cromwell family - Digital Howard @ Howard University

cromwell family - Digital Howard @ Howard University

Howard University Digital Howard @ Howard University Manuscript Division Finding Aids 10-1-2015 CROMWELL FAMILY MSRC Staff Follow this and additi...

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Howard University

Digital Howard @ Howard University Manuscript Division

Finding Aids

10-1-2015

CROMWELL FAMILY MSRC Staff

Follow this and additional works at: http://dh.howard.edu/finaid_manu Recommended Citation Staff, MSRC, "CROMWELL FAMILY" (2015). Manuscript Division. Paper 46. http://dh.howard.edu/finaid_manu/46

This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Finding Aids at Digital Howard @ Howard University. It has been accepted for inclusion in Manuscript Division by an authorized administrator of Digital Howard @ Howard University. For more information, please contact [email protected]

CROMWELL FAMILY PAPERS Collection 24-1 to 24-16 (42 scrapbooks)

Prepared & Revised by: Karen L. Jefferson June 1980

MANUSCRIPT DIVISION

Scope Note The Cromwell Family Papers total 20 linear feet, spanning the period 1849 to 1955. The papers begin with documents recording the manumission of Elizabeth and Willis Cromwell and their seven children. The remaining materials are arranged by family members; Willis, Levi, John W. Sr., Otelia, Mary, John W. Jr., and Martha Cromwell Brent. These papers consist primarily of materials about the many organizations and activities which members of the Cromwell Family have been associated with in Washington, D.C. Materials include minutes, reports, financial data, constitutions, and publications about the various organizations. The organizations include the American Negro Academy, Metropolitan A.M.E. Church, Dunbar High School, St. Anna's Home and the Lindsey Social Centre. There are also included some personal papers consisting of correspondence, writings, and memorabilia. There are 42 volumes of scrapbooks the John Wesley Cromwell, Sr. Collection. These scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings that span the period 1859 to 1915. Many of these scrapbooks document the events and atmosphere in the United States during and after the Civil War. The other scrapbooks are of various subjects including: A History of Philadelphia, murder trials and cases, sermons and religious matters, and Masonic matters. Twenty-seven bound volumes of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, New York, 1855-1883, accompanied the Cromwell Family Papers. These newspapers along with numerous books, pamphlets, and periodicals have been integrated into the collections of the Library Division of the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center.

2

Biographical Data

John Wesley Cromwell, Sr, 1846 Sept. 5 Born in Portsmouth, Virginia the 7th son and 12th child of Elizabeth and Willis Cromwell. 1864 1872-1885 1873

Graduated from the Institute for Colored Youth, Philadelphia, Pa. Worked as a clerk, and chief examiner for the U.S. Treasury Department Married Lucy A. McGuinn (children: Otelia, Mary E., Lucy A., Willis R., Martha, John Wesley Jr., and Fannie)

1874 admitted 1875-1883 1876 1887

Received LL.B. degree from Howard University Washington, D.C. and to the District of Columbia Bar.

Elected first president of the Virginia Educational Historical Association. Editor of the People's Advocate Attorney with W.C. Martin for William H. Heard vs. The Georgia Railroad Company, becoming the first Black lawyer to appear before the Interstate Commerce Commission

1889

Became a principal for the grammar schools of the District of Columbia

1892

Married Annie E. Conn

1897

1927

Secretary and one of the original members of the American Negro Academy . Died

3

Biographical Data

Othelia Cromwell 1874 Born in Washington D.C., daughter of Lucy and John W. Cromwell, Sr. 1900

Received on A.B. in Education from Smith College, M Northampton, Mass., becoming Smith's first Black graduate

1900-1931

Taught in the public school system of the District of Columbia.

1910

Received a masters degree from Columbia University, New York

1926

Received a doctoral degree from Yale University, New Haven, Conn.

1931-1940

Professor of English, Miner Normal School, Washington, D.C.

1950

Received an honorary degree from Smith College.

1972 April 25

Died.

Mary E. Cromwell 1876 May 6 Born in Washington, D.C., daughter of Lucy and John W. Cromwell, Sr Received A.B. degree from University of Michigan 1917

Received M.A. degree from University of Pennsylvania, Taught mathematics at Dunbar High School, Washington, D.C. Officer & Trustee of St. Annals Home for Aged Colored Women Secretary of the National Federation of Colored College Women

1966 May 26

Died

4

Biographical Data

John Wesley Cromwell, Jr. 1883 Born in Washington, D.C., son of Lucy and John W. Cromwell, Sr. 1901

Received Preparatory Certificate from Howard University

1906

Received bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.

1907

Received master's degree from Dartmouth College

1908-1930

Taught math, German and bookkeeping in District of Columbia high schools.

1918

Married Yetta Mauritte (children: Adelaide)

1921

Passed the examination for Certified Public Accountant in New Hampshire, becoming the first black C.P.A.

1930-31

Comptroller of Howard University.

1931

Began private practice as C.P.A.

1932

Founded the American Bridge Association,

1971 Dec. 16

Died.

5

Series Description Series A Box 24-1

Series B Box 24-1 Series C Box 24-1 Board

Cromwell Family Manumission Papers Documents recording the selling and manumission of Elizabeth and Willis Cromwell and their seven children. Willis Cromwell Letter from James Cromwell to his father Willis, 1863. Levi Cromwell Letter from the Theodore Starr Savings Bank, Philadelphia, PA. , to “its of of Trustees,” 1897.

Series D Box 24-1 about to Box 24-3

John Wesley Cromwell, Sr. Biographical data, writings, correspondence, memorabilia and information organizations which he was affiliated with, including the Metropolitan A.M.E. Church. Also, there are materials relating to John W. Cromwell as counsel in

the case Heard vs. Georgia Railroad Co., before the Interstate Commerce Commission and memorabilia relating to Frederick Douglass. Series E Box 24-4 to Box 24-6 and

Othelia Cromwell Printed materials and records of the Book and Quill Club, Miner Teachers College, Washington, D.C. There is also a collection of over 1000 postcards reprints of paintings. Personal papers include financial data, and reviews of her book, Lucretia Mott.

Series F Box 24-6 affiliated School,

Mary E. Cromwell Primarily information relating to the many organizations which &he was to Box 24-14 with. These organizations include; St. Anna's Home, Dunbar High College Alumnae Club, National Association of College Women, St. Luke's Episcopal Church, and others. Also, there are materials about Mary E, Cromwell as a student, her writings, memorabilia and her travels

Series G Box 24-15

John Wesley Cromwell, Jr. Biographical data,

6

Series Description continued

Series H Box 24-15

Martha Cromwell Brent Materials about the Neighborhood Improvement Club, and a draft of a paper,” Education for Negroes in the District of Columbia.”

Series I Box 24-15

Memorabilia Programs, cut (newspaper engraving), newspaper clippings, E. Smythe Jones, Thomas McAtee

Series J Box 24-16

Printed Materials Pamphlets and reports arranged alphabetically.

Series K 42 volumes

Scrapbooks (Fragile: Do not circulate) News clippings primarily relating to Blacks from 1859 to 1915, Also includes volumes on various other subjects including Japan and China, newspaper columns - “Notices to Correspondents,” “To Readers and Anxious Inquires” “European Correspondence.” Many of the scrapbooks were compiled by J.W.H.Cathcart.

7

Container List

Series A Box 24-1

Cromwell Family Manumission Papers Folder 1 Sale of Betsey Cromwell's children to her by Thomas Twine 2 Sale of Betsey Cromwell to B. W. Dodson by Thomas Twine 3 Transfer of Betsey Cromwell and children to Thomas Twine by Sarah

Twine 4 5 6

Manumission of James Cromwell by Betsey Cromwell Sale of Willis Cromwell to Elizabeth Cromwell by Yeates Free School Manumission of the Cromwell children by Elizabeth Cromwell;

Registration of 7 8

Series B 9 Series C

Esther Cromwell Manumission of Willis Cromwell by Elizabeth Cromwell; Registration of Willis Cromwell Clipping on the Cromwell Family from The Afro-American Newspaper

Willis Cromwell Letter to Willis Cromwell from James Cromwell, 1863

Levi Cromwell 10 Letter from the Theodore Starr Savings Bank, Philadelphia, PA to its Board of Trustees, 1897

Series D 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

John Wesley Cromwell, Sr. Biographical data Correspondence Arthur Schomburg Correspondence Mar.- July 1912 Aug. - Dec. 1912 January - July 1913 Aug. - Dec. 1913 March - Sept. 1914 1915 1916 1917 January - April 1918 May - Dec. 1918 Feb. - July 1919 Aug. - Dec. 1919 8

25

1920

Container List

Series D Box 24-2

John Wesley Cromwell, Sr. continued Folder 26 1921 27 1922 28 1923 29 1924 30 1925 31 1926 32 no date 33 partial letters

34 35 36 37 38 39

40 41 42 43 44 45 24-3

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

Writings by John W. Cromwell, Sr. Biosketch of Martha B. Briggs Biosketch of Rev. John Albert Johnson Extract from an oration First Negro churches in the District of Columbia The Negro in American History Heard vs. Georgia Railroad Co. Organizational Affiliations American Negro Academy Asbury Chapel, Washington, D.C. Cromwell Memorial Fund Frederick Douglass Memorial, 1895 (xerox copies) Frederick Douglass Memorabilia Frederick Douglass Programs Free and Accepted Masons Metropolitan A.M.E. Church Records Printed materials Invitations Programs Record book 1907 Record Book 1919-26 Scrapbook 1889-90 Scrapbook 1915 9

Container List Series E Box 24-4

24-5 24-6

Othelia Cromwell Folder Financial Data 55 Bank statements 1969-68; 1970 56 Financial receipts 57 Washington Gas Light Co., stock 58 Lucretia Mott (reviews)

59 60 61 62 63 64 65

The Book and Quill Club Origin, constitution, membership 1936 Program schedules 1932-40 Programs, invitations Miner Teacher's College - program, bulletin, newspapers Smith College - bulletin, report Notes Memorabilia

66 67

Post cards Reprints of paintings

68

Mary E. Cromwell Correspondence

69 70 71

Student Assignments Notes Notes

Series F

24-7 72 73 74

Travels Journal Maps Memorabilia

75 76

Writings by Mary E. Cromwell C is for Cromwell...(poem) Efforts for Social Betterment in Washington, D.C.

Container List 10

Series F Box 24-7

Mary E. Cromwell continued Folder 77 The Human Side of a Washington Alley 78 Secondary Education in Medieval Times

79 80 81 82 83

Writings by Others Blandina D. Wright, Social Service Invitations Programs Attendance Record/Financial Record Printed materials

84

Organizational Affiliations The Associated Charities and Citizen Relief Assn.

86

85 Auxiliary to the Summer Outings Committee Citizen's Law and Order League

87 88 89 90 91 92

College Alumnae Club Constitution Correspondence Reports Programs Journals The Correspondent Club

24-8

93 94 95 96 24-9 98 99 100 101 102 103

Dunbar High School Correspondence Notes Mathematics Evaluations 97 “A High School Generation” Rosenwald Fund Child Welfare Group Memorabilia Periodicals Programs Yearbook, 1946

Container List

11

Series F Box 24-9

Mary E. Cromwell continued Folder 104

105 24-10

24-11

Hostess House No. 2 Helping Hand Club History

106 107 108 109 110 111

Draft of History 1-5 Draft of History, 6-10 Draft of History, 12-17; 19-20 Draft of History, 21-28; 30 Draft of History, Draft of History,

112 113 114 115

Lindsey Social Centre Constitution, incorporation Correspondence, photo, brochure Financial reports Minutes, reports

116 117

Ministers' Wives' Herald NAACP

118 119 120 121 122

National Assn. of College Women Constitution Correspondence Reports Brochures, ballot Programs

123 Journals 124 Negro Fresh Air Committee 125 Phillis Wheatley YWCA

126 127

St. Anna's Hoke Certificate of incorporation Constitution and by-laws

Container List

Series F Box

Mary E. Cromwell continued Folder 12

24-11

St. Anna's Home 128 Rules 129 Resolutions

130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138

Correspondence A-Z Cromwell, Mary E. Looker, Bertha H Stokes, Anson Phelps Members, notes Publications News articles Applications Applications

24-12

139 140 141 142

Residents Residents Scrapbook of residents 1928-48 Scrapbook of records 1926-29

24-13

143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154

Minutes, 1914-25 Minutes, 1928-30 Minutes, 1929-45 Minutes, 1948-51, 55 Financial report Financial reports Financial reports Financial reports Financial reports Reports Reports Reports

Container List

Series F Box

Mary E. Cromwell continued Folder St. Lukes Church 13

24-14

Series G 24-15

155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163

164

St. Luke Church Fact-finding committee Fact-finding committee Shakespearean Pageant Shakespearean Pageant Shakespearean Pageant Shakespearean Pageant Shakespearean Pageant Southeast House

Financial Report Financial Receipts Financial Receipts Financial Receipts

John Wesley Cromwell, Jr. Biographical data

Series H

Martha Cromwell Brent 165 Education for Negroes in the District of Columbia 166 Neighborhood Improvement Club 167 Memorabilia

Series I

Memorabilia 168 Memorabilia 169 E. Symth Jones 170 Thomas McAtee - discharge card 171 Programs 172 Cut (newspaper engraving) 173 Newspaper clippings 174 Newspaper clippings 175 Newspaper clippings 176 Newspaper clippings 177 Newspaper clippings

14

from Maryland Cav., 1863

Container List

Series J Box 24-16

Printed Materials Folder 178 Cobb, W. Montague, Education: Priority No. 1 179 Congressional Record, v. 43. no. 21, Jan. 12, 1909 180 Douglass Joseph H. Statement of the Washington Urban League... 181 Headquarters Charles Sumner Post No. 9 ... (Colored soldiers in the Civil War) 182 Kerlin Robert T. Contemporary Poetry of the Negro 183 The Late Detroit Riot, March 6, 1863 184 Memorial of Thirty Thousand Disenfranchised Citizens of Philadelphia.. 185 Miller, Kelly. Address to Graduating Class of the College Dept. Howard University, 1898 186 Miller, Kelly. An Appeal to Reason 187 Miller, Kelly, As to the Leopards spots 188 Miller, Kelly, The Primary Needs of the Negro Race 189 Miller, Kelly. Social Equality 190 Nance, Lee. The Industrial or Material Status of the Colored Race in the U.S. 191 An Official Statement from the Trustees of Howard University 192 A Plea for Social Justice for the Negro Woman 193 Report of the Alley Dwelling Authority, 1936 194 Report of the Principal of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, 1878 195 Schurz, Carl. Can the South Solve the Negro Problem 196 Storey, Moorfield. The Negro Question 197 Turner, H. M. The World's Exposition 198 Woodward, D. W. Negro Progress in a Mississippi Town/Bank Charles Negro Banks of Mississippi 199 Printed Materials

Series K 24-S1 24-S2 24-S3 24-S4 24-S5 25-S6 25-S7

Scrapbooks (Fragile: Do not circulate) John Brown's Insurrection at Harper's Ferry (newspaper clippings 1859-60) On the Rebellion (newspaper clippings 1859-62) On the Rebellion (newspaper clippings 1859-62) Slavery (newspaper clippings 1860-62) Slavery v. 3 (newspaper clippings 1863-65) Slavery v. 4 (newspaper clippings 1863-65) Camp William Penn (newspaper clippings on Colored soldiers and slavery 15

1862-63)

Container List

Series K 25-S8 24-S9

Scrapbooks (Fragile: Do not circulate) continued Newspaper clippings - speeches by political leaders in U.S. including Pres. Abraham Lincoln - 1860 Newspaper clippings - Politics in the U.S. 1861

24-S10

Incidents in the Life of Jefferson Davis, v. I [newspaper clippings, 1863-71]

24-S11

Incidents in the Life of Jefferson Davis, v. 2 [newspaper clippings, 1867-71]

24-S12 newspaper

Assassination of Lincoln and Trial and Execution of the Conspirators clippings, 1865]

24-S13

The Black man after the Passage of the Civil Rights Bill (newspaper clippings 1876-78)

24-S14

The Black man After the Passage of the Civil Rights Bill (newspaper clippings 1876-78)

25-S15 clippings

Enfranchisement's Last Chapter; 15th Amendment v. I (newspaper 1867-71)

24-S16 clippings

Enfranchisement's Last Chapter; 15th Amendment v. 2 (newspaper 1869-73)

24-S17 clippings

Enfranchisement's Last Chapter; 15th Amendment v. 3 (newspaper 1872-74)

24-S18

Newspaper clippings about Blacks 1865-69

24-S19

Newspaper clippings about Blacks 1866-69

24-S20

Newspaper clippings about Blacks 1872-99

24-S21

Newspaper clippings about Blacks 1885-1915 16

24-S22

Records of Murders and Executions in Philadelphia from 1862-1867 v. 1 newspaper clippings on various murder cases and trials, 1866-67]

Container List

Series K 24-S23

Scrapbooks (Fragile: Do not circulate) continued Murder Cases & C. Trial of Mr. & Mrs. Twitchell for the murder of Mrs. Hill [newspaper clippings on various murder cases and trials, 1867-69]

24-S24

Japanese and China (newspaper clippings) 1863-70]

24-S25

Sermons and religious matters [newspaper clippings, 1863-65]

24-S26

Masonic matters from the New York Dispatch, 1861 [newspaper clippings]

24-S27

History of Philadelphia v. 3 by Thompson Wescott (newspaper clippings)

24-S28

History of Philadelphia v, 4 by Thompson Wescott (newspaper clippings)

24-S29

History of Philadelphia v. 5 by Thompson Wescott (newspaper clippings)

24-S30 clippings)

History of Philadelphia v. 6 by Thompson Wescott (newspaper

24-S31 includes

“Notices to Correspondents” newspaper clippings of a column. Also “To Readers and Anxious Inquires” 1863-68]

24-S32 poetry,

“To Readers and Anxious Inquirers” [newspaper clippings of column and 1872-76]

24-S33 clippings of

Col. Forney's Letters and European Correspondence v. 1 (newspaper correspondents in Europe 1867-63)

24-S34 clippings

Col. Forney's Letters and European Correspondence v. 2 (newspaper of correspondents 1874-75)

24-S35

Comic Sketches [newspaper clippings on various subject with 17

illustrations, 1867-77] 24-S36

Newspaper clippings on various subject 1858-60

24-S37

Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1859-60

Container List

Series K 24-S38

Scrapbooks (Fragile: Do not circulate) continued Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1862-63

24-S39

Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1866-75

24-S40

Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1882-89

24-S41

Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1882-89

24-S42

Newspaper clippings on various subjects 1889-90

18