Newsletter 4 - Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors

Newsletter 4 - Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors

Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors Newsletter - Special Conference Issue The Pennsylvania Surveyor Surveying Beyond Boundaries Join us for the...

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Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors Newsletter - Special Conference Issue The

Pennsylvania Surveyor

Surveying Beyond Boundaries

Join us for the...

Surveyors’ Conference Hershey, PA

2013 January 13-16

Fall 2012

Register Online! Join PSLS in Hershey January 13-16 as our conference takes attendees on a journey of Surveying Beyond Boundaries. Explore the profession through a blend of traditional practice and the latest industry advancements in technology. With a selection of 36 workshops, registrants will have an opportunity to gain up to 21 continuing education credits in a variety of topics, including GPS, oil and gas, mobile mapping, boundary retracement, GIS, stormwater management, and standards of practice.

In the exhibit hall, vendors will offer a hands-on look at innovative surveying equipment and be available to discuss current trends in services that benefit both novices and seasoned professionals. Please stop by to speak with them during breaks, lunches, and receptions. Also, remember to visit the bookstore to peruse surveying resources, the membership booth to get a new-member discount, and the auction/raffle table to eye items on the docket for bidding. This year’s conference presents both members and nonmembers with a chance to network with industry professionals, learn best standards and practices, and share valuable knowledge with others. The PSLS board, staff, and volunteers hope you will join the Society’s biggest event of the year at Hershey Lodge in January 2013!

Inside... 3

President’s Message...


100% Campaign...


Price Fixing...

10 Foundation Scholarship...11 Ramblings by Chuck......13 Dracup Award Winner...


Member News...

18 Andrew Ellicott...26 Ahead of the Storm...

Keynote Speaker James P. Reilly, Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus, New Mexico State University

James P. Reilly, Ph.D., received his B.S. in Mining Engineering from The Pennsylvania State University, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Geodetic Science from The Ohio State University. He was on the faculty at Iowa State University and New Mexico State University (NMSU); his most recent position was the academic department head of the Department of Surveying Engineering at NMSU. In 1983, he was elected the first president of the American Association for Geodetic Surveying, a member organization of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM). Also, he was president of ACSM during 2000-2001. He retired from New Mexico State University in 2001 and lives in Las Cruces, New Mexico.


Conference Registration..


Legislative News...


Surveyors Rendezvous...


New Member Benefits...

Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors Officers Brent L. Birth, PLS, President Karl E. Kriegh, PLS, President-Elect Adam Crews, PLS, Vice President Michael D. Kreiger, PLS, Secretary Mark Hummel, PLS, Treasurer William J. Beitler, PLS, SEO, Past President Robert R. Miller, PLS, NSPS Governor

State Directors Allegheny Heartlands Chapter Joseph P. Hood, PLS & Norman S. VanWhy, PLS Bucks Chapter Robert J. Snyder, PLS & Jonathan J. Tabas, PE, PLS Delaware Valley Chapter Gregory J. Gress, PLS & Richard A. Shewman, PLS Harrisburg Chapter Milton H. Davis, PLS & Thomas W. Kimmel, PLS Laurel Highlands Chapter Richard R. Bourg Jr., PLS & Charles L. Zelenak Jr., PLS Lehigh Valley Chapter Dale Kulp, PLS & Stephen D. Ombalski, PLS Mid-State Chapter Fred M. Henry, PLS & Horace G. McAnuff, PLS North Central Chapter Charles G. Lang, PLS & James E. Pahel, PLS Northeast Chapter Glenn L. Johnson, PLS & Brian Naberezny, PLS Northwest Chapter Jeffrey P. Gilmore, & Edward E. Northrop, PLS Pocono Chapter Duane P. Bishop Jr., PLS & Paul A. Waters, PLS Reading Chapter John G. Fuehrer II, PE, PLS & John M. Huck, PLS South Central Chapter Thomas Farcht Jr., PLS & L. Bradley Foltz, PLS South Pocono Chapter Lawrence R. Bailey, PLS Southwest Chapter Kevin F. Lira, PLS & Terry R. Siefers, PLS Susquehanna Chapter Peter J. Uhl, PLS

PSLS Staff Kate C. Sherman, Director Laurie L. Troutman, Administrative Assistant


Continuing Education Approval PSLS has submitted all workshops to the Delaware, New Jersey, and New York registration boards for continuing education credit approval. New York’s Surveyor Registration Board has already approved 29 of the workshops; New Jersey’s and Delaware’s approvals will be posted as soon as they are available.

Exhibitor/Sponsor Form Exhibitor/Sponsorship opportunities are available on the PSLS website or by calling the PSLS office at 717-5406811.


Conference information is available at and paper copies of the brochure are in the mail. Earlybird (postmarked by December 21) registration for PSLS members is $680 (regular $720), nonmembers is $825 (regular $850), student is $300, and one-day is $400. See Page 29 for registration and hotel information.

Sweet Treat Dessert Survey What’s the hardest part of choosing the menu items for the annual Surveyors’ Conference? The dessert, of course! There are so many choices, but only two nights to indulge in the decadence of Hershey’s delicious afterdinner treats. This year, will you help us choose by voting for your favorite dessert? Send your choice to Laurie at [email protected] by December 14. Thanks! 1. Reeses® Peanut Butter Cup Pie: Dark chocolate and peanut butter mousse pie full of Reeses® Peanut Butter Cups 2. Mr. German’s Chocolate Cake: Moist chocolate cake, chocolate icing, golden brown coconut-pecan filling, milk chocolate genache and toasted pecans 3. Passionberry Duo: Wild berry and tropical passion fruit mousse layered between a thin chocolate wafers, mirrored berry glaze and fresh berries 4. Tiramisu: Whipped mascarpone cream on coffee-rum soaked sponge cake dusted with imported cocoa 5. Salted Caramel Vanilla Crunch Cake: Vanilla pudding cake and rich caramel cake layered with salted caramel crunch, creamy custard and caramel coating finish

Donald E. Rife, PLS


Contact [email protected] or call 717.540.6811.

Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors 801 East Park Drive, Suite 107, Harrisburg, PA 17111 P: 717.540.6811 F: 717.540.6815

The Pennsylvania Surveyor is published quarterly by the Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors (PSLS). Articles or opinions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the viewpoints of PSLS, but are published as a service to its members, the general public, and for the betterment of the surveying profession. Articles may be reprinted with due credit given. We welcome submissions via e-mail in MS Word format. Please forward to [email protected] or call 717.540.6811.


President’s Pen

Thank You for a Great Year Brent L. Birth, PLS, 2012 President Well, it is hard to believe that my term of being your President for the Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors is over in just a little more than a month. Although, I will still be involved on the Executive Committee as Immediate Past President and helping the transition over to Karl Kriegh as incoming President. I am sure with the recent US Presidential Election outcome many of us may be in the “let’s see how things pan out” mode over the next half a year—those who are self-employed, sole proprietors, business owners, or in a leadership role of a company need to keep plugging away at new business and keeping staff busy. A previous vice president I worked for would always tell me “Hope is not a strategy,” and then would proceed to push, pull, and drag me to work on finding new markets, think outside of the box, and reminding me that people’s livelihoods were depending on it. Although tough at times, it provided me with the perseverance to continue and his words still echo when I hear people mention they “hope” it works out and then sit back without taking any action. With that I encourage you, as always, to persevere and to “take action.” There is a phrase often associated with the English philosopher Edmund Burke that goes like this, ‘‘The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” I have this as my screen saver on my home computer to remind me to continue to strive toward the thoughts and ideas that I believe are good for myself, my family, and my profession. This year, I have seen many of you step forward and take on challenges that I only heard murmurs about in the past. It appeared to me that many of us have fallen into the category of thinking “someone else can do it”; if we proceed with that thinking, not much will be done and surveyors will just fade out over time. Yes, there will still be a need but if we don’t protect the integrity that goes along with our profession, and I may sound a bit nostalgic, we will never be able to attain prominence that we have heard about surveyors having in history. Thus, I urge you to get involved with your chapters, your state society, and legislation. Keep informed of happenings and even go so far as demanding information so you “can” get involved. Don’t wait for someone to come to you, volunteer for committees, in your community, in your church, or wherever. Search out and find your niche. Now, let me step back from my soap box for the remainder of my comments and commend and thank the many individuals who have helped me this year with encouragement and running with ideas, and offer to continue to support them in the years that follow. There is no way much of what was accomplished or gotten off the ground this past year could have been accomplished without them being involved, and being proactive in their duties or the responsibilities they have volunteered to take on. Although, we didn’t get some of the legislation passed that we may have supported, PSLS did get a start on them and will move to get them re-introduced in the next session such as the Right of Entry. Take a closer look at some, for example, the creation of a GIS Council, as well as spur ideas for new proposals. One in particular that has been constantly in the forefront of my mind is the location of delineated wetlands, which should be under the responsible charge of a Professional Licensed Surveyor. It is my opinion that many wetlands are being located by individuals who do not have the proper knowledge or training in operating GPS units, or can explain the accuracy of the information they are gathering. I am the first to state I do not have the expertise or know where to start with this, but with the help of our legislative committee we will get something started in 2013. Other things that are happening are the benefits offered to our members are constantly increasing and more are being researched as you are reading this. With a report in one of the recent Board of Director’s meetings, Rich Shewman through a study he did that PSLS is one of very few state survey associations around the country that offers so many benefits to their membership, and, quite frankly, if I do say moving towards being the top association for member benefits. Also, don’t forget even in trying times and during slow economic recovery there is always someone in need who we can help out. We are professionals and should act like professionals who conduct business in such a way that affords us to help our fellow man. Don’t forget to get that cup or jar of change that you have been saving through the summer and fall to help PSLS purchase metal detectors for past worn-torn countries to find unexploded ordinance. Don’t forget, for every detector PSLS purchases, one is matched by Schoenstedt. So count your change and send a check equivalent to your chapter presidents or treasurers. I have filled my jar and have yet to count it but I know it definitely has several dollars’ worth of change in it. I will most likely add to it with humility that I still can do better. So don’t forget to contribute towards this worthy cause. As a final push, the Northeast Chapter, my home chapter, has dedicated to subsidize our final amount to purchase at least one metal detector and challenges all the other chapters to do the same or better. Although I believe at our last count last month was still short, I think we will come through with little or no subsidy from the chapter funds. However, now is the time to start thinking of the next project for 2013, so start sending your suggestions to Laurie or Kate at the office, and I am sure they will be happy to tally them for a recommendation in the spring of next year. In closing, I wish all of you a very Merry Christmas and prosperous New Year! See you at the conference!!


NSPS Governor

100% Campaign Update & Survey

A message from Robert R. Miller, PS, NSPS Governor of Pennsylvania

Fellow PSLS Members: At the National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS) May business meeting in Charlotte, N.C., the NSPS board passed a motion aimed at obtaining 100% membership in NSPS from state affiliates. Details were refined at the NSPS September business meeting. As I mentioned in my report featured in the summer issue of The Pennsylvania Surveyor and in my July webinar, the campaign would offer participants NSPS membership for an additional annual dues increase of $40. In addition, PSLS would receive a voting seat on the NSPS board to strengthen the national voice of land surveyors for legislative and other issues important to the profession. As of November 16, the following states have signed MOUs to join at the 100% affiliate rate: North Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington, Maine, and Wisconsin. Along with that, the following states have board approval and are amending their MOUs for their state: Arizona, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, S. Dakota, Iowa, Indiana, Louisiana, New York, and Massachusetts. If you are wondering what benefits NSPS membership brings, here are some reasons to support this effort: Current NSPS member benefits and programs • National legislative involvement (NSPS was instrumental in coordinating resistance to LightSquared) • A national voice to national and international entities such as NGS, USGS, FEMA, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs, NOAA, FIG, ABET, ALTA • NCEES Exam Prep • Certification Programs, Including Hydrographic, Certified Survey Technician (CST) Please take the • Insurance Program (E&O Insurance Discounts) • Trig-Star Program • Scholarships • NSPS Member Website • PBS Show • Spotlight on Surveying Weekly Radio show with Curt Sumner on the next page! • Boy Scouts of America Surveying Merit Badge, Speakers Kit • National Surveyors Week

100% Campaign SURVEY

In Summary the 100% Membership Program will • Unify the surveying associations throughout the United States • Strengthen the survey profession's national voice • Create a pathway for the association's advisory role (Board of Governors) to become a voting role on the Board of Directors • Allow all surveyors who benefit from the work of NSPS to be counted as members at a modest cost Remember, few things are built without the involvement of a surveyor. That fact alone elevates the professional surveyor to a position of importance far and above most other professions. This NSPS 100% membership program has already exceeded projections and will continue to do so. Strength in numbers is the key and increased participation is the solution to empowerment of our valued profession. Presently, there are approximately 2,000 members in NSPS. As we represent ourselves to our legislators, we already have a positive influence on their decisions (i.e., the defeat of the Light-Squared issue). Imagine the influence we could make with 20,000 members!! I would like to give my thanks to each of you for your dedication to our profession. I am personally blessed to have so many outstanding friends and colleagues. I have enjoyed representing you at our national meetings and I have conducted myself in a manner that represents the surveyors of Pennsylvania as a major player in the success of NSPS and surveyors across the country. I will continue to do so as long as you wish. Thank you, Robert R. Miller, PS NSPS Governor of Pennsylvania


Survey: NSPS 100% Campaign We are interested in hearing your opinion about the possibility of PSLS participating in the NSPS 100% Campaign, and request that you take this brief survey to help us address this important issue. If you have not yet viewed the100% Campaign PowerPoint or webinar, please click on one of these links BEFORE taking the survey: PowerPoint (link) Webinar (Please note this is approximately one hour long and requires downloading GoToWebinar (free) and logging in to view it. Click the links below for instructions and access.)

>Link to instructions for watching a recorded webinar:

>Link to recorded webinar:

Survey (link to Survey Monkey) Discussion at the last board meeting included possibly having the society pay the dues for the first year and adding the full $40 or partial amount to membership dues invoices in subsequent years. Today, we simply want to gauge whether you support PSLS' participation in the NSPS 100% membership campaign. Thank you.


Mine Surveying with Mechanical Theodolites Issue: Seeking Your Input PSLS has received an inquiry regarding mechanical theodolites and a company named “Qualitest,” and we are reaching out to you for input. A mining company that is in a dispute with a federal agency over the accuracy of surveying equipment used in underground coal mines is seeking information about a type of mechanical theodolite. The agency identified this equipment as being an acceptable and available substitute for electronic surveying equipment. Specifically, the company has identified a theodolite distributed by a company named Qualitest Inc. The mining company has neither heard of the distributor nor encountered the instrument it distributes, and is attempting to gather some information about it.


Has anyone heard of a company that purports to sell mechanical (non-digital or electronic) surveying theodolites called Qualitest (or Beijing Bofei Instrument Co.), or a company called Sokki (not Sokkiathe name similarity is probably intentional)?

2. Does anyone have any experience with these instruments? Qualitest may not have sold any instruments in the U.S. but Beijing Bofei may have.

3. 4.


If you have such experience, what has it been in terms of accuracy and reliability? If you have had such experience, what has been your experience on getting the instruments serviced and/or repaired? What is the availability of repair parts? If you have purchased instruments from Qualitest, Beijing Bofei, or Sokki how long has it taken to obtain the instrument once it has been ordered? Have there been any issues with the commercial terms and transaction of purchase?

6. Are you aware of any other suppliers of NEW mechanical theodolites?

See for more information on Qualitest. Click on the “Products” pull down and locate “Survey Instruments.” If you have experience with this company or equipment and would like to provide input or a response, please e-mail [email protected] and copy [email protected] org.



Beware of Price Fixing! by Knud E. Hermansen, PLS, PE, PhD, Esq. Reprinted with permission by the author.


he Department of Justice Antitrust Division entered an agreement with the Northwest Chapter of the Arkansas Society of Professional Surveyors where the Chapter agreed to pay a fine of $60,000 for violation of the United States Code. The indictment charged five surveyors and the Chapter with a conspiracy “to raise, fix and maintain the price of lot and block surveys in northwest Arkansas.” The indictment went on to charge that the defendants met, discussed, reached a price agreement, raised the price to a minimum of $300 per survey, received compensation in that amount, and generally affected interstate commerce. They were charged under 15 U.S.C.A. § 1, known as the Sherman Antitrust Act, which states in part: 15 U.S.C.A. § 1. Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce ... is declared to be illegal. Every person who shall make any contract or engage in any combination or conspiracy hereby declared to be illegal shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by fine ... or by imprisonment ... in the discretion of the court.

On 26 February 1993, a plea agreement was filed which provided in part that the Northwest Chapter of the Arkansas Society of Professional Surveyors agrees to enter a plea of guilty and pay a fine of $60,000. In return, the United States agrees to drop all charges against the individual surveyors. Admittedly there was no trial and at least one of the defendants believes that had there been a trial they would have been found innocent of the charges.1 Conjecture aside, the monetary fine, attorney fees, court costs, loss of reputation, anxiety, and loss of business exacted a heavy toll from the defendants. Furthermore, the problems are not behind the individual defendants since the Arkansas Board of Licensure has started an investigation to determine if there are grounds for professional discipline. The bitterness and discord among the Northwest Chapter members may cause the Northwest Chapter irreparable damage.

For survey practitioners, there are several points to be learned from the indictment and subsequent plea agreement. Perhaps the most tangible is that guilty or innocent, any charge of price fixing will cost the surveyor legal fees, court costs, anxiety, lost work days, loss of reputation, and lost business. As a result, surveyors should be aware of the danger and avoid actions, conduct, or words that violate the Sherman Antitrust Act. Surveyors should not fix fees in concert with other practitioners or take part in any activities that establish by written, verbal, or implied consent a minimum fee for professional services. As a general rule, the lessons learned from the Arkansas Chapter’s experience does not mean that surveyors cannot get together to discuss fees, salaries, or prices — so long as such discussion is not meant or does not cause prices or fees to become artificially fixed in concert or conspiracy with other practitioners. Fees should be established independently of other practitioners in a competitive, free-marketplace environment. For example, surveyors can establish reasonable and justifiable standards and procedures that may eventually cause fees to rise. Surveyors can participate in information surveys that tabulate high, Fees should be established independently of average, and low fees for other practitioners in specific services. a competitive, freeFor educational marketplace environment. purposes, surveyors can discuss how to best estimate or apply costs, overhead, and profit margins in order to determine what fees to charge for what services. Furthermore, surveyors can discuss various methods to estimate their fees (e.g. area, number of corners, linear feet of boundary, etc.). In fact, all of these examples may actually help prevent scrutiny by the justice department if the information is sought and used by survey practitioners to underbid their competitors.


Obviously, there is no fine black line. There are warning signs. One obvious warning sign is when fees are the same among all local practitioners for a particular service. Another warning sign is where there is some form of communication among practitioners that results in fees being raised in apparent concert among a group of practitioners.

Topographic Platoon, United States Marine Corp. After a tour in Vietnam in 1968, this individual told the author there was little the government could do that would intimidate him. n

Knud Hermansen is a licensed surveyor, engineer, and attorney at law. He is a professor in the surveying program at the There are also some safety guidelines that surveyors University of Maine and has a consulting firm specializing in can adhere to in order to prevent price fixing. First, alternate dispute resolution, boundary disputes, land developunderstand how to determine a fair and reasonable fee ment, roads, and title. for services. Professional practice is not for the sake of making a killing at the expense of the public, rather the purpose is to provide a quality service for a reasonable price. Determine and be prepared to justify your fee based on an accurate and reasonable analysis of costs, overhead, profit, and demand within a free marketplace environment. Do not base a fee solely on a competitor’s fee. Bargain and reach an agreement with the client to determine the fee and not with the competitor. Fair competition is healthy among knowledgeable and ethical professionals. In this regard, attend or encourage your employees to attend the many excellent seminars on business and ethics sponsored by ACSM and State professional societies.

New & life Members

As fate would have it, the author later discovered that he had served with this surveyor as a member of the 2nd 1

Delaware Valley Muhamet Bici, PLS Pat Hippo, PLS

Laurel Highlands Henry W. Moore, PLS

North Central Steven Maley, PLS

Penn State Student Richard Cebrick Jr. Bryan Flynn Theodore Frear Heather Nicholson


Travis Stanczyk


Christopher Costello, PLS

Life Members

Duane P. Bishop Sr., PLS Gregory Kohl, PLS


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Ed McKay: Honored for a Lifetime of Achievement by AAGS Congratulations to Ed McKay, PLS, South Central Chapter, for receiving the prestigious 2012 American Association for Geodetic Surveying (AAGS) Joe Dracup Lifetime Achievement Award during the National Society of Professional Surveyors' Board of Governors Meeting on September 28 in Gaithersburg, Md.


Background and photo of Joe Dracup contributed by Steve Briggs, PSM, Reporter/Editor and Past President AAGS

Ed McKay accepted his Joe Dracup Award at the ACSM fall meeting in Maryland.

The AAGS Fellows Committee (which I chair) presented a proposal two years ago to create a way to recognize members that had made extraordinary efforts on behalf of AAGS. The first requirement is that the candidate must be an AAGS (ACSM) Fellow Member, which in itself is an honor.

There can be no more than one per year. It was approved and forwarded back to the committee to begin the selection process. While we were on this, we decided to name the award for one of our most distinguished geodesists and very early members of the original Control Surveys Division (now AAGS), Joe Dracup. In the case of Ed, Joe was actually his boss at C&GS (now NGS) and one of Ed's mentors. The first Joe Dracup in his office at NGS with award was presented his Parkhurst Theodolite. in 2011 to another of our distinguished leaders, Bob Packard. This year the committee selected Ed. Ed was truly one of my earliest mentors in AAGS, in fact he coerced me to run for President Elect in 1992. I followed Ed in the presidency rotation in 1993 and he led me around for a year getting the "feel of things." I consider Ed and Karen, his wife, to be a pair of my older friends and I truly wish that I had been able to be there and present the award. We all knew Ed as the guy with the red pen that went over every detail with a fine tooth comb. Ed is still active as our "teller" for election ballot counting. n


Foundation Corner 2013-2014 PLS Foundation Scholarship Application Now Available


he Pennsylvania Land Surveyors’ (PLS) Foundation is your guide to helping promote, improve, and encourage the practice of land surveying to future generations. When you donate, you not only help support your profession, you: • •


(available here)

must be postmarked by March 15, 2013, to be considered!

Create public awareness about land surveying career opportunities, Provide financial assistance to individuals pursuing an education in land surveying, Make grants and contributions to educational institutions to enhance a land surveying curriculum, and Offer financial assistance to individuals or educational institutions for research in land surveying.

As part of its mission, the Foundation offers annual scholarships to land surveying students who exhibit academic excellence and personal commitment to the betterment of society. Each year, the Foundation awards thousands of dollars in scholarship money to Pennsylvania residents who are pursuing a bachelor’s degree or an associate degree in land surveying. To date, total funds dispersed exceed $200,000. Play your part in giving direction to the surveyors of tomorrow and helping to perpetuate the profession by donating to the Foundation today! The Foundation welcomes support not only from members, but from corporations and all individuals who believe in the Foundation’s mission. Visit the PSLS website at www.psls. org for more information. n

PLS Foundation Donation Form

Name or Company Name





ZIP Phone

Payment Method Check enclosed (Payable to PLS Foundation)


Card No.

Name on Card


Mail payment and form to: PLS Foundation c/o PSLS 801 East Park Drive, Suite 107 Harrisburg, PA 17111 Phone: 717-540-6811 Fax: 717-540-6815




Exp. Date

CCV Code (3 digits on back of card)

Donation Categories (Select one) r Regular: $35/ year r Century: $100/ year r Sustaining: $500/ year r Lifetime: $2,000


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Ramblings by Chuck

Sampling Statistics: The χ2 Distribution

Ramblings by Chuck Sampling Statistics: The χ2 Distribution Chuck Ghilani

by Charles D. Ghilani, Ph.D.

In the last article I discussed Student’s t distribution and how its properties can be used to isolate blunders in observations. Another sampling distribution that is commonly used in least squares adjustments is the χ2 distribution. It appears in the form of what is typically called the “goodness of fit” test. To understand the value of this test, we need to understand some basic concepts about the weighting of observations in a least squares adjustment. One of many advantages that a least squares adjustment has over the compass rule or any other adjustment is that we can apply weights to our observations, which control the size of the corrections to the observations. The manufacturers of electronic instruments such as the EDMs and digital theodolites state the precisions of their instruments in terms of accuracy standards. For example, you may own a total station with a DIN 18723 standard for angles of 3″ and distance accuracy of 3 mm + 3 ppm. However, this is only part of what determines the final accuracy of your angles and distances. Other things that control the accuracy of your observations are the abilities of the user to point on the target, set the instrument and target over a point, calibration status of the levels and optical or laser plummets, number of repetitions of the observations, and so forth. In the next article, I will discuss how all of these elements combine to allow you to estimate the accuracy of each observation. We also know that longer sight distances will result in more accurate observations if everything else is the same. Least squares adjustments allow the user to individually weight observations according to the estimated uncertainty of each observation. Thus an angle with a higher estimated uncertainty will receive more of the angular misclosure error than one with a lower estimated uncertainty. This is not the case with the compass rule adjustment, since we typically distribute the misclosure error in angles equally to all angle observations no matter how the angle was observed. The weights of the observations are determined as (1)

where wi is the weight of the observation, the standard deviation of the observation, and σ0 a scaling factor, which is typically assigned a value of 1. Thus weights of observations are usually determined as (2)

where was assigned a value of one and is known as the a priori standard deviation of unit weight. After a least squares adjustment, residuals are determined for each observation. These residuals represent the errors in the observations that must be created to satisfy geometric


closure requirements of the survey. They are combined with the weights assigned to the observations before the adjustment to determine the a posteriori standard deviation of unit weight, S0, as



is the adjustment’s reference variance, wi the weight of each observation, vi the

residual for each observation, √∑

the sum of the product of the weights of each

observation times its residual squared, and redundancies the number of redundant observations in the system. For example, if a distance observation has a weight, w, of 1000 and a residual, v, of 0.02 ft then its contribution to the reference variance is related to 1000(0.02)2, or 0.4. The key here is not how these values are computed but rather the fact that at the end of the adjustment the computed reference variance should statistically match the a priori assigned value of 1; statistically speaking If this is not the case, there are two possible causes. First, there could be one or more observations in the adjustment that contain blunders. In this case, their residuals will be larger than expected. Technically speaking this means that the estimated standard deviation, σi, is too small for the observation. For example, let’s assume that a distance observation has an error of 1 ft. but is assigned a standard deviation, σi, of ±0.02 ft. The standard deviation is too small for the quality of the observation, and thus it results in a contribution to the reference variance that is too large. Under these conditions, the contribution of this single observation to the reference variance shown in Equation (3) is , which equals 2500. If this observation was given a standard deviation, σi, of ±1 then its contribution to the reference variance would only be , which is 1. The second reason for not being statistically equal to is that the weights for an observation or an entire set of observations is incorrect, where the accuracies of the observations are over or under what was estimated. The statistical method for checking whether is known as the goodness of fit test, which 2 2 uses the χ distribution. The χ distribution allows you to check a sample variance against a population variance. In this case the sample variance is the reference variance determined from the least squares adjustment. The population variance is the scalar used to determine the weights of the observations. Again, if the test fails it means one of two things may have occurred or in some cases both. The first possibility is the presence of blunders in the observations, which caused large residuals, and the second is that the observations were incorrectly weighted. The goodness of fit test can be thought of as a warning flag when the adjustment fails to pass the test. It means that something is incorrect in the adjustment but does not tell you what it is specifically. It is at this point that the surveyor must first look at the residuals to see if any are greater than tα/2,vS, where t is the critical value from the t distribution with an α the level of


significance and v redundant observations in the adjustment. My previous article discussed the t distribution, and its use to identify blunders in a set of data. If there are no identifiable blunders then the surveyor should perform a cursory comparison of the assigned standard deviations for the observations against their residuals. For example, assume that the standard deviations for the angles in the adjustment are somewhere between 2″ and 3″ but the absolute value of the angular residuals are between 4″ and 6″. In this case the observations are overweighted. That is, the standard deviations of the observations used to compute the weights in Equation (2) where too low resulting in too high a weight. When these higher weights were multiplied by their respective observational residuals, it results in a reference variance from Equation (3) that is too large. Alternatively it is also possible to under-weight the observations. This is the opposite scenario of that just given. That is, the standard deviations for the observations are too high when compared to their residuals. The resulting reference variance will be less than one and can be too low. In this case the standard deviations of the observations must be lowered to achieve a correctly weighted least squares adjustment. If this all seems overwhelming then consider the fact that the 95% error ellipses determined for the ALTA/ACSM survey must be determined from a “correctly weighted least squares adjustment,” (ALTA/ACSM, 2011) and thus its understanding is essential if one is to perform an ALTA/ACSM survey. In the next article I will discuss the theory behind the equations that allows one to correctly estimate an observation’s standard deviation, and thus simplify the process of correctly weighting a least squares adjustment. Recognize that if the adjustment is correctly weighted, the errors in the data will return to the observations that created these errors in the first place. The end result is better coordinates and adjusted observations from your survey. n References ALTA & ACSM. 2011. "2011 Minimum Standard Detail Requirements for ALTA/ACSM Land Title Surveys." accessed at 23ALTAACSMLandTitleSurveyStandard2011.pdf on December 10, 2012. Charles Ghilani, Ph.D., is a professor of engineering in the BS Surveying Engineering and AS Surveying Technology programs at Penn State, Wilkes-Barre. He holds a PhD and MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and a BS degree in mathematics and education from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He has been involved in education since 1974; teaching at various levels from elementary through graduate school.



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PSLS Displays at GIS Day PSLS was pleased to have the opportunity to show off its new display for the first time at GIS Day sponsored by Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) on November 14! We thank these volunteers for sharing their time and knowledge with students who flocked from local high schools and colleges to learn about GIS: Mike Kreiger, PLS; Jim Hartman, PLS; Steve Ombalski, PLS; and Tom Kimmel, PLS. Kudos to Brian Naberezny, PLS, for being a speaker at the event. View this video created by HACC to experience the event through the eyes of attendees. n


Thinking Ahead of the Storm by Michael R. Frecks, PLS with Cyn René Whitfield Michael R. Frecks, PLS, is president and CEO of Terrametrix, LLC; Cyn René Whitfield is the company’s marketing coordinator. For more information, visit


here is no way to outsmart Mother Nature when she throws storms like Hurricane Sandy in your path. With more than 100 municipalities declaring federal emergency in the aftermath of Sandy, FEMA stated that despite the incentives offered communities do little to prepare themselves from natural disasters. This complacency crosses not only flood preparedness but mitigation of our power-grid, mainly overhead utilities. Three days after Sandy reached Pennsylvania, PennDOT listed more than 20 major roads just in the Lehigh Valley that were closed by Hurricane Sandy resulting from downed power lines and branches. Sandy spurred power outages that affected more than 1.2 million Pennsylvania customers with the hardest hit north of the Harrisburg area. As devastating as Sandy was to the East Coast, even Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett said "Anybody without electricity is probably not saying we dodged a bullet." When it comes to overhead utility power destruction, there is, however, a way to become less vulnerable to long term recovery and escalating costs.

TMLS Preparedness

But, there are preventative tools that can aid a community to get back on line faster and more cost efficiently. Terrestrial Mobile LiDAR Scanning (TMLS), more commonly known as mobile mapping, could trouble shoot areas like PA 100 and Old Route 22 by documenting existing fall zones, sway and sag of trees. Power companies and engineers can then use this “as is” data to evaluate any potential threat to overhead power lines before a storm event. Power line companies have turned to LiDAR technology to rapidly provide the most comprehensive and accurate assessment of power lines and their surroundings. Traveling speeds of 45 mph (day or night) allows the TMLS system to obtain survey-grade, geo-referenced measureable 3D point cloud data and digital imagery for:

S• S• S• S• S• S• S• S•

Surrounding Digital Terrain Model and elevations As-built pole inventory Inventory recordation of compliance As-built planning for joint-usage Sway and sag measurements Inventory condition Identification of foreign attachments Utility classification LiDAR data can classify overhead utilities, tree canopy, and building footprints to help identify potential areas of concern.



In the past, the airborne industry has documented the majority of overhead transmission line surveys, and this collected LiDAR data has proven to be extremely beneficial in the placement of overhead utilities for disaster scenarios. However, tree canopy effects on these utilities are difficult to troubleshoot from a downward snapshot from the air, and distribution lines are typically in residential areas which pose a challenge to a low flying airborne platform. TMLS wires down to 3mm diameter can be accurately located, not only with a geodetic Maintenance of potentially critical areas can be kept up-to-date to mitigate damages. position but also in relation to each other. TMLS data acquired from the ground allows for calculations of sway and sag of overhead power lines. Traditionally, this acquisition required the surveyor to walk the lines with a rod and was costly to maintain the data base. The acquisition took many man hours and was difficult, if not impossible, to keep current because of yearly tree canopy growth. With LiDAR acquisition, "what if" scenarios can be applied to the data in a Transportation Information Model (TIM) to simulate the effect of wind, fall out and seasonal growth estimates. Collecting field data and developing areas of vulnerability are cumbersome to the insurance industry, and data integrity is an increasing area of concern. Mobilizing a fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter for airborne utility documentation is expensive. TMLS data acquisition is proven to be at or below the cost of traditional surveying. What the “fly-by” replaced in speed from traditional methods, the “drive-by” just added benefits in cost. Because the cost to the client between airborne and mobile surveying is a drastic reduction in itself, now add the cost to the ratepayer if preventative pre-documentation of areas can drastically preempt the number of outage areas and time to restore those areas.

Added Benefits

Additionally, a complete inventory of pole attachments for both transmission and distribution can also be captured and stored in a central data base for extracted when it’s needed, where it’s needed and how it’s needed. This ability to mine data in many areas can cross many platforms (DOT/MOT, Homeland Security, railroad, airports) becoming a vital asset identifying potential areas of concern. Action before the need and immediate information of exiting areas during the need can save lives utilizing data bases with TMLS documentation. 3D LiDAR data can provide valuable information for decision makers like the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency to aid in making spot decisions as events unfold. A complete 3D capture of a community can also be kept for historic purposes by documenting a scene prior to a devastation event. LiDAR technology has been used for historic recordation for many years in the static community by architects and historians throughout the world. Now with drive-by technology of TMLS capture for prosperity and reconstruction is easier and more cost efficient. Pole Attachment Inventory can provide a current data base for mediation recovery in cases of outages.



Today, the Power Transmission Industry is facing many challenges in our nation’s growing demand for electricity. We are faced with reliability challenges that could lead to brownouts and blackouts, such as the ones encountered in 1965, 1977, 1996, 2003 and the most recent with Sandy. In addition to reliability, vegetation incursions raise safety concerns for wildfires, which create even greater problems. Violators of current regulations are subject to one million dollars per day in fines for non-compliance. In order to meet federal government requirements, power companies are periodically required to assess Bulk Transmission Systems that are comprised of transmission lines, towers and other small tower features. In addition, locating inventory and right-of-way agreements for pole attachments must be in compliance with Federal Communication Commission guidelines. n

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PSLS Webinar December 12 Surveying with Virtual Reference Networks Presented by Scott Reeser, PLS

Date: December 12 Time: 12 p.m. - 1 p.m. Cost: $25 per person

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Click here and follow the directions on the website. Description: This webinar will discuss GPS surveying with a virtual reference network as opposed to "traditional" Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) GPS surveying. What the attendee will learn: Attendees will have a basic understanding of what a virtual reference network is, how it works, and how to connect to networks available in Pennsylvania. Speaker Bio: Mr. Reeser has more than 20 years of experience in surveying and design. He has been a licensed Professional Land Surveyor in Pennsylvania since 2008, and recently became licensed in New York. Throughout his career he has worked for small to midsized firms, gaining experience in various surveying and engineering design projects. Currently, he works for a midsized surveying engineering firm in north central Pennsylvania and is responsible for survey projects in the Marcellus Shale exploration, as well as boundary and topographic surveys.


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Non-GNSS Methods of Precise Location by Jessica Helman


The International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) is a geocentric system that is the  sum of the Earth’s different  positioning technologies, and was established to track the motions  of the Earth's changing shape.  This is done by locating absolute positions and velocities of  objects and features, relative to the surface of the Earth.  In  addition to the well‐known Global  Positioning System, it is formed by the measurements of four other positioning systems:  Satellite Laser Ranging, Lunar Laser Ranging, Very Long Radio Baseline Interferometry, and  Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite.  A combination of the  readings from these different systems as they pertain to a single event or location is known as  an International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF).  The ITRS provides highly accurate  measurements of such features as the locations of satellites, the movements of tectonic plates,  and the monitoring of environmental events on the surface of the Earth.   

Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR)  In 1964, NASA launched Beacon‐B, the first satellite used for laser ranging. The initial  precision that could be achieved at this time was a few meters. Today, technological advances  have improved the system's precision to within a few millimeters.   Satellite Laser Ranging stations (as  seen in Image 2) on the Earth transm it short  bursts of energy to satellites in orbit that have  been outfitted with specialized reflectors.   These stations calculate the length of a  roundtrip of the energy from the Earth to the   satellites and back to establish a reference  point for global measurement.  This calculation  can be performed accurately because the  speed of light is known and constant, and the  observation station has an atomic clock for  accurate time measurement.   From this, the  orbit or drift in orbit of the satellite can be  traced, as well as any gravity changes that may  be caused by mass shifts in the Earth’s surface.  

Image 1:  A visual description of the SLR process.


  Because these bursts of energy emitted by the surface stations travel at the speed of  light, feedback from the reflection off the satellites is known as soon as physically possible, thus  leading to millimeter‐level accuracy in measurements (Pearlman, et al, 2002).  These  measurements are used to:        

Monitor the location of the Earth’s mass  center  Monitor the shifts in the Earth’s poles  Monitor any shifts in the orbits of satellites   Calibrate satellite altimeters  Track the movements of the Earth’s  tectonic plates  Verify theories related to Einstein’s general  relativity  Determine the geoid to within ten  centimeters 

Additionally, SLR offers very precise tracking of  the mass center of the Earth relative to the origin  Image 2:  An SLR station  of the ITRF.  Any shifts in position are recorded as   time‐relative information.  However, because of  the sparse distribution of SLR stations, this information is not said to reflect the absolute true  location.  SLR measurements are corrected for the dry component of the troposphere.  To perform  these corrections, satellites at low elevation angles are avoided, and pressure, temperature,  and relative humidity are measured at the station location.  These precautions taken ensure the  most accurate observations of SLR data, and help to secure its value as part of the ITRS. 

Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR)    During the series of Apollo spacecraft missions between 1969 and into the early 1970s,  specialized reflectors, called corner mirrors, were positioned on the moon, making the moon  similar to the satellites used in SLR. Image 3 shows one of these reflectors sitting on the surface  of the moon.  Earth stations emit short bursts of light energy that are reflected off these  reflectors.  By measuring the time it takes for the light energy projected from a laser station to  reflect and return, the distance from the Earth station  to the moon can be calculated.  Once  observers know the position of the moon in relation to the Earth, calculations  can be made to  precisely locate positions of the observation stations. Depending on the particular station, this  provides centimeter to millimeter accuracy.     



In the process, many discoveries  about the moon itself have been made:    "Lunar discoveries using LLR include  a fluid core, tides in lunar rock of about  0.1 m amplitude that actually displace the  rock surface, and the measurement of  various parameters related to the  orientation of the moon," says James  Williams, a scientist with the Jet  Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena,  California.  "We also get the orbit, which  includes a tide‐caused increase in distance  of 3.8 cm/year."  (Crawford, 2009) 

Image 3:  A corner reflector on the surface of the moon, placed  during the Apollo 15 mission.  This photo is the property of NASA.   Reference: 

  Due to the high mass of the moon (relative to the mass of the Earth) , LLR is used to  evaluate the physics behind gravitational attraction and the transmission of energy.  LLR  accurately:    

Confirms evidence for Einstein’s general relativity by measuring the behavior of the  energy being transmitted  Supports the Equivalence Principle (which states that the Earth and  moon are falling  toward the sun at the same rate)  Provides observations showing Newton’s universal force of gravity, G, to be highly stable 

The evaluation of the moon’s physical behavior also allows researchers to analyze its  effects on the earth’s physical behavior, and is useful in:         

Tracking the movements of tectonic plates  Monitoring mean sea level  Measuring changes in the thickness of ice sheets  Gauging ocean circulations  Observing ocean wave heights  Determining the obliquity of the ecliptic  Calculating the orientation of the dynamical frame of the Solar System in the  extragalactic reference frame  Determining long‐period nutation and precession 

  However, improvements in ground station technology have surpassed that of the  reflectors on the moon, and thus improvements must be made to the lunar reflectors.  Douglas 


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America's Premier Surveyor Life & Times of Andrew Ellicott by Lorna Hainesworth Excerpts from this article have been reprinted with permission from the author. Copyright 2012, All Rights Reserved.Lorna Hainesworth is available to give a PowerPoint presentation with a live narrative in conjunction with this paper. Lorna charges no fee and may be contacted at [email protected] or 410-655-8492 to make arrangements.


On a Monday, August 28, 1820, a great man died at West Point Military Academy. He had just turned 66 years of age earlier that year on January 24 and was reported to be in excellent health having completed what would become his last survey in the middle of the previous year. He had even commented to his wife at the start of that survey, which was to determine the 45th parallel of latitude, i.e. the border between the United States and Canada, “So far I have experienced no fatigue whatever…” To do the survey at the request of John Quincy Adams standing in for the Secretary of War, John C. Calhoun, Andrew Ellicott had to take a leave of absence from his position as a professor of mathematics at West Point. By all accounts he was well liked by his students who had nicknamed him, “Old Infinite Series.” Ellicott’s last survey began around the end of July 1819 and had ended sometime in late autumn. In the summer of 1820, he traveled to New York to visit his daughter and was returning home by steamboat when he was felled by a massive stroke. His wife Sarah, whom he called Sally, met him at the boat and administered to him along with his son-in-law, but to no avail. During his lifetime, Andrew Ellicott had many great accomplishments and was the recipient of several awards such as a Master of Arts from William and Mary College, membership in the American Philosophical Society and membership in the National Institute of France. He surveyed the borders of no less than 11 of the current and future states. He surveyed both the northern and southern boundaries of the United States. He completed the Mason-Dixon Line and laid out the city of Erie (originally known as Presque Isle), Pennsylvania. He surveyed the area designated for the new national capital at Washington D. C. and carried forth the design for the city. He accurately measured the height of Niagara Falls and surveyed a road diagonally from southeast to northwest through the state of Pennsylvania, roughly equivalent to today’s US-322.

The following is an accounting of the life of this great American:

(Editor's Note: The timelime below contains highlights from Ellicott's work in Pennsylvania; click here to read full article that spans Ellicott's lifetime.) 1754—Born in Solebury, Bucks County, PA January 24, the son of Joseph Ellicott and Judith Bleaker who had been married in December, 1753; Joseph is one of the founders of Ellicott City, MD, originally Ellicott’s Mills, then Upper and Lower Ellicott’s Mills; Andrew and John—uncles of AE were also founders; Andrew’s sons (AE’s cousins) were Jonathan (president of Baltimore-Frederick Turnpike Company) and George (surveyed road from Lower Mills to Baltimore—1787 and from Lower Mills toward Frederick—1790; AE’s brothers were Joseph and Benjamin, 1781—Wrote Almanac for mid-Atlantic area in 1780 for 1781 and a 1782 almanac for United States in 1781; his talent for making astronomical observations for his almanacs won his reputation and put him on the team for Virginia to complete the Mason Dixon Line,


1784—By July 30 had set up observatory on Mount Welcome; November 16 finished Mason-Dixon Line— basically from Cheat River (distance of 36 miles) to the SW corner of PA, cloudy/foggy most of the time due to volcanic eruption in Iceland; 1779 law stated line should to go from Delaware River, 5 degrees (from 75 degrees longitude to 80 degrees longitude) to form the SW corner of PA and then form a median to define the western edge of PA; companions; AE represented VA; November surveyors went home agreeing to meet on May 16 at the SW corner of PA to draw the meridian for the western end of PA, 1785—From early June (left home May 13) to August 23, finished survey of western border of PA from SW corner to the Ohio River, arrived August 24, future Point of Beginning for the Seven Ranges, brother Joseph is with AE; when AE crossed Ohio River represents PA; September 12 Rittenhouse departed to return to Philadelphia; AE surveyed 40-50 miles north of Ohio River then suspended survey until the next spring when it was completed by Andrew Porter and Alexander McLean, 1786—Early spring called to Philadelphia to confer with NY commissioners General James Clinton (father of NY Gov. De Witt Clinton) and Simeon DeWitt (replaced Robert Erskine in Department of the Geographer for the Army, 1777-1783) about running northern boundary of PA (southern border of NY); set out in April 1786, began in July 1786 to finish line begun in 1774 by David Rittenhouse and not finished due to Revolutionary War; October 12 finish survey of 90 miles from Delaware River to Tioga River, 1787—October 29 finished line for north boundary of PA from 90 MM (Tioga River) to Lake Erie. 100 years later the line had to be resurveyed because most of the markers were gone. Accuracy of first survey greatly complimented by second survey, original done with handmade instruments. See comments on p. 69 of AE His Life & Letters, 1788—appointed by Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania to survey the islands of the Ohio and Allegheny rivers within Pennsylvania, 1793—April 15 commissioned by Governor Mifflin along with General William Irvine to layout road from Reading to Presque Isle (today’s US-322) plus towns of Erie (Presque Isle), Franklin (French Creek), Warren (Conewango Creek) and Waterford (Le Beouf ); left Philadelphia on May 20 and surveyed throughout the summer, 1801—Jefferson offered AE Surveyor General job, but turned it down, took Secretary of the Pennsylvania Land Office appointed by Governor Thomas McKean; moves to 123 North Prince Street in Lancaster, PA and lives there until 1813 . n

ADDendum Events During Ellicott’s Surveying Period 1784-1819

1783—Treaty of Paris ends Revolutionary War 1783-84—Volcanic eruptions in Iceland 1785—Land Ordinance­—rectangular land system; preparation of lands for sale 1787—Northwest Ordinance—no slavery in Northwest Territory; preparation for statehood 1789—Establish new government, colonies become states, Washington 1st President 1790—Philadelphia becomes US capital and Harmar’s defeat by Little Turtle 1791—St Clair’s defeat by Little Turtle 1794—Battle of Fallen Timber 1794—Spain declares war on Britain 1794—Whiskey Rebellion 1797—Adams becomes President

1798—Alien and Sedition Acts 1800—US capital moves to Washington, D.C. 1801—Jefferson becomes President 1803—Louisiana Purchase 1803—Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804—Hunter-Dunbar Expedition 1806—Custis-Freeman Expedition 1806—Legislation for National Road 1809—Madison becomes President 1811-1812—New Madrid Earthquakes 1812-1815—War of 1812 1814—Burning of Washington and battle for Baltimore 1816—Year with no summer—no food 1819—Spain ceded Florida to US



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Company Address City State ZIP E-mail Phone q Do not provide my information to exhibitors. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Arrival: qSunday qMonday qTuesday qWednesday Attending Sunday buffet dinner: qYes qNo Staying at Hershey Lodge: qYes qNo PSLS Member: qYes qNo Licensed Land Surveyor: qYes qNo REGISTRATION (Early-bird registrations must be postmarked by December 21, 2012.)

PSLS Members q$680 pp early-bird q$720 pp regular Non-Members q$825 pp early-bird q$850 pp regular Students q$300 full-time student ONE-DAY REGISTRATION One-Day Registration q$400 mMon mTues mWed (LUNCH is the ONLY meal included with a one-day registration. See below for additional meal purchases.) Breakfast—$25 Each q Monday q Tuesday q Wednesday

qPurchase order Enclosed

Lunch—$35 Each q Monday q Tuesday q Wednesday

Dinner—$50 Each q Sunday q Monday q Tuesday

Total Meal Cost for One-Day Registration $ TOTAL REGISTRATION COST


Cardholder’s Name (please print) Cardholder’s Signature Card No.

Exp. Date

(Charges cannot be processed without signature and expiration date.)



WORKSHOPS in the blanks below, indicate by number which workshops you wish to attend (see matrix for choices). Two-part workshops: Must attend both sessions; no partial credit. Session I Monday, 8:30 a.m.-noon Session II Monday, 1:30 - 5 p.m. Session III Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. - noon Session IV Tuesday, 1:30 - 5 p.m. Session V Wednesday, 8:30 -11:45 a.m. Session VI Wednesday, 12:45 -4 p.m.

Choice 1

Choice 2

SPOUSE/GUEST ATTENDING? q My spouse/guest is attending (complete Spouse/Guest Registration Form.) SUBMIT FORM TO PSLS Conference Registration 801 East Park Drive, Suite 107 Harrisburg, PA 17111 Phone: 717-540-6811 | Fax: 717-540-6815 | [email protected]


2013 PSLS Surveyors’ Conference

Spouse/Guest Registration This form may be duplicated for additional registrations. Return form to PSLS by December 21, 2012. Spouse/Guest of First and Last Name Address City Phone


FORM with PAYMENT to: PSLS Conference Registration 801 East Park Drive, Suite 107 Harrisburg, PA 17111 Phone: 717-540-6811 Fax: 717-540-6815 | [email protected] LODGING: Please make your own arrangements and payment for lodging with the hotel. In order to reserve a room, contact Hershey Lodge directly. See details on next page.



Registration is complimentary to all spouses/guests attending the conference but does not include meals or workshops. Please mark the list below for the meals you plan to attend. Breakfast—$25 Each q Monday q Tuesday q Wednesday

Lunch—$35 Each q Monday q Tuesday q Wednesday

Dinner—$50 Each q Sunday q Monday q Tuesday Attending?



q Yes q No

Registration for the Spouse Activities Program includes guided tours, all of the following activities and transportation – $75 per person. Monday 8 a.m.: Pool aerobics 9 a.m.: Mary Kay demo with Linda Kelly Noon: Lunch 1-3 p.m.: Crafts

Tuesday 9 a.m.: Family Heirloom Weavers and York Manufacturing tour Noon: Lunch on your own After Lunch: Outlets at Hershey shopping 2:30 p.m.: Return to Hershey Lodge


PAYMENT Payment must accompany your registration form. Faxed registrations must be accompanied by credit card payment information.


qCheck (made payable to PSLS—enclosed) qPurchase Order Enclosed Charge my




CCV Code

Cardholder’s Name (please print)

Cardholder’s Signature

Card No.

Exp. Date

(Charges cannot be processed without signature and expiration date.)


Legislative Update


HB 710 RE: Mechanics' Lien (By Rep. Bob Godshall, et al) Amends the Mechanics' Lien Law further providing for right to lien and amount by adding that a subcontractor does not have the right to a lien with respect to an improvement to a residential property if the owner or tenant paid the full contract price to the contractor, the property is or is intended to be used as the residence of the owner or tenant, and the residential property is a building that consists of one or two dwelling units used, intended or designed to be built, used, rented or leased for living purposes. The bill also provides for discharge of lien on payment into court or entry of security by adding that a claim filed under this act with respect to an improvement to a residential property subject to section 301(b) shall, upon petition or motion to the court by the owner or a party in interest, be discharged as a lien against the property when the owner or tenant has paid the full contract price to the contractor or the lien shall be reduced to the amount of the unpaid contract price owed by the owner or tenant to the contractor. Laid on the table, 10/15/2012 HB 1718 RE: Municipalities Consultants (By Rep. Tom Creighton, et al) Amends the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, in subdivision and land development, to require in the contents of a subdivision and land development ordinance there to be contracted at least three private consultants from each discipline to be on hand to review applications and only the review fee may be charged to the applicant. The applicant may be required to reimburse for the inspection. Increases amount of time to 100 days to agree on the amount of the fee. The bill also provides for arbitration costs and a surcharge. Approved by the Governor, 10/24/2012. (Act No. 154 of 2012) HB 1719 RE: Municipalities Consultants (By Rep. Tom Creighton, et al) Amends Title 53 (Municipalities Generally), in municipal authorities, if the authority requires the property owner to reimburse it for engineering review and inspection of the plans the authority shall designate by resolution a minimum of three approved engineers from different firms who are readily available to provide services in the municipality, and the property owner may select an engineer from this list who shall be the authority's engineer for reviewing the plans or inspecting the improvements for that particular project. If the property owner selects an engineer, only the review and inspection fees by the selected engineer may be charged to the property owner. Allows for arbitration over the fee to be assessed and increases the time to settle on a proper fee from 20 working days to 60 days. Based upon the decision of the arbitrator, the property owner, professional consultant or authority shall be required to pay any amounts necessary to implement the decision within 60 days. Approved by the Governor, 10/24/2012. (Act No. 155 of 2012) HB 2274 RE: Civil Penalties for Licensees (by Rep. Harry Readshaw, et al) Amends the act entitled, "An act empowering the General Counsel or his designee to issue subpoenas for certain licensing board activities; providing for hearing examiners in the Bureau of Professional and Occupational Affairs; providing additional powers to the Commissioner of Professional and Occupational Affairs; and further providing for civil penalties and license suspension," further providing for civil penalties by adding that the boards and commissions shall have the power to collect all fees, costs, fines and penalties assessed as a result of disciplinary proceeding before a licensing board or commission; and to deny, suspend or revoke a license, registration or certification for failure to pay any fine or fee assessed as a result of disciplinary proceeding before a licensing board or commission. Public hearing held in House Professional Licensure Committee, 10/4/2012 HB 2530 RE: PCC Board of Appeals (by Rep. Will Tallman, et al) Amends the PA Construction Code Act further providing for administration and enforcement by stipulating that a municipality which has adopted an ordinance for the administration and enforcement of this act or municipalities which are parties to an agreement for the joint administration and enforcement of this act shall establish or designate a board of appeals as provided by chapter 1 of the 1999 BOCA national building code, fourteenth edition, to hear appeals from decisions of the code administrator. A municipality may establish a board of appeals or may establish or designate a joint board of appeals in accordance with 53 Pa.C.S. Ch. 23 Subch. A (relating to intergovernmental cooperation). Approved by the Governor, 10/24/2012 (Act No. 179 of 2012) SB 1261 RE: Storm Water Management (by Sen. Ted Erickson, et al) Amends Title 53 (Municipalities), in municipal authorities, adds storm water management planning and projects to the list of projects which municipal authorities can perform. Removed from the table, 10/4/2012 SB 1495 RE: Mechanics' Lien Law (By Sen. Kim Ward, et al) Amends the Mechanics' Lien Law to detail instances where subcontractors do not have the right to the lien and further details when a lien may be discharged against a residential property owner. Laid on the table, 10/15/2012 Click here to read Legislative Updates online.


Save the Date!

Surveyors Rendezvous 2013! Surveyors to mark Charles Mason’s grave in Philadelphia with real Mason-Dixon stone August 29-31, 2013 by Jim Shomper, Todd Babcock and Chas Langelan SHS Rendezvous 2013 Organizing Team EVENT AT A GLANCE Surveyors Rendezvous 2013 will be held in and around Old Philadelphia August 29, 30 and 31, 2013. Join the celebration of the 250th Anniversary of Mason & Dixon’s majestic survey, and add new knowledge, carved in stone, to the history of America. Stargazer’s Stone (Aug. 29): View the point where Mason & Dixon were believed to begin chaining the famous MasonDixon Line, AND mark the REAL Stargazer’s Stone, the point Mason & Dixon actually occupied and where their line really began. This discovery follows research by Todd Babcock of the Surveyors Historical Society (SHS) about the true location of the stone. Southernmost Point of Philadelphia (Aug. 30): Participate in the dedication of a historic marker and “Wayside” at South Street. This point was recognized in 1763 as one of only three legal “bounds” given to Mason & Dixon to position their line. This is being organized by a local Philadelphia historical group with SHS acting in support. Charles Mason’s Gravesite (Aug. 31): Travel to Christ Church Burial Ground in historic Philadelphia to Charles Mason’s unmarked grave. We’ll place a stone on the main central walking path of the cemetery in the area where Mason’s grave is believed to lie. Along with it will be a bronze plaque explaining who Charles Mason was, and what he accomplished in his remarkable life. Benjamin Franklin is also buried nearby.

Land surveyors, astronomers and historians from across America and Great Britain will gather at Philadelphia next summer to mark the forgotten grave of legendary surveyor and astronomer Charles Mason. It was Mason who teamed with English colleague Jeremiah Dixon in the 1760s to lay out the famed Mason-Dixon Line, a colonial boundary that settled long disputes between Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware. Decades later, when Pennsylvania outlawed slavery, their line became the quasi-legal division between slave states and free in pre-Civil War America. On August 31, 2013, in a ceremony open to the public, Charles Mason’s burial place will receive its first-ever grave marker—226 years after his death—in the form of an authentic 1764 MasonDixon stone from the historic line the two Englishmen themselves placed upon the earth. Mason died in 1786 and was laid to rest at Christ Church Burial Ground, literally within the shadow of Philadelphia’s Independence Hall. His old friend Benjamin Franklin paid for the funeral, but was too “thrifty” to include a tombstone. As a result, Charles Mason’s grave has remained unmarked for more than two centuries—an oversight finally to be corrected. The event is part of Surveyors Rendezvous 2013, a national conference of land surveyors, historians, instrument-collectors and many others, hosted annually by Surveyors Historical Society (SHS). Last year, SHS gathered at far western Iowa, along the Missouri River route explored by Lewis & Clark—but 2013’s national Surveyors Rendezvous will be held in and around the Historic Area of Philadelphia, on August 29-31, 2013. Charles Mason’s grave isn’t the only noteworthy dedication taking place at Rendezvous 2013. Leading off the three-day event will be a pilgrimage to one of the most historic surveying places in all America, Mason and Dixon’s remote Stargazer’s Stone. This ancient field-stone monument, still standing in Chester County after 250 years, is where the pair determined latitude and longitude from the stars, then began measuring due south with 66-foot Gunter’s chains, 15-miles, to establish today’s line between Pennsylvania and Maryland. Recent resurveys, done using Mason and Dixon’s original field notes and journals, have revealed that their real “stargazing spot” was hundreds of feet south of the celebrated traditional stone—much nearer to the house where they stayed that winter (also still standing, from the 1720s.) The precise actual position of Mason and Dixon’s 1764 astronomical observatory has been located, and Surveyors Rendezvous 2013 will mark the exact point, with a colonial square-head iron spike and a new field-stone monument at yet nother ceremony open to the public, planned for the afternoon of August 29, 2013. SHS seeks and welcomes support for this from everyone—young and old, SHS member or non-member, surveyors, and non-surveyors from every walk of life. We urge you to volunteer and participate. Additional information, including Rendezvous 2013 registration details, will become available as the event approaches. Please watch for it. We surveyors must never forget our storied past. In sweat and mud, and often blood, our surveying ancestors built this country. On the 250th Anniversary of Mason and Dixon’s majestic survey, we’ll be adding our own small contributions carved in stone to American history. We urge you to save the dates August 29-31, 2013, and come join us. Help welcome our fellow surveyors from far away to Historic Philadelphia for Surveyors Rendezvous 2013. [email protected] | | 1-800-537-2000


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American Family Life Assurance Company of Columbus (Aflac) Worldwide Headquarters • 1932 Wynnton Road Columbus, Georgia 31999 • 1.800.99.AFLAC (1.800.992.3522) En español: 1.800.SI.AFLAC (1.800.742.3522)

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Thank you to our

Sustaining Firm Members

American General Life and Accident Insurance Company Attn: Paula Birth 706 Village @ Stones Crossing Road Easton, PA 18045 Phone: 484-695-3231 Email: [email protected] Applied Mapping Solutions Attn: David Keilly 320 Chandlers Way Lititz, PA 17543 Work Phone: 717-917-1154 Fax: 717-581-9177 Email: [email protected]

Atlantis Aerial Survey Co., Inc. Attn: Frank D. Hunter 295 Rte 46 P.O. Box 276 Budd Lake, NJ 07828 Work Phone: 973-691-4402 Fax: 973-691-2272 Email: [email protected] Berntsen International, Inc. Attn: Susan Norby PO Box 8670 Madison, WI 53708 -8670 Work Phone: 608-249-8549 Fax: 608-249-9794 Email: [email protected] CivilTraining, LLC Attn: John Cooke 5300 Wellington Branch Drive, Suite 100 Gainesville, VA 20155 Phone: 732-859-8353 Fax: 732-377-5454 Email: [email protected] Hayes Instrument Company Attn: Michael Adcock 502 South Cannon Blvd. Shelbyville, TN 37160 Work Phone: 931-684-0555 Fax: 931-685-9505 Email: [email protected]

Keddal Aerial Mapping Attn: Lucy Castelli 1121 Boyce Road, #3100 Pittsburgh, PA 15241 -3918 Work Phone: 724-942-2881 Fax: 724-942-2885 Email: [email protected] Keystone Aerial Surveys Attn: Ken Potter PO Box 21059 Philadelphia, PA 19114 Work Phone: 215-677-3119 Fax: 215-464-2889 Email: [email protected] Keystone Precision Instruments Attn: George Allport, Jr. 1670 East Race Street Allentown, PA 18109 Work Phone: 800-833-9250 Fax: 610-266-3240 Email: [email protected] Klein Agency, LLC Attn: Mark Amirault PO Box 219 Timonium, MD 21094 Work Phone: 410-832-7600 Fax: 410-832-1849 Email: [email protected] Marquis Agency Attn: Debra Christen 900 Route 9 North, Suite 503 Woodbridge, NJ 07095 Work Phone: 800-272-6771 ext 618 Fax: 732-634-5379 Email: [email protected] Nor East Mapping, Inc. Attn: Ron Henry, C.P. P.O. Box 270 Kylertown, PA 16847 -0270 Work Phone: 814-345-1167 Fax: 814-345-1176 Email: [email protected]

Oswald Companies Attn: Paula M. Selvaggio, RPLU 3401 Enterprise Parkway, Suite 101 Beachwood, OH 44122 -7340 Work Phone: 216-839-2815 Fax: 216-839-2801 Email: [email protected] Percheron Surveying, LLC Attn: George Totten 15411 Vantage Parkway, West Suite 205 Houston, TX 77032 Work Phone: 281-447-6230 Fax: 281-272-6679 Email: [email protected] Precision Laser & Instrument Attn: Robert J. Barth 85 11th Street Ambridge, PA 15003 Work Phone: 724-266-1600 Fax: 724-266-8161 Email: [email protected] Szalankiewicz Engineering, PC Attn: James J. Szalankiewicz Box 206 Elderton, PA 15736 Work Phone: 724-354-4852 Fax: 724-354-4273 Email: [email protected] Trimble Corporation Attn: Kelly Liberi 10355 Westmoor Drive Westminster, CO 80021 Work Phone: 720-587-4606 Fax: 720-887-6101 Email: [email protected]

We've Added New Member Benefits!

American General Life and Accident Insurance Company—Find a policy to fit your personal needs Paychex—Receive 15% discount on payroll processing Contact PSLS at 717-540-6811 for more information.


Membership Application Name: Address: City, State, ZIP:

qResidence qBusiness

If business, please include firm name:

Business Website (optional):

Phone (preferred): ( )


Mobile: ( )

E-mail: Fax: Alternate E-mail (optional): Publish my contact information on the PSLS website: qYes qNo Professional Registration (optional): State: State:

Number: Number:

Chapter Affiliation Requested (Not required for Affiliate or Sustaining membership):

Please indicate the membership grade for which you qualify:

q q q q q q q q

Payment: q

Member…………………………………. $190 per year (Surveyor licensed in Pennsylvania) Associate..……………………………… $115 per year (Non-licensed surveyor or engaged in mapping or GIS) Affiliate.............………………………… $105 per year (Member of another state society) Retired.............………………………… $100 per year (Having license retired by State Registration Board) Retired-PSLS....………………………… $50 per year (Retired license plus 10 years prior PSLS membership) Sustaining……….……………………… $385 per year (Firms having an interest in land surveying) Student…….……………………………. $15 per year (Enrolled in a Pennsylvania college or university) Auxiliary…….……………………………. $15 per year (Spouse/significant other of a member)

q q

Mailing Check (payable to PSLS)

Card #: Exp. Date:

CCV Code:

I hereby apply for membership in the Pennsylvania Society of Land Surveyors and, in doing so, agree that I will actively support the bylaws, aims, and objectives of the organization. Signature of Applicant:


Return form to PSLS: 801 East Park Drive, Suite 107 | Harrisburg, PA 17111 P: 717-540-6811 | F: 717-540.-815 | [email protected] |


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