planning & land use management - City Clerk Internet Site - City of Los

planning & land use management - City Clerk Internet Site - City of Los

DEPARTMENT OF Los ';ITY OF CITY PLANNING ANGELL.,; EXECUTIVE OFFICES CALIFORNIA OFFICE OF HISTORIC RESOURCES 200 N. SPRING STREET, ROOM 620 Los...

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DEPARTMENT OF

Los

';ITY OF

CITY PLANNING

ANGELL.,;

EXECUTIVE OFFICES

CALIFORNIA

OFFICE OF HISTORIC RESOURCES 200 N. SPRING STREET, ROOM 620 Los ANGELES, CA 90012-4801

S. GAIL GOLDBERG, AICP DIRECTOR

(213) 978-1271

(213) 978-1200

JOHN M. DUGAN DEPUTY DIRECTOR

CULTURAL

HERITAGE COMMISSION RICHARD BARRON

(213) 978-1274

PRESIDENT

EVA YUAN-McDANIEL

ROELLA H. LOUIE

DEPUTY DIRECTOR

VICE-PRESIDENT

(213) 978-1273 GLEN C. DAKE MIA M. LEHRER

ANTONIO R. VILLARAIGOSA

FAX: (213) 978-1275

MAYOR

oz scorr

INFORMATION (213) 978-1270

LOURDES SANCHEZ COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT

www.lacity.DrglPLN

(213) 978-1300

April 14, 2008 Los Angeles City Council Room 395, City Hall 200 North Spring Street Los Angeles, California 90012 ATTENTION:

Barbara Greaves, Legislative Assistant Planning and Land Use Management Committee

CASE NUMBER:

CHC-2007 -5948-HCM LYDECKER HILLTOP HOUSE 3820 BUENA PARK DRIVE

At the Cultural Heritage Commission meeting of March 6, 2008, the Commission moved to add "Hilltop" to the name and include the above property in the list of Historic-Cultural Monuments, subject to adoption by the City Council. As required under the provisions of Section 22.171.10 of the Los Angeles Administrative Code, the Commission has solicited opinions and information from the office of the Council District in which the site is located and from any Department or Bureau of the city whose operations may be affected by the designation of such site as a Historic-Cultural Monument. Such designation in and of itself has no fiscal impact. Future applications for permits may cause minimal administrative costs. The City Council, according to the guidelines set forth in Section 22.171 of the Los Angeles Administrative Code, shall act on the proposed inclusion to the list within 90 days of the Councilor Commission action, whichever first occurs. By resolution, the Council may extend the period for good cause for an additional 15 days. The Cultural Heritage Commission would appreciate your inclusion of the subject modification to the list of Historic-Cultural Monuments upon adoption by the City Council. The above Cultural Heritage Commission action was taken by the following vote: Moved: Seconded: Ayes: Vote:

Commissioner Commissioner Commissioner

Barron Scott Dake, Lehrer, Louie

5-0

LES:dj

APR 1 5 2008

Attachment: Staff Report with Findings c:

PLANNING & LAND USE MANAGEMENT

Council member Wendy Greuel, Second District Jason and Melissa Burks, Applicant/Owner AN EQUAL

EMPLOYMENT

OPPORTUNITY

- AFFIRMATIVE

ACTION

EMPLOYER

.

Recyclable and made Irom recycled wasle.

~ 16~

Los Angeles Department of City Planning' RECOMMENDATION CULTURAL

HERITAGE COMMISSION

HEARING DATE: TIME: PLACE:

REPORT

CASE NO.: CHC-2007-5948-HCM

March 6, 2008 10:00 AM City Hall, Room 1010 200 N. Spring Street Los Angeles, CA 90012

Location: 3820 Buena Park Dr. Council District: 2 Community Plan Area: Sherman Oaks-Studio City-Toluca Lake-Cahuenga Pass Area Planning Commission: South Valley Neighborhood Council: Studio City Legal Description: Lot 153 of TR 7497

PROJECT:

Historic-Cultural Monument Application for the LYDECKER HOUSE

REQUEST:

Declare the property a Historic-Cultural

APPLICANTI OWNER:

Melissa and Jason Burks 3820 Buena Park Drive Los Angeles, CA 91604

RECOMMENDATION

That the Cultural

Monument

Heritage Commission:

1. Declare the property a Historic-Cultural Monument per Los Angeles Administrative Code Chapter 9, Division 22, Article 1, Section 22.171.7 2. Adopt the report findings. S. GAIL GOLDBERG, AICP Dire~ of Planning

~U-' -

Ken Bernstein, Manager Office of Historic Resources

Attachments:

Lambert M. Gi singer, Preservation Architect Office of Historic Resources

October 23, 2007 Historic-Cultural

Monument Application

(

(

3820 Buena Park Drive

CHC-2007~5948'-HCM Page 2 of 3

FINDINGS 1. The building "embodies the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural type specimen, inherently valuable for a study of a period style or method of construction" as an example of Streamline Moderne residential architecture. 2. The property is identified with a historic personage, with that of Howard Lydecker, a major contributor to the development of special effects in the film industry. CRITERIA The criterion is the Cultural Heritage Ordinance which defines a historical or cultural monument as any site (including significant trees or other plant life located thereon) building or structure of particular historic or cultural significance to the City of Los Angeles, such as historic structures or sites in which the broad cultural, economic, or social history of the nation, State or community is reflected or exemplified, or which are identified with historic personages or with important events in the main currents of national, State or local history or which embody the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural type specimen, inherently valuable for a study of a period style or method of construction, or a notable work of a master builder, designer or architect whose individual genius influenced his age. SUMMARY Built in 1939 and located in the Studio City area, this one-story residence (with lower level) exhibits character-defining features of Streamline Moderne architecture. The building is Ushaped in plan, oriented around a brick courtyard at the main entrance. The exterior is sheathed in stucco and features metal casement windows. The exterior features a hipped dormer and skylight above the main entrance, with a brick fireplace adjacent as well. A garage is located on the northeastern portion of the building. The proposed Lydecker House historic monument features a prominent, curved, living room wing on the primary facade, The wing consists of thin, multi-pane metal casement windows joining a band of horizontal grooved stucco; the windows and stucco create a horizontal band that spans most of the street-facing facade. There are also two smaller curved wings with the same features on the southwest and south facades, Character-defining features include: an overall horizontal emphasis, stucco wall surface, horizontal grooves or lines in walls, asymmetrical facade, curved corners, continuous windows around corners, glass blocks under the kitchen windows and a small round window on the south facade. The original owners of the house were Howard "Babe" Lydecker and his wife Kay Lydecker. Mr. Lydecker and his brother Theodore were "special effects geniuses" and were both known for their work in miniature special effects. His work earned him two Oscar nominations for Best Effects, for the movies Flying Tigers (1942) and Women in War (1940). Alterations to the subject property include the installation of a deck at the rear of the building. FINDINGS The Lydecker House successfully meets two of the specified Historic-Cultural Monument criteria: 1) "embodies the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural type specimen,

".'

3820 Buena Park Drive CHC-2007 -5948-HCM Page 3 of 3

inherently valuable for a study of a period style or method of construction" and 2) is associated with a historic personage. While the subject building's exterior possesses some character defining features of the Streamline Moderne, the interior of the Lydecker house exhibits distinctive and intact Streamline Moderne design elements, including beamed ceilings, curved paneling, shelving, and round windows. Although its builder and original owner is not recognized as a noteworthy architect, the craftsmanship of Lydecker's work on the subject building must be noted. As a historical personage, Lydecker's contributions to the film industry and development of special effects appear to be noteworthy based on his accomplishments and recognition. BACKGROUND

At its meeting of January 10, 2008, the Cultural Heritage Commission voted to take the application under consideration. On February 21, 2008, the Cultural Heritage Commission toured the subject property.

(

Los Angeles Department of City Planning RECOMMENDATION CULTURAL

CASE NO.: CHC-2007-5948-HCM

HERITAGE COMMISSION

HEARING DATE: TIME: PLACE:

REPORT

January 10, 2008 10:00 AM City Hall, Room 1060 200 N. Spring Street Los Angeles, CA 90012

Location: 3820 Buena Park Dr. Council District: 2 Community Plan Area: Sherman Oaks-Studio City-Toluca Lake-Cahuenga Pass Area Planning Commission: South Valley Neighborhood Council: Studio City Legal Description: Lot 153 of TR 7497

PROJECT:

Historic-Cultural Monument Application for the LYDECKER HOUSE

REQUEST:

Declare the property a Historic-Cultural

APPLICANT! OWNER:

Melissa and Jason Burks 3820 Buena Park Drive Los Angeles, CA 91604

RECOMMENDATION

That the Cultural

Monument

Heritage Commission:

1. Take the property under consideration as a Historic-Cultural Monument per Los Angeles Administrative Code Chapter 9, Division 22, Article 1, Section 22.171.10 because the application and accompanying photo documentation suggest the submittal may warrant further investigation. 2. Adopt the report findings. S. GAIL GOLDBERG, AICP Director of Planning

~r,

KeWanager Office of Historic Resources

Attachments:

Preservation Architect

Office of Historic Resources

October 23, 2007 Historic-Cultural ZIMAS Report

Monument Application

3820 Buena Park Drive CHC-2007 -5948-HCM Page 2 of 2

SUMMARY

Built in 1939 and located in the Studio City area, this one-story residence (with lower level) exhibits character-defining features of Streamline Moderne architecture. The building is Ushaped in plan, oriented around a brick courtyard at the main entrance. The exterior is sheathed in stucco and features metal casement windows. The exterior features a hipped dormer and skylight above the main entrance, with a brick fireplace adjacent as well. A garage is located on the northeastern portion of the building. The proposed Lydecker House historic monument features a prominent, curved, living room wing on the primary facade. The wing consists of thin, multi-pane metal casement windows joining a band of horizontal grooved stucco; the windows and stucco create a horizontal band that spans most of the street-facing facade. There are also two smaller curved wings with the same features on the southwest and south facades, Character-defining features include: an overall horizontal emphasis, stucco wall surface, horizontal grooves or lines in walls, asymmetrical facade, curved corners, continuous windows around corners, glass blocks under the kitchen windows and a small round window on the south facade. The original owners of the house were Howard "Babe" Lydecker and his wife Kay Lydecker. Mr. Lydecker and his brother Theodore were "special effects geniuses" and were both known for their work in miniature special effects. His work earned him two Oscar nominations for Best Effects, for the movies Flying Tigers (1942) and Women in War (1940). Alterations to the subject property include the installation of a deck at the rear of the building. CRITERIA

The criterion is the Cultural Heritage Ordinance which defines a historical or cultural monument as any site (including significant trees or other plant life located thereon) building or structure of particular historic or cultural significance to the City of Los Angeles, such as historic structures or sites in which the broad cultural, economic, or social history of the nation, State or community is reflected or exemplified, or which are identified with historic personages or with important events in the main currents of national, State or local history or which embody the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural type specimen, inherently valuable for a study of a period style or method of construction, or a notable work of a master builder, designer or architect whose individual genius influenced his age. FINDINGS

Based on the facts set forth in the summary and application, the Commission determines that the application is complete and that the property may be significant enough to warrant further investigation as a potential Historic-Cultural Monument.

( 3820 Buena Park Drive CHC-2007 -5948-HCM Page 2 of2

SUMMARY

Built in 1939 and located in the Studio City area, this one-story residence (with lower level) exhibits character-defining features of Streamline Moderne architecture. The building is Ushaped in plan, oriented around a brick courtyard at the main entrance. The exterior is sheathed in stucco and features metal casement windows. The exterior features a hipped dormer and skylight above the main entrance, with a brick fireplace adjacent as well. - A garage is located on the northeastern portion of the building. The proposed Lydecker House historic monument features a prominent, curved, living room wing on the primary facade. The wing consists of thin, multl-pane metal casement windows joining a band of horizontal grooved stucco; the windows and stucco create a horizontal band that spans most of the street-facing facade. There are also two smaller curved wings with the same features on the southwest and south facades. Character-defining features include: an overall horizontal emphasis, stucco wall surface, horizontal grooves or lines in walls, asymmetrical facade, curved corners, continuous windows around corners, glass blocks under the kitchen windows and a small round window on the south facade, The original owners of the house were Howard "Babe" Lydecker and his wife Kay Lydecker. Mr. Lydecker and his brother Theodore were "special effects geniuses" and were both known for their work in miniature special effects. His work earned him two Oscar nominations for Best Effects, for the movies Flying Tigers (1942) and Women in War (1940). Alterations to the subject property include the installation of a deck at the rear of the building. CRITERIA

The criterion is the Cultural Heritage Ordinance which defines a historical or cultural monument as any site (including significant trees or other plant life located thereon) building or structure of particular historic or cultural significance to the City of Los Angeles, such as historic structures or sites in which the broad cultural, economic, or social history of the nation, State or community is reflected or exemplified, or which are identified with historic personages or with important events in the main currents of national, State or local history or which embody the distinguishing characteristics of an architectural type specimen, inherently valuable for a study of a period style or method of construction, or a notable work of a master builder, designer or architect whose individual genius influenced his age. FINDINGS

Based on the facts set forth in the summary and application, the Commission determines that the application is complete and that the property may be significant enough to warrant further investigation as a potential Historic-Cultural Monument.

HISTORiC-CULTURAL

MONUMENT

ApPLICATION TYl'E OR HAND PRINT IN ALL CAPITAL BLOCK LETTERS

IDENTIFICATION

1.

L..:..yd_e_c_k_e_r _H_ou_s_e

NAME OF PROPOSED MONUMENT

2..STREET ADD"D'C"SS ~. CITY_-'-

~~~~~~~ 3820 Buena Park

--'-~S<_"tu""d"...,io"_C~·!.>JltyL--

__

_ _

ZIP CODE _--::.9..:...;16=04,-,--_ COUNm

2

DISTRIer

_

-'2..... 3""6"""9-O"""""'2""'9-O::..w.10"'--

3. ASSESSOR'S PARCEL NO.

_

4. COMPLETE LEGAL DESCRIPTION: TRAer IT!£ra!.l.!ct:LNuo~.w7!..:4t!l9!.L7 BLOCK

_ Lo_t_1_5_3

LOT(S)

ARB. NO.

_

5. RANGE OF ADDRESSES ON PROPERTY

---=3:...:8.=2:::-.0-=B-=u:::-.en:.:.:a=-P~a:.:.:.rk:...:;=_S::..:t_=_ud::..:i_=_0_C..;..ity~,..;..C:.:.:.A:,~·: _

6 . PRE.SENT OWNER

-=~~~~~~~--'Melissa & Jason Burks

_

3820 Buena Park E-MAIL ADDRESS:[email protected] .. -------=:...:..::~~~~~-----=~~~~~~-----~~----

.

STREET ADDRESS

--=S-=tu:..:d:.:.:io~C::..:i:Lty

CITY

O~SH~:PRNATEw-

ST.ATE X

CA

ZIP CODE

91604

999-6803

PUBUC~

_

__

s_in""'9_le_f<_a_m_il"-y_re_s_id_e_n_ce ORIGINAL USE

7. PRESENT USE

PHONE (213)

-=si"-'n.=lg'-"le'-'f<-=a!.!.m!!!iI.Ly.!.!re",s~id"'-'e:<__

DESCRIPTION

8.

~S~tr~e~a~m~li~ne~M~od~e~m~e~(~w~it~h~C~i~n~em~a~D~e~co~F~e~a~tu~r~e~s)~___

.ARCHITECTURAL~ (&'EE STYLE GUIDE)

9. STAlE PRESENT PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SITE OR STRUCfURE The Lydecker

house

of this irregularly emphasize

shingled

shaped

the rounded

deco flower

walls. The recessed

roof with a gabled u-shaped

dormer.

entryway

have curved There

MONUMENT

above

has a center,

ceilings,

by a rounded

cabinets,

From the street,

a passerby

stucco walls. The dozens

is one fireplace

den is defined

the sink. rounded

building.

rounded

three of the den walls and curves smoothly

wall of windows

HIS1ORlC-CUllURAl APPUCAllON

modeme

house with protruding

peep hole. The hallways

The wood paneled covers

is a 1 stOry streamline


can see three sides

of glass casement

windows

single

paneled

door, which features

and an original

skylight.

The house has a low pitched

in the living room with the chimney wall of windows.

along the rounded

just off the entry.

The seven foot high wood paneling

wall. The U-shaped

glass bricks, and chrome

an art

piping.

kitchen

(continued

has a rounded

on attachment

A)

HISTORiC-CULTURAL

MONUMENT

ApPLICATION ~L~yd~ec~k~e~r_H_o_u~se

NAMEoFPROPOsEDMoNuMENT

10. CONSTRU Cl1 ON Dn.o. .. :

1Q=-tQ

A..,.."

(1000 BLACK Al\'D WHIIE

0 EXCELLENT

2007

Il;GOOD

garden- was replaced

0 NONE

They also farmed

KNOWN

o ZONING !ill ON

1941! 1943

o NO LONGER IN EXISTENCE

to emphasize

is now blocked

by enormous

requested

of all citizens,

the Lydeckers

ITS ORIGINAL SITE

WWII

grew all

chickens.

DPRIVATE DEVELOPMENT 0 VANDALL.')M 0 PUBUC

III OTHER

houses.

The only change to the lot itself is the sustainable

by a deck. As the government

their own fruits and vegetables.

17. IS THE SIRUCfURE:

J

C DEI'ERIORKfED

[JFAIR

In 1939 it was the only house on that part of the street.

16. THREATS TO SITE:

_

AKD 1 DIGITAL E-MAILED TO CUL11JRALHERITAGE COMMlSSIOt\@LACl1Y.ORG)

GLOSS'{

15. ALTERATIONS The 360 degree view this house was designed

"Victory

_

OR OTHER BUll.DER~C.wla ....re~nce06l...C:!oU.tharaJmllllo!'paa!a ....n.l5e,--

13. DATE..c)OF ENCLOSED PHaroGRAPHS

14. CONDmON:

ESTIMATED: [:J

OR ENGINEER...:.H..:,:0:.:.W8=:,;rd::.....:"B:..:8:.=b...:;e"_L:::"yd=.;:9C.;:,;k:.;;,:e:.:..,r

11. ARCffiTECf, DESIGNER, 12. CONrRAcroR

m

FACTUAL:

_

_

mansionization

C. MOVED

- please see attachment

WORKS PROJECf

"B"

0 UNKNOWN

SIGNIFICANCE 1& BRIEFLY SfA1E HISTORICAL AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE: INCLUDE DATES. EVENTS. AND PERSON ASSOCIA1ED WITH

TI-IE SITE

(SEE AUD S1GNlFlCANCE WORK SHEET. 750 WORDS MAXIMUM IF USING ADDmONAL

Please see Attachment

19. SOURCES uisr

"C"

BOOKS, DOCtJMEI\"IS, SURVEYS, PERSOKAL U>.'TERVIEWS wrm DATE.'l)

20. DATE FORM PREPARED

--..:1:..;:0;.:/2:=3.:.::/2:=0.=.07=--PREPARER'S

ORGANIZATION..::Sc:::.eIf:.::..-. CITY E-MAIL

SHEETS)

--=S::..:;tu::.::d::!:io=-C=.I:.:J·ty~

Please see Attachment

NAME __

"0-

-..!.!M~eIs~o~n_"'B!,!;u!!.!rk~s~ __

STREETADDRESS 3820 Buena Park Dr. --!STATE

CA

ZIP CODE 91604

PHONE (213)999-6803

ADDRESS:[email protected];[email protected] HISlORIC
MONUMENT Al'PUCAlION

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application Melissa & Jason Burks 3820 Buena Park Dr Studio City, CA 91604 2l3-999-6803 [email protected] Additional house information http://Lydeckerhouse.blogspot.com October 20, 2007 ATTACHMENT AA dining booth is built into the kitchen comer. In the living room there is a high cathedral-like post and beam ceiling and a rounded wall of windows. Additional details include a porthole window, wooden shutter doors, built in cabinets and built in lights. The dining room has wainscotting, and a service window. The compact powder room has red and black decorative tiling, a small sink and built-in cabinets. The house is trimmed with nautical hardware. A weather vane with a marlin sits atop the house. ATTACHMENT "B" 16. Threats to the site - While this house is not in imminent danger of being tom down, there are threats to the site. Original Design -The house sits on a hill and it was the first house built on this street and one of the first built in the Sunshine Terrace area The original designer, Howard Lydecker, chose the lot very carefully for its 360 degree view. He then designed the house with circular architectural style to emphasize that magnificent view. Due to increasing property values, and a current taste for larger homes, a number of the recently constructed homes in this area block the view this house was designed around. Development - At the same time Howard Lydecker purchased his property on Buena Park Dr. and Sunshine Terrace, his brother Theodore purchased a house a block away. At that time, the Studio City Hills were largely undeveloped. (see air photo and Howard and Kay Lydecker Photo) With the increase in property values in this area, developers have tom down most of the 1,500 square foot houses like this one, and built new 5,000 square foot homes. Theodore Lydecker's home has already been tom down and a new, very large house is nearly complete on the property. We are concerned the same thing that happened to Theordore Lydecker's house will happen to Howard Lydecker's house. An owner or developer will tear down this relatively small historic house to build a large new house here, . This house could use standard updating for earthquakes, plumbing and electricity to make sure it remains safe and viable in the future. If there was a way to return the view to what it once was, that would also help the house maintain its original character.

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803 ATTACHMENT "C" 18. Significance From the Republic Studio's back lot, special effects master Howard Lydecker looked up Laurel Canyon at the streamline modeme house he designed. It was about a mile away, but it was easy to spot because in 1940 the Lydecker House was one of the only houses in the now crowded Studio City hills. Lydecker built a dormer on top of the house with a spotlight inside so his wife could signal him while he was at work. If he saw the light was on, he knew his family was awake. If the dormer light was off, he knew to he have to slide in quietly so he would not wake the baby. The Lydecker house is of particular historical and culture significance to the city of Los Angeles as an excellent example of streamline modeme architecture, an example of how the movie industry influenced architecture, and is the only house designed by Hollywood pioneer Howard Lydecker. Lydecker was the director of special effects at Republic Studios. He oversaw the design for hundreds of movies. While under Lydecker's direction, the Republic Studios was known to have the best special effects in the movie industry. Howard Lydecker earned Oscar nominations, an Emmy, and an Emmy nomination for his special effects. He is famous for creating a technique known as miniature special effects. One Oscar nomination he earned was for the World War II epic "Flying Tigers". The movie is rife with airplanes and aerial battle scenes, but amazingly not a single real plane was used. Some of Hollywood's most influential directors, including George Lucas and Steven Spielberg credit Lydecker's miniature special effects as major influences on their work.

two

The Lydecker House was built in 1939-1940 at the peak of the streamline modeme movement. It was the year the New York World's Fair showcased cars, kitchens and cities of what was supposed to be the streamlined future - a future full of optimism and fascinated by speed. The rounded walls of the living room, den and kitchen look aerodynamic and reflected the streamline modeme fascination with high speed transportation like cars and planes. In the Lydecker House kitchen, the narrow horizontal bands of chrome wrap around the u-shaped walls imparting a sense of rapid movement. Standing in the den with the single smooth u-shaped wall of uninterrupted horizontal wood paneling and a porthole window gives the feeling of sitting on an ocean liner, like the Queen Mary. The compact powder room with red and black deco tiling is similar to one found in a streamliner's cabin. (significance continued next page .... )

(

c

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803 Attachment" C" - 18. Significance - cont .... The streamline modeme style was especially popular in American films during the late 1930s, partially because it's clean lines were especially visible on black and white film. Howard Lydecker incorporated this style that he saw everyday on the sets into the design for his home. The post and beam ceiling of the Lydecker House, the clean archways in the hallway and the shiny tiles he used in the bathrooms would have pleased any black and white filmmaker. Lydecker was not the only person in the film industry who carried the affection for streamline modeme architecture into his own house. In this era, stars like Ginger Rogers and the silent movie legend Ramon Novarro hired their studio's set designers to work on their personal residences. Lydecker was no exception. Lydecker hired one of his best employees to build his dream house. His employee and contractor, Clarence Champagne, was a talent in his own right. Champagne went on to produce the special effects for the movie "Psycho." The Lydecker House in many ways feels like a movie set. As a special effects designer, Lydecker created a skylightthat provides light 24 hours a day. During the day the sun lights the skylight. At night, a hidden fluorescent light illuminates the skylight, giving off the feeling of daylight at night. The expansive living room with a high, wooden, post-and-beam ceiling, feels more like a Wyoming ranch than a house in Studio City. However the U-shaped living room's circular wall of windows is a hallmark of the streamline modeme style. By combining these two different styles, Howard Lydecker designed a living room that feels simultaneously like an elegant ocean liner and a rustic hunting lodge. The Lydecker House is one of the fmest remaining examples of streamline modeme architecture from the 1940s era. Perhaps more importantly, the Lydecker House exemplifies how the movie industry has influenced the architectural landscape of Los Angeles. As a streamline modeme home with details that reflect Lydecker's cinematic expertise, this house is truly one of a kind and plays an essential role in Los Angeles's architectural history.

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

ATTACHMENT 19. Sources.

"D"

INTERVIEWS - Steve Lydecker, son of Howard Lydecker. Steve lived in this house designed by his father. - Neighbors BIOGRAPHY OF OWNERIDESIGNER HOWARD BABE LYDECKER references - Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences - Academy Awards Database - Academy of Television Arts and Sciences - Emmy Awards Database - "Miniature Special Effects Geniuses - Howard and Theodore Lydecker;" Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea; Irwin Allen Properties, LLC. - ""Roy Barcroft, Howard Lydecker, Dave Sharpe, and The Republic Thrill Factory" Classic Images Magazine Feb 2003 - ''Brothers From Another Planet: the Lydeckers," American Cinematographer Magazine, Jan Allan Henderson, December 1991 . - Internet Movie Database - Los Angeles Times Archives, 4 Emmys Awarded to Van Dyke Show, Hal Humphrey, May 23, 1966 BIOGRAPHY - CONTRACTOR CLARENCE CHAMPAGNE - California Database at the Los Angeles Public Library - California Contractors State License Board - Internet Movie Database - "Psycho," 1960, special effects, Clarence Champagne PHOTOGRAPHS - Steve Lydecker - Los Angeles Public Library Photo Database AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS - Spence Aerial Archive Photo Collection - UCLA - numerous oblique aerial photographs of Studio City from 1940 - showing this house as one of the only in the hills, as well as its proximity to the republic studios. - Decor Galleries - Studio City - oblique aerial photograph prominently featuring The Lydecker House in 1949 (sources continued next page •.. )

(

(

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

AnACHMENT 19. Sources.

"D" continued

ARCHITECTURAL references - Influence of Art Deco on the American Cinema, Marty Stofik, 2005 - What Style Is It National Trust for Historic Preservation - American Architecture Since 1780: A Guide to the Styles, Marcus Whiffen - A Field Guide to American Houses, Virginia and Lee McAlester, 1984 - Cowboy Moderne; Mary Humstone; University of Wyoming OFFICIAL BUll..DING IDI mSTORY - Zimas - Department of Building and Safety Records Department - 1940s - 2000 Permits . ,. - Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder - residents - Los Angeles County Assessor's Office - owners

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

ATTACHMENT "E" An abstract of the article "The Influence of Art Deco on the American Cinema" by M. Barron Stofik This article summarizes how Deco/ Streamline Moderne style influenced all movie makers and Howard Lydecker in particular. Lydecker was particularly familiar with the streamline styling as somebody who was responsible for the special effects on scores of science fiction films. The Cinema Deco designs discussed here: the futuristic look, creative textures, and diffused light, can be found throughout the Lydecker House. In the 1930s, studios produced art deco movies, which portrayed a bright future, which helped movie goers escape the gloom of The Depression. Art Deco design became more streamlined, revealing exciting shapes and a futuristic look. Doors were inlaid with patterns and expansive doorways were surrounded with compound Deco arches. Rooms were filled with cylinders, spheres and curves. Hollywood sets were so glamorous that stars and studio executives asked the art directors to redecorate their homes in the moderne style. In real life, Art Deco used vivid colors that did not transfer well to black and white film. The set designers resolved that problem by creating contrasting texture to created visual interest. Set designers incorporated new materials such as chrome and glass tiles that played with light. The new essential for the fashionable home was diffused lighting that concealed the source of illumination. Indirect cove lighting, Multi-tiered disc chandeliers, chevron-shaped sconces that cast light upward, and diffusing glass panels filled the sets. Art Deco was used in all Hollywood genres but it worked especially well in science fiction. The

clean geometry created a high-tech decor ideal for futuristic cities, rocket ships, scientific labs and other-worldly locations. (adapted from The Influence of Art Deco on the American Cinema for their relevance to the design of the Lydecker House) http://stofik.comldecocinema.htm © 2005 M. Barron StofikLast

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker Overview Date of Birth: 8 June 1911, Havana, Cuba more Date of Death: 26 September 1969, (cerebral hemorrhage) more Nickname Babe Mini Biography Howard "Babe" Lydecker and his older brother Theodore Lydecker were the undisputed masters of miniature special effects in Hollywood from 1935-1953. Begining their careers with Nat Levine's Mascot Pictures in the early 1930s, they were swept up in Mascot's 1935 merger with Monogram Pictures and Liberty Pictures to form Republic Pictures, headed by the owner of:film processing lab Consolidated Film Industries, the autocratic Herbert 1. Yates). The Lydeckers were perhaps the primary beneficiaries of the merger. It allowed their creativity to run wild, giving them unlimited access to CFI's optical effects at a time when most of Republic's product demanded high-caliber special effects. The production pressures put on them by Yates ironically gave them the structure and incentive they needed to excel. Babe became the head of Mascot's old carpenter shop and moved into the back lot of Republic's studio, eventually supervising some 20 technicians. Babe and Ted worked closely (they were nicknamed "the twins," despite there being a three-year difference in their ages) together during the entire production history of Republic Pictures (until its demise in 1956). The Lydeckers' effects were the envy of every studio in Hollywood and their talents can probably be seen to best advantage in Flying Tigers (1942), a WW II action picture about a squadron of American pilots fighting the Japanese in China, with loads of dogfights, plane crashes, etc.--and was shot using only mock-ups and miniatures, with not a single real aircraft being used throughout the entire picture. Trivia: Brother of special effects technician Theodore Lydecker. (Attachment "F' IMDB Entry for Howard Lydecker cont •••)

The Lydecker House Monument Application

Historical Cultural 213-999-6803

Attachment "F' Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker eont .•• Awards: Nominated for 2 Oscars.

FILMOGRAPHY Doctor Dolittle (1967) (special photographic effects) Way ... Way Out (1966) (special photographic effects) "Lost in Space" (special photographic effects) (29 episodes, 1965-1966) - Follow the Leader (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - A Change of Space (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Lost Civilization (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - All That Glitters (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Space Croppers (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) (24 more) "Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea" (special photographic effects) (26 episodes, 1965-1966) - The Return of the Phantom (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Mechanical Man (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Menfish·(1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Monster's Web (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) - The Death Ship (1966) TV Episode (special photographic effects) (21 more) Our Man Flint (1966) (special photographic effects) The Flight ofthe Phoenix (1965) (special photographic effects) The Underwater City (1962) (special effects coordinator) (as Howard C. Lydecker) H.M.S. Defiant (1962) (special effects supervisor) ... aka Damn the Defiant! (USA) Sink the Bismarck! (1960) (special effects supervisor) Run Silent Run Deep (1958) (special photographic effects) ... aka Run Silent, Run Deep (USA: poster title) Satan's Satellites (1958) (special effects) Missile Monsters (1958) (special effects) Spoilers of the Forest (1957) (special effects) (as Howard C. Lydecker) Hell's Crossroads (1957) (special effects) (as Howard C. Lydecker) Affair in Reno (1957) (special effects) Duel at Apache Wells (1957) (special effects) Accused of Murder (1956) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE •••)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• A Woman's Devotion (1956) (special effects) ... aka Battle Shock (USA: reissue title) ... aka War Shock (UK) The Man Is Armed (1956) (special effects) A Strange Adventure (1956) (special effects) ... aka White Nightmare (USA) Lisbon (1956) (special effects) Thunder Over Arizona (1956) (special effects) Dakota Incident (1956) (special effects) The Maverick Queen (1956) (special effects) Stranger at My Door (1956) (special effects) When Gangland Strikes (1956) (special effects) Come Next Spring (1956) (special effects) Jaguar (1956) (special effects) Flame of the Islands (1956) (special effects) The Fighting Chance (1955) (special effects) The Vanishing American (1955) (special effects) No Man's Woman (1955) (special effects) A Man Alone (1955) (special effects) Headline Hunters (1955) (special effects) The Last Command (1955) (special effects) ... aka San Antonio de Bexar (USA) Lay That Rifle Down (1955) (special effects) King of the Carnival (1955) (special effects) Double Jeopardy (1955) (special effects) ... aka Crooked Ring (UK) The Road to Denver (1955) (special effects) City of Shadows (1955) (special effects) Santa Fe Passage (1955) (special effects) The Eternal Sea (1955) (special effects) Timbedack (1955) (special effects) Carolina Cannonball (1955) (special effects) Panther Girl of the Kongo (1955) (special effects) ... aka The Claw Monsters (USA: recut version) Hell's Outpost (1954) (special effects) The Atomic Kid (1954) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• Tobor the Great (1954) (special effects) The Outcast (1954) (special effects) ... aka The Fortune Hunter (UK) Man with the Steel Whip (1954) (special effects) The Shanghai Story (1954) (special effects) Johnny Guitar (1954) (special effects) Jubilee Trail (1954) (special effects) Untamed Heiress (1954) (special effects) Make Haste to Live (1954) (special effects) Phantom Stallion (1954) (special effects) Sea of Lost Ships (1954) (special effects) Trader Tom ofthe China Seas (1954) (special effects) Geraldine (1953) (special effects) Red River Shore (1953) (special effects) EI Paso Stampede (1953) (special effects) Champ for a Day (1953) (special effects) Bandits of the West (1953) (special effects) City That Never Sleeps (1953) (special effects) Sweethearts on Parade (1953) (special effects) ... aka Sweetheart Time (USA) Canadian Mounties vs. Atomic Invaders (1953) (special effects) ... aka Missile Base at Taniak (USA: TV title) Fair Wind to Java (1953) (special effects) Woman They Almost Lynched (1953) (special effects) Old Overland Trail (1953) (special effects) "Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe" (1953) TV Series (special effects) (unknown episodes) ... aka Commando Cody (USA: short title) San Antone (1953) (special effects) Marshal of Cedar Rock (1953) (special effects) Jungle Drums of Africa (1953) (special effects) Thunderbirds (1952) (special effects) Ride the Man Down (1952) (special effects) Montana Belle (1952) (special effects) South Pacific Trail (1952) (special effects) Toughest Man in Arizona (1952) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803 Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FJLMOGRAPHY CONT ••• The WAC from Walla. Walla (1952) (special effects) ... aka Army Capers (UK) Desperadoes' Outpost (1952) (special effects) Old Oklahoma Plains (1952) (special effects) The Quiet Man (1952) (special effects) (uncredited) Zombies of the Stratosphere (1952) (special effects) I Dream of Jeanie (1952) (special effects) Wild Horse Ambush (1952) (special effects) Border Saddlemates (1952) (special effects) Hoodlum Empire (1952) (special effects) Oklahoma Annie (1952) (special effects) Leadville Gunslinger (1952) (special effects) The Last Musketeer (1952) (special effects) Colorado Sundown (1952) (special effects) Captive of Billy the Kid (1952) (special effects) Radar Men from the Moon (1952) (special effects) The Wild Blue Yonder (1951) (special effects) ... aka Thunder Across the Pacific (UK) Desert of Lost Men (1951) (special effects) Street Bandits (1951) (special effects) ... aka Flight from Fury (USA) The Sea Hornet (1951) (special effects) Honeychile (1951) (special effects) South of Caliente (1951) (special effects) Utah Wagon Train (1951) (special effects) Arizona Manhunt (1951) (special effects) Havana Rose (1951) (special effects) Fort Dodge Stampede (1951) (special effects) Lost Planet Airmen (1951) (special effects) Rodeo King and the Senorita (1951) (special effects) Government Agents vs Phantom Legion (1951) (special effects) The Dakota Kid (1951) (special effects) Secrets of Monte Carlo (1951) (special effects) Fighting Coast Guard (1951) (special effects) ... aka Fighting U.S. Coast Guard Million Dollar Pursuit (1951) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• In Old Amarillo (1951) (special effects) Wells Fargo Gunmaster (1951) (special effects) Buckaroo Sheriff of Texas (1951) (special effects) (uncredited) Bullfighter and the Lady (1951) (special effects) __, aka Torero (USA) Don Daredevil Rides Again (1951) (special effects) Thunder in God's Country (1951) (special effects) Heart of the Rockies (1951) (special effects) Insurance Investigator (1951 ) (special effects) Cuban Fireball (1951) (special effects) Oh! Susanna (1951) (special effects) . Silver City Bonanza (1951) (special effects) Night Riders of Montana (1951) (special effects) Missing Women (1951) (special effects) Spoilers of the Plains (1951) (special effects) Rough Riders of Durango (1951) (special effects) Belle Le Grand (1951) (special effects) California Passage (1950) (special effects) Trail of Robin Hood (1950) (special effects) The Missourians (1950) (special effects) Under Mexicali Stars (1950) (special effects) ... aka Under MexicaIi Skies Rio Grande (1950) (special effects) .,. aka John Ford and Merian C. Cooper's Rio Grande (USA: complete title) North of the Great Divide (1950) (special effects) Flying Disc Man from Mars (1950) (special effects) ... aka Missile Monsters (USA: TV title) Rustlers on Horseback (1950) (special effects) Hit Parade of 1951 (1950) (special effects) Sunset in the West (1950) (special effects) Redwood Forest Trail (1950) (special effects) Surrender (1950) (special effects) Frisco Tornado (1950) (special effects) The Showdown (1950) (special effects) Vigilante Hideout (1950) (special effects) Desperadoes of the West (1950) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F' Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY Jungle Stampede (1950) (special effects) Covered Wagon Raid (1950) (special effects) Trigger, Jr. (1950) (special effects) The Avengers (1950) (special effects) Destination Big House (1950) (special effects) Hills of Oklahoma (1950) (special effects) The Savage Horde (1950) (special effects) Rock Island Trail (1950) (special effects) ... aka Transcontinent Express (UK) The Invisible Monster (1950) (special effects) Salt Lake Raiders (1950) (special effects) The Capture (1950) (special effects) Arizona Cowboy (1950) (special effects) The Vanishing Westerner (1950) (special effects) Code of the Silver Sage (1950) (special effects) House by the River (1950) (special effects) Twilight in the Sierras (1950) (special effects) Federal Agent at Large (1950) (special effects) Borderline (1950) (special effects) Singing Guns (1950) (special effects) Tarnished (1950) (special effects) Gunmen of Abilene (1950) (special effects) Unmasked (1950) (special effects) Bells of Coronado (1950) (special effects)

CONT ...

Sands ofIwo Jima (1949) (special effects) Radar Patrol vs. Spy King (1949) (special effects) The Golden Stallion (1949) (special effects) San Antone Ambush (1949) (special effects) Flame of Youth (1949) (special effects) The Fighting Kentuckian (1949) (special effects) ... aka A Strange Caravan Down Dakota Way (1949) (special effects) The James Brothers of Missouri (1949) (special effects) Bandit King of Texas (1949) (special effects) , Brimstone (1949) (special effects) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• Too Late for Tears (1949) (special effects) ... aka Killer Bait (USA: reissue title) The Red Menace (1949) (special effects) ... aka Underground Spy (USA: reissue title) Flaming Fury (1949) (special effects) South of Rio (1949) (special effects) King of the Rocket Men (1949) (special effects) Hellfire (1949) (special effects) Law ofthe Golden West (1949) (special effects) Frontier Investigator (1949) (special effects) Susanna Pass (1949) (special effects) Streets of San Francisco (1949) (special effects) Prince of the Plains (1949) (special effects) The Red Pony (1949) (special photographic effects) ... aka John Steinbeck's The Red Pony (USA: complete title) Ghost ofZorro (1949) (special effects) Hideout (1949) (special effects) The Last Bandit (1949) (special effects) Daughter of the Jungle (1949) (special effects) Federal Agents vs. Underworld, Inc. (1949) (special effects) Sheriff of Wichita (1949) (special effects) Wake of the Red Witch (1948) (special effects: underwater sequences) The Far Frontier (1948) (special effects) Grand Canyon Trail (1948) (special effects) Angel on the Amazon (1948) (special effects) ... aka Drums Along the Amazon (UK) ... aka The Jungle Wilderness (USA: reissue title) The Plunderers (1948) (special effects) Adventures of Frank and Jesse James (1948) (special effects) Moonrise (1948) (special effects) Macbeth (1948) (special effects) Desperadoes of Dodge City (1948) (special effects) Son of God's Country (1948) (special effects) Out of the Storm (1948) (special effects) Night Time in Nevada (1948) (special effects) Angel in Exile (1948) (FILMOGRAPHY CONTINUED NEXT PAGE)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydec::kerFILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• Sons of Adventure (1948) (special effects) Marshal of Amarillo (1948) (special effects) Eyes of Texas (1948) (special effects) Train to Alcatraz (1948) (special effects) The Timber Trail (1948) (special effects) The Gallant Legion (1948) (special effects) Under California Stars (1948) (special effects) ... aka Under California Skies Old Los Angeles (1948) (special effects) ... aka California Outpost (USA: reissue title) ... aka In Old Los Angeles Heart ofVtrginia (1948) (special effects) ... aka Pride of Virginia Dangers of the Canadian Mounted (1948) (special effects) The Bold Frontiersman (1948) (special effects) California Firebrand (1948) (special effects) Lightnin' in the Forest (1948) (special effects) Madonna of the Desert (1948) (special effects) Oklahoma Badlands (1948) (special effects) G-Men Never Forget (1948) (special effects) The Gay Ranchero (1948) (special effects) Under Colorado Skies (1947) (special effects) Bandits of Dark Canyon (1947) (special effects) The Fabulous Texan (1947) (special effects) ... aka The Texas Uprising (USA: reissue title) The Black Widow (1947) (special effects) On the Old Spanish Trail (1947) (special effects) The Wild Frontier (1947) (special effects) Driftwood (1947) (special effects) Along the Oregon Trail (1947) (special photographic effects) Marshal of Cripple Creek (1947) (special photographic effects) Jesse James Rides Again (1947) (special effects) Wyoming (1947) (special effects) Robin Hood of Texas (1947) (special effects) Springtime in the Sierras (1947) (special effects) ... aka Song of the Sierra (Fllmography continued next page ••.)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Rustlers ofDevil's Canyon (1947) (special effects) Northwest Outpost (1947) (special effects) ... aka End of the Rainbow (UK) Web of Danger (1947) (special effects) Saddle Pals (1947) (special effects) That's My Man (1947) (special effects) ... aka King of the Race Track (USA: reissue title) ... aka Will Tomorrow Ever Come? (UK) Oregon Trail Scouts (1947) (special effects) Spoilers of the North (1947) (special effects) Bells of San Angelo (1947) (special effects) Homesteaders of Paradise Valley (1947) (special effects) Hit Parade of 1947 (1947) (special effects) ... aka High and Happy (USA: TV title) The Ghost Goes Wild (1947) (special effects) Apache Rose (1947) (special effects) Angel and the Badman (1947) (special effects) ... aka The Angel and the Outlaw Calendar Girl (1947) (special effects) ... aka Star Dust and Sweet Music (USA: reissue title) Trail to San Antone (1947) (special effects) Son ofZorro (1947) (special effects) The Wind Frontier (1947) (special effects) That Brennan Girl (1946) (special effects) ... aka Tough Girl (USA: reissue title) Heldorado (1946) (special effects) ... aka Helldorado I've Always Loved You (1946) (special effects) ... aka Concerto (UK) Sioux City Sue (1946) (special effects) Santa Fe Uprising (1946) (special effects) Plainsman and the Lady (1946) (special effects) ... aka Drumbeats Over Wyoming (USA: reissue title) The Magnificent Rogue (1946) (special effects) The Crimson Ghost (1946) (special effects) Home in Oklahoma (1946) (special effects) (uncredited) Roll on Texas Moon (1946) (special effects) Rio Grande Raiders (1946) Earl Carroll Sketchbook (1946) (special effects) ... aka Stand Up and Sing (USA: reissue title) (Filmography continued next page •••)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument 213-999-6803

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Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FaMOGRAPHY CONT ••• G.!. War Brides (1946) (special effects) ... aka War Brides (UK) The Last Crooked Mile (1946) (special effects) The Inner Circle (1946) (miniatures) (uncredited) (special optical effects) (uncredited) Conquest of Cheyenne (1946) (special effects) Daughter of Don Q (1946) (special effects) Rendezvous with Annie (1946) (special effects) ... aka Corporal Dolan AWOL (UK) ... aka Corporal Dolan Goes A W.O.L. (USA: reissue title) Night Train to Memphis (1946) (special effects) My Pal Trigger (1946) (special effects) The Man from Rainbow Valley (1946) (special effects) One Exciting Week (1946) (special effects) In Old Sacramento (1946) (special effects) ... aka Flame of Sacramento (USA: reissue title) Valley of the Zombies (1946) (special effects) The El Paso Kid (1946) (special effects) (uncredited) Passkey to Danger (1946) (special effects) Rainbow Over Texas (1946) (special effects) King of the Forest Rangers (1946) (special effects) The Catman of Paris (1946) (special effects) Home on the Range (1946) (special effects) Alias Billy the Kid (1946) (special effects) The Undercover Woman (1946) (special effects) Murder in the Music Hall (1946) (special effects) ... aka Midnight Melody (USA: reissue title) Song of Arizona (1946) (special effects) The Madonna's Secret (1946) (special effects) The Phantom Rider (1946) (special effects) ... aka Ghost Riders of the West (USA: reissue title) Gay Blades (1946) (special effects) ... aka Tournament Tempo (USA: TV title) Dakota (1945) (special effects) An Angel Comes to Brooklyn (1945) (special effects) The Tiger Woman (1945) (special effects) Mexicana (1945) (special effects) (Filmography continued next page •••)

The Lydecker House Monument Application

Historical Cultural 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY

CONT •••

Colorado Pioneers (1945) (special effects) Girls of the Big House (1945) (special effects) Rough Riders of Cheyenne (1945) (special effects) (uncredited) Scotland Yard Investigator (1945) (special effects) Sunset in EI Dorado (1945) (special effects) The Fatal Witness (1945) (special effects) Along the Navajo Trail (1945) (miniatures) (uncredited) Behind City Lights (1945) (special effects) Phantom of the Plains (1945) (special effects) (uncredited) Tell It to a Star (1945) (special effects) The Purple Monster Strikes (1945) (special effects) ... aka D-Day on Mars (USA: TV title) ... aka The Purple Shadow Strikes The Cheaters (1945) (special effects) ... aka The Castaway (USA: reissue title) Oregon Trail (1945) (special effects) (uncredited) Trail of Kit Carson (1945) (special effects) Road to Alcatraz (1945) (special effects) Federal Operator 99 (1945) (special effects) Man from Oklahoma (1945) (special effects) Bells ofRosarita (1945) (special effects) Flame of Barbary Coast (1945) (special effects) ... aka Flame of the Barbary Coast (UK) The Vampire's Ghost (1945) (special photographic effects) Corpus Christi Bandits (1945) (special effects) Earl Carroll Vanities (1945) (special effects) ... aka Moonstruck: Melody (USA: reissue title) Manhunt of Mystery Island (1945) (special effects) ... aka Captain Mepbisto and the Transformation Machine (USA: TV title) Grissly's Millions (1945) (special effects) Lake Placid Serenade (1944) (special effects) ... aka Wmter Serenade (USA: reissue title) Zorro's Black Whip (1944) (special effects) (uncredited) Haunted Harbor (1944) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Pirates' Harbor (USA: reissue title) (Filmography

continued next page •••)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Datahase Entry for Howard Lydecker FnMOGRAPHY CONT ••• Captain America (1944) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Return of Captain America In Old Oklahoma (1943) (special effects) (as Howard Lydecker Jr.) ... aka War of the Wildcats (USA: reissue title) The Masked Marvel (1943) (special effects) ... aka Sakima and the Masked Marvel (USA: TV title) Secret Service in Darkest Africa (1943) (special effects) (as Howard Lydecker Jr.) ... aka Manhunt in the African Jungles (USA: reissue title) Daredevils of the West (1943) (special effects) Chatterbox (1943) (special effects) The Purple V (1943) (special effects) G-men vs. the Black Dragon (1943) (special effects) ... aka Black Dragons ofManzanar (USA: recut version) King of the Mounties (1942) (special effects) Flying Tigers (1942) (special effects) (uncredited) Perils of Ny ok a (1942) (special effects) ... aka Nyoka and the Lost Secrets of Hippo crates ... aka Nyoka and the Tigermen (USA: reissue title) Remember Pearl Harbor (1942) (special effects) The Girl from Alaska (1942) (special effects) Spy Smasher (1942) (special effects) Dick Tracy vs. Crime Inc. (1941) (special effects) ... aka Dick Tracy vs. the Phantom Empire (USA: TV title) King of the Texas Rangers (1941) (special effects) Doctors Don't Tell (1941) (special effects) Jungle Girl (1941) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Edgar Rice Burrough's Jungle Girl (USA: informal alternative title) Adventures of Captain Marvel (1941) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Captain Marvel ... aka Return of Captain Marvel (USA: reissue title) Mysterious Doctor Satan (1940) (special effects) King of the Royal Mounted (1940) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Zane Grey's King of the Royal Mounted (USA: complete title) Three Faces West (1940) (special effects) ... aka The Refugee (UK) Adventures of Red Ryder (1940) (special effects) (uncredited) Women in War (1940) (special effects) (Filmography continued next page •••)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment "F" Internet Movie Database Entry for Howard Lydecker FILMOGRAPHY CONT ••• Drums ofFu Manchu (1940) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Drums ofFu Manchu: The Serial (USA: informal alternative title) Dick Tracy's G-Men (1939) (special effects) (uncredited) Flight at Midnight (1939) (special effects) Daredevils of the Red Circle (1939) (special effects) (uncredited) Man of Conquest (1939) (special effects) Hawk of the Wilderness (1938) (special effects) (uncredited) Dick Tracy Returns (1938) (special effects) (uncredited) The Fighting Devil Dogs (1938) (special effects) (uncredited) Call of the Yukon (1938) (special photographic effects) (uncredited) Born to Be Wild (1938) (special effects) (uncredited) Zorro Rides Again (1937) (special effects) (uncredited) S.O.S. Coast Guard (1937) (special effects) (uncredited) The Painted Stallion (1937) (special effects) (uncredited) . Dick Tracy (193711) (special effects) (uncredited) Robinson Crusoe of Clipper Island (1936) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka S.O.S. Clipper Island (UK) Undersea Kingdom (1936) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Sharad of Atlantis (USA: TV title) The House of a Thousand Candles (1936) (special effects) Red River Valley (1936) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Man of the Frontier (USA: TV title) Darkest Africa (1936) (special effects) (uncredited) ... aka Bat Men of Africa (USA: TV title) ... aka King of Jungleland (USA: reissue title) One Frightened Night (1935) (special effects) (uncredited) The Phantom Empire (1935) (special effects) ... aka Gene Autry and the Phantom Empire J-Men Forever (1979) (special visual effects) Invaders from Mars (1953) (miniature & mech. fx) Traffic in Crime (1946) (miniatures) The Fighting Marines (1935) (miniature effects) (uncredited) Men with Steel Faces (1940) (special properties) ... aka Couldn't Possibly Happen (UK) ... aka Radio Ranch -END FLEXOGRAPHY -

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

ATtACHMENT

"G"

This article shows Lydecker's continued influence on American cinema including directors Steven Speilherg and George Lucas (italics mine - M.B) RAIDERS

OF THE MOVIE SERIALS By Peter Sullivan! Starlog Magazine 08/1981

In their new film, Raiders of the Lost Ark, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg pay homage to the great action-adventure serials of the 30s and 40s... in more ways than one. "Movie serials were the best action films of any kind ever made. " That's the way Donald F. Glut (author of The Empire Strikes Back novelization) and Tun Harmon put it in their book, The Great Movie Serials (Doubleday and Co., 1972), and they aren't the only ones who feel that way, either. "I wanted to make an action/adventure kind of serial film," George Lucas said recently. "This idea came to me about the same time I had the idea for Star Wars. But I got more interested in Star Wars, sol put [it] on the shelf figured I'd get to it someday," Someday arrived and so did Steven Spielberg. The result of their collaborative effort is Raiders of the Lost Ark, an exotic, archeological fantasy. The careening chases, hairbreath escapes and exciting fights that ensue are reminiscent of the serials of the 1930s and 1940s. Says director Spielberg: " ... I've always wanted to bring a serial to life that blends Lash LaRue, Spy Smasher, Masked Marvel and Tailspin Tommy with elements from Edgar Rice Burroughs and George's Lucas's great imagination .... [Raiders] found its own fantastic elements in a genre that sadly has been dormant far decades in American cinema." The 1942 serial Spy Smasher can be seen on TV these days as Spy Smasher Returns and The Masked Marvel of 1943 is now Sakima and the Masked Marvel. Both serials were produced by Republic Pictures, known for its furiously paced adventures and skilled special effects. In fact, one ofRepuhlic's chief special effects artists, Howard Lydecker, went on to create the miniatures for television's Lost in Space and Voyage To The Bottom Of The Sea. Spy Smasher and The Masked Marvel were costumed do-gooders in the Batman moldbattling Axis agents during World War 11. Wolf Kahler would be just as in character playing Spy Smasher's Nazi nemesis "The Mask" as he is Indiana Jones' foe, Captain Dietrich. And like "The Mask", Dietrich has a fondness for submarine transportation. Spy Smasher had to endure a watery cliffhanger inside a flooded U-boat. In Raiders, "Indy" Jones faces a similar predicament when he's forced to cling to the conning tower of Dietrich's sinking If-boat, in an attempt to recover the Ark and rescue his girlfriend, Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen). Raider's wild slugfests in the Nepal bar and under the slashing propellers of the Nazi Flying Wing in the Tunisian desert are thrillingly evocative of the bread and butter donny-brooks of the Republic serials. (Attachment G continued next page •••)

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803 (Attachment "G" coot ••••)

Such fight sequences were almost fantasy films in their own right, with crazy somersaults and wrecked furniture everywhere, but were executed with such flair and expertise that audiences were on the edge of their seats. (Continued next page ... ) Republic produced many whip-cracking adventures, most of them featuring the famous Zorro or Zorro-like characters: Zorro Rides Again (1937), Zorro 's Fighting Legion ( 1939), Zorro's Black While (1944) and Man With the Steel Whip ( 1954) . Archeology is again the focus of the 1941 Republic opus, Adventures of Captain Marvel considered by many film buffs to be the finest serial ever made. Here, an ancient golden idol in the shape of a scorpion was the object of contention. Each leg of the scorpion had lenses which, when combined, released weird forces. Captain Marvel was originally a Fawcett Comics character and now appears in D.C. Comics. All the various dangers of Raiders: hidden darts, falling boulders, burning buildings, et al, were at various times clifthangers in many of the old serials. But for fans, they never seem to wear out. With the advent of Raiders of the Lost Ark the serial chapterplay may finally receive the wide "Welcome Back" it deserves. (full article http://www.apartment42.com/serials.htm)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural 213-999-6803

Attachment

Monument Application

"H" John Wayne In Howard Lydecker design LYDECKER MOVIE PROP

LOT 147 JOHN WAYNE - CURTIS P-40 LARGE SCALE MINIATURE FROM FLYING TIGERS B~T BY SPECIAL EFFECTS ARTIST HOWARD LYDECKER (REPUBLIC 1942) "PROFILES IN mSTORY" AUCTION - "HOLLYWOOD AUCTION'

This impressive, large-scale miniature of the Curtiss P-40E fighter as used by the American Volunteer Group in China was made by Howard Lydecker, the legendary special effects artist who, along with his brother, produced some of the most spectacular special effects shots ever rdmed during the 1940s, 50s and 60s. Lydecker worked on over 350 films during his lengthy career" which spanned some 35 years and included such classics as Toral Tora! Tora! Rim Silent, Run Dee Vi 'Q e t() the Bottomoi the Sea and a slew of others.

's John Wayne film is a thrilling silver-screen rendition of the heroics and daring of the Flying Tigers, as they came to be known at home and abroad. The film broke all box office records for Republic Pictures by a large margin, and was one of the top-grossing films of the year.

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment

"H":John Wayne InHoward Lydecker design cont •••

In order to re-create the aerial sequences of the film, Lydecker chose perhaps the most challenging option: he filmed every airborne dogfight sequence using a small, handcrafted fleet of these miniatures - not a single real aircraft was used for any of the flying scenes.

This screen-used miniature from the film has a 55 in. wingspan and measures 47 in from the tip of the nose cone to the tail, with a 14 in. diameter triple-blade propeller, which is screwed on to the fuselage so that the propeller can spin. An excellent large-scale miniature from one of John Wayne's most exciting films, made bynone other than Howard Lydecker, the undisputed master of miniature special effects du· his lifetime. $12 000 - $15,000

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment"P'

Miniature Effects Geniuses

Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea

Theodore Lydecker

Howard Lydecker

Miniature Effects Geniuses Howard & Theodore Lydecker They produced reasonably priced yet totally believable special effects back when miniatures were big.

Once upon a time, many years ago, there were no computers. Certainly, none sophisticated enough to create living breathing dinosaurs, super-atomic spaceships or ••• futuristic nuclear submarines so realistic you could feel the tons of crushing, killing water over your head. It was a time when if you wanted to thriftily create a special effect, you either had to paint it (glass and matte shots), build it full size (not so thrifty), or construct it in miniature and blow it up,(as in ka-boom!) while filming in slow-motion.

Lydecker miniature goes ka-boom!

The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

Attachment"1"

Miniature Effects Geniuses

If you were a young matinee-goer born with the miniature visual effects gene, you probably

ju.st couldn't get enough of the work of two guys named Howard and Theodore Lydecker •••

Go back and take a look at virtuaDy anything of any

size blown up in a Republic serial, and it was quite probably done in miniature. Most of the time, you couldn't teU. Certainly audiences of the day couldn't. Don't believe it? Take a gander at the flying sequences in Captain Marvel. Or watch as one of those fine black sedans goes shooting over a clifTto an explosive end in many a Republic serial At Right, a studio publicity shot of the miniature plane used in Republic's Dick Tracy. (Attachment"1"

Miniature Effects Geniuses cent •.••)

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

(Attachment "I" Miniature Effects Geniuses cont ••••)

At left, Howard Lydecker tests the track of a miniature car on a carefully constructed matching-scale roadway. Photographed from the correct angle, the tracks in which the model ran remained unseen, and the finished footage looked incredibly real It didn't hurt that aU the serials were shot in black and white. It's easier to match miniatures so rdmed to full scale footage. The secret of Republic's miniatures was the Lydeckers' insistence on the use of meticulously detailed large-scale models photographed, whenever possible, outdoors under natural light. Sometimes the backdrops were carefuHy built miniatures, although just as often the models were shot against natural backgrounds, with the camera positioned to imply full scale. In the photo at left, propped at an angle behind Howard Lydecker is a segment of totally convincing model desert.

(Attachment"1"

Miniature Effects Geniuses cont next page •••.)

The Lydecker House

Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

(Attachment "I" Miniature Effects Geniuses cont ••••)

For realism in the air, check out the Lydeekers' modelwork below •••

The effects crew checks a miniature bridge and explosive charges prior to the filming of a sequence for Flying Tigers. The scale model plane was guided on fine wires rendered invisible by distance and film grain.

This technique was used for spaceship sequences in Zombies of the Stratosphere and Commando eoify (TV). The natural lighting and actual mountain backgrounds made the final product believable. Years later, the technique worked nicely for the Flying Sub's airborne s uences in Vo a e to the Bottom Sea as you'll see on the next page.

Typically, the Lydeckers worked together on conceptualization, then Theodore drafted plans and oversaw production of the miniatures in the Republic miniature shop (pictured left). Howard usually directed filming. Compare the average Republic serial against any other, and if it involves special effects, you'1l see a world of difference ... AU photos on this page copyright Republic Pictures and Jack Mathis Advertising

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural 213-999-6803

Monument Application

(Attachment "I" Miniature Effects Geniuses cent ••••)
Above photos copyright Republic Pictures and Jack Mathis Advertising

••• as weD as for many underwater shots in the series. If you look closely at the photo to the right, ~ you can see vestiges of the control wires, particularly to the front of the model In addition to previously mentioned factors, the reduced definition of American television at the time of Voyage's initial airing, generally rendered these wires undetectable. These effects still look great today.

When special effects man L.B. Abbott came on board to do the Voyage TV show (he had of course done the special-effects work for the Voyage movie), Howard Lydecker was available, and with a bit of courting, came on board in Season One as a consultant and to oversee model construction.

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The Lydecker House Historical Cultural Monument Application 213-999-6803

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City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning 12/27/2007

LOS ANGELES CITY

PLANNING

OE:PARlME:NT ,

.PRoPERTy

ADDRESSES 3820 N BUENA PARKDR

ZIPC;ODES ~1Ei94:·· REhEN1"ACTIVITY'··

Nolle> '. :;,...

CASE NUMBERs . r\I()ne.;

sm

PARCEL PROFILE REPORT Address/Legal Information PIN Number: Area (Calculated): Thomas Brothers Grid: Assessor Parcel Number: Tract: Map Reference: Block: Lot: Arb (Lot Cut Reference): . Map Sheet: Jurisdictional Information Community Plan Area:

162B169 683 4,992.5 (sq ft) PAGE 562 - GRID H6 2369029010 TR 7497 M B 94-67/68 (SHTS 4-5) None 153 None 162B169

Area Planning Commission: Neighborhood Council: Council District: Census Tract #: LADBS District Office:

Sherman Oaks - Studio City Toluca Lake - Cahuenga Pass South Valley Studio City CD 2 - Wendy Greuel 1438.00 Van Nuys

Planning and Zoning Information Special Notes: Zoning: Zoning Information (ZI): General Plan Land Use: Plan Footnote - Site Req.: Additional Plan Footnotes: Specific Plan Area: Design Review Board: Historic Preservation Review: Historic Preservation Overlay Zone: Other Historic Designations: Other Historic Survey Information: Mills Act Contract: POD - Pedestrian Oriented Districts: CDO - Community Design Overlay: Streetscape: Sign District: Adaptive Reuse Incentive Area: 35% Density Bonus: CRA - Community Redevelopment Agency: Central City Parking: Downtown Parking: Building Line: 500 Ft School Zone: 500 Ft Park Zone:

None R1-1 None Low Residential See Plan Footnotes Sherman Oaks None No No None None None None None None No No None Not Eligible None No No None No No

Assessor Information Assessor Parcel Number: Parcel Area (Approximate): Use Code: Assessed Land Val.: Assessed Improvement Val.: Last Owner Change: Last Sale Amount: Tax Rate Area: Deed Reference No.: Building 1: 1. Year Built: The contents of this report are bound by the User Agreement as described In the Terms and Conditions

2369029010 4,965.8 (sq ft) 0100 - Single Residence $816,816 $204,204

06/28/07 $1,001,010 13 1554151 1940

of this website. For more details, please refer

to the Terms & Conditions link located at http://zJmas.laclty.org.

1. Building Class: 1. Number of Units: 1. Number of Bedrooms: 1. Number of Bathrooms: 1. Building Square Footage: Building 2: 2. Year Built: 2. Building Class: 2. Number of Units: 2. Number of Bedrooms: 2. Number of Bathrooms: 2. Building Square Footage: Building 3: 3. Year Built: 3. Building Class: 3. Number of Units: 3. Number of Bedrooms: 3. Number of Bathrooms: 3. Building Square Footage: Building 4: 4. Year Built: 4. Building Class: 4. Number of Units: 4. Number of Bedrooms: 4. Number of Bathrooms: 4. Building Square Footage: Building 5: 5. Year Built: 5. Building Class: 5. Number of Units: 5. Number of Bedrooms: 5. Number of Bathrooms: 5. Building Square Footage:

2 2 1,719.0 (sq ft) Not Available Not Available

o o o

0.0 (sq ft) Not Available Not Available

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0.0 (sq ft) Not Available Not Available

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None

Not Available Not Available

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0.0 (sq ft)

Additional Information Airport Hazard: Coastal Zone: Farmland: Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone: Fire District No.1: Fire District No.2: Flood Zone: Hazardous Waste I Border Zone Properties: Methane Hazard Site: High Wind Velocity Areas: Hillside Grading: Oil Wells: Alquist-Priolo Fault Zone: Distance to Nearest Fault: Landslide: Liquefaction:

None None Area not Mapped Yes No No None No None No Yes None No 1.04404 (km) No No

Economic Development Areas Business Improvement District: Federal Empowerment Zone: Renewal Community: Revitalization Zone: State Enterprise Zone: Targeted Neighborhood Initiative:

None None No None None None

Public Safety Police Information: Bureau: Division I Station: Report District: Fire Information: District I Fire Station: Batallion: Division: The contonts of this report aro bound by the User Agreement

D75C 1

as described In the Tenns and Conditions of this websltn. For more details, please

Valley North Hollywood 1595

78 14 3 refer to the Tonns & CondlUons link located at http://zimas,laclty.org.