History of - The Graduate Center, CUNY

History of - The Graduate Center, CUNY

1 The Graduate Center PH.D. Program in History Course Description—Fall, 2011 Professor: Mary Gibson History 71700--History of Modern Italy Wednesday...

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The Graduate Center PH.D. Program in History Course Description—Fall, 2011

Professor: Mary Gibson History 71700--History of Modern Italy Wednesdays, 4:15-6:15

This course will explore modern Italy with an emphasis on the social and cultural history of the period 1860-1945. We will examine how men, women, and children experienced political and economic processes like unification, industrialization, urbanization, colonialism, the rise of socialism and fascism, and the two world wars. We will pay particular attention to the place of gender, class, and race in the cultural discourses of both the liberal period following unification and the fascist dictatorship of the interwar period. The course will place the Italian experience within the framework of more general European historiographical debates on national identity and state-building, gender and the family, class relationships, legal definitions of crime and sexual deviance, anti-semitism, regionalism (northern/southern Italy), the origins of fascism, and fascist culture. Novels and films will complement monographic studies as the basis for discussion. Class requirements include book reviews (1-2 pages each) of the assigned readings (30%); a historiographical paper of 10-12 pages (30%); and oral presentations and class participation (40%). Readings emphasize the most current contributions to modern Italian social and cultural history; we will look at them as models applicable to the history of other European and nonEuropean societies. Required readings are in paperback; others are available at the Graduate Center Library or the New York Public Library. Required Readings: Duggan, Christopher, The Force of Destiny: A History of Italy Since 1796 (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008) [ISBN 978-0618353675; $30] Riall, Lucy, Garibaldi: Invention of a Hero (Yale Univ. Press, 2008) [ISBN 9768-0300144239; $22) Willson, Perry, Women in Twentieth-Century Italy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) [ISBN 9781403995186; $32] Ben-Ghiat, Ruth and Mia Fuller, eds., Italian Colonialism (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008) [ISBN: 978-0230606364; $33] Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta, Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy (Univ. of California Press, 2000) [ISBN 978-0520226777; $25] Davis, John A., The Jews of San Nicandro (Yale Univ. Press, 2010) [ISBN: 978-0300114256; $30]

2 Syllabus: 8/31: Introduction: Historiography of Modern Italy 9/7:

Unification and national identity Reading: Riall, Garibaldi Reports: Davis, John, Conflict and Control (Humanities Press, 1988) Hughes, Steven, Crime, Disorder, and the Risorgimento (Cambridge Univ., 1994) Kertzer, David, Prisoner of the Vatican: The Popes’ Secret Plot to Capture Rome (Houghton Mifflin, 2004) Patriarca, Silvana, Numbers and Nationhood: Writing Statistics in Nineteenth-Century Italy (Cambridge Univ., 1996)

9/14: The “Southern Question” Reading: (choose one) Schneider, Jane, ed., Italy’s Southern Question”: Orientalism in One Country (Berg, 1998) Petrusewicz, Marta, Latifondium (Univ. of Michigan, 1996) Lupo, Salvatore, History of the Mafia (Columbia Univ., 2011) Nelson Moe, The View from Vesuvius (Univ.. Calif., 2006) 9/21: Family and Sexuality Reading: Willson, Perry, Women in Twentieth-Century Italy Reports:

Kertzer, David, Sacrificed for Honor: Italian Infant Abandonment and the Politics of Reproductive Birth Control (Beacon, 1993) Gibson, Mary, Prostitution and the State (Rutgers Univ., 1886) Ipsen, Carl, Italy in the Age of Pinocchio: Children and Danger in the Liberal Era (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006) Schneider, Jane and Peter Schneider, Festival of the Poor: Fertility Decline and the Ideology of Class in Sicily (Arizona, 1996) Zappi, Elda, “If Eight Hours Seem Too Few”: Mobilization of Women Workers in the Italian Rice Fields (SUNY, 1991)

10/5: Nation building in Liberal Italy Reading: (choose one) Cardoza, Anthony, Aristocrats in Bourgeois Italy (Cambridge Univ., 1997) De Grand, Alexander, The Hunchback’s Tailor: Giovanni Giolitti and Liberal Italy (Praeger, 2001) Gibson, Mary, Born to Crime: Cesare Lombroso and the Origins of Biological Criminology (Praeger, 2002) Hughes, Steven, Politics of the Sword: Dueling, Honor and Masculinity in Modern Italy (Ohio State Univ., 2007) Malatesta, Maria, ed., Society and the Professions in Italy (Cambridge Univ., 1995)

3 Quine, Maria Sophia, Italy’s Social Revolution: Charity and Welfare from Liberalism to Fascism (Palgrave, 2002) Snowden, Frank, Naples in the Time of Cholera, 1884-1911 (Cambridge Univ., 1996) 10/12: Colonialism and Race Reading: Ben Ghiat, Ruth, and Mia Fuller, Italian Colonialism Reports: Kertzer, The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara (Vintage, 1998) Gillette, Aaron, Race Theories in Fascist Italy (Routledge, 2002) Stille, Alexander, Benevolence and Betrayal: Five Italian Jewish Families Under Fascism (Penguin, 1991) Zuccotti, Susan, The Italians and the Holocaust: Persecution, Rescue, and Survival (Univ. of Nebraska, 1996) 10/19: The Novel as a Historical Source Reading: (choose one) Aleremo, Sibilla, A Woman (1906) Bassani, Giorgio, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis (1962) De Lampedusa, Tommaso, The Leopard (1958) Levi, Carlo, Christ Stopped at Eboli (1946) Silone, Ignazio, Bread and Wine (1936) Verga, Giovanni, The House by the Medlar Tree (I Malavoglia) (1881) 10/26: Fascist Culture Reading: Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta, Fascist Spectacle Reports: Adamson, Walter, Avant-Garde Florence: From Modernism to Fascism (Harvard Univ., 1993) Berezin, Mabel, Making the Fascist Self (Cornell Univ., 1997) Braun, Emily, Mario Sironi and Italian Modernism: Art and Politics under Fascism (Cambridge Univ., 2000) Gentile, Emilio, The Sacralization of Politics in Fascist Italy (Harvard Univ., 1996) Stone, Marla, The Patron State: Culture and Politics in Fascist Italy (Princeton Univ., 1998) 11/2

Life Under Fascism Reading: (choose one) De Grazia, Victoria, How Fascism Ruled Women (California, 1992) Ebner, Michael, Ordinary Violence in Mussolini’s Italy (Cambridge, 2010) Ipsen, Karl, Dictating Demography: The Problem of Population in Fascist Italy (Cambridge Univ., 1996) Koons, Tracy, Believe, Obey, Fight: Political Socialization of Youth in Fascist Italy (Univ. of North Carolina, 1985) Snowden, Frank., The Conquest of Malaria: Italy, 1900-1962 (Yale Univ., 2006) Willson, Perry, The Clockwork Factory: Women and Work in Fascist Italy

4 (Clarendon Press, 1993) Willson, Perry, Peasant Women and Politics in Fascist Italy: The Massaie Rurali (Routledge, 2002) 11/9: Film as a Historical Source 11/16: World War II and Resistance Reading: Davis, John, The Jews of San Nicandro 11/23: Oral Reports 11/30: Oral Reports Historiographical Paper Due 12/7: Oral Reports