BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA MERIT BADGE SERIES
“Enhancing our youths’ competitive edge through merit badges”
Requirements 1. Do the following: a. Explain to your counselor the most likely hazards associated with gardening and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, and respond to these hazards. b. Discuss the prevention of, and treatment for, health concerns that could occur while gardening, including cuts, scratches, puncture wounds, insect bites, anaphylactic shock, heat reactions, and reactions from exposure to pesticides and fertilizers. 2. Do the following: a. Grow six vegetables, three from seeds and three from seedlings, through harvest. b. Grow six flowers, three from seeds and three from seedlings, through flowering. 3. Give the nutritional value of the following: a. Three root or tuber crops b. Three vegetables that bear above ground c. Three fruits 4. Test 100 seeds for germination. Determine the percentage of seeds that germinate. Explain why you think some did not germinate. 5. Visit your county extension agent’s office, local university agricultural college, nursery, or a botanical garden or arboretum. Report on what you learned. 6. Explain to your counselor how and why honey bees are used in pollinating food crops. Discuss the problems facing the bee population today, and tell what you think would be the impact to humanity if there were no pollinators. 4 Gardening
7. Identify five garden pests (insects, diseased plants). Recommend two solutions for each pest. At least one of the two solutions must be an organic method. 8. Do ONE of the following: a. Build a compost bin and maintain it for 90 days. b. Build a vermipost bin (worm compost bin) and maintain it for 90 days. c. Build a hydroponic garden containing three vegetables or herbs, or three ornamental plants. Maintain this garden through harvest or flowering, or for 90 days. d. Build one water garden, either in a container (at least 12 by 6 inches and 6 inches deep), or in the ground as a small, decorative pond no larger than 6 by 3 feet and 24 inches deep. Maintain the water garden for 90 days. e. Prepare a honey super for use on a hive or colony. Remove a filled honey super from the hive or colony and prepare the honey for sale.
Gardening Resources Scouting Literature Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Bird Study, Insect Study, Nature, Plant Science, and Soil and Water Conservation merit badge pamphlets
Visit the Boy Scouts of America’s official retail website at http://www. scoutstuff.org for a complete listing of all merit badge pamphlets and other helpful Scouting materials and supplies.
Books Bartholomew, Mel. All New Square Foot Gardening. Cool Springs Press, 2006. Bradley, Fern Marshall, and Barbara W. Ellis, eds. Rodale’s All-New Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening. Rodale Press, 1998. Bush, Michael. The Practical Beekeeper: Beekeeping Naturally, volumes I, II, and III. X-Star Publishing Company, 2011.
Gillman, Jeff. The Truth About Garden Remedies: What Works, What Doesn’t, and Why. Timber Press, 2008. McGee, Rose Marie Nichols, and Maggie Stuckey. Bountiful Container. Workman Publishing Company, 2002. Phillips, Ellen, and C. Colston Burrell. Rodale’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of Perennials. Rodale Press, 2004. Pleasant, Barbara. The Complete Compost Gardening Guide. Storey Publishing, 2008. ———. Starter Vegetable Gardens: 24 No-Fail Plans for Small Organic Gardens. Storey Publishing, 2010. Richardson, Fern. Small-Space Container Gardens: Transform Your Balcony, Porch, or Patio With Fruits, Flowers, Foliage, and Herbs. Princeton University Press, 2004. Sanchez, Janet, and the editors of Sunset Books. Perennials, second edition. Sunset Books, 2000.
Cranshaw, Whitney. Garden Insects of North America: The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs. Princeton University Press, 2004.
Bee Culture Toll-free telephone: 800-289-7668 Website: http://www.beeculture.com
Elzer-Peters, Katie. Beginner’s Illustrated Guide to Gardening: Techniques to Help You Get Started. Cool Springs Press, 2012.
Garden Gate Toll-free telephone: 800-341-4769 Website: http://www.gardengatemagazine.com
Flottum, Kim. The Backyard Beekeeper: An Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Keeping Bees in Your Yard and Garden. Quarry Books, 2010.
.Gardening Resources Mother Earth News Toll-free telephone: 800-234-3368 Website: http://www.motherearthnews.com Organic Gardening Toll-free telephone: 800-666-2206 Website: http://www.organicgardening.com
Organizations and Websites American Horticultural Society Website: http://www.ahs.org Back Yard Beekeepers Association Website: http://www.backyardbeekeepers.com Bee Research Laboratory USDA Agricultural Research Service Telephone: 301-504-7299 Website: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Main/site_main. htm?modecode=12-45-33-00 Home and Garden Television Website: http://www.hgtvgardens.com National Gardening Association Telephone: 802-863-5251 Website: http://www.garden.org National Wildlife Federation Toll-free telephone: 800-822-9919 Website: http://www.nwf.org Old Farmer’s Almanac Telephone: 603-563-8111 Website: http://www.almanac.com Trust for Public Land Toll-free telephone: 800-714-5263 Website: http://www.tpl.org U.S. Department of Agriculture 1400 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20250 Telephone: 202-720-2791 Website: http://www.usda.gov
U.S. National Arboretum 3501 New York Avenue NE Washington, DC 20002-1958 Telephone: 202-245-2726 Website: http://www.usna.usda.gov World Aquaculture Society Telephone: 225-578-3137 Website: http://www.was.org
Acknowledgments The Boy Scouts of America thanks Randy Lynn, D.V.M., for lending his subject expertise, time, and assistance with the bee-related information in this merit badge pamphlet. We are grateful to Kim Flottum, editor, Bee Culture magazine and author of The Backyard Beekeeper, for providing his subject expertise and time. The Boy Scouts of America is grateful to the men and women serving on the Merit Badge Maintenance Task Force for the improvements made in updating this pamphlet.
Photo and Illustration Credits Scott Bauer, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, courtesy— page 60 (plant roots) David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org, courtesy— page 65 (butterfly) Carl Dennis, Auburn University, Bugwood.org, courtesy—page 82 (queen bee) Digital Vision® Ltd., Little Creatures©— page 69 (snail) Susan Ellis, Bugwood.org, courtesy— page 64 (assassin bug) HAAP Media Ltd., courtesy—cover (garden rows) Barry Rice, sarracenia.com, Bugwood.org, courtesy—page 51 (periwinkle)