Cloud Computing Timothy Grance - cendi

Cloud Computing Timothy Grance - cendi

Cloud Computing Timothy Grance Information Technology Laboratory Computer Security Division NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology C...

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Cloud Computing Timothy Grance

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Caveats and Disclaimers • This presentation provides education on cloud technology and its benefits to set up a discussion of cloud security • It is NOT intended to provide official NIST guidance and NIST does not make policy • Any mention of a vendor or product is NOT an endorsement or recommendation Citation Note: All sources for the material in this presentation are included within 2NIST Information Technology Laboratory the Powerpoint “notes” field on each slide National Institute of

Computer Security Division

Standards and Technology

Cloud in 2020 •

THE FUTURE OF CLOUD COMPUTING [SOURCE: Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project, AUTHOR: Janna Anderson, Lee Rainie] Nearly 900 Internet experts and highly engaged users said they expect people who use the Internet will "live mostly in the cloud" by 2020, working primarily through the use of cyberspace-based applications on remote servers that we access through our networked devices. This does not mean, however, that most think the desktop will disappear soon. The majority sees a hybrid model continuing where both cloud computing and desktop computing take on different functions. The Web-based survey, conducted by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project and the Imagining the Internet Center at Elon University, gathered opinions on 10 important issues from a select group of experts and the highly engaged Internet public. Results from this survey are being released in five major 2010 reports; this is the fourth. benton.org/node/36787 | Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project Recommend this Headline

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

What is Cloud Computing? 5 Key Characteristics 1

On-demand self service

$

Rapid Elasticity

$(

renting takes minutes

2

4

Broad network access

×Jan Feb Mar ……

Dec

=

$(

× Jan

) )

rent it in any quantity

5

Resource pooling

anywhere / any device

3

Measured Service

= conserve resources

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

off

off

on

reduces cost

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

The NIST Cloud Definition Framework Hybrid Clouds

Deployment Models Service Models

Community Cloud

Private Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS)

Public Cloud

Platform as a Service (PaaS)

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

On Demand Self-Service Essential Characteristics

Common Characteristics Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

Broad Network Access

Rapid Elasticity

Resource Pooling

Measured Service

Massive Scale

Resilient Computing

Homogeneity

Geographic Distribution

Virtualization

Service Orientation

Low Cost Software

Advanced Security

NIST

National Institute5 of Standards and Technology

What is the Big Opportunity? • • • •

Focus on your core mission Cost reduction Scalability Agility  facilitate quick innovation

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Assurance is a Major Issue

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

7NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

What are the issues? • • • • • • • •

Security & Privacy Network Access Portability/Interoperability Long term costs Compliance Service Level Agreements Legal Standards

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Crowd Sourcing and Clouds

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

What is Crowd Sourcing? The general idea is that there are so many people that can contribute to content, whether Wikipedia or Open Source Software, that you can create consensus/wisdom/insight via mass. – Source: http://alainmowad.com/innovation/crowdsourcing-as-the-ultimate-cloud-computing-paradigm/

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Comparisons • We begin this discussion from three quasirelated ideas: – Open Source Access – Social Networking – Conventional Wisdom

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Open Source • Wikipedia Definition: Open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's source materials. Some consider open source a philosophy, others consider it a pragmatic methodology. Before the term open source became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of phrases to describe the concept; open source gained hold with the rise of the Internet, and the attendant need for massive retooling of the computing source code. Opening the source code enabled a selfenhancing diversity of production models, communication paths, and interactive communities.

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Social Network Service • Wikipedia Definition: A social network service focuses on building and reflecting of social networks or social relations among people, e.g., who share interests and/or activities. A social network service essentially consists of a representation of each user (often a profile), his/her social links, and a variety of additional services. Most social network services are web based and provide means for users to interact over the internet, such as email and instant messaging. Although online community services are sometimes considered as a social network service in a broader sense, social network service usually means an individual-centered service whereas online community services are group-centered. Social networking sites allow users to share ideas, activities, events, and interests within their individual networks. Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Conventional Wisdom • Wikipedia Definition: Conventional wisdom (CW) is a term used to describe ideas or explanations that are generally accepted as true by the public or by experts in a field. The term implies that the ideas or explanations, though widely held, are unexamined and, hence, may be reevaluated upon further examination or as events unfold. Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

What Should Enterprises Do? • Develop the business case first • Consider the architectural goals • Orderly migration where appropriate – with fallback options, if it doesn‟t work out

• Negotiate SLA carefully • Understand but not be paralyzed by legal, security, and the technology issues Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

More Advice • • • • •

Start with a pilot Sunk Costs Not an either/or decision Cast a wide net Understand organizational issues

• Source: http://www.utest.com/webinars/betterapps-crowdsourcing-cloud

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Apps/Ideas/Uses • • • •

Collaboration Software Testing Citizen Engagement Scientific Applications – Genomic research – Bioinformatics – Commercialization

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Examples • • • •

Amazon Mechanical Turk U-Test Facebook translation Samasource

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

Wild Ideas • Federal Crowd Sourcing Service • Internal Crowd Sourcing

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

References to Crowd Sourcing •

Crowd Sourcing as the Ultimate Cloud Computing Paradigm (On March 31, 2010, In Innovation, By amowad) http://alainmowad.com/innovation/crowd-sourcing-as-the-ultimate-cloud-computing-paradigm/ Outsourcing is Passe. Is Crowd Sourcing in? Project management has entered version 3 advancing upon the 'outsourcing' concept a little further and working across boundaries-- the new concept is 'crowd sourcing' http://www.globalservicesmedia.com/Strategies-and-Best-Practices/Emerging-Models/Outsourcing-is-Passe.-Is-Crowd-Sourcingin/24/32/9788/GS100702648523 Crowd Sourcing – Harnessing the power of the people Posted by Bhavin Turakhia http://bhavin.directi.com/crowd-sourcing-harnessing-the-power-of-the-people/ Better Apps With Crowdsourcing & The Cloud A Joint Webinar with uTest and Skytap http://www.utest.com/webinars/better-apps-crowdsourcing-cloud UK Government to Crowdsource Public Spending http://www.blurgroup.com/blog/crowdsourcing/uk-government-to-crowdsource-public-spending HCL Infosystems goes the cloud way with O‟zone - Introduces cloud services such as HRM and Healthcare Information Management solutions based on the SaaS model (InformationWeek News Network, July 09, 2010) http://www.informationweek.in/Cloud_Computing/10-07-09/HCL_Infosystems_goes_the_cloud_way_with_O%e2%80%99zone.aspx Year in Review: Local Governments Offset Budget Cutbacks with Crowdsourcing, Cloud Computing http://www.govtech.com/gt/734800 GSA tests crowdsourcing wiki for acquisitions - Collaborative BetterBuy Project being tested online http://fcw.com/articles/2010/05/28/gsa-testing-crowdsourcing-wiki-for-acquisitions.aspx Feds turn to „crowdsourcing‟ for educational innovation - New portal brings public and private sectors together, encouraging users to solve school challenges creatively http://www.eschoolnews.com/2010/05/10/feds-turn-to-crowdsourcing-for-educational-innovation/ 6 government sites crowdsourcing citizen ideas http://govfresh.com/2009/11/6-government-sites-crowdsourcing-citizen-ideas/

Information Technology Laboratory

Computer Security Division

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology