8% 4% 5% 2% 15%

100%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792) Player/ Other role Participant (please specify) 100% 100% 90% 88% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 98% 100%

0% 0% 10% 12% 0% 0% 0% 11% 0% 2% 0%

0%

100%

2%

98% 95% 96% 94%

6% 11% 8% 6%

100% 100% 100% 100%

13% 0% 0% 0%

99%

3%

100%

0%

99% 86% 99% 90% 100% 100% 99% 100% 91% 91% 98% 100% 98%

2% 24% 2% 10% 1% 1% 1% 1% 22% 15% 11% 4% 3%

100% 93% 99% 99% 100% 99% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

0% 7% 1%

99%

1%

100%

0%

99% 95% 95% 100% 100% 100% 100% 95%

18% 10% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5%

100% 92% 100% 100% 100% 100% 84%

0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0%

95%

11%

100%

0%

100%

0%

80%

20%

79% 100% 94% 98% 95%

60% 0% 15% 2% 33%

100% 100% 93% 100% 100%

37% 0% 7% 0% 0%

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1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0%

22%

Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Any walking activity Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

High frequency participants (n=4,516) Player/ Other role Participant (Please specify) 97% 100% 100% 100% 96% 99% 83% 77% 99% 96% 93% 94% 97% 94% 100% 99% 97% 98% 97% 93% 100% 99% 98% 99% 98% 99% 99% 99% 96%

11% 0% 0% 0% 8% 1% 22% 28% 1% 4% 7% 6% 3% 6% 7% 2% 3% 2% 3% 19% 0% 6% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 7%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792) Player/ Other role Participant (please specify) 100% 99% 100% 100% 69% 100% 95% 100% 100% 100% 70% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 97% 100% 100% 100% 100% 74% 99% 99% 99% 98% 96% 100% 97%

0% 3% 0% 0% 31% 0% 5% 0% 1% 5% 30% 0% 21% 0% 0% 0% 4% 3% 0% 3% 0% 26% 1% 1% 1% 2% 7% 1% 6%

Q2. Just to confirm, for were you a player or participant, or did you perform another role such as a coach, trainer or referee? (Base: High and moderate frequency participants who participated in each of the activities shown in the past 12 months n=5,308) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

Those survey respondents who indicated they participated in other roles in these activities were asked to specify (via verbatim) what sort of role this was. The most common response was coaching roles, including mentions like ‘coach’, ‘co-coach’, ‘captain’, ‘assistant instructor’, ‘trainer’, ‘teacher’, ‘instructor’ or ‘mentor’. This type of role was mentioned most commonly amongst respondents who were involved in the following:   2

35

Orienteering/regaining (28%) Rugby union (24%)

2

Note small sample size (results are indicative only).

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

          

3

Abseiling (23%) Australian rules football (18%) Football/soccer – outdoor (18%) Athletics (track and field) (17%) Gymnastics (16%) Martial arts (16%) Rugby league (15%) 4 Challenge Ropes Courses (12%) Touch football (11%) Netball (10%) Horse riding/equestrian (7%)

The second most common response was referee or umpires. This type of role was mentioned most commonly amongst respondents who were involved with the following:      

5

Baseball (12%) Hockey (9%) Touch football (9%) Netball (8%) Australian rules football (7%) Rugby league (6%)

Examples of other less common roles mentioned included managers /team managers, parents of children who played these sports and volunteers.

3 4 5

36

Note small sample size (results are indicative only). Note small sample size (results are indicative only). Note small sample size (results are indicative only).

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4.5. Physical Activities Participated in Most Often Table 12 below shows the physical activities participated in most frequently by high and moderate frequency participants. Respondents were asked to specify their top 3 activities. Amongst high frequency participants, the following are the top activities participated in most often: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Any walking activity (57%) Any gym activity (26%) Running/jogging (13%) Swimming (10%) Yoga/Pilates (6%) Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) (5%) Bushwalking (5%) Golf (4%) On-road cycling (4%) Tennis (4%)

Amongst moderate frequency participants, the following are the top activities participated in most often: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Any walking activity (57%) Bushwalking (13%) Walking – dog (13%) Any gym activity (11%) Swimming (11%) Running/jogging (9%) Golf (7%) Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) (6%) Yoga/Pilates (6%) Recreational angling/fishing (5%)

Walking activities clearly exceed all other physical activities in terms of the activity most frequently participated in by both groups.

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Table 12: Physical Activities Participated in Most Often (Overall Results) Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Any gym activity Gym - cardio Gym - free weights Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Any motorsport activity Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain-biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging

38

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High frequency participants (n=4,516) 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 2% 0% 2% 1% 5% 0%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792) 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 2% 0% 2% 1% 13% 0%

1%

2%

0% 1% 3% 0% 5% 1% 3% 4% 0% 26% 16% 15% 10% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 5% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 2% 4% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 13%

0% 4% 2% 0% 3% 0% 2% 7% 0% 11% 7% 4% 4% 0% 0% 1% 0% 2% 6% 1% 3% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 2% 1% 3% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 9%

Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Any walking activity Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

High frequency participants (n=4,516) 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 10% 0% 4% 2% 0% 1% 57% 15% 43% 10% 3% 6% 11%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792) 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 11% 1% 5% 1% 0% 0% 57% 13% 42% 17% 2% 6% 9%

Q3. You mentioned you have participated in numerous different activities in the last 12 months. Which three activities would you say you participated in most frequently? (Base: Question has been rebased to reflect all high and moderate frequency participants n=5,308) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Table 13 below shows the activities most frequently participated in over the past 12 months split by key sub-groups of high frequency participants. Very few noteworthy differences exist by location. The exceptions are below:     

Central respondents report walking for exercise (49%) or walking the dog (21%) Brisbane respondents report walking for transport (15%) and running or jogging (18%) Northern participants report ‘gym - weight machines’ in their top 3 activities (15%) Far North respondents mention recreational angling/fishing (4% South West respondents mention horse riding or equestrian (3%)

Numerous differences exist in the activities participated in most often according to age. The most noteworthy ones are below: 



39

Compared to older people, younger respondents are more likely to participate most often in a variety of activities. The age differentiation is greatest with respect to gym activities such as free weights, cardio and weight machines in addition to running or jogging. These activities are participated in most often by those aged 18-29 year olds but declines with age. On the other hand, some physical activities participated in most often increase with age. These include walking for exercise, golf and bowls.

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Numerous differences also exist according to gender: 



Compared to females, males are likely to report participating in numerous activities more frequently. The largest differences are observed for gym - free weights (19%), golf (7%), onroad cycling (6%), outdoor football/soccer (5%), touch football (4%) and outdoor cricket (3%). Compared to males, females report participating in walking for exercise (52%), walking the dog (19%), swimming (11%), yoga and Pilates (11%), fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba dance (8%) more frequently and to a lesser extent, dance (5%) and netball (4%).

Table 13: Physical Activities Participated in Most Often (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

Sample size (unweighted) n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

Abseiling

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

2%

2%

0%

4%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

Baseball

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Basketball

2%

3%

1%

4%

1%

2%

1%

1%

5%

2%

1%

0%

3%

1%

BMX

0%

0%

1%

2%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Bowls

2%

2%

3%

2%

2%

1%

1%

2%

0%

0%

1%

6%

2%

1%

Boxing

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

2%

2%

2%

1%

0%

2%

1%

Bushwalking

5%

6%

2%

8%

5%

3%

6%

5%

4%

6%

6%

4%

5%

5%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Cricket - indoor

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Cricket - outdoor

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

3%

3%

2%

1%

0%

3%

0%

Dance

3%

2%

2%

4%

3%

2%

3%

3%

4%

2%

2%

3%

1%

5%

Dancesport

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

5%

5%

4%

3%

5%

5%

5%

5%

5%

5%

4%

5%

1%

8%

1%

2%

0%

0%

2%

2%

0%

2%

3%

1%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Base: High frequency participants

Artificial climbing/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football

Challenge Ropes Courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect)

Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumb a (specified) Football/soccer indoor

40

Region

TOTAL

All

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

Football/soccer outdoor

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

3%

3%

3%

6%

4%

2%

0%

5%

1%

Golf

4%

4%

5%

3%

5%

2%

5%

6%

2%

4%

5%

7%

7%

2%

Gridiron/American football

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Any gym activity

23%

27%

15%

22%

23%

28%

23%

20%

36%

25%

18%

15%

25%

22%

Gym - cardio

16%

18%

10%

16%

17%

19%

16%

13%

23%

18%

13%

11%

15%

17%

Gym - free weights

15%

17%

10%

14%

15%

16%

15%

11%

27%

16%

10%

7%

19%

11%

Gym - weight machines

10%

9%

6%

8%

11%

15%

9%

7%

14%

13%

7%

5%

11%

8%

Gymnastics

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Hockey

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

Horse riding/equestrian

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

1%

3%

2%

2%

1%

1%

1%

2%

Ice/snow sports

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Kayaking/canoeing

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths)

5%

6%

6%

5%

5%

5%

6%

3%

3%

4%

8%

6%

6%

4%

Martial arts

2%

2%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

3%

3%

2%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

3%

1%

2%

0%

2%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Mountain biking

1%

1%

2%

2%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

3%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Netball

2%

3%

2%

2%

2%

2%

2%

2%

5%

3%

1%

0%

1%

4%

On-road cycling

4%

5%

3%

6%

5%

6%

4%

2%

3%

5%

6%

2%

6%

2%

Orienteering/rogaining

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Oztag football

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Recreational

2%

1%

2%

4%

2%

3%

1%

1%

1%

1%

3%

2%

3%

1%

Base: High frequency participants

Any Motorsports Activity Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports enduro riding Motorsports freestyle Motorsports karting Motorsports minikhana Motorsports motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports recreational trail bike riding Motorsports speedway

41

Region

TOTAL

All

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Recreational caving

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

River rafting

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Rock climbing

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Rowing

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Rugby league

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

2%

1%

2%

3%

0%

0%

2%

0%

Rugby union

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Running/jogging

13%

18%

11%

16%

9%

14%

12%

12%

25%

18%

9%

2%

15%

12%

Sailing

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Scooter riding

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Scuba/snorkelling

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

Shooting sports

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

Skateboarding

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Squash

1%

0%

2%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

Surfing

1%

1%

0%

0%

2%

0%

2%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

2%

0%

Swimming

10%

10%

10%

8%

10%

7%

12%

7%

5%

10%

11%

11%

8%

11%

Ten pin bowling

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

Tennis

4%

5%

2%

3%

4%

2%

4%

4%

2%

4%

4%

4%

4%

3%

Touch football

2%

2%

2%

2%

2%

3%

3%

2%

5%

3%

1%

0%

4%

1%

Triathlon

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Volleyball

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

Any walking activity

57%

54%

63%

59%

57%

56%

57%

57%

42%

49%

67%

71%

46%

67%

Walking - dog

15%

11%

21%

15%

15%

13%

18%

15%

14%

12%

20%

14%

11%

19%

43%

40%

49%

43%

43%

43%

43%

45%

23%

35%

53%

60%

34%

52%

10%

15%

7%

9%

9%

6%

10%

5%

10%

12%

9%

7%

8%

11%

Weight training

3%

4%

2%

4%

2%

2%

4%

2%

5%

4%

3%

1%

4%

2%

Yoga/Pilates

6%

9%

2%

5%

7%

3%

6%

5%

7%

6%

7%

5%

2%

11%

Other (specified)

11%

8%

14%

16%

10%

13%

9%

12%

7%

9%

10%

17%

10%

11%

Base: High frequency participants

angling/fishing

Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport

Q3. You mentioned you have participated in numerous different activities in the last 12 months. Which three activities would you say you participated in most frequently? (Base: Question has been rebased to reflect all high frequency participants n=4,516) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

42

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

4.6. Location of Physical Activity Respondents were asked to indicate the location where their physical activities were participated in. The results looking across all physical activities are shown in Figure 8 below. Across both high and moderate frequency participants, roads, streets or walking paths clearly exceed all other locations in terms of the most common locations. Almost half (45%) of high and moderate frequency participants indicated they participated in physical activity on roads or streets, whilst just over four in ten (41% high frequency; 43% moderate frequency) indicated walking paths. Following these two locations, the gym (27%) and private dwellings (home/private property/home of friends or family) (26%) were the next most common locations of physical activity for high frequency participants. Amongst moderate frequency participants, it was also private dwellings (27%) followed by public playgrounds or parks (25%).

Figure 8: Location of Physical Activity – Summary Across All Physical Activities (Overall Results) On-road/on-street Walking paths Gym Home/private property/home of friends family Public playgrounds and parks Beaches/ocean/bay Sporting grounds Local reserves Off road bikeways/bike paths National parks Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios Rivers/creeks State forests Outdoor swimming pools Dams/lakes School or educational facilities Outdoor tennis courts Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) School oval Indoor swimming pools Other None/nothing Don't know

13%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

45% 45% 41% 43%

27% 26% 27% 22% 25% 21% 22%

14% 10% 13% 19% 13% 13% 13% 19% 12% 8% 9% 13% 7% 11% 7% 8% 5% 9% 4% 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 3% 3% 8% 10%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q4. In the last 12 months, where did you participate in ? This may be a certain place, facility or space, such as an indoor centre, national park, public park or sporting ground. MR (Base: High and moderate frequency participants n=5,308). * Note: Responses less than 3% are accumulated as ‘other’.

43

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Table 14 below shows these results split by key sub-groups of high frequency participants. The most interesting findings include: 

  

Brisbane respondents were the most likely to utilise the top locations overall, in particular on road/on street (49%), walking paths (45%) and the gym (33%). Walking paths were also quite popular with those in the South East (46%). 45-59 year olds were significantly more likely than other age groups to use the top 2 locations overall, that is on road/on street (53%) and walking paths (45%). The likelihood to use the gym declines with age. Females were more likely to utilise the top locations overall, in particular on road/on street (48%) and walking paths (47%), and to a lesser extent, the home (29%) and public parks and playgrounds (25%).

Table 14: Location of Physical Activity – Summary Across All Physical Activities (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

Sample size (unweighted) n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

On-road/on- street

45%

49%

46%

44%

43%

44%

42%

43%

41%

42%

53%

41%

41%

48%

Walking paths

41%

45%

39%

39%

42%

32%

46%

33%

39%

40%

45%

40%

35%

47%

Gym

27%

33%

17%

20%

26%

30%

30%

19%

43%

31%

19%

14%

27%

27%

26%

22%

23%

32%

28%

21%

31%

28%

30%

28%

25%

23%

24%

29%

22%

29%

14%

12%

20%

17%

26%

19%

24%

25%

22%

16%

19%

25%

Beaches/ocean

21%

17%

23%

22%

27%

22%

27%

8%

17%

21%

25%

20%

20%

23%

Sporting grounds

14%

15%

12%

10%

14%

13%

15%

15%

19%

16%

12%

9%

20%

8%

Local reserves

13%

15%

7%

12%

15%

10%

18%

8%

9%

14%

16%

12%

13%

14%

Off-road bikeways/bike 13% paths

16%

10%

17%

13%

13%

12%

8%

11%

15%

16%

9%

13%

13%

National parks

13%

14%

7%

19%

14%

8%

15%

10%

13%

15%

13%

10%

13%

13%

Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls

12%

12%

8%

11%

15%

9%

11%

11%

13%

14%

9%

10%

9%

14%

Rivers/creeks

9%

9%

5%

8%

9%

11%

11%

5%

7%

11%

11%

6%

9%

9%

State forests

7%

8%

4%

9%

10%

5%

8%

5%

7%

8%

8%

6%

8%

7%

Outdoor swimming pools

7%

8%

6%

7%

8%

5%

9%

5%

5%

9%

8%

7%

6%

8%

Dams/lakes

5%

6%

3%

5%

6%

3%

6%

4%

5%

5%

5%

4%

5%

5%

School or educational facilities

4%

6%

2%

3%

4%

2%

3%

5%

7%

5%

3%

1%

4%

5%

Outdoor tennis courts

4%

5%

2%

3%

3%

2%

4%

3%

3%

4%

3%

4%

4%

3%

Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball)

4%

6%

3%

5%

4%

2%

2%

2%

7%

4%

2%

1%

4%

3%

Base: High frequency participants

Home/private property/home of friends or family Public playgrounds and parks

44

Region

TOTAL

All

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Sample size (unweighted) n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

School oval

3%

6%

1%

2%

3%

3%

4%

2%

5%

5%

2%

1%

4%

3%

Indoor swimming pools

3%

3%

4%

1%

3%

1%

4%

3%

2%

3%

3%

3%

2%

4%

Other

8%

8%

6%

11%

7%

10%

6%

10%

10%

6%

6%

11%

7%

8%

None or nothing

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Don’t know or no response

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Base: High frequency participants

Q4. In the last 12 months, where did you participate in ? This may be a certain place, facility or space, such as an indoor centre, national park, public park or sporting ground. MR (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) * Note: Responses less than 3% are accumulated as ‘other’. Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

The top two locations for each physical activity participated in by high frequency respondents are shown below. Locations vary significantly based on activity. Results shaded in grey highlight physical activities whereby less than n=30 respondents reported participating in over the last 12 months – these results should be interpreted with caution.

Table 15: Top Locations for Each Physical Activity (Overall Results) Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing

Second top location

National parks (100%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (74%) Sporting grounds (37%) Sporting grounds (80%) Sporting grounds (39%) Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (57%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (47%) Bowls, bowling club/bowling green (49%)

N/A

Gym (68%)

Bushwalking

National parks (69%)

Challenge ropes courses

National parks (58%)

Console-based/guided physical

45

Top location

Home/private property/home of

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Gym (26%) On-road/on-street (30%) School oval (21%) Dams/lakes (37%) Outdoor basketball courts (20%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (31%) Sporting grounds (33%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (29%) Walking paths (50%)/state forests (49%) Public playgrounds and parks (42%) N/A

Top location activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football

Sporting grounds (89%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (56%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (38%) Gym (43%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (56%) Sporting grounds (66%) Golf course, golf club, driving range (60%) Sporting grounds (100%) Gym (81%)

Gym - cardio

Gym (81%)

Gym - free weights

Gym (81%)

Gym - weight machines

Gym (91%)

Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Any motorsports activity

Sporting grounds (78%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (62%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (59%) Rivers/creeks (65%) On-road/on-street (68%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (58%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (42%) State forests (43%)

Motorsports – enduro riding

State forests (59%)

Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding

6

Gym (49%)

Motorsports - dirt track

Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana

46

Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (67%)

Any gym activity

Gymnastics

Second top location

friends or family (100%)

On-road/on-street (100%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (53%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (71%) National parks (100%)

Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (23%) Public playgrounds and parks (30%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (30%) Gym (19%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (27%) Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (26%) Public playgrounds and parks (29%) Sporting grounds (34%) Gym (75%)/indoor swimming 6 pools (75%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (27%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (22%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (26%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (14%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (29%) Outdoor basketball courts (28%) Other (please specify) (19%) State forests (23%) Beaches/ocean/bay (48%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (59%) School or educational facilities (37%) State forests (30%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (23%) Off road bikeways/bike paths (41%) N/A State forests (38%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (29%) State Forests (100%)/home/private property/home of friends or family (100%)

It is assumed these location responses are associated with training for gridiron/American football.

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Motorsports - speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag Football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River Rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing

Top location

Second top location

Off-road bikeways/bike paths (64%) Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (42%)

-

On-road/on-street (84%) State forests (100%) Sporting grounds (100%) Beaches/ocean/bay (80%) National parks (100%) Local reserves (43%) Rivers/creeks (58%) Sporting grounds (72%) Sporting grounds (76%) On-road/on-street (60%) Beaches/ocean/bay (100%)

Scooter riding

On-road/on-street (100%)

Scuba / snorkelling Shooting sports

Beaches/ocean/bay (96%) Sporting grounds (42%)

Skateboarding Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Any walking activity Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

Walking paths (77%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (68%) Beaches/ocean/bay (98%) Outdoor swimming pools (61%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (45%) Outdoor tennis courts (81%) Sporting grounds (80%) On-road/on-street (67%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (55%) Walking paths (59%) Walking paths (57%) Walking paths (60%) On-road/on-street (72%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (61%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (43%) Home/private property/home of friends or family (36%)

State forests (33%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (32%) Off-road bikeways/bike paths (38%) Public playgrounds and parks (79%) State forests (6%) Rivers/creeks (67%) State forests (100%) National parks (41%) Dams/lakes (32%) Public playgrounds and parks (26%) School oval (18%) Walking paths (50%) Rivers/creeks (26%) Public playgrounds and parks (52%) National parks (14%) Other (please specify) (33%) Public playgrounds and parks (63%) Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (31%) Dams/lakes (2%) Beaches/ocean/bay (33%) Ten pin bowling centre** (23%) Sporting grounds (13%) School oval (14%) Sporting grounds (28%) Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) (33%) On-road/on-street (58%) On-road/on-street (56%) On-road/on-street (55%) Walking paths (52%) Gym (48%) Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls/studios (33%) Gym (9%)

Q4. In the last 12 months, where did you participate in ? This may be a certain place, facility or space, such as an indoor centre, national park, public park or sporting ground. MR (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) **Coded up from other specify verbatims. Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

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4.7. Distance Travelled to Participate in Physical Activity Respondents were asked to specify the average distance they needed to travel in order to participate in each physical activity. The results for high frequency participants across all physical activities participated in are summarised in Figure 9 below. This chart shows the number of activities whereby the median response fell into each category of distance. The chart shows that on average most physical activities require the participant to travel 5km to less than 10km, if not, slightly less (2km to 5km). The distance travelled according to each participant across all activities is unable to be calculated with any accuracy due to the way the question was asked.

Figure 9: Distance Travelled to Physical Activity (Summary Across All Physical Activities) Did not have to travel (e.g. did activity at home, I used gym or pool in my building/complex) Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity (i.e. walking, cycling, skateboarding, etc.)

3 7

Less than 1km

0

1km to less than 2km

5

2km to less than 5km

14

5km to less than 10km

22

10km to less than 20km

6

20km to less than 50km

5

50km or more

6

Activities measured but with no participation cited

3 0

5

10

15

20

25

Q5. Thinking about on average how far did you have to travel to the location where you participated in this activity? I’m looking for an idea of distance in terms of kilometres. SR. DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) * Note that any physical activities whereby less than n=30 respondents indicated participating in are included in the figure above.

Table 16 below shows the distance travelled to participate in each specific physical activity. Note that any results shaded in grey indicate physical activities where less than n=30 respondents indicated participating in and thus should be interpreted with caution.

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Physical activities typically participated in the home (and therefore required no travel) included console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) and weight training. There are also indicators to suggest that quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicle riding (a motorsport) is also typically undertaken at the participants own property however small sample sizes prevent this from being conclusive. Physical activities that typically require no travel as the journey is the activity included on-road cycling, leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths), running/jogging, skateboarding, walking - for exercise, walking for transport and walking the dog. Physical activities that typically require the most travel to get to are recreational angling/fishing and bushwalking. There are also indicators to suggest that abseiling, a variety of motorsports, recreational caving, triathlons, shooting sports, scuba/snorkelling and rock-climbing also typically require further distances for participation however small sample sizes prevent this from being conclusive.

Table 16: Distance Travelled to Physical Activity (by Physical Activity) Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Gym - cardio Gym - free weights Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports

Did not have to 7 travel

Less than 8 10km

10km or 9 more

0% 0% 8% 2% 0% 3% 26% 3% 20% 9% 0%

0% 26% 78% 61% 76% 60% 55% 70% 66% 32% 74%

100% 74% 14% 37% 24% 37% 18% 27% 14% 59% 26%

Did not have to travel (did it at home)

98%

2%

0%

5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 2km to less than 5km

6% 7% 20% 7%

50% 57% 49% 63%

44% 36% 31% 29%

2km to less than 5km

11%

67%

22%

5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 10km to less than 20km 2km to less than 5km 1km to less than 2km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km 10km to less than 20km 2km to less than 5km 2km to less than 5km

0% 2% 0% 0% 17% 18% 9% 0% 0% 32% 0%

63% 57% 58% 25% 73% 73% 79% 63% 47% 22% 70%

37% 40% 42% 75% 11% 10% 12% 37% 53% 47% 30%

Average distance (median) 50km or more 10km to less than 20km 1km to less than 2km 5km to less than 10km 1km to less than 2km 5km to less than 10km 1km to less than 2km 2km to less than 5km 1km to less than 2km 10km to less than 20km 5km to less than 10km

7

Includes combined response options ‘I did not need to travel – I did activity at home/ I used gym or pool in my building/complex’ and ‘I did not have to travel as the journey is the activity (i.e. walking, cycling, skateboarding, etc.). Please see topline report for detailed breakdown of results. 8 Includes combined response options ‘Less than 1km’, ‘1km to less than 2km’, ‘2km to less than 5km’ and ‘5km to less than 10km’. Please see topline report for detailed breakdown of results. 9 Includes combined response options ‘10km to less than 20km’, ‘20km to less than 50km’ and ‘50km or more’. Please see topline report for detailed breakdown of results.

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Physical Activities (in alphabetical order) Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/allterrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (Please specify)

Average distance (median) 5km to less than 10km Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity 2km to less than 5km 20km to less than 50km 20km to less than 50km 10km to less than 20km 50km or more Did not have to travel (did it at home)

Did not have to 7 travel

Less than 8 10km

10km or 9 more

13%

47%

40%

73%

19%

8%

4% 0% 0% 31% 0%

70% 14% 41% 0% 0%

26% 86% 59% 69% 100%

71%

29%

0%

50km or more

0%

0%

100%

5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity (i.e. walking, cycling, skateboarding, etc.) 5km to less than 10km 5km to less than 10km 20km to less than 50km 50km or more 20km to less than 50km 5km to less than 10km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity 5km to less than 10km 2km to less than 5km 50km or more 20km to less than 50km Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity 2km to less than 5km 10km to less than 20km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km 50km or more 5km to less than 10km Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity Did not have to travel (did it at home) 2km to less than 5km 2km to less than 5km

18% 17% 2%

46% 53% 64%

36% 30% 35%

67%

24%

9%

0% 6% 3% 0% 0% 2% 1% 2%

52% 67% 22% 0% 34% 52% 72% 61%

48% 27% 75% 100% 66% 46% 27% 37%

64%

31%

5%

15% 20% 0% 4%

45% 58% 38% 19%

40% 22% 62% 77%

63%

37%

0%

4% 5% 27% 0% 3% 0% 0% 0%

71% 44% 56% 75% 80% 68% 0% 74%

25% 51% 16% 25% 17% 32% 100% 26%

71%

27%

2%

65%

30%

5%

58%

39%

3%

52% 27% 34%

39% 60% 72%

9% 13% 28%

Q5. Thinking about on average how far did you have to travel to the location where you participated in this activity? I’m looking for an idea of distance in terms of kilometres. SR. DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) *NOTE: Nett results for any gym activity, any motorsports activity and any walking activity are unable to be calculated for this question. Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

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4.8. Extent of Physical Activity Extent of physical activities participated in over past month In this section we examine the number of sessions of physical activity and the duration of those sessions for physical activities participated in the over the past month. High frequency participants were asked how many sessions of each physical activity they had participated in over the last month. In the interests of keeping survey length to a minimum, this question was asked only in relation to the respondent’s top 3 activities participated in most often. Figure 10 below shows the number of sessions participated in by all respondents across their top 3 physical activities over the past month. On average, high frequency participants reported having participated in just over 20 sessions of physical activity over the past month (mean=23.7; median=20). Almost one-quarter (24%) reported participating in 10 or less sessions, a further quarter (26%) reported participating in 11-12 sessions, and a further 22% indicated participating in 21 to 30 sessions. The remaining 28% reported participating in more than 30 sessions, which would equate to once a day or more often.

Figure 10: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities Summary Across all Physical Activities)

Up to 10 sessions

24%

11 to 20 sessions

26%

21 to 30 sessions

22%

31 to 40 sessions

13%

41 to 50 sessions

Average number of sessions:

6%

More than 50 sessions

Mean: 23.7* Median: 20 9%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

Q7A. Thinking about [ACTIVITY] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last month? This includes any practice or training. DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants in relation to top 3 activities participated in n=4,516) * Outlier responses of more than 100 have been removed from the calculation of the mean. These responses equate to 1.1% of the response amongst high frequency participants.

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Table 17 below shows these results by key sub-groups within the high frequency participant sample. Across all physical activities, the number of sessions participated in over the past month is highest amongst:  

Far North (mean 25.5) and North Coast (mean 24.8) respondents; and 18-29 year olds (mean 25.9).

The number of sessions participated in over the past month is lowest amongst:  

South West (mean 22.0) and Central Queensland (mean 22.9) respondents; and 30-44 year olds (mean 22.5).

No difference exists in relation to gender.

Table 17: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

Up to 10 sessions

24%

22%

25%

25%

23%

26%

22%

30%

17%

27%

24%

27%

24%

25%

11 to 20 sessions

26%

28%

24%

25%

27%

25%

25%

25%

28%

26%

26%

24%

25%

26%

21 to 30 sessions

22%

21%

28%

19%

20%

21%

22%

23%

22%

20%

21%

25%

22%

22%

31 to 40 sessions

13%

14%

11%

10%

12%

14%

15%

10%

16%

13%

13%

10%

14%

12%

41 to 50 sessions

6%

7%

5%

5%

6%

6%

8%

4%

8%

5%

7%

5%

6%

6%

More than 50 sessions

9%

8%

8%

15%

12%

8%

8%

8%

10%

8%

8%

10%

9%

9%

Mean

23.7

23.5

22.9

25.5

24.8

23.5

24.1

22.0

25.9

22.5

23.8

23.2

23.9

23.6

20

19

20

16

18

18

20

16

20

16

19

20

19

18

Base: High frequency respondents

Sample size (unweighted) n=

Median

Q7A. Thinking about [ACTIVITY] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last month? This includes any practice or training. DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants in relation to top 3 activities participated in n=4,516) * Outlier responses of more than 100 have been removed from the calculation of the mean. These responses equate to 1.1% of the response amongst high frequency participants. Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Table 18 below shows the number of sessions participated in by high frequency participants over the past month for each specific physical activity. For some activities, the number of respondents who indicated they had participated in them over the past 6 months was low and therefore these results

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should be interpreted with caution and should be used as a guide only – these results are shaded in grey. The results suggest that the number of sessions participated in over the past month can vary greatly depending on the physical activity. For example, the number of sessions of walking and gym activities is much higher than say bushwalking, recreational fishing/angling or squash.

Table 18: Number of Sessions Participated in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (by Physical Activity)

Base: High frequency participants

Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports – enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling

53

Did not participate in this activity in the last month

Average number of sessions (mean)

More than 12 sessions (specify number)

12 sessions

Less than 12 sessions (specify number)

1.0 8.6 16.5 9.5 10.2 6.8 8.5 8.4 11.0 4.9 10.3

0% 0% 38% 19% 37% 8% 26% 10% 21% 3% 26%

0% 40% 16% 39% 8% 18% 24% 13% 28% 10% 0%

100% 60% 42% 20% 38% 68% 47% 74% 40% 68% 74%

17.0

19%

17%

47%

18%

6.1 5.2 8.8 6.6

0% 9% 13% 8%

23% 16% 21% 24%

77% 37% 58% 65%

0% 38% 9% 4%

8.4

15%

11%

59%

15%

6.2 7.5 5.8 3.0 12.8 12.0 14.0 16.3 8.8 12.0 6.2 3.4

5% 8% 7% 0% 36% 29% 33% 44% 16% 24% 34% 3%

13% 20% 10% 25% 24% 23% 22% 22% 28% 21% 0% 14%

57% 64% 71% 0% 35% 39% 38% 22% 43% 50% 11% 43%

25% 8% 12% 75% 6% 9% 7% 13% 13% 6% 54% 40%

8.8

21%

10%

57%

11%

8.8 3.6 8.1 6.2 -

21% 0% 30% 31% -

12% 0% 0% 0% -

63% 80% 70% 0% -

4% 20% 0% 69% -

16.7

46%

0%

54%

0%

1.0 0.0 8.0 6.3 5.9 13.7

0% 0% 16% 8% 7% 33%

0% 0% 46% 16% 14% 12%

60% 0% 0% 68% 58% 46%

40% 100% 38% 9% 21% 9%

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0% 0% 4% 22% 17% 6% 3% 3% 11% 19% 0%

Base: High frequency participants

Orienteering/rogaining Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

Average number of sessions (mean)

More than 12 sessions (specify number)

12 sessions

Less than 12 sessions (specify number)

4.4 5.8 4.4 2.0 9.7 10.9 7.5 6.1 11.1 3.3 5.4 28.9 4.1 21.9 3.8 8.9 5.0 4.8 6.8 7.0 21.6 5.5 19.9 15.2 19.0 13.5 8.9 12.1

0% 0% 2% 0% 17% 36% 4% 6% 26% 0% 20% 39% 0% 86% 5% 22% 8% 4% 7% 12% 43% 0% 53% 40% 49% 40% 17% 29%

0% 25% 12% 0% 20% 33% 24% 31% 18% 12% 0% 0% 13% 0% 4% 16% 9% 6% 13% 13% 0% 22% 17% 18% 13% 21% 16% 10%

100% 75% 62% 100% 41% 28% 72% 38% 47% 60% 80% 7% 72% 0% 68% 41% 33% 69% 63% 62% 0% 72% 26% 36% 31% 32% 59% 46%

Did not participate in this activity in the last month 0% 0% 24% 0% 22% 4% 0% 25% 9% 27% 0% 54% 15% 14% 23% 22% 50% 21% 17% 13% 57% 6% 4% 5% 7% 7% 9% 14%

Q7A. Thinking about [ACTIVITY] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last month? This includes any practice or training. DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants in relation to top 3 activities participated in n=4,516) *NOTE: Nett results for any gym activity, any motorsports activity and any walking activity are unable to be calculated for this question. Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

Table 19 below shows the average length of each session of specific physical activity participated in over the past month. Results shaded in grey should be interpreted with caution as less than n=30 respondents indicated participating in them over the past month. Excluding these activities, the longest sessions exist for recreational angling/fishing (93% more than 60 minutes), golf (91% more than 60 minutes), bowls (89% more than 60 minutes) followed by outdoor football/soccer (62% more than 60 minutes). Indicative findings also suggest the average length of sessions associated with a variety of motorsports, recreational caving, triathlon, shooting sports, sailing, rock-climbing, surfing, baseball, outdoor cricket, ten pin bowling and skateboarding may be longer than other types of physical activity however due to small sample sizes these results are not conclusive.

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Table 19: Average Length of Session in Past Month – Top 3 Activities (By Physical Activity) Base: High frequency participants Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Cricket - indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Gym - cardio Gym - free weights Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - karting Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - speedway Mountain-biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River rafting Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling Shooting sports Skateboarding

55

More than 60 minutes per session (in minutes)

46 - 60 minutes per session

30 - 45 minutes per session

Less than 30 minutes per session (in minutes)

2% 57% 76% 49% 23% 4% 3% 62% 91% 0% 10% 17% 15% 48% 57% 56% 0% 42% 16% 58% 100% 100% 100% 78% 43% 26% 55% 22% 26% 55% 0% 93% 100% 81% 51% 53% 52% 9% 92% 22% 7% 96% 73%

25% 14% 20% 36% 53% 71% 32% 32% 6% 100% 41% 47% 39% 52% 43% 29% 100% 46% 28% 39% 0% 0% 0% 0% 32% 74% 22% 52% 33% 45% 49% 6% 0% 2% 39% 29% 46% 35% 8% 0% 37% 4% 27%

54% 29% 2% 14% 16% 22% 65% 3% 2% 0% 37% 30% 35% 0% 0% 15% 0% 3% 43% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 0% 16% 26% 29% 0% 51% 1% 0% 17% 9% 18% 0% 46% 0% 72% 41% 0% 0%

18% 0% 2% 1% 7% 3% 0% 2% 0% 0% 12% 6% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 12% 0% 0% 0% 0% 22% 0% 0% 4% 0% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 2% 10% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0%

0% 60% 36% 58% 79% 26% 55% 89% 16% 48% 26%

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0% 40% 54% 31% 21% 49% 45% 7% 60% 37% 74%

100% 0% 9% 11% 0% 24% 0% 5% 24% 13% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0%

Base: High frequency participants Squash Surfing Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify)

More than 60 minutes per session (in minutes) 24% 81% 9% 74% 58% 12% 100% 26% 4% 12% 11% 6% 19% 46%

46 - 60 minutes per session 53% 12% 38% 19% 33% 48% 0% 59% 30% 34% 13% 44% 50% 29%

30 - 45 minutes per session 19% 7% 44% 7% 9% 40% 0% 15% 53% 43% 36% 34% 21% 16%

Less than 30 minutes per session (in minutes) 0% 0% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 13% 10% 39% 16% 10% 9%

Q7B. On average, how long was each session? SR, DO NOT READ (Base: High frequency participants in relation to top 3 activities participated in n=4,516) * NOTE: If respondents indicated they had not participated in one of their top 3 physical activities in the past month at Q7A, these activities were not asked about at Q7B. * NOTE: the average length of each session is unable to be calculated due to the way the question was asked, nor is the total amount of time participated in sessions for each specific individual. *NOTE: Nett results for any gym activity, any motorsports activity and any walking activity are unable to be calculated for this question. Less than n=30 responses obtained to this question or response option – results are indicative and should be interpreted with caution.

Extent of physical activities conducted prior to one month ago (but within the past 6 months) Those high frequency participants who indicated they had not participated in one of their top 3 activities over the past month were asked how many sessions they had participated in over the past 6 months instead. This may include physical activities that may be seasonal based (as the survey was conducted during winter), but may also include physical activities not participated in for other personal reasons. Figure 11 below shows the number of sessions participated in by these respondents across their top 3 physical activities over the past 6 months. Just under half (47%) of these high frequency participants reported participating in up to 10 sessions and almost three-quarters (73%) reported participation in up to 20 sessions. If we compare these results to earlier findings showing the number of sessions over the past month, it is evident that unless someone has participated in something recently (i.e. in the last month) then their participation in that activity is likely to be quite sporadic/more infrequent over time.

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Figure 11: Number of Sessions Participated in Past 6 Months (Excluding Past Month) – Top 3 Activities Summary Across all Physical Activities) Up to 10 sessions

47%

11 to 20 sessions

26%

21 to 30 sessions

10%

31 to 40 sessions

4%

41 to 50 sessions

4%

More than 50 sessions

Average number of sessions: Mean: 23.1 Median: 12.0

10% 0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

Q8A. Thinking about [ACTIVITY FROM Q7A = 97] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last 6 months? This includes any practice or training. SR, DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants who have not participated in one of their top 3 physical activities in the past month, but have done so in the past 6 months n=790)

The number of high frequency participants who responded to this question in specific relation to many physical activities is much too low to show results at a specific physical activity level. The exceptions are shown in Table 20 below. The physical activities shown here are likely to be popular but highly sporadic physical activities given many people have participated in them in the past 6 months but not in the past month.

Table 20: Number of Sessions Participated in Over Past 6 Months (Excluding Past Month) – Top 3 Activities (By Physical Activity)

Base: High frequency participants

Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Gym - cardio Gym - free weights Gym - weight machines Swimming Walking - for exercise Weight Training Other (please specify)

Average number of sessions (mean)

More than 12 sessions (specify number)

12 sessions

Less than 12 sessions (specify number)

Did not participate in this activity in the last month

Don’t know / can’t remember

19.8

34%

11%

27%

25%

3%

25.7 16.6 27.2 24.3 30.9 10.2 15.1

42% 33% 44% 50% 42% 27% 45%

12% 28% 10% 10% 11% 46% 8%

5% 7% 9% 19% 11% 7% 28%

24% 26% 26% 6% 16% 0% 19%

17% 7% 10% 15% 20% 20% 0%

Q8A. Thinking about [ACTIVITY FROM Q7A = 97] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last 6 months? This includes any practice or training. SR, DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants who have not participated in one of their top 3 physical activities in the past month, but have done so in the past 6 months n=790). Only those physical activities whereby n=30 or more respondents responded to are shown.

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Those high frequency participants who indicated they had not participated in one of their top 3 activities over the past month were alternatively asked to specify the average length of each session of physical activities across the past 6 months. The number of high frequency participants who responded to this question in relation to most physical activities is much too low to show results at a specific physical activity level, however the exceptions are shown in Table 21 below. The length of each session is very high in relation to bushwalking and lowest in relation to high cardio activities such as swimming, running/jogging and cardio sessions at the gym.

Table 21: Average Length of Session in Past 6 Months – Top 3 Activities (Overall Results) Base: High frequency participants Bushwalking Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Gym - cardio Running/jogging Swimming Walking - for exercise Other (please specify)

More than 60 minutes per session (in minutes) 51%

46 - 60 minutes per session 35%

30 - 45 minutes per session 14%

Less than 30 minutes per session (in minutes) 0%

3%

73%

19%

0%

10% 7% 10% 9% 51%

34% 26% 35% 30% 28%

47% 62% 39% 53% 17%

6% 5% 16% 6% 4%

Q8B. On average, how long was each session? SR, DO NOT READ. (Base: High frequency participants who have not participated in one of their top 3 physical activities in the past month, but have done so in the past 6 months n=790). * Only those physical activities whereby n=30 or more respondents responded to are shown. * Note that ‘gym – free weights’ and ‘gym – weight machines’ are not shown due to the number of don’t know / can’t remember responses as Q8A. Although these activities are shown in the previous table for Q8A, the number of respondents who answered this question Q8B in relation to these activities has dropped below n=30 and thus are no longer able to be shown.

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4.9. Physical Activity Organisations Involvement with an organisation Participants were asked to indicate the extent to which their physical activities were organised by a club, association or another organisation. Figure 12 shows the proportion of high frequency participants who indicated they participated in at least one physical activity with:   

no involvement with a club; some involvement with a club; or entirely involving a club.

The large majority of high and moderate frequency participants participate in at least one activity which has no involvement with a club (85% high frequency participants, 87% of moderate frequency participants). Around 1 in 3 participated in at least one physical activity where activities are entirely organised by a club, association or other organisation (30% high frequency participants, 20% moderate frequency participants). Around 1 in 10 participate in at least one physical activity where some activities are organised by a club, association or other organisation (11% high frequency participants, 9% moderate frequency participants). The likelihood to participate in physical activities entirely organised by a club, association or other organisation increases slightly according to the frequency of participation in physical activity. The exception is daily participation which is highly correlated with physical activities with no organisational involvement. Weekly participation is highly correlated with physical activities entirely organised by a club, association or other organisation.

Figure 12: Organised vs. Non-Organised Activities (Overall Results)

85%

None of the activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

87% 30%

All activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

20% 11%

Some activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

9% 0%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q6. Was organised by a club, association or other organisation? SR (Base: High and medium frequency participants n=5,308). * Note: Percentages add up to more than 100% as survey respondents may have participated in more than one activity).

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Table 22 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of high frequency participants in the sample. Key take-outs include: 





North Coast respondents are the most likely to have some sort of involvement with a club association or other organisation (82% indicated ‘none’). However Northern respondents are the least likely to do so (88% indicated ‘none’). The likelihood of participating in physical activities entirely organised by a club, association or other organisation is higher amongst younger respondents, particularly those aged 18-29 years (37%) and to a lesser extent, 30-44 years (34%). Little difference exists with respect to gender.

Table 22: Organised vs. Non-Organised Activities (Differences by Respondent SubGroups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

High frequency participants (n=)

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

None of the activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

85%

86%

86%

88%

82%

88%

84%

84%

87%

84%

88%

83%

84%

87%

All activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

30%

33%

24%

28%

32%

32%

29%

28%

37%

34%

24%

25%

31%

29%

Some activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

11%

13%

9%

11%

13%

7%

10%

12%

14%

13%

10%

8%

12%

10%

Q6. Was organised by a club, association or other organisation? SR (Base: High and medium frequency participants n=5,308) * Note: Percentages add up to more than 100% as survey respondents may have participated in more than one activity). * Sample size is less than n=30 – results are therefore indicative and should be interpreted with caution. Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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Type of organisation Survey respondents were asked to specify what type of club, association or other organisation was involved in the physical activities they participated in – see Figure 13. The most common type was sports clubs or associations that required payment of fees for membership, participation or registration (16% high frequency participants; 9% moderate frequency participants). The second most common type was fitness or leisure organisations or indoor sports centres that required payment for participation (12% high frequency participants; 7% moderate frequency participants).

Figure 13: Type of Organiser (Overall Results)

85%

None

87%

16%

Sport club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration

9%

12%

Fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation

7% 4%

Recreation club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration

3% 3%

Community groups (e.g. local social club)

3%

2%

Educational institution or course (please specify e.g. school, university, TAFE)

1% 1%

Work

1% 1%

Local government/local council

1% 0%

Commercial events organiser / sponsor (e.g. Bridge to Brisbane) Other (specified)

1%

0%

0% 0%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

50%

100%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q6A. Which of the following best describes the organiser of ? SR, READ. (Base: All high and moderate frequency participants n=5,308)

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Table 23 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of respondents in the sample. Looking at high frequency respondents: 

 

 

62

The only noteworthy difference in the types of organisations involved in physical activity according to region is in Brisbane, where significantly more are involved with a fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation (17%). In addition to Northern respondents being the least likely to be involved with any organisation at all. The likelihood to be involved with a sports club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration decreases as age increases. Young adults, that is those aged 18-29 years, are the most likely to be involved with: o a sports club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration (22%); o a fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation (18%); or o an educational institution or course (4%). The oldest respondents, that is those aged 60 years or older, are the most likely to be involved with a local government or local council organised physical activity (2%). While males are significantly more likely than females to be involved with a sports club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration (22% vs. 10%), females are more likely to be involved with a fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation (16% vs. 9%).

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Table 23: Type of Organiser (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

High frequency participants (n=)

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

None

85%

86%

86%

88%

82%

88%

84%

84%

87%

84%

88%

83%

84%

87%

Sport club/association that required payment of fees for membership /participation/registrati on

16%

16%

14%

15%

17%

19%

16%

17%

22%

18%

14%

12%

22%

10%

Fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation

12%

17%

7%

8%

12%

11%

13%

9%

18%

15%

9%

8%

9%

16%

Recreation club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participati on/registration

4%

4%

4%

6%

6%

4%

3%

6%

5%

4%

3%

6%

4%

5%

Community groups (e.g. local social club)

3%

3%

3%

3%

3%

1%

3%

3%

2%

3%

3%

4%

3%

3%

Educational institution or course (Please specify e.g. school, university, TAFE)

2%

1%

1%

3%

2%

2%

2%

1%

4%

1%

1%

1%

2%

2%

Work

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

2%

1%

2%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

1%

Local government/local council

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

2%

0%

1%

Commercial events organiser/sponsor (e.g. Bridge to Brisbane)

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Other (specified)

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Q6A. Which of the following best describes the organiser of ? SR, READ. (Base: All high and moderate frequency participants n=5,308) * Sample size is less than n=30 – results are therefore indicative and should be interpreted with caution Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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4.10. Drivers to Participation in Physical Activity Drivers amongst those who participate frequently High and moderate frequency participants were asked what factors had enabled them to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months. They were given a list of statements as shown in Figure 14 below. Below are the top 4 drivers to participation amongst high frequency participants:    

Personal interest and motivation (41%) Making the time or having more time available (38%) Meeting with friends to socialise or gaining/having an exercise buddy/ies (37%) Having a car (36%)

The top 4 drivers to participation amongst moderate frequency participants were the same as high frequency participants but in different order:    

64

Meeting with friends to socialise or gaining/having an exercise buddy/ies (33%) Having a car (33%) Personal interest and motivation (31%) Making the time or having more time available (26%)

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Figure 14: Drivers to Participation Amongst High and Moderately Frequent Participators (Overall Results)

Becoming more interested/motivated (specified)

31%

Made the time/have more time available (please specify what you mean exactly)

26%

Meeting with friends/socialise or gained exercise buddy/ies Having a car Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations…

19%

Affordable options became available Walkable/cycle-able streets/roads (please specify e.g. landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic…

15%

Medical advice Availability of activities that suited my physical capabilities (specified) Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations became available near me Recovered from temporary illness/injury Changing my work patterns (specified)

Better public transport Had help with caring commitments (not parenting) Influence or support from others (family, friends, children, grandchildren)** Workplace encouragement/facilitation** Weather improved / no longer Winter / no longer too dark/too cold** Having more money to afford to do physical activities** Other (specified) Don't know

37% 33% 36% 33%

24% 21% 22%

7% 9% 6% 6% 5% 4% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 4% 3% 6% 10% 0%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

38%

22% 19% 20% 15% 18% 12% 18% 13% 17% 12% 17% 14%

Flexible options became available

Having childcare/babysitter/teacher/school/coach to supervise children

24%

41%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

Q10. For the next section, I am going to read out a list of statements. For each statement, please tell me if it has or has not been an important factor that has allowed you to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months. MR, READ (Base: High and moderate frequency participants n=5,308) **Coded up from other specify verbatims.

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Drivers to participation amongst key sub-groups of high frequency participants are shown in Table 24 below. Key findings are as follows: 





66

High frequency participants in Far North and Northern areas tend to report a number of drivers to participation, more so than elsewhere. In particular, they are both more likely to mention the top 3 drivers overall: o Being interested/motivated (49% Far North, 50% Northern) o Made the time/had more time available (53% far North, 43% Northern) o Meeting with friends to socialise or gaining/having an exercise buddy (43% Far North, 42% Northern) Having a car is also a key driver to participation amongst Far North respondents (46%) – this may be because they need to travel further to participate in activities. Numerous differences according to age exist; the key ones being: o Motivation to participate wanes over time (i.e. with age) o Medical advice as a driver to participation increases over time o Younger respondents (particularly those aged 18-29 years) being most likely to report the below drivers:  Motivation (50%)  Meeting with friends to socialise or gaining/having an exercise buddy (43%)  Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations available (34%)  Affordable options became/were available (34%)  Flexible options became/were available (30%)  Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations became/were available near me (24%)  Better public transport (15%) o On the other hand, older respondents (particularly those aged 60 years or older) were most likely to report the following:  Medical advice (31%)  Walkable/cycle-able streets/roads (26%)  Recovered from temporary illness/injury (20%) Women are more likely than men to mention affordable options becoming/being available (26%) and having childcare/babysitter/teacher/school/coach to supervise children (9%).

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Table 24: Drivers to Participation Amongst High Frequency Participants (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

n=

4516

1001

607

351

750

580

533

694

478

1283

1618

1137

1770

2746

Becoming more interested/motivated (specified)

41%

39%

43%

49%

37%

50%

35%

43%

50%

41%

40%

32%

40%

41%

Made the time/have more time available (please specify what you mean exactly)

38%

33%

45%

53%

37%

43%

34%

42%

43%

37%

39%

35%

39%

38%

Meeting with friends/socialise or gained exercise buddy/ies

37%

33%

42%

43%

35%

42%

32%

41%

43%

37%

30%

37%

38%

35%

Having a car

36%

33%

37%

46%

38%

40%

27%

41%

39%

36%

31%

38%

36%

35%

Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/ activities/clubs/organis ations available

24%

25%

27%

27%

20%

28%

22%

24%

34%

25%

18%

20%

25%

24%

Affordable options became available

24%

24%

26%

26%

24%

22%

24%

23%

34%

25%

19%

19%

22%

26%

Walkable/cycle-able streets/roads (please specify e.g. landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. culde-sac streets, topography/hills)

22%

23%

24%

31%

22%

22%

19%

21%

21%

19%

25%

26%

20%

24%

Flexible options became available

22%

23%

23%

24%

22%

24%

17%

22%

30%

23%

18%

17%

21%

22%

Medical advice

20%

19%

23%

22%

18%

20%

19%

23%

12%

14%

23%

31%

20%

20%

Availability of activities that suited my physical capabilities (specified)

18%

16%

19%

22%

19%

23%

16%

20%

22%

16%

16%

21%

18%

18%

Facilities/sites/services /activities/clubs/organis ations became available near me

18%

20%

13%

24%

20%

19%

15%

16%

24%

20%

15%

13%

17%

19%

Recovered from temporary illness/injury

17%

17%

17%

19%

16%

21%

16%

19%

15%

16%

18%

20%

17%

18%

Changing my work patterns (specified)

17%

17%

19%

22%

13%

20%

16%

15%

19%

16%

19%

12%

15%

18%

Having childcare/babysitter/tea cher/school/coach to

7%

6%

8%

10%

7%

7%

5%

7%

4%

16%

2%

1%

4%

9%

Base: High frequency participants

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Region

TOTAL

All

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Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Better public transport

6%

10%

4%

7%

5%

5%

6%

4%

15%

5%

3%

4%

7%

6%

Had help with caring commitments (not parenting)

5%

5%

6%

6%

3%

5%

5%

5%

4%

8%

3%

4%

5%

5%

Influence or support from others (family, friends, children, grandchildren)**

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Workplace encouragement/facilita tion**

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

Weather improved/no longer winter/no longer too dark/too cold**

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Having more money to afford to do physical activities**

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Other (specified)

4%

5%

2%

7%

4%

4%

3%

6%

2%

4%

6%

6%

4%

4%

Don’t know

6%

7%

7%

5%

6%

5%

8%

5%

7%

7%

6%

6%

6%

6%

Base: High frequency participants

supervise children

Q10. For the next section, I am going to read out a list of statements. For each statement, please tell me if it has or has not been an important factor that has allowed you to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months. MR, READ (Base: High frequency participants n=4,516) **Coded up from other specify verbatims Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Changes that would be required to drive non-frequent participators Low frequency participants and non-participants were asked what things (or changes) would need to happen for them to be able to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently. The results are shown in Figure 15 below. The most common response for both groups was affordable options becoming available (22% low frequency participants; 21% non-participants). Needing to recover from temporary illness or injury (18% low frequency participants; 17% non-participants) and becoming more interested or motivated (15% low frequency participants; 13% non-participants) and were the next most common responses. Interestingly, some of the verbatims provided in response to this question suggest that some people feel as though they are too unfit, too overweight or too unhealthy to even begin to participate in any physical activity. There is evidence to suggest that they need to be encouraged to undertake physical activity as the first step to improving the issue – rather than just waiting until the ‘condition’ improves.

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Figure 15: Changes That Would be Required to Enable Low Frequency and NonParticipants to Participate in Physical Activity More Frequently (Overall Results) Affordable options become available 18% 17% 15%

Recovering from temporary illness/injury Becoming more interested/motivated (specified)

13% 13% 12% 13% 11%

Making the time/have more time available (please specify what you mean exactly) Flexible options become available

9% 10% 9% 9% 10% 8% 11% 8%

Changing my work patterns (specified) Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisation s become available near me Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisatio… Having childcare/babysitter/teacher/school/coach to supervise children Nothing could help me - I have a permanent disability or ongoing illness/injury**

4% 2%

Access to/Better public transport

1%

Walkable/cycle-able streets/roads (specified) Having a car Availability of activities that suit my physical capabilities (specified) Help with caring commitments (not parenting) Nothing could help me - I'm too old** Nothing (no further info given)/ I simply have no not wish to participate** Meeting with friends to socialise/have exercise buddy/ies** Having more money to afford to do physical activities** Weather improved/no longer winter/no longer too dark/too cold** Other (specified)

22% 21%

0%

6%

4% 4% 4%

8%

4% 4% 2% 1% 2% 0% 2% 3% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 3% 3%

20% 19%

Don't know 0%

Low frequency participant (n=44)

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

Non-participant (n=1,856)

Q17. What things would need to happen for you to be able to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR, DO NOT READ (Base: Low frequency and non-participants n=1,900) * Coded up from other specify verbatims.

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Table 25 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of non-participants (note that the sample size of low frequency participants is too small to be able to show the same results for this group). The results largely coincide with earlier findings when high frequency participants were asked what had driven them to participate in physical activity to the extent they had. Key findings include:      



Changing work patterns (17%) and having more time available (21%) was more commonly mentioned by Northern respondents. Affordable options becoming available was more commonly mentioned amongst younger people, particularly those aged 18-29 years (28%) or 30-44 years (28%). The likelihood of mentioning making the time or having more time available decreases over time. Having childcare/babysitter/teacher/school/coach to supervise children was most commonly mentioned amongst those in the 30-44 years age group (22%). Transportation was more likely to be mentioned by the youngest respondents aged 18-29 years – this includes accessible public transport (9%) and having a car (11%). Health and medical issues were more likely to be mentioned by the oldest respondents aged 60 years plus – this includes recovering from temporary illness/injury (25%), ‘nothing could help me - I have a permanent disability or ongoing illness/injury**’ (10%) and ‘nothing could help me - I'm too old**’ (5%). Changing work patterns is more likely to be mentioned by males (14%) whereas having childcare/babysitter/teacher/school/coach to supervise children is more likely to be mentioned by females (11%).

Table 25: Changes That Would be Required to Enable Low Frequency and NonParticipants to Participate in Physical Activity More Frequently (Differences By Respondent Sub-Groups)

70

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Non-participants (n=)

1856

310

300

108

363

195

271

309

154

398

681

623

683

1173

Affordable options become available

21%

23%

15%

13%

17%

20%

26%

20%

28%

28%

21%

11%

18%

23%

Recovering from temporary illness/injury

17%

16%

18%

24%

18%

17%

16%

17%

6%

11%

19%

25%

15%

19%

Becoming more interested/motivated (specified)

13%

11%

8%

9%

17%

16%

15%

11%

10%

16%

15%

10%

12%

14%

Making the time/have more time available (please specify what you mean exactly)

12%

10%

11%

13%

13%

21%

10%

11%

23%

17%

9%

5%

13%

11%

Flexible options become available

11%

15%

8%

7%

11%

12%

10%

10%

17%

17%

10%

5%

9%

13%

Changing my work patterns (specified)

10%

9%

16%

12%

8%

17%

8%

9%

14%

13%

13%

4%

14%

7%

Facilities/sites/services

9%

12%

8%

12%

8%

13%

5%

9%

13%

10%

7%

7%

7%

10%

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/ activities/clubs/organis ations available

8%

9%

4%

7%

7%

11%

9%

7%

12%

11%

7%

5%

7%

9%

Having childcare/babysitter/tea cher/school/coach to supervise children

8%

10%

8%

7%

5%

11%

8%

6%

14%

22%

1%

0%

4%

11%

Nothing could help me - I have a permanent disability or ongoing illness/injury**

6%

4%

8%

7%

5%

4%

5%

8%

0%

2%

7%

10%

5%

6%

Access to/better public transport

4%

4%

2%

1%

3%

4%

6%

4%

9%

4%

3%

3%

4%

5%

Walkable/cycle-able streets/roads (specified)

4%

4%

4%

1%

4%

4%

4%

5%

3%

4%

5%

4%

3%

5%

Having a car

4%

4%

4%

4%

3%

3%

4%

2%

11%

3%

2%

2%

3%

4%

Availability of activities that suit my physical capabilities (specified)

4%

3%

3%

1%

5%

4%

4%

3%

2%

3%

3%

5%

3%

4%

Help with caring commitments (not parenting)

2%

1%

4%

2%

3%

2%

1%

3%

1%

2%

4%

2%

2%

3%

Nothing could help me - I'm too old**

2%

2%

3%

5%

1%

3%

1%

3%

0%

0%

1%

5%

2%

2%

Nothing (no further info given)/I simply have no not wish to participate**

2%

1%

2%

3%

2%

1%

2%

2%

2%

1%

2%

2%

1%

2%

Meeting with friends to socialise/have exercise buddy/ies**

1%

3%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

0%

1%

2%

1%

2%

Having more money to afford to do physical activities**

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

2%

0%

1%

2%

0%

1%

1%

Weather improved/no longer winter/no longer too dark/too cold**

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

/activities/clubs/organis ations become available near me

Other (specified)

3%

3%

3%

4%

2%

4%

3%

2%

2%

2%

3%

3%

3%

3%

Don’t know

19%

20%

18%

17%

22%

10%

21%

15%

17%

15%

20%

22%

18%

19%

Q17. What things would need to happen for you to be able to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR, DO NOT READ (Base: Non-participants n=1,856) * Coded up from other specify verbatims. Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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4.11. Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity Low frequency participants and non-participants were asked the main reasons why they did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months at all, or more frequently – see Table 26 below for results. Lack of time due to other commitments such as work, study and family is the key barrier to participation, with 39% of low frequency participants and 33% of non-participants citing this as their main reason. Amongst low frequency participants, physical activities being too expensive was the second most common reason (26%) followed by work commitments (19%). Amongst non-participants the second most common reason was ongoing illness or injury (24%) followed by work commitments (19%). The detailed sample profile in Section 5 (see Table 31) also suggests that age, adverse health or disabilities appear to be heightened issues amongst these groups of respondents as opposed to respondents who participate in physical activities more frequently. Language barriers may also be a barrier for low frequency participants.

Table 26: Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity (Overall Results) Low frequency participants (n=44) 39% 26% 19% 17%

Non-Participants (n=1,856) 33% 15% 19% 24%

Lack of time (e.g. work, study, family) Too expensive Work commitments Illness/injury (ongoing) Not interested/motivated (please specify: why aren't you 17% 16% interested/ motivated?) Don't know what facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations are 12% 6% available No facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations 11% 6% available near me Lack of flexible options (e.g. drop-in, drop-out activities with no weekly commitment, arrive, pay to participate, placed 10% 7% into team or activity) Disability (specified) 8% 12% Parenting commitments 7% 13% No car or poor public transport 6% 4% Caring commitments (not parenting commitments) 5% 3% Illness/ injury (temporary) 4% 6% Streets/roads are not walkable/easy or safe to cycle 2% 6% Too old** 3% My other commitments are physical (e.g. work or property 1% maintenance)** Too tired because of other commitments** 0.2% Other (specified) 3% 3% Don't know 15% 6% Q14. What are the main reasons why you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months? MR (Base: Non-Participants n=1,856) Q15. What are the main reasons why you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR (Base: Low Frequency Participants n=44) **Coded up from other specify verbatims.

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Barriers to participation in physical activity amongst key sub-groups of non-participants is shown in Table 27 below. Note that the results for low frequency respondents cannot be shown by sub-groups due to small sample sizes. Barriers vary most according to age. Age specific findings are noted below. The top barrier cited at an overall level is a lack of time as a result of work, study or family commitments. This appears to be a heightened barrier for those in younger age groups, specifically those aged 18-29 years (50%) and 30-44 years (50%). The degree to which this is a barrier drops over time after the age of 44 years, with those aged 60 years or older the least likely to report this as a barrier (14%). The degree to which an ongoing illness or injury is a barrier increase significantly with age. Work commitments are not as much a barrier for those aged 60 years or older (7%). Caring commitments (not parenting commitments) is a heightened barrier for those in the 45-59 years age bracket (6%). Those in the 30-44 year age bracket are the most likely to cite parenting commitments (32%) or physical activities being too expensive (22%) as a barrier. Work commitments are also heightened in this age bracket. These barriers may help to explain earlier findings which show a dip in physical activity levels amongst this age group.



   

A small number of differences are observable according to gender. Males are more likely than females to report work commitments as a barrier (23% vs. 16%), which may help to explain why females consider the expense as more of an issue (18% vs. 12%). Females are also more likely to report parenting commitments (17% vs. 7%) as a barrier. A handful of differences exist according to location:    

Brisbane non-participants are the most likely to report the most common barrier overall which is a lack of time due to work, study or family commitments (33%). Work commitments are most likely to be reported amongst Central (26%) and Northern (30%) non-participants. Central non-participants are also more likely to report parenting commitments (17%). No car or poor public transport is a heightened issue amongst non-participants in the Far North (9%).

Table 27: Barriers to Participation in Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

73

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Lack of time (e.g. work, study, family) Illness/injury (ongoing) Work commitments Not interested/ motivated (please specify why?)

Age

Brisbane

Non- participants (n=)

Region

TOTAL

All

1856

310

300

108

363

195

271

309

154

398

681

623

683

1173

33%

39%

35%

33%

34%

30%

31%

30%

50%

50%

32%

14%

34%

33%

24%

22%

25%

26%

27%

23%

23%

25%

5%

14%

29%

36%

23%

25%

19%

19%

26%

17%

16%

30%

16%

18%

26%

27%

23%

7%

23%

16%

16%

14%

15%

19%

20%

11%

17%

14%

18%

17%

16%

15%

19%

14%

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Far North

Age

Central

Too expensive 15% Parenting 13% commitments Disability (specified) 12% Lack of flexible options (e.g. drop-in, drop-out activities 7% with no weekly commitment etc.) Illness/ injury 6% (temporary) No facilities/sites/service s/activities/ 6% clubs/organisations available near me Don't know what facilities/sites/service s/activities/clubs/orga 6% nisations are available Streets/roads are not walkable/easy or safe 6% to cycle No car or poor public 4% transport Caring commitments (not parenting 3% commitments) Too old** 3% My other commitments are physical (e.g. work or 1% property maintenance)** Too tired because of 0% other commitments** Other (specified) 3% Don't know 6%

Region Brisbane

TOTAL

All

15%

12%

11%

16%

14%

18%

16%

20%

22%

17%

8%

12%

18%

12%

17%

10%

10%

16%

13%

12%

18%

32%

7%

1%

7%

17%

12%

9%

15%

13%

12%

13%

13%

2%

6%

15%

20%

13%

12%

9%

5%

2%

8%

5%

9%

7%

13%

9%

7%

3%

5%

9%

8%

7%

13%

6%

7%

5%

5%

4%

4%

6%

9%

4%

8%

5%

7%

7%

5%

9%

5%

9%

8%

8%

6%

4%

6%

6%

8%

2%

1%

7%

6%

6%

4%

9%

9%

5%

3%

4%

7%

5%

5%

5%

5%

5%

8%

4%

5%

5%

7%

5%

5%

6%

3%

4%

9%

3%

6%

3%

2%

8%

4%

3%

2%

3%

4%

3%

5%

4%

4%

4%

2%

4%

0%

2%

6%

4%

2%

4%

2%

3%

3%

2%

4%

3%

1%

0%

0%

1%

6%

3%

2%

1%

1%

0%

0%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

0%

3% 6%

4% 4%

2% 3%

3% 7%

5% 4%

5% 6%

3% 5%

9% 7%

3% 6%

2% 4%

3% 6%

3% 5%

4% 6%

Q14. What are the main reasons why you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months? MR (Base: Non-Participants n=1,856) **Coded up from other specify verbatims. Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

Non-participants were asked which physical activities they would likely participate in if there were no barriers; the results of which are shown in Figure 16 below. Walking for exercise is by far the most desired activity (40%). Other physical activities mentioned by approximately one in five nonparticipants include swimming (21%), bushwalking (20%) and walking a dog (17%). Following this are mentions of dancing (12%), ten pin bowling (12%), tennis (12%) and yoga or Pilates (11%).

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Figure 16: Physical Activities Desired if There Were No Barriers (Overall Results) Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football Baseball Basketball BMX Bowls Boxing Bushwalking Challenge ropes courses Console based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit,… Cricket - Indoor Cricket - outdoor Dance Dancesport Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Football/soccer indoor Football/soccer outdoor Golf Gridiron/American football Gym cardio Gym free weights Gym weight machines Gymnastics Hockey Horse riding/equestrian Ice/snow sports Kayaking/ canoeing Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Martial arts Motorsports dirt track Motorsports enduro riding Motorsports freestyle Motorsports karting Motorsports minikhana Motorsports motocross Motorsports quad bike riding/all terrain vehicles Motorsports recreational trail bike riding Motorsports speedway Mountain biking Netball On-road cycling Orienteering/rogaining Oztag Football Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River Rafting Rock climbing/abseiling Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Scuba/snorkelling/diving Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Surfing/boogie boarding Swimming Ten pin bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking dog Walking for exercise Walking for transport Weight training Yoga/Pilates Other (please specify) None/nothing Don't know/not answered

0%

2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 1% 5% 3% 1%

20%

6% 4% 5%

1% 2% 2%

6%

1%

12%

8%

7% 6%

1% 2%

9%

Gym (any) 13%

6% 4% 5%

8% 6% 1% 1% 1% 3% 0% Motorsports (any) 7% 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 4% 4% 1% 1% 9% 2% 3% 4% 2% 5% 3% 5% 4% 1% 6% 5% 1% 3% 3% 21% 12% 12% 3% 0% 3% 17% 3%

5% 0%

40%

7% 11% 7%

10%

20%

30%

40%

Q11. If there were no constraints to you participating in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation what kinds of activities would you like to participate in? MR, DO NOT READ, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ AND SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. (Base: Non-Participants n=1,856)

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Walking (any) 49%

The results for this question amongst key sub-groups of non-participants are shown in Table 28 below. Only a small number of differences exist according to location, including:     

North Coast respondents express a higher desire for swimming (27%). Brisbane non-participants express a higher desire for tennis (17%), dance/Zumba (16%), walking for transport (10%) and basketball (6%). Northern non-participants express a higher desire for running / jogging (9%). South West non-participants express a higher desire for motorsports, particularly speedway (5%) and motocross (3%). Far North non-participants are much more likely to say ‘nothing’ (16%).

Table 28: Physical Activities Desired if There Were No Barriers (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

1856

310

300

108

363

195

271

309

154

398

681

623

683

1173

2%

2%

1%

5%

3%

3%

3%

1%

4%

3%

3%

1%

2%

2%

2%

2%

0%

1%

1%

2%

3%

1%

4%

2%

2%

0%

1%

2%

2%

2%

2%

1%

3%

2%

3%

1%

4%

2%

2%

1%

3%

1%

2%

1%

4%

0%

2%

0%

3%

1%

3%

2%

2%

1%

3%

1%

Baseball

2%

3%

1%

1%

1%

0%

2%

2%

1%

3%

2%

1%

2%

2%

Basketball

3%

6%

1%

5%

2%

2%

3%

4%

5%

5%

2%

2%

3%

3%

BMX

1%

2%

1%

0%

0%

2%

0%

0%

3%

2%

0%

0%

1%

1%

Bowls

5%

4%

5%

2%

6%

6%

7%

5%

2%

4%

5%

8%

7%

4%

Boxing

3%

4%

3%

7%

3%

3%

2%

2%

8%

6%

1%

0%

3%

4%

Bushwalking

20%

20%

19%

17%

22%

17%

21%

18%

18%

21%

22%

18%

18%

21%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

1%

6%

8%

5%

1%

4%

5%

7%

6%

15%

9%

4%

1%

4%

7%

Cricket - indoor

4%

2%

4%

3%

5%

2%

5%

3%

2%

5%

3%

3%

6%

2%

Cricket - outdoor

5%

6%

4%

4%

5%

5%

6%

5%

7%

5%

5%

5%

9%

2%

Dance

12%

16%

9%

8%

14%

9%

11%

8%

13%

13%

10%

11%

4%

18%

Dancesport

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

2%

0%

1%

1%

2%

0%

0%

2%

Fitness classes/aerobics/Zum ba(please specify)

2%

3%

2%

1%

3%

0%

2%

1%

2%

2%

2%

3%

0%

4%

Non- participants (n=)

Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Athletics (track and field) Australian rules football

Challenge Ropes Courses Console based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect)

76

Region

TOTAL

All

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Central

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Brisbane

Age

2%

3%

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

0%

4%

1%

1%

3%

0%

6%

8%

8%

3%

5%

7%

4%

3%

7%

9%

4%

3%

10%

1%

Golf

8%

10%

6%

7%

9%

6%

9%

8%

6%

6%

9%

11%

12%

6%

Gridiron/American football

1%

1%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

0%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

Any gym activity

13%

15%

8%

8%

12%

15%

16%

7%

18%

22%

12%

4%

11%

14%

Gym free weights

7%

8%

5%

5%

7%

10%

9%

4%

10%

13%

7%

2%

7%

7%

Gym cardio

9%

13%

6%

5%

10%

7%

10%

7%

13%

18%

7%

3%

7%

12%

Gym weight machines

6%

8%

6%

2%

7%

6%

7%

4%

7%

13%

7%

2%

6%

6%

Gymnastics

1%

3%

1%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

2%

2%

2%

0%

1%

2%

Hockey

2%

2%

4%

4%

1%

0%

2%

1%

3%

1%

2%

2%

1%

2%

Horse riding/equestrian

6%

5%

6%

3%

6%

4%

6%

6%

6%

7%

5%

5%

3%

7%

Ice/snow sports

4%

5%

1%

1%

4%

3%

5%

2%

6%

5%

4%

1%

2%

5%

Kayaking/canoeing

5%

5%

4%

7%

6%

5%

4%

5%

6%

7%

8%

2%

4%

6%

Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths)

8%

10%

5%

9%

12%

6%

9%

7%

8%

7%

10%

8%

7%

10%

Martial arts

6%

9%

5%

7%

3%

7%

6%

4%

13%

7%

6%

1%

7%

5%

7%

4%

7%

8%

6%

9%

7%

12%

8%

9%

9%

4%

10%

4%

1%

0%

1%

2%

1%

4%

1%

3%

3%

2%

1%

1%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

2%

0%

2%

3%

1%

0%

0%

2%

0%

1%

1%

0%

0%

2%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

1%

2%

1%

3%

2%

4%

1%

3%

3%

3%

4%

4%

4%

4%

1%

5%

2%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

1%

0%

1%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

1%

1%

2%

0%

1%

2%

0%

3%

3%

2%

1%

1%

2%

0%

2%

1%

3%

3%

3%

5%

2%

3%

2%

4%

4%

1%

4%

1%

1%

0%

4%

0%

1%

2%

2%

1%

2%

1%

2%

1%

3%

0%

3%

0%

3%

4%

2%

3%

3%

5%

3%

2%

4%

1%

5%

1%

Mountain biking

2%

3%

2%

1%

1%

2%

3%

1%

2%

6%

1%

0%

3%

1%

Netball

4%

3%

3%

1%

5%

4%

5%

2%

5%

6%

4%

1%

0%

7%

On-road cycling

4%

5%

5%

6%

3%

2%

3%

5%

4%

7%

3%

2%

6%

2%

Orienteering/ rogaining

1%

1%

1%

2%

2%

1%

1%

0%

0%

1%

2%

1%

1%

1%

Football/soccer indoor Football/soccer outdoor

Any motorsports activity Motorsports dirt track Motorsports enduro riding Motorsports freestyle Motorsports karting Motorsports minikhana Motorsports motocross Motorsports quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Motorsports recreational trail bike riding Motorsports speedway

77

Region

TOTAL

All

30/06/2016 final_qsersa research 2015 report_draft v8_250516

Far North

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Central

Age

Brisbane

Region

TOTAL

All

Oztag football

1%

0%

2%

0%

0%

2%

1%

0%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Recreational angling/fishing

9%

5%

10%

15%

12%

11%

10%

8%

7%

8%

12%

10%

14%

6%

Recreational caving

2%

2%

1%

3%

2%

3%

1%

1%

3%

2%

2%

1%

2%

2%

River rafting

3%

3%

2%

5%

4%

3%

3%

5%

7%

4%

4%

1%

3%

4%

Rock climbing

4%

6%

2%

2%

2%

5%

3%

4%

9%

4%

3%

1%

3%

4%

Rowing

2%

3%

2%

2%

1%

4%

3%

2%

2%

3%

2%

2%

3%

2%

Rugby league

5%

3%

6%

5%

2%

7%

7%

5%

11%

4%

5%

3%

10%

1%

Rugby union

3%

4%

2%

0%

1%

3%

4%

2%

7%

3%

2%

2%

5%

1%

Running/jogging

5%

5%

4%

5%

4%

9%

5%

2%

7%

8%

4%

2%

5%

4%

Sailing

4%

4%

2%

4%

4%

6%

4%

4%

3%

2%

5%

5%

5%

3%

Scooter riding

1%

2%

1%

0%

1%

0%

3%

1%

0%

3%

1%

1%

1%

2%

Scuba/snorkelling

6%

4%

4%

7%

8%

5%

6%

6%

7%

8%

6%

4%

7%

4%

Shooting sports

5%

6%

2%

4%

5%

6%

6%

8%

5%

7%

6%

4%

9%

3%

Skateboarding

1%

2%

0%

0%

1%

1%

1%

0%

2%

1%

1%

0%

1%

1%

Squash

3%

4%

5%

2%

6%

2%

2%

2%

2%

2%

6%

3%

4%

3%

Surfing

3%

5%

1%

2%

4%

1%

2%

2%

3%

2%

3%

3%

4%

2%

Swimming

21%

23%

14%

20%

27%

16%

20%

17%

19%

22%

21%

20%

14%

26%

Ten pin bowling

12%

11%

12%

9%

13%

10%

16%

11%

12%

12%

15%

11%

11%

14%

Tennis

12%

17%

13%

10%

10%

7%

10%

10%

13%

14%

12%

10%

10%

13%

Touch football

3%

3%

3%

2%

1%

4%

4%

1%

6%

3%

4%

1%

4%

2%

Triathlon

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Volleyball

3%

4%

3%

4%

3%

3%

4%

2%

4%

7%

3%

1%

3%

4%

Any walking activity

49%

50%

39%

42%

51%

50%

53%

42%

39%

41%

51%

56%

37%

59%

17%

15%

16%

15%

19%

21%

17%

14%

20%

16%

17%

15%

12%

21%

40%

40%

31%

35%

42%

37%

44%

36%

24%

35%

42%

48%

30%

48%

7%

10%

2%

5%

7%

7%

7%

4%

11%

8%

5%

5%

5%

8%

Weight training

3%

3%

3%

3%

3%

3%

4%

2%

4%

4%

4%

1%

4%

3%

Yoga/Pilates

11%

15%

4%

10%

12%

7%

13%

6%

15%

18%

10%

4%

2%

18%

Other (please specify

5%

5%

4%

7%

3%

9%

5%

4%

3%

4%

5%

6%

5%

5%

None/nothing

7%

3%

8%

16%

10%

7%

6%

9%

8%

6%

6%

9%

8%

7%

Don`t know/not answered

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

1%

0%

0%

0%

0%

Walking - dog Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport

Q11. If there were no constraints to you participating in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation what kinds of activities would you like to participate in? MR, DO NOT READ, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ AND SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. (Base: Non-Participants n=1,856) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) 78

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4.12. Future Involvement in Physical Activity Expected frequency of participation in next 12 months All survey respondents were asked whether they expected their level of physical activity for exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same over the next 12 months – see Figure 17. Overall, respondents were optimistic. While many expected their levels of physical activity to remain the same (54%), respondents were much more likely to expect their levels of physical activity to increase (41%) rather than decrease (5%). This finding was evident across all types of respondents regardless of their current level of physical activity – including low frequency and non-participants. Moderate frequency participants were the most optimistic, with over half (52%) reporting they expected their levels of physical activity to increase. Even though non- participants by definition report they have not participated in physical activity for the purpose of sport, exercise or recreation 7% reported they expected their physical activity levels to decrease over the next 12 months – this is likely to be due to the fact that this group contain a much higher proportion of respondents aged 60 years or older compared to other groups, and it is likely that this group may expect their day-to-day mobility to decrease.

Figure 17: Expectations and Intentions for Future Physical Activity (Overall Results) TOTAL RESPONDENTS SURVEYED (n=7,208)

41%

54%

5%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

41%

55%

4%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

52%

Low frequency participants (n=44)

36%

Non-participants (n=1,856)

35% 0% Increase

41%

7%

62%

2%

59%

20%

40%

Stay the same

60%

7% 80%

100%

Decrease

Q9. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ (Base: High and moderate frequency participants, base size as shown) Q16. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ (Base: Less Frequent and nonparticipants, base size as shown)

79

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Table 29 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of respondents in the sample. Key take-outs include: 





Expectations of future physical activity decline with age. The younger a respondent is, the more likely they are to believe their physical activity levels will increase over the next 12 months. Those in the oldest age bracket (60 years plus) are the most likely to believe their activity levels will decrease. Females are more likely than males to expect their physical activities to increase (44% vs. 38%). Males are more likely than females to expect their physical activities to stay the same (57% vs. 52%). Those in the Central (59%) or South West (59%) locations are the least likely to believe their physical activities will increase over the next 12 months. Age may be an explanation amongst Central respondents as they are the oldest group surveyed, however this is no explanation for South West respondents.

Table 29: Expectations and Intentions for Future Physical Activity (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Far North

Age

Central

Region

Brisbane

All

TOTAL

Base: Total respondents

7208

1534

994

518

1272

858

904

1128

759

1997

2576

1876

2808

4400

Increase

41%

43%

37%

44%

42%

40%

40%

37%

51%

45%

39%

28%

38%

44%

Stay the same

54%

51%

59%

54%

54%

53%

54%

59%

43%

50%

58%

65%

57%

52%

Decrease

5%

6%

4%

2%

4%

6%

6%

4%

5%

5%

3%

7%

5%

5%

Q9. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ (Base: High and moderate frequency participants, base size as shown) Q16. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ (Base: Less Frequent and nonparticipants, base size as shown) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

80

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Anticipated effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games of physical activity levels All Queenslanders surveyed were asked whether they were more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching the Olympic Games or the Commonwealth Games – see Figure 18. These events have no self-reported effect on the majority of survey respondents, with over threequarters stating their level of participation isn’t likely to change as a result of watching the Olympics or Commonwealth Games (78%). Fifteen per cent (15%) of all Queenslanders surveyed reported they were more likely to participate in physical activity as a result of watching the Olympic Games, and a similar proportion (14%) said they were more likely to do so as a result of watching the Commonwealth Games. The finding is slightly diluted by the fact that 8% of respondents said they had not heard or seen anything about either event.

Figure 18: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (Overall Results) 100%

8%

8% I haven’t watched anything about these events

80%

60%

78%

78%

No

40%

Yes

20%

0%

15%

14%

Olympic Games

Commonwealth Games

Q17A. Are you more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching the Olympic Games? How about the Commonwealth Games? DO NOT READ (Base: All survey participants n=7,208)

81

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Figure 19 below shows the results for this question according to the respondent’s current level of activity. Whilst there appears to be little differentiation in the likely effect of each event on anticipated levels of physical activity, the result for non-participants is statistically significant (i.e. lower) compared to the result at an overall level for both events (11% vs. 15% total respondents for Olympic Games; 10% vs. 14% for Commonwealth Games), as is the result for low frequency participants in relation to the Commonwealth Games (5% vs. 14% total respondents).

Figure 19: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (By Current Physical Activity Level) Commonwealth Games

Olympic Games

(% yes)

(% yes)

TOTAL RESPONDENTS SURVEYED (n=7,208)

15%

TOTAL RESPONDENTS SURVEYED (n=7,208)

14%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

16%

High frequency participants (n=4,516)

15%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

17%

Moderate frequency participants (n=792)

14%

Low frequency participants (n=44)

12%

Low frequency participants (n=44)

Non-participants (n=1856)

11%

Non-participants (n=1856)

0%

50%

100%

5% 10% 0%

50%

100%

Q17A. Are you more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching the Olympic Games? How about the Commonwealth Games? DO NOT READ (Base: As shown)

Table 30 below shows the results for this question split by key sub-groups of respondents in the sample. Key take-outs are below:   

82

These events appear to become less influential as age increases. Respondents in Brisbane are the most likely to be influenced by these events, however those in the South West are the least likely to be influenced. Females are more likely to have lower levels of awareness with regards to these events – this therefore affects the degree to which they are likely to have an impact on their physical activity levels.

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Table 30: Anticipated Effect of Olympic and Commonwealth Games on Physical Activity Levels (Differences by Respondent Sub-Groups)

North Coast

Northern

South East

South West

18-29 years

30-44 years

45-59 years

60 years plus

Male

Female

Gender

Far North

Age

Central

Region

Brisbane

All

TOTAL

Base: Total respondents

7208

1534

994

518

1272

858

904

1128

759

1997

2576

1876

2808

4400

Yes

15%

18%

13%

14%

13%

14%

15%

12%

25%

18%

11%

7%

16%

14%

No

78%

75%

80%

80%

79%

80%

76%

80%

66%

74%

82%

87%

78%

77%

I haven’t watched anything about these events

8%

7%

7%

6%

8%

6%

9%

9%

9%

9%

7%

7%

7%

9%

Yes

14%

17%

13%

13%

12%

12%

14%

11%

21%

17%

11%

7%

15%

12%

No

78%

75%

80%

80%

79%

81%

76%

80%

68%

74%

82%

87%

78%

78%

I haven’t watched anything about these events

8%

8%

7%

7%

9%

7%

10%

9%

11%

9%

7%

7%

7%

10%

Olympic Games

Commonwealth Games

Q17A. Are you more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching the Olympic Games? How about the Commonwealth Games? DO NOT READ (Base: All survey participants n=7,208) Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

83

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5. Sample Profile Table 31 below shows a detailed demographic profile of the sample of respondents surveyed at an overall level and according to frequency of self-reported participation in physical activity. A demographic profile according to frequency of self-reported participation is below.

84



High frequency participants are significantly more likely to: o be aged 18-24 years; o employed, working full time, more than 35 hours a week; o have high incomes ($1,600 plus per week / $83,200 plus per year); o have volunteered in the past 12 months; o be located in Brisbane – West; and o not identify as having a disability.



Medium frequency participants are more likely to: o be male; o be aged 25-39 years; o be located in Brisbane, particularly Brisbane Inner City; o be employed, working full time, more than 35 hours a week; o have high household incomes ($1,600 plus per week / $83,200 plus per year); o not identify as having a disability; and o not have volunteered in the past 12 months.



Low frequency participants are more likely to: o be aged 24-34 years; and o speak a language at home other than English.



Non-participants are significantly more likely to: o be female; o be aged 60 years plus; o identify themselves as having a disability, particularly a physical disability; o have lower levels of income; o be retired or on a pension; o be at home full-time doing domestic duties; o be unemployed; and o be located in Central or South East – or more specifically, Logan – Beaudesert, Moreton Bay – North and Wide Bay.

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Table 31: Sample Profile (Detailed) Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

Characteristic

Detail

High

Medium

Low

Nonparticipant

Total respondents surveyed

Gender (S1)

Male Female

49% 51%

39% 61%

2808 4400

50% 50%

54% 46%

40% 60%

46% 54%

18-29 years

20%

11%

759

21%

24%

30%

16%

30-44 years 45-59 years 60 years plus

30% 26% 23%

28% 36% 26%

1997 2576 1876

30% 26% 22%

41% 24% 11%

35% 16% 19%

23% 28% 33%

18-24 years

13%

5%

373

14%

13%

6%

10%

25-34 years 35-44 years 45-54 years 55-64 years 65 years plus

18% 19% 18% 15% 17%

13% 20% 24% 21% 17%

970 1413 1701 1547 1204

18% 19% 18% 14% 16%

27% 24% 16% 12% 7%

45% 14% 14% 4% 17%

15% 15% 18% 18% 25%

18-19

3%

1%

93

4%

4%

6%

1%

20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65 years or older

9% 7% 11% 8% 11% 9% 9% 9% 7%

4% 5% 8% 9% 11% 12% 12% 12% 9%

280 386 584 615 798 835 866 875 672

10% 7% 11% 8% 11% 9% 9% 8% 6%

9% 11% 16% 12% 12% 9% 7% 8% 4%

24% 21% 7% 7% 10% 4% 2% 2%

9% 6% 9% 7% 8% 8% 9% 10% 9%

17%

17%

1204

16%

7%

17%

25%

Median Age

40-44 years

45-49 years

-

40-44 years

35-39 years

30-34 years

50-54 years

Brisbane

25%

21%

1534

26%

30%

28%

21%

Central

10%

14%

994

10%

8%

15%

12%

Far North

6%

7%

518

6%

6%

2%

4%

North Coast

17%

18%

1272

16%

19%

10%

18%

Northern

9%

12%

858

10%

8%

6%

8%

South East

21%

13%

904

20%

18%

27%

25%

South West

11%

16%

1128

11%

10%

11%

12%

Age – 4 categories (S1)

Age – 6 categories (S1)

Age – detailed (S2)

Region

85

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

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Unweighted sample count (n)

Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

High

Medium

Low

Nonparticipant

Total respondents surveyed

7%

5%

365

8%

6%

9%

7%

6%

5%

368

6%

7%

5%

5%

6%

5%

378

6%

8%

6%

7%

6%

5%

370

7%

5%

6%

3%

6%

5%

366

7%

9%

9%

3%

5%

7%

475

6%

6%

1%

4%

4%

5%

364

4%

3%

3%

3%

5% 8% 4%

6% 5% 5%

460 375 364

5% 9% 4%

4% 7% 6%

4% 5% 4%

5% 8% 6%

8%

5%

367

7%

8%

18%

12%

4%

5%

354

4%

3%

5%

3%

4%

5%

342

4%

4%

4%

6%

5%

5%

355

5%

6%

2%

4%

1%

2%

151

2%

1%

1%

1%

5%

5%

370

5%

5%

4%

5%

3% 5% 6%

4% 6% 9%

306 453 625

3% 6% 6%

3% 4% 5%

1% 1% 11%

3% 4% 9%

97%

97%

6995

97%

97%

96%

97%

2%

2%

139

2%

2%

4%

2%

0.3%

0.2%

16

0.3%

0.5%

-

0.3%

0.1%

0.1%

7

0.1%

-

-

0.4%

1%

1%

51

0.5%

1%

-

1%

Yes, speak another language at home

9%

7%

528

9%

9%

25%

9%

No, speak English only

91%

93%

6680

91%

91%

75%

91%

Characteristic

Detail

Region (quotas) (S3/S4)

Brisbane East Brisbane North Brisbane South Brisbane West Brisbane Inner City Cairns Darling Downs - Maranoa Fitzroy Gold Coast Ipswich Logan Beaudesert Mackay Moreton Bay North Moreton Bay South Queensland Outback Sunshine Coast Toowoomba Townsville Wide Bay

Aboriginal or Torres Strait Island (ATSI) origin (Q21)

No (neither) Yes, Aboriginal Yes, Torres Strait Islander Yes, both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander I prefer not to answer

Speak Language Other than English (LOTE) at home (Q22)

86

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

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Unweighted sample count (n)

Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

Total respondents surveyed

Low

Nonparticipant

87

Employed, working full time, more than 35 hours a week Retired Employed, working part time, less than 35 hours a week Self employed Domestic duties Student Pension, beneficiary or welfare recipient Unemployed, looking for part time work, less than 35 hours a week Unemployed, looking for full time work, more than 35 hours a week Not employed, and not looking for work Other (please specify)

Medium

Employment status (Q18)

Detail

High

Characteristic

38%

34%

2454

41%

45%

31%

26%

17%

17%

1243

16%

7%

17%

24%

16%

8%

561

17%

16%

22%

14%

7%

2%

126

7%

8%

8%

6%

6%

2%

155

4%

7%

12%

8%

6%

1%

105

6%

7%

4%

3%

5%

3%

224

4%

3%

1%

9%

2%

6%

440

2%

1%

-

3%

2%

18%

1286

1%

2%

4%

3%

1%

7%

501

1%

2%

-

2%

1%

2%

113

1%

1%

1%

1%

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

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Unweighted sample count (n)

Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

Total respondents surveyed

Characteristic

Detail

High

Medium

Low

Nonparticipant

Volunteer work in past 12 months (Q19)

Yes

35%

36%

2611

40%

31%

24%

23%

No

65%

64%

4597

60%

69%

76%

77%

Community / Welfare

35%

36%

930

36%

26%

16%

38%

20%

21%

550

24%

13%

13%

11%

16%

17%

441

16%

20%

-

13%

12% 12%

12% 12%

312 316

11% 12%

20% 12%

14% 11%

13% 10%

11%

12%

302

10%

14%

17%

10%

5%

5%

134

5%

5%

13%

6%

5%

5%

131

5%

4%

-

6%

5% 4%

6% 3%

147 89

4% 5%

7% 1%

23% 0%

6% 4%

3%

3%

75

3%

4%

-

2%

1%

1%

27

1%

1%

-

1%

1%

1%

16

1%

0%

-

1%

1% 0.3%

0.5% 0.4%

12 11

0% 0%

1% 0%

-

1% 1%

2%

3%

69

2%

3%

-

3%

1%

1%

18

1%

1%

-

1%

Type of volunteer work (Q20) (Base: Volunteered in past 12 months n=2,611)

Sport and active recreation (Please specify activity) Education and training Religious Health Parenting, children and youth Animal welfare Emergency services Arts/heritage Environment Business/profe ssional/union Aged care/(nursing homes)** Military or veterans groups (Incl. RSL)** Political** Tourism** Other (specified) Don't remember

88

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

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Unweighted sample count (n)

Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

Physical disability Psychiatric disability Sensory disability Acquired brain injury Intellectual disability Neurological disorder Autism spectrum disorder Pain/chronic pain illness Developmental delay Cancer/tumour Chronic Fatigue Other disability (Please specify) I prefer not to answer

89

Nonparticipant

Type of disability (Q24) (Base: Identify as having a disability)

Yes identify as having disability No do not identify as having a disability I prefer not to answer

Low

Disability (Q23)

Detail

Medium

Characteristic

High

Total respondents surveyed

12%

14%

1013

10%

8%

4%

22%

86%

84%

6081

90%

91%

88%

74%

2%

2%

114

1%

2%

8%

3%

72%

75%

761

69%

63%

100%

78%

17%

16%

163

19%

28%

23%

14%

8%

8%

76

8%

6%

-

7%

4%

3%

27

5%

-

-

3%

2%

2%

19

2%

2%

-

3%

2%

2%

23

3%

1%

-

1%

1%

1%

11

2%

-

-

2%

1%

1%

12

1%

2%

-

1%

1%

0.4%

4

1%

-

-

0%

1%

1%

6

1%

-

-

1%

0.3%

0.3%

3

0.2%

-

-

0%

1%

1%

9

1%

3%

-

0%

4%

4%

41

4%

5%

-

4%

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

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Unweighted sample count (n)

Participant’s frequency of participation in physical activity (weighted profile)

Total respondents surveyed

$150-$249 per week $250-$399 per week $400-$599 per week $600-$799 per week $800-$999 per week $1,000-$1,299 per week $1,300-$1,599 per week $1,600-$1,999 per week $2,000 or more per week No income Negative income I prefer not to answer

Nonparticipant

$1-$149 per week

Low

Household income – detailed (Q25)

Low income (less than $800 per week/$50,000 per year) Medium ($800-$1,599 per week/$67,600$83,199 per year) High ($1,600 plus per week/$83,200 plus per year) I prefer not to answer

Medium

Household income – summary (Q25)

Detail

High

Characteristic

29%

31%

2209

27%

23%

23%

39%

28%

28%

2036

29%

31%

33%

26%

27%

26%

1842

30%

34%

17%

18%

15%

16%

1121

14%

13%

27%

17%

1%

1%

95

1%

1%

-

2%

2%

2%

137

2%

1%

-

2%

6%

6%

450

5%

5%

6%

8%

11%

11%

810

9%

9%

8%

15%

9%

9%

642

8%

7%

8%

11%

9%

10%

694

10%

10%

13%

8%

10%

10%

715

10%

12%

9%

9%

9%

9%

627

9%

9%

11%

9%

10%

9%

641

10%

11%

1%

8%

18%

17%

1201

20%

22%

16%

9%

1%

1%

70

1%

0.3%

1%

1%

0.1%

0.1%

5

0.1%

-

-

0.1%

15%

16%

1121

14%

13%

27%

17%

% of sample (weighted)

% of sample (unweighted)

Unweighted sample count (n)

** Coded up from other specify verbatims  Significantly higher than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval) Significantly lower than the result at a total level (statistically significant @ 95% confidence interval)

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7. Appendix A: Telephone (CATI) Questionnaire QMS CATI QUESTIONNAIRE NOTE TO INTERVIEWER: TEXT IN CAPITALS ARE INSTRUCTIONS TEXT IN SENTENCE CASE IS THE SCRIPT, WHICH SHOULD BE READ EXACTLY AS WRITTEN SR = SINGLE RESPONSE MR = MULTIPLE RESPONSE

SURVEY INTRODUCTION Good morning/afternoon/evening. My name is [INTERVIEWER NAME] from [COMPANY NAME]. We are conducting research for Sport and Recreation Services, a Queensland Government agency, about participation in physical activity for people aged 18 years and over. The survey takes around 10 minutes. May I please speak to a person who is 18 years of age or older? INTRODUCTION AND PROCESS HERE Your responses are strictly confidential and will only be used for research purposes. Some calls may be monitored by my supervisor for training and quality purposes.

SCREENER S0 Have you completed this survey online? SR, DO NOT READ 1. Yes 2. No TERMINATE IF CODE 1 AT S0 S1 NOTE GENDER. SR, DO NOT READ 1. Male 2. Female S2 What is your age? SR, DO NOT READ

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1. 18-19 2. 20-24 3. 25-29 4. 30-34 5. 35-39 6. 40-44 7. 45-49 8. 50-54 9. 55-59 10. 60-64 11. 65 years or older S3 What is the name of your suburb or town you live in? RECORD TOWN/SUBURB S4. And your postcode? RECORD POSTCODE PLEASE CHECK QUOTAS BASED ON POSTCODE

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PARTICIPANTS PARTICIPATION Q1 In the last 12 months did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation? DO NOT READ (SR) 1. Yes 2. No IF Q1 = 1 YES CONTINUE Q1A IF Q1 = 2 NO GO TO Q11 (NON-PARTICIPANTS) Q1A. How regularly would you say you had participated in physical activity over the last 12 months? Would you say at least…READ 1. At least once a day 2. At least once a week 3. At least once a fortnight 4. At least once a month 5. At least once every three months 6. At least once every six months 7. At least once a year 98. DO NOT READ Don’t know/can’t remember IF Q1A = 1-6 CONTINUE Q1B (FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS) IF Q1A = 7-98 GO TO Q11 (LESS FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS) PARTICIPATION ACTIVITIES Q1B In the last 12 months, what activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? MR, SEE OPTIONS AT Q2A DO NOT READ (ALLOW FOR UP TO 5 ACTIVITIES) PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED FOR WALKING, CRICKET, FOOTBALL, SOCCER, RUGBY, ROCK CLIMBING, GYM, MOTORSPORTS, THEN DRILL DOWN TO SPECIFIC TYPE

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Q2 Just to confirm, for were you a player or participant, or did you perform another role such as a coach, trainer or referee? Q1B Activities Participation

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

94

Athletics (track and field) Australian Rules Football Baseball Basketball Boxing Bowls Bushwalking Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Indoor cricket Outdoor cricket On-road cycling Mountain-biking BMX Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Dance Dancesport Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Gridiron/American Football, Oztag Football Golf Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (Please specify) Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Horse riding/equestrian Hockey Ice/snow sports Kayaking/ canoeing Martial arts Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - speedway Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro-riding Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - karting

Q2 Role in the activity Player / Other role Participant (Please specify) 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

Yes

No

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1

2 2 2

1 1 1

2 2 2

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40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 96

Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Netball Orienteering/rogaining Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Scuba / snorkelling Surfing Swimming Ten Pin Bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Walking - dog Weight Training Yoga/Pilates Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Challenge Ropes Courses Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River Rafting Other (Please specify)

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

IF MORE THAN 3 ACTIVITIES SELECTED IN Q1B ASK Q3 Q3 You mentioned you have participated in numerous different activities in the last 12 months. Which three activities would you say you participated in most frequently? MR (UP TO 3 OPTIONS) READ THEIR SELECTED ACTIVITIES IF REQUIRED

95

ACTIVITY 1

RECORD ACTIVITY

ACTIVITY 2

RECORD ACTIVITY

ACTIVITY 3

RECORD ACTIVITY

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Q4 In the last 12 months, where did you participate in ? This may be a certain place, facility or space, such as an indoor centre, national park, public park or sporting ground. MR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 96.

Sporting grounds School oval Public playgrounds and parks Outdoor swimming pools Outdoor tennis courts Outdoor basketball courts Off-road bikeways/bike paths On-Road / On-Street Walking paths National Parks State Forests Beaches/Ocean Local reserves Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls Rivers/Creeks Dams/Lakes Gym Indoor swimming pools Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) Home School or educational facilities Other (Please specify)

AVERAGE DISTANCE TRAVELLED Q5 Thinking about on average how far did you have to travel to the location where you participated in this activity? I’m looking for an idea of distance in terms of kilometres. SR. DO NOT READ. PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY.

8 9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

96

Did not have to travel (e.g. did activity at home, I used gym or pool in my building/complex) Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity (i.e. walking, cycling, running, skateboarding, etc.) Less than 1km 1km to less than 2km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km 10km to less than 20km 20km to less than 50km 50km or more

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ACTIVITY 1 8

ACTIVITY 2 8

ACTIVITY 3 8

9

9

9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

ORGANISED VS NON-ORGANISED ACTIVITIES Q6 Was organised by a club, association or other organisation? SR, PROMPT IF NECESSARY All activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation Some activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation None of the activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

ACTIVITY 1

ACTIVITY 2

ACTIVITY 3

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

IF ANY 1 OR 2 IN Q6 (ALL OR SOME ACTIVITIES ORGANISED) ASK Q6A IF ALL 3 IN Q6 (NO ACTIVITIES ORGANISED) GO TO Q7 Q6A Which of the following best describes the organiser of ? SR, READ. Fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation (For example, private gyms) Sport club or association that required payment of fees for either membership, participation and/or registration (For example, Rugby, soccer clubs) Recreation club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration (For example, scouts, YMCA, PCYC etc.) Work

ACTIVITY 1

ACTIVITY 2

ACTIVITY 3

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

6

6

6

7

7

7

8

8

8

9

9

9

10

10

10

96

96

96

99

99

99

Educational institution or course (For example, school, University or TAFE? Community groups (For example, local social club) Commercial events organiser / sponsor (For example, Bridge to Brisbane) Local government/ local council [IF NO TO ALL OF THE ABOVE THEN ASK] Or was it some other type of club, association or organisation? (Record answer) DO NOT READ. IF THEY ARE UNSURE: None of the above

97

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FOR THIS SECITION – READ Q7A AND THEN Q7B FOR THE FIRST ACTIVITY, AND THEN REPEAT FOR THE SECOND AND THEN THIRD ACTIVITY. TOP THREE ACTIVITIES IN LAST MONTH Q7A Thinking about [ACTIVITY] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last month? This includes any practice or training. DO NOT READ. ONLY PROMPT IF NECESSARY. Q7B On average, how long was each session? SR, DO NOT READ. ONLY PROMPT IF NECESSARY. Q7A Number of sessions in the last month ACTIVITY 1

1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last month

Q7B Average length IF 97 IN Q7A DON’T SHOW Q7B . 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ACTIVITY 2

1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last month

1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ACTIVITY 3

1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last month

1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ASK Q8 TO THOSE WHO HAVEN’T PARTICIPATED IN THE ACTIVITIES IN THE LAST MONTH (ACTIVITY 1, 2 OR 3 = 97) FOR THIS SECITION – READ Q7A AND THEN Q7B FOR THE FIRST ACTIVITY, AND THEN REPEAT FOR THE SECOND AND THEN THIRD ACTIVITY.

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AVERAGE LENGTH/DURATION AND FREQUENCY OF EACH SESSION OF ACTIVITY IN THE LAST 6 MONTHS Q8A Thinking about [ACTIVITY FROM Q7A = 97] on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last 6 months? This includes any practice or training. SR, DO NOT READ. ONLY PROMPT IF NECESSARY. Q8B On average, how long was each session? SR, SR, DO NOT READ. ONLY PROMPT IF NECESSARY. RECORD NUMBER

ACTIVITY 1 IF Q7A = 97

ACTIVITY 2 IF Q7A = 97

ACTIVITY 3 IF Q7A = 97

Q8A Number of sessions in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. Don’t know/can’t remember 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. DO NOT READ Don’t know/can’t remember 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. DO NOT READ Don’t know/can’t remember 97. DO NOT READ Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months

Q8B Average length IF 97 IN Q8A DON’T SHOW Q8B 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify) 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. Between 46 and 60 minutes per session 3. Between 30 and 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

EXPECTATIONS AND INTENTIONS FOR FUTURE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Q9 Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ 1. Increase 2. Decrease 3. Stay the same

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Q10 For the next section, I am going to read out a list of statements. For each statement, please tell me if it has or has not been an important factor that has allowed you to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months. MR, READ, PROBE FOR A SPECIFIC ANSWER FOR STATEMENTS WITH ‘PLEASE SPECIFY’. PROBE FOR ‘OTHER’ WITH “Are there any other important factors that have allowed you to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months?” ONLY SELECT IF “YES” 1. Activities that suited your physical capabilities became available. (Please specify) 2. Affordable options became available 3. You gained more knowledge of the different facilities, activities or organisations available 4. More flexible options became available 5. You had childcare or a babysitter 6. You had help with caring commitments other than parenting commitments 7. Having a car 8. Better public transport 9. You became more interested or motivated (Please specify) 10. Your work patterns changed (Please specify) 11. Facilities, activities or organisations became available near you 12. You made the time (please specify what you mean exactly) 13. You recovered from a temporary illness/injury 14. As a result of having walkable or cycle-able roads (Please specify) READ IF NECESSARY: For example, landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography or hills) 15. Meeting with friends to socialise 16. Medical Advice 96. Are there any other important factors that have allowed you to participate in physical activities over the last 12 months? (please specify) 98. DO NOT READ Don’t know GO TO Q17A

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LESS-FREQUENT OR NON-PARTICIPANTS POTENTIAL FUTURE ACTIVITIES ASK NON-PARTICIPANTS Q11 If there were no constraints to you participating in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation what kinds of activities would you like to participate in? MR, DO NOT READ, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ AND SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. PROBE FOR MORE SPECIFIC ANSWER IF THEY SAY WALKING, RIDING, CYCLING, CLIMBING, MOTORSPORTS, FOOTBALL, SOCCER, CRICKET, BOWLS, GYM, RUGBY) ASK LESS FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS Q11. In the last 12 months, which activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? MR - ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.

101

Athletics (track and field) Australian Rules Football Baseball Basketball Boxing Bowls Bushwalking Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Indoor cricket Outdoor cricket On-road cycling Mountain-biking BMX Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Dance Dancesport Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Gridiron/American Football, Oztag Football Golf Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Horse riding/equestrian Hockey Ice/snow sports Kayaking/ canoeing Martial arts Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - speedway Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro-riding Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - minikhana

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39. Motorsports - karting 40. Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles 41. Netball 42. Orienteering/rogaining 43. Rock climbing 44. Rowing 45. Rugby league 46. Rugby union 47. Running/jogging 48. Sailing 49. Scooter riding 50. Shooting sports 51. Skateboarding 52. Squash 53. Scuba / snorkelling 54. Surfing 55. Swimming 56. Ten Pin Bowling 57. Tennis 58. Touch football 59. Triathlon 60. Volleyball 61. Walking - for exercise 62. Walking - for transport 63. Walking - dog 64. Weight Training 65. Yoga/Pilates 66. Abseiling 67. Artificial/indoor rock climbing 68. Challenge Ropes Courses 69. Recreational angling/fishing 70. Recreational caving 71. River Rafting 72. Rock Climbing 96. Other (Please specify) BARRIERS ASK IF 2 IN Q1 (NON-PARTICIPANTS) Q14 What are the main reasons why you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months? MR, SEE OPTIONS AT Q15, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY, SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. ASK IF 4-98 IN Q1A (LESS-FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS) Q15 What are the main reasons why you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR, DO NOT READ, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. 1. Parenting commitments 2. Caring commitments (not parenting commitments) 3. Work commitments 4. Disability (Please specify) 5. No car or poor public transport 6. Don’t know what facilities/ sites / services/ activities/ clubs/organisations are available 7. No facilities/ sites / services/ activities/ clubs/organisations available near me 8. Lack of time (e.g. work, study, family) 9. Lack of flexible options (e.g. drop-in, drop-out activities with no weekly commitment, arrive, pay to participate, placed into team or activity)

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10. Illness/ injury (ongoing) 11. Illness/ injury (temporary) 12. Not interested/ motivated (Please specify: Why aren’t you interested/ motivated?) 13. Streets/roads are not walkable/easy or safe to cycle (e.g. traffic flow, landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography/hills) 14. Too expensive 96. Other (Please specify) 99. Don’t know EXPECTATIONS AND INTENTIONS FOR FUTURE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Q16 Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR, DO NOT READ 1. Increase 2. Decrease 3. Stay the same Q17 What things would need to happen for you to be able to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR, DO NOT READ, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ READ AS Q17 What would need to happen for you to be able to participate in physical activities more frequently? MR, DO NOT READ, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY, PROBE WITH ‘Is there anything else?’ SPECIFY TYPE WHERE INDICATED. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Availability of activities that suit my physical capabilities (Please specify) Affordable options become available Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations available Flexible options become available Having childcare/babysitter to support Help with caring commitments (not parenting) Having a car Access to/Better public transport Becoming more interested/motivated (Please specify) Changing my work patterns (Please specify) Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations become available near me Making the time (please specify what you mean exactly) Recovering from temporary illness/injury Walkable/ cycle-able streets/roads (Please specify e.g. traffic flow, landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography/hills) 96. Other (please specify) 99. Don’t know ASK ALL: Q17A. Are you more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching the Olympic Games? How about the Commonwealth Games? DO NOT READ OPTIONS Yes Olympic Games Commonwealth Games

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No

I haven’t watched anything about these events

DEMOGRAPHICS Finally a few questions about you to ensure that we survey a proper cross section of people. The answers you give will remain completely confidential. EMPLOYMENT STATUS Q18 What is your current employment status? SR, DO NOT READ, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY 1. Employed, working full time, more than 35 hours a week 2. Employed, working part time, less than 35 hours a week 3. Self employed 4. Unemployed, looking for full time work, more than 35 hours a week 5. Unemployed, looking for part time work, less than 35 hours a week 6. Not employed, and not looking for work 7. Student 8. Pension, beneficiary or welfare recipient 9. Retired 10. Domestic duties 96. Other – please specify Q19 In the last 12 months have you undertaken any volunteering? Volunteering is defined as willingly giving unpaid help in the form of time, service or skills, through an organisation or group but may involve payment of costs like out-of-pocket expenses. This does not include any volunteering required for work, for example, work for the dole, or required as part of study commitments. SR, DO NOT READ 1. Yes 2. No IF Q19 = 1 ASK Q20 IF Q19 = 2 SKIP TO Q21 Q20 What kinds of organisations did you volunteer for in the last 12 months? MR, DO NOT READ, PROMPT OPTIONS IF NECESSARY 1. Animal welfare 2. Arts/Heritage 3. Business/Professional/Union 4. Community / Welfare 5. Education and training 6. Emergency services 7. Environment 8. Health 9. Parenting, children and youth 10. Religious 11. Sport and active recreation (Please specify activity) 96. Other (Please specify) 98. Don’t Remember ATSI Q21 Are you of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Island origin? SR, DO NOT READ 1. No 2. Yes, Aboriginal 3. Yes, Torres Strait Islander

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4. Yes, both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 99. I prefer not to answer ENGLISH Q22 Do you speak a language other than English at home? SR, DO NOT READ 1. Yes (Please Specify) 2. No, English only Q23 Do you identify as having a disability? SR, DO NOT READ 1. Yes 2. No 99. I prefer not to answer IF 1 IN Q23 (YES) GO TO Q24, OTHERWISE GO TO Q25 Q24 What kind of disability do you have? MR, DO NOT READ OUT. 1. Acquired brain injury 2. Autism spectrum disorder 3. Developmental delay 4. Intellectual disability 5. Physical disability 6. Psychiatric disability 7. Sensory disability 8. Other disability (Please specify) 99. I prefer not to answer Q25 What is the total of all wages, salaries, Government benefits, pensions, allowances and other income that your household usually receives before tax and superannuation deductions per year? SR, DO NOT READ Q25 Which bracket best describes your total household income before tax and superannuation deductions? This includes all wages, salaries, Government benefits, pensions, allowances and other income. SR, READ 1. Between $1-$149 per week 2. Between $150-$249 per week 3. Between $250-$399 per week 4. Between $400-$599 per week 5. Between $600-$799 per week 6. Between $800-$999 per week 7. Between $1,000-$1,299 per week 8. Between $1,300-$1,599 per week 9. Between $1,600-$1,999 per week 10. $2,000 or more per week 11. DO NOT READ No income 12. DO NOT READ Negative income 99. DO NOT READ I prefer not to answer

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8. Appendix B: Online Questionnaire INTRODUCTION SURVEY INTRODUCTION Hello and thanks for agreeing to do this survey! We appreciate your time and value your answers We are conducting a research for Sport and Recreation Services, a Queensland Government agency, about participation in physical activity for sport, exercise and recreation for people aged 18 years and over. The survey will take approximately 10 minutes to complete. Any feedback that you provide will be anonymous, strictly confidential and will only be used for research purposes. Just follow the prompts in the survey to answer the questions, and if you need to talk to anyone please don’t hesitate to contact us. Please click on “next” to enter the survey. PROGRAMMING NOTE: CONFIDENTIALITY CLAUSE MUST APPEAR AFTER INTRO UNLESS SPECFIED SCREENER S1 GENDER S1. Please indicate your gender: SR 1. Male 2. Female 96. Other (please specify) S2 AGE S2. Which one of the following age groups do you fall into? SR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

18-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65 years or older

IF UNDER 18 YEARS TERMINATE.

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S3. What is the name of your suburb or town? Record town/suburb___________ S4. What is your postcode? Enter postcode ___________ PLEASE CHECK QUOTAS BASED ON POSTCODE IF UNSUCCESSFUL Unfortunately for this particular survey, we need responses from people who suit specific criteria. Thank you for your participation and we will contact you again shortly for another survey! Regards IF SUCCESSFUL, CONTINUE

PARTICIPANTS PARTICIPATION Q1. In the last 12 months did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation? (Including any physically active official role such as referee/umpire) 1. Yes 2. No IF Q1 = 1 YES CONTINUE Q1A IF Q1 = 2 NO GO TO Q11 (NON-PARTICIPANTS) Q1A. How many times did you participate in any physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation during the last 12 months? 1. At least once a day 2. At least once a week 3. At least once a fortnight 4. At least once a month 5. At least once every three months 6. At least once every six months 7. At least once a year 98. Don’t know / can’t remember IF Q1A = 1-6 CONTINUE Q1B (FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS) IF Q1A = 7-98 GO TO Q11 (LESS FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS)

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PARTICIPATION IN ACTIVITIES SHOW Q1B FIRST AND THEN Q2 Q1B. In the last 12 months, which activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? MR JUST INCLUDE SELECTED ACTIVITIES FROM Q1B Q2. Were you involved in these activities as a player/participant or/and another physically active role (e.g. coach, referee, trainer, instructor, ball boy, etc.)? MR PER LINE Q1B. Activities Participation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

108

Athletics (track and field) Australian Rules Football Baseball Basketball Boxing Bowls Bushwalking Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Indoor cricket Outdoor cricket On-road cycling Mountain-biking BMX Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Dance Dancesport Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Gridiron/American Football, Oztag Football Golf Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Horse riding/equestrian Hockey Ice/snow sports Kayaking/ canoeing Martial arts Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - speedway Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro-riding Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - karting

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Q2. Role in the activity Player / Other role Participant (please specify) 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

Yes

No

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 96

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Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Netball Orienteering/rogaining Rock climbing Rowing Rugby league Rugby union Running/jogging Sailing Scooter riding Shooting sports Skateboarding Squash Scuba / snorkelling Surfing Swimming Ten Pin Bowling Tennis Touch football Triathlon Volleyball Walking - for exercise Walking - for transport Walking - dog Weight Training Yoga/Pilates Abseiling Artificial/indoor rock climbing Challenge Ropes Courses Recreational angling/fishing Recreational caving River Rafting Other (Please specify)

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1

2

1

2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

THIS QUESTION IF JUST FOR THOSE WHO SELECTED MORE THAN 3 ACTIVITIES IN Q1B. Q3. You mentioned you have participated in numerous different activities in the last 12 months. Which three activities from this set would you say you had the highest frequency of participation in? MR (up to 3 options only) LIST ALL ACTIVITIES FROM Q1B

ALLOW THEM TO CHOOSE THREE ACTIVITIES ONLY

FACILITIES, PLACES & SPACES Q4. Thinking about [INSERT ACTIVITY FROM Q3 OR Q1B IF LESS THAN THREE CHOSEN], which facilities, places or spaces did you use during the last 12 months? MR – RANDOMISE REPLICATE THIS QUESTION FOR UP TO 3 ACTIVITIES SELECTED IN EITHER Q1B OR Q3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 97.

110

Sporting grounds School oval Public playgrounds and parks Outdoor swimming pools Outdoor tennis courts Outdoor basketball courts Off-road bikeways/bike paths On-Road / On-Street Walking paths National Parks State Forests Beaches/Ocean Local reserves Indoor sports/fitness centres/halls Rivers/Creeks Dams/Lakes Gym Indoor swimming pools Indoor courts (netball, tennis, basketball) Home School or educational facilities Other (Please specify)

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AVERAGE DISTANCE TRAVELLED Q5. Thinking about [INSERT ACTIVITY FROM Q3 OR Q1B IF LESS THAN THREE CHOSEN], on average how far did you have to travel to the location where you participated in this activity? REPLICATE THIS QUESTION FOR EACH ACTIVITY TESTED IN EITHER Q1B OR Q3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Did not have to travel (e.g. did activity at home, I used gym or pool in my building/complex) Did not have to travel as the journey is the activity (i.e. walking, cycling, skateboarding, etc.) Less than 1km 1km to less than 2km 2km to less than 5km 5km to less than 10km 10km to less than 20km 20km to less than 50km 50km or more

ORGANISED VS. NON-ORGANISED ACTIVITIES Q6. Was any of the following activity(ies) organised by a club, association or other organisation? SR INCLUDE ACTIVITIES SELECTED IN EITHER Q1B OR Q3 All activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation Some activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation None of the activity(ies) was/were organised by a club, association or other organisation

ACTIVITY 1

ACTIVITY 2

ACTIVITY 3

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

IF Q6 = 1 OR 2 ASK Q6A IF Q6 = 3 GO TO Q7

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Q6A. Thinking about [INSERT ACTIVITIES FROM Q6 = 1 OR 2], what type of club, association or organisation organised this activity? SR INCLUDE ACTIVITIES SELECTED IN EITHER Q1B OR Q3 ACTIVITY 1

ACTIVITY 2

ACTIVITY 3

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

Work

6

6

6

Educational institution or course (Please specify e.g. school, university, TAFE)

7

7

7

Community groups (e.g. local social club)

8

8

8

Commercial events organiser / sponsor (e.g. Bridge to Brisbane)

9

9

9

Local government/ local council

10

10

10

Other (please specify)

96

96

96

None of the above

99

99

99

Fitness or leisure organisation or indoor sports centre that required payment for participation (e.g. private gyms) Sport club/association that required payment of fees for membership /participation / registration (e.g. Rugby, soccer clubs) Recreation club/association that required payment of fees for membership/participation/registration (e.g. scouts, YMCA, PCYC etc.)

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TOP THREE ACTIVITIES IN LAST MONTH Q7. Thinking about [INSERT ACTIVITY FROM Q3 OR Q1B IF LESS THAN THREE CHOSEN], including any practice or training, on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last month? On average, how long was each session of this/these activity during the last month? Please enter number of sessions during last month and average length/duration of each session (in minutes). RECORD NUMBER IF 97 IN Q7A/Q8A DON’T SHOW Q7B/Q8B Q7A. Number of sessions in the last month 1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97 Did not participate in this activity in the last month

Q7B. Average length IF 97 IN Q7A DON’T SHOW Q7B 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ACTIVITY 2

1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97. Did not participate in this activity in the last month

1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ACTIVITY 3

1. More than 12 sessions (specify number) 2. 12 sessions 3. Less than 12 sessions (specify number) 97 Did not participate in this activity in the last month

1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

ACTIVITY 1

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JUST ASK THIS QUESTION TO THOSE WHO HAVEN’T PARTICIPATED IN THE ACTIVITIES IN THE LAST MONTH (ACTIVITY 1, 2 OR 3 = 97) AVERAGE LENGTH/DURATION AND FREQUENCY OF EACH SESSION OF ACTIVITY IN THE LAST 6 MONTHS Q8. Now thinking about [INSERT ACTIVITY FROM Q3 OR Q1B IF LESS THAN THREE CHOSEN], including any practice or training, on average how many sessions did you participate in during the last 6 months? On average, how long was each session of this activity during the last 6 months? Please enter number of sessions during last 6 months and average length/duration of each session (in minutes). RECORD NUMBER

ACTIVITY 1

ACTIVITY 2

ACTIVITY 3

Q8A. Number of sessions in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. Don’t Know/ Can’t remember 97. Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. Don’t Know/ Can’t remember 97. Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months 1. More than 6 sessions (specify number) 2. 6 sessions 3. Less than 6 sessions (specify number) 98. Don’t Know/ Can’t remember 97. Did not participate in this activity in the last 6 months

Q8B. Average length IF 97 IN Q8A DON’T SHOW Q8B 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify) 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify) 1. More than 60 minutes per session (please specify) 2. 46 - 60 minutes per session 3. 30 - 45 minutes per session 4. Less than 30 minutes per session (please specify)

NOTE: ALLOW FOR A THREE-DIGIT RESPONSE; ALLOW FOR A RANGE FROM 1-999 Expectations & Intentions for Future Physical Activity Q9. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR 1. Increase 2. Decrease 3. Stay the same

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Q10. What are the most important factors that have allowed you to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation over the last 12 months? MR ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Availability of activities that suited my physical capabilities (Please specify) Affordable options became available Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations available Flexible options became available Having childcare/babysitter to support Had help with caring commitments (not parenting) Having a car Better public transport Becoming more interested/motivated (Please specify) Changing my work patterns (Please specify) Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations became available near me Made the time (please specify what you mean exactly) Recovered from temporary illness/injury Walkable/ cycle-able streets/roads (Please specify e.g. landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography/hills) 15. Meeting with friends / socialise 16. Medical Advice 97. Other (please specify) 98. Don’t know

GO TO Q17A

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LESS FREQUENT OR NON-PARTICIPANTS POTENTIAL FUTURE ACTIVITIES NON-PARTICIPANTS Q11. If there were no constraints to you participating in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation what kinds of activities would you like to participate in? MR - ROTATE LESS FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS Q11. In the last 12 months, which activities did you participate in for sport, exercise or recreation? MR - ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.

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Athletics (track and field) Australian Rules Football Baseball Basketball Boxing Bowls Bushwalking Console-based/guided physical activities (e.g. Nintendo Wii Fit, Sony PlayStation Move, Xbox Kinect) Indoor cricket Outdoor cricket On-road cycling Mountain-biking BMX Leisure cycling (e.g. hybrid bike on bike paths) Dance Dancesport Football/soccer - indoor Football/soccer - outdoor Gridiron/American Football, Oztag Football Golf Fitness classes/aerobics/Zumba (please specify) Gym - free weights Gym - cardio Gym - weight machines Gymnastics Horse riding/equestrian Hockey Ice/snow sports Kayaking/ canoeing Martial arts Motorsports - motocross Motorsports - speedway Motorsports - dirt track Motorsports - enduro-riding Motorsports - recreational trail bike riding Motorsports - freestyle Motorsports - minikhana Motorsports - karting Motorsports - quad bike riding/all-terrain vehicles Netball Orienteering/rogaining

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43. Rock climbing 44. Rowing 45. Rugby league 46. Rugby union 47. Running/jogging 48. Sailing 49. Scooter riding 50. Shooting sports 51. Skateboarding 52. Squash 53. Scuba / snorkelling 54. Surfing 55. Swimming 56. Ten Pin Bowling 57. Tennis 58. Touch football 59. Triathlon 60. Volleyball 61. Walking - for exercise 62. Walking - for transport 63. Walking - dog 64. Weight Training 65. Yoga/Pilates 66. Abseiling 67. Artificial/indoor rock climbing 68. Challenge Ropes Courses 69. Recreational angling/fishing 70. Recreational caving 71. River Rafting 96. Other (Please specify) BARRIERS IF Q1=2 ASK Q14. Q14. What are the main reasons you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation in the last 12 months? MR ROTATE IF Q1A = 7-98 (LESS FREQUENT PARTICIPANTS) Q15. What are the main reasons you did not participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

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Parenting commitments Caring commitments (not parenting commitments) Work commitments Disability (please specify) No car or poor public transport Don’t know what facilities/ sites / services/ activities/ clubs/organisations are available No facilities/ sites / services/ activities/ clubs/organisations available near me Lack of time (e.g. work, study, family) Lack of flexible options (e.g. drop-in, drop-out activities with no weekly commitment, arrive, pay to participate, placed into team or activity) Illness/ injury (ongoing) Illness/ injury (temporary) Not interested/ motivated (Please specify: Why aren’t you interested/ motivated?) Streets/roads are not walkable/easy or safe to cycle (e.g. traffic flow, landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography/hills)

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14. Too expensive 96. Other (Please specify :) 99. Don’t know EXPECTATIONS & INTENTIONS FOR FUTURE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Q16. Over the next 12 months, do you expect your current level of physical activity for sport, exercise or recreation will increase, decrease or stay the same? SR 1. Increase 2. Decrease 3. Stay the same Q17. What things would need to happen for you to be able to participate in physical activities for sport, exercise or recreation more frequently? MR ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Availability of activities that suit my physical capabilities (Please specify) Affordable options become available Better knowledge of facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations available Flexible options become available Having childcare/babysitter to support Help with caring commitments (not parenting) Having a car Access to/Better public transport Becoming more interested/motivated (Please specify) Changing my work patterns (Please specify) Facilities/sites/services/activities/clubs/organisations become available near me Making the time (please specify what you mean exactly) Recovering from temporary illness/injury Walkable/ cycle-able streets/roads (Please specify e.g. traffic flow, landscaping elements such as trees and shade, traffic flow, ease of street crossings, continuity of footpath, grid vs. cul-de-sac streets, topography/hills) 97. Other (please specify) 99. Don’t know ASK ALL: Q17A. Are you more likely to participate in sport, exercise or recreation activities as a result of watching any of the following events: Yes Olympic Games Commonwealth Games

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No

I haven’t watched anything about these events

DEMOGRAPHICS Q18. EMPLOYMENTSTATUS Q18. What is your current employment status? SR 1. Employed, working full time, more than 35 hours a week 2. Employed, working part time, less than 35 hours a week 3. Self employed 4. Unemployed, looking for full time work, more than 35 hours a week 5. Unemployed, looking for part time work, less than 35 hours a week 6. Not employed, and not looking for work 7. Student 8. Pension, beneficiary or welfare recipient 9. Retired 10. Domestic duties 96. Other – please specify Q19. In the last 12 months have you undertaken any volunteering? SR Volunteering is defined as willingly giving unpaid help in the form of time, service or skills, through an organisation or group but may involve payment of costs like out-of-pocket expenses. This does not include any volunteering required for work, e.g. work for the dole, or required as part of study commitments 1. Yes 2. No IF Q19 = 1 ASK Q20 IF Q19 = 2 SKIP TO Q21 Q20. What kinds of organisations did you volunteer for in the last 12 months? MR – ROTATE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 96. 99.

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Animal welfare Arts/Heritage Business/Professional/Union Community / Welfare Education and training Emergency services Environment Health Parenting, children and youth Religious Sport and active recreation (Please specify activity) ____________ Other (Please specify)_____________ Don’t Remember

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Q21 ATSI Q21. Are you of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Island origin? SR 1. No 2. Yes, Aboriginal 3. Yes, Torres Strait Islander 4. Yes, both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 99. I prefer not to answer Q22 ENGLISH Q22. Do you speak a language, other than English at home? SR 1. Yes (Please Specify:) 2. No, English only Q23. Do you identify as having a disability? 1. Yes 2. No 99. I prefer not to answer IF Q23= 1 GO TO Q24, OTHERWISE GO TO Q25 Q24. What kind of disability/ disabilities do you have: MR 1. Acquired brain injury 2. Autism spectrum disorder 3. Developmental delay 4. Intellectual disability 5. Physical disability 6. Psychiatric disability 7. Sensory disability 96. Other disability (Please specify)________ 99. I prefer not to answer Q25 HOUSEHOLD INCOME Q25.What is the total of all wages, salaries, Government benefits, pensions, allowances and other income that YOUR HOUSEHOLD usually receives before tax and superannuation deductions? SR 1. $1-$149 per week ($1-$7,799 per year) 2. $150-$249 per week ($7,800-$12,999 per year) 3. $250-$399 per week ($13,000-$20,799 per year) 4. $400-$599 per week ($20,800-$31,199 per year) 5. $600-$799 per week ($31,200-$41,599 per year) 6. $800-$999 per week ($41,600-$51,999 per year) 7. $1,000-$1,299 per week ($52,000-$67,599 per year) 8. $1,300-$1,599 per week ($67,600-$83,199 per year) 9. $1,600-$1,999 per week ($83,200-$103,999 per year) 10. $2,000 or more per week ($104,000 or more per year) 11. No income 12. Negative income 99. I prefer not to answer

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9. Appendix C: Comparing QSERSA Results to ABS At the request of the Department, a comparison of the results from the QSERSA Survey in 2015 versus the Queensland and National results from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Survey of Participation in Sport and Physical Recreation, Australia, 2013-14 (4177.0) is shown below. As a note, the ABS Survey included persons aged 15-17 years whereas the QSERSA survey did not. Therefore the results below should be interpreted with caution. The comparison shows that the incidence of participation in Sport and Recreation in the QSERSA Survey is significantly higher than that measured via the ABS Survey.

Figure 20 QSERSA Survey compared to ABS Survey of Participation in Sport and Physical Recreation Australia, 2013-14 (4177.0) QSERA Survey (QLD)

ABS Survey (QLD) 77%

75% 54%

60%

Total

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ABS Survey (National)

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74% 61% 53%

55%

Male

Female Gender

59%