Order Code RS20549 Updated October 27, 2006
CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web
Defense Surplus Equipment Disposal: Background Information Valerie Bailey Grasso Analyst in National Defense Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division
Summary The Department of Defense (DOD) has a policy for disposing of government equipment and supplies considered “surplus” for a different mission, or deemed unnecessary to the agency’s designated mission. The effort to dispose of surplus military equipment dates back to the end of World War II, when the federal government decided to reduce a massive inventory of surplus military equipment by making such equipment available to civilians.1 At a July 25, 2006, hearing before the House Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations, Bennie Williams, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Director of Logistics Operations, identified four target areas for managing surplus military equipment: (1) processing controls for batch lot items and materials requiring demilitarization; (2) processing of items coded with Local Stock Numbers received at the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS); (3) improved controls regarding access to DRMS inventory assets; and (4) reducing the concurrent procurement of items available at DRMS.2 DOD identifies and disposes of approximately $20 billion dollars of military surplus/excess materiel annually — items ranging from desks and chairs to full weapons systems.3 “Disposition” is the process of redistributing, transferring, donating, selling, demilitarizing, destroying or other “end of life cycle” activities, and is the final stage 1
Disposal of surplus real property, including land, buildings, commercial facilities, and equipment situated thereon, is assigned to the General Services Administration’s Office of Property Disposal. For further information, see CRS Report RS20630, Surplus Federal Property, by Stephanie Smith. 2
Statement of Bennie Williams before the House Government Reform Committee, Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations, July 25, 2006.
The federal government classifies items by Federal Supply Class (FSC) Code, National Item Identification Number (NIIM); combining the two codes results in the National Stock Number (NSN). See [http://www.governmentliquidation.com].
Congressional Research Service ˜ The Library of Congress
CRS-2 before exiting DOD’s control.4 In some cases, the act of demilitarization – of destroying the item’s military offensive and defensive capability – accomplishes the disposal. Surplus property can be reused, transferred, donated, or sold; potential recipients include law enforcement agencies, school systems, medical institutions, civic and community organizations, libraries, homeless assistance providers, state and local government agencies, and the public. About half of these items are designated for the foreign military sales program, and about half are made available to other government agencies, eligible donees, or sold to the public.5 Under DLA, DRMS is charged with the disposal of surplus and excess defense equipment and supplies. Headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, DRMS has a total work force of 1,328 civilians and 11 active duty military personnel. DRMS has offices in 37 states and 14 countries (including Iraq and Afghanistan), providing support at major U.S. military installations around the world.6 In Fiscal Year 2005, DRMS processed 3.4 million line items, with an original acquisition value of over $20 billion.7 In June 2001, DRMS awarded a seven-year contract to Surplus Acquisition Venture, LLC, for the exclusive right to sell military surplus items. The company established Government Liquidation, LLC as the purchaser and reseller for aircraft parts, vehicles, clothing and textiles, medical items, furniture, commercial kitchen equipment, and other items. Government Liquidation is a subsidiary of Liquidity Services, Inc. (LSI), and holds the exclusive contract with DRMS for the sale of surplus DOD property. Effective December 1, 2006, LSI will establish new “centralized controlled property centers” in the U.S. to achieve greater over inventory to prevent restricted property from being offered for sale to the public.8 In 2005, DLA conducted a public-private completion for warehousing functions at 68 DRMS sites in the United States, including Hawaii. As a result of cost-comparison, DRMS determined that it was more cost effective to retain the government employees rather than convert to contractor performance. The final decision, to retain the
See the Acquisition Community Connection at the Defense Acquisition University, at [https://acc.dau.mil].
For further discussion of excess defense property, and the demilitarization and disposal of surplus military equipment, see CRS Report RL31675, Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process and CRS Report RS20428, Excess Defense Articles: Grants and Sales to Allies and Friendly Countries, both by Richard F. Grimmett, and CRS Report RL31686, Demilitarization of Significant Military Equipment, by Valerie Bailey Grasso. Another source for information is the Demilitarization and Disposal section of the Acquisition Community Connection at the Defense Acquisition University.
For answers to questions about the disposal of government surplus property, contact DRMS at 1-888-352-9333, or on the internet at [http://wex.drms.dla.mil]. 7
Statement of Bennie Williams, Director, Defense Logistics Agency, before the House Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging threats, and International Relations, July 26, 2006.
Press Release. Liquidity Services, Inc., to Develop and Implement New Inventory Assurance Procedures under Its Surplus Contract with DOD. Yahoo! Finance. September 13, 2006, accessed online at [http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/060913/20060913005623.htm;?.v=1]
CRS-3 government’s Most Efficient Organization (the reconfigured “in-house” government employee work group), was announced on October 7, 2005.9
Controlling Legal Authority Authority for the disposal of surplus defense property can be found in Public Law (P.L.) 94-519, 10 U.S.C. 381, which amends the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 484), P.L. 107-117, and in DOD Manual 4160.21, at [http://www.dla.mil/dlaps/dod/416021m/guide.asp].
Major Recipients State and Local Governments. If property cannot be reused or transferred to other federal agencies, it may be donated to state and local government programs. Each state has designated a “State Agency for Surplus Property Program,” which is a local governing authority to receive and distribute all federal surplus property. The program authorizes “screeners” to handle the logistics, and the state agency may charge a fee for handling the transaction. Eligible recipients include, but are not limited to organizations that promote public health, safety, education, recreation, conservation, and other public needs, including veterans groups and Native American organizations. Some groups that qualify as a “service education activity” may have a slight priority in the screening process. Law Enforcement Support Office (LESO). LESO administers 10 U.S.C. Section 2576a, which transfers excess DOD equipment to federal and state law enforcement agencies through the 1033 Program (FY1997 National Defense Authorization Act). In addition, the 1122 Program (FY1994 National Defense Authorization Act) authorizes state and local governments to purchase law enforcement equipment for counter-drug activities. Each state appoints a “Point of Contact (POC)” for this program; the POC may purchase items from any of the four inventory control points managed by DLA. To order items, contact your State Agency for Surplus Property Program. Fire-Fighting Support Program. Title 10 U.S.C. 2576b authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service to manage the DOD firefighting property transfers. An interagency agreement between DOD and the Forest Service is under the authority of the Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535. The Federal Excess Personal Property (FEPP) Program, administered though the Forest Service, provides equipment to state and territorial forestry programs for wildland and rural firefighting.10 Humanitarian Assistance Program. 10 U.S.C. 25 authorizes DOD to provide excess property as coordinated through the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Office of Humanitarian and Refugee Affairs.
Defense Logistics Agency Announces DRMS A-76 Results. October 7, 2005. Retrieved on September 21, 2006, at [http://www.dla.mil/public_info/read_news.asp?track=255]
CRS-4 Public Sales. Property not reused by DOD, transferred, or donated can be sold to the general public through public auctions and sealed bidding. Munitions, explosives and strategic items are not sold.
Other Programs There are a number of special programs which may assist organizations which fail to qualify for DRMS property as a DOD, federal, or donation customer. Such programs include (but are not limited to) museums, educational institutions, National Guard and Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps units, and the Civil Air Patrol.11
For further information, see [http://www.drms.dla.mil/rtd03/specialprograms.htm].