fr eesamp le fr eesamp le - Macmillan

fr eesamp le fr eesamp le - Macmillan

E Campaign alpha Is this your vehicle? OBjECTIVES • types of vehicle • registration plates • radio telephony alphabet ObjECTiVES reading and list...

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E

Campaign alpha

Is this your vehicle?

OBjECTIVES • types of vehicle • registration plates • radio telephony alphabet

ObjECTiVES

reading and listening

UK lorry coach

US truck bus

h

Task 1 Listen and read the descriptions of the vehicles. Then match them with the pictures. 1 2 3 4 5

World enGlish World english

c

a white van a metallic blue car a blue car a light blue HGV (Heavy Goods Vehicle) a big, black motorcycle

6 7 8 9 10

a silver grey moped a beige and orange coach a light blue bicycle a dark blue lorry a small, red car

Task 2 Match the words with the colours. 2

3

4

5

6

7

SA M PL

1

E

[1.17]

b

FR EE

a

g

f

e

d

SA M PL

2 Traffic and vehicles

metallic green light green dark green silver grey bronze beige dark purple

FR EE

reading

2

Traffic and vehicles

97802307532551.indd 14

Task 3 Look at the vehicle registration plates. Read the text on the opposite page and answer the questions.

1 2 3

p Find a different expression for ‘registration plate’. l Find a word which means ‘the size and style of printed letters’. t Which of these is NOT a correct format for an EU registration plate?

SUV X27 a blue background black letters 4

SUV X27 b yellow background black letters

SUV X27 c white background black letters

Why are German licence plates special?

14

7/7/09 15:37:35

SA M PL

E

alpha

Registration

plates

i

FR EE

In the European Union, vehicles have white or yellow licence plates. The format is the same for all vehicles. There is blue strip on the left of the plate. On the blue strip is the EU symbol of 12 yellow stars and the country code of the state in which the vehicle was registered. The letters on the plate are black and the background is white or reflective yellow. The typeface for registration plates in Germany is a special one. It is designed to be very difficult to change: for example, it is impossible to change the O to a Q, or the P to an R. It is very easy for a radar or licenseplate reading machine to read this typeface. However, it is more difficult for the human eye to read it because the letters are so narrow.

f

Task 4  Label the registration plates in task 3 with these countries. Which registration plates are from vehicles NOT registered in the European Union? 1 Germany 2 Romania

5 Brazil 6 China

7 Russia 8 France

Task 5  Listen to the word stress for the names of the countries in task 4. Write them in the correct column.

E

Pronunciation 

SA M PL

[1.18]

3 Poland 4 India



■■

■■

■■■

■■■■

Spain

Japan Sudan

China

Italy

America Nigeria

[1.19]

Listen and check.

FR EE

[1.20] Task 6  Law enforcers often use the international radiotelephony alphabet for international communication. Listen and repeat.





97802307532551.indd 15

[1.21]

Listening 

Speaking 

A B C D E F

Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot

G H I J K L

Golf Hotel India Juliet Kilo Lima

M Mike N November O Oscar P Papa Q Quebec R Romeo

S Sierra T Tango U Uniform V Victor W Whiskey X X-Ray

Y Yankee Z Zulu

Task 7  Listen and write the vehicle registration plates. 1 2



3 4



5 6

Task 8  Work in pairs. Look at the vehicles in task 1. Take it in turns to choose a vehicle and say the registration plate to your partner. 15

Traffic and vehicles

2

7/7/09 15:37:36

E

bravo

SA M PL

Stolen car!

OBjECTIVES • stolen vehicle database • vehicle descriptions • present continuous: positive and negative

ObjECTiVES

Task 1 Complete the text about a database of stolen vehicles. Use these numbers. 151

4.8 million

FR EE

reading

37,000

2

26.4

InTErpOl’s Asf-smV database

E

 In the UK, a vehicle is stolen every (1) minutes. In the US, this happens every (2) seconds. The police find fewer than half of these vehicles.  INTERPOL – the international criminal police organization – has an international database with details of stolen vehicles. This is the Automated Search Facility Stolen Motor Vehicle (ASF-SMV) database.  At the end of 2007, the database had more than (3) records of reported stolen motor vehicles. (4) countries use the database regularly.  In 2007, the ASF-SMV database helped police to recover more than (5) motor vehicles worldwide. Now listen and check.

[1.22]

SA M PL

Task 2 Look at the graph which shows vehicles stolen over the last 12 months. Answer the questions. . The most stolen make of car is The least stolen makes of car are and . Why do you think this is? , the and are German cars. and are French makes of car, and is Italian. The graph shows more makes of car than any other. The Lada is a car and the is American.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

FR EE

THOUSANDS

Stolen cars by make

2

Traffic and vehicles

97802307532551.indd 16

1 = Toyota 2 = Volkswagen 3 = Ford 4 = Fiat 5 = Nissan

450 400 350

6 = Lada 7 = Renault 8 = Mitsubishi 9 = Peugot

10 = Honda 11= Mercedes 12= Mazda 13 = BMW

300 250 200 150 100

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

What is the most stolen make of car in your country? 16

7/7/09 15:37:38

Pronunciation 

Task 3  Listen to the word stress in these words. Write them in the correct column.

SA M PL

[1.23]

E

bravo

American British German Swiss Indian Taiwanese Romanian ■

■■

■■

■■■

French

Russian

Chinese

African

[1.24]

[1.25]

Listening

Listen and check.

Italian

Japanese

Vehicle 2

Vehicle 3

FR EE

Make and model: Colour: Licence plate number: Registered in: Registered to:

Speaking 

■■■

Task 4  Listen and complete the vehicle descriptions. Vehicle 1



■■■■

Task 5  Work in pairs. Student A turn to File 5 on page 103. Student B turn to File 6 on page 104. Take it in turns to describe the vehicles.

Grammar  present continuous: positive and negative We use the present continuous tense to describe what is happening now.

E

Positive I am driving along the motorway at the moment. (I am = I’m) He / she is overtaking the car in front. (he is = he’s, she is = she’s) You / we / they are driving too fast! (you are = you’re, we are = we’re, they are = they’re)

Writing 

FR EE



SA M PL

Negative I’m not driving too fast. The speed limit is 120 km per hour. He / she isn’t slowing down! You / we / they aren’t driving very well.

97802307532551.indd 17

Grammar

Task 6  A police helicopter is following a stolen car. Look at the map and write what they are saying to Control. Then read the passage aloud to a partner. 1 He / go / straight ahead. / He / leave / the town. He’s going straight ahead. He’s leaving the town. 2 He / drive / very fast / and / he / overtake / lots of vehicles. It’s very dangerous. 3 Now / he / turn left. / I think / he / go / in the direction of the motorway. 4 Yes, / he / on the motorway. / He / go north / and he / not slow down. 5 Now / he / begin / to slow down. 6 The car / stop. / It has no more petrol. 7 The driver / open / the door and he / get out.

17

Traffic and vehicles

2

7/7/09 15:37:39

E

Vehicle check

OBjECTIVES

a

• parts of a car • vehicle offences • must / mustn’t

b

c

indicator lights

ObjECTiVES

SA M PL

charlie

d

engine

boot

e

f

World enGlish World english

Task 1 Work in pairs. Tell your partner about the car you drive (colour, year, make, model). Does it have any problems?

US hood trunk windshield turn lights driver’s license tire

Task 2 Label the car in the picture. Use these words. tyre [1.26]

bonnet

windscreen

Traffic and vehicles

97802307532551.indd 18

don’t work

SA M PL

Your driving licence is not valid. It is .

FR EE 2

headlights

fog lights

mirror

Task 3 What are the problems? Complete the sentences. Use these words. out of date

1

steering wheel

Listen and check.

E

UK bonnet boot windscreen indicator lights driving licence tyre

g

FR EE

seat belt gears brake

2

The lorry is too heavy because it’s .

3

flat

cracked

The driver can’t see properly because his windscreen is .

overloaded

4

The front right-hand tyre is completely .

5

This vehicle is dangerous. The headlights .

Grammar must / mustn’t Must is the same in all persons. I / you / he must wear a seatbelt. We / you / they must have vehicle insurance. I / you / he mustn’t exceed the speed limit. We / you / they mustn’t drive without a seatbelt.

(= it’s the law; it’s compulsory)

Grammar

(= it’s against the law; it’s illegal)

18

7/7/09 15:37:41

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

E

SA M PL

Task 4  Write positive (✓) and negative (✗) sentences. Use must / mustn’t.

charlie

Drivers / drive / on the right-hand side of the road. ✓ Drivers must drive on the right-hand side of the road. You / drive / when you are drinking alcohol. ✗ Small children / sit / in the front seat / of the car. ✗ Vehicles / have / child seats / for small children. ✓ Motorcycle drivers / and passengers / wear helmets. ✓ You / drive at more than 50 km per hour on this road. ✗ You / use a mobile phone when you are driving. ✗

[1.27]

Listening 

Task 6  Listen to four conversations between law enforcers and drivers. Complete the table.

SA M PL



E

FR EE

Task 5  Work in pairs. Talk about what drivers must and mustn’t do in your country.

Where are they?

Conversation 1

Conversation 2

on a motorway

at a b

c

Conversation 3

Conversation 4

on a motorway

on a motorway

What’s the problem?

[1.28]

Task 7  Listen and complete these sentences from the conversations.

Conversation 1 1 Can I see your 2 Do you madam?

FR EE

Conversation 2 3 You must 4 It’s illegal to



97802307532551.indd 19

Speaking 

Conversation 3 5 The 6 Can you Conversation 4 7 I

and

, please? for children are compulsory in this country,

at all times. . isn’t working, sir. the car, please?

you for dangerous driving.

Task 8  Write a conversation between a police officer and a driver. Work in pairs and read your dialogues. 19

Traffic and vehicles

2

7/7/09 15:37:42

E

delta

SA M PL

Traffic offences and penalties

Objectives

a

• driving licences • penalties • have to / don’t have to; may / might

Objectives

b

c

Sinead Beglin

FR EE

d

e

Task 1  Look at the driving licence. Find the information. 1 Name and surname of the driver 2 Nationality of the driver 3 Date of birth of the driver

4 Place of birth of the driver 5 Date of expiry of the licence 6 Address of the driver

Task 2  Label the licence. Use these words. identity photo Speaking 

date of birth

issuing body

address

Task 3  Write the questions you need to ask the driver to get the information in task 1.

E



signature



SA M PL

Task 4  Work in pairs. Student A turn to File 7 on page 103, Student B turn to File 8 on page 104. Ask questions to complete your licences. [1.29]

Listening 

Task 5  Listen to a UK police officer talking about driving offences and penalties in the UK. Complete the table. Driving offences and penalties in Great Britain

World English World English

FR EE

UK US drink drunk   driving   driving

2

Traffic and vehicles

97802307532551.indd 20

Offence

Penalty

Causing death by dangerous driving Dangerous driving Failure to stop or report an (4) Speeding offences Drink driving Using a mobile phone (car) Using a mobile phone ((8) or bus)

up to (1) lose (2) up to (5) penalty points lose licence penalty points penalty points

Fine in prison in prison

unlimited (3) up to £5,000 up to (6) up to (7) up to £1,000 up to (9)

20

7/7/09 15:37:43

SA M PL

E

delta

Grammar have to / don’t have to and may / might

We use have to to talk about rules or things that are necessary. It isn’t as strong as must. I / you / we / they have to stop. He / she has to wait. I / you / we / they don’t have to stop. He / she doesn’t have to wait. Do I / you / we / they have to have insurance? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. Does he / she have to pay the fine? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. We use may / might for possibilities, or things that can happen. If you drive too fast, you may / might have an accident. If he doesn’t have a licence, he might be arrested.

Grammar

Task 6 Make true sentences about driving offences and penalties in your country. Use have to or may / might and these expressions.

1 2 3 4 5 6 Speaking

FR EE

pay a fine lose your licence (permanently / temporarily) go to prison get penalty points on your licence take a driving test wear seatbelts . If you park in a non-stopping area, you If you drink and drive, you . . If you exceed the speed limit, you If you want to drive, you . All your passengers . If you cause an accident by dangerous driving, you

.

Task 7 Work in pairs. Student A look at this text about unusual driving laws. Student B look at File 9 on page 102. Ask each other questions to complete your text. Use a dictionary and be prepared to explain difficult words to your partner in English! What can’t drivers do in Alaska?

SA M PL

E

What do taxi drivers have to carry in Australia?

Unusual driving laws of the world some parts of the world have unusual driving laws. some of these laws seem strange because they are very old – others just seem strange!

1 2 3

FR EE

4

. If taxi drivers in Finland play music in their cars while they are driving customers, they have to Luckily for dogs, in Alaska, it is illegal to tie a dog to the roof of the car. Women, if you go for a drive in California, don’t forget that it is illegal to drive a car if you are wearing a housecoat. It is also useful to know that the speed limit for a vehicle without a driver is 60 miles / 80 km an hour! If you take a taxi in Australia, ask the driver what is in the boot / trunk of the car. By law, it is compulsory for taxis . to Drivers in New jersey will be happy to know that it is illegal to plant trees in the middle of the road. If you go to New York, make sure you are happy with what you are wearing before you drive into town. It is illegal . to . You have to think fast if you are driving in Oregon. In this American state, you can It is not illegal to drink beer in Rhode Island but it is illegal to drive with beer in your car. Even if the beer isn’t open, this is still an offence.

5 6

7 8

97802307532551.indd 21

21

Traffic and vehicles

2

7/7/09 15:37:46