Chronological History 1952–1988 - ICA International

Chronological History 1952–1988 - ICA International

A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs 1952–1988 PDF Version: September 15, 2015 A Chronologica...

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A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs 1952–1988

PDF Version: September 15, 2015

A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs 1952–1988

Beret Griffith, Editor — and colleagues

PDF Version: September 15, 2015

A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs 1952–1988 by Beret E. Griffith

This work is licensed under anAttribution Non-Commercial, No Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY NC ND 4.0) Creative Commons license. The program titles Imaginal Education™, Learning Basket™, Technology of Participation™, and ToP™ are registered trademarks of the Institute of Cultural Affairs and are not licensed for use under the terms of this Creative Commons license. ISBN: 978-0-9908895-2-6 (print version) 2014–15 revision Beret Griffith (general editor); Paul Noah (graphics editor); Pam Bergdall, Doris Hahn, and Clare Whitney (copy editors). Editorial consultation, design, and desktop publishing, David Dunn, Mirror Communication. The timeline charts on the chapter title pages are by Brian Stanfield, ICA Canada, Toronto, 1992.

PDF Version: September 15, 2015 Download the latest PDF from:

Song of a Man Who Has Come Through Not I, not I, but the wind that blows through me! A fine wind is blowing the new direction of time. If only I let it bear me, carry me, if only it carry me! If only I am sensitive, subtle, oh, delicate, a winged gift! If only, most lovely of all, I yield myself and am borrowed By the fine, fine wind that takes its course through the chaos of the world Like a fine, an exquisite chisel, a wedge-blade inserted; If only I am keen and hard like the sheer tip of a wedge Driven by invisible blows. The rock will split, we shall come at the wonder, we shall find the Hesperides. D. H. Lawrence

Contents Lists of Abbreviations and Information Formats viii Foreword ix Preface xii Acknowledgements xv Introduction 1 1. 1952–1955 The Christian Faith and Life Community The Campus Ministry The Bug Model

3 4 6

2. 1956–1959 Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church Austin and Evanston The Religious Studies Curriculum

9 10 13

3. 1960–1963 Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City Master Strategies and Intellectual Methods From Austin to Evanston The Move Into Chicago’s West Side

17 18 19 21

4. June 1964–June 1968 Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical The Ecumenical Institute Summer Training and Research Programs Community Reformulation

23 24 25 28

5. July 1968–June 1972 Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation The New Religious Mode The Academy The Local Church Experiment The New Social Vehicle

39 40 42 49 51

Note: The names of the chapters and sections above are all clickable links in the PDF. Click Return to ToC at the bottom of each page to return to this table of contents. « Return to ToC vi

6. July 1972–June 1976 The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment Whistle Points and Pressure Points The Other World in the Midst of This World The Invention of Town Meetings

55 56 59 65

7. July 1976–June 1980 The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration Human Development Projects Global Servants and Profound Humanness Training for Human Development

67 68 71 75

8. July 1980–June 1984 Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training 77 78 Accelerating Global Interchange The International Exposition of Rural Development 81 9. July 1984–June 1988 New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation Exploring New Paradigms From Intentional Community to Professional Organization

85 86 93

10. The Chronological History: 1989–2016 (“The missing bits”) How to use the “Addendum” Google Doc to add new information


Appendices A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings 99 109 A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection 116 A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives 124 A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 143 150 A6. A History of the ICA’s Contribution to the IAF A7. EI/OE/ICA Web Links 153 A8. Contributors to the Chronological History Project 155 A9. 1992 Chronological History Bibliography 158

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List of Abbreviations Golden Pathways The Golden Pathways online archival resources History

“A History of the Ecumenical Institute, The Institute of Cultural Affairs and The Order: Ecumenical” on the Golden Pathways


Human Development Training Institute

ICA Dialogue

ICA Dialogue listserv


International Training Institute


Joseph Wesley Mathews; refered to as JWM, greeted as “Joe”


Order Ecumenical

OE Community

Order Ecumenical Community listserv


Table of Contents, pages vi and vii.

Information Formats Oral history

Direct quotations are indicated with pull quotes. Quotes and attributions are indented and enclosed by horizontal lines.

Published sources Quotations from published sources are in shaded text boxes with drop shadows. Archival sources

Quotations from archival documents are placed in plain text boxes with drop shadows.

Key concepts

Important ideas and principles are often highlighted in simple text boxes or sidebars without drop shadows.

External web links Words in the distinct blue font preceded by the external link symbol are clickable links to web sites in the PDF version. Cross references

(» see page) indicates a clickable link to a cross reference in the PDF version of this book.

Style guide

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition has been the guide for formatting footnotes, references, and other book apparatus.

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Foreword We discern a crimson line on this earth, a red, blood-splattered line which ascends, struggling, from matter to plants, from plants to animals, from animals to human. This indestructible prehuman rhythm is the only visible journey of the Invisible on this earth. Train your heart to govern as spacious an arena as it can. Encompass through one century, then through two centuries, through three, through ten, through as many centuries as you can bear, the onward march of humankind. Train your eye to gaze on people moving in great stretches of time. Nikos Kazantzakis, The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises (translated by Kimon Friar) Human beings have been evolving the fabric of society and what it means to be human since our birth many millenia ago. The 1960s in the USA was a time of great destruction and creation. The civil rights movement, women’s revolution, anti-war movement, environmental movement and youth movement, among others, whipped up a great storm of change that is still in process. An evolving global spirit movement was birthed in the midst of this wild wind. The chronology shared here is a brief history of a movement of people who threw themselves into releasing social and personal transformation in Century 20, that continues today in many shapes and forms to live, encourage, and create new ways of being in Century 21. This chronological history and the vast Global Archives share research, methods and values that they discovered, lived, and are applying in community and organizational work across the planet. I first encountered this movement in 1966. I was getting my master’s degree at Colorado State University and lived in what I found out later was a sort of rogue Faith and Life Community brought from Austin, Texas. One day the Wesley Foundation youth pastor who had just taken a course at the Ecumenical Institute (EI) in Chicago led a study of Paul Tillich’s paper “You are Accepted.” One statement triggered an hour of hot debate in my residence. It was a quote Tillich borrowed from Immanuel Kant, “there is something in the misfortune

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of our best friends which does not displease us.” It was as though a strange wind had blown into the room and we were uneasy. Did we really want to acknowledge that shadow in our lives? All these years later, I can say that the challenge for self-conscious reflection and authenticity has been constant for anyone touched by the work of the people in this movement. In recent years, as new people encounter the Institute of Cultural Affairs (ICA) approaches and ToP™ (Technology of Participation™) methods, they ask, “Where did all these methods and understandings come from?” Without intensive training and research programs such as the Academy , summer research assemblies, and social demonstration projects it has been difficult to share that history in a life-changing way. I still remember the Board of ICA Canada in the early 1990s asking for more context so they could fully understand our work. Most of these people knew only ICA ToP™ methods and our newsstand magazine Edges: New Planetary Patterns. My husband, Brian Stanfield, an Academy teacher for many years, gave a 2 ½-hour religious studies lecture that included all the secular dynamics shared in this foundational course. He was totally breathless by the end of it and emotionally drained, but people got a substantial taste of the radical foundations on which this movement stands. A few years later these same people demanded that we write something to explain the foundations of the movement’s thought and action. Most of us thought that was an impossible task, but with their help we published the first edition of The Courage to Lead. The book, which has spawned book clubs, explores twelve aspects of what it takes to relate authentically to life, world, society, and self. It asks four questions: Where do I find meaning in my life? In what context do I make decisions? What role do I want to play in the change process in society, work, community, and family? How do I keep learning from my experience and trust my own inner wisdom? The reader wrestles with what it really takes to say yes to life as it happens day in and day out, and then is asked to consider the possibility of moving beyond a confrontational approach to a being-for-something approach. That role dances through the Kazantzakis quotes. In 2009, I was reminded again of this need to share foundational values and approaches. I spent a profound week with an ICA training team made up of Australians, two New Zealanders, and the Maori leader of Te Mauri Tau. She

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invited us to meet in their Whaingaroa Environmental centre in New Zealand. The idea was to explore what it would take for us to be able to ensure that ToP training in New Zealand was as culturally appropriate as possible. Underlying this concern was a deeper question: was ICA really colonialist like so many other organizations? Our host asked many difficult questions, especially about Fifth City, what we did there, and why. As the ICA elder on the team I shared stories of the pilot work done there to train local leaders and to facilitate serious reflection and participation within the community in order to create together a desired future. I also shared the strong influence Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement had on that early work. In between these serious conversations, we explored the work of the centre, walked by the sea, participated in powerful rituals, ate delicious food, sat by the fire, and got to know one another. At the end of three days I held my breath to see what her verdict would be. Our host said: “Yes, we have common values.” A deeper trusting relationship had begun. This has paved the way for a partnership in designing and facilitating culturally appropriate events. I share these very specific experiences (out of so many) to explain the real need for this chronology and for accessible global archives. This chronology celebrates the wildness and passion created and lived by thousands of people from many countries across this planet. It gives all those you care now and in the future permission to chase after windmills occasionally, to dream the impossible dream with characters like Don Quixote, and to forge a just and sustainable society. Thank you, Beret, for your persistent work over the last few decades to make this history more accessible to many. The fruits of the EI/ICA enterprise will never be completely known, but every life passionately given to being itself has a tangible effect on life itself. This movement invites everyone to live creative, conscious, and caring lives and shares methods and approaches for doing just that. May the 21st Century continue to reap the benefits of this shared and lived research in ways we can’t even anticipate today. Jeanette Stanfield Toronto, Ontario, Canada September 14, 2015

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Preface The Chronological History 1952–1988 traces the development of The Ecumenical Institute (EI) and the Institute of Cultural Affairs (ICA), organizations dedicated to sharing methods and models, which have brought depth consciousness and practical tools for responsible participation to organizations and communities. Both organizations, EI and ICA, contributed to the evolution of movements for citizen participation, community development, and organization transformation, in many nations over the past 63 years. The chronology documents the creation, use, and evolution of the intellectual, social, and spirit methods and models that are the foundations of the work of EI, ICA, and the Technology of Participation™ (ToP™) group facilitation methods training. Many thousands of people contributed to this effort. In a multitude of ways, they all shared a concern that people in communities and organizations learn and work together in a spirit-filled climate of possibility. This Chronological History is an acknowledgement of their contributions to the intellectual breadth, spiritual depth, and underlying social consciousness of care and compassion for people and our planet at the heart of these creative tools that are now used around the world. These resources are for people who care about effective organizations and inclusive communities. What follows will be of immediate relevance to people interested in the ICA: course participants, people who have attended ICArelated events, or anyone who has come into contact with people who use and continue to refine ICA methods. It will also be of interest to practitioners who wish to trace one well-documented creative thread among the many that contributed to the shaping of the new world we inhabit today. The idea for this chronological history grew out of conversations during working sessions at the Institute of Cultural Affairs in Phoenix, Arizona in September 1991. Twenty-one ICA facilitators had gathered to consider What’s Next? for their own professional development and for training new ICA facilitators. The participants were a mixture of experienced facilitators and people just beginning their facilitator journey. We all sensed that what we were working on would empower us.

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One of our sessions explored the history and development of ICA methods from the perspective of the people in the room. This produced great interest, excitement, and gratitude among the participants. There was a sense that it would be important to continue working on the history. On the spot, I decided that I would incorporate this continued work into my MA project/thesis in Organization Development and Transformation from the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco. When the data generated at that September 1991 session in Phoenix became available, I used it as the starting point for my chronological history. I looked through my files to gather more historical information for additions to the chronology. I also requested input from colleagues around the world. As I gathered additional data, I decided to expand the chronology to include personal recollections. I brainstormed a list of people who would know when and how methods originated and created a rough draft of the chronology so they could offer additions and corrections. This process of gathering information from additional people relied on ECONET, an early electronic mail system; connections at meetings; and postal mail. In January 1992, I sent an early draft to 41 ICA contacts with email addresses. I gave the draft to 75 people who attended an ICA West members meeting at the end of January. In early February 1992, I mailed drafts to 24 people from the original brainstorm list. In mid-February, I mailed drafts to an additional seven people at the Wilder Forest ICA Network Association meeting who had not yet been involved. In April 1992, I sent the draft to all of the ICA colleagues in the Western United States. It was a wonderful adventure and great encouragement to receive input to the emerging chronology. A comment from Lyn Mathews Edwards, one of the members of the original Ecumenical Institute staff, was a particular delight. Lyn said, “The Chronological History is the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.” Another longtime colleague, Jim Troxel, wrote, “A great gift. I will review and send to you any additions, etc.” A third colleague, George West, who had been involved in the process from early on, wrote an encouraging note from Lima, Peru: “This is a great project you have going. It’s a good spirit exercise to reflect on these things, and fun. I am sending you what I have and will look for more time to work on it next week.”

« Return to ToC xiii

A second draft of the Chronology, with all of these inputs, was completed in August 1992. Jean Watts took copies with her to the ICA international conference in Prague. Following the conference, I began receiving additional corrections and information for the Chronology. Since work for my MA was completed, I had to decide whether I would continue this work. My answer was obviously Yes! In the months that followed, Brian Stanfield and Lyn Edwards particularly provided continued input and support. In October 1992, along with extensive feedback for the second draft, Brian wrote, “Greetings! This is a real gem you are working on, and so important that it be captured before memories grow dim.” Finally, in April 1993, a third draft was complete. During 1992 and early 1994, as my research was expanding and the final version of the Chronology was nearing completion, I was hopeful that it would become part of more extensive documentation of the work of the ICA. I thought to myself, “Time will tell.” Time did tell, and a Global Archives Project was started in February 1993, with Lyn Mathews Edwards as the Project Director. This Chronological History and the Global Archives Project both focused primarily on the first forty years of the work of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs. Preserving, organizing, cataloguing, and presenting this huge body of knowledge has been a work in progress involving dozens of volunteers and thousands of hours. But during the 20-plus years since the third draft of the Chronology and the inauguration of a formal archive project, colleagues all over the world have continued to develop new programs that respond to their local needs. Their efforts continue to extend the reach and impact of ICA programs and related activities. Important professional networks have also emerged. The International Association of Facilitators (IAF) grew out of the ICA Network Association. The ToP™ Trainers Network (TTN) was created to support ICA group facilitation training and the growing number of ToP™ trainers marketing ToP™ courses and developing new ToP™ methods. In 2013, as a part of my work on the Global Archives Project team, I decided to do a major revision of the document. In the fall of 2014, David Dunn, Mirror Communication, was hired to create the layout, work with me on continuing to edit, and prepare the document for e-publication. Paul Noah continues to research and supply graphics. There will always be additions and corrections. Beret E. Griffith September 2015

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Acknowledgements Special mention goes to participants in the Phoenix meeting in September 1991, when this all got started. If Marilyn Oyler had decided to do something else that morning, I doubt that I would have been the one to gather this information. Colleagues whose memories were the foundation of this work include Dorothea Jewell, Pat Tuecke, Carol Fleischman, Marilyn Oyler, Dan Groves, Hubert Fulkerson, Angelica Rodriquez, John Oyler, Teresa Lingafelter, Robert Lingafelter, Raul Jorquera, Shakuntala Jadhav, Kay Fulkerson, Rick Walters, Leslie Jackson, Kim Epley, Linda Hamilton, Ken Whitney, Gary Forbes, John Adam, Jim Wiegel and Kate Ward. Thank you to you all. I have loved hunting through old documents. But many colleagues helped expand the work of the Global Archives Project. Audrey Ayres, Betty Pesek, Marge and LeRoy Philbrook, and Delores Horn were regulars for several years, helping to document the enormous amount of material collected—upwards of 180 file cabinets full. There were also several week-long archives helpers, Wanda and George Holcombe, Sandra True, Charles and Doris Hahn, Bill and Barbara Alerding, and Juana Foss provided practical work and spirit support. Untold numbers of “Archive Angels” have supported the project in a multitude of ways. Thank-you to everyone who conversed, wrote, called, faxed, or emailed information to me in the early stages of developing the Chronological History: Jim Troxel, Barbara and Bill Alerding, George West, Jean Watts (who sent a bag of old tape recordings!), Marilyn Oyler, Ann Ensinger, Sandra True, Nan Grow, Sookja Hutcheons, Lela Jahn, Pam Bergdall, Terry Bergdall, John Burbidge, Jim Wiegel, Edith Byers, Li Dona Wagner, Susan Wegner, Burna Dunn, Pat Tuecke, David Thomas, Catherine Welch, Dorothea Jewell, Marie Sharp, Dick and Gail West, Linda Hamilton, Don Elliott, Martha Lee Sugg, Ieva Wool, and Sue Wegner. I especially want to acknowledge Brian Stanfield, whose timeline charts with their divisions and headings were first published in 1992. These charts were added to an early version of the Chronological History in 1994 and appear on the chapter title pages of this edition. A special hug and thank you to Marge Philbrook (who, if a file exists, can find it) and to Jean Long and Sally Fenton who continue to show up to help in many ways. Finally, thank you to the volunteers working on the ICA Global Archives Tech Team, Tim Wegner, Wendell Refior, and Steve Harrington, for making documents from the vast EI/OE/ICA files digitally available.

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When you are dealing with methodology you are dealing with the rubric of being itself. Which is to say that methodology never stands on its own feet. It does not exist. It exists only in relationship to that which is unsynomous with the self. And when that is forgotten then you have the kind of nonsense in which we educate people just to educate people. Joseph Mathews, Collegium, Summer Academy, 1969

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This document’s roots reach back more than thirty years. It began as a simple log of the work of the Ecumenical Institute, the Order Ecumenical, and the Institute of Cultural Affairs covering the years 1952–1988. In this latest iteration, it has become a visual outline of the major events, the research gatherings, and the innovative work of 1,000s of people around the world who developed the intellectual, social, and spirit methods cataloged here. Now, new communication and publishing technologies make it possible to evolve into something new again. The Chronological History is becoming a visual timeline that opens doorways and windows into the common memory shared by the remarkable movement it chronicles. As the ICA Archives collections grow in breadth and depth, PDFs created from the electronic files needed to manufacture printed books will be regularly updated with more links, missing information, and corrections that enhance the value of this volume. To those ends, your input is welcome. Many people have continued to create, innovate, and extend the work of the Insitute of Cultural Affairs since 1988. Their projects, programs, and personal endeavors are less well documented. Filling this information gap will be an important and exciting process of discovering the real legacy of the nearly four decades of work outlined here. A Google Doc (see Addendum) is available online for recording projects, programs, and individual efforts from 1989– 2016. The work of the ICA is ongoing around the world and some information has already been gathered. Visit » pages 94 and 95 for information on how you can help document the accomplishments of the last three decades in the unfoldiing history of the Institute of Cultural Affairs.

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Chapter 1


The Christian Faith and Life Community



• The Christian Faith and Life Community (CFLC), University of Texas, Austin

• Community of male students • Women students added to • Parish Ministry Colloquy formed at the Christian the Christian Faith and Life (PMC) created Faith and Life Community, Community, Austin. • The “Bug Model” created to University of Texas, Austin. • The Second Assembly of the describe the operations of World Council of Churches, any intentional group with meeting in Evanston, Illinois, a task. established the Institute • Research on culture and for Ecumenical Studies in community led to the Evanston—a “lay academy decision that the mission for world churchmen.” of the Ecumenical Institute would be the renewal of the church.

• Campus Ministry • Visit to Iona Community in Scotland • Visit to Taize Community in France • Researching models for corporate life and mission

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The Christian Faith and Life Community

The Campus Ministry 1952 Austin, Texas. The Campus Ministry Experiment existed within the Christian

Faith and Life Community (CFLC) at the University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Jack Lewis, a Presbyterian clergyman, was the campus minister. Two good background articles about the Christian Faith and Life Community were published in 1962, the tenth anniversary of its founding.* The Campus Ministers Symposium The Christian Faith and Life Community (CFLC), 2503 Rio Grande Street, Austin, Texas, was chartered in Texas in 1952 as an ecumenical lay training and research center, for the purpose of pioneering and developing new ways of training the laity for the sake of the renewal of the church. [symposium brochure]

The Faith and Life Community and the Campus Ministry were inspired by visits to the sites in Europe of the lay movement that was a response to the horror of the second world war, calling into question the role of the church in society and affirming the need for the laity to be theologically competent (George West, email 3/18/2014). 1953 The CFLC started the College House to provide a residential theological

education program for male students at the University of Texas. In 1953, The CFLC purchased the Wooten Mansion, called the Mansion on the Hill, for use as a student dormitory. Later it became known as the LAOS House.

CFLC College House (men’s residence) Wooten Mansion (women’s residence) * These articles are retrievable online. See Parker Rossman, (1962). “The Austin Community: Challenge and Controversy.” The Christian Scholar. (Login required) and TIME Magazine, (1962, May 4). “Religion: The Thereness of It All” (Subscription and login required)

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The Christian Faith and Life Community 1954

Austin. Women students were added to the CFLC in 1954.

The Wooten Mansion served as the first women’s residence of the CFLC (Al Lingo, August 8, 2011). Evanston. The World Council of Churches delegates met in Evanston, Illinois

in 1954. They passed a resolution to establish the Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies in Evanston, IL, a “lay academy for world churchmen,” to be modeled on the Ecumenical Institute in Bossey, Switzerland. The Evanston Institute for Ecumenical studies was not related to the Christian Faith and Life Community.

The Bug Model 1955 Austin. The Bug Model—so named because it looks like a bug—was developed

at the Christian Faith and Life Community at a time when groups focused on their internal symbolic and intellectual life at the expense of fully engaging their external mission. It described the key tasks of a local congregation. It was one of the images used in early Ecumenical Institute courses and would become a prominent image for local colleague networks, known as Those Who Care. My recollection is that the Bug Model was used in the first RS-I-like course which I did at the Faith and Life Community in Austin. This is the best I can do at the moment (Carl Caskey, email, August 14, 2014). I believe Carl is correct. From my memory of RS-I at CFLC, [the Bug Model] was used in the church lecture, along with the wedge-blade image of the no longer and not yet.…the wedge-blade represented the mission of the church and the bug model represented how the church performed its mission (LiDoña Wagner, email, August 15, 2014). Symbolic Life, refers to the rituals and symbols that rehearse the story of the group. Intellectual Life refers to corporate study done by the group to clarify its work. A group’s symbolic and intellectual life support it’s external task.

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The Christian Faith and Life Community

Discipline is represented by the…[diamond] which joins together the internal life (study and symbolic) and the external life (mission). Discipline refers to how one structures one’s use of time and goods (resources), i.e. time-task constructs, etc. The Bug Model applies to congregations, cadres, a family’s life, or any other effective group (George West, email, March 18, 2014).

Symbolic Life

Witnessing Love


Intellectual Life

Justing Love

The two external tasks are Witnessing Love—the declaration that releases people’s freedom; and Justing Love—the work that calls people to use the power of witnessing love to create equitable new social structures. Discipline refers to the corporate life style evolving out of the other four activities.

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Chapter 2


Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church 1956




• Research and development of worship and the Daily Office

• Research into existential theology

• Research and development of the practice of discipline and comprehensive operating structures for intentional community

• Research into the concept of mission in the local church

• Experimentation with the use of contemporary poetry in worship, such as E.E. Cummings and T.S. Eliot

• Development of Religious Studies Curriculum

• Experimentation with secular language in worship

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• Development of the concept: “The Church is mission” • The Christian Faith and Life Community begins to focus work outside itself • 16 theological studies combined into the Religious Studies 1 course: RS-I: The 20th Century Theological Revolution


Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church

Austin and Evanston 1956

Austin. Joseph Wesley Mathews ( JWM) was a graduate of Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, and, from 1952–1956, a professor of Sociology of Religion at Perkins. In 1956 he and his wife Lyn, joined the Christian Faith and Life Community (CFLC) in Austin, TX, where he served as Director of Studies.* (Doris Hahn, September 2014. Doris’ note continues on » page 19)

Research and development was done on practices in the arena of worship and a Contemporary Form of the Daily Office, used at the CFLC in Austin, was adapted and used. Experimentation was done with the use of contemporary poetry and secular language in worship. Evanston. The concept for an Institute for Ecumenical Studies was established

at the meeting of the World Council of Churches in 1954. In 1956, Christian businessmen in Chicago founded the Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies and invited Dr. Walter Leibrecht to come from Germany to be the director. “When Dr. Leibrecht returned to Germany in 1962 the Church Federation of Greater Chicago took responsibility for the centre and reorganised it under the name of ‘the Ecumenical Institute’” (History). 1957 Austin. Research into Existential Theology included development of a

Religious Studies Curriculum. Joe and Lyn Mathews traveled to Europe to visit centers of church renewal and experiments in corporate ministry and mission, including the Taize community in France and conversations with Lord George McLeod, founder of the Iona Community in Scotland. Contemporary Form of the Daily Office,” used at the CFLC in Austin, was adapted and used. Experimentation was done with the use of contemporary poetry and secular language in worship (History).

* See Mathews, Bishop James K. (2006). Brother Joe; A 20th Century Apostle. Resurgence Publishing.

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Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church

Evanston and Chicago. As I remember our traditional pitch about

our EI origins: “There was a resolution at the Second Assembly of the World Council of Churches meeting in Evanston stating that there be an Ecumenical Institute in the Western Hemisphere similar to the one the WCC operated at Bossey, Switzerland. There was no enabling legislation to go along with the resolution. After a while a group of Chicago North Shore Churchmen acted on the legislation and established The Ecumenical Institute at its first location in Evanston with Walter Leibrecht as its first Dean. They used theological faculty from various Chicago seminaries to do their various presentations or courses. When Leibrecht was chosen by his State Church (Landeskirke) in Germany to be its observer at Vatican Council II, EI was left without leadership and with failing financial resources. Then, the Church Federation of Greater Chicago (the Council of Churches-type organization for greater Chicago) stepped in to help with the situation, and EI became a Division of the Church Federation. The Church Federation began to search for a new dean, and finally selected Joseph W. Mathews who was Director of Studies at the Christian Faith and Life Community in Austin, Texas and formerly on the faculty at Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. He agreed to come if he could bring a significant core of the faculty of The Faith and Life Community with him, and if they could be at liberty to live as community sustaining themselves. The Church Federation agreed and seven or eight families moved to Evanston. After a year or so people in the neighborhood became uncomfortable with the “community” living in this rather large house in “up-scale” Evanston, and so the staff and the Church Federation began to search for a more suitable location. They found a recently vacated Church of the Brethren seminary campus on the near west side of Chicago. The Church Federation assisted in finding funding for the purchase of the campus. The Address was 3444 W. Congres Parkway. The group moved there in latter part of 1963 or early 1964. The Bossey Ecumenical Institute was still operating in the Autumn of 1966 when Doris and I and Joe and Carol Pierce touched base there as a part of our research trip to NAME (North Africa and Middle East). Grace and Peace (Charles Hahn, Dialogue, July 18, 2011).

See Chicago Tribune (1957, February 23) Church Study Group Planned for Evanston. Part 1, p. 18. [Vote taken to establish an Institute for Ecumenical Studies in Evanston]

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Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church



When the Ecumenical Institute was established in Evanston I was a student at Garrett and I attended several lectures by visiting theologians. It is my understanding the Church Federation of Greater Chicago later “recruited” Joe Mathews from the Faith and Life Community to come to Evanston as the Dean of the Ecumenical Institute. (Bill Bailey, Dialogue, July 16, 2011) Austin. At the CFLC research and development was done on the practice of

discipline and how to create comprehensive operating structures for an intentional community. Continuing theology courses for clergy and RS-1 for lay church members, were taught across Texas. The community began to turn its attention to the role of the local congregation in society, and a weekend residential seminar, known as Religious Studies 1 (RS1) was developed. The seminar was taught to local congregations and student groups (History).

On the 30th anniversary of the creation of RS-I, the Bergdalls sent holiday greetings from Kenya with an artform that captured RS-I’s life message.

The reverse side of Terry’s and Pam’s card is on page 15.

See Chicago Tribune (1958, February 15) Select Aids for Group on Ecumenical Studies. Part 1, p.16 [Director, six consultants named for Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies] and Chicago Tribune (1959, April 4) Notes on the News in Religion. Part 1, p.7. [Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies will hold conference for church women of Chicago.]

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Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church

The Religious Studies Curriculum The RS-I seminar was the foundation of the Religious Studies Curriculum. Five symbols anchored the course and visually represented a basic understanding of “The Way Life Is” (TWLI) that has influenced much of the work of EI and ICA over the past fifty-plus years.*

Religious Studies I The Big Squeeze. The picture we have called the “Big Squeeze” is a symbolic description of the life dynamic every human being encounters. Consciously or unconsciously, every human being is driven by care, care about the sustenance of life, care about knowledge of life and care about living life. And yet every human being is also limited by the finiteness of all of life. Sustenance is never satisfied, knowledge is cut off, deeds are not completed or are miscarried, and longing for perfection is never realized. Human beings realize they are not their own creator. This enigmatic power that makes a comedy of human caring, that casts us into solitude, that calls us to more caring, and that gives the guilty over to torment. At the same time we are driven to life, to love, to doing, and to knowing. The struggle between self-assertion and duty continues throughout life. This power is always beyond us and yet human beings are forced to name it and stand in the midst of this life dynamic. The Intrusion Event. The Human BEing is, out of necessity, an illusion maker. We are forced to interpret life, creating an imperfect but necessary picture of reality that allows us to function. The intrusion is an occasion in which reality destroys the picture of our self and universe that we have created, and reveals the actual situation to which we must respond. The intrusion is not an idea, but an event which takes place in the midst of everyday life in which the illusions about life are shattered and one’s whole life perspective is called into question. When one’s being is threatened one seeks to defend the shattered life by destroying the intrusion, but the bursting of the illusion is permanent and each individual either is left to deny the fact of the happening or to create a new life out of the new situation. The Word. The word of possibility is a confessional statement about a transforming * This description of the RS-I seminar was transcribed from The Roundtable, ICA:Chicago, 1981–82. A chart of the Religious Studies Curriculum is on » page 16. « Return to ToC 13

Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church posture one can take in relationship to the event and situations of life. This word is pronounced on reality and declares in relationship to the present that all is good, without exception; it declares that my life with all its problems and gifts is received by the universe; that all of the past is totally approves; and that the future is entirely open. The impact of this confession destroys all excuses for escape from real situations and releases the possibility of creative engagement in what was previously seen as an impossible situation. The Tension. This symbol reflects the two poles of obedience and freedom. Human beings are constantly caught in the decision to be obedient to obligation or to be free from a set cultural patterns, structures or principles. The human being has the freedom to decide between obedience or freedom. The guide to which a human being turns is responsibility to self and neighbor. It is responsibility which holds the tension between blind obedience and blatant irresponsibility. In this time in history when the lines between right or wrong vary from one situation to the next, we must observe the situation, judge it, weigh-up the alternatives, decide the response and act on the decision. Responsibility to all of life provides the context in which the decision is made. Once made, the decision is judged by history itself. The Wedge Blade—“living on the point” between the no longer and the not yet. The image of the wedge blade depicts how the future is built in the midst of the present as the old forms of care (that have brought the human being to this present moment) pass out of being. History has always been created by “selves” who had a model, worked together corporately to get it into history and thus altered the direction of history. The activity of this people is always creating the future in the middle of nowhere or out between the “no longer” and the “not yet,” and inviting others to follow. As “Those Who Care,” change the direction of history, it call for their lives to be laid down on behalf of that very future they are bringing into being. The people who

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Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church have been called the “Those Who Care” decide who they are in total solitude with nobody’s approval, and discover others who have made the same decision. Those who live on behalf of the future have no certainty that what they do is the adequate or necessary act but they perform their deeds in the midst of ambiguity and insecurity. The one who dares to care for the future receives none of society’s rewards but experiences unexplainable joy and peace that passes any rational understanding, and finally there’s no end to the job of changing the face of the globe; it calls for total commitment and requires one’s whole life.

The front side of Terry’s and Pam’s card is on page 12.

Austin. Research done on the concept of mission in the local church

within the Christian Faith and Life Community. The phrase “The Church is Mission” was coined and the CFLC work began to focus outside the community. The Parish Ministers’ Colloquy (PMC) was created and held two days a week for four weeks. A course was developed for clergy wives—probably a 40-hour course. I think the lay courses followed the PMC, probably in 1960 (Doris Hahn, 2014).

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Research and Development: Theology, Community, and Church

The Religious Studies Curriculum • RS-I The Twentieth Century Theological Revolution Lecture Seminar •  The Limits of Life or •  What am I finally up against in life?” The Finality of God •  Is there any word of possibility for life? •  The Possibilities for Life or The Christ Event •  How can I make decisions about what to do? •  The Ambiguity of Life or Decisiveness Through Christ •  “Reguiem for a Heavyweight” [movie and reflection] •  The Revolutionary Cadre or The Creation of History — Theoretical Courses —

•  How can I contribute significantly to history? — Practical Courses —

•  RS-IIA The Historical Church

•  RS-IIIA The Local Church

•  RS-IIB The New Testament

•  RS-IIIB The Ecumenical Movement

•  RS-IIC The Old Testament

•  RS-IIIC The World Religions

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Chapter 3


Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City 1960




• Image of 3 tasks created:

• CS-I: Cultural Studies, “The 20th Century Cultural Revolution” course created and taught

• Joseph Wesley Mathews (JWM) called to be Dean of the Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies

• Decision to move to the West Side of CHICAGOhicago

• Seven families of the Faith and Life Community • Development of the Charting accepted the directorship of the Institute Method

• The 5th City Project launched

1. Contextual Reeducation 2. Community Reformulation 3. Spirit Remotivation • Practical research on how a community of people could live together missionally

• Development of the Corporate Study Method

• Basic images of model building formed through the study of Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Ethics and C. Wright Mills’ Images of Man • RS-I taught regularly

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• Seven families buy Bethany Seminary and move in • Geneva Offices created to fit the RS-1 format • Trips to Europe and Africa for geo-social analysis

Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City 1960

Master Strategies and Intellectual Methods Austin. The three master strategies developed at the CFLC during 1958–1962

became the three key tasks of the Order Ecumenical and the Ecumenical Institute.

1. Contextual Reeducation Methods and programs that allow each individual to respond creatively to the complex demands of living in the 20th century and beyond through new breakthroughs in methodology and curricula.

2. Structural Reformulation Methods and programs that help individuals to assist the structures of society in realizing their potential by overcoming apathy and powerlessness through just and effective participative decision making.

3. Spirit Remotivation Models and programs that open new possibilities for significant individual and corporate engagement in human history by freeing people’s imagination from cynicism despair, and hopelessness. CFLC staff and families live in their own homes, but create a corporate life and discipline. Practical research is done on how a community of people can live and work together missionally. The study of Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s Ethics and C. Wright Mills’ Images of Man reveals basic images of model building. RS-I was taught on a regular basis. Creation and teaching of the Cultural Studies I (CS-I) course, “The Twentieth Century Cultural Revolution.” I think the lay courses followed the PMC, probably in 1960. ( Doris Hahn, 2014)

Development of two key intellectual methods The Corporate Study Method is a dialogue between the author of a work and a group, focusing on what the author is saying and the experience of the participants. The Charting Method provides a visual picture of the written material being studied and emphasizes the structure of the work. January 1962 Austin. In January, the last RS-I was taught in Texas before the move to Chicago. Chicago Tribune (1961, February 5) Scholar Plans Address for Church Group. Part 8, p.1. [Dr. Theodore Wedel, former canon at the Washington Episcopal Cathedral and a resident scholar at the Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies, will speak….]

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Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City

From Austin to Evanston Austin to Evanston. Joseph Wesley Mathews ( JWM) was a graduate of

Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, and, from 1952–1956, a professor of Sociology of Religion at Perkins. In 1956 he and his wife Lyn, joined the Christian Faith and Life Community (CFLC) in Austin, TX, where he served as Director of Studies. In 1962, JWM was called to be Dean of the Evanston Institute for Ecumenical Studies, by Edgar Chandler, Executive Director of the Chicago Council of Churches, to fill the vacancy left by Walter Leibrecht who was called by his church in Germany to be their representative at Vatican Council II. [The Evanston Institute was reorganized and renamed the Ecumenical Institute.] JWM, his wife Lyn and family, along with six other families from the CFLC, moved to Evanston, Illinois. Joe was Dean of the Ecumenical Institute, and adult members of the other families were accepted as faculty without pay. At that time, the Ecumenical Institute was a training division of the Church Federation of Greater Chicago.

Seven families and their children moved to Evanston in 1962 1.  Joe and Lyn Mathews; Jim, Joe Jr., and John 2.  Joe and Ann Slicker; Bill, Jo Ann, and John 3.  David and Donna McClesky 4.  Joe and Joy Pierce; Kathy, Dale, Greg, and Mark 5.  Bill and Gretta Cozart 6.  Don and Beverly Warren 7.  Fred and Sarah Buss (Sarah Buss, 2014)

In early 1963, this group began looking for a suitable place in the City of Chicago to live and experiment with a local community development project. They found that the Church of the Brethren was moving out of their seminary on the west side of Chicago in the heart of the west side Black ghetto. This setting met all their major needs, and after negotiating to buy the property, it became the new home of The Ecumenical Institute at 3444 W. Congress Parkway in the summer of 1963 (Doris Hahn, September 2014).

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…June–July 1962

Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City

…June–July 1962

You might say, in order to symbolize the difference between Walter Leibrecht and Joe, that in 1960–1964 there was a “corporate faculty.” Also, the staff was greatly enlarged. Leibrecht’s idea of a curriculum was more along the lines of Church History. He brought in professors from the seminaries as well as ecumenical thinkers. But his methods were for us to buy books and study them, chapter by chapter. The corporate faculty was a “first” also (Barbara Allerding, letter from Guatemala, March 20, 1992). Evanston. When Dr. Leibrecht returned to Germany in 1962, the Church

* Look for description of how the Order was organized and grew for appendix.

Federation of Greater Chicago took responsibility for the centre and reorganised it under the name of ‘the Ecumenical Institute’. The Federation invited Dr. Mathews of the Christian Faith and Life Community to become the Dean. Seven families from the Christian Faith and Life Community decided to join him there to form a corporate teaching staff. These families came as volunteers without a salary. They continued to develop the curriculum for local congregations while researching the form and meaning of contemporary Christian community. After studying the forms of corporate life of the historical religious orders, the staff began to model the community after the ‘third’ order or family orders, emphasising a corporate life­style of worship, study and service. This was the origin of the Order Ecumenical* (History). In June 1962 the first six families moved into…the stately Knabe Mansion (built by the famous Knabe Piano Family) at 1742 Asbury with Frank Hilliard volunteering (he was still at Perkins) as a truck driver.…It had six bedrooms, the loveliest collegium room in North America, and a huge carriage house. Sarah and I got married on July 21st, we took nine days to drive to Chicago from Ozona, Texas, and [the 7th] family …moved into the master bedroom (38’x26’)…which they had saved for the newlyweds (Fred Buss).*

* See “Fred Buss on early days of the Order” and The Order Ecumenical: A Collection of Brief Essays on the Dynamics of Order Polity on the Repository website.

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Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City Trip to Africa. JWM went to Africa in the spring of 1963 with Bishop James Spring 1963 Mathews. As the independence movements in Africa were peaking and succeeding, Patrice Lumumba was still on everyone’s lips. JWM was captivated by how they did this. The Lumumba Room* (a conference room symbolizing order polity and community consensus) was named as a result of a trip to Africa.

The Move Into Chicago’s West Side EI staff had been looking for a site in Chicago where we could be part of the Civil Rights movement. Busses and McCleskeys were sent to Africa in summer of 1963 to research the methods used by African independence movements in hopes some of these could be applied to working with African Americans in Chicago. While Busses and McCleskeys were in Africa, the Bethany Seminary property was found, secured, and everyone and everything was moved from the Ecumenical Institute house on Asbury in Evanston to Bethany Seminary on the West Side. The seven families affiliated with the Ecumenical Institute bought the old Bethany Seminary at [3444 Congress Parkway] in the heart of the West Side. They brought their belongings, their children, and their desire to set up an urban center for improving human communities (Ulrich, 1976). Joe acquired the Congolese cross in the Congo on his trip with Bishop Jim. It was a form of money used in ancient African times.…I think for JWM it represented antiquity and symbolized that the cross pre-dated Christianity (LiDoña Wagner, 2014). The residential community on the West Side of Chicago established [itself ] as The Order: Ecumenical (O:E) and used the image of the Congolese Cross as the symbol of the order. Frank Hilliard nailed the Congolese cross on the wall of the dining room at 3444 Congress Parkway as part of ritualizing this beginning. The Order Ecumenical was an experiment in 20th century religious community. This was a time of experiments of many kinds of community across the United States and Europe (Doris Hahn, 2014). * Patrice Lumumba was an independence movement leader and the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo.

See Chicago Tribune (1963, March 17)

Religious Course. Section 10 SW, p.8. [The Ecumenical Institute…will conduct an eight-week religious studies course for laymen…]

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Summer 1963

Curriculum Development, Teaching, and the Move into Fifth City …1963

Fifth City, Chicago The 5th City Human Development Project [“Community Reformulation Project” at the time] began in a Chicago West Side neighborhood surrounding the Ecumenical Institute (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1979). The name 5th City grew out of the sense of people that their “city” was going to be entirely different from the four socio-geographic “cities” that make up the modern urban complex: downtown, inner city, neighborhoods, suburbs. This new community was going to be based not on geography, but on the sheer decision of its citizens. It would be a “5th City,” built to bring hope and renewal to cities everywhere (5th City, Rebirth of the Human City, 1973).

Geneva Offices The five Geneva Offices were written as a part of the RS-I courses held at Lake Geneva and were designed to represent the five sections of the RS-I format.* The Geneva Offices were in fact created at the [Young Men’s/Young Women’s Christian Associations] conference at George Williams College in Wisconsin. In fact, George Williams College is located at/on Lake Geneva, which is how [the offices] got their name. Most people think they were named for something to do with Geneva, Switzerland, site of the World Council of churches, but that’s not true ( Jim Troxel, 1992).

The Oklahoma Connection From 1963 to 1966, Carl Caskey and I (Vance Engelman), were CoDirectors of the Wesley Foundation at Oklahoma State University. During that time Gene Marshall with EI came to the campus to visit his parents who were on our Board. He told us what was going on in Chicago and the rest is history. We met in l964 and over the next year and a half we sent roughly 150 students and faculty to Chicago for courses. Some you will know: Jim Troxel, Rob Work, Judy Montgomery, Leah Jahn, and a couple others who wound up in Chicago OE, and about ten others who wound up in Regional Houses (Vance Engelman, December 15, 2002). * Later versions of the five Geneva Offices, marked LC-1, LC-2, etc. were prepared for use in the Local Church Experiment.

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Chapter 4

June 1964–June 1968

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical 1964




• 5th City Grid created: 16 square blocks with 5,000 people, divided into stakes to handle neighbourhood issues

• Creation of the Summer • Summer Research Assembly: • Summer Research Assembly: Research Assembly program RS-1 and Imaginal Education Training the Spirit Movement for training and research pedagogy. Creation of 5th • Ur Course created and taught City Preschool Curriculum • First training summer for • Iron Man statue unveiled in teachers and students. • Opening of 5th City 5th City Plaza Focus: education Preschool to deal with victim • Formation of the Institute of • First 5th City Festivals Cultural Affairs as a program • Created Community image • North American Grid division of the Ecumenical Reformulation Methods and • Community Workdays Institute • 14,000 through RS-1 the five Presuppositions of • Council I: created Community Reformulation “Prolegomena to the Rule of • Council II creates “Declaration of the Spirit • Creation of the Global Grid & the Order” Movement” GS Carmp, MP system • Metro Cadre meetings • Trips to Latin America, • Creation of the Nation & • 5th City Problemat Middle East and South East World course • RS-1 taught across USA Asia • Fifth City Jets • Development of the New • First Student House

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Religious Mode

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical


The Ecumenical Institute 5th City Grid The 5th City grid was created in 1964. These two versions of the grid appeared in the summer 1967 and fall 1981 issues of Image, respectively.*

The grid determined boundaries within which work could be done effectively. Sixteen square blocks, with 5,000 people were divided into “stakes,” which handled specific neighborhood issues (5th City, Rebirth of the Human City, 1973).

September 1964

Initial work on the [5th City] preschool curriculum began in September 1964. Donna McCleskey (Lidoña Wagner) led a team including Sue Burdick, Doris Hahn, Aimee Williams (Hilliard), who did day-to-day teaching in the Chicago Public Schools (CPS 5) during the day and curriculum development in evenings (Doris Hahn, 2013).

Local cadres

Local cadres were formed in Boston and New Orleans.

The Ecumenical Institute logo The EI logo was created in 1964–65. The alpha and omega refer to “the beginning and the end” (refering to Jesus), the boat is a reference to the church as the new ark for the People of God. The cross is the symbol of vicarious self-giving—living on behalf of others. * Sketched grid (top): Ecumenical Institute (1967, Summer). The 5th City Reformulation Project. Image, Journal of the Ecumenical Institute, 4, p. 7. Drafted grid (mid-page): Institute of Cultural Affairs (1981). The Spirit of Community Is Being Recovered. Image: A Journal On The Human Factor, 10(4), p. 11.

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

Summer Training and Research Programs Between 1965 and 1969/70 the three basic tasks of the Ecumenical Institute were Contextual Re-education, Community Re-formulation, and Spirit Re-motivation (Dolores Morrill, 1979. “The History of the Global Morement’s Assemble-ing,” New York Region). (See » page 99.) The Summer Programs—whether training or research—were times when the previous year’s experimentations of different methods were synthesized, assimilated, crystallized, and frequently put in manual forms. For example, at the end of summer ’69, each group took one course of the Academy and wrote up the manual on it (Jim Troxel, 1992).

Summer training programs started in 1965 The version of Dolores Morrill’s “Assemble-ing” timeline below shows how the focus of summer programs changed from Summer ’65 to Summer ’79. The History of the Global Movement’s Assemble-ing* (Dolores Morrill collegium, New York Region, 1979)

The Summers of Training the Spirit Movement » 1965

» 1966

» 1967

» 1968

» 1969

Summer Training Form

RS-I and Imaginal Education Pedagogy

Movement Training

The New Religious The First Mode Academies

The Summers of Social Research » 1970

» 1971

Tactical System for The New Social the Local Church Vehicle

» 1972

» 1973

» 1974

Whistlepoints, Pressure Points

The Guild

Ecumenical Parish

The Summers of Practical Implementation » 1975

» 1976

» 1977

» 1978

» 1979

Town Meeting ’76

Global Social Demonstration

Global Servant Force Expansion

Awakenment Demonstration Interchange Formation

Global Symposium interchange

* The » Years in the timeline above are clickable cross references to the related pages later in the PDF version of this book.

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical


Summer programs included building and teaching a Religious Curriculum and a Cultural Curriculum, councils, and research programs. 1. Summer ’65. The first training summer focused on education and was primarily for teachers and college students.… A group of college students [came] to the West Side where they participated in 5th City workdays.… Fifty students were in a six-week work-study program, …“Beyond Protest.” The first training program was…an effort to fill in the blanks of our theoretical curriculum—religious and cultural. [I believe] David McCleskey led the six week session.…He pretty much spent the summer sitting outside the door of the McCleskey’s room going through books, choosing sections to be the seminar papers for the given courses, and writing the initial lesson plans. I don’t know whether he also did the lecture plans. (He sat by their room, because the McCleskeys were assigned to take care of baby Theresa Marshall while the Marshall’s were on a trip to Latin America.) 2. Summer ’66. We added clergy/local church and teacher groups and still had a college group, so that there were three groups. 3. Summer ’67. We again had the three groups—a really large session. That’s the summer Charles Lingo set up an Ur celebration each Saturday night. 4. Summer ’68. We tried to go low key, because we had been through the riots in April [following the Martin Luther King assassination]. So, we started at four o’clock in the morning (or some such time) and stopped after supper. I can’t remember whether there was a separate group for teachers or not, but there was not [a separate group] for college [students]—the whole assembly was simply divided into four groups, I believe. 5. Summer ’69. The Academy—two in the program center and an Urban Academy in Teutopolis, Illinois. 6. Summer ’70. The [Tactical System for the Local Church]

Research Assemblies began in 1971. 7. Summer 1971. International Research Assembly (IRA) followed a year of research done by Religious Houses. 8. Summer 1972. The name changed to Global Research Assembly (GRA). 9. Summer 1973. A GRA again, and I don’t know how long that continued (Doris Hahn, July 2014).

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

Summer 1965

July 1965

Summer Training Form First Summer Training Program

The Summer ’65 brochure used edgy language for its cover: “For vanguard cadres of university students. A crucial front in summer service projects.” The Summer ’65 brochure gives an overview of the summer’s “study curriculum and work tactics.”

Cultural Studies Curriculum Completed and taught the Cultural Studies Curriculum. The central image of the curriculum focused on explorations surrounding the questions “What is the revolution going on in our world at this time?” and “What does it mean to be a creator of humanness in the midst of that?” The Cultural Studies Curriculum • CS-I The Twentieth Century Cultural Revolution Lecture Seminar Ortega y Gasset, “The Structure of Life” •  The Scientific Revolution Mumford, “The Myth of Megalopolis” •  The Urban Revolution Eliade, “Observations on Religious Symbolism” •  The Secular Revolution Sartre, “The Philosophy of Revolution” •  Contextual Ethics — Theoretical Courses —

— Practical Courses —

•  CS-IIA Psychology and Art

•  CS-IIIA The Individual and The Family

•  CS-IIB Sociology and History

•  CS-IIIB The Community and The Polis

•  CS-IIC Natural Science and Philosophy

•  CS-IIIC The Nation and The World

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

… July 1965

Community Reformulation Created Community Reformulation Methods and the Five Presuppositions of Community Reformulation.

Five Presuppositions of Community Reformulation Presupposition 1. A community reformulation project must be conducted in a limited geographical area. Presupposition 2. Community reformulation must deal with the depth human problem in the area. Presupposition 3. The key to the identity building phase of community reformulation is the intentional use of symbols. Presupposition 4. Community reformulation must deal with all of the critical problems of a community simultaneously. Presupposition 5. Community reformulation must deal with all age levels in the community. (Image, 1967)

Developed the Manifesto and Problemat. Goals Problemat Geo-social Analysis Grid Space

Strategy Tactics Timeline Time

When I arrived in ’65 we were operating out of the [model above] for planning and the one we used to create the 5th City model. The goals were simply a flip of the problemat, i.e. resolve the problem (George West, 1992).

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

The Gridding Method

… July 1965

The world grid (Global Grid) came into existence with the Nation and World course. The globe was…the context for action and all action was… interrelated. Gridding was a way of appropriating the world and describing the complex and dynamic inter-relationships of the given and emerging continents of the globe.…The globe was divided into three spheres and nine continents….[the grid] establishes the symbolic boundaries between the nine continents (Roundtable, Quarter II, 1981–82). Gridding is a method for seeing rational patterns in geography. It developed as a way for a group to form a consensus in relationship to a particular geography and was a symbolic and practical step for taking responsibility for the geography (Methods Manual, p. 17). The gridding sequence was: Continent Area Region Metro Polis Mcro Parish (six in a micro) Community Stake (5,000 people—six in a community) Block (200 people) Family Me (Cultural Studies 1, Global Academy course notes, 1972)

Need hi-res version

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

September 1965

Add link to scanned Images

The 5th City Preschool opened September 1965; received first grant then. Aimee Hilliard was the first director (September 1965–December 1966). First faculty was Nancy Trevathan (Loudermilk), Ruth Marshall (Merrifield), Keith Sanford (Packard), Phyllis Christmas (Hockley), Kaye Hayes (Kaze Gadway), and Rose West. Sarah Buss was on the list, because she had professional credentials (Doris Hahn 2013). JWM and Fred Buss attended Vatican II as observers. Vatican II opened October 1962 and closed on the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in 1965 [December 8, 1965]. I think Fred Buss went with Joe to Vatican II. Joe was invited by our friend in the Chicago hierarchy, whose name I cannot recall at the moment. I can see his face but not his name (George West, March 2014). The first IMAGE was published in 1965 (Bill Grow, 1993). RS-I was taught on the East coast and West coasts.

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

Summer 1966 RS-I and Imaginal Education Pedagogy Second Summer Research Program The six week program included RS-I and Imaginal Education Pedagogy and creation of the 5th City Preschool curriculum. Participants were primarily college students, teachers, and church leaders. A teachers’ group met during the summer and a Teacher Training Institute (TTI) was held on the West Side in July. This program was early in our history of summer eventfulness, and a bit chaotic, something we sort of put together as we went along. It was a forerunner to and foretaste of our future major research. We were a group of about twenty-five teachers, maybe half from the residential Order and half coming in from around the country. We came together to look at the state of education in America and to build some of the new theoretical and practical methods needed from the standpoint of structural revolutionaries. People told horror stories about their personal educational experiences, which rather shocked me into a new awareness, since I felt I had had many fine teachers and good schools. We put together revolutionary designs and strategies for bringing imaginal methods to classrooms from preschools to universities, and we ended the program by issuing a bold manifesto to the world of education (it was the mid-60s) As I recall, I was the only university faculty in the group, and men were the minority. We met in one of the side rooms off the basement corridor on the West Side, probably room C or D. It is true the Life Triangles were part of our sessions. Part indeed—the massive set of cascading triangles completely occupied on entire wall of our meeting room! It was obvious to all of us who joined that summer program that major work had been going on (and was continuing) to flesh these out, and they certainly constituted an almost overpowering presence in our sessions (Gordon Harper). The 5th City Pre-school was the first structure created as a part of the community reformulation project. It dealt directly with the “victim image” of people living in the inner city. The first 5th City Preschool field trip was an airplane ride over Chicago. In 1971, an independent researcher for HEW said, “Your preschool is one of ten in the nation selected by the Office of Economic Opportunity as particularly suitable for a demonstration project” (5th City, Rebirth of the Human City, 1973).

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July 1966

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

… July 1966

I can’t remember if we had a group of about 20 teachers that summer or the next one. Since Kendra was born in summer ’65, I think the first Teacher Training Institute must have been summer ’66. Pat Scott and I taught the TTI along with Sue Burnett (?) (wife of a pastor). Although we had developed the preschool curriculum based on imaginal education, the TTI was the beginning formulation of the Imaginal Education course. Some of those in the TTI included Marilyn Crocker, Ann Avery, Marilyn Miller (Oyler), Judy Wiegel, Gordon and Roxanna Harper (pregnant with their twins). who then became the teachers’ cadre (LiDoña Wagner July 7, 2014). We began summer programs for the “Emerging Generation” children and youth of all ages in 1966 (Doris Hahn, 2013).

Fifth City Preschool We worked to break victim images. Had a living, breathing lab…way to be authentic selves as a lab. Always worked with two or more. Figure something out and go do it in the real world. Theory, practice on self and transferral to the world. Example: Twenty to twenty-five people met on a daily basis as the O:E preschool group. EI colleagues and a 5th City community group. We got tangible feedback. Presented direction to the group and got continual feedback and interplay. The Fifth City Preschool curriculum relied on Piaget (kids can learn any concept), Brunner (expose children to as much of the world as you can), Montessori, Boulding.…We were confident because colleagues had critiqued our work. Everything was looked at philosophically, theoretically and theologically. All of our work was done “on behalf of ”.…Fifth City to the globe. Work was seen as a prototype. We understood who we were and where we were. That experimentation gave birth to the HDPs [Human Development Projects] (Lela Jahn, interviews, November 29–30, 1991).

Council I of the Order Ecumenical Council I emphasized writing to clarify the context, task, and basic structures of the organization, including the Prolegomena to the Rule of the Order.*

* See contextual documents and movement manuals from the first six councils, 1966–1978, from the Golden Pathways online.

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

Life Triangles I recall our group talking about [the Life Triangles] and working on them a bit, but they [weren’t] a primary focus in the TTI. They pushed us to think comprehensively and dynamically, and aspects of them clearly had relevance to the various models, strategies, and curricular pieces that we constructed. The essential design work on them, however, had started prior to our program in the residential Teacher Cadre and would continue after it, most specifically in the subsequent Teacher House which she notes our TTI gave birth ( Gordon Harper, Dialogue, April 30, 2011).

The Jet Hanger The Fifth City Jets Curriculum was created—an afternoon youth program for ages 6–14, July 1966–March 1967. The Fifth City Jets were divided into four age groups and met in the Jet Hangar (Barbara Allerding, 1992). The Jet Hanger was a large empty warehouse-type building where the Fifth City elementary-age program met. It was located one block north of the main E.I. campus” (Doris Hahn, 2013). The Jet Hanger on Fifth Avenue was a meeting place for several activities including the Jets and the Lyceum of Urban Arts. For a time it was also used for Daily Office when we were experimenting with taking elements from the monkey dance ritual, from one of the pacific islands that Joe visited during one of his global trips. Worship was held in the Jet Hanger. The Jet Hanger burned down, I think in ’68 (George West, March 2014). The Black Berets were formed.

Teachers’ Guild A Teachers’ Guild was formed in the fall. Kay Maconathy, Pat Scott, Sarah Hewitte, Anne Filipski, Jim Campbell, Ken Filipski, Dolores Perez, Donna McCleskey (LiDoña Wagner), Marilyn Miller (Oyler), and Kay Ent (Lush) were the first participants in the guild.

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… July 1966

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

… July 1966

5th City Preschool teachers 1966–97: Ruth Marshall was the 2nd director, Rose West, Nan Grow, Aimee Hilliard, Maryann Wainwright (Bill Grow, 1993). “Work Days” created as corporate, team building, spirit-filled events. People participated in community workdays cleaned streets and built play lots. The price of admission to a barbecue in 1966 was one chicken. While 400 chickens sizzled, 400 people danced and sang (5th City, Rebirth of the Human City, 1973). Model Building created scenarios and plans for the future and was a primary mode of operation.

Fall 1966

The first trip to North Africa and the Middle East—the Arab world. Joe and Carol Pierce, and Charles and Doris Hahn conducted research on the Tan UR (Doris Hahn, 2013).

The Spirit Movement First use of “the Spirit Movement” to refer to people around the world who were committed to creating a new culture where full humanness would be possible for everyone on the planet. First Metro Cadres, meetings of people committed to change within the structure of the local church. Created a strong continental teaching faculty and developed a broad network of colleagues. RS-I courses were large, for example, 130–150 people in an Oklahoma City course. Some 20,000 people participated in Ecumenical Institute seminars between 1964 and 1967.* Cadres of clergy and wives formed to practice the elements of RS-1 in preparation for RS-1’s in their areas. Bshop James K. Mathews held a PLC for New England Clergy in 1968–1969 that brought together many clergy who recruited people from their own congregations to participate in RS-1s in New England. Similar activities went on across the United States during this time (Clare Whitney, June 2015).

* Read Joseph Mathews’ talk

“The Spirit Movement” during Summer 1970.

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

5th City

…Fall 1966

First 5th City Quarterly Congress—a town meeting held with over 200 people from the community. Published the 5th City newsletter, The 5th CITY VOICE. 5th City research took place in a community within East Garfield Park on the Near West Side of Chicago. The area is bounded by Madison, Kedzie, the Eisenhower Expressway, and Central Park Boulevard. An article about the Ecumenical Institute’s work on Chicago’s West Side, “You Can Help Bend History” appeared in the fall 1966 issue of Chicago.* “I think we listed 5,286 problems in creating the 5th City Model. We met each week with members of the community and brainstormed and then gestalted and created proposed solutions in the 5th City team. Thus we tended to create solutions we had to do, not the things the community could do. A learning experience” (George West, 1992). “The only Black Berets I know about were the Order members during the fall of 1966. They only lasted a few months. The berets were worn on planes flying to teaching weekends, etc.” (Doris Hahn 2013). “[A] TIME Magazine ** article caught our attention in 1967 when John was minister of education at Central UMC in Asheville, NC. The next year we took a PLC and…helped set up an RS-I. After that pitch by Marilyn Miller Oyler and Phil Townley, we sold our house and car and journeyed to Chicago in March 1969” (Lynda and John Cock, August 7, 2011).

International Research Trips In 1967 a team of four faculty taught courses in Asia and Australia. Similar trips followed in Latin America, Europe and Africa (Brian Stanfield, The History of ICA Canada, History and Cornerstone Document)

The first trip to Asia was in the spring of 1967. Joe and Lyn Mathews and Frank and Aimee Hilliard travelled to Asian nations doing RS-I courses set up by church/missionary contacts and speaking to groups (Basil Sharp, 1992). * Chicago Magazine was published by The New Chicago Foundation, a nonprofit organization affiliated with Mayor’s Committee for Economic and Cultural Development of Chicago.

** TIME Magazine, (1967, March 17) Churches: Laboratory for the Future. [Subscription and login are required to view the full article.]

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March 1967

Spring 1967

Check this with ref to 1st mid-east in ‘68

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

July 1967 Paul has a photo of the mural painted by Jean Loomis. Will send soon.

Summer 1967 Training the Spirit Movement Third Summer Research Program [Summer ’67] was the 3rd summer program for college and university students, lay clergy groups, and teachers (Doris Hahn, March 2014).

Imaginal Education Six weeks of movement training was conducted and a basic curriculum was created. The key was designing the Imaginal Education approach and curriculum—drawing on Kenneth Boulding’s understanding of images: 1.  Everyone operates out of images. 2.  Images govern behavior. 3.  Images are created by messages that can be designed and communicated. 4.  Images can change. 5.  Changed images change behavior.

The UR Course The UR Course on how primal images and depth experiences inform what it means to be a human being, was taught for the first time. There were six basic UR images of humanness: black, tan, brown, red, white, and yellow. The name UR came from mythology surrounding the ancient Sumerian city of Ur, now in modern Iraq, known for its antiquity and cultural diversity. The first Fifth City festivals and UR festivals were held in the community each Saturday night of Summer ’67 (Doris Hahn, 2013). The Kinderschool opened in the [5th City] Program Center (Nan Grow, 1993). Published the fourth issue of IMAGE, which included “The 5th City Reformulation Project” and the Five Operating Presuppositions (See » page 28).

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Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

Council II of the Order Ecumenical

… July 1967

Council II created Document I, The Declaration of the Spirit Movement and the People of G.O.D. Triangles. Corporately studied Saviors of God, by Nikos Kazantzakis. Consensed on the North American Grid.

The Student House Experiment The Student House experiment was initiated with twelve high school youth. The first nineteen order youth were sent to live and study abroad. The first Student House with college students began in the fall.

Fall 1967

Beginnings of the Global Guardians It all started with a women’s program on the West Side, targeting suburban women who might be Development contacts….called “The Trilogy”…. Anne Wood, Betty Pesek, and Priscilla Wilson….all of whom had had RS-I and maybe other seminars….were part of the team [and] were hosts with the EI for that event. This was in the late winter of 1967. That is how the involvement of these women, plus a bunch more… happened…. On to our husbands…and as they say….

Winter 1967

The first Global Guardians were Georgianna and George McBurney, Anne and David Wood, Priscilla and Rod Wilson, LaVerne and Jim Phillips, Betty and Sheldon Hill, Betty and Martin Pesek, Mary Warren and Don Moffett, Nicki and Len Dresslar, Sarah (now Booher) and Bill Caufield (Mary Warren Moffet, November 15, 2014).*

Martin Luther King Assassination Martin Luther King was assassinated and the neighborhood was badly damaged. By the way, the “riots” occurred Friday and Saturday, April 5 and 6, 1968. Dr. King was shot on Thursday evening about 6:30 p.m. RS-Is were interrupted Friday evening just after the meal time ( Jim Troxel, 1992).*

* Read

The Journey of the New Women from Priscilla Wilson, March 2015.

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Spring 1968

Fifth City, Movement Training, and the Order Ecumenical

International Teaching Treks The second trek through Asia was in the spring, 1968. Don and Claudia Cramer and Donna and David McCleskey taught RS-I courses in local churches (Basil Sharp, 1992). The first trip to Latin America [included] Kaye Hayes, Ruth and Gene Marshall, and Jim and Ellen Addington. We need to confirm whether NAME was ‘68 or ‘67.

The first trip to the Middle East and research was conducted on the Historical Church and the Tan Ur. The first trip to South East Asia where research was conducted on the Chinese Ur. Over 2,000 people went through courses on these trips (Bill Grow, 1993). A trip to better understand the complexities of possible work in Australia with JWM culminates in OTFORD Council which birthed the EI/Spirit Movement in Australia (Brian Stanfield, 1992). The New Religious Mode (NRM) begins to develop in collegiums and weekend Problem Solving Units (PSUs).

* Chicago Tribune (1968, April 7).

Gang Burns Church Site. p. 1:3.

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Chapter 5

July 1968–June 1972

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation July ’68–June ’69 • Summer Research Assembly: The New Religious Mode • Established the Global Academy • Launched the Urban Academy for ghetto leaders • First Emerging Generation (E.G.)Summer Program • Houses set up in Boston, Atlanta, S. Chicago, LA, Kuala Lumpur • Development of the Odyssey • Study of John of the Cross and Warriors of God • First Ecclesiolas • US gridded to Metros

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July ’69–June ’70

July ’70–June ’71

July ’71–June ’72

• Summer Research • Summer Research Assembly: • Summer Research Assembly: Assembly: Academy taught created the Tactical System Social Process and New in five locations for the Local Church; research Social Vehicle (NSV); on historical orders and “the developed Social Process • Seven more religious new secular-religious” Triangles, and global vision, houses established, contradictions and proposals including Sidney (AUS), • Local Church Galaxy Apia, Singapore, and Osaka • First ITI: International Training Institute (Singapore) • Intensified training and core course teaching

Experiment (LCX) launched in • “Convoy” (later “LENS”) 200 churches course • First houses set up in Canada: • Eight buildings rehabbed in Montreal and Winnipeg 5th City • First Global Odyssey • 5th City Consult

• Global Academy and Urban • Teaching Trek to Australian Academy taught quarterly Aboriginals • 5th City Health Outpost • ITI in India and Hong Kong established • Corporate Reading Research • 75 courses taught across Project on 500 key books in Australia preparation for Summer ‘71


• 5th City Experiments in Mowanjum, Australia and Marshall Islands • 51 houses in existence, 15 outside North America • Creation of New Women’s Forum • ITIs in Far East, India, and Addis Ababa

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation July 1968

Summer 1968 The New Religious Mode Fourth Summer Research Program Piloted the curriculum that would become the Academy Pulled together the research from the year and created the New Religious Mode (NRM).* This was when we got up early—3 or 4 a.m.—in order to keep our low profile in the community just following the April Riots ( Jim Troxel, 1992).

* See “New Religious Mode” lectures, charts, exercises, conversations, manuals, and writings from the Golden Pathways online. Paul Noah created this 22"x28" poster of the New Religious Mode charts in 2015.

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

The Iron Man Statue

The Iron Man statue was unveiled in 5th City plaza and The Iron Man Covenant was written. The statue was created to hold the power and strength required of people who had decided to make a commitment to building their local community on behalf of the world. The [10’] statue still stands at the entrance to the 5th City shopping plaza (5th City, Rebirth of the Human City, 1973). ”[ Jean Loomis created the Iron Man statue] in the summer of 1968. The Iron Man originally ‘lived’ in the empty lot next to 321 Homan (now long gone), which was the home of the 5th City Business Guild, where Jean’s 5th City mural was painted on the back of the building in 1968. Many years later he moved to the plaza in front of the Shopping Center, where he was regularly knocked down by vehicles. Each time he was resurrected by the Board of Managers” (Marshall Jones, OE Community, March 6, 2015).

Council III of the Order Ecumenical Wrote Document II, The Construct of the Movement and created the Movement Designs document. In 1968, there were just over 100 people on the staff of the Institute, all living in 5th City (History). Developed the Odyssey and corporately studied St. John of the Cross. (Dolores Morrill, “The History of the Global Movement’s Assemble-ing,” New York Region, 1979)

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… July 1968

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

… July 1968

The Academy The Academy was established in 1968 as an experiment in education that took seriously the relationship of depth study and the corporate life. It was a two month program attended by people from all over the world and at one time was accredited by more than 50 colleges, universities and seminars (The Academy, 1975).* The Academy curriculum was developed in three segments: social methods, intellectual methods, and motivational methods. Plus the CS [cultural studies] and the RS [religious studies] developed before The Academy began. Most of the content came from experiments in 5th City (social methods) and work done at Austin (intellectual methods) and stuff coming out of the summer research (motivational-spirit methods). There always seemed to be more content than we could get our minds around (George West, letter, March 4, 1992, Lima, Peru).

* See the ICA Archives Global Academy collection. See the » Cultural Studies Curriculum on page 27 and the » Religous Studies Curriculum on page 16.

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

The Corporate Religious House Model was built during August 1968.*

August 1968

The first Global Academy was taught, with 20 people, in the Fall of 1968. David McCleskey was Dean and the faculty members were Joe Pierce, Bill Alerding, and Kaye Hayes (Doris Hahn, 2013). A teaching team toured Europe and taught in England, Germany, Holland, and Yugoslavia.

Imaginal Education The Imaginal Education course was taught for the first time in the fall of 1968.** Fall 1968 I remember teaching the first weekend course in Imaginal Education with David McCleskey, Rick Loudermilk, and Kay Lush. We designed the course at the request of Joe Mathews’ sister who was teaching in a school in New York. We presented the course to her colleagues sometime in 1968 or ’69. Then the teacher's guild continued teaching the course around the country for the next few years with the support of the more seasoned trainers to start with (Marilyn Oyler, ICA Dialogue, April 24, 2011).

The Religious Houses and the Odyssey One of the most interesting phenomena I remember about the NRM [The New Religious Mode] and the Religious Houses was that in December [1968] when the Priors all came back, each House had experimented with a construct that evolved [into] the Odyssey format we later all came to know and love. The key was that each [house] had done it without consulting with one another. Synchronicity par excellence. That was confirmation that we had struck a deep chord into the Spirit Life ( Jim Troxel, 1992).

* See Religious House contextual writings, constructs, training, and locations from the Golden Pathways online. ** See the

ICA Archives Imaginal Education collection.

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December 1968

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation January 1969 Launched the Urban Academy, an intensive six-week program for training

Urban leaders from ghettos across the country. George West was Dean. Most of the participants were from 5th City and the South Side of Chicago.

Spring 1969 The Spring Academy joined forces and one Academy was held on the West Side

campus. Spring, 1969, the second Global Academy was held in the [5th City] Program Center. Frank Hilliard was the Dean (Bill Grow, 1993).

“The community expanded that summer with the establishment of five new locations: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago: South, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Los Angeles” (Celebrating a Quarter Century of Service, July 1979).

…Spring 1969

Chicago:South Side , and Rockford , (Doris Hahn 2013) Another memory has the locations as “...Rockford, Boston, Atlanta, Los Angeles and Kuala Lumpur, Sydney.” (Bill Allerding, 1992). “Kuala Lumpur (KL) was first house overseas and was followed by Sydney, Australia in ’69” (Stanfield, 1993). “The development of The Odyssey, a spirit journey retreat, began and the first Odyssey was held in each house. Then Chicago Base took these constructs and created The Odyssey.” (Doris Hahn 2013) Warriors of God, Walter Nigg. Corporate study of The Image, by Kenneth Boulding. The first regular Ecclesiolas [Greek for “little church”] were held and provided nurture for colleagues. Engaged colleagues in spirit disciplines [The College], provided intellectual reflection [The Seminary], developed a sense of social responsibility [The Sodality] (Customary) (Grow, 1993). “Experimentation with the Solitary Office was done daily by each member of the community. Individuals stood present: to the final mystery in life

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation [Contemplation], to colleagues [Meditation], to the civilizing process as a person responsible for the past, present and future [Prayer]” (Customary). Worship experiments included “Ya-Ki-Nu.” PMC replaced by the Parish Leadership Colloquy (PLC) a course for parish ministers and church leadership. The United States was gridded to the Metro level. The OE created a 16-year time line as symbol of long-term commitment to 5th City and the Globe. The poetry— “All the earth belongs to all the people All the goods of nature belong to all the people [economic] All the decisions of history belong to all the people [political] all the gifts of humanness belong to all the people [cultural]” —was created and became an integral part of the group mythology (Stanfield, 1992). First recorded cadre outside of North America was started: Where? When?

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…Spring 1969

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

July 1969

Summer 1969 The First Academy Fifth Summer Research Program The Academy was held simultaneously in five locations, including the Chicago campus. Joseph Hsu from Taiwan was the first international intern. He stayed a full year and participated in the Academy fall, 1969, and lived on the Westside (Basil Sharp, 1992).

Council IV of the Order Ecumenical Created Document III, Local Church Dynamics.

Urban Academy The Urban Academy was held in Teutopolis, Illinois.* Fall 1969 Urban Academy held in the retreat house of a religious order North of Chicago

in Norwood, George West, Dean. The Urban Academy did not go well when the ghetto was so accessible for distraction, escape and drugs. Teutopolis was a small Southern Illinois town. Wests were the only white faces and “rejected” by the “radical” fringe of the participants (believed to be Black Panthers) who turned their backs when we presented (George West, 1992). The Urban Academy was renamed the Black Academy and was held in a retreat center in the middle of a cornfield fifty miles west of Chicago. Seven more Religious Houses were established, four of which were outside North America in Sydney, Apia, Singapore, and Osaka.

The Intensification of Training and Demonstration Training was intensified across the globe. Across North America, a second, third, and fourth Academy were taught, with 386 people attending.

* See Larry Ward’s

Urban Academy Report from November 30, 1971.

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

75 courses were taught across Australia, mostly RS-I and PLC, including Imaginal Education and teacher training for Australian clergy and lay men and women (Bill Alerding, 1992). A Summer Training Institute was held in Melbourne, Australia (Brian Stanfield, 1993). The problemat 4 x4 x4 and gridding 4x4x4 were created to rationalize ways of talking about the problemat and gridding respectively. First International Training Institute, (ITI) was held in Singapore. This was training for indigenous community leaders. The ITI had 102 participants from 16 countries and a staff of 11 Westerners and 1 Asian. This was a key awakenment tool for the church in Asia, Latin America, and Africa (the ecumenical institute, 1970).

The first Aboriginal demonstration project was established in Mowanjum, Australia, November 1969. The first staff were Julie McCauley Miesen, and Jonathan and Janeen Barker ( Julie Miesen, August 5, 2014). The 5th City Preschool reached capacity enrollment. Renovation and expansion of facilities had to take place in order to serve the 500 preschool aged children in 5th City (the ecumenical institute, 1970). People in charge of the Preschool: Infant School, Nancy Loudermilk; Mini School, Sarah Buss; Kinder School, Nan Grow (Nan Grow, 1993). The [5th City] Health Outpost opened in 1969 and by 1970 had two full time physicians and a community staff of five. The outpost served a community of around twenty thousand people and provided health care for immediate needs and a comprehensive program of preventative health care (the ecumenical institute, 1970).

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…Fall 1969

Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation …Fall 1969 The Global Youth Forum was developed as a one-day think tank for teenagers.

It provides youth with ways to consider the question of responsible action and gives youth fresh images of their present situation and future possibilities.

Corporate study of Karl W. Deutsch’s The Nerves of Government: Models of Political Communication and Control. Imaginal Education explored the concept of changing images and paradigms. Developed several practical courses and workshops: • Five-Day Strategic Planning process and the image of a five-step process: Vision…Contradictions… Proposals…Tactics…Implementaries •

Leadership Training for churches

Practicums on workshops and battleplans




Charles and I arrived in England on Easter Monday (March 30, 1970) to initiate E.I. work in the UK by networking graduates of courses taught the year prior to [our] arrival (Doris Hahn, 2014). The North Shore Cadre,* a group of people committed to the work of the Ecumenical Institute, went on a global trip. The image below of a 34-day Global Odyssey to 13 cities is from a personal reflection, “My Journey,” written in 1969, perhaps for a

• Betty and Sheldon Hill

“Becoming Global Citizens” workshop.

• Mary Warren and Don Moffett

The North Shore Cadre • Georgianna and George McBurney • Betty and Martin Pesek • Laverne and Jim Phillips • Priscilla and Rod Wilson • Anne and David Woods • Nikki and Len Dresslar • Sarah [now Booher] and Bill


* Read

North Shore Cadre from Priscilla Wilson, December 2014.

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

Summer 1970

July 1970

The Local Church Experiment (LCX) Sixth Summer Research Program “An experiment with a massive problem-solving dynamic which created a form for data gathering, consensus decision-making, and model building” (Council V Policy Statement, August 1970). 500 participants helped create a Tactical System for the Local Church—a comprehensive set of tasks for a socio-spiritual experiment in the reconstruction of the Local Church. This work was documented in Tactics of the Local Church Experiment. The Local Church Experiment (LCX) was launched to bring self-consciousness to the dynamic of the Movemental Church. Corporate study of Theresa of Avila’s Interior Castles. The picture of the earth from space became a dominant symbol.

Council V of the Order Ecumenical Research is done on Historical Orders. It grounds the concept and practice of “The New Religious” through experiments with the Ecclesiola, The Odyssey, The New Religious Mode (NRM) discourses, Luke, and Spirit Conversations. NRM, Solitaries and NRM Songs are developed and there is experimentation with the Canonical Hours. The local church auxiliary is affirmed and work is done on the spirit dynamics of the local church. (Dolores Morrill, The History of the Global Movement’s Assemble-ing, New York Region, 1979. [Italics added]) Room E is created as a research dynamic. “Three week summer training institute in Perth included 20 Aboriginals. A bus full of movement people from Eastern Australia crosses and re-crosses Australia by bus” (Brian Stanfield, 1993).* Art by Ainslie Roberts

* Mowanjum (near Derby in the Kimberleys, Western Australia) was the first community after Fifth City to implement a full Community Reformulation program ( Jonathan Barker, April 29, 2015).

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation …1970 Sandy Conant and Pat Tuecke were the first single women assigned as House

Priors. The first houses were established in Montreal and Winnipeg, Canada, and in Perth and Brisbane, Australia (Brian Stanfield, 1993). Leadership teams called Troikas were assigned to each house. The first Global Odyssey was held during the summer. First offspring of the 5th City experiment launched in the Australian Aboriginal community of Mowumjum and the community of Majuro in the Marshall Islands ( Brian Stanfield, 1992). International Training Institutes were held in Ootacamund, India and in Hong Kong. Frequent UR parties were held. The first Vision, Contradictions, Strategies, and Tactics workshops were conducted at a 5th City Consult.

Corporate Reading Research Project (CRRP) All of the Religious Houses participated in the CRRP (pronounced “creep”) during 1970–71. House members reviewed 2,000 (500 books, Stanfield, 1993) books in preparation for the 1971 Research Assembly. The summary sheets of each book or article were assembled into two 5" ring binders. “Everyone read books in the Economic, Political and Cultural arenas and summarized key insights. It was ‘edge’ stuff, but what we were really pushing for were the functions of each societal dynamic. We sent in the results of reading prior to the summer program where the results were tabulated and translated into the more detailed levels of the Social Process Triangles. I forget how many thousands of books were read, but I recall the excitement of being a part of such a huge and innovative method of social research” (Catherine Welch, 1992).

The Order Ecumenical In the ’70s the Order:Ecumenical was a family order of 1,400 adults and 600 children of 23 nationalities. The Order formed the permanent staff, first of EI, then of ICA (Brian Stanfield, The History of ICA).

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation

Summer 1971

July 1971

The New Social Vehicle The Summer Research Program “1000 people. 1000s of pages of documents. 1 million pages of documents printed overnight” (Brian Stanfield, 1993). “Assembly participants met in three places: two were in Fifth City at the old campus seminary and the Program House on Fifth Avenue. The third was in what was called the “South House”—or the Chicago Region/ Metro House—located on Blue Island in the Pilsen neighborhood. That was the one I was in” ( Jim Troxel, July 2014). “The plenaries were held at Malcolm X Community College” (Karen Snyder, July 2014). The New Social Vehicle research (NSV) resulted in the Social Process Triangles that describe the dynamics of sociality, along with The 77 Proposals for the New Social Vehicle.…[paving] the way for Global Social Demonstrations (GSD). Developed several new methods: Indicative Battle Planning, Trend Analysis, and data Gapping and Clustering.* “The pencil drawing that appears on the front cover of [Brother Joe**], the book about JWM ( Joseph W. Mathews) by his brother James, was drawn that summer by artist Rudy Wendelein, who was the originator of Smokey the Bear and was a staff member of the US Forestry Service and recruited to the summer program by Bill Newkirk. I was at the table with Rudy (we were with the Newkirks in the DC House at the time) during one of JWM’s talks at the plenary and saw him draw it. We took him up to JWM at the end and gave him the original” ( Jim Troxel, July 2014). The spiritual undergirding of the Summer ’71 program included canonical hours, the movie Little Big Man, New Social Vehicle songs, and festivals. * See Appendix 1. » Summer 1971 was called a Global Research Assembly (GRA) for the first time. ** Mathews, Bishop James K. (2006). Brother Joe; A 20th Century Apostle. Resurgence Publishing. Drawing used with permission.

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation …July 1971

The Canonical Hours were developed in the early church. By the third century the form and arrangement had been established, and few major changes have been made since. The [night] hours of Vespers, Matins, and Lauds came first. To these night watches were added the three day hours of Terce, Sext, and None. Later in the life of the monasteries two more hours were added: Prime in the morning and Compline at night. This gave eight hour offices, each one a three-hour period of the twenty-four hour day. (“Offices of the Hours,” talk by John Bengel, Summer ’71, Chicago) *

Council VI of the Order Ecumenical Documented research on historical orders. Created New Social Vehicle (NSV) songs. Corporate study life focused on social writers such as Hugh Dalziel Duncan’s Symbols in Society and Daniel Bell’s The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism.

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“New Individual in the New Society Course (NINS), was piloted with the North Shore Cadre on weekends and was first taught in Caracas, Venezuela. The theological underpinning of NINS, later called Leadership Effectiveness and New Strategies (LENS)* was Sanctification (going on to perfection). Experimented with the Psalms conversations This balanced the underpinnings of RS-1, which was justification” (Brian Stanfield, 1993).

…July 1971

“NINS was called the Convoy Course for a time because of the large number of teachers needed to teach it. It had 3 Divisions: Female, Male & Youth and was really three courses in one. The name of the course was changed to LENS (Living Effectively in the New Society). This title was invented by JWM on a train between Glasgow and London in December 1972 or January 1973” (George West, 1992). “‘Impact East’ was a trip of 5th City Preschool teachers to Ivy League schools to lecture on Early Childhood Education. The teachers met with people struggling with the concept that became Sesame Street” (Ann Ensinger, 1992).

The Lens Process The LENS Contradictions Workshop was fine tuned. The move to the LENS Process (V-C-P-T-I) [vision, contradictions, proposals, tactics, implementaries] grew out of the summer research “Room E Dynamic” discussion and the work with the North Shore Cadre to produce an awakening tool for the business community. The contradiction approach was not new for JWM—that is the above early model—the vision was the new dimension and the concept of proposal we borrowed from a French writer* in a book about the USA. The contradictions approach I believe JWM took from Chairman Mao. I think the seeds of the vision element may have been in the study of The Wretched of the Earth, where he [Frantz Fanon] emphasized the spirit creation preceding the physical manifestation or the physical being a manifestation of the spiritual reality. We were doing visioning but did not have it structured into the planning process (George West, 1992).

* Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber’s The American Challenge

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Going Global: Expanding Research, Training, and Reformulation What to say about ontology …1971 phases?

Ontology Phases

In 1971, there were 51 Religious Houses, 15 of which were outside North America. A new Religious House was started in Toronto (Bill Grow, 1993). The first New Woman’s Forum was held in Hong Kong.

“LaVerne Phillips made the [Women of the World] montage. A couple of others helped but it was her creation” (Priscilla Wilson, August 23, 2015).

A Far East International Training Institute (ITI) was held in Manila and the Philippines. It was the last of the six-week ITIs and drew participants from Japan to Australia. Joe Pierce was the Dean (Basil Sharp, 1992). ITIs were held India and Addis Ababa. The first 5th City Rehabilitation Program was funded. One hundred and two housing units in eight buildings were targeted for rehabilitation (the ecumenical institute, 1970). Spring 1972 The first LENS was held in Taipei, Taiwan, in the spring1972 (Basil Sharp, 1992).

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Chapter 6

July 1972—June 1976

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment July ’72–June ’73

July ’73–June ’74

• Summer Research Assembly: NSV, Pressure Points, and Whistle Points

• Summer Research Assembly: The Form and Tactics of the Guild

• The Other World Chart and exercises

• The Uptown Project, The Cabaret, St. John of the Cross, Dr. Lao, and Sophistication

• The Waltz, The Fast, the Watch and The Great Ball • The Turn to the World and the Turn Symbol • First Global Priors’ Council • 54 Areas named • Asian ITI”s • Weekend Courses proliferate • Area Troikas Experiment • 5th City “Flip”

• ICA incorporated as a separate entity in USA (Canada 1976) • LENS Course in Majuro • 5th City celebrates “Decade of Miracles” • Priorship Training School • Religious Houses in most major cities of North America • Proliferation of ITI’s around the globe

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July ’74–June ’75 • Summer Research Assembly: Mass Awakenment and Local Development • Dark Night exercises, Transparent Xty, Hunter Warrior, The Man of La Mancha

July ’75–June ’76 • Summer Research Assembly: created Town Meeting Program • Profound Consciousness, Faith, Hope & Love. The Starets Prayer & Taking Care of Yourself • Launching of Town Meeting ‘76 as a US Bicentennial Program

• 1st Global Council

• 8 Social Demonstrations launched (HDP’s)

• Global Language School

• Training, Inc. starts in Chicago

• Local Community Convocations

• Global Women’s Forum launched

• 24 Demonstration Projects selected

• Nava Gram Prayas launched in India

• More global houses initiated

• HDTI’s launched

• University 13 curriculum developed • Global Centrums initiated


• Town Meetings take off around the USA

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

July 1972

Summer 1972 Whistle Points and Pressure Points Global Research Assembly (GRA) 1,000 people participated in the research assembly. Corporate participation in Other World Treks and Other World Visits, and in creating Other World songs. The Watch, the Fast, the Great Ball, and The Waltz were all a part of the summer mythology.*

The Wedge Blade « The original Wedge Blade symbol [developed] into the ICA Symbol »

(Stanfield, 1992).

The image of the wedge blade depicts how the future is built in the midst of the present as the old forms of care that have brought the human being to this present moment pass out of being. History has always been created by “selves” who had a model, worked together corporately to get it into history and thus altered the direction of history. The activity of this people is always creating the future in the middle of nowhere or out between the “no longer” and the “not yet,” and inviting others to follow. As “Those Who Care,“ change the direction of history, it call for their lives to be laid down on behalf of that very future they are bringing into being. The people who have been called the “Those Who Care” decide who they are in total solitude with nobody’s approval, and discover others who have made the same decision. Those who live on behalf of the future have no certainty that what they do is the adequate or necessary act but they perform their deeds in the midst of ambiguity and insecurity. The one who dares to care for the future receives none of society’s rewards but experiences unexplainable joy and peace that passes any rational understanding, and finally there is no end to the job of changing the face of the globe; it calls for total commitment and requires ones whole life.

Nine Pressure Points and Nine Whistle Points Research identified nine Pressure Points and nine Whistle Points that informed the development of the movement’s strategic designs. * See Summer ’72 research papers related to awakenment programs, engagement models, and fulfillment journeys from the Golden Pathways online.

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The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

Pressure Points in the Social Process The nine Pressure Points were a way to guide action in order to have an impact on the Social Process in the Cultural, Political and Economic arenas.

Pressure points in the Cultural Triangle • Inclusive Mythology—creating a new mythology about what it means to be a

human being in society

• Social Morality—developing professional accountability and business ethics • Formal Methods—discovering a new form of social responsibility and

effective action

• Community Groupings—coming together to give new significance to

working in local communities

• Basic Roles—finding way for people to participate and be engaged in society

Pressure points in the Political Triangle • Knowledge Access—giving people tools they need to be able to make


• Deliberative Systems—inventing new ways of making decisions, forming

consensus and creating grass roots polity

• Bureaucratic Systems—breaking through the morass of bureaucracy and

looking for new ways to act effectively in society.

Pressure points in the Economic Triangle • Anticipated Needs—forecasting the future.

(Wiegel, Social Demonstration and the Pressure Points, 1974)

Whistles Points in the Social Demonstration Projects The nine Whistle Points were arenas of catalytic action created to help in launching social demonstration projects across the globe. A diagram represented these insights visually. At the heart of social demonstration and at the center of the diagram is a network of active participants:

The human heart of social demonstration 1.  a Core of active participants, supported by… 2.  the Order, and… 3.  a Guild

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…July 1972

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment …July 1972 A framework of practical activities comprises four tasks:

4.  Awakenment (programs that brought self-consciousness to people and communities) 5.  Interchange (sharing and exchange) 6.  Demonstration (showing that the impossible is possible) 7.  Training (providing people with needed skills)

There are two essential undergirding elements: 8.  Myth Factor (an energizing story) 9.  Action Factor (work that produces visible results)

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The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

The Catalytic Clusters

The Other World in the Midst of This World “The Other World in the Midst of This World” was an analysis of inner experience, created to describe inner states of consciousness. The Other World Chart described 64 states of being using ontological metaphors and analogies. This journey of awareness opened up a spacious interior terrain. People wrote secular poetry and a whole new range of singing began with the creation of “Other World” songs.* If a person persists in examining this interior terrain, a new world may open up, a topography of internal states of being that some have called “the Other World in the midst of This World”.…the Land of Mystery, the River of Consciousness, the Mountain of Care, and the Sea of Tranquility (Edges, 1992).

* See “Other World” lectures, charts, and exercises, plus treks and cabaret materials from the Golden Pathways online.

« Return to ToC 59

…July 1972

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

…July 1972

The first Religious House was established in Taiwan, during the summer 1972 (Basel Sharp, 1992). The 5th City Preschooling Institute Curriculum Guide and model were completed, for the second time (Bill Grow, 1993). — The boundaries of 5th City are extended north to include the “flip”—40 more square blocks and 20,000 more people.*

First Global Priors’ Council The first Global Prior’s Council was held during the last three days of the Global Research Assembly. At this point there were 1,000 adult and youth members in the organization. 1972 records indicated that 14,000 people participated in RS-I and advanced courses in North America and 3,000 people participated in courses outside North America. • Named and created the image of 54 areas around the globe. • Experimented with the practice of “Xavierism.”


The Movement • An ITI was held in Seoul with eighteen Asian faculty. • A Global Academy was held in Sidney, Australia (Stanfield, 1993). • First Global Guardian Consult was held in Chicago (Celebrating a Quarter

Century of Service, 1979).

• International Training Center

established at the Kemper Insurance Building, Chicago (Celebrating a Quarter Century of Service, 1979).

• Concept of Area and Area Troika

was conceived and created.

• Experimented with wearing

religious garb. (Stanfield, 1993).

« Return to ToC 60

See ICA Greenrise Building for the story of the building and more images.

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

Summer 1973

July 1973

The Year of the Guild Global Research Assembly • Participants created the form, frame, tactics, and logistics of the Guild. • The Uptown Lab did research in the Chicago Uptown neighborhood

and launched the Uptown Project. A corner “postage stamp” park—with a billboard that read “Uptown is a Great Place to Be Alive”—was created at the corner of Sheridan and Lawrence.

• The LENS course was refined. • Continued research was done on corporate religious methods. Created the

Sanctification Course.

• Corporate study of Dark Night of the Soul by St. John of the Cross. • Sang secular “songs of resurgence.” • Everyone saw the movies, “Dr. Lao” and

“The Scarlet Pimpernel.”

• Spirit Methods PSU created The Spirit

Methods Manual.

• The Cabaret was the major celebration and the assembly produced “Desert

Song” with participant talent and three days of preparation.

Global Priors’ Council Created the Priorship Training School, which was held in each Religious House during the next year. “The New Sophistication” was an accompanying sub-theme (Stanfield, 1993).

The Institute of Cultural Affairs began as a program division of the Ecumenical Institute, but was independantly chartered in 1973 to work directly with corporations, government agencies. and local community groups. The two continue to function as separate but related organizations (See “The Institute of Cultural Affairs: What it does, What it is”, Golden Pathways).

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The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment …1973

The Movement A LENS course and a second consult were held in Majuro. More International Training Institutes (ITI) were held in one year than the total held in the previous four years combined. International Training Institutes (ITI) were held in Latin America in 1973, 1976, and 1979 (Grow, 1993). A Priorship Training School was held in Chicago, looking at mission, care, and symbol as the embodiment of life (Priorship, 1973). Four buildings with 58 family units were rehabilitated in 5th City. Fifth City: Chicago, celebrated ten years of comprehensive renewal of the community, a “Decade of Miracles.” The shopping mall, the first new construction in the community in 20 years, was dedicated.…Several properties held by The Ecumenical Institute were conveyed, mortgage free, to the 5th City Development Corporation for use by the community (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1973).

Fall 1973 The Student House was established as a residential program for Order students

in the 7th–9th grades. Students lived in the ICA building at 4750 North Sheridan Road, Chicago. Charles Allen Lingo was assigned as Director along with a full staff. Oombulgurri, Australia demonstration project began in September 1973 ( Julie McCauley Miesen, August 5, 2014).

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The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

Summer 1974

July 1974

The Year of the Centrum, the Ecumenical Parish, and Transparent Christianity Global Research Assembly • Dark Night/Long March Spins • “WAVE” conversations • Corporate study of Carlos Castenada’s Journey to


• Held “Hunter Warrior” conversations • Created the Comprehensiveness Screen • Experimented with the Ignatian Retreat • The Ignatian Retreat was modeled and then

scrapped—never presented (Brian Stanfield, 1993).
Nearly everyone saw the movie, “The Man of La Mancha.”

Global Council of the Order Ecumenical The council in July 1974 was the first full Global Council. All O:E members began wearing of “The Blue,” so-called “order blue” clothing. In 1974 the number of staff had grown to 1,500, working in over 100 offices in 20 nations with a large percentage of the staff coming from countries where offices had been newly established. Coordinating centres were established in Bombay, HongKong, Chicago, Brussels and Kuala Lumpur (History). The first Assignments Task Force was established and worked throughout the month of July to make sure that all locations had staff assigned in the fall. A Global Language School, a program addressing literacy needs, was designed and held in Japan (Grow, 1993).

« Return to ToC 63

Put in the 1974 assignment sheet. Where?

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment …1974 A Fifth City Workshop was held over seven weeks that developed Vision,

Contradictions, Proposals, and Tactics statements. Are these post-July dates? Who worked to transfer…?

Worked to transfer the technology of community development during 1974–79. An ICA office was opened in Caracas, Venezuela.

Spring 1975 The first Local Community Convocations (LCC) were held in the spring of 1975.

The LCCs were one-day events where people from a community discussed their vision for their community, the challenges facing them, and then created proposals to meet those challenges effectively. The LCCs were an effort to capture the spirit of the early town meetings. University 13 was developed, Chicago. A community development project was started in Kawangware, Kenya.

When was the Panchayat established? What was the Panchayat?(Doris Hahn) Need a link to a doc.

The Global Panchayat Trek selected the 24 Global Social Demonstration Projects in the Spring of 1975.

Need hi-res verison


« Return to ToC 64

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment

Summer 1975

July 1975

The Year of Demonstration Global Research Assembly • Created the Town Meeting ’76 (TM) program with the goal of doing 5,000

town meetings during the U.S. Bicentennial.

• The Town Meeting Song, Story, and Symbol Workshop was adapted from the

Local Church Experiment (LCX).

• Launched eight new Social Demonstration Projects. • The Human Resurgence Mission (HRM) was developed. • Images of Faith, Hope, and Love and Those Who Care were predominant. • Initiated Profound Consciousness dialogues. • Presented Sociological Love discourses. • Kemper Village July 4 Town Meeting. • Everyone went to the Soldier’s Field fireworks and attended the play, “The

Skin of Your Teeth.”

Town Meeting ’76 used the same format as the Local Community Convocation and looked at challenges facing both the community and the nation. Town Meeting ’76 became a national Bicentennial program officially recognized by the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration and was offered in communities under local sponsorship (Town Meeting ’76, 1975).

« Return to ToC 65

Put in the Pentagon symbol.

The Turn to the World: Community Awakenment …July 1975

Global Council of the Order Ecumenical The Council undertook the first of four years of work on Global Strategy, Memorials, and Priorities: The Three Campaigns. The Council’s spirit undergirding involved The Starets’ Prayer and the concept of Taking Care of Yourself.

Fall 1975

The Movement Training, Inc., DuPage County, Illinois opened in the fall. Training, Inc. is a 14-week office careers training program serving disadvantaged people. It offers a comprehensive training program focused on the developing self confidence through skills mastery. It was created by the ICA in cooperation with the Greater Chicago YMCA. The program uses Imaginal Education to: • Awaken self-consciousness • Develop self-reliance through skills training • Build positive self-images and self-confidence • Give experience in making responsible decisions

Trained ICA leadership for the Town Meeting campaign and subsequently trained the first local community workshop leaders for Town Meetings. The Global Women’s Forum was launched. A one-day participatory program designed to address current issues. Held in modules for twenty to fifty participants. Nava Gram Prayas—the “New Village Effort”—was an experiment in rapid Human Development Project replication at the village level, in the State of Maharastra, India (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1979). A Global Trek of the Health Team was conceived during a Continental Meeting in October or November. This was the start of sending special support forces to the Demonstration Projects for acceleration of programs and provided the next avenue of engagement for Guardians. The last Global Odyssey was taken.

« Return to ToC 66

7. July 1976–June 1980 Chapter 7

July 1976–June 1980

The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration Jl 1976–Jn 1977 • Launched “The Band of 24” Global Social Demonstration Projects • Created the consult Handbook, the Town Meeting strategy, and the Human Development Training School • Studied Sun Tsu The Art of War and Musashi The Five Rings • Created the “Tagore Ritual”

Jl 1977–Jn 1978

• Summer Research Assembly: • Summer Research Assembly: Global Servant Force The 7 Revolutions, the Framing Method, Primal • Manoeuvre method community, The New Reality developed “Our Town” • Gospel According to St. • The Global Panchayat Matthew; Qualities of commissioned Profound Humanness; “The four Cs” (Care, Courage, • The Economic Community Corporateness, and Forum Creativity); The Exemplars • Proliferation of three-week • ICAI (Brussels) founded


• Completed Band of 24 Social • Town Meeting campaigns in Demonstrations 32 nations

• Global Community Forums, Global Youth Forums, and • Order Polity Document Global Women’s forums held • 5,000 Town Meetings around the world campaign launched • ITIs held in Caracas, • First publication of the Philippines, Taiwan, Japan, Journal (Redbook) Zambia, and Kenya • Death of JWM at noon, October 17, 1977

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Jl 1978–Jn 1979

Jl 1979–Jn 1980 • Summer Research Assembly: The Global Symposium, The Way exercises, The Tagore Ritual • HDTIs taught in Kenya, Philippines, Indonesia, Korea • 4,130 Town Meetings held in 1979 • Nava Gram Prayas in India completes replication in 232 villages • ICA has offices in 107 locations in 40 nations

• 26 new HDPs launched

• Cluster village consults held

• LENS conducted with Fortune 500 corporations

• Kenya replication launched

• Urban Summit Meetings


• LENS International formed

The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration

Human Development Projects Spring 1976

July 1976

Conducted a door-to-door survey and community assessment as a prelude to launching the 5th City model. Brainstormed and organized data from the survey to build a 5th City “Problemat.”

Summer 1976 The Year of Global Social Demonstration Research Assembly • Launched Global Social Demonstration Projects (GSD), “The Band of


• Created the Consult Handbook • Considered and planned for replication of demonstration projects • Created a Town Meeting area strategy and Town Meeting materials • Created the Human Development Training School (HDTS) • Corporate study of two classic guides to strategy: Sun Tsu’s The Art of War

and Miyamoto Musashi’s The Five Rings.

• Developed the image of “Generalship” • Held the Global Community Forum (GCF) rally

Three Circles image for the three campaigns • Global Community Forum (GCF) • Global Servant Force (GSF) • Global Social Demonstration (GSD)

The Movement • Created the “Tagore Ritual” (Stanfield, 1992). • Artform Readings, a 200-page collection of artform readings used over the

years was printed for internal use.

Does anyone have a copy of this magazine. See the footnote on page 37 earlier in this PDF.

• Chicago Magazine (1976, August) published an eight-page article, “Start

small, conquer the world.”

• The LENS Course [initially named “Living Effectively in the New Society”]

was renamed Leadership Effectiveness and New Strategies.

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The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration

The First Twenty-four Human Development Projects Twelve Human Development Projects were launched toward a total of twentyfour, one in each time zone around the world. The communities were selected as demonstrations of how human development working toward local selfsufficiency, self-confidence, and self-reliance is possible in any location. The first of the consults was held in Majuro, Micronesia.

A Human Development Project in Every Time Zone • Majuro (September 1974) Majuro • Shantumbu (Nov 28–Dec 4, 1976)

District, Marshall Islands

Zambia [replaced by Kapini, June 2

• Oombulguri (Aug 5–15, 1975)*

• Inyan Wakagapi (Dec 5–11, 1976)

• Jeju-do, Kwang Yung Il Ri (Sept

• Ijede ( Jan 1977)

Western Australia, Australia

28–Oct 5, 1975) JeJu Island, [Republic of ] Korea

• Kawangware (Nov 9–15, 1975)

Nairobi, Kenya

• Maliwada (Dec 28, 1975–Jan

3, 1976) Aurangabad District, Maharashtra State, India

• Fifth City (April 11, 1976)**

Chicago, Illinois, United States

• Sudtonggan (May 22–29, 1976)

Mactan Island, The Philippines

• Kelapa Dua (Aug 8–14, 1976)

Tangerang District, West Java, Indonesia

• Kreuzberg Ost (Sept 12–18,

1976) Berlin, [Federal Republic of ] Germany

• El Bayad (Oct 8–14, 1976)

Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt

• Isle of Dogs (Nov 1976)

London, England, UK

Canon Ball, North Dakota, USA

Lagos State, Nigeria

• Cano Negro ( Jan 9–15, 1977)


• Delta Pace (Feb 20–26, 1977)

Mississippi, USA

• Nam Wai (Feb 27–Mar 5, 1977)

New Territories, Hong Kong

• Sungai Lui (Apr 3–9, 1977)

Selagor, Malaysia

• Lorne de l’Acadie (Apr 10–16, ’77)

New Brunswick, Canada

• Hai Ou (May 15–21, 1977)

Taiwan, Republic of China

• Termine di Cagno (May 29–June 4,

1977) Abuzzo District, Italy

• Oyubari ( June 17–23, 1977 )

Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan • Vogar ( June 17–25, 1977)

Manitoba, Canada

• Ivy City (Oct 10–15, 1977)

Washington, D.C., USA

* From 1970–1972, the staff in Mowanjum were a Religious House.…Mowanjum acted as a catalyst (primarily from Indigenous elders) for the former Forrest River Mission people to return to Oombulgurri ( Jonathan Barker, April 29, 2015). ** The Fifth City Community Reformulation Project dates from 1963 (» See page 22).

« Return to ToC 69


The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration …1976

Global Community Forums • 5,000 Town Meetings were held—one in every

county in the United States between 1976 and 1978 (Bill Grow, 1993). “Oklahoma 100” was the first intensive Town Meeting coverage across an entire state: 100 Town Meetings were held on one weekend. 100 Town Meetings were also held in Oklahoma City schools.

• Global Youth Forums were held.

Spring 1977

• In the spring of 1977, Global Woman’s Forums

(GWF) were held around the world. The GWF was eventually held in twenty-five nations with women of all ages, in major cities and rural villages.

• Human Development Training Schools (HDTS)

began in project locations. This was an intensive residential program, that focused on developing effective leadership skills and methods in the midst of an active community.

• International Training Institutes (ITI) were held in Caracas, Philippines,

Taiwan, Japan, Zambia, and Kenya (Bill Grow, 1993).

• Shifted from using butcher paper for workshops, to cards or half sheets of

paper for collecting data, right after the Majuro Consult in 1976–77.

• Raised money for Latin American expansion. • The Institute of Cultural Affairs was incorporated in Canada.

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The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration

Global Servants and Profound Humanness Summer 1977

July 1977

Global Servant Force (GSF) Expansion Research Assembly • The Global Servant Force (GSF) expanded. • Town Meeting county coverage continued. • Experimented with having an order couple, volunteers from the United

States and villagers as staff of projects in Chile, Brazil, Guatemala, Peru, and Jamaica.

• Economic and social acceleration took place in projects. • Experimented with “Maneuvering.” Created The Victory Plaza.

Spirit Life • Explored the concept of Profound Humanness and attempted

to grasp what authentic living is like in our times. The Qualities of Profound Humanness were 12 ways to ty look at how human beings experience life, from ivi t ea the perspective of internal states of being and Cr external manifestations.*

Ca re

• Began to draw together stories from

Council of the Order Ecumenical

ra te n



ra g

Co r



Co u

human development projects and community forums. The stories were illustrations of four human qualities: Care, Courage, Corporateness, and Creativity (Estimates II, 1977).

• Created the Order Polity Document. • Everyone saw “The Gospel According to St. Matthew,” an award-winning

1964 film about the life of Jesus.

• The Institute of Cultural Affairs International (ICAI) founded in Brussels,


• Began questioning the use of gender specific (male) language and began re-

writing songs.

* See

“Profound Humanness” charts, lectures, and exercises from the Golden Pathways online.

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The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration July 1977

• Twelve more Human Development Consults completed the Band of 24

Human Development Projects, one in each time zone around the globe. A Human Development Project World’s Fair was held in Kwang Yung Il celebrating the completion of the Band of 24. A film was made of the event.

• First three-hour Town Meeting was held in the western United States. • Created images of four “Exemplars”: The Sage, The General, The Poet, and

The Saint.

October 1977

Joseph Wesley Mathews ( JWM) died on Sunday, October 17, 1977, at noon, following a Guardians Meeting, Chicago (Brian Stanfield, 1992; Jim Wiegel, 1993). The Journal was introduced the day Joe died (Bill Grow, 1993).

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The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration

Summer 1978

July 1978

Awakenment, Demonstration, Formation, and Interchange Research Assembly • Task Forces dealt with Awakenment, Demonstration, Formation, and


• There were six modules: The Seven Revolutions, Learnings, Framing,

on ati m

• Developed the Winner’s Circle. • Everyone saw the play “Our Town.”

Council of the Order Ecumenical


D m on


Fo r

• The question of The New Reality was

e ang h rc

t men en ak

an anthology of current works on the paradigm shift was published for in-house use, containing articles and references to tapes, and videos for systematic study by the community.

Int e

• A New Vision of Reality, Parts I and II,

on ati str

Awakenment, Maneuvers, and Primal Community.

• Celebrated ten years of Religious House life and commissioned the


The Movement • Created the Economic Community Forum (ECF), Chicago. • Human Development Consult was held in Peru (Bill Grow, 1993). • Converted the eight-week HDTI to a three-week version that was first

taught in Vaviharsh, India (Brian Stanfield, 1993).

• Developed the 5th City Leadership Program, and offered practical methods

training for local community leadership.

• Town Meetings expanded to 32 nations. Twenty-six new Social

Demonstration Projects were launched in 14 nations (Celebrating a Quarter Century of Service, 1979).

« Return to ToC 73


The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration • Held the first Urban Summit meetings in New York, Chicago, Philadelphia. • A redesigned LENS was held with Fortune 500 corporations in North

America, Latin America, Europe, Africa, and Asia.


• The Corporate Process Triangles were created by adapting the Social Process

Triangles for use in businesses.

A Religious House was opened and an ITI was held in Rio de Janiero (Bill Grow, 1993).

« Return to ToC 74

The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration

Training for Human Development Summer 1979

July 1979

The Global Symposium Research Assembly • Spun talks around The Way. • Established global priorities. • Emphasis was on building models to address commonly faced issues (The

Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1979).

»» How can local economies be diversified and strengthened? »» What training models will best give people adequate skills for supporting


»» How can local leadership be most effectively developed and motivated? »» How can traditions of disunity and separation be supplanted with

patterns of cooperative action?

»» How can people be interiorly sustained in the exhausting work of

community renewal?

»» How can vocational burnout be avoided? • The 25th anniversary “Silver Jubilee” celebration of the Institute was held in

July with people from 24 nations.

The Movement In July, Nava Gram Prayas in Maharashtra, India celebrated completion of 232 Village Consults. Cluster Village Consults began in India (Brian Stanfield, 1993). “Research Centrum was located off the Guild Hall. A large wall was constructed of file cabinets. Created a huge montage on the wall of history back to… Had the TIME Magazine ‘Man of the Year’ covers back to 1946. Colleagues began to call it the ‘Wall of Wonder’ and it was the precursor to the ToP™ method, The Environmental Scan (Jim Wiegel, 1993).

« Return to ToC 75


The Turn to the World: Global Social Demonstration


The Human Development Training School (HDTI), previously offered in third world villages was adapted for use in urban settings in the developed world. In 1979, it was taught in Kenya, The Philippines, Indonesia, and Korea. Three were conducted in the United States The Ecumenical Institute continued to offer weekend seminars on Imaginal Education and religious studies, the eight-week Global Academy, and the three-week International Training Institute for clergy and lay people around the world. Forty percent of the full-time international staff are from the United States. The Order Ecumenical staffs programs of both the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs. Global Community Forum Program expands, 4,130 are held in 1979. ICA programs are held in 40 nations and there are offices in 107 locations. Second Human Development Project replication begins in Kenya, Africa. (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1979). • LENS International was formed. • A Corporation LENS training held for all Priors. • An ITI in Ibadan, Nigeria, was attended by churchmen from Nigeria,

Ghana, and Bejing.

The Madrid House was opened.

• A Methods Academy was held in Brussels to update The Global Academy. • “The Long Table” training module was held in Sol de Septiembre, Chile. • The Maneuver Method was created, during 1979 and 1980. • An “Effective Supervision” course was created and training was done

in a major corporation in Minneapolis. Effective Supervision program development continued during 1979 and 1980.

Winter 1980

In the winter of 1980, the Panchayat visited every Area House around the globe [to lead] planning workshops, spirit conversations, and reporting (Doris Hahn, 2014).

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Chapter 8

July 1980 – June 1984

Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training Jl 1980–Jn 1981

Jl 1981–Jn 1982

• Summer Research: Global Symposium on Human Development in the 80s

• Training, Inc. starts in Indianapolis

• 14 Human Development Training Schools held

• Regional consults in 62 locations around the world: “The Alberta Potential” and “The Atlantic Potential” in Canada

• Regional Consults held in India, the UK, Peru, Zambia, US and Indonesia • Project Documentation Labs held in 43 communities with HDP’s • Research on “The New Paradigm” • LENS seminars in 93 locations • Community Forums held in 2,261 locations around the globe

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• Publication of The Image

• Formation Fortnight in Brussels • Block Consults in Maharashtra • HDTI’s continue on most continents • The New Village Movement in Kenya flowers • European volunteer movement

Jl 1982–Jn 1983

Jl 1983–Jn 1984

• Global Research Assemblies in multiple locations

• Summer Research plans the 16-month Year of the Global Order Council

• Global Think tanks in multiple locations

• Loisaida Employment Taskforce in NYC

• Brussels develops Service Ventures as a business

• LENS Design Conference created

• Testing IERD and building steering committees

• Project Documentation Labs across the globe

• Creating the Global Advisory Board

• International Exposition of Rural Development in Delhi • Lamego Project in Portugal for 850 people launched • Order Council in Jaipur, India • Research Assembly on the Role of Technology in the Release of Human Potential: Spring ‘83

• Films: “The Courage to Care” and “The Global Brain” • The Pilgrimage • 200 Kenyan villages


Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training

Accelerating Global Interchange July 1980

Summer 1980 Global Symposium on Human Development in the ’80s Research Assembly 600 people from 40 nations attended. Updated work on where the Pressure Points had shifted.

The Movement 1980–1984. The Human Development Training Institute (HDTI) was adapted for use in Latin American projects, translated, renamed Curso Internacional de Capacitacion Comunitaria (CICC). HDTIs were held in Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Guatemala, Jamaica, Spain, and Portugal (Bill Allerding, 1992). “Seminars for Effective Mission” presented in Rome (Dan Tuecke, 1992). The IERD, planned and envisioned in India during 1980–1981 as a mainly Indian project, became a global project in ’83–’84 (Brian Stanfield, 1992). Fourteen, 3–6 week intensive [HDTIs] were held. LENS seminars were held in 93 locations. Community Forums—one-day events for women, youth, communities, and organizations—were held in 2,261 locations around the world. Project Documentation Labs (PDL) were held in 43 communities which had completed their first phase as Human Development Projects. Accomplishments, learnings, and setbacks were examined. (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1980) • A Global Language School was held in Indonesia. • A Latin American Training Academy was held in 1980, ’82, ’85, and ’87. • Pilot Regional Consults were held in India, the United Kingdom, Peru,

Zambia, the USA, and Indonesia. Conducted research on the future linkages of regional resources. This ten-day, multi-sector program considered effective directions for human development in the 1980s.

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Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training

Summer 1981

July 1981

Council of the Order Ecumenical The Panchayat created a vocational journey chart, the basis of a conversation model, for the Order Council in Summer of 1981. In the 1981 July Council [the Bug model] [» see page 6] was rearticulated to reflect the current movemental thrust as: the word Study pointing to deepening movemental leadership prowess; the word Symbol pointing to deepening the self-conscious journey of the spirit; declaration (Witnessing Love) pointing to eventful proclamation of hope; and manifestation ( Justing Love) pointing to four-sector structural engagement. The common Discipline will involve the forming and convenanting of Global Regional Teams (Roundtable Manual, New York, 1981–82).

The Movement • Training, Inc. opened in Indianapolis, Indiana as the first national

replication of the program. Training the trainers was introduced.

• A “Student Leadership Program” was developed and held in St. Paul,


• A “Leadership Training Seminar” was held in the evening over several weeks

in New York.

• In 1981, IMAGE, A Journal on the Human Factor, first published in 1966

by the Ecumenical Institute, reestablished a regular publishing schedule. It was prepared by the research staff of ICA Chicago and published quarterly. “The purpose of the publication is to share research, training and demonstration methods developed over the last quarter century” (IMAGE, October–December, 1981). Each issue focused on a single, broad theme:

»» January–March 1981 — Corporate Research Methods »» April–June 1981 — Imaginal Training Methods »» July–September 1981 — Demonstrating Human Development »» October–December 1981 — The Human Factor in Local Development

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Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training


Regional Consults were held in 62 locations throughout the world (Annual Report, 1981). The Jamaican Potential: A Consultation On Human Development In The 80s was attended by representatives from 46 public, private, and voluntary agencies and residents from 16 local communities. The insights of 1,300 people who took part in forums or interviews were synthesized during a Symposium attended by 106 people. Formation Fortnight in Brussels, a volunteer training program began with a three-day Research Colloquy, was followed by a seven-day Training Practicum, and ended with a three-day Symposium. Thirty-one European volunteers went to third world Human Development Projects. (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1981 [italics added])

Three Block Village Consults were held in India (Stanfield, 1992). A research paper, “The Ritual Life of the Ecumenical Institute,” earned Nancy Grow a Doctor of Ministry Degree from Chicago Theological Seminary… (Grow, 1993).

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Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training

The International Exposition of Rural Development Summer 1982

July 1982

• The Lamego, Portugal Human Development Project began. The

community was an example of “Third World” conditions in Europe.

• First Global Research Assembly was held in Jakarta, Indonesia. • Brussels developed the Service Ventures business and provided information

systems advice to business.

The International Exposition of Rural Development The ICA was the organizing sponsor of The International Exposition of Rural Development (IERD), a demonstration of many nations and cultures coming together to look, not at their differences, but at their common concerns. Rather than dwelling on problems, they examined “approaches that work.” Phase One of The International Exposition of Rural Development (IERD), a process that promoted the exchange of ideas among people working in development so that they could increase their effectiveness. 1982–1984 was a period of testing out the idea, and establishing national steering committees and a global advisory board ( John Burbidge, 1988). Research conducted on the role of technology in the release of human potential, Spring1983 Spring 1983.

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Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training

July 1983

Summer 1983 Council of the Order Ecumenical September 1983 to December 1984 was named The Year of Order Council. The events of the sixteen months were focused on creating and re-creating the forms, structures and relationships within the Order: Ecumenical community. Over 200 talking papers emerged from this dialogue (The Global Order Council Report. July/August 1984. p. 5)


• An Academy was held in Brussels, Sharon Turner, Dean.

transposition and updating of the Academy curriculum.

Worked on the

• Research and Interchange worked on recreating The Academy for the 1980s.

The team was led by Jim Wiegel.

• Westside Leadership Lab held in Chicago. • First Area Prior team of women was assigned to Area Houston.

The Vocational Journey Lab was developed and piloted in the United States and tested in Australia, India and several other places. The Lab addressed the question of one’s existence and explored the terrain of the journey of vocated living (Brian Stanfield, 1992)

The Movement • The ICA and 39 organizations from across the sectors launched the

Loisaida Employment Task Force to research and develop a plan for revitalizing the economy of Loisaida, a low-income neighborhood on the lower East Side of New York City.

• Effective Leadership Training was held in New York and Toronto. • The LENS Design Conference was created.

Hundreds of Project Documentation Labs were held around the globe to select projects for the International Exposition of Rural Development (IERD) (Brian Stanfield, 1992).

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Community Forums, Social Demonstrations, and Leadership Training

During 1983–84, Human Development Training Schools were held in Egypt, Kenya, Tonga, Guatemala, Venezuela, Peru, Jamaica, Chile and Portugal.


European Volunteer Placement program in London placed 47 [volunteers] in 15 projects in developing nations. Kenya. Over 700 villages were participating in the replication process [and] over 7,000 village leaders were trained in aspects of rural development. (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1983–84.)


February 1984

The International Exposition of Rural Development (IERD) Central International Event was held February 5–15, 1984 in New Delhi, India. During this time, 650 delegates from 55 nations gathered in New Delhi to share exhibits, participate in workshops and visit 30 selected projects across the subcontinent ( John Burbidge, 1988). • IMAGE on the IERD was published in Chicago, 1984. • “Sharing Approaches That Work," was produced. An eight minute video

reproduction of a three projector slide-show illustrated approaches that were working in community development grassroots initiatives.

• “The Courage to Care," produced by Dick Young. The 15 minute film was

narrated by Sir Richard Attenborough and captured the spirit of “Sharing Approaches That Work" around the world.

The Council at Jaipur in February-March 1984 featured a talk by Joseph A. Slicker on meditation and visualization. The Continuum picked up on these images in planning spirit life for [the Order Council]. The Contiuum was chosen at Jaipur and worked during April, May and June to prepare for the Order Council (Brian Stanfield, 1992).

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February–March 1984

April–June 1984

Chapter 9

July 1984–June 1988

New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation Jl 1984–Jn 1985

Jl 1985–Jn 1986

Jl 1986–Jn 1987

Jl 1987–Jn 1988

• Order Council for 800 members for six weeks: New Paradigm Safari and experiments in meditation and visualization

• Research Event: “The Planetary Connection” in Chicago and Brussels with Jean Houston, Willis Harman, Barbara Marx Hubbard, Larry Dossey, and many others presenting and holding seminars

• “Planetary Vision Quest” in Chicago: Marilyn Ferguson, Fritjof Capra, and Jean Houston as presenters; “The Hero’s Journey” and individual vision quests

• ICA contingent attends Jean Houston’s Mystery School in New York and begins the journey of The Human Capacities School

• The global community of O:E represented 37 nations on eight continents in 108 locations • 24 Primary Units created globally • Training, Inc. opens in Boston, Massachusetts • Flextime experiment • The Machakos Game

• Staff-support businesses operating in Bombay, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Chicago, New York, Houston, Toronto, and Brussels • Transition from being pedagogues to being facilitators

• Kenya: 1,000 villages participate in replication

• Phase II of IERD births 100s of events around the globe

• Research into new myths and exercises

• Leadership and facilitator training around the globe

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• “The Atlanta Adventure,” 5-week Imaginal Education camp for children • Training, Inc. opens in Newark, New Jersey • Toronto creates “Effective Leadership Training” • Order Council in Bilbao, Spain • Creation of three “Breakthrough Teams” • Research Synergism Node in Toronto


• “New Horizons in Learning Conference” in Guatemala brings learning revolution to 400 educators and professionals • Research Colloquy held in Swartswood, New Jersey with Jean Houston, Willis Harman, Dee Dickinson, and others • Training, Inc. network receives “Best Social Invention” award • EDGES Magazine launched in Toronto

New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

Exploring New Paradigms July–August 1984

Summer 1984 The New Paradigm Safari, Chicago Council of the Order Ecumenical Over 800 order members and associates met for six weeks in Chicago to determine the “corporate future, formation, direction and goals for the next 16 years [to the year 2000].” Sixty people came from Kenya and over 100 people came from the Subcontinent. Many of these participants had never traveled far from their own villages. Orientation sessions had been held in Nairobi and Delhi. There were special menus and special language groups to help with translation into Hindi, Spanish, Swahili, and French. •

The global community of the Order Ecumenical comprised 700 people from 108 locations on eight continents, representing 37 nationalities.

• Twelve working groups, called “Waterholes,”

each with a particular focus, addressed the question “What is going on today in our lives and on the planet?”

• Thirty-five smaller groups of 20 people

each, called “Holons,” spent two hours each morning experimenting with meditation exercises. • The Global Brain, a film and book by Peter

Russell provided imagery for the Council.

“Waterhole” groups •  Communities

•  The New Human •  Employment and the Workplace •  Ecology •  Life Styles •  The Art of Communication •  The Spirit Mode •  The New Polity System •  New Education •  Holistic Health •  The Social Task •  Peace

• 24 Primary Units were established globally. • Research, Training, Development and Management teams were established. • Thirteen students made the 6th Grade Rite of Passage trip to mark their

transition from childhood to youth. The trip took them through 17 states, including the southeastern USA.

• Ninth graders who had been living in the US, Kenya, Peru, Egypt, Belgium,

Tonga and Australia had a reunion.

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New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

[During] the July/August Global Order Council a day camp, “The Arque of the Universe,” [cared] for 46 children in three units: Infant School, Mini-school, and Pre-school (The Global Order Council Report, July/August, 1984).

The Movement • The Loisaida Employment Project was launched in New York City. More

than 120 individuals from forty organizations participated in the effort to create the project. (The Loisaida Employment Project, 1984).

• The Machakos Game was created by Sue Wegner, a colleague in

Minneapolis working with a game expert.

• Training, Inc. opens in Boston, Massachusetts.

Kenya. Over 1,000 villages participating in replication. The “DOOP [Do Our Own Project] Model” enabled villagers to use their own resources and leadership for village development (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1983–84).

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…July–August 1984


New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

July 1985

Summer 1985 Research Events Chicago, July; Brussels, July–August. “The Planetary Connection”

Two events? one in Chi and a second in Brussels?

Any additions or clarifications to this list?

People examined the factors that lead to social change and identified social trends that are leading in new and needed directions. Participants delved into understandings of consciousness and spiritual development as practiced in various parts of the world. Looked at life styles and systems for contemporary social ethics. Leading thinkers and futurists contributed to the meeting: Jean Houston, Co-director of the Foundation for Mind Research, New York; [Oliver] Markley, director of the Futures Research Department, University of Houston; Barbara Hubbard, catalyst of the Positive Futures [sic*] Society; Willis Harman, author of An Incomplete Guide to the Future (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1987). 1985

Staff operated businesses provided staff support • Bombay: Jack Gilles, Dick and Gail West, and Kevin Balm • Brussels: Ken Whitney—the American Handiman from 1977–1979—with

help from Clare Whitney, and occasionally Paul Schrijnen, earned enough to pay off old bills, pay stipends, and send all staff members to Chicago for summer programs (Clare Whitney, July 17, 2015).

• Chicago: Jim Troxel, • Hong Kong: Dan Tuecke, • Houston: Tim Wegner, • Los Angeles: Milan and Linda Hamilton founded Food For All to raise

funds for anti-hunger projects. See

• Sydney • New York: Scott and Doris Morris and others did programming,

consulting, and training as Computer Paradigm.

• Toronto: PEOPLEnergy—Jan Sanders, Ian Gilmore, and (currently)

Jeanette Stanfield

• Washington, DC: Stan Crow, and Linda and Lester Knudsen sold Kaypro

computers and did programming, consulting, and training as Computer Paradigm.

* Barbara Marx Hubbard is a co-founder of the World Future Society. Retrieved from

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New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

The Movement


• “Effective Management," seminar is held in Zambia. • Transitioned from being pedagogues to becoming facilitators. • ICA was granted Consultative Status (in Category II) with the United

Nations Economic and Social council, May, 1983. • The Survey Project. A network of women associated with the ICA developed

the “Survey Project,” as a way for women to get input into the United Nations World Conference in Nairobi, without leaving home. Women gathered to describe their experiences of changes in the past decade and their hopes for the future. This data was sent to an international group of women at the Wingspread Conference Center in Racine, Wisconsin who created a report of “surveys” findings that was included in a document presented to the delegates at the Nairobi conference.

Seven hundred full-time members of the ICA live and work in 65 houses around the world. Ongoing leadership and facilitator training in the United States, Mexico, Guatemala, Kingdom of Tonga, India, and Kenya. Phase III of the IERD. Delegates returned to their own countries to explore further avenues of networking. Hundreds of events and programs were held around the globe: • from local exchange conferences to major international gatherings • from small group studies to meetings of large development agencies • from local presentations and slide shows by delegates to production of a video film • from exchanging notes and names to compiling a directory & data-base (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1985)

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New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

July 1986

Sunmer 1986

Planetary Vision Quest

Research Event The “Planetary Vision Quest” was held in Chicago with Jean Houston, Fritjof Capra, and Marilyn Ferguson as presenters. “We became fascinated with ‘New Age’ leaders…and incorporated visualization and meditation, etc. into our ‘repertoire’” (Ensinger, 1992).

Council of the Order Ecumenical What month was the Bilbao Council?

The first Global Council outside the continental United States, held in Bilbao, Spain, was a turning point. The decision was made at the Council in Bilbao to meet globally once every four years. The Summer Research Assemblies would no longer to be held in Chicago. Three “Breakthrough Teams” were launched: • Long Term Investment Team, Chicago • Research Synergism Node, Toronto • International Development Team, Brussels

June–July 1986 Summer Teacher’s Institute in Imaginal Education, Atlanta, Georgia

“The theoretical learning of the Teacher’s Institute was implemented at the Teacher House, a live-in experience for teachers conducted by the Institute of Cultural Affairs at its training centger in Decatur, Georgia. The Teacher House participants attended the Teacher’s Institute at Spelman College and Atlanta University on rotation in the mornings and simultaneously staffed the pilot children’s residential summer program: The Atlanta Adventure” (Elise Packard [1986] Teacher House Report). “The Atlanta Adventure was a five-week experience in imaginal education for pre-kinder and first grade students (age 10 months to 8 years) in North America. The total number of children…was 14. A total of 18 adults from six states and four nations participated as staff of the Atlanta Adventure [and instructors] in the Teacher’s Institute” (All One Planet, 1986).

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New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

The Kaleidoscope Design Template is a graphic way of capturing the elements essential for shifting and shaping images (perceptions, mental models) to release foundational change within organizations, communities, and individuals.  It has been used in the design of projects, curricula, conferences, meetings and facilitated sessions that have the intent of nurturing deep change (Elise, Packard, September 7, 2015).

One of the earliest “Kaleidoscope” images

The Movement • Skunk Works, I and II. Held key meetings with Marty Seldman.* From 1972

to 1986, Marty specialized in the field of training, training trainers, and program design. A Program Fair included: »» Development of a Global Economic Network Strategy »» Development of sales skills

• Training, Inc., Newark opened in Newark, New Jersey. • Product Delivery Capacity (PDC) was developed, Chicago. • “Effective Leadership Training” facilitation methods Toronto format was

brought to the ICA West Primary Unit and courses were offered on a regular basis.

• THE NODE, an informal ICA Network newsletter was initiated by ICA


* See

« Return to ToC 91

New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

July 1987

Summer 1987 New Horizons In Learning Research Event • New Horizons In Learning Educational Research Conference was held

in Guatemala for 400 educators, business people, health professionals, development agencies, and government officials.

Movement • Several people attended Jean Houston’s Mystery School and The Human

Capacities School in New York State.

• Book Research Team established 1987–88. • Consulting services began in Brasil (Bill Grow, 1993).

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New Paradign Research and Practicing Facilitation

From Intentional Community to Professional Organization 1988 Training Inc. • Training, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania opened in February (Sharp, 1992).

February 1998

• Training, Inc, Washington, D.C. opened in May (Sharp, 1992).

May 1998

• Training, Inc. “network received award for Best Social Inventions ’88 from

the Institute for Social Inventions, London, England” (Allerding, 1992).

Council of the Order Ecumenical “Our Common Future” conference held in Oaxtepec, Mexico, November 1998. Over 500 people from 30 nations attended. The structures of The Order: Ecumenical and the family order dimension were symbolically called out of being. Research was launched in four networks: Education, Development, Economic, and Planetary Unity. The ICA began a new phase offering courses and consulting as a not-for-profit organization.

November 1998



The IERD series of books was published: • Volume 1, Directory of Rural Development Projects • Volume 2, Voices of Rural Practitioners • Volume 3, Approaches that Work in Rural Development

ICA Canada began publication of EDGES magazine.

Program and Project Launches Regional offices launched partnerships throughout the U.S. with local communities, public agencies, and private-sector organizations (The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1991). The Earthwise Learning Series (ELS) was conceived in Phoenix. ICA Canada launched a one-day Learning Lab based on Gardner’s 7 Intelligences. Education Reformulation Project begins in Panvel Block, India (Stanfield, 1992).

« Return to ToC 93

Looking for a good tutorial video for Google Docs.

The Chronological History “Addendum” Document How to use the Addendum Google Doc to add new information Click

Addendum to jump to the Addendum Google Doc online.

Use your mouse to navigate and click on menu items just like you would in your word processor.

Use your browser to bookmark this page so you can easily return any time.

When you click in a Google Doc in your browser, you place your cursor on the page just like you do in your word processor. Click and drag your cursor to select text before you edit the text or apply a style. Typing in a Google Doc moves the text and automatically adds carriage returns just as you’d expect.

Use your scroll wheel or the scroll bar on the Google Doc page to scroll from page to page. « Return to ToC 94

“Chapter 10”


The Chronological History of the Last Thirty Years We need movement colleagues’ help filling information gaps about gatherings, events, programs, and projects from 1989 to the present. We’ve created a Google Doc online (see page 98) to which you can add “the missing bits” of the ICA’s and movement colleagues’ work during the last thirty years. Click Addendum to jump to this editable shared document. You’ll need a Google Account to log in with a password. It’s free and secure. If for no other reason, it’s valuable to set this up so that you can collaborate on corporate writing projects like the ICA Archive. To add information, craft the “what and when, who and where, how and why” into a short paragraph. You know the drill: objective data, personal connection, outcomes and significance, and how you might learn more. Include URLs (the online destination) for photos and more information. Online help with Google Docs is plentiful. Go to the website and type a question in the search space. Google returns a list of answers. You can also start with one of Google’s help documents. Here’s an Overview of Google Docs and Google’s other tools. Notice the link to the Google Docs Getting Started Guide on the Overview page. Or visit YouTube for video tutorials. The notes on page 98 will get you started using this Google Doc and its toolbar. Hint: Google Docs work very much like you’d expect if you use Microsoft Word or another word processor on your Mac or Windows PC.

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Appendices Appendix 1 Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings


Appendix 2 Common Memory and Historical Literacy


Appendix 3 ICA Colleague Book Collection


Appendix 4 The History of the ICA Global Archives


Appendix 5 A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994


Appendix 6 A History of the ICA’s Contribution to the IAF


Appendix 7 EI/OE/ICA Web Links


Appendix 8 Contributors to the Chronological History Project


Appendix 9 1992 Chronological History Bibliography


Note: The names of the appendices above are clickable links to each appendix.

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Appendix 1

Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings 1965–2016 The Ecumenical Institute The Order Ecumenical The Institute of Cultural Affairs In the spring of 1979, Dolores Morrill prepared a timeline of the movement for a collegium in the New York Regional House that she called “The History of Global Movement Assemble-ing.” This appendix is a similar compilation of summer programs, order councils, and movement gatherings from 1965 through 2016—with blank spaces where additional information is needed to complete the picture.

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A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings The work from 1952 to 1968 laid a foundational context and style for the Ecumenical Institute, the Order Ecumenical, and the Institute of Cultural Affairs. • 1952–1955

Revitalizing the university: Christian Faith and Life Community

• 1956–1959

Renewing the Church: impacting congregations

(1956 – worship, 1957 – curriculum, 1958 – discipline, 1959 – mission) • 1960–1964

Embracing Cultures and Community: The Evanston Institute of Ecumenical Studies and the move to West Side and 5th City

• 1965–1968

Creating a movement: training a network of cadres

This early history established two enduring patterns: a comprehensive focus on research, training, and catalytic presence, and the comprehensive strategies of contextual re-education, community re-formulation, and spirit re-motivation. Year 1965


Summer Programs

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings

Training the Spirit Movement

Summer Training Form C hicago , J uly 1965 •  Created community reformulation methods and five presuppositions of community reformulation

Spirit: Work-study with students


Training the Spirit Movement C hicago , J uly 1966 •  Religious Studies I •  Imaginal Education pedagogy

Order Council

Presidium and Council I •  Prolegomena to the Rule of the Order

Spirit: 5th CIty festivals


Training the Spirit Movement

Movement Training C hicago , J uly 1967 •  Basic curriculum

Order Council

Presidium and Council II •  Document I — Declaration of the Spirit Movement

Spirit: Saviors of God, People of God triangles


Training the Spirit Movement

The New Religious Mode (NRM) C hicago , J uly 1968 Spirit: The Odyssey, St. John of the Cross, commissioning religious houses

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Order Council

Presidium and Council III •  Document II — Construct of the Spirit Movement

A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings Year 1969


Summer Programs Training the Spirit Movement

Summer Research Program C hicago , J uly 1969 •  The Academy •  Urban Academy •  First ITI SIngapore

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings Order Council

Presidium and Council IV •  Document III — Local Church Dynamics

Spirit: Requiem for a Heavy Weight, Kazantzakis’s Saviors of God


Social Research

Summer Research Program C hicago , J uly 1970 •  The Local Church Experiment (LCX) •  Tactical System for the Local Church

Order Council

Council V (representational August council) •  Affirming the local church auxiliary •  Spirit dynamics of the local church

Spirit: NRM solitary office, songs, spirit conversations; Luke conversations, Room E dynamic, UR parties


Social Research

Global Research Assembly (GRA)

Order Council

Council VI

C hicago , J uly 1971

(representational August council)

•  The New Social Vehicle (NSV) •  77 Proposals •  Trend analysis, clustering and gapping

•  Research on historical orders •  Symbolic and extended movement dynamics •  New Individual in the New Society (NINS)

Spirit: NSV songs, canonical hours, Psalms, Little Big Man, Symbols in Society, The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism.

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A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings

Year 1972


Summer Programs Social Research

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1972 •  “The Great Turn”; the wedgeblade developed into ICA symbol •  Nine “whistle points” and nine “pressure points” •  Catalytic clustering •  Movement Strategic Designs

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings Order Council

First Global Priors Council (last three days of the GRA) •  “Going areal” •  54 Areas •  Xavierism

Spirit: The Other World (treks, visits, songs), The Fast, The Watch, Words of Jesus, prayers, St. Teresa


Social Research

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1973 •  The Guild: form, frame, tactics, logistics •  Living Effectively in the New Society (LENS) •  Uptown Lab

Order Council

Global Priors Council (Last three days of the GRA) •  “The Dark Night” •  Priorship Training School

Spirit: The Cabaret, Sanctification Course, Dark Night of the Soul, St. John, Dr. Lao, The Scarlet Pimpernel, Spirit Methods Manual


Social Research

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1974 •  Ecumenical Parish •  Social Methods School Manual •  Preparation for Oombulgurri and Majuro •  Transparent Christianity

Spirit: Dark Night/Long March, Wave conversations, Journey to Ixtlan (Hunter Warrior), Comprehensiveness Screen, Ignatian Retreat, The Man of LaMancha, Don Quixote, wearing the blue

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Order Council

First Full Global Order Council •  “The Long March” •  First assignments task force

A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings

Year 1975


Summer Programs Practical Implementation

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1975 •  Town Meeting ‘76 Blitz/Foray •  The Eight Social Demonstrations •  Human Resurgence Mission •  Metro Cadre

Spirit: Human Resurgence Mission (HRM), metro cadre, faith-hope-love, Those Who Care, profound consciousness dialogue, sociological love discourses, Those Who Care, Kemper Village July 4 ™, Soldiers Field fireworks, The Skin of Our Teeth


Practical Implementation

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1976 •  Town Meeting areal strategy and materials •  Global Social Demonstration projects •  Launched “The Band of 24” toward 24 Global Social Demonstration projects (GSD) •  Plans for the first 12 Human Development Projects (HDP) •  Implementation and consult handbooks •  Replication and Human Development Training Schools •  LENS renamed “Leadership Effectiveness and New Strategies”

Spirit: Generalship, GCF Rally, 200 pages of artform readings, The RISK Game, Exemplars, Generals’ Club

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Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings Order Council

Global Strategies, Memorials, Priorities •  The Three Campaigns: »» Global Social Demonstration (GSD) »» Global Community Forum (GCF) »» Global Servant Force (GSF) •  The Staret’s Prayer •  Taking Care of Yourself

Order Council

Global Strategies, Memorials, Priorities •  The Three Campaigns: »» Global Social Demonstration GSD, »» Global Community Forum (GCF »» Global Servant Force (GSF) •  Sun Tsu’s The Art of War •  The Silver Jubilee—Celebrating 25 Years

A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings

Year 1977


Summer Programs Practical Implementation

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1977 •  Global Servant Force (GSF) expanded toward county coverage •  Impact Courses •  HDP economic and social acceleration

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings Order Council

Global Strategies, Memorials, Priorities •  Estimates II •  Order Polity Document •  Gospel According to St. Matthew, The Life of Jesus

Spirit: Profound Humanness; stories of concern, creativity, corporates and courage; maneuvering, KYI World’s Fair Film, Victory Plaza


Practical Implementation

Global Research Assembly (GRA) C hicago , J uly 1978 •  Task Forces: »» Awakenment, demonstration, interchange,

and formation

•  Modules on: »» Seven revolutions, learnings, framing,

awakenment, maneuvers, primal community

Spirit: Kingdom of God, the new reality,

Order Council

Global Strategies, Memorials, Priorities •  The Three Campaigns: »» Global Social Demonstration GSD »» Global Community Forum (GCF) »» Global Servant Force (GSF) •  Celebrating ten years of religious houses •  Commissioning the Panchayat

Tillich’s two realities, Bonhoeffer’s kingdom, winner’s circle, Our Town


The Global Symposium C hicago , J uly 1979 Focus question: What is the social and spirit situation of our time that the Global Assembly of 1979 needs to address? •  Strategy design: formation task forces; Global Symposium; interchange

Spirit: spins on “The Way”; Tagore ritual

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Order Council

Global Strategies, Memorials, Priorities •  The Three Campaigns: »» Global Social Demonstration GSD »» Global Community Forum (GCF) »» Global Servant Force (GSF) •  The “mezzanine dynamic”

A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings

Year 1980


Summer Programs

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings

Global Symposium on Human Development in the 80s C hicago , J uly 1980 •  Shifts in pressure points

Panchayat creates a “Vocational Journey Chart” as the basis for a conversation model.



Global Research Assembly (GRA) J akarta , I ndonesia

Order Council


The Last Order Council “The Year of the Order Council” September 1983–1984


Last Summer Program

New Paradigm Safari C hicago , J uly 1984 Focus question: What’s going on today, in our lives and on the planet? •  12 “Waterholes” •  Six weeks to determine: corporate future, formation, direction, and goals for the next 16 years

Spirit: “The Global Brain,” daily two-hour meditation exercises in “holon groups” of 20 people

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A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings



Summer Programs

Order Councils/Mvmt Gatherings

The Planetary Connection


C hicago , J uly 1985 B russels , J uly and A ugust 1985

The Planetary Vision Quest


C hicago , J uly 1986 •  Presenters: Jean Houston, Fritjof Capra, Marilyn Ferguson •  Decision made to no longer hold Summer Research Assemblies in Chicago

Movement Gathering

First Global Council held outside the USA B ilbao , S pain

•  Decision to meet globally once every four years

Global Conference


New Horizons in Learning Educational Research G uatemala , J uly 1987 Global Conference


Our Common Future O axtapec , M exico , N ovember 1988 •  The structures of The Order Ecumenical called out of being




Movement Gatherings ChangeMasters D allas , T exas , J anuary 1989 1st ICA International Conference


Our Common Future in an Environment of Change T aipei , T aiwan , N ovember 1–11, 1990

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A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings



Movement Gatherings There are 31 independent ICA affiliates in North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific.


2nd ICA International Conference


Exploring the Great Transition to Our One World P rague , C zechoslovakia 3rd ICA International Conference


The Rise of Civil Society in the 21st Century C airo , E gypt 4th ICA International Conference


The Millennium Connection D enver , C olorado , USA ICA-USA H osts ICA-USA 30th Anniversary Celebrations


Celebration Symposium C hicago , I llinois , USA •  Local celebrations in ten US cities

ICA-USA 35th Anniversary Celebration


Living Legacy Event C hicago , I llinois , USA •  Honoring staff, associates and faculty

7th Global Conference on Human Development


Unlocking the Potential to Create a New World Together T akayama , J apan

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A1. Summer Programs, Order Councils, and Movement Gatherings



Movement Gatherings 8th Global Conference on Human Development K athmandu , N epal , O ct 29–N ov 2


First Virtual Conference


ICA celebrates its 50th Anniversary ICA G reen R ise B uilding , C hicago •  50 events in 50 cities

9th Global Conference on Human Development


Focus question: What is shifting in response to the world’s needs?

L ocation

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to be determined

Appendix 2

Common Memory and Historical Literacy We need the complete original to scan.

Perhaps from Marianna Bailey’s files?

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy

The Ecumenical Institute Archives Library “Historical Literacy” Abbott, Walter M. (Ed.).Documents of Vatican II Arendt, Hannah. Between Past and Future

Barth, Karl. Ad Limina Apostolorum

— Church Dogmatics — Community, State and Church — Dogmatics in Outline — Epistle to the Romans — Faith of the Church — Humanity of God, The — Makers of the Modern Theological Mind — Word of God and the Word of Man, The Beckett, Samuel.Waiting for Godot Berdyaev, Nicholas.Destiny of Man — Meaning of History Bonhoeffer, Dietrich.The Communion of Saints — Ethics — Temptation See also, E.H. Robertson, Bonhoeffer Boulding, Kenneth E.The Meaning of the 20th Century Bronowski, J.Common Sense of Science Brother Lawrence.Practice of the Presence of God Brunner, Emil. The Divine Imperative Buber, Martin.Eclipse of God I and Thou Path in Utopia Pointing the Way The Prophetic Faith Bulfinch, Thomas.The Age of Fable

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy Bultmann, Rudolf.Existence and Faith — Essays — Form Criticism (co-author: Karl Kundson) — History and Eschatology — Jesus and the Word — Jesus Christ and Mythology — Kerygma and Faith — Myth and Christianity — Primitive Christianity — Theology of the New Testament (Vols.1 and 2) — This World and Beyond See also, Ian Henderson. Rudolf Bultmann Burrows, Millar.The Dead Sea Scrolls

Campbell, Joseph.The Hero With a Thousand Faces

— Oriental Mythology: The Masks of God

Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de.The Divine Milieu — The Future of Man — The Phenomenon of Man See also Paul Chaucard. Teilhard de Chardin on Love and Suffering and Henri de Lubac. The Religion of Teilhard de Chardin Cox, HarveyThe Church Amid Revolution — God’s Revolution and Man’s Responsibility — The Secular City Cummings, E.E. 100 Selected Poems Curtis, Michael.Great Political Theories (Vols. 1 and 2)

Deutsch, Karl W. The Nerves of Government Dillenberger, John.Martin Luther: Selections From Writings Dodd, C. H. The Fourth Gospel Duncan, Hugh Dalziel. Symbols in Society Dunne, John S.The Way of All the Earth

Eiseley, Loren.The Immense Journey

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy Eliade, Mircea.Cosmos and History — Patterns in Comparative Religion — The Sacred and the Profane

Fanon, Frantz.The Wretched of the Earth Fletcher, Joseph.Situation Ethics: The New Morality French, R. M.The Way of a Pilgrim Fromm, Erich.The Art of Loving

Gasset, Jose Ortega.Man and Crisis Godrich, Norma Lorre.Medieval Myths Gutierrez, Gustavo.Theoloqv of Liberation Gogarten, Friedrich.Christ the Crisis

Hammarskjold, Dag.Markings Harrington, Michael.Toward a Democratic New Left Heer, Friedrich.Medieval World Heilbroner, R. J.The Great Ascent — The Worldly Philosophers Heisenberg, Werner.Physics and Philosophy Herberg. Will.The Writings of Martin Buber Hesse, Herman.The Journey to the East — Siddhartha

James, William.Varieties of Religious Experience Kafka, Franz.Parables and Paradoxes Kaplan, Abraham.New World of Philosophy Kaszantzakis, Nikos.Saviors of God Kempis, Thomas A. The Imitation of Christ Kierkegaard, Søren.Attack Upon Christendom — Concluding Unscientific Postscript — The Cripple — The Diary

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy — Edifying Discourses — Fear and Trembling/the Sickness Unto Death — Philosophical Fragments — Purity of Heart Is to Will One Thing — Training in Christianity See also Walter Lowrie, Kierkegaard and Robert Bretall (Ed.) A Kierkegaard Anthology Knox, John. The Humanity and Divinity of Christ Kuhn, Thomas S.The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Lagerkvist, Pär.The Sibyl Langer, Susanne K.Philosophy in a New Key Lawrence, D. H. Complete Poems — Selected Poems Lewis, C. S. The Screwtape Letters Luckmann, Thomas.The Invisible Religion

Mair, Lucy.An Introduction to Social Anthropology Mannheim, Karl.Ideology and Utopia Maritain, Jacques.Existence and the Existent Maslow, Abraham H.Toward a Psychology of Being May, Rollo.Psychology and the Human Dilemma — Symbolism in Religion and Literature Martin, Malachi.The New Castle Merton, Thomas.Contemplative Prayer Mills, C. Wright.Images of Man Moltmann, Jurgen.Theology of Hope Mumford, Lewis.The City in History

Niebuhr, H. Richard.Christ and Culture

— The Kingdom of God in America — The Meaning of Revelation — The Social Sources of Denominationalism

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy Niebuhr, Reinhold.Applied Christianity — A Nation So Conceived (with Alan Heimart) — An Interpretation of Christian Ethics —The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness — Christian Realism and Political Problems — Faith and History — The Irony of American History — Leaves From the Notebook of a Tamed Cynic — Man’s Nature and His Communities — Moral Man and Immoral Society — The Nature and Destiny of Man — Pious and Secular America — The Self and the Dramas of History See also Charles W. Kegby and Robert W. Bretall (Eds.). Reinhold Niebuhr: His Religious, Social and Political Thought.

Otto, Rudolf.Idea of the Holy Paz, Octavio.The Labyrinth of Solitude Rauschenbush, Walter.A Theology for the Social Gospel Reich, Charles A.The Greening of America Rosenthal, Raymond. Mcluhan: Pro and Con Roszak, Theodore. The Making of a Counter Culture

St. Augustine.City of God St. Francie De Sales.Introduction to the Good Life St. Ignatius. Spiritual Exercises St. John of the Cross. Dark Night of the Soul St. Teresa of Avila.The Interior Castle — The Way of Perfection Sartre, Jean Paul. Essays in Existentialism Schleiermacher, Friedrich. On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers Schweitzer, Albert.The Quest of the Historical Jesus

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A2. Common Memory and Historical Literacy Segundo, Juan Luis.The Community Called Church Servan-Schreiber, Jean Jacques.The Radical Alternative Sigmund, Paul E.Idealoqies of the Developing Nations

Tillich, Paul. The Courage to Be

— Dynamics of Faith — The Future of Religions — A History of Christian Thought — The New Being — Philosophy of Science, Culture and Religion — The Protestant Era — The Shaking of the Foundations — Systematic Theology Tournier, Paul.The Meaning of Persons

Walsh, W. H.Philosophy of History Ward, Barbara.The Rich Nations and the Poor Nations Weber, Max.The City — Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism See also Northrop, F. S. C. and Gross, M. W. (Eds.). Alfred North Whitehead: An Anthology.

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Appendix 3

ICA Colleague Book Collection Baggett, John F.Finding the Good in Grief — Seeing Through the Eyes of Jesus — Times of Tragedy and Moments of Grace


Bergdall, Terry.Methods for Active Participation: Experience in rural development from East and Central Africa . Earthrise Sampler, Personal Reflections About Spirit Bingham, Annette Patton.Analysis of Participatory Development Programs which could lead to Employment of People Broersma, Patricia.Riding into Your Mythic Life, Transformational Adventures with the Horse Bueno, Karen. Children Singing the New Millennium Burbidge, John (Ed.). (1999). Please Forward: The Life of Liza Tod. Brisbane: ICA Australia. . (1997). Beyond Prince and Merchant: Citizen Participation and the Rise of Civil Society. New York: Pact Publications. . (1987) Approaches That Work in Rural Development. Munich: K. G. Saur Burbidge, John. (2015).The Boatman: An Indian Love Story. Melbourne: Transit Lounge. . (2014). The Boatman: A Memoir of Same-sex Love. New Delhi: Yoda Press. . (2014). Dare Me! The Life and Work of Gerald Glaskin. Melbourne: Monash University Publishing. . (1984). Calling All Gifts to Build the Future. Chicago: The Lavender League. (Written and edited with Bruce Williams, Jim Kelly, Helen Haug). Buss, Sarah H.The Other Side of Midnight . Love Letters to a Mirage in the Desert

Campbell, Jim. A Journey of Beginnings (only available as a PDF) Chagnon, Lucille Tessier.Easy Reader Learner Writer, Teacher’s Guide . Voice Hidden Voice Heard: A Reading and Writing Anthology . You, Yes You, Can Teach Someone to Read, A Step By Step How-To Book (2)

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Cock, John P.Called To Be. A Spirit Odyssey . The Transparent Event, Our Universal Spirit Journey . Motivation for the Great Work . Reflections and Verse on the Spirit Journey . esus Christ For The 21st Century – Post-Modern Christ Images . Journer By Cosmic Design . Daily Spirit Journal. (Vols. I–VI) . Our Universal Spirit Journey Cock, John P. with Lynda L. Cock.At One with the Heart of Creation, Collins, Dawn.On Becoming a Practical Theologian (pamphlet)

Dunn, Burna & Maloney, Letty Lynn (1986).Teacher’s Institute of Imaginal Education, Atlanta

Dunn, David M.The Book of Graces . Anticipations: Poems and Mini-Posters . The Pilgrimage . Poems for Russian Friends . Seasons, Loves, Tomorrows: Practice Dancing in the Ecstasy . The Ways of Transformation: Practice receiving unsolicited revelation Dyson, Burton and Elizabeth.Neighborhood Caretakers: Stories, Strategies and Tools for Healing Urban Community

Enright, Beverly Rose.Lucky Icons Elliott, Richard, Jr..Falling in Love With Mystery: We don’t Have to Pretend Anymore Engleman, Vance Sherwood.In Search of Profound Humaness: A Collection of Writings to Stir the Senses Epps, John, Editor.Bending History, Talks of Joseph Wesley Mathews: Provocative talks from a radical churchman in the latter half of the 20th century . Bending History 2: Societal Reformulation: Towards a New Social Vehicle; . The Concept of the Church in the Theology of H. Richard Niebuhr . The Theology of Surprise: Exploring Life’s Mysteries

Gadway, Kaze & Wilson, Priscilla H.Everyday Wonder: From Kansas to Kenya from Ecuador to Ethiopia

Gibson, John.[article in] What Can Be

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Greene, Herman.Culture as the Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development Greene, Richard Tabor.Global Quality: A Synthesis of the World’s Best Management Methods Gregory, Susan.Hey White Girl Griffith, Beret (2015).A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and The Institute of Cultural Affairs, 1952–1988. Griffith, Brian.The Garden of Their Dreams: Desertification and Culture in World History Grow, Nancy and Bill.Renditions. (Nos. 5, 6, and 7) Gruba, Paul and Don Hinkelman.Blending Technologies in the Second Language Classroom

Hampton, Stuart.Importing from India. [edited 20 additional “Importing from…” books for different countries]

Hanson, Bob.Chasing Wind Mills: Why Not? The poetry of “Koshin,” an Aging Monk Living for Justice and Peace for All Hanson, Mirja P.Clues to Achieving Consensus: A Leader’s Guide to Navigating Collaborative Problem Solving Hanson, Samuel L.Presidential Commission on World Hunger Harper, Gordon L.Meet the Future . Empowering Leadership Hayes, Kaye.Dear Panchayat: A LETTER: Kaye Hayes, Brussels Heckman, Shirley.Covenant People . On the Wings of a Butterfly: A Guide to Total Christian Education Hess, G. Alfred, Jr..Global Development Training for Village Residents: Maharashtra Village Development Project Hinkelman, Don & Gruba, Paul.Blending Technologies in the Second Language Classroom (2nd entry for 2nd author) Howie, Ellen & Lindblad, Judy.Signs of Life: Poems in Collaboration with Life and One Another

ICA Brussels (Ed.).What’s Happening in 51 Development Projects ICA International.Voices of Rural Practitioners (1st Ed.). Brussels: Author ICA International.Directory of Rural Development Projects 1985–86. (1st Ed.). Brussels: Author.

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Jenkins, Jon C. & Jenkins, Maureen.The Social Process Triangles . International Facilitator’s Companion . The 9 Disciplines of a Facilitator: Leading Groups by Transforming Yourself . The Other World…in the midst of our world

Johnson, Don.Another Zone: God and Golf (golf: A metaphor for life) Jones, Mary Laura.Uptown Then and Now

Kanbay.The Team; High Performance Teams – Kanbay misc. team building Kimbrill, Karen.Colquitt, Miller County, Georgia: Benchmarks of Progress 1976–2006. Kloepfer, John.The Art of Formative Questioning: A Way to Foster Self-disclosure

Lachman, Wes.The Shortest Way Home: A Contemplative Path to God Lanphear, Fred.Plants in the Landscape [published in 1970s] . Songaia, An Unfolding Dream: The story of a Community’s Journey into Being Lazear, David (1991).Teaching for Multiple Intelligence . (1991) Seven Ways of Teaching: The Artistry of Teaching with Multiple Intelligences . (1998) Intelligence Builders for Every Student: 44 Exercises to Expand Multiple Intelligences in Your Classroom . (1999) Eight Ways of Knowing: Teaching for Multiple Intelligences . (1999) Eight Ways of Teaching: The Artistry of Teaching For Multiple Intelligences . (2000) The Intelligent Curriculum: Using Multiple Intelligences to Develop Your Students’ Full Potential . (2001) Pathways of Learning: Teaching Students and Parents About Multiple Intelligences . (2004) Higher Order Thinking: the Multiple Intelligences Way Lazear, David & Costa, Arthur L. (1994). Seven Pathways of Learning: Teaching Students and Parents About Multiple Intelligences Lazear, David & Wiggins, Grant (1999).Multiple Intelligence Approaches to Assessment: Solving the Assessment Conundrum

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Lindblad, Judy and Ellen Howie.Signs of Life, Poems in collaboration with life and one another . Signs of Tolerance, More Poems in collaboration with life and one another;

McCleskey, David.The Soul of the Tribe McGuire, Jann.Deep Passage Mann, Clarence & Goetz, Claus (Eds.).Borderless Business: Managing the FarFlung Enterprise Marquez, Dinorah Beverly.Institute Encounters Mani Tese, Approaches in Third World Community Marsh, Catherine.Business Executives’ Perceptions of Ethical Leadership and its Development: Implications for higher education and human resource development Marshall, David.The Book of Myself, A do-it-yourself autobiography in 201 questions . Iron Boy Saves the World Marshall, Kate & Marshall, David.Picture of Me . What I Love about You . The Book of Us . The Book of My Pet . My Life Map: A Journal to Help You Shape Your Future . What I Love about You, Mom Marshall, Gene W.Speaking Back to the Infinite Silence: Some Poetic Discourses on the Psalms . Great Thinks, Great Feels, and Great Resolves: Some Reflections on the Essence of Religious Experience . The Birth and Rebirth and Rebirth and Rebirth of Spirit: Some Reflections upon the Origins and Survival Possibilities… . To be or not to be a Christian: Meditations and essays on authentic Christian community . The Reign of Reality A Fresh Start for the Earth . The Call of the Awe: Rediscovering Christian Profundity in an Interreligious Era . A Primer on Radical Christianity . The Infinite Silence Walks Among Us: Some Poetic Discourses on the Gospel of John . Rediscovering Christian Profundity in an Interreligious Era

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection . Jacob’s Dream: A Christian Inquiry into Spirit Realization . Good Christian Religion as a Social Project: How to View the Jesus Christ Happening as the Central Illumination . How to See the Jesus Christ Happening as the Central Illumination of my Life Without Becoming a Bigot . Great Paragraphs of Protestant Theology: A Commentary on the 20th Century Theological Revolution and its Implications for 21st Century . The Love of History And The Future of Christianity: Toward a Manifesto for a Next Christianity . The Infinite Silence Speaks: Poetic Discourses on the Book of Genesis . The Future of Religion . The Enigma of Consciousness: A Philosophy of Profound Humanness and Religion Mathews, Bishop James K.Brother Joe: A 20th Century Apostle: Biography of Joseph W. Mathews May, Michael.Iron Man Stories: Iron Man Journeys experienced thru Radical States of Being . Iron Men only Weep for Others: Iron Man Journey #1 . Journeys of Iron Man in the Other World . Journeys of Iron Man: Selection of Journeys of the iron Man . Leftover States of Being from the Journeys of Iron Man . More Journeys of Iron Man in the Other World Mead, Christine.Disaster Work, Journeys of Discovery: Creative Learning from Disasters Moriarty, Patrick.Evening Prayers, Morning Promises Mowarljarli, David.Gwion Gwion

Nelson, Jo.The Art of Focused Conversation for Schools Ouradnik, Robert.Growing Spiritually Without Getting Bogged Down in Religion

Packard, K.Elise.Project Demonstrating Excellence: The Effect of the Learning

Basket Approach on Teen Mothers’ Perceptions of the Role of Play in Infant Development (doctoral dissertation) . Jugar pars Aprender a jugar, ICA Kaleidoscope . Play to Learn, ICA Kaleidoscope, Activities for Parents with Children from 0 to 3 years old

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Pesek, Betty, Elizondo, Ellery & Dunn, David (Eds.).The Circle of Life: Stories of Ordinary People and the Gift of Spirit

Rippel, Rod.The Yellow Tulip, Other Poems

. Journey to the East . Miles from Moberly: A Man’s Journey to the 21st Century.

Russell, Elaine.A is for Aunty

Sands, Blase & Sands, Rose Ann.Trust and Manifest Your Bliss Sands, Rose Ann.Nature’s Spirit Messages Salmon, William E.Decoding our Christian Words: Head-Trip Analysis vs. GutTrip Analysis . The Making of a Teacher: Bible Studies in the Gospel of Matthew . One Mission—Two objectives: Bible Studies in the Gospel of Mark Sharp, Basil.The Adventure of Being Human Shinn, Miriam.Outback Odyssey Slotta, Oliveann Davis.Image-Based Instruction, Foundations and Pedagogy . The Project Approach in Revealing the Wonder of Learning Spencer, Laura.Winning Through Participation Stanfield, Brian.The Courage to Lead . The Art of Focused Conversation . The Workshop Book Stanfield, Jeanette.“Just Checkin’ On Ya” My journey of being a caregiver for a loved one Staples, Bill.Transformational Strategy: Facilitation of ToP™ Participatory Planning Stewart, Pat.24 Hours for Free Stover, F. Nelson.The Rocks Sang Om: Poems Giving Voice to Pebbles and Pilgrims . Albert and the Alphabet [A 26-stanza fable set in the 9th century] . Living in the Foothills of Crystal Mountain . Beauty, Awe and Wonder

Tessier Chagon, Lucille.You, Yes, You Can Teach Someone to Read: A Step By Step How-to-Book

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A3. ICA Colleague Book Collection Timsina, Tatwa P. & Dasarath, Neupane (Eds.).Changing Lives, Changing Societies: ICA’s Experience in Nepal and in the World Troxel, Jim (Ed.).Participation Works: Business Cases from Around the World . Government Works: Profiles of People Making a Difference Troxel, Jonathan.Telling the Transformative Story through Narrative Therapy: A Topical Overview Based on an Exploratory Experience

Wagner, LiDona.Pilgrimage: Wonder, Encounter, Witness Walker, Sunny.Facilitation for People in Prevention Watts, Robert G. (Ed.).Engineering Response to Global Climate Change: Planning a Research and Development Agenda Webb, Patricia & McCleskey, David.River of Consciousness: Spirit Exercises For The New Millennium Wegner, Timothy.Fractal Creations . Image Lab West, Donnamarie.What More Can We Ask For? West, George.Creating Community: Finding Meaning in the Place We Live: A Handbook for Comprehensive Community Development Williams, Bruce.36 Tools for Building Spirit in Learning Communities . Cooperative Learning . Multiple Intelligences for Differentiated Learning and Higher Order Thinking Skills . Twelve Roles of the Facilitator of School Change Wilson, Priscilla.The Facilitative Way, Leadership That Makes a Difference . A Pioneer Love Story, The Letters of Minnie Hobart Wilson, Priscilla H. & Gadway, Kaze.Everyday Wonder: From Kansas to Kenya from Ecuador to Ethiopia Woodbury, Clair.Looking for God

Zahrt, David and Lin.Proper Liza Footprint — Iron Man Stories

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Appendix 4

The History of the ICA Global Archives By Beret Griffith with Sally Fenton, Steve Harrington, Jean Long, and Marge Philbrook

Global Archives of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs

1952 – 1970s “Here a file cabinet, there a file cabinet, everywhere a box, a folder, photographs”

1980s Imagining the archives

1990s ICA CentrePoints: Preserving and Presenting

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2000 – 2007 Preparing JWM’s Files for Wesley Theological Seminary

2008 – 2012 The “Global Archives Project” named Accessioning the Town Meeting ’76 Collection

A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

1952–1970s For thirty years programs were designed, courses held, systems developed, talks given, décor created, photos taken - around the world, within the frameworks of Contextual Re-education, Community Reformulation and Spirit Remotivation. Everything was reproduced, filed and saved – somewhere. When the EI community moved to the Uptown Neighborhood of Chicago in the early 1970’s, a huge number of file cabinets were moved into the Kemper building at 4750 Sheridan Road. Most files were active in some way as they found themselves in the Centrums: Operations, Development, Management, Research and Joseph W. Mathew’s papers. Anything not in one of the offices went to a room, in the basement. Most of the documents were duplicated by the Print Shop. The early print shop was in an old building on the West Side and often operated around the clock. After the move to the Kemper Building a print shop was set up on the 2nd floor. The print shop in the Kemper Building was then located in the former Kemper Insurance Co. Computer Room. The floor was elevated to accommodate the wiring for the huge computers that the insurance company required. Two copies were kept of every document that was printed. Occasionally boxes of documents were sent to Chicago from EI/ICA offices. Slides and photographs arrived and were dumped into boxes, organized in binders, arranged in photo books and on slide trays or stuck in envelopes. Material piled up, programs went on and no one thought much about it, until the 1980s.

1980s In the 1980s, future archival files were moved to a room on the 2nd floor next to the print shop. They were eventually moved to the basement in 1992 when Heartland Alliance constructed a $1,000,000 state-of-the-art health clinic.

1990s In the early 1990s, Sheldon Hill designed an Archives Library in the basement with proper air and humidity control. Ken Otto constructed the room for the archive files with the advice of Lyn Mathews Edwards, Betty Pesek, and Audrey Ayres.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

1993 In 1993, Bishop James Mathews, Joe’s brother, paid an archivist, Mary Ann Pickard, to assist in organizing Joe’s files. She created an archive category chart, assigning numbers to each category. Files were arranged according to her system. On June 22nd, 1993, Mary Ann Pickard sent a proposal: • Phase 1. Identifying files and initial preparation for storage • Phase 2. Permanent storage of original archival documents • Phase 3. Cataloging and making the archive accessible • Phase 4. Copying original documents onto computer disks

In the report she stated: “I believe that putting the records on disks is a distant goal.” Predicting that Joe’s files would be online and around the world in a few years, she devised an archival numbering system. 11,000 documents were systematically located, listed, and numbered. Broad categories were created and the Category List was born. Duplicate copies of documents were removed, placed in boxes and returned to the basement. Lyn mentioned Joe saying, “I am not any more important than anyone else so we should put all the speeches made by others into my files.” During the ’90s many files were added to Joe’s file cabinets.

1995–1999 Ken Otto began moving additional file cabinets from throughout the

building into the basement archive space. Lyn was the Project Director. David McCleskey, Phil (LE) Philbrook, Marge Philbrook, Audrey Ayres and several others took on the job of getting all the files they could find into the basement. They worked to organize the files, yet made only a dent in determining what was in the drawers of over 177 cabinets, many with five drawers, amounting to over 800 drawers of files. Phil and Marge worked with EI/ICA for many years. Phil retired as a clergyman and he and Marge managed retirement residences. While in Palatine, Illinois they came to Chicago, on their two days off each week, to work on The Archives in the basement. When transferred to Joliet, Ill they decided to leave

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives the retirement business because Phil wanted to create a CD of what would be considered the greatest parts of the archives. Phil was offered a salary for the work. They moved into an apartment at the ICA building in June of 1995. Marge still lives in the same apartment at 4750 Sheridan Road. Lyn moved into a retirement residence on Foster at Sheridan while Betty remained a resident at the ICA building. Lyn & Betty raised money and both were paid salaries. Between January 1993 and October 1995, 275 people donated $43,858 to the Global Archives. A small group of people, “The Archive Angels,” contributed time working in and funding the archives. The Archives Team working in The Global Archives faced an enormous task. Their vision of preserving the material kept them going. The first catalog, a 60-page booklet titled The Global Archives of The Ecumenical Institute and The Institute of Cultural Affairs: Resources for the Future was printed in December 1995. Known as “The Gold Book,” it listed all of the categories used in tracking the collections of archive material and are arranged differently than the archivist listing system. David McCleskey joined the Archive Team. Next the group selected key documents to include on the CD envisioned by Phil Philbrook and McCleskey produced the CD with the first collection of significant documents, titled Golden Pathways through the Movement of the Spirit in the Twentieth Century (copyright by the Institute of Cultural Affairs in 1996). Two computers were purchased for use in the basement. All of the documents were scanned for optical character recognition (OCR). The scanned documents needed a lot of typographical corrections where the scanner had misinterpreted words. Each scanned document had to be compared with the original. Many hours were spent making corrections. Phil and David set a date to say, “corrections are all finished” in order to create the CD. It was the initial version and the plan was to put out a revised version with additional corrections. Phil, David McCleskey, and Marge spent nearly a year working on additional corrections, planning for the revised version of the Golden Pathways CD. Someone broke into the basement and left items near the door, apparently to take. Those things were left, but both of the computers were stolen from the basement and never recovered. All of the documents had very carefully been

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives backed up by copying all the changes from one computer to the other. With both computers gone there were no longer copies of the corrected versions of the documents. An edited CD was not produced, so there are a lot of typos on the original including one document that is almost unusable. At that time Phil was not well and completed his life in 1999. Marge still has some copies of corrected documents that Phil had worked on in their apartment, on her personal computer. Many copies of Golden Pathways were sold and given away. People were delighted and excited about having the historical documents. There are still many copies of Golden Pathways in the basement. When the CD was done, and salaries ran out, Betty and Lyn went to work for Kanbay and left the Archives Project. David McCleskey remarried and moved to Oklahoma City. Marge took a paid job in the Conference Center of ICA. Then Lyn died and Phil died. Joe’s files were moved out of the basement to the first floor for Betty to continue working on them in the midst of the ICA offices. When Marge Philbrook first started working in the archives after Lyn and Betty had left, she kept saying, “We have to remember there have been several phases in our work. It didn’t just start with scanning and having everything on a disc.” Documents were also listed in the Minaret program that used the archivist’s numbering system. Nearly all Town Meeting ‘76 documents, all of Joe’s documents, summer program materials, and other documents, were listed by name, author, and date, under the assigned number given by the archivist. Years later Microsoft changed programs so the category list could no longer be opened. Marge asked her grandson to get the list off the computer and put it into usable form. He put the list into Excel and the list was used in that form until David Dunn chose FileMaker Pro as the program to use. The Excel list was put into FileMaker Pro, the program currently being used. Marge has since taken an on-line course in archiving and understands how to process a collection. The Chicago Archive Team of Marge, Jean Long, Rosemary Albright, Sally Fenton and volunteers when available now do processing files. Material is taken out of old folders, staples are removed, documents are placed in acid free folders and folders are titled and numbered for easy access.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

ICA CentrePointes Mission Statement In June 1996, the Archives Mission Statement was written at an Archives PSU.* Our Mission is to co-create designs, processes, materials, and forums through which the historical wisdom and ongoing learnings of the ICA are made available to “Those Who Care” for the building of the New Earth. Purposes and Objectives Firstly, the purpose of ICA CentrePointes is to initiate retrieval and exchange of ICA’s and others knowledge and wisdom on individual, organizational and social transformation. Secondly, ICA CentrePointes will create and interchange products among a wide range of ICA locations, their clients and associates. It will provide an electronic system that shares pertinent information. ICA will develop a schedule of workshops and events that generate new models and processes. Thirdly, ICA CentrePointes will introduce exercises, processes and disciplines that will integrate experience into a depth understanding of profound humanness in relationship to community and societal structures. The focus of this effort is to enable those engaged in care for the Earth to be sustained. Finally, ICA CentrePointes will take an active part in enabling the ICA and its affinity groups to bring awareness and change patterns for the transition into the new millennium. The focus was primarily on Joseph W. Mathew’s ( JWM) file cabinets. The JWM files went through 1977. More file cabinets from around the building were moved to the basement archive space. Marge Philbrook typed lists of JWM’s documents into Minaret, a program designed for recording archives. While working in the basement in the ’90s, the ICA CentrePoints Archive Team wore T-shirts saying, “ICA CentrePointes—Creating Global Resources and Research Services.” Marge saved Phil’s T-shirt as an artifact.

* “Problem Solving Unit”—an issue-focused workshop.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

2000–2006 Organizing Joe’s Files Joe’s files were the first row in the basement room. Betty had been in charge of

Joe’s files and watching over them since his death in 1977. In the early 2000s, JWM’s 13 file cabinets were moved to the first floor ICA offices and then moved again to another room. Betty removed file folders that had not been in Joe’s original files and returned them to the basement archives. Joe’s family announced that Joe, Jr. and Jim Mathews, working with Bishop Mathews, were giving Joe’s files to Wesley Theological Seminary in Washington DC. Bishop Mathews chose the seminary. Betty had to remove all the speeches by other people and other documents not directly connected to Joe from Joe’s files. When it was decided to give Joe’s files away, Marge asked Betty to look in all the file folders for duplicate copies so one copy could be saved and kept in Chicago. Betty and Carol Pierce worked for several weeks to preserve copies for the Archives in Chicago. The duplicates were returned to file cabinets in the basement. Because of their work there are copies of EI and ICA work that otherwise might not have been preserved. The only files not a part of the current Archive collections are documents in Joe’s files that existed before Joe became part of the Ecumenical Institute, including his seminary and military materials, and his handwritten documents. All boxes of JWM’s materials were picked up by the Wesley librarian and taken to the seminary in 2009. In the meantime, other files, including the Academy files, were found in various parts of the building and placed in the basement where Joe’s files had been removed. Many file folders were placed in empty drawers in no systematic fashion. Several boxes of files were mailed from Hong Kong, and from here and there. All of this adds up to “chaos with some organization”. Great plans were made for: (1) category organization, (2) culling out duplicates, (3) moving file cabinets to the 6th floor, and then, (4) digitizing. Some things have been added to the basement from the 80s, 90s, and 2000s. There were a lot of unorganized files and space was left in many file cabinets after moving “Joe’s files” to Washington.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives When the ICA board dismissed a lot of people and closed the Phoenix office in 2006, 40 file cabinets were shipped to 4750 and stored in a first floor room. In 2012, Marilyn Oyler and Jim Wiegel came to Chicago and spent several days determining which files should be kept and which files could be recycled. It is the largest collection of ICA office files in the archives from outside the ICA Chicago office.

2007–2008 Marge Philbrook was hired by Catholic Charities to work four hours a week for ICA and she figured out what she could and should do in the Archives. The Archive room on the sixth floor began to take shape. Marge spent many hours, as have numerous other volunteers, thinking and working. A few people have been paid by ICA as consultants. Many people were still needed to organize and process documents. On October 5–7, 2007, the “Living Legacy” event was held in Chicago. The focus was “Discerning a vibrant legacy for today and the future.” The archives were not specifically addressed in this event, yet the focus represented the past and future for the ICA. Several people at the event, including Doug Druckenmiller and Sandra True, decided to join the ICA Board of Directors because they wanted to be sure the archives were preserved.

2009–2011 A Major Turning Point On February 19, 2009, a small archives committee comprising Doug Druckenmiller, Marge Philbrook, David Scott, Karen Sims, Nino Tillman, and Sandra True met for a couple of hours to begin conversation around the question, “Why is digitization important to ICA?” They focused on drafting a description of the Archive project for the Dialogue listserve, hoping to gather volunteers. They began talking about ideas for “searchable word” categories, drafting a volunteer work plan, and reconnecting with the University of Illinois librarian. At this point Marge Philbrook was the only one working on the Archives—for about 20 hours a week. The task of dealing with the Archives was daunting and overwhelming for one individual.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives The Archives committee agreed to meet again on April 2, 2009. The meeting focus was “Engaging People, Exceeding Goals,” reviewing how digitization works, and creating a funding plan. Assignments and schedules were created for anticipated volunteers to help out in May. Connections were made with archivist associations about indexing. Karen Sims connected with a grants administrator about Federal Grants. Connections were made with Gordon Harper and Ken Hockley about “searchable topics.” Marge was talking with Gene Marshall about his personal papers. The group scheduled an Archives PSU “Possibilities, Solutions and Undertakings” for June 1–3, 2009, in Chicago.

June 1–3, 2009, The Archives PSU Participants in the PSU—Terry Bergdall, Beret Griffith, Cheryl Kartes, Jim Litton, Marge Philbrook, Evelyn Kurihara Philbrook, David Scott, Karen Sims, Nino Tillman, and Sandra True—saw their job as bringing new energy to work in the archives and interesting others in the task. The PSU created “The Global Archives Project (GAP) of the Ecumenical Institute and The Institute of Cultural Affairs.” The planning document says: During the prior 24 months, there has been a re-focusing of energy around the numerous manifestations of the movement—CA-USA, ICAI, The ToP™ Trainers Network, Springboard, and the Profound Journey Dialogue. From within, this new energy has raised a renewed interest in the preservation and utilization of our collected past, usually referred to as the archives. Some of this interest has been born out of nostalgia which is a very human response and therefore very understandable. However, beyond the desire to preserve the past, the demands of the world are calling us to use our wisdom to help create solutions to the current needs of the planet. This call has given rise and impetus to the new form of the Global Archives Project (GAP). The task of the GAP is to preserve and transform the collected wisdom of the Ecumenical Institute, the Order Ecumenical, and the Institute of Cultural Affairs in order to contribute to the ongoing sustaining of the earth, the creation of structures of justice, and the awakening of the human spirit.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives To further the work of the GAP, a task force was organized to plan the next steps necessary to complete this mission. This group consisted of colleagues, both old and new, who shared a common desire to make the archives available both to those who have common memory of the movement and to the broader communities of the global village. The purpose of this daunting and complex mission was to bring forth and make available the wisdom developed throughout the ICA movement so that it may now be refocused and made new in order to address the needs of the 21st century. The PSU—a turning point for the Archives—identified three contradictions: 1.  The sheer size of the collection: 177 file cabinets, hundreds of boxes, a room filled with films, videos, audiotapes, photographs, and artifacts 2.  The lack of knowledge and skills of most of the task force regarding archival work 3.  The lack of knowledge and skills regarding the transformation of the body of the collection into forms readily available for broad distribution In order to begin to deal with these contradictions, the PSU decided to initiate a pilot project. The pilot project consisted of selecting a series, the archivists’ term for a discernible portion of the collection, which would be a workable amount of data with which to experiment, in order to create a model. This demonstration project was intended to show how to use the complex set of systems (cataloging, policies formulation, transference methods, storage, and retrieval) necessary to make the entire collection usable. Global Community Forums were chosen for the pilot series, with a focus on Town Meeting ’76. On June 25, 2009, The Archives Committee met to go over action items. Participants included Terry Bergdall, Doug Druckenmiller, Beret Griffith, Jim Litton, Evelyn Philbrook, Marge Philbrook, David Scott, Nancy Trask, Sandra True, and Karen Sims. The concept of a “Living Archives” began with the connection with Oklahoma City University (OCU) through Terry Bergdall. Preparation began for a Living Archives PSU in Oklahoma, October 7, 2009. Arrangements were made for the OCU Archivist to come to Chicago in July to evaluate the archives. The question was asked, “Do the archives need to be Chicago?” The Archives PSU report was reviewed and there was talk of connecting the Town Meeting Pilot with the plan for OCU collaboration.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives On July 16 –19, 2009, work got off to a quick start. Archivist Christina Wolf, Oklahoma City University, conducted an ICA Archives Needs Assessment and created a 23-page report. Christina made five recommendations: 1.  ICA-USA review and develop a record retention policy including what documents need to be transferred to Archives due to continuing value for historical, legal or financial reasons. 2.  A mechanism for transfer of these items to the Archives. 3.  Establishing an Archive Advisory Committee that would form a relationship to the Program Committee of the ICA-USA Board of Directors. 4.  Archives complete the accessioning of the entire archives in an archives log prior to any further processing of collections. 5.  Decisions related to the level of processing will be determined by the processing plan of each particular collection. Archivist Mary Ann Pickard’s early numbering system was expanded to encompass additional files not found in “Joe’s files.” FileMaker Pro was chosen as the database program to list documents organized by the Pickard system, assigning each document a unique serial number for storage.

December 27–29, 2009 Wesley Theological Seminary hosted a celebration, “Transforming the Legacy: People of Spirit in the 20th Century” in recognition of the JWM Collection. Marge Philbrook was asked to represent Betty Pesek who was not able to attend. The Wesley Seminary library then contacted the ICA in Chicago requesting help processing the JWM Collection. Marge offered to go. At that time she was not yet familiar with what it means to “process” a collection. From what is known today, files in the Mathew’s collection are still in the boxes given to them and have not been “processed” by Wesley. Marge Philbrook continued to oversee the work of the archives along with Rosemary Albright and Sally Fenton. In 2011, Jean Long moved from Denver to the ICA in Chicago and was a boost to the team. Four rooms for Archives offices were designated on the 6th floor. Twentyseven cabinets were moved from the basement and six new file cabinets were

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives purchased. The on-site team continues to “folder” two copies of documents in acid-free archival folders, which means many copies are discarded. Five thousand slides have been collected. Paul Noah built a 4΄x 6΄ light table in 2011. Photos have been stored, posters have been photographed, and audiocassettes have been numbered. Much work in the audio-visual category is still to be done. Marge Philbrook feels, “Since our stuff is unusual, imagining it being categorized by anyone without a history with the Institute is impossible.” Unfamiliar volunteers help to organize material, remove staples, and folder documents as needed. A combination of “old hands” and interested volunteers worked from 2009–2011. Documents were scanned, digitized, and stored on the ICA’s shared server to make them available to anyone, anywhere, but the issue was having enough volunteer power to get files organized enough to do scanning. Since 2011 there have been six sojourn weeks during which many people have participated in cataloguing and organizing files. Christina Wolf returned in 2011 and conducted two days of archive training with the Archives Team. She was a part of creating the ICA-EI Archives 3-year plan. The Archives Advisory Committee was formed in 2011. Initial ACC members were: Rosemary Albright, David Dunn Sally Fenton, Beret Griffith, Frank Knutson, Jean Long, Paul Noah, Marge Philbrook, and Christina Wolf. The AAC had regular phone calls to help the Chicago crew plan and organize the work of the archives. In the spring of 2012. the AAC evaluated the past year and reported on outcomes and first year accomplishments. The scope of work had increased. Specific outcomes for the first year ending in June 2012 were: • Archives Advisory Committee (AAC) formed in 2011 and active • Audio visual productions completed and/or groundwork laid • Website refashioned to include social networking • AAC work in tandem with ICA volunteer coordinator, marketing team,

information technology, grants coordinator, and Board liaison

• Network of ICA colleagues and volunteers established

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives • Grants and foundations identified, application submitted for NHPRC*

grant and private donations solicited

• Collections in the basement listed and prioritized for processing

Over the years, boxes have arrived from several other offices and many individuals have sent boxes of personal files. By the spring of 2012, all files in the basement had been accessioned. At the spring 2012 sojourn, the work of the Archives began another huge shift with the move toward accelerating the on-line presence of The Global Archives. Jack Gilles and Steve Harrington were added to the AAC. Paul Noah, Jack Gilles, and Steve Harrington took the conversation to a new level and Paul created a new symbol for the work. Paul Noah and Steve Harrington saw Roy Lichtenstein’s Retrospective Exhibit at the Chicago Art Institute.

What is Curating? Steve Harrington’s story From my point of view walking through the exhibit with an artist [Paul Noah] was an extraordinary occasion of listening to someone who knew what they were talking about, tell the story of the paradigm shift that Roy Lichtenstein created in art with his painting “Look Mickey,” where Donald Duck has hooked the back of his shirt with his fish hook and Mickey is laughing in amusement. Paul said: “It caused a revolution in art; for years people had been obsessed with the movement of abstract impressionist art. When Roy showed up with reframing images from popular culture in comic book style with this painting, people were shocked. It created a new wave or very different art.” As we toured the retrospective exhibit and I listened to Paul share story after story of this new art, I suddenly realized the power of this retrospective collection to attract a big appreciative audience who got deeply involved in the exhibition. I noticed how the curator of the exhibit picked out some highlights—not every piece of work—and told a “story” like Paul did to make the particular piece of art understandable to a guy who didn’t know anything about this artwork. * National Historical Publications and Records Commission

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives Paul actually demonstrated, in the flesh, the role and the task of the curator. We went back to the archives. Jack Gilles and Paul started drawing diagrams of accessioning, collections, and curating. They caused a shift in the work of the archives to make collections, find assets for the collection, and tell stories.

The Timeline The Journey of Making Archive Collections — Overview Before Spring 2012

Spring 2012 Sojourn

Climbing mountains of data

Big Idea: Collection Collections for prototype users from designed “Iceberg Tips”

Fall 2012 Sojourn

Winter 2012–’13 Interim

Spring 2013 Sojourn

Summer 2013 Interim

Collection prototype built

Test a collection prototype and replicate

Four collection prototypes in start-up

The Background Story What’s a Collection and where did the idea come from? Before Spring 2012. For a long time the Archives Project focused on the task of accessioning assets—gathering photos, project reports, research papers, audio cassettes, and videos; preserving, foldering, filing, and indexing them; and occasionally responding to a request for a particular document, digitizing it, and emailing it on a one-off basis. So far some 20,000 assets have been found, preserved, filed, and indexed. But there are still a lot of 20th Century EI/OE/ICA materials to process. The idea of sharing access to both the documents and database indexing remained a dream. The Spring 2012 Sojourn—The Big Idea. The group created an innovation— maybe even a breakthrough. The big idea was not to work harder at sorting through the “Forest in the Basement.” It was to work smarter, refocusing on specific theme-based collections with unique gems of interest in order to open up access to the Global Archives and make archive assets available to users online, from anywhere. Approaching huge quantities of materials felt like

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives climbing an iceberg—a slippery slope. One of the archive accessioners, Jean Long, said, “Ah, I see. We need to find the tips of the icebergs, not climb them, and users will help us pull themes and gems into collections.

As a practical matter this meant figuring out six specific details. How do we: 1.  Create a new leadership role a “Curator” to guide & shape and contribute collection content for users 2.  Select 10 start-up “ Iceberg Tips” that would help new users begin to explore collections 3.  Offer users a simplified index of assets in each particular collection so they can request archive assets 4.  Reach out and invite collection users for each collection to: »» Explore a collection »» Request items visible in the collection list but not currently digitized »» Contribute past and current stories to develop collection focus and depth 5.  Make collections public, available online, and organize key words for collection themes from archive databases to create user oriented indexes andsamples 6.  Community of interest & users around each collection using emails and social media and, when appropriate, begin providing items and services for a small fee.

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives The Fall 2012 Sojourn. The group implemented this “big idea” by doing a Collection Design Workshop to create the design of a prototype the theme community forums or Town Meetings and later approving a list of specific requirements for an actual “Online Prototype”. Some key events were: • finding, locating, organizing, foldering some 23, 000 pages of Town

Meeting assets - documents, press clippings, photos, related materials and matching the documents to the database index.

• Engaging in a “design workshop” where participants began to imagineer

the shape of a collection prototype. Beret and Paul made a sketch of a Town Meeting theme that became the basis of the Town Meeting Collection “10 Tips” and an Index of several thousand Town Meeting assets.

• Using the design workshop the Sojourn wrote a development plan for a

“Town Meeting proof-of-concept Online Prototype” project and asked a team to build it and get it ready for testing at the Spring 2013 Sojourn.

The Winter 2012–13 Interim. The Prototype Team, chaired by Jack Gilles, began working collaboratively using Google Hangouts and Google Documents to: • Make a user-oriented list of available records from the FileMaker Pro

database to go into the online collection

• Digitize ten “Iceberg Tips” and store them online at for

easy access from the online collection

• Select a software package that would help display collections that was both

simple to use and have the flexibility to generate dozens and dozens of online collections with the same software package

• Provide a live, online Town Meeting prototype collection, that is visually

simple for users, has ten easy-access collection samples, has a record index, has a place for a Curator’s introduction, news items about the collection, shows video & audio clips and photos, has a subscribers box for collection news emails, has the capability of an order fulfillment shopping cart.

The Spring 2013 Sojourn. The group worked on editing the ICA Chronological History, combining the symbols with the history; organized books written by staff and colleagues; catalogued 300–400 sound tapes in the basement; formulated the plan for the collections and wrote paragraphs for the first four collections; and celebrated nightly. Michael May took 40 tapes and paid for their digitization; David Dunn brought a Bishop of the Ecumenical Catholic

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives Communion for a visit; Gordon Harper brought an old friend, the former Dean of the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. Christina Wolf, AAC member and archivist at OCU was part of the three-year plan evaluation led by Bruce Williams. She consulted on technology issues. Town Meeting Collection Prototype Team did live online demonstrations of the Online Town Meeting Prototype. The Sojourn team began learning: • How a Collection looks from the User’s view • How a user can subscribe to Collection News • How to become a content Contributor and use and add items to a Google

document called Collection Start-up Notes, how to collaborate on a collection using shared documents and video conferencing from any computer anywhere

• How to be a Curator-Editor and develop the overall Collection focus and


• How to be a Collection Administrator & Publisher - to help with some of

the technical details of managing Wordpress software and how to help a collection grow a community of interest using email subscriptions, Google On-Air Hangouts, YouTube Pages, LinkedIn & Facebook communities and similar social media.

Summer 2013. The Archives Project put four collections into the start-up phase, preparation began to launch eight more collections for the Fall 2013 Sojourn, and teams were formed to continue the work. The Journey from 2011­–2014 included archive training, document accessioning, collection curation, and preparation for an online presence

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A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

The Journey of Making Archive Collections — Detailed Summary 2011



•  Archives Advisory Committee formed

•  Focused image of collections

•  Collection prototype built

•  Archive 3-Year Plan

•  Accelerating on­line presence

•  Collection prototype tested and replicated

•  Archive training •  Audio-visual collection assets identified

•  Gems/Ten Assets •  Iceberg Tips

Document Prep

•  Accessioning •  Photocopying •  Foldering •  Filing •  Indexing •  Request responses •  Digitizing •  Emailing •  20,000 assets found, preserved, filed and indexed

Town Meeting ’76

•  Collection prototype designed •  Files in basement accessioned (177 file cabinets) •  Colleague network established •  Concept of curating and the curator role developed •  Collection design workshop

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2014 •  10 archive collection groupings created Ready to go public •  Current Programs

Collections in Start-up Phase

1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  6.  7. 

Town Meeting ‘76 Facilitation Methods 5th City Imaginal Education Service Learning Accelerate 77 ICA GreenRise

•  Archives Team has weekly Google Hangouts

»» Accelerate 77 »» Service Learning »» ICA GreenRise •  Historic Collections

»» Global Spirit Movement »» New Religious Mode »» Social Process »» Strategic Planning »» Human Development


»» Imaginal Education •  Work Needed

•  Editing Chronological History

»» Facilitation Methods

•  Editing “Colleague/Staff Booklist”

Experiment »» Spirit Methods »» Academy

•  Fall launch of eight collections

»» Local Church


•  Global Archives Research Assembly September 2014

A4. The History of the ICA Global Archives

Creating the Future of Our Past 2014–2015

The 2015 Archive Advisory Council Historical Records

Knowledge Engagement

Technical Support

Marge Philbrook

Gordon Harper

Wendell Refior

Jean Long

James Wiegel

Steve Harrington

Sally Fenton

Jack Gilles

Tim Wegner

Beret Griffith

Steve Harrington

Steve Ediger

Paul Noah Frank Knutson

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Appendix 5

A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 “A Look at Our Origins” Beret E. Griffith and Jean Watts

The International Association of Facilitators (IAF) evolved from gatherings of Institute of CulturalAffairs (ICA) facilitators who began in 1989 to explore creating a loose-knit “association” of people using ICA Technology of Participation™ (ToP™) group facilitation methods in their professional activities. ToP™ facilitation methods are an integration of the intellectual, social, and spirit methods developed by the ICA. The early meetings set the tone for highly participatory sessions that shared facilitation methods and techniques. Today, the IAF has grown from this initial group of ToP™ facilitators into an organization of 1,200 facilitators from fifty-one countries. The IAF was incorporated in January 1994. Note: This paper was first written in 1998. It was the basis for an article on Conference 2000 in ICA Canada’s Edges magazine and an IAF Newsletter article in 2003. The story begins in 1973 with the ICA, a private, not-for-profit organization, then a program division of the Ecumenical Institute (EI). The ICA is concerned with the human factor in world development and is committed to helping people in groups and organizations around the world participate in creating their own future. Many ICA trainers, consultants, and facilitators were engaged in community development using EI and ICA methods in their work with groups and organizations in all sectors of society. People began to feel the need for support and collaboration in order to push the edges of the methods they were using. In the mid 1980s, a group of ICA facilitators met in Dallas, Texas and formed a local Change Master’s Guild, to “Share Approaches that Work,” a phrase coined by the ICA.

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 Twenty-seven ICA consultants and facilitators responded to a survey sent to ICA staff andToP™ facilitators in October of 1987 inviting them to an exploratory meeting to research and become familiar with innovative group facilitation methods. In November 1988, at a global ICA meeting in Mexico, the concept of creating an association was shared with colleagues from around the world. Their positive response gave the concept energy and direction and motivated the Change Masters Guild in Dallas to extend an invitation for interested people to gather and continue the discussion.

The Birth of anAssociation The Change Masters Meeting January 1989, Dallas, Texas Revisions needed in light of new information.

Twenty-seven people came to the first meeting. They bunked with colleagues and friends or stayed at a hotel for $49 per night. Sharing stories and experiences of how ICA ToP™ methods were being used was first on the agenda. Those attending discovered they shared a common interest in establishing credibility as facilitators, developing a means of interchange, bringing spirit methods into facilitation work, ensuring quality infacilitation, conducting focused research, looking at the components of organization transformation, and imagining the future of facilitation. People were beginning to envision the future of a group of facilitators who met regularly.

ICA Network Gathering December 1989, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania In December of 1989, Vance Engleman, on his own initiative, extended an invitation to a second meeting to continue the dialogue in Pittsburgh. Sixtyseven facilitators met for a weekend. Two of the sixty-seven traveled from countries outside the USA just to attend this gathering, establishing it as an international group. The fee for the meeting was $75 including all the meals. OpenSpace Technology was used as people met to dialogue around the following topics: Spirit EdgeResearch, Sharing Approaches and Products that Work, Collaboration Options and Business Practices, and Facilitator Certification and Training. Celebrating on a riverboat set the stage for ongoing festivities at each of the subsequent meetings. Trust was built within the group and the desire to work collaboratively was growing. The group gave itself a new name: The ICA Network Association (ICAN).

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994

ICA Network Gathering December 1990, New Orleans, Louisiana Jean Watts offered to host meeting three in New Orleans. Seventy-five facilitators met at the Dominican Conference Center and Loyola Law School. The theme of the gathering was “The Organization as a Learning Community.” Its intent was to provide another opportunity for interchange, share edges in the field of Organization Transformation, and explore and establish collaborative partnerships while having a good time. There were reports from the ICA Asian Organizational Transformation Network (OTN). Case studies of facilitation within large organizations in the private and public sectors were presented. This set the stage for the marketplace dynamic. Groups met to consider several topics in depth: Understanding Cultural Change in Organizations, Marketing Facilitation Skills, Publishing Strategies, and Facilitator Certification and Training. A Cajun Night on the town provided wonderful eating and dancing.A workshop focusing on “where do we go from here” created a sense that a new association of facilitators was emerging.

A Midwest Winter ICA Network Gathering December 1991, Minneapolis, Minnesota One hundred people arrived in Minneapolis for the fourth meeting held at the Wilder Conference Center in the winter woods outside the city. “New Paradigms in Leadership: Ordinary People in Extraordinary Teams” was the theme for the gathering. Many people arrived early for a pre-conference site visit to the Minnesota Department of Administration, hosted by Mirja Hanson, Sue Laxdal, Virginia Pierce, and Doris Conway-Rettig. The group was introduced to an award winning change project demonstrating commitment to institutional transformation and culture change. Two keynote speakers set the tone for the gathering. Antonia Schusta, a Group Executive from Household International spoke about her international in-house experience using ToP™ methods and Roger Harrison, a senior organization development consultant and writer in the arena of organization culture change shared his edge work on linking personal development with professional work and bringing heart into work. A special treat was celebrating the Walt Disney Company’s “American Teacher Award” for Outstanding Teacher of the Year, given to OliveAnn Slotta, newly named Math Teacher of the Year, for her participatory,

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 facilitative approach to teaching. Marketplace sessions included: Revitalizing Human Spirit in the Workplace; Case Studies in Catalyzing Team Synergy; Working with a Changing, Multi-cultural Workforce; and the Mission of the ICA Network Meeting. International dancing lessons, snowshoeing and regular walks in the snow offered a wonderful winter experience. In addition there were conversations on becoming “an official association.” Possible names were even considered and the decision was made to officially submit a request to the ICA Board of Directors to become a separate association affiliated with the ICA. At a post-conference Advanced Facilitator Think Tank, twenty-five people began to develop facilitator competencies and an advanced facilitator training scheme, preparing the way for IAF work on Facilitator Certification and the IAF Think Tanks.

ICAN Meeting January 1993, Phoenix, Arizona ICA Phoenix hosted the fifth meeting: “Creating A Culture of Participation.” A precedence for meeting on Martin Luther King weekend in January had been set. One hundred and forty people attended the meeting. ToP™ training courses were offered as pre-conference sessions and the ICA Organizational Transformation Research Team met for a day following the conference. Twenty-five sessions were held and a sampling of sessions included: Facilitative Leadership in Russia, Beyond Methods: Insights from Native American Ways of Honoring and Inviting Participation, Facilitation as a Spiritual Practice, Deploying a Transformation Process, IBM TeamFocus Demonstration, Transformational Leadership Lab (from India), and Exploring the Technology of Image Change. A conference notebook was given to participants that included session descriptions and some session handouts. The bookstore, roundtable sessions, Share-a-Method, and a Focused Market Interchange were added to the gathering. Mirja Hanson lead a vision workshop on “What would we like to see this network do or be in one to five years?” Three fourths of the conference participants attended the visioning workshop. The shared vision included the following elements: Profession Enhancing Publication, Develop and Promote Edge Participative Facilitation Technologies, Coordinated Information Service for Marketing and Resources, Focused Strategic Collaborations, Facilitator

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 Training and Mentoring, Network Expansion, Providing and Transferring ToP™, ICA Network Association Standards, and ICA Network Association Practices. The momentum and commitment to become an official association had emerged. The threads of this initial vision for an association are seen in thepresent IAF Strategic Plan.

Launching the IAF Planning for the New Association August, 1993, Chicago, Illinois Between January and August 1993, a conversation about launching a new association began to gain momentum. To get the ball rolling, Bob Vance wrote a white paper addressing the need for an association. Cynthia Vance, Jim Troxel, Jean Watts, Carol Fleischman, Sue Laxdal, Sherwood Shankland, Beret Griffith, and George Packard met at the ICA training center in Chicago to develop a strategic plan for an independent association to be launched in January 1994 at the ICA Network Conference in Alexandria, Virginia. Pat Tuecke, Mirja Hanson, and Gary Forbes helped plan the meeting but were not able to attend.

ICA Network Conference January 1994, Alexandria, Virginia The International Association of Facilitators (IAF) was incorporated and the association was formally founded at the sixth ICA Network Conference, “Creating a Culture of Participation,” in Alexandria, Virginia in January 1994, with seventy-three charter members. One hundred and twenty people attended in spite of a major blizzard that prevented over fifty people from attending. The Alexandria conference planning team sent out the first request for proposals. Twenty-one sessions were held in four tracks and the ICA offered pre-conference training. Everyone was encouraged to sign up for e-mail and an e-mail training session was held. Global communication was established and the global virtual community began to communicate regularly. A great, wonderful, humorous celebration was held to herald the beginning of the IAF. The craft room was launched and everyone made masks to wear at the celebration. A slide show with at least one photo of every conference participant was a hit and skits spoofed all of us in our roles as facilitators.

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994 The Association Coordinating Team (ACT) was formed, dues were established and actually collected at the meeting. Kanbay Corporation became the first corporate sponsor. Planning for the organizational structure was done during sessions at the conference. Task forces were named and people signed on to do the work of establishing the association. The newsletter was launched as “The Faciltator,” only to discover the name was already being used by a publication in Dallas, Texas. The newsletter was quickly renamed Facilitation News. A tradition of having the ACT meeting in the location of the next year’s conference began in August of 1994 when the ACT team met for the first time in Denver, the site of the first annual IAF Conference. The Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) became the first host sponsor of the conference and hosted the ACT meeting in their training space. Taskforces had already accomplished an enormous amount of work. The required by-laws were complete, the IAF was incorporated in Minnesota, and a bank account was opened in Illinois, where the volunteer treasurer lived. The Mission and Purpose Task Force had completed its task and disbanded. The Vision was revisited. Membership growth was projected at 100% growth annually through 1997. Facilitation News was published with contributions from twenty-four people in eighteen cities. An electronic IAF conference had been setup. A lot happened in the ICAN’S first three years. Highlights from the first three conferences give a feel for the growth and development of the IAF in its early years.

The Art and Mastery of Facilitation January 1995, Denver, Colorado Two hundred and seventy-eight people showed up with over one hundred people registering the week before the conference. The Council of Energy Resource Tribes contributed an enormous amount of people time and in-kind support for the conference. In addition, ten people came in early to help the local team prepare. Pre-conference sessions were offered with an emphasis on hands-on training. The first sessions on Computer Supported Facilitation were held. There were forty-five sessions in three tracks. The first IAF General Membership meeting was held on Monday morning. David Lester, the Executive Director of CERT, gave a closing address “In the Spirit of Martin Luther King...Advancing the Dream.” The ACT and taskforces met following the conference. Peggy Bushee Services in St. Paul, Minnesota was chosen to become the official IAF office.

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A5. A History of the ICA Network Association 1989–1994

The 73 Charter Members of the IAF The International Association of Facilitators (IAF) was founded in Alexandria, Virginia in January 1994, at a meeting of the Institute of Cultural Affairs Network Association (ICAN). Of the 120 people attending the meeting, 60% became charter members of the IAF. Felix Akpe

Steve Harrington

OliveAnn Slotta

Barbara Allerding

Nancy Hewison

Sandra Sochot

Bill Allerding

Dorothea Jewell

Dee Spinkston

Roger Alexander

Linda Jones

NancyAnn Stealey

Sayed Hamid Alhabshi

Walter Kargas

Ellie Stock

Dick Alton

Mike Kirkwood

Elaine Stover

Chan Barksdale

Debra Kazemetskey

Martha Talbott

Nancy Batson

Sue Laxdal

Margie Tomlinson

Nadine Bell

Axel Magnuson

Jim Troxel

Terry Bergdall

Jule Momodu

Karen Snyder Troxel

John M. Cornwell

Virginia Pierce

Sandra True

Anne Dodge

Guila Muir

Pat Tuecke

Don Elliott

Jo Nelson

Abe Ulangca

Sally Emerick

Marilyn Oyler

Jan Ulangca

Kim Epley

Ike Powell

Cynthia Vance

John Epps

Calvin Edwards Reams Jr.

Bob Vance

Ann Epps

Ellen Rebstock

Sylvia Vriensendorp

Carol Fleishman

Ken Rose

Rick Walters

Gary Forbes

Dorcas Rose

David Watts

Ruth Gilbert

Peggy Runchey

Jean Watts

Sally Graver

Janet Sanders

Madeline Webb

Beret Griffith

Bob Schafer

George W. Yost

Bill Grow

Paul Schrjinen

Ruth Yost

Mirja Hanson

Eunice Shankland

Gordon Harper

Sherwood Shankland

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Appendix 6

A History of the ICA’s Contribution to the IAF Sunny Walker and Beret Griffith, June 2004 This article was originally published as “Growing a New Organization: Giving All and Letting Go: How ICA Colleagues Helped to Launch and Support the International Association of Facilitators (IAF).” On Monday morning, January 16, 1994, in a small hotel ballroom in Alexandria, Virginia, the remnant crew of an energizing weekend conference (others had left early due to an impending ice storm) gave their official endorsement to launch a new organization. Seventy-three people, in true facilitator style, walked up to a flip chart, picked up a marker and signed their name, pledging to pay the first year’s annual dues. They had wrestled with the name: “International Association of Facilitation” or “International Association of Facilitators,” and settled on the latter. It was to be an organization of and about people. Most, though not all, who signed on that day were current and former staff of the Institute of Cultural Affairs. A motivated few worked hard over the next six months and that summer the IAF was officially registered in the State of Minnesota as a 501(c)(6)—a trade member association. And the rest, you might say, is history. The IAF wasn’t even a glimmer in anyone’s eye in 1984 when ICA colleagues working outside the ICA began meeting and “Sharing Approaches that Work,” a term coined by the ICA. In October 1987, twenty-seven people responded to an inquiry about interest in meeting to research and become familiar with innovative group facilitation methods. It wasn’t until nearly two years later, in January of 1989, that a group of people showed up in Dallas to explore creating a loose-knit association of people using ICA methods in their professional activities. In December 1989, sixty-seven people met, including two people from outside the US, and began calling themselves “The ICA Network Association (ICAN).” Over the next four years, the group grew in numbers

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A6. A History of the ICA’s Contribution to the IAF and began to create the framework for what was would eventually become the IAF. People were interested establishing credibility as facilitators, developing a means of interchange, bringing spirit methods into facilitation work, ensuring quality in facilitation, conducting focused research, looking at the components of organization transformation, launching facilitator certification and training, and imagining the future of facilitation. In 1991, buzz began about forming an official association for facilitators. And so we ask now, besides some colleagues with a good idea who were also willing to do some initial legwork, just what was the ICA’s contribution to the IAF? Clearly, the ICA-related founding members of IAF were steeped in ICA’s understanding that true participation is key to effective group process results. ICA colleagues were part of a mighty band we often refer to as “Those Who Care.” Depending on which meetings are included, the ICAN conference in 1994 that launched the IAF was the seventh or eighth in a series of “facilitator” gatherings and included many aspects of the imagined future association— polity, future conferences, finances, and membership. To move away from traditional kinds of organizations, the group functioning as the Board of Directors named itself the Association Coordinating Team or ACT. As with many new organizations, ACT members were excited and swept up in the energy surrounding the fledgling organization. Many paid their way to interim meetings over the next several years of growing and nourishing the IAF. Most people who made up the initial IAF leadership had a long ICA history.They struggled with “best practices” for conducting meetings that were full of other facilitators (the old “herding cats” syndrome). In good facilitator fashion ACT turned to a facilitator outside of the leadership team to facilitate ACT meetings—another ICA facilitator. This has almost become an ongoing tradition. Over the past ten years, critical new pieces of the IAF puzzle have been carried by those with an ICA background. Among the past Chairs of the Association are Sue Laxdal, Bob Vance, Mirja Hanson, Gary Forbes, and Jo Nelson. Maureen Jenkins is the current Chair-Elect. Beret Griffith and Jean Watts were instrumental in launching Facilitation News, the IAF newsletter; Group Facilitation: A Research & Applications Journal; and the popular research Think Tanks. Many past and current executive team members and taskforce chairs have

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A6. A History of the ICA’s Contribution to the IAF come from ICA ranks. Past conference co-chairs who were at one time staff of ICA include Kim Alire Epley and Sunny Walker (1995), David Rick Walters (1996), Beret Griffith (1998), Sherwood and Eunice Shankland (1999), Bill Staples (2000), Sue Laxdal and Elsa Batica (2001). Many other ICA colleagues and folks from the ToP™ Trainers Network have worked as IAF conference co-chairs, served on Facilitation News and Group Facilitation editorial boards, helped organize or presented at IAF conferences around the world, were instrumental in starting regional facilitation groups, led organizational strategic planning and chaired annual implementation task forces, and played various other supportive roles for the IAF. From time to time, the ICA as an institution has served as an official partner, co-sponsoring a conference or working on a key area such as the facilitator competencies that have become the backbone of IAF Facilitator Certification. The IAF continues to grow and works to find and maintain the balance between effective participation of interested members and effective business management of what has become a large and often unwieldy group. ICA colleagues will continue to roll up their sleeves to build the IAF, which now has more than 1,300 members in over twenty countries.

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Appendix 7

EI/OE/ICA Web Links (Ecumenical Institute, Order Ecumenical, and Institute of Cultural Affairs organizational websites, contemporary and historical archival materials.)

ICA-related Organizational Websites The Institute of Cultural Affairs in the USA. ICA International.

The Technology of Participation™ (Top™).

ICA Archive Project Links Golden Pathways. The Repository.

A Chronological History of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs1952–1988. Download the latest PDF from: archives_assets/20197.pdf

Order Ecumenical Documents “A Brief History of the Order:Ecumenical.” [Part 1] “The First 25 Years of the Order:Ecumenical,” prepared for the retreat on Profound Vocation, Quarter III, 1977–1978. The Brief History chart. [Part 2] “Collegiums on the Religious, Social and Intellectual Methods of the Order,” prepared for Area New York, Quarter IV, 1977–1978

Institute of Cultural Affairs Documents “Institute of Cultural Affairs: A Twenty-Five Year Profile, 1954–1979.” “A History of The Ecumenical Institute, The Institute of Cultural Affairs and The Order: Ecumenical.” “An Introduction to the Organizational Wisdoom of ICA: Principles, Values, and Perspectives.” An orientation handbook by Terry Bergdall.

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A7. EI/OE/ICA Web Links

ICA Global Archives — Collections Accelerate 77.

The Global Academy.

Facilitation Methods.

Fifth City.

Global Community Forum. ICA GreenRise.

Human Development Projects. Imaginal Education. New Religious Mode.

Service Learning Program. Social Process. Spirit Methods.

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Appendix 8

Contributors to the Chronological History Project Attendees at the Initial Meeting in Phoenix, September 1992 Hubert Fulkerson, Phoenix, Arizona Kay Fulkerson, Phoenix, Arizona Angelica Rodriquez, Phx, AZ/Chile Raul Jorquera, Phoenix, AZ/Chile John Oyler, Phoenix, Arizona Marilyn Oyler, Phoenix, Arizona Gary Forbes, Phoenix, Arizona Kate Ward, Phoenix, Arizona Jim Wiegel, Phoenix, Arizona John Adam, San Diego, California Beret Griffith, San Carlos, California Linda Hamilton, Redlands, California

Teresa Lingafelter, Redlands, CA Robert Lingafelter, Redlands, CA Pat Tuecke, San Francisco, California Kim Epley, Denver, Colorado Leslie Jackson, Denver, Colorado Ken Whitney, Denver, Colorado Shakuntala Jadhav, Pune, India Carol Fleischman, New Orleans, LA Rick Walters, Dallas, Texas Dan Groves, Yakima, Washington Dorothea Jewell, Seattle, Washington

Contributors to the Chronological History Through 1994 (Unless noted otherwise, these are personal communications with Beret Griffith.) Barbara Alerding, Guatemala (20 March 1992) Pamela and Terry Bergdall, Lusaka, Zambia (13 January 1991 John Burbidge, Seattle, Washington. “Thank You, Kenneth Boulding” Network Exchange (April 1993) Edith Byers (conversation in Phoenix, Arizona, 25 May 1992) Burna Dunn, Denver, Colorado (27 May 1992) Donald P. Elliot, Denver, Colorado (Econet email, 4 March 1992) Ann Ensinger, Fresh Meadows, New York (transcript and note made on a copy

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of “Methods History” in the hand of Ann Ensinger, 24 February 1992) Nan Grow, Caracas, Venezuela (edited copy of “Draft” History, January 1993) Linda Hamilton (conversation in Phoenix, Arizona, 25 May 1992) Sookja Hutcheons and Jim Troxel (hand-written notes made on a photocopy of a page of the “Methods History,” Chicago, January 1992) Omitted: “conducted at a meeting of ICA West facilitators”

ICA West Facilitators (data from a “Methods History” workshop, Phoenix, Arizona, September 1991) Lela Jahn, San Francisco, California (conversations, 29 and 30 November 1991) Dorothea Jewell, Seattle, Washington (Econet email, March 1992) Marilyn Oyler, Phoenix, Arizona (Econet mail, November 1991) Marie Sharp, Washington, DC (mail, November 1992) Martha Lee Sugg, Denver, Colorado (21 April 1992)

Need to clarify dates

Brian Stanfield, Toronto, Ontario (edited copy of “Draft” History, October 1992, Econet mail, March 1992) David Thomas, Bellevue, Washington (12 April 1992) Jim Troxel, Chicago, Illinois (Econet email, 26 February 1992) Sandra True, Portland, Oregon (Econet email, 14 March 1992) Patricia Tuecke, San Francisco (conversation, 1 April and 25 April 1992) Li Dona Wagner, Victoria, B.C. (February, 1992) Jean Watts, New Orleans, Louisiana (bag of audio tapes, July 1992) Susan Wegner, Houston, Texas (Econet email, 26 February 1992) Catherine Welch, Denver, Colorado (6 March 1992) Dick and Gail West, Bombay, India (ICA West Field Office, San Carlos, December 1989) George West, Lima, Peru (4 March 1992) Jim Wiegel, Phoenix (various conversations, 1992–1993) Ieva Wool, Vancouver, British Columbia (Econet email, 5 March 1992)

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A8. Contributors to the Chronological History Project

Chronological History Contributors 1995-2015 Pam Bergdall (image research and text editing, ICA Global Archives Spring 2013 Sojourn) David Dunn, Mirror Communication (design and desktop publishing, 2015) Gordon Harper (email conversations on the ICA Dialogue listserv) Doris Hahn (text edits, ICA Global Archives Spring 2013 Sojourn) Frank Knutson and Paul Noah (photographing images, 2011) Paul Noah (creation of image notebook and addition of images to text, 2013) Karen Snyder (image identification, 2014) Jim Troxel (image identification, 2014) Clare Whitney (text editing, 2015)

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Appendix 9

1992 Chronological History Bibliography The Academy. (1975, May). Brochure published by The Ecumenical Institute. All One Planet. (1986). The Institute of Cultural Affairs, Atlanta. Burbidge, J., Institute of Cultural Affairs International (Eds.). Approaches that Work in Rural Development: IERD Series (No. 3: Introduction. p.21.) Munchen: K.G. Sauer. Celebrating One Quarter Century of Service. (1979). The Ecumenical Institute. The Institute of Cultural Affairs. Council V, Policy Statement on the Initiation of the Local Church Experiment. (1970, August). Chicago: The Ecumenical Institute. Cultural Studies I (CS-1). (1972, Spring). Lecture notes. Customary, Towards a Customary of the Symbolic Practices of The Order: Ecumenical. (no date). the ecumenical institute. (1970). Chicago: The Ecumenical Institute. The Ecumenical Institute. (1974). “Focus: Community Reformulation. A Special Report.” Chicago. Estimates II. (1977). “Future Engagement, Task Force V, Proceedings of the Global Research Assembly.” Chicago: The Institute of Cultural Affairs. 5th City, Rebirth of the Human City. (1973). 5th City, Chicago. Global New Briefs. (1990). Global Order Council Report. (1984, July/August). Kines, W. & Kines, J. (Eds.). World Media Institute, Canada. Grow, N. (1991). “Exponential Organizational Transformation.” ( June, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 1). ECONET ICA:Brazil Consulting Services Highlights. (1992, Summer). The Institute of Cultural Affairs, Chicago. Highlights. (1991, Spring). The Institute of Cultural Affairs, Chicago. “A History of The Ecumenical Institute, The Institute of Cultural Affairs and The Order: Ecumenical” (1992). Retrieved from gold_path/data/hisj/101648.htm Image. (1967, Summer). The Ecumenical Institute.

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A9. 1992 Chronological History Bibliography Image. (October/November 1981). Chicago: The Institute of Cultural Affairs. The Institute of Cultural Affairs. (1979). Annual Report. The Institute of Cultural Affairs. (1980). Annual Report The Institute of Cultural Affairs. (1981). Annual Report. The Institute of Cultural Affairs. (1983–84). Annual Report. The Institute of Cultural Affairs. (1985). Annual Report. The Institute of Cultural Affairs in the U.S.A. (1991). National Report. International Program Report. (1990). Brussels: The Institute of Cultural Affairs International The Loisaida Employment Project. (1984). Morrill, D. “The History of the Global Movement’s Assemble-ing” (Collegium, 24 March 1979) New York Region, The Institute of Cultural Affairs, New York, New York. Morrill, D. “A Brief History of the Order:Ecumenical” The first 25 years of Order:Ecumenical, Prepared for the retreat on Profound Vocation, Quarter III, 1977–1978. Collegiums on the Religious. Methods Manual. (no date). The Institute of Cultural Affairs. PDMI Brochure (1991). Roundtable, manual prepared for ICA Chicago, The Global Roundtable, Chicago, Quarter II, 1981–82. Social and Intellectual Methods of the Order, prepared for Area New York, Quarter IV, 1977–1978. ICA Staff. (1990, January). “Projects Improve Health and Family Income Beni Suef, Egypt.” Global News Briefs. “The Other World”. (1992, March). Edges, p. 18–23. Town Meeting ’76. (1975). Chicago: The Institute of Cultural Affairs. Ullrich, P. (1976, August). “Start small, conquer the world.” Chicago, pp. 82–87, p. 178. Wiegel, J. (1974, August). “Social Demonstration and the Pressure Points.” (T264). Transcript of a talk given at the Global Priors Council, Chicago.

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