An Accessible City - Otakaro Ltd

An Accessible City - Otakaro Ltd

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan Te Mahere ‘Maraka Ōtautahi’ Replacement transport chapter – October 2013 An Accessible City He Taone Wātea Publi...

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan Te Mahere ‘Maraka Ōtautahi’ Replacement transport chapter – October 2013

An Accessible City He Taone Wātea

Published in October 2013 by Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority Christchurch, New Zealand Contact Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) Private Bag 4999, Christchurch 8140 [email protected] 0800 7464 2372 www.cera.govt.nz www.ccdu.govt.nz

Citation Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (2013). An Accessible City – Christchurch Central Recovery Plan: Replacement transport chapter – October 2013. Christchurch: Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. Imagery Credit Some imagery sourced from the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

ISBNs 978-0-478-39745-1 (Print) 978-0-478-39746-8 (Online)

Crown copyright © This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand licence.

Contents

He rārangi upoko

The Christchurch Central Recovery Plan was notified in the New Zealand Gazette on 31 July 2012 and had effect from that date. It contained limited information on transport. It was intended that more detailed work would be done to design a transport system to support the recovery of the central city of Christchurch. This document was developed by Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) in partnership with the Christchurch City Council (CCC), Environment Canterbury (ECAN) and the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA). Public consultation took place between November 2012 and the beginning of February 2013. This "An Accessible City" is an addendum to the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan and replaces the transport chapter, pages 89 to 94 inclusive. An Accessible City also includes amendments to the transport provisions of Christchurch City Council's District Plan, including replacing the Transport Environments Map.

Part 1:

Car travel���������������������������������������������������16

Accessibility��������������������������������������������������5

Parking and service access�����������������������������18

Transport options�������������������������������������������5

Wayfinding�������������������������������������������������19

Walking������������������������������������������������������ 8

Implementation and monitoring��������������������� 20

Cycling������������������������������������������������������10

Statutory direction to amend District Plan���������� 21

Main Streets����������������������������������������������� 12

Part 2: District Plan provisions������������������������23

Bus interchange and public transport���������������� 13

An Accessible City

Central city road use hierarchy

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Car travel

Diagram shows prioritised routes for different travel modes

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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Cycling

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An Accessible City

Accessibility Te wāteatanga The buildings, open spaces, streets and facilities within the central city will be safe, accessible and people friendly. A more accessible and safer built environment will benefit everyone. It will become more accessible not just to people with disabilities, but also to older people, those with young children, and people with temporary mobility issues. A more accessible city will also offer accessible tourism opportunities. Greater accessibility will occur as public buildings, roads and footpaths are rebuilt to comply with current standards, which require improved accessibility beyond

what many older structures have. All building work must comply with the Building Act 2004 by following the New Zealand Building Code. Under this Code, building and design features must allow people with disabilities to carry out normal activities and processes within them. Compliance with the New Zealand Standard 4121:20-01 Design for Access and Mobility – Buildings and Associated Facilities, cited in the Building Code as being an optional design standard, will be encouraged within the central city. The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) and Christchurch City Council are committed to making central

Christchurch a place for everyone by ensuring that accessibility checks are incorporated into master planning and building consent processes at both the design and implementation phases of projects. For example, barrier-free audits are being trialled for anchor projects, and developers and service providers are encouraged to include barrier-free audits at the design stage of their delivery processes. Safety and personal security are key priorities for all users, and ongoing consultation to develop and implement best practice in accessible transport infrastructure design and management is encouraged.

Transport options Ngā whiringa The new central city will be a great place to live, work, play, learn and visit. It will be more attractive and compact, and will offer a wider range of activities. The central city transport system will provide a range of travel options that are flexible and resilient, able to accommodate projected population growth as well as supporting growth in travel by public transport, walking and cycling. Opportunities to future-proof the system through the use of new and smart technologies will be explored. Before the earthquakes, central Christchurch provided over 20 per cent of jobs within the greater Christchurch Central area and there were around 350,000 trips per day to, from and within the central city. The Recovery Plan will support the re-establishment of central Christchurch’s function as the primary activity centre for greater Christchurch. Ensuring central Christchurch has reliable, safe, effective and efficient connections to the rest of Christchurch and Canterbury is vital for the recovery of the central city and of the wider region.

The transport system will allow people to travel easily between the central city and other parts of Christchurch Central and to get to key destinations within the central city, whether they are walking, cycling, using public transport or driving. The transport system will also support the creation of people-friendly places within the central city, in particular by making the Core a pedestrian-priority area, reducing traffic speeds and enhancing streetscapes.

in the Core, on Main Streets, within the Frame and within Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct. •

Prioritised cycle routes connected to the wider Christchurch cycle network will provide good access to the central city and the Core. Other streets will provide for cyclists where possible.



Vehicles travelling into the central city and the Core will be encouraged onto distributor streets that lead off the avenues. Most of the existing oneway streets will be retained to ensure vehicles can access the central city easily. Tuam Street will become a west–east one-way street to replace the Oxford Terrace/Lichfield Street one-way.



The avenues themselves will be upgraded to improve travel around the central city.



This road use hierarchy provides a one-network approach to minimise mode conflicts and provide more enjoyable journeys for different types of users.

Some changes have been made to the road layout to reflect the location of Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct, the Frame and other anchor projects. Routes will be prioritised for various modes of transport to provide efficient and safe access to and from the central city. This incorporates a road use hierarchy approach that identifies different preferred routes to access the central city depending on how people choose to travel. •

The streets with multiple main bus routes will be prioritised for buses, and other vehicles will be encouraged onto ‘distributor’ streets.



Pedestrian facilities will be improved across the central city, and particularly Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Central Christchurch speed zones

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Maximum speeds Inner zone - maximum 30km/hr (including main streets) Vehicle speeds will be slowed to a maximum of 30km/hr in the Inner Zone. This supports the intended environment of the compact Core and adjacent Frame of central Christchurch. For the rest of the central city network, speed limits will be a maximum of 50km/hr, but some streets may be managed at a slower speed to fit with the surrounding environment, such as in local residential areas. The streets will be designed to support and reinforce the intended speed environments so that the system is self-explaining to users.

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

Outer zone - maximum 50km/hr

As part of road network and streetscape upgrades, the opportunity to implement environmentally sensitive solutions will be taken. Consistent with the development of Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct, exotic plantings within the central city will be supplemented with the use of indigenous trees and other plants.

Core

Implementation •

Develop design guidelines



Develop network concept plans



Develop implementation plan with timing of works



CERA, CCC



By December 2013

An Accessible City

Transport choices in the central city

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I work at the Hospital and use the bus so I don't have to worry about parking. Buses arrive every 10 minutes and drop me at the super stop right outside.

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I live and work in the central city. It's a great place to walk, especially along the Avon River in the morning.

Driving in and shopping at the Retail Precinct is easy. It makes shopping in the central city enjoyable.

Central Christchurch is a great place to bike. I take the cycle routes for my morning classes and use the slow streets in the Core on my way home.

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Walking Te haere mā raro Creating better streets for pedestrians will help attract shoppers, residents and visitors, and so support businesses to re-establish themselves in the central city. Vehicle speeds within the Inner Zone will be no more than 30km/hr, to ensure pedestrian safety. The Core will be a pedestrian-friendly area. Some streets may be for pedestrians only and others will be modified as shared spaces where traffic is slowed and pedestrians have priority over other users. Universal design principles and best practice guidelines (such as RTS 14

Guidelines for facilities for blind and visionimpaired pedestrians) should be used to ensure a safe route to and through the area for those with disabilities. The use of non-motorised user safety and barrierfree audits is encouraged during design and ongoing maintenance to ensure that accessible routes are not compromised. The Retail Precinct in the blocks on either side of Cashel Street will be for pedestrians only. There will be service vehicle access outside busy pedestrian times and from lanes running through the blocks. Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will provide a high-quality, safer

Typical central city street – before

Typical slow Core street – after

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

walking network around the Core and the wider central city. Crime prevention through environmental design principles will be followed in the design of the network. The east–west streets between the Core and Hagley Park will be improved over time to provide attractive and safe pedestrian routes between these two destinations. As the central city redevelops, an aim will be to create opportunities to provide attractive, safe through-block connections and north-south laneways in particular. These connections will be required in the Retail Precinct.

An Accessible City

Key walking links in the central city

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There are many existing walking routes within Hagley Park

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All streets will have provisions for pedestrians

Potential laneways within the Core. Images courtesy Tim Church

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Las Ramblas, Barcelona, Spain

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Cycling Te haere mā runga paihikara Cycling will be encouraged in the central city. Routes for both commuter and recreational cyclists will offer good connections from the wider city into the central city and the Core.

Kerb Cycle lane

Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will provide an attractive, safe cycling route into the central city and around the edge of the Core. Other key cycle routes are proposed to link with safe crossing points of the river and the avenues. The slower speed within the Inner Zone will make it safer for cyclists to share space with cars. Key cycling routes will be prioritised for cycling and have separated paths where possible to provide safe and comfortable routes. Prioritised intersections along these routes will have improved safety for cyclists, especially from turning vehicles. Other streets will have improved cycle facilities to address safety issues as necessary.

Rumble strip

Possible cycle lane options

Separated cycle lane in Melbourne, Australia.

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

Kerb Cycle lane

Cycle routes in Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will be separated in most places from walking routes to ensure the safety of both pedestrians and cyclists. Cycle parking facilities will be provided at convenient locations. These will be secure, covered where possible, and located at a range of key destinations. Building developers will provide cycle parking in their buildings in line with the District Plan requirements. Secure cycle parking is planned at the new Bus Interchange and the ‘super stops’ near the Hospital and on Manchester Street, so that people can easily travel by a combination of cycling and public transport.

Kerb

An Accessible City

Key cycling routes in the central city

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Paths in Hagley Park can be shared with pedestrians

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Other streets will have cycling facilities as appropriate. Connections beyond the avenues to be aligned with CCC cycle plans.

Implementation •

Develop design guidelines cycling



CERA, CCC



By December 2013

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Main Streets Ngā huarahi matua Victoria Street and Colombo Street south will be significant shopping and business streets. To reflect this function, these streets will be redeveloped as ‘Main Streets’, with enhanced streetscapes that support retail and mixed-use development. These streets will be prioritised for walking and cycling and they will be slowed to a maximum of 30km/hr. Main Streets that are public transport routes will contain appropriate public transport priority measures.

Implementation •

Develop network concept plans



CERA, CCC



By December 2013

Typical Main Street – before

Vehicular through-traffic will be discouraged in order to ease congestion, but some short-term, on-street parking will be provided. Main Streets will have a high standard of landscaping and surface treatment, street furniture and lighting. They will be designed to match the local character of the individual streets and building frontages.

Typical Main Street – after

Typical Main Street

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Bus interchange and public transport Te whakawhitinga pahi me ngā waka tūmatanui Public transport routes and infrastructure will encourage bus travel to and from the central city with capacity for a significant increase in bus use in the coming decades. Bus Interchange The Bus Interchange is the anchor of the public transport system known as the ‘Metro’ system. The Interchange will be designed to accommodate significant growth in bus patronage over time and will be located in the block bounded by Tuam, Colombo, Manchester and Lichfield Streets. This location, with pedestrian links on Lichfield and Colombo Streets, will provide convenient walking connections to the southern half of the Core, the South and East Frames, and the Stadium. The Bus Interchange will prioritise passenger convenience and comfort. It will integrate attractively with surrounding streets and land uses, taking into account the range of needs and abilities of users. Where possible, complementary uses will be incorporated into the facility design or adjacent areas including retail opportunities, cycle storage facilities and development opportunities above groundfloor level. Bus movements to, through and away from the Interchange will be made as efficient as possible to minimise conflicts with other users and ensure minimal delay to buses. The area in and around the Bus Interchange can also cater for inter-city coaches, airport transfers and taxis. In this way it will provide a consolidated transit point for locals and visitors to the city.

every 10 minutes in peak periods and every 15 minutes at other times. These routes come into the central city from suburban interchanges. Improved facilities in Northlands/Papanui and Riccarton (the highest passenger demand corridors) are required to support the central city public transport recovery package and encourage increased use. Priority public transport measures will be provided where necessary to ensure reliable bus journeys. A soft edge between the Core and the East Frame will be created by converting Manchester Street between Armagh and Lichfield Streets into a boulevard. This will separate public transport and other vehicles, provide access to businesses, and ensure a high-quality connection between the Core and the East Frame. In addition to footpaths and on-road cycling on Manchester Street itself, cycle and walking paths will be developed in the Frame. Tuam Street will become a one-way street and will be a major accessway into the city from the west, for vehicles and buses. Tuam Street will be landscaped to provide a high-amenity transition to the South Frame. Cycling and walking routes will run along Tuam Street and along St Asaph Street.

'Super stops' A high-quality ‘super stop’ will be provided near the Hospital with good pedestrian access to the Metro Sports Facility, Hospital, Health Precinct and South Frame, as well as to the area south and west of the Core via the Antigua Street footbridge. Another super stop will be provided on Manchester Street (between Gloucester and Worcester Streets), providing a walking link into the northern half of the Core. These super stops will provide passenger waiting facilities sheltered from the weather, quality information, and dedicated cycle parking facilities nearby.

Bus Interchange context axonometric

Public transport routes Consistent with the Canterbury Regional Public Transport Plan, public transport routes to the Interchange will be consolidated and will mainly go around the edge of the Core, along Manchester and Tuam/St Asaph Streets. With the exception of Tuam and St Asaph Streets, buses will generally run on two-way roads. This will mean that inbound and outbound stops are close to each other, making the routes simple for people to understand and use. The routes coming into the central city will provide a high-frequency service along the consolidated routes. Service frequencies on the core network will be

Possible Bus Interchange layout

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Inner-city public transport Residential areas within the avenues, and trips between the Bus Interchange and destinations within the central city, will be covered by the Metro bus routes. These routes provide good coverage of the central city area. Further opportunities to connect key destinations will be investigated to ensure the best possible coverage is offered in the medium- to long-term as the rebuild progresses. Initiatives could include reintroducing shuttle services or enhancing the Metro system. Any inner-city public transport service will be integrated with the city-wide

Manchester St – indicative streetscape and bus lanes

Tuam Street – indicative streetscape and cycleway

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

public transport system. Energy-efficient and environmentally friendly options will be considered.

Implementation

Heritage tram



Bus interchange concept design



CERA, CCC, ECan, NZTA



In 2013

The Christchurch City Council plans to repair and reintroduce the pre-earthquake heritage tram system as a visitor attraction, as part of the reopening and reconstruction of the central city’s key attractions. Some of the destinations on the previously planned extension route have been damaged due to the earthquakes, so the route is being reviewed.

An Accessible City

Key public transport network in the central city

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Other public transport routes exist around the Avenues

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Super stops

Future public transport options The public transport system has been designed to be affordable, flexible, adaptable and scalable to accommodate significant growth in public transport usage. This provides people with improved transport choice for a range of future scenarios, which may include higher fuel prices or peak oil supply limitations. Larger buses, more frequent services and new routes provide the next building blocks for future expansion of the system.

In the longer term, a public transport network investigation will be undertaken to confirm the needs and staging for future options. The central city transport system has allowed for possible mass transit requirements and options for futureproofing corridors.

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

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An Accessible City

Car travel Te haere mā runga motokā A network of distributor streets will provide efficient access for vehicles to destinations within the central city. Vehicle speeds will be managed to support the high-quality redevelopment that is intended for the central city. Bealey, Fitzgerald, Moorhouse, Harper and Deans Avenues will continue to act as major arterial routes for travel around the central city, with key crossing points for access into the centre. They will be enhanced over time as needed to cater for increased traffic volumes.

Montreal Street – before

Vehicle speeds will be slowed to a maximum of 30km/hr in the Inner Zone. For the rest of the network, speed limits will be at a maximum of 50km/hr, but some streets may be managed at a slower speed to fit with the surrounding environment, such as in local residential areas. Montreal, Durham/Cambridge, Madras, Barbadoes, St Asaph, Tuam and Kilmore Streets will be the main distributor streets. They will provide the key vehicle access routes into the central city to service the majority of trips to the Core on a daily basis. The pre-earthquake Salisbury–Kilmore one-way pair carried less traffic than the other one-way streets and run through predominantly residential areas. They will be converted to two-way streets;

Indicative enhanced one-way distributor – Durham St / Cambridge Tce near the Ōtākaro/Avon River

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

Montreal Street – after

An Accessible City

Distributor streets - preferred vehicle routes

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Main distributor one-way

Kilmore Street will continue to be a main distributor street but through-trips will be encouraged onto Fitzgerald and Bealey Avenues. The other one-way streets will be retained but enhanced, as appropriate, with improved streetscapes. These enhanced one-way main distributor streets will provide the required street amenity to suit the local character and intended development while still allowing safe and efficient vehicle movement.

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Interchange mean that Oxford Terrace/ Lichfield Street will cease to function as a one-way route. Tuam Street will therefore become an eastbound one-way street. Local distributor streets are identified as the preferred access routes to parking precincts or as public transport routes. The remaining local streets are primarily for local property and business access.

Local distributor

Implementation •

Develop implementation plan identifying timing and delivery mechanism



CERA, CCC, ECan, NZTA



By December 2013

The locations of Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct, the Stadium and the Bus

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

17

An Accessible City

Parking and service access Ngā tūranga waka me ngā ratonga Well-located car parking that is readily accessible off distributor streets, but does not dominate city streets, is essential to an accessible city. Many pre-earthquake public off-street parking facilities have been destroyed. On-street parking will also be reduced due to some anchor projects, cycleways, streetscape enhancements, and urban design improvements. Car parking within individual developments can be provided for (but is not compulsory) in the Central City Business Zone: up to 50 per cent of the gross leasable floor area of the premises may be used for this activity. A maximum has been prescribed to manage the number of vehicles overall within the zone consistent with the pedestrian-friendly focus, but not to the extent that economic recovery is compromised.

vehicles and taxis. New off-street public parking facilities for short- to mediumterm visitors will be located to serve key precincts and destinations. The provision of well-located, on-street and off-street, medium-term parking that accommodates custom-designed vehicles for people with disabilities will be encouraged.

provide a flexible response to parking needs as the city rebuilds.

Greater utilisation of public visitor parking will be encouraged through shared use, time-of-day management and variable pricing. Parking provided for anchor projects may be shared for general purposes when not required for events.

Within the Core and Frame, dedicated service lanes built for service vehicles will be encouraged as part of commercial developments, where possible. Deliveries will be managed to minimise on-street queuing and other negative effects. Service vehicle access through pedestrian priority streets and off main distributor streets will be discouraged during shopping hours and peak travel times. Emergency vehicle access will be maintained at all times.

The off-street public visitor parking buildings will be located to provide safe and easy access from the local distributor streets and will either be on the perimeter of or outside the Core. These buildings will be designed to integrate with their surrounds, with a preference for mid-block sites and for parking buildings to provide for other uses, with active ground-floor frontages. For these reasons, parking buildings will generally be smaller than they were before the earthquakes. The timing of their development, and their exact location, will match demand and development in the central city. Temporary demountable parking facilities could be considered to

The amount of short-term parking available will return to pre-earthquake levels. The majority of parking required to meet the needs of businesses, shoppers and commuters will continue to be met by commercial developments. On-street parking within the Core will be prioritised for disabled and short stay parking, service

Opportunities to future-proof the system, for example by providing charging facilities for electric vehicles, will be explored.

Service vehicles and emergency services

Taxi facilities and coach drop-off areas Appropriate taxi facilities will be provided as part of the development of key precincts and anchor projects within the central city. Coach drop-off areas will be encouraged within key developments. Coach layover areas will be identified where they can share public spaces and minimise effects on the surrounding area.

Public parking access

BARBADOES ST

MADRAS ST

ST

MANCHESTER ST

IA

COLOMBO ST

OR

TC

DURHAM ST

CT

RK

SALISBURY ST

SALISBURY ST

KILMORE ST

KILMORE ST

ARMAGH ST

MADRAS ST

D E A N S AV E

HEREFORD ST

CC

AR

TO

N

AV

E

CAMBRIDGE TCE

OXFO

RD TC E

CASHEL ST

LICHFIELD ST

TUAM ST

TUAM ST

ST ASAPH ST

ST ASAPH ST

M O O R H O U S E AV E

M O O R H O U S E AV E

BARBADOES ST

E

MADRAS ST

V

MANCHESTER ST

A

COLOMBO ST

Y

DURHAM ST

G

E

MONTREAL ST

FE

L

RR

Y R D

F I T Z G E R A L D AV E

R O L L E S T O N AV E

WORCESTER ST

HEREFORD ST

CASHEL ST RI

A



Develop parking management plan



CERA, CCC



By December 2013 Core - On street parking, prioritised for disabled, delivery , drop off and short stay.

ARMAGH ST

GLOUCESTER ST

HEREFORD ST

H

Implementation

E

E E R AV

MONTREAL ST

VI

PA

HARP

F I T Z G E R A L D AV E

B E A L E Y AV E

B E A L E Y AV E

Inner zone - On street parking, short stay limits (some resident exemptions) Key Destination Areas - Public off-street, visitor parking to be determined Outer Zone - On street parking, some longer-term public off street visitor parking to be determined. PA - Anchor Project parking PE - Existing public parking retained

18

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Wayfinding Ngā tohutohu New bilingual signage (English and Te Reo Māori), wayfinding systems, interpretation mapping and information about the car parks available will be developed to help motorists, cyclists and pedestrians find their way around the central city.

Indicative wayfinding signage

Wayfinding will provide: •

a clear hierarchy of street signage integrated with the streetscape character to signal the role of the streets within the network



information that is relevant for people with disabilities, such as information on the location of disabled parking spaces



signage on walking and cycling routes





driver information and car parking signage so drivers can locate parking efficiently, reducing circulation trips and unnecessary traffic pressure on inappropriate routes

directional signage to public transport facilities such as the Bus Interchange and ‘super stops’





information, routes and signage that recognise and reveal tangata whenua associations, history and sites of significance

strategic traffic signage on the approaches to and along the avenues to encourage traffic heading to the central city to do so on the most appropriate routes, and traffic not travelling to the central city to use alternative strategic routes around it



new and smart technologies to complement street signage and aid transport operations and management.



signage with directions and information for visitors so that people unfamiliar with the city can easily locate Christchurch’s key visitor attractions, whether they are driving, cycling or walking

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

19

An Accessible City

Implementation and monitoring Te whakatinanatanga me te aroturuki CERA, Christchurch City Council (CCC), Environment Canterbury (ECan) and the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA) will work together to give effect to the proposals in this transport chapter but further detail will be developed as the planning and design for the city continue. The changes proposed in this document will be implemented over time, and will be coordinated with the development of central city anchor projects, the SCIRT rebuild programme, and CCC’s capital works and transitional city programmes. An implementation plan will be developed and will detail the timing of the various projects and who will be involved in delivering them.

Network concept plans will be developed for all areas within the central city. They will include road use hierarchy maps that show mode priority by time of day, and network layout maps that show the form and management of the network. These Network concept plans will ensure the best possible integration between land use, transport, adjacent environments and the individual projects and developments that will arise during the rebuilding of the central city.

Progress with implementing these changes will be reported through the transport monitoring framework as part of the Recovery Strategy Monitoring and Reporting Programme. A consistent approach is important to ensure the various elements of the transport network operate well together. A key first step is to collate and develop design guidelines for the functional requirements for movement, barrier-free access, pathways, cycling, road widths, speed management, service delivery, emergency response and streetscapes.

A parking management plan will be developed by CERA and CCC to ensure that parking needs match the recovery programme, and support the objectives of An Accessible City.

The transport partners are also working on a wider public transport package. This will include suburban interchanges in Northlands/Papanui and Riccarton, and will consider bus priority measures on Riccarton Road to connect with the central city.

Implementation Implementation task task

Responsible Responsible

Partners Partners

By By when when

Design Design Guidelines Guidelines

CCDU CCDU and and CCC CCC

NZTA, NZTA, ECan ECan

Working Working document, document, December December 2013 2013

Parking Parking management management plan plan

CCC CCC and and CERA CERA

NZTA NZTA

Working Working document, document, December December 2013 2013

Network Network concept concept plans plans showing showing road road use use hierarchy hierarchy by by time time of of day day and and network network layout layout concepts concepts

CERA CERA

CCC, CCC, NZTA, NZTA, ECan ECan

Working Working documents, documents, December December 2013 2013

Implementation Implementation Plan, Plan, including including timing timing and and delivery delivery mechanism mechanism alignment alignment

CERA CERA

CCC, CCC, NZTA, NZTA, ECan, ECan, SCIRT SCIRT

December December 2013 2013

Transport Transport monitoring monitoring framework framework

CERA CERA

CCC, CCC, ECan, ECan, NZTA NZTA

Working Working document, document, December December 2013 2013

First phase transport project delivery schedule Oxford/Tuam swap Including portions of St Asaph, Antigua, Hagley and Selwyn St Portions of Cambridge Terrace, Durham, Armagh and Colombo Kilmore Street two-way Manchester Street/Boulevard from Lichfield to Kilmore Avenues improvement early work Bus interchange

Key:

20

Design start

Network transformation

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

Quarter

3

Year

2013

Construction start

4

1

2

3 2014

4

1

2 2015

An Accessible City

Statutory direction to amend District Plan Tohutohu ā ture ki te whakatika Te Mahere-ā-Rohe Once Gazetted, this "An Accessible City" has effect as an addendum to the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan (CCRP). The CCRP is amended by the removal of the transport chapter entitle An Accessible City being pages 89 to 94 inclusive. In accordance with section 24(1)(a) and (b), and section 24(2) of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Act, Christchurch City Council is directed to amend its District Plan as set out in Part 2 of this "An Accessible City" addendum to the CCRP. These changes make further amendments to the Transport Provisions which were identified in the Appendix of the CCRP, including superceding Map 4 "Central City: Transport Environments" with the "Road classification and transport zones" map in Part 2 of this document. Christchurch City Council shall make these amendments as soon as practicable but not later than two weeks after the Gazettal of this amendment to the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan.

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

21

Part 2: District Plan provisions Te wāhanga tuarua: Te Mahere-ā-Rohe

An Accessible City

Changes to the District Plan transport provisions The An Accessible City addendum to the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan amends the transport provisions of the Christchurch City Council's District Plan. The marked up changes shown here arise from the transport amendments to support an An Accessible City.

Changes to Volume 2, Section 7, modify text as follows 7.9

Central City Transport Objective

7.9.1

Policy: Transport environments Road Classifications within the Central City

To provide for the interim management of the road network in the Central City by way of a differentiated network which recognises how the different transportation environments accommodate different modes of travel (Inner Core, Outer Core, Distributor, Avenue3) layouts of different road classes accommodate different modes of travel (Local Streets, Local Distributor Streets, Main Distributor Streets, Arterial Routes3) and take account of the areas through which they pass (Core, Inner Zone, Outer Zone) in different ways. For the purposes of the Central City, Avenues are the highest order roads predominantly accommodating vehicular traffic that does not have an origin or destination within the Central City. Distributor Streets are the second highest order link types in the Central City and form key movement corridors into the Central City from surrounding areas. Outer Core Streets are the third highest order roads, which function almost entirely to provide property access but where pedestrians will be given a high priority. Inner Core Streets will prioritise people ahead of vehicular traffic, although vehicle access will not be prohibited. These streets may be designed to provide an environment where people can safely mix with vehicular traffic so that the street becomes a shared place. 3

3 For the purposes of the Central City, Arterial Routes are the highest order roads predominantly accommodating vehicular traffic that does not have an origin or destination within the Central City. Main Distributor Streets are the second highest order link types in the Central City and form key movement corridors into the Central City from surrounding areas. Local Distributor Streets are the third highest order link types and are important for the distribution of traffic to parking precincts or provide for public transport movement travel demand at a local, neighborhood level. Local Streets are the fourth highest order roads, characterised by relatively low traffic volumes and negligible through traffic, and with a role to provide access to properties. All road classes may be designed in a manner which not only recognises their function but also reflects their surrounding natural and built environment. This could include measures which prioritise certain types of road users above others.

7.9.2

Policy: Walking and Cycling in the Central City

To encourage walking and cycling within the Central City, by: •

developing comprehensive networks of pedestrian and cycle linkages that are appropriately sized, direct, legible, prioritised, safe, comfortable, have high amenity and are free from encroachment;



providing road environments that appropriately accommodate pedestrians and cyclists;



encouraging developments to maintain active frontages within a primary area of the Core of the Central City Business Zone;



providing an appropriate level of cycle parking;



ensuring access for the mobility impaired.

7.9.3

Policy : Public Transport in the Central City

To promote the use of public transport to, from and within the Central City. 7.9.5

Policy : Commercial Car Parking Buildings and Lots within the Central City



To manage the development of Commercial Car Parking Buildings and Lots so that they:



support the recovery of the Central City;



are easily accessible for businesses in the Central City;



minimise any negative effects on the efficiency and safety of the transportation networks of all users;



protect the amenity of the Central City;



reduce the need for activities to provide their own on-site parking;

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

23

An Accessible City

• 7.9.8

do not adversely affect the demand for public transport to, from or within the Central City. Policy : Central City Core

Establish a people focussed and slow vehicle Inner Core in the heart of the Central City which provides safe and effective access and movement for all forms of transport.

24

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Changes to Volume 3, Part 8, Appendix 4 Modify text as follows For Central City roads, apply the Transport Environments Road Classifications and Transport Zones shown in Appendix 4b and Appendix 4c, as the road hierarchy shown in Appendix 3 does not apply. As the Moorhouse, Fitzgerald, Bealey, Harper and Deans Avenues form the boundary of the Central City, these roads have a dual classification of ‘Avenue’ ‘Arterial Route’ and ‘Major Arterial’. For accesses on the Central City side of these roads, use the ‘Avenue’ ‘Arterial Route’ standards and for the accesses on the other side of these roads, the ‘Major Arterial’ standards apply.

Replace map and text in Appendix 4b as follows Appendix 4b - Map of Central City Transport Environments Road Classifications and Transport Zones Appendix 4b – Central City Road Classifications and Transport

BARBADOES ST

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ST

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KILMORE ST

KILMORE ST

ARMAGH ST

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R O L L E S T O N AV E

GLOUCESTER ST

WORCESTER ST

D E A N S AV E

HEREFORD ST

HEREFORD ST

HEREFORD ST

CASHEL ST

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CAMBRIDGE TCE

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ST ASAPH ST

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Y R D

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A

A

MONTREAL ST

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F I T Z G E R A L D AV E

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M O O R H O U S E AV E

M O O R H O U S E AV E

Legend Zones

Roads Outer Zone

Core

Inner Zone

Arterial

Main distributor

Local distributor

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

25

An Accessible City

Insert new list of Central City Road Classifications as Appendix 4c in Volume 3, Part 8 Appendix 4c - List of Road Classifications in the Central City Antigua Street (Tuam Street-St Asaph Street) Local Distributor Street Armagh Street (Montreal Street-Cranmer Square(east side)) Main Distributor Street Armagh Street (Cranmer Square(east side)-Colombo Street) Local Distributor Street Barbadoes Street (Bealey Avenue-Moorhouse Avenue) Main Distributor Street Bealey Avenue (Harper Avenue-Fitzgerald Avenue) Arterial Route Cambridge Terrace (Gloucester Street-Cashel Street) Main Distributor Street Colombo Street (Bealey Avenue-Gloucester Armagh Street) Local Distributor Street Colombo Street (Lichfield Tuam Street-Moorhouse Avenue) Local Distributor Street Cranmer Sq (east side) (Kilmore Street-Armagh Street) Main Distributor Street Deans Avenue (Harper Avenue-Moorhouse Avenue) Arterial Route Durham Street North (Bealey Avenue-Gloucester Street) Main Distributor Street Durham Street South (Cashel Street-Moorhouse Avenue) Main Distributor Street Ferry Road (St Asaph Street-Fitzgerald Avenue) Local Distributor Street Fitzgerald Avenue (Bealey Avenue-Moorhouse Avenue) Arterial Route Gloucester Street (Rolleston Avenue-Oxford Terrace) Local Distributor Street Gloucester Street (Colombo Street-Madras Street) Local Distributor Street Gloucester Street (Madras Street-Latimer Square (east side)) Main Distributor Street Gloucester Street (Latimer Square(east side)-Fitzgerald Avenue) Local Distributor Street Hagley Avenue (Riccarton Avenue-St Asaph Street) Main Distributor Street Hagley Avenue (St Asaph Street-Selwyn Street) Local Distributor Street Harper Avenue (Deans Avenue-Bealey Avenue) Arterial Route Hereford Street (Rolleston Avenue-Madras Street) Local Distributor Street Hereford Street (Madras Street-Latimer Square (east side)) Main Distributor Street Hereford Street (Latimer Square (east side)-Fitzgerald Avenue) Local Distributor Street Kilmore Street (Montreal Street-Fitzgerald Avenue) Main Distributor Street Latimer Square (east side) Main Distributor Street Madras Street (Bealey Avenue-Gloucester Street) Main Distributor Street Madras Street (Hereford Street-Moorhouse Avenue) Main Distributor Street Manchester Street (Bealey Avenue-Moorhouse Avenue) Local Distributor Street Montreal Street (Bealey Avenue-Kilmore Street) Main Distributor Street Lichfield Street (Durham Street-Manchester Colombo Street) Local Distributor Street Montreal Street (Armagh Street-Moorhouse Avenue) Main Distributor Street Moorhouse Avenue (Deans Avenue-Fitzgerald Avenue) Arterial Route Park Terrace / Rolleston Avenue (Bealey Avenue-Hereford Street) Local Distributor Street Riccarton Avenue Main Distributor Street

26

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Salisbury Street (Park Terrace-Barbadoes Street) Local Distributor Street St Asaph Street (Hagley Avenue-Fitzgerald Avenue) Main Distributor Street Selwyn Street (Hagley Avenue-Moorhouse Avenue) Local Distributor Street Tuam Street (Hagley Avenue-Fitzgerald Avenue) Main Distributor Street Victoria Street

Local Distributor Street

All other Central City Roads are classified as Local Streets.

Changes to Volume 3, Part 13 Transport, modify text as follows 2.4.3

Parking spaces for people with disabilities - All Zones within the Central City

(a) If a parking area is provided, provision shall include spaces for people with disabilities at the rate of 1 for up to 20 spaces provided, 2 for up to 50 spaces provided plus 1 more for every additional 50 spaces or part thereof. These parking spaces for people with disabilities shall be provided as close as practicable at the closest possible point to the accessible entrance to the activity with which they are associated and the most direct route from the disabled parking spaces to the activity shall be accessible for mobility impaired persons. (b) All buildings with a Gross Floor Area of more than 2500m2 are required to provide parking spaces for people with disabilities, even if no other parking spaces are provided. If no other parking spaces are provided, the amount of disabled parking spaces required shall be calculated by determining how many disabled parking spaces would be required if 1 standard parking space per 100m2 Gross Floor Area were provided. 2.4.8

On-site manoeuvring - All Zones within the Central City

(a) On-site manoeuvring shall be provided to ensure that no vehicle is required to reverse either onto or off a site where: (i) The vehicular access is onto an Avenue Arterial Route or Inner Core Street onto a Local Street within the Core or onto a Local Distributor Street within the Core (refer Part 8, Appendix 4b); or (ii) The vehicular access is onto an Outer Core Street or Distributor Street a Main Distributor Street (refer Part 8, Appendix 4b) and the access serves six three or more parking spaces; or (iii) The vehicular access is onto a Local Street outside the Core or a Local Distributor Street outside the Core (refer Part 8, Appendix 4b) and the access serves six or more parking spaces. (b) With the exception of parallel parking spaces (either parallel to a road or an internal circulation route), all parking spaces shall be located so as to ensure that no vehicle is required to carry out more than one reverse manoeuvre when moving from any vehicle access to any parking space. This requirement does not apply to loading spaces. (c) All parking spaces shall be located so as to ensure that no vehicle is required to undertake more than one reverse manoeuvre when manoeuvring out of any parking or loading space. 2.4.9

Queuing spaces - All Zones within the Central City

Queuing space shall be provided on site for all vehicles entering a parking or loading area. The length of such queuing spaces shall be in accordance with Table 8 below. Where the parking area has more than one access the number of parking spaces may be apportioned between the accesses in accordance with their potential usage. Queuing space length shall be measured from the road boundary to the nearest vehicle control point or point where conflict with vehicles already on the site may arise, except that for residential development within the Living 4 Zones or for sites served from an Inner Core Street or Outer Core Street a Local Distributor Street within the Core or Inner Zone, or a Local Street within the Core or Inner Zone, queuing space length shall be measured from the kerb face, or edge of the nearest traffic lane where

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

27

An Accessible City

no kerb is provided, to the nearest vehicle control point or point where conflict with vehicles or pedestrian pathways already on the site may arise. Table 8 Queuing space lengths Number of parking spaces provided

Minimum queuing space length (m) for vehicular access from Avenues or Distributor Streets Arterial Routes, Main Distributor Streets, Local Distributor Streets within the Outer Zone, and Local Streets within the Outer Zone.

1 - 20

5.5

Minimum queuing space length (m) for Residential Activities within the L4 Zone and for sites accessed from Inner Core Streets and Outer Core Streets Local Distributor Streets within the Core and Inner Zone, and Local Streets within the Core and Inner Zone. 6.7

21 - 50

10.5

6.7

51 - 100

15.5

11.7

101 - 150

20.5

11.7

151 or over

25.5

16.7

2.4.12 Distances of vehicle crossings from intersections - All Zones within the Central City Any part of any vehicle crossing shall not be located closer to the intersection of any roads than the distances specified in Table 10 below. Table 10 Minimum distances of vehicle crossings from intersections Intersecting Transport Environment Road Class (Distance in Metres) Frontage – Transport Environment Road Classification

Avenue Arterial Route

Distributor Street Main Inner Core Streets or Outer Core Streets Distributor Street Local Distributor Street 30 25 30

Local Street

Avenue Arterial Route

45

Distributor Street Main 30 Distributor Street

30

30

10

Inner Core Streets or Outer Core Streets Local Distributor Street

15 30

30 outside the Core

30 outside the Core

10 outside the Core

15 within the Core

15 within the Core

6 within the Core

Local Street

15

15 outside the Core

15 outside the Core

10 outside the Core

10 within the Core

10 within the Core

6 within the Core

25

Notes to Table: Use Figure 1 to measure the distances between the vehicle crossings from intersections. The ‘y’ dimension is the distance stated in Table 10 and is measured from the intersection of the frontage road centreline and the extensions of the intersecting road property boundaries shown as dashed lines. Where the boundaries of a site do not allow the provision of any vehicle crossing whatsoever in conformity with the above distances, a single vehicle crossing may be constructed in the position which most nearly complies with the provisions of

28

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Table 10. Note: The different transport environments as road classifications are illustrated on Appendix 4b in Volume 3 Part 8. 2.4.13 High traffic generators - All Zones within the Central City Permitted activities within the Central City are exempt from assessment as High Traffic Generators5. For the purposes of the Central City, additional Assessment Matters have been inserted into Assessment Matters 3.2.16 and 3.2.22 to address the effects of high traffic generation where rules on maximum car parking and access priority are breached. Additionally, activities that are not anticipated as permitted in the Central City Business and Mixed Use Zones require assessment as either restricted, full discretionary or non-complying activities. and tThe relevant policies for these zones specifically refer to protecting the efficiency and safety of the adjacent transport networks (such as Policies 12.2.3 and 12.6.2) and therefore an assessment of these traffic-related effects is required for those activities. Where appropriate Council may request an Integrated Transport Assessment to be provided. Where a consent application is not publicly or limited notified consultation with the New Zealand Transport Agency will be appropriate where 5

significant transport effects are identified.

2.4.14 Vehicle Access to sites fronting more than one street - All Zones within the Central City If a site fronts more than one street then vehicular access shall only be gained from the most preferred street that the site has frontage to, as shown in Table 11. Except that, where the higher preference street is a one-way street, a second access point may be gained from the next most preferred street. Table 11: Location of access (priority ranking) Rank

Street class type

Most Preferred

Distributor Street Local Distributor Street outside the Core

2 choice

Avenue Local Street outside the Core

3rd choice

Outer Core Street Main Distributor Street outside the Core

4th choice

Arterial Route

5th choice

Local Distributor Street within the Core

6th choice

Main Distributor within the Core Local Street within the Core

Least preferred

Inner Core Street Local Street within the Core Main Distributor within the Core

nd

2.4.15

Pedestrian Safety

Where a vehicle access serves more than 15 car parking spaces or more than 10 heavy vehicle movements per day will be generated through a vehicle access then: (a)

If the site has frontage onto an Inner Core Street provides an access onto any street within the Core then an audio and visual method warning pedestrians of the presence of vehicles about to exit the access point shall be provided.

(b)

If the site has frontage onto an Outer Core Street or a Distributor Street provides access onto any street within the Inner Zone or Outer Zone, then either an audio and visual method of warning pedestrians of the presence of vehicles can be provided as above or a visibility splay shall be provided to the pedestrian footpath as shown in Figure 2.

2.4.16 Temporary Car Parks during the Earthquake Recovery period - All Zones within the Central City Any site temporarily supplying car parking where car parking is the primary activity on that site shall be a restricted discretionary activity with the exercise of the Council’s discretion limited to the Assessment Matters for this standard. Any Resource Consents granted under this Rule will need to set the duration of the consent. The duration of the consent should not exceed a period that is reasonably necessary to support the recovery of the surrounding area. It is intended

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

29

An Accessible City

that the duration of consents under this Rule will be no longer than 18 April 2016. At the time that the duration of consent ends the parking activity may continue whilst a new application for Resource Consent is processed.

Changes to Part 13, Volume 3: ASSESSMENT MATTERS, modify text as follows 3.2.17 Cycle parking - All Zones within the Central City (a)

The extent to which alternative adequate cycle parking is available which is within easy walking distance of the development entrance;

(b) Whether the parking can be provided and maintained in a jointly used cycle parking area; (c)

The extent to which cycle parking facilities are designed and located to match the needs of the intended users;

(d) Whether the provision for cyclists is sufficient considering the nature of the activity on the site and the anticipated demand for cycling to the site and adjacent activities; (e) Whether the provision for cyclists is practicable and adequate considering the layout of site, and the operational requirements of the activity on the site. 3.2.26

Commercial Car Parking Buildings and Lots - All Zones within the Central City

(a)

The potential activities that may use the car park and the degree to which the car park will be utilised;

(b)

The need for the car park considering the amount of car parking spaces already provided in the surrounding area;

(c) Whether the car parking spaces are needed to meet existing unsatisfied parking demand or are being provided due to anticipated future need; (d)

The integration of the car park area with existing car park areas to operate in a coordinated manner;

(e)

The legibility of the car park and the way in which the location of car park is communicated to motorists;

(f)

The extent to which the safety and convenience of people within and passing the site, including vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists, will be affected by the design or location of the car park;

(g) Whether the design or location of the car park will disrupt active frontages or detract from streetscape amenity in the area; (h) Whether the car park can be used by other activities to reduce the need for these activities to provide their own parking spaces; (i)

30

The extent to which the car parking facility may adversely affect the demand for public transport to, from or within the Central City.

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

An Accessible City

Christchurch Central Recovery Plan

31