Pasadena Garden Club Meeting Presentation 2012 - City of Pasadena

Pasadena Garden Club Meeting Presentation 2012 - City of Pasadena

Historic Designed Gardens in Pasadena Pasadena Garden Club November 27, 2012 Historic Designed Gardens in Pasadena Pasadena Garden Club November 27,...

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Historic Designed Gardens in Pasadena Pasadena Garden Club November 27, 2012

Historic Designed Gardens in Pasadena Pasadena Garden Club November 27, 2012

 Purpose

of Project  Research Sources & Methodology  Summary of Study Results  Challenges  Q&A





Role of Design & Historic Preservation Annual study of element of Pasadena’s history

Arts &Crafts Period Architecture Bungalow Courts

Late 19th/Early 20th Century Architecture

Early Auto-Oriented Properties

Period Revival Architecture

Mid-Century Modern Architecture

 Education/Awareness  

Document legacy of garden design in Pasadena Understand the different types of gardens and what features they are comprised of

 Preservation  

Identify locations of important gardens List most important properties & groupings in National Register



Narrative report about historic gardens (prepared by Sapphos Environmental – Marlise Fratinardo with Leslie Heumann, Ann Scheid & Kelly Comras)   



  

Historic contexts Related Property Type & their features Important designers

Identify actual properties still existing (appx. 250) Visit properties Determine most important properties Listing in National Register of Historic Places (only with owner consent)

  

Southern California Gardens Bibliography (Dietz via Scheid) Newspaper clippings in City files Archives/Online Databases 

    

  

Environmental Design Archives (UC Berkeley) California State Library Smithsonian Institution Library of American Landscape History The Cultural Landscape Foundation Olmsted Archives

Huntington Pasadena Museum of History Books – Historic Pasadena (Scheid), California Gardens (Dobyns), California Gardens (Streatfield), Shaping the American Dream (Birnbaum & Foell), Open Days Directories, books on work of specific landscape architects – Florence Yoch, A.E. Hanson, Beatrix Farrand



   

Create chart of all properties identified in sources, including pertinent info (owner/client name, landscape architect, garden date, etc.) Most resources lack addresses – look up owner name in City Directory for year indicated in source Look up address in City mapping system Note if date of house is similar to garden date and any evident landscaping in aerial Sometimes subdivision research necessary – most large estates have been subdivided

 Sent

mailing to all property owners on list  Held public information meeting (low attendance)  Coordinated with Garden Club  Visited & photographed properties: 

   

63 single-family (17 Busch Gardens) 5 campuses/institutions 8 public properties/parks 15 corporate plazas 1 designed subdivision

  

Arts & Crafts (1905-1918) Period Revival (1907-1939) California Modern (1945-1968)

    



Informal, naturalistic plantings Unify indoors & outdoors High-quality craft details Rectilinear pathways Pergolas Arroyo stone, brick, decomposed granite hardscape materials

  

   

Formal planting beds Axial components Alees Mediterranean or English influences Terraces linked by stairs & defined by balustrades Water features Scenic views

    

 

Geometric shapes, sometimes interlocking or repeating Blending of indoors & outdoors (often same floor/paving materials) Swimming pools Sculptural plantings Architectural screens Pebble concrete paving Scenic views

 Civic

expansion 1923-1945  Japanese style gardens 1937-1968  Garden apartments 1924-1968

  

   

       

Charles Gibbs Adams Katherine Bashford Thomas Chisolm Thomas Church Cook, Hall & Cornell EDAW Beatrix Jones Farrand Robert Gordon Fraser A.E. Hanson Olmsted Brothers Howard Oshiyama Ruth Shellhorn Paul Thiene Emmett Wemple Florence Yoch & Lucile Council

  

Narrative document complete Nominated two historic districts & seven individual properties for listing in the National Register 82 properties determined eligible for historic designation - most within six eligible cultural landscape historic districts:   

 

 

Ambassador West Caltech Busch Gardens (separate districts for upper & lower) Alta San Rafael John Cravens Estate

19 properties determined ineligible for historic designation 101 properties require further study (access not granted by owners)

 Protect

important piece of Pasadena history for future generations  Possible deviations from Code requirements  Eligible for property tax reduction program (Mills Act)

 Low

response from public  Lack of definitive documentation of landscape architects’ work  Difficult to identify changes  Address changes due to later subdivisions  How to address “remnants”