Answers - Scholastic UK

Answers - Scholastic UK

Answers Page 5 6 7 Q Answer 1 Cinderella was no good at football because her coach was a pumpkin. 2 The jelly babies wanted new shoes so they...

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Answers Page

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6

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Q

Answer

1

Cinderella was no good at football because her coach was a pumpkin.

2

The jelly babies wanted new shoes so they bought gumboots.

3

Don’t play cards in the jungle because there are too many cheetahs.

4

My dad burned his ear so he went to the hospital.

5

A big hole appeared in the road and engineers are looking into it.

6

A skeleton went to the butchers and asked for some spare ribs.

7

The scarf hung around while the hat went on ahead.

8

They were breaking up so Emma took a hammer to school.

9

Chefs are bullies because they beat eggs and batter fish.

10

He was ironing when the phone rang.

1

The Scouts got dizzy after they did good turns all day.

2

A plane is an aircraft, so a flying broomstick is a witchcraft.

3

Jack couldn’t do decimals as he didn’t see the point.

4

The little ghost couldn’t sleep because his sister had told him a human story.

5

A giant came to school and he told us a tall story.

6

The skeleton wanted to go to the disco but he had nobody to go with.

1–7

Ensure children’s sentences have an appropriate number of clauses. Watch found! Come to the office if you have lost a watch. Say ‘Yes’ to homework Homework takes up your evenings although it helps in the long run. Jim Goodwright’s talk about homework is on Tuesday at 6pm. Get your homework done before coming along to the village hall. Lost coat Osman lost his coat on Friday afternoon. Can you help? Please check your coats so that you can let Osman know if you have it.

8

Aikido Club The Aikido Club welcomes new members since there is a special class for beginners. Win a prize! Class 4 will be selling raffle tickets so that we can raise money for Children in Need. Litterbugs Some people in our school don’t use the bins, even though there are six of them. Please put your rubbish in a bin. If the bins are full, tell a teacher. 9

1–8

Any conjunction that makes sense.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer

Other answers may be acceptable.

10

11

1

She has not played tennis since she broke her leg.

2

The choir sang and the band played.

3

I enjoyed the film although it was scary.

4

I never climb ladders because I’m afraid of heights.

5

He locks the door whenever he leaves the house

6

You can’t get into the stadium unless you have a ticket.

7

We had a great holiday even though it never stopped raining.

8

She stayed out until the clock struck midnight.

9

I’ll buy a new computer when/if I can afford it.

1

The mice will play while the cat’s away.

2

Make hay when the sun shines.

3

You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours

4

You can’t have your cake and eat it.

5

Don’t count your chickens until they hatch.

6

Don’t shut the stable door after the horse has bolted.

7

You can take a horse to water but you can’t make it drink.

8

Look after the pennies and the pounds will look after themselves.

9

Speech is silver but silence is golden.

10

Children should be seen but/and not heard.

12

1–12

Any two-clause sentence that uses the appropriate conjunction.

13

1–4

Ensure the children include a second clause that answers the questions.

14

Mr Crumble walked to the next village to see his friends, Mr and Mrs Wise. He enjoyed the walk until it began to rain heavily. He had gone too far to turn back so he kept on walking. He arrived at Mr and Mrs Wise’s house when/just as a thunderstorm began. Mr Wise opened the door and said, “It’s lovely to see you but you’re soaked. Why didn’t you bring an umbrella?” “I left it on the bus when I went shopping last week,” he replied. Mr Wise brought some dry clothes so that Mr Crumble could change. The three friends enjoyed a hot meal and Mr Crumble thanked them and said it was time to go. However, it was still raining heavily so Mr Crumble’s friends invited him to stay the night. They showed him to his bedroom then went to bed. An hour later the doorbell rang and they opened the door. It was Mr Crumble, soaked to the skin. They asked him where he had been and he replied that he didn’t have his pyjamas with him so he had been home to get them!

15

Any story using several conjunctions to join clauses.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer

Example sentences:

16

1a

The homeless man spread out his sleeping bag ready to sleep in the doorway.

1b

He spread a big piece of plastic over the sleeping bag in case it rained.

2a

Mum never goes out without an umbrella in case of a shower.

2b

She wears a thick, padded coat if the weather is cold.

3a

Bring something interesting to school tomorrow so that you can talk about it.

3b

I’m going to keep my interesting object in a big sack until it’s needed.

4a

If you find something you could take it to a police station if it looks valuable.

4b

If you lose something you could report it to the police or put an advertisement somewhere.

Examples sentences:

17

1

The man smashed the window then climbed into the shop to steal the jewellery.

2

James said he might help his mum in the garden if she pays him because he’s saving for his holiday.

3

Mrs. Patel gives money to charities although she is poor but she likes to help people.

4

My sister never wears a dress unless she’s going to a party or grandma’s coming.

5

Jill put on a wetsuit to keep dry but she was going for a walk.

18–19

20

Children write an explanation using the clauses provided 1

the football team’s captain

2

my dad’s armchair

3

the building’s roof

4

Mo Farrah’s gold medal

5

the teacher’s laptop

6

the town’s mayor

7

Mr Bliss’s house

8

the book’s cover

9

the cat’s basket

10

Mr James’s strange smile

11

the mouse’s tail

12

the band’s name

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer

1

the communities’ leaders

2

the two poets’ house

3

the babies’ playpen

4

the twins’ bikes

5

the children’s treehouse

6

the deer’s antlers

7

the women’s toilet

8

the ladies’ club

9

the men’s club

10

the gentlemen’s agreement

11

the mice’s tails

12

the cheese’s smell

1

Tim was using his mum’s computer.

2

The goats chewed Liam’s homework and his friend’s jacket.

3

On holiday we lost Dad’s trainers and the twins’ football boots.

4

We gazed at the peacocks’ beautiful tails.

5

The lilies’ white flowers had six long stamens with dark orange pollen at their tips.

6

Cass’s hobby is spinning sheep’s wool to weave mats.

7

I saw a fish’s fin that might have been a shark’s.

8

Babies’, children’s and adults’ shoes were all on a special offer in the sale.

9

It is nobody’s business what you do but somebody’s eyes might be on you.

10

Out in the sea we could see ferries’ lights and hear gulls’ cries.

11

The Jones’s dog’s teeth sank into the postman’s ankle.

12

The Beatles’ songs were Granny’s favourites when she was young but the Spice Girls’ songs were Mum’s choice.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer To Mr Parsons’s surprise a woman came into his shop with a parrot on her shoulder. There was a sign saying that shoppers’ dogs were not allowed, except blind people’s dogs, but there was nothing about customers’ parrots. When the parrot’s owner got to the checkout the shop’s computer wasn’t working. The cashier’s solution was to add up the lady’s bill in his head. “That will be £25.50, please,” he said. To everyone’s amazement, the parrot said, “The fish’s smell is terrible. It should be half price!” Now Mr Parsons’s children’s greatest wish was to have a talking parrot, but this one’s skills were something special. He wove his way through people’s baskets to hear parrot’s voice more clearly. “Let me have the parrot and your shopping is free,” said Mr Parsons. “£500,” came parrot’s voice, and the deal was done. To the Parsons family’s disappointment, the parrot never spoke again. A year later, the woman came back and asked about her old pet’s health. “Take me home!” cried Polly from the shop’s stockroom, “This man is a monster!” “This is very odd,” said Mr Parsons. “She needs to hear a friend’s voice,” said the woman, whose name is Mary. “Perhaps she is missing her first home.” Maggie’s Cafe Mum’s old recipes and even some of Gran’s dishes My Lady’s Chamber Fine bed linen from French makers No mixtures, just 100% cotton straight form the makers’ looms

24

Pat’s Perfumery Fragrances for all His and hers All the top brands, including Georgio Banani’s latest Ginger’s Computer Geniuses Your viruses cleared. Our technicians’ skills can sort your computer’s problems. Expert tuition – at our office or yours

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Answer It was Josh’s first day at his new school. This wasn’t any old school but a magicians’ training centre. His parents’ idea of a good school was one that taught a lot of maths and English but that wasn’t his idea. When Josh tried to read, the books’ pages always seemed the wrong way around and for him the words’ meanings were never right. His new teacher’s name was Aldo al Trix. In Aldo al Trix’s class a lot of children couldn’t read. The children’s maths books were full of instructions for tricks. Some of the tricks’ details included some very clever timing. Everyone’s school bag had a stopwatch in it and Year 4’s stopwatch skills were soon second to none. The watch’s numbers were a mystery to Josh at first. At the term’s end came the headmistress’s inspection.

25

“Please time the intervals between my eyes’ blinks, to the nearest thousandth of a second,” were Ms Spellbinder’s words. Josh did it! The class’s main reading book was for new magicians – Beginners’ Magic Tricks. It was full of long words but by the end of the year Josh could read it. He was really looking forward to the following year’s course, when the children’s main task would be to learn The Alfonsinis’ ‘Sawing Ladies’ Heads Off Trick’, in which no one was harmed. There would also be Marvell’s ‘Magic Handkerchiefs’. In this trick the handkerchief’s disappearance was especially magic because it reappeared out of the audience’s noses.

26

27

28

1

Who is Amy’s brother?

2

Where are the teams’ footballs?

3

The geese’s beaks are bright yellow.

4

The answer is anyone’s guess.

5

The mice’s nest is under the stairs.

6

The tree’s leaves were long and thin.

7

A deer’s natural habitat is woodland or scrub.

8

The horses’ hooves’ sound was like thunder.

1

The man’s (men’s) face (faces) appeared at the window.

2

The fire engine’s (fire engines’) siren (sirens) sounded through the town’s (towns’) street (streets).

3

The mouse’s (mice’s) tail (tails) was (were) very long.

4

The bank’s (banks’) doors were like a castle’s (castles’) gates.

5

The boy’s (boys’) diaries described the bully’s (bullies’) attacks.

6

A person’s (people’s) health depends a lot on his or her (their) diet.

7

A child’s (children) teacher (teachers) can make a big difference to the child’s (children’s) learning.

1–8

Ensure the word fits the sentence and uses an apostrophe appropriately.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer At last it was the day for our class’s outing to Patti Parr’s Wonderful World of Plants and Animals. The attraction’s amazing exhibits were housed in huge greenhouses. In the first greenhouse was a display of magical fungi. One fungus’s stalk was ten metres high and its canopy was two metres wide; another’s pattern had multicoloured triangles and circles; but the fungis’ special magic was to turn their pattern into someone’s face. One fungus changed its pattern into someones face. One fungus changed its pattern into my mate Bobby Butler’s face! One greenhouse’s magical display was a set of talking cacti. The cactis’ voices copied ours – and there were plenty for them to copy. One cactus’s voice sounded just like our teacher’s when she was telling us off. The amazing animal centre’s main attraction was the talking ox. We watched the talking ox’s mouth (and the farmer’s) to make sure it was really the ox’s voice. The other oxen’s skills were different: they could balance coins on their hooves tips or dance to the tune of the farmer’s fiddle. As well as mammals, the animal centre’s collection included fish, such as the ten jumping salmon. These salmons’ bodies could flick and twist in amazing formations. Even the almost invisible tiny creatures called plankton could do tricks. To see the plankton’s tricks we watched through microscope viewers. Starters The chef’s special mushrooms with garlic Prawns in scallops’ shells with creamy sauce His and hers spare ribs – share with friends

30

Main courses Claude’s fillet steak on a bed of mushrooms with green beans Fish pie made with three different fish Desserts Madame Claude’s French pastries Ice cream in many flavours Drinks All kinds of coffee or tea Soft drinks

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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32

33

Q

Answer

1

My mum lost her purse on the way to meet her friend for lunch.

2

We wondered where our fish had gone because they were not in the tank.

3

Our cat looked very happy and was licking its lips.

4

The astronaut knew that helmet was hers because it had her name on it.

5

Our brother spends most of his time playing with his train set.

6

It was our fault, not theirs.

7

Shall we meet at your house or mine?

8

“It’s bed-time,” said our mum, but we asked her if we could finish our game first.

9

That’s the last time I’ll ride my bike without wearing my helmet, because I could have injured my head when I fell off.

10

This is where I found your phone, still in its box. I knew it was yours right away.

11

It’s our sister’s birthday today and this is her present from us.

12

The traffic warden got out his pad, wrote out a ticket and put it on the car.

13

“That’s mine!” said Simon, snatching his toy car from his friend.

1

his

2

theirs

3

its

4

hers

5

ours

6

yours

7

mine

8

yours

1

theirs

2

mine

3

his

4

hers

5

theirs

6

mine, yours

7

mine

8

hers May sat on her chair. Tara wanted to sit there but May said that she should sit on her chair. Tom got on with his work and wondered why May didn’t let Tara have her chair. She could have sat sit on Tara’s chair after all.

34 Mr Ravel came to see what May, Tara and Tom were talking about. He asked if they were discussing their maths problem. May and Tara said, “Yes.” Tom looked at them and said, “No. We were talking about chairs.”

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Answer Our class read a poem called ‘The Listeners’ by Walter de la Mare. It told the story of a man who rode a horse through some woods at night. He stopped at a castle. I guessed that because the poem said, ‘a bird flew out of the turret’. The man knocked on the door three times but no one answered. Perhaps ghosts were listening. The poet called them ‘phantom listeners’. He waited and his horse chomped the grass. Every sound echoed. Then the traveller called out. He said he had kept his word. He had promised to come. Nobody answered so he rode off into the woods. I wonder where the traveller went. Where did he sleep? I made up a story about him. In my story he knocked at the door of another house. A man opened the door and said, “You have been to the castle. They were there last night. Someone came on a horse. He went into the castle. He didn’t come out. Nobody came out.”

35

The traveller went back to the castle. He knocked. Then he tried the door. It opened so he tied his horse to a tree and went in. He entered a big hall with a staircase that twisted up the wall. Then he spotted a doorway that led into a big room. A huge table nearly filled the room. A banquet was set out on it. Nobody had eaten the food. Then the traveller gasped. Around the table in the big carved chairs sat six ghosts. The ghosts were watching him. They all wore riding capes. The ghost of a horse stood behind each. They looked just the same as his horse. The man backed out of the room and ran outside. His horse had gone. 36

1–8

Ensure the children choose appropriate verbs for the sentences. Birmingham: is–present Leeds: has been–past Durham: will leave–present (expressing future time)

37

Delayed: is running–present Information: are asked–present York: is –present Arrived: has–past, is–present, terminates–present

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer Verb

Present tense

Past tense

fall

he is falling

he was falling

slip

we are slipping

we were slipping

fight

they are fighting

we were fighting

hop

I am hopping

I was hopping

hope

he is hoping

he was hoping

chase

they are chasing

they were chasing

trick

you are tricking

you were tricking

try

we are trying

we were trying

lead

I am leading

I was leading

follow

you are following

you were following

create

it is creating

It was creating

do

we are doing

we were doing

manage

they are managing

they were managing

notice

he is noticing

he was noticing

arrange

you are arranging

you were arranging

flee

I am fleeing

I was fleeing

agree

he is agreeing

he was agreeing

cycle

she is cycling

she was cycling

whine

it is whining

it was whining

write

he is writing

he was writing

bake

they are baking

they were baking

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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39

40

Answer Verb

Present tense

Past tense

walk

I walk

I walked

stop

he stops

he stopped

use

we use

we used

sing

you sing

you sang

bring

she brings

she brought

fling

I fling

I flung

run

they run

they ran

eat

he eats

he ate

hide

it hides

it hid

ride

we tide

we rode

slide

they slide

they slid

glide

I glide

I glided

come

you come

you came

cling

he clings

he clung

keep

she keeps

she kept

sleep

it sleeps

It slept

drive

they drive

they drove

arrive

we arrive

we arrived

sink

it sinks

it sank

drink

I drink

I drank

think

she thinks

she thought

1

There (are) were ten green bottles standing on a wall.

2

No one (knows) knew who (leaves) left them there.

3

One green bottle accidentally (falls) fell and (breaks) broke.

4

That (means) meant there (are) were nine left.

5

Another bottle (drops) dropped off, so eight (remain) remained.

6

No one (sees) saw what (makes) made them fall.

7

This (continue) continued until no bottle (stands) stood on the wall.

8

A lot of broken glass (litters) littered the ground until someone (recycles) recycled it.

9

Then someone (writes) wrote a song about the bottles.

10

Teachers everywhere (teach) taught it to children.

11

The children (learn) learned/learnt number bonds to ten.

12

My class (rejoice) rejoiced that the mystery person (provides) provided only ten bottles because we (progress) progressed to numbers past 1000 without singing about bottles.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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42

Q

Answer

1

I didn’t know where my brother was hiding.

2

I was knocking on the door and I could hear someone coming.

3

Someone asked who was there and I wondered if this was a joke, so I said, “Teresa.”

4

A voice inside asked if I was being funny, so I said, “Yes.”

5

“All right – Teresa who?” asked the voice and I heard a loud tut.

6

It was my brother and he didn’t recognise my voice because I was disguising it.

7

“Teresa in the woods,” I replied and my brother guessed who it was.

8

He guessed because, he said, no one else told such silly jokes. After checking that I’d washed my neck, Mum told me that my manners weren’t good enough. Maybe if I improved them I could ask for more pocket money. So at breakfast I stood up and gave my mum my chair, passed her a cup of tea and spent the whole meal saying please and thank you. The meal seemed to take ages. I was just about managing to eat in between politeness. Then Dad saw me speaking with my mouth full when I tried to eat and say thank you at the same time. However he guessed what I was trying to do and laughed. I looked at Mum out of the corner of my eye but she pretended not to notice. I wished there was an easier way to be polite. Then I spotted Dad’s empty plate. He eaten and said please and thank you a lot. How? I watched. What he did was to take smaller mouthfuls. Well, he hasn’t died of malnutrition from being polite, so it’s worth a try.

43

Suntown Gazette Sunshine Primary School (to cancel) has cancelled/cancelled some classes this morning because a mysterious illness (to strike) has struck many of its teachers. The school (to provide) has provided lessons for Years 1, 2 and 3 but (to ask) asked parents of children in Years 4, 5 and 6 not to send them to school. The school (to arrange) has arranged for other teachers to take over as soon as possible. Some children (to say) said that they (to enjoy) enjoyed having a day off but (to miss) missed playing football. The school (to face) faced another problem last week when thieves (to steal) stole the lead from the roof. Heavy rain (to fall) fell during the night. This (to cause) caused flooding in some classrooms and (to damage) damaged a computer. Staff and children (to tidy) tidied up, and (to carry on) carried on as normal. The Suntown Gazette (to donate) has donated a new computer to the Year 4 class.

44

Children write their own story using interesting verbs in the past tense.

45

The nouns are: cherry, help, play, strike, choice, clap, run, hurry, quality, ending, bake, trick, patient Sentences using the above nouns. They should each have an appropriate determiner.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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What is the time, please? It’s time you got a watch! What’s worse than finding a maggot in the apple you just bit? Finding half of one!. Waiter! There’s a fly in my soup. It’s OK, the spider on the roll will catch it. Would you like an ox-tongue sandwich? No, thanks. I’m not eating anything that’s been in an animal’s mouth. I’ll have some eggs..

46

47

48

Answer

1

These are the houses that Jack built

2

The school bought some cameras and some tablets.

3

Those children are very bad-mannered.

4

What are those elephants doing in the fridges?

5

I know who these men are but not those women.

6

I bought some books and some felt-tipped pens, yesterday and some pencils today.

7

These girls won the races and took home some very nice prizes.

8

I like these jumpers, these shirts and those jackets. Jason could see Tom outside eating an orange. He wondered if it was the orange that had disappeared from his lunch box. He had two pieces of fruit – a pear and an orange. Now he had none because all the fruits had gone. “I bet that orange is the one that was in my lunch box,” he thought. Mark gave Jason an apple and said, “Here have this apple. I have two and you don’t have any fruit.” Reeta said, “Last term I had no fruit at all for lunch because someone took every piece from my lunch box. That wasn’t a healthy diet but I have some grapes today. Here, have one of these grapes.” The next day, Jason’s mum gave him some extra fruit and said, “Offer a piece to Tom. You have fruit every day. Perhaps he never has any fruit in his lunch box.”

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer For example: Two smelly socks A sad clown A rough sea A flat tyre An open door

49

Some broken glass Some loud music A bright light Two sharp pins A tall building A sparkling ring An angry man Example answers:

50

1

a) I found a shell. b) I found a small shell. c) I found a small, pink shell. d) I found a small, pink, ridged shell.

2

a) A car stopped outside. b) A green car stopped outside. c) A big, green car stopped outside. d) A big, green car with large wheels stopped outside.

3

a) I like thick cream. b) I like thick, vanilla cream. c) I like fresh, thick whipped cream with strawberries. d) I like fresh, thick whipped cream with strawberries and meringues.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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51

52

Q

Answer

1

A large ginger cat crept along the garden wall.

2

I flopped down onto the big, comfortable sofa.

3

Wasps’ nests look like hollow balls of thin white paper.

4

We have three small, brown hens.

5

We watched as enormous waves crashed onto the little boats.

6

A large heavy brown package flopped through the letterbox.

7

You can’t turn a sow’s ear into a silk purse.

8

They followed the long winding path through the dense woods.

9

I am returning this absolutely useless hairdryer.

10

We watched a television programme about some young divers who found a complete Viking ship.

11

The bright, colourful fireworks lit up the dark night sky.

12

In the old poem the wise owl and the beautiful cat sailed away in a beautiful pea-green boat.

1­–8

Ensure children describe the noun appropriately. For example, snowy day, giant snowman, older sister and so on.

53

Ensure children change the noun phrases appropriately, for example brightly painted snug little house could become: sloppily painted crooked old houses.

54

Ensure the children create noun phrases by appropriately describing nouns.

55

Answers will vary.

56

1

like the wind – how

2

in the classroom – where

3

up the spout – where

4

all week – when

5

with great care – how

6

over the village – where

7

like a fish – how

8

at seven o’clock – when

9

during the night – when

10

in the fridge – where

11

in the friendly – how

12

with both hands – how

13

with a sinking feeling – how

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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57

Q

Answer

1

Two eggs in the pan looked at one another with frightened expressions.

2

Water was turning into steam all around them.

3

Then a girl came along with a spoon.

4

One of the eggs tried as hard as it could to get onto the spoon.

5

The other said in a sharp voice, “That’s not a lifebelt.”

6

The other asked in a frightened voice what it was for.

7

The answer came in a flash: “For bashing us over the head.”

8

The eggs in the carton were watching all the while.

9

They muttered for a long time and decided what to do, as if with one mind.

10

In their own secret way they got a message to the hens.

11

The hens clucked in horror.

12

After that they laid their eggs in a secret place.

58

Verb

Adverbials

What they tell us about the verb

get up

at night

when the child gets up

dress

by yellow candle-light

how he dresses

go (in verse 1)

1) to bed 2) by day

1) where he goes 2) when he goes

go (in verse 2)

to bed

where he goes

hopping

on the tree

where the birds are hopping

going

past me in the street

where the people’s feet are going

Example answers:

59

60

1

can see two fish swimming down there.

2

I have been fishing since 5am.

3

Sometimes I wade out into the water.

4

Anglers very often have to wait for hours.

5

When I’m fishing I sit as quietly as possible.

6

It’s best to start early in the morning.

7

I met my friend here yesterday.

8

I caught two big salmon in the river last week.

1

As quietly as possible, she crept along the corridor.

2

At the fair there were hundreds of stalls.

3

On Saturdays we go to the farmers’ market.

4

Every morning there’s a traffic jam on the motorway.

5

As carefully as possible, he cut out the shapes.

6

From my bedroom window I watched the fireworks.

7

As if his life depended on it, the boy ran down the lane.

8

Without a single spill, he poured out the drinks.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Q

Answer

61

1–12

Ensure children add appropriate adverbials. For example: After four hours she finally ate her sandwiches. With a hoot of laughter, she finished telling the joke.

62

1–12

Ensure children add appropriate adverbials. For example: Up in the tree I could see a squirrel. With a hearty smile the man greeted his friend.

63

Answers will vary.

64

It (The day) was Tim’s first day in his (Tim’s) new job as hotel receptionist. The manager was giving him (Tim) some training. He (manager) told him (Tim) to greet all guests by their names. He (manager) said that (saying name) this would makes them (guest) feel welcome. “How will I (Tim) know their names?” he (Tim) asked. “You (Tim) can find them for yourself (Tim). Read the labels on their bags.”repiled the manager. Just then some guests arrived, so he (manager) left the receptionist to greet them (the guests). The manager listened from his (manager) office and heard (Tim) him greeting the guests: “Good morning Mr Real Leather. Good morning, Ms Polyester. I hope you (Mr Real Leather and Ms Polyester) enjoy yourselves (Mr Real Leather and Ms Polyester) here.” The manager shook his (manager) head and decided that he (manager) would greet the next guests himself (manager).

65

A family of five arrived at the hotel late at night. It (hotel) had five hundred floors and the room was on the top floor. The lift was broken, so to amuse themselves (family) as they (family) climbed the stairs, Dad said, “We’ll (family) take turns to tell stories and jokes for a hundred floors each. I’ll (Dad) go first.” They (family) started up the steps, with Dad telling his (Dad) favourite ‘knock, knock’ joke, then his (Dad) second favourite, then all the others he (Dad) knew. They had all heard them before. The children each took a turn at telling their favourite funny stories. Then, after two hours, they (family) reached the 400th floor and it was Mum’s turn. She (Mum)put her (Mum) hand in her pocket and went rather quiet. Then she (Mum) said, “I (Mum) have a sad story. I (Mum) left the keys for our (family) room in reception.”

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Page

Q

Answer Ensure the passage still makes sense and doesn’t use too many pronouns. For example:

66

Samantha was on holiday in Spain. Samantha She went into a restaurant and ordered Samantha’s her lunch. Samantha She asked for a mushroom omelette. The waiter brought Samantha’s omelette but there were no mushrooms in the omelette it. Samantha didn’t speak Spanish and the waiter didn’t speak much English. So Samantha drew a picture of a mushroom and showed it to the waiter. Samantha She made signs to ask the waiter to bring some mushrooms. The waiter He went off, scratching the waiter’s his head. The waiter He came back and gave Samantha an umbrella. “Why have you brought this?” Samantha she asked. The waiter pointed to Samantha’s drawing and said, “You ask. I bring.” Samantha pointed to the omelette so the waiter put the umbrella on the omelette it. Samantha got very cross and said that Samantha she might as well cook the omelette Samantha’s self herself. Another customer told Samantha that Samantha she should take lessons in drawing and Spanish. Ensure the passage makes sense and uses a mixture of nouns and pronouns. For example:

67

One day Moss the Border collie was in the hall when a letter came through the letterbox. He grabbed it and ran out through the back door and dropped it at the postman’s feet. The postman laughed and put it back through the letter box. Moss did the same again. So the postman put the letter in a plant pot by the door and went on to deliver the mail to the next house. Moss ran after him with the letter in his mouth and dropped it at the postman’s feet, wagging his tail. The postman gave up, put the letter back in his trolley and went on to the next house. Then he saw Moss take a letter out of the trolley and run off, wagging his tail. He ran after him. Moss took the letter to a house along the road and put it on the step. A woman opened the door and picked it up. “Thank you,” she said. “How did he know it was for her?” the postman asked himself.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Page

Q

Answer

1

A police officer found the burglar. He was hiding under the bed. A police officer found the burglar. The burglar was hiding under the bed.

2

Our beauty tip for the day helps you to keep your skin soft. Cut it out and keep it on your dressing table. Our beauty tip for the day helps you to keep your skin soft. Cut the tip out and keep it on your dressing table.

3

Children are damaging these gardens. We blame their parents. They play chasing games here. Children are damaging these gardens. We blame their parents. The children play chasing games here.

4

I’d recognise that woman anywhere. She has a dog. She has big feet, long ears and sniffs lamp posts. I’d recognise that woman anywhere. She has a dog. Her dog has big feet, long ears and sniffs lamp posts.

5

Dale said that she and Anna saw the ducks during their walk, adding that they were wearing waterproof boots. Dale said that they saw the ducks during their walk, adding that she and Anna were wearing waterproof boots.

6

If your child won’t eat raw fruit chop it into small pieces. If your child won’t eat raw fruit chop the fruit into small pieces.

68

Ensure there is a mixture of nouns and pronouns so that it is clear what is being talked about. Answers may vary, for example: Once upon a time there was a miser who buried (his) gold in a box in (his) garden. Every week (he) used to dig (the gold) up and gloat over (it). One day a robber was watching. A few days later (the robber) dug (it) up and ran off with (it). The next time (the miser) came to gloat over (his) treasures, (he) found nothing in (the box). (He) cried out and (his neighbours) came to see what was wrong. (He) told them how (he) used to come and look at (his) gold and that someone must have been watching.

69

“Did you ever spend any of (it)?” asked one of (them). “No,” (the miser) said. “(I) just looked at (it).” “Then come and look at (the hole),” he said. “(It) will do (you) just as much good.”

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1

There was an old woman who swallowed a fly.

2

There was an old woman who lived in a shoe.

3

My grandmother has a garden, where she grows.

4

This is my new computer, which/that is much faster than my old one.

5

There is the old car that/which appeared in our garden last night.

6

They went to live in Australia, where they bought a hotel.

7

This is the malt that lay in this house, which/that Jack built.

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Page

Q

Answer Ensure there is a mixture of nouns and pronouns so that it is clear what is being talked about. Answers may vary, for example: On Friday afternoon Simon Tallgrass was cutting the grass in his garden with his new lawnmower, which was very powerful sit-on. lawnmower.

71 Simon Tallgrass had not read all the instructions for his new lawnmower. He had forgotten to read how to stop the lawnmower so he zoomed along the lawn. He came to his very neat flowerbed, where his prize-winning carnations were growing. The lawnmower went straight through them and into his pond. He looked very silly sitting in his pond. Sentences

What the words link with

Mum said it made her feel very relaxed. On our last day she wanted to go to the shops. 72

73

74-75

the beach Mum

We caught the bus into the nearest town. It was full of little white houses.

the nearest town

We thought they were painted white to reflect the sunlight.

little white houses

Afterwards we packed our bags ready for going home.

after going to the town

We left them in the lobby to be collected.

the bags

1

him [links to] brother

2

it [links to] weather

3

then [links to] September

4

Afterwards [links to] tidied

5

it [links to] rainbow

6

there [links to] top

7

she [links to] friend there [links to] leisure

8

enough [links to] pocket money Check that the children write a summary of the paragraph and what it’s about and they don’t just rewrite it.

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Page

76

77–78

79

Q

Answer Paragraph

Link word

What it means

3

it

ring in para 1

4

it

the voice

5

he it

the husband the voice

6

her it it

the woman the sheet the voice

7

it

the ring

Paragraph 1 – Feeding hedgehogs Hedgehogs eat snails, slugs and insects. You can buy special hedgehog food or give them minced meat, tinned dog or cat food (but not fish) or chopped boiled eggs. Put out a shallow bowl or saucer of water fresh water in very dry weather. Don’t give them milk because it can cause diarrhoea. Put out a shallow bowl or saucer of fresh water in very dry weather. Paragraph 2 – Hibernation Hedgehogs usually hibernate between November and March. Leave a pile of leaf litter and logs where hedgehogs can nest or hibernate. Paragraph 3 – Keeping hedgehogs safe Cover drains so that hedgehogs can’t fall in and get trapped. They sometimes sleep or hibernate in piles of wood or compost heaps, so check before burning rubbish or digging. Slug pellets can poison hedgehogs. You only need a few pellets, placed under a flat stone or slate with gaps for the slugs, but not hedgehogs, to get under. Put a few rocks near the edges of a pond to help hedgehogs climb out, so that they don’t drown. Hedgehogs often sleep under hedges or in long grass – so check before strimming or mowing. They can get caught in garden netting, so check regularly and take netting down when it isn’t needed. Answers will vary.

Scholastic English Skills Grammar and punctuation Workbook Year 4

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Page

Q

Answer What happened to the boy who slept with his head under the pillow? The fairies came and took all his teeth and left £5! What do you get if you pour boiling water down a rabbit hole? Hot cross bunnies! Why did the man stop his children going near chickens? Because of their fowl language! What’s the difference between a dog and a flea? A dog can have fleas but a flea can’t have dogs! What sits at the bottom of the sea and shivers? A nervous wreck! What do cats eat for breakfast? Mice crispies! What do you get when you cross a sheep with a kangaroo? A woolly jumper with a pocket!

80

Answers may vary but make sure it makes sense. For example: There was once a man whose sons were always quarrelling. They were like enemies. Whatever he said to them did no good at all. What could he do to show them how harmful this quarrelling might be? One day the quarrelling had been much more violent than usual. All the man’s sons were very bad tempered. He had had enough. He collected a small bundle of sticks, tied it with string, handed it to each son in turn and told them to try to break it. Each one tried his hardest, but couldn’t break it. 81

The man untied the bundle, separated the sticks, gave them to his sons and asked them to break them one by one. They did this very easily. Then the man told them that they were like the bundle of sticks. If they helped one another any enemies would find it hard to harm them. He asked what they thought would happen if an enemy attacked them when they were always quarrelling. They could see that they would be no stronger than a single stick in the bundle. Although Aesop lived more than two thousand years ago, his stories still have meaning today.

82

1

bear’s, burgers

2

Ghosts, doors, skeleton keys

3

ghosts’, foods

4

Birds, it’s

5

Here’s, its

6

It’s, cows, aren’t, cows

7

hasn’t, teabags

8

didn’t, wouldn’t

9

you’re, what’s, weighs, it’s, elephant’s

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Page

Q

Answer “KNOCK! KNOCK!” “Who’s there?” “Amos” “Amos who?” “A mosquito!”

“KNOCK! KNOCK!” “Who’s there?” “Anna.” “Anna who?” “Anna-ther mosquito!”

“KNOCK! KNOCK!” “Who’s there?” “Joanna.” “Joanna who?” “Joanna come out to play?”

“KNOCK! KNOCK!” “Who’s there?” “Jem.” “Jem who?” “Jem-mind opening the door?”

83

1

“Sarah, can you give me a sentence using one word ‘depend’?” asked the teacher. “If you can’t swim don’t jump in the deep end,” answered Sarah.

2

“Try this one,” said the teacher. “Give me a sentence that includes benign.” “I’m eight but I’ll soon be nine,” said Sarah.

3

The teacher asked his class, “What’s a widow?” “It’s part of a wall made of glass,” answered Jason. “No. That’s a window,” replied the teacher and asked Jason to try again. “I don’t know,” answered Jason. “Well, what would my wife be if I died?” asked the teacher. “Sad, sir,” answered Jason.

4

Another teacher asked her class, “What is a parasite?” “Someone who lives in Paris,” said Andrew.

5

Miss Grey asked, “What do we call someone who lives in Moscow, Emma?” Emma replied, “A mosquito.”

6

“Now, tell me when you use inverted commas, Hayley,” said the teacher during an English lesson. “When I’m writing upside-down,” replied Hayley.

1

“How many legs does a centipede have?” Deepak asked James.

2

“They have a 100 legs. Cent means hundred,” answered James.

3

“No! Most of them have 42 legs, but some have more than a 100,” replied Deepak.

4

“Did you know that fireflies are not flies and glow worms are not worms?” said Clare.

5

“What are they?” asked Olivia.

6

“Both fireflies and glow worms are beetles!” answered Clare.

1

“There are two punctuation mistakes in this sentence,” said Amanda’s teacher.

2

Amanda couldn’t spot the mistakes, so she asked one of her friends to help.

3

“That’s it!” said Nina, pointing to a mistake.

4

They corrected the sentence, put their books away and tidied up their class’s paints.

5

Their teacher said, “Thank you, Amanda and Nina.”

6

Then the teacher asked the class to get their maths books, a ruler and a sharp pencil.

7

“See if you can draw a line exactly 24 millimetres long,” said their teacher.

84

85

86

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Page

Q

Answer Answers may vary but make sure it makes sense. For example: I’m hoping someone can help me. I’ve lost some very useful punctuation marks. The first is a full stop. It’s just a small dot but I’ve heard teachers saying to children, “Use these. It’s amazing how they make sense of your writing.” Two other useful marks are the exclamation mark and the question mark. The exclamation mark looks like a vertical line with a dot below it. Children like these so much that the one on my keyboard got worn out. They can be used to show surprise or something funny such as a joke. Question marks look like hooks with dots below them. We use them after a question. They come in handy in jokes too.

87

The next is a comma. This is like a dot with a little tail. Most children don’t bother with these but their teachers love them and I heard one this morning saying, “That a sentence could have two different meanings, so put a comma in the right place to give it the meaning you want.” Lately the teacher in this class wants inverted commas all over the place. If you can show me where to put these I could do it for you and keep your teacher happy. Your friendly computer 88

Answers will vary.

89

Answers will vary.

90

1

He bought a pineapple, three cakes, a packet of biscuits and some teabags.

2

During our car survey we recorded ten white cars, eight black ones, three red ones, a silver one and a blue one.

3

At the village fair there was a bouncy castle, a face painting stall, a toy stall and a sweet stall.

4

Bees, flies, ants, ladybirds and beetles are all insects.

5

In the shop I could see a woman carrying a baby, and a police officer.

6

We saw a car racing past containing three people, and a bus.

7

We bought some socks, and a bone for our dog.

8

“Shall we eat, Mum?” asked Alice.

9

The injured dog didn’t die, thankfully.

10

Most of the time, travellers are waiting for their luggage.

11

No one saw the burglar stealing the tablet, and granddad and grandma wondered what was going on.

12

He spoke to his parents, Jim and Kay, and the head teacher.

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91

92

Q

Answer

1

Every now and again I buy a comic.

2

For the last time, I’m asking you to hurry.

3

At the top of the hill there was a fort.

4

To begin with, I was scared of riding a two-wheeler bike.

5

For 600 years, his family has lived in this castle.

6

At each side of the road, they planted a long line of plane trees.

7

At long last we can get home from our holiday.

8

In snowy weather this road is closed.

9

In a flash the dog grabbed the sausage I dropped.

10

In two days’ time it will be the end of term.

11

Here and there we saw a cottage on the moor.

12

Little by little the climber inched her way up the cliff.

13

As a surprise, I baked a cake for my mum.

14

With a cheerful smile, the boy ran to meet his grandparents as they came through the airport gate.

1

In front of our house this morning, there was a spaceship.

2

In the middle of the night, it came to Earth and landed.

3

Strangely enough, we didn’t hear a sound.

4

Inside the spaceship we could see three aliens.

5

Because of their green faces, we could tell they were aliens.

6

Because of the spaceship, Mum couldn’t get her car out of the garage.

7

As a result, we had to walk to school.

8

With growing amazement, the teacher listened to the story.

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Page

Q

Answer Answers may vary but make sure it makes sense. For example: On the afternoon of 6th June, a large egg fell off a wall. The surprising thing about this was that the king’s entire cavalry was sent to repair it. With an array of medical equipment, the cavalry men set to work. Major Mark Tall of the king’s cavalry held a short press conference at the scene. In a hushed tone, he explained that this was no ordinary egg and was protected by royal command. “It even has a name” he said . In a whisper, he said, “His name is Humpty Dumpty.” A local farmer said his sheep had names but that didn’t stop people eating them as lamb chops. “Food is food,” he said in a reasonable way. “We look after our animals during their lives but we keep them for food.” Another pointed out that eggs are not yet animals and even vegetarians ate them. Before long it was clear that the egg couldn’t be fixed. With great care, cavalrymen put all the pieces in a box. A local woman, who asked not to be named, said, “I could have made an omelette big enough for my 50 children with that egg, but what did they do? They put a cordon round it and wouldn’t let us near.” “Yes,” said another local woman, Mrs Hubbard. “My cupboard was completely empty. I didn’t even have a bone for my dog. That big egg has been wasted.”

93

94

95

Answers will vary. 1

I wore a sunhat and cream so that I wouldn’t get burned but I forgot to put cream on my nose.

2

the Joneses’ house

3

the pen is yours

4

Leah said, “I have bought a present for you.” I said, “Thank you.”

5

Check an adverbial is added, for example: We played football on the big field.

the boys’ club the car is his

the deer’s antlers

the house is theirs

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