Official Reenactment Program Guide - Pages 14-20
Summer FREE Issue
H H H Gettysburg Movie Site 20th Anniversary H H H
G E T T Y S B U R G
Civil War Battle Reenactment
July 4, 5, & 6, 2014
www.gettysburgreenactment.com For tickets call: 1-800-514-3849 | [email protected]
| P.O. Box 3482 | Gettysburg, PA 17325-3482 Event sponsored by the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee | Organizers of the Annual Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment
2 • BATTLE NEWS
BATTLE NEWS • 3
Annual Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment
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4 • BATTLE NEWS
Directions to the July 4-6, 2014 Reenactment US Rte 15 N to Harrisburg
PA Rte 34 to Carlisle
US Rte 30 W to Chambersburg
Gettysburg PA Rte 116 W to Fairfield
General Directions From Route US 15: Take the US Rte 30 E Steinwehr Avenue exit. Go North on Steinwehr Avto York enue (Business Rt. 15 N) 200 yards. Turn Left onto Bull Frog Road - go approx. 1.5 mile. Turn Right PA Rte 116 onto Pumping Station Road. Continue on Pumping to Hanover Station Road to Reenactment Site.
Pumping Station Rd.
PA Rte 97 to Baltimore
Bullfrog Rd. Steinwehr Ave Exit
US Rte 15
to Washington, D.C.
Directions From Center of Town: Take Steinwehr Avenue South (Business Rt. 15 South) approx. 1.5 mile to Millerstown Road. Turn right onto Millerstown Road. Cross over Confederate Ave at stop sign. Continue straight on Millerstown Road past Eisenhower Nat’l Historic Site (road name changes to Pumping Station Road) Continue on Pumping Station Road to the reenactment site. GPS Location: 965 Pumping Station Rd., Gettysburg, PA
The BaTTle of GeTTysBurG
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Showing at The Majestic!
JUNE 19 - JULY 30, 2014 Daily: Mon. - Sat. 7:00p.m. Tickets $7.50
Experience the Historic Battle from first-hand accounts as told through the pages of the Gettysburg newspapers in 1863 in this unique collectors’ edition.
plus tax for both books Filmmaker Jake Boritt was granted unpredicted access by the Park Service to film on the battlefield at sunrise and sunset.
One hour lm of the Gettysburg Battle using cutting edge technologies – including high denition radio control aerial drone cinematography, motion control time-lapse footage, dynamic digital geolocation graphic maps, and more for the latest generation, capturing – a unique, timeless American place- in a new way.
Tickets - 717-337-8200 or gettysburgmajestic.org 25 Carlisle St., Gettysburg, PA 17325
Available At The
1570 Fairfield Road, Gettysburg 717-334-1131
Also Available At The Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment July 4, 5 & 6, 2014
BATTLE NEWS • 5
Order Tickets Early! Bleacher Seating is Limited!
6 • BATTLE NEWS
2014 Helpful Hints
- NO PETS are allowed on site or in the parking areas. - ARRIVAL TIME: The event site gates open at 8:30 a.m. each day and the program begins at 9:00 a.m. So come early and plan to spend the day. Please be sure to arrive at least two hours prior to the “battles.” While there is plenty to see and do all over the site, traffic peaks just prior to these times. Try not to make commitments in town or off-site immediately following the “battles.” Anticipate delays and consider staying on site to relax and stroll around the camps and food areas following the “battles.” The very best time to walk the site is after the “battles.” - CLOTHING: We suggest wearing light colored clothing, hats, comfortable shoes, sunglasses and sunscreen. - GENERAL ADMISSION TICKETS are required and admit you into
the reenactment site, all activities and demonstrations. You may bring folding type lawn chairs to view the battles and field events from your own chair or stand in the designated spectator areas. Spaces are on a first-come, firstserved basis. Arrive early if you intend to set up your chair near the front. NOTE: Bleacher seating is NOT INCLUDED in General Admission Tickets. - BLEACHER SEATING offers the best view possible for the battles and
field demonstrations. Seating is firstcome, first-served. Order tickets early - bleacher seating is limited (extra charge). - SEATING: No one spot (including bleacher seating) will be the best for all days of the reenactment action. Everyone will see some distant as well as close action. You might consider bringing a small pair of binoculars in order to see some things up close.
BATTLE NEWS • 7
Back in Camp
These passages written in 1885 by William M. Owen “In Camp and Battle,” give a vivid perception of the Civil War camp life to the reader. How delightful it is to stretch one’s self upon the clean straw on the tent floor and have a good, long rest, taking time to recall the events of the past week. No enemy to sounding…boots and saddles, or column forward-r-r-d! Nothing to do but eat and sleep and drink! Happy soldier, to feel that he has been through the fiery furnace and has come out with his escutcheon bright and his body whole. The men, when not on fatigue duty, lounge about smoking, playing euchre, cribbage, or chess; some are reading or writing letters. The arrival of the mail from home is a moment of great excitement as the package is opened by the Adjutant and distributed, what a joy it brings to some, what probable distress to others! Who knows? Be sure to allow time to stroll through the Union and Confederate camps while at the Gettysburg Reenactment. The reenactors thoroughly enjoy sharing their extensive knowledge of the Civil War— so don’t be afraid to stop and ask questions and observe the various elements of Civil War camp life, such as, cooking, weapons cleaning, drill, leisure activities, picket duty and camp organization. Witness this living history of Civil War camp life in one of its most natural settings at the July 4-6, 2014 Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment.
Witness Civil War Medical Demonstrations at the Gettysburg 151st Anniversary Civil War Battle Reenactment July 4-6, 2014
Witness Civil War Medical Demonstrations at the Gettysburg 151st Anniversary Civil War Battle Reenactment Approximately 620,000 men perished as a direct or indirect result of the Civil War. Disease was the “great killer.” Of the Federal end, roughly three out of five died of disease, and of the Confederates, two out of three. Approximately 200,000 soldiers died from battle wounds, which were inflicted primarily by muskets and cannon. (A Napoleon, firing canister at a target range of 100-200 yards could atomize a line of “Blue or Gray.”) The remainder succumbed to diseases, such as, typhoid, lung inflammation, intestinal infections, diarrhea and dysentery. Federal and Confederate prisons were factories of disease and death -- the prisons claimed over 45,000 soldiers from disease. One interesting fact is that bayonets and swords resulted in very few wounds. Bayonets were highly regarded as picks, roasting spits, and can openers; but not as weapons. Learn more about Civil War medicine, medical equipment and procedures by visiting the Medical Demonstration in the “Living History Village” at the Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment July 4-6, 2014 and watch history come alive!
8 • BATTLE NEWS
On the corner of Baltimore and Breckenridge Streets in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, stands a majestic brick home that tells the incredible story of a fifteen year old girl and her family’s experiences of the Battle of Gettysburg. Matilda “Tillie” Pierce was born in 1848 in Gettysburg, PA. Her father James, was the town butcher who ran his shop out of the bottom floor of their home and the Pierce family lived primarily on the upper floor of the home. Tillie attended Rebecca Eyster’s Young Ladies Seminary a few blocks from her home. At school on June 26, 1863, Tillie wrote: “We were having our literary exercises on Friday afternoon, at our Seminary, when the cry reached our ears. Rushing to the door and standing on the front portico we beheld in the direction of the Theological Seminary, a dark, dense mass, moving toward town. Our teacher, Mrs. Eyster,
at once said: “Children, run home as quickly as you can.” Tillie also wrote: “It did not require repeating. And I am satisfied some of the girls did not reach their homes before the Rebels were in the streets.” The sounds of battle grew louder, and the townspeople could tell the fighting was growing nearer to their homes by July 1, 1863. The Pierce’s next door neighbor, Hettie Shriver, asked permission of Tillie’s parents for her to seek a more safe refuge at Hettie’s father’s home, the Jacob Weikert farm along with her two young daughters. The four of them hiked the three mile journey to the farm at the base of Little Round Top. It was a journey Tillie would never forget. It was not long after their arrival at the Weikert farm that the horrors of war became evident. Tillie witnessed the explosion of a caisson and a soldier thrown high into the air, landing in the wheat field near the farm. The horribly
mutilated man was rushed into the house and up the stairs in an attempt to save his life. This would be her first experience of the horrors of war. By July 2nd, the fighting became quite intense around Little Round Top and Tillie took it upon herself to offer water to any soldier passing by the farm. Many men committed to their memories the young girl who selflessly offered comfort and kindness to them in their time of need. By the third day, Tillie, Hettie, and the Weikert family were forced to travel down the road to another house when the battle concentrated around the Weikert farm. Later that day, they were relieved to hear the deafening sounds of the vicious battle subside and returned to the safety of the farm. But as they travelled closer Continued on Page 10
BATTLE NEWS • 9
The army sutler played a very important role in the life of the Civil War soldier. The sutler was a civilian, who by army regulations could be appointed “at the rate of one for every regiment, corps, or separate attachment by the commanding officer by higher approval.” Each regiment was supplied with one of these traders who pitched his white tent near camp and displayed his wares in an enticing manner. The sutler, out of necessity, was both a dry goods dealer and a grocer. His chief reliance was a supply of canned goods that answered the demands of the stomach. Sutlers were important to the troops, but with the high prices they charged, they were not given the consid-
eration they deserved, nor were they perceived as having enhanced status. When one considers the sutler’s expense of transporting goods, waste from exposure, potential of disaster to his army unit, risk from being raided or cleaned out by a party of men in the regiment, and the very real possibility of war-related injury or death, the sutler was, no doubt, under appreciated. Make sure you take time out to stroll through the impressive “Sutler’s Row.” Inside the the white tents, sutlers in period dress will sell a wide variety of interesting and delectable wares such as guns, sasparilla, hats, uniform items and accoutrements, furniture, period clothing, horse tack, hard candy, collectibles, periodicals, molasses cookies, photographs and more. Don’t miss this opportunity to take a walk through history at the Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment, July 4-6, 2014.
VISIT US THIS SUMMER!
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We’re going back in time - not as far as 1863, but back when Patrick Falci was a young boy whose parents took him to Gettysburg for the very first time. They had given him a copy of the Golden Book of the Civil War, and he was hooked. Like so many others, he couldn’t wait to see what this battleground really looked like. Fast forward to 1993, when the film Gettysburg came out, and Patrick, who had been working on research for the movie for five years, got to play the part of Lt. General Ambrose Powell Hill. Every year after that, he has spent the July 4th weekend at Gettysburg talking to young people - and those young at heart - about the movie, Gen. Hill, Gettysburg, the battle, and anything people care to ask him. In between times, he goes to schools with a program called The Life and Times of the Civil War Soldier, speaks to Civil War Round Tables throughout the country and appears at the occasional reenactment.
He also found time to work as onsite historian for the film Gods and Generals in 2003. The Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association, in appreciation of his efforts, presented him with their National Award for Excellence for Preservation of Civil War History in 2013. Young Matthew Stephens, who is shown in the photo at a Gettysburg re-enactment, is very proud of everyone who helps to keep history alive. So this year, come to the July 4-6 reenactment to hear Patrick Falci’s tales, anecdotes and history told in a lively way.
10 • BATTLE NEWS
Courting and Marriage in the 1860s
Courtship in the 19th Century was quite different from today. Communities were not as large as they are now, which greatly decreased the amount of single men and women one could meet. As a result there was little emphasis placed on the age differences between men and women - it was quite common for a woman to court and marry a man 20 or 30 years her senior. Men and women who were looking for a potential mate courted each other in the company of family and their communities. The process of courting included spending most evenings at an occasional community gathering or in the family parlor. Family members took part in entertaining each other with poetry or song, and young single adults who gathered played games such as blind man’s bluff and kissing games. While kissing games were considered acceptable, public displays of affection between married and unmarried couples were not considered good manners. Wedding celebrations varied greatly in size and opulence, much like today. Some wealthier couples celebrated with large formal festivities while a local clergyman wed others with a small ceremony either alone or with family members in attendance. Genuine Civil War weddings have always been a part of the annual Gettysburg Reenactment and you can witness these actual Civil War weddings at the July 4-6 Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment.
Continued from Page 8 to the farmhouse, they heard wretched screams and moans from the hundreds of dying and disfigured men lying on every square inch of the yard and fields. Tillie quickly became a nurse and gathered muslin for bandages and helped bind up wounds. She witnessed the cries of agony as amputation benches were set up and she helped in administering chloroform. As Tillie looked around at her nightmarish surroundings, she noticed outside the window, a pile
of limbs higher than the fence and recalled, “I could have no other feeling, than that the whole scene was one of cruel butchery.” Finally, on July 5th, Tillie received word that her family was indeed safe back in town. She returned to that majestic brick home on the corner of Baltimore and Breckenridge Streets to find five Union soldiers from the 1st Minnesota being tended to in her house. One of those men was Colonel William Colvill. With the nurturing of the Pierce family, all five soldiers lived to return home to their wives and children to tell their story of
the kindness paid to them during those fateful days in July. The Pierce House continues to grace the corner of Baltimore and Breckenridge Streets. It has been restored and resembles the brick structure of 1863. At the Tillie Pierce House Inn, the story continues to be told of Tillie and her family as they experienced those cataclysmic days of July 1863. Becky Yon Innkeeper, the Tillie Pierce House Inn
BATTLE NEWS • 11
Sachs Covered Bridge
The beautiful Sachs Covered Bridge, also known as Sauck's Covered Bridge and Waterworks Covered Bridge, is a 100-foot “town truss covered bridge” over Marsh Creek between Cumberland and Freedom Townships. It is a highlight of the 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Battle Reenactment. The bridge sits within plain view of the reenactment action with the Eisenhower National Historic Site and the Roundtops in the background. The bridge was also known as the Sauches Covered Bridge at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg. In 1938 the bridge was designated Pennsylvania’s most historic bridge by the Pennsylvania Department of Highways. It is located in the Gettysburg National Military Park and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. During the Battle of Gettysburg both Union and Confederate armies utilized the Sachs Covered Bridge. The bridge is one of the few remaining Town Truss Bridges in Pennsylvania. It has been closed to vehicular traffic since 1960. In 1996 a flash flood knocked the bridge off its abutments and it incurred substantial damage. A $600,000 restoration resulted in the bridge being rededicated in 1997. The Sachs Covered Bridge is one of the most historic,
iconic, and beautiful settings in Adams County. It is accessible from the east (Reenactment side) or west side (Water Works side), with the east side being handicapped accessible. On your way to or from the 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Reenactment take the time to visit the Sachs Mill Covered Bridge, walk in the footsteps of both armies, take some post card quality photographs and enjoy one of the most beautiful views you will experience on your visit.
Music and the Musket
Music has long been associated with military tradition going back to Europe in the seventeenth century. Drums, fifes, bugle horns, and trumpets conveyed status in European armies. The evolution of this tradition was quite evident during the American, Revolutionary and Civil Wars. The Civil War musician was trained to give command signals to the troops in camp during march and on the battlefield. Long after the war, many veterans were awakened in the
middle of the night by the sound of one of their favorite musical memories. The following is a documented observation from when veterans of the 20th Maine attended the 25th reunion at Gettysburg. A bugler went up on Little Roundtop and sounded the old Dan Butterfield call. Veterans, who had been scattered all over, examining half-remembered positions, came hurrying to the hill in answer to the call, many with tears in their eyes. Echoing sharp and clear among the rocks and trees where they had fought, it had awakened the memories they were seeking with a sudden and breathtaking sense of reality. The passage, from Pullen’s Twentieth
Maine, gives a dramatic sense of the lasting impact that Civil War music had on the troops. Military music encourages enlistments, signaled commands to the troops, entertained and comforted. Music also gave soldiers their final rest when “Taps” was played over their grave. Civil War music will be featured in several areas each day at the Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment July 4-6, 2014.
12 • BATTLE NEWS
The Military Commanders of the 151st Anniversary Gettysburg Battle Reenactment
BATTLE NEWS • 13
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14 • BATTLE NEWS
“Just In The Nick of Time” First Day Infantry & Cavalry Arrive Friday, July 4, 6:00 p.m. In the spring of 1863 General Robert E. Lee realized that no matter how many victories the Army of Northern Virginia won in the South, independence for the Confederacy could only be gained with a significant victory on Northern soil. The Confederate strategists felt that such a victory would bolster the Southern spirit and frighten and demoralize the Northern population. A Confederate victory on Northern soil could possibly expedite a negotiated peace. Lee also wanted to take the war out of his suffering state of Virginia to obtain provisions for his troops from a Northern area not exploited by war.
At daybreak on July 1, Lt. General Ambrose P. Hill ordered the brigades of Archer and Davis to advance along Chambersburg Road from Cashtown. As these troops crossed Marsh Creek--just 4 miles west of Gettysburg for the purpose of testing the Union strength, they were fired upon by Union pickets. The Union pickets hurried back from the area of Knoxlyn Road toward Gettysburg to inform their superiors of the Confederate armies approach. During this encounter Buford’s division of cavalry very perceptively moved their camp from the Southwest of town to McPherson Ridge to just west of Gettysburg and the Lutheran Seminary--it was just in the nick of time.
From daybreak until the arrival of General Reynolds infantry that afternoon, Buford’s outmanned cavalry troops gallantly used their rapid fire, breech loading carbines to deflect the Confederate charges from Herrs Ridge across Willoughby Run. As more troops from both armies swarmed onto McPherson Ridge, Seminary Ridge, and Oak Ridge during the course of the first day’s engagement, Buford’s initial stand will forever be remembered as one of history’s most valiant. Experience these segments of history at the 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Battle Reenactment on Friday, July 4th at 6:00 p.m.
BATTLE NEWS • 15
“Farnsworth’s Fatal Charge” Action at South Cavalry Field
Saturday, July 5, 11:00 a.m.
A tragic footnote to the carnage at Gettysburg occurred in the farm fields and woods to the south of Big Round Top. Newly appointed Brigadier General Elon Farnsworth had received his promotion on June 29, 1863 just prior to the Battle of Hanover. On the afternoon of July 3rd Farnsworth led his brigade of Union troops into his first and last battle at Gettysburg. Farnsworth was ordered by General Meade, through General Kilpatrick, to make what turned out to be a hopeless charge with the 1st Vermont cavalry, into the rear of Confederate General John B Hood’s division. Most of the 1st Texas was in a strong position in a ravine behind two stone and rail fences. Upon receiving the orders from Kilpatrick, Farnsworth spoke with emotion “General, do you mean it? Shall I throw my handful of men over rough ground, through timber, against
a brigade of infantry?” Kilpatrick said “A handful! You have the four best regiments in the army.” Farnsworth answered “You forget, the 1st Michigan is detached, the 5th New York you have sent beyond call, and I have nothing left but the 1st Vermont and the 1st West Virginia, regiments fought half to pieces. They are too good to kill.” Kilpatrick turned greatly excited and said “Do you refuse to obey my orders? If you are afraid to lead the charge I will lead it.” Farnsworth reportedly rose in his stirrups and leaned forward with his saber half drawn and cried “Take that back!” Kilpatrick rose defiantly, but repentantly said “I did not mean it, forget it.” For a moment nothing was spoken. Then Farnsworth spoke “General, if you order the charge I will lead it, but you must take the awful responsibility.”
to overcome the strong Confederate positions behind the fences. Farnsworth made it to the first fence where his horse was shot out from under him and killed. Farnsworth quickly mounted another horse and dashed on. He was found on July 5th where he fell--just beyond the second fence pierced by five bullets. The number of Federal cavalry who rode in the charge totaled about 300. There were 65 casualties and 120 were taken prisoner. Captain Harry Parsons, Co. L, 1st Vermont accompanied Farnsworth that day. Upon returning to the same location fifty years later on July 3, 1913, Parson said, “Each man felt that he was summoned to a ride of death.”
Experience this exciting and historic cavalry battle at the 151st Gettysburg As they advanced Farnsworth’s men Anniversary Reenactment on Saturday, received the concentrated fire of three July 5th at 11:00 a.m. lines of Confederates, from the front and both flanks, as they attempted
16 • BATTLE NEWS
BATTLE NEWS • 17
Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment Schedule of Events* July 4-6, 2014 Friday, July 4th
8:30 a.m. - Gates Open & Your Adventure Begins 9:00 a.m. - General Longstreet reveals his involvement at Gettysburg - (Tent 1) 9:30 a.m. - Dr. Hunter McGuire interprets the medical challenges at Gettysburg (Tent 2) 10:00 a.m. - Federal Generals consider their options for the battle - (Tent 1) 10:30 a.m. - The spies and Intrigue of the Civil War - (Tent 2) 11:00 a.m. - Music performed by the Second South Carolina String Band - (Tent 1) 11:30 a.m. - An overview of the United States Christian Commission - (Tent 2) 12:00 p.m. - Actor and Historian Patrick Falci gives Historic Insights into the making of the film “Gettysburg” - (Tent 1) 12:30 p.m. - How to become a Reenactor presented by the American Living History Education Society (ALHES) - (Tent 2) 1:00 p.m. - Live Mortar Fire Demonstration. (Follows Battle) 2:00 p.m. - The Confederate Generals plan for victory at Gettysburg and why - (Tent 2) 2:30 p.m. - Ghostly Tales of Historic Gettysburg told by Johlene “Spooky” Riley of Gettysburg Ghosts Tours. (Tent 1) 3:00 p.m. - The Ladies of the Dixie Rose Relief tells about their efforts to keep the home fires burning - (Tent 2) 3:30 p.m. - Tillie Pierce , “The story of the girl who survived” - (Tent 1) 4:00 p.m. - General Meade will give you his insight on his new promotion - (Tent 2) 4:30 p.m. - Music performed by the 46th PA Brass Band - (Tent 1) 6:00 p.m. - Battle: Just in the Nick of Time - Cavalry & Infantry Arrive. Action at McPherson Ridge
Saturday, July 5th
8:30 a.m. - Gates Open & Your Adventure Begins Again 9:00 a.m. - Federal Generals discuss their options for the battle - (Tent 1) 9:30 a.m. - The spies and intrigue of the Civil War - (Tent 2) 10:00 a.m. - Tillie Pierce , “The story of the girl who survived” - (Tent 1) 11:00 a.m. - Cavalry Battle: Farnsworth’s Fatal Charge - Actions at South Cavalry Field - Live Mortar Fire Demonstration. (Follows Battle) 12:30 p.m. - Actor Patrick Falci tells the tales of the making of the movie “Gettysburg” - (Tent 2) 1:00 p.m. - General Longstreet explains his involvement at Gettysburg - (Tent 1) 1:30 p.m. - Dr. Hunter McGuire tells you of the medical challenges at Gettysburg - (Tent 2)
2:00 p.m. - Ghostly Tales of Historic Gettysburg told by Johlene “Spooky” Riley of Gettysburg Ghosts Tours. (Tent 1) 2:30 p.m. - The Confederate Generals tell of the journey to Gettysburg - (Tent 2) 3:00 p.m. - Civil War Wedding: Share the Love & Joy as this Living History couple recite their vows. (Tent 1) 3:30 p.m. - General Meade will give you his insight on his new promotion - (Tent 2) 4:00 p.m. - Ladies Fashion Show - (Tent 1) 5:00 p.m. - Battle: A Bloody Harvest - The Wheatfield 6:00 p.m. - Civil War Religious Revival Service - (Tent 2) 8:00 p.m. - Reenactors Camp Dance with the 2nd South Carolina String Band - (Tent 1)
Sunday, July 6th
8:30 a.m. - Gates Open & Your Adventure Begins Anew 9:00 a.m. - Attend a Period Worship Service - (Tent 1) or a Catholic Service - (Tent 2) 10:00 a.m. - Federal Generals confer about their options for the battle - (Tent 1) 10:30 a.m. - Civil War Medicine - the good, the bad and the ugly. (Tent 2) 11:00 a.m. - Cavalry Battle: Heroic Counter Attack-Custer vs. Stuart East Cavalry Field 12:00 p.m. - The story of the Spies and Intrigue of the Civil War - (Tent 1) 12:30 p.m. - Actor and Historian Patrick Falci gives Historic Insights into the making of the film “Gettysburg” - (Tent 2) 1:00 p.m. - The Confederate Generals narrate their journey to Gettysburg - (Tent 1) 1:30 p.m. - The Ladies of the Dixie Rose Relief speak about their efforts to keep the Home Front Fires burning - (Tent 2) 2:30 p.m. - Battle: High Tide at the Angle - Pickett’s Charge - Live Mortar Fire Demonstration. (Follows Battle) 3:30 p.m. - Ghostly Tales of Historic Gettysburg told by Johlene “Spooky” Riley of Gettysburg Ghosts Tours. (Tent 1)
In addition, musical groups will be performing throughout the weekend All Battles are narrated by Gettysburg National Military Park Licensed Battlefield Guides. All reenactment activities held at the reenactment site on 965 Pumping Station Road. *All events and times subject to change.
18 • BATTLE NEWS
“A Bloody Harvest” The Wheatfield
Saturday, July 5, 5:00 p.m.
On the morning of July 2, 1863 the Confederate forces were jubilant. They had driven the enemy from the field and now occupied the town of Gettysburg. General Robert E. Lee decided to remain at Gettysburg to defeat the defending Federal force, now deployed on high ground south and east of town. Deciding on a Napoleonic flanking maneuver against the Union troops, Lee ordered an attack, with General Longstreet’s 1st Corps engaging the Federals on Little Round Top, and General Ewell’s 2nd Corps hitting the Federals on Cemetery and Culp’s Hills as a diversion. General Longstreet’s troops had not arrived yet on the morning of July 2, and determinedly traveled surreptitiously in a counter-march to avoid detection. As a result, Dan Sickles, commander of the Union 3rd Corps, ordered his men off the rocky hill and positioned them in fields and knolls in the shadow of the Round Tops. He believed the Confederates would not attack his men on high ground; rather, Lee was probably going to skirt around the Union forces and run toward Washington. When General Longstreet’s troops arrived at Gettysburg on the afternoon of July 2, he was amazed to find men in blue in the Peach Orchard that ran along the Emmitsburg Road. Sickles had deployed most of his men there, leaving a brigade under Regis deTrobriand in a wheat field and another in Devil’s Den, under the
command of Hobart Ward.
Longstreet launched his troops against the Federals, hoping to gain the high ground of Little Round Top before Union General George Meade discovered that his flank was void of protection. Soon Sickles found himself in desperate trouble and as Devil’s Den fell, he asked for reinforcements for the Wheatfield. General John Caldwell’s division of the Union 2nd Corps was dispatched in reply. Caldwell’s division consisted of four brigades, commanded by Colonels Cross, Kelly, Brooke, and Brigadier General Samuel Zook. These troops were immediately engaged in fierce, hand-to-hand combat as the Wheatfield became enveloped in smoke and musketry. The field changed hands six times in just over two hours as Cross and Zook fell mortally wounded, and Kelly’s Irish Brigade rushed to the stony ridge to stop
their foes in gray. Men from Georgia and South Carolina collided with men from Pennsylvania, Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, and Ireland, leaving many dead and wounded in their wake.
The Wheatfield extracted a gruesome toll of death and carnage for both sides. The Confederates suffered casualties of 1,394 and the Union 3,125 - which was not a typical ratio of casualties for attackers to defenders. This small expanse of agricultural ground would long be remembered by veterans as a name unique in the history of warfare given the unwavering furiousness of this fight.
Experience this violent struggle at the 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Reenactment on Saturday, July 5th at 5:00 p.m.
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“Heroic Counter Attack” Stuart vs. Custer
Sunday, July 6, 11:00 a.m.
Although there were many other significant cavalry actions on the bloody fields of Gettysburg, a large cavalry action three miles east of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863 is one of the most recognized. Today it is known as East Cavalry Field located just north of the Hanover Road. At approximately 2:30 p.m. Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and Union General David McM. Gregg, for a span of three hours, engaged in a series of charges and counter charges that resulted in one of the most ferocious cavalry battles in the annals of American history. General Stuart and three brigades of cavalry reached the Gettysburg area on the afternoon of July 2nd from Carlisle, Pennsylvania. On July 3rd General Lee sent Stuart with four brigades to guard the Confederate left and to be in position for the attack on Cemetery Ridge – Pickett’s Charge. While attempting to skirt the Union right flank Stuart met two brigades of Union cavalry commanded by Brig. General Gregg three miles east of Gettysburg on the Rummel Farm. The battle opened up with dismounted skirmishing and ended with violent charges and counter charges with intense frontal impact. After several hours of indecisive and intermediate range shooting, Stuart decided that he needed to sweep aside the Federal horsemen
if he was to be any help to Lee during the simultaneous Confederate frontal assault on Cemetery Ridge. Confederate cavalry led by Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee and Chambliss charged again and again only to be repulsed by Union cavalry led by Custer, McIntosh and Miller. The southern horsemen were accustomed to the Union cavalry normally withdrawing in the face of their mounted charges--that did not happen at Gettysburg. The well coordinated attacks, flank attacks, and strategic execution repeated by the Federal cavalry during this engagement finally convinced Stuart’s brigades to withdraw to Cress Ridge while Gregg’s cavalry remained in possession of the field.
Confederate cavalry assistance from the rear of Cemetery Ridge had been cut off by this valiant action.
On Sunday morning, July 6th thrill to the sight and sounds of the largest cavalry battle since the 151st Gettysburg Battle Reenactment. Mounted and dismounted cavalry will reenact the battle of East Cavalry Field followed by a Grand Cavalry Review. Viewing horses and troops engaged in this epic battle and concluding with a Grand Review is an experience at the 151st Gettysburg Battle Anniversary you will never forget.
Experience this exciting and epic cavalry battle followed by a Grand With the conclusion of this Review at the 151st Gettysburg engagement one of the largest Anniversary Reenactment on cavalry battles of the war was Sunday, July 6th at 11:00 a.m. considered a draw. Stuart had been thwarted and any attempt to obtain
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“High Tide at the Angle” Pickett’s Charge
Sunday, July 6, 2:30 p.m.
is difficult to even comprehend 140 At a terrible cost in human life the Confederate guns and 100 Federal guns Federal line was broken at the “copse of “Pickett’s Charge” Just the mention of belching fire, smoke, destruction and trees,” and forced back over the ridge, those two words brings forth a flood death. and for a moment of high suspense, of visual and sensory perceptions. victory hung trembling in the balance. Steaming humidity, ripe rye fields, lush Approximately two hours later Colonel Union troops under Brig. Generals green pastures, thundering cannon, Porter Alexander observed from his Webb, Harrow, Hays and Stannard suffocating smoke and row upon row of position near the Peach Orchard that swiftly rose to the challenge and repulsed Confederate soldiers advancing across the Federal guns had slackened fire the Confederate assault to the heart of open fields into the face of a Federal and his own supply of ammunition was the Union. The Battle of Gettysburg was inferno on Cemetery Ridge. running low. He sent word to General over. This copse of trees unquestionably George Pickett who in turn rode over became the symbolic high water mark At 1:07 precisely – a field piece from the to Longstreet, who had persistently of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Washington Artillery, posted near the opposed Lee’s plan. Longstreet merely American Civil War. Peach Orchard, opened up the greatest nodded approval and Pickett saluted cannonade in the annals of American saying “I am going to move forward, Experience thundering artillery and history. It was a signal for the entire sir.” With those words spoken, the the most significant Southern advance Confederate artillery line to let loose their Confederate infantry, three divisions on Union soil of the Civil War at the terrific blast. It was a volcanic eruption totaling 12,000 men, majestically 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Battle for almost two hours with Confederate advanced from the woods on Seminary Reenactment on Sunday, July 6th at 2:30 artillery pounding the Federal position Ridge, across the open valley toward p.m. on Cemetery Ridge in an attempt to 6,000 troops on Cemetery Ridge. Because soften the Federal center for the pending Brig. General Hunt had earlier ordered a frontal assault. Correspondent Samuel partial cessation of Federal guns, to cool Wilkenson of the New York Times was at them and conserve ammunition, the Meade’s headquarter and reported, “the Confederates were received by a fearful Confederate shells burst and screamed hurricane of missiles that included solid as many as six a second and made a shot, shrapnel, spherical-case, shell, very hell of a fire that amazed the older canister and every other invention of officers. Men were cut in two and horses warfare at the time. died still fastened by their halters.” It
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Pay a Visit to the Patriotic Tent at the July 4-6, 2014 Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment Your reenactment experience won’t be complete without a visit to the Patriotic Tent. It’s an opportunity for you to express your thanks and appreciation to our military men and women stationed overseas. You are invited to write a message or just sign your name to the large banners. The banners are packaged up at the end of the reenactment event and sent off to military units stationed overseas. We have received countless notes from our troops thanking us for the words of encouragement and support. So be sure to stop by and add your own message. The Gettysburg Anniversary Committee thanks you for your support of this project.
Military Units Proudly Display the Banners They Received From the 2013 Gettysburg Reenactment Patriotic Tent
Monday - Thursday Only • Expires 12/31/14
Must present coupon. One per Customer. Not valid with any other discount.
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How To Get Started In Civil War Reenacting As organizers of the annual Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment, we are often asked the question--how can I sign up with a unit and participate in the reenactments. Unfortunately, we cannot be a clearinghouse for new reenactors and are not able to refer you to specific groups. We can however, refer you to periodicals such as The Civil War News (www. civilwarnews.com), Camp Chase Gazette (www.campchase.com), and the Civil War Courier (www.civilwarcourier.com) for notices posted from units seeking new
members. Also, another good source for reenactor information would be to visit Civil War websites and chat rooms such as www.cwreenactors.com, which is one of the premier sites. You can usually obtain a helpful referral by talking electronically to these various groups. The Civil War News runs a recruiting/calendar section in their January issue each year and some units will run recruiting ads in the classified section during the year in the regular issues. They also have numerous links to reenactment and living history groups. Beginners should start by thinking which area is of most interest to them (i.e. Confederate or Union, infantry, artillery, cavalry - mounted or dismounted, living history, medical, band, etc.) Then attend Civil War reenactments and observe
LIVE MORTAR FIRE DEMONSTRATIONS
Experience the thrill each day of watching nationally recognized Union and Confederate Artillery batteries firing full scale Civil War mortars in “live fire” demonstrations. This unique battlefield demonstration is an event you rarely have the opportunity to experience anywhere. Mortars were utilized by both the Union and Confederate armies during the later part of the Civil War; they were generally employed during “siege” and “fortification” engagements such as Vicksburg and Petersburg. These experienced gun crews will fire actual projectiles weighing in excess of 17 pounds. The shells travel high in the air and land within feet of targets placed approximately 100 yards distant. Expert narration will describe this daily competitive activity as well as the history of these unique artillery pieces. Witness these live demonstrations each day at the Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment, July 4-6, 2014.
what goes on. Talk to reenactors about their experiences. (Seasoned reenactors are never at a loss for words!) In other words, get a feel for the atmosphere and conditions before you rush out to buy authentic military uniforms & equipment (which is not an inexpensive endeavor). Uniform requirements would depend on the rules of the unit. Wearing historically accurate clothing is essential to your “impression” and attention to detail is important, i.e. Civil War soldiers or civilians didn’t have digital watches or plastic framed eyeglasses! The Gettysburg Reenactment draws more reenactors than any other event in the country so this would be a great place to start. Why not plan to join us on July 4 - 6, 2014.
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Twentieth Anniversary of the Movie “Gettysburg” Come Join Us at the Gettysburg Movie Film Site for a Special Experience!
The 151st Gettysburg Anniversary Battle Reenactment site is a wonderful reenactment venue with its pastoral terrain and magnificent views that overlook the Historic Sachs Mill Covered Bridge, the Eisenhower National Historic Site, the Round Tops, and the South Mountain range. This summer visitors and reenactors alike will also have the unique opportunity to walk and reenact on the same site where the majority of the epic movie “Gettysburg” was filmed. The stone wall is still in place and reenactor registration takes place in the historic barn that was featured in the movie. Although some of the film’s scenes such as Pickett’s Charge, Little Round Top and Devils Den were uniquely shot on the actual battlefield, the vast majority of combat and opposing fire sequences were filmed on a set location like the Yingling Farm three miles southwest of town. The Yingling Farm was the movie’s main filming site and it is the site of this summer’s July 4-6 reenactment. Except for the professional actors, Gettysburg featured over 13,000 volunteer Civil War re-enactors who paid their own way, provided their own props and uniforms and fought the battles presented on screen using the same tactics as were current at the time. Gettysburg was shot on location around Gettysburg in 1993. Gettysburg was written and directed by Ron Maxwell, and was adapted from Michael Shaara’s acclaimed novel about the Battle of Gettysburg – The Killer Angels. The film stars were Martin Sheen, Tom Berenger, Jeff Daniels, and Richard Jordan. The film was only shown in 248 theaters, was over four hours long and grossed only around $11 Million. It was not considered a box office success at the time. However, the film became an all-time top grosser in the homeentertainment market, and has become a staple of classroom history lessons. Its TV premiere on TNT in June 1994 garnered over 23 million viewers, a record for cable TV at the time. Don’t miss this unique opportunity to experience at The Yingling Farm, what the actors and reenactors experienced in 1993, during the filming of the movie Gettysburg.
July 3 , 4 , & 5 , 2015 rd
Gettysburg 152 Anniversary
TY S B U R
152nd NI VERSA
TY S B U R
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TY S B U R
152nd NI VERSA
TY S B U R
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Visiting Gettysburg National Military Park
Gettysburg National Military Park is one of our nation’s most significant historic sites with visitation of nearly 2 million a year. The Park surrounds the town of Gettysburg on the south, west and north. A new standard was set for National Park Service visitor facilities with the 2008 opening of the Park’s magnificent Visitor Center. The highly anticipated $105 million dollar state of the art Museum and Visitor Center opened just in time for visitors attending the Gettysburg 145th Anniversary. The Visitor Center houses Paul Philippoteaux’s famous cyclorama painting of Pickett’s Charge and the museum collection under one roof. The painting had previously been removed from the 1960’s era Cyclorama Center more than two years ago for extensive restoration in preparation for being hung in the new Museum & Visitor Center. The facility features an enhanced Cyclorama painting and a museum with 11 galleries that put America’s civil war into a broader perspective, using interactive exhibits, sound, video and visuals to give visitors a deeper understanding of the war and its impact on the nation. Visitor amenities include a three minute orientation film, a twenty-two minute destination film
shown in two theaters, student education areas, dedicated entrances for groups and leisure travelers, walking trails, picnic areas, dedicated bus parking, bookstore, museum shop and a refreshment saloon featuring recipes popular with soldiers and civilians. Both the former Visitor Center and Cyclorama Center have now been razed and that area on Cemetery Ridge (Ziegler’s Grove) is being restored to its natural historic landscape. Begin your tour at the new Gettysburg National Military Park Visitor Center (1195 Baltimore Pike, Gettysburg) to gain both a historical and geographical orientation of the Park. If you can, allow several hours to experience the programs and museum. There are numerous ways to tour the Park. Obtain a free self-guided Auto Tour brochure at the Visitor Center information desks. Commercial tour buses and auto tapes are also available in Gettysburg. Probably, the best way to tour the Park is to take a personal two hour tour with a Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide (LBG). Most of the guides will place an emphasis on your state if that state was involved in the battle. Meet your LBG at the Visitor Center Information Desk. Guides have always been reserved on a first come first serve basis so it is necessary to get there early on busy days! It is recommended that you reserve a guide in advance by calling the Visitor Center reservation system 1-877-874-2478. Historic Tours uses 14-passenger 1937 Yellowstone buses to provide a tour experience that is personal, unique, enjoyable and educational. They are located at 55 Steinwehr Avenue and seating is limited so make advance reservations by calling 717-334-8000. Gettysburg Tours has a fleet of very
popular double-decker buses to provide an educational and enjoyable open air tour experience. For information or reservations call 717-334-6296 or visit them on the Internet at www. gettysburgbattlefieldtours.com. The 12-mile, self-guided Auto Tour Route, which begins at the Visitor Center, chronologically directs you around the battlefield and takes you to numbered landmarks such as the Eternal Light Peace Memorial, Oak Ridge, Virginia Memorial, Peach Orchard, Little Roundtop, Devil’s Den, Wheatfield, Pennsylvania Monument and the High Water Mark. Pick up the Park brochure for this selfguided tour at the Visitor Center. During your tour, take the time to look closely at some of the 1,400 monuments/markers and 400 artillery pieces. Normally, this self-guided tour takes about two to three hours depending on the number and length of stops. If you have more time, there are 24 additional miles of Park roadways to explore. East Calvary Field is located three miles east of town. The Park also has hiking trails and a horse trail. Walking through the National Cemetery provides a serene and moving conclusion to your visit. The cemetery is the burial site of 3,500 Union soldiers killed in the battle and it is also the location where Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous “Gettysburg Address” speech. The west entrance to the cemetery is off the Taneytown Road and the east entrance is off the Baltimore Pike. The Park has been engaged in a significant Historic Landscape Restoration Program in the southern portion of the Park, the Culp’s Hill area, the Peace Light area and the Seminary Ridge area. The impact is significant and noteworthy. Historic vistas have been opened to provide visitors Continued on Page 28
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Visiting Gettysburg National Military Park
Continued from Page 27
the views of open terrain as seen by both armies. Historic woodlots, orchards, farm lanes and fence rows are in the process of being restored to provide more accurate interpretation. If you have not visited these areas of the battlefield recently you will notice quite a change.
The Park Visitor Center is open every day at 8 a.m. with varied closing hours by season. The Eisenhower National Historic Site is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and access is required by Shuttle Bus service from the Visitor Center. Park roads are open 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. except during the winter months when roads close at 7PM. The National Cemetery is open dawn to
dusk. For additional information contact the GNMP at 717-334-1124. Other Gettysburg area information is available through Destination Gettysburg: 717334-6274, www.destinationgettysburg. com and the Gettysburg/Adams County Chamber of Commerce at 717- 334-8151. Enjoy your stay!
Ladies Period Fashion Show
Reenactments are not exclusively a gentleman’s domain. A profound visual pleasure at every reenactment is viewing the variety of ladies in period dress. Many of the ladies (with children also in period dress) take great pride in interpreting civil war era attire by wearing garments they have painstakingly researched and hand crafted themselves. The many different styles and colors will certainly catch your eye. Don’t miss the “Ladies Period Fashion” demonstration on Saturday, July 5th in the Activities tent at the Gettysburg Civil War Battle Reenactment. If you think it takes ladies a long time to get dressed in 2014; just come to demonstration and see how long it took in 1863!
ORDER YOUR TICKETS NOW!
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480.560.7554 [email protected]
BATTLE NEWS • 29
Gettysburg: A History of Hauntings
Johlene Riley, Paranormal Investigator, Gettysburg Ghost Tours
Conducting public paranormal investigations has provided me with an opportunity to meet people from across the world. It would seem that our fascination with spirits knows no borders and has been around since the beginning of time. Gettysburg certainly has no shortage of historic and haunted sites. It is a town that has a history like no other, being the bloodiest battle fought on the western hemisphere. The horrors of war coupled with the fact that Gettysburg has an unusually high amount of Granite Quartz and Limestone within its soil, which helps to retain energy, has made it the Ghost Mecca of the world. One such spirited location is the Daniel Lady Farm. This impressive stretch of farmland, just east of town, was occupied by over 10,0000 troops and played an important role during Gettysburg’s three-day battle. Confederate General Ewell, made the stone farm house his headquarters. That stone structure as well as the large barn on site was used as field hospitals for both Union and Confederate soldiers. Upon entering the barn, one cannot help but feel the pain and suffering that once took place there so many years before. It’s as if some of those brave soldiers aren’t aware they have died. They are still fighting to hold on. The Daniel Lady Farm is owned by The Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association.
Civil War Lady Joy Melcher 7th Annual
2014 Gettysburg Remembrance Day
Friday Military Ball
Friday, November 14, 2014 • 8pm to Midnight Limited Tickets Available $40 ~ All Tickets Advance Sale Only SOLD OUT LAST YEAR, ORDER EARLY!
Sponsored by CivilWarLady.net & CivilWarLady.com by Joy Melcher
Enjoy Jeff Trace & The Victorian Dance Ensemble as your Dance Master & Floor Managers! Period Music by Beck’s Philadelphia Brigade Band! TICKETS SELLING NOW! Spacious Dance Floor ~ Plenty of Free Parking No Downtown Traffic Hassles
Eisenhower Hotel & Conference Center No rushing to arrive for an expensive banquet No long waiting for dance room to be ‘flipped’ Immediate seating! Avoid the crush of downtown traffic No Parking Hassle, No Meters, No Expensive Dinner Optional Discount Hotel Room Rate - $129 for Ticket Holders
Remembrance Day Weekend!
NATIONAL VICTORIAN TEA
English Tea ~ Victorian Goodies ~ Entertainment 1863 Inn of Gettysburg Ballroom on the Parade Route! A lovely afternoon respite from the busy day with Polite Society!
Saturday, November 15, 3:00 p.m. View the Parade from the front porch at the 1863!
Limited Advance Tickets Only!
$25 inclusive ~ credit cards 712-310-9383 ~ PayPal online
Shop Civil War Lady Sutlery
Remembrance Day Weekend in Gettysburg! Now Located at
The 1863 Inn of Gettysburg 516 Baltimore St.
Shop Early for best selection!
Ball Gowns ~ Tea Gowns ~ Dinner Gowns ~ Corsets ~ Underpinnings ~ Wigs Floral Headpieces ~ Coats ~ Sontags ~ Hoods ~ Bonnets ~ Gloves For Information & Tickets:
Checks: CivilWarLady/PO Box 186/Osage IA 50461 For phone info: 712-310-9383 or [email protected]
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GETTYSBURG TOURS START YOUR TOUR WITH US!
Two types of tours: ) Dramatized Audio Bus Tour ) Licensed Guided Bus Tour
) 2 Hour Tours Daily ) Call for Reservations RESERVATIONS RECOMMENDED AND TICKETS CAN BE PURCHASED ONLINE
778 Baltimore Street, Gettysburg, PA 17325
PA PUC # A108707
Info Call (877) 680-8687
HALL OF PRESIDENTS & FIRST LADIES
Story of America told by our Presidents & First Ladies with reproductions of Inaugural Gowns.
571 Steinwehr Avenue Gettysburg, PA 717-334-7580
Your Re-Enactment Mealtime Retreat All-You-Can-Eat Down Home American Cooking MEATS • FISH • CHICKEN • PASTAS • POTATOES VEGETABLES • LARGE SALAD BAR W/HOMEMADE SOUPS FRESH BAKED PIES • CAKES & BROWNIES FRESH BREWED SWEET ICED TEA
Open 7 Days A Week At 11:00am www.generalpickettsbuffet.com
JENNIE WADE HOUSE MUSEUM Only civilian killed during the battle of Gettysburg. Tour the home and learn the story with a period attired guide.
548 Baltimore Street Gettysburg, PA 17325 (717) 334-4100
778 Baltimore St. Gettysburg, PA 17325 (717) 334-5717
SOLDIERS NATIONAL MUSEUM 10 Dioramas of the 10 major Battles of the Civil War, artifacts and memorabilia.
777 Baltimore Street Gettysburg, PA 17325 (717) 334-4890
GHOSTLY IMAGES OF GETTYSBURG • NIGHTLY TOURS • TAKES YOU INSIDE A HAUNTED BUILDING • FEATURED ON GHOST LAB, MOST HAUNTED AND GHOST ADVENTURES PURCHASE TICKETS EARLY!
777 Baltimore Street Gettysburg, PA 17325 (717) 334-1156 www.ghostlyimages.net
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