Denmark - Energy System Overview

Denmark - Energy System Overview

Denmark - Energy System Overview General information Denmark 42 000 km Country size Population (2016) 2 25th compared to IEA countries 5.7 millio...

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Denmark - Energy System Overview General information

Denmark 42 000 km

Country size Population (2016)

2

25th compared to IEA countries

5.7 million

GDP (2016)

0.5% of IEA population

256 billion USD 2010 prices and PPPs

* PPP = Purchasing Power Parities

Energy system transformation SUPPLY AND DEMAND 2016 TPES: 16.5 Mtoe, 32% renewables (IEA average 10%)

ELECTRICITY GENERATION: 30.1 TWh 63% renewables (IEA average: 24%)

Mtoe 18

Heat Net impor t

Tr ansfor mation and other losses

Electricity

15

Gas 7%

Other renewable 12

Commer cial

9

Oil 1%

Biofuels & waste 18%

Biofuels and waste

Solar 2%

Nuclear

Tr anspor t

Renewables Coal 29%

Natural Gas

Wind 43%

6 Oil

Residential

3

Coal Industr y

0 Production

TPES

TFC* (by fuel)

TFC* (by sector)

*Demand data are for 2015

Fuel shares compared to IEA average Fuel

TPES (%)

IEA average* (%)

IEA range (%)

Electricity (%)

IEA average (%)

IEA range (%)

Coal

12

17

0-69

29

28

0-84

Oil

36

36

7-58

1

2

0-10

Gas

17

27

2-40

7

27

1-51

Hydro

0

2

0-43

0

13

0-96

Nuclear

0

10

0-44

0

19

0-73

Biofuels

25

6

2-27

18

3

0-26

Wind

7

1

0-7

42

6

0-42

Geothermal

0

1

0-23

0

0

0-18

Solar

1

1

0-3

2

2

0-13

* IEA Average - total supply per fuel / TPES for 29 IEA countries

KEY ENERGY INDICATOR DEVELOPMENT, 1990-2015

ENERGY AND CARBON INTENSITY (2016)

Index (1990=100)

160

Denmark

IEA average

TPES per capita (toe/cap)

2.89

4.42

Electricity consum ption per capita (MWh/cap)

5.81

8.69

Em issions* per capita (tCO2/cap)

5.63

9.88

Energy intensity (TPES) (Mtoe/USD PPP million)

65

96

Em ission* intensity (tCO2/ USD PPP million)

126

193

GDP (USD 2010 prices and PPPs)

140

Population

120

TPES

100

TFC

80

CO2 emissions CO2

60 1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

* CO2 emissio ns fro m fuel co mbustio n (2015 data)

Energy Security PRODUCTION AND SELF SUFFICIENCY, 2016

ENERGY IMPORT/EXPORT FUEL

Self sufficiency

Mtoe 8

150%

120%

6

90% 4 60% 2

30%

0

0% Oil

Natural gas

Coal

Production TPES Self sufficiency

QUANTITY

IMPORT/EXPORT COUNTRY

Crude Oil Imports

3.8 Mt

Norw ay (69.4%)

Exports Oil Products

4.3 Mt

Sw eden (64.2%)

Imports

9.3 Mt

Russian Federation (43.6%)

Exports Natural gas

8.5 Mt

Sw eden (30%)

Imports

0.7 bcm

Norw ay (71.1%)

Exports Coal

2.1 bcm

Sw eden (43.4%)

Imports

2.9 Mt

Exports

0 Mt

ELECTRICITY Imports

15.6 TWh

Exports

9.7 TWh

No te: 2016 data are estimated

Russia (64.4%) Germany (100%) Norw ay (42%) Germany (54.1%) So urce: IEA Wo rld Energy B alances 2017