National Edition Variably cloudy. Showers or thunderstorms west. Highs in upper 70s to upper 80s. Mostly cloudy tonight. Stray showers or thunderstorms south. Weather map, Page A16.
VOL. CLXVI . . . No. 57,649
WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 2017
© 2017 The New York Times Company
Printed in Chicago
North Korea Crosses a Line, But U.S. Has Few Options Missile’s Alarming New Reach Is Confirmed by Officials Now Facing Strategic Dilemma By DAVID E. SANGER
YEONG-UNG YANG FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
A Flash of the Fourth Fireworks over New York on Tuesday, viewed from Long Island City, Queens. The Macy’s show was staged from East River barges.
Carmakers Cut American Jobs As Sales Slump By BILL VLASIC
DETROIT — After a prolonged recovery that culminated in two years of record sales, the American auto industry is slowing down, with fewer buyers in dealer showrooms and fewer workers on the factory floor. Automakers said this week that sales dropped in June for a sixth consecutive month, falling by 3 percent from a year ago, a trend that analysts do not see letting up anytime soon. And as demand falls, there is less work in the nation’s auto-assembly plants — primarily those that build traditional passenger cars. Last year, those plants hit a peak of 211,000 workers, a 55 percent increase since the depths of the recession in 2009. That figure has dropped by more than 2 percent so far this year, to 206,000 workers in April, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and could shrink further as sales continue to fall. “There’s been a consistent reduction in plant output in the last six months, and what is ahead in the next six months could be pretty startling,” said Ron Harbour, an auto manufacturing expert at the consulting firm Oliver Wyman. The decline signals at least a pause in Detroit’s resurgence from the dark days of the financial crisis, which General Motors and Chrysler survived only through bankruptcy and bailouts. It’s happening despite President Trump’s promises to pressure automakers to save and create good-paying American factory jobs. Industry analysts said consumers might be pulling back on spending because of tighter credit conditions and more expensive vehicle loans. “Higher interest rates and uncertainty around fiscal policies will slow economic growth, and may become headwinds for auto sales,” said Charlie Chesbrough, an economist for the research firm Cox Automotive. The impact on employment is uneven, however, reflecting the evolving tastes of American car buyers. With low gas prices motivating buyers to trade in traditional cars for larger models, factories Continued on Page A12
With Voters Riled, G.O.P. Senators Lie Low This article is by Campbell Robertson, Dave Philipps, Jess Bidgood and Emily Cochrane.
ALDERSON, W.Va. — In normal times, the Fourth of July parade is a fat pitch down the middle for the grinning politician. For instance, here was Senator Joe Manchin III, a Democrat facing re-election next year in a state that President Trump won by 42 points, waving unheckled among the firefighters, beauty queens and county commissioners who streamed up Maple Avenue. Political disputes have never impinged on the festivities here, said Karen Lobban, 70, who has
Health Care Concerns Intrude on July 4 Festivities been involved with Alderson’s parade in one way or another for all of its 56 years. But, she added, “Things are different now.” Mr. Manchin’s Republican colleague in West Virginia, Senator Shelley Moore Capito, was not here on Tuesday as she had been two years earlier. She released a
YouTube message but had no public events for the day. The Republican senator next door in Ohio, Rob Portman, had none either. Nor did the two Republican senators in Iowa. The parades in Colorado proceeded without Senator Cory Gardner. It is a tough summer for Senate Republicans, who are trying to combine a long-promised repeal of the Affordable Care Act with a replacement that has, in legislation drafted so far, been as popular as sunburn. Protesters have held sit-ins at Senate offices, phone lines have been jammed and ediContinued on Page A10
When President-elect Donald J. Trump said on Twitter in early January that a North Korean test of an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of reaching the United States “won’t happen!” there NEWS ANALYSIS were two things he still did not fully appreciate: how close Kim Jong-un, the North’s leader, was to reaching that goal, and how limited any president’s options were to stop him. The ensuing six months have been a brutal education for President Trump. With North Korea’s launch on Tuesday of what the administration confirmed was an intercontinental ballistic missile, the country has new reach. Experts said the North Koreans had crossed a threshold — if just barely — with a missile that could potentially strike Alaska. Mr. Kim’s repeated missile tests show that a more definitive demonstration that he can reach the American mainland cannot be far away, even if it may be a few years before he can fit a nuclear warhead onto his increasingly powerful missiles. But for Mr. Trump and his national security team, Tuesday’s technical milestone simply underscores
tomorrow’s strategic dilemma. A North Korean ability to reach the United States, as former Defense Secretary William J. Perry noted recently, “changes every calculus.” The fear is not that Mr. Kim would launch a pre-emptive attack on the West Coast; that would be suicidal, and if the North’s 33-year-old leader has demonstrated anything in his five years in office, he is all about survival. But if Mr. Kim has the potential ability to strike back, it will shape every decision Mr. Trump and his successors make about defending America’s allies in the region. For years, the North’s medium-range missiles have been able to reach South Korea and Japan with ease, and American intelligence officials believe the missiles are capable of carrying nuclear warheads. But this latest test suggests that the United States may alContinued on Page A7
U.S. Warning The U.S. issued a warning to Pyongyang and held a joint military exercise with South Korean forces as a show of power. Page A7.
Immigration Arrests Stun Iraqis Who Fled Over Christian Faith By VIVIAN YEE
STERLING HEIGHTS, Mich. — A few Sundays ago, federal immigration agents walked through the doors of handsome houses here in the Detroit suburbs, brushing past tearful children, stunned wives and statuettes of the Virgin Mary in search of men whose time was up. If the Trump administration prevails, more than 100 of these men may soon be deported, like the tens of thousands of other people rounded up this year as part of a national clampdown on illegal immigration. But the arrests may have stunned this community more than most. While President Trump was hurling verbal napalm at Mexico and vowing to keep out Muslims during his campaign, he was also promising to look out for people from these men’s besieged corner of the world.
They are Christians from Iraq — a land that they and their families fled decades ago because, they say, to live as a Christian in Iraq is no life at all, and sometimes means death. They settled in Detroit and its suburbs, accumulating into what may now be the largest population of Chaldean Christians in the world. They opened businesses, founded a dozen Chaldean Catholic churches and rose in numbers and wealth. Even so, they, too, are subject to American immigration law — despite what the Chaldean community took to be an ironclad promise from a president whose election many of them saw as a miracle from God, helped along by their donations, their prayers and blessings from religious leaders. “Christians in the Middle East have been executed in large numContinued on Page A12
For Sale: Team With Few Fans, Sweet Stadium By KEN BELSON
HIROKO MASUIKE/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center gift shop sells a variety of items, including lottery tickets.
A Bronx Standard for More Than Medical Needs By NIKITA STEWART and VIVIAN WANG
Practically everyone in the South Bronx knows about the place at Grand Concourse and East 173rd Street. You can pick up scratch-off lottery tickets there. You can grab a bacon, egg and cheese on a roll on your way to work. You can go to Sunday Mass. You can also go there for medical care, whether it is an emer-
gency, a kidney treatment or a checkup for your 1-year-old. These are just some of the ways that residents of one of the most poverty-stricken communities in the nation interact with the roughly 4,000 doctors, nurses, cafe countermen and others who work at Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, one of the biggest employers in the Bronx and the scene of a horrific rampage last week when a disgruntled doctor who had worked previously at the
hospital killed another doctor and wounded six people with an assault rifle before shooting himself. Towering over the Grand Concourse, the 972-room hospital is enmeshed in the daily lives of those who live around it in ways that hospitals in more affluent areas tend not to be, from the cafe and the gift shop to the chapel and the emergency room. If the neighborhood is a varied mix of nationalities and backgrounds (one in Continued on Page A17
Indian Leader Visits Israel Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, was greeted by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu after arriving on the first such trip in 25 years. PAGE A8
Singapore’s First-Family Feud Singapore’s founder wanted his home razed when he died, but a dispute on that looms as a national crisis. PAGE A5
A German Bet on Hydrogen
Putting Out Fires
With a small network of filling stations, Hamburg has thrown its weight behind hydrogen-powered cars. What it doesn’t have is customers. PAGE B1
Sean Brock, a groundbreaking Southern chef, has emerged from rehab in the Sonoran Desert with a mission: helping to fix a kitchen culture that abets addiction. PAGE D1
Coding Push in the Classroom A Silicon Valley nonprofit’s efforts to spread the teaching of computer science raise questions of self-interest. PAGE B1
NEW YORK A14-15, 17
Last Stand on 57th Street An antiques dealer is holding out against a real estate developer who has waited decades to build a new apartment building. PAGE A14
ANGEL VALENTIN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Marlins Park during a game last week in which New York Mets fans lifted attendance. over the life of the bonds on the stadium, making it one of the more lopsided deals in professional sports. And now, the team’s owner, Jeffrey Loria, wants to sell the Marlins for an estimated $1.2 billion, nearly eight times what he paid for the team. Fans may indeed Continued on Page A13
BUSINESS DAY B1-5
MIAMI — Few things make Carlos A. Gimenez more irritated than Marlins Park. A decade ago, Mr. Gimenez, then a county commissioner, was one of the few local politicians to oppose spending hundreds of millions of public dollars to help the Miami Marlins pay for a new stadium they said they could not afford to build on their own. Mr. Gimenez, who is now the mayor of Miami-Dade County, was outvoted. In the midst of a recession, the city and the county agreed to pay for about threefourths of the $650 million retractable-dome stadium, even though the baseball team would keep nearly all the revenue from the building. The city and the county will end up paying about $2 billion
Coast Guard’s Trials Multiply Halting drugs is becoming increasingly difficult for the Coast Guard, which has operated with flat budgets even as its mission has expanded. PAGE A11
Reawakening the Wetlands Landowners and specialists help nature reclaim an old cranberry bog in a “rewilding” project. PAGE A9
A Playwright’s Final Request Edward Albee specified in his will that any uncompleted manuscripts that existed at the time of his death should be destroyed. His executors say they will honor his wishes. PAGE C1 EDITORIAL, OP-ED A18-19
An Outfielder’s Elixir The Mets have a plan to keep their valuable and often-injured left fielder Yoenis Cespedes off the disabled list this season: stretch, run and keep a water bottle in every pocket. PAGE B6