Capital Appreciation Fund - T. Rowe Price

Capital Appreciation Fund - T. Rowe Price

SUMMARY PROSPECTUS PRWCX Investor Class TRAIX I Class PACLX Advisor Class October 30, 2017 T. Rowe Price Capital Appreciation Fund A relativel...

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SUMMARY PROSPECTUS PRWCX

Investor Class

TRAIX

I Class

PACLX

Advisor Class

October 30, 2017

T. Rowe Price

Capital Appreciation Fund A relatively conservative stock fund seeking long-term capital appreciation through common stocks as well as fixed income securities.

Before you invest, you may want to review the fund’s prospectus, which contains more information about the fund and its risks. You can find the fund’s prospectus and other information about the fund online at troweprice.com/prospectus. You can also get this information at no cost by calling 1-800-638-5660, by sending an e-mail request to [email protected], or by contacting your financial intermediary. This Summary Prospectus incorporates by reference the fund’s prospectus, dated October 30, 2017, as amended or supplemented, and Statement of Additional Information, dated October 30, 2017, as amended or supplemented. The Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon the adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

S UMMARY

1

Investment Objective

The fund seeks long-term capital appreciation by investing primarily in common stocks. It may also hold fixed income and other securities to help preserve principal value. Fees and Expenses

This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the fund. You may also incur brokerage commissions and other charges when buying or selling shares of the fund, which are not reflected in the table. Fees and Expenses of the Fund Investor I Class Class Shareholder fees (fees paid directly from your investment) Maximum account fee

a

$20 — Annual fund operating expenses (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)

Advisor Class —

0.59%

0.59%





0.25

Other expenses

0.11

0.01

0.16

Total annual fund operating expenses

0.70

0.60

1.00

Management fees Distribution and service (12b-1) fees

0.59%

a Subject to certain exceptions, accounts with a balance of less than $10,000 are charged an annual $20 fee.

Example This example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the

fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds. The example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods, that your investment has a 5% return each year, and that the fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be: Investor Class I Class Advisor Class

1 year $72 61 102

3 years $224 192 318

5 years $390 335 552

10 years $871 750 1,225

Portfolio Turnover The fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when the fund’s shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect the fund’s performance. During the most recent fiscal year, the fund’s portfolio turnover rate was 61.6% of the average value of its portfolio.

T. R OWE P RICE

2

Investments, Risks, and Performance Principal Investment Strategies The fund normally invests at least 50% of its total

assets in stocks and the remaining assets are generally invested in convertible securities, corporate and government debt (including mortgage- and asset-backed securities), and bank loans (which represent an interest in amounts owed by a borrower to a syndicate of lenders) in keeping with the fund’s objective. The fund may also invest up to 25% of its total assets in foreign securities. The fund’s investments in stocks generally fall into one of two categories: the larger category comprises long-term core holdings whose prices when we buy them are considered low in terms of company assets, earnings, or other factors; the smaller category comprises opportunistic investments whose prices we expect to rise in the short term but not necessarily over the long term. There are no limits on the market capitalization of the issuers of the stocks in which the fund invests. Since we attempt to prevent losses as well as achieve gains, we typically use a value approach in selecting investments. Our in-house research team seeks to identify companies that seem undervalued by various measures, such as price/book value, and may be temporarily out of favor but we believe have good prospects for capital appreciation. We may establish relatively large positions in companies we find particularly attractive. We work as hard to reduce risk as to maximize gains and may seek to realize gains rather than lose them in market declines. In addition, we search for attractive risk/reward values among all types of securities. The portion of the fund invested in a particular type of security, such as common stocks, results largely from case-by-case investment decisions, and the size of the fund’s cash reserves may reflect the portfolio manager’s ability to find companies that meet valuation criteria rather than his market outlook. The fund may purchase bonds, convertible securities and bank loans for their income or other features or to gain additional exposure to a company. Maturity and quality are not necessarily major considerations and there are no limits on the maturities or credit ratings of the debt instruments in which the fund invests. The fund may invest up to 25% of its total assets in noninvestment-grade corporate bonds (also known as “junk bonds”) and other debt instruments that are rated noninvestment grade. If a security is split rated (i.e., rated investment grade by at least one rating agency and noninvestment grade by another rating agency), the higher rating will be used for purposes of this requirement. In addition, the fund may invest up to 10% of its total assets in mortgage- and asset-backed securities. The fund also writes (i.e., sells) call options, primarily in an effort to protect against downside risk or to generate additional income. The fund may sell securities for a variety of reasons, such as to secure gains, limit losses, or redeploy assets into more promising opportunities.

S UMMARY

3

Principal Risks As with any mutual fund, there is no guarantee that the fund will

achieve its objective. The fund’s share price fluctuates, which means you could lose money by investing in the fund. The principal risks of investing in this fund are summarized as follows: Active management risks The investment adviser’s judgments about the attractiveness, value, or potential appreciation of the fund’s investments may prove to be incorrect. If the investments selected and strategies employed by the fund fail to produce the intended results, the fund could underperform in comparison to other funds with a similar benchmark or similar objectives and investment strategies. Risks of U.S. stock investing Stocks generally fluctuate in value more than bonds and may decline significantly over short time periods. There is a chance that stock prices overall will decline because stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising and falling prices. The value of a stock in which the fund invests may decline due to general weakness in the U.S. stock market, such as when the U.S. financial markets decline, or because of factors that affect a particular company or industry. Market capitalization risks Because the fund may invest in companies of any size, its share price could be more volatile than a fund that invests only in large companies. Small and medium-sized companies often have less experienced management, narrower product lines, more limited financial resources, and less publicly available information than larger companies. Larger companies may not be able to attain the high growth rates of successful smaller companies, especially during strong economic periods, and they may be less capable of responding quickly to competitive challenges and industry changes. Investment style risks Different investment styles tend to shift in and out of favor depending on market conditions and investor sentiment. The fund’s value approach to investing could cause it to underperform other stock funds that employ a different investment style. The intrinsic value of a stock with value characteristics may not be fully recognized by the market for a long time or a stock judged to be undervalued may actually be appropriately priced at a low level. Risks of bond investing Bonds have three main sources of risk. Interest rate risk is the risk that a rise in interest rates will cause the price of a debt instrument held by the fund to fall. Securities with longer maturities or durations typically suffer greater declines than those with shorter maturities or durations. Mortgage-backed securities can react somewhat differently to interest rate changes because falling rates can cause losses of principal due to increased mortgage prepayments and rising rates can lead to decreased prepayments and greater volatility. Credit risk is the risk that an issuer of a debt instrument will default (fail to make scheduled interest or principal payments), potentially reducing the fund’s income level and share price. This risk is increased when a security is downgraded or the perceived creditworthiness of the issuer deteriorates. Liquidity risk is the risk that the fund may not be able to sell a holding in a timely manner or at a desired price.

T. R OWE P RICE

4

Junk bond risks Because a significant portion of the fund’s bond investments may be rated below investment grade, also known as high yield or “junk” bonds, the fund is exposed to greater volatility than if it invested mainly in investment-grade bonds. High yield bond issuers are more likely to suffer an adverse change in financial condition that would result in the inability to meet a financial obligation. Accordingly, the securities they issue carry a higher risk of default and should be considered speculative. The fund’s exposure to credit risk, in particular, is increased to the extent it invests in high yield bonds. Convertible securities risks To the extent the fund invests in convertible securities, it is subject to market risk, credit and interest rate risk, and other risks associated with both equity and fixed income securities, depending on the price of the underlying security and the conversion price. A convertible security may be called back by the issuer prior to maturity at a price that is disadvantageous to the fund. In addition, convertible securities are typically issued by smaller capitalized companies whose stock prices are more volatile than companies that have access to more conventional means of raising capital. Bank loan risks To the extent the fund invests in bank loans, it is exposed to additional risks beyond those normally associated with more traditional debt instruments. The fund’s ability to receive payments in connection with the loan depends primarily on the financial condition of the borrower and whether or not a loan is secured by collateral, although there is no assurance that the collateral securing a loan will be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligation. In addition, bank loans often have contractual restrictions on resale, which can delay the sale and adversely impact the sale price. Transactions involving bank loans may have significantly longer settlement periods than more traditional investments (settlement can take longer than 7 days) and often involve borrowers whose financial condition is troubled or highly leveraged, which increases the risk that the fund may not receive its proceeds in a timely manner and that the fund may incur unexpected losses in order to pay redemption proceeds to its shareholders. In addition, loans are not registered under the federal securities laws like stocks and bonds, so investors in loans have less protection against improper practices than investors in registered securities. Foreign investing risks The fund’s investments in foreign securities may be adversely affected by local, political, social, and economic conditions overseas, greater volatility, reduced liquidity, or decreases in foreign currency values relative to the U.S. dollar. Options risks To the extent the fund uses options, it is exposed to additional volatility and potential losses. Writing call options exposes the fund to the risk that the underlying security may not move in the direction anticipated by the portfolio manager, requiring the fund to buy or sell the security at a price that is disadvantageous to the fund. Certain call options carry a potentially unlimited risk of loss.

S UMMARY

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Performance The following performance information provides some indication of the risks of investing in the fund. The fund’s performance information represents only past performance (before and after taxes) and is not necessarily an indication of future results.

The following bar chart illustrates how much returns can differ from year to year by showing calendar year returns and the best and worst calendar quarter returns during those years for the fund’s Investor Class. Returns for other share classes vary since they have different expenses.

The following table shows the average annual total returns for each class of the fund that has been in operation for at least one full calendar year, and also compares the returns with the returns of a relevant broad-based market index, as well as with the returns of one or more comparative indexes that have investment characteristics similar to those of the fund. In addition, the table shows hypothetical after-tax returns to demonstrate how taxes paid by a shareholder may influence returns. After-tax returns are calculated using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Actual after-tax returns depend on an investor’s tax situation and may differ from those shown. After-tax returns shown are not relevant to investors who hold their fund shares through tax-deferred arrangements, such as a 401(k) account or an IRA. After-tax returns are shown only for the Investor Class and will differ for other share classes.

T. R OWE P RICE

6

Average Annual Total Returns Periods ended December 31, 2016

1 Year Investor Class Returns before taxes Returns after taxes on distributions Returns after taxes on distributions and sale of fund shares I Class Returns before taxes Advisor Class Returns before taxes

5 Years

10 Years

Since inception

8.22 %

12.45 %

7.93 %

—%

7.26

10.37

6.55



5.29

9.43

6.07



8.34





8.48

7.90

12.12

7.62



Inception date 06/30/1986

12/17/2015 12/31/2004

S&P 500 Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses, or taxes) 11.96 14.66 6.95 Lipper Mixed-Asset Target Allocation Growth Funds Index 7.54 9.38 5.28

11.67 a 7.47 a

a Return as of 12/17/15.

Updated performance information is available through troweprice.com. Management Investment Adviser T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. (T. Rowe Price) Portfolio Manager David R. Giroux

Title Chairman of Investment Advisory Committee

Managed Joined Investment Fund Since Adviser 2006

1998

Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares

Subject to certain exceptions, the fund is currently closed to new investors and new accounts. Investors who currently hold shares of the fund may continue to purchase additional shares. The Investor Class generally requires a $2,500 minimum initial investment ($1,000 minimum initial investment if opening an IRA, a custodial account for a minor, or a small business retirement plan account). Additional purchases generally require a $100 minimum. These investment minimums may be waived or modified for financial intermediaries and certain employer-sponsored retirement plans submitting orders on behalf of their customers. Advisor Class shares may generally only be purchased through a financial intermediary or retirement plan. The I Class generally requires a $1,000,000 minimum initial investment and there is no minimum for additional purchases, although the initial investment minimum may

S UMMARY

7

be waived for intermediaries and retirement plans maintaining omnibus accounts, and certain institutional client accounts for which T. Rowe Price or its affiliate has discretionary investment authority. For investors holding shares of the fund directly with T. Rowe Price, you may purchase, redeem, or exchange fund shares by mail; by telephone (1-800-225-5132 for IRAs and nonretirement accounts; 1-800-492-7670 for small business retirement plans; and 1-800-638-8790 for institutional investors and financial intermediaries); or, for certain accounts, by accessing your account online through troweprice.com. If you hold shares through a financial intermediary or retirement plan, you must purchase, redeem, and exchange shares of the fund through your intermediary or retirement plan. You should check with your intermediary or retirement plan to determine the investment minimums that apply to your account. Tax Information

Any dividends or capital gains are declared and paid annually, usually in December. Redemptions or exchanges of fund shares and distributions by the fund, whether or not you reinvest these amounts in additional fund shares, may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains unless you invest through a tax-deferred account (in which case you will be taxed upon withdrawal from such account). Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries

If you purchase shares of the fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information. However, the fund and its investment adviser do not pay broker-dealers and other financial intermediaries for sales or related services of the I Class shares.

T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. 100 East Pratt Street Baltimore, MD 21202

F72-045 10/30/17