C L A S S R O O M E D I T I O N

C L A S S R O O M E D I T I O N

Teacher’s copy C L A April 27 & May 4, 2015 S S R O O M E D I T I O N Read TIME 100 and answer the following questions. 1. Disruptiv...

221KB Sizes 0 Downloads 38 Views

Teacher’s copy

C

L

A

April 27 & May 4, 2015

S

S

R

O

O

M

E

D

I

T

I

O

N

Read TIME 100 and answer the following questions. 1. Disruptive technology exerts tremendous transformative power. To learn more, refer to these articles: Disruptive Technologies mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/disruptive_technologies This will be the most disruptive technology over the next 5 years time.com/3663909/technology-disruptive-impact/

What disruptive innovation means economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2015/01/economist-explains-15 Read up on the leaders of science and technology featured in TIME 100. In your opinion, do these individuals have what it takes to retool existing or spearhead new disruptive innovations? Turn your attention on the disruptive innovations themselves. Is their impact necessarily beneficial and desirable? You could focus on these individuals or other relevant selections from the list: Elizabeth Holmes (p18), Susan Wojcicki (p19), Reid Hoffman (p22), Lei Jun (p25), Satya Nadella (p26), Emmanuelle Charpentier & Jennifer Doudna (p32), Brian Chesky (p32), Pardis Sabeti (p38), Rudolph Tanzi (p44), and Lu Wei (p81) 2. Included in the TIME 100 list are individuals and organisations that have dedicated themselves to the have-nots in various parts of the world or are working to overcome injustice and hazards. Find out more about them and explain why their endeavours are praiseworthy. What does the presence of these change-makers tell us about the countries where they operate or our world today? You could focus on these individuals or other relevant selections from the list: Bryan Stevenson (p40), Chai Jing (p40), Magnus MacFarlene-Barrow (p40), Aura Elena Farfán (p43), Martin Blaser (p43), Tom Catena (p44), Mustafa Hassan (p45), Obiageli Ezekwesili 9p67), Joanne Liu (p82), Jerry Brown (p89), Malala Yousafzai (p94), and Pope Francis (p94) 3. TIME 100 honours corporate highfliers and celebrities who are using their clout and resources to drive chosen causes. Based on your knowledge and research, why have they chosen those causes? What strengths and advantages can they bring to the campaigns? Are their intentions always altruistic and outcomes beneficial? You could focus on these individuals or other relevant selections from the list: Mellody Hobson (p16), Tim Cook (p16), Charles Koch & David Koch (p19), Emma Watson (p37), and Julianna Margulies (p52). 4. TIME 100 pays tribute to (a) political leaders who have proven their mettle in domestic and international arenas as well as (b) recently (re-)elected heads of governments. Read up on a leader from each of the groups. In your opinion, what are the three most important things these leaders must accomplish during their term in office? You can focus on their stated goals or, based on your knowledge of their countries or situations in the world, other pertinent areas. You could focus on these individuals or other relevant selections from the list: Narendra Modi (p65), Angela Merkel (p66), Vladimir Putin (p67), Muhammadu Buhari (p69), Alexis Tsipras (p69), Haider Al-Abadi (p70), Joko Widodo (p70), King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (p71), Xi Jinping (p71), Raúl Castro (p75), Benjamin Netanyahu (p77), Beji Caid Essebsi (p78), and Barack Obama (p79).

Permission is granted to individual teacher to reproduce this Student Worksheet for classroom use only. Reproduction by an entire school system or any other organization is strictly prohibited. Copyright © 2015 Time Asia (Hong Kong) Limited. All rights reserved.

2

C

L

A

S

S

R

O

O

M

E

D

I

T

I

O

N

Complete the contextual meanings of the following words. After completing this exercise, use the words in sentences of your own making. 1. You can’t miss Chanda Kochhar as she walks through the Congress Centre at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, or into a meeting of the board of directors of the Institute of International Finance, always resplendent in an elegant sari. (p20) Ans: attractive and impressive through being richly colourful or [A6] sumptuous 2. He is taking us all on an uninhibited, bodacious ride, bringing in new viewers each week at a pace that is unheard of in today’s television landscape … He knows how to rattle the nerves of the zeitgeist. He is an undeniable, singular voice, the likes of which we’ve rarely seen. (p20) Ans: BODACIOUS: [A8] audacious in a way considered admirable. LANDSCAPE: the [A36] distinctive features of a sphere of activity. ZEITGEIST: the [D4] defining spirit or mood of a particular period of time as shown by the ideas and beliefs associated with it. SINGULAR: [D15] exceptionally good or great. 3. There has always been something different about Reid, owing to his gregarious good nature, honest advice and keen intellect. (p22) Ans: [A32] sociable 4. Beautiful in an exotic, totally exaggerated way, Kim exudes … impetuousness and happiness … Despite the flamboyance, the self-aggrandizement and self-promotion … Kim comes across as an enviable big sister in a clan where everyone seems to love one another. (p22) Ans: IMPETUOUSNESS: acting quickly with [D41] inadequate thought or care. AGGRANDIZEMENT: increasing or [A51] enhancing the power, status or wealth of 5. In Washington, where political wrangling often leads to paralysis, her Federal Reserve can actually decide and act. (p24) Ans: having a long, complicated [A50] dispute or argument 6. On a late summer day in 1992, Danny Meyer and I sat down in Union Square to talk about a new kind of restaurant – one that married the warmest form of great service with soulful, indelible food. (p25) Ans: [D48] unforgettable 7. Bob Iger could have been haunted by the past, but he has instead created a powerhouse for the company’s future, diversifying the portfolio and yet not traducing the tradition. (p26) Ans: disregarding or failing to [A3] uphold 8. Changes that once would have been considered blasphemous – releasing open-source software, building on iOS and Android and even making Windows free in some cases – are turning Microsoft around. (p26) Ans: grossly [A10] irreverent towards what is held to be sacred 9. Very recently, Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna figured out the inner workings of this bacteria self-protection, and then, in a tour de force of elegant deduction and experiment, they developed a plug-and-play version of that approach. (p32) Ans: a performance or achievement that has been accomplished or managed with great [D30] skill 10. Brian Chesky’s audacity is fabulous. (p32) Ans: AUDACITY: willingness to take bold [D47] risks 11. Although she is one of the world’s highest-paid actresses, she has spoken out about the paucity of female directors in Hollywood ... It drew the typical anti-feminist rants and even some threats. (p37) Ans: PAUCITY: scarcity; [D34] dearth. RANTS: angry, emotionally [A16] charged, or tediously negative speeches or writing 12. Reese is an artist but she is also a hustler, a quality I recognised in her the first time I met her. (p38) Ans: a [D19] shrewd person who knows how to [D16] circumvent difficulties 13. Bryan has combatted excessive and unfair sentencing, exonerated innocent prisoners on death row … litigated on behalf of the poor as well as those who race denied them a fair trial. This year, his organisation’s report on lynchings of African Americans in the Jim Crow South documented at least 700 previously unknown victims. (p40) Ans: EXONERATED: [A39] absolved someone from blame for a wrongdoing. LITIGATED: resorted to [A45] legal action to settle a matter. LYNCHING: (a group of people) killing someone for an [A28] alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging

Permission is granted to individual teacher to reproduce this Student Worksheet for classroom use only. Reproduction by an entire school system or any other organization is strictly prohibited. Copyright © 2015 Time Asia (Hong Kong) Limited. All rights reserved.

3

C

L

A

S

S

R

O

O

M

E

D

I

T

I

O

N

14. As her detractors grow increasingly unhinged, we have proof that her efforts are working. (p44) Ans: [D5] deranged 15. He is a real man in a sea of ciphers, a good father and friend, and one naturally funny dude. (p55) Ans: people of no [D2] importance, especially those who do the bidding of others and seem to have no [A42] will of their own 16. He was, as he puts it, “young, single and tearing it up,” and his early songs reflected his life’s manic pace … McGraw’s a kind of Renaissance man in a cowboy hat, and it’s clear he’s got a lot of life left to live and art still to make … (p57) Ans: MANIC: characterised by [A44] frenetic activity or wild energy. RENAISSANCE MAN: a man who has broad [D20] intellectual interests and is accomplished in areas of both the arts and the sciences 17. But he’s unique because he uses irreverent humour to make people think. (p60) Ans: showing a lack of [A37] respect for people or things that are generally taken seriously 18. Angela Merkel managed to leverage German economic power into diplomatic power to lead a major security effort on behalf of the world, which, most importantly, entrusted her with that effort. (p66) Ans: used someone to [A35] maximum advantage 19. In Chattanooga, Corker’s penchant for aggressive fact finding caused this former construction executive and mayor to help 10,000 families find decent homes … His tough-minded pragmatism and grasp of economics have restored prestige to the Foreign Relations Committee and are reminiscent of Geoge H.W. Bush’s skilled team. (p66) Ans: PENCHANT: a strong or [A1] habitual liking for something or tendency to do something. REMINISCENT: tending to [A33] remind one of something in the past 20. From battling the Boko Haram insurgency to tackling endemic corruption, Buhari has many challenges ahead. (p69) Ans: [D14] prevalent in a particular locality, region or people 21. It was always going to take a special kind of leader to pick up Ted Kennedy’s mantle as senior Senator from Massachusetts – champion of working families and scourge of special interests. (p70) Ans: MANTLE: the role of an [D27] authoritative or important person. SCOURGE: a person who inflicts severe suffering, [D43] vengeance or punishment 22. But he will need all his popularity and more to overcome the entrenched interests in Indonesia that resist change. (p70) Ans: firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; [A11] ingrained 23. His administration was among the most tech-forward of his era, and the prolifically emailing pol is plotting to embrace new tools to engage votes in a conversation. (p73) Ans: characterised by [A9] abundant output 24. As America’s U.N. ambassador, she has been a powerful friend to the displaced and downtrodden and a foe of dictators and despots. (p75) Ans: DISPLACED: people who had been forced to leave their home, typically because of war, [A40] persecution, or natural disaster. DOWNTRODDEN: [D26] oppressed or treated badly by the people in power 25. Most of Jang’s supporters have been purged, sent to political prison camps or executed. (p76) Ans: removed (a group of people considered undesirable) from an organisation or place in abruptly or [A7] violently 26. Women who advocate for women are often pigeonholed and pushed to the margins. (p78) Ans: assigned to a particular category, typically an overly [A18] restrictive one 27. General Martin Dempsey is truly a Renaissance man: an English major who is as comfortable singing Irish ballads as he is devising counterterrorism strategies or dealing with the mess left by sequestration. (p78) Ans: the process of taking legal possession of assets until a [D23] debt has been paid or other claims have been met 28. The election in December of Beji Caid Essebsi, leader of the secular Nidaa Tounes party, was a watershed moment. (p78) Ans: an event marking a [A31] turning point in a situation

Permission is granted to individual teacher to reproduce this Student Worksheet for classroom use only. Reproduction by an entire school system or any other organization is strictly prohibited. Copyright © 2015 Time Asia (Hong Kong) Limited. All rights reserved.

4

C

L

A

S

S

R

O

O

M

E

D

I

T

I

O

N

29. His party had just been clobbered in the congressional elections – and it was widely perceived as a personal repudiation ... But Barack Obama has proved that even after a lacerating defeat, the President of the United States is always, potentially, the most influential persona in the world. (p79) Ans: CLOBBERED: defeated [A24] decisively or heavily. REPUDIATION: [A17] rejection. LACERATING: deeply distressing or [A22] harrowingly hurtful 30. Since becoming commissioner on Feb 1, 2014, Adam Silver’s interesting times have included Donald Sterling’s racist rant, Bruce Levenson’s mea culpa … (p80) Ans: an acknowledgement of a [A25] personal error or fault 31. That’s a nightmarish prospect for millions who regard her France-for-the-French message as mere jingoism … she finally split from her father, National Front founder Jean-Marie Le Pen, over his noxious anti-Semitism. [Marine] Le Pen has strong allure for many French, who have hit the wall with asphyxiating political elitism and near zero growth. (p81) Ans: JINGOISM: [D29] extreme patriotism, characterised especially by a [A46] belligerent foreign policy. NOXIOUS: [D21] poisonous or harmful to the mind or morals. ASPHYXIATING: [D38] suffocating 32. He is a writer of great imagination, one who enthralled millions of readers by building fictional worlds that are uniquely his. (p91) Ans: held [A13] spellbound; captivated 33. The boldest enthusiasts believed that Marxism, shorn of the gulag and the body count, might get a second hearing. (p93) Ans: [D49] divested of or removed as if by cutting 34. During his term as Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Pope Francis eschewed the extravagant trappings of his office, living in a simple apartment and cooking his own meals. (p93) Ans: [D12] abstained from

Permission is granted to individual teacher to reproduce this Student Worksheet for classroom use only. Reproduction by an entire school system or any other organization is strictly prohibited. Copyright © 2015 Time Asia (Hong Kong) Limited. All rights reserved.