Manitoba leads the nation in rising farmland prices - AGCanada

Manitoba leads the nation in rising farmland prices - AGCanada

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April 14, 2016

Rural roads worst in CAA’s 2016 voting Carman mayor says 2016 campaign sends strong message about just how bad roads are BY LORRAINE STEVENSON Co-operator staff / Carman


he mayor of Carman isn’t very happy to have his town’s Main Street now known as Manitoba’s worst road. But Bob Mitchell says at least it draws attention to a problem local people regularly give him and his council an earful about. Two sections of Provincial Hwy. 13 intersecting his town — dubbed Main Street South See RURAL ROADS on page 6 »

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Manitoba leads the nation in rising farmland prices Farm Credit Canada says the annual percentage increase in farmland values is getting smaller BY ALLAN DAWSON Co-operator staff

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anitoba far mland values led the nation with the highest average percentage increase last year, says Farm Credit Canada (FCC). But the pace of increases here and across Canada is slowing, in step with the plateauing of farm cash receipts and a slower drop in interest

rates, J.P. Gervais, FCC’s chief agricultural economist, told reporters in a briefing Apr. 11, ahead of the release of FCC’s annual Farmland Values Report. That slowing follows several years of rapid growth. “Producers should prepare for a possible easing of farmland values, although the latest Farm Credit Canada Farmland Values Report indicates average values continued to increase in Canada in 2015,” FCC said in a news release.

Gervais said he expects Canadian farmland prices this year to increase, on average, two to four per cent, in contrast to American Corn Belt prices, which have fallen five to six per cent. On average, Manitoba farmland values increased 12.4 per cent in 2015 versus a 12.2 per cent increase in 2014. Alberta, Quebec and Saskatchewan followed up at 11.6, 9.6 and 9.4 per cent, respectively from 2014.

The national average increase in farmland value was 10.1 per cent. Gervais stressed FCC’s averages are weighted by a province’s acres and he added just because, on average farmland prices went up in Canada, it doesn’t mean the value of every acre increased. For example, 50 per cent of FCC’s benchmark acres in Saskatchewan saw little or no inSee FARMLAND on page 7 »

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


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cientists at South C a r o l i n a’s C l e m s o n University have begun the process of restoring a nearly extinct variety of wheat that traces its American roots to the 1700s. A Clemson release says that Purple Straw is the only heirloom wheat to have been cultivated continually in the U.S. South from the Colonial Period into the last quarter of the 20th century. It remained a crop wheat until the 1970s, but now only a few seeds remain. About half a pound was seeded last fall and the scientists hope to harvest several hundred pounds in May. The release says that while most other ancestral wheat varieties were annihilated by disease in the 19th century, Purple Straw continued to thrive, perhaps because it’s a shorter-season winter wheat that matures before it could be seriously threatened. While the scientists don’t expect Purple Straw to have high yields, it may have a place in the specialty food market. “Purple Straw had certain culinary qualities that impressed people from the

Researchers are seeding Purple Straw farther apart than usual to encourage the growth of multiple tillers.   Photo: Jim Melvin / Clemson University

first,” said South Carolina food historian David Shields, who is the author of Southern Provisions: The Creation and Revival of a Cuisine. “It has a purplish stem and husk — hence its name. But it’s a high-protein, low-gluten wheat that mills white and is soft and easily handled, making it great for whiskey, cake flour and biscuits. And of course, what’s more southern than whiskey, cake and biscuits?” The hunt for Purple Straw seed led to several locations, including an isolated area east of Cleveland inhabited

by an Amish family. But the family had barely enough seed for its own needs. The Agricultural Research Center at Washington State University also had a small plot but that seed was reserved for further research. Seed was eventually obtained from the USDA’s National Small Grains Co l l e c t i o n i n Ab e rd e e n , Idaho and Sustainable Seed Company, an organic operation in Chico, California, w h i c h p r ov i d e s g a rd e n ers with almost 2,000 varieties of organic and heirloom germplasm.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Parties urged to focus on innovation Agriculture innovation is both an urban and rural affair, but it requires strong support and investment BY SHANNON VANRAES Co-operator staff


anitoba could be a hub of agriculture innovation but not enough is being done to foster that potential. That was the message t h e Ke y s t o n e A g r i c u l t u ra l Producers brought to the Finny and Murray building in Winnipeg’s historic Exchange District last week. That structure has, over the years, been home to the Western Glove Works, Garry Press Limited, the Weekly News and the Jewish Post. To d a y i t i s h o m e t o Futurpreneur Canada, one of several organizations located in the city’s colloquially named ‘Innovation Alley,’ aimed at encouraging young entrepreneurs to succeed and innovate in business. KAP’s president Dan Mazier spoke to an event held at Futurpreneur’s nearly finished Winnipeg office last week, where the general farm lobby group stressed the need for government support and investment to make that type of agricultural innovation a reality. “I challenge all political parties to make agriculture innovation a priority; let’s build on

Brian Mayes   Photos: Shannon VanRaes

what existing companies have done and make Manitoba the Canadian centre of agriculture innovation,” said Mazier. “The benefit of investing in agriculture research extends beyond national boundaries... when innovative agriculture technology companies get their start in Manitoba, they can move on to grow their customer base around the world, while keeping good jobs here in Manitoba.”

Expertise second to none Mazier cited Farmers Edge and the company’s humble beginning in Pilot Mound as an example of the potential. Today

Farmers Edge has 250 employees and operations in several countries. “We are a true startup,” said company co-founder Wade Barnes. “And I think what we’ve learned from that is the agricultural expertise that we have in the province is second to none... many companies from other countries don’t just seek out a North American company, but a Canadian company, a Manitoba company.” While he was once urged to move his company to the American tech hub known as Silicon Valley, Barnes said there was no doubt in his mind that Manitoba was the right place to grow a technology company serving agricultural interests. Jennifer Lusby, Futurpreneur’s business development manager, said the not-for-profit does see innovative agriculture ideas at its doorstep — including an individual who produces a protein powder using dried crickets — but they’d always like to see more. “We also have a company called Farm Track,” said Lusby. “What that does is actually help farmers digitize their logbooks and that was started right here in Winnipeg.” The organization has also opened an office in Brandon to better serve rural entrepreneurs.

“Let’s build on what existing companies have done and make Manitoba the Canadian centre of agriculture innovation.” Dan Mazier

But Mazier points out that provincial support for agriculture innovation and research has dropped in recent years, making it more difficult for Manitoba to compete on the national and international stage. Unlike provinces such as Sa s k a t c h e w a n , w h i c h h a s increased research funding over the last decade, KAP said the Manitoba government has dramatically reduced spending on strategic policy, research and innovation in agriculture over the last nine years. In the 2007 provincial budget $24.6 million was allocated for such initiatives. Currently, Manitoba is only investing $10.1 million, Mazier said, adding that reduced agr iculture research doesn’t just

impact rural communities, it also shor tchanges large urban centres like Winnipeg that thrive on agricultural businesses. Winnipeg city councillor, Brian Mayes knows the financial boost agricultural businesses bring to the city and said that more should be done to help them thrive and grow. “We have the opportunity to be a world leader in agribusiness,” he said. “You tend to think of it sometimes as being something from the past, barrel making, and when we still relied on buggy-whip manufacturing, and it’s not that way at all. It’s not just part of out city’s past, it’s certainly part of our city’s future.” [email protected]

Provinces creating new dairy class The move is seen as a proactive strike against cheap imported milk proteins “The program is not designed to replace or displace imports. It’s designed to compete with them.”

BY RON FRIESEN Co-operator contributor


new initiative by Ontario milk producers could help to slow the growing flood of milk protein imports undermining the Canadian dairy industry. Dairy Farmers of Ontario has implemented a new class for dairy ingredients which will allow processors to get competitively priced milk protein concentrates domestically instead of importing them. The new milk class, known as Class 6, took effect April 1. Manitoba hopes to implement a similar program August 1, the start of the new dairy year. The move by provinces is seen as a proactive strike against cheap imported milk proteins creating instability in Canada’s supply-managed dairy sector. The industry is currently negotiating a national ingredient strategy but provinces say they can’t wait that long. “We felt it was very important to begin to move in that direction sooner rather than later,” said David Wiens, Dairy Farmers of Manitoba chair. The Ontario program centres on skim milk, which goes through a process known as ultrafiltration to generate concentrates containing up to 90 per cent protein and used in cheese, yogurt and other prepared dairy foods. A growing consumer demand in Canada for butterfat has created chronic surpluses of non-fat milk solids (i.e. skim milk powder) that cannot be exported, have a limited domestic food market and are often sold for livestock feed. This paves the way for imports of high-protein milk concentrates, which are not subject to tariff-rate quotas applied on other dairy imports. Canadian milk used to be the base component for dairy products. But many processors are now adding less costly milk protein ingredients instead of using 100 per cent milk. Since these ingredients enter Canada under the tariff wall, they are cheaper and more competitive.

Import tsunami The result is that, over the years, imported milk protein has grown from a trickle to a virtual tsunami. According to Statistics Canada, nearly 27,000 tonnes of non-tariff milk protein substances worth almost

Graham Lloyd DFO

Ontario processors. Last year Ontario had to dump 800,000 litres of skim milk because the province lacked the capacity to dry it. “If the product is priced competitively, there becomes a marketplace for it. Once there’s a marketplace for it, then processors have an incentive to invest and modernize their plants. Once they do that, we are then hopeful there will be a greater space or capacity for drying further skim. That would free up space for more butterfat, more usage for whole milk,” said Lloyd. file photo

$130 million entered Canada in 2015, more than double the volume in 2013. DFO’s solution is to move skim milk from animal feed to a new class which identifies components of skim-based products. These components are priced according to a formula reflecting the world price for milk, which is lower than the domestic price. The idea is that processors will buy competitively priced domestic protein substances instead of importing them, said Graham Lloyd, DFO’s general council and director of communications. Lloyd insisted the purpose is not to prevent milk protein imports but to give processors a local option. “Our hope is that, should domestic processors choose to use it, it’ll reduce the amount of surplus skim going to animal feed and those lower classes,” Lloyd said by phone from Mississauga. “The program is not designed to replace or displace imports. It’s designed to compete with them. It positions the domestic product competitively. No more, no less.” The change could also encourage processors to upgrade aging plants and expand drying capacity to ease the strain of skim milk powder surpluses, Lloyd said. Lack of drying capacity is a chronic problem for

U.S. challenge? He rejected suggestions in a recent Globe and Mail article that the competitive ingredient class could trigger a World Trade Organization challenge by the United States on the grounds that it constitutes an unfair subsidy. “Whenever you create a program that makes Canadian products competitive (compared to) anything that is regularly imported, you have to be prepared for some form of challenge. But I can tell you with great certainty that the Ontario program has been designed to defend any type of challenge because it simply is not an import replacement or export subsidy program.” Wiens said creating a new and higher class for skim milk could eventually boost dairy farmers’ incomes if it means less skim milk going for low-priced animal feed. “Within this program I expect that our incomes will be stable and I also expect that potentially it allows us to continue meeting the Canadian market.” Meanwhile, Canada’s milk producers continue to lobby the federal government to reclassify milk protein substances so they are subject to import tariffs, just like other dairy products. “We are simply asking that the existing rules be enforced in the manner they are intended to be enforced,” Caroline Emond, Dairy Farmers of Canada executive director, said in a Mar. 9 presentation to the House of Commons agriculture committee.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Future non-farmers


he agriculture community spends a lot of time and energy worrying about the future of the next generation of farmers. Succession planning has become a cottage industry, governments and agencies fall over backward creating young farmer programs, and there’s constant fretting over Gord Gilmour how we might smooth their way. Associate Editor But the fact is most of your kids won’t be returning to the farm. The largest portion of them will, inevitably, move off the farm or ranch, never to return outside family occasions and periodic visits with the grandkids in tow. It’s all just part of a long-standing pattern throughout Western Canada. Farms get larger, the rural population gets smaller and there are fewer new entrants to the business. I’ve been mulling all this since reading KAP’s Election Priorities document, released earlier in the provincial campaign. There, on page 10, you will find a call for the next government to “Increase funding available for post-secondary agriculture students to help offset the costs associated with moving to urban areas to attend school.” I don’t disagree with their diagnosis, I have a problem with their solution to the problem. To me what KAP proposes is too narrow and doesn’t consider other problems related to moving to the city and getting the education needed to go further in life. These don’t magically disappear when the sons and daughters decide to pursue lives in other directions. I certainly remember moving off the farm to Regina in the late 1980s as Saskatchewan struggled through the bust that followed the boom of the 1970s and early 1980s. There were few opportunities, and I will confess to enviously watching some of the other students head home to their parents’ basements and three square meals a day. Meanwhile I wondered how I was going to pay off those student loans. My roommate of the time still recalls subsisting on stale-dated chocolate bars and my weekly meat loaf nights. In the intervening years the bust was replaced by another boom and now another bust. Again, there are fewer opportunities. There won’t be a lot of teenagers with a high school diploma pulling down big wages in the oilpatch for a while, and education is going to be more important than ever. More and more jobs are being automated, and sometimes in surprising ways. Financial planners, for example, see a threat from algorithm-based portfolio management. Medical workers are said to be set to become an endangered species as diagnostic robots are poised in the coming years to automate the physical examination process. Reporting ‘bots’ are adding to journalism’s ongoing woes as a viable field of employment. Other more blue collar jobs are even grimmer. Automated trucks and taxis promise to put millions out of work in North America alone, for example. Against this backdrop, I think the kids we should all be more worried about are the ones leaving the farm. They’re already starting in a bit of a hole in an education-oriented society, especially one becoming increasingly technical. The reality of smaller school divisions and limited dollars leads to fewer options. A friend’s son in Winnipeg, for example, was building fully functional robots in shop class the last two years of high school. He travelled twice to national competitions and today is a well-paid engineering technologist. I doubt he’d have had the same opportunities in rural WestMan if he’d stayed there, and he’s told me as much. It all leads up to a lot fewer academically prepared rural Manitobans, and I say that knowing a lot of smart and well-educated people from farms across the province. It just happens to be a hard truth when you look at the overall numbers, as outlined in a report a few years back to Manitoba’s Rural Secretariat: “Not only do rural and small-town Manitobans have lower levels of education compared to individuals in urban centres, but the educational disparity between the two major regions is increasing.” I think the kids from rural Manitoba deserve better. They don’t deserve to struggle to catch up to their urban peers or to have significantly higher unavoidable expenses. They’ll already be struggling enough with the transition from a farm to a city, and all the accompanying culture shock. We should be working to ease this transition for all of them, not just the ones returning to farm. [email protected]

Challenges for new farmers By Suzanne Armstrong Christian Farm Federation of Ontario


ew farmers face many challenges as they attempt to get established in the business of farming. This challenges us to think about farms size and financial risk from the perspective of starting farmers. Viable economic opportunities for new farmers ensure the vibrancy of agriculture in the long term. In part this requires that good farmland is passed on to the next generation of farm families, including those who are not the children or grandchildren of our current farming families. This is a significant land-use policy challenge. Some young farmers have the advantage of growing up on farms, and may be able to slowly work to buy the family business. Many times we have focused on the importance of succession planning to help ensure businesses can transition smoothly from one generation to the next. This remains of vital importance, as according to the Agricultural Management Institute (AMI), only about 19 per cent of farmers actually have a succession plan. Other farm families do not have a clear successor who wants to take over the family business. This situation creates both a challenge and an opportunity to find a different type of succession plan for the farm. But what about those new farmers who may want to farm, but who didn’t grow up on a farm, or who, for whatever reason, are not part of a succession plan? At a recent CFFO meeting, a young farmer stood up and shared both his enthusiasm and frustrations.



Although he did not grow up on a farm, he became interested in farming in high school, and pursued his interests in college. When he wanted to start a farm business however, he found that many of the avenues he explored had very high risk, and did not fit with his other life goal to support a family. He wanted to get into crop farming, but found the debt load was too risky. Finding a land base was also a challenge, because land prices are high, and available land was often bought by larger established farms. Even when looking for farm-related work, he found many agricultural jobs were seasonal. He turned to direct-to-market vegetable farming, which was much more profitable with less initial investment. He also trained as a Certified Crop Adviser. This young man’s story illustrates many of the challenges that new farmers face. It also shows how important profitable smaller operations are for newer farmers as they are starting out in both farming and raising a family. Our farming policy needs to recognize the benefits of both large and small farms, and should not dismiss small operations as “hobby farms.” Farms are not always large crop or animal operations with large equipment. We should not dismiss the significance of smaller farming operations, nor the seriousness of those who run them. In order to keep a vibrant community of farmers of all ages, it will be important to have farms of all sizes that can support viable family livelihoods. Suzanne Armstrong is the Christian Farmers’ Federation of Ontario director of research. This is the first of two columns about young farmers.

April 1887

rinna, a polled Angus cow imported by H.M. Cochrane of Compton, Quebec graced the cover of the April 1887 issue of The Nor-West Farmer and Manitoba Miller. The issue has much discussion of the merits of various breeds, including the Shorthorn, Hereford, “Holstein-Freizian,” “Red Polled,” Galloway, Devon and Aberdeen Angus. On raising hogs, it was recommended that it was a good plan to feed them wood ashes once a week with salt. “The more charcoal the ashes contain, the better. In coal-burning sections give them the coal ashes with cinders, and they will relish it very much, and they take much delight in munching small lumps of coal.” One article strongly recommended farmers consider raising poultry, as there was opportunity to sell eggs and meat to the U.S., which was short of supplies and importing them from Europe. “Farmers as a rule take little stock in poultry. This ought not to be. There is no animal on the farm that will pay so well as the hen when she gets fair play.” Another article discussed treatment of milk fever. “In the early stages, if the pulse is not very weak, and heart fluttering and especially if there is slow and deep breathing, bleeding at the jugular should at once be attempted; when the pulse becomes full the bleeding should be stopped.” Other suggestions included a purge of sulphate of magnesia and ginger, and rubbing the spine with a stimulating liniment.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


U.S. farmers have an ethanol addiction Ethanol growth has caused the U.S. corn crop to balloon, and now U.S. farmers are facing a bleak price future BY ALAN GUEBERT



arch did not go out like either a lion or a lamb. In fact, after the U.S. Department of Agriculture released its Prospective Plantings Report midday March 31, the month — as well as the 2016 corn market — highballed it into history faster than a runaway train. The coal under the boiler was USDA’s forecast farmers intend to plant 93.6 million acres of corn this year. That figure is two million acres more than anyone had dared to even think and 3.5 million acres more than the average best guesser had guessed. Market sages stared at the number as if it was the sun: blinding, searing, killing. Soon, though, most began to scour record books for a historical fact or figure that might put the number into a more hopeful light. The search hit pay dirt when Alan Brugler, a contributing analyst at DTN, uncovered a gem: corn, he offered, “has seen final acreage below the March intentions in 13 of the past 20 years.” The “largest swing in the last 20 years” was 3.073 million acres. A drop of that size this year, he noted, however, would cut trendline production by just “500 million bushels.”

Market sages stared at the number as if it was the sun: blinding, searing, killing.

Nothing can be done, though, to reduce the 1.8 billion bushels we’ll still have in the bin when the 2016 harvest begins. The world feed grain picture is worse; 21 per cent of the previous crop, or 207 million tonnes, will remain when the new marketing year begins. And, yikes, now the U.S. might plant 93.6 million acres of corn this year? Ye s , o f c o u r s e, t h a t’s c r a z y. For more than 20 years, though, American farm policy often has encouraged farmers to produce first, then figure out what to do with the market-splattering surplus. Over those years, the handiest, most universal fix has been ethanol. Creative policy solutions to encourage or mandate domes tic ethanol usage have redirected American acres toward corn (and its rotational complement, soybeans) and away from other crops like cotton, wheat, and oats. Indeed, as U.S. corn-based ethanol production ballooned from

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848 million gallons in 1990 to 14.8 billion gallons in 2015, American corn acres soared from 74.5 million to this year’s anticipated 93 million-plus. Across those same 25 years, however, all wheat acres have plunged from 77.3 million to 2016’s forecasted 49.6 million, and oats have virtually disappeared, dropping from 10.4 million acres in 1990 to just 2.7 million this year. Cotton has been affected, too, with acreage swinging from 12.4 million in 1990, to 15.5 million in 2000, to an anticipated 9.5 million acres in 2016. Ethanol policy, also, changed between 1990 and 2016. Federal and a patchwork of state tax breaks, as well as tariff protection against imports, were traded for an escalating, mandated Renewable Fuel Standard. The number of ethanol plants nationwide, according to the Renewable Fuels Association, has gone straight up, from a handful in 1980 to 214 last year. And, those

need many more temperature readings from different areas all around your field to get a more accurate idea of which very local field areas had what temperatures. By the same regard, Brandon’s regional temperature averages alone can say nothing to either prove or disprove global warming because global warming is by definition global and many points of data, not just Brandon alone, need to be used to understand and measure it. Therefore Brian’s conclusion that he “remain skeptical about the hypothesis of catastrophic anthropogenic global warming” is inappropriate in this article because the article talks about local, not global, temperature trends and there is no discussion whatsoever about any anthropogenic reasons behind it. Bana Goldsmith Moosehorn, Man.

Local versus global temperature data I was excited to read Brian Ransom’s article “A look back at historical Brandon temperatures” on March 31, 2016, as letting people know about good local data is very important. “So how applicable is the WMO (World Meteorological Organization) statement to Brandon’s situation?” Brian asks. The answer is not at all. The WMO statement was on a global scale and Brandon is on a local scale. A good analogy would be if the temperature reading in your yard showed a low of +1 C one night. You should not expect every square inch of your recently emerged canola acres to not have frozen, because the low spots in the land may have got a few degrees colder and the higher spots maybe not as cold. The point being that you would

Irony overload This comment is triggered by John Morriss’s column, “Too many organizations” (April 7) but it is a sort of omnibus comment because of the rich sources of irony contained elsewhere in the same issue. I would like to commend the analysis and bravery of such a column. It is sort of like the person who pointed out the emperor not only didn’t have new clothes, he didn’t have any clothes at all. First to Dan Mazier and his column, “Who will feed us in the future?” His analysis is fine. He sets out clearly the hurdles facing any young person wanting to farm who is not inheriting an ongoing operation. Farmland has become the latest commodity to reach prices no sane economist would see as legitimate. Large second- and

plants, claims the RFA, “supported 85,967 direct jobs” — whatever that means — “as well as 271,440 indirect and induced jobs.” All these ethanol-related numbers — with the exception of the RFA’s squishy “jobs” numbers — are inarguable. Also inarguable is ethanol’s dominating role in U.S. ag production. No matter where you farm or what you farm, ethanol now drives many of your farm’s choices and decisions. W h e re w o u l d t h e n a t i o n , i t s farmers, livestock growers, and rural America be today had ethanol not been given such a protected, oversized role in U.S. farm and energy policy during the last 25 years? More to the point, as farmers, their bankers and input suppliers stare blankly at another year of record-shattering corn production and bleak corn prices, what role should it play in the future? Those are fair questions and, sooner or later, someone will ask them. As such, maybe we in agriculture should do the asking since we’re going to be the ones needing the answers. Alan Guebert is an award-winning agricultural journalist and expert who was raised on a 720-acre, 100-cow southern Illinois dairy farm. He writes a weekly column that is regularly published throughout the U.S. and Canada.

third-generation farmers and Hutterite colonies vie with one another to bid prices to levels that can only be justified by $15 canola and $10 wheat without any increases to input costs. Mazier seems to accept the cost side of becoming a farmer with some regret, but his solution seems to be to place society in general on the hook to make sure the fledgling farmer doesn’t fail. Why should an overburdened society support the unbridled greed that marks the present mad run-up in land prices? Across the page to Cam Dahl who is urging us to make sure we are “Getting our research priorities right.” He seems to be trying to suggest that farmers, grain companies, processors and exporters, and seed chemical and fertilizer companies are, or should be, one big happy family, all working harmoniously together to satisfy that elusive and mysterious bird, The Customer. He knows, or should know, the line between ally/adversary is a very fine one, and is often breached by some he claims share his tent. That research has brought benefits is not disputed. But with those benefits has come a great crowd of camp followers. A farmer is now surrounded by those wanting to “help” him, but who are often pickpockets in disguise. Let me draw an analogy. Ticks are a real threat to moose. Most people will be aware of the fact that moose are becoming a threatened species. But we have not heard anything about ticks being threatened. Simple arithmetic would suggest if moose are less numerous, and ticks are not, moose are in ever-greater jeopardy. If we substitute “farmer” for “moose” and “ticks” for the various things farmers must deal with, such as Cereals Canada, we might be whacking the bushes very close to our target. John Beckham Winnipeg, Man.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

FROM PAGE ONE RURAL ROADS Continued from page 1

Worst Roads 2016 rankings

and Main Street North — made the top 10 of CAA’s fifth annual worst roads campaign last week. “The whole road is a mess,” said Mitchell. “It’s to the point where we honestly feel it’s a danger. If you watch vehicles going down those roads, especially the trucks, they’re moving around on the road trying to miss the potholes.” CAA holds the yearly campaign each spring to call attention to the poor state of Manitoba’s roads, asking citizens to nominate and vote for roads with the most potholes and crumbling pavement and other hazardous conditions. More than 660 roads were nominated in Manitoba, and for the first time in the campaign’s history, highways in Carman, Brookdale, Goodlands, Boissevain and Gillam bumped longstanding Winnipeg streets from the list, according to the CAA. It was a tight race between the

Sections of the provincial highway running through Carman, cited as ‘Main Street South and North’ now have the dubious distinction of being the worst roads in the province.   PHOTO: LORRAINE STEVENSON

top two rural roads, with Manitoba 353 at Brookdale running a close second. More than 8,800 votes were cast during the four-week campaign. “This has been a record year for Worst Roads, and the campaign clearly illustrates that Manitobans believe streets all over the province need some

TLC: tender loving construction,” Mike Mager, president and CEO of CAA Manitoba said in a news release. Mitchell said it’s frustrating for local leaders because all town council can do is keep setting funds aside in its own budget as its share of the repairs for whenever the province gets around to it.





Main Street South



Manitoba 353



Provincial Road

251 Goodlands


Provincial Road

450 Boissevain


Main Street North



Ness Avenue



Liberty Street



Manitoba 280



Pembina Highway



St. James Street


Source: CAA Manitoba

The campaign is an annual opportunity for citizens to raise the alarm about road conditions but this year’s CAA event is well timed just ahead of a provincial election. This year’s CAA’s worst road declarations send a strong signal to the province just how

bad roads have become in many rural areas, Mitchell said. At the end of the Worst Roads campaign, reports of roads voted on are distributed to government leaders for review. [email protected]

Saskatchewan lentil acres seen rising Peas appear to be catching on in Alberta BY DAVE SIMS

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he International Year of Pulses is living up to its name, as territories capable of growing them look to cash in on India’s insatiable demand for supplies. However, it seems not all pulses are created equal, as lentils appear to be the main driver, with peas coming in second. “It seems like the interest in lentils has gone crazy,” said Dale Risula, a special crops expert with Saskatchewan Agriculture in Regina. Canadian area for the growing year will be around the 4.5-million-acre mark, he estimated, compared to 3.95 million acres seeded last year. Other estimates out there are much larger, he noted. “I’ve even heard one far-out proposal of over eight million acres, but I don’t think we’ll see that.” While green lentils have grown in value, Risula still expected the majority of acres to be in reds. Soybeans may be feeling some slight pressure from the lentil craze, he said, but there is still significant interest. “Progress is being made on finding varieties that are better suited to Saskatchewan. I don’t know if we’ll see an increase, but certainly not a decrease, it’s probably going to hold its own.” In 2015, Saskatchewan farmers planted 270,000 acres to soybeans. Interest in peas is high, but Risula doubted there will be any sizable increases in Saskatchewan. However, he said, things may be different farther west. “It seems as though they’re catching on in Alberta, so if there’s an increase it will probably happen there,” he said. Canadian pea growers planted 3.7 million acres to peas last year.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

FARMLAND Continued from page 1

MANITOBA - Annual % change in farmland values

crease or even a slight decrease in value in 2015, Gervais said. “Nobody knows what farmland values are going to look like in 2016,” he said. “For me it’s about giving the message that, from a risk management standpoint, make sure if you’re looking at buying some land it makes sense at the margin... that you can cash flow it... and have a strong ability to repay the loan you’re using to buy that land.”

[email protected]







Long climb Manitoba farmland values have been rising since 1992. But FCC figures show over the last four years, on average, Manitoba farmland values have doubled. In 2012 they jumped 25.6 per cent and did the same in 2013. The pace of the increase fell to 12.2 and 12.4 per cent in 2014 and 2015, respectively. “Crop production land (in Manitoba in 2015) was purchased mainly by local producers expanding their farming operations as the next generation enters the industry,” the FCC report says. “The majority of the province experienced normal to good yields along with average commodity prices, which supported the increase in farmland values. Southeast Manitoba saw many livestock producers expanding and purchasing cultivated land and additional land to facilitate manure management. While the slump in the oil industry has not yet affected land prices in the southwest of the province, market activity was quiet and limited to primarily estate sales.” Bountiful farm cash receipts and low interest rates are the primary driver behind the rise in Canadian farmland values in recent years, Gervais said. And while FCC had predicted lower farm cash receipts in 2015 in the wake of growing world grain and oilseed stocks, farm revenues were a “pleasant surprise,” and could turn out to be a record once all the data is in, he said. Canada’s weaker dollar has been the saving grace. “I think the key for us is to see a dollar that’s not going to move up too fast,” Gervais said. “I think that producers are still able to produce a profit, on average, (and) that really relies on the Canadian dollar staying in that 75- to 80-cent range. If there’s a risk out there I would say it’s with respect to the Canadian dollar and the ability for producers to produce a positive profit.” Some observers have worried the recent rapid rise in Canadian farmland prices is a bubble that could burst. But Gervais said the ratio of farmland values to farm cash receipts is close to those of the last 50 years. “What this suggests to me, given the (cash) receipts, given where interest rates are, farmland valuations rest on sound economic arguments,” he said. “Over all I think valuations are in line with what we find for economic trends in the marketplace, but definitely there are areas to monitor in terms of risk and income coming down is one of them and interest rates — not in 2016 but down the road — are something we are monitoring.”



Average farmland prices were up 12.4 per cent and 10.1 per cent in Manitoba and Canada, respectively, says Farm Credit Canada’s chief economist J.P. Gervais. The annual rise in farmland values is slowing, but is still expected to be positive in 2016, so long as farm cash receipts remain stable.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON













Source: Farm Credit Canada


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Flea beetles, cutworms flagged

CP scraps plans to buy Norfolk Southern B

European corn borer counts could also keep climbing BY JADE MARKUS CNS Canada

Canadian Pacific Railway’s plans faced opposition from U.S. lawmakers REUTERS


anadian Pacific Ra i l w a y s a i d Ap r i l 11 it had scrapped e f f o r t s t o b u y No r f o l k Southern, almost six months after it launched its unsolicited US$28-billion bid for the fourth-largest U.S. railroad operator. The announcement comes days after the U.S. Justice Department urged the Surface Transportation Board to reject a voting trust arrangement CP had proposed as part of its bid. C a l g a r y - b a s e d C P, Ca n a d a’s s econd-largest railroad operator, launched its takeover bid for Norfolk Southern in mid-November, touting potential savings of more than $1.8 billion annually (all figures US$). But Virginia-based Nor folk Souther n had c o n t i n u a l l y re b u f f e d i t s advances, rejecting CP’s offer three times including its latest offer in December. In that offer, CP had proposed a contingent value right in a new holding company for CP and Norfolk that could have increased the value of the deal by up to $3.4 billion. CP said April 11 it has also withdrawn its resolution calling on Norfolk s h a re h o l d e r s t o vo t e i n favour of good-faith negotiations between the two companies, and plans “no further financial offers or over tures to meet” with Norfolk’s board. “ We h a v e l o n g re c o g -

nized that consolidation is necessary for the North American rail industry to meet the demands o f a g r ow i n g e c o n o m y, but with no clear path to a friendly merger at this time, we will turn all of our focus and energy to serving our customers and creating long-term value for CP shareholders,” CP CEO Hunter Harrison said in a statement. A number of Democratic l a w m a k e r s i n Co n g re s s, including all the party’s representatives from Illinois and Pennsylvania, have spoken out against a merger. The U.S. militar y also raised concerns the previous week, saying a merger could adversely affect the country’s national defence. The military relies on rail networks to move defencerelated cargo across the country, both during peace and times of war. Some customers including package delivery companies FedEx and UPS had also opposed CP’s plans out of fears that cost cutting would hurt rail ser vices. UPS is the largest customer of the major U.S. railroads. Billionaire investor William Ackman had played an outsized role in CP’s plan to buy rival Norfolk, but later acknowledged that his firm, Pershing Square Capital Management, should have cut its stake in CP. CP had also discussed a deal with railway CSX Corp. l a s t ye a r b u t c o u l d n o t reach an agreement.

a s e d o n l a s t y e a r ’s c o n d i t i o n s , a Manitoba provincial specialist is flagging three insects producers should watch for this growing season.

Flea beetles The species of flea beetle that most concerns John Gavloski, entomologist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, mainly affects canola. Farmers often use treated seed to minimize flea beetle issues, but that treatment often wears out in years with long stretches of cooler temperatures, and producers have to do additional spraying, Gavloski said. “And that can be a big nuisance. They’ve had problems with the flea beetles the past few years.” Flea beetles feed more aggressively during hot and dry conditions, but plants also grow faster. “ T h e re’s k i n d o f a trade-off,” he said. “But based on what levels were like last year, that’s one that they’ve got to keep an eye on.”

Cutworms Cutworms 

Manitoba producers had issues with c u t w o r m s l a s t y e a r,

Flea beetles   Photos: Canola Council of Canada

Gavloski said. The species of cutworm seen last season will overwinter in the province, which means they spend winter in the pupal stage and emerge as adults in the spring. “So we’re warning farmers that this is just something else that they should definitely keep an eye on.” Cutworms don’t like too much moisture, Gavolski said, and wet conditions force them out of the soil.

European corn borer “It’s primarily a corn concern, although it does feed on potatoes and a few other crops as well,” Gavloski said. He added that European corn borer levels were up last year, and they also overwinter. The European corn borer has difficulty surviving heavy precipitation, low humidity and cold overnight lows.

WHAT’S UP Please forward your agricultural events to [email protected] or call 204-944-5762. April 15-17: Horse 3 riding and training clinic and trade show, Keystone Centre, Brandon. For more info visit April 18: CropLife Canada’s Manitoba provincial council annual general meeting, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Canadian International Grains Institute, 1000-303 Main St., Winnipeg. April 29: Invasive Species Council of Manitoba annual general meeting, Living Prairie Museum, 2795 Ness Ave., Winnipeg. More details TBA. For more information call 204-232-6021 or email invasivespeciescouncilmani [email protected] April 30: Last day to register as host farm for Open Farm Day, which runs Sept. 18. For more info or to register visit

April 30: Manitoba/Saskatchewan Auctioneers Championship, 10 a.m., Cowtown Livestock Exchange, Hwy. 724, Maple Creek, Sask. For more info call 1-800-239-5933. July 5-7, 12-14: Crop Diagnostic School, Carman. For more info or to register call 204-745-5663 or email [email protected] July 10-12: Canadian Seed Trade Association annual meeting, Hyatt Regency, 655 Burrard St., Vancouver. For more info or to register visit July 28: Horticulture School, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 370 River Rd., Portage la Prairie. For more info or to pre-register (required), call 204-745-5663.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


North Africa showing solid demand for durum

Is your community hosting a farm fair, exhibition, festival or homecoming event in 2016? Contact the Co-operator with your event, dates, location, contact information and any updates or changes at [email protected]

Pricing favours durum in this spring’s battle for Prairie acres BY PHIL FRANZ-WARKENTIN CNS Canada


or th Afr ican countries have been some of the best custome r s f o r Ca n a d i a n d u r u m over the past few months, and weather issues with this year’s crops in the region should keep that demand solid going forward. As of February, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria combined have impor ted 1.3 million tonnes of Canadian durum during the 20151 6 c r o p y e a r, a c c o r d ing to Canadian Grain Commission data. That compares with 895,100 tonnes during the same period the previous year, and represents about half of Canada’s total durum export program to date. (By comparison, demand out of Italy is down on the year, with 773,600 tonnes exported there to date, from

1.016 million at the same time last year.) While it is dry in North Africa, and production will be below average, it won’t b e a g g r e s s i v e l y s o, G 3 Canada market analyst Neil Townsend said. That dryness has the potential to translate into increased demand for Canadian durum, but Townsend noted that there are many other macro factors at play — pointing to political issues, falling oil prices and unfavourable foreign exchange rates. “ T h e re m i g h t b e a b i t more demand from those countries, but not an aggressive demand,” said Townsend. Some durum demand could shift to soft wheat instead, he said. In addit i o n , Ca n a d a i s n o t t h e only supplier, with Mexico a n d Eu r o p e a l s o p o t e n tial sources if North Africa needs more durum.

From a pricing standpoint, attention now turns to crop prospects in North America and Europe, with any quality or quantity concerns out of Canada likely providing support. While world wheat supplies are abundant, Townsend noted, available durum supplies are much tighter. G3 is forecasting a slight 1.2 per cent decline in Canadian durum acres this year, said Townsend. However, “that’s the margin of error, so it could be up.” In those areas where farmers grow both hard red spring wheat and durum, the pricing favours dur um, said Townsend. There is also a strong challenge from lentils and peas, which he expected would cut into durum acres. The traditional durum areas of southern Saskatchewan are on the dry side, and will be watched closely. However, it’s still early and “a few good soaks would change the situation,” said Townsend.



May 27-29: Grunthal Spring Rodeo. Call 204-392-7475 or email [email protected]

July 9-10: Minnedosa Fair. Call 204-761-7096 or email [email protected]

June 4-5: Stonewall/Rockwood Fair. Call 204-467-5612 or email [email protected]

July 15-16: Deloraine Fair. Call 204747-3457 or email [email protected]

June 5: Family Day, Holland. Call 204-526-2263 or email [email protected]

July 15-17: Triple S Fair and Rodeo, Selkirk Park, Selkirk. Call 204-757-7901 or visit www.

June 5: Back 40 Folk Festival, Morden Park, Morden. Visit June 8-12: Manitoba Summer Fair, Keystone Centre, Brandon. Call 204-726-3590 or visit June 10-11: Lundar Agricultural Fair and Exhibition. Call 204-278-3255 or visit June 10-11: Olde Tyme Country Fair, Niverville. Visit June 11-12: Montcalm Heritage Festival, St. Joseph. Visit June 17-19: Pelican Lake Fair, Ninette. Call 204-523-4139 or visit pelican-lake-ag. June 17-26: Red River Exhibition, 3977 Portage Ave., Winnipeg. Call 204-888-6990 or visit www.

June 25: Rapid City Fair. Call 204826-2273 or email [email protected]

July 23: Oak Lake Fair. Call 204-8552030 or email [email protected]

June 25: MacGregor Fair. Call 204771-2357 or visit www.macgregorfair. com.

July 24: Cypress River Fair. Call 204-743-2123 or email [email protected]

June 25-26: Miami Fair and Rodeo. Call 204-435-2288 or email [email protected]

July 26: Elkhorn Fair. Call 204845-2622 or 204-748-5131 or email [email protected]

June 25-26: Treherne Fair. Call 204723-2275 or email [email protected]

July 28-31: Northwest Roundup and Exhibition, Swan River. Call 204-734-3718 or visit www.

July 7-9: Carman Country Fair. Call 204-745-2226 or visit www. July 7-10: Winnipeg Folk Fest, Birds Hill Provincial Park. Visit July 8-10: Gilbert Plains/Grandview Fair. Call 204-548-4905 or email [email protected] July 8-10: Dominion City Summerfest. Call 204-427-2557. July 8-10: PortageX, Portage la Prairie. Call 204-857-3231 or visit


July 9: Souris Fair and Rodeo. Call 204-483-0015 or visit www.

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July 23: Fannystelle Funfest, 17 Main Ave. W., Fannystelle. Call 204-4362202.

July 22-24: Manitoba Sunflower Festival, Centennial Park, Altona. Call 204-324-9005 or visit

July 6: Rivers Fair. Call 204-8262810 or email [email protected]


July 21: Hamiota Fair. Call 204-7642642 or visit

June 25: Delodaze, Deloraine Fairgrounds. Call 204-747-3668 or visit

July 2-3: Manitoba Highland Gathering, Legacy Park, Hwys. 59 and 212, East Selkirk. Visit


July 20: Shoal Lake Ag Fair. Call 204-759-2990 or visit www.

July 22: Harding Fair. Call 204-8382241 or visit [email protected] ca.

July 1-3: Carberry Fair and Races. Call 204-834-3772.


July 19: Strathclair Fair. Call 204365-2579 or email [email protected]

June 24-25: Killarney Fair. Call 204523-8289 or email [email protected]

June 30-July 3: Dauphin’s Countryfest, Hwy. 10 south of Dauphin. Visit


July 17-18: Oak River Fair. Call 204566-2281 or email [email protected] com.

July 21-24: Manitoba Stampede and Exhibition, Morris. Call 1-866-657-4741 or visit www.

June 30-July 2: Dauphin Fair. Call 204-638-4428 or visit www.

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July 16: Springfield Country Fair, Hwys. 15 and 206, Dugald. Call 204755-3464 or 204-866-3707 or visit

June 18-19: Boissevain Fair. Call 204-534-0857 or email [email protected]

June 30-July 1: Glenboro Fair. Call 204-827-2661 or email [email protected]

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July 15-17: Arborg Fair and Rodeo. Call 204-378-5429 or email denise. [email protected]

July 9-10: Manitou Fair. Call 204-246-2105 or email [email protected]

July 28-31: Manitoba Threshermen’s Reunion and Stampede, Manitoba Agricultural Museum, Austin. Visit July 29-30: Fire and Water Music Festival, Community Centre, 25 McArthur Ave., Lac du Bonnet. Visit July 29-31: Canada’s National Ukrainian Festival, Selo Ukraina, Dauphin. Visit July 29-31: Rockin’ the Fields of Minnedosa, PR 262, Lake Minnedosa. For more info visit July 29-Aug. 1: Ponderosa Days, Cartwright. Visit node/2127. July 29-Aug. 1: Pioneer Days, Mennonite Heritage Village, 231 Hwy. 12 N., Steinbach. Call 1-866280-8741. July 29-Aug. 1: Islendingadagurinn, the Icelandic Festival of Manitoba, Gimli. Visit www.icelandicfestival. com. Aug. 5: Whoop and Hollar Folk Festival, Cottonwood Acres, PR 331, southeast of Portage la Prairie. Visit Aug. 5-6: Birtle Fair. Call 204-8470200 or email [email protected] Aug. 5-7: Banana Days, Melita. Visit Aug. 5-7: Honey Festival, Kleefeld. Visit


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

LIVESTOCK MARKETS (Friday to Thursday) Winnipeg Slaughter Cattle Steers — Heifers 125.00 - 130.00 D1, 2 Cows — D3 Cows 92.00 - 98.00 Bulls 83.00 - 93.00 Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) 160.00 - 184.00 (801-900 lbs.) 175.00 - 195.00 (701-800 lbs.) 185.00 - 212.00 (601-700 lbs.) 200.00 - 23.00 (501-600 lbs.) 218.00 - 255.00 (401-500 lbs.) 230.00 - 258.00 Heifers (901+ lbs.) — (801-900 lbs.) 150.00 -166.00 (701-800 lbs.) 165.00 - 166.00 (601-700 lbs.) 180.00 - 205.00 (501-600 lbs.) 185.00 - 220.00 (401-500 lbs.) 200.00 -220.00


Alberta South — — 95.00 - 108.00 80.00 - 97.00 129.92 - 88.13 $ 167.00 - 177.00 176.00 - 190.00 191.00 - 207.00 208.00 - 233.00 221.00 - 247.00 235.00 - 263.00 $ 154.00 - 165.00 164.00 - 177.00 170.00 - 185.00 182.00 - 200.00 199.00 - 218.00 214.00 - 233.00

($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)

Change -0.50 -1.80 -2.10 -2.15 -1.68 -1.53

Feeder Cattle April 2016 May 2016 August 2016 September 2016 October 2016 November 2016

Cattle Slaughter

April 8, 2016

Previous Year­ 40,006 9,557 30,449 N/A 525,000


Close 154.15 149.80 151.38 150.80 150.03 146.35

Change -2.92 -5.45 -3.70 -2.90 -1.78 -1.60

Week Ending April 2, 2016 1,275 27,158 8,893 345 501 6,107 289

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 746 23,189 9,526 520 431 5,186 43

Hog Prices (Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg)

Source: Manitoba Agriculture

E - Estimation MB. ($/hog) MB (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) PQ (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

“… demand for Canadian cattle is certainly there, but not in an aggressive level as (U.S.) numbers start to pick up.”


Cattle Grades (Canada)

Week Ending April 2, 2016 45,241 11,959 33,282 N/A 542,000

Spring demand for beef not as strong as expected U.S. traders are balking at bullish bets on cattle

Ontario $ 144.27 - 163.98 143.75 - 165.05 73.58 - 97.95 73.58 - 97.95 109.13 - 127.15 $ 161.85 - 190.15 170.43 - 196.62 170.10 - 208.91 172.17 - 225.76 188.20 - 250.80 186.95 - 240.27 $ 163.13 - 177.65 165.07 - 185.57 152.52 - 192.74 152.03 - 198.39 156.43 - 214.34 170.43 - 223.10


(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)

Futures (April 8, 2016) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close April 2016 132.43 June 2016 122.23 August 2016 118.08 October 2016 117.70 December 2016 117.73 February 2017 116.88

Canada East West Manitoba U.S.

$1 Cdn: $0.7695 U.S. $1 U.S: $1.2995 Cdn.


Cattle Prices

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: april 1, 2016

Current Week 173 E 160 E 156.81

Last Week 171.53 159.41 15417

Last Year (Index 100) 157.05 146.04 135.80





rices for Manitoba cattle softened slightly during the week ended April 8, as tepid U.S. futures and a rise in the Canadian dollar weighed on values. Prices among feeder classes were generally a few dollars per hundredweight lower at most of the eight major outlets in the province. Heavier-weight animals may have experienced the most difficulty, according to a participant. On the positive side, top-quality grasstype calves were fully steady, with strong interest. A total of 6,146 made their way through the rings, down from the 7,000-plus animals offered the week before. Poor weather may have contributed to a slightly lower showing than normal, according to one operator. “Normally we see a bit more improvement heading into the second quarter with that upcoming anticipated spring demand for beef, but it just hasn’t been all that strong,” said Anne Wasko, a marketing analyst with Gateway Livestock Marketing at Eastend, Sask. “Recent strength in the Canadian dollar is one reason for the weaker showing, along with high prices for beef at the supermarket.” The spring has posed a number of different challenges, she added. “Cattle feeders are working through some expensive inventory and losses here in Western Canada continue to be pretty steep.” However, as summer approaches, Wasko said she expects to see strength returning to the finished cattle market.

anne wasko Gateway Livestock Marketing

“Numbers (of finished cattle) going to the U.S. are up from a year ago, but down on feeder cattle,” she said. The size of the herd in the U.S. continues to swell, Wasko said. U.S. cattle producers, unlike those in Canada, have been forging ahead with expansion efforts, which mean they’re not desperate for cattle. “So demand for Canadian cattle is certainly there, but not in an aggressive level as (U.S.) numbers start to pick up,” she said. Reports out of Chicago indicate a plethora of cheap pork and poultry supplies have cast resistance over beef prices and made traders reluctant to take bullish bets. They aren’t likely to start, either, until more restaurants and other retailers show they’re willing to pay the higher prices for beef. According to the U.S. Department o f A g r i c u l t u re a n d U . S . Me a t E x p o r t Federation, congestion at West Coast ports and slowing demand in Mexico are also among the reasons why U.S. beef supplies are building. Still, Wasko noted, even with the recent downturn in prices, values are still higher relative to their historical average. “Even with the dollar moving higher here, prices are still strong.” Dave Sims writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Futures (April 8 2016) in U.S. Hogs



April 2016 May 2016 June 2016 July 2016

67.13 75.93 80.08 80.18

-1.22 -1.30 -0.77 -0.63

August 2016



Other Market Prices Sheep and Lambs Winnipeg $/cwt Ewes Lambs

Wooled Fats

Choice (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)

— — Next Sale April 20th — —

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of April 13, 2010 Under 1.2 kg..................................................$1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg....................................................$1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg....................................................$1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg.....................................................$1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of March 6, 2016 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A ............................................... $1.890 Undergrade ....................................... $1.800 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A ................................................$1.875 Undergrade .........................................$1.775 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A ................................................$1.875 Undergrade ........................................$1.875 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................................$1.855 Undergrade...........................................$1.770 Prices are quoted f.o.b. producers premise.

Toronto 96.16 - 122.88 134.44 - 186.21 218.01 - 234.20 230.07 - 264.17 257.28 - 317.49 —

SunGold Specialty Meats —

Eggs Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective November 10, 2013. New Previous A Extra Large $2.00 $2.05 A Large 2.00 2.05 A Medium 1.82 1.87 A Small 1.40 1.45 A Pee Wee 0.3775 0.3775 Nest Run 24 + 1.8910 1.9390 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Goats Kids Billys Mature

Winnipeg (Hd Fats) — — —

<1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

Manitoba Beef Producers appoints new general manager STAFF / Brian Lemon is the new general manager of the Manitoba Beef Producers (MBP). Lemon comes to MBP with an extensive background in the agriculture industry, having worked with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and, most recently, with the Canadian Grain Commission where he was the director of industry services. He held that position since January 2014. Heinz Reimer, president of MPB, says Lemon was

chosen from a strong field of candidates and the board is excited to have someone with his qualifications working on behalf of the province’s beef industry. “Brian’s past experience will be beneficial to MBP and its membership,” Reimer said. “He has experience with important files such as bovine tuberculosis and will be able to hit the ground running. “Our industry has taken important steps over the past couple of years and with Brian’s leadership we will continue to push forward.” Lemon began work with MBP on April 11, and he said he’s joining the group at an exciting time with new markets coming online for producers on COOL ending.

“There will certainly be some challenges to overcome but I look forward to working hard to create a climate in which our members can thrive,” he said. Lemon replaces Melinda German, who left the group Feb. 22 to become general manager of the Canadian Beef Cattle Research, Market Development and Promotion Agency, which is located in Calgary. German had held the position since March 2014. MBP represents approximately 7,000 cattle operations throughout Manitoba, and is the sole beef producer organization in the province. It was formerly known as the Manitoba Cattle Producers Association.

Toronto ($/cwt) 100.31 - 428.77 — 87.58 - 241.27

Horses Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —


Toronto ($/cwt) 37.50 - 85.00 55.00 - 75.00

Looking for results?  Check out the market reports from livestock auctions around the province.   » PaGe 14


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Manitoba Elevator Prices Average quotes as of April 8, 2016 ($/tonne)

Charts show signs of a top for canola futures More bearish news from down south may limit gains




E. Manitoba wheat




W. Manitoba wheat




E. Manitoba canola




W. Manitoba canola



n/a Source:

Port Prices As of Monday April 8, 2016 ($/tonne)

Phil-Franz Warkentin

For three-times-daily market


reports and more from Commodity News Service Canada,


CE Futures Canada canola contracts bounced around within a rather narrow range during the week ended April 8, as the month-long uptrend started to show signs of topping out. Where the market goes from here remains to be seen, with sideways activity more likely than a sharp move one way or the other. The May contract started the week at around $480 per tonne and ended right around that same point. Big swings in the Canadian dollar over the course of the week had a similar end result, with the currency settling within a 10th of a cent of where it started, at 76.91 U.S. cents. On the supportive side, both exporter and domestic crusher demand remain solid, especially as China has decided to push back its implementation of new stricter dockage allowances until September. According to the latest Canadian Grain Commission data, total canola exports to date of 6.7 million tonnes are running a million tonnes ahead of the previous year’s pace. The domestic crush, at 5.8 million tonnes, is also about a million tonnes more than what was processed at the same point the previous year. The general sense of uncertainty that springtime brings should also lend support to canola through the seeding period, with dryness concerns in some parts of the Prairies watched closely by market participants. However, there may be more bearish news on the other side of the scale. South America is bringing in a big soybean crop, which is already weighing on world oilseed markets. Ideas that wet weather in the U.S. may see some intended corn acres go into soybeans instead are another bearish influence in the background.

Last Week

Weekly Change



U.S. spring wheat 14% Portland



Canola Thunder Bay



Canola Vancouver



U.S. hard red winter 12% Houston

visit the Markets section at

Closing Futures Prices


As of Monday, April 8, 2016 ($/tonne) Last Week

The charts also show signs of topping out for canola, setting the stage for a possible break lower. In the U.S., soybeans held near unchanged, while corn was up and wheat down. Weather through the planting season is expected to be a major factor in both corn and beans. Corn is planted first, then soybeans. Early intentions are for a sizable increase in U.S. corn area this year, largely due to decreased winter wheat plantings. If there are any seeding delays for corn — as are already being seen — some swing acres will go back into soybeans. All three U.S. wheat contracts were down during the week, as the rains causing planting delays for corn are coming at just the right time to help the winter wheat crops see some improvement. The Minneapolis spring wheat contracts lagged the Chicago and Kansas City wheat contracts to the downside, but spring wheat in the U.S. also remains pressured by poor export demand. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Weekly Change

ICE canola



ICE milling wheat



ICE barley



Mpls. HRS wheat



Chicago SRW wheat



Kansas City HRW wheat


















Cash Prices Winnipeg As of Monday, April 8, 2016 ($/tonne) Last Week

Weekly Change

Feed wheat



Feed barley



Rye Flaxseed Feed peas Oats












Sunflower (NuSun) Fargo, ND ($U.S./CWT)



Sunflower (Confection) Fargo, ND ($U.S./CWT)



Prairie spring wheat bids edge downward U.S. futures are down on good weather, while the loonie holds firm BY PHIL FRANZ-WARKENTIN CNS Canada


ash spring wheat bids across Western Canada were lower during the week ended April 8, as U.S. futures declined and the Canadian dollar held steady. Depending on the location, average Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) wheat prices were down by $1-$2 per tonne over the course of the week, according to price quotes from a cross-section of deliver y points across the Prairie provinces, compiled by PDQ (Price and Data Quotes). Average prices ranged from about $226 per tonne in eastern Saskatchewan to as high as $241 in southern Alberta. Quoted basis levels varied from location to location, ranging from $35 to $50 per tonne above the

Average CPSR bids were down by about $3-$4 per tonne in most locations.

futures when using the grain company methodology of quoting the basis as the difference between U.S. dollar-denominated futures and Canadian dollar cash bids. When accounting for currency exchange rates by adjusting Canadian prices to U.S. dollars, CWRS bids ranged from US$174 t o $ 1 8 5 p e r t o n n e, w h i c h w a s steady compared to the previous week. That would put the currency adjusted basis levels at about US$6$17 below the futures. Looking at it the other way

around, if the Minneapolis futures are converted to Canadian dollars, CWRS basis levels across Western Canada range from $8 to $22 below the futures. Average Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) bids were down by about $3-$4 per tonne in most locations. Average CPSR prices came in at about $185-$207 per tonne in Saskatchewan and $199-$213 per tonne in Alberta. Average durum prices were up by $2-$3 per tonne during the week, with bids in Saskatchewan rang-

ing from roughly $284 to $287 per tonne. The May spring wheat contract in Minneapolis, off of which most C W R S c o n t ra c t s i n Ca n a d a a re based, was quoted at US$5.21 per bushel on April 8, down eight U.S. cents from the previous week. Kansas City hard red winter wheat futures, traded in Chicago, are more closely linked to CPSR in Canada. The May K.C. wheat contract was quoted at US$4.60 per bushel on April 8, down 17.75 U.S. cents compared to the previous week. The May Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) soft wheat contract settled at US$4.6025 on April 8, down 15.5 U.S. cents on the week. The Canadian dollar closed at 76.91 U.S. cents on April 8, relatively steady with its U.S. counterpart compared to the previous week.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

LIVESTOCK h u s b a n d r y — t h e s c i e n c e , S K I L L O R ART O F F AR M IN G

Taking grazing-management tips from Mother Nature Gabe Brown says his success in cover cropping has come through observing and mimicking nature’s processes BY JENNIFER PAIGE Co-operator staff / Brandon


orth Dakota farmer a n d c over c ro p a n d soil health expert Gabe Brown says if farmers give the techniques he advocates an honest try they’ll be hooked. “Take one field and promise yourself that for five years you will focus on the principles of soil health,” said Brown. If you stick with it for those five years, you will be so amazed at the change in that soil. You’ll become sold on these techniques.” Brown spoke to a full house at a Ducks Unlimited grazing club event at the Lenore community hall April 6. He said soil health is the top priority on his farm east of Bismarck, North Dakota. He practises holistic management, no till, diverse cropping strategies and rotational grazing. “Farming is so much more enjoyable when we can solve problems for good as opposed to Band-Aid solutions that cost us money and don’t last,” said Brown. Over the past 20 years on 5,000 acres of leased and owned land, Brown has transformed what he describes as severely degraded soil into soil that is organically dense and full of microbial activity. This transfor mation has reduced his dependence on chemicals, reduced erosion and compaction issues and increased water absorption. “I have completely eliminated the use of synthetic fertilizers, fungicides, and pesticides and do not use GMO or glyphosate. I prefer signing the back of the cheque instead of the front,” Brown said. He began exploring holistic management and soil health as a way to financially survive after four dismal crop years. “We went through four years of hail and drought and I lost four crops in a row. The bank wouldn’t lend me money to buy any inputs. At the time, I was also doing some rotational grazing and seeing some benefits to my native rangeland. I really just started observing that system and it all came about from that.”

Look to nature Brown explains that the premise of his practices are simply mimicking nature and looking at how the soil was created and maintained before it became degraded by conventional agriculture.

PHOTO: wendy dudley

“Farming is so much more enjoyable when we can solve problems for good as opposed to Band-Aid solutions that cost us money and don’t last.” North Dakota producer, Gabe Brown spoke on cover crops and soil health strategies at the Ducks Unlimited grazing club event in Lenore on April 6.   photo: jennifer paige

“Think of how our soils were developed over eons of time. In the central plains that Manitoba is a part of, there were large herds of bison and elk that wolves were moving,” he said. “They would graze an area and then they wouldn’t come back for a long time. In essence it was high-density grazing, followed by long periods of recovery.” He described how the plant community on those prairie soils had tremendous amounts

of diversity that continually collected sunlight. “That sunlight collection pumped carbon down into the soil to create this healthy soil ecosystem that was sustainable. What we have done is come in and destroyed that,” Brown said. “All I am doing now is trying to mimic nature and return our soils to a less degraded state.” For those starting out with new management practices, Brown says the most important

this is to keep an open mind and don’t be afraid of trial and error. “People just need to be open minded and they will find things that work. The best place to start is to just look at nature,” he said. “Study how soil functions, mimic nature and then try and fit aspects of that into your operation.” In terms of his own success, he says attending field tours and learning from those who are having success with desired

Gabe Brown North Dakota producer

production methods has made all the difference. “We are all busy but I am never too busy to stop and go on a tour because I know I am going to pick something up,” he said. Brown told attendees the DU grazing club events and grazing clubs co-ordinator Michael Thiele’s work promoting the concept and organizing events was especially praiseworthy. [email protected]


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Dairy quality program largely in place Consumers trust farmers more than they trust farming, a recent study says BY SHANNON VANRAES Co-operator staff / Steinbach


ost dairy operations already have the quality assurance program known as proAction in place, but some producers still have lingering questions about how the whole system will work. Speaking at a district Dairy Farmers of Manitoba meeting in Steinbach earlier this month, chair David Wiens said it’s not uncommon to see some resistance to new programs, especially if they require more paperwork. “It’s very similar to when we first brought CQM (Canadian Quality Milk) in, there was some resistance to it and I think there was concerns with the amount of time it might take, keeping up with paperwork,” said Wiens. “But I think as the program develops further, and is more understood, producers will realize it’s not really as onerous as it sometimes seems if you haven’t experienced it yet.” He added the vast majority of dairy farms is already doing what proAction requires, it’s just a matter of documenting and verifying those practices. A few people at the meeting called the need for such a program into question, suggesting that it acquiesced to too many consumer demands, but the majority of producers in attendance supported the initiative. “For the farmers it will be more paperwork, but for the consumer aspects, yes, for consumer confidence we need it,” said Carol Boonstoppel, who farms near Grunthal. “It is things we’ve all done for years, so it is just putting it on paper basically so someone can see it and know we are doing what we say we are.” Wiens pointed to recent studies showing that while consumer trust in farmers remains high, consumer trust in the farming industry has dropped substantially.

Herd health declaration Wiens told attendees that was a wake-up call for the industry, and now is the time to work to reinforce consumer trust. “If we’re thinking we can ignore some of the concerns that are out there, it’s just going to hurt us a lot more in the end,” Wiens said. “Once we lose the confidence and lose the trust with the consumer, that’s not coming back.” Designed to ensure consumer trust can be maintained and even improved upon, proAction was first launched in 2013. The newest component of proAction — a herd health declaration — came into effect on April 1. “This needs to be signed by your veterinarian,” Wiens said, noting the yearly declaration shouldn’t require an extra visit or fee for anyone in regular contact with a veterinarian. “In some provinces, like Ontario, it’s been in place for a couple of years now, and basi-

“It is things we’ve all done for years, so it is just putting it on paper basically so someone can see it and know we are doing what we say we are.”

Carol Boonstoppel

cally, what you need is a declaration signed by your veterinarian on an annual basis, saying that ‘yes this herd looks healthy and that the milk coming from this herd should be all right,’” said Wiens. The next implementation deadline comes in September 2017, when the animal care and traceability components of proAction will become fully established.

Biosecurity programs will come into effect in 2019, foll ow e d b y e n v i r o n m e n t a l requirements in 2021. A nationwide pilot project, which includes Manitoba far ms, is currently underway and will allow for revisions to be made to both the biosecurity and environment modules if needed, Wiens said. [email protected]

David Wiens speaks to dairy producers at an April 4 meeting in Steinbach.   Photo: Shannon VanRaes

Down To EarTh SoluTion For Bulk TranSFEr. Our Ultra-Veyor grows as your business grows with no need to overspend or over spec in the beginning. It’s fully scalable. All components are located conveniently at ground level for ease of maintenance. The system moves grain by air so there is no grain damage and heavy awkward augers and booms are eliminated. For the ultimate ease of operation, add our new SMART-flo controller. Its sensor and PLC, monitor conveying air pressure and airspeed to maximize capacity. It automatically adjusts the blower speed to maintain bulk integrity and reduce energy costs. When you look at all the benefits you gain from this Walinga solution, it’s easy to see why we say we’re tough to beat in the long run.


TOUGH TO BEAT IN THE LONG RUN Walinga_UV_Manitoba_Ad_F.indd 1

2016-03-09 9:36 AM


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016










Ste. Rose


Feeder Steers









No. on offer









Over 1,000 lbs.











































210.00-223.00 (226.00)









220.00-234.00 (240.00)




























Feeder heifers 900-1,000 lbs. 800-900






















































No. on offer









D1-D2 Cows







89.00-99.00 (101.00)


D3-D5 Cows









Slaughter Market

Age Verified









Good Bulls




125.00-133.00 (140.00)













Butcher Steers Butcher Heifers









Feeder Cows









Fleshy Export Cows









Lean Export Cows


















* includes slaughter market

(Note all prices in CDN$ per cwt. These prices also generally represent the top one-third of sales reported by the auction yard.)

Know before you go! Have you ever wasted time and fuel heading out to a field only to find it is too windy to spray? Eliminates the guesswork.

SPRAYcast is an online tool that gives you accurate, 3-day hourly forecasts on the best time to spray according to your farm’s location. Using parameters unique to your geographic location, SPRAYcast calculates the best time, application and location for all types of crops. It’s easy to use and registered users gain access to other useful farming tools and resources.

So before you head all the way out to your farthest field, check with SPRAYcast. Example SPRAYcast farm data

SPonSoREd bY


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Acquiring true traceability A new mobile tool created by a Canadian producer co-operative offers producers the ability to capture livestock data in the field with the device that is already in their pocket BY JENNIFER PAIGE Co-operator staff/Brandon


data-management platform from an Ontario producer co-operative is promising birth-to-sale traceability made easy. BIO, based in Elora, Ont., has designed three systems that work in conjunction with each other to offer mobile traceability from the birth of the calf to the sale of the final product. The future of the beef industry is data intensive, BIO’s business development manager Betty-Jo Almond told a March seminar in Brandon, organized by the Manitoba Beef and Forage Initiative (MBFI). “Having the ability to track and retain data in a timely manner is and will be a major issue,” said Almond. “Pressures are mounting to provide traceability and producers should expect collecting, documenting and sharing on-farm data to (become) the norm.” Some don’t welcome the dawn of the information age in the pasture and feedlot, but the industry as a whole is poised to benefit from the shift, Almond said. “The minute that you start collecting data and have the ability to transfer it across sectors in the value chain there are benefits to everyone in the entire system,” Almond said. “Carcass information is able to get back to the producers where decisions are being made that ultimately impact the end product.” Manitoba already has some users and Almond expects many more. “The Manitoba beef test station is just starting to get up and running with the program and we have had a lot of really strong interest from the area, Almond said. “We have partnered with MBFI and we are going to work with them to have a few speaking opportunities and differ-

An Ontario-based producer co-operative has developed a mobile system which can provide true traceability in livestock production.   Photo: BIO

ent opportunities to talk with producers at their Brandon location.”

Data on devices BIO first developed bioTrack, a subscription-based recordkeeping system, suitable for verified beef production, that allows producers to document pedigree, breeding, pregnancy checks, calving, vaccinations, movements, weight, treatments and sales and expenses. Go360, a system BIO released last fall, takes it a step further by allowing for mobile use of the bioTrack system on any device. “We didn’t design an app for Apple, Android or BlackBerry, we went the route of using HTML5 coding. It makes the browser of your device act like the app,” said Almond. “So, it doesn’t matter what device you are accessing this on.” The web-based system allows you to capture and manage information while in the field with the device that is already in your pocket.

“There is a real time-saving factor. Once you are done handling the animals you don’t have to now do something with the data you just spent all day collecting. You are storing that data as you collect it,” said Almond. Data can be captured and accessed any time, even out of Internet range. “There is the disconnect feature that allows you to download the herd information to your device,” Almond said. “You can download everything or specifics.” Through the partnership of the two programs, reports can be generated on animal or herd history, animal production, sire summary, genetic scorecards and weekly updated genetic evaluations. Birth data is automatically uploaded every six hours to Canadian Cattle Identification Agency, creating automatic age verification and eliminating the need for double entry of data. Acquiring this information can also benefit produc-

Dairy market loss close to four per cent Dairy groups told no answer is coming until after the deals are ratified BY SHANNON VANRAES Co-operator staff / Steinbach


airy farmers are still waiting to find out if the new federal government will honour the word of its Conservative predecessor. They were promised compensation to offset market loss under two proposed trade deals, but six months into its mandate, the Trudeau government has been noncommittal. Speaking at a Dairy Farmers of Manitoba meeting here last week, chairman David Wiens said the organization is continuing to push the government, but has been told no decision will be made until the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) are ratified. “So that’s their angle on it, but we’ve certainly been lobbying them in terms of the need to

have this compensation as part of these deals, because our market was given away,” Wiens said. “During our lobby days in February, we had the opportunity to meet with all the MPs in Ottawa and of course our message was about the impact that these kind of deals have on the Canadian dairy industry and what our expectations are on the part of government.” When initially announced under the previous Conservative government, the Canada-EU trade deal was purported to open the Canadian dairy market by 3.25 per cent, but Wiens said new calculations by Dairy Farmers of Canada put that amount closer to four per cent. “Milk displaced by this agreement will of course never be produced in Canada again,” he said, but he added that the deal could have been more damaging for dairy farmers if overall tariffs had been affected.

“This was only a partial opening up of our markets; it did not lower overall tariffs, which would have been much worse for us,” Wiens said. He hopes that the current federal government lets dairy farmers know what decision has been made as soon as possible, so producers can plan for the future and make adjustments if they need too. While there has been no formal announcement made, Wiens said the expectation is the Canada-EU deal will come into effect next January. “When it comes to CETA it is our understanding that there have been some developments there,” he said. “Canada and the EU have come to an agreement, there is a few outstanding issues that they managed to work through fairly recently, so at this point the Canadian government is very confident that the deal will be entered into force next year.” [email protected]

“This can really open doors for producers because if the quality of the product that they are producing is really strong, having that traceability gives you the backing of your claims to buyers.” Betty-Jo Almond business development manager with BIO

ers in gathering a better understanding of where operational improvements could be made, keeping track of herd health and maintaining access to all marketing options. “This can really open doors for producers because if the quality of the product that they are producing is really strong, having that traceability gives you the backing of your claims to buyers,” Almond said.

Linking carcass to source BIO’s third program, BioLinks is designed to track sales and inventory of on-farm products.

BioLinks has the ability to link meat products back to the carcass and animal history through RFID numbers, creating a trail of information from birth of the calf to sale of a rib-eye. “We are currently just refining what information is transferred but things like age of animal, breed, health, treatments, and source details would really help the processing facility and other aspects of the value chain,” said Almond. For more information visit, [email protected]


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

WEATHER VANE “Everyone talks about the weather, but no one does anything about it.” Mark Twain, 1897

Warmer but continued unsettled Issued: Monday, April 11, 2016 · Covering: April 13 – April 20, 2016 Daniel Bezte Weather Vane


pointed out early this month that we would be seeing a change in our weather pattern around the middle of the month; it looks more and more like this will exactly be the case, but what will this change look and feel like? At first it looked as though we were going to see a 180-degree flip, with very warm and dry weather building in. Over the last few model runs, the weather models have taken what I would say is a turn for the worst. It definitely looks like it will be getting warmer — but now it also looks like it will start off with some fairly wet weather. The latest model run shows a deep trough of low pressure developing to our west. This will allow our flow to become southerly by Wednesday which will start pushing milder air into our region. We should see daytime highs into the low to mid-teens on Wednesday, with overnight lows staying above the freezing mark. Originally the weather models were keeping this western trough to our west but now

they show a strong upper low breaking off and taking up residence to our south starting on Thursday. This upper low will help to bring clouds, showers and cooler temperatures right through next weekend before it finally moves off to the east. It will be cooler than expected but should stay warm enough that any precipitation which falls should be rain. It looks like we finally see some sunshine and drier weather by Monday or Tuesday of next week as high pressure builds in behind the departing upper low. Temperatures look to be mild, with daytime highs expected to be near the top end of the usual temperature range for this time of the year. Looking further ahead, the weather models point toward seasonable temperatures during the last week or two of April, with some signs of above-average temperatures moving in. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, +4 to +17 C; lows, -6 to +3 C.


1 Month (30 Days) Accumulated Precipitation (Prairie Region) March 8, 2016 to April 6, 2016

0 mm 0 - 5 mm 5 - 10 mm 10 - 15 mm 15 - 20 mm 20 - 25 mm 25 - 30 mm 30 - 40 mm 40 - 50 mm 50 - 60 mm 60 - 70 mm 70 - 80 mm 80 - 90 mm 90 - 100 mm 100 - 125 mm 125 - 150 mm 150 - 200 mm > 200 mm Extent of Agricultural Land Lakes and Rivers

Produced using near real-time data that has undergone initial quality control. The map may not be accurate for all regions due to data availability and data errors. Copyright © 2016 Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada

Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at [email protected]

Prepared by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s National Agroclimate Information Service (NAIS). Data provided through partnership with Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and many Provincial agencies.

Created: 04/07/16

This issue’s map shows the total amount of precipitation that has fallen across the Prairies during the 30 days ending April 6. With the exception of extreme southwestern Alberta, the wettest region has been in Manitoba. Northwestern and eastern regions of agricultural Manitoba saw upward of 50 mm during this period.

Hopefully just a random cut-off low Upper-level lows aren’t necessarily bad unless they’re cut off from the jet stream BY DANIEL BEZTE Co-operator contributor


have to admit this has been, to say the least, an interesting spring. I don’t know about you, but I don’t remember a spring that has had this many snow/melt days. In the past I have talked about false starts to spring, when we get an early snowmelt but then the snowpack returns and sticks around for a while. This year it has been different. We saw an early snowmelt and several times now the snowpack has tried to return but, for the most part, we never saw enough snow to last for more than a couple of days before the spring sunshine melted it away. Lately, though, that melting has been in question, as a deep trough of low pressure to our east has kept us in a strong northerly flow that has brought us our first real cold snap of the year. I don’t know about you, but I think I can handle a little cold weather to start off April if that is the price to pay for one of the warmest winters on record. Also on the plus side is the fact that, if the temperatures we experienced in March continued, we would have seen a very early budding of the trees which probably would have ended badly.

… if the temperatures we experienced in March continued, we would have seen a very early budding of the trees which probably would have ended badly.

As you know, the chances of making it through to mid-May without a shot of really cold weather are pretty slim. On the negative side, the cold weather is definitely slowing down the drying-out period and unfortunately the forecast is not looking that good for those of you hoping for warm, dry weather. This leads me to a discussion I have had in the past and I am hoping we won’t have to have it more than once this year, and that has to do with upperlevel lows. I’ll have to admit, whenever I hear mention of an upper-level low or a cut-off low I kind of cringe. Unless you are in a drought and praying for rain, upper-level lows are never a good thing. They are tough to forecast, they tend to move very slowly, and because of that, they can stick around for days or even weeks! This slow movement then results in plenty of chances for rain or snow. Sometimes, depending on the nature of the upper-

level low, we will see widespread rains, while other times the rain will come in the form of scattered showers or even thundershowers.

Eddies in the jet stream What are upper-level lows and cut-off lows and what causes them? Upper-level lows are often associated, at least at first, with strong surface lows. Surface lows can form for a number of reasons, but a vast majority of them forms along the boundary between two different air masses and are associated with the jet stream. If you remember back to some of the articles I have written about the jet stream and waves, you might remember that areas of low pressure tend to form in the turbulent flow along the edges of the jet stream. This is kind of like watching eddies form in the water when two different currents meet. These eddies or lows, if they stay along the edge of the two dif-

ferent currents or jet stream, tend to move along fairly quickly. Occasionally these features can break away from this region and when they do, they tend to meander around until they either slowly weaken or get caught up in the main current once again, then quickly move away. This can happen when we see extreme loops of high and low pressure develop, which is what brought the cold weather over the last couple of weeks. The current positioning and strength of the jet stream is such that it now helps to intensify these Pacific lows as they cross the Rocky Mountains. As they strengthen, cold air in the upper atmosphere gets pulled into the low, creating a pool of cold air above the low. This helps to reduce the height of the atmosphere over that region, which lowers the pressure in the upper atmosphere, creating an upper low. Upper lows in themselves are not that unusual; having them break away and become a cut-off low is. If the jet stream is strong enough, or the curving around the area of low pressure becomes very exaggerated, the upper low can break away from the main flow of the jet stream. Once this hap-

pens, the upper low does not have any strong steering currents and it tends to just meander or wander around. In the summer, because these upper lows are pools of cold air in the upper atmosphere, we tend to see a lot of showers and thunderstorms develop. During the day the sun tries to warm the surface area under these lows. This warming air starts to rise and it finds a cold atmosphere around it. This allows the air to continue to rise, creating showers and thunderstorms, usually by mid- to late afternoon. These showers and storms tend to weaken overnight, only for the whole cycle to begin the next day. To sum it all up, upper-level lows on their own are not necessarily a bad thing. Things get bad when they break away from the jet stream or become cut off from it, forming a cutoff low. These lows move very slowly and meander around, which means they bring prolonged periods of unsettled weather, and because of their slow movement we often see large amounts of rain or snow if it’s cold enough. Typically we see one or two of these cutoff lows impact our regions. Hopefully this latest one is not a harbinger of things to come this spring and summer.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

CROPS Launch of Monsanto’s Xtend soybean on hold pending EU approval BY ALLAN DAWSON Co-operator staff


*Post-infection protection varies by disease.

ith seeding around the corner, distribution of Monsanto’s new Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans to Canadian farmers is on hold, awaiting European Union (EU) approval. The glyphosate- and dicambatolerant soybeans were expected to be approved weeks ago. The Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers Association (MPSGA) and major grain companies don’t want Monsanto to release the seed until the EU approves it. They fear it will jeopardize Canadian soybean exports worth $455 million last year alone. So far that’s what Monsanto has done, but if EU approval, which the company is convinced is imminent, doesn’t come by April 15 Monsanto will “reassess its next steps,” said Trish Jordan, Monsanto Canada’s public and industry affairs director in an interview April 5. While Jordan didn’t say Xtend soybean seed will be released in time for spring seeding even if the EU hasn’t approved it, she didn’t rule it out either. “We’ve had extensive conversations with the industry and a

As with all crop protection products, read and follow label instructions carefully. Member of CropLife Canada.

While Monsanto says approval is imminent, the MPSGA and exporters fear Canadian soybean exports would be jeopardized

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DeKalb agronomist Bruce Murray explained the benefits of Monsanto’s new Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans at the company’s Oakville, Man., plots last June.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON

number of players and it could be possible,” she said, adding Monsanto is aware of grain company concerns. “In the big scheme of things we don’t view this as an issue whatsoever because even if we don’t have the approval by spring, there is absolutely zero reason why we shouldn’t have it by harvest. “Approval is essentially granted, but we don’t have the signed documentation.” An April 7 letter from the European Union’s DirectorateGeneral for Health and Food Safety to Soy Canada confirms that. It says the European Food Safety Authority approved Xtend soybeans last June. “Following these votes, and in

“We need to make sure that we have EU approval in place before we allow the product to be commingled in the grain-handling system.” Wade Sobkowich

accordance with the applicable EU legislations, it is now for the commission to decide on the authorization of the two soybeans,” EU official Sabine Jülicher says in the letter. “I would like to inform you that the draft authorizing decisions are now at the final stage of the procedure.”

Seeding is approaching Seed processors are getting “antsy” knowing there are logistical hurdles and a practical deadline to getting seed to farmers in time to plant, Jordan said. Farmers started booking Xtend seed last November. In February Monsanto announced “its intent to commercialize… Xtend soybeans in Canada in time for

the 2016 growing season, after the company received import approval from China’s Ministry of Agriculture.” If Xtend soybeans, which were approved by Canadian regulators in 2013, are shelved for 2016 there is enough EU-approved glyphosate-tolerant soybean seed to meet Canadian farmers’ needs, Jordan said. If farmers plant Xtend soybeans and EU approval hasn’t come by har vest they could be hard to sell. The major grain companies won’t buy them without EU approval, Western Grain Elevator Association executive director Wade Sobkowich said in See XTEND on page 18 »


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

XTEND Continued from page 17

Monsanto hopes to commercialize its glyphosate- and dicamba-tolerant Roundup 2 Xtend soybeans this spring, but seed sales are on hold pending European Union approval.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON


an interview. The WGEA represents the West’s six main grain companies. “We need to make sure that we have EU approval in place before we allow the product to be commingled in the grainhandling system,” Sobkowich said. “Until EU approvals are received we won’t be in a position to sell or handle the seed.” Even a small amount of the unapproved variety commingled into a shipment could be a big problem, Sobkowich said. It is especially dangerous because the EU soybean market is a large one. “We don’t want to jeopardize that market,” Sobkowich said. “There is an order of operations here that needs to be respected.” Commercializing new GM crops before they have been approved by importers has resulted in lawsuits against developers. American corn farmers have launched class-action lawsuits against Syngenta for $2.9 billion. Farmers allege they lost money when Syngenta released a GM


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corn not approved in China, prompting China to block U.S. corn imports for a year, starting in December 2013. While the MPSGA welcomes Monsanto’s Xtend soybeans because of the weed control options, the association doesn’t want them commercialized before EU approval. “We don’t want an unapproved event produced because of the potential to harm the EU market,” MPSGA executive director Francois Labelle said in an interview. “There’s huge potential risk to growers because if unapproved soybeans get mixed into a shipment to the EU, grain companies could trace it back and hold the farmer liable. They could lose their farm over it. We want farmers to be aware of the risks.” Soy Canada, which represents Canadian soybean growers, processors, exporters and developers, includi n g Mo n s a n t o, w a s m o re circumspect. “My answer is yes, we need to respect their (EU) policies, but we really do need Europe to address this application in a timely fashion,” said Jim Everson, the group’s executive director, in an interview. “We’re not asking them to change their process, we’re asking them to get it through the system in an expeditious way so it doesn’t hold up commerce and innovation in Canada and trade ultimately.” Everson, Labelle and Sobkowich, praised Monsanto for how it’s handling the issue. “Good on them for taking the action they have so far,” Everson said. “They’ve agreed not to release seed and we will evaluate it later on. We support the position that they don’t release the seed until they have approval in the EU.”

“Approval is essentially granted, but we don’t have the signed documentation.”

Trish Jordan

Me a n w h i l e, Soy Ca n a d a continues to urge the EU to finalize the approval. The EU’s European Food Safety Authority, which conducted a science-based assessment of Xtend soybeans gave them “a thumbs up” last June, Everson said. “It’s not very transparent so we don’t know what the issue is, but there doesn’t appear to be any legislative regulatory roadblocks to proceeding so it’s just a question of, as I see it, administratively getting the job done. It’s an important matter for our farmers. I think it’s up to the EU to deal with this.” Monsanto has been working more than a decade to bring Xtend soybeans to market. “It’s a good tool to address weed-management challenges,” Jordan said. Xtend growers will be able to control more weeds with one spray application, including some glyphosate-resistant weeds, get 14 days of residual weed control and delay the development of herbicide-tolerant weeds. [email protected]


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Perfect weather sees top corn yields from western Manitoba Both regionally and individually, corn growers from western Manitoba earned top provincial yields in 2015 By John Dietz Co-operator contributor


he results from the annual Manitoba Corn Growers Association (MCGA) yield competition give a tantalizing glimpse into the future of corn in western Manitoba. The event, in its 45th year, saw Baker Colony, near MacGregor, capture the top prize for 2015 with a yield of 241 bushels per acre. Roland Unger of Arden was the second-place entry, with a yield of 219 bu./ac. Rounding out the top 10 from the region were Wynd River Farm at Cypress River, in sixth place and Drumads Farms, Boissevain in ninth place. “The west was really well represented this year for entries,” MCGA agronomist Morgan Cott said in a telephone interview. “There’s certainly a possibility of higher yields outside the (Red River) Valley. “The majority of acres is grown in the valley and a bit east of the Red River, (but) we’ve seen westward expansion in the past few years.” She said corn is well established in the Portage-MacGregor area now, and has been steadily creeping west and north. Arden is about 40 km northwest of MacGregor, roughly 200 km outside the traditional corn production area. Cott visits each farm in the competition during the growing season. At a place chosen by the grower, she takes a 100foot sample, collecting all the cobs by hand from two adjacent rows. At the MCGA headquarters in Carman, the entries are dried, shelled and weighed. The 2015 event had 37 entries. Unger’s variety was Legend LR9474 VT2PRIB. It is rated to mature at 74 days. It has genetic resistance to European corn borer, plus corn earworm and fall army worm protection. “On this variety, the average yield was about 170 bushels,” Unger said. “It was the highestyielding competition entry that I’ve had. Another variety did go better than that last fall, but it had to be combined to figure that out.” Total Manitoba corn area in 2015 was down to about 210,000 acres. However, the MCGA reports an average yield of 138 bu./ac. — the highest ever. For the most part, quality was excellent with high test weights and relatively low grain moisture due to the long, open fall. Fo r c o m p a r i s o n , No r t h Dakota growers planted about 2.56 million acres of grain corn last year, but the state average was only 128 bu./ac., according to the USDA. While 2015’s competition did not match the all-time provincial record (271 bu./ac. in 2013 by Baker Colony), it was an excellent growing season in western Manitoba. “It just turned into a perfect year that we won’t forget very soon. The season was just extended,” Cott said. “It shows we can grow high-yielding corn outside the valley. The ability to grow corn in western Manitoba is definitely there, and we have

“It just turned into a perfect year that we won’t forget very soon. The season was just extended.” Morgan Cott MCGA

earlier varieties that are helping the acres to increase.” Evidence of those ideal conditions could be seen in the accumulation of corn heat units. In 2015 both Arden and MacGregor beat the official rating for their area by about 10 per cent. Unger made some changes in his corn management that also may have helped improve the 2015 yield. “I h a d a s s i s t a n c e f r o m EchelonAg with a field pre-

scription this time,” he said. “It wasn’t on a new piece of equipment, but I did figure out how to do variable-rate planting as well as variable-rate fertilizer. Then, we topped her up when the corn was three or four feet tall with a floater and some liquid nitrogen fertilizer. That was new, too.” Corn growers in western Manitoba say that at anything above 120 bushels an acre, corn is proving to be profitable beyond a doubt.

Arden-area corn grower Roland Unger says good weather and some production tweaks helped him earn second place in the MCGA yield competition while growing the crop in a non-traditional area.   PHOTO: John Dietz

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


A 130-year history of sugar cane production is coming to an end on the Hawaiian island of Maui. In January Alexander & Baldwin announced it will be closing the last sugar plantation by the end of the year. There still may be future opportunities however, as the company has indicated it wants the land to remain in agriculture production and it’s been trial testing fruit trees, papayas and avocados. Hemp has also been suggested as an alternative crop.   PHOTO: Jeannette Greaves

Canadian wheat growers hit by subsidy effects

Nuffield Scholarship application deadline April 30

Advanced developing nations subsidize wheat growers, hurting farmers from exporting nations

Four scholarships of $15,000 each are available for those between 25 and 45

BY ALEX BINKLEY Co-operator contributor


anadian farmers are among those being disa d va n t a g e d by w h e a t subsidies in advanced developing countries like China, India, Turkey and Brazil, according to two U.S. groups. The U.S. Wheat Associates and the U.S. National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) pegged the annual cost to Canadian farmers at about 249,000 tonnes in lost sales and $251.9 million in lower prices. Previously the groups commissioned a similar study which found subsidies offered to Chinese farmers lowered American wheat prices by $550 million a year, predicted to rise to $653 million for 2016. That earlier study on Chinese subsidies sparked a lot of interest from Canadian farmers, Wheat Associates spokesman Dalton Henry said. “( They were)... wondering if these developing country programs were having a similar impact on their exports and prices,” he said. The group did the additional analysis and came up with the impact figures for Canadian, Australian and European farmers. A l a n Tr a c y, U . S . W h e a t A s s o c i a t e s’ p re s i d e n t , s a i d in a statement that of all the trade-distorting policies U.S. growers face, wheat subsidies in China and other developing

countries have the most serious effect on farm gate prices and trade flow. “The studies we have sponsored clearly show the problem is growing more serious at the worst time for farmers who are already facing unprofitable prices,” he said. Cam Dahl, head of Cereals Canada, said Canadian farmers are unquestionably feeling financial pain from domestic subsidies developing countries offer their wheat growers. “There is no doubt that production and trade-distorting domestic support in other countries is costing Canadian farmers,” Dahl said. In large part that’s why the industry supported the failed Doha round of W TO negotiations, which aimed to move towards the elimination of domestic support programs, he said. Canada has done its part through various agriculture policy eras including the Agriculture Policy Framework, Growing Forward and Growing Forward 2, he said. “Canada has moved away from production-distorting and tradedistorting support programs,” he said.

Chinese subsidies Gordon Stoner, president of NAWG, said international wheat prices have collapsed in recent years, and at least in part he blames countries that fail to play by the rules. He warned losses will accelerate if China

doesn’t rein in subsidies to wheat growers as it has promised in the past. He wants the Obama administration to challenge the Chinese subsidy through the World Trade Organization. An Iowa State University study said that removing China’s domestic wheat support would have significant benefits for farmers in wheat-exporting countries. It would have to increase imports to more than 9.6 million tonnes per year, a volume that is about equal to the Chinese wheat tariff-rate quota. “That would increase wheat exports and farm revenue in the United States, as well as in Europe, Canada and Australia,” the report stated. A 2014 study by DTB Associates showed that China effectively pays its farmers a minimum procurement price of more than US$10 per bushel for wheat and subsidizes input costs. In wheat alone, China provides support of at least US$15.4 billion or 36 per cent of the value of production, which far exceeds the 8.5 per cent limit set when it joined the WTO. China also agreed to allow wheat imports at a one per cent tariff rate, up to a quota of 9.64 million tonnes. The outof-quota tariff rate is 65 per cent. China rarely administers this tariff-rate quota as agreed and imports invariably fall far below the quota, even when its domestic prices are far above world market prices.


Nuffield release

Applications for 2017 Canadian Nuffield Farming Scholarships are due April 30, 2016. Scholarships are awarded to individuals with a passion for agriculture and a desire to expand their knowledge, pursue new ideas and share their findings with others, for the betterment of Canadian agriculture. Applicants should be in mid-career, between the ages of 25 and 45 (guideline) with a minimum of five years of agricultural business or farming experience and the management ability to step away from current duties in order to pursue their studies. Scholars must travel for a minimum of 10 weeks, with a minimum of six consecutive weeks in one leg of their travel. Nuffield scholarships are not for those involved in full-time studies or for the purpose of furthering existing research projects. Scholars must complete their project within two years of winning the award and must produce a written report and present their findings upon return. Four scholarships of $15,000 each are available for 2017. • Glacier FarmMedia, in its fifth year of partnership with Nuffield Canada, will support a National Scholarship. • The Grain Farmers of Ontario (GFO) scholarship will be awarded to an outstanding individual involved in the Ontario grain industry whose study shows direct benefit to the Ontario grain sector. • The Western Grains Research Foundation (WGRF) scholarship, new in 2017, will be available to scholars directly involved in the western Canadian field crop sector, preferably a producer, or an individual actively involved through extension or research. •  The Alberta Wheat Commission scholarship, new in 2017, will be available to an Alberta resident involved in the western Canadian grain sector, directly connected to primary grain production. Research topics will focus on studies that benefit the wheat sector. Application forms can be downloaded from


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

China to end state corn stockpiling Domestic prices are expected to move into line with global markets BY NIU SHUPING AND DAVID STANWAY Beijing/Reuters


hina plans to scrap its corn stockpiling scheme and allow markets to set prices for the grain, pushing to boost efficiency on its farms and to narrow a gap between local and international prices that has sparked a surge of cheaper imports. The government will instead subsidize corn growers and encourage commercial firms to buy grain from farmers at market prices, the State Administration of Grain said in a statement on March 29. The new policy, which marks the biggest reform in China’s grains sector for a decade, is aimed at improving quality and efficiency in its agricultural sector as part of the country’s “supply-side reform.” But it could prove costly for Beijing, potentially leaving it with huge financial losses as falling prices devalue massive stockpiles that hold over half the world’s corn supplies. And as domestic prices start to shift in line with international markets, Chinese demand for imports of corn and corn substitutes such as sorghum, feed barley and distillers grains is expected to tank, hitting major suppliers such as the U.S. and Australia. “We hope the new reform would let the market play more of a role in the formation of prices,” Liu Xiaonan, a deputy director with the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), was quoted as saying in the statement. The new policy will take effect in the world’s No. 2 corn consumer from the 2016-17 marketing year that starts in October. “Imports after autumn would be very difficult and could come to a halt,” said Li Qiang, an analyst with commodity advisory Shanghai JC Intelligence Co. Ltd. (JCI). “Given the market-oriented reform of domestic corn prices, it is possible that China would be able to export both corn and corn products.” Beijing’s nine-year-old stockpiling system, designed to support its huge rural workforce, has artificially lifted corn prices around 30-50 per cent above global markets, triggering a record volume of imports of corn and corn substitutes in 2015. Government officials signalled the policy change last month. Chen Xiwen, deputy director with the Communist Party’s Central Rural Working Leading Group said the move would make domestic corn prices cheap enough to deter imports. The step was also flagged over the weekend by local television, and has already driven down domestic corn prices.

“Traders will be watching developments closely as the selldown of Chinese reserves will impact demand for U.S. corn.” Tobin Gorey Commonwealth Bank of Australia

sell more than 40 million tonnes from stockpiles this year, possibly starting from next month, with prices potentially below market price, said JCI’s Li. “Traders will be watching developments closely as the selldown of Chinese reserves will impact demand for U.S. corn,” said Tobin Gorey, director of agricultural strategy at Commonwealth Bank of Australia. Government hopes that the policy that will cut corn production could be dashed in the short term, however, as many farmers have already purchased seeds ahead of the planting sea-

son that starts next month, analysts said. “Farmers may not reduce acreage as much as the government expects. Corn could still be in surplus during the autumn harvest,” said an analyst with an official think-tank, who declined to be identified due to the sensitivity of the issue. China has already abolished stockpiling in cotton, soybeans and rapeseed, and the March 29 statement said it would also look into reforming wheat and rice, the two remaining staple food commodities subject to minimum purchase prices set by the government.


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Massive state sales loom? After years of stockpiling coupled with weakening domestic demand, the government has been saddled with about 250 million tonnes of corn in its reserves, more than the country can consume in a whole year, with the quality of the stored grain deteriorating. The government is likely to

A farmer husks corn near Gaocheng in China’s Hebei province in September last year. China’s latest move to end its corn stockpiling system will instead see Beijing subsidize corn growers.   Photo: Reuters/Kim Kyung-Hoon

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

CPP to buy stake in Glencore’s agribusiness The commodity firm may offer up another 20 per cent stake BY DMITRY ZHDANNIKOV London / Reuters


ommodity trader/ miner Glencore has agreed to sell 40 per cent of its agricultural unit to the Canada Pension Plan for US$2.5 billion, the company’s latest step to cut debt and soothe investor concerns about the impact of weak commodity prices. The sale values the agricultural unit as a whole at close to the initially expected $10 billion, including $600 million in debt and $2.5 billion in inventor ies, and comes after Glencore said last month it was stepping up its debt reduction plan by unloading more assets (all figures US$). The group said it aimed to cut net debt to between $17 billion and $18 billion by the end of 2016, $1 billion more than previously planned and down from a peak of $30 billion last year. The purchase, announced April 6, is by CPP’s investment unit, the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB), which seeks long-term, lowrisk investments. “Glencore Agri complements our existing portfolio of agriculture assets, bringing global exposure, scale and diversification,” CPPIB’s global head of private investments, Mark Jenkins, said in a statement. Glencore’s stock had coll a p s e d t o b e low 70 pence (C$1.31) at the end of last year, a fraction of its peak of 556 pence following its 2011 flotation, due to investor worries over its heavy debts coupled with slumping copper and coal prices.

“Glencore Agri complements our existing portfolio of agriculture assets, bringing global exposure, scale and diversification.” Mark Jenkins Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

of $524 million in 2015 and has gross assets of more than $10 billion. “Under Glencore’s ownership the (agriculture) business has been successfully rebased, particularly following the Viterra acquisition in 2012, and is well positioned to benefit from long-ter m global macro and sector trends,” Glencore CEO Ivan Glasenberg said in a release. Un d e r t h e a g re e m e n t , Glencore has the right to sell up to a further 20 per cent stake in the business. Glencore and CPPIB have also agreed to a four-year

lockup period on the shares, and may also call for an initial public offering of Glencore Agri after eight years from the deal’s date of completion, the companies said. Glencore Agri would be run by current chief Chris Mahoney and a board to which CPPIB and Glencore would each appoint two directors. “The more assets Glencore disposes of, the more shareholders will begin to weigh up the benefits to the balance sheet versus the negatives of lost future revenue,” said Jasper Lawler, market analyst at CMC Markets.

Investment grade The stock has, however, doubled in value since then, after the company took steps to cut debt and protect its investment-grade credit rating, by raising money via a share issue, reducing inventories, suspending dividends and selling assets. “Ma n a g e m e n t c o n t i n u e s to be proactive and delivering on the stated objective of reducing debt,” said Charl Malan, portfolio manager at investor and Glencore shareholder Van Eck Associates. Malan said that he expects Glencore to continue to dr ive debt lower via asset sales, metal streaming deals and improved operating efficiencies. Glencore expects the agriculture deal to complete in the second half of 2016. The business, which includes Prairie grain handler Viterra, c o m p r i s e s m o re t h a n 2 0 0 storage facilities globally, 31 processing facilities and 23 ports, allowing Glencore to trade grains, oilseeds, rice, sugar and cotton. It generated core earnings


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Glencore CEO Ivan Glasenberg, shown here during an interview with Thomson Reuters in London last October, says the company’s agribusiness is “well positioned to benefit from long-term global macro and sector trends.”   Photo: Reuters/Toby Melville


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

France moves to ban some glyphosate mixes The French health agency, ANSES, is targeting glyphosate-tallowamine mixes amid fierce debate over glyphosate PARIS/Reuters


Monsanto’s Roundup atomizers are displayed for sale at a garden shop at Bonneuil-Sur-Marne near Paris, France.  Photo: REUTERS/Charles Platiau

rance’s health and safety agency is poised to ban weed killers that combine chemicals glyphosate and tallowamine because of concerns over possible health risks, it said Apr. 8. The ANSES agency sent a letter this week to manufacturers informing them that it intends to withdraw the authorization for such products, Francoise Weber, the ANSES deputy director general, told Reuters. The agency had reviewed products combining glyphosate and tallowamine after conclusions published in November by the European Food Safety Agency suggested there were greater potential health risks in combined use rather than when glyphosate is used alone, she said. “It is not possible to guarantee that compositions con-


taining glyphosate and tallowamine do not entail negative effects on human health,” Weber said. Glyphosate, the active i n g r e d i e n t i n Mo n s a n t o’s Roundup, has stirred fierce debate over the past year since a World Health Organization body classified it as a probable carcinogenic, and EU countries are discussing whether or not to extend its EU-wide licence. France’s environment minister has been pushing for an EU-wide ban on glyphosatebased products and is also supporting legislation that would outlaw a type of pesticide blamed for harming bees. Ta l l ow a m i n e i s u s e d i n weed killers to allow them to be absorbed effectively by plants. It is combined with glyphosate in many weed killers but a large number of glyphosate products without tallowamine is available in France, Weber said. Glyphosate and tallowa mine combinations were previously withdrawn voluntarily from the German market by manufacturers, she added. Monsanto said the commercial impact would be “minimal” as it had already shifted away from using tallowamine.

“It is not possible to guarantee that compositions containing glyphosate and tallowamine do not entail negative effects on human health.”

Francoise Weber

Nufarm’s complete lineup lets you choose what’s right for your cereal acres. NEW Enforcer MSU and Signal FSU, together with Curtail™ M, Enforcer D, Enforcer M and Signal, deliver targeted control of your toughest weeds. With Nufarm, you have the freedom to choose the product that delivers the right control, not the one that fits the bundling rules. Take control and take your pick. ®


Ask your local retailer for more information.



2016-03-22 2:06 PM

“The elimination of glyphosate sales in France by itself should not have a mater i a l e f f e c t o n Mo n s a n t o, maybe $20 million of earnings impact. If it spreads to the rest of Europe the impact would be greater though, as Europe is a premium market; could lead to up to $100 million of earnings impact,” Ber nstein analyst Jonas Oxgaard said in an email to Reuters. In an emailed statement, Monsanto descr ibed the glyphosate debate in Europe as “political” and said that tallowamine-based products “do not pose an imminent risk for human health when used according to instructions.” Arguments over glyphosate have divided scientists and pitched environmental protection groups against chemical companies and farmers who say there are no viable alternatives. A final decision by ANSES on withdrawing glyphosatetallowamine mixtures would take at least several weeks because the agency must first consider comments by the manufacturers, who have two weeks to submit arguments, Weber said.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016









(204) 376-5600 (204) 728-2244 ‘14 NEW HOLLAND T9.435

‘13 CASE IH STX450

(204) 873-2480 (204) 858-2000


(204) 523-4414 (306) 435-3610

(204) 476-2364

(204) 857-8711






877 hrs, 800/38 Goodyear, 4

Elect Remotes, High CapBar Diff K! Lock Front/Back, Lights 3 HID







282,900 S0785B 229,900 STE. ROSE SWAN RIVER *




800hrs, 450HP, PTO 1000, Lights 4 HID, AutoGuidance, 650/85R38 Duals

2458hrs, 535HP, 57GPM Hyd Pump, 529/85R46 Triples

O% Ends June 30, 2016. Stop by today or learn more at

‘14 NEW HOLLAND TRACTORS 100-139HP T9.450 ‘01 AG 8785 8693E, Tires Rear 18.4-38 Duals, Front





1238 hrs, 82 HP, Air Suspension Seat, Block heater, 17.7” Tracks

2164E, 710/70R42 168B R-1W FI Firestone Radial, 4 Electric Remotes, Deluxe Cab

‘09 APACHE AS1010

‘05 JOHN DEERE 4920


‘04 CIH STX375HD 5400E, 375HP, Tires 710/70R38, 4 Remotes . . . . CALL SB 380/85R28, Cab Air/Heat, 3PTH, 540/1000 PTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $43,800 N ‘13 CIH STX450 862hrs, 450HP, PTO 1000, Lights 4 HID, AutoGuidance, 650/85R38 Duals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $292,900 R ‘97 CIH MX110 13745 hrs, 110HP, Powershift Trans, Loader, MFWD$36,900 P ‘13 CIH STX450 800hrs, 450HP, PTO 1000, Lights 4 HID, ‘98 CIH MX135 11200 hrs, 2 Rear Remotes, 3 Point Hitch, AutoGuidance, 650/85R38 Duals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $282,900 ST L300 Non Self Levelling Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $32,900 ST ‘13 CIH 550Q 1755hrs, 550HP, 10 HID Lights, 1000 PTO, 6 Hyd Outlets, AutoGuidance Nav Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $384,000 H ‘14 CIH PUMA 185 505 hrs, 155 PTO HP, 380/90R50 Rear, 320/85R38 Front, 540/1000 PTO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $161,900 P ‘13 CIH 550Q 1985 hrs, 550HP, 10 HID Lights 1000 PTO, 6 Hyd Outlets, AutoGuidance Nav Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $380,000 H ‘04 NH TM130 6172 hrs, 480/80R38 Rear, 380/85R28 Front, 4 Remotes, Front Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $53,900 B ‘92 CIH 9270 8852E, Tires 650/75R32 Duals, 4 Remotes . . . . . . . . . $51,700 N ‘14 NH T9.435 793E, 710/70R42 168B R-1W FI Firestone ‘14 NH T7.170 2090E, Full Powershift Transmission, Front Radial, 4 Electric Remotes, Deluxe Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $268,800 B ‘16.9R28 R1W-F1, Rear 20.8R38 R1W MI-TR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $134,900 SL 03 NH TJ375 6954E, Tires 710/70R42 Duals, Trans ‘13 NH T6.165 1638E, Tires 16.9R28 Front Tires 20.8R38 with PowerShift, 4 Remotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $112,800 B Cast Wheels, 3 Mech Hyd Outlets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $105,900 ST ‘14 NH T9.450 2164E, 710/70R42 168B R-1W FI Firestone ‘10 NH T6050 6381 hrs, 105HP, Front 11.00x16, Rear Radial, 4 Electric Remotes, Deluxe Cab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $256,900 B 18.4R38, Trans 16/16 AutoShift, 3rd Hyd Outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $68,200 B ‘15 NH T9.435 500E, 370HP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALL B ‘15 NH T9.435 600, 370HP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALL B ‘15 NH T9.435 535E, 370HP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALL B ‘02 NH TJ450 5587E, Good Year 710/70R42 Duals, 55 GPM, ‘13 CIH PUMA 215 1300 hrs, 3 Electric Mid Mount Hyds, Cab Auto Climate Control, AutoGuidance Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $173,900 H Hyd Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$149,500 SW ‘14 NH T9.435 877 hrs, 800/38 Goodyear, 4 Elect Remotes, ‘95 CIH 7240 7344 hrs, 195HP, 18 Front Weights w/Bracket, 4 High CapBar Diff Lock Front/Back, Lights 3 HID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $268,000 H Hyd Remotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $61,900 SB ‘14 NH T9.480 1490E, 20.8-42 Triples, 18 Front Wts w/Brkt, ‘83 JD 4650 10761 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $28,000 SB Lights 3 HID, Hyd Flow 55 GPM, Cab Deluxe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALL B ‘15 NH T7.230 500E, Trans 18 Spd Powershift, 3 Function ‘14 NH T9.480 1640E, 20.8-42 Triples, 18 Front Wts w/Brkt, Mid-Mount Hyds, 4 Hyds Outlets, Autoguidance Ready . . . . . . . . $192,000 B Lights 3 HID, Hyd Flow 55 GPM, Cab Deluxe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CALL B ‘14 NH T9.600 525E, 535HP, 36” Tracks, 10 HID Lights, 6 Hyd ‘15 NH T7.230 500E, Trans 18 Spd Powershift, 3 Function Mid-Mount Hyds, 4 Hyds Outlets, Autoguidance Ready . . . . . . . . $192,000 B Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $534,900 B ‘08 NH T9050 2185E, 485HP, Tires 800/70R38 Duals, 3 HID ‘11 NH T8.275 2777 hrs, Deluxe Seat, Front weights and lights, Hyd Flow, 55 GPM, IntelliSteer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$210,000 SW bracket, Lights HID, 420/90R30 Front, 480/80R46 Rear . . . . . . . $146,900 SB ‘09 NH T9050 2168E, Tires 710/70R42 Duals, 3 HID Lights . . . . . $220,500 SB ‘14 NH T8.330 518E, 284HP, 480/70R34 Front, 480/80R50 ‘09 NH T9060 4395 hrs, Tires 800/70R38 Duals, 5 Hyd Rear, PTO 540/1000, 6th Hyd Outlet, Cab Suspension . . . . . . . . . $193,900 H Outlets, Hyd Flow 55 GPM, Diff lock front and Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . $199,900 B ‘14 NH T8.330 1711, 284HP, 600/70R30 Front @45%, ‘11 NH T9060HD 2409hrs, 429HP, 5 Hyd Outlets, Lights 7 710/70R30 @70% Rear, PTO 540/1000, Deluxe Cab . . . . . . . . . . . $197,900 CC HID, Seat Auto Comfort Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $315,000 B ‘89 NH 846 9860E, Engine Rebuilt at 6860 hrs, Tires 25% ‘15 NH T8.380 500E, 205HP, Rear 710/70R42, Front 600/70R30, Trans 19/4 Powershift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $290,600 B fluid in all 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $29,800 SL










1550E, Raven Auto Boom Trimble, 250 Auto Boom, 1000 Gallon Tank

4939 hrs, 120’, GreenStar Auto Trac, Flotation Tires, 1200 Gal Stainless Steel Tank

‘10 CASE IH 4420










2700 hrs, 120’ Boom, 650/65R38, Nav II controller, Active Hyd Suspension

60’, 12” Spacing, Precision Knife Package, Electronic Hydraulic Controls, High Flotation Tires

‘14 NEW HOLLAND T9.435






793E, 710/70R42 168B R-1W FI Firestone Radial, 4 Electric Remotes, Deluxe Cab





w/2004 NH Air Cart, Rubber Packers, Dual Front Casters

‘15 NH T8.380 1472E, 205HP, Rear 710/70R42, Front 600/70R30, Trans 19/4 Powershift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $285,500 B


‘06 AGCHM 1074 2260 hrs, 100’ Boom, 1100 Gal SS Tank . . . . . . . $128,900 R ‘15 NH T8.380 1314E, Rear 710/70R42, Front 600/70R30 . . . . . . . $292,000 B ‘08 AGCHM 1286C 120’x20’ Boom, Autoboom Wheels, Dual Tires 380/90R46, Raven Smartrax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $173,000 M ‘09 NH T8010 5532 hrs, Tires W/ALO 870TL, 4th Hyd Outlet, PTO 540/1000, 175HO PTO, 3 PT Hitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $125,700 ST ‘08 APACHE AS1010 1267 hrs, Outback Guidance and Steer,

‘08 AGCHM 1286C





120’x20’ Boom, Autoboom Wheels, Dual Tires 380/90R46, Raven Smartrax






1186, 100/60’, 1000 Gal Stainless Steel, Auxiliary Lighting






1983E, 105HP, Diff Lock Cab & Engine End, 84 LB Loader, Bucket with Custom Grapple

‘13 CASE IH STX450



Tires 20.8 ‘09 APACH Auto Boom ‘10 APACH Height, Au ‘10 CIH 44 controller ‘10 CIH 44 Stainless ‘11 JD 473 ‘11 CIH 44 Extra Whe ‘11 NH SP Auxiliary L ‘05 JD 492 Tires, 120 ‘10 JD 483 Section C ‘12 NH SP 380/90R5 ‘12 NH SP Lighting . ‘12 JD 494 ‘87 ME 220 Cab, Foam ‘01 MLLR ‘11 MILLR Way Bodie ‘11 NH SP Intellistee ‘12 NH SP Stainless ‘12 NH SP Section C ‘96 SCOUP Nozzle Bo ‘94 TYLER 12.4x38 T


‘07 CIH DC High Stub ‘09 CIH DC ‘10 CIH DC ‘11 MF 137





862hrs, 450HP, PTO 1000, Lights 4 HID, AutoGuidance, 650/85R38 Duals





530E, 320/90R50 161 A8 T 1600 Gal Stainless Steel T


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016











(204) 937-2134

(204) 447-2739

(204) 759-2126


(204) 326-9834







0H 0N













Tires 20.8R42 380 80R38, 2 sets of rear tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $159,100 SL ‘09 APACHE AS1010 1550E, Raven Auto Boom Trimble, 250 Auto Boom, 1000 Gallon Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$138,900 SW ‘10 APACHE AS1010 1281E, 100’ Booms, Auto Boom, Auto Height, Auto Steer, Tires 390/80R46 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $155,875 SL ‘10 CIH 4420 2700 hrs, 120’ Boom, 650/65R38, Nav II controller, Active Hyd Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $229,900 R ‘10 CIH 4420 1204E, 120’, Tires 650/65R38, 1200 Gal Stainless Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $246,700 B ‘11 JD 4730 1172E, 100’, Tires 320R46 20.8 38, 800 Gal Poly Tank $225,700 B ‘11 CIH 4420 1480E, 120’ Boom 20-30’, Tires 650/65R38 Extra Wheels, AccuGuide Nav 11 Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $261,450 M ‘11 NH SP.240F 1186, 100/60’, 1000 Gal Stainless Steel, Auxiliary Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $232,900 H ‘05 JD 4920 4939 hrs, 120’, GreenStar Auto Trac, Flotation Tires, 1200 Gal Stainless Steel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $122,900 K ‘10 JD 4830 2795 hrs, 320/90R50 Tires, Hyd Kit, Deluxe Cab, Section Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $187,900 ST ‘12 NH SP.275F 963E, 120’ Boom, 1600 Gal Tank, Tires 380/90R50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $257,000 B ‘12 NH SP.275F 2425E, 120’ Boom, 1400 Gal Tank, Auxillary Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $225,750 M ‘12 JD 4940 1168 hrs, AutoTrac Activation SF1 Boom Trac . . . . . . $308,900 H ‘87 ME 220 Three Wheel Coupe, 200 Gallon Tank, 60’ Boom, Cab, Foam Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $11,812 M ‘01 MLLR 200HT 2633E, 90’ Boom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $76,900 M ‘11 MILLR 4275 1758E, 120’ Boom, 15” Nozzle Spacing w/3 Way Bodies, 1600 Gal Stainless Steel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$228,900 SW ‘11 NH SP.365F 480 hrs, 1600 Gal Tank, Fence Line Spray Kit, Intellisteer Ready, Sharp Shooter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $330,900 H ‘12 NH SP.365F 530E, 320/90R50 161 A8 Tires, 1600 Gal Stainless Steel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$351,900 SW ‘12 NH SP.365F 997hrs, 120’ Boom, 380/90R50 Tires, 10 Section Control Kit, 1600 Gal Stailness Steel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . $293,000 CC ‘96 SCOUP 3630 90’ Booms, Raven Rate Control, Triple Nozzle Bodies, 400 Gal Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $33,600 M ‘94 TYLER PATRIOTXL 4553 hrs, 75’ Boom, 750 Gal Tank, 12.4x38 Tires, Triple Nozzle Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$38,900 SW


‘07 CIH DCX131 2500 hrs, Tires 31x13.5, 2 PT Swivel Hitch, 0 R High Stubble Kit, Rubber Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $23,000 N ‘09 CIH DC162 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $27,900 SB 0 M ‘10 CIH DC162 15’7” Disc Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $28,900 SB ‘11 MF 1375 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $30,900 P



(204) 734-9361 (204) 253-2900

*For commercial use only. Offer subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. See your New Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. standard terms and conditions will apply. Depending on model, a down payment may be required. Offer good through June 30, 2016, at participating New Holland dealers in Canada. Offer subject to change. Taxes, freight, setup, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in price. © 2016 CNH Industrial Capital America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland Agriculture is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates. CNH Industrial Capital is a trademark in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.


like us on







5587E, Good Year 710/70R42 Duals, 55 GPM, Hyd Flow

‘13 NH H7560 High Stubble Kit, Flail Rotor Conditioner, Drawbar Swivel Hitch, 1000 PTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $30,900 H ‘09 NH H7560 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,700 SB ‘13 NH 1431 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $14,500 SB ‘13 NH 1431 1000 PTO, 13’, Swivel Hitch, Rubber Chevron Rolls . . $20,900 P

DRILLS ‘08 BO 3310-65 65’, 10” Spacing, 4.8” Semi-Pneumatic Packers, Triple Shoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $179,900 R ‘13 BO 3710 60’, Tires 16.5L-16, Aux work lights, 540/65R24 front, 800/65R32 rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $271,950 N 04 CC ATX 6012 3 Bar Harrows and Packers, 12” Spacing, Double Shoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $49,500 SL ‘10 CIH 800 50’ Precision Drill, 10” Spacing, Includes Side Band Spread Boots plus 3/4” Single Shoot Boots . . . . . . . . . . . . . $130,900 K 14 NH P2050 57’, 10” Spacing, 4.5” Steel Press Wheels, Dual Wing Castors, HD Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $213,900 P ‘08 BO 3310 55’, Precision Drill, 10” Spacing, Double Shoot . . .$137,900 SW ‘02 BO 5710 54’, 10” Spacing, 330 Trip, 3” Rubber Packers, Single Shoot, Air Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$74,900 SW ‘07 FC SD550 60’ w/10’ Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$75,900 SW ‘09 CIH ATX700 60’, 10” Spacing, Single Shoot w/Liquid Kit . . . . . $137,900 R ‘95 FC 5000 33’, 9” Spacing, Steel Packers, Morris 6180 Cart . . . . . $22,900 P ‘05 JD 1820 60’, 10” Spacing, 250 Bushel Cart, Double Shoot w/4’ Paired Row Dutch, 4” Rubber Press . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $81,900 B ‘09 NH P2050 57’, 9” Spacing, 55lb Trips, Dual Front Casters, Single Shoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $146,900 P ‘98 JD 1820 61’, 7.5” Spacing, Rubber Packers, 31x13.5 Flotation Tires, 2 Bar Harrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $71,900 P ‘07 NH SD550 70’, 550lb Trips, 6.5” Concord Packer System, Single Shoot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $160,900 K ‘10 SEMST SXG604 60’ 12” 600BU on board, Cameras, Single Casters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $199,300 M ‘09 FC 5000HD W/2004NH Air Cart, Rubber Packers, Dual Front Casters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $108,900 SB ‘10 NH P2070 60’, 12” Spacing, Precision Knife Package, Electronic Hydraulic Controls, High Flotation Tires . . . . . . . . . . . $163,900 H ‘10 NH P2070 High Flotation Tires, NH Knife Openers, Light Kit$116,900 SW ‘05 NH SD440 39’, Single Shoot, 550lbs trips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $62,700 N ‘04 NH SD440 Dual Front Castersx, TBH Tank w/Double Shoot $104,900 SB ‘07 SEMST 50-10 4” Tires, 2000 gal SS Liquid Fert Tank on Frame, Smart Hitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $116,900 H ‘10 SHAWK 6012 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $182,900 SL

‘11 JOHN DEERE 4730

‘08 BOURGAULT 3310





‘04 NEW HOLLAND SD440 Dual Front Casters, TBH Tank w/Double Shoot






57’, 10” Spacing, 4.5” Steel Press Wheels, Dual Wing Castors, HD Tires

‘14 NEW HOLLAND T9.600 H1141B







/90R50 161 A8 Tires, Stainless Steel Tank





976 hrs, Air Suspension Seat, Cab Enclosed w/heater, HD Hydraulic Coupler





1172E, 100’, Tires 320R46 20.8 38, 800 Gal Poly Tank





55’, Precision Drill, 10” spacing, Double Shoot





525E, 535HP, 36” Tracks, 10 HID Lights, 6 Hyd Outlets

‘11 NEW HOLLAND SP.365F 480 hrs, 1600 Gal Tank, Fence Line Spray Kit, Intellisteer Ready, Sharp Shooter


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Euronext proposes Black Sea wheat futures With U.S. farmers growing less wheat and Black Sea markets growing more, the need for local hedging options is growing BY SYBILLE DE LA HAMAIDE GENEVA/Reuters


he rising influence of Black Sea markets on world wheat prices is prompting Euronext to consider a futures contract for one of the world’s largest export zones for the grain. The Brussels-based exchange made the announcement Apr. 8. Production swings in the Black Sea and European Union have become the main drivers of world wheat prices to the detriment of Chicago futures, as U.S. farmers increasingly turned to corn and soybean crops, analysts and traders said. “Having assessed the longstanding need for a proper price-setting mechanism in that production zone, we are now engaged in a serious reflection about a careful design,” Euronext head of commodities Olivier Raevel told Reuters at the Cereals Europe conference in Geneva.

He declined to give details about the project, which would be in addition to Euronext’s western European milling wheat contract. The exchange suspended trading in its premium milling wheat futures last month due to a lack of liquidity.

Hedging option needed The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT ), operated by CME Group, has historically served as a benchmark for global grain and oilseed prices including corn, wheat and soybeans. But the importance of the CBOT as world wheat price driver is declining as Black Sea and Europe dominate world wheat markets, AgResource president Dan Basse told the conference, adding that wheat harvests in the Black Sea region were rising in quantity and quality. “We are lacking a good Black Sea hedging solution today,” he said.

The European Union is the world’s largest wheat producer and exporter. Russia comes second in ter ms of wheat exports and Ukraine is fifth. CME, the world’s largest futures exchange, launched Black Sea futures in 2012 but the contract failed to pick up due to a lack of liquidity. There is no delivery open for trading beyond this summer. CME has since turned to Western Europe. It has been working on EU wheat futures for about two years but the project has been delayed by contract issues with silo operators in France. Swithun Still, director of Solaris, which specializes in the trade of Russian agricultural commodities, said a Euronext Black Sea wheat contract should ideally focus on one origin, as opposed to CME’s contract which includes several. “One option could be to

have a Black Sea milling wheat futures with 12.5 protein f.o.b. Novo,” he said, referring to Novorossiysk, Russia’s grain export hub on the Black Sea. Ukrainian maize futures would also be useful, he said. Mi c h e l Po r t i e r, h e a d o f French consultancy Agritel, said a Black Sea contract would only be workable if countries in the region eased financialflow regulations which currently hamper trade. Agritel has a branch in Ukraine. U.S. wheat exports have been waning as farmers increasingly turn to more profitable corn and soybean crops, analysts said. The countr y dropped to fourth place in wheat exports last season, U.S. Department of Agriculture data showed. “The market is not done in Chicago anymore, prices of the European continent have taken the leadership of the world wheat market,” Portier said.

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Liquor firm Constellation weighs IPO for part of Canadian wine business Canada’s Jackson-Triggs and Inniskillin wineries could end up going public BY SUBRAT PATNAIK Reuters

Constellation Brands said April 6 it was considering taking a part of its Canadian wine business public and reported better-than-expected quarterly net sales, helped by strong demand for its Corona and Modelo beers. Shares of the New Yorkbased company rose as much as 4.88 per cent to a record high of $158.75 in early-morning trading (all figures US$). CEO Rob Sands said the full value of the Canadian wine business, which delivered “excellent overall financial results” in 2016, was not being recognized. Sands said an IPO would create better visibility and that the company expected to make a final decision later this year. Constellation produces the Jackson-Triggs and Inniskillin wine brands in Canada, where it operated eight wineries in Ontario, British Columbia and New Brunswick as of February last year. The company, which also operates the Black Velvet whisky distillery at Lethbridge, Alta., is trying to separate the consistently growing Canadian wine business from its counterpart in the U.S., CLSA analyst Caroline Levy told Reuters. A n i n c re a s e i n t h e Hispanic population in the U.S. has spurred demand for Modelo E s p e c i a l a n d Co ro n a , premium Mexican beer brands which have also w o n ov e r o t h e r U . S . consumers. Net income attributable to the company rose 13.4 per cent to $243.4 million in the fourth quarter ended Feb. 29, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S. Net sales rose 13.8 per cent to $1.54 billion, topping estimates of $1.52 billion. Constellation is paying a lot for acquisitions to add premium brands, Levy said. “The consumer is moving upscale, the consumer wants specialty and premium brands.”


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Deere buys stake in U.S. sprayer maker Hagie Deere gets into high-clearance sprayers; Hagie gets access to Deere’s network REUTERS


eere and Co. said March 29 it has acquired a majority stake in Hagie Manufacturing, allowing the farm equipment manufacturer to take a greater position in the high-clearance sprayer market. High-clearance sprayers, which allow farmers to spray fertilizers and pesticides in crop later in the growing season, are “a new market for Deere,” said John May, Deere’s chief information officer, in a release. “The expertise at Hagie allows John Deere to immediately serve customers who need precision solutions that

extend their window for applying nutrients.” Hagie, a leading U.S. crop sprayer manufacturer, employs about 400 people at its manufacturing plant at Clarion, Iowa, about 150 km north of Des Moines. It will continue to make sprayers under the Hagie brand but with no dealerships, the company will have access to Deere’s global customers. “It is notable that Hagie basically put itself on sale, because it had a financial adviser involved,” said Jim Corridore, analyst at S&P Global Market Intelligence. NCP, Inc., a Des Moines investment bank, was the exclusive financial adviser to Hagie. Neither Deere nor NCP would comment on the size of the deal.

“The fact that they were looking to get an investor involved, they probably needed the funds given how bad the sector has been and for how long it has been bad,” Corridore said. The joint venture is another sign of consolidation in the agriculture sector as the U.S. farm economy enters its third-straight down year. In November, Deere said it would p u rc h a s e Mo n s a n t o’s Pre c i s i o n Planting farm equipment business and run it as a independent subsidiary. The farm machinery market has moved more toward precision agriculture, a process that allows farmers to measure and manage precise amounts of inputs, such as seed, ferti-

lizer and pesticide, in an effort to keep costs low. The agreement allows Deere to add precision technology to Hagie sprayers, and allows Deere to provide a “broader range of sprayer options,” Deere said. Hagie’s sales and service are to be integrated into Deere’s global distribution channel over the next 15 months, Deere said. Due to slowed agriculture equipment sales in the wake of the sluggish farm economy, Deere has already announced hundreds of layoffs from its own facilities. “We are encouraging our independent dealers to consider employing Hagie field staff for their expertise in high-clearance sprayers,” a Deere spokesperson said.



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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Food processers anxious to start ingredient tariff consultations Finance Department has yet to provide manufacturers with meaningful information on talks “There are more than 6,000 foodmanufacturing facilities in the country and they have particular concerns.”

BY ALEX BINKLEY Co-operator contributor


ood processors are full of questions as they await promised consultations regarding eliminating tariffs on food-manufacturing ingredients. Finance Canada is set to lead the talks promised in last month’s federal budget. The budget proposed removing tariffs on ingredients, except dairy and poultry, to make food processing in Canada more competitive internationally, the government said in the budget, noting the move will support investment and jobs in the sector. “There are more than 6,000 food-manufacturing facilities in the country and they have particular concerns,” Carla Ventin, Food & Consumer Products of Canada’s vice-president of federal government affairs, said in an interview. “They want to have time to be able to make a careful analysis of the department’s proposal.” Chris Kyte, president of Food Processors of Canada, said his organization, which represents small- and medium-size processors, has heard nothing from the department since the

Carla Ventin

Canadian food manufacturers want enough time to carefully analyze a proposal to lower ingredient tariffs.   PHOTO: tHINKSTOCK

March 22 budget release. It’s not clear whether this initiative will apply just to ingredients not produced in Canada. So far, Finance is being mum on its plan. A department spokesperson said the consultations will be launched “in the near term” and a detailed list of

products of proposed products will be published in the government publication Canada Gazette then. Proposed tariff elimination will apply to the Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) rates of customs duty of identified goods, covering imports from all countries, she said.

Usually the government posts specific regulatory changes in Part 1 of the Canada Gazette with either 60 or 90 days allocated to consultation. Then it takes the information received during the consultation and creates a final policy, which is made public later in Part 2 of the Canada Gazette. As part of its sweeping overhaul of food safety regulations, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency entered consultations in advance of posting proposed changes in the Gazette. The entire food chain has been involved in that exercise. The budget said food processing is “Canada’s largest manufacturing employer and an important contributor to Canada’s economy.”

That recognition is likely the results of the industry explaining its activities and operations to federal officials during meetings of Agriculture C a n a d a’s f o o d - p r o c e s s i n g roundtable, Ventin added. “The government has already cut tariffs for equipment and manufacturing equipment; now we need the same for ingredients,” Ventin said. Processors have identified access to competitively priced inputs as a key barrier to growth, she noted. Currently 57 per cent of agricultural goods are still subject to tariffs at an average rate of approximately five per cent. “Since very tight margins exist in food manufacturing, certain tariff reductions could allow Canadian food and beverage manufacturers to lower their non-recoverable production costs, increase the competitiveness of their operations and enhance their ability to compete in domestic and foreign markets,” Ventin said. The food-processing sector employs 300,000 Canadians and generates nearly $29 billion annually to Canada’s GDP — more than the automotive and aerospace sectors combined, FCPC says.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Maple syrup ritual spurs childhood memories When my sister makes maple syrup every spring, she also recreates treasured memories from my childhood BY LINDA MAENDEL Co-operator contributor


very spring a corner of our backyard is transformed into a scene that could be from Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Little House books. Two columns of bricks create a makeshift stove, over which giant rectangular pans sit atop a steel table-like str ucture. Barrels of scrap hardwood, collected throughout winter at our carpenter shop especially for this, stand nearby. As my sister Sonia adds wood, sparks spew from the roaring fire as whistles and crackles create a merry tune. Steam rises from the g e n t l y b u b b l ing Manitoba maple sap, filling the air with a sweet aroma. While the sap is boiling, the water-like liquid changes into beautiful golden-brown syrup. G r ow i n g u p, t h e ‘L a u r a b o o k s’ we re a m o n g m y favourites and the maple-sugaring story from Little House in the Big Woods captured my imagination. Little did I know back then a family member would re-enact this treasured memor y ever y year, using our native trees. Each time it brings back happy reading memories, as the last traces of winter disappear. Weeks before the cooking begins, Sonia goes out and taps trees around our colony. Using spiles she’s made from PVC pipes to tap the trees, the sap drips into repurposed juice or vinegar jugs. “I’ve tapped 100 trees this year, the most I’ve ever done,” she happily infor med me. Less snow, coupled with an e a r l i e r- t h a n - n o r m a l t h a w made that possible, putting Sonia right in her element — enjoying nature and producing a nutritious treat, which she shares with family and friends. Each year is different when it comes to collecting sap. When spring is nice and mild one week then much colder and wintery the next, it causes the sap flow to be much slower. Ideal conditions are created when nights are -5 C, and daytime temperatures are around +5 C. Maple sapping is a long process, and it takes about 40 gallons of sap to get one gallon of syrup. This year yields have been better for Sonia, she was able to get a gallon of syrup from 34 gallons of sap. Sonia’s mode of transportation to tap trees and collect sap is usually a golf cart. Loaded with a drill, spiles, pails and jugs she makes

As many as 40 gallons of sap are necessary to create a single gallon of syrup.   Photos: Linda Maendel

her rounds twice a day. With many of the maple trees in wooded areas, getting to them can be an adventure when there’s lots of snow. One year she had to crawl over threeto four-foot drifts to get to the trees. This works well when the pails are empty, but gets more challenging when they're full of sap, especially since you don’t want to lose any of the sweet goodness. During wet springs, dodging puddles and mud makes for a different set of challenges. But Sonia takes everything in stride, even if it means plodding through thigh-high snow or trudging through ankledeep mud, balancing two pails of sap. Of six sisters in our family, she’s the one who embraces the outdoors the most, savouring each season as it comes and enjoying whatever it brings. Sometimes she takes our five-year-old nephew Jakobi to help collect sap. He loves being outdoors as much as Sonia, and feels very important taking the jugs from the tree and emptying the sap into a pail. However, he tends to get distracted by the puddles that call him for some splash time. One day there were new baby chicks in the barn. Driving past the barn he asked Sonia, “While you collect sap, I will stay with the baby chicks. Will that work?”

Shallow pans full of sap and a roaring fire soon fill the yard with a distinct aroma.

Steam rises from the gently bubbling Manitoba maple sap, filling the air with a sweet aroma.

“How about we both collect sap first,” Sonia responded. “Then we’ll visit the chicks later?” Sonia also makes maple butter, which I enjoy even more than the syrup. A rich layer of this natural goodness spread on fresh homemade bread makes for a delicious and nutritious snack. I close my eyes, savour this seasonal morsel, and reminisce. I’m a little girl again, licking maple sugar snow candy with Laura. “Grandma stood by the brass kettle and with a big wooden spoon she poured hot syrup on each plate of snow. It cooled into a soft candy, and as fast as it cooled they ate it. They could eat all they wanted, for maple sugar never hurt anybody.” Linda Maendel lives, works and writes at Elm River Colony, and is author of Hutterite Diaries: Wisdom From My Prairie Community

Jakobi Maendel, five, loves to help gather the sap.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Gate to Plate The fat of the land Lorraine Stevenson


ere’s a term we’ve been hearing lately — the “obesogenic environment.” Do you live in one? It means any place where it’s all too easy to eat poorly and not very conducive to getting much exercise. That’s where a lot of us are at, according to the newly released Obesity in Canada report by the federal Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology. The proliferation of fast and processed foods, coupled with the overwhelming use of electronic devices, have led to this type of environment, it says.

The report sums up the testimony of all kinds of diet and health experts as well as charitable organizations, Aboriginal groups and food industry representatives, and has tried to capture not just the consequences of an ever-fattening society, but reasons why nearly two-thirds of Canadian adults and one-third of kids are now either overweight or obese. It’s a bigger problem than just a collective loss of willpower, this committee heard. Over the last three or four decades, unhealthy food has become cheaper and more widely available. Over 60 per cent of foods purchased in this country are ultraprocessed. There’s been a general loss of “food culture,” meaning many people now don’t know how to cook. Most of us now live in towns and cities designed for cars, not pedestrians. Many find nutrition labels con-

fusing and therefore unhelpful. The report cites criticism of Canada ’s Food Guide too. It includes 21 recommendations, from more doctors learning to prescribe exercise more often, to an overhaul of the Food Guide, to the federal government providing infrastructure funding to help communities facilitate more active lifestyles, both indoors and out. From policy-makers to parents, industry insiders to family doctors, all Canadians have a role to play to beat back this crisis, the report says. [email protected]

Read it yourself at: http://www.parl. Reports/2016-02-25_Revised_report_ Obesity_in_Canada_e.pdf.

Freeze aheads and planned overs ‘Freeze Ahead’ Holay Molay Chili 2 tbsp. flour 2 tbsp. chili powder 2 tbsp. cumin 1 tsp. salt, divided 1 tsp. coriander 1/2 tsp. cayenne pepper 1/2 tsp. cinnamon 1-1/2 lb. beef chuck steak, cut into 1/2-inch (1.25-cm) cubes 2 tbsp. oil, divided 2 medium onions, chopped 4 cloves garlic, minced 3 cans (10 oz./284 ml each) beef broth 1 can (14 oz./398 ml) diced tomatoes 1 can (28 oz./796 ml) kidney beans, rinsed and drained 1/4 c. cocoa 2 tsp. sugar 4 c. cubed peeled butternut squash

  Photo: Thinkstock


hen I was a kid we’d joke how meals Mom made always seemed to be leftovers. No one could remember the originals. That wasn’t the case, of course. But when there was more than we could eat one night, it was warmed over the next. She called those meals the ‘must gos.’ The Alberta-based Atco Blue Flame Kitchen website is a great resource for any home cook wondering what to do with last night’s leftovers, or simply trying to keep one — or two — meals ahead of schedule. On it you’ll find recipes both for freezing whole meals for later use — helpful as you get ready for a busy spring seeding season — plus other ideas for creatively using leftovers from yesterday’s meals. The home economists call their recipes for stretching one meal into two a “planned over.” For more Atco Blue Flame Kitchen ideas, recipes, and household tips log on to the website at:

‘Planned Over’ Cajun Ham Hash 3 tbsp. oil 2 c. diced cooked ham 1-1/2 c. sliced green onions 1 c. diced red bell pepper 3 c. frozen hash brown potatoes, thawed 3/4 tsp. Cajun seasoning 1/2 tsp. thyme, crumbled

Heat oil in a large non-stick fry pan over medium heat. Add ham, onions and red pepper; sauté for 5 minutes. Stir in hash browns, Cajun seasoning and thyme. Cook until hash browns are heated through and slightly crisp, about 5 - 7 minutes. Serves 4. Source: Atco Blue Flame Kitchen

Combine flour, chili powder, cumin, 1/2 tsp. (2 ml) salt, coriander, cayenne pepper and cinnamon in a plastic bag. Add beef to flour mixture and toss to coat. Heat 1 tbsp. (15 ml) oil in a Dutch oven. Add beef in batches and brown on all sides, adding remaining oil as necessary. Remove beef from pan and keep warm. Add onions and garlic to pan; sauté until softened, about 5 minutes. Stir in broth, tomatoes, beans, cocoa, sugar and remaining salt; bring to a boil. Reduce heat and return beef to pan. Cover and simmer, stirring occasionally, until beef is tender, about 1 hour. Chili may be prepared to this point and refrigerated for up to 24 hours or frozen for up to 2 weeks. Some flavour changes may occur when freezing. Reheat chili before proceeding. Add squash and simmer until tender, about 15 minutes. Serves 6 - 8. Source: Atco Blue Flame Kitchen


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016



ennifer Jackson pushed her plate away and leaned back in her chair. “That was so good,” she said. “Thank you. I’m stuffed.” Her boyfriend Alan did the same. “Those are the best mashed potatoes I’ve ever had,” he said. “I’d pay for the recipe.” Jennifer’s father, Andrew, laughed. “I should have written it down,” he said. “I had no idea it would be worth money.” “Oh for sure,” said Alan. “What’s in it?” “You really want to know?” said Andrew. “Diced onion and minced garlic fried in butter with rosemary, thyme, and black pepper. And my secret ingredient.” He grinned. “Which is, as you can tell by the name, a secret.” “Oh come on Dad,” said Jennifer. “What’s the point of sharing a recipe if you’re not going to include the secret ingredient?” “The point is to maintain my status as best mashed potato maker,” said Andrew. “Cream cheese,” said Rose. “His secret ingredient is cream cheese.” “And there it is,” said Andrew, shaking his head. “My life’s work ruined by a careless word.” “Two careless words,” said Rose. “Cream, and cheese.” “Is that seriously your secret ingredient?” said Jennifer. “Cream cheese?” “Of course it is,” said Andrew. “It’s my secret ingredient for everything. What makes my gravy taste so good? Cream cheese. Why is my spaghetti sauce so much better than average? Cream cheese. Shall I go on?” “Don’t bother,” said Jennifer. “I guess now I know why your baloney sandwiches were always so tasty.” “I can’t believe I never though of adding cream cheese,” said Alan. “It’s such a great ingredient. It has everything. Cream. And cheese. Can you even think of a dish that can’t be improved just by adding cream and cheese?” “Well, maybe one or two,” said Andrew. “But not many.” Rose stood up. “Let’s go sit where it's comfortable,” she said. The others followed suit and a few moments later they were all enjoying the warm rays of the sun beaming in through the glass walls of the sunroom. Outside, the skeletons of the oak trees in the backyard shivered in the north wind.


Jacksons By Rollin Penner

“Twenty-five degrees above in Calgary today,” said Andrew. “How is that even possible?” said Alan. “We’ll be lucky if we hit zero.” “Calgary exists in an alternate reality,” said Rose. “A parallel universe.” “It’s true,” said Jennifer. “We learned about that in physics class. They did an experiment at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland where they proved that alternate universes exist by making atoms disappear from existence, and then reappear. And when they reappeared they were shaped like little cowboy hats. So, Calgary, obviously.” “I want my money back,” said Andrew, “if that’s what they’re teaching you in university. They’re supposed to be turning you into a technologically advanced super-farmer, not a theoretical physicist.”

There was a short pause. “Yeah, about that,” said Jennifer. “I was going to talk to you about that.” “About what?” said Andrew. “Getting my money back?” “The money’s gone Dad,” said Jennifer. “Get over it. No, I meant the technologically advanced super-farmer. Which I’m pretty sure I’m never going to be.” “Which part?” asked Andrew. “The farmer or the technologically advanced or the super?” “I’m already technologically advanced and super,” said Jennifer. There was another brief pause. “I see your point,” said Andrew. “So that leaves farmer.” “Yes it does,” said Jennifer. “Farmer. Which, as I said, I don’t think I’m ever going to be.” “Have you discussed this with the sheep?” asked Rose. “If by sheep you mean Randy,” said Jennifer, “then yes. He says it makes sense to him.” “So the big question is,” said Andrew, “if you’re not going to be a farmer, then what are you going to be?” “A housewife,” said Jennifer. Everybody laughed. “Seriously,” said Andrew. “I’m going to be a veterinarian,” said Jennifer. “I’m going to be the housewife,” said Alan. “Good for you, Alan,” said Andrew absently, pondering the situation. “This complicates things. I think. Maybe it makes them simpler. I’m not sure.” “It doesn’t matter,” said Rose. “Our daughter is going to be a veterinarian. Which is so much better than what I thought she said at first.” “What did you think I said?” asked Jennifer. “A vegetarian,” said Rose. “Oh, horrors, no,” said Jennifer. “Are you sure about this, sweetheart?” said Andrew. “Because it’s a big decision.” “Positive,” said Jennifer. “All right then,” said Andrew. He raised an invisible glass. “Here’s to Veterinarian Jennifer Jackson.” “I like the sound of that,” said Rose. “You guys are the best,” said Jennifer. “Yes,” said Andrew. “Yes we are.”

Acidanthera — attractive blooms, lovely fragrance Can take a long time to mature so corms should be started now By Albert Parsons Freelance contributor


The acidanthera can be grown in a large container and won’t encroach on companion plants.   PHOTO: ALBERT PARSONS

t is frustrating to look after a plant all growing season and just as it is about to bloom in the fall, frost strikes before it can put on its display. Growing plants that take a long time to mature and come into bloom require a different approach; one such plant that I grow differently is acidanthera, which grow from small corms. I overwinter the corms the same way that I winter gladioli corms, and purchase more in the early spring if I need extras — they are inexpensive and readily available in garden centres and retail outlets. In early April I plant the corms in eight- or 10-inch pots, shoulder to shoulder, about a dozen to a pot, and put the pots in my all-season sunroom. I use a soilless mix and dampen the planting medium, covering the corms with about eight cm of mix. Leaves soon appear and then I move the pots into the cold frame to prevent the plants from getting leggy due to lack of light.

The blooms are very fragrant; they produce lovely white trumpet-shaped flowers with deep-purple throats.

By mid-May, I have nice pots of acidanthera with leaves about 30 cm tall, that can be planted outdoors. I simply dig a hole large enough to accommodate the root ball and slip it out of the pot and into the hole without disturbing the roots. The plants are quite close together in the pots, but they don’t seem to mind being planted that closely together. They are perfectly hardened off from being in the cold frame so there is little setback or transplant shock, and by mid-July flower buds appear and the plants begin to bloom. They bloom right up until the end of the growing season; the flowering stems just keep

elongating and putting out more buds. Acidanthera prefer the same growing conditions as gladioli — lots of sun, lots of water, and deeply dug, fertile soil with good drainage. Since acidanthera is a relative of gladioli, they have similar, yet somewhat narrower lance-shaped leaves, adding a grassy foliage to the garden. The blooms are very fragrant; they produce lovely white trumpet-shaped flowers with deep-purple throats. The florets are not unlike gladioli florets, although much smaller. Deadheading the plants keeps them looking attractive and encourages them to keep producing new buds. Acidanthera are also great c o n t a i n er p l a n t s. Bec a u s e they grow almost perfectly upright, they won’t encroach on the space of other plants in the container and their flower spikes will rise above the others to reveal their lovely aromatic blooms. Acidanthera — definitely a plant to consider adding to the garden. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Reena answers more questions Plus, reader feedback and tips of the week rena nerbas Household Solutions

Dear Reena, I recently purchased a stainless steel thermos with blue foil wrapped around the exterior. Although the instructions say “dishwasher safe” the foil peeled after four washes. At the present time, the foil is half gone and looks unappealing (pardon the pun). Should I toss the thermos or is there a remedy to fix it? — Lester   Dear Lester, Since the foil on the thermos peeled due to the heat of the dishwasher water you have two options: Either contact the manufacturer and inquire about a refund, or continue similar steps to peel the remaining foil. Put the thermos into a stainless steel pot and fill it with enough water to cover the thermos. Bring the water to a boil for at least five minutes. Use tongs to remove the thermos and gently scrub the remaining foil off with a nonscratch abrasive pad. Your thermos will be stainless steel in colour and ready to use.

  Dear Reena, I have a 10-year-old Arborite counter that is dark in colour and scratched. Recently I hired a cleaner to give myself the gift of a clean house. A company came and cleaned my Arborite counter and it looks almost new! Now two weeks later and many cleanings later it still looks great! I asked what they used and they said a degreaser called, Tough Tiger and a Bristol brush. I cannot find either of these products. Have you heard of a Bristol brush? Thanks for your column; I read it carefully every time it appears in the paper. — Jeanie

Dear Jeanie, Sounds like you are looking for a bristle brush which is simply a brush with short, stiff bristles — for example — a hairbrush or a shoe-polishing brush. Additionally Tough Tiger is a specialized janitorial degreaser and cleaner. I have never purchased this product but you may be able to order it online or through the cleaning company that you originally hired. In the meantime, perhaps another degreaser will bring similar results. Dear Reena, We just took our cloth lawn chairs out of our shed and over the winter some mice got into our shed and decided to use these lawn chairs as their litter boxes. They smell so bad of urine, it is disgusting! I have washed the chairs with Mr. Clean, which did not work, tried washing them with OxiClean, which did not work. The chairs are at the side of the house ready for the garbage. I have no problem with that but I thought I would ask if you had some kind of miracle solution to try, even at the risk of ruining them. They have been sitting outside the last two days in the sun and they still smell. If there is anything you can suggest it would be greatly appreciated! I love your column in the paper! — Lisa   Hold on Lisa! Before you head to the trash, try the following solution. You’ve already thoroughly washed the chairs so now it’s time to deodorize them. Into a bucket combine; 1 tsp. dish soap, one cup 3% hydrogen peroxide, 1/4 cup household ammonia and 2 cups warm water. In a ventilated area such as outside, using a light-coloured cloth to clean; saturate the fabric so that the solution not only sits on the fabric but actually penetrates into the fabric. Cover the chairs as well as you can with plastic. Leave for 12 hours and remove plastic. Rinse

Read what Reena has to say about a peeling stainless steel thermos.   PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

with warm water and air dry. Be sure to always test solutions on an inconspicuous area first. 

Reader feedback Dear Reena, I read your article about a lady who had problems with her phone and the residue of hairspray. I had the same problem with our home phones and my iPhone. Nothing I tried would work.  I finally took our phones to the store where we had purchased them as we couldn’t read who the incoming calls were from. The store suggested W-Sol Residue Remover; brand name is Wurth. I contacted the company and ended up ordering it through a car dealership.  It is amazing. I just spray some on a soft cloth and wash all the phones with one/ two sprays on my cloth; worked for five

cordless and two cellphones. We bought the large spray bottle (454 g) about four years ago and there is still about half of it left. This is quick and easy and seems to last forever. — Joyce   Hi Reena, Regarding the stinky drain challenge, here is an additional tip for a bathroom sink. Washroom sinks (with an overflow protection slot/hole) have a hollow area between the inner and outer bowl. It’s a great place for things to grow — plenty of water and not-so-fresh air. When you turn on the tap the water going down the drain forces stinky air (from the area between the inner and outer bowl) out of the top overflow hole. To clean this area, you need to remove the sink stopper and plug the drain below the overflow drain hole (small piece of rag will do). Then fill the sink with a mixture of laundry bleach  and water until the overflow hole is covered. Let the bleach do its job for about an hour, then remove the rag to drain the sink. Works for me. — Al

Tips of the week • Before purchasing flowers for someone special, keep in mind that typically, the more fragrant a flower means the shorter it will live. • You bought flowers but can’t give them away for a couple of days. Here is how to keep them fresh; place a little water inside of a plastic bag and put the flowers into the bag. Lay the bag in your fridge. The flowers remain fresh for several days. • If you ever decide to make yourself a necklace using fresh flowers, be sure not to wear the flowers directly against your skin. Hang them slightly off of your shoulders because your neck sweats and will decrease the life of a flower necklace.   I enjoy your questions and tips; keep them coming. Missed a column? Can’t remember a solution? Visit

This Old Elevator


n the 1950s, there were over 700 grain elevators in Manitoba. Today, there are fewer than 200. You can help to preserve the legacy of these disappearing “Prairie sentinels.” The Manitoba Historical Society (MHS) is gathering information about all elevators that ever stood in Manitoba, regardless of their present status. Collaborating with the Manitoba Co-operator it is supplying these images of a grain elevator each week in hopes readers will be able to tell the society more about it, or any other elevator they know of. MHS Gordon Goldsborough webmaster and Journal editor has developed a website to post your replies to a series of questions about elevators. The MHS is interested in all grain elevators that have served the farm community. Your contributions will help gather historical information such as present status of elevators, names of companies, owners and agents, rail lines, year elevators were built — and dates when they were torn down (if applicable). There is room on the website to post personal recollections and stories related to grain elevators. The MHS presently also has only a partial list of all elevators that have been demolished. You can help by updating that list if you know of one not included on that list. Your contributions are greatly appreciated and will help the MHS develop a comprehensive, searchable database to preserve the farm community’s collective knowledge of what was once a vast network of grain elevators across Manitoba. Please contribute to This Old Grain Elevator website at: You will receive a response, by email or phone call, confirming that your submission was received.

A grain elevator at Harmsworth, on the CP Rocanville Subdivision in the Rural Municipality of Wallace, was built by W. W. King for the Lake of the Woods Milling Company of Winnipeg in 1910. It was sold to Manitoba Pool Elevators in 1960 and operated by the McAuley Pool Association until it was sold to private interests in 1963. It appears to have stood abandoned for a number of years.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


Herders suffer as Nigeria army shuts cattle trade to fight Boko Haram For Boko Haram, rustling has replaced bank heists and kidnapping as a source of income

The Maidurguri cattle market is quieter than in this Mar. 9 photo, as the government of Nigeria takes action against the Boko Haram insurgency, virtually shutting down the cattle trade in the region.   Photo: Reuters/Afolabi Sotunde

BY ULF LAESSING Maiduguri, Nigeria / Reuters


Nigerian government push to strangle the Boko Haram insurgency has shut down the cattle trade that sustained the city of Maiduguri, leaving many residents with no livelihood, including many of the two million people displaced by the war. In recent months the army has taken back much of the territory lost to the jihadists during the five-year insurgency. But the war, which killed thousands of people, is still taking its toll in the northeast, despite President Muhammadu Buhari’s vow to crush Boko Haram by the end of last year. The group, now officially allied to the Islamic State fighters who control much of Iraq and Syria, has responded with suicide bombings and hit-and-run attacks against civilians. In the latest shock to civilians, meat has become scarce as the army has closed cattle markets to stop Boko Haram from raising funds by selling livestock, officials say. The shutdown of the Maiduguri cattle market — one of the biggest in west Africa — has, overnight, made hundreds of cattle traders, herdsmen, butchers and labourers unemployed. “We are suffering,” said Usama Malla, a cattle herdsman who lost

his job. While he spoke, an angry crowd quickly gathered to criticize the government. “We want compensation,” others demanded. The sprawling market had been one of the main employment opportunities for the more than one million displaced people who live in camps on the outskirts of the town after fleeing Boko Haram. Officials say they were forced to shut the market because Boko Haram has resorted to stealing cattle from villagers to feed its fighters and raise funds after the army pushed it out of cities. Cattle looting has displaced its previous sources of income: robbing banks and kidnapping wealthy people. The market closure has disrupted beef supplies in Maiduguri and the rest of Borno state, adding to the hardship of people who have long complained of poverty and neglect in the north — struggles that prompted some to join Boko Haram’s revolt. “I cannot afford meat anymore,” said Musa Abdullahi, a labourer sipping milk sold by a female street vendor. He said he has to feed two wives and nine children, and can’t remember the last time he was able to buy meat for the family. “I used to get a piece of meat for 350 naira (C$2.34), now it costs 900.” Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima said he had reopened the Maiduguri market to trade existing stock but banned the

“I cannot afford meat anymore, I used to get a piece of meat for 350 naira (C$2.34), now it costs 900.” Musa Abdullahi labourer

arrival of any new cattle for two weeks so authorities could identify sellers. “There were suspicious persons who sold cattle which they had bought from Boko Haram,” he said. “This is financing the terrorists.” The closure has left some 400 animals dying in trucks stopped by the army on the way to Maiduguri, traders said. Officials say authorities plan to distribute food and find jobs for the city’s youth. But options are limited as a slump in vital oil revenues has undermined Buhari’s plans to develop the north, which is poorer than the mostly Christian south, where Nigeria pumps its oil.

Middlemen Located some 1,600 km from the Atlantic coast and the southern mega-city of Lagos, Maiduguri used to be a busy cattle market serving neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger until Boko Haram attacks closed the nearby borders. Supplies for the Maiduguri market had thinned even before

the cattle embargo as Boko Haram fighters burned fields and forced farmers out of their villages in recent years. The army, which moved its command to fight Boko Haram to Maiduguri to be close to the front, has repelled two recent attacks on the city of two million, allowing commercial flights to resume. But soldiers manning sandbagged checkpoints and imposing a curfew are a reminder that life is anything but normal. Suicide bombers strike often in its suburbs. Security officials say Boko Haram’s cattle raids suggest the group is desperate to find food after the army pushed it out of several towns. More than 70 supporters begging for food surrendered last week, the army said. But cattle traders say the raids are simply a new tactic by the jihadists to raise funds. Daho Dida, a cattle trader sitting in the shade of a wall, said fighters had stolen a 350-strong herd from him and a 500-strong herd from his brother. He said the military had failed to stop the

raids, with soldiers running into the bush the moment they came under fire. “They buy foodstuff, petrol and other stuff with the money,” he said of the fighters. The jihadists sell stolen cattle to middlemen who take on the risk of dealing with them by paying just 20,000 naira (C$134) a head, a quarter of the usual price, said Adam Bulama, a leader of a civilian vigilante force helping the army. It’s a worthwhile risk for middlemen to ship the cattle to Maiduguri, where prices have surged to 120,000 naira per head because of the temporary ban. Bulama said dealers need personal connections with staff at abattoirs that are still slaughtering cows from the existing stocks. “Now meat is scarce in Maiduguri,” he said. “Nobody can afford it.” Buhari says Boko Haram is no longer able to overrun security posts or seize government offices. But displaced people holding out in camps remain wary of going home. Boko Haram fighters often ambush “liberated” roads or villages in hit-and-run attacks, aid workers say. “Houses in our village were burned,” said Bulami Ari, a 47-year-old farmer who lives with his two wives and six children in a tent since the jihadists raided last year their village, 45 km outside Maiduguri. “There is no security.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Scotland targets landownership concentration The lasting effects of centuries-old land grabs continue to linger By Chris Arsenault Thomson Reuters Foundation


enturies-old traditions that led to 430 people owning half of Scotland’s privately held land are soon to become history as local communities seek to double their ownership in the nation known for its rugged landscape, sheep and fine whisky. While inequality of landownership is more often associated with developing nations, Scotland embarked on a campaign to ensure land was an asset for the many, not the few, with a landmark bill introduced to the Scottish parliament in 2015. The move came amid growing tension over the dominance of large, often absent, landowners whose hold over the country dates back to an era when Scotland was a largely agricultural nation run by the wealthy gentry. “This is about local communities taking control over their own destiny from absentee landlords,” Peter Peacock, a former member of the Scottish parliament, campaigner and co-author of a briefing paper on the reforms, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “Scotland’s land grabs took place a couple of hundred years ago... now communities are trying to get some balance of ownership.”

Common good The package of changes, contained in the 2015 Land Reform Bill, defines land as a finite resource that must be protected in law for the common good and in the public interest. The third stage of a detailed 10-part bill, passed in March, paves the way for a new Land Register to ensure greater transparency of landownership and improvements to community rights to roam common land. Part of the push to rebalance property interests is also designed to encourage young people back to live and work in rural and wilderness areas, particularly the Scottish Highlands. To help them, the Scottish government has been offering free land grants to community groups, so long as they live and work in the area, said Peacock who is also policy director of the campaign group Community Land Scotland. Under a Scottish government initiative, half a million acres of Scottish land, an area larger than London, have been given to local communities in the past decade with the objective of reaching one million acres over the next four years, Peacock said. The Scottish Environment Ministry would not provide additional comments on its land reform policies, as the region is in the midst of an election campaign, a government spokeswoman told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Aileen McLeod, Scotland’s environment, land reform and climate change minister, has committed more than $14 million annually until 2020 to help communities buy land. “Owning land can help communities realize their aspirations and dreams and make a real difference to long-term sustainability,” McLeod said in a statement last month. “This bill will allow more com-

munities than ever the opportunity to be involved in the decisions about land that affect them.”

Security Community Lands Scotland’s campaign to double community land holdings in rural Scotland is part of an international movement mostly focused in the developing world to increase the amount of land formally held by communities. A 2014 report for the Scottish government found that 432 individuals own 50 per cent of the land in rural Scotland. It said half of the territory’s land is owned by 0.008 per cent of the population of more than 5.3 million people, an “exceptional” level of inequality for a democracy. Pe a c o c k s a i d m u c h o f Scotland’s land inequality can be traced back to a system of aristocratic inheritance, coupled with a violent campaign in the 1800s to clear small farmers and residents off their land to make way for large sheep holdings.

“Scotland’s land grabs took place a couple of hundred years ago... now communities are trying to get some balance of ownership.”

The beautiful Scottish countryside may soon have more owners if planned land reforms pan out.   PHOTO: Creative Commons/Florian Fuchs

Peter Peacock

This gap between individual owners and local communities has been further exacerbated by large purchases led by wealthy investors, including celebrities, who bought vast swathes of Scottish territory in times of economic turbulence, he said. One of the most famous investors is U.S. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump. Half-Scottish, Trump has spoken proudly of his Gaelic heritage and owns two golf courses in Scotland. After expressing concern about political rhetoric lambasting property barons, Scottish Land & Estates, a landowners’ association, issued a cautious statement on the bill. “We support community landownership as part of a diverse range of publicly and privately funded ownership models,” David Johnstone, chairman of Scottish Land & Estates, said in a statement. Peacock said in some cases, new government programs will also allow farmers to buy back land from absentee owners, even if the owners do not want to sell. In this instance, they would have to show the land is being neglected or improperly managed. Sarah Boden, who raises sheep and cows on the island of Eigg off the coast of Scotland, is one of the residents to benefit from the government’s land plan. “You can apply to a community trust for a parcel of land, and effectively get it for free and build your property,” Boden said in an online video promoting the land campaign. “It gives me a feeling of security and belonging that I haven’t felt anywhere else.” 46844-02 DAS_2016 Tandem_13_1667x9_MC_a3.indd 1


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Corn, wheat prices seen hitting 10-year lows in 2016 Ample global supplies are seen weighing on soybean prices BY SYBILLE DE LA HAMAIDE Geneva/Reuters


e f t y s u p p l i e s, l a r g e e x p e c t e d c ro p s a n d poor U.S. exports will weigh on grain prices later this year with corn and wheat set to drop to 10-year lows as harvest nears, consultancy AgResource said April 8. In its first 2016 price forecast, the U.S.-based consultancy forecast Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) December corn would fall 25 per cent to $2.80 per bushel as the harvest nears and it becomes the market’s front month (all figures US$). That would be the lowest frontmonth contract since October 2006. July wheat is expected to fall by nearly 14 per cent to $4 per bushel, the lowest since September 2006, while November soybean is seen tumbling 17 per cent to $7.60 per bushel, the lowest since May 2007, AgResource president Dan Basse told Reuters at the Cereals Europe conference in Geneva. “For corn, you have a record production both in the U.S. and in Argentina this year,

An employee collects wheat from a sack inside a grocery store at a residential area in Mumbai, India on March 14. Recent declines in food prices have eased India’s annual consumer price inflation.   Photo: Reuters/Shailesh Andrade

the two combined lead to (a price of ) $2.80” per bushel, he said on the sidelines of the conference.

Corn and wheat crops in Argentina, one of the world’s top exporters of the grains, are expected to surge next season

as farmers increase plantings, encouraged by the new government’s decision to scrap export taxes and restrictions, and improved competitiveness due to the devaluation of the local currency. AgResource forecast Argentina’s corn harvest at 39 million to 40 million tonnes, up from 27 million last year, while the wheat crop is seen rising to 17 million tonnes in 2016-17 from 11 million in 2015. “This is a significant increase, not only in crops but also combined exports because they don’t have the livestock pulse or infrastructure in terms of biofuels to consume it so they will be

exporting a lot of that, and they can,” Basse said. “These guys are going to be an export powerhouse.” Wi t h Bra z i l’s c o r n c r o p also expected to rise, Basse described South America as an “export powerhouse” whose harvests would structurally change the world market. The U.S. corn crop is expected to reach a record high in 2016-17 at 14.4 billion bushels as farmers plant on a larger area, which the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) estimated would be the third largest since 1944. U.S. wheat prices are also expected to be pressured by poor exports as the country faces increased competition from cheaper supplies from the Black Sea and Europe. “The U.S. has dropped to No. 4 in terms of wheat trade,” said Basse, noting the U.S. was expected to ship less wheat in 2015-16 than Canada. The world’s two largest wheat exporters are the combined European Union and Russia. For soybean, the main drivers for the drop in prices would be ample supplies, notably in South America, as well as softer demand for soymeal in China. China, whose soybean imports accounted for 70 per cent of global trade last year, said April 6 it intends to boost domestic soybean production for human consumption, although it said it would still need to import for feed. “China’s more routine buying and record-large stocks in the G3 (U.S., Brazil, Argentina) will put pressure on soybean prices,” Basse said. “Next year Brazil will produce more soybean than the U.S. for the first time ever,” he noted.

Climate impact predicted to cause 500,000 extra deaths in 2050 Significant changes to global diets predicted due to available calorie reduction and weather havoc


BY MAGDALENA MIS London/Thomson Reuters Foundation


limate change could cause significant changes to global diets, leading to more than half a million extra deaths in 2050 from illnesses such as stroke, cancer and heart disease, experts said Mar. 3. As extreme weather such as floods and heat waves wreaks havoc with harvests and crop yields, estimated increases in food availability could be cut by a third by 2050, according to the experts’ study published in The Lancet medical journal. This would lead to a reduction of 99 calories available daily per person, the assessment of the impact of climate change on diet composition and body weight found. Climate change could also lead to a four per cent reduction in the consumption of fruit and vegetables, along with a 0.7 per cent drop in the amount of red meat consumed, the study said. Reduced consumption of

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fruit and vegetables could cause twice as many deaths as undernutrition by 2050, it said. “Even modest reductions in the availability of food per person could lead to changes in the energy content and composition of diets, and these changes will have major consequences for health,” study lead author Marco Springmann from the University of Oxford said in a statement. These changes could be responsible for around 529,000 extra deaths in 2050, compared to a future without climate change in which increases in food availability and consumption could have prevented 1.9 million deaths. Even though some climate-related deaths will be offset by reductions in obesity, the projected 260,000 fewer deaths will be balanced by lower calorie availability, the study said. Low- and middle-income countries in the Western Pacific region and Southeast Asia are likely to be worst affected.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Cuban export opportunities seen for U.S. farmers The U.S. could supply up to 50 per cent of Cuba’s needs if the embargo goes Lima/Reuters


.S. Secretary of A g r i c u l t u r e To m Vilsack said March 15 that farm officials want to lay the groundwork so U.S. agricultural exporters can seize new opportunities in Cuba if the trade embargo on the country is lifted. The normalization of trade relations would allow U.S. farmers to use lower transportation costs to edge in on the European Union’s food exports to Cuba, Vilsack said. President Barack Obama has been using his executive powers to chip away at the half-century-old trade embargo, imposed on the communist-ruled nation in

1960, but cannot lift it without approval from Congress that is unlikely under current Republican leadership. “There are still preliminary steps that can be taken to prepare for that day,” Vilsack said in an interview in Peru. “When it happens, the United States will be in a very good position to reclaim a portion of the market we’ve lost.” V i l s a c k c i t e d s oy b e a n s, rice, poultry and biofuels as new markets U.S. farmers could tap in Cuba, which in turn could sell organic products to its former Cold War foe. The Obama administration is asking Congress for US$1.5 million for on-the-ground studies into challenges to

“We have not had people on the ground.”

Tom Vilsack U.S. agriculture secretary

agricultural trade in Cuba, from pests to a diplomatic void left by decades of hostile relations. “We have not had people on the ground,” Vilsack said. “We need to develop relationships with the people in Cuba so we know who to do business with and who actually makes the deals.”

Vilsack, who visited Cuba last month, said state agricultural commissioners and secretaries have also been travelling to the island on trade missions. “They have been down to Cuba and they have come back with small contracts for commodities,” Vilsack said. Vilsack said farmers were the most excited about the reopening of relations with Cuba, once a global sugar cane powerhouse. The U.S. would aim to meet 50 per cent of Cuba’s food and agricultural needs if trade resumes fully, up from less than 15 per cent now, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said in a statement to Reuters after the interview.

Australia dumps proposed tax on backpackers Sydney backs away from the idea over concerns for farm labour and export crops BY MATT SIEGEL Sydney/Reuters

Australia on March 16 walked back from a planned tax hike on foreign travellers who work in the country, following concerns from farmers that their supply of “backpacker labour” at harvest times may dry up and undermine Australia’s ambitions of being Asia’s delicatessen. Australian fruit exports are set to hit a record A$2.27 billion (C$2.26 billion) next season, up 10 per cent from the previous 2014-15 season, and backpackers on working holiday visas make up the bulk of fruit pickers during harvests. Under the policy, foreign travellers on working holiday visas would have been required to pay tax of 32.5 per cent on every dollar earned, when previously they paid no tax on income up to A$18,000, the same as locals. “Concerns have been raised about the impact of the 2015 budget measure on tax arrangements for Working Holiday Makers, particularly our global competitiveness as a backpacker destination,” Tourism Minister Richard Colbeck said in a statement. “We have therefore decided that the proposed tax arrangements require further discussions to ensure Australia does not lose market share in backpacker visitation.” Australia faces a ballooning budget deficit of about A$40 billion this year and the planned increase in tax for working travellers was estimated to net A$540 million between 2016 and 2020. The government has encouraged backpackers to work on farms with special visas allowing them to stay for a second year if they do three months of work in rural Australia. But horticulture producers are already struggling to find enough labour, and farmers have argued that the potential additional labour shortfall caused by the tax would cause fruit to simply drop off trees and rot, making it unusable. Australia’s A$34.8-billion international tourism industry was also threatened by the higher tax, with young travellers potentially deciding not to stay as long. In total backpackers spend A$4.3 billion a year, worth about 12 per cent of all international tourist spending. “It is essential we continue to put in place the right policy settings that support the super growth sectors of tourism and agriculture as the economy transitions from the construction phase of the mining industry,” Colbeck said.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

U.S. to pull hog drug Mecadox off market Health Canada halted sales of the feed additive in 2004 BY TONI CLARKE

“Potential cancer risks are based on an assumed lifetime of consuming pork liver or other pork products containing carbadox residues.”



he U.S. Food and Drug Administration on April 8 moved to revoke approval of a drug used to treat certain conditions in pigs because it could leave a cancerous residue that may affect human health. The drug, carbadox, is made by Teaneck, N.J.-based Phibro Animal Health and is used to control swine dysentery and bacterial enteritis, the agency said. It has also been used to promote weight gain in pigs. “Potential cancer risks are based on an assumed lifetime of consuming pork liver or other pork products containing carbadox residues,” the agency said in a statement, adding that it is not recommending that people change their food choices while it works to remove the drug from the market. “Pork is a good source of protein,” the agency said. “However, protein can also be found in other meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts and seeds.” Pork liver is used to make liverwurst, hotdogs, lunch meat and some types of sausage, the agency said.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

cancer risk from consuming pork liver containing carbadox residue is higher than allowed under the FDA’s framework for regulating carcinogenic animal drugs. Canada’s Veterinary Drugs Directorate in 2004 called a halt to sales of carbadox in Canada and its manufacturers withdrew their Canadian registrations for the drug. Pfizer and Phibro had previously marketed carbadox in Canada under the Mecadox brand name and Ontariobased Bio Agri Mix had sold a carbadox-based feed premix. Canada has since allowed imports of pork from U.S. hogs that may have been treated with carbadox, but has a zero tolerance for residue of the drug in meat.

Manufacturers of carbadox pulled their Canadian registrations for the swine feed additive in 2004 after Health Canada’s Veterinary Drugs Directorate halted sales of the drug.  Photo: Istock

Officials for Phibro, which generates annual sales of more than US$650 million and employs more than 1,100 people worldwide, according to its website, were not immediately available for comment. Dave Warner, a spokesman for the Pork Producers Council, which represents the pork industry, said it is reviewing the implications of the FDA move but will let the Animal Health Institute, which represents animal health drug companies, “take the lead.”

A spokesman for the Animal Health Institute was not immediately available for comment. The FDA said it asked Phibro for additional information about the safety of carbadox but the company has not submitted any proof that there is a safe way to use it. Three antibiotics made by Phibro contain the drug: Mecadox Premix 10, Ba n m i n t h / Me c a d ox ; a n d Mecadox/Terramycin, the FDA said. Carbadox was approved in 1972.

Phibro has 30 days to request a hearing on the matter. If it does so, the FDA’s commissioner, Dr. Robert Califf, will decide whether a hearing is justified. If the company does not request a hearing, the agency can withdraw approvals for carbadox and it would no longer be legal in the U.S.

Risk assessment The FDA’s actions follow a preliminary risk assessment conducted from 2012 to 2014 which found that the lifetime



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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Zimbabwe mulls treasury bills to compensate evicted farmers Compensation is sought as Mugabe seeks to mend relations with the West

Harare / Reuters


Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe (centre) arrives at the official Tokyo residence of Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe for talks on March 28.   Photo: Reuters/Kimimasa Mayama/Pool

imbabwe’s government may issue treasury bills, along with imposing a land levy, to raise money to compensate evicted white farmers but the process will take a long time to settle, F i n a n c e M i n i s t e r Pa t r i c k Chinamasa said March 31. President Robert Mugabe early this month agreed to major reforms, including compensation for white farmers, as part of measures to end Zimbabwe’s isolation by the West. Chinamasa told a meeting of farmers, western ambassadors to Harare and government officials that the government would work with former white farmers to evaluate farms in order to reach an agree-

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“Addressing compensation issues is a necessary condition to create a more favourable business climate and increase the level of confidence of foreign and domestic investors in the agriculture sector.” Philippe Van Damme European Union ambassador to Harare

ment on how much to pay in compensation. The government had no money now to pay the farmers and would look to taxing black farmers who benefited from the seizures to contribute towards a compensation fund, he said. “And of course it means that, in that respect, we have to start talking about treasury bills as well,” Chinamasa said. Compensation would be paid to aged white farmers first while younger ones would be paid over time, he said, and Thursday’s meeting was part of efforts to mend relations with the West. He declined to comment further on the issue. New farm occupants working the land, many of whom had few farming skills when they were resettled, say they can barely make ends meet, let alone pay an extra levy. Zimbabwe’s land seizures, along with allegations of vote rigging and human rights abuses — all denied by Mugabe — led to Harare being targeted with sanctions by western donors. “Addressing compensation issues is a necessary condition to create a more favourable business climate and increase the level of confidence of foreign and domestic investors in the agriculture sector,” said Philippe Van Damme, the European Union ambassador to Harare. Zimbabwe paid compensation to 240 farmers before 2008 out of the 6,214 farms that it has seized since 2000. The southern African nation is now in the grip of a devastating drought that has left up to four million people facing hunger.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Monsanto cools on large-scale mergers The company’s second-quarter sales are down 13 per cent BY KARL PLUME Chicago / Reuters


onsanto on April 6 effectively pulled itself out of the mergers-and-acquisitions flurry in the seeds and agrochemicals industry, nearly a year after making a bid for rival Syngenta. The St. Louis-based company, which also reported a drop in second-quarter earnings, now sees its best deal-making opportunities in smaller acquisitions, licensing deals and partnerships, its CEO Hugh Grant said. “We now see this (industry rationalization) translating into further R&D or

commercial partnerships for which we are uniquely positioned to participate and no longer see large-scale M&A as a likely opportunity,” Grant said on a conference call. Monsanto’s move for Syngenta triggered a period of heightened M&A activity in the industry, where six large companies have long dominated. Syngenta in February agreed to be acquired by ChemChina for $43 billion, while Dow Chemical and DuPont struck a $130-billion megamerger last year (all figures US$). Low crop prices and belt tightening by farmers have put pressure on earnings, prompting companies to consider acquisitions. Monsanto, the world’s

largest seed company, continued to tout itself as the industry’s “partner of choice.” After its bid for Syngenta failed, Monsanto approached Bayer and expressed interest in its crop science unit, including a potential acquisition worth more than $30 billion, Reuters reported in March. Farmers in the U.S. have been spending less on everything from fertilizers to seeds as grain prices hover near five-year lows and incomes have fallen to their lowest since 2002. This has forced Monsanto and DuPont Pioneer to offer the steepest discounts in at least six years. “Monsanto every year has a lineup of new products that allows them to charge

more than the prior year. This is an environment where that’s a little tougher of a conversation to have,” said Matt Arnold, materials analyst with Edward Jones. Net income attributable to the company fell to $1.06 billion in the quarter ended Feb. 29, from $1.43 billion a year earlier. Monsanto reiterated its ongoing 2016 earning per share guidance of $4.40$5.10 after lowering the outlook last month amid currency headwinds and heightened pricing competition. Net sales fell 12.8 per cent to $4.53 billion. Analysts on average had expected a profit of $2.44 on revenue of $4.76 billion, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016



Call to place your classified ad in the next issue: 1-800-782-0794 FAX your classified ads to: 204-954-1422 · Or eMAiL your classified ads to: [email protected]


Index Tributes/Memoriams Announcements Airplanes Alarms & Security Systems AntiqUes – Antiques For Sale – Antique Equipment – Antique Vehicles – Antiques Wanted

Your guide to the Classification Categories and sub-listings within this section.

BUiLding & renovAtions – Building Supplies – Concrete Repair – Doors & Windows – Electrical & Plumbing – Insulation – Lumber – Roofing Buildings Business Machines Business Opportunities

Arenas AUCtion sALes – MB Auction Parkland – MB Auction Westman – MB Auction Interlake – MB Auction Red River – SK Auction – AB Auction Peace – AB Auction North – AB Auction Central – AB Auction South – BC Auction – Auction Various – U.S. Auctions

BUsiness serviCes – Crop Consulting – Financial & Legal – Insurance/Investments Butchers Supply Chemicals Clothing/Work wear Clothing/Western /Specialty wear Collectibles Compressors Computers

Auction Schools AUto & trAnsport – Auto Service & Repairs – Auto & Truck Parts – Autos – Trucks – Semi Trucks & Trailers – Sport Utilities – Vans – Vehicles Various – Vehicles Wanted BeeKeeping – Honey Bees – Cutter Bees – Bee Equipment

ContrACting – Custom Baling – Custom Feeding – Custom Harvesting – Custom Seeding – Custom Silage – Custom Spraying – Custom Trucking – Custom Tub Grinding – Custom Work Construction Equipment Crop Inputs Dairy Equipment Electrical Engines Entertainment FArM MAChinerY – Aeration – Conveyors – Equipment Monitors

Belting Biodiesel Equipment Books & Magazines

tiLLAge & seeding – Air Drills – Air Seeders – Harrows & Packers – Seeding Various – Tillage Equipment – Tillage Various trACtors – Agco – Allis/Deutz – Belarus – Case/IH – Caterpillar – Ford – John Deere – Kubota – Massey Ferguson – New Holland – Steiger – Universal – Versatile – White – Zetor – 2-Wheel Drive – 4-Wheel Drive – Various

– Fertilizer Equipment – Grain Augers – Grain Bins – Grain Carts – Grain Cleaners – Grain Dryers – Grain Elevators – Grain Handling – Grain Testers – Grain Vacuums – Hydraulics – Irrigation Equipment – Loaders & Dozers – Parts & Accessories – Potato & Row Crop Equipment – Repairs – Rockpickers – Salvage – Silage Equipment – Snowblowers/Plows – Specialty Equipment – Machinery Miscellaneous – Machinery Wanted

Fencing Firewood Fish Farm Forestry/Logging Fork Lifts/Pallet Trucks Fur Farming Generators GPS Health Care Heat & Air Conditioning Hides/Furs/Leathers Hobby & Handicrafts Household Items Iron & Steel

hAYing & hArvesting – Baling Equipment – Mower Conditioners – Swathers – Swather Accessories – Various CoMBines – Belarus – Case/IH – Cl – Caterpillar Lexion – Deutz – Ford/NH – Gleaner – John Deere – Massey Ferguson – Versatile – White – Combines - Various – Accessories

LAndsCAping – Greenhouses – Lawn & Garden LivestoCK Cattle – Cattle Auctions – Angus – Black Angus – Red Angus – Aryshire – Belgian Blue – Blonde d’Aquitaine – Brahman

sprAYing eqUipMent – Sprayers – Various

– Brangus – Braunvieh – BueLingo – Charolais – Dairy – Dexter – Excellerator – Galloway – Gelbvieh – Guernsey – Hereford – Highland – Holstein – Jersey – Limousin – Lowline – Luing – Maine-Anjou – Miniature – Murray Grey – Piedmontese – Pinzgauer – Red Poll – Salers – Santa Gertrudis – Shaver Beefblend – Shorthorn – Simmental – South Devon – Speckle Park – Tarentaise – Texas Longhorn – Wagyu – Welsh Black – Cattle Composite – Cattle Various – Cattle Wanted Horses – Horse Auctions – American Saddlebred – Appaloosa – Arabian – Belgian – Canadian – Clydesdale – Draft – Donkeys – Haflinger – Miniature – Morgan – Mules – Norwegian Ford – Paint – Palomino – Percheron – Peruvian – Pinto

– Ponies – Quarter Horse – Shetland – Sport Horses – Standardbred – Tennessee Walker – Thoroughbred – Warmblood – Welsh – Horses For Sale – Horses Wanted poultry – Poultry For Sale – Poultry Wanted Sheep – Sheep Auction – Arcott – Columbia – Dorper – Dorset – Katahdin – Lincoln – Suffolk – Texel Sheep – Sheep For Sale – Sheep Wanted Swine – Swine Auction – Swine For Sale – Swine Wanted Speciality – Alpacas – Bison (Buffalo) – Deer – Elk – Goats – Llama – Rabbits – Emu/Ostrich/Rhea – Yaks – Various Livestock Equipment Livestock Services & Vet Supplies Misc. Articles For Sale Misc. Articles Wanted Musical Notices On-Line Services orgAniC – Organic Certified – Organic Food – Organic Grains

Outfitters Personal Pest Control Pets & Supplies Photography Propane Pumps Radio, TV & Satellite reAL estAte – Commercial Buildings – Condos – Cottages & Lots – Houses & Lots – Land For Rent – Land For Sale – Mobile Homes – Motels & Hotels – Resorts – Vacation Property – farms & Ranches – Acreages/Hobby Farms – Manitoba – Saskatchewan – Alberta – British Columbia – Pastureland – Farms/Ranches Wanted reCreAtionAL vehiCLes – All Terrain Vehicles – Boats & Water – Campers & Trailers – Golf Carts – Motor Homes – Motorcycles – Snowmobiles Recycling Refrigeration Restaurant Supplies Sausage Equipment Sawmills Scales CertiFied seed – Cereal Seeds – Forage Seeds – Oilseeds – Pulse Crops – Specialty Crops CoMMon seed – Cereal Seeds – Forage Seeds – Grass Seeds – Oilseeds – Pulse Crops – Common Seed Various

seed/Feed/grAin – Feed Grain – Hay & Straw – Feed Wanted – Grain Wanted – Hay & Feed Wanted – Seed Wanted Sewing Machines Sharpening Services Silos Sporting Goods Stamps & Coins Swap Tanks Tarpaulins Tenders Tickets Tires Tools trAiLers – Grain Trailers – Livestock Trailers – Trailers Miscellaneous Travel Water Pumps Water Treatment Welding Well Drilling Well & Cistern Winches CAreers – Career Training – Child Care – Construction – Domestic Services – Farm/Ranch – Forestry/Log – Health Care – Help Wanted – Management – Mining – Oil Field – Professional – Resume Services – Sales/Marketing – Trades/Tech – Truck Drivers – Employment Wanted

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

AUCTION DISTRICTS Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.

The Pas

Birch River

Swan River Minitonas Durban

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

Unreserved Public Farm Auction

Unreserved Public Farm Auction

Gilbert Plains, MB | April 19, 2016 · 10 am

Dauphin, MB | April 20, 2016 · 10 am

Mervin Stotski

Ryz Farms Ltd. – West Lake Farms Ltd.






Gilbert Plains

Fisher Branch

Ste. Rose du Lac Russell



Riverton Eriksdale



Shoal Lake




Rapid City







Pilot Mound Crystal City

Elm Creek


Ste. Anne



Lac du Bonnet



Austin Treherne



Stonewall Selkirk





Erickson Minnedosa





St. Pierre


Morris Winkler Morden




Red River

2010 Case IH 8120

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

FARM AUCTION FOR GARY & Lisa Neumann Sat., Apr. 23rd, 11:00AM 3-mi East of Waldersee, MB on Rd 106N. TRACTORS & HARVESTING EQUIP: 1985 2594 Case IH 24-SPD PS 20.8x42 fact Duals, 2-hyds 1,000-PTO 5,800-hrs; 1980 4490 Case PS 1,000-PTO 3-hyds 18.4x34 Duals 5,500-hrs; 1975 970 Case PS PTO 2-hyds, 7,408-hrs, 1755-hrs on rebuilt eng, 2,400-hrs on PS & Trans; 1985 1482 Case IH combine, shedded, lots of extra parts for this combine; 1987 722 CCIL 26-ft Swather w/PU Reel approx 2,800-hrs; Swath Roller. SEEDING & TILLAGE EQUIP: 8800 Bourgault 32-ft cult w/1110 Tank Air Seeder; 20-ft MH-310 Morris Hoe Drill w/fact Trans; 29-ft Leon C78-329 Cult; 30-ft 5000 INT Vibra Chisel mulchers; 29-ft 179 CCIL Cult. w/NH3 kit; 60-ft Inland Tine Harrows; 68-ft 3300T CCIL Sprayer w/800-gal. Poly Tank; 5- 16 Melroe Plow; Degelman Rock Picker; 15-ft Co-op Discer. *Consigned: 26-ft Crust Buster Tandem Disc w/self leveling hyds; 1978 Ford 600 15-ft Box RT* GRAIN BINS & AUGERS: 2,100-bu Westeel Hopper Bin; 2) 5,900-bu Westeel bin (21-ft diameter) 3,850-bu Westeel Bin w/aeration Floor; 3,300-bu Westeel Bin w/aeration Floor 3hp aeration fan; 3850 Westeel Bin; 3,300-bu Westeel Bin; 2,750-bu Westeel Bin; 1,650-bu Westeel Bin. *Bins are to be removed by Aug 15/16* 1026A Remco Grain Vac; MK100-61 Westfield Auger; 7x41 Westfield Auger w/14-HP eng; Pencil augers; Bin Sweep; V Tank; 1,000-gal. Fuel Tank w/elect Pump; 500-gal. Tank for used oil; Farm Wagon. SHOP & MISC EQUIP: 250-amp Idealarc AC Lincoln Welder; 36-inx11-in metal Lathe; 25Ton hyd Press; Bench model Drill Press; approx 100-lb anvil; Forge; elect Cut off saw; elect Hacksaw; assort of Tools; Hyd Floor Jack; Floating water Pump; 2-HP shop bilt Grinder; 1/4 to 1-in Tap & Die Set; 5-in Bench Vice; Metal Bolt Bins; air Greaser; approx 100, 4 to 5-in treated 8-ft posts; approx 65, 6 to 8-in x10-ft treated posts; 5 rolls of 5-ft Page Wire; 2x10 Treated Planks; approx 200-ft of 5/8-in Cable; Portable Cordwood saw; 14-ft Canoe. ANTIQUES & COLLECTABLES: Victrola Grammaphone; Wall mt Telephone; Pot Belly Stove; Singer Treadle & elect Sewing machine; Platform Scale; 6 Buffalo Skulls; Texaco Gas Bauser; Misc. website Terms Cash or Cheque. Lunch served. Subject to additions & deletions. Not responsible for any errors in description GST & PST will be charged where applicable. Everything sells AS IS Where IS All Sales Final. Statements made on sale day will take precedent over all previous advertising Owners & auction company are not responsible for accidents on sale site. Sale conducted by Nickel Auctions Ltd, Dave Nickel auctioneer Ph: (204)637-3393 cell (204)856-6900 e-mail [email protected] Owners (204)352-4379

Ag industry news, directly to you. Sign up for daily enews at

2012 John Deere S690

2009 John Deere 9630

2012 John Deere 7230

1996 Mack CH613 AUCTION LOCATION: From GILBERT PLAINS, MB, go 12.9 km (8 miles) South on Hwy 274, then 5.2 km (3.25 miles) East. Yard on South side. GPS: 51.0296, -100.8245 A PARTIAL EQUIPMENT LIST INCLUDES: 2009 John Deere 9630 4WD Tractor · 1999 John Deere 9400 4WD Tractor · 2012 John Deere 7230 2WD Tractor · 1980 John Deere 4640 2WD Tractor · Antique Tractors · 2012 John Deere S690 Combine · 2007 John Deere 936D 36 Ft Draper Header · 2009 John Deere 4895 30 Ft Swather · 2004 Freightliner Century Truck Tractor T/A · Freightliner FLD120 Truck Tractor T/A · 2006 International 4400 SBA Truck Tractor S/A · 1996 Mack CH613 T/A Grain Truck · 1987 Ford L9000 T/A Grain Truck · 1979 Ford 9000 T/A Grain Truck · 1976 GMC 7000 Grain Truck · (2) Dodge 2500 4x4 Pickup Trucks · 1997 Lode King Grain Trailer · Duncan 16 Ft T/A Gooseneck

Equipment Trailer · 1964 John Deere 1010 Crawler Tractor · The Heil Co C8 8 CY Pull Scraper · 1993 Flexi-Coil 5000 57 Ft Air Drill · 1993 Flexi-Coil 820 62 Ft Cultivator · John Deere 1650 54 Ft Cultivator · John Deere T0360 Tandem Disc · 2003 Bourgault 7200 72 Ft Heavy Harrows · Riteway RH470B 64 Ft Harrows · (2) Westeel 4000± Bushel Hopper Bins · Meridian MGM4000 4000± Bushel Hopper Bin · Meridian M1620 4000± Bushel Epoxy Lined Hopper Bin · (2) Westeel 2500± Bushel Hopper Bins · Buhler Farm King Y1370TM 13 In. x 70 Ft Hydraulic Swing Grain Auger · 1993 Farm King 10 In. x 60 Ft Mechanical Swing Grain Auger ...AND MUCH MORE!

For up-to-date equipment listings, please check our website:

BUILDING SUPPLY & EQUIPMENT SALE Sat April 16th @ 10:00 am

MOVING & ESTATE SALE Sun May 1st @ 10:00 am Stonewall, MB - #12 Patterson Drive Go To Website for Full Listing! Consignments Welcome!

AUCTION LOCATION: From DAUPHIN, MB go 6.4 km (4 miles) North on Hwy 20 to Mile RD150. Yard on East side. GPS: 51.2213, -100.0047 A PARTIAL EQUIPMENT LIST INCLUDES: 1998 New Holland 9682 4WD Tractor · 1990 Ford 876 4WD Tractor · 1984 Case 2594 2WD Tractor · 1977 Case 1570 2WD Tractor · 2010 Case IH 8120 Combine · 2011 Case IH WD1203 30 Ft Swather · 2008 International ProStar Premium T/A Grain Truck · 1995 Kenworth T600 T/A Grain Truck · 1982 Ford 800 T/A Grain Truck · 2014 Load Line 21 Ft Tri/A Grain Trailer · 1998 Bourgault 5710 42 Ft Air Drill · 2003 Bourgault 5710 Series II 52 Ft Air Drill · 2007 Bourgault 6350 Tow-Behind Air

Ritchie Bros. Territory Manager – Steven Perrin: 204.573.0993 800.491.4494

Ritchie Bros. Territory Manager – Steven Perrin: 204.573.0993 800.491.4494

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

Tank · 2003 Bourgault 9400 48 Ft Cultivator · Morris L-233 Challenge 33 Ft Cultivator · Morris Magnum III CP840 40 Ft Cultivator · 2014 Bourgault 7200 72 Ft Heavy Harrows · Riteway 6000 70 Ft Harrow Packer · 2012 Schulte 8000 Rock Picker · 2013 New Holland SP240R 100 Ft High Clearance Sprayer · 2002 New Holland 688 Round Baler · Unverferth 7200 720± Bushel S/A Grain Cart · Grain Augers · Grain Wagons · Livestock Equipment ...AND MUCH MORE!

For up-to-date equipment listings, please check our website: Greg Ryz: 204.638.3777 (h) 204.648.3703 (c), [email protected]

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

Ruth Falk Sawatzky (Late Abe)

Sunday April 24th @ 10:00 am Stony Mountain, MB − 41 Richard St. Contact: (204) 344-5595

Recreation: 87 Dodge 2500 Classic Royal Leisure Van Roof & Dash A/C 87,693 Km - Safetied* Norland 4 Wheel Gas Pit Car * 70 Motobecane 49 cc Moped * 7.5 HP Outboards * Camping * Fishing * Yard: J D 655 Cab MFWA Hyd * 3PH w JD FEL * Muratori 3PH 48" Rotovator * McKee Frt Mt 60" Snowblower -Elec Wood Splitter * JD 3PH 6' Blade * JD LX 178 Hyd R Mower * JD 100 R Mower * Case 118 R Mower * Case Yard Trailer * Rear Tine Tiller * Crafts 6.75 HP 22" Weed Eater * Jari 3 PH Sickle Mower * Push Mowers * Snow blowers * Gas Dethacher * Mini Roto Tillers * Trailer Yard Sprayer * Elec Pole Saw * Hand Yard Tools * Patio Furniture * Tools: Mac Tool Cabinet * Tool Cabinet * Snap On 1650 lb Elec Pressure Washer * Air Chisel * Snap On 1/4" Torch Meter * Snap on Wrenches * Snap on Socket Sets * Coats 40-40A Tire Machine * Metal Band Saw * 20 Ton Hyd Press * 250 Amp Welder * Mig Welder * Arc Welder * Drill Press Wood Lathe * Table Saws * Acetylene Torches * Air Compressors * Gas Air Compressor * Sandblaster * Battery Charger * Band Saw * Scroll Saw * 12" Planer * Metal Cut Off Saw * Power Tools * Air Tools * Power Pac * Various Testers * Shop Crane * Floor Jack * Wrenches * Socket Sets Up to 3/4" * Impact Sockets * Much Larger Amount of Tools! * Misc.: B H 8' Flat Deck * Utility Trailer * New 10' x 17' Car Port * Karcher Mdl HD 5500 Heated Pressure Washer * 5000 Watt Generator * Platform Scale * Pallet Jack * Al Multi Ladder * Load Binders * Load Strap Ratchets * Welding Table * 25' Welding Cable * Truck Tool Box * Trailer Light Kits * Set Torsion Axles * Home Repair Items * Various Lumber * Plywood * Welding Material * Antiques * Parade Mini Model T Fire Truck Gas Powered * 60's JD Pedal Tractor * Chain Saw * Gas Fire Dept 3" Water Pump * Steel Wheels * Household * Stuart McSherry (204) 467-1858 or (204) 886-7027

Stuart McSherry

(204) 467-1858 or (204) 886-7027

2008 International ProStar Premium & 2014 Loadline 21 Ft

Mervin Stotski: 204.638.2784 [email protected]


McSherry Auction Service Ltd

2011 Case IH WD1203 30 Ft

2003 Bourgault 5710 Series II 52 Ft & 2007 Bourgault 6350

McSherry Auction Service Ltd

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

1990 Ford 876

2009 John Deere 4895 30 Ft

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman

Farm Estate Auction for the Late Paul Sorochynski [email protected]

1998 New Holland 9682

1999 John Deere 9400


COMBINED RV/WOOD WORKING & HOUSEHOLD AUCTION for Gill & Brigitte Verville & David Plett Sat., April 30th at 12:00 noon in the Austin Skating Rink. 97 Ford Escort LX Wagon; 24.5-ft Terry 5th wheel; 17-ft Smokercraft; Riding Mowers; Appliances & Furniture; Shop Tools; Wood working tools and more, check website for Full listing Sale conducted by Nickel Auctions Ltd (204)637-3393 cell (204)856-6900

2013 New Holland SP240R 100 Ft

Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting for your call. 1-800-782-0794.

Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifed section. 1-800-782-0794.

1000 Litre Caged Totes $60.00 Call Ken @ 204-794-8383

Trux-N-Parts Salvage Inc.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman

Unreserved Public Farm Auction

Unreserved Public Farm Auction

Ste Rose du Lac, MB | April 21, 2016 · 10 am

Killarney, MB | April 22, 2016 · 11 am

Christensen Farms Ltd.

Mischa Klug

2009 Massey Ferguson 9695 & 2006 Massey Ferguson 9690

2002 Caterpillar Lexion 470

2010 Versatile 400, 1995 Degelman 14 Ft 6 way & 2009 Parker 739

1997 Case IH 9370

1990 Case IH 9180

New Holland TM115

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions JASON AND SHARON MORRIS Auction. Sun., Apr 24, 2016 10:00am FROM JUNCTION #9 AND #15: 5 EAST TO BANGOR SIGN, 1 1/4 SOUTH BANGOR, SK. MACHINERY - TRACTORS: JD 8640 TRACTOR: 4WD, cab, air, quad shift, 6643-hrs, 20.8x34 tires, good rubber, 3-hyd, PTO, air seeder plumbed SER: 007098RH; CASE 2090 TRACTOR: Cab, air, power shift, 18.4x38 like new tires, 5200-hrs, 300-hrs on new drop in, 2-hyd, real nice. SER: 10267069; White 2-155 tractor: cab, air, dual hyd, 7200-hrs, 20.8x38 rubber; Allis Chalmers 190 tractor: 23.1x30 tires (possibly injection problems). COMBINE: 1989 JD 9600, SP combine: cab, air, 3284 separating hrs, 5300 engine hrs, fine cut chopper, chaff spreader, air foil sieve, nice; JD 930 -30ft rigid header: w/batt reels. SWATHERS: Case IH 8820 25-ft SP Swather: cab, air, DSL, U2 pick reel, 1661-hrs, hydro, vine lifters, double knife, 2 keer sheers, nice; Westward 3000 25-ft PTO Swather: auto fold; Versatile 15-ft PTO Swather. TILLAGE & SEEDING: Morris maxium 34.5-ft Air Drill w/2-in Steel Packers, air package, adam jet openers, liquid fertilizer, w/Morris 7180 air tank, real nice; Morris magnum 31-ft HD cultivator: john blue ammonia kit, eagle beak knives, Morris harrows, heavy shanks, nice. Morris 28-ft viber shank -challenger w/harrows; Cockshutt 10-ft HD cultivator. HARROWS: Morris 50-ft field pro heavy harrow, excellent. TRUCK: 2006 Ford F150 Truck: V8 auto,4x4, 217,000-kms, real good; 1982 IHC S1900: 3-ton 466-DSL, 5x2, 16-ft steel box & hoist, roll tarp, good tires, nice; AUGERS: SAKUNDIAK 10-2000: 70-ft swing away auger; Sakundiak 8x40 PTO auger; Sakundiak HD 8-1200 36-ft auger: 25Hp Kohler ES engine. GRAIN BINS: 4-1650 Bus West Steel on hoppers & skids; 3-1950 Bus West Steel on hoppers & skids; 1-70T Store King Fertilizer Hopper Bin on skids. EXCAVATION: Crown 950 scraper; Flaman V ditcher. CATTLE EQUIPMENT: New Holland 273 square baler w/stoker; NH 7-ft trailer mower; Vicon 5-wheel rake; 1 Bale-Round Bale hauler; 14-ft tandem axle cattle trailer. Plus recreation, misc equipment, misc and shop items. NOTE: Jason and Sharon are retiring from farming and selling their equipment. Most equipment looks above average condition for its age. Lots of hours left on this equipment. Online Bidding 1:00PM. Visit for updated listing & pictures. Sale conducted by Ukrainetz Auction Theodore SK. (306)647-2661. License #91585

2004 Rogator 1264 110 Ft

2014 Neville 45 Ft 2007 Western Star & 1993 Doepker

1990 Case IH 5140

Ford LTL9000

AUCTION LOCATION: From STE ROSE DU LAC, MB, at the Jct of Hwy 5 & 276, go 24.1 km (15 miles) North, then 1.6 km (1 mile) West on East Bay Rd. Yard on North side. GPS: 51.2657, -99.5126 A PARTIAL EQUIPMENT LIST INCLUDES: 2010 Versatile 400 4WD Tractor · 1990 Case IH 9180 4WD Tractor · 1976 White 4-150 4WD Tractor · 1990 Case IH 5140 MFWD Tractor · 1977 White 2-105 2WD Tractor · 2009 Massey Ferguson 9695 Combine · 2006 Massey Ferguson 9690 Combine · 2010 Massey Ferguson 8200 30 Ft Flex Draper · 2010 Massey Ferguson 5100 30 Ft Draper · 2001 Agco 8000 30 Ft Flex Header · 2004 Massey Ferguson 9420 30 Ft Swather · 2001 Volvo VE Sleeper T/A Truck · 1986 Ford LTL9000 T/A Truck · Ford LTL9000 T/A Grain Truck · 1971 Ford 8000 T/A Grain Truck · 2008 Ford F150 Crew Cab 4x4 Pickup Truck · 2014 Neville 45 Ft Tri/A Grain Trailer · 1990 Lode King 28 Ft Super B Lead

Grain Trailer · 1995 Fruehauf 48 Ft Tri/A Hiboy Trailer · Arnes 20 Ft T/A End Dump Trailer · 2008 18 Ft T/A Equipment Trailer · T/A High Clearance Sprayer Trailer · 1996 Case IH 4812 48 Ft Air Drill · 1997 Case IH 5800 41 Ft Cultivator · 1995 Case IH 5800 45 Ft Cultivator · Ezee-On 5300 42 Ft Cultivator · 2013 Lemken Heliodor 8/500 33 Ft Disc · 2008 Summers Mfg 84 Ft Heavy Harrows · 2004 Degelman RP7200 Rock Picker · 2004 Rogator 1264 110 Ft High Clearance Sprayer · 2009 Parker 739 740± Bushel S/A Grain Cart · (2) Brandt 1370 13 In. x 70 Ft Mechanical Swing Grain Auger · 2006 Westfield TF80-51 8 In. x 51 Ft Grain Auger...AND MUCH MORE!

For up-to-date equipment listings, please check our website: Darren Christensen: 204.638.7261 (h) 204.447.7391 (c), [email protected]

2013 Horsch Anderson Joker RT27 27 Ft

AUCTION LOCATION: From KILLARNEY, MB go 8 km (5 miles) North on Hwy 18, then 18 km (11 miles) East on Hwy 253, then 6.4 km (4 miles) South on Hwy 458. Yard on East side. GPS: 49.2003, -99.461 A PARTIAL EQUIPMENT LIST INCLUDES: 1997 Case IH 9370 4WD Tractor · New Holland TM115 MFWD Tractor · 2002 Caterpillar Lexion 470 Combine · Caterpillar F30 30 Ft Flex Header · 1999 Premier 2930 30 Ft Swather · 1997 Westward 9200 25 Ft Swather · 2007 Western Star Tractor T/A Truck · 1993 Doepker 28 Ft Super B Grain Trailer · 1992 Flexi-Coil 5000 45 Ft Air Drill · Morris CP525 25 Ft Cultivator · 2013 Horsch Anderson Joker RT27 27 Ft Disc · Rock-O-Matic 555 Rock Picker · 2010

Versatile SX275 100 Ft High Clearance Sprayer · 2013 Farm King 1395 13 In. x 95 Ft Mechanical Swing Grain Auger · 2013 Sakundiak HD8-39 8 In. x 39 Ft Grain Auger · United Farm Tools 750-M 750± Bushel Grain Cart · Inland Tapered 8 Ft Steel Swath Roller · Custombuilt Tapered 8 Ft Steel Swath Roller · 2011 Westeel 150 Gallon Fuel Tank · Free Form 1400 Gallon Poly Tank · Trimble FM750 Display · HLA Pallet Forks · Custombuilt Bale Forks ...AND MUCH MORE!

For up-to-date equipment listings, please check our website: Ritchie Bros. Territory Manager – Steven Perrin: 204.573.0993 800.491.4494

Ritchie Bros. Territory Manager – Mike Slon: 780.518.6249 800.491.4494

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Red River

United Farm Tools 750-M

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Red River

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Red River

Peters Frank and estate OF the Late Jake Peters Winkler, MB • 1-204-325-4433

Saturday, aPrIL 16, 11 aM St cLaude, MB Located 6 miLe south of st cLaude on 240 or 3 miLes north of roseisLe, mb

• Two IHC model 1440 combines with 810 pick up heads, one has excelerater rotor • 200 and 400 hrs on engine overhauls, shedded • 1985 GM 70 Truck Detriot diesel, 5 & 2, 20 ft midland box and hoist roll tarp. • Tag axle • 1970 GM C-50 Truck, 15 ½ ft box and hoist roll tarp • Ford 9700 tractor cab, 3pth, dual hyd, 18.4 x 38 duals, 3200 hrs on overhauled engine • Case 2470 tractor, 4x4 power shift, 18.4 x 34 duals newer insides, good unit See our website • Case 900 Diesel, not running, cancade for more list or check our spring catalog. blade sells separate • 10 ft JD Breaking disc (23” front discs & 24” rear discs) Owner Frank: 204-828-3571

See our website: for complete listing or call 204-325-4433 cell 6230

BILL kLassen aUCtIOneers AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions

BUCHANAN CONSIGNMENT AUCTION Sat., Apr 16, 2016 10:00am 6-MI S ON #47, 1-MI W (VASOLOVITZ HALL) BUCHANAN SK For consignments contact Julius at (306)592-4705 or Doug at (306)647-2661. Including Grain trucks, Gravel trucks, 1/4-tons, vans, cars, excavating equip, air seeders, combines, tractors, fertilizer equip, cattle equip, antique tractors, bins, misc. Visit for updated listing & pictures. Sale conducted by Ukrainetz Auction Theodore SK. (306)647-2661. License #915851

SPY HILL CONSIGNMENT AUCTION Sat., Apr 23 2016 10:00am. 4-mi N on #8 to Century Rd, 1 1/2mi E of Spy Hill SK. Including 4WD tractors, tractors, combines, trucks, excavating equip, cattle equip, trailers, swathers, harrows, augers, stone pickers, sprayers, recreation, large quantity or misc & shop. Visit for listing & pictures. Sale conducted by Ukrainetz Auction Theodore SK. (306)647-2661. License #91585

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Red River



Partial Listing: • JD 9600 and 8820 combines • JD 6400 fwa, w/ loader • Versatile 800, case 2390 • 1991 Frieghtliner truck w/ grain box • Air seeder Bourgault 8800, 40 ft

See our website for more list or check our spring catalog. Owner Frank: 204-362-0215 See our website: for complete listing or call 204-325-4433 cell 6230





• Commercial • Quick Turn Around • Large Inventory of Factory Fresh Transmissions • Half Ton to Mid Range • Custom Re-builds • Differentials & Transfer Cases

BILL KLASSEN AUCTIONEERS Watch your profits grow! Prepayment Bonus Prepay your regular word classified ad for 3 weeks and your ad will run an additional 2 consecutive weeks for free!

Call Our Customer Service Representatives To Place Your Ad Today!

Outside Winnipeg: 1-800-782-0794 Winnipeg: 954-1415

Manitoba’s best-read farm publication 1-800-782-0794

MACK AUCTION CO presents a farm & livestock equip auction for Cowan Bros. & guests. Sale info call Dave (306)736-2999 or Ward (306)736-7121 Sat., Apr. 23rd, 2016 Langbank, SK 10:00am. Directions from Langbank, SK go 2-mi North on Hwy #9, 2-mi West & 1-mi North. Live internet bidding Vers 875 4WD tractor w/6,485-hrs; Vers 835 4WD tractor w/6,945-hrs; JD 4440 2WD tractor w/7,400-hrs; JD 4440 2WD tractor; JD 4430 2WD tractor; JD 4440 2WD tractor w/707 Leon FEL; Case 2290 2WD tractor w/3PTH; Case 1370 2WD tractor; Case 970 2WD tractor; JD 9600 SP combine w/3,440 sep hrs; JD 7721 PT combine; JD 7721 PT combine; 25-ft. Westward 3000 PT swather; JD 590 30-ft. PT swather; MF 25ft. PT swather; JD 590 30-ft. swather; MF 25-ft. PT swather; 2001 Western Star tandem grain truck; 2003 GMC 2500 HD extended cab truck; 1969 Chev C-60 grain truck; 2009 Trailtech Prospector flat deck trailer bumper pull; 36-ft. Bourgault 8800 air seeder w/Bourgault 2155 tow behind air tank; 82-ft. Bourgault 850 Centurian III field sprayer; 37ft. JD 1610 cultivator w/anhydrous kit; 35-ft. JD 1600 cultivator; Flexi Coil 50-ft. tine harrows; 37-ft. Wilrich field cultivator; Case 27-ft. IH 5500 chisel plow w/Degelman harrows; 24-ft. JD 100 cultivator; JD 567 round baler shedded; Highline 1400 round bale picker; Macdon 5020 16-ft. haybine; Bale King bale processor; 2, 100-bu creep feeders; Farm King trailer type PTO roller mill; EZ-Guide 250 & EZ Steer 500; EZ Guide 250 & EZ Steer 500; Degelman rock pickers; 2 Leon 707 FEL w/JD mounts; Westfield 10-60 swing auger; Sakundiak 8-50 PTO auger; Sakundiak 7-41 auger w/Kohler engine; Brandt 7-33 auger w/Kohler engine; Brandt 7-33 auger w/Kohler engine; Pool 6-33 auger & Kohler engine, plus much more! Visit for sale bill & photos. Join us on Facebook & Twitter. (306)421-2928 or (306)487-7815 Mack Auction Co. PL 311962


Springfield Rd. & Hwy. #59, Wpg. (across from Star Builders)


AUTO & TRANSPORT Trucks 2009 FORD F350 LARIAT, Super Duty Crew Cab, 4x4, 6.4 PWR stroke DSL, w/DTF taken out, moon roof, heated seats, factory remote back-up camera, many more options, asking $20,000. For more info Gilles (204)510-3483, La Salle, MB. 95 F SERIES SINGLE axles 24-ft. deck, 5.9 Cummins, A/C, hyd brakes, 169,000-mi, good condition, asking $5,900. (204)871-2708 or (204)685-2124


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions




Unreserved Public Retirement Auction

Doud’s Repair Ltd.

TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 2016 - 10:00AM

LOCATION: 7931 76th Street NE, Starkweather, North Dakota; Driving directions: from Jct Hwys 20 & 17 East of Cando- 2 miles North on Hwy 20, 2 ½ miles West & North into yard; or from Calio, North Dakota- ¾ mile West on Hwy 66, 8 miles South, ¼ mile East & North into yard

Radville, SK | April 22, 2016 · 10 am

AUCTIONEER’S NOTE: Please note some clean late model, low hour units, along with a complete line of other good equipment. SPECIAL NOTICE: Be sure to check out the Nick E. Hettwer Land Auction April 25th by visiting; selling 910 +/- acres LOAD OUT INFORMATION: Load out assistance auction day, April 27th & 28th. All items must be removed by May 10th, 2016.There will be very few small items, so be sure to be on time.


1984 John Deere 8850 & Case IH 3430 & 2010 Case IH Precision Disk 40 Ft

1997 John Deere 9600 & 1998 John Deere 9610

2007 Case IH SPX4420 100 Ft

2005 International 9400I Eagle & 2007 Timpte 45 Ft

2005 International 9900I Eagle

1997 Flexi-Coil 3450 & 1995 Flexi-Coil 5000 45 Ft

1993 GMC TopKick

AUCTION LOCATION: From RADVILLE, SK, go 6.4 km (4 miles) South to Grid 705, then go 16 km (10 miles) East, then 3.2 km (2 miles) South. Yard on East side. GPS: 49.3758000, -104.0679389 A PARTIAL EQUIPMENT LIST INCLUDES:

· Fiatallis 645B Wheel Loader · 2010 Case IH

1984 John Deere 8850 4WD Tractor · 1998 John

Precision Disk 40 Ft Disc Drill · Case IH 3430

Deere 9610 Combine · 1997 John Deere 9600

Tow-Between Air Tank · 1995 Flexi-Coil 5000 45

Combine · 2000 Honey Bee SP30 30 Ft Draper · 1995 MacDon 960 Draper · 1993 Case IH 8830 21 Ft Swather · 2005 International 9400I Eagle Sleeper T/A Truck Tractor · 2005 International 9900I Eagle T/A Grain Truck · 1982 Ford LTL9000

Ft Air Drill · 1997 Flexi-Coil 3450 Tow-Between Air Tank · 2007 Bourgault 6800 28 Ft Cultivator · Bush Hog 28 Ft Cultivator · 2007 Case IH SPX4420 100 Ft High Clearance Sprayer · 1993 GMC Topkick

Dump T/A Truck · 2007 Timpte 45 Ft Tri/A Grain

Spreader Truck · 2001 John Deere 567 Round

Truck · 1987 Wilson 47 Ft T/A Step Deck Trailer

Baler · 1999 Kustom Koach KW257 25 Ft Fifth

· 1980 Westank 25000 Litre T/A Tank Trailer

Wheel Travel Trailer...AND MUCH MORE!


*2012 JD 9510R 4WD, power shift, Command Center, cloth interior, inst seat, active seat, Auto Trac ready, ISO plug, 4 hyd w/ return line, rear wheel weights, 800/70R38 Michelin XBib tires & duals, only 952 hrs, SN#1RW9510RCCP004981 *1991 JD 8960 4WD, 12 spd synchro trans, 3 hyd w/ return line, recent repair work, 20.8-42 triples, 9124 hrs, SN#RW89605002933 *1995 JD 8300 MFWD, power shift, 3pt w/ quick hitch, 1000 PTO, 4 hyd, front weight bracket, inj pump OH, 420/85R30 fronts, 18.4-46 rear duals, 11372 hrs, SN#RW8300P004278 *JD 840 self leveling loader w/ JD 8000 mounts, quick attach bucket & bale fork *1985 Versatile 256 Bi-directional, CAH, cab end 540 PTO, 3pt & 3 hyd, loader w/ bkt & grapple, 16.9-28 tires, 7440 hrs, SN#209223 *1983 JD 4650 2WD, CAH, 15 spd powTRUCKS & TRAILERS: er shift, 3pt w/ quick hitch, 1000 PTO, *1989 Volvo WG tri-axle, 300 Cummins 3 hyd, 20.8-38 rear singles, 12871 Big Cam, 9 spd trans, 295/75R22.5 hrs, SN#RW4650P001260 tires, steel disk wheels, full 3rd tag, TECHNOLOGY: 22’ Frontier box, hoist & roll tarp, pup *2) JD 2630 color touch screen displayshitch, air &hyd to rear, 371412 miles one new in 2015 w/ SF2 activation showing, *2) JD Starfire 3000 receivers *Matching 400BU pup trailer, 20’ steel *1) JD Universal Auto Trac steering kit box, hoist & roll tarp, extended pole, COMBINE & HEADS: 295/75R22.5 tires *1989 Volvo *2009 Case IH AFX9120 combine, latWG tandem, L10 Cummins, 9 spd eral tilt, rock trap, var spd feeder, sintrans, 275/90R22.5 tires, steel disk gle point hookups, lux cab w/ leather, wheels, 2012 Magnum 20’ box, hoist, AFS Pro600 color touch screen, Trimroll tarp & rear control, 470851 miles ble receiver, Y/M, 3 sets of concaves- showing corn, bean & small grain, 20.8-42 *1995 Freightliner condo sleeper semi, duals, 540/65R30 rears, 1140 sep, Cat 3406 engine, 10 spd, 8000 miles 1491 eng hrs, SN#Y9G207875 on 295/75R22.5 virgin rubber, steel *2009 Case IH 2162 40’ flex draper w/ disk wheels, Crary air system, F/A, 3” cut, AFX/CR *1996 Timpte 45’ alum hopper bottom, adapter & transport, SN#Y9ZN11328 continuous tub, 96W x 78” sides, air *2012 Case IH 3016 16’ pkp platride w/ scale, 285/75R24.5 tires, form & deluxe hyd wind panel, steel disk wheels & roll tarp, SN#YCS026788 *2012 Big Tex 22GN 32’ gooseneck *JD 930F 30’ flex head, full finger flatbed, tandem axle, dual wheels, 4’ auger, 3” cut, F/A, poly end shields, beaver tail w/ fldg ramps, 48” spread Crary air reel, 9600/10 hookups, axle w/ Torque Tube, 2) 1000 lb axles SN#H00930F702018 *Spread axle steel hopper bottom pup *Vulcan 30’ head trailer w/ flex tube trailer w/ roll tarp & swivel dolly AIR SEEDERS, PLANTER & *1990 Ford L8000 single axle semi tractor, Ford diesel engine, 6 spTILLAGE EQUIPMENT: *JD 1820 53’ air seeder, 5 section dtrans, 11R22.5 tires & steel disk fold, 7.5” spacing, blockage monitor, wheels,

SWATHERS & AUGERS: *Versatile 4750 diesel SP swather, CAH, 25’ 4025 draper platform w/ sliding table, UII poly finger reel, rear counter weights, only 1616 engine hrs, table & wobble box was completely rebuilt in 2015, SN#D460155, table SN#D461179 *Case IH 8230 (Hesston Built) 30’ PT auto fold swather, UII finger reel, canola end cutter & mounted canola roller, SN#CFH0066789 *Westfield MK130-61 13” x 61’ auger w/ mech drive swing hopper & hyd lift, 540 PTO *Brandt 745 7 x 45 auger w/ 10hp elec motor *2) Canola rollers

PICKUP: *2011 GMC 2500HD 3/4T 4x4 4-door crew cab pickup, Vortec V-8 auto OD trans, leather, heated front seats, P/W/L, A/C, tilt, cruise, 8’ box, box rails, grille guard, cast alum wheels, only 33922 miles, very clean, VIN#1GT121CG6BF188570

COMPACT UTILITY TRACTOR, TILLER & UTV: *2013 JD 3720 MFWD diesel utility tractor, ROPS w/ sun canopy, E Hydro, 3pt, PTO & rear hyd, 300X loader w/ QT bkt, Auto Connect 72D 72” mower deck, loader joystick, 43 x 16.00-20 rear tires, only 335 hrs *2014 JD 681 81” 3pt rotor tiller, imatch, auto hitch, used less than 2 hrs, like new *Kawasaki 3010 Mule, 4 seater, ROPS, gas engine, manual dump box, 4x4, combo rear seat/box, shows 88 hrs

OTHER EQUIPMENT: *Degelman 7645 45’ rear fold land roller, SN#2355 *Nitromaster 8000 50’ NH3 applicator 5 section fold, spring C shanks, Dickey John twin tower cooler w/ automatic controller & 2015 floating tank hitch w/ caster wheel & radar *Large Otto rock picker, extended poly & chain picking bed *Melroe 103 spray coupe *Raven Super Cooler NH3 kit *Single row potato planter; horse cultivator & dump rake *Some other farm miscellaneous

NICK E. HETTWER, OWNER Starkweather, ND • 701-351-1150

“Decades of Knowledge - Steady Innovation - Top Results”

Ritchie Bros. Territory Manager – Kevin Ortt: 306.451.7388 800.491.4494

AUCTIONEERS & CLERK: Main Resource Equipment Auctions, Dennis Biliske- Auctioneer, 2702 17th Ave S,

Grand Forks, ND 58201, ph 701-757-4015, fax 701-757-4016, Dennis Biliske ND Lic 237, ND Clerk Lic 624



Decker Colony, Decker MB




PRICE TO CLEAR!! 75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from. B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2

Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2

Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.2 Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW

Website: | Email: [email protected] TERMS: Cash, cashier’s check, wire transfer, approved check in US funds. All sales final. Statements made auction day take precedence over all advertising. Document fee on vehicle titles will apply & vehicle titles will be mailed to buyers. Canadian buyers are always welcome, please furnish a letter of credit for registration. Some purchases require payment by wire. Most units move easily across the border, feel free to ask in advance for document assistance if necessary.



[email protected]

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Book NOW for spring building!! (Ask your sales rep about discounts on spring built buildings!)


FARM CHEMICAL / SEED COMPLAINTS We also specialize in: agricultural complaints of any nature; Crop ins. appeals; Spray drift; Chemical failure; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equip. malfunctions. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For assistance and compensation call

BRAND NEW RWD HYD thumb, for 200 size excavator, $7,500. Call Claude (204)250-2523

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 6 QUICK ATTACH EXCAVATOR buckets, some trenching & clean-up buckets, plus 6 excavator rippers, some Cat’s & WBM’s. (204)871-0925, Mac-Gregor MB.

CROP INPUTS AN ORGANIC CALCIUM SOURCE: Calcium (Lime for field crops). DRAMM fish fertilizer. OPAM approved. Contact Harvey Dann:1-800-665-2494 or Cell:(701)213-8246. Or Email: [email protected]

Read it here, click it there. Your online source for the latest in ag news and information.

FARM MACHINERY Fertilizer Equipment USED DRY FERTILIZER SPREADERS 4-8 Ton Large Selection Val-Mar Applicators 16-20, 16-55, 24-20, 32-55; 18-ft. Drill Fill w/brush auger. (204)857-8403

FARM MACHINERY Grain Augers CLASSIC SEED TREATER Straps to your auger. No pump or wiring required. Large 35L tank w/6-in. cap makes it easy to mix inoculants & treat pulses. (888)545-1228

FARM MACHINERY Grain Dryers WESTERN GRAIN DRYER manufacturers of grain dryers w/fully automatic moisture & drying control systems. Updates for IBEC/Vertec & roof, tiers, burners, auto moisture controller. Used dryer is available. 1-888-288-6857,

FARM MACHINERY Grain Elevators 80-FT. BUCKET ELEVATING LEG w/3 phase 10-HP electric motor. Phone (204)886-3304.

FARM MACHINERY Grain Vacuums 1999 REM 1026B GRAIN Vacuum, new hose, always shedded, $6,700; JD 930 Header, 60 series, hook up, sunflower pans & trailer, $6,300. (204)746-8188. CURT’S GRAIN VAC SERVICES, parts & repair for all makes & models. Craik SK, (306)734-2228.

FARM MACHINERY Irrigation Equipment BRAND NEW 60-IN. ROTARY ditcher w/deflector, requires 180-HP, large PTO & 3-PTH. Will deliver & demonstrate to interested buyer, $24,500. Call Claude (204)250-2523.

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB. MURPHY SALVAGE New & used parts for tractors, combines, swathers, square & round balers, tillage, press drills & other misc machinery. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727 or toll free 1-877-858-2728. PARTING OUT AC 7060; White 2-155; Cockshutt 1250, 550, 560, 40; Case 800, 830, 900, 930, 1270; Kubota 120, 135; JD 7700 combine; Soft core balers; NH 116 & 495 haybines; various older Imple-ment tires & rims, hyd components. (204)871-2708 or (204)685-2124 WANTED: AN ATOM JET kit to fit a Versatile 895; Also 20.8x38 tires on JD rims, 16 lug; Also Complete engine to fit IH 4186 tractor, must be in good condition; Also Deutz engine to fit 100-06 tractor in good condition. (204)655-3458.


1-800-667-9871 •• Regina 1-800-667-9871 Regina 1-800-667-3095 •• Saskatoon 1-800-667-3095 Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-667-3095 Manitoba 1-800-222-6594 •• Edmonton “For All Your Farm Parts” The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

WATROUS SALVAGE WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444

Back-Track InvesTIgaTIons

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous


1999 GM T8500 CAT towtruck, $14,500; Allis 6080 MFD loader, 3-PTH, $13,500; Ford Major DSL loader, snow blade, 3-PTH, $5,500; Vac Tank & pump for 1-tonne; Power parachute, Rotex SR7 as is; 1981 GMC 7000 366, 17-ft factory box & hoist, $8,500. Phone (306)236-8023.

Hog Equipment Installation and Barn Care

7200 INTERNATIONAL PRESS HOE drill. 14-ft $1,000 OBO. Also for parts, NH 1400 combine. Call:(204)837-1553.


We install: Feed Systems, Watering systems, Ventilation systems, Penning, Flooring, Heat mats, etc.


CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069.


Over 25 years of experience in the industry.

ST. LAZARE, MB. 1-800-510-3303

AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website:

2004 D-6-N LGP CRAWLER, 6-way dozer, A/C, cab, diff-steering, Allied W6D winch, $86,000; 2006 Hitachi ZX 270-LC Hyd excavator w/quick attach bucket w/hyd thumb 11-ft stick, axillary hyd, 6,382-hrs, $65,000 USD. 2010 CAT 324 excavator w/ hyd thumb, $95,000 Canadian. Phone: (204)871-0925.

FARM MACHINERY steel press, Flexicoil Stealth openers, markers, JD 1900 TBT commodity cart, 270BU 2 comp, fill auger, hyd fan drive, comes w/ Brown box monitor, has been used on 2630, 4 metering rolls, SN#A01820X690262, A019002690326 *JD 7200 16R30 front fold Maximerge II vacuum planter, 3BU boxes, trash whippers, markers, 250 monitor, sunflower, corn & bean plates, kept indoors, SN#A07200D501120 *JD 680 43’ spring std chisel plow, walking tandems around, 3 section fold, manual single point depth control, 3 bar Summers 104 heavy tine harrow *Wilrich 2500 50’ field cultivator, 5 section fold, walking tandems around, wing gauge wheels & 4 bar Wilrich harrow *JD 777/1060 32’ air disk drill, 7” spacing, markers, single tine harrow, dbl disk openers & cultivator shanks, fill auger, SN#N00777X001057

For up-to-date equipment listings, please check our website: Aubrey Doud: 306.869.2261 (h) 306.869.7058 (c)


We also do structural repairs such as roof and wall tin, doors, ceilings, duct repairs, etc. Serving Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

(204) 392-2467 [email protected] com Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.

FOR SALE: 2 ENDGATE drill fills: 1 Westfield, in mint condition; 1 Metal Industries, good condition. Phone:(306)452-3582. FOR SALE: 37-FT LAURIER land packer; 36-ft IHC #45 cultivator w/harrows; Case 414 plow. All machinery in good shape. Phone:(204)745-2784. GEHL 500-BU. TMR CART, $10,000; Knight 250 CF TMR Cart, $5,000; Artsway Mixmill, $1,500; Hewke 30-in. Rollermill, $3,500; JD 780 Manure Spreader, $10,000; JD 7000 Planter 8R30, $7,000; Phoenix Rotary Harrows 30, 40 & 50-ft. Brandt 4000 Grain Vac, $8,000; 4500, $8,500; New 10-ft. Box Scraper Landleveller, $2,450; Used Fertilizer Spreaders 4-8 Ton 10-Ton Tender, $5,000; REM 1026 Grain Vac, $4,500; JD 535 Baler, $5,000; JD 510, $1,500; JD 336 Square Baler, $3,000. (204)857-8403


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

TILLAGE & SEEDING Tillage Various

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Red Angus

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various

GRAVITY WAGONS- NEW 400-BU., $7,400; 600bu. $12,500; 750-bu. $18,250; Large Selection Used Gravity Wagons 250-750 bu $2,000 Up; Used Grain Carts 400-1050 bu. PTO & Hyd Drive Gehl 8500 500-bu. Feed Cart w/Scale $10,000; Little Auggie Feedmix Cart $5,000; Mohrlang 420 JD 780 Spreader Hydrapush $10,000; Dual Loader $2,000; Buhler 2795 Loader $4,500; Grain Screeners $250 Up. (204)857-8403.

FOR SALE: 1985 IHC 7200 hoe press drill ,always shedded, very clean. For more info phone evenings (204)859-2724

FOR SALE: RED ANGUS Simm X Herdsire Bull, $3,250.(204)749-2033 Rathwell, MB.

45 RED, BLACK & Red Angus Cows & some Char. Calving Apr, May & includes some pairs. Will consider calving & feeding to May 30th, 2016. For more details please call evenings (204)436-2060 or cell (204)750-4300, if no answer please leave msg.

ROWCROP CULTIVATORS 4-8R LILLISTON Cultivators 6-12R Discs Wishek 16-ft., $23,000; 30-ft., $33,000; Breaking Discs Kewanee 150ft., $25,000; Tonner 18-ft., $30,000; Vers 36-ft., $20,000; Bushog 25-ft., $7,500; IHC 14-ft. 770, $6,500; JD 1630, $3,500; DMI Disk Ripper 5 Shank, $8,900; 7 Shank, $10,900; JD 3970 Harvester, $6,000; IH 781, $2,000; 12-ft. Dump Wagon, $3,000; Vermeer 23 Hyd Rakes, $9,500 & Up; Hay Conditioners, $800 & Up; JD 9-ft. Sickle Mower, $2,000. (204)857-8403.

ALLIS 1984 8050 4,437-HRS, original owner; 1981 8010 3,694-hrs, 2nd owner. Both stnd trans, shedded, no 3-pt, offers. Also machinery augers, cultivators etc., never winter use, no loader use. (204)242-2221, Manitou.


TRACTORS Massey Ferguson

Rebuild combine table augers Rebuild hydraulic cylinders Roller mills regrooved MFWD housings rebuilt Steel and aluminum welding Machine Shop Service Line boreing and welding

Penno’s Machining & Mfg. Ltd. Eden, MB 204-966-3221 Fax: 204-966-3248

Check out A & I online parts store

Combines COMBINES John Deere 2 JD 9600 COMBINES always shedded, both have 3,500 sep hrs, years ‘90 & ‘92, w/PU heads & chaff spreaders, $31,000 OBO each. Also avail 2, 930 straight heads. Call (204)773-0111.

COMBINES Accessories AGCO MF CAT flex platforms: In stock Models 500 Gleaner 25-ft. & 30-ft.; Model 8000 30-ft. & 8200 35-ft. MF; Cat FD30 flex; FD40 flex. Reconditioned, ready to go. Delivery in SK, MB, AB. Gary: (204)326-7000, Reimer Farm Equip, Hwy #12 N, Steinbach, MB. CASE/IH FLEX PLATFORMS: MODELS 1020 25ft. & 30-ft. w/wo sir reel; 2020 30-ft. & 35-ft., 2020 30-ft. w/air reel; 2011 3020 35-ft. Can install new AWS air bar for additional $11,500. Deliver in SK, MB, AB. Gary (204)326-7000, Reimer Farm Equip, Hwy #12 N, Steinbach, MB. JD FLEX PLATFORMS: 922, 925, 930, sever- al newer ones w/full finger augers & air reels; 630-635 w/wo air bars. Deliver in SK, MB, AB. Gary (204)326-7000, Reimer Farm Equipment, Hwy #12 N, Steinbach, MB. NH FLEX PLATFORMS: In stock Models 973 both 25-30’; 74C 30-ft. w/air reel; 88C 36-ft. flex draper; 94C 25-ft. rigid draper w/trailer. Deliver in SK, MB, AB. Gary (204)326-7000, Reimer Farm Equip, Hwy #12 N, Steinbach, MB.

HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595 [email protected]

Tillage & Seeding TILLAGE & SEEDING Seeding Various FOR SALE: 42-FT, MODEL 7200 Case IH hoe drill, factory transport & carbides, good condition. Phone: (204)745-7445. GLY 1 SOYBEAN SEED. Early, mid, long season available. Top yields. Bulk or bagged. Keep your own seed, with the convenience of glyphosate! No contracts or TUAs. Dealers wanted. Call or text Nate: (204)280-1202 or Norcan Seeds (204)372-6552


CHAROLAIS BULLS 1& 2 yr olds. Vaccinated and tested. Steppler and HTA genetics. Call or text (204)381-1240. FOR SALE: COMING 2 yr old Charolais bulls, grandsons of Bluegrass. Will be easy calving, good dispositions & guaranteed. K.E.H Charolais phone Keith Hagan (204)748-1024, Virden.


TRACTORS New Holland

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions

2004 TM120 MFD, CAB, air, pwr-shift trans, left hand reverse, 3-PTH, 4,600-hrs, quick attack loader, 65-hrs on new engine, $45,000 or trade for hay. Phone (204)730-3139. 94 8970 16-SPD, 7,000-HRS, super steer, 3-PTH, $50,000 or trade for hay. Phone (204)730-3139

Let the news come to you. Sign up for daily enews at TRACTORS 2-Wheel Drive STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.


Big Tractor Parts, Inc. Geared For The Future


RED OR GREEN 1. 10-25% savings on new replacement parts for your Steiger drive train. 2. We rebuild axles, transmissions and dropboxes with ONE YEAR WARRANTY. 3. 50% savings on used parts.

1-800-982-1769 FENCING S&D Custom AG Services

Hwy #205, Grunthal • (204) 434-6519




every TUESDAY at 9 am April 19th & 26th

Saturday, April 16th at 10:00am

Bred Cow Sale

Saturday, April 30th at 10:00am

Tack & Horse Sale

For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call

Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519


LIVESTOCK Cattle – Angus 2 yr-old Reg Black Angus Bulls for sale. Semen tested. Quiet & relaxed bulls. Delivery available. Price ranging from $3400 - $3700. (204)373-2370 20 RED & BLACK Angus 2 yr old bulls moderate birth weights. Will semen test & deliver when you need them. Phone (204)278-3372, Inwood, Mb. Battle Lake Farm has Black & Red yearling PB Angus bulls for sale. Semen tested and EPD’s Available. (204) 834-2202 F BAR & ASSOCIATES Angus bulls for sale. Choose from 20 two-yr-old and yearling Red and Black Angus bulls. Great genetics, easy-handling, semen-tested, delivery available. Call for sales list. Inquiries and visitors are welcome. We are located in Eddystone, about 20-mi E of Ste. Rose, or 25-mi W of Lake MB Narrows, just off Hwy 68. Call Allen & Merilyn Staheli. Tel: (204)448-2124 Email: [email protected] FOR SALE: RED & Black yearling & 2-yr old Angus bulls, will semen test, delivery available, call Wayne (204)383-5802 or (204)383-0100. HAMCO CATTLE CO. HAS for sale Reg Red & Black Angus yearling bulls & 2-yr olds. Good selection. Semen tested, performance data & EPD’s available. Top genetics, Free Delivery. Contact Glen, Albert, Larissa Hamilton (204)827-2358 or David Hamilton (204)325-3635.



LIVESTOCK Cattle – Dairy X BRED DAIRY COWS from grazing herd Jersey, Fleckvieh, Milking Shorthorn, Dutch Bett. Anything but pure Holstein, various ages, 18 fresh in March, more due in April, $1350ish. (204)378-2307

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Dexter 8 MONTH OLD BLACK Dexter Bull, $850. Phone (204)385-3621.

BLACK ANGUS BULLS YEARLINGS & Long Yearlings, some Heifer Bulls, semen tested & performance records avail. Call Don Guilford, Hereford Ranch (204)873-2430, Clearwater. FORAGE BASED BLACK ANGUS BULLS. Virgin 2-yr olds & herd sires available. Genetics w/maternal & calving ease traits. (204)564-2540 or (204)773-6800 FOR SALE: BLACK ANGUS replacement heifers, 300 to choose from, call (204)937-3719, Roblin. FOR SALE: REGISTERED BLACK Angus yearling bulls, moderate framed, good dispositions, EPD’s available, semen tested & delivered. Bloodlines include Kodiak, KMK Alliance, Pioneer & Brand Name. Also Registered open heifers. Phone Colin at Kembar Angus (204)725-3597, Brandon MB. N7 STOCK FARM IS once again offering entire Bull pen by Private Treaty on farm. We have yearling Black Angus from some of the leading AI Sires as well from our own walking AI Sired bulls. Semen tested and ready to go. Delivery available. Gerald & Wendy Nykoliation (204)562-3530 or Allan’s cell (204)748-5128 Crandall, MB.

YEARLING & 2-YR OLD Black Angus bulls. Holloway Angus, Gerry Williams, Souris. Phone: (204)741-0070 or (204)483-3622.

500 BRED HEIFERS. Reds, Blacks, Silvers & Tans. Start calving March 25th, 2016. Had all shots, preg checked, Ivomec, pelvic measured, weigh approx 1250-lbs. Phone:(204)325-2416. FOR SALE: 10-12 SIMM cows/heifers, Bred Simm/Angus to calve July/Aug. Call (204)585-5370, Sandy Lake, MB. SELLING 45 SIMMENTAL ANGUS & Charolais Angus cross heifers, now 1.5-yrs old, will pasture & breed to your calving needs. Preg checked Oct 1st. Call for details (204)345-8492, Lac Du Bonnet. Various Cattle 8 - Simmental/Red Angus first calf heifers w/calves. Just over 2 years. Very quiet. $3,000 per pair. Phone (204)642-2669 Arborg, MB.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted

TIRED OF THE HIGH COST OF MARKETING YOUR CALVES?? 300-700 LBS. Steers & Heifers Rob: 528-3254, 724-3400 Ben: 721-3400 800-1000 LBS. Steers & Heifers Don: 528-3477, 729-7240

Contact: D.J. (Don) MacDonald Livestock Ltd. License #1110 LIVESTOCK Horse Auctions

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Gelbvieh

ROCKING W SPRING HORSE sale. Tack sale Fri., Apr. 22. For Sale Sat., Apr. 23. Keystone Centre Brandon, Manitoba. Phone: (204)325-7237.

SELINE’S GELBVIEH HAS POLLED yearling & 2-yr old bulls. Contact Wayne:(306)793-4568. Stockholm, SK.

LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Hereford 20 OPEN DE-HORNED YEARLING Hereford heifers. Call (306)743-5105, Langenburg SK. See FOR SALE: POLLED HEREFORD Bulls Yearlings & Long Yearlings, semen tested & performance records avail. Call Don Guilford, Hereford Ranch (204)873-2430, Clearwater. PB POLLED HERFORD BULLS coming 2 yr old, developed slowly on a mostly forage ration, quiet, roped to tie, guaranteed, delivery avail. Herefords for over 75 years. Catt Brothers (204)723-2831 POLLED HEREFORD YEARLING BULLS. Vern Kartanson, Phone: (204)867-2627 or (204)867-7315.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Salers POLLED PEDIGREED SALERS BULLS on farm and at Douglas Station. Red or Black. High performance herd. Can arrange delivery. Ken Sweetland, Lundar, MB (204)762-5512

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Shorthorn PUREBRED YEARLING BULLS PLUS 1 3-YR old herdsire for sale, all are polled, thick & easy fleshing w/moderate to low birthweights. We also have 3 bulls at the Douglas Bull Development Centre selling on April 2nd 2016. Call Uphill Shorthorns (204)764-2663, cell (204)365-7155 [email protected]


P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123 LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT ALTERNATIVE POWER BY SUNDOG SOLAR, portable/remote solar water pumping for winter/summer. Call for pricing on solar systems, wind generators, aeration. Service & repair on all makes/models. Carl Driedger, (204)556-2346 or (204)851-0145, Virden. KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763.

12V. or Hydraulic Electronic Scale Opt.

1 877 695 2532

ORGANIC ORGANIC Organic – Certified ORGANIC PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION OF MANITOBA CO-OPERATIVE (OPAM). Non-profit members owned organic certification body. Certifying producers, processors & brokers in Western Canada since 1988, Miniota, MB. Contact: (204)567-3745, [email protected]

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus

OSSAWA ANGUS AT MARQUETTE, MB has for sale: Yearling & 2-yr old bulls. For more info call (204)375-6658, cell (204)383-0703.

PUREBRED CHAROLAIS YEARLINGS & three 2-yr old bulls for sale by private treaty, White & Red factor. Phone Brad (204)523-0062

RIDGE SIDE RED ANGUS has: 6 red yearlings, 1 black yearling; 2, 2 yr old Red; 1 Red 3 yr old. Yearlings from AI Sires: Toast BC Hobo, Travlin Express, New Trend. Pasquale, Imprint; 3 yr old Provin, Bodacious X BC Hobo; 2 yr old are virgin. All bulls tested, long, thick, deep, good disposition. Can deliver call Don (204)422-5216

2 REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS yearling bulls. Good tempered. Sire gained 4.18-lbs per day at Douglas Test. Dams have good udders. Working stock. Free delivery 75-mi. Birth weights 78 & 73lbs. $3200/each. Les Case (204)428-3625 Portage.

Ranching family business offering custom fencing. Self propelled, all terrain fencing machine at $2,200/mile (we supply staples). Compact track loader with a wire roller & post puller. Get the old fence lines cleaned up at $1,100/mile. Mulcher head for the track loader to keep back the trees & brush at $100/hr. Daniel Leblanc (403)821-0502

PUREBRED CHAROLAIS BULLS, 1 1/2-yr olds & yearlings, White & Red factor, some good for heifers, semen tested in spring, guaranteed & delivered. R&G McDonald Livestock. (204)466-2883, (204)724-2811.

WE HAVE AN EXCELLENT selection of PB Charolais bulls, both Red & white yearling & 2-yr olds. Pictures & info on the net Call Gord or Sue:(204)743-2109.

MB. Livestock Dealer #1111

• Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®

[email protected]

2-YEAR OLD & YEARLING bulls sired by Silver Bullet & Specialist. For calving ease & yearling growth, Polled & semen tested. Martens Charolais & Seed (204)534-8370.

MF 180 3-PTH row crop, good tires, new clutch, $6,500. Phone (204)685-2124 or (204)871-2708

The Icynene Insulation System®


2 PB CHAR 2 yr old bulls for sale, good dispositions, $4,000 each. Phone (204)843-2917, Amaranth.

MF 1085 CAB HEATER 3-PTH, good tires, new hyd pump, FEL avail, $10,850. Consider offers or trades. (204)871-2708 or (204)685-2124

TILLAGE & SEEDING Tillage Equipment 2008 47-FT ST830 C.P. 5-plex, 650-lb trip, 8-in knock-on shovels, Anhydrous Raven Rate control, factory hitch, hyd winch, 9/16th heavy harrows, $82,500 OBO. (204)733-2446.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais

TRACTORS Case/ IH CASE 2096 TRACTOR, CUMMINS engine, new rubber, very good, $13,000 OBO; JD Gator, 6 wheeler, very good, $3,500 OBO. Jack Pawich (204)827-2162, Glenboro.

Rebuilt Concaves

BELLEVUE BLONDES HAS AN excellent group of performance & semen tested, polled Purebred Blonde yearling bulls for sale. $2800 each. Call Marcel (204)379-2426 or (204)745-7412, Haywood, MB.

TRACTORS Allis/Deutz

TRAILER AXLE COMPLETE W/4 very good 10.00Rx15 tires, $1,500; Allied HD loader & dirt bucket in good shape, $950; 2 like-new 18.4x34 tires, tubes & rims, $1,050 for set. (204)385-2685.


LIVESTOCK Cattle – Blonde d’Aquitaine


YEARLING SHORTHORN BULLS, excellent growth, from big productive cows. Put some growth in your cattle, add to weaning weight, yearling weight & carcass quality. Two home raised bulls, have been shown. Also avail a roan polled bull, moderate frame & performance. Reasonably priced $3,500-$4,500. Herbourne Shorthorns, Bill Acheson (204)744-2525 Somerset, MB [email protected]

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Simmental SIMM BULLS FOR SALE: 1, 2 yr old & 3 yearlings. Phone (204)641-0660. 5W SIMMENTALS HAS FOR SALE: Reg Polled Yearling Simmental Bulls, Red & Blacks, Semen Tested, Will Deliver, Keep Until Needed. Purchase Sired Goldstandard, Mind Games, Skinner & Justice. Phone (204)868-5040 For More Info. Triple R Simmentals (Haywood, MB) has three Registered Purebred Simmental Bulls for sale. Two black Drake Poker Face 2X sons (RXR 6C- BW 105; currently 1500-lbs and RXR 13C- BW 102; currently 1470-lbs) and a red KWA Big Time 86A son (RXR 20C- BW 104; currently 1440-lbs). Semen tested with scrotals between 38 and 40.5cm. Delivery arrangements can be made. $5000 each. (204) 771-0280 WE HAVE AN EXCELLENT group of polled yearling Simmental bulls. Your bull comes with a full guarantee, is semen tested, fed, insured until delivered (No later than June 1st), and delivered (Within MB.) when you need him, all at our cost. Call Ray Cormier at (204)736-2608. For more information, visit our website at All bulls are sold out of the yard by private treaty.

ORGANIC Organic – Grains FOR SALE: CERTIFIED ORGANIC Red Proso Cerise millet seed, 98% germination, Fusarium Graminearum free. Wanted: Organic producers, contracts available for 2016 crop year. Phone Reynald of Millet King Foods of Canada Inc.:(204)526-2719 office, or (204)878-4839, Cell & text:(204)794-8550. [email protected] GROW ORGANIC QUINOA! Total production contracts available. Frost tolerant specialty crop. Visit: or Phone:(306)933-9525.

PERSONAL TIME TO APPRECIATE RELATIONSHIPS... Life is Meant to be Shared. We are Here to Help You. CANDLELIGHT MATCHMAKERS. Confidential, Rural, Photos/Profiles to selected matches, Local, Affordable, Serving MB, SK, NW-Ontario. Call/Write for info: Box 212, Roland, MB, R0G 1T0, (204)343-2475.

REAL ESTATE REAL ESTATE Houses & Lots MARVIN HOMES INC- SINCE 1976- Your READY TO MOVE HOME BUILDER for 40 YEARS. Order now for 2016 delivery. Check for photos. Contact us for more info and pricing. [email protected] MARVIN VOGT, MARVIN HOMES, Mitchell, MB. (204)326-1493 or (204)355-8484.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016


REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted

560-AC OF LAND FOR sale. 400-ac open, 160-ac bush. Fenced & cross-fenced, new four wire fence. Good loading corrals, already sub-divided into 80-acre lots. Phone:(204)857-2561. Located S of Portage la Prairie, MB.


FOR DEVELOPMENT: 14 LOTS for sale, all in one place, close to mall, churches & halls. Contact:(204)638-6661 or (204)638-8415.

Planning to sell your farm?

Farm N of Brandon, MB. 121.68-ac: 13-kms from Brandon off Prov. Highway 10. 30-yr old house, 2,040 -sqft. Country/Western style, excellent condition, geo heat. Very modern. Good source of H2O: Mature shelterbelt. Very suitable for horses. $720,000. Phone: (204)728-1480 Email: [email protected]

Contact me now & we can arrange to have your farm shown to these serious Buyers.

FARM SALES: GRANT TWEED specializing in farm property. If you plan to sell, buy or rent, I can help. Tel. (204)761-6884 [email protected]

Collection of plastic oil jugs Glycol recovery services Specialized waste removal Winter & Summer windshield washer fluid Peak Performance anti-freeze ( available in bulk or drums )

Phone: 204-761-6884 [email protected]

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Manitoba

Take us with you.

We BUY used oil & filters

Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifed section. 1-800-782-0794.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES RECREATIONAL VEHICLES All Terrain Vehicles BEST PRICES IN MANITOBA on Kids/Adults ATVS, Dirtbikes, Dune Buggies, UTVS! 110 ATV$849.00; 125cc Dirt Bike- $899.00; 125 Dune Buggy- $1,799.00 (Check Out Our Ads @ (Go to Manitoba/Brandon/110 ATVS) Phone (204)724-4372.


– Wanted • BuyFarms Used Oil & Ranches • Buy Batteries • Collect Used Filters • Collect Oil Containers

FARMS WANTED. If you are considering selling Southern Manitoba your farm, contactand me. Western I have eight years experience selling farms farmed all my life. All discusTel:and 204-248-2110 sions are confidential. Rick Taylor, Homelife Home Professional Realty. (204)867-7551, [email protected] Looking for a hand around the farm? Place a help wanted ad in the classifieds. Call 1-800-782-0794.


BuyUsed Used Oil Oil ••Buy NOTRE •• Buy Buy Batteries Batteries DAME ••Collect CollectUsed Used Filters Filters • Collect Oil Containers Containers USED • Collect Oil• Antifreeze OIL & Southern,Southern Eastern, and Manitoba Western Western FILTER Manitoba DEPOT Tel: 204-248-2110





• Very high-yielding milling wheat • Highest protein in CWIW class • Good standability and harvestability • Competitive disease package: R to leaf rust; MR to stripe rust; I to stem rust and FHB

Proud Supporter of Manitoba Businesses & Municipalities

I have several out of province clients coming to MB. over the next 3 months.

• Early maturing CWRS wheat • Excellent disease resistance • Best available FHB resistance in the CWRS class (MR) Available at

SASKATCHEWAN van Burck Seeds Star City, SK 306-863-4377

McCarthy Seed Farm Ltd. Corning, SK 306-224-4848

Lakeside Seeds Wynyard, SK 306-554-2078

Shewchuk Seeds Blaine Lake, SK 306-290-7816

Herle Seed Farm Ltd. Wilkie, SK 306-843-2934

Kerber Seeds Rosthern, SK 306-232-4474

CERTIFIED CARBERRY & CDC Plentiful Wheat. Certified Tradition Barley & Certified Summit Oats. Ph:(204)385-2486 or Cell:(204)212-0531. Wilmot Milne, Gladstone, MB.

Fedoruk Seeds Kamsack, SK 306-590-7827

Charabin Seed Farm Ltd. North Battleford, SK 306-445-2939

B4 Seeds Melfort, SK 306-752-2108

DE DELL SEEDS INC. Non GMO hybrid corn. High yield at a lower cost. Free Delivery. Manitoba Dealer, Gerald (204)268-5224.

Frederick Seeds Watson, SK 306-287-3977

Wylie Seed & Processing Biggar, SK 306-948-2807


Seed Source Inc. Archerwill, SK 306-323-4402

Sayers Seed Cleaning Delmas, SK 306-445-6522

Cay Seeds Ltd. Kinistino, SK 306-864-3696

Sopatyk Seed Farms Ltd. Saskatoon, SK 306-955-2516

Sundwall Seed Service Govan, SK 306-484-2010

Danielson Seeds Inc. Norquay, SK 306-594-2173

Farley Seeds Regina, SK 306-757-7223

Craswell Seeds Strasbourg, SK 306-725-3236

Ardell Seeds Ltd. Vanscoy, SK 306-668-4415

Yauck Seed Farm Govan, SK 306-484-4643

Berscheid Bros. Seeds Lake Lenore, SK 306-368-2602

Ferndale Seed Farm Ltd. Rocanville, SK 306-645-4423


FOR SALE: CERTIFIED AUSTENSON Barley, Certified Brandon Wheat, Certified Carberry wheat. Dudgeon Seeds, Darlingford MB (204)246-2357.

CourtSeeds Prosper Wheat Fully Registered as CNHR

Excellent yields & short straw Contracted variety, Limited supply Plumas, MB [email protected] 204 386-2354 JAMES FARMS LTD Brandon, Cardale & Faller wheat, Summit, Souris & Haymaker forage oats, Mcleod RR2 soybeans, Tradition barley, forage seeds, various canola & sunflower seed varieties. Custom processing, seed treating, inoculating, as well as delivery are available. Early payment discount. For info call (204)222-8785, or toll-free 1-866-283-8785, Winnipeg. [email protected]


Redvers Ag. Redvers, SK 306-452-3443

Rutherford Farms Ltd. Grosse Isle, MB 204-467-5613

Red River Seeds Ltd. Morris, MB 204-746-3059

Frederick Seeds Watson, SK 306-287-3977

Pitura Seed Service Ltd. Domain, MB 204-736-2849

Manness Seed Domain, MB 204-736-2622

New Gen Seed Services Ltd. Portage la Prairie, MB 204-274-2417 Swan Valley Seeds Ltd. Swan River, MB 204-734-2526 Boissevain Select Seeds Ltd. Boissevain, MB 204-534-6846

Friesen Seeds Ltd. Rosenort, MB 204-746-8325 Keating Seed Farm Inc. Russell, MB 204-773-3854 Sierens Seed Service Somerset, MB 204-744-2883 Chatham Seeds Ltd. Killarney, MB 204-523-8112

Friesen Seeds Ltd. Rosenort, MB 204-746-8325 Chatham Seeds Ltd. Killarney, MB 204-523-8112 Dauphin Plains Seeds Ltd. Dauphin, MB 204-638-7800


COMMON SEED Forage Seeds

REGISTERED & CERTIFIED AAC Brandon wheat; Registered & Certified CDC Glas flax. Please call Elias Seeds in Carman, MB:(204)745-3301.

CERTIFIED CDC JET 95% germ (Black) & Certified CDC Super Jet 95% germ (Black). CDC Certified Pintium (Pinto). Martens Charolais & Seed. (204)534-8370.

FOR SALE: ALFALFA, TIMOTHY, Brome, Clover, hay & pasture blends, millet seed, Crown, Red Prozo. Leonard Friesen (204)685-2376, Austin, MB.

SANDERS SEED FARM FOUNDATION, Reg, Cert, Brandon, Carberry, Thorsby, Elgin Wheat, Camden Oats. Phone (204)242-4200, Manitou.

CERTIFIED SEED Specialty Crops OAT OR SOYBEAN LAND wanted! Think quinoa! Grow with us - Total production contracts available. Premium returns, guaranteed markets & delivery. Phone:306-933-9525.

Phone: 204-526-2145 | Email: [email protected]


Manness Seed Domain, MB 204-736-2622

PUGH SEEDS LTD: Cert Cardale Wheat, Souris Oats, Certified CDC Sorrel Flax. Phone (204)274-2179 or Cell (204)871-1467, Portage, MB.

COMMON SEED Available at

McCarthy Seed Farm Ltd. Corning, SK 306-224-4848

• High yielding (97–106% of check)

The only company that collects, recycles and re-uses in Manitoba! 888-368-9378 ~

Sundwall Seed Service Govan, SK 306-484-2010


CDC Plentiful


REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Acreages/Hobby

EXCELLENT LIVESTOCK FARMS: 1) 1000 head feedlot, Hartney. 2) 1732 deeded acs w/4,425-acs of Crown land, fenced, small bungalow, very good buildings & metal corral system, can carry 450 cow/calf pairs. 3) 1,270 deeded ac cattle farm by Lac du Bonnet, 640-acs Crown land, turnkey operation. 4) Cattle ranch, Pine River, 3,300 deeded & 1,200-acs Crown land. 5) Excellent horse ranch in Erickson MB, Riding Arena & Bldgs in Fantastic condition. Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753, HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc, Brandon, MB,



QUALITY PEDIGREE SEED: • AAC Brandon Wheat • Faller CWIW class Wheat • Cardale Wheat • Souris Oats • Conlon Barley • Lightning Flax • Meadow Peas - Sold Out!

COMMON SEED Cereal Seeds DAUPHIN PLAINS SEEDS LTD Brandon, Cardale, Carberry, Glenn, Plentiful, Faller & Prosper wheat; Summit Oats, Mahovey, McLeod, Hero & new SL2250 R2X extend Soybeans. Call Jim Kaleta (204)638-7800, Dauphin [email protected] SEED OATS 40-LBS /BU. 98% germ., milling/feed. Phone (306)645-4434, Rocanville, SK.

North Star Seed - Forages Red Proso Millet

COMMON SEED Forage Seeds

Zeghers Seed Inc. is also an Exporter! Flax, Mustard, Damaged Canola, Canary, Rye, Triticale, and other crops. We would be glad to help market your special crops.

CANADA COMMON #1 MULTI-FOLIATE Alfalfa seed, $3.55/lb pre-inoculated in 50-lb bags; Canada Common #1 Timothy seed, $1.90/lb. Call (204)642-2572, Riverton MB.

Ask about our volume rates. CERTIFIED SEED Forage Seeds CERTIFIED CANADA #1 MF5301 Alfalfa seed, pre-inoculated, $3.75/lb. Call (204)642-2572, Riverton MB.

CERISE RED PROSO COMMON Millet seed. Buy now to avoid disappointment. 95%+ germination, 0% Fusarium Graminearum. Makes great cattle feed, swath grazed, dry or silage bale. Very high in protein. Energy & drought tolerant. Sold in 50-lb bags. 2000+ satisfied producers. 13th Year in Business! Millet King Seeds of Canada Inc. Reynald (204)526-2719 office or (204)878-4839, Cell & text: (204)794-8550. Leave messages, all calls returned. [email protected]

SAINFOIN SEED FOR SALE. Nutritious, bloat-free, perennial forage loved by all animals & honeybees. Research from Utah University indicates better meat flavor & nutrition from sainfoin supplemented forage. Prime Sainfoin is certified organic. Ph:(306)739-2900 [email protected]



COMMON SEED Pulse Crops GLY 1 SOYBEAN SEED. Early, mid, long season available. Top yields. Bulk or bagged. Keep your own seed, with the convenience of glyphosate! No contracts or TUAs. Dealers wanted. Call or text Nate: (204)280-1202 or Norcan Seeds (204)372-6552

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Crosswor ossword Cr osswor d

Where Are They Now?

by Adrian Powell














38 42




















Swelling under the skin, maybe Toonie Sound that "wakes the dead" Rwandan native Against (pref.) Minuscule amounts Marty's "Young Frankenstein" role Cut, but just barely Damp to the touch Where the farmer's ducks dabble, maybe Beatle bride of '69 Social category Where the farmer's sheep graze What Huck Finn used on a Mississippi ride Works on the edge? Preceding night Big name in bathroom cleaners Before, a few hundred years ago Porcino mushroom ___ Alamos, N.M. "Beat it!" Navigational aid Where the farmer's cats sleep Be in another form? Sub's innards, hopefully Where the farmer's horses trot Just off the sea floor Derelict old ship It's west of Mull

60 61 62 63 64 65

Cooper's strip of wood Gaze wantonly Vamoosed Ends of the earth? Go through a script Trees used by bowyers

DOWN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 21 22 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Scolded, archaically Much-mocked auto import of the '80s Pack in the hold Cut the power to Howitzer, for one "Don't bet the farm ___." Chicken pox symptom Big name in sports apparel "Mad as a hatter" and "crazy as a loon" Vancouver Island Sound Auricular Impetuous Cayman Is. winter clock standard Monogram part (abbr.) A couple of nickels Lowest deck on a ship Language of Teheran In that direction Israeli round dance (var.) Unpleasant barium ordeal Starbucks option Plainly visible

32 33 40 41 42 43 45 46 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57

Sobbed U.S. rights defender Tigers have them "Big Brother" host Julie ___ Best TV ad award Appal Resident since birth Did a lot of gabbing Camp Swampy canine It flows into the Caspian Baldr's brother Extremely large Jazz legend born in Virginia, 1917 Otto West, to Kevin Kline From the top Pub mates Small African snake SOLUTION TO PUZZLE


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

SEEDING & TILLAGE FOCUS Getting ready for spring

Variable-rate seeding next step in precision farming Southwest corn grower reports higher yield and lower seed costs

“Some areas of the field have more organic material, or are just better areas that can support a higher plant population.”

By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor


oissevain-area farmer Arthur Bell recently stepped up his variablerate game. After accumulating seven years of experience with VR fertilization, three years ago he decided VR seeding would probably work much the same way and give him similar results. The basic strategy is the same — identify the most and least productive spots in each field and match seed rates with yield potential. “Some areas of the field have more organic material, or are just better areas that can support a higher plant population,” said Bell. “That was the reason I decided to try variable-rate corn seeding because I can maximize my plant population in good areas, and in the drier areas where moisture is normally a limiting factor, I can cut the population back.” The first year Bell saved about 16 per cent in seed costs, and he estimates he’s getting around 10 per cent higher yield in the most productive areas where he increased his seeding rate.

Lots of interest Jamie Denbow, Farmers Edge’s product manager for decision support services, said around five per cent of the growers he works with are doing VR seeding at the moment, but interest is rapidly growing every year, especially in crops with a high seed cost like corn. Some growers have also used it for lentils, wheat and soybeans. “It’s really starting to grow as more equipment with VR-capable technology gets adopted,” says Denbow. Although every farmer wants to save on input costs, VR seeding is more about farming more efficiently and sustainably. “They’re trying to take the right seed, at the right amount and place it at the right place, matching the seed quantities to the productive capability of the land,” Denbow said. “If an acre has the potential to grow 150-bushel corn and I can grow that with 30,000 seeds per acre versus 35,000 seeds, my efficiency is that much higher. So I’m controlling my cost while

Arthur Bell

Arthur Bell has been variable-rate seeding corn near Boissevain for the past three seasons.   photo: Arthur bell

maximizing the yield capability on each acre of the farm.” The applied work behind VR seeding will also be familiar to growers using VR fertilizer strategies. “We start with satellite imagery that tells us where the zones of differing productivity are, then we physically soil test each one of those zones to find out what the structure, texture and native amount of fertility is in that piece prior to seeding, and then we implement our strategies around those numbers,” Denbow said. A comfortable starting point for many growers is to take their standard seeding rate and go plus or minus 10 per cent from that. After doing VR seeding for a while, they tweak it to a wider range, Denbow said. “As an example, if you have five different soil productivity zones on the farm, the standard seeding rate would be in the middle — a zone three. A zone two might be minus 10 per cent and minus 15 per cent in a zone one, and then plus 10 per cent in a zone four and plus 15 per cent in a zone five. Growers could have a seeding rate that’s as much as 30 per cent variation within the same field,” Denbow said. Most of today’s farm equipment has VR capability, and older equipment just needs a rate controller to manage seed and fertilizer independently, and two or more tanks on the seeder will make it easier to do.

Trials will refine The next step in VR seeding is understanding how different varieties behave depending on plant population and conditions. “In the U.S., growers have new corn and soybean planters with two tanks and they’re putting a different hybrid in each tank and seeding different acres of a field to different hybrids based on their understanding of how those hybrids respond to the conditions that are available on those acres,” said Denbow. “We don’t have that level of understanding here yet, but we’re doing trials this year taking multiple different corn hybrids, seeding them in the same field and studying how each one behaves. With that information, we can begin to tweak our practices accordingly.” Bell is going to also host a field trial on his farm, and he wants to try variablerate seeding on soybeans. “I had problems with white mould in the back areas of my fields in the soybeans last year, so it’s almost the opposite situation where in those areas I want to cut the population back a little bit because when you get a better stand it’s sometimes more susceptible to white mould,” he said. “Each crop is different, so you have to adjust a little depending on what the crop is.”

Denbow doesn’t know of anyone who has tried VR seeding with canola, and he questions if results might not be as significant as in other crops. “Canola is a plant with high plasticity, which means if you give it a lot of room, it becomes a big, bushy plant,” he said. “If you give it less room, it becomes a tall, vertical plant so it adapts to the space it has. Whereas crops like corn produce one tall stock, so it’s not as plastic.”

All farms Any grower — regardless of farm size — can do VR seeding as long as they have the equipment, and are able to analyze the data, Denbow said. “In some cases the grower may not save anything on seed costs, he may end up using the same amount of seed, but he’s placed the right amount on acres that have the capability of producing higher yield with that seed,” he said. To truly understand how the system pays off the best way to compare is to overlay a cost map over a field map, Denbow said. It demonstrates how yield and inputs combine for a higher overall yield, and also adds to the farmer’s knowledge base. “(That) grower will have a great deal more data which is going to allow that grower to make more informed decisions,” he said. Bell said he’s getting the most efficient use out of the seed he’s putting in, and because corn seed is expensive he’s seen a quicker return. “Variable-rate seeding — just like VR fertilizer — is about maximizing the inputs you’re putting into the ground and getting the most out of them.”


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

A wet cycle has caused some farmers to rethink zero till

As the province’s wet cycle appears poised to break, soil compaction is a lingering after-effect BY GORD GILMOUR Associate editor


he past few years have been a bit hard on zero till in Manitoba. Faced with a flood followed by a long wet cycle, more and more farmers in the southwest part of the province were forced to do something they thought they’d left in the past — pull out their tillage implements. Their aim, says provincial land management specialist and tillage expert Marla Riekman, was to open up the land and warm it and dry it. While some worry this won’t augur well for the long-term success of zero till, it’s not

c l e a r f a r m e r s a re m ov i n g away from the system. “It’s a bit hard to get a read on whether it has been happening because farmers are less interested in zero till, or because they were facing such severe moisture conditions,” Riekman said in a recent interview. “There was an extremely wet cycle following the flood, and their land never really dried out.” The best way to dry a wet soil is to have a plant growing in it, of course, but barring leaving the weeds to grow, most farmers struggled with the art of the possible during this wet cycle, mudding in crops to keep the doors open and the bills paid.

“Some of these implements move quite a bit of soil, almost as much as a double disc in some cases.” Marla Riekman MAFRD

Hardpan a risk One problem that’s hit the radar for a lot of growers as a result of this wet period is hardpan. The perennially wet soils forced them to sow crops and perform other field operations in less-than-ideal conditions which in turn raised the risk of compaction, Riekman said. “They were forced to plant their crops and perform other field operations when their fields were wet. When that happens, you have a high risk of compaction.” That process happens

exactly as you would expect. Big equipment — and getting bigger and heavier with each passing season — meets wet soil, damaging the soil structure. Soil particles are pressed closer and closer together with each pass of the equipment under these conditions, eliminating the pore spaces that give soil many of its productive properties. Su d d e n l y w a t e r d o e s n’t infiltrate the soil as well and doesn’t drain like it once did, especially when it’s saturated with moisture. The exchange of gases grinds ever slower, leading to lack of air for

plant roots. Compaction also increases the soil strength, which can be good if you’re building a road, but not if you’re a fragile wheat seedling that needs to punch roots down through it to access moisture and nutrients. Riekman said it’s fairly obvious there is potential for yield reduction, but “how big the impact is on yield we don’t necessarily know.” Nathan Gregg, an applied agriculture project manager for the Prair ie Agr iculture Machinery Institute (PAMI), said there’s also another secondary type of ‘compaction’ that’s a bit more common in Western Canada. It used to be called ‘plow pan,’ now it’s more commonly known as ‘tillage pan.’ “What happens here is that your tillage device moves horizontally through a wet soil and you get a shearing and smearing effect,” Gregg said. Over time a similar crusted

Delmar Commodities is pleased to offer their customers an added opportunity to market their specialty crops including black oil sunflowers, millet, and canary seed. To source these products, it has added a Specialty Crops Solutions division. As a specialized and reliable provider of grain solutions, Delmar’s philosophy is not to take on every business opportunity that arises. “Our focus is to provide high quality products and impeccable service to our valued customer base,” according to President Dale Heide. The new Specialty Crops Solutions Division will be headed up by Business Development Manager Marc Audet, who brings a high level of experience in marketing specialty crops. “We are in a very dynamic industry here in Western Canada, and we want to be able to provide a service to our customers that will be second to none,” explained Audet. Delmar Commodities started with a single elevator selling feed grains in 1996, and has grown to seven locations across Southern Manitoba. They are also the exclusive distributor for Legend Seeds corn and soybeans across Western Canada. This is the second large announcement coming from Delmar commodities over the past few weeks; increased storage capacity and treating upgrades at the Jordan location will provide better service for the Legend Seeds Canada soybean business.

For further information contact: Dale Heide, President [email protected] • 204-362-0919 Marc Audet, Business Development Manager, Specialty Crops [email protected] • 204-712-0440

Most fields may have dried out from floods in 2010 and 2011, but there’s a lingering effect from compaction and poor aeration.   file photo



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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

layer will build up a couple of inches below the soil surface, with the key difference that it doesn’t tend to extend for many inches and even feet down through the soil profile. The problem is especially likely where growers are performing field operations to the same depth repeatedly, in wet conditions, and the risk rises when the tillage devices cover more ground. “The relative risk is lower w i t h a n a r r ow o p e n e r, f o r e x a m p l e, ve r s u s s a y a 12-inch sweep, Gregg said. “Proportionally, the larger tillage tool is covering a larger part of the field with each pass.” Regardless the source of the problem, he said the end result is similar for growers.

Vertical tillage Some growers are looking to combat the problem with vertical tillage, but here Riekman says there’s a lot of variability in what people define as “vertical tillage.” There are shallow vertical tillage implements with rows of vertically mounted coulters designed to slice residue and penetrate the top layer of soil without inverting it. Other more aggressive versions have angled gangs of coulters and other types of blades which disturb the soil far more, especially as most are designed to be operated at relatively high speeds of seven to 10 miles an hour. “Some of these implements move quite a bit of soil, almost as much as a double disc in some cases,” Riekman said. There are a few new types of vertical tillage implements that are fresh on the market and which cut deeper and act almost as a soil aerator. They might play a role in helping with compaction at the sixto 10-inch depth, but most of the others are only going d ow n a c o u p l e o f i n c h e s, maybe four inches at the most, and seem to have a better fit managing crop residue than fixing hardpan problems. PAMI’s Gregg agreed that there is significant confusion over what vertical tillage really is, and almost all the implements called vertical tillage don’t truly fit that category. “A true vertical tillage unit cuts the soil deeply, several inches down, causing cracking and fracturing outwards and downwards,” he said. “It does this without inverting the soil. Almost none of the equipment people are calling vertical tillage does this. Really there are only a couple on the market in Canada — Salford has one, for example.”

Cover crops One other option that might bear consideration is taking a page from North Dakota producers who have adopted cover crops that include species such as tillage radishes

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which can send large taproots down to break through the compacted layer. Riekman said the practice has become widespread in the southern part of that state for a number of reasons, but growers in the northern portion aren’t jumping aboard yet — if anything that trend is more pronounced on this side of the boundary. “We’re a bit slow to adopt it here,” she said. “There is some research that’s happening in northern North Dakota that will likely have some applicability here though, so it might be worth watching for.” In other parts of the province — especially the Red River Valley where more corn and soybeans are showing up — strip tillage is growing in popularity. Farmers are adopting this Corn Belt practice that sees a narrow band of tillage for row-crop applications, a band that’s shifted from year to year using RTK satellite positioning. This gives the benefits of tillage to the crop in the year of production, while leaving the rest of the field undisturbed.

Consider tillage wisely A number of issues needs to be carefully considered before working your land Western Canada has made great strides in adopting minimum-tillage practices. Here are factors to consider before choosing tillage: • Clubroot spreads primarily with the movement of soil. Tillage speeds up the movement of clubroot spores throughout a field and from field to field, both on equipment and through erosion via wind and water. Field and soil surveys demonstrate the continued spread of clubroot in Manitoba, so the chances of a field having clubroot keep getting higher. • The combine spreader remains the single most important tool to provide an even spread of crop residue. Choosing varieties with shorter stem length also helps reduce residue. If further management is required, harrows will move less soil. • Herbicide-resistant weeds are an escalating concern, and glyphosate-resistant weeds are a real threat to minimum tillage. However, before going back to tillage to “save” this important min-till tool, consider tank mixing. Other IPM tools include winter crops and higher seeding rates. Light harrowing in the fall can stimulate germination of volunteer canola and other annuals so they are winterkilled. Even better, just leaving volun-

teer and weed seeds on the soil surface also allows them to be eaten by rodents, birds and insects. • Soil-incorporated herbicides do introduce new modes of action into the herbicide mix, which is a good resistance-management step, but look for active ingredients and formulations within this class that do not actually require tillage to incorporate them. • Long-term no-till studies at Indian Head Agricultural Research Foundation in Saskatchewan show the longer soils are in no till, the better they are at cycling and providing nitrogen. • Tillage increases erosion and reduces organic matter. Soils are healthier under zero till. • Customers want you to preserve the soil. A United Nations soil scorecard ranked Canada very high, largely due to our widespread adoption of zero tillage over the past generation. Sustainability scorecards that many big endusers are adopting also look at soil protection practices. Bringing back tillage is a step backward for these important benchmarks. A longer version of this article originally appeared at

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Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for cultivation in the U.S. and Canada, and for import in Australia/New Zealand, Colombia, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The single events in this product have been approved for import in the EU. As of February 2, 2016, E.U. stack approval is in the final stage of approval and is expected but not guaranteed to be received in the near future. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Growers should refer to for any updated information on import country approvals. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™ soybeans contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides, and dicamba, the active ingredient in XtendiMax™ herbicide with VaporGrip™ Technology. Agricultural herbicides containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate, and those containing dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Contact your Monsanto dealer or call the Monsanto Technical Support Line at 1-800-667-4944 for recommended Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System weed control programs. Genuity®, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup®, VaporGrip™ and XtendiMax™ are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, Monsanto Canada, Inc. licensee. ©2016 Monsanto Canada Inc.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

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Cover crops breaking out of livestock niche

Benefits of cover crops shown to accrue to grain portion of mixed operations, causing some without livestock to consider them BY JULIENNE ISAACS Co-operator contributor


ove r c ro p s c o u l d b e a game changer for Manitoba, and not just for mixed crop and livestock operations. Typically those farms have been the earliest adopters of this new technique, said Michael Thiele, who works with the province’s grazing clubs through a Ducks Unlimited program. “These guys growing cover crops are finding that using and grazing cover crops is improving the soil and soil biology,” Thiele said. That can pay off on the grain side. “They’re able to back off on their input costs like fertilizer, but without a loss of yield,” Thiele said. “That’s a recipe for making a profit.” The crops also help farms with livestock diversify their available feedstock and help make livestock feeding work more efficiently year round. “Cover crops can be a useful tool in thinking out the full year-round programs for how you feed livestock,” he said. “They can be used for silage, hay, summer grazing, fall grazing, stockpile grazing. It’s a nice flexible tool.”

“You might have 1,000 kg of biomass produced between August and October. With a legume fixing nitrogen, that’s 25 kilograms per hectare of nitrogen, which has a direct agronomic and economic value to the farmer in the next year.” Joanne Thiessen Martens a technician at the University of Manitoba’s department of plant science

But it’s a tool that’s just beginning to see adoption in Manitoba. Uptake has been slow, mainly due to the lack of immediate incentives and the difficulty of marketing forages for growers without livestock. However, Thiele says cover cropping has been so effective for farmers with mixed croplivestock operations that they ultimately see a return on their investment. Thiele, also Intermountain Conservation District’s manager, said the district is adding a cover-cropping program for local farmers to get their feet wet with minimal risk. The district is home to land that is often flooded out — over the last few years, many acres haven’t been seeded at all — and cover cropping with legumes can help use up excess moisture while enriching soil health for the following year’s crop.

Small incentives for the Intermountain project are being offered by Ducks Unlimited, which also sponsors the South West Grazing Club.

Research based Cover crop projects are backed by plenty of research, according to Joanne Thiessen Martens, a technician at the University of Manitoba’s department of plant science. She said interest in various types of cover cropping is growing across North America, so data about the efficacy of cover crops is becoming more readily available. The use of legume forages like alfalfa or forage pea in “shoulder seasons” immediately before and right after the cropping season results in a surprising amount of biomass, she said. “You might have 1,000 kg of biomass produced between


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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

August and October,” she said. “With a legume fixing nitrogen, that’s 25 kilograms per hectare of nitrogen, which has a direct agronomic and economic value to the farmer in the next year.” Other benefits include keeping the ground covered in the spring and fall, providing living roots for soil biology to feed on throughout the growing season, and improved soil structure. At the university Thiessen Martens works with plant science researchers to develop approaches to cover cropping that will ultimately improve growers’ bottom lines while also improving soil health. T h e y ’ve s t u d i e d va r i o u s methods of cover cropping, including adding legumes into the period of time between harvest and freeze-up in continuous grain production systems. Nitrogen-fixing, drought-tolerant legumes that fit in the latter half of the season include Indian Head lentils, forage pea and chickling vetch. Thiessen Martens said interested growers should look at their rotations to find periods where nothing is growing, such as after winter wheat or canola harvest. Next, they should evaluate what their goals are in terms of using those “windows of opportunity,” whether that be preventing soil erosion by physically covering the ground, adding living plants to enhance soil biology, gaining nitrogen fixation, or providing forage for grazing livestock. After this, they are equipped to select cover crop mixes that can help them meet those specific goals. “The benefits are certainly there, but for those who are feeling like that would be a stretch

for them to pay for that seed and do those extra passes, using cover crops for grazing livestock does seem to be an economically viable option,” she said.

South of the border Cover cropping has taken off faster south of the border in North Dakota and Minnesota, in par t due to incentives through local conservation security programs. John Kapphahn, a certified seed grower on 1,600 acres near Elbow Lake, Minnesota, started using cover crops three years ago in an effort to enhance soil protection, increase fertility and reduce farming costs. These days he uses cover crops on 300 to 400 acres every season. “I’ve seen a return on that investment,” he said. “Some of it’s financial, some of it is in progress, but we’re seeing reduced tillage expenses, better water infiltration into the soil, fewer weed issues and better soil fertility.” In Kapphahn’s region, many sugar beet growers cover crop with winter rye to reduce wind erosion in the spring. The practice is increasingly common in North Dakota and Minnesota with no-till soybean growers, he says. Some growers are able to get two tonnes of hay from cover cropping prior to planting no-till soybeans; the practice has a side benefit of reducing pest pressure through the year. “The more that I do this, the more I think we’ve been missing some opportunities because we’re creatures of habit,” he said. “Farming is dimes and nickels, it ain’t dollars anymore. You’ve got to save dimes and nickels.”

A pea/oat/tillage radish cover crop seeded in early August, pictured on October 17.   Photo: Anne Kirk

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Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. Commercialized products have been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ®

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

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The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

Grain companies won’t buy crops treated with quinclorac or chlormequat in 2016 The Western Grain Elevator Association says to do otherwise would jeopardize important Canadian canola and wheat export markets Detectable residues BY ALLAN DAWSON Co-operator staff


t’s going to be a hard “no” from the major grain companies for 2016-17 deliveries of canola sprayed with the herbicide quinclorac and wheat treated with the growth regulator chlormequat. The announcement came recently from the Western Grain Elevator Association when it introduced its Declaration of Elegibility affidavits for the coming crop year, noting the new documents will require growers to declare they haven’t used the products. While both are approved for use in Canada neither have approval, nor established maximum residue levels (MRLs), in key markets. Quinclorac is not approved in China, Canada’s biggest market for canola seed, while chlormequat is not approved in the United States — a major Canadian cereals market. If residues are detected on shipments to either destination the deliveries could be rejected, causing financial harm to the exporter and potentially disrupting future Canadian exports, which will affect both exporters and Canadian farmers, Wade Sobkowich, WGEA’s executive director said in an Apr. 5 interview. “We’ve seen what happens with Triffid flax,” Sobkowich said. Several years ago the European Union blocked, and then restricted, imports of Canadian flax because they were contaminated with small amounts of Triffid, a genetically modified flax that is not approved in Europe. Most importers have zero tolerance for unapproved genetic traits and pesticides. Last June the WGEA announced its members would not accept canola sprayed with quinclorac, but later a few companies did, believing farmers didn’t get enough advance notice, Sobkowich said. “They tried to help farmers by taking and segregating it and sending it to different markets,” he said. “It was awkward and costly. This year everybody should have plenty of notice that quinclorac is not approved in China... and the members of the Western Grain Elevators Association will not be accepting canola treated with quinclorac (or cereals sprayed with chlormequat).” The WGEA represents Canada’s major grain companies — Cargill, Louis Dreyfus, Parrish & Heimbecker, Paterson G l o b a l Fo o d s , R i c h a r d s o n International and Viterra. The Canola Council of Canada is also advising farmers not to use quinclorac on canola this year. “It’s a very serious issue,” council president Patti Miller said in a news release in March. “Our export customers test shipments regularly to make sure their standards are met and the tests are becoming more and more precise. If a shipment is turned back because of an unacceptable residue, it can mean millions and millions of dollars, not only to the exporting company, but to farm revenue.”

Data from 2015 confirmed that quinclorac leaves detectable residues on canola seed and in the processed oil and meal, the canola council says. “When samples were tested from canola fields that had been treated with quinclorac according to label directions, residues were found most of the time,” its website states. “Therefore, the value chain believes there is a significant risk to Chinese exports if quinclorac is used on canola.” Cereals Canada also wants farmers to be aware of the chemicals they apply to ensure they meet end-users’ requirements. President Cam Dahl said crop protection product residues are generally getting a lot more attention lately. “ T h i s i s t h e re a s o n we launched the ‘Keep it Clean,’ cereals campaign — to help

WGEA executive director Wade Sobkowich says farmers won’t be able to deliver grain treated with either quinclorac or chlormequat to member elevators in the 2016-17 crop year.   PHOTO: Allan Dawson

manage this issue and educate producers and to demonstrate to our customers that we take the issues seriously,” Dahl said in a recent interview.

The campaign, and an accompanying website, warns farmers not to apply unregistered products to their crops and to be aware of specific market restrictions. The site also says farmers should follow pesticide label directions and deliver the grain farmers declared they would. Very low levels of residue can be detected, Dahl said. Even trace residues are forbidden if there’s zero tolerance. One part per trillion is equivalent to one second in 32,000 years, he said. “It’s amazing what you can find when you test to that level,” he added. That’s why it’s important for farmers to check with grain buyers and their pesticide retailers before applying new products to their crops, Dahl said.

Keep it clean Quinclorac is registered in Canada to control cleavers in canola. It’s found in Clever by Productierra, Facet from BASF and Masterline Quinclorac, a Univar product. Chlormequat is used in Manipulator, a growth regulator registered in Canada for cereal crops. For more information about controlling cleavers without quinclorac, visit the Canola Council website: http://www. cleavers/. For similar information about residues in cereal crops, visit the Cereals Canada website: keep-it-clean.

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Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for cultivation in the U.S. and Canada, and for import in Australia/New Zealand, Colombia, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The single events in this product have been approved for import in the EU. As of February 2, 2016, E.U. stack approval is in the final stage of approval and is expected but not guaranteed to be received in the near future. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Growers should refer to for any updated information on import country approvals. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™ soybeans contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides, and dicamba, the active ingredient in XtendiMax™ herbicide with VaporGrip™ Technology. Agricultural herbicides containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate, and those containing dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Contact your Monsanto dealer or call the Monsanto Technical Support Line at 1-800-667-4944 for recommended Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System weed control programs. Genuity®, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup®, VaporGrip™ and XtendiMax™ are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, Monsanto Canada, Inc. licensee.


The Manitoba Co-operator | April 14, 2016

*For commercial use only. Offer subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. See your New Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. standard terms and conditions will apply. Depending on model, a down payment may be required. Offer good through June 30, 2016, at participating New Holland dealers in Canada. Offer subject to change. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in price. © 2016 CNH Industrial Capital America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland Agriculture is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates. CNH Industrial Capital is a trademark in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.



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2008 New Holland H8040-36FT 2013 New Holland H8060-36FT 2013 New Holland H8060 - 36FT 2015 New Holland 840CD-35FT 635hrs, Excellent cond., 36FT, SCHUMACHER, UII, DELUXE CAB, CAB SUSPENSION


2014 Seed Hawk 8412

c/w P1070 & P1060 Air Drill, Good cond., 84FT 12IN, 8RUN DOUBLE SHOOT, FULL BLOCKAGE (168 SENSORS)


2008 BO 3310 65FT-10IN c/w 6550 TBH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $200,000 2009 NH P2070 70FT X 12IN . . . . . . . . . $65,000 2014 SHAWK 8412 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $190,000 2014 SHAWK 8412 c/w P1060 & P1070 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $355,000 1994 FC 2320 TBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $6,500 2010 JD 1910 TBH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $55,000

1135hrs, Good cond., 620 DUALS, S3, SID’S, DSP, DELUX CHOPPER, 790CP-15



2008 New Holland BR7090 Good cond., 1.5M PICK UP, LACED BELTS, 31X13.5-15 TIRES, HYD, PICK UP




2011 New Holland CR9080


2013 New Holland H7460-16FT


1785hrs, 360HP, Good cond., 900/65R32 Tires, CAST, BLOWERS,76C Swathmaster

2260hrs, 360HP, Good cond., 520 DUALS, 600/65R28 STEERS, LARGE TOUCH SCREEN DISPLAY


2008 New Holland CX8080

682hrs, 449HP, Excellent cond., 520 DUALS, CAST, Y&M, SPREADERS, HIDS, 790CP-15FT

2011 New Holland CX8080



2008 Bourgault 3310



2013 New Holland CX8090


2014 Seed Hawk 8412







2014 SeedMaster CT6012

Air Drill, NH Opener, Double Shoot, Floatation Tires,




2009 New Holland P2070 - 70








New Holland BOOMER 24

BOOMER 47 $27,500 260TLA Loader $7,500 BOOMER 37 $21,900 250TLA $7,400 BOOMER 24 $13,800 235TL $4,600

Highway #2 South

Highway #6 North

Highway #10 East

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