Answers - Scholastic

Answers - Scholastic

st 2n1tury Ce ments n r e v o G on in Acti Answers United States, p. 3 1. A 2. A 3. D 4. B, C 5. B, D Mexico, p. 4 1. Felipe Calderón 2. the PAN ...

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United States, p. 3 1. A 2. A 3. D 4. B, C 5. B, D Mexico, p. 4 1. Felipe Calderón 2. the PAN (National Action Party) 3. 35.9 percent 4. the PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party)

5. the PRD (Democratic 6. 7. 8.

9. 10.

Revolution Party) Andrés Manuel López Obrador the PRI no (The total of votes in the second circle graph is 500, half of which is 250. The most that any party got was 241.) It will need help. Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the PRD. The winning candidate’s margin of victory was just 0.6 percentage points. (López did protest the outcome.)

Venezuela, p. 5 1. F 2. O 3. O 4. O 5. F 6. O 7. F 8. O 9. F 10. F France, p. 6 1. B 2. C 3. B

4. B 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. B 9. C 10. B Liechtenstein, p. 7 1. ministers 2. Prince 3. foreign 4. international 5. lawful 6. Parliament 7. nominates 8. elected 9. constitution 10. laws 11. government 12. taxes 13. decision 14. signatures 15. amendment Russia, p. 8 1. the Communist Party 2. 1991 3. an autocracy 4. Boris Yeltsin 5. the economic chaos and 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

crime that followed the Soviet Union's breakup (see 1996) Vladimir Putin the United Russia Party Most opposition parties were banned from the ballot. Answers will vary. Answers will vary.

Belarus, p. 9 1. can dissolve Parliament; can abolish acts of Parliament; can issue decrees that have the force of law

2. can hire and fire the heads of all government agencies; appoints the Prime Minister 3. can impose a state of emergency or martial law; is commander-in-chief of the military 4. can set aside laws made by local governments; can impose emergency/martial law 5. Answers will vary but should be supported with sound reasoning.

China, p. 10 1. to slow the country’s rapid ­population growth

2. 1.5 billion 3. 30 million 4. 287 million (430 million minus 143 million)

5. 30 per hundred 6. the Communist Party 7. The one-child policy and preference for boys have resulted in many unwanted girls. 8. China relaxed the government’s absolute hold on the ownership of business. 9. Possible answers include: Men will have trouble finding wives. The birth rate could continue to decline. (Other answers acceptable.) 10. Possible answers include: There will be fewer young working people to support an aging population. The working population could suffer a “brain drain” of older workers, with not enough young people to take their place. (Other answers acceptable.)

Answers continued Afghanistan, p. 11 1. false (the Soviet Union) 2. Communist 3. 10 years 4. mujahedeen 5. to aid the mujahedeen 6. Rival factions clashed for

Libya, p. 15 1. the political party; Qaddafi 2. 3.

control of the country (1992).

7. the Taliban 8. the U.S. and allies when the Taliban continued to shelter Osama bin Laden after 9/11 9. President Karzai won re-election fraudulently. 10. Answers will vary.

Myanmar, p. 12 1. A 2. D 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. C 7. C 8. A 9. D 10. C South Africa, p. 13 1. A 2. D 3. D 4. A 5. D Ghana, p. 14 1. tragedy or the need for charity 2. by allowing peaceful transfers of power 3. good governance 4. the gracious handling of political defeat and victory 5. build on freedom’s foundation

4. 5.

says it is a form of dictatorship. people who share the same interests, views, or culture to make the rest of the people (“society as a whole”) live according to the party’s interests, ideas, culture, beliefs nonparty members—the rest of the nation’s people Answers will vary. Basic answer: In the U.S., political parties allow citizens to influence the political process, not establish dictatorial control. Also, multiple parties are allowed.

Australia, p. 16 1. Prime Minister 2. Parliament 3. the House of Representatives and the Senate

4. Speaker of the House and 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

President of the Senate backbenchers Governor General legislative branch (Parliament) Governor General British colonies members of Parliament, or MPs

Samoa, p. 17 A. all three B. church only C. church only D. chiefs and

Chiefs

Extended family

D

E

A

extended family

E. chiefs only

B church

C