Unit 2 – Terms and Concepts Chapter 3
Chapter 3-Putting Down Roots: Opportunity and Oppression in Colonial Society *Be able to answer the following questions and/or fully explain the significance of the terms and concepts. 1. 2.
The importance of the family in early Colonial America Reasons for developing regional differences (i.e. New England, Middle, and Southern regions)? Be able to compare and contrast! Indentured Servants – You already know this one! Examples of cultural convergence in England’s American colonies? How did this affect the colonies’ relationship with England-the mother country?
What factors explain the remarkable social stability achieved in early New England? 5. Structure of the typical New England family? 6. Life expectancy and population growth in New England 7. Organization of New England Towns 8. Congregational Church 9. The “elect” 10. Halfway Covenant (1662) – This comes about 35 years AFTER the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony – Why? 11. Importance of education in New England – Why? 12. Establishment of colleges such as Harvard and Yale 13. Role of women in New England? 14. “feminization of colonial religion” 15. Sumptuary Laws in New England 16. Yeoman Farmers 17. Social and Economic mobility in New England What factors contributed to political unrest in the Chesapeake region during this period? 18. High mortality (death) rates in the Chesapeake 19. Weak family units/instability 20. Indentured Servitude 21. Slow and unstable population growth 22. Role of women in the Chesapeake? 23. Tobacco – the Chesapeake staple 24. Reasons for the economic inequality in the Chesapeake? 25. Planter Class (economic and social status)? 26. Freemen 27. Rigid Social and Economic structure of the Chesapeake? 28. Demographic shift in the Chesapeake after 1680 – from instability to permanence. 29. Lack of social and economic mobility How did African American slaves preserve an independent cultural identity in the New World? 30. Slavery existed in each of the thirteen colonies – more prevalent in the South. 31. First African slave arrive in Virginia in 1619. 32. African slaves remain a small portion of the overall population of British North America until around 1680.
Irish/BHS Fall, 2013 33. 34. 35. 36.
Royal African Company Slave Codes Gullah Compare and Contrast the institution of slavery in New England versus the Middle Colonies versus the Chesapeake versus the Deep South. 37. Development of an African American culture. 38. Reasons for the natural growth of the African American population? 39. Stono Uprising (causes and effects) Why did England discourage free and open trade in colonial America? 40. England’s policy of “salutary neglect” – Ask Ms. Irish! 41. After 1660, “intervention replaced indifference” – Why? 42. Mercantilism 43. Navigation Acts (1660, 1663, 1673, and 1696) 44. Vice-Admiralty Courts How did colonial revolts affect the political culture of Virginia and New England? 45. Virginia Governor Sir William Berkeley 46. Disenfranchisement of all landless freemen (1670) – causing lots of ANGRY, FRUSTRATED freemen! 47. Nathaniel Bacon 48. Berkeley’s unpopular policy toward Native American attacks in the Virginia backcountry (frontier). 49. Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) – Shows up on the AP Exam A LOT! Need to know the causes and effects! 50. King Phillip’s War (1675) – happened in New England / the Massachusetts frontier 51. Dominion of New England 52. Sir Edmund Andros 53. Glorious Revolution (impact in New England) 54. English Bill of Rights – the rights of ALL Englishmen! 55. Salem Witchcraft Trials (1692) 56. Glorious Revolution (Impact in New York) 57. Jacob Leisler 58. Leisler’s Rebellion(1689)