Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Cultures - Powers of Place Initiative

Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Cultures - Powers of Place Initiative

IV. Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Cultures Bienkowski, Piotr. "Tribes, Borders, Landscapes and Reciprocal Relations: The Wadi Arabah and its Meanin...

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IV. Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Cultures Bienkowski, Piotr. "Tribes, Borders, Landscapes and Reciprocal Relations: The Wadi Arabah and its Meaning." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 20 (1) (Jun 2007): 33-60. Dittmer Jason. "The Geographical Pivot of (the end of ) History: Evangelical Geopolitical Imaginations and Audience Interpretation of Left Behind." Political Geography, 27 (3) (Mar 2008): 280-300. Douglas-Klotz, Neil. The Desert Wisdom Project: Text, Hermeneutics and Spiritual Practice in the "Native" Middle Eastern Tradition. Ph.D. diss., The Union Institute, 1996. Abstract in PQDT: (AAT 9704759). Economist, "Places Apart." Economist, 388 (8595) (8/30/2008): 60. Grant, Michael. The Ancient Mediterranean. New York: Penguin, 1969. Hritz, Carrie A. Landscape and Settlement in Southern Mesopotamia: A Geo-Archaeological Analysis. Ph.D. diss., The University of Chicago, 2005. Abstract in PQDT: (AAT 3195023). Mulder, Stephennie. The Architecture of Coexistence: Sunnis, Shi'is, and the Shrines of the "Alids in the Medieveal Levant. Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 2008. Abstract in PDQT: (AAT 3309481). Paine, Crispin. "Whose Sacred Place?" Material Religion, 2 (1) (Mar 2006): 109-111. Ra'ad, Basem L. "Construction of Sacred Topography: The Nineteenth Century and Today." Nineteenth-Century Contexts, 29 (2/3) (Jun-Sep 2007): 251-269.

a. Crete Adams, Ellen. "Approaching Monuments in the Prehistoric Built Environment: New Light on the Minoan Palaces." Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 26 (4) (Nov, 2007): 359-394. _____. "Power and Ritual in Neopalatial Crete: A Regional Comparison." World Archaeology, 36 (1) (Mar 2004): 26-42. _____. "Power Relations in Minoan Palatial Towns: An Analysis of Neopalatial Knossos and Malia." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 17 (2) (Dec 2004): 191-222. Archaeology. "2700 B.C." Archaeology, 60 (1) (Jan/Feb 2007): 15.

Biblical Archaeology Review. "The Place at Knossos." Biblical Archaeology Review, 32 (6) (Nov/Dev, 2006): 38-39. _____. "Worldwide." Biblical Archaeology Review, 35 (2) (Mar/Apr 2009): 72. Cadogan, Gerald. "Minoans Emerging." Antiquity, 78 (302) (Dec. 2004): 923-926. _____ et al. Knossos: Palace, City, State. Athens: British School at Athens, 2004. Kotsonas, Antonis. "Wealth and Status in Iron Age Knossos." Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 25 (2) (May, 2006): 149-172. Krupp, E.C. "Whale Watching." (mural, Palace of Knossos) Sky & Telescope, 104 (6) (Dec 2002): 86-88. Logiadou-Platonos, Sosso. trans. David Hardy. Knossos: The Palace of Minos: A Survey of the Minoan Civilization. Athens: I. Mathiouakis & Co., 1986. MacGillivray, Alexander J. "Labyrynths and Bull-Leapers." Archaeology, 54 (6) (Nov/Dec 2000): 53-56. Papadopoulos, John K. "Inventing the Minoans: Archaeology, Modernity and the Quest for European Identity." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 18 (1): (Jun, 2005): 87-149. Scarre, Christ and Rebecca Steloff. The Palace of Minos at Knossos: Digging for the Past. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Schoep, Ilse. "Assessing the Role of Architecture in Conspicuous Consumption in the Middle Minoa I-II Periods." Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 23 (3) (Aug 2004): 243-269. _____. "Tablets and Territories? Reconstructing Late Mioan IB Political Geography Through Undeciphered..." American Journal of Archaeology, 103 (2) (Apr 99): 201-222. Strasser. Thomas F. "Storage and States on Prehistoric Crete: The Function of the Koulouras in the First Minoan Palaces." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 10 (1) (Jun 97): 72111. Szalolczai, Arpad. "In Pursuit of the 'Good European' Identity." Theory, Culture & Society, 24 (5) (Sep 2007): 47-76. Watrous, L. Vance, et al. The Plain of Phaistos: Cycles of Social Complexity in the Mesara Region of Crete. Los Angeles, UCLA: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, 2005.

b. Egypt (and other sites in Africa)

Alford, Alan F. Pyramid of Secrets: The Architecture of the Great Pyramid Reconsidered in the Light of Creational Mythology. Walsall, England: Eridu Books, 2003. Biblical Archaeology. "A Pilgrim on Mt. Sinai." Biblical Archaeology, 33 (1) (Jan/Feb 2007): 68. Bauval, Robert. Secret Chamber: The Quest for the Hall of Records. London: Century, 1999. _____and Adrian Gilbert. The Orion Mystery: Unlocking the Secret of the Great Pyramid. London: Heinemann, 1994. _____and Graham Hancock. The Message of the Sphinx. New York: Crown Publishers, 1996. Callou, Cécile, et al. "Archaeology: A Lion Found in the Egyptian Tomb of Maïa." Nature, 427 (6971) (1/15/2004): 211-212. Christian History & Biography. "Oldest Monks' Cells" (St. Anthony Monastery). Christian History & Biography, 88, (Fall 2005): 10. Current Events. "The City of the Dead." Current Events, 106 (20) (3/5/2007): 3. Davis, Caroline. "No Nile Flood, No Kingdom." Times Higher Education Supplement, 1554 (9/6/2002): 8-9. Day, J. "Saint Catherine's Monatery, Sinai." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 31 (5) (Jun 2007): 46. Fomin, E.S.D. "Royal Residences and Sacred Forests in Western Cameroon: The Intersecton of Secular and Spiritual Authority." Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature & Culture, 2 (3) (Sep 2008): 391-407. Gabra, Gawdat Abdel Sayed, et al. The Churches of Egypt from the Journey of the Holy Family to the Present Day. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2007 _____. Coptic Monasteries: Egypt's Monastic Art and Architecture. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2002. Golia, Maria. "A Towering Tribute to the Gods." (Karnak) U.S. News & World Report, 143 (19) (11/26/2007): 44-45. Grafton, Anthony. "Obelisks and Empires of the Mind.' American Scholar, 71 (1) (Winter 2002): 123-128. Ismail, Hossam. "Historical Introduction to Islamic Architecture in Old Cairo." Museum International, 57 (1/2) (May 2005):111-119.

Juhé-Beaulaton, Dominique. "Sacred Forests and the Global Challenge of Biodiversity Conservation: The Case of Benin and Togo." Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature & Culture, 2 (3) (Sep 2008):351-372. Levis, Ruth. "Place in the Sun." Times Educational Supplement, 4673 (2/17/2006): 16-17. Mendelssohn, Kurt. The Riddle of the Pyramids. London: Thames & Hudson, 1986. Merola, Marco. "Letters to the Crocodile God." (Tebtunis near Cairo). Archaeology, 60 (6) (Nov/Dec 2007): 22-27. Middle East. "A Facelift for Egypt's Sacred Sites." Middle East, 312 (May 2001): 43-46. Moussa, Abu Bark, et al. "Diagnosis of Weathered Coptic Wall Paintings in the Wadi El Natrun Region, Egypt." Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10 (1) (Jan 2009): 152-157. New Internatinalist. "Roma Then and Now." New Internationalist, 408 (Jan/Feb 2008): 30. Nyamweru, Celia, Elias Kimaru. "The Contribution of Ecotourism to the Conservation of Natural Sacred Sites: A Case Study from Coastal Kenya." Journal for the Study of Religion, 2 (3) (Sep 2008): 327-350. O'Connor, David, Diana Craig Patch. "Sacred Sands." (Abydos) Archaeology, 54 (3) (May/Jun 2001): 42-46. O'Mahony, Anthony. "Tradition at the Heart of Renewal: The Coptic Orthodox Church and Monasticism in Modern Egypt. (Desert Traditions) International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church, 7 (3) (2007):164-178. Pinkowski, Jennifer. "Egypt's Ageless Goddess." Archaeology, 59 (5) (Sep/Oct 2006): 44. Rosenberg, Stephen G. "The Jewish Temple at Elephantine (Island)." New Eastern Archaeology, 67 (1) (Mar 2004: 4-13. Ryan, Antonia. "Citizenship in the Heavens" (Desert Christians) National Catholic Reporter, 40 (17) (2/27/2004): 4a. Schielke, Samuli. "Policing Ambiguity: Muslim Saints-ay Festivals and the Moral Geography of Public Space in Egypt." American Ethnologist, 35 (4) (Nov 2008): 539-552. Schultz, Stacey. "Stairways to Heaven" (Pyramids) U.S. News & World Report. 134 (23) (6/30/2003): 56. Shackley, Myra, Fiona McWilliam. "Sinai's Tourist Pilgrims." Geographical, 70 (9) (Oct 1998): 241-261.

Shaltout, Mosalam, et al. "On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (3) Key Points i Lower Egypt and Siwa Oasis." Journal for the History of Astronomy, 38 (2) (May 2007): 141-160. Skeptic. "Why do People Seem so Fascinated by Pyramids? What Did Pyramids Symbolize?" Skeptic, 8 (2) (2000): 97-99 Stahl, Ann B. "Sacred Sites and the Colonial Encounter: A History of Meaning and Memory in Ghana." Journal of Asian & African Studies, 39 (5) (Oct 2004): 446-448. Stalcup, Ann. "The Myth and Mystery" (ancient sites in the Kalahari Desert including rock paintings) Faces, 19 (6) (Feb 2003): 24. Teague, Matthew. "The Sinai." National Geographic, 215 (3) (Mar 2009): 98-121. Wegner, Joseph. "A Hundred Years at South Abydos." Expedition, 42 (2) (2000): 9-19. Wegner, Mary-Ann Pouls. The Cult of Osiris at Abydos: An Archeological Investigation of the Development of Ancient Egyptian Sacred Center During the Eighteenth Century. Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 2002. Abstract in PQDT: (AAT 3055010). Wernick, Robert. "Mountain of the Lord." (Sinai) Smithsonian, 33 (3) (Jun 2002): 50-57. Yellin, Janice. "Loved by the Gods." (Taharqo, King of Nubia). Calliope, 13 (2) (Oct 2003): 27.

c. Greece Alcock, Susan E. and Robin Osborne, eds. Placing the Gods: Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. Barrett, Rodney. "Sacred Groves" Sacrifice and the Order of Nature in Ancient Greek Landscapes." Landscape Journal, 26(2) (2007): 252-269. Bergquist, B. The Archaic Greek Temenos: A Study of Structure and Function. Sweden: C.W. K. Gleerup, 1967. Cousineau, Phil. "Have You Been to Delphi?": Tales of the Ancient Oracle for Modern Minds." Parabola, 26 (3) (2001): 94. Etiope, G. "The Geological Links of the Ancient Delphic Oracle: A Reappraisal of Natural Gas Occurrence and Origin." Geology, 34 (10) (Oct 2006): 821-824. Geldard, Richard. Traveler's Key to Ancient Greece: A Guide to the Sacred Places of Ancient Greece. Wheaton, IL: Quest Books: 2000

Huffman, Herbert B. "The Oracular Process: Delphi and the Near East." Vetus Testamentum, 57 (4) (Oct 2007): 449-460. Hunt, Gloria R. Foundation Rituals and the Culture of Building in Ancient Greece. Ph.D. diss., The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2006. Abstract in PDQT: (AAT 3219448). Macdonald, Claire. "Sacred Way-Iera Odos (Road to Eleusina)." Performance Research, 6 (1) (Spring 2001):65-71. Neer, Richard. "The Athenian Treasury at Delphi and the Material of Politics." Classical Antiquity, 23 (1) (Apr 2004): 63-94. Petsas, Photios. Delphi: Monuments and Museum. Athens, Greece: Krene Editions, 1981. Piccardi, Luigi, et al. "Scent of a Myth: Tectonics, Geochemistry and Geomythology at Delphi Greece." Journal of the Geological Society, 165 (1) (Jan 2008): 2. Schnapp, Alain. "The Gods in Their Greek Places." Antiquity, 71 (272) (Jun 1997): 485-488. Ustinova, Yulia. Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind: Descending Underground in the Search for Ultimate Truth. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Winestock, Geoff. "Ruining a Ruin? Parthenon Sparks Philosophical Debate." Wall Street Journal (Aug. 5, 2002):A.1.

d. Iraq Atwood, Roger. "Day of the Vulture." Mother Jones, 28 (5) (Sep/Oct 2003): 20-25. Hassner, Ron E. "Islamic Just War Theory and the Challenge of Sacred Space in Iraq." Journal of International Affairs, 61 (1) (Fall/Winter, 2007): 131-152. _____. "Fighting Insurgency on Sacred Ground." Washington Quarterly, 29 (2) (Spring 2006): 149-166. Itzkoff, Dave. "Another Rescue Plan for Ancient Babylon." New York Times (1/8/2009): 2. Kähler, Gert. "8000 Years of Urban Planning." Architectural Review (Nov 2008): 32. Ormsby, Eric. "Holy Places, Battle Scenes." Wall Street Journal, 241 (61) (3/28/2003): W15. Rothfield, Lawrence. The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 2009.

Thomason, Allison Karmel. Luxury and Legitimation: Royal Collecting in Ancient Mesopotamia. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2006,

e. Israel/Jerusalem Anonymous. "Archaeologists Find 'Earliest Church' in Holy Land." The Christian Century, 122 (24) (Nov 29, 2005): 18-20. Anonymous. "Battle for the Holy City." New York Times Upfront, 133 (2) (Sep 18, 2000): 16-19. Armstrong, Karen. "Jerusalem: The Problems and Responsibilities of Sacred Space." Islam & Christian-Muslim Relations, 13 (2) (Apr 2002): 189-196. _____. "No One People Owns Jerusalem." New York Times (7/16/2000): 15. Asali, K.J. ed. "Jerusalem in History." Arab Studies Quarterly (July 28, 2005). Avni, Gideon. "Between the Temple Mount/Haram el-Sharif and the Holy Sepulchre: Archaeological Involvement in Jerusalem's Holy Places." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 19 (2) (Dec 2006): 259-288. Bar, Gideon. "Reconstructing the Past: The Creation of Jewish Sacred Space in the State of Israel, 1948-1967." Israel Studies, 13 (3) (2008): 1-22. Bell, Michael D., Daniel C. Kurtzer. "Old City, New Regime." Foreign Affairs, 88 (2) (Mar/Apr 2009):131-134. Benveisti, Meron. Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002. Biblical Archaeology Review. "Earliest Church in Holy Land?" Biblical Archaeology Review , 32 (1) (Jan/Feb 2006): 14, Bingham, Annette. "Crete's Roman Past." History Today, 45 (11) (Nov 95): 4-6. Biran, Avraham. "Sacred Spaces." Biblical Archaeology Review, 24 (5) (Sep/Oct 1998): 38-42. Breger, Marshall et al. Holy Places in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Confrontation and CoExistence. New York: Routledge, 2009. Burgess, J. Peter. "The Sacred Site in Civil Space: Meaning and Status of the Temple Mount/ aHaram al-Sharif." Social Identities, 10 (3) (May 2004): 311-323. Callahan, Sidney. "Rocks of Ages." Commonweal, 126 (3) (02/12/99): 8-10.

Christianity Today. "Reconstructing the Temple." Christianity Today, 52 (9) (Sep 2008): 21. Cline, Eric H. Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004. Cohen, Raymond. "Diplomacy in the Holy Sepulchre." Conference Papers-International Studies Association, 2004 Annual Meeting, Montreal: 1-14. Dart, John. "Jess-era Siloam pool t found in Jerusalem." Christian Century, 122 (18) (9/6/2005): 17. Dumper, Michael. "Protecting Jerusalem's Holy Sites: A Strategy for Negotiating a Sacred Peace." International Journal of Middle East Studies, 41 (1) (Feb 2009): 128-129. _____. The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002. Dupuis, Hanmer. The Holy Places: A Narrative of Two Years in Jerusalem and Palestine. London: Kessinger Publishing, 2005. El-Khatib, Abdallah. "Jerusalem in the Qur'an." Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 28 (1) (May 2001):25-53. Ephron, Dan. "The Armageddon Wall." Newsweek, 149 (19) (11/4/2002): 46. Ezrahi, Sidra Dekoven. "'To What Shall I Compare You?': Jerusalem as Ground Zero of the Hebrew Imagination." Publications of Modern Language Association of America, 122 (1) (Jan 2007): 220-234. _____,"Sacred Space." Tikkun, 17 (1) (Jan/Feb 2002): 19-21. Garett, Richard W. "Till We Have Built Jerusalem: Architecture, Urbanism and the Sacred." First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion & Public Life, 181 (Mar 2008): 54. Gerber, Haim. Remembering and Imagining Palestine: Identity and Nationalism from the Crusades to the Present. London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2008. Grabar, Oleg, Said Nuseibeh. The Dome of the Rock Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press/Belknap Press, 2006. _____. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996. Guinn, David. Protecting Jerusalem's Holy Sites: A Strategy for Negotiating a Sacred Peace. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Hammond, Norma. "Minoans in Egypt." Archaeology, 46 (1) (Jan/Feb 1993): 20. Hasson, Shlomo. "The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict." Progress in Human Geography, 32 (1) (Feb 2008): 156-157. Hever, Hannan. "The Kinneret" (Sea of Galilee). Journal of Modern Jewish Studies, 6 (2) (Jul 2007):127-143. Holum, Kenneth G. "Caesarea's Temple Hill." Near Eastern Archaeology, 67 (4) (Dec 2004): 184-199. Jabr, Samah. "Jerusalem: Sanctions and Sanctuaries." Washington Report on the Middle East Affairs, 24 (5) (Jul 2005): 16-17. Jacobson, David. "Sacred Geometry: Unlocking the Secret of the Temple Mount, part 1. Biblical Archaeology Review, 25 (4) (Jul/Aug 1999): 42-56. Katz, Kimberly. "Building Jordanian Legitimacy: Renovating Jerusalem's Holy Places." Muslim World, 93 (2) (Apr 2003): 211-232. _____. Jordanian Jerusalem: Holy Places and National Spaces. Tallahassee, FL: University Press of Florida, 2005. Kershner, Isabel. "Symbol of Peace Stands at Divide Between Troubled Jerusalem's East and West." New York Times (10/18/2008): 8. Kieckhefer, Richard. "The Sepulchre of Christ and the Medieval West: From Beginning to 1600." Church History, 75 (1) (Mar 2006): 183-185. Maier, Christi M. Daughter Zion, Mother Zion: Gender, Space and the Sacred in Ancient Jerusalem. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2008. Makarychev, Maksim. "Holy Places in Camouflage." Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press, 54 (14) (5/1/2002): 14-20. Martin, Malachi. "Holy Land--Milestones of Three Faiths." New York Times (10/6/1985): 83. Mayer, Tamar and Suleiman A. Mourad. Jerusalem: Idea and Reality. New York: Routledge, 2008. Mazza, Roberto. "Churches at War: The Impact of the First World War on the Christian Institutions of Jerusalem, 1914-20. Middle Eastern Studies, 45 (2) (Mar 2009): 207-227. Nelson, Robert S., et al. Holy Image, Holy Ground: Icons from Sinai. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2007.

O'Connor, Jerome Murphy. The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. O'Mahony, Anthony. "The Vatican, Jerusalem, the State of Israel, and Christianity in the Holy Land." International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church, 5 (2) (2005): 123146. O'Rourke, David K. "Quarried Stones." Commonweal, 128 (7) (04/06/2001): 9-11. Osman, Colin. Jerusalem Caught in Time. New York: NYU Press, 2000. Patterson, Webster T. Sacred Sites: Christian Perspectives on the Holy Land. Mahah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2004. Pearson, Birger A. "A Q Community in Galilee?" New Testament Studies, 50 (4) (Oct 2004): 476-494. Reiter, Yitzhak. Jerusalem and its Role in Islamic Solidarity. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Scham, Sandra. "A Fight Over Sacred Turf." (Sacred Mount) Archaeology, 54 (6) (Nov Dec 2001): 62-69. Schick, Robert. "The Islamic Holy Places of 19th Century Jerusalem." American Schools of Oriental Research Newsletter 49 (1) (Spring 99): 19. Sered, Susan. "Women of the Wall: Claiming Sacred Ground at Judaism's Holy Site." Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, 23 (1) (Fall 2004): 82-184. Sommer, Benjamin D. "Conflicting Constructions of Divine Presences in the Priestly Tabernacle." Biblical Interpretation, 9 (1) (2001): 41-63. Smith, Julie Ann. "'My Lord's Native Land': Mapping the Christian Holy Land." Church History, 76 (1) (Mar 2007): 31. Stockton, Ronald R. "The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict." International Journal of Middle East Studies, 37 (4) (Nov 2005): 628-630. Strickert, Fred. Rachel Weeping: Jews, Christians and Muslims at the Fortress Tomb. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2007. Taylor, Joan E. Christians and the Holy Places: The Myth of Jewish-Christian Origins. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Tucker, William. "Oh Jerusalem." American Spectator, 38 (2) (Mar 2005): 50-53.

Van der Steen, Eveline J. "The Sanctuaries of Early Bronze IB Megiddo: Evidence of a Tribal Policy?" American Journal of Archaeology, 109 (1) (Jan 2005): 1-20. Wagner, Clarence H. "Between a Rock and a Holy Site." Christianity Today, 45 (2) (02/05/2001): 62-64. Walker, P.W.L. Holy City, Holy Places? Christian Attitudes to Jerusalem and the Holy Land in the Fourth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Wright, John H. "Sacred Sites: Christian Perspectives on the Holy Land." Theological Studies, 66 (1) (Mar, 2005): 224-225.

f. Palestine Castaldo, Eduardo. "O Little Wall of Bethlehem," U.S. Catholic, 74 (5) (May 2009): 28-32. Luz, Nimrod. "The Politics of Sacred Places: Palestinian Identity, Collective Memory, and Resistance in the Hassan Bek Mosque Conflict." Environment & Planning: Society & Space, 26 (6) (Dec, 2008): 38-52. March, Eugene W. God's Land on Loan: Israel, Palestine, and the World. Louisvile, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007. Milstein, Mati. "Antiquities Under Fire." Archaeology, 62 (3) (May/Jun 2009): 31-33.

g. Saudi Arabia Asad, Muhammad. The Road to Mecca. Louisville, KY: Fons Vitae, 2000. Fischer, Jan Otakar. "Tunisia's Oldest City." New York Times (9/22/1991): 14. OAH Magazine of History. "A Quick Reference to the Key People, Places and Events of Islam. OAH Magazine of History, 22 (1) (Jan 2008): 47. Peters, F.E. The Hajj: The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Places. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995. Schwirtz, Michael. "Putin Opens Mecca Path for Muslims." New York Times (12/17/2007): 9. Serageldin, Ismail et al. eds. Historic Cities and Sacred Sites: Cultural Roots for Urban Features. Washington D.C.: The World Bank, 2001.

Tisdale, Sara Dabney. "The Enduring Call of Islam's Holiest City." U.S. News & World Report, 143 (19) (11/26/2007): 59. Wolfe, Michael. One Thousand Roads to Mecca. New York: Grove Press/Atlantic, 1998. _____. the Hadj: An American's Pilgrimage to Mecca. New York: Grove Press/Atlantic, 1998.

h. Syria/Jordan Ancient Mysteries: The Hidden City of Petra, Leonard Nimoy DVD Antrim, Zayde Gordon. Place and Belonging in Medieval Syria, 6th/12th to 8th/14th Centuries. Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 2005. Abstract in PQDT (AAT3161161). Auge, Christian et al. Discoveries: Petra: Lost City of the Ancient World. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Bevan, Brock L. "Petra: The Red Rose City." Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 22 (10) (Dec 2003): 84. Browning, Ian. Petra. London: Chatto and Windus, 1982. Downey, Susan B. "Petra Rediscovered: An Exhibition on Petra and Nabataean Sanctuaries in Jordan." American Journal of Archaeology, 109 (4) (Oct 2005): 783-787. Glueck, Nelson. Deities and Dolphins. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1965. Guzzo, Maria Giulia Amadasi, et al. Petra. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. Hammond, Philip C. The Nabataeans: Their History, Culture and Archaeology. Philadelphia, PA: Coronet Books Inc.,1973. Hedges, Christ. "Ancient City of Petra is Yielding its Secrets." New York Times (1/4/1994): 8. Joukowsky, Martha Sharp. "The Petra Great Temple: A Nabataean Architectural Miracle." Near Eastern Archaeology, 65 (4) (Dec 2002): 235-249. Lawlor, Andrew. "Reconstructing Petra." Smithsonian, 38 (3) (Jun 2007): 42-49. M.D.G. "Petra Voted One of the New Seven Wonders of the World." Biblical Archaeology Review, 33 (6) (Nov/Dec, 2007): 14-15. Meri, Josef. "A Late Medieval Syrian Pilgrimage (Guide to Pilgrimage Places." Medieval Encounters, 7 (1) (2001): 3-19.

Ossoria, Francesca Arianna and Barbara A. Porter. Petra-Splendors of the Nabataean Civilization. Vercelli, Italy: White Star, 2009. Taylor, Jane. Petra and the Lost Kingdoms of the Nabateans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. Walker, Bethany J. "Commemorating the Sacred Spaces of the Past: the Mamluks and the Umayyad Mosque at Damascus." Near Eastern Archaeology, 67 (1) (Mar 2004): 26-39.

i. Turkey Ashman, Anatasia M. "Istanbul Unveiled." National Geographic Traveler, 26 (3) (Apr 2009): 52-53. Aydingun, Sengul, Mark Rose. "Saving a Fabled Sanctuary (Hagia Sophia)." Archaeology, 56 (6) (Nov/Dec 2003): 20-29. Balter, Michael. The Goddess and the Bull: Catalhoyuk: An Archaeological Journey to the Dawn of Civilization. New York: Free Press, 2004. Biallas, Len. "Turkey Rewards Search for the Sacred." National Catholic Reporter, 39 (23) (April 11, 2003): 32-35. Çakmak, Ahmet S. et al. "The Structural Configuration of the First Dome of Justinian's Hagia Sophia (A.D. 537-558): An Investigation Based on Structural and Literary Analysis." Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 29 (4) (Apr 2009): 693-698. Civil Engineering. "Exploring the Secrets of Ancient Structures." Civil Engineering, 61 (5) (May 1991): 14-16. Dixon, Nicola. "Byzantine Church Gives up the Secret of its Longevity." (Hagia Sophia) New Scientist, 176 (2369) (11/16/2002): 13. Hughes, Virginia. "Hagia Sophia: Shaken, Not Stirred." Nature, 445 (7110) (9/28/2006): 390391. James, Liz. "Senses and Sensibility in Byzantium." Art History, 27 (4) (Sep 2004): 692. Kaylan, Melik. "A Beautiful Confusion (Hagia Sophia). Wall Street Journal, 250 (5) (7/7/2007): 12. Kleinbauer, Eugene W. Saint Sophia at Constantinople. Dublin, NH: William L. Bauhan, 2000. Kummer, Corby. "Turkish Delight." Atlantic Monthly, 275 (1) (Jan 1995): 40-43.

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