Redbook-1999-2000 (78GA) - Iowa Legislature

Redbook-1999-2000 (78GA) - Iowa Legislature

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER 1999-2000 Publisher CHESTER J. CULVER Secretary of State IOWA STATE LAW LIBRARY V o l u m e 68 S t a t e H o u s e Des Moin...

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

1999-2000 Publisher

CHESTER J. CULVER Secretary of State IOWA STATE LAW LIBRARY

V o l u m e 68 S t a t e H o u s e Des Moines, Iowa 50319 •-

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 EXECUTIVE BRANCH The Executive Council Office of the Governor Office of the Lieutenant Governor Office of the Secretary of State Office of the Auditor of State Office of the Treasurer of State Office of the Secretary of Agriculture Office of the Attorney General Renaming the Old Historical Building

6-7 8-9 10-11 12-13 14-15 16-17 18-19 20-21 22

2 LEGISLATIVE BRANCH The Legislative Branch Senate Officers and Committees Listing of Senators by District Map of Senate Districts State Senators House Officers and Committees Listing of Representatives by District Map of House Districts State Representatives Legislative Statutory Bodies

24-26 27-29 29 30 31-47 48-50 51 52 53-86 87-91

3 JUDICIAL BRANCH The Judicial Branch Justices of the Iowa Supreme Court Judges of the Iowa Court of Appeals Biographies of Justices of the Iowa Supreme Court Biographies of Judges of the Iowa Court of Appeals Iowa District Court Judicial Boards and Commissions

94 95 96 97-98 99-100 101-105 106

4 STATE AGENCIES Listing of the State Agencies

107-169

5 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT President and Vice President of the United States 172 Iowa's U.S. Senators 173 Iowa's U.S. Representatives 174-176 U.S. Government Officials 177-178 Historical Listing of Iowa's U.S. Senators & Representatives... 179-180 Mayflower Compact 181 Declaration of Independence 182-183 Constitution of the United States 184-188 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution 189-193 6 LOCAL GOVERNMENT Municipal Government, County Government Iowa's County Officials Iowa's Population Figures - 1990/1980 Census Statistical Information of Iowa Counties

196 197-229 230-235 236-237

7 HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION History of Iowa The Underground Railroad in Iowa Territorial Officials & Governors of Iowa Historical Listing of State Officials of Iowa Origin and Naming of Iowa Counties The Drafting of Iowa s Constitution Constitution of the State of Iowa Amendments to the Constitution of Iowa

240-249 249 250-255 256-264 265-266 267-268 269-284 284-293

8 IOWA PROFILE State Symbols and Song Homes of Iowa Governors State Capitol Notable Iowans Monuments Iowa's Diversified Economy Agriculture - Iowa's Basic Industry Iowa Labor Force Trends Travel and Tourism Art and Culture State Parks and Recreation Areas Fish and Wildlife Resources Forestry and the Forest Resource Quick Facts About Iowa Legal Holidays and Recognition Days The Iowa Award f Iowa Women's Hall of Fame Iowa Veteran's Organizations Capitol Youth Project Iowa Student Political Awareness Club

296-300 301-302 303-307 308 309-313 314-315 315-317 318 318-320 320-322 322-325 325-326 326-327 327-329 330 331 332 333-334 335 336

9 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS State Universities Private Colleges and Universities State Schools Community Colleges Area Education Agencies

338-343 344-355 356-357 358-364 365-367

10 ELECTIONS Election Dates and Filing Deadlines Absentee Voting in Iowa and Voter Registration Iowa Democratic Party Republican Party of Iowa Presidential Caucuses in Iowa Iowa s Popular Vote Totals Iowa Primary Election Iowa General Election, Canvass by Counties Special Election Results

370-371 371-372 373 374 375-378 379-382 383-409 410-440 441

INDEX How to Reach Your Official

443-446 448

Chapter 1

Education is a Better Safeguard of Liberty Than a Standing Army/' - Everett

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

photo by Russ Bickett

IOWA EXECUTIVE COUNCIL Seated: Michael Fitzgerald, Treasurer; Patty Judge, Secretary of Agriculture Standing: Dick Johnson, Auditor; Tom Vilsack, Governor; Chet Culver, Secretary of State

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL TOM VILSACK, governor CHESTER J. CULVER, secretary of state RICHARD D. JOHNSON, auditor of state MICHAEL L. FITZGERALD, treasurer of state PATTY JUDGE, secretary of agriculture Georganna Madsen, administrative support

The Executive Council was created by the adoption of the Code of 1860. The secretary of state acted as secretary of the council until the enactment of the Code of 1897, which provided for a secretary. Among the duties placed upon the Executive Council by the laws of Iowa are the following: to act upon all state activities and to notify all interested persons of action taken therein; to determine the value at which property may be taken by Iowa corporations and amount of stock which may be issued on account thereof; to approve articles of incorporation and by-laws of building and loan associations and plan for liquidation of said associations; to approve property purchases; to authorize department leases; to authorize and pay special assessments; to authorize and pay court costs and special attorney general fees; to authorize condemnation proceedings; to approve bank depositories of public funds; to authorize the canvass of votes cast for state and district officers; and to approve out-of-state travel.

Report of Executive Council Secretary Section 19.6 Code of Iowa, 1985, requires that a report of the secretary of the Executive Council be published in the Iowa Official Register. The portion of the report of the secretary dealing with matters of general interest is presented here. Other matters required in the report as to Iowa cities and the official canvass of Iowa election results are presented in tables elsewhere. The council had 42 regular meetings and convened one time as the Official Board of Canvass in 1997. There were no corporations authorized to issue stock in exchange for property or out of surplus in 1997. The council had 42 regular meetings and convened two times as the Official Board of Canvass in 1998. There were no corporations authorized to issue stock in exchange for property or out of surplus in 1998.

Governor The supreme executive power of the state is vested in the governor. It is the governor's duty to see that the laws are enforced, to supervise the official business of the state, to make recommendations to the General Assembly, and to appoint various officers and board members. Most major appointments are subject to confirmation by the Senate. The governor has the power to call special sessions of the legislature and veto acts passed by the General Assembly, but a majority of two-thirds of each house may pass a bill over the veto. To qualify as governor, a person must have been a citizen of the United States and a resident of the state for at least two years, and must be 30 years of age or older at the date of election.

TOM VILSACK Governor

Governor's Staff

Chief of Staff, John Norris; General Counsel, N. Brian Gentry; Policy Dir., John Cacciatore; Administration Dir., Elisabeth Buck; Communications Dir., Joe Shannahan; Governor's Scheduler, Matthew Paul; Legislative Affairs Dir., Greg Nichols; Intergovernmental Affairs Dir., Joanne Oldson; Outreach Dir., Dusky Terry, Appointments Coordinator, Catherine Jury; Volunteerism Coordinator, Mike Milligan; Correspondence Coordinator, Sally Adams; Deputy General Counsel, Stephanie Pickens; Deputy Communications Dir., Madhu Chugh; Governor's Executive Assistant, Deb Madison; Assistant to Chief of Staff, Monica Seigel Fischer; Receptionist, Rose Mary Pratt; Administrative Assistant to Policy Dir., Jean Cooper; Administrative Assistant to General Counsel, Kelly Thompson; Director, Department of Management, Cindy Eisenhauer; Budget Director, Randy Bauer

OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR State Capitol, Des Moines, IA 50319 (515)281-5211 www.state, ia. us I government I governor The supreme executive power of the state is vested in the governor, whose term of office is four years. A person is eligible for the governorship who is a citizen of the United States and a resident of Iowa for two years preceding the next election, and has attained the age of 30 years at the time of said election. The governor appoints all principal officers of the state not elected by the people and certain other officers connected with the state government, subject to confirmation by a 2/3 vote of the members of the State Senate. When any office, from any cause, becomes vacant, and no mode is provided by the constitution and laws for filling such vacancy, the governor has the power to fill such vacancy. The chief executive is also responsible for taking final action on all laws enacted by the General Assembly. The governor may approve, by signing, or disapprove, by veto, a bill passed by both houses of the Legislature or the governor may allow a bill to become law without signing it. The governor may also call an extra session of the General Assembly when there is necessity of action and may order adjournment of the Legislature if the members cannot reach agreement when to adjourn. The governor must report to the Legislature the financial condition of the state and a recommendation for any appropriate action concerning the financial status. The governor has the task of granting or denying executive clemency in the form of restoration of voting rights, commutation of sentences, pardons, remissions of fines and forfeitures, and gun licenses privileges. The specific statutory duties of the office of governor include being commander-in-chief of the military forces of Iowa, chairperson of the Executive Council and the authority to grant or deny extradition whenever there is a request for a fugitive from justice. The governor has many obligations as the chief executive to the people of Iowa. These include meeting different groups or individuals to discuss problems which in some way affect government; conferring with Iowa's congressional delegation to discuss national issues which affect Iowa; promoting Iowa and its manufactured and agricultural products; answering correspondence from the electorate and endeavoring to meet visitors who wish to visit the Capitol and the governor's office. Governor Tom Vilsack's top priority is for Iowans to receive the best education for today and tomorrow. Governor Vilsack believes if every child has a strong foundation in the basics, such as reading, they will be able to compete for the jobs of the future. He also believes that working Iowans deserve opportunities to develop the skills necessary to succeed in the workforce. In addition to offering specific solutions to improve our schools, Governor Vilsack is working to provide adequate health care for our children and senior citizens and ensure our water is safe for our children to drink. In summary, the governor is the chief administrator of the state government and is held responsible by the citizenry for the effective and efficient administration of the various state departments and agencies in Iowa.

Tom Vilsack - Mt. Pleasant (D) Birth: December 12, 1950, Pittsburgh, PA. Parents: Bud and Dolly Vilsack. Education: Graduated from Shady Side Academy; A.B. Hamilton College, 1972; Albany Law School, Union University, 1975. Spouse: Ann Christine Vilsack. Children: 2 sons, Jess William and Douglas James. Profession and Activities: Partner in Bell and Vilsack Law Office, 1975-1998. Former mayor of Mount Pleasant, 1987-1992. State Senator, 49th District, 1992-1998. Member: St. Alphonsus Roman Catholic Church. Salary: $104,352. Term: expires January 2003.

SALLY J. PEDERSON Lieutenant Governor

Lieutenant Governor's Staff Senior Advisor, Dawn Wilson; Special Assistant, Molly Culbertson; Special Assistant, Allison Engel; Scheduler, Katherine Riley

OFFICE OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR State Capitol Des Moines, IA 50319 (515)281-5211 www.state.ia.us I government I governor Sally J. Pederson serves with the Governor in a unique partnership. During the campaign, Tom Vilsack promised that she would be a full partner in his administration, and she has been fully engaged from the start. An example of their collaboration was the fact that Lieutenant Governor Pederson was the only Lieutenant Governor to attend the National Governors Association New Governor's Conference immediately after the election in November, 1998. After working on the transition from a Republican to Democratic administration, Lieutenant Governor Pederson was named to oversee The Governor's 21st Century Workforce Council, a statewide effort to improve workforce development in Iowa. The council will be holding regional meetings throughout the state in 1999, and developing an action plan for partnerships between business, education, and nonprofits to ease the shortage of skilled workers in Iowa. Lieutenant Governor Pederson is continuing the effort of her predecessor in chairing The Iowa Committee on Diversity, which organizes a statewide conference each fall. The theme for the 1999 conference will be Iowa Immigration, and the dates will be October 5-6 at the Polk County Convention Center in Des Moines. The work of the committee dovetails with the Vilsack-Pederson administration's emphasis on inclusion and diversity. Another project of the Lieutenant Governor is her weekly Learning Through Volunteering program. Fulfilling a pledge in her inaugural speech, the Lieutenant Governor is finding time to volunteer once a week somewhere in the state. She has two purposes for volunteering. The first is to learn first-hand about the many programs that are helped by the work of volunteer hands. Also, she hopes her actions will encourage all Iowans to look for ways they can serve others. Long-standing constitutional provisions also direct that the lieutenant governor stand ready to succeed the governor in the event the governor cannot complete his term. Lieutenant Governor Pederson's office adjoins the governor's on the first floor of the Iowa Statehouse.

Sally J. Pederson - Des Moines (D) Birth: Jan. 13, 1951, Muscatine. Parents: Wineva and Gerald Pederson. Education: B.S. degree in Hotel, Restaurant, and Institution Management from Iowa State University, 1973. Spouse: James A. Autry. Children: Rick; Jim, Jr.; Ronald. Grandchildren: 2. Profession & Activities: Sworn in as Iowa's lieutenant governor on Jan. 15, 1999. Her professional career began at Meredith Corporation in Des Moines, where she rose through the ranks to become senior food editor for Better Homes and Gardens magazine. Since 1984, the Lt. Governor has devoted much of her time to community service. She served as president of Polk County Health Services, board president for the Autism Society of Iowa, and was the founding president of The Homestead Living and Learning Center for Adults with Autism. She has served on the board of directors of Blank Children's Hospital, The Des Moines Playhouse, Very Special Arts Iowa, YWCA Aliber Child Care Center, the YMCA Central Branch, the Des Moines Metro Opera, and the State Special Education Advisory Panel. She currently serves on the board of directors for the National Alliance for Autism Research, the Mid-Iowa Health Foundation, and Legacy 150. Before being tapped by Tom Vilsack to run for Lt. Governor, Sally J. Pederson had never sought political office. Salary: $73,047. Term: expires January 2003.

CHESTER J. CULVER Secretary of State

Secretary of State's Staff Chief Deputy, Dean Lerner; Deputy for Elections and Voter Registration, Bob Galbraith; Deputy for Communications and Publications, Donn Stanley, Marilyn Monroe; Deputy for Administration, Joni Klaassen; Legislative Liason, Eric Bakker; Executive Officer, Rob Berntsen; Administrative Assistant, Molly Clause; Administrative Aide, Jody Gast

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE State Capitol, Des Moines, IA 50319 (515)281-8993 www.sos.state.ia.us The Secretary of State is a constitutional officer elected every four years. Chester J. (Chet) Culver is the twenty-ninth Iowan to serve as Secretary of State. Since 1846, when Elisha Cutler, Jr. served as Iowa's first Secretary of State, the Office has expanded in scope and assumed significantly greater responsibilities. The Office is divided into four Divisions: Elections and Voter Registration, Business Services, Administrative Services, and Communications and Publications. The Elections and Voter Registration Division encompasses many of the official responsibilities of the Secretary of State. Secretary Culver is the State Commissioner of Elections. In this role he supervises Iowa's ninety-nine County Auditors in the administration of Iowa's election laws and prescribes uniform election practices and procedures. Secretary Culver is also the State Registrar of Voters and his goal is to make Iowa first in the nation in voter registration and participation. Secretary Culver founded the Iowa Student Political Awareness Club (ISPAC), a nonpartisan statewide student organization designed to increase political and civic participation by Iowa's youth. The Office also sponsors the "Capitol Project," a 3-day conference at the State Capitol providing Iowa's high school students with the opportunity to experience government first-hand. Secretary Culver works with the National Association of Secretaries of State (NASS) and various state officials and organizations in a concerted effort to improve participation by all Iowans in the electoral process. The Business Services Division is a service and records center for businesses in Iowa, the nation, and the world. Among its key responsibilities are the registration and authorization of domestic and foreign corporations to transact business in Iowa. In addition, there are currently over 100,000 active profit and nonprofit corporations filed with the Business Services Division. The Division is also responsible for the processing and administration of Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) filings and searches and maintains over 350,000 active UCC records. Annually, over 125,000 Financing Statements, Amendments, Terminations, and other UCC related documents are filed with the Office. The Division also reviews, files, and renews Trademarks, Athlete Agents, Waste Tire Haulers, Transient Merchants, Travel Agencies and Agents, and Postsecondary Schools. The Division is also responsible for commissioning and educating Iowa's 50,000 Notaries Public. Secretary Culver has utilized advances in information technology to improve business access to state government by expanding the Office's website to include accessibility to the Business Services Division's public records. On-line access to the Corporate and UCC databases is now available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The Administrative Services Division along with the Communications and Publications Division perform a host of functions, ranging from scheduling and providing media information to implementing and promoting Secretary Culver's initiatives. They also record land patents, enroll all legislative enactments and preserve original documents, including the Iowa Constitution and Acts of the General Assembly. The Iowa Official Register ("The Red Book") and the Iowa Official Directory of Federal, State and County Officers are published by the Office along with many guides and forms prescribed by the Secretary of State. In addition, the Office files oaths of office, voluntary annexations, "28E" Agreements and acts as agent for service of process. Secretary Culver co-signs with the Governor all Commissions, Proclamations, Extraditions and Land Patents.

Chester J. Culver (Chet) - Des Moines (D) Birth: January 25, 1966. Parents: John C. Culver & Ann Cooper Culver. Education: Political Science, B.A., Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1988; Master of Arts in Teaching, Drake University, Des Moines, 1994. Spouse: Mariclare Thinnes Culver, 1993. Profession and Activities: Elected to first term as Secretary of State in November 1998, currently the youngest secretary of state in the nation. Chair, Executive Council Insurance Advisory Committee; State Commissioner of Elections; State Registrar of Voters; Chair, State Voter Registration Commission; Chair, State Advisory Committee for Postsecondary School Registration. Member: Iowa Executive Council; State Records Commission; National Association of Secretaries of State, serving on its Committee on Elections and Voter Participation, the Committee on Presidential Caucuses and Primaries, and the New Millennium Youth Initiative; Elections Task Force for the Council of State Governments. Consumer and environmental advocate, Iowa Attorney General's Office, 1991-1995. High school government and history teacher and coach, Hoover High School, Des Moines, 1995-1998. Member: Iowa State Education Association, Des Moines Education Association. Awarded a Fulbrighl Memorial Fund Teachers Scholarship for three weeks of study in Japan, Fall of 1997. Salary: $82,940. Term: expires January 2003.

RICHARD D. JOHNSON Auditor of State

Auditor's Staff Chief Deputy Auditor of State, Warren G. Jenkins, CPA; Deputy, Administration Division, Judy Vander Linden, CPA; Deputy, Financial Audit Division, Andrew E. Nielsen, CPA; Acting Deputy, Performance Investigation Division, Tami Kusian, CPA; Executive Assistant, Sue M. Hurst

OFFICE OF THE AUDITOR OF STATE State Capitol, Des Moines, I A 50319 (515)281-5834 www.state, ia. us /government /auditor The Auditor of State is the "Taxpayer's Watchdog." As provided by the Iowa Constitution, the auditor is elected to a four-year term. The auditor is required to annually audit every department of state government and report their financial condition. The auditor also is to report whether funds were expended for the intended purposes, whether department activities were efficiently conducted, any illegal or unbusinesslike practices and make recommendations for greater simplicity, accuracy and efficiency in the operation of state government. Results are in individual reports and in the State's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. A Single Audit Report is also issued to cover all federal funds expended by the state and compliance with federal requirements governing those expenditures. School districts, community colleges, cities, counties, and public hospitals, may request an audit or citizens of the entity may petition for an audit. The auditor may review local government audits by CPA firms and perform re-audits. These audit reports issued by CPA firms must be filed with the auditor. All audit reports issued by the auditor are available for public inspection in the auditor's office. The Office of Auditor of State has a professional staff of 100, including over 50 Certified Public Accountants. The office is functionally organized into three divisions, with duties and responsibilities as follows: (1) Administration Division - Provides office accounting, budgeting, payroll, personnel, training, and other support functions; maintains effective intergovernmental, legislative and media communications; and assists with overall administration of the office. (2) Financial Audit Division - Performs audits of state agencies and governmental subdivisions. It also performs report and working paper reviews of CPA audits; performs re-audits, as necessary; and provides technical guidance and assistance to CPA firms, government officials and the public. (3) Performance Investigation Division - Conducts audits of state agencies and the programs they administer to provide an independent assessment of the performance of government organizations, programs, activities and functions. It also evaluates whether agencies and programs have been properly managed and investigates suspected fraud and misappropriations involving government funds. By virtue of the office, the auditor is a member of the Executive Council, the State Appeal Board, the Iowa Telecommunications and Technology Commission, the Underground Storage Tank Insurance Board and the County and City Finance Committees. Mr. Johnson is also a member and president-elect of the National Association of State Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers; the National State Auditors Association of which he is a past-president; the Government Finance Officers Association and the Association of Government Accountants.

Richard D. Johnson - Sheldahl (R) Birth: February 3, 1935, Spencer, Nebraska. Parents: Harry and Clarice Johnson. Education: Graduated Spencer, NE H.S., 1952; General Motors Institute Dealer Co-op Program, 1954. B.S., accounting, Drake University, 1960; CPA, 1963. Military Service: National Guard, 1955-1989. Graduate of U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1975. Spouse: Marjorie. Children: 3 daughters; DeAnn, JoAnn, and LeAnn; 1 son, David. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Auditor of State since 1979. Employed with Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., 1960-1968. Joined auditor of state staff in 1968 as director of audits. Appointed director of finance, Iowa Highway Commission, 1968. Appointed as first director of Department of Transportation's (DOT) Administration Division, 1975. Appointed director of DOT's Motor Vehicle Division, 1978. Sheldahl city clerk, 1959-1963. Mayor of Sheldahl, 1964-1975. Chair, Central Iowa Regional Planning Comm., 1967. Board member, League of Municipalities, 8 years, and president, 1971. Former treasurer, board member, trustee: Madrid Evangelical Free Church. Former member: Auditing Standards Board of the American Institue of CPAs, 1985-1989, becoming the first lowan to serve on the board. Member: Rotary Club, Boone County Farm Bureau. Salary: $85,429. Term: expires January 2003.

MICHAEL L. FITZGERALD Treasurer

Treasurer's Staff Deputy, Steven F. Miller; Deputy, Stefanie Devin; Deputy, Bret Mills

OFFICE OF THE TREASURER OF STATE State Capitol, Des Moines, I A 50319 (515)281-5368 www. treasurer, state, ia. us The treasurer of state, a constitutional officer, serves a four-year term. The treasurer plays a primary role in the cash management of state funds. The treasurer processes receipts, accounts for funds, invests funds, and maintains custody of funds. The treasury functions as a depository for state agencies and the treasurer handles all consequent bank relations. The treasurer also accounts for state funds on a cash basis and balances regularly with the Iowa Department of Revenue and Finance. The treasurer invests state operating funds, funds transferred to the state under Iowa's unclaimed property laws, and the Iowa Centennial Memorial Foundation funds. The treasurer also administers the investment of two state pension funds; the Judicial Retirement Fund and the Peace Officers' Retirement fund. The treasurer maintains custody of the funds listed above, as well as the Iowa Public Employee's Retirement Fund. The treasurer of state also works in the following areas: Monthly, the treasurer meets with the superintendent of banking and the state auditor to set interest rates to be paid on public funds held in depositories. They also set guidelines and rates for the debt obligation of public bodies in Iowa. Additionally, the treasurer ensures that public funds investments and deposits are secure. The treasurer provides technical assistance to public bodies regarding investments. In addition, the treasurer manages the public funds pledging program which secures deposits in excess of federal insurance. The treasurer prepares an annual report of bonded indebtedness of state and local governments in Iowa. The treasurer coordinates the issuance of obligations (notes, bonds, and other evidence of indebtedness) by state agencies, authorities, or other instrumentalities of the state. Companies and banks in Iowa and across the nation report millions of dollars in unclaimed property to the state treasurer each year. Treasurer Fitzgerald created the Great Iowa Treasure Hunt to locate owners of unclaimed funds. The treasurer returns thousands of dollars to Iowans each year. The treasurer provides below market financing for alternative crops and nontraditional livestock, for focused small businesses and the transfer of rural small businesses. The treasurer of state serves on a number of state boards and authorities including the State Executive Council, the State Appeal Board, the Peace Officers' Retirement Board, the Records Management Commission, the Iowa Centennial Memorial Foundation, the Iowa Comprehensive Petroleum Underground Storage Tank Board, the Iowa Business Development Corporation, and acts as an ex-officio member of all state finance authorities. The treasurer also serves as the treasurer of the Iowa Grain Depositors & Indemnification Board. The treasurer administers College Savings Iowa, a plan created in 1998 to provide Iowa families with a way to save for future college expenses. The plan provides state and federal tax breaks, minimal paperwork, no administrative fees and the accounts can be used at any institution of higher learning in the country. Kiplinger Magazine rated Iowa's plan number one in the country in the February 1999 issue.

Michael L. Fitzgerald - Des Moines (D) Birth: November 29, 1951, Marshalltown. Parents: James and Clara Fitzgerald. Education: Graduated Colo Community High School, 1970; B.S. in business administration, University of Iowa, 1974. Children: 1 daughter, Erin; 1 son, Ryan . Profession and Activities: Serving fifth term as treasurer of Iowa. Previously employed as a marketing analyst for Massey Ferguson Company, Des Moines for 8 years. Member and past president of the National Association of State Auditors, Comptrollers, & Treasurers (NASACT), National Association of State Treasurers (NAST), Midwest Treasurers Association, and the National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators. Served as investment advisor for the Pensions in the Nineties delegation to the Soviet Union, 1991. Chosen by City & State magazine as one of the most valuable public officials working in state government, 1989. Chosen as one of 10 delegates in the American Council of Young Political Leaders for a Study Tour of the People's Republic of China, 1988. Salary: $85,429. Term: expires January 2003.

PATTY JUDGE Secretary of Agriculture

Secreretary of Agriculture's Staff Deputy, Brent Hailing; Laboratory Division Director, Daryl Frey; Soil Conservation Division Director, James B. Gulliford; Administrative Division Director, Mary Jane Olney; Regulatory Division Director, Ronald Rowland; Agricultural Development Authority Director, Steve Ferguson

OFFICE OF SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319 (515) 281-5231 www. state, ia. us I agriculture The Iowa Department of Agriculture was established by the 40th General Assembly in 1923. The 71st General Assembly expanded and changed the department's name in 1986 to the Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship. The department's mission is to encourage a relationship between people and land that recognizes the land as a resource to be managed to avoid irreparable harm and to advance farming as an economic activity as well as a way of life. The department also is required to: preserve and improve the quality of Iowa's soil, water and mineral resources; provide financial assistance for beginning farmers; and administer state regulatory, laboratory and inspection programs for the protection of consumers and producers. By providing field services, financial assistance and incentive programs to Iowa's soil and water conservation districts, the quality of Iowa's soil and water is preserved and improved. The department works with other state entities on projects that will preserve and protect the quality of Iowa's soil and water. In addition, the department regulates mining and mined land reclamation projects. The Agricultural Marketing Division assists Iowa producers by monitoring and reporting cash grain prices and livestock auction market prices, publishing a Farm and Commodity Organization Directory, and a Hay and Straw Producers Directory. Promoting the expansion of farmers' markets and horticulture is accomplished through the Agriculture Diversification Bureau. A statewide organic certification program is being developed in the department to assist Iowa organic producers in marketing their products. The Office of Renewable Fuels and Co-Products promotes the production and use of ethanol, soydiesel and other fuels made from Iowa agricultural commodities, as well as value-added coproducts generated from renewable fuels processing. The department supports value-added agriculture by providing grants to a wide variety of other value-added initiatives through the Rural Economic Value-Added Mentoring Program (REVAMP). The Agricultural Development Authority provides financial assistance to farmers. The Authority administers programs to increase credit availability for farmers, including reduced interest rate programs to assist beginning farmers in acquiring land, buildings, and depreciable agricultural property. It provides assistance to farmers in soil conservation practices and operating loan guarantee programs. The Authority also coordinates the annual Iowa Agricultural Youth-Institute to provide students an opportunity to explore issues and opportunities in agriculture and agri-business. The department monitors food produced and processed in the state. It tests feeds, fertilizers, seeds, pesticides, veterinary drugs and vitamins, meat, poultry, dairy products and drinking water to ensure public safety. It inspects dairy farms, plants, meat and poultry processing facilities, weights and measures devices, and grain warehouses to ensure compliance with state regulations. Through the work of the department, Iowa will continue to lead the nation in environmentally friendly agriculture production, striving to become the food capital of the world in the next century.

Patty Judge - Albia (D) Birth: November 2, 1943, Fort Madison. Parents: Lester and Lois Gares Poole. Education: Graduated from Albia Comm. H. S., 1962; Iowa Methodist School of Nursing, 1965. Attended University of Iowa. Spouse: John Judge, 1969. Children: 3 sons; Douglas, W. Dien, and Joseph. Profession and Activities: Elected Iowa's first female secretary of agriculture in November 1998. Livestock farmer. Iowa State Senator 1992-98; served as Assis. Maj. Leader, Assis. Min. Leader, and Ranking Member of the Ag. Comm. Served on the Senate Natural Resources, Ways and Means, Appropriations, Small Business, and Economic Dev. Comm. Former mediator and regional coord, for IA Farmer Mediation Service. Former registered nurse, real estate broker and rural appraiser. Chair: Renewable Fuels and Co-Products Adv. Comm. and the IA Grain Indemnity Brd. Member: Various state boards, commissions and agriculture related organizations, including the State Fair Brd; PEO; St. Mary's Catholic Church, Albia. Past member: Brd. of Directors, Albia Area Chamber of Commerce. Salary: $85,429. Term: expires January 2003.

TOM MILLER Attorney General

Attorney General's Staff Deputy Attorney General, Gordon Allen; Deputy Attorney General, Doug Marek; Deputy Attorney General, Julie Pottorff; Deputy Attorney General, Tarn Ormiston; Chief of Staff, Eric Tabor

OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319 (515) 281-5164 www,state, ia. us /government I ag The Attorney General is a constitutional officer elected by popular vote every four years. The Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the state and head of the Iowa Department of Justice. The powers and duties of the office include: representing the departments and agencies of state government; taking action for citizens in consumer protection and other areas; enforcing the state's environmental protection laws; playing a central role in the criminal justice system; and providing assistance and advocacy for the victims of crime. The Attorney General also issues legal opinions on questions of law submitted by elected or appointed state officials and defends all tort claim actions against the state. The Attorney General represents state agencies by representing them in court and giving legal advice on questions of law. The Attorney General also represents the state in other actions and proceedings when, in the Attorney General's judgment, the best interests of the state require it, or when requested to appear by the Governor or Executive Council. The Attorney General's Consumer Protection Division enforces state consumer protection statutes and works to inform citizens so they can avoid being cheated by "con-artists." The Farm Division of the office provides consumer protection and legal advocacy for farmers. The Attorney General also maintains an Office of Consumer Advocate, which represents the interests of consumers in regulated utility cases before the Iowa Utilities Board. The Attorney General enforces state environmental laws by prosecuting criminal cases against the most serious polluters, and by taking civil legal action both independently and on behalf of the state Department of Natural Resources. The Attorney General plays a key role in criminal law by handling all criminal appeals from the 99 counties to the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals, prosecuting some of the most difficult cases at the request of county attorneys, and proposing changes in state criminal statutes. The Attorney General's Crime Victim Assistance Division is the primary agency responsible for aiding and advocating for victims of crime. The Crime Victim Compensation Program awards over $3 million a year to victims of violent crime such as rape and assault, and to survivors of homicide victims. (The funds come entirely from fines and penalties paid by criminals). The division also distributes about $6 million each year to local victim service programs throughout the state. Attorney General Miller has focused on preventing juvenile crime—especially by identifying and strengthening programs that provide appropriate consequences for youths on the entire continuum from first offenders to the most serious offenders. He also has made a priority of reducing youth access to tobacco and, along with 46 other states, settled a lawsuit against the tobacco industry which will return about $1.7 billion to Iowa taxpayers over 25 years.

Tom Miller - Des Moines (D) Birth: August 11, 1944, Dubuque. Parents: Elmer and Betty Kross Miller. Education: Graduated valedictorian from Wahlert High School, 1962; B.A., Loras College, 1966; J.D., Harvard Law School, 1969. Spouse: Linda Cottington. Children: 1 son, Matthew. Profession and Activities: Served as Iowa Attorney General, 1978-1990 and 1995-present. Served in VISTA, 1969-1970. Legislative assistant to U.S. Representative John C. Culver (D-Iowa), 1970-1971. Worked in the Baltimore Legal Aid Bureau as legal education director and taught part-time at the University of Maryland School of Law, 1971-1973. Practiced law and served as city attorney in McGregor, Iowa, 1973-1978. Partner in the firm of Faegre & Benson in Des Moines, 1991-1994. Member: St. Augustin's Catholic Church, Iowa Bar Association, American Bar Association, Common Cause and the Sierra Club. Honorary degree from Loras College, 1979. Distinguished Alumnus Award from Loras College, 1983. Past President of National Association of Attorneys General. Recipient of Wyman Award for distinguished service to the National Association of Attorneys General, 1990. Salary: $102,361. Term: expires January 2003.

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Renaming the Old Historical Building in Recognition of Ola Babcock Miller by Eric Bakker, executive officer, Iowa Secretary of State's Office The Old Historical Building located at 1112 East Grand Avenue in Des Moines is about to get a new name. Senate Joint Resolution #2, has officially designated the Old Historical Building as the Ola Babcock Miller State Office Building. Not many Iowans recognize her name, but her contributions to the state were significant and play an important role in our lives yet today. Ola Miller served as Iowa's first female secretary of state from 1933-1937, and is perhaps better known as the "mother" of the Iowa Highway Patrol. Ola Babcock was born on a Washington County farm in 1871 and moved with her parents to Washington, Iowa at age five. She attended public schools, the Washington Academy and Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant. After college, Ola taught in Washington County rural schools, and then in 1895 was married to Alex Miller, editor of the Washington Democrat who was very active in state politics. In fact, Mr. Miller was an unsuccessful candidate for governor on the Democratic ticket in 1926. He died of a heart attack in 1927'. During the 1920's, Ola was active in the women's suffrage movement and in many women's organizations, serving as Iowa and national president of the P.E.O. She also traveled the state as a representative of the Iowa Democratic Party speaking out for social reform. While president of the P.E.O., she was criticized for endorsing the 1928 Democratic presidential candidacy of Al Smith, the first Catholic to run for the office. In 1932, she secured an interview with Democratic presidential candidate Franklin Roosevelt in New York City for the Des Moines Register and became convinced he was the man to elect. In the 1932 election, Mrs. Miller's name was placed on the ballot as the Democratic candidate for Iowa secretary of state. This was done by her party to show appreciation for her work on the platform and other issues. She called her candidacy "a martyrdom for the cause" and consented to run because she thought it would "please Alex." Nobody expected her to win, not even Mrs. Miller herself. But Franklin Roosevelt won the presidency by a land-slide and swept many Democrats into office with him, and Iowa had its first female Secretary of State. Reelection came easily in 1934 with a vote tally second only to that of popular Governor Clyde Herring. Two years later in 1936, she drew more votes than any previous candidate for elective office in Iowa's history. Interestingly, her daughter Ophelia married (Jefferson, Iowa native) George Gallup of the Gallup Poll and American Institute of Public Opinion fame. It is said that Gallup got his idea for the political poll by helping his mother-in-law with state elections. Just before she took office, one of her best friends had a young son killed in an automobile accident. Mrs. Miller took the news hard, and vowed to do something about highway safety. The young man's death, along with the ever increasing number of accidents on the State's highways made her feel the need to establish well-defined safety code and tradition for motorists. Shortly after assuming office, Mrs. Miller turned to the Motor Vehicle Department - which was part of the secretary of state's office in 1933 - for her campaign. The Motor Vehicle Department consisted of 15 motor license inspectors who enforced the complex license regulations of Iowa and license reciprocities between Iowa and other states. They were, in fact, basically tax collectors. Mrs. Miller, without money, authorization or blessing of the legislature added to the duties of these 15 inspectors that of enforcing road safety regulations. She called them together and instructed them "from now on, save lives first, money afterwards." Each man was assigned six or seven counties and were to look for unsafe vehicles and unsafe drivers, and to either warn them about their driving habits or ticket them when necessary. Above all, they were to be courteous and spread the word about highway safety. She and her "inspectors" also gave numerous speeches to high schools, clubs and other organizations around the state. The response from the public was positive, although many were frightened when stopped by plainclothes officers. To rectify this problem, she brought the men together again, and issued them uniforms, which they had to pay for themselves, and sent them back out on the roads. She got results. Between 1933 and 1934, deaths decreased by 69, accidents by 3372 and injuries by 3731, which was almost a 15% decline. At the same time, the nation's death and accident toll increased 17%. Mrs. Miller then used her influence and contacts at the Iowa Legislature, and in 1935 she was able to get legislation passed for her cause. On January 31, 1935 the Iowa Legislature passed House File 67, establishing the Iowa State Highway Safety Patrol of 53 men and a training camp for recruits. Mrs. Miller continued her campaign for highway safety to the end. Although she was suffering from influenza and running a temperature, she continued to give speeches at numerous events until illness forced her into the hospital. By then it was too late. She caught pneumonia and died at Iowa Methodist Hospital on January 25, 1937, at the age of 65. Governor Nelson Kraschel and the Executive Council ordered the Statehouse closed for her funeral. 1,500 people attended her funeral at the Washington Methodist Church, among them the 55 men of the Iowa Highway Patrol who served as pallbearers at the ceremony.

LEGISLATIVE

BRANCH

Chapter 2

"The Direction in Which Education Starts a Man Will Determine His Future in Life." - Plato

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78th GENERAL ASSEMBLY 1999-2000

President of the Senate MARY KRAMER (R)

Speaker of the House BRENT SIEGRIST (R)

Senate Majority Leader STEWART IVERSON, JR. (R)

House Majority Leader CHRISTOPHER RANTS (R)

Senate Minority Leader MIKE GRONSTAL (D)

House Minority Leader DAVID SCHRADER (D)

THETEGISLATIVE BRANCH

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Statehouse, Des Moines 50319 www.legis.state.ia.us Organization The constitution places the legislative authority of Iowa government in a General Assembly made up of a Senate and a House of Representatives, and limits the membership to no more than 50 senators and 100 representatives, which is the present size. The General Assembly is the lawmaking body of state government. A constitutional provision that no money be spent from the state's treasury unless the General Assembly writes a law to do so is the basis of the legislature's power of the purse. The assembly also has the power to call itself into special session upon written request made to the presiding officers of both houses by two-thirds of the members of both. The sole power of impeachment is vested in the House of Representatives with the power to try impeachments vested in the Senate. Qualifications for Office A state representative must be at least 21 years of age, and a state senator at least 25 years of age at the time he or she takes office. The other qualifications for the office of legislator are U.S. citizenship, Iowa residency for at least one year and district residency of 60 days prior to election. Representatives are elected to two-year terms; senators are elected to four-year terms. Presently, half of the 50 senators' terms expire every two years. Compensation Members of the General Assembly are paid $20,758 annually; round trips between home and state capitol and a per diem allowance for expense of office during the legislative sessions. The annual salary for the speaker of the house, the house majority and house minority is $32,014. The annual salary for the president of the senate, the senate majority and senate minority leaders is $32,014. Presiding Officers The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the speaker of the house, a state representative who is elected to the position by house members. The Senate's presiding officer is the president of the senate, a state senator who is elected to the position by senate members. Convening the General Assembly General Assembly members are administered an oath of office on the second Monday in January of the year following their elections. The constitution requires the General Assembly to convene yearly on the second Monday in January. Iowa's General Assemblies have been numbered chronologically from statehood in 1846 to distinguish each new session, its membership, and its laws from all other sessions. The 78th General Assembly, meeting in 1999 and 2000, will mark the 78th time a legislative session has been held in Iowa; its bills signed by the governor will become identifiable parts of the state's book of laws called the Code of Iowa. Legislation During the two years of each General Assembly's existence, the legislature can be expected to send more than 500 bills to the governor to be signed into law. As many as four to five times the number of bills that actually become laws will have been introduced for legislative consideration during the two years. The constitution stipulates that bills may originate in either chamber of the General Assembly, and empowers each chamber to determine its own rules of procedure, except each is prohibited from adjourning for more than three days without the consent of the other. Final Action on Bills Bills passed by the legislature must be sent to the governor for final action. The governor has three options: sign the bill; veto the bill and send it back to the legislature; or take no action. In the case of a veto, the legislature may override the veto with two-thirds of the members of each chamber voting to pass the bill again. If, during the session, the governor does not sign or veto the bill, it becomes law after three days without his signature. Bills received by the governor during the last three days of the session shall be signed or vetoed within 30 days.

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Vetoes There are three types of vetoes used: the regular veto is a veto of the entire bill; the item veto may be used for appropriation bills and nullifies a specific portion of a bill; when the governor fails to take action after 30 days on a bill received during the final three session days the bill fails to become law. Effective Dates of Legislation Bills, signed by the governor or passed by the legislature over the governor's veto, are sent to the secretary of state who is the custodian of all bills enacted into law. Bills normally go into effect on July 1 following their passage, unless another date is specified in the bill. Many bills become effective upon enactment, which means the date they are signed into law by the governor. Any bills passed prior to July 1 but which are approved by the governor on or after July 1 take effect 45 days after approval unless the bill specifies another enactment date. Rules Presently, each chamber adopts its own rules; joint rules are also adopted to govern legislative procedures that affect the orderly flow of bills between the two houses. The General Assembly functions year-round, although its legislative session lasts five months. The periods between the lawmaking sessions are called legislative interim periods and are devoted to legislative studies by the members who work in committees to prepare bills for consideration in upcoming sessions. The constitution mandates that each chamber "shall have all other powers necessary for a branch of the General Assembly of a free and independent state." And with those powers, the constitution mandates legislative accountability to the citizens of Iowa by requiring publication of all the General Assembly's proceedings in a journal. Another constitutional requirement is that the doors of each house shall be open, "except on such occasions as, in the opinion of the house, may require secrecy." This has evolved through rules and laws to the present policy which is that all official legislative business, including committee meetings, floor debates, and interim meetings are open to firsthand public view.

Senate Doorkeepers (L to R): E.A. Samuelson, Frank Loeffel, Robert Olmsted, Paul Underhill, Svend Christensen, Bill Krieg(Sgt. at Arms), Arne Boyum, Tom SheldahKAsst. Sgt. at Arms), Kermit Tannatt, Bob Langbehn, George Finkenauer photo taken by Bill Witt

House Doorkeepers (L to R): Dick Overholser, Paul Aardsma, Jerry Orman, Carl Parker, Wilmur Rhoads (Sgt. at Arms), Maynard Boatwright (Asst. Sgt at Arms), Larry Fogelson, Jim Beyer, Not Pictured: Kathleen O'Leary photo taken by Bill Witt

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

SENATE OFFICERS AND STAFF President of the Senate - Mary Kramer Kaye Lozier, Adm. Assistant; Becky Beach, Adm. Assistant President Pro Tempore - Don Redfern Office of the Majority Leader - Stewart Iverson, Jr. Tom Cope, Adm. Assistant; Sara Deeny, Adm. Assistant; Jeanine Iverson, Sec. Office of the Minority Leader - Michael Gronstal JoAnn Hanover, Adm. Assistant; Melissa Watson, Adm. Assistant Assistant Majority Leaders - Merlin Bartz, Nancy Boettger, H. Kay Hedge, Gene Maddox, John Redwine Assistant Minority Leaders - Dennis Black, Robert Dvorsky, Gene Fraise, Steve Hansen, Elaine Szymoniak Secretary of the Senate - Michael Marshall Lori Bristol, Confidential Secretary; LuAnn Randleman, Adm. Secretary Majority Caucus Staff - Christopher Hull, Caucus Staff Director; Anissa Cowley, Caucus Secretary; James Boose, Sr. Research Analyst; Carolann Jensen, Sr. Research Analyst; Pamela Dugdale, Research Analyst; Angela Dorsey, Research Analyst; Jim Friedrich, Research Analyst; Michael Savala, Research Analyst; Michael St. Clair, Research Analyst; Petricia Ward, Research Analyst Minority Caucus Staff - Debbie O'Leary, Sr. Caucus Staff Director; James Fitzgerald, Research Analyst; Theresa Kehoe, Sr. Research Analyst; Steve Conway, Sr. Research Analyst; Jeff Lake, Research Analyst; Rusty Martin, Research Analyst; Julie Simon, Research Analyst; Kerry Wright, Research Analyst Legal Counsel - Cynde Clingan, Assistant Secretary of the Senate; Stephanie Cox, Assistant to the Legal Counsel Journal Room - Julie Elder, Journal Editor II; K'ann Brandt, Journal Editor II; Megan Thompson, Assistant Journal Editor Finance Officers - Linda Laurenzo, Senior Finance Officer; Lois Brownell, Finance Officer Indexers - Kathy Olah, Indexer I; Kathleen Curoe, Indexer I Bill Clerk - Jay Mosher Switchboard Operators - Kimberly Russell, Jacki Souer Postmaster - Eleanor Hesseling

SENATE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEES Administration and Regulation: Redwine - Chair, Bartz - Vice-Chair\ McCoy - Ranking Member, Flynn, Sexton Agriculture and Natural Resources: Behn - Chair, Hedge - Vice-Chair, Black - Ranking Member, Fink, Gaskill

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Economic Development: Schuerer - Chair, Boettger - Vice-Chair, Soukup - Ranking Member, Judge, Lamberti Education: Rehberg - Chair, Redfern - Vice-Chair, Horn - Ranking Member, Kibbie, McLaren Health and Human Rights: Rife - Chair, Zieman - Vice-Chair, Bolkcom - Ranking Member, Dearden, McKibben Human Services: Tinsman - Chair, Veenstra - Vice-Chair, Hammond - Ranking Member, Miller, Szymoniak Justice System: Maddox - Chair, Angelo - Vice-Chair, Dvorsky - Ranking Member, Fraise, McKean Oversight and Communications: King - Chair, Lundby - Vice-Chair, Deluhery - Ranking Member, Harper, Rittmer Transportation, Infrastructure and Capitals: Freeman - Chair, Jensen - Vice-Chair, Connolly - Ranking Member, Johnson, Shearer

SENATE STANDING COMMITTEES Agriculture: Gaskill - Chair, Miller - Vice-Chair, Fraise - Ranking Member, Angelo, Bartz, Behn, Black, Hedge, Judge, Kibbie, Sexton, Shearer, Soukup, Veenstra, Zieman Appropriations: McLaren - Chair, Kramer- Vice-Chair, Flynn - Ranking Member, Behn, Black, Bolkcom, Connolly, Deluhery, Dvorsky, Freeman, Hammond, Hedge, Horn, Jensen, Johnson, King, Lamberti, Maddox, McCoy, Redwine, Rehberg, Rife, Schuerer, Soukup, Tinsman Business and Labor Relations: McKibben - Chair, Freeman - Vice-Chair, Dearden - Ranking Member, Behn, Fraise, Hansen, Hedge, Horn, King, Rife, Schuerer Commerce: Jensen - Chair, Maddox - Vice-Chair, Deluhery - Ranking Member, Bolkcom, Flynn, Gronstal, Hansen, Johnson, King, Lamberti, Lundby, McCoy, Redfern, Redwine, Schuerer Education: Redfern - Chair, Rehberg - Vice-Chair, Connolly - Ranking Member, Angelo, Boettger, Dvorsky, Fink, Gaskill, Harper, Redwine, Sexton, Shearer, Szymoniak, Tinsman, Veenstra Ethics: Hedge - Chair, Drake - Vice Chair, Szymoniak - Ranking Member, Connolly, Hammond, McKean Human Resources: Boettger - Chair, Redwine - Vice Chair, Szymoniak - Ranking Member, Bartz, Behn, Dvorsky, Hammond, Harper, Miller, Schuerer, Shearer, Tinsman, Veenstra Judiciary: McKean - Chair, Lamberti - Vice-Chair, Hansen - Ranking Member, Angelo, Boettger, Dvorksy, Fraise, Hammond, Horn, Maddox, McCoy, McKibben, Miller, Redfern, Tinsman Local Government: Angelo - Chair, Bartz - Vice-Chair, Bolkcom - Ranking Member, Fraise, Gaskill, Hammond, Judge, McCoy, McKean, McKibben, Miller, Rife, Zieman Natural Resources and Environment: Bartz - Chair, King - Vice-Chair, Fink Ranking Member, Black, Bolkcom, Dearden, Deluhery, Drake, Freeman, Gaskill, Johnson, Kibbie, Miller, Rehberg, Rife

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THFTEGISLATIVE BRANCH Rules and Administration: Iverson - Chair, Kramer - Vice-Chair, Gronstal - Ranking Member, Dvorsky, Fink, Harper, Jensen, Lundby, Redfern, Rehberg, Rittmer

Small Business, Economic Development, and Tourism: Lundby - Chair, Behn - Vice-Chair, Shearer - Ranking Member, Boettger, Flynn, Hansen, Judge, Rittmer, Sexton, Soukup, Tinsman, Veenstra, Zieman State Government: Rittmer - Chair, Lamberti - Vice-Chair, Kibbie - Ranking Member, Connolly, Dearden, Deluhery, Drake, Fink, King, Lundby, Maddox, McLaren, Schuerer, Sexton, Szymoniak Transportation: Drake - Chair, Sexton - Vice-Chair, McCoy - Ranking Member, Fink, Fraise, Freeman, Jensen, Judge, Kibbie, McKean, McKibben, Rittmer, Zieman Ways and Means: Johnson - Chair, McKibben - Vice-Chair, Harper - Ranking Member, Bartz, Bolkcom, Connolly, Deluhery, Drake, Flynn, Hedge, Lamberti, Maddox, McLaren, Redwine, Soukup

LISTING OF SENATORS BY DISTRICT 1 - Steve Hansen (D) 2 - John Redwine (R) 3 - Kenneth Veenstra (R) 4 - John Kibbie (D) 5 - Mary Lou Freeman (R) 6 - Steve King (R) 7 - Mike Sexton (R) 8 - Thurman Gaskill (R) 9 - Stewart Iverson, Jr. (R) 10 - Merlin Bartz (R) 11 - John W. Jensen (R) 12 - Don Redfern (R) 13 - Patricia Harper (D) 14 - Kitty Rehberg (R) 15 - Betty Soukup (D) 16- Lyle E. Zieman (R) 17 -Tom Flynn (D) 18 - Mike Connolly (D) 19 - Sheldon Rittmer (R) 20 - Jack Rife (R) 21 - Maggie Tinsman (R) 22 - Patrick Deluhery (D) 23 - Joe Bolkcom (D) 24 - Richard Drake (R) 25 - Robert E. Dvorsky (D)

26 - Mary Lundby (R) 27 - Wally E. Horn (D) 28 - Andy McKean (R) 29 - Dennis Black (D) 30 - Neal Schuerer (R) 31 - Johnie Hammond (D) 32 - Larry McKibben (R) 33 - Jeff Lamberti (R) 34 - Matt McCoy (D) 35 - Dick L. Dearden (D) 36 - Elaine Szymoniak (D) 37 - Mary Kramer (R) 38 - O. Gene Maddox (R) 39 - JoAnn Johnson (R) 40 - Jerry Behn (R) 41 - Nancy Boettger (R) 42 - Michael Gronstal (D) 43 - Derryl McLaren (R) 44 - Jeff Angelo (R) 45 - Bill Fink (D) 46 - John Judge (D) 47 - David Miller (R) 48 - H. Kay Hedge (R) 49 - Mark Shearer (D) 50 - Eugene Fraise (D)

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SENATE DISTRICTS MAP

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Secretary of the Senate MARSHALL, Michael - Urbandale Birth: June 14, 1961. Education: B.A., Drake University, 1983; J.D., with honors, Drake University Law School, 1987. Spouse: Shannon Holz. Children: 1 son; 2 daughters. Profession and Activities: Executive Officer, Iowa Department of Public Health, 1994-1998; Attorney, private practice, 1990-1994; Judicial clerk, Iowa Supreme Court, 1988-1989 and Iowa Court of Appeals, 1987-1988. Law Review, 1985-1987. Appointed Secretary of the Senate, December, 1998.

STATE SENATORS

ANGELO, Jeffrey M. - Creston (R) District 44 Birth: December 5, 1964, St. Louis, MO. Parents: Weldon and Gertrud Angelo. Education: Graduate, Lutheran High School, North St. Louis, Missouri; Broadcast Center, Clayton, MO. Spouse: Debbie. Children: 1 daughter, Kayla; 1 son, Logan. Profession and Activities: Broadcaster; former chair, Union County Republicans; chair, Union County University Extension Council; Member: Union County Farm Bureau; associate member of the Ringgold County Pork Producers. Term: First.

BARTZ, Merlin E. - Grafton (R) District 10 Birth: March 16, 1961, Mason City. Parents: Orland and Clarice Braun Bartz. Education: Graduated from St. Ansgar Community Schools, 1979. B.A., cum laude in music and political science, Luther College, 1983. 1994 Darden School of Business - University of Virginia Leadership Class Graduate. Spouse: Lisa Davis Jorgensen, 1990. Children: 2 daughters, Kimberly and Marena; 1 son, Will. Profession and Activities: Livestock/grain farmer and laborer. Former factory worker, 1983-1990. Twenty five years with various dance bands. Recipient of Guardian of Business Awards (NFIB). Member: Worth County Historical Society. Farm Bureau and Cattlemen, Worth County Central Committee and various chambers of commerce; past involvement in Worth County Pork Producers, Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever, NRA, and Lutheran Social Service Board of Directors. Member: Rotary International Iowa to India Cultural Exchange Team, 1990. Member and Choir Director, Emmanuel Lutheran Church, Grafton. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER BEHN, Jerry - Boone (R) District 40 Birth: January 31, 1954, Boone County. Parents: Ernest and Marvel Behn. Education: Graduate of United Community High School, Boone. Spouse: Dennise Sheehan, 1974. Children: 2 daughters, Heather and Jennifer; 2 sons, Jason and Chad. Profession and Activities: Farmer, Boone County Supervisor, 1995-96. Member: Farm Bureau, Iowa Association of Business and Industry, Trinity Luthern Church, Boone CFM. Term: Second.

BLACK, Dennis H. - Grinnell (D) District 29 Birth: December 18, 1939, near Randolph, NE. Parents: Howard T. and Helen L. Axelson Black. Education: Graduated Wausa High School, 1958; B.S., 1963, and M.S., 1965 Utah State University, Logan. Spouse: Faun Stewart, 1963. Children: 1 daughter, Anne Marie; 2 sons; Stewart and Steven. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Board of Directors, Jasper Community Foundation. Director, Jasper County Conservation Board. Former, Newton Community School Board of Directors and Jasper County Soil Conservation District, commissioner. Member: Izaak Walton League and Jasper County Farm Bureau. Received 1980 "Grassroots Conservationist of the Year," Sierra Club of America; 1982 "Conservation Employee of the Year," Iowa Association of County Conservation Boards; 1984 "County Conservationist of the Year," Izaak Walton League of Iowa; 1991 "Outstanding Legislator Award," Izaak Walton League of Iowa; 1992 "Conservationist of the Year," National Wildlife Federation. Served 6 terms in Iowa House. Term: Second.

BOETTGER, Nancy J. - Harlan (R) District 41 Birth: May 1, 1943, Chicago, IL. Parents: The late Helen C. and Allan T. Abrahamson. Education: Graduated Evanston Township High School, Evanston, Illinois; B.S., sociology, Iowa State University; B.A., education, Buena Vista College. Spouse: David, 1965. Children: 1 daughter, Sarah; 3 sons; D. Allan, Tim, Andrew. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: First Baptist Church, Iowa Pork Producers, Cattlemen's Assoc, PEO. Board Member: Iowa Council of International Understanding, Iowa Sister States/ Taiwan ROC. Former teacher and Director of Education and Resource Development, Myrtue Memorial Hospital, Harlan. Past member: ISU Extension Dean's Advisory Eoard; S.W. Iowa Health Educators; Iowa Society for ealth Education and Training; Harlan Community Librar Board. Term: Second.

THFTEGISLATIVE BRANCH BOLKCOM, Joe - Iowa City (D) District 23 Birth: July 29, 1956, Bloomington, MN. Parents: Lloyd and Nancy Bolkcom. Education: B.A., St. Ambrose University; M.A., University of Iowa. Spouse: Karen Kubby. Profession and Activities: Former member: Johnson County Board of Supervisors. Member: Iowa chapter of the Sierra Club, Iowa Groundwater Association, ARC of Johnson County, Iowa Civil Liberties Union. Term: First.

CONNOLLY, Michael W. - Dubuque (D) District 18 Birth: October 31, 1945, Dubuque. Parents: Albert and Margaret Daly Connolly. Education: Attended St. Joseph's Grade School, Farley; graduated from St. Joseph's High School, 1963; B.A., Loras College, 1967; MA., 1976. Military Service: U.S. Army (reserve). Spouse: Martha Fessler of Farley, 1972. Children: 1 daughter, Maureen; 1 son, John. Profession and Activities: Teacher at Dubuque Senior High School, 20 years; school administration, 6 years. Member: St. Joseph's Church, Dubuque; Loras Club; Rotary; Dubuque County Democratic Party. Served 6 terms in Iowa House. Term: Third.

DEARDEN, Dick L. - Des Moines (D) District 35 Birth: June 3, 1938, Des Moines. Parents: Harry and Helen Dearden. Education: Des Moines East High School. Military Service: Iowa National Guard, 1956-62. Spouse: Sharon, 1959. Children: 1 daughter, Pamela; 2 sons, David and Mark. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Job developer, 5th Judicial District. Member: AFSCME Local 3289, Izaac Walton League, Pheasants Forever, Ducks Unlimited, National Wild Turkey Federation, Iowa Civil Liberties Union, Unity Lutheran Church. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER DELUHERY, Patrick J. - Davenport (D) District 22 Birth: January 31, 1942, Birmingham, AL. Parents: Frank B. and Lucille (Donovan) Deluhery. Education: Attended Davenport schools; graduated in 1960 from Assumption High School, Davenport; graduated in 1964, B.A. (with honors) from the University of Notre Dame; graduated in 1967, B.Sc. (Econ.) (with honors) from the London School of Economics. Spouse: Margaret Morris, 1973. Children: 3 daughters; Allison, Norah, and Rose. Profession and Activities: Legislative assistant to U.S. Senators Harold Hughes, 19691974, and John Culver, 1975. College teacher in the Department of Economics and Business Administration, St. Ambrose University, Davenport, 1967-1968, and 1975 to present. Member: Catholic Church. Assistant Minority Leader, 69th and 77th General Assemblies. Assistant Majority Leader, 70th General Assembly. Elected to the Iowa Senate, 1978. Term: Sixth.

DRAKE, Richard F. - Muscatine (R) District 24 Birth: September 28, 1927, Muscatine. Parents: Frank and Gladys Drake. Education: Graduated Muscatine High School, 1945; attended Iowa State University, Sigma Chi fraternity; graduated U.S. Naval Academy, 1950. MilitaryService: Lieutenant commander in U.S. Navy, World War II and Korea, commanding officer, U.S.S. Crow. Spouse: Shirley Henke, 1950. Children: 1 daughter, Cheryll; 1 son, Rick. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Engaged in general farming. Member: Lutheran Church, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Elks, Shriners, Masons, American Legion, Farm Bureau. Former 1st Congressional Republican chair. Served 4 terms in Iowa House. Term: Sixth.

DVORSKY, Robert E. - Coralville (D) District 25 Birth: August 18, 1948, Burlington. Parents: Ernest and Naomi Dvorsky. Education: Graduated from University High School, Iowa City, 1966; B.S., University of Iowa, 1972; Master of Public Administration, 1984. Spouse: Susan M. Mandernach, 1988. Children: 2 daughters, Ann and Caroline. Profession and Activities: Job developer, 6th Judicial District Department of Correctional Services. Superintendent of Recreation, Mason City. Employment coordinator for the East Central Iowa Employment and Training Consortium in Cedar Rapids. Coralville City Council, 1980-1986. Former board member: Iowa City Area Development Group, Iowa City/Coralville Convention and Visitors Bureau, and Johnson County Council of Governments. Former member of Johnson County Democratic Central Committee and Executive Committee. Member: Iowa Corrections Association, Johnson County Historical Society, Friends of the Coralville Public Library. Attends St. Mary's Catholic Church, Iowa City. Served 7 years in Iowa House. Term: Third.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH FINK, Bill - Carlisle (D) District 45 Birth: May 5, 1955, Ringsted. Parents: The late Gerald and Irene Fink. Education: Graduated from Ringsted High School, 1973; B.S., political science, Iowa State University, 1977; M.S.E. in education, Drake University, 1984. Spouse: Donna. Children: 1 daughter, Alison; 1 son, Jefferson. Profession and Activities: High school social studies teacher and former debate coach. Warren County Democratic Central Committee. Member: Carlisle Community Education Association; Polk Suburban Uniserve Unit; ISEA; NEA; Ducks Unlimited; Iowa State University Alumni Association; Redeemer Lutheran Church, Indianola. Term: Third.

FLYNN, Thomas L. - Epworth (D) District 17 Birth: June 11, 1955, Dubuque. Parents: Thomas M. and Mary Flynn. Education: B.A., accounting/finance, Loras College, 1977; M.B.A., University of Dubuque, 1985. Spouse: Jane, 1977. Children: 1 son, Tommy. Profession and Activities: Small business owner; business department faculty, Clark College; trustee, United Way of Dubuque; Dubuque Area Chamber of Commerce, board of directors; National Ready-Mix Concrete Association, board of directors; National Aggregates Association, board of directors. Past president, N.E. Iowa Council of Boy Scouts of America. Term: Second.

FRAISE, Gene - Fort Madison (D) District 50 Birth: May 7, 1932, West Point, IA. Parents: Theodore and Viola Fraise. Education: Attended West Point Catholic School. Spouse: Faye Pumphrey. Children: 1 daughter, La Rita; 3 sons; Mike, Ron and Larry. Grandchildren: 14. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Seven years on Lee County Board of Supervisors, chair 1985. Member: Lee County Pork Producers; Iowa Corn Growers Association; Knights of Columbus; and St. Mary's Church, Augusta. Elected to Senate, January 1986. Term: Fifth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER FREEMAN, Mary L. - Alta (R) District 5 Birth: October 21, 1941, Willmar, MN. Parents: J. Martin and Luella (Backlund) Hawkinson. Education: Graduated Willmar High School; B.A., education, Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, MN. Children: Mark, Sara, Cary, Maret. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: Member: State Board of Health, 1986-1994; Buena Vista Farm Bureau; Storm Lake Chamber of Commerce, Delta Kappa Gamma. Term: Second.

GASKILL, E. Thurman - Corwith (R) District 8 Birth: April 4, 1935, Algona. Parents: George and Mildred (Chapman) Gaskill. Education: Graduated Corwith Comm H.S.; attended Iowa State University. Military Service: U.S. Army 1954-1956. Spouse: Geraldine Adkins, 1958. Children: 1 daughter, Elizabeth; 2 sons, Mark and David. Profession and Activities: Farm owner; Past Pres. of National and IA Corn Growers; Past Pres. IA Corn Promotion Brd; Chair, U.S. Feed Grain Council; Past Commissioner of IA Dev. Comm.; Ag Promotion Brd (1974-85); IA DNR (1989-92); selected to IA State Univ. Ag Hall of Fame (1975); USDA Transition Team (1988); appointed to Fed Ag Energy Adv Comm (1973) and USDA Users Adv Brd (1989) by USDA Sec of Ag; Director, First Fed Savings Bank of the Midwest; USDA Honors Award Selection Committee; Rotary Group Study Exchange Team to Australia (1969); addressed Food Confs in Lima, Peru and Tokyo, Japan on American Ag (1974); Iowa Peace Institute (charter member of the Board of Directors); Advisory Committee to College of Ag (ISU); Vice Chair, Ag Council of America; Past Pres. Iowa Farm Business Assoc; member, U.S. Feed Grains Council Trade Team to China (1981); Chair, Farmers for Nixon and Ford Ag campaigns; Co-Chair, IA Farmers for Reagan/Bush and IA Farmers for Bush/Quayle; National Deputy Dir. of Bush Ag Campaign (1992); Member, Methodist Church and past Sunday School Superintendent; Shriner. Member: IA Farm Bureau, American Legion, Rotary, County Brd. of Ed. Term: First.

GRONSTAL, Michael E. - Council Bluffs (D) District 42 Birth: January 29, 1950, Council Bluffs. Parents: Angela and Paul Gronstal. Education: Graduated St. Albert's Catholic H.S.; attended Loyola University, Chicago; B.A., Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. Spouse: Connie Meisenbach. Children: 2 daughters, Kate and Sara. Profession and Activities: Iowa Democratic Party State Central Committee, 5th District. Former chair: Pottawattamie County Democratic Party, 1986-1988. Assistant majority leader, 71st and 72nd General Assemblies. Majority Whip, 73rd General Assembly. President of Senate, 74th General Assembly, 2nd session. Minority Leader, 77th and 78th General Assembly. Member, Board of Directors, Beautify Iowa Recycling Program. Served 1 term in Iowa House. Term: Fourth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH HAMMOND, Johnie - Ames (D) District 31 Birth: August 22, 1932, Eupora, MS. Parents: Eunice and Arthur Franklin. Education: B.A., social work, University of Minnesota; B.B.A., business management, Iowa State University; attended University of Texas. Spouse: Earl, 1951. Children: 2 daughters, Linda and Pam; 2 sons, Bruce and Kit. Grandchildren: 11. Profession and Activities: League of Women Voters, First Baptist Church, deacon; National Advisory Committee to Americans United for Separation of Church and State; ICLU Board; NCSL Health Committee; Story County Battered Women's Shelter Board, Story County Board of Supervisors, 1975-79. Served 6 terms in Iowa House. Term: Second.

HANSEN, Steve - Sioux City (D) District 1 Birth: February 5, 1955, Sioux City. Parents: Jean M. (McCanney) and Soren D. Hansen. Education: Graduated from Anthon-Oto Community High School, 1973; attended Briar Cliff College; B.A., graduated with honors, Morningside College, 1977; M.A., University of South Dakota-Vermillion, 1988. Spouse: Glenda DenHerder, 1983. Profession and Activities: Director of Woodbury County Juvenile Detention Center, 1980-1987. Currently self-employed. Community college adjunct instructor. Past state president of Iowa Jaycees. Member: Jaycees, Siouxland Ski Club, and several community boards. Served 4 terms in House. Term: Second.

HARPER, Patricia M. - Waterloo (D) District 13 Birth: December 4, 1932, Cresco. Parents: Patrick and Martha Mullaney. Education: B.A. and M.A., University of Northern Iowa. Children: 1 daughter, Susan. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Taught high school math and science, 30 years. Member: National Alliance for the Mentally 111, Black Hawk County; PRIDE booster club for Waterloo Community Schools; American Association of University Women; Delta Kappa Gamma Society International. Served 8 years in Iowa House. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER HEDGE, H. Kay - Fremont (R) District 48 Birth: April 2, 1928, Rose Hill, IA. Parents: Harry K. and Ava Blair Hedge. Education: Attended Mahaska County rural schools; graduated high school, Fremont; attended University of Iowa. Military Service: U.S. Army, Korean Conflict, 1951-1953. Spouse: Alleen Hedge, 1951. Children: 1 daughter, Kimberly; 2 sons, H. Kevin and Mark. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Oskaloosa Chamber of Commerce. Member: Fremont United Methodist Church, Mahaska County Pork Producers, Iowa Cattleman's Association, Iowa Soybean Association, Iowa Corn Growers, Mahaska County Farm Bureau, American Legion. Term: Third.

HORN, Wally E. - Cedar Rapids (D) District 27 Birth: November 28, 1933, Bloomfield, IA. Parents: Lyle and LaRetta Horn. Education: Graduated Bloomfield High School, 1952; B.S. (1958) Northeastern Missouri State Teachers College; M.A., 1962; graduate work, Texas A & M and University of Iowa. Military Service: U.S. Army, 19531955. Spouse: Phyllis Peterson, 1989. Children: 1 daughter, Julie; 1 son, Gregory. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: Former teacher and coach, Jefferson Senior High. Member: Christian Church and American Legion. Past president: Kiwanis, Cedar Rapids Education Association. Board member, Cedar Rapids Kids League Baseball. Former board member, Linn County Historical and Museum Association. Served 5 terms in Iowa House. Majority Leader, July 1992 to 1997. Term: Sixth.

IVERSON, Stewart, Jr. - Dows (R) District 9 Birth: July 16, 1950, Dows, IA. Education: Graduated Dows Community High School, 1968; A.A. Ellsworth Community College, 1970; B.A., Buena Vista College, 1987. Military Service: United States Marine Corps, 1971-1973, Camp Pendleton. Spouse: Jeanine Daum, 1970. Children: 1 daughter, Shelley; 1 son, Stewart III. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: First Lutheran Church, American Legion, Farm Bureau, Corn Growers, Soybean Association, Pork Producers, Elks Club. Former member: Dows Community School Board, 15 years; Dows Cooperative Board of Directors. Term: Second.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH JENSEN, John W. - Plainfield (R) District 11 Birth: March 28, 1926, York, NE. Parents: Mathias and Bessie Jensen. Education: Moved to Iowa in 1941 and graduated from Dike High School, 1944. Military Service: Served 2 years in Marine Corps, Guam; served in China at close of World War II. Spouse: Myrtle L. Shipp, 1948. Children: 3 daughters, Linda, Rita, and Carolann; 2 sons, Alan and Stanley. Profession and Activities: Farmed on present farm northeast of Plainfield since 1947. Member: Baptist Church, Bremer County Farm Bureau, Cattlemen's Association, Corn Growers Association, Soybean Association. Chairman, Commerce Committee; serves on Appropriations, Transportation and Rules and Administration Committees; Transportation, Infrastructure and Capitols Subcommittee. Term: Sixth.

JOHNSON, JoAnn M. - Adel (R) District 39 Birth: February 24, 1949, Massena. Parents: Elmer and Arlene Dinkla. Education: Graduated Adair-Casey High School, 1967; B.A., education, University of Northern Iowa, 1971. Spouse: Brian. Children: 1 daughter, Brooke Douglas; 1 son, Clint Douglas. Profession and Activities: Former grain and livestock producer, former teacher and coach. Congressional campaign staff for Jim Ross Lightfoot, 19841990. State director for Women in Government, 1995-present. 1995 Toll Fellow. Former UNI Alumni Board. 4-H leader. Member: Farm Bureau, Lutheran Church, Pork Producers, Rotary, Iowa Cattleman's Assoc., Pheasants Forever, Gamma Phi Beta Sorority. Term: Second.

JUDGE, John - Albia (D) District 46 Birth: September 20, 1944, Albia. Parents: William P. and Mildred Judge. Education: Graduated from Albia Community High School, 1962; Iowa State University, 1966. Military Service: U.S. Marine Corps, 1967-1970. Military Police Battalion Legal Officer and Vietnamese Advisor, Vietnam; Guard Company, Washington, D.C. Spouse: Patty Poole, 1969. Children: 3 sons; Douglas, W. Dien, and Joseph. Profession and Activities: Livestock farmer and banker. Former Democratic county chair. Past President, St. Mary's Albia Parish Council. Member: Farm Bureau, Cattlemen's Assoc, Knights of Columbus, American Legion. Term: First.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER KIBBIE, John P. - Emmetsburg (D) District 4 Birth: July 14, 1929, Palo Alto County. Parents: John and Nell Kibbie. Education: Graduated from Ayrshire High School. Military Service: Tank commander during the Korean Conflict, 1951-1953. Spouse: Kay. Children: 4 daughters; 2 sons; 5 stepchildren. Profession and Activities: Farmer/cattle feeder. Iowa Lakes Community College, 17 years; board president, 10 years. Member: Knights of Columbus, Veterans of Foreign Wars, American Legion, Moose, Iowa Soybean Association, Iowa Corn Growers, Pork Producers, Cattlemen's Association, Farm Bureau, Farmers' Union, Eagles, Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever, Sacred Heart Catholic Church. Former mediator for the Iowa Mediation Service. Director of Brenton Banks. Served in Iowa House, 1960-1964. Served in Iowa Senate, 1964-1968. Term: Fourth.

KING, Steve - Kiron (R) District 6 Birth: May 28, 1949, Storm Lake. Parents: Emmett and Mildred King. Education: Graduated from Denison Community High School; attended Northwest Missouri State. Spouse: Marilyn Kelly, 1972. Children: 3 sons; David, Michael, Jeff. Profession and Activities: Earth moving contractor. Founder of King Construction, 1975 to present. Past president, Iowa Land Improvement Contractors Association; Board of Directors, Odebolt Community Housing; chairman, Memorial Walk Park Project. Member: Farm Bureau, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Odebolt Chamber of Commerce, REAP Committee, St. Martin's Catholic Church. Term: Second.

KRAMER, Mary E. - Des Moines (R) District 37 Birth: June 14, 1935, Burlington. Parents: Ross and Geneva Barnett. Education: Graduated from Iowa City High School, 1953. Received B.A., University of Iowa, 1957, Received M.A., University of Iowa, 1971. Spouse: Kay F. Kramer. Children: 1 daughter; 1 son. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Vice president, the Wellmark Foundation. Member: Westminster Presbyterian Church, Rotary. Recipient: YWCA Women of Achievement Award, Manager of the Year Award for the Iowa Management Association, Distinguished Service Award from the Department of Human Services, 1996 Professional of the Year Award from the International Society for Human Resources Management, Community Involvement Award for the Business Record. Term: Third.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH LAMBERTI, Jeffrey M. - Ankeny (R) District 33 Birth: October 21, 1962, Des Moines. Parents: Donald and Charlene Lamberti. Education: Graduated from Ankeny High School, 1981; B.A., Drake University, 1985; M.B.A., Drake University, 1989; J.D. with honors, Drake University Law School, 1989. Spouse: Shannon. Children: 1 daughter, 1 son. Profession and Activities: Attorney. Member: American, Iowa State and Polk County Bar Associations; Polk County Health Services and Neveln Community Resource Center; Knights of Columbus; Vittoria Lodge; chair, Board of Directors of On With Life, Inc. Served 2 terms in Iowa House. Term: First.

LUNDBY, Mary A. - Marion (R) District 26 Birth: February 2, 1948, Carroll County. Parents: Edward A. and Elizabeth Hoehl. Education: Graduated from Kuemper High School, 1966; B.A. in History, Upper Iowa University, 1971. Spouse: Michael Lundby, 1971. Children: 1 son, Daniel. Profession and Activities: Legislator. Former staff assistant for Senator Roger Jepsen. Outstanding Young Women in America, 1982. Member: St. Joseph's Church, Solid Waste Advisory Committee. First woman Speaker Pro Tempore, 1992-1994. Served 4 terms in Iowa House. Term: Second.

MADDOX, O. Gene - Clive (R) District 38 Birth: August 23,1938, Peoria, IL. Parents: O. F. and Helen Maddox. Education: Graduated from Chillicothe, IL H.S.; B.S., Northwestern University, 1960; J.D., Northwestern Law School, 1962. Profession and Activities: Practiced law in Des Moines since 1963. Former general counsel and vice president of Employee Relations, Mid-Continent Industries. Mayor, City of Clive, 1978-1992. League of Iowa Municipalities, Board of Directors, 1983-1989 and president, 1987-1988. President, Iowa Jaycees. Board member, Iowa Historical Foundation. Member: Grace United Methodist Church, Lions Club, Iowa Natural Heritage Foundation, Greater Des Moines Chamber of Commerce, Northwest Des Moines Rotary Club, Iowa and Polk County Bar Associations. Volunteer reader for visually impaired persons. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER McCOY, Matthew W. - Des Moines (D) District 34 Birth: March 29, 1966, Des Moines. Parents: William P. and Mary Ann McCoy. Education: B.A., Briar Cliff College, 1988. Spouse: Jennifer A. Stitt, 1993. Children: 1. Profession and Activities: Community Relations Manager, Ruan Transportation Management Systems. Polk County Conservation Board, 1988-1995. Member: St. Ambrose Catholic Church and Boy Scouts. Eagle Scout, 1981. Served 2 terms in Iowa House. Term: First.

McKEAN, Andy - Anamosa (R) District 28 Birth: June 23, 1949. Parents: Lloyd and Elly Mayer McKean. Education: Attended public schools in Greenburgh, New York; B.S., State University of New York at Oneonta, 1971; M.C.P., University of Rhode Island, 1974; J.D., University of Iowa, 1977. Spouse: Constance Hoefer, 1983. Children: 3 daughters; Fern, Nancy and Helen; 1 son, Evan. Profession and Activities: Lawyer with offices in Anamosa. Owner/ operator of Shaw House Bed and Breakfast. Square dance caller with Scotch Grove Pioneers. Member: Martelle Christian Church, Jones County Historical Society, and Jones County Bar Association. Great-grandfather, Judge John McKean, also represented Jones County in the Iowa Senate. Served 7 terms in Iowa House. Term: Second.

McKIBBEN, Larry E. - Marshalltown (R) District 32 Birth: January 5, 1947, Marshalltown. Parents: Lyle and Frances McKibben. Education: Graduated from Marshalltown High School, 1965; B.A., political science, University of Northern Iowa, 1969; teaching assistant, Iowa State University, 1970; Graduated from University of Iowa College of Law, 1972. Spouse: Marlene. Children: 1 son, Mark; 1 daughter, Katie. Grandchildren: 1. Profession and Activities: Practicing attorney with Harrison, Brennecke, Moore, Smaha and McKibben (Marshalltown) since 1973; Member: Iowa State Bar Association, American Bar Association and Marshalltown Rotary Club. Term: First.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH McLAREN, Derryl J. - Farragut (R) District 43 Birth: March 22, 1949, Shenandoah. Parents: J.F. and Vivian McLaren. Education: Graduated Farragut Community High School, 1967. Received B.S. with distinction in Ag Business, Iowa State University, 1971. Attended graduate school, Iowa State University in economics. Spouse: Carma Herrig, 1973. Children: 2 sons, Jay C. and Jared M. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: Phi Eta Sigma, Alpha Zeta, Phi Kappa Phi, Gamma Sigma Delta, First United Methodist Church, Alpha Gamma Rho, Iowa Corn Growers, Iowa Soybean Association, and Iowa Farm Bureau. Past chair: Iowa Corn Promotion Board 1985-1987, NCGA 1985 Farm Bill Committee, Farm Credit Task Force, and Asian Market Committee, U.S. Feed Grains Council Japan Trade Barrier Task Force and Fremont County Republicans (1988-1990). Past national director: U.S. Feed Grains Council, National Corn Growers, and National Corn Development Foundation. Des Moines Register Up & Comer, 1986. Presidential appointee to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation. Recipient of Iowa State University's Floyd Andre Award, 1992. Term: Third. MILLER, David - Batavia (R) District 47 Birth: November 24, 1946, Batavia. Parents: Robert and Katherine Miller. Education: B.A., University of Denver; J.D., University of Iowa. Military Service: U.S. Army. Spouse: Pamela. Children: 1 daughter, Penny; 3 sons, Paul, Stephen, and Seth. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Attorney. Farmer. International Consultant for VOCA. Term: First.

REDFERN, Donald B. - Cedar Falls (R) District 12 Birth: June 9, 1945, Nebraska City, NE. Parents: Leroy and Nancy Redfern. Education: Graduated Cedar Falls High School, 1963; B.A., Carleton College, 1967; J.D., Columbia Univ. School of Law, 1973. Military Service: U.S. Army, 1969-1971. Profession and Activities: Attorney with Redfern, Mason, Dieter, Larsen & Moore; adjunct instructor, Univ. of Northern Iowa. Member: Bd. of Directors for Cedar Valley Economic Dev. Corp.; Western Home, 1983-1990; Cedar Valley Lakes Assoc, 1987-1990; Friends of KHKE/ KUNI Public Radio Station, 1985-1987; Cedar Falls Public Library, 1985-1987; First United Methodist Church; Cedar Falls Rotary; Amvet Post 49; Iowa Bar Assoc; Volunteer Lawyers Project; Cedar Falls, Hudson and Waterloo Chambers of Commerce. Elected to Iowa Senate in a special election, 1993. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER REDWINE, John N. - Sioux City (R) District 2 Birth: October 28, 1950, Pratt, KS. Parents: Joyce (Durall) Redwine and the late A. Herold Redwine. Education: B.A. with Honors in Psychology, Univ. of KS, 1972; Med. Tech., Univ. of TX at Houston, 1974; D.O., Univ. of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine, 1978; Rotating Internship, Center for Health Sciences, 1979; Family Practice Residency, Siouxland Med. Ed. Foundation, 1981; Bd. Certified, Family Practice, 1981, Recert., 1987, 1993. Spouse: Barbara Ann (Bomgaars) Redwine, 1975. Children: 3 sons, John, William, and Adam. Profession and Activities: V.P., St. Luke's Health System, Sioux City. Family Practitioner 1981-1995. Sioux City Comm. School Bd. 1994-1997. Pres., Woodbury Medical Society, 1991. Pres.-elect, med. staff, 1993-1995 and chairman, Dept. of Family Practice 1989-1991, St. Luke's Reg. Med. Center. Bd. member and past pres., Siouxland Med. Ed. Foundation 1981-1992 and 1995-present. Silver Beaver Award, Bd. member and past V.P., Prairie Gold Area Council, Boy Scouts of America, 1983-present. Sr. Aviation Med. Examiner, 1979-1995. Bd. member, Work Activity Co. (WACO), 1995-present. Member: Am. Med. Assoc., IA and Woodbury Med. Society, Am. Academy of Family Physicians, Christian Med. and Dental Society, Flying Physicians Assoc, and Am. College of Physician Executives. Term: First.

REHBERG, Kitty - Rowley (R) District 14 Birth: October 16, 1938, Cedar Rapids, IA. Parents: Nina and Delbert Kaesser. Education: Graduate of Rowley Consolidated School, attended Kirkwood Community College. Spouse: Frank. Children: 1 daughter, Michele; 2 sons, Dennis and William. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Past director of Independence Community School Board, served on Congressman Jim Nussle's staff. Served as administrative assistant to Representative Joseph Kramer. Member: Corn Growers Association, Soybean Association, Pork Producers Association, Farm Bureau, Rowley Presbyterian Church. Term: First.

RIFE, Jack - Moscow (R) District 20 Birth: April 10, 1943, Muscatine, IA. Parents: Everett and Grace Rife. Education: Graduated Wilton High School, 1961; A.A., Muscatine Community College, 1963; B.S., Iowa State University, 1966. Military Service: U.S. Army, 1966-1968. Spouse: Sharon Cooper. Children: 1 daughter, Emma; 1 son, Charls. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: American Legion; United Methodist Church, Wilton; Cedar County Farm Bureau. Past president: Cattleman's Association, Extension Council, and Pork Producers. Former farm advisor, Liberty Trust and Savings Bank, Durant. Alpha Gamma Rho. Minority Leader, 74th, 75th, and 76th General Assembly. Term: Fifth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH RITTMER, Sheldon L. - DeWitt (R) District 19 Birth: September 5, 1928, Clinton County. Parents: Elmer and Lois Rittmer. Spouse: Elaine Heneke. Children: 1 daughter, Lynnette; 1 son, Ken. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Clinton County Supervisor, 1979-1990. Member: Elvira Lutheran Church; Farm Bureau; Cattlemen's Association; Clinton County Pork Producers; Lions; Ducks Unlimited; Pheasants Forever; Historical Society; Clinton, DeWitt and Quad-Cities Chambers of Commerce. Former vice-chair, Clinton County Extension Council; former voting delegate and president of Clinton County Farm Bureau. Former vice-chair, Clinton/Jackson Farm Service Board. Clinton County Conservation Award. Served on Iowa Mental Health/Mental Retardation/Developmental Disabilities Commission, Iowa State Supervisors Executive Board. Term: Third.

SCHUERER, Neal - Amana (R) District 30 Birth: November 16, 1954, Cedar Rapids. Parents: Harold and Helen Schuerer. Education: Amana High School, Amana; B.A., Central College, Pella. Spouse: Melissa, 1977. Children: daughter, Greta; son, Henry. Profession and Activities: Restauranteur. Member: Iowa Hospitality Assoc; National Restaurant Assoc; Amana Community Church; Amana Heritage Society; Iowa Farm Bureau; National Rifle Assoc. Term: First.

SEXTON, Mike - Rockwell City (R) District 7 Birth: August 22, 1961, Fort Dodge. Parents: Verle Sexton, Marva and Richard Mettey. Education: Rockwell City H.S., 1980; A.A.S., Iowa Lakes Comm. College, Agriculture Business and Management, 1982. Spouse: Carolyn. Children: Shane Evans, Jess Evans, David Sexton, Benjamin Sexton. Profession and Activities: Grain and Livestock Farmer. Maintenance supervisor for Twin Lakes Waste Facility. Member: First Presbyterian Church, Rockwell City, Calhoun County Pork Producers, Calhoun County Corn and Soybean Growers Assoc, Calhoun and Webster County Pheasants Forever, Calhoun and Webster County Ducks Unlimited; Past President, Rockwell City Jaycees; Calhoun County Farm Bureau member, past board member. Term: First.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER SHEARER, Mark S. - Washington (D) District 49 Birth: August 11, 1952, Burlington. Parents: Paul and Barbara Shearer. Education: Graduated Washington (Iowa) H.S., 1970; majored in music education, journalism, and marketing at University of Iowa, 1970-1974. Children: 1 daughter, Amy; 2 sons, Chad and Shawn. Profession and Activities: Communications Consultant. Former Newspaper Editor. Board member and chair, Iowa Arts Council, 19811988. Member: Washington Development Fdn., United Methodist Church. Served two terms in Iowa House. Term: First.

SOUKUP, Betty - New Hampton (D) District 15 Birth: February 3, 1947, Clarksburg, WV. Education: Tripoli High School, 1965; Northeast Iowa Community College, 1991, AS Business Mgmt; Wartburg College, 1993, B.A. Communication Arts. Spouse: Robert. Children: Hans, Zachary, Sybil. Profession and Activities: Former city council member; Utilities Board of Trustees; 4-H Leader and Judge; Agency on Aging Supervisor; Red Cross; Economic Development Advisory Council. Current member: St. Joseph Rosary Society; American Legion Auxiliary; DAWN. Term: First.

SZYMONIAK, Elaine - Des Moines (D) District 36 Birth: May 24, 1920, Boscobel, WI. Parents: Hugo and Pauline Eisfelder. Education: B.S., University of Wisconsin; M.S., Iowa State University. Spouse: Casimir D. Szymoniak, 1943. Children: 2 daughters; 3 sons. Grandchildren: 3. Profession and Activities: Retired rehabilitation counselor, speech pathologist and audiologist. Member: NEXUS; Holy Trinity Catholic Church, Des Moines; House of Mercy Board; Coalition for the Homeless; Planned Parenthood; National Organization of Women; Chrysalis Foundation; Iowa Council for International Understanding; Urban Dreams; IA State Institute for Social and Behavioral Research; IA Comprehensive Health Association. Term: Third.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH TINSMAN, Margaret "Maggie" - Bettendorf (R) District 21 Birth: July 14, 1936, Moline, IL. Parents: Francis and Elizabeth Neir. Education: B.A., University of Colorado, Phi Beta Kappa, Pi Gamma Mu; M.S.W., University of Iowa. Spouse: Hovey, 1959. Children: 1 daughter; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Scott County supervisor, 1978-1988 (chair, 1987). Member: St. Peter's Episcopal Church; Davenport/Bettendorf Chambers of Commerce; Scott County Farm Bureau; Iowa Peace Institute; Pleasant Valley Program Improvement Committee; Leadership Iowa Alumni; Junior League; American Lung Association of Iowa; Fine Foundation. Commissioner, Iowa Department of Elder Affairs, 1983-1988. Chair: Iowa Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations (1982-1984). Past president of Women's Network of National Conference of State Legislators. Term: Fourth.

VEENSTRA, Kenneth J. - Orange City (R) District 3 Birth: April 19, 1939, Bussey, Iowa. Parents: Lambert and Hester Veenstra. Education: Tracy High School; CLU ( Chartered Life Underwriter), American College, Bryn Mawr, PA. Military Service: U.S. Army - Military Police and 5th Army Honor Guard 1962-1964. Spouse: Janice (Hoogewerf) Veenstra. Children: 2 sons, James and Kevin; 2 daughters, Greta and Joy. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: State Farm Insurance Agent, chaired local Life Underwriter Assoc. Member: Calvary Christian Reformed Church. Chaired Sioux Co. Assoc. of Retarded Citizens. Served on Orange City Christian School Board. Hope Haven Board, committee to start original Ronald McDonald House in Iowa City. Served two terms in Iowa House. Term: First.

ZIEMAN, Lyle E. - Postville (R) District 16 Birth: March 12, 1921, Clayton County. Parents: Elmer and Adaila Meyer Zieman. Education: Graduated Postville High School. Spouse: Beverly Anderson Zieman. Children: 1 daughter; 2 stepdaughters, 4 sons. Grandchildren: 17. Profession and Activities: Dairy and hog farmer, 1941-1977. Dir., Postville State Bank since 1957. Member: St. Paul's Lutheran Church; Farm Bureau; Regional Planning Committee of NE Iowa; Postville Commercial Club; Steering Committee for Rural Economic Development for Assoc. of Counties; Postville Telephone Co. Board.; Allamakee County Substance Abuse Board; Allamakee County Civil Defense Board; Good Samaritan Society Board., Postville; Lions Club; Postville Improvement Corp. PIC; 5 County Mental Health Properties Board; Citizens United for Responsible Energy; Agricultural Council of America; and 8 County NE Iowa Regional Coordinating Council Board. Former board member: Postville Community School Board, 25 years. Former Allamakee County supervisor, 14 years. Term: Second.

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HOUSE OFFICERS AND STAFF Office of the Speaker -1999 - Ron Corbett, Speaker of the House Dan Fogleman, Adm. Assistant; Jeff Mitchell, Adm. Assistant; Susan Bruckshaw, Secretary Office of the Speaker - 2000 - Brent Siegrist, Speaker of the House Dan Fogleman, Adm. Assistant; Susan Severino, Adm. Assistant; Becky Lorenz, Secretary Speaker Pro Tempore -1999 -- Christopher Rants Speaker Pro Tempore - 2000 - Steven Sukup Office of the Majority Leader -1999 - Brent Siegrist, Majority Leader Susan Severino, Adm. Assistant; Becky Lorenz, Secretary Office of the Majority Leader - 2000 -- Christopher Rants, Majority Leader Jeff Mitchell, Adm. Assistant; Jackie Seymour, Adm. Assistant Majority Whip - 1999 - Chuck Gipp Majority Whip - 2000 - Libby Jacobs Assistant Majority Leaders - 1999 -- Donna Barry, Gary Blodgett, Barry Brauns, Danny Carroll Assistant Majority Leaders - 2000 - Donna Barry, Gary Blodgett, Barry Brauns, Danny Carroll Office of the Minority Leader - David Schrader, Minority Leader Mark Brandsgard, Adm. Assistant; Carolyn Gaukel, Secretary Minority Whip - Richard Myers Assistant Minority Leaders - John Connors, Pam Jochum, Steve Warnstadt, Keith Weigel Office of the Clerk of the House - Elizabeth A. Isaacson, Chief Clerk Betty M. Soener, Confidential Secretary; Sue Jennings, Assistant Chief Clerk; Colleen Dillon, Supervisor of Secretaries; Alyce Elmitt, Recording Clerk; Kathy Farrell, Clerk to Chief Clerk Majority Caucus Staff - Warren Fye, Director; Bruce Brandt, Senior Caucus Secretary; Lon Anderson, Research Analyst; Gentry Collins, Research Analyst; Justin Hupfer, Research Analyst; Stacie Maass, Research Analyst; Lew Olson, Research Analyst; Margaret Thomson, Senior Research Analyst; Craig Schoenfeld, Research Analyst; Pat Schultz, Research Analyst; Brad Trow, Research Analyst Minority Caucus Staff - Paulee Lipsman, Director; Dave Epley, Caucus Secretary; Mary Braun, Research Analyst; Ed Conlow, Senior Research Analyst; Anna Hyatt-Crozier, Research Analyst; Jenifer Parsons, Research Analyst; Tom Patterson, Senior Research Analyst; Joe Romano, Research Analyst Legal Counsel - Jane Fowler, Assistant Legal Counsel; Peg Kephart, Text Processor; Doreen Terrell, Assistant to Legal Counsel; Judy Graesch, Text Processor Journal Editors - Gayle Goble, Journal Editor; Elaine Schoonover, Assistant Journal Editor; Trina Sterling, Assistant Journal Editor Finance Officers - Debra Rex, Senior Fin. Officer; Kelly Wacht, Assist. Fin. Officer Indexers - Juanita F. Swackhammer, Chief Indexer; Kristi Wentz, Indexer Bill Clerks - Mildred Stewart, Marie A. Kirby Switchboard Operators - Madeline James, Howard Cowles Postmaster - William C. Walling

* Due to the resignation of Ron Corbett at the end of the 1999 session, changes occurred in the majority's leadership positions for the 2000 session. The election to fill the vacancy due to the resignation is November 2, 1999.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

HOUSE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEES Administration and Regulation: Brunkhorst- Chair, Van Engelenhoven- Vice-Chair, Cataldo - Ranking Member, Chiodo, Homes, Klemme, O'Brien, Taylor, Tyrrell Agriculture and Natural Resources: Greiner- Chair, Dolecheck- Vice-Chair, Mertz - Ranking Member, Baudler, Eddie, Hahn, May, Parmenter, Thomas Economic Development: Boggess - Chair, Raecker - Vice-Chair, Holveck - Ranking Member, Dotzler, Hoffman, Reynolds, Stevens, Sunderbruch, Teig Education: Hansen - Chair, Boal - Vice Chair, Mascher - Ranking Member, Barry, Carroll, Dix, Frevert, Scherrman, Witt Health and Human Rights: Nelson - Chair, Alons - Vice-Chair, Ford - Ranking Member Brauns, Chapman, Fallon, Lord, Shoultz, Thomson, Weigel Human Services: Heaton - Chair, Johnson - Vice-Chair, Osterhaus - Ranking Member, Arnold, Blodgett, Burnett, Foege, Houser, Jochum Justice Systems: Garman - Chair, Davis - Vice-Chair, Bell - Ranking Member, Cormack, Jager, Larkin, Mundie, Richardson, Welter Oversight and Communications: Jacobs - Chair, Kettering - Vice-Chair, Falck Ranking Member, Bradley, Drees, Huser, Jenkins, Martin, Whitead Transportation, Infrastructure and Capitals: Sukup - Chair, Rayhons - Vice-Chair, Cohoon - Ranking Member, Bukta, Horbach, Huseman, Kuhn, Warnstadt, Weidman

HOUSE STANDING COMMITTEES Administration and Rules: Carroll - Chair, Brauns - Vice Chair, Connors - Ranking Member, Barry, Blodgett, Corbett, Gipp, Huser, Jochum, Myers, Rants, Schrader, Siegrist, Warnstadt Agriculture: Klemme - Chair, Horbach - Vice Chair, Drees - Ranking Member, Alons, Baudler, Boggess, Drake, Fallon, Frevert, Greiner, Huseman, Johnson, Kuhn, May, Mertz, Mundie, Parmenter, Rayhons, Scherrman, Teig, Welter Appropriations: Millage - Chair, Dix - Vice Chair, Murphy - Ranking Member, Barry, Bell, Boggess, Brunkhorst, Cataldo, Cormack, Falck, Garman, Gipp, Greiner, Hansen, Heaton, Huser, Jacobs, Mascher, Mertz, Nelson, Parmenter, Sukup, Taylor, Warnstadt, Wise Commerce and Regulation: Metcalf - Chair, Hoffman - Vice Chair, Chapman - Ranking Member, Bradley, Cataldo, Chiodo, Dix, Doderer, Drees, Hansen, Holmes, Holveck, Jacobs, Jenkins, Johnson, Osterhaus, Raecker, Rants, Van Fossen, Weigel, Wise Economic Development: Teig - Chair, Jenkins- Vice Chair, Dotzler - Ranking Member, Boggess, Cohoon, Cormack, Dolecheck, Heaton, Hoffman, Horbach, Jochum, Martin, May, Metcalf, Nelson, O'Brien, Stevens, Thomas, Van Fossen, Weigel, Witt Education: Grundberg - Chair, Thomson - Vice Chair, Wise - Ranking Member, Boal, Boddicker, Brunkhorst, Bukta, Carroll, Cohoon, Dolecheck, Eddie, Falck, Foege, Hansen, Kreiman, Lord, Mascher, Nelson, Rants, Stevens, Sunderbruch, Thomas, Warnstadt

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Environmental Protection: Hahn - Chair, Bradley - Vice-Chair, Witt - Ranking Member, Alons, Boggess, Brunkhorst, Burnett, Cormack, Drake, Fallon, Foege, Gipp, Greiner, Holveck, Huseman, Kettering, Klemme, Mascher, Richardson, Shoultz, Stevens Ethics: Cormack - Chair, Lord - Vice-Chair, Warnstadt - Ranking Member, Chapman, Martin, Weigel Human Resources: Boddicker - Chair, Lord - Vice-Chair, Foege - Ranking Member, Barry, Blodgett, Boal, Brunkhorst, Bukta, Burnett, Carroll, Davis, Ford, Grundberg, Hahn, Kreiman, Martin, Mertz, Murphy, Reynolds, Thomson, Witt Judiciary: Larson - Chair, Baudler - Vice-Chair, Kreiman- Ranking Member, Barry, Bell, Boddicker, Chapman, Davis, Doderer, Ford, Holveck, Jager, Kettering, Millage, Myers, Parmenter, Raecker, Shoultz, Sukup, Sunderbruch, Thomson Labor and Industrial Relations: Tyrrell - Chair, Barry - Vice-Chair, Taylor - Ranking Member, Boddicker, Connors, Dolecheck, Dotzler, Falck, Ford, Grundberg, Hoffman, Horbach, Larson, Metcalf, Millage, Murphy, Parnmenter, Raecker, Scherrman, Sukup, Whitead Local Government: Houser - Chair, Arnold - Vice-Chair, Fallon - Ranking Member, Alons, Brauns, Burnett, Carroll, Connors, Dix, Eddie, Hahn, Huser, Klemme, Kuhn, Mundie, Reynolds, Richardson, Van Englenehoven, Weidman, Welter, Whitead Natural Resources: Huseman- Chair, Sunderbruch - Vice-Chair, O'Brien - Ranking Member, Alons, Baudler, Bell, Brauns, Dotzler, Drake, Frevert, Garman, Kettering, Klemme, May, Mundie, Myers, Rayhons, Richardson, Scherrman, Tyrrell, Weidman State Government: Martin - Chair, Holmes- Vice-Chair, Larkin - Ranking Member, Arnold, Bradley, Brauns, Cataldo, Chiodo, Connors, Davis, Gipp, Houser, Jacobs, Jager, Jochum, Metcalf, O'Brien, Reynolds, Taylor, Van Engelenhoven, Whitead Transportation: Welter - Chair, Jager - Vice-Chair, May - Ranking Member, Arnold, Blodgett, Brauns, Bukta, Chiodo, Cohoon, Drees, Eddie, Garman, Heaton, Huser, Johnson, Larkin, Rayhons, Thomas, Van Engelenhoven, Warnstadt, Weidman Ways and Means: Van Fossen- Chair, Drake- Vice-Chair, Shoultz - Ranking Member, Blodgett, Boal, Chapman, Doderer, Frevert, Hoffman, Holmes, Houser, Jager, Jenkins, Jochum, Kuhn, Larkin, Larson, Lord, Myers, Osterhaus, Raecker, Rants, Richardson, Teig, Weigel

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

LISTING OF REPRESENTATIVES BY DISTRICT

1234567891011 12 1314 15 16 1718 1920 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 -

Wesley Whitead (D) Steven H. Warnstadt (D) Christopher Rants (R) Ralph Klemme (R) Dwayne Alons (R) David J. Johnson (R) Greg Stevens (D) Marcella Frevert (D) Dan Huseman (R) Russell J. Eddie (R) Steve Kettering (R) Clarence Hoffman (R) Michael Cormack (R) Norman Mundie (D) Dolores M. Mertz (D) Henry Rayhons (R) Russell W. Teig (R) Steve Sukup (R) Gary Blodgett (R) Dennis May (D) Bill Dix (R) Bob Brunkhorst (R) William Witt (D) Willard Jenkins (R) Don Shoultz (D) Bill Dotzler (D) Michael Jager (R) Steve Falck (D) Mark Kuhn (D) Keith Weigel (D) Chuck Gipp (R) Roger Thomas (D) Paul Scherrman (D) Robert Osterhaus (D) Pam Jochum (D) Pat Murphy (D) Clyde Bradley (R) Polly Bukta (D) Dan Boddicker (R) Danny Holmes (R) David Millage (R) James Van Fossen (R) Mona Martin (R) John Sunderbruch (R) Minnette Doderer (D) Mary Mascher (D) Barry Brauns (R) James Hahn (R) Dick Myers (D) Ro Foege (D)

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Rosemary Thomson (R) Ron J. Corbett (R) Kay Chapman (D) Todd Taylor (D) Chuck Larson (R) Paul Bell (D) Danny Carroll (R) Phil Tyrrell (R) Lance Horbach (R) Cecelia Burnett (D) Dennis Parmenter (D) Teresa Garman (R) Beverly Nelson (R) Carmine Boal (R) Geri Huser (D) Frank Chiodo (D) Michael Cataldo (D) John H. Connors (D) Ed Fallon (D) Wayne Ford (D) Jack Holveck (D) Betty Grundberg (R) Libby Jacobs (R) Janet Metcalf (R) Scott Raecker (R) David Lord (R) Clel Baudler (R) Michael O'Brien (D) Jim Drees (D) Jack Drake (R) Donna Barry (R) Brad Hansen (R) Brent Siegrist (R) Hubert Houser (R) Dick Weidman (R) Effie Lee Boggess (R) Cecil Dolecheck (R) Steve Richardson (D) David Schrader (D) Richard Arnold (R) Keith Kreiman (D) Galen Davis (R) Rebecca Reynolds (D) Jim Van Engelenhoven (R) Sandra Greiner (R) Dave Heaton (R) Philip Wise (D) Richard Larkin (D) Dennis M. Cohoon (D)

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES DISTRICTS MAP

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Chief Clerk of the House ISAACSON, Elizabeth A. - Des Moines Birthplace: Numa. Parents: A.R. and Beth Lambert Fenton. Education: Graduated North High School, Des Moines. Spouse: Max D. Children: 1 daughter, Susan Beth Harmon; 3 sons, Scott Lee, Steven Glen, and Stuart David. Grandchildren: 7. Profession and Activities: Member: Windsor United Methodist Church and American Society of Legislative Clerks and Secretaries. Legislative secretary, 1967. Secretary to majority leader, 1969. Journal clerk, 1970-1973. Chief journal clerk, 1974. Journal editor, 1975-1981. Chief clerk, 1982. Assistant chief clerk, 1983-1992. Named chief clerk, January 11, 1993.

STATE REPRESENTATIVES ALONS, Dwayne A. - Hull (R) District 5 Birth: October 30, 1946, Hull. Parents: Gerrit and Hattie Alons. Education:B.S, math, Northwestern College, Orange City, 1968; M.S., management, University of Arkansas, 1974; Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pa., MEL-1, 1990. Military Service: Airforce, active duty, 1968-1974; Iowa Air National Guard, fighter pilot, colonel, 1975-1977 and 1980present. Spouse: Clarice Elaine. Children: 2 daughters, Kristin and Karena; 2 sons, Kevin and Kyle. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Corn/soybean farmer. Air Operations staff director, HQ Iowa Air National Guard at Camp Dodge, Iowa. Member: Christ Community Church, Sioux Center; Boyden American Legion; Hull Kiwanis Club; NW IA Gideons; Sioux County Farm Bureau; Iowa Soybean Assoc. Term: First.

ARNOLD, Richard D. - Russell (R) District 91 Birth: February 9, 1945, Russell. Parents: Dean and Isis Arnold. Education: Russell Community H.S., Iowa State University. Spouse: Cheryl. Children: 5. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Farmer and cattle producer. Member: Farm Bureau, Iowa Cattleman's Association, Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever. Past president, Iowa Fish Farmers; Lucas County Board of Supervisors, 8 years; Lucas County Soil Commissioner, 6 years; 4-H leader, 6 years. Term: Third.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER BARRY, Donna M. - Dunlap (R) District 82 Birth: August 30, 1947, Harrison County. Parents: Miles and Iva Mann. Education: Graduated Woodbine Community High School; BA. degree in History Education, University of Northern Iowa. Spouse: Lynn. Children: 2 daughters. Profession and Activities: Farmer and property manager. Assistant Majority Leader. Former field staff of Branstad, Jepsen, and Lightfoot campaigns. Member: Environmental Protection Commission, 1984-1988; Iowa Western Community College Board, 1989-1995; Farm Bureau; PEO; Corn Growers; Soybean Association; Woodbine Methodist Church; Women's Society Legion Auxiliary; Harrison County Republican Women; Community Memorial Hospital Foundation Board; IA Western Fdn Board. Term: Third.

BAUDLER, Clel - Greenfield (R) District 78 Birth: April 4, 1939, Adair County. Parents: Albert and Nora Baudler. Education: Graduated, Fontanelle H.S., 1957; Iowa State Patrol Academy, 1965. Spouse: Mary Carole Baudler. Children: 2 daughters, Renee and Lori; 2 sons, Joe and Tom. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Retired State Trooper (32 1/2 years). Farmer. Member: Farm Bureau; N.R.A.; IA State Trooper Assoc; IA Chiefs of Police and Peace Officers Assoc; St. John's Catholic Church, Greenfield. Term: First.

BELL, Paul A. - Newton (D) District 57 Birth: October 3, 1950 Algona. Parents: Alfred and LuEllna Bell. Education: B.A., University of Northern Iowa, 1973. Spouse: Niki, 1971. Children: 1 daughter, Allison; 1 son, Bradley. Profession and Activities: Lieutenant for the Newton Police Department. DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) coordinator and teacher in local schools. Member: First Lutheran Church, Kiwanis, Iowa State Police Officers Association. President, YMCA board of directors. Past president and current board member, RSVP (Retired Senior Volunteer Program). Past charter president of Iowa DARE Association. Vice president of Illinois DARE Association. Term: Fourth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BLODGETT, Gary B. - Clear Lake (R) District 19 Birth: October 17, 1937, Pleasantville. Parents: Burl and Ethel Blodgett. Education: D.D.S., University of Iowa, 1962; M.S. in Orthodontics, University of Iowa, 1967. Spouse: Sandra J. Hodgson, 1956. Children: 1 daughter; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 7. Profession and Activities: U.S. Public Health Service, 1962-1965. Orthodontist in Mason City, 19671992. Former president of Iowa Society of Orthodontists and North Central District Dental Society. Boy Scout Troop leader. Little league baseball coach. Participant in YMCA membership drives and United Way campaigns. Member: Rotary, 19671972; American Association of Orthodontists; American Dental Association; ADA Council on Governmental Affairs; American Legislative Exchange Council; Masonic Lodge; Farm Bureau; Assoc. for the Preservation of Clear Lake; Mason City and Clear Lake Chambers of Commerce. Term: Fourth.

BOAL, Carmine R. - Ankeny (R) District 65 Birth: February 28, 1956. Parents: Edward and Wilma Roth. Education: Graduated WACO H.S., 1974; A.I.B., associate degree in Executive Secretarial-Legal, 1976; Drake University, three years, journalism and public relations. Spouse: Steven Boal. Children: 1 daughter, 2 sons. Profession and Activities: Homemaker/Legislator. Former member: Ankeny Community School Board, 1996-1998. Member: Ankeny Federated Women's Club, Faith Christian Fellowship. Term: First.

BODDICKER, Daniel J. - Tipton (R) District 39 Birth: November 18, 1962, Benton County. Parents: Don and Leila Boddicker. Education: A.A.S. in electrical engineering technology, Kirkwood Community College. Spouse: Carla, 1983. Children: 1 daughter, Cheyanne; 4 sons, Joshua, Jacob, Michael, and Matthew. Profession and Activities: Electrical Engineer at HWH Corporation, Moscow, IA. Member: St. Mary's Catholic Church, Tipton. Avid hunter and fisherman. Enjoys writing, recording and performing music. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER BOGGESS, Effie L. - Villisca (R) District 87 Birth: December 27, 1927, Adams County. Parents: Virgil and Flossie Narigon. Education: Graduated Nodaway High School; Attended Simpson College. Spouse: Frank H. Boggess, 1946. Children: 3 daughters, 4 sons. Grandchildren: 15. Great-Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Farmer. 4-H leader. Received honorary and alumni awards. Member: Farm Bureau; Iowa Sheep and Wool Promotion Board, vice president and president; United Methodist Church; United Methodist Women, past district president; P.E.O. and O.E.S., Named Iowa Master Farm Homemaker, 1990. Participated in Iowa Farm Bureau Farmer to Farmer Exchange with Hungary. Term: Third.

BRADLEY, Clyde E. - Camanche (R) District 37 Birth: January 30, 1934, Luke, MD. Parents: Joseph and Laura. Education: Graduated Lyons High School, 1951; B.S. Engineering, University of Iowa, 1958. Military Service: U.S. Army, two years; U.S. Navy, five years active, twentyfive years reserve; retired at the grade of Captain, U.S. Navy Civil Engineer Corps (Seabees). Spouse: Patty, 1959. Children: 2 daughters; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: Member: Chamber of Commerce, Pheasants Forever, Reformed Church of America, Retired Military Officers Association, American Legion, U.S. Navy Retired Officers Association. Term: Third.

BRAUNS, Barry D. - Conesville (R) District 47 Birth: July 11, 1932, Muscatine County. Parents: Henry Brauns and Lorena Fisher. Education: Graduated from Muscatine High School, 1950; graduate of Crosby Quality Management course. Military Service: U.S. Army, Korea, 1953-1954; U.S. Army Reserves, 1955-1985. Spouse: Jo Ann, 1956. Children: 1 daughter, Shari; 1 son, Randall. Grandchildren: 1. Profession and Activities: Owner/ operator of feed and grain elevator. Former manager of a chemical company for 10 years. Current manager, Muscatine County Fair. Former member, Board of Directors of Muscatine Chamber of Commerce. Member: Lions, Moose, Farm Bureau, American Legion, and Methodist Church. District director of Iowa Fairs. Term: Fourth.

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THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BRUNKHORST, Robert J. - Waverly (R) District 22 Birth: December 5, 1965, Bremer County. Parents: Dr. John and Edna Brunkhorst. Education: Graduated from Waverly-Shell Rock High School, 1984;Loras College with honors, 1989. Spouse: Kris, 1992. Children: 1 daughter, Karalynn. Profession and Activities: Computer analyst at CUNA Mutual Life Insurance Company. Founding member of the Waverly Solid Waste Advisory Committee (SWAC). Member: Jaycees, Boy Scouts, Bremer County Farm Bureau, Tax Payers Rights Association, Friends of the Waverly Chamber/Main Street Organization, Waverly Rotary, Kiwanis. Term: Fourth.

BUKTA, Polly - Clinton (D) District 38 Birth: April 3, 1937, PA. Parents: Paul and Mary Marquis Bresnan. Education: Graduated from St. Michael's High School, Greenville, PA, 1955; B.S., Mercyhurst College, Erie, PA, 1962; Post graduate, UNI. Spouse: Michael, 1967. Children: 2 sons; Paul and Aaron. Profession and Activities: Teacher at Jefferson School, Clinton. Member: Isaac Walton League; Prince of Peace Catholic Church; Clinton Education Association; Iowa State Education Association; National Education Association; Association for Curriculum Development; AAUW; Delta Kappa Gamma; NAACP; Clinton Area Chamber of Commerce. Term: Second.

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BURNETT, Cecelia S. - Ames (D) District 61 Birth: August 19, 1951, Springfield, MA. Parents: Theodore and Loretta Smith. Education: Graduate of Cathedral High School, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1969; B.S. degree in Wildlife Biology, Iowa State University; B.S. degree in Journalism, Iowa State University. Children: 1 son, David. Profession and Activities: Member: Iowa Association of Naturalists, Iowa Conservation Education Council, League of Women Voters, Iowa Women in Natural Resources, Iowa Women's Political Caucus, Democratic Activist Women's Network. Board member: Youth and Shelter Services, ACCESS (sexual assault center); Childcare Resources Center. Term: Third.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER CARROLL, Danny C. - Grinnell (R) District 58 Birth: August 19, 1953, Colorado Springs, CO. Parents: James Carroll and Joyce Carroll. Education: B.S. in Business Administration from Milligan College in Johnston City, Tennessee. Spouse: Joy, 1975. Children: 2 daughters, Joni and Danae; 1 son, Curtis. Profession and Activities: Real Estate broker, Ramsey-Weeks Real Estate; Co-owner of Carroll's Pumpkin Farm. Member: Poweshiek County Farm Bureau; Poweshiek County Board of Supervisors, 1985-1994; Grinnell Kiwanis Club; Grinnell Christian Church; Foster Parent, 1978-1987; Grinnell Gideon Camp; Poweshiek Area Development Council. Term: Third.

CATALDO, Michael - Des Moines (D) District 68 Birth: June 10, 1965, Des Moines. Parents: George and Sandy Cataldo. Education: Graduated from Dowling High School, 1983; A.B., American Institute of Business, 1986. Spouse: Karen Cataldo. Children: 1 son, Michael Jr. Profession and Activities: Board of Directors, Variety Club of Iowa; Board of Directors, Boys and Girls Club of Central Iowa. Member: St. Anthony's Catholic Church, Society of Italian-Americans. Term: Fourth.

CHAPMAN, Kay - Cedar Rapids (D) District 53 Birth: January 19, 1937, Estherville. Parents: Edward and Meryl McConoughey Halloran. Education: B.A., University of Iowa, 1959; JD University of Iowa, 1974. Children: 2 sons. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Lawyer. Member: Iowa State Bar Association; Tanager Place board; YWCA board of trustees; Mid America Housing Partnership Board. Term: Seventh.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH CHIODO, Frank - Des Moines (D) District 67 Birth: May 8, 1968, Des Moines. Parents: Ned and Marilyn Chiodo. Education: Graduated from Dowling High School, 1986; B.A., Political Studies, Grandview College. Spouse: Lisa Chiodo. Children: 1 son, Nicholas Joseph. Profession and Activities: Small business manager. Enjoys golf. Member: Christ the King Church and Society of ItalianAmericans. Term: Second.

COHOON, Dennis - Burlington (D) District 100 Birth: March, 29, 1953, Burlington. Parents: Meril and Marie Cohoon. Education: Graduated from Burlington H.S., 1971; Southwestern Community College, 1974; B.A., Iowa Wesley an College, 1977; graduate work, University of Iowa. Military Service: Iowa Army national Guard, 1973-79. Spouse: Sue. Profession and Activities: Special education teacher, Burlington Community H.S. Member: Burlington Education Assoc; Iowa State Education Assoc; Geode Education Assoc; Des Moines County District Central Committee; and Oak Street Baptist Church. Term: Seventh.

CONNORS, John H. - Des Moines (D) District 69 Birth: December 2, 1922, Des Moines. Parents: John J. and Edna Connors. Education: Graduated North High School, 1942, Attended Harvard University Trade Union Program. Military Service: Navy Reserve and Merchant Marine, World War II. Spouse: Majorie Leonard, 1945. Children: 1 daughter; 2 sons; 1 deceased. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: Labor Arbitrator; Member and retired captain, D.M. Fire Department, 1950-1977. Member: Capitol Hill Christian Church, Masonic Orders, Am. Legion. Former board member, Logan Priority Board; City-wide Central Advisory Board, first chairman; Polk County Society for Crippled Children and Adults, past president; Board of Trustees, D.M. General Hospital, chairman; Muscular Dystrophy Association, past president; D.M. Friendship and Sister City Commission; Iowa Golden Gloves, president; National Golden Gloves Association, past president; chairman, Midwestern Legislative Conference, 1987 and 1994; national chairman, Council of State Governments, 1992. Speaker pro tempore, 1983-1992. Assistant Minority Leader, 1992-2000. Term: Fourteenth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER CORBETT, Ron J. - Cedar Rapids (R) District 52 Birth: October 12, 1960, Erie, PA. Education: Graduated from Newton Senior High School, 1978. Bachelor of special studies in economics and business, Cornell College, 1983. Spouse: Benedicte. Children: Jeremy, Matthieu, Nicolas and Anaelle. Profession and Activities: Special projects manager for CRST, Inc. Member: Advisory Board of the Salvation Army, Linn County Republicans, American Council of Young Political Leaders. Term: Seventh.

CORMACK, Mike G. - Fort Dodge (R) District 13 Birth: April 22, 1970, Fort Dodge. Parents: Jim and Julie Cormack. Education: Graduated from Fort Dodge Sr. High, 1988; B.S. degree in Political Science/Public Admin and Secondary Education/Social Studies, Mankato State University, 1992. Coaching authorization classes, Drake University, 1992. Profession and Activities: Substitute teacher. Legislative Intern with Senator Chuck Grassley. Student teacher in the LeSueur-Henderson Minnesota Community School District, 1992. Member: Hillcrest Neighborhood Betterment Group; Riverside United Methodist Church; Webster County Farm Bureau; State Republican Platform, 1990. Term: Third. DAVIS, Galen M. - Ottumwa (R) District 93 Birth: February 6, 1951, Ottumwa. Parents: W.R. Davis and the late Alma E. Davis. Education: Graduated Ottumwa H.S., 1969; Indian Hills Community College; Iowa Law Enforcement Academy. Military Service: U.S. Navy Veteran. Spouse: Pamala. Children: 2 sons; Joey and Tyler. Grandchildren: 1. Profession and Activities: Police Sergeant. Member: Wapello County Republican Central Committee; chair, Wapello Co. E-911 Service Board; Iowa Assoc. of Chiefs of Police and Peace Officers; Ottumwa Police Assoc; Farm Bureau; IA Law Enforcement Intelligence Network; Ottumwa Police Department Methamphetamine Education Program; Wapello Co. Critical Incident Stress Management Team; Southeast IA Coalition Against Domestic Violence; Advisory Brd. for the Batterer's Education program. Past member: Wapello Co. Democratic Central Committee; Wapello Co. Cattlemen's Assoc; Wapello Co. Hooves and Hats Horse Club; Heartland Human Society Board of Trustees; Ottumwa Public Relations Committee. Past vice-chair, Ottumwa Crisis Center and Women's Shelter; past facilitator, 8th Judicial District Batterer's Education Program; volunteer and past vice-chair, Wapello County American Red Cross. Wapello Co. 4-H Dog Project Leader. Investigator for Wapello Co. Medical Examiner. Republican candidate, Wapello Co. Sheriff, 1996. Term: First.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH DIX, Bill - Shell Rock (R) District 21 Birth: November 28, 1962, Janesville. Parents: Sharon and Richard Dix. Education: B.S., Iowa State University. Spouse: Gerri. Children: 1 son, Michael. Profession and Activities: Chairman of Butler County Republicans. Member: Lions Club, Butler County Farm Bureau Board of Directors, Shell Rock Music Association, Iowa Cattleman's Association, Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Association, and Rotary Club. Term: Second.

DODERER, Minnette - Iowa City (D) District 45 Birth: May 16, 1923, Holland, IA. Parents: Sophie and John Frerichs. Education: Graduated from East High, Waterloo; BA. in economics, University of Iowa. Spouse: Fred Doderer (deceased). Children: 1 daughter, Kay Lynn; 1 son, Dennis. Profession and Activities: Served on Iowa Health Facilities Commission; visiting professor at Stephens College, Columbia, MO, and at ISU. Member: First Methodist Church; Board of Fellows, SUI School of Religion; honorary member of Delta Kappa Gamma; East High School Hall of Fame; president, Pioneer Lawmakers, 1994-1995. Awards: Outstanding Citizen's Award, Women Journalism Students of the University of Iowa; special award, Iowa City's Outstanding Woman; Iowa Civil Liberties Award, 1978; Good Citizenship Medal, Sons of the American Revolution; Distinguished Legislative Service Award, Iowa State Education Association; Friend of Education Award, Iowa City, 1986; Christine Wilson Award for Equality and Justice, 1989; Woman of the Year, 1995. Iowa Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Gold Seal Award, 1995. Served 2 Vz terms in Iowa Senate. Term: Twelfth.

DOLECHECK, Cecil - Mt. Ayr (R) District 88 Birth: May 30, 1951. Parents: Ivan and Leola. Education: Graduate of Mt. Ayr Community Schools, attended Iowa State University. Spouse: Becky. Children: 1 daughter, Josie; 2 sons, Eric and Darin. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Past President of Ringgold County Farm Bureau; past treasurer, Elston United Methodist Church; past president, Afton Farmers Coop Board; past County Fair Livestock Superintendent. Member: Pork Producers, Cattlemens' Association, Sheriffs Posse. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER DOTZLER, William A. Jr. - Waterloo (D) District 26 Birth: May 7, 1948, St. Paul, MN. Parents: Virginia and William Dotzler, Sr. Education: A.A., North Iowa Area Community College; B.A. cum laude, University of Northern Iowa. Children: 1 daughter, Michelle. Profession and Activities: Machine operator and labor representative at Deere & Company. Past President of Waterloo Visiting Nursing Association, Cedar Trails Partnership and Friends of Hartman Reserve Nature Center. Served as the Labor Representative to the Private Industry Council. Serve on Iowa Workforce Development Board. Served in U.S. Army Security Agency in Military Intelligence. Past recipient of the Governor's Life Saving Award and Volunteer Service Award. Member: Governor's 21st Century Workforce Council; Gates Park Optimist Club of Waterloo and Amvets Post 31. Term: Second.

DRAKE, Jack E. - Lewis (R) District 81 Birth: July 29, 1934, Pottawattamie County. Parents: Wallace and Arlene Barnes Drake. Education: Graduated from Atlantic High School, 1952; attended University of Iowa. Spouse: Shirley Bees, 1954. Children: 2 daughters, Marcia and JoEllen; 2 sons, Scott and Kyle. Profession and Activities: Farmer since 1955. Past vice president, Pottawattamie County Zoning Commission. President, East Pottawattamie Extension Council. President and voting delegate, East Pottawattamie County Farm Bureau. Iowa Farm Bureau board of directors. Vice president and organizing member, Pottawattamie County Taxpayers Association. Presently, Walnut Telephone Company board secretary. Member: Cattlemen's Association, Corn Growers, Soybean Association, Pottawattamie County Republican Central Committee, Walnut Area Development Association, and United Methodist Church. Term: Fourth.

DREES, James H. - Manning (D) District 80 Birth: July 6, 1930, Manning. Parents: Henry and Maria. Education: Graduated from Carroll High School; attended Iowa State University. Spouse: Patricia. Children: 3 sons; Jeffrey, Jay, and Nick. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: Sacred Heart Parish, Iowa Cattlemen Association, Knights of Columbus. Term: Third.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH EDDIE, Russell J. - Storm Lake (R) District 10 Birth: June 9, 1938, Wayne, NE. Parents: Robert and Myrtle Eddie. Education: Graduate of Truesdale High School; B.A. degree from Buena Vista College, 1960. Spouse: Gladys Pedersen of Newell. Children: 1 daughter, Julie; 3 sons, Tom, Rob, and Steve. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: Retired farmer. Member: Farm Bureau, Iowa Pork Producers, Iowa Cattleman's Association, St. Mark Lutheran Church in Storm Lake, Kiwanis, Buena Vista County Historical Society, Storm Lake Preservation Association. Past Activities: School teacher and coach, Royal, Iowa 1961-1966; Albert City-Truesdale school board, nine years; Little League coach, twenty-four years; Buena Vista County Compensation Board; Republican county precinct chair. Term: Seventh.

FALCK, Steve - Stanley (D) District 28 Birth: April 26, 1958, Manchester. Parents: Jerry and Inabel Falck. Education: Graduated from Oelwein High School, 1976; Upper Iowa University, 1980. Profession and Activities: Real estate appraiser. Member: Sacred Heart Church, Oelwein; Buchanan County Farm Bureau; Stanley Fire Fighter; United Way board; Exchange Club; Oelwein Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors. Term: Second.

FALLON, Ed - Des Moines (D) District 70 Birth: March 1, 1958. Parents: Edward S. and Shirley J. Fallon. Education: B.G.S. in religion, Drake University, 1987. Spouse: Kristin Maahs. Children: 1 daughter, Fionna; 1 son, Benjamin. Profession and Activities: Former musician, farmer, baker, and non-profit director. Catholic and Methodist Churches. Riverbend Neighborhood Association. 1000 Friends of Iowa. Friends of Native Iowa. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER FOEGE, Ro - Mt. Vernon (D) District 50 Birth: September 1, 1938, George, IA. Parents: The late Rev. Henry Foege and Frieda Foege. Education: Graduated Pocahontas H.S., 1956; B.A. Wartburg College, 1960; M.A. University of Iowa, 1963. Spouse: Susan Salter, 1980. Children: 1 daughter, 2 sons, 2 step-daughters. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: School Social Worker, Grant Wood Area Education Agency, 1978present; IA School Social Worker of the Year, 1992-93; Catholic Charities, 1966-1978; Dept. of Human Services, 19631966. Member: Linn County Human Resource Management Board, ISEA, AFT, NASW, IA Mental Health Planning Council, Lutheran Social Service Adv. Committee. Former Marion Independent Schools board member, co-founder Alternative Services, co-founder Four Oaks (formerly Boys Acres). Term: Second.

FORD, Wayne - Des Moines (D) District 71 Birth: December 21, 1951, Washington, D.C. Parents: Wiley and Sarah Ford. Education: A.A., Recreation, Rochester State Junior College, 1971; BSE, Recreation, Drake Univ., 1974; Drake Univ. School of Graduate Studies, MPA Program, 1975-77; Univ. of IA School of Social Work, MSW Program, 1980-84. Children: 1 son, Ryan. Profession and Activities: Dir., Urban Dreams; Principal, Wayne Ford and Assoc; Dir.; Milton S. Eisenhower Fdn., Washington D.C; Dir., Mid City Vision Coalition; Member: West Des Moines State Bank Community Advisory Board; State of IA Empowerment Brd.; State of IA Juvenile Justice Adv. Council, 1989-1996. Producer/host, Wayne Ford Talk Show, WHO AM, Des Moines, 1990-1996. Recipient, Drake Univ. "Double D" Award, 1995. Inductee, Rochester (MN) Jr. College Alumni Hall of Fame, 1994. Founder and co-chair, IA Brown and Black Presidential Forum, 1976-2000. Recipient, IA Comm. Betterment Program Governor's Leadership Award, 1985. Dir., Model City Community Center, 1980-1987. IA Minority Ed. Coordinator. Jimmy Carter Presidential Campaign, 1976. Term: Second.

FREVERT, Marcella - Emmetsburg (D) District 8 Birth: October 26, 1937, Palo Alto County. Parents: Kermit (deceased) and Rose Reeves. Education: A.A., Emmetsburg Community College; B.S. in Ed., Mankato State University; M.A. in Ed./Psychology, U.N.I.; Reading specialist, Univ. of Iowa. Spouse: William W. Children: 3 daughters; Jody, Anne and Kristen; 1 son; Paul. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: GWFC. Spencer Area Assoc. Business and Industry. Palo Alto County Soil and Water Conservation District Commissioner and Regional Commissioner, 1994. Member: Cattlemens' Assoc, Pork Producers, Soybean Producers, Farm Bureau; Emmetsburg Chamber of Commerce, Emmetsburg Education Assoc, PACK Reading Council, Iowa Reading Assoc, International Reading Assoc, Phi Delta Kappa and Methodist Church. Term: Second.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH GARMAN, Teresa A. - Ames (R) District 63 Birth: August 29, 1937, Webster County. Parents: John Clement and Barbara Korsa Lennon. Education: Graduated from Ft. Dodge H.S., 1954. Spouse: Merle Garman, 1961. Children: 3 daughters; Laura, Rachel, and Sarah; 1 son, Robert. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Served on Story Co. Zoning Board of Adjustment. School Board Advisory Committee, Gilbert Community School. State Republican Farm Policy Council. Republican State Central Committee. Story Co. Republican Central Committee, secretary. Member: Marshall Co. Republican Women, V.F.W. Auxiliary, Farm Bureau, St. Cecilia's Catholic Church, Nevada Chamber of Commerce, Story City Greater Community Club. Bd. of Directors, National Order of Women Legislators. Delegate to 1988, 1992 and 1996 Republican National Convention. Member of 1988 and 1992 Republican National Platform Committee, American Leg. Exchange Council. Term: Seventh.

GIPP, Charles R. - Decorah (R) District 31 Birth: November 30, 1947, Decorah. Parents: Alvin and Jeanette Gipp. Education: Graduated from Thomas Roberts High School in Decorah, 1966. Received B.A. from Luther College, 1970. Spouse: J. Ranae Keoppel, 1971. Children: 1 daughter, Alison; 1 son, Barrett. Profession and Activities: Dairy farmer. Past chair: Winneshiek Co. Republicans. Member: Iowa Brown Swiss Assoc; Farm Bureau; NFIB; Decorah Chamber of Commerce; Luther College Town and Gown Committee; First Lutheran Church. Term: Fifth.

GREINER, Sandra H. - Keota (R) District 96 Birth: October 26, 1945, Washington. Parents: Lloyd Lyle and Louise Eyestone Hayes. Education: Graduated from Washington Community Schools, 1964; attended Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri. Spouse: Terrence. Children: 3 sons; Shaun, Brant and Cory. 2 daughters-in-law. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: IA Chair, American Legislative Exchange Council. Legislator of the Year, 1998; Iowa chair, American Legislative Exchange Council. Member: Pork Producers; Corn and Soybean Growers; Farm Bureau; Keota Unlimited; American AgriWomen (past president); Agricultural Women's Leadership Network; Daughters of American Agriculture brd. of directors; former Agriculture Council of America exec, committee member; American Feed Industry Assoc; Animal Industry Task Force; Washington Co. Republican Central Committee; Washington Co. Republican Women; Keokuk Co. Republican Women; Wapello Co. Republican Women; Mahaska Co. Republican Women; and St. Mary's Catholic Church and Altar and Rosary Society, Keota. Lector, choir member, and communion distributor. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER GRUNDBERG, Betty - Des Moines (R) District 73 Birth: February 16, 1938, Woden. Parents: Ed and Eva Ruth Meyer. Education: Graduated from Dows High School, 1956; B.A., Wartburg College, 1959; M.A., University of Iowa, 1969; Advanced studies, Drake University. Spouse: Arnie. Children: 3 daughters, Christine, Julie, and Susan; 1 son, Michael. Profession and Activities: Property management and renovation. Past member: Des Moines School Board (three years as president), Des Moines Housing Council, state and local PTA, Iowa Children and Family Services board, Civic Center board, and Polk County Health Services. Member: Polk County Medical Alliance, League of Women Voters, AAUW, Lutheran. Term: Fourth.

HAHN, James F. - Muscatine (R) District 48 Birth: October 25, 1935, Muscatine. Education: Muscatine High School, 1953. Children: 4 daughters. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: Formerly involved in farming/ livestock operation, sand/gravel/ready-mix business, as well as family business of wholesale fruits and vegetables. Currently a real-estate salesperson and property manager. Member: Wesley United Methodist Church; Masons; Elks; Iowa Corn Growers; Iowa Soybean Association; Muscatine and Louisa Counties Flood Control Commission; Farm Bureau; Pork Producers; Muscatine Chamber of Commerce. Term: Fifth.

HANSEN, Brad - Council Bluffs (R) District 83 Birth: October 30, 1968, Onawa Parents: Susan and Dennis Hansen. Education: B.S. in Public Administration, UNI, 1991; MA in Hospital Admin., U of I, 1993. Spouse: Ann. Profession and Activities: Coordinator of Planning at Methodist Health System; Recipient of the David A. Winston Healthcare Policy Fellowship, 1993-1994. Member: Society for Healthcare Planning and Marketing, Council Bluffs Morning Rotary, American College of Healthcare Executives. Term: Second.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH HEATON, David E. - Mt. Pleasant (R) District 97 Birth: February 2, 1941, Sigourney. Parents: Ward and Jean Heaton. Education: Graduated Sigourney High School, 1959; B.A. Iowa Wesleyan College, 1964. Military Service: U.S. Army Reserve 872nd Ord. Co., Washington, Iowa. Spouse: Carmen, 1968. Children: 1 daughter, Mary; 1 son, David. Profession and Activities: Owner of Iris Restaurant, Mt. Pleasant. Member: Kiwanis, Henry County Pork Producers, Henry County Farm Bureau, Presbyterian Church. Past president, Iowa Restaurant Association. Mt. Pleasant Chamber of Commerce, former board of directors member. Term: Third.

HOFFMAN, Clarence C. - Charter Oak (R) District 12 Birth: August 7, 1933, Leola, S.D.. Parents: John K. and Christina Hoffman. Education: Graduated Leola H.S., 1951; South Dakota State University, 1959. Military Service: U.S. Army. Spouse: Lynn Beaudean. Children: 2 sons, John and Louis. Profession and Activities: Owner/manager, The Hoffman Insurance Agency, 1963-present. Former teacher, Correctionville H.S., 1959-1963. Member: Independent Insurance Agents of Iowa, St. John's Lutheran Church, Charter Oak. Former member of executive brd. of the Indep. Insur. Agents of Iowa, 7 yrs. Former pres. of Indep. Ins. Agents of IA Assoc, 1976-1977. Co-chair, Centennial Celebration for Concordia Univ., Seward, NE. Co-chair, fundraiser for Crawford Co. Medical Clinic. Crawford Co. Dev. Corp., 15 yrs; pres., 2 yrs. Pres. for Consultants for Insurance Agencies and County Risk Management Services Co. Expert witness for court cases involving insurance. Term: First.

HOLMES, Danny - Walcott (R) District 40 Birth: December 10, 1945. Parents: Donald and Margaret Holmes. Education: Bachelor of Business and Masters of Accountancy from Western Illinois University. Additional studies at Stanford University. Military Service: Served in U.S. Army; decorated Vietnam veteran. Spouse: Celeste. Children: 1 son, Nathan. Profession and Activities: Director, Scott Co. Farm Bureau. Member: Iowa Corn Growers Association; Walcott Finance Committee, Walcott Calvary Church, Iowa Soybean Association, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, American Legion, United Way of Quad Cities, Scott County Solid Waste Steering Committee, WIU Foundation, Heritage Foundation, Blue Ribbon Foundation, Iowa Ground Water Association, Davenport Chamber of Commerce, and Walcott City Council. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER HOLVECK, Jack - Des Moines (D) District 72 Birth: May 26, 1943, Marshalltown. Parents: Kenneth and Bess (Comfort) Holveck. Education: Graduated from UnionWhitten High School, 1961; B.A., economics and history, William Penn College, 1965; M.A., political science, University of Iowa, 1972; J.D., The University of Iowa College of Law, 1975. Spouse: Andrea White, 1970. Children: 2 sons, John and David. Profession and Activities: Student body president, William Penn College. College intern, U.S. Department of State. Classroom teacher, Iowa Training School for Boys and Iowa City West H.S. Labor relations manager, Polk County, 1977-1982. Currently engaged in private law practice. Member: Iowa State Bar Assoc, Izaak Walton League of America, Sierra Club, AARP, National Heritage Foundation, Iowa Environmental Council, YMCA of Greater Des Moines, Beaverdale Neighborhood Association, Des Moines Valley Friends Meeting (Quaker). Term: Ninth.

HORBACH, Lance J. - Tama (R) District 60 Birth: February 14, 1958, Grundy Center. Parents: Ron and Verlene Horbach. Education: South Tama County H.S.; IA State University, 4 yrs. Spouse: Jody. Children: 3 daughters, Amy, Kendra and Mellissa; 1 son, Nick. Profession and Activities: Owner, Horbach Furniture. Tama County Zoning Commissioner, Grinnell Hospital Advisor Comm. (for Toledo Clinic); "Yes Committee"; Young Economic Strategists. Enjoys golf and sports in general. Term: First.

HOUSER, Hubert M. - Carson (R) District 85 Birth: October 9, 1942, Pottawattamie County. Parents: Merrill and Marilynn Houser. Education: Attended CarsonMacedonia Community School and Iowa State University. Spouse: Paula Ackermann. Children: 3 daughters; Leslie, Kimberly and Cyndy; 3 sons; Grant, Devin and Martin. Grandchildren: 7. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Served 2 terms on Carson-Macedonia School Board. Pottawattamie County Board of Supervisors, 1979-1993. Member: Macedonia Methodist Church, Farm Bureau, and Cattlemen's Association. Grandfather, Jim O. Henry, also represented Pottawattamie County in the Iowa Legislature. Term: Fourth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH HUSEMAN, Daniel A. - Aurelia (R) District 9 Birth: June 28, 1952, Cherokee. Parents: Dorrel A. and Myrna J. Huseman. Education: Graduate of Aurelia High School, 1970; Buena Vista College, 1974. Spouse: Barbara, 1974. Children: 2 daughters; Amy and Erin; 1 son, Neil. Profession and Activities: Farmer. Member: St. Paul Lutheran Church, LCMS, in Aurelia; Pork Producers; Farm Bureau; Soybean Association; International LLL; ASCS Committee. Former Little League president; former Cherokee Chamber Agriculture Committee; former officer and director of Cherokee County Farm Bureau. Various local boards and committees. Term: Third.

HUSER, Geri - Altoona (D) District 66 Birth: July 14, 1963, Des Moines. Parents: Ed and Lois Skinner. Education: Southeast Polk High School, B.A., social work, Briar Cliff College. Spouse: Dan. Children: 1 daughter, Kelli; 1 Son, Blake. Profession and Activities: Served two terms on Altoona City Council. Board member of Greater Des Moines Housing Trust Fund, Metropolitan Planning Organization, Altoona Family Home, and East Polk Interagency Association. Member: Pleasant Hill, Mitchellville and Altoona Chambers of Commerce. Term: Second.

JACOBS, Elizabeth S. "Libby" - West Des Moines (R) District 74 Birth: October 1, 1956, Lincoln, NE. Parents: William and Mary Swanson. Education: B.A. degree in political science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; M.P.A. degree , Drake University. Spouse: Steve, 1982. Children: 2 daughters, Stephanie and Shelby. Profession and Activities: Assistant Director, Corporate Relations for Principal Financial Group. Member: Valley Junction Foundation Board; Greater Des Moines Leadership Institute; Junior League of Des Moines; Plymouth Church; Variety Club of Iowa; PEO; Blank Children's Hospital Governing Board; Greater Des Moines Foundation Grant-Making Committee; Operation Downtown Board, chair. Term: Third.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER JAGER, Michael D. - La Porte City (R) District 27 Birth: August 3, 1968, Iowa City. Parents: Ivan and Carolyn Jager. Education: Graduated La Porte City H.S., B.A., history and political science, University of Dubuque. Military Service: U.S. Army Infantry, 1985-87, IA Army National Guard, 1987-91. Profession and Activities: Small business owner/operator. Member: Farm Bureau of Black Hawk Co.; NFIB; Pheasant's Forever. Pathways Behavioral Systems, Inc., board of directors. Judicial Magistrate Appointing Commission of Black Hawk Co. Past appointee: La Porte City Planning and Zoning Commission; Historical Preservation Commission. Term: First.

JENKINS, Willard - Waterloo (R) District 24 Birth: August 26, 1937, Rosendale. MO. Parents: Glenn and Ulva Jenkins. Education: MBA, University of Iowa; B.S. Mechanical Engineering, University of Missouri, Rolla. Spouse: Kay. Children: 1 daughter, Julie; 3 sons, Michael, Ross and Dave. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Retired engineer with Deere & Co. Member: Rotary, Cedar Hts. Presbyterian Church, ASAE, SAE. Term: Second.

JOCHUM, Pam - Dubuque (D) District 35 Birth: September 26, 1954, Dubuque. Parents: Eugene "Micky" Hingtgen and Jean Noel. Education: Graduated from Wahlert H.S.; B.A., Loras College, Dubuque (Maxima Cum Laude). Children: 1 daughter, Sarah. Profession and Activities: Sacred Heart Catholic Church; League of Women Voters; Former board member: Dubuque Co. Assoc. for Retarded Citizens; Women's Recreation Assoc; National Catholic Basketball Tournament; Dubuque Co. Compensation Board; Loras College Arts & Lecture Series. Chair, Dubuque Co. Democratic Central Committee, 1982; Democratic National Convention Delegate; Floor whip at 1984 Democratic National Convention. Statewide co-chair of U.S. Senator Tom Harkin's 1990 election committee. Term: Fourth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH JOHNSON, David J. - Ocheyedan (R) District 6 Birth: West Branch, IA. Parents: Donald and Mary Jean (Suchomel) Johnson. Education: West Branch H.S., Beloit College. Spouse: Julie Leckband. Profession and Activities: Dairy farm worker; former editor and newspaper publisher. Recipient of distinguished service awards, Iowa Newspaper Assoc, Iowa FFA, Iowa Football Coaches Assoc. Member: Osceola Co. Farm Bureau, Pork Producers, Cattlemen's Assoc; IA Holstein Assoc; St. Mary's Catholic Church; IA Newspaper Assoc; Pheasants Forever. Term: First.

KETTERING, Steve - Lake View (R) District 11 Birth: July 31, 1943. Parents: E.P. (Ket) and Zoe Kettering Education: B.A., business management, Buena Vista College, Storm Lake; MBA, California State at Long Beach, CA. Military Service: US Air Force. Profession and Activities: Banking. Member: Iowa Bankers Assoc, Iowa Independent Bankers; Lake View Community Club; Region XII Loan Committee; American Legion. Term: First.

KLEMME, Ralph F. - Le Mars (R) District 4 Birth: November 17, 1939, Plymouth County. Parents: Alvin and Anna Klemme. Education: Graduated from Le Mars Community High School, 1958. Military Service: National Guard. Spouse: Karen Oloff, 1960. Children: 3 sons; Kevin, Russell, and Kent. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: Grain and livestock farmer, 1959-present. Le Mars Community School Board member, 12 years; president, 3 years. Board member: Plymouth County Compensation Board; Plymouth County Draft Board; Plymouth County Farm Bureau Board; St. John's Lutheran Church Board, 17 years. Lay coordinator for 12 congregations, 7 years. Member: Farm Bureau, Pork Producers, Cattlemen's and Soybean Associations. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER KREIMAN, Keith A. - Bloomfield (D) District 92 Birth: June 28, 1954, Fargo, ND. Parents: Don and Cathy Yadon. Education: Graduated from Waverly-Shell Rock High School, 1972; A.A., Ellsworth Community College, 1974; B.A. Ed., Seattle University, 1976; J.D., University of Iowa, 1978. Spouse: Rose Ann. Children: 3 daughters; Erin, Krista, and Shanon. Profession and Activities: Member: Lions; Good Shepard Lutheran Church, Bloomfield; Southern Iowa Economic Development Association; Iowa State Bar Association; Iowa Trial Lawyers Association; Davis County School Board, 4 years; State Democratic Platform Committee, 1988. Term: Fourth.

KUHN, Mark A. - Charles City (D) District 29 Birth: September 10, 1950, Charles City. Parents: Max and Helen Kuhn. Education: Graduated from Charles City Community H.S., 1968; Iowa State University, 1973. Spouse: Denise Davin, 1973. Children: 2 sons, Mason and Alex. Profession and Activities: Farmer since 1973. Former substitute teacher. Floyd Co. Supervisor, 1992-98. Member: Trinity United Methodist Church, Charles City. Board of directors, American Corn Growers Assoc. Term: First.

LARKIN, Richard L. - Fort Madison (D) District 99 Birth: February 28, 1952, Ottumwa. Parents: Joseph and Gertrude Larkin. Education: Graduated from Blakesburg High School, 1970; A.A., Indian Hills Community College; B.A. in political science, Iowa State University, 1974. Spouse: Linda Greenwald, 1975. Children: 3. Profession and Activities: Correctional counselor, Iowa State Penitentiary. Former member: Lee County Supervisors and Fort Madison City Council. Member: Knights of Columbus; Fort Madison Chamber of Commerce; Elks; Kiwanis; St. Mary & Joseph Catholic Church; Fort Madison Tourism Commission. Elected to House in 1993 special election. Term: Fourth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH LARSON, Charles W,, Jr. - Cedar Rapids (R) District 55 Birth: April 1, 1968, Des Moines. Parents: Charles W. and Ellen Larson. Education: J.D. with distinction, University of Iowa College of Law, 1996; B.A. in Economics, University of Iowa, 1992. Graduated Phi Beta Kappa with honors and distinction. Military Service: Captain, U.S. Army Reserves; JAG; Airborne; Pathfinder. Spouse: Jennifer. Profession and Activities: Assistant Jones County Attorney. Serves on Cedar Rapids Substance Abuse Free Environment Coalition board of directors. Member: First Lutheran Church. Term: Fourth.

LORD, David G. - Perry (R) District 77 Birth: December 4, 1934, Madison County. Parents: Vera and Wilfred. Education: B.S., education, Iowa State University. Military Service: Twenty-one years, Iowa National Guard, retired. Spouse: Maizie, 1957. Children: 4 sons, Phil, Tim, Colin and Daniel. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Retired clothier. Owner of ministorage rental business and car wash. Member: Perry Industrial Development Board; Dallas Co. Hospital Fdn.; Perry Rotary Club; Perry Chamber of Commerce; Berean Baptist Church; Dallas Co. Farm Bureau. Term: Third.

MARTIN, Mona L. - Davenport (R) District 43 Birth: October 22, 1934, Taylor Ridge, IL. Parents: Herman and Vera Schmidt Kadel. Education: B.S., Western Illinois State Teachers College. Graduate studies, Iowa State University and University of Iowa. Spouse: Robert B., 1956. Children: 1 daughter, Beth; 1 son, Charles. Grandchildren: 3. Profession and Activities: Partner in Robert Martin Company. Former teacher and science department head; newspaper reporter. Member: American Assoc. of University Women; Davenport Chamber of Commerce; Northwest Davenport Business Assoc; St. John's United Methodist Church; and Rock Island County (IL) Historical Society. Past state president of League of Women Voters and Iowa Division UNA-USA. Chair, House State Government Committee. IPERS Investment Board. Commission on Elder Affairs. Chair, NCSL Committee on Children, Families and Health. Vice-chair, NCSL Assembly on State Issues. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER MASCHER, Mary S. - Iowa City (D) District 46 Birth: September 22, 1952, Iowa City. Parents: Harry and Lucille Seelman. Education: B.A., elementary education, University of Iowa; MA., counseling education, University of Iowa. Children: 1 son, Jason. Profession and Activities: Elementary teacher, Weber Elementary School, Iowa City. Member: Iowa City Parks and Recreation Commission; Iowa City River Front Commission; Iowa City Community Theatre, board of directors; Iowa City Education Association, president, vice-president; Iowa State Sesquicentennial Commission; chair, Johnson County Democratic Party. Term: Third.

MAY, Dennis J. - Kensett (D) District 20 Birth: August 21, 1947, Worth County. Parents: Clifford A. and Caroline F. May. Education: Graduated from St. Ansgar High School, 1965; North Iowa Area Community College, 1970. Spouse: Sharon, 1990. Children: 1 stepdaughter, Dawn; 1 stepson, Gregory. Profession and Activities: Served on Grafton Housing Board, Grafton Community Action. Member: Emmanuel Lutheran Church; Pheasants Forever. Served 4 non-consecutive terms in Iowa House. Term: Sixth (non-consecutive).

MERTZ, Dolores M. - Ottosen (D) District 15 Birth: May 30, 1928, Bancroft. Parents: John and Gertrude Erickson Shay. Education: Graduated St. John's H. S.; A.A., Briar Cliff College. Spouse: H.P. Mertz (deceased). Children: 5 daughters; Mary, Ann Marie, Helen Kay, Janice, and Carol; 2 sons; Peter and David. Grandchildren: 11. Profession and Activities: Chair, National Health Human Services (ALEC) Task Force. Farmer. Democratic precinct leader, 25 years. Past state regent of Catholic Daughters of America (Iowa Court). Kossuth County supervisor, 5 years. Vice-chair of Kossuth County supervisors, 2 years. Member: Soroptimist International, Algona; Drama Club, West Bend; Farmers Advisory Council with Department of Natural Resources, FFA Educational Advisory Council. Term: Sixth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH METCALF, Janet S. - Des Moines (R) District 75 Birth: December 21, 1935, Des Moines. Education: Graduated from Roosevelt High School, Des Moines, 1954; attended Grinnell College; B.S., Iowa State, 1958. Spouse: Donald B. Metcalf, 1958. Children: 1 daughter, Carolyn; 1 son, Douglas. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Former owner retail business, 1965-1983. Tour guide, Des Moines Art Center. Member: St. Paul's Episcopal Church; sustaining member, Des Moines Junior League. Term: Eighth.

MILLAGE, David A. - Bettendorf (R) District 41 Birth: February 26, 1953, Portland, OR. Parents: Albert (deceased) and Marlynd. Education: BBA, with distinction, University of Iowa, 1974; J.D., with distinction, University of Iowa, 1978. Spouse: Sandra. Children: 4 stepchildren. Profession and Activities: Attorney. Member: American Bar Association; Iowa State Bar Association; Scott County Bar Association; Bettendorf Chamber of Commerce. Term: Fifth.

MUNDIE, Norman - Fort Dodge (D) District 14 Birth: January 25, 1929, Rockwell City. Parents: John W. and Ruby M. Mundie. Education: Graduated from Rockwell City High School, 1946. Military Service: Iowa Air National Guard, 1948-1952. Spouse: V. Faye Stumpf, 1952. Children: 3 daughters; Marcia, Dawn, and Lori; 4 sons; Bart, Brian, Curtis, and Keith. Grandchildren: 8. Great Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Retired farmer. Private pilot. Past president, Parkview Retirement Homes, Inc. Member: Farm Bureau and Pork Producers. Former Webster County Supervisor; former New Coop Board Member, past member of Cattlemen, Corn and Soybean Associations. Term: Fourth.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER MURPHY, Patrick J. - Dubuque (D) District 36 Birth: August 24, 1959, Dubuque. Parents: Lawrence John and Eileen Heitz Murphy. Education: Graduated from Wahlert High School, 1977. Received B.A., speech communications, Loras College, 1980. Spouse: Therese Ann Gulick. Children: 1 daughter, Natalie; 3 sons; John, Jacob, and Joseph. Profession and Activities: Employed with Cycare Systems, 2 years; Hillcrest Family Services, 1 year; Mercy Health Center, 12 years. Former member: Dubuque Cable Commission. Member: St. Joseph's Church, Loras Club, FDR Club, NAACP, board of directors of the Mental Health Association, and the Dubuque Democratic Business & Professional Coalition. Volunteer: Boy Scouts of America, United Way, and YMCA Partnership with Youth. Term: Sixth.

MYERS, Richard E. - Coralville (D) District 49 Birth: October 29, 1934, Iowa City. Parents: Richard E. Myers and Lillian E. Myers (both deceased). Education: Graduated Iowa City High School, 1951; Attended Iowa State University and University of Iowa; graduate of Kirkwood Community College, 1993. Military Service: U.S. Army, Active Duty, 1953-1961; U.S. Army Reserve, 1961-1962. Spouse: Doris, 1961. Children: 2 daughters; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 3. Profession and Activities: President and CEO, Hawk I Truck Stop, Inc., 1962-present; Hawk I Harley Davidson, 1994-present. Member: Coralville City Council and Mayor of Coralville, 1969-1978; Iowa State Director of Farmers Home Administration 1980-1981; Johnson County Board of Supervisors, 1982-1993; board of directors for MECCA, 1976-1995; Sixth Judicial District board of directors C.C., 1986-1992; member and past chairman of the Iowa City Area Development Group, 1984-1992; National Association of Truck Stop Operators, 1965-present; board of directors, Iowa City Area Chamber of Commerce, 1990-1992. Elected to Iowa House in special election, February, 1994. Minority Whip. Term: Fourth.

NELSON, Beverly J. - Marshalltown (R) District 64 Birth: July 2, 1929, Clemons. Parents: Benedict and Dora May Dunn. Education: Graduated from Clemons High School; Mercy School of Nursing; BSN, University of Iowa, 1973; M.S., Iowa State University, 1975; Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1981. Spouse: Richard (deceased). Children: 2 daughters; 3 sons. Grandchildren: 7. Profession and Activities: Executive vice president, Iowa Valley Community College District. Member: Marshalltown Chamber of Commerce; Brenton Bank Inc., board of directors; Marshalltown Medical and Surgical Center, board of trustees; Ex-officio member of the State of Iowa Work Force Development Board; MEDIC board; Rotary; United States Commission on Civil Rights, State of Iowa Advisory Committee; St. Mary's Catholic Church. Chair of Health and Human Rights Appropriation Subcommittee. Member: Appropriation, Economic Development, and Education committees. Term: Third.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH O'BRIEN, Michael J. - Boone (D) District 79 Birth: May 4, 1939, Shenandoah. Parents: Thomas and Grace (Sims) O'Brien Parrish. Education: Graduated from Kailua High School, Hawaii, 1957; B.A., University of Northern Iowa, 1966; Graduate Studies, Iowa State University. Military Service: U.S. Air Force, 1959-1963. Spouse: Ronna. Children: 5 daughters; 3 sons. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: High school teacher of government and American history, 1966-1998. Operated O'Brien's Ranch-Horsemanship School, 1974-1990. Member: Sacred Heart Church, Knights of Columbus, Farm Bureau, American Legion. Term: Fourth.

OSTERHAUS, Robert J. - Maquoketa (D) District 34 Birth: January 30, 1931, Dyersville. Parents: A.J. Osterhaus and Stacia Osterhaus. Education: Graduated from Xavier High School, Dyersville; B.S., Pharmacy, University of IA. Military Service: U.S. Army, 1952-1954. Spouse: Ann Duhigg. Children: 6 daughters; 4 sons. Grandchildren: 19. Profession and Activities: Pharmacist and co-owner of Osterhaus Pharmacy in Maquoketa. Member: Finance committee, Sacred Heart Church; Knights of Columbus; Rotary Club; Am. Legion; VFW; Past president, Iowa Pharmacists Association; and American Pharmaceutical Association; Council member of the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education; Past president of the Maquoketa Area Chamber of Commerce and the Timber City Development Company. Co-founder and past chairman of the Maquoketa Area Foundation. Awards: Iowa Distinguished Pharmacist; Paul Harris Fellow of Rotary; Distinguished Alumni Award, University of IA. Term: Second.

PARMENTER, Dennis W. - Cambridge (D) District 62 Birth: December 27, 1950, Elkhart, IA. Parents: Henry and Bonnie Parmenter. Education: Graduated from North Polk H.S.; B.S., political science, Iowa State University; law degree, Drake University. Spouse: Kathy. Children: 3 daughters, Traci, Kelly and Elizabeth. Grandchildren: 1. Profession and Activities: Attorney. Member: Iowa State Bar Association; Story Co. Bar Assoc. (past president); Trinity United Methodist Church. Avid Iowa State fan. Term: First.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER RAECKER, J. Scott - Urbandale (R) District 76 Birth: August 30, 1961, Waterloo. Parents: Jim and Thieleane Raecker Education: B.A., Grinnell College, 1984. Spouse: Martha. Children: 1 daughter, Emily; 1 son, Maxwell. Profession and Activities: Executive director, Institute for Character Development, Drake University; Former executive director, Iowa Sesquicentennial Commission. Member: St. Stephen Lutheran Church; Urbandale and Johnston Chambers of Commerce; Des Moines A.M. Rotary Club; Urbandale Optimist Club. Board member: Iowa Natural Heritage Foundation. Vice president, Drake Area Business Association. Committee member: 1999 U.S. Senior Open; Governor's 21st Century Workforce Council. Co-chair, Iowa Summitt on Volunteerism, 1998. Certified character development specialist and workplace ethics trainer, Josephson Institute of Ethics. Term: First.

RANTS, Christopher C. - Sioux City (R) District 3 Birth: September 16, 1967. Parents: Marvin and Carolyn Rants. Education: Graduated with honors from Sioux City North High School, 1986; graduated cum laude with B.A. from Morningside College, 1989. Spouse: Trudy Moody, 1992. Children: 2 daughters. Profession and Activities: Pierce and Associates. Term: Fourth.

RAYHONS, Henry V. - Garner (R) District 16 Birth: May 8, 1936, Hancock County. Parents: Agnes and Henry Rayhons. Education: Graduate of Garner High School. Spouse: Marvalyn, 1959. Children: 2 daughters; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 8. Profession and Activities: Past President Hancock Farm Bureau; Iowa Farm Bureau State Board of Directors, 1987-1995; former church board member; state treasurer of Iowa Catholic Workmen, 1985-present; Soil and Water District Conservation commissioner, 1986-1996. Member: Hancock Winnebago Beef Producers; Corn Growers Association; Iowa Soybean Association; Iowa Dairy Producers; Honorary member, Future Farmers of America; Iowa Taxpayers Association, Garner Lions Club. Term: Second.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH REYNOLDS, Rebecca - Bonaparte (D) District 94 Birth: May 31, 1949, Evanston, IL. Parents: Robert and Mary Elizabeth Reynolds. Education: Nurse, Valley College, North Hollywood, CA. Military Service: Served country as Vista Volunteer, Crow Indian Reservation, Montana, late 1960's. Children: 2 daughters; 3 sons. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: 2 terms each as city council member, mayor and county supervisor; 3 terms on Democratic State Central Committee. Vice-chair, chair of S.E. Iowa League of Cities. Chaired R.P.C. board, I.S.T.E.A. board. Served on Rural Development Commission, Sesquicentennial Commission, State Compensation Board. Former advisor to National Trust of Historic Presidents. Member: Advisory board, U.N.I Institute for Decision Making; Iowa Sister State. Term: Second.

RICHARDSON, Steve - Indianola (D) District 89 Birth: December 23, 1954, Des Moines. Parents: Irene Richardson and E.A. "Curly" Richardson. Education: Graduated, Indianola High School, 1973; B.A. History, Simpson College; Graduate work, University of Iowa and UNI. Spouse: Carole Tibbetts. Children: 3 daughters; Jennifer, Rebecca and Molly. Profession and Activities: Teacher, WoodwardGranger Schools. Member: First United Methodist Church (Board member, 1987); Iowa State Education Association; Iowa Football Coaches Association; Iowa Track Coaches Association (District coach of the year, 1993, Conference coach of the year, 1986); Iowa Athletic Directors Association; Indianola Youth Softball Advisory Committee; Indianola City Council, 1989-1996. Prevention Concepts, board of directors; Indianola Morning Lions. Term: Second.

SCHERRMAN, Paul J. - Dyersville (D) District 33 Birth: August 27, 1948. Parents: Robert and LaNore (deceased) Scherrman. Education: Campion Jesuit H.S., Prairie du Chien, WI; St. Mary's University, Winona, MN. Spouse: Eileen Gerber. Children: 1 daughter, Molly; 3 sons, John, Mike, Rob. Profession and Activities: Vice president, J.P. Scherrman, Inc., Farley; pres., Farley Commercial Club; pres., Eastern IA Hawkeye Baseball League; past chair and member, Farley park board; past member, Camp Albrecht Acres; past chair, Dubuque County Democratic Party; manager, Farley Hawks semi-pro baseball team; cast as baseball player in movie "Field of Dreams"; member, "ghost baseball team." Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER SCHRADER, David - Monroe (D) District 90 Birth: October 23, 1952, Jasper County. Parents: Hubert and Violet Schrader. Education: Graduated from Monroe High School, 1970. Spouse: Bobbi Sterling, 1974. Children: 3 daughters; JoAnna, Heather, and Melissa; 1 son, Todd. Profession and Activities: Small business owner since 1972. Member: Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever, Red Rock Lake Association, International Motor Contest Association, Kiwanis, Methodist Church. Term: Seventh.

SHOULTZ, Donald L. - Waterloo (D) District 25 Birth: August 2, 1936, Muscatine. Parents: George and Johanna Shoultz. Education: Attended rural grade school; graduated from Muscatine High School, 1954; Associate's degree, Muscatine Junior College, 1957; B.S., University of Northern Iowa, 1962; M.Ed., University of Georgia, 1971. Military Service: USMC from 1954-1957. Spouse: Dianne Hunemuller, 1961. Children: 2 daughters; Lori and Meghan; 1 son, Gregg. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: Job training consultant. Retired high school mathematics teacher. Former president of Waterloo Education Association. Member: Sierra Club; National Wildlife Federation; Waterloo Chamber of Commerce; Kiwanis International; advisory board, Iowa Waste Reduction Center. Term: Ninth.

SIEGRIST, J. Brent - Council Bluffs (R) District 84 Birth: September 30, 1952, Council Bluffs. Parents: Robert and Nancy Siegrist. Education: Graduated St. Albert High School; B.A., (Social Science) Dana College, Blair, Nebraska, 1974; currently working on Masters Degree in Public Adm. at Iowa State University. Spouse: Valerie. Children: 1 daughter, Harriet; 1 son, Evan. Profession and Activities: High school government teacher and coach for 18 years. Currently manager of special projects for Valley Corp. in Bettendorf. Member: Bluffs Arts Council, Advisory Board of Retired Senior Volunteers Program, Advisory Board of the Southwest Iowa Regents Graduate Resource Center. Assistant minority leader, 73rd and 74th General Assembly. Majority leader, 75th, 76th 77th and 78th General Assembly. Term: Eighth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH STEVENS, Greg - Milford (D) District 7 Birth: March 23, 1960, Estherville. Parents: Bob and Jan Stevens. Education: Graduated from Estherville H.S.; A.A., liberal arts, Iowa Lakes Community College; B.A., speech comm.ed., University of South Dakota; M.A., english, Mankato State University. Spouse: Laura. Children: 2 sons, Matthew and Daniel. Profession and Activities: High school english teacher, coach forensics. Okoboji Little League, Okoboji Y-Ball, and flag football. Term: First.

SUKUP, Steven E. - Dougherty (R) District 18 Birth: November 4, 1956, Sheffield. Parents: Eugene G. and Mary E. Sukup. Education: Graduated from SheffieldChapin High School; B.S., industrial engineering, Iowa State University. Spouse: Vicki Ann, 1980. Children: 2 daughters; Crystal and Emily; 1 son, Nickolas. Profession and Activities: Industrial engineer with Sukup Manufacturing Company. Member: Franklin County/Sheffield Development Corporation, Hampton Rotary, Zion St. John Lutheran Church, Farm Bureau, Association of Business and Industry, Leadership Iowa. Term: Third.

SUNDERBRUCH, John P. - Davenport (R) District 44 Birth: November 9, 1949, Davenport. Parents: Dr. J.H. Sunderbruch and Carmelita (deceased). Education: Graduated from Assumption H.S., 1967; Fire science degree in progress and EMT re-certification, Kirkwood Comm. College, 1996-97; EMTA certification and ERT certification, Scott Community College; EMT-I certification, University of Iowa 1981. Military Service: U.S. Marine Corps, 1967-1971. Spouse: Linda. Children: 1 daughter, Sarah; 2 sons, John and Nick. Grandchildren: 2. Profession and Activities: Firefighter/EMT. Member: Davenport Firefighters Local 17; Davenport Chamber of Commerce; American Heart Assoc; IA Emergency Medical Service Assoc; IA Firefighters State Assoc; American Legion; Knights of Columbus; United Way; Vietnam Veterans of America; CASI. Term: First.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER TAYLOR, Todd - Cedar Rapids (D) District 54 Birth: May 21, 1966, Ames. Parents: Robert and Wanda (deceased) Taylor. Education: Graduated from Jefferson H.S., Cedar Rapids; B.A., English/writing, Graceland College, Lamoni, 1988; B.S., political science, U of I, 1990. Spouse: Kim. Profession and Activities: Commissioner, Department of Elder Affairs (IDEA). Community action volunteer - Cub Scout Troop 8, Cedar Rapids. Member: University of Iowa Alumni Association; National Conference of State Legislators, Standing Committee on Telecommunications and Information Policy Committee. Bowhay Institute for Legislative Leadership Development (BILLD) Fellow, Fellowship 1998. Labor Arbitration Institute - Labor Studies Continuing Education, Chicago, 1997-98 sessions. Elected to Iowa House in special election in 1995. Term: Third.

TEIG, Russell W. - Jewell (R) District 17 Birth: April 11, 1957, Webster City. Parents: Tilford and Wilda Teig. Education: Graduated South Hamilton Community High School, 1975; B.S., Agriculture from Iowa State University. Spouse: Sandy, 1987. Children: 1 daughter, Amanda. Profession and Activities: Farmer and Agribusinessman. Operator of Teig & Associates, a marketing and consulting firm. Member: Our Savior Lutheran Church of Stanhope, Farm Bureau, Iowa Cattlemen's Association, Iowa Corn Growers, Iowa Soybean Association, Extension Council. Ex-Officio member, IA Dept. of Economic Development Board of Directors. Vice-president, HamiltonHardin County Farm Bureau Services companies. Was named 1996 Hamilton County Farm Leader of the Year. Term: Third.

THOMAS, Roger - Elkader (D) District 32 Birth: December 13, 1950, Oelwein. Parents: Art and Gladys Thomas. Education: Graduated from Valley Community Schools of Elgin, 1969; B.A., Upper Iowa University. Military Service: 6 1/2 years, M.S.A.F. Spouse: Rosemary Barker Thomas. Children: 1 daughter, Rachelle; 2 sons, Rob and Ryan. Grandchildren: 1. Profession and Activities: Paramedic and farmer. Member: Northeast Iowa Community College Foundation Board and past trustee; Central Ambulance Service, Elkader; Mantauk Historical Society. Term: Second.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH THOMSON, Rosemary R. - Marion (R) District 51 Birth: December 12, 1935, IL. Education: B.S. degree in Humanities/Education, Bradley University. Spouse: James N. Thomson, 1957. Children: 2 sons. Grandchildren: 4. Profession and Activities: Certified prevention specialist. Former student assistance coordinator, Linn-Mar Community Schools; community development associate, Iowa State University Extension; National Advisory Council on Women's Educational Programs; special assistant to Undersecretary and Region V administrator, U.S. Department of Education. Member: Marion-Cedar Rapids Chamber of Commerce; Reach to Recovery volunteer, American Cancer Society; American Legislative Exchange Council; Linn County Republican Women; Gamma Phi Beta. Past member, Linn County Foresight 20/20 Strategic Planning Committee. Term: Third.

TYRRELL, Phillip E. - North English (R) District 59 Birth: June 19, 1932, Anthon. Parents: Charles F. and Joanna Galvin Tyrrell. Education: Graduated from Spencer High School, 1950. Military Service: Member of 511th Airborne Regimental Combat Team, Korean Conflict. Spouse: Diane Graf, Spencer, 1955. Children: 4 daughters; Margaret, Elizabeth, Sheila, and Mary; 3 sons; Timothy, Patrick, and John. Grandchildren: 13. Profession and Activities: Self-employed Independent Insurance Agent since 1956. Former mayor, North English. Member: St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Rotary, Ducks Unlimited, and NRA. Served on Governor's Task Force on Economy in the Government, 1983. Currently serving on U.S. Small Business Administration Advisory Council. Term: Ninth.

VAN ENGELENHOVEN, James L. - Leighton (R) District 95 Birth: September 8, 1943, Oskaloosa. Parents: Everett and Jeanette Van Engelenhoven. Education: Graduated from Oskaloosa H.S. Military Service: Iowa National Guard, 6 years. Spouse: Carol A. Children: 1 son, Jeffery. Profession and Activities: Farmer; Mahaska County Supervisor, 1992-98. Member: Mahaska County Sheriff posse; Leighton Christian Reformed Church; Farm Bureau; American Legion; long time involvement in 4-H. Term: First.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER VAN FOSSEN, James - Davenport (R) District 42 Birth: May 5, 1960, Rock Island, IL. Parents: James and JoAnn. Education: A.A., business administration, Scott Community College; attending St. Ambrose University. Spouse: Dawn, 1985. Children: 3 daughters. Profession and Activities: Service representative for Mid American Energy. Member: United Way; Quad City Arts; Parent Teacher Association; Churches United; St. Paul the Apostle Church; Ducks Unlimited; The Heritage Foundation; Davenport Chamber of Commerce; Center for the Aging Services, Inc.; American Legislative Exchange Council. Term: Third.

WARNSTADT, Steven H. - Sioux City (D) District 2 Birth: August 2, 1967, Sioux City. Parents: Steve and Jackie Warnstadt. Education: B.A., Drake University; M.A., Temple University. Military Service: U.S. Army, 1989-1992; decorated Veteran of the Persian Gulf War; Iowa Army National Guard, 1994-present. Spouse: Mary GreenWarnstadt. Profession and Activities: Member: board of directors, Sioux Trails Girl Scout Council; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Officers of the First Division, Teamsters. Term: Third.

WEIDMAN, Richard B. - Griswold (R) District 86 Birth: March 31, 1940, Kansas City, MO. Education: Graduated Winterset High School. Graduated Iowa Department of Public Safety Law Enforcement Academy. Retired Iowa State Patrol, 22 years. Spouse: Connie. Children: 1 daughter; 2 sons. Grandchildren: 6. Profession and Activities: Employed Duhn Funeral Home, Griswold, Iowa. Member: Elks, Optimist Club, Griswold Sports Boosters, Griswold NVRA, State Troopers Association, Iowa Policemen's Association, Catholic Church. Captain on Griswold Fire Department. Served 30 years on fire department. Term: Fifth.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH WEIGEL, Keith W. - New Hampton (D) District 30 Birth: November 19, 1955, San Diego, CA. Parents: William P. and Marlene Weigel. Education: Graduated from New Hampton H.S., 1974; University of Iowa, 1978. Spouse: Wendy. Step-children: Eric, Paul, Kara and Krista. Profession and Activities: Self-employed certified financial planner, 1986-present. Member: Farm Bureau, St. Joseph Catholic Church, Knights of Columbus, New Horizons Chamber of Commerce, and New Hampton Industrial Development Corporation. Term: Fourth.

WELTER, Jerry - Monticello (R) District 56 Birth: February 17, 1935, Monticello. Parents: John and Rose Welter. Education: Graduated from Sacred Heart High School, 1953. Military Service: U.S. Army, 1954-1956. Spouse: Ruth Ann Muller, 1957. Children: 2 daughters; Cindy and Kathy. Profession and Activities: Farmer, 1957present. Past president: Monticello Community School Board, Monticello Lions Club, Jones County Farm Bureau. Past treasurer, Jones County Republicans. Member: Sacred Heart Church, Lions, Monticello Chamber of Commerce, Corn Growers, Soybean Association, American Legion. Term: Fourth.

WHITEAD, Wesley E. - Sioux City (D) District 1 Birth: April 15, 1933, Sioux City. Parents: Marian and Margurite Whitead. Education: Sioux City School system. Military Service: Served in Army during the Korean War, 1953 -54. Spouse: Donna, 1976. Children: 3 daughters; Pam, Peg and Jodi; 1 son, Wesley. Grandchildren: 5. Profession and Activities: Retired business owner. Member: Sioux City Planning and Zoning, 16 years; Siouxland Metropolitan Council, 8 years. Term: Second.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER WISE, Philip - Keokuk (D) District 98 Birth: September 5, 1946, Maryville, MO. Parents: Ralph and Edna Wise. Education: Graduated Bedford Community High School, 1965; B.S., Northwest Missouri State University, 1969; M.S., Northwest Missouri State University, 1973; additional graduate work at the University of Iowa, Western Illinois University and Drake University. Spouse: Chris, 1966. Children: 1 son, Todd. Profession and Activities: Government teacher and department chairperson at Keokuk High School. Member: Keokuk Education Association, National Education Association, B.P.O.Elks, Democratic Leadership Council, Legislative Advisory Board. Former chair of Lee County Democratic Party. Delegate to 1984 and 1996 Democratic National Convention. Assistant minority leader, 75th General Assembly. Ranking member of education committee, 77th and 78th General Assemblies. Member: Department of Economic Development Board. Term: Seventh.

WITT, William G. - Cedar Falls (D) District 23 Birth: February 2, 1950, Elkader. Parents: Donald and Dorleen. Education: B.A. in English, University of Northern Iowa (highest honors). Profession and Activities: Served in Afghanistan as U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer. Member: Cedar Falls Rotary Club; Sierra Club; Iowa Natural Heritage Foundation; Returned Peace Corps Volunteers Association; Habitat for Humanity; UNI Special Education Advisory Board; board of directors, Black Hawk-Grundy Community Mental Health Center. Term: Fourth.

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LEGISLATIVE STATUTORY BODIES ADMINISTRATIVE RULES REVIEW COMMITTEE Joe Royce, legal counsel Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3084 Sen. Merlin Bartz, Sen. H. Kay Hedge, Sen. John Kibbie, Sen. Sheldon Rittmer, Sen. Pat Harper, Rep. Danny Carroll, Rep. Minnette Doderer, Rep. Janet Metcalf, Rep. Geri Huser The Administrative Rules Committee is a bipartisan body composed of five legislators from each house of the General Assembly. Committee members are appointed for four-year terms, beginning May 1 of the year of appointment, by the respective presiding officers and are required to meet at least once every month on the second Tuesday. Administrative rules proposed by the state agencies are selectively reviewed by the committee. The committee has the authority to object to proposed rules; delay the effective date of rules for 70 days, for further study, delay the effective date of rules until the adjournment of the next legislative session; and request an economic impact statement on any proposed rules.

COMPUTER SUPPORT BUREAU San ford Scharf, director Lucus State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-7840 The Computer Support Bureau was established by the 71st General Assembly and operates as a nonpartisan agency under the direction and control of the Legislative Council. The Computer Support Bureau serves the General Assembly and the Legislative Council. The bureau also provides services and support for the computer systems used by the legislative staff, the Legislative Service Bureau, the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, and the Office of the Citizen's Aide/Ombudsman. . The bureau director makes personnel and budgetary decisions, subject to review by the Legislative Council. The Computer Support Bureau shall advise the Legislative Council on matters relating to computer services and computer needs and uses of the legislative computer system. The Computer Support Bureau shall also cooperate with legislative agencies under the control of the Legislative Council, the Secretary of the Senate, and the Chief Clerk of the House in developing and maintaining computer services required by the Legislative Council and the General Assembly. The Computer Support Bureau is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the legislative computer system. The bureau shall also advise the Legislative Council and legislative agencies under its control on uses and expanded capabilities of the legislative computer system. The Computer Support Bureau provides the following computer services: chamber automation; bill drafting; computerized amending; bill status; bill subject index; full text of bills and amendments; Code search and retrieval; fiscal information; senate and house journals and calendars; committee information; lobbyist information; word processing and spreadsheet software; electronic mail; appointment scheduling; Internet access; and an Internet World Wide Web home page providing legislative information.

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CITIZEN'S AIDE/OMBUDSMAN OFFICE William P. Angrick, citizens' aide /ombudsman 215 E. 7th St., Des Moines 50319 5151281-3592; 1/888-426-6283; TDD 5151242-5065 The Citizens' Aide/Ombudsman Office was created October 1, 1970 by gubernatorial action. In 1972, the Citizens' Aide/Ombudsman Act, now Iowa Code Chapter 2C was passed establishing the office statutorily, removing the ombudsman from the governor's office and placing the office directly under the Legislative Council of the Iowa General Assembly. The ombudsman is appointed to a four year term by the Legislative Council subject to confirmation by a majority vote of both houses of the General Assembly. The ombudsman investigates complaints concerning administrative actions of public officials and agencies of Iowa state and local government. When a complaint is determined justified, the ombudsman recommends corrective action. The ombudsman may publish recommendations and conclusions. Excluded from jurisdiction are the governor and the governor's personal staff, the General Assembly and its staff and agencies, the courts and appurtenant judicial staff, agencies of the federal government, and private civil disputes. Complaints of employees of agencies which relate to their employment are not investigated, however the ombudsman may grant whistleblower protection to state or local government employees who report improprieties or inequities. Approximately 5,000 complaints and inquiries have been handled annually in recent years.

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL Diane Bolender, director, Legislative Service Bureau Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 5151281-3566 Sen. Mary Kramer, Sen. Don Redfern, Sen. Stewart Iverson, Jr., Sen. Mike Gronstal, Sen. Derryl McLaren, Sen. Tom Flynn, Sen. John Jensen, Sen. Nancy Boettger, Sen. Jack Rife, Sen. Patrick Delahery, Sen. Johnie Hammond, Sen. Bob Dvorsky, Rep. Christopher Rants, Rep. Steve Sukup, Rep. Brent Siegrist, Rep. David Schrader, Rep. David Millage, Rep. Pat Murphy, Rep. Chuck Gipp, Rep. Libby Jacobs, Rep. Betty Grundberg, Rep. John Connors, Rep. Pam Jochum, Rep. Dennis Cohoon The Legislative Council was established in 1969 as the successor to the Legislative Research Committee. It consists of 24 members. Its membership represents majority and minority members of both Houses, the leadership of both Houses, the Appropriations Committees and the at-large membership of the two Houses. The duties of the council are to oversee interim legislative business, prepare legislative facilities for the legislative sessions, undertake studies, and set the policies for the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, Legislative Service Bureau, Computer Support Bureau and Citizens' Aide/Ombudsman Office. A new council is established each odd-numbered year prior to the fourth Monday in January and serves until the following January of the next odd-numbered year.

LEGISLATIVE FISCAL BUREAU Dennis C. Prouty, director Statehouse, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5279 This bureau was established by the 1973 session of the 65th General Assembly and operates under the direction and control of the Legislative Fiscal Committee, subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.

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The duties of the bureau include making recommendations to the General Assembly concerning the state's budget and revenue, furnishing information to committees on appropriations and committees on ways and means, assisting standing committees and members of the General Assembly in attaching fiscal notes to legislative bills and resolutions, conducting program evaluations, and reporting quarterly on the status of major state funds. The bureau performs a program evaluation function and such other duties as shall be assigned to the bureau by the Legislative Fiscal Committee or by the General Assembly.

LEGISLATIVE FISCAL COMMITTEE Dennis C. Prouty, Legislative Fiscal Bureau Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5279 Sen. Derryl McLaren, Sen. Mary Kramer, Sen. JoAnn Douglas, Sen. Tom Flynn, Sen. Pat Harper, Rep. David Millage, Rep. James Van Fossen, Rep. Libby Jacobs, Rep. Pat Murphy, Rep. Don Shoultz The Legislative Fiscal Committee was established by the 1973 session of the 65th General Assembly and replaces the former Budget and Financial Control Committee. The committee is a bipartisan body comprised of 10 members: the chairpersons or their designated committee member, and the ranking minority party members or their designated committee member of the committees of the House and Senate responsible for developing a state budget and appropriating funds; the chairpersons or their designated committee members, and the ranking minority party members or their designated committee members of the committees on ways and means; and two members, one appointed from the majority part of the Senate by the Majority Leader of the Senate, and one appointed from the majority party of the House by the Speaker of the House of Representatives. In each House, unless one of the members who represent the committee on ways and means is also a member of the Legislative Council, the person appointed from the membership of the majority party in that House shall also be appointed from the membership of the Legislative Council. The Legislative Fiscal Committee shall determine policies for the Legislative Fiscal Bureau and shall direct the administration of performance audits and visitations, subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.

LEGISLATIVE SERVICE BUREAU Diane Bolender, director Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3566 The Legislative Service Bureau's purpose is to provide legal and other services to the Iowa General Assembly. These services include bill and amendment drafting, research, committee staffing, legislative information, and legal publication services. The services are provided on an objective, nonpartisan basis by a professionally trained staff. Bureau staff are precluded by statute from making policy recommendations. Bureau policies are established by the 24-member Legislative Council to whom the bureau director is responsible. The bureau was first established in 1955 as the Legislative Research Bureau. The agency's title was changed to the Legislative Service Bureau and the bureau was given additional responsibilities by the 1969 Regular Session of the General Assembly. The bureau currently operates the following divisions: Legal and Committee Services, Iowa Code, Administrative Code, Information Services, and Support Services Divisions. The bureau director makes personnel and budgetary decisions for all divisions, subject to review by the Legislative Council.

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

Legal and Committee Services Division - Richard L. Johnson, deputy director; John Pollak; Committee Services Administrator; Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3566 The Legal and Committee Services Division, with the assistance of the Support Services Division, provides the following services to both the Senate and the House of Representatives: bill and amendment drafting; legal and legislative research; standing committee staffing; Legislative Council, statutory, and interim study committee staffing; and certain administrative services. Bills and amendments are prepared by the bureau for introduction and filing in the General Assembly, at the request of any committee or individual member of the General Assembly. The services performed range from review and possible revision of legislative proposals developed elsewhere to complete drafting of bills and amendments on the basis of objectives stated by the requestors. Approximately 6,500 requests for preparation of bills and amendments were handled by the bureau during each of the past two legislative sessions. The bureau also drafts conference committee reports and prepares enrolled bills for the governor's signature. Major studies requested by the General Assembly, the Senate or the House of Representatives, a legislative committee, or 20 or more members of the General Assembly are undertaken by the bureau staff upon approval by, and in accordance with priorities established by the Legislative Council. Final reports of the studies conducted during a legislative interim are prepared and distributed to all members of the General Assembly by the bureau. Minor research and reference projects, which can be completed by bureau staff with a limited amount of work, are performed at any time upon the request of any legislator without the necessity of specific approval of the Legislative Council. Iowa Code Division - Leslie E.W. Hickey, Iowa Code editor and division administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8871 The Iowa Code Division is required by law to prepare and publish the Iowa Acts (commonly referred to as the Session Laws), which is the official printed revision of all Acts and joint resolutions passed at each session of the General Assembly. The Iowa Acts also include tables and a comprehensive index. The division also publishes the Code of Iowa which is the official compilation of all the general and permanent laws of the state. In publishing the Code, the Code editor must examine and apply each Act of the General Assembly to the body of the existing law, eliminating all special and private Acts and the parts of the general Acts that may be temporary in nature. Both the Code of Iowa and the Iowa Acts are available on CD-ROM. The Code editor must determine the location of new legislative enactments and assign chapter and section numbers, as well as supply section headings, historical references, and cross-references to enable the searcher in the law to trace the sources and origins of the legislative enactments. Tables of disposition of the Acts of the General Assembly and tables of corresponding sections of Codes and Code Supplements are also included in the Code. A comprehensive and detailed index to the Code is also prepared and published with the Code every two years. The first Code was published in 1851 and the Codes have been continuously kept up to date since then. Until 1924, each new Code was separately authorized by the General Assembly and a new editor appointed for each. In 1924, the position was made permanent and the law changed to provide publication every four years. The statute was amended in 1970 to provide for the Code to be published every two years. In the alternate years when the Code is not published, a supplement to the Iowa Code is published. The division is also required to submit such recommendations as are deemed proper to each General Assembly for the purpose of amending, revising, and codifying such portions of the law as may be conflicting, redundant, or ambiguous. Administrative Code Division - Kathleen K. Bates, Administrative Code editor and division administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3355 The Administrative Code Division edits and publishes biweekly the Iowa Administrative Bulletin which contains proposed and adopted administrative rules of all the various state agencies, executive orders, proclamations, and other materials deemed fitting and proper by the Administrative Rules Review Committee. The Administrative Code editor serves as secretary at the meetings of the Administrative Rules Review Committee. An index of public hearings and meeting agendas are available on the Internet at www.legis.state.ia.us.

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH The division also publishes the Iowa Administrative Code and its biweekly supplements. The Iowa Administrative Code is available on CD-ROM. In addition, the division publishes in loose-leaf format the Iowa Court Rules and its supplements when amendments are filed by the Supreme Court or enacted by the General Assembly. The Iowa Court Rules includes the Rules of Civil Procedure, Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rules of Appellate Procedure, Supreme Court Rules, and various other courtrelated rules. Other official documents such as the State Roster, which lists the names and terms of office of members of state boards and commissions, and specific subject matter codifications are also published by the division. Information Services Division - Legislative Information Office, Statehouse, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5129 The Information Services Division includes the Legislative Information Office, the Legislative Research Library, and the Capitol tour guides. The Legislative Information Office (LIO) is the primary contact point for nonpartisan information about the Iowa General Assembly. As a unit of the Legislative Service Bureau, the LIO has access to the most current information on the actions and procedures of the General Assembly. Typical services provided by this office include: up-to-date bill status; copies of bills, amendments, and other legislative documents; meeting schedules; explanations of legislative procedures; information on current law and administrative rules; and research into past legislative action. The office also operates the LIO Outreach Program which offers speakers to discuss the legislative process, Iowa government, and Iowa history. The LIO serves as a referral point to other state, local, and federal agencies. The office maintains a legislative calendar throughout the year and responds to an average of over 3,000 legislative information requests monthly. The office also publishes numerous legislative information brochures such as How a Bill Becomes a Law, "How to Lobby/' a citizen's guide and a directory which includes elected state officials, legislators, and Iowa's congressional delegation. Numerous resource materials published by the LIO are available on the Internet at www.legis.state.ia.us. The Capitol tour guides constitute another information service available to the public. The Capitol tour guides conduct public tours of the Capitol Building throughout the year on weekdays and Saturday. The Legislative Research Library maintains a collection of legislative history materials and other items relevant to state legislative issues. Support Services Division The Support Services Division provides support services primarily to the Legal and Committee Services Division and secondarily to other divisions. These support services include typing, text processing, proofreading, receptionist, clerical, financial and document handling services. A major responsibility of the division is the management of the work flow for the numerous bills and amendments that are drafted each year.

Chapter 3

"....It was in Making Education not Only Common to All, but in Some Sense Compulsory on All, That the Destiny or the Free Republics of America was Practically Settled/' - James Russell

94

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

THE JUDICIAL BRANCH www.judicial.state.ia.us

The judicial branch of the state of Iowa is composed of a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals, and a District Court. Within the District Court are four types of judicial officers: district judges, district associate judges, associate juvenile judges, and magistrates. Supreme Court

The Supreme Court consists of eight* justices. A vacancy is filled by gubernatorial appointment from a list of three nominees provided by the State Judicial Nominating Commission. A year after appointment and every eight years thereafter, the justice stands for retention in office at a general election. Justices select one of their members as chief justice; the chief justice serves in that capacity until the expiration of his or her term. * The number of justices will be reduced to 7 in 2000.

Court of Appeals

A nine-member Court of Appeals hears appellate cases diverted to them by the Supreme Court. The Court of Appeals has subject matter jurisdiction to review civil actions and special civil proceedings whether at law or in equity, criminal actions, post-conviction remedy proceedings, and small claims actions. The judges elect one of their number as chief judge.

Judicial Districts

The State of Iowa is divided into eight judicial districts; each district is composed of 5 to 22 counties and 7 to 28 judges of general jurisdiction. For purposes of nomination and appointment of district judges, 5 of the 8 districts are divided into sub-districts for a total of 14 judicial election districts. In each district, a chief judge is appointed by the Supreme Court to supervise the work of all trial judges and magistrates. A district judge is appointed by the governor from a list of two nominees selected by the judicial election district nominating commission. Retention in office is subject to popular vote one year after appointment and every six years thereafter. The jurisdiction of district associate judges is limited to civil actions for money judgments or replevin in which the amount in controversy does not exceed $10,000, criminal offenses less than a felony, and juvenile matters. They also have jurisdiction of felony violations involving the offense of operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OWI). District associate judges serve four-year terms and must be admitted to the bar. Associate judges are appointed by the district court judges within the judicial election district from a list of three nominees submitted by the county judicial magistrate appointing commission. They stand for retention in office at the general election within the judicial election district. Magistrates are appointed directly by the county magistrate appointing commissions; they serve four-year terms and are not required to be attorneys. Each of the 99 counties is allotted at least one part-time magistrate. In a county or combination of counties allotted three or more part-time magistrates, a majority of the district court judges in the judicial election district may vote to substitute and appoint one district associate judge in lieu of three parttime magistrates. Part-time magistrates are authorized to handle preliminary hearings, nonindictable or simple misdemeanors, search warrant proceedings, small claims, emergency hospitalization hearings, and various miscellaneous actions in which punishment does not

95

JUDICIAL BRANCH

JUSTICES OF THE IOWA SUPREME COURT

Arthur McGiverin, Ottumwa Chief Justice

Mark Cady, Ft. Dodge

James H. Carter, Cedar Rapids

K. David Harris, Jefferson

J. L. Larson, Harlan

Louis A. Lavorato, Des Moines

Linda K. Neuman, LeClaire

Bruce M. Snell, Jr., Ida Grove

Marsha K. Ternus, Des Moines

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

9 6

JUDGES OF THE COURT OF APPEALS

Rosemary Shaw Sackett, Okoboji Chief Judge

Terry L. Huitink, Ireton

Robert E. Mahan, Ames

Michael J. Streit, Chariton

Gayle Nelson Vogel, Knoxville

Van D. Zimmer, Vinton

* At the time ofprinting, no pictures were available of the 3 additional judges appointed by the Governor to the Court of Appeals.

.."'iCIAL BRANCH

97

IOWA SUPREME COURT Staff house, Des Monies 503 7.9; 5151281-5174 The Iowa Supreme Court is composed of eight* justices and the regular term of office for a justice of the Supreme Court is eight years. The appointee must stand for retention for a full term at the first judicial election preceding expiration of the regular term. Justices elect one of their numbers as chief justice to hold office until the expiration of the term. The Supreme Court is required to hold court at the seat of state government and elsewhere as the court orders and at the times the court orders. The Supreme Court has general appellate jurisdiction in both civil and criminal cases. The Supreme Court has authority to supervise the trial court, to prescribe the procedure in matters brought before it and the rules for admission of attorneys to the practice. It also has the power to prescribe rules of civil and appellate procedure. Any rules prescribed by the Supreme Court and reported to the Legislature become effective unless changed by the Legislature. The salary for the chief justice is $114,000; the salary for the other justices is $109,900. i:

The number of justices will be reduced to 7 in the 2000

McGIVERIN, Arthur A. - Ottumwa Chief Justice, Iowa Supreme Court Birth: November 10, 1928, Iowa City. EducationrB.S.C. (with high honors, president of College of Commerce class) University of Iowa, 1951; J.D. (with honors, member of the board of editors of law review), University of Iowa, 1956. Military Service: University of Iowa R.O.T.C. cadet colonel; brigade commander of all Army and Air Force R.O.T.C. students, 1950-51; U.S. Army Signal Corps, 1946-48; Infantry, 1951-53. Spouse: Joan Kuntz. Children: 4. Profession and Activities: Private law practice, 1956-1965; Alternate municipal judge (part-time), 1960-1965; Judge, Iowa District Court, 1965-1978; Member: Supreme Court Commission on Continuing Legal Education, 1975-78; Iowa State Bar Assoc. Comm. on LTniform Jury Instructions, 1972-78; Wapello Co. Bar Assoc; American Law Institute; Lecturer on trial practice; Past-President of Conference of Chief Justices; Past chair of National Center for State Courts Board of Directors; Member of Board of Directors for the State Justice Institute; Appointed Chief Justice, Oct. 1, 1987. Term: ends November 10, 2000.

CADY, Mark S. - Ft. Dodge Birth: July 12, 1953, Rapid City, S.D. Education: Drake University, B.A., 1975; J.D., 1978. Spouse: Rebecca Imus Cady. Children: Kelsi and Spencer. Profession and Activities: Legal practice, Fort Dodge, 1979-1983; Law clerk, Second Judicial District, 1978-1979; Assistant County Attorney, Webster County, 1979-1980; Adjunct instructor, Buena Vista University, 1980-present; District Assoc. Judge, 1983-1986; District Court Judge, 1986-1994; Judge, Iowa Court of Appeals, 1994-1998 (Chief Judge, 1997-1998); member, Webster County and Iowa State Bar Assoc; Chair, Supreme Court's Task Force on the Court's and Communities' Response to Domestic Abuse, 1993-1994; Elder, First Presbyterian Church; Author; Curbing Litigation Abuse and Misuse: A Judicial Response, 36 Drake L. Rev. 483 (1987). Appointed to Iowa Supreme Court, October 16, 1998. Term: ends December 31, 2002.

CARTER, James H. - Cedar Rapids Birth: January 18, 1935, Waverly. Education: Graduated Clarksville High School, 1952; B.A., University of Iowa, 1956; J.D., University of Iowa College of Law, I960. Spouse: Jeanne Emmons. Children: 2. Profession and Activities: Law clerk to Hon. Henry N. Graven, U.S. District Court, 1960-1962. General practice of law with Shuttlevvorth & Ingersnll, Cedar Rapids, 1962-1973. Judge, 6th District, 1973-1976. Appointed to Iowa Supreme Court by Gov. Robert Ray, August, 19«S2. Member; American and Iowa State Bar Association. Term: ends December 31, 2000.

9 8

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

HARRIS, K. David - Jefferson Birth: July 29, 1927, Jefferson. Parents: Orville W. and Jessie Smart Harris. Education: Jefferson public schools and the University of Iowa, B.A. and J.D. Military Service: Army veteran of World War II - 7th Infantry Division, Pacific Theatre. Spouse: Madonna Coyne of Jefferson. Children: 'A. Profession and Activities: Practiced law at Jefferson, 1951-1962. Greene County attorney, 1959-1962. District Judge, 1962-1972. Appointed justice of Iowa Supreme Court, January 1972, by Gov. Robert Kay. Term: ends December 31, 2006.

LARSON, J. L. - Harlan Birth: May 17, 1936, Harlan. Education: Graduate, University of Iowa, 1958; J.D., 1960. Spouse: Debra Larson. Children: 4. Profession and Activities: Shelby County attorney, 1965-1970. Practiced law until appointment to District Court in 1975. Appointed to Iowa Supreme Court by Gov. Robert Ray in 1978. Term: ends December 31, 2004.

LAVORATO, Louis A. - Des Moines Birth: September 29, 1934, Des Moines. Parents: Charles and Catherine Lavorato. Education: B.S., B.A., Drake University, 1959. J.D., Drake University Law School, 1962. Order of the Coif. Assistant editor, Drake Law Review. Military Service: U.S. Army, 19531955. Spouse: Janis Lavorato. Children: 4. Profession and Activities: Practiced law in Des Moines, 1962-1979. District Court judge, 1979-1986. Chief judge. 5th Judicial District, 1983-1986. Member: Iowa Academy of Trial Lawyers; Polk, Iowa State, and American Bar Associations. Appointed justice of Iowa Supreme Court, January, 1986, by Gov. Terry Branstad. Term: ends December 31, 2004.

NEUMAN, Linda K. - LeClaire Birth: June 18, 1948, Chicago, Illinois. Parents: Harold S. and Mary E. Kinney. Education: Regent scholar, University of Colorado, 1970; J.D. University of Colorado School of Law, 1973. Spouse: Henry G. Neuman of Davenport. Children: 2 daughters, Emily and Lindsey. Profession and Activities: Practiced law with Davenport firm of Betty, Neuman, McMahon, Hellstrom & Bittner until 1979. Vice-president and trust officer, Bettendorf Bank and Trust Company, 1979-1980. Chairperson, Appellate Judges' Conference of the American Bar Association, 1994-1995. Fellow, American Bar Foundation. Part-time judicial magistrate for Scott County, 1980-1982. Appointed District Court judge by Governor Robert Ray in 1982. Appointed to the Supreme Court by Governor Terry Branstad, July 25, 1986. Term: ends December 31, 2004.

SNELL, Bruce M. Jr. - Ida Grove Birth: August 18, 1929, Ida Grove. Parents: Justice Bruce M. and Donna Potter Snell. Education: Ida Grove public schools; B.A., Grinnell College, 1951; J.D., L'niversity of Iowa, 1956. Military Service: U.S. Army veteran. Spouse: Anne Fischer of Meservey, 1956. Children: 1 daughter, Rebecca; 1 son, Brad. Profession and Activities: Order of Coif. Comments editor, Iowa Law Review. Admitted to Iowa and New York bars. Law clerk to Judge Henry N. Graven, U.S. District Court, Northern District of Iowa, 1956-1957. Iowa assistant attorney general, 1961-1965. Member: Methodist Church, Kiwanis. Shrine, Iowa State and American Bar Associations. Appointed by Gov. Robert Ray to Iowa Court of Appeals, September 23, 1976, served until appointed by Gov. Terry Branstad to Iowa Supreme Court, October 8, 1987. Term: ends August 18, 2001.

TERNUS, Marsha K. - Des Moines Birth: May 30, 1951, Vinton, Iowa. Parents: David and Shirlene Ternus. Education: B.A. with Honors and with High Distinction, University of Iowa, 1972; J.D. with Honors, Drake University, 1977. Spouse: Denny Drake. Children: 2 daughters, Whitney and Brooklyn; 1 son, Rob. Profession and Activities: Order of the Coif. Editor in Chief, Drake Law Review, 1976-1977. Admitted to Iowa and Arizona bars. Practiced law in Des Moines with firm of Bradshaw. Fowler, Proctor and Fairgrave until appointed by Gov. Terry Branstad to the Iowa Supreme Court in 1993. Term: ends December 31, 2002.

JUDICIAL BRANCH

99

IOWA COURT OF APPEALS Statehouse, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5221 In 1976 the legislature established the Iowa Court of Appeals as a five-member intermediate court of appeals. A sixth judge was added in 1983. In 1999, three additional judges were added, making the Court of Appeals a nine-member court. The court has jurisdiction to hear appeals from civil actions and special civil proceedings whether at law or in equity, criminal actions, small claims cases, and post-conviction relief proceedings. A decision of the Iowa Court of Appeals is final and shall not be reviewed by any other court except upon a grant by the supreme court of an application for further review. In 1962, the people of Iowa approved a constitutional amendment which provides for judges to be selected by merit rather than on a political ticket. When a vacancy occurs on the Iowa Court of Appeals, an independent state body, the State Judicial Nominating Commission, composed of citizens appointed by the Governor and attorneys elected by lawyers licensed to practice in Iowa, reviews the applicants and forwards the names of nominees to the governor. The governor must appoint a judge from the slate of nominees within thirty days. Judges are appointed for a term of six years. When a term is about to end, the judge's name is placed on the ballot in the general election so that voters may decide whether or not to retain the judge for another term. The chief judge is elected by a majority of the court in each oddnumbered year to serve a two-year term. Summaries of court of appeals decisions and the full text of the opinions are available on the Judicial Branch website at www.judicial.state.ia.us/decisions/appeals/opinions.

SACKETT, Rosemary Shaw - Okoboji Chief Judge, Iowa Court of Appeals Birth: January 17, 1940, Fort Dodge. Parents: Frank W. and Irene Rafferty Shaw. Education: Graduated Pocahontas Community High School, 1957; B.A., cum laude Buena Vista College, 1960; J.D., Drake University Law School, 1963; L.L.M.; University of Virginia Law School, 1990. Spouse: Robert W. Sackett of Okoboji, 1964. Children: 1 daughter, Mary Margaret; 4 sons, Murphy, Morgan, Barry, and Frank. Profession and Activities: Practiced law, Pocahontas and Spencer, 1963-1983. Former member: Iowa Commission on Alcoholism, Supreme Court Juvenile Advisory Rules Committee, Spencer Low Rent Housing Commission. Member: American, Iowa, Judicial District 3A (president, 1977 and 1983), Clay County (president, 1981-1983), and Dickinson County Bar Associations, Iowa Judges Assoc. (chair, Family Law Committee, 1985-1992), Catholic Church, Rotary, American Assoc. of Univ. Women. Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, September 1983. Term: ends December 31, 2002. HECHT, Daryl L. - Sioux City Education: B.A., Morningside College, 1974; J.D., University of South Dakota, 1977. Married and has two daughters. Profession and Activities: Private practice, Sioux City, 22 years. Served as member of the Board of Directors of Boys and Girls Home and Family Services, the Morningside College Alumni Association, the Woodbury County Judicial Magistrate Nominating Commission and Woodbury County Compensation Commission. Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, 1999. Term: ends December 31, 2000.

HUITINK, Terry L. - Ireton Birth: December 2, 1951, Orange City. Education: Graduated West Sioux Schools, Ireton/ Hawarden, 1970; B.A., University of Iowa, 1974; J.D., Drake University Law School, 1976. Spouse: Kathleen Gaul, 1971. Children: 4 sons; Michael, Johnathan, Daniel, and Zachary. Profession and Activities: General practice, Ireton, Sioux Center, 1977-1988; Juvenile court referee, third district, 1981-1988; District court judge, District 3B, 1988-1994; Member: Sioux County Bar Association, Iowa State Bar Association, Iowa Bar Association Criminal Law Committee, Supreme Court Appellate Restructuring Committee, Iowa Supreme Court Improvement Project; Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, February 1994. Term: ends December 31, 2002.

100

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

MAHAN, Robert E.-Ames Birth: October 23,1946, Carroll. Parents: Roy and Betty (Kisgen) Mahan. Education: Graduated Coon Rapids H. S., 1965; B.S., Iowa State University, 1969; J.D., University of Iowa, 1973. Spouse: Janet K. (Lloyd) Mahan. Children: 4 daughters; Lindsay, Melissa, Allison, Ashley. Profession and Activities: Summer Internship, Manhattan District Attorney's Office, New York, 1972; Practiced law, Waterloo, 1973-78; Asst. Co. Atty., Black Hawk, 1976-78; District Associate Judge, 1978-87; District Court Judge, 1987-97; Lecturer in Juvenile and Family Law, University of Northern Iowa, 1977-present; Member: Iowa Supreme Court Comm. on Judicial Orientation; Black Hawk and Story County Bar Assoc; Iowa Bar Assoc; recipient of Iowa Trial Lawyers Judicial Achievement Award, 1995; Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, July 31, 1997. Term: ends December 31, 2004. MILLER, John C. - Burlington Birth: Wellman, IA.. Education: B.A., University of Iowa, 1969; J.D. with Distinction, University of Iowa, 1975. Married and 3 children. Profession and Activities: Private practice, 1975-1980. District court judge, District 8, 18 years. Member: Des Moines County, Iowa State, and American Bar Associations. Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, 1999. Term: ends December 31, 2000.

STREIT, Michael J. - Chariton Birth: April 14, 1950, Sheldon. Education: Graduated from University of Iowa, B.A. in Economics, 1972; University of San Diego, J.D., 1975. Spouse: Sonya B. Streit. Children: Ashton M Streit. Profession and Activities: Member of San Diego Law Re view,197 4-197 5. Admitted to practice in Iowa and California. Member of Iowa, California, Lucas County Bar Associations; practiced law in Chariton, 1975-1983; Lucas County Attorney, 1983; Assistant Lucas County Attorney, 1975-1979; District Court Judge, 1983-1996: Chair, Supreme Court Education Advisory Committee, 1990-present; Chair, Iowa Judicial Institute, 1991-present; Chair, New Judge Orientation/Mentor Program, 1991-present; Co-chair, Judges Association Education Committee, 1990-present; Supreme Court Technology Committee, 1988-present; Anglo American Exchange Program, Middle Temple, London, England, 1991; Bencher, Blackstone Inn of Court, 1990-present. Term: ends December 31, 2004.

VAITHESWARAN, Anuradha - Des Moines Birth: Hyderabad, India. Education: attended high school in Cedar Rapids. Undergraduate degree, Grinnell College, 1980; J.D. and Masters in Political Science, University of Iowa, 1984. Married and 2 children. Profession and Activities: Law Clerk for the Honorable Charles R. Wolle, Iowa Supreme Court, before Wolle's appointment to the federal district court. Worked as an attorney with Legal Services Corporation of Iowa and with the Iowa Attorney General's Office prior to appointment to the appellate court. Member: Polk County and Iowa State Bar Associations; Polk County Women's Association; C. Edwin Moore Inns of Court. Appointed to Iowa Court of Appeals, 1999. Term: ends December 31, 2000.

VOGEL, Gayle Nelson - Knoxville Birth: June 14, 1949, Rockford, IL. Education: B.A. Rockford College, 1971, cum laude; J.D. Drake Law School, 1983 with honors, Order of the Coif. Spouse: Thomas E. Vogel. Children: 3 sons; Tim, Carl and Andrew. Profession and Activities: General practice, Johnson, Lane & Vogel, Knoxville, 1983-1996. Member: Past President of Marion County and District 5A bar associations; Iowa State Bar Association; Grievance Commission, 1988-1996; Good Shepherd Lutheran Church; Knoxville Area Community Hospital Board of Directors, 1991-1996; Tax Review Board, 1995-1996; Rotary Club Member, Board of Directors, 1991-1994. Chamber of Commerce Business Woman of the Year, 1994. Member of C. Edwin Moore Inns of Court and Iowa Judges Association. Board of Directors of Brenton Bank, 1992-96, and South Central Iowa Health Care Partners, Inc., 1994-96; Family Law Committee; Iowa Supreme Court Improvement Project; past co-chair of the Quality of Representation Task Force and current chair of the Summary Appeal Task Force. Appointed to Court of Appeals, April 25, 1996. Term: ends December 21, 2004.

JUDICIAL BRANCH

101

ZIMMER, Van D. - Vinton Birth: November 15, 1947, Vinton. Education: B.A., University of Iowa, 1969; J.D., University of Iowa, 1972. Spouse: Julie Corken Zimmer. Children: 1 daughter, Emily; 1 son, Brian. Profession and Activities: Assistant Linn County Attorney, 1973-197H. Adjunct faculty member at Mt. Mercy College, 1974-1975; and Kirkwood Community College, 1975-1976. Assistant Attorney General, Area Prosecutors Division, State of Iowa, 1975-1978; Assistant U.S. Attorney, Northern District of Iowa, 1978-1979. Legal practice, Vinton, 1979-1985; District Court Judge, 1985-1998. Member: Benton Co. and IA State Bar Assoc; chair, IA Judge's Assoc. Courts and Community Committee, 1996-present; chair, Supreme Court's Criminal Issues Committee, 1994-1997; Supreme Court's Public Education Committee, 1998-present; Faculty, New Judges Orientation Program, 1991-present. Former Member: Board of Governors, IA State Bar Assoc. Fellow: Iowa Bar Foundation, elected to membership in 1997. Appointed to Court of Appeals, December 1998. Term: ends December 31, 2000.

IOWA DISTRICT COURT The Unified Trial Court Act of 1972, abolished all trial courts below the District Court of Iowa and established the "Iowa District Court" as a unified trial court, effective July 1, 1973. It has general jurisdiction of all civil, criminal, and juvenile cases and probate matters in the state. For purposes of administration and ordinary judicial functions, the state is divided into eight judicial districts as shown on the map below and into 14 judicial election districts. The unified trial court operates through 135 part-time judicial magistrates and 12 associate juvenile judges and 1 associate probate judge, 54 district associate judges, and 116 district court judges plus 8 chief district court judges. [One additional district judge will be added in January 2000]. The judicial magistrates are appointed by a commission in each county. District associate judges are nominated by a commission and appointed by the district judges within the judicial election district. The number of district court judges authorized in each judicial election district is determined by population and a statutory judgeship formula based on combined civil and criminal case filings in that district However, application of the formula has been frozen and the number of district judges has been limited to 115. The regular term of office for a district court judge is six years. A vacancy is filled through appointment by the governor from a list of nominees submitted by the District Judicial Nominating Commission. The appointee must stand for retention for a full term at the first general election held after serving at least one year. The salary for the chief judge of a judicial district is $104,.SO0, the salary for other district court judges is $100,500. District associate judges are paid $87,600 annually and magistrates $25,400 (fiscal 1999-2000).

State Judicial Districts

102

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER DISTRICT COURT JUDGES

NAME

OFFICE ADDRESS

TERM ENDING

Election District 1A Alan L. Pearson, Chief Judge Robert J. C urn an John J. Bcauercamper Lawerence H. Fautsch Margaret L. Lingreen

Dubuque Dubuque Waukon Dubuque Decorah

December December December December December

31, 1999 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2004 31, 2000

Election District 1B James Beeghly George Strigler James C. Bauch Todd A. Geer Jon Fister K.D. Briner Thomas N. Bower Stephen C. Clarke

West Union Waterloo Cedar Falls Grundy Center Waterloo Waterloo Grundy Center Grundy Center

December December December December December December December December

31, 2004 31, 2004 31, 2004 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2004

Election District 2A James Drew Paul W. Riffel Stephen P. Carroll Jon S. Scoles John S. Mackey Bryan H. McKinley

Hampton Waverly Hampton Mason City Mason City Osage

December December December December December December

31, 2000 31, 2004 31, 2004 31, 2000 31, 2004 31, 2000

Election District 2B Ronald Schechtman, Chief Judge Carl D. Baker Dale E. Ruigh Carl E. Peterson Timothy J. Finn Allan L. Goode Gary L. McMinimee Kurt L. Wilke Joel E. Swanson William J. Pattinson William C. Ostlund David R. Danilson

Carroll Marshalltown Ames Marshalltown Ames Ft. Dodge Carroll Ft. Dodge Carroll Ames Jefferson Boone

December December December December December December December December December December December December

31. 1999 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2004

Election District 3A David A. Lester Joseph J. Straub Frank B. Nelson John B. Duffy Patrick Carr

Estherville Algona Okoboji Storm Lake Spencer

December December December December December

31. 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002

Election District 3B Richard Vipond, Chief Judge Michael Walsh Dewie J. Gaul Phillip Dandos Gary E. Wenell Robert C. Clem James D. Scott John Ackerman

Denison Sioux City Sioux City Sioux City Sioux City Sioux City Orange City Sioux City

December December December December December December December December

31, 1999 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2000

Election District 4 Charles L. Smith, III, Chief Judge Keith E. Burgett J.C. Irvin James M. Richardson Timothy O'Grady James S. Heckerman Gorden C. Abel

Council Bluffs Council Bluffs Shenandoah Audubon Council Bluffs Council Bluffs Council Bluffs

December December December December December December December

31, 1999 31, 2004 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2004

Election District 5A Darrell J. Goodhue Peter A. Keller Jerrold W. Jordan

Indianola Dallas Center Knoxville

December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000

103

JUDICIAL bRANCH Dale B. Hagen William Joy Paul R. Huscher Gregory A. Hulse

Indianola Perry Waukee Adel

December December December December

31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2004 31, 2004

Osceola Chariton Lenox Osceola

December December December December

31, 2004 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2004

Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des Des

December December December December December December December December December December December December December December December

31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31,

1999 2004 2002 2002 2004 2004 2000 2000 2000 2002 2002 2002 2002 2000 2004

Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Iowa City Anamosa Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Iowa City Iowa City Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids

December December December December December December December December December December December December

31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31, 31,

2000 2000 2004 2000 2000 2000 2002 2004 2000 2000 2000 2002

Davenport Muscatine Clinton Davenport Davenport Davenport Davenport Clinton Maquoketa Davenport Davenport

December 31, 1999 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2004 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2002

Oskaloosa Grinnell Oskaloosa Sigourney Centerville Albia Ottumwa

December December December December December December December

31, 2000 31, 2004 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2004 31, 2000

Burlington Keokuk Ft. Madison Burlington Burlington

December December December December December

31, 31, 31, 31, 31,

Election District 5B

James W. Brown Richard D. Morr David Christensen Gary G. Kimes Election District 5C

Arthur E. Gamble, Chief Judge Joel D. Novak Jack D. Levin George W. Bergeson Glenn Pille Robert A. Hutchison Donna L. Paulsen Larry J. Eisenhauer Linda R. Reade Richard G. Blane II Robert J. Blink D. J. Stovall Robert Wilson Artis Reis Scott Rosenberg

Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines Moines

Election District 6

William R. Eads, Chief Judge David S. Good Thomas M. Horan L. Vern Robinson Larry J. Conmey William L. Thomas Thomas Koehler Lynne E. Brady Douglas Russell Kristin L. Hibbs David M. Remley Patrick Grady Election District 7

John A. Nahra, Chief Judge Patrick J. Madden Charles H. Pelton Mark J. Smith James E. Keiley Mark D. Clive Edward B. DeSilva, J r David H. Sivright David E. Schoenthaler Bobbi M. Alpers Hobart Darbyshire Election District 8A

James Blomgren Richard J. Vogel James P. Rielly Dan F. Morrison Daniel P. Wilson Annette J. Scieszinski E. Richard Meadows Election District 8B

John C. Miller, Chief Judge David B. Hendrickson R. David Fahey William L. Dowell John G. Linn

1999 2004 2004 2004 2002

10 4

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER DISTRICT ASSOCIATE JUDGES

Election District 1A

Randal J. Nigg Richard R. Gleason

Dubuque Dubuque

December 31, 2002 December 31, 2000

Waterloo Waterloo Waterloo Oelwein Grundy Center

December December December December December

Mason City Waverly

December 31, 2000 December 31, 2002

Marshalltown Marshalltown Nevada Nevada Fort Dodge Boone

December December December December December December

31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002

Cherokee SpiritLake Spirit Lake West Bend

December December December December

31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2000

Algona Sioux City LeMars Orange City Sioux City Sioux City

December December December December December December

31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2002

Council Bluffs Council Bluffs Council Bluffs

December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2002

Indianola Newton Indianola Pleasantville Knoxville Newton

December December December December December December

Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines Des Moines

December 31, 2002 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2002 December 31, 2000

Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Cedar Rapids Iowa City Cedar Rapids Iowa City

December December December December December December

Election District 1B

Joseph Moothart James D. Coil Water W. Rothschild J.G.Johnson Jeffrey L. Harris

31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2000

Election District 2A

Carlynn D. Grupp Peter B. Newell Election District 2B

Roger R. Schoell (Alternate) Sandra J. Holien Thomas Hronek Steven P. Van Marel Frederick E. Breen Stephen J. Oeth Election District 3A

Donavan D. Schaefer David C. Larson Jon M. Martin (Alternate) Donald Capostosto (Alternate) Election District 3B

Water B. MacDonald Mary J. Sokolovske Robert J. Dull Bradley K. DeJong (Alternate) Patrick C.McCormick Timothy T. Jarman Election District 4

Gary K. Anderson Kathleen Kilnoski MarkEveloff Election District 5A

John P. Crouch Thomas Mott Bruce J. Graham (Alternate) Pat Myers (Alternate) Terry L. Wilson Carol H. Greta (Alternate)

31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31. 2000 31^ 2002

Election District 5B None Election District 5C

Thomas A. Renda Matthew McEniry Carol S. Egly A. Patricia Houlihan Cynthia M. Moisan Douglas F. Staskal Gregory D. Brandt Karen Romano James D. Birkenholz Election District 6

Robert E. Sosalla JaneSpande Michael J. Newmeister Sylvia Lewis Nancy Baumgartner Stephen C. Gerard, II

31, 2000 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2000 31, 2000

105

JUDICIAL BRANCH Election District 7

Arlen J. VanZee James Weaver JohnG. Mullen Douglas C. McDonald Gary McKenrick

Clinton Muscatine . Davenport. Davenport. Davenport.

. December . December . December . December . December

Grinnell ... Sigourney Ottumwa..

. December 31, 2002 . December 31, 2002 . December 31, 2000

Burlington Fort Madison . Keokuk Burlington

. December . December . December . December

31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2002

Election District 8A

Michael R. Stewart LucyJ. Gamon Kirk A. Daily Election District 8B

Thomas R. Brown Joel J. Kamp GaryNoneman MarkKruse

31, 2002 31, 2002 31, 2000 31, 2002

DISTRICT COURT ADMINISTRATORS District 1- Karen Hibben-Levi Black Hawk County Courthouse 315 East 5th Street Waterloo, Iowa 50708 319/833-3271

District 5- Beth Baldwin Polk County Courthouse 5th and Mulberry Des Moines, Iowa 50309 515/286-3083

District 2- David Hayward P.O. Box 1057 Fort Dodge, Iowa 50501 515/576-6336

District 6- Carroll Edmondson Linn County Courthouse P.O. Box 5488 Cedar Rapids, Iowa 52406-5488 515/398-3920 ext.104

District 3- Leesa McNeil Woodbury County Courthouse 7th and Douglas, Room 210 Sioux City, Iowa 51101 712/279-6608

District 7- Thomas Betts Scott County Courthouse 416 West 4th Street Davenport, Iowa 52801 319/326-8783

District 4- Kent Wirth Pottawattamie County Courthouse 4th Floor 227 South Sixth Street, Box 372 Council Bluffs, Iowa 51501 712/328-5733

District 8- Sandy Anderson (Interim DCA) 211 East 4th, P.O. Box 1319 Ottumwa, Iowa 52501 515/684-6502

Alan D. Allbee Daniel Block Karla J. Fultz William S. Owen Susan F. Flaherty Victor G. Lathrop Gerald W. Magee Brian L. Michaelson Jane M. Mylrea MaryL. Timko Constance Cohen

ASSOCIATE JUVENILE JUDGES West Union Waterloo Des Moines Ottumwa Cedar Rapids Ames Charles City ., Sioux City Dubuque Storm Lake ... Des Moines ....

December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000 . December 31, 2000

Ruth B. Klotz.

ASSOCIATE PROBATE JUDGE Des Moines

. December 31, 2000

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IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

JUDICIAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS Contact: Supreme Court Clerk's Office Statehouse, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5911 BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS The Board of Law Examiners is under the jurisdiction of the Iowa Supreme Court. Members Jill Thompson Hansen, chair, Des Moines, term expires 2000; Diane Kutzko, vice-chair, Cedar Rapids, term expires 2000; David Brown, Des Moines, term expires 2001; David Mason, Cedar Falls, term expires 2002; Tom Bice, Ft. Dodge, term expires 2002 Lay members Syl Scotza, Orange City, term expires 2001; Dr. Martha Hoard, Fort Dodge, term expires 2002 BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR COURT SHORTHAND REPORTERS The Board of Examiners for Court Shorthand Reporters was authorized by the 38th General Assembly and its rules were amended by the 65th General Assembly. The examiners are appointed by the governor with the approval of two-thirds of the members of the Senate. Under law, three of the members must be certified shorthand reporters and two members represent the general public. A certified member shall be actively engaged in the practice of certified shorthand reporting and shall have been so engaged for five years preceding the appointment, the last two of which shall have been in Iowa. The board conducts examinations of those seeking to become certified shorthand reporters. Members Mary Ann Brown, chair, Burlington, term expires 2000; Thomas T. Kierski, secretary, Ft. Dodge, term expires 1999; Dianne Schuetts, Sioux City, term expires 2001; Shirley Hatcher, Council Bluffs, term expires 1999; Mervin E. Vaughn, Des Moines, term expires 2000 COMMISSION ON JUDICIAL QUALIFICATIONS Under a 1972 amendment to the Iowa Constitution and the provisions of Chapter 602 of the Code, there is a Commission on Judicial Qualifications which receives and investigates complaints about the qualifications of Supreme Court justices, Court of Appeals judges, district court judges, and district associate judges. The commission can apply to the Supreme Court to retire, discipline, or remove a judge. The commission has seven members. Four are appointed by the governor and are subject to Senate confirmation; three, including a district court judge, are appointed by the chief justice. JUDICIAL MAGISTRATE APPOINTING COMMISSIONS Each county in the state has such a commission. Its duty is to appoint the number of judicial magistrates allotted to the county by the state court administrator. Each commission is composed of a district court judge designated by the chief judge of the judicial district, two attorneys elected by the bar of the county, and three members appointed by the board of supervisors of the county. JUDICIAL NOMINATING COMMISSIONS Under a constitutional amendment adopted in 1962, and the provisions of Chapter 46, Iowa Code, 1985, there is one State Judicial Nominating Commission and 14 District Judicial Nominating Commissions, one in each of the 14 judicial election districts. The state commission submits nominees for a vacancy on the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals. The commission is comprised of 15 members, seven elected by the bar, seven appointed by the governor, and the senior member of the Supreme Court other than the chief justice. The Supreme Court member is the chair of this commission. The district commissions submit nominees for a vacancy on the district court bench in their respective judicial election districts. The district commissions have 11 members, five elected by the bar, five appointed by the governor, and the senior judge in the judicial election district who is the chair of the commission.

Chapter 4

"I Consider a Human Soul Without Education Like Marble in a Quarry, Which Shows None of Its Inherent Beauties Until the Skill of the Polisher Sketches Out the Colors, Makes the Surface Shine, and Discovers Every Ornamental Cloud, Spot, and Vein that Runs Through It." - Joseph Addison

10 8

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

AGRICULTURE AND LAND STEWARDSHIP, DEPARTMENT OF Patty Judge, secretary of agriculture Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5321 www.state.ia.usJ'agriculture The 40th General Assembly consolidated several state divisions and created the Iowa Department of Agriculture in 1923. The 71 st General Assembly in 1986 restructured the department by adding the Agricultural Development Authority, Grain Warehouse Bureau and Soil Conservation Division. The Legislature also changed the agency's name to Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship to reflect its broadened focus. The mission of the department is to encourage a relationship between people and the land that recognizes the land as a resource to be managed to avoid irreparable harm. The Department is tasked with developing and implementing policies that address the long-term future of agriculture as an economic activity as well as a way of life. The object of the department is to encourage, promote, market and advance the interests of agriculture, including production practices such as organic or conventional that may lead to direct marketing of raw product or processed goods. The department has the responsibility of providing consumer protection through the regulatory programs administered by the regulatory, laboratory and inspection services. The department is responsible for the preservation and improvement of the quality of two of the states most important natural resources, soil and water. In order to assure a timely transition from one generation in the agricultural community to the next, the department provides financial assistance for beginning farmers through a variety of loan and loan guarantee programs. The department is comprised of five divisions: Administrative, Agricultural Development Authority, Laboratory, Regulatory and Soil Conservation. Administrative - Mary Jane Olney, director, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5681 The Administrative Division provides internal support for the department through centralized budgeting and accounting, human resources, purchasing and supply and mail services. The division also provides public information. The division contains the following bureaus: Agricultural Diversification, Agricultural Marketing, Agricultural Statistics, Auditing, Climatology, Dairy Trade Practices, Organic Agriculture, as well as the Office of Renewable Fuels and Co-Products. The agricultural diversification bureau promotes and develops diversification of Iowa's horticultural industry by promoting fresh fruits and vegetables and other products at farmers markets, and by producing product directories of fruit, vegetable and Christmas tree producers in the state. The bureau administers the Farmer's Market Nutritional Program, a program to provide a supplemental source of fresh fruits and vegetables for women, infants and children who are nutritionally at risk. The agricultural marketing bureau promotes and monitors the value of Iowa commodities. The marketing bureau, along with the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, has developed the Livestock Market News Program, which tracks the flow and sale of livestock by covering 18 auction sales throughout the state. Corn and soybean prices are gathered daily from 47 Iowa elevators by the bureau's Grain Market News program. All commodity information is posted daily on the Department's Internet website {www.state.ia.us/agriculture/indexMml). The marketing bureau actively works toward adding value to Iowa commodities by attracting producers and processors to value-added enterprises through the development of promotional activities and involvement in national trade shows. The office of renewable fuels and co-products promotes ethanol, biodiesel and other renewable fuels made from Iowa agricultural commodities. Through the Rural Economic Value-Added Mentoring Program (REVAMP), technical and business planning assistance is provided for the development of renewable fuel and co-product production facilities and innovative valueadded businesses. Since the program started in April 1994, 319 businesses have received REVAMP assistance.

STATE AGENCIES

109

Agricultural Development Authority - Steven K. Ferguson, executive director, 505 Fifth Avenue, Suite 327, Des Moines 50309-2322; 515/281-6444 The Agricultural Development Authority was established to assist Iowans in pursuing and maintaining careers in farming. The authority administers the Iowa Beginning Farmer Loan Program and Loan Participation Program. Beginning farm loans are available to purchase land, machinery, livestock and buildings. IADA loans may also be used to improve existing buildings and farmland. The authority may issue bonds and notes and may participate in and cooperate with any federal or state agency to finance its programs. The authority sponsors educational programs for beginning farmers and provides funding for the Iowa Agricultural Youth Institute, the Iowa FFA Foundation, Post Secondary Agriculture Students, and other agriculturally related organizations. Board Members

EDWARD ENGSTROM, chair, Kanawha; SONJA LARSEN, vice chair, Ottumwa GENE GEISSINGER, treasurer, West Des Moines; STEVEN BASLER, Sharpsburg MARK LEONARD, Holstein; LESLIE MILLER, Knoxville; LOIS SCHNOOR, Maquoketa; DIANA STADTMUELLER, Monticello; TIM GALM, Everly Ex-officio Members

PATTY JUDGE, secretary of agriculture; MICHAEL L. FITZGERALD, treasurer of state Iowa Grain Indemnity Board

The 71 st General Assembly established the Iowa Grain Indemnity Board within the department. The seven-member board determines claims and adjusts the fees of the Iowa Grain Depositors and Sellers Indemnity Fund. This fund was established to protect producers, state-licensed grain dealers and warehouse operators. Currently, there is a per-bushel fee on all grain sold or stored in a state-licensed grain facility and an annual fee on all state-licensed grain dealers and warehouse operations. Board Members

PATTY JUDGE, president, secretary of agriculture; MARTIN FRANCIS, commissioner of insurance's designee; STEVE MILLER, state treasurer's designee; ED HERSHBERGER, Kalona; CAROLYN ROBERTS, Peterson; BRUCE YUNGCLAS, Webster City; DONNA WINBURN, Grinnell Laboratory - Daryl Frey, director, Wallace State Office Building, 515/281-8589

Des Moines 50319;

The Laboratory Division assures that feed, fertilizer, pesticide and seed products meet the guarantees stated on the product label. The division works closely with federal agencies to enforce federal pesticide laws, protect the human food chain from the introduction of contaminants and prevent the introduction of plant pests. The division provides laboratory services to the department's Regulatory Division by analyzing food, dairy and meat products. Three administrative bureaus are organized under the Laboratory Division: Commercial Feed Bureau, Fertilizer Bureau and Pesticide Bureau. The division's laboratories include: the Drug and Vitamin Laboratory, Entomology and Seed Laboratory, Feed and Fertilizer Laboratory, Food and Dairy Laboratory, and the Pesticide Residue and Formulations Laboratory. Regulatory - Ron Rowland, director, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3325 The Regulatory Division provides fundamental consumer and producer protection to Iowans through a staff that includes field inspectors, veterinarians and grain warehouse examiners. These protections include food safety, sanitation, financial integrity of grain facilities and the inspection of commercial weighing and measuring devices. The division supports economic development in Iowa by providing assurances of the quality and safety of Iowa agricultural products. The field staff is supported by technicians and program specialists in the following bureaus: Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Meat and Poultry, Grain Warehouse, Dairy Products Control and Weights and Measures. The division administers the state's Horse and Dog Breeding Program and provides staff for the Iowa Board of Veterinary Medicine and the Grain Indemnity Board.

11 0

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

Soil Conservation - James B. Gulliford, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6146

director,

Wallace State Office

Building,

The Division of Soil Conservation is responsible for state leadership in the areas of soil, water and mineral resource management. The division's mission includes setting the state's priorities, formulating and implementing programs, and establishing policies for protecting and preserving these natural resources in Iowa. The division provides assistance and support to Iowa's 100 soil and water conservation districts. It carries out programs for licensing mineral extraction, coal mining regulation and mined land reclamation. The division provides financial incentive programs to assist farmers with the installation of soil and water conservation practices, livestock waste management systems and water quality protection practices. The division administers the Resource Enhancement and Protection (REAP), Water Quality Protection Project program that supports local watershed projects to protect priority water resources, including municipal water supply reservoirs, trout streams and public lakes. State Soil Conservation Committee Members

DIANE THOMPSON, chair, Forest City; MARY ANN DRISH, vice chair, Brighton; MUFFY HARMON, Des Moines; RUSSELL BRANDES, Hancock; GERALD JOHNSON, New Hampton; JOHN E. SELLERS, JR; Corydon; MADELINE MEYER, Odebolt; KEN MCNICHOLS, Bondurant; ROGER HOWELL, Earlham Veterinary Medicine, Iowa Board of - John J. Schiltz, D.V.M., secretary, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5305 The Iowa Board of Veterinary Medicine was created in 1900 when the first Veterinary Practice Act became effective. The five-member board has three members who are licensed veterinarians and two members who represent the public. The state veterinarian serves as the board's secretary. The board offers examinations in April and December to qualified applicants to determine their personal and professional qualifications to practice veterinary medicine in Iowa. The board sets the standards for certification of veterinary assistants, and may conduct investigations, hold hearings, and take disciplinary action in matters involving the practice of veterinary medicine. Board Members

DON JACOBI, D.V.M., vice chair, Harlan; JANE MCCALL, Manchester; BRUCE VAN ZEE, D.V.M., Oakland; 2 Vacant positions

BLIND, DEPARTMENT FOR THE R. Creig Slayton, director 524 Fourth St., Des Moines 50309-2364 515/281-1333; 1-800-362-2587; TTY 515/281-1355; FAX 515/281-1263 www.blind.state.ia.us JOHN WELLMAN, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2001; ROBERT J. MARTIN, Davenport; term expires 2000; JULIA SCURR, Mt. Pleasant; term expires 2002 The Department for the Blind, created in 1925, works with Iowans who are blind in support of their rights and aspirations to participate fully, productively and equally as first-class citizens within society. The department offers a variety of services. Its divisions and/or functions are: orientation and adjustment center, vocational and independent living rehabilitation, library for the blind and physically handicapped, business enterprises, special tools, devices and aids, registry of the blind, and public education and information about blindness.

STATE AGENCIES

1

The orientation and adjustment center is a residential training program for blind adults. Blind persons, especially newly blinded individuals, come to learn the techniques and skills of blindness, and, more importantly to develop positive attitudes about themselves as human beings who happen to be blind. Typical skills taught are travel with the "long white cane," communications such as Braille and keyboarding skills, cooking, sewing, and other homemaking skills, uses of technology and industrial arts. Vocational and independent living rehabilitation assists blind persons to realize their maximum potential of independence and self-support. Rehabilitation teachers provide one-on-one teaching of the skills and techniques of blindness in a person's home community. Rehabilitation counselors work with blind persons to develop vocational goals, receive appropriate vocational training and employment. Independent living teachers provide services to blind Iowans who are ineligible for traditional vocational rehabilitation services because of age or a severe secondary disability. They work with individuals in their home communities and provide instruction in the skills and techniques of blindness. They expose blind persons to positive attitudes about blindness and assist in developing community based support systems. The library for the blind and physically handicapped provides books and magazines in the alternative media of braille, recorded disc, cassette tape, and large type to eligible Iowans. Individuals who are blind, have a vision loss that does not constitute legal blindness, but is sufficient to prevent use of standard print with ease, physically handicapped or reading disabled persons qualify for library service. The library also distributes machines on which the records and tapes may be played. The Business Enterprises Program enables blind Iowans to operate food service facilities on federal, state, municipal, and private property. The provision of initial and ongoing food service and management training, as well as beginning inventory and purchase of equipment, means that blind persons in the program can become self-sufficient, tax paying citizens. The department makes available a variety of specialized aids, appliances and recreational items that can be purchased by blind Iowans at cost or furnished as part of some individual rehabilitation plans. White canes for independent travel, Braille and electronic watches and clocks, specially marked games, Braille and print writing devices, various types of measuring equipment and miscellaneous aids are among the items available. A number of blind children are enrolled in regular public schools throughout the state. Upon request, the department works with the Bureau of Special Education of the Department of Education to procure books and specialized material for those children and to provide counseling and guidance. A registry of the blind in Iowa showing cause of blindness, age and other statistical information valuable in program evaluation and planning is maintained by the department. It is estimated that there are more than 57,000 blind Iowans and that 25 Iowans become blind each week.

CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION Diann Wilder-Tomlinson, executive director 211 E. Maple Street, Des Moines 50309-1858 515/281-4121; 1/800/457-4416; Fax 515/242-5840 www.state.ia.us I government / crc JACK MORLAN, West Des Moines; term expires 2001; ROBERT L. SMITH, JR., Waterloo; term expires 2001 ; FLORA M. LEE, Sioux City; term expires 2001; MOHAMAD W. KHAN, Pleasant Hill; term expires 2001; ALICIA P. CLAYPOOL, Des Moines; term expires 2003; RACHAEL J. SCHERLE, Henderson; term expires 2003; DAVID R. LESHTZ, Iowa City; term expires 2003 Under the Iowa Civil Rights Act of 1965, as amended, the Civil Rights Commission is charged with investigating, holding hearings, and rendering decisions on any complaints of unfair or discriminatory practices in public accommodations, employment, credit, housing, apprenticeship programs, on-the-job training programs and vocational schools on the basis of age, race, creed, color, sex, religion, national origin, or disability; and with planning and conducting programs designed to eliminate racial, religious, cultural, and intergroup tensions. The commission consists of seven members appointed by the governor to staggered terms of four

11 2

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

years subject to the advice and consent of the Senate. No more than four members of the commission shall belong to the same political party, and its membership shall represent as wide an area as practical. Hearings are provided in the event of failure of conciliation, and orders resulting from such hearings are subject to judicial review. Commission officers are elected by the members and serve for one year starting on May 1.

COMMERCE, DEPARTMENT OF Roger Halvorson, director Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5705 www.state.ia.us /government / com The Department of Commerce was created to coordinate and administer the various regulatory, service, and licensing functions of the state relating to the conducting of business and commerce in the state. The chief administrative officer of the department is the director. The director shall be appointed by the governor from among those individuals who serve as heads of the divisions within the department. The appointment shall rotate among the division heads such that the division head of any one division shall not be appointed to be the director for a second year until such time as each division head has served as the director. A division head appointed to be the director shall fulfill the responsibilities and duties of the director in addition to the individual's responsibilities and duties as the head of a division. The department consists of the Office of Administrative Services and the following divisions: Administrative Services - Martin Beaton, Chief of Services; 1918 SE Hulsizer, Ankeny 50021; 515/281-7364 Administrative Services provides data processing, personnel, payroll and shared administrative support services for the department, and coordinates the development of the department's finances. Alcoholic Beverages Division - Jack Nystrom, administrator; 1918 S.E. Hulsizer Ave., Ankeny 50021; 515/281-7401 ROBERT L. CRAMER, Boone; term expires 2003; SHIRLEY DAGGETT, Earlham; term expires 2004; DARYL K. HENZE, Urbandale; term expires 2002; DR. SUZANNE B. MULDER, Ames; term expires 2000; DICK C. STOFFER, Chariton; term expires 2001 The Alcoholic Beverages Division was created administratively within the Department of Commerce to administer and enforce the laws of this state concerning beer, wine and alcoholic liquor. The division also has the sole power to buy, import, and sell at wholesale all alcoholic liquors in the state. Total funds generated in FY98 were in excess of $56 million with over $40 million being directly deposited into the state general fund. The wholesaling of liquor to package liquor stores accounted for approximately $33 million of total transfer. An Alcoholic Beverages Commission was created within the division and is composed of five members, not more than three of whom shall belong to the same political party. Commission members are appointed by the governor for five-year terms subject to confirmation by twothirds of the Senate. The commission shall act as a division policy-making body and serve in an advisory capacity to the division administrator. The division administrator is appointed by the governor to a four-year term subject to confirmation by two-thirds of the Senate. The administrator supervises the daily operations of the division and executes the policies of the division as determined by the commission. The commission may affirm, reverse, or amend all actions of the administrator, including but not limited to the following instances: A. Purchase of alcoholic liquor for resale by the division.

STATE AGENCIES

113

B. The granting or refusing of liquor licenses and permits, wine permits, and beer permits and the suspension or revocation of the licenses and permits. C. The establishment of wholesale prices of alcoholic liquor. The division has the sole power to appoint necessary employees; to determine the nature, form and capacity of packages kept or sold under the act, and to prescribe or approve labels and seals to be placed on same; to license, inspect, and control the manufacture of alcoholic liquors in Iowa; and to make rules and regulations necessary for carrying out the provisions of the act. Banking Division - Michael K. Guttau, superintendent; 200 E. Grand Ave., Suite 300, Des Moines, 50309; 515/281-4014 CARMELA BROWN, Des Moines; term expires 2001; NANCY V. DUNKEL, Dyersville; term expires 2001; SANDRA T. HOWARD, Council Bluffs; term expires 2001; ROBERT THOMSON, Charles City; term expires 2001; WILLIAM MOUW, Sioux Center; term expires 2001; ALAN ZUCKERT, Des Moines; term expires 2001 The superintendent of banking and members of the state banking board are appointed by the Governor to a term of four years. The superintendent is an ex-officio member and chair of the state banking board, which acts in an advisory capacity in matters which come before the superintendent. The superintendent of banking is charged with the supervision and regulation of all statechartered banks, trust companies, finance companies, credit card companies, debt management companies, and persons engaged in the business of selling written instruments for payment or transmission of money. The banking division is also the licensing authority for mortgage bankers, brokers, and registrants. It is the responsibility of the superintendent and division staff to protect the interests and rights of depositors, creditors, and shareholders of institutions subject to regulatory purview of the division of banking. This is done through regular on-site examination and analysis of the affairs and condition of each regulated institution. The division also provides an orderly process for the authorization of new bank charters, charter conversions, mergers, consolidations, and dissolutions; advises governmental bodies, agencies, and individuals in banking matters; provides fundamental and technical assistance to banks; and, in so doing, maintains an equitable fee structure to fund division expenditures. Credit Union Division - James E. Forney, superintendent; 200 E. Grand Ave., Suite 370, Des Moines 50309; 515/281-6514 PATRICIA A. BERDING, Sioux City; term expires 2001; JOHN J. BENTLER, Burlington; term expires 2000; BARBARA OLIVER HALL, Des Moines; term expires 2002; DON E. GETTINGS, Ottumwa; term expires 2002; DIANE L. KOLLASCH, Spirit Lake; term expires 2001; TOM N. SARVIS, Dubuque; term expires 2000; WILLIAM G. SIZER, Waterloo; term expires 2000 The Department of Credit Unions was established January 1, 1979, by the 67th General Assembly, and was reorganized as the Division of Credit Unions within the Department of Commerce by the 71st General Assembly, July 1, 1986. The superintendent is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the governor subject to confirmation by the Senate. The sevenmember review board is appointed by the governor for staggered three-year terms, also subject to confirmation by the Senate. Two of the board members may be public members; however, at no time shall more than five of the members be directors or employees of a credit union. A list of nominees may be submitted to the governor by any credit union located in the state. The board may adopt, amend, and repeal rules pursuant to Chapter 17A or take such action as it deems necessary or suitable to affect the provisions of Chapter 533, Code of Iowa. The superintendent is charged with the supervision, control, and enforcement of the laws, bylaws, rules, and regulations pertaining to the organization and operation of credit unions operating under a state charter. It is the intent and responsibility of the superintendent and division staff to protect the interests and corporate rights of more than 780,000 members of Iowa credit unions. This is done through regular examination and analysis of the operation in each credit union, with such remedial action taken as deemed necessary. In addition, the division provides an orderly process for the chartering, merger, conversion, and liquidation of state credit unions; advises governmental bodies and agencies and individuals in the matters of credit union affairs; provides fundamental and technical assistance to credit unions; provides state liaison with authorized member account insurers; and maintains an equitable fee structure and offset of division expenditures.

11 4

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

Insurance Division - Theresa M. Vaughan, insurance commissioner; 330 Maple Street, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5705 The Office of Commissioner of Insurance, as the executive head of the Insurance Division of the Department of Commerce, was created by Chapter 146, of the Laws of the 35th General Assembly (1913). The first commissioner took office on July 1, 1914. Previous to that time, the supervision of insurance had been under the direction of the auditor of state. The commissioner of insurance has general control, supervision, and direction over all insurance business transacted in the state, and is charged with the responsibility of administering the laws of the state relating to insurance. The commissioner supervises all transactions relating to the organization, reorganization, liquidation, and dissolution of domestic insurance corporations. The commissioner supervises the sale in the state of all stock or other evidences of interest either by domestic or foreign insurance companies. The commissioner is the statutory receiver in the event of liquidation of any Iowa insurance company. All domestic and foreign insurance companies must, before engaging in the insurance business in this state, obtain a certificate of authority from the commissioner of insurance. These certificates expire annually on May 1, and action is taken on the renewals after analysis of this complete financial statements covering the condition of the company as of the previous year end. There are approximately 1,650 insurance companies authorized to do business in the state. A state statute requires casualty insurance companies to file policy forms and rates with the insurance commissioner for approval, and a rating division has been set up with the insurance department to handle form and rate filings together with supporting statistical information. There are approximately 36,000 filings each year. In addition, the commissioner supervises the business of life and health insurers, health maintenance organizations and mutual hospital and health service corporations, including rates and forms used by them. There are approximately 25,000 of these filings each year. The commissioner conducts examinations of all domestic insurance organizations at least once every three years. The commissioner may also make an examination of any foreign insurance company authorized or seeking to be authorized to do business within the state. The Consumer and Legal Affairs Bureau handles citizens complaints and inquiries and investigates/prosecutes any wrongdoing by insurance agents and companies. Also regulated by this bureau is agents licensing. Each individual insurance agent must be licensed and maintain yearly continuing education eligibility. There are approximately 31,000 licensed agents. Securities Bureau

The Iowa securities law is administered by the commissioner of insurance through the superintendent of securities. Chapter 502 of the Code of Iowa empowers the commissioner to regulate the sale of securities within the state of Iowa and provides for the licensing of securities salesmen and dealers. The commissioner also has jurisdiction over the sale of stock on the installment plan and sale of memberships or certificates of membership entitling the holder thereof to purchase merchandise, materials, or services on a discount or cot-plus basis. The Regulated Industries Unit of the Securities Bureau is responsible for regulatory oversight of 9 areas which are neither insurance nor securities. These areas include Motor Vehicle Service Contract, Membership Sales Act, Funeral Services and Merchandise, Sale of Cemetery Merchandise, Business Opportunity, Residential Service contract; Loan Brokers, Retirement facilities and Invention Developers. Professional Licensing and Regulation Division - Roger A. Halvorson administrator; 1918 S.E. Hulsizer Ave., Ankeny 50021; 515/281-5596 The Professional Licensing and Regulation division shall administer and coordinate the licensing and regulation of several professions by bringing together the following licensing boards; the engineering and land surveying examining board, accountancy examining board, real estate commission, architectural examining board, the landscape architectural examining board, and the real estate appraiser examining board. The division is headed by the administrator of professional licensing and regulation, who shall be appointed by the governor subject to confirmation by the Senate and shall serve a four-year term. The licensing and regulation boards and commission included in the division retain the

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powers granted them pursuant to the chapters in which they are created, except for budgetary and personnel matters, which shall be handled by the administrator. Accountancy Examining Board

DAVID A. VAUDT, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2000; MARY ACKERMAN, Waverly; term expires 2000; DOROTHY DUNPHY, Creston; term expires 2002; LINDA CRIM HOPKINS, Iowa City; term expires 2001; RONALD E. NIELSEN, West Des Moines, term expires 2000; JOHN M. SKLENAR, Carroll; term expires 2001; JAMES EGERTON, Burlington; term expires 2002; DOROTHY VOTROUBEK, Davenport; term expires 2002; William M. Schroeder, executive secretary The purpose of Accountancy Examining Board is to administer and enforce the provisions of Chapter 542C, Code of Iowa (Public Accountancy Act of 1974) with regard to the practice of accountancy in the state of Iowa. This includes the examining of candidates, issuing of certificates and licenses, granting permits to practice accountancy, investigating violations and infractions of the accountancy law, and revoking, suspending or refusing to renew certificates, licenses, or permits. The commission consists of eight members, five of whom shall be practicing certified public accountants, two members representing the general public, and one accounting practitioner who serves a one-year term. All other commission members are appointed to three-year staggered terms by the governor. Architectural Examining Board

GLEN D. HUNTINGTON, chair, Storm Lake; term expires 2000; NORMAN H. RUDI, vicechair, Ames; term expires 2001; GWEN ECKLUND, Denison; term expires 2002; GORDON E. MILLS, Dubuque; term expires 2002; KEVIN W. MONSON, Iowa City; term expires 2000; CAROLYN ELAINE OLSEN, Minden; term expires 2001; KATE SCHWENNSEN, Des Moines; term expires 2002; Glenda Loving, Executive Secretary The law for the registration of architects and appointment of the Architectural Examining Board was enacted in 1927. The 61st General Assembly amended the law to provide a practice act. The board consists of seven members; two of whom shall be public members and five members who possess a certificate of architect registration and who have been in active practice for not less than five years. The board meets annually in July and at various other times. The Architectural Registration Examination (ARE) is administered at least once a year. The board is a member of the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards and collaborates closely with the council. Engineering and Land Surveying Examining Board

NICHOLAS R. KONRADY, chair, Webster City; term expires 2002; SUSAN M. LONG, vicechair, Fairfield; term expires 2000; RANDY BEAVERS, Des Moines; term expires 2002; DWAYNE C. GARBER, Marshalltown; term expires 2001; DIANA HOOGESTRAAT, Glenwood; term expires 2001; TERRY L. MARTIN, Des Moines; term expires 2000; SUSAN ALBRIGHT, Urbandale; term expires 2002; Gleean Coates, Executive Secretary The Engineering and Land Surveying Examining Board was created by the 38th General Assembly in 1919. No person can practice professional engineering or land surveying without first being registered with this board. The board meets regularly and conducts examinations of applicants for registration twice each year. The law provides that the membership of the commission shall consist of seven members who shall be appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Senate. Five of these members shall be professional engineers and two representatives of the general public. Landscape Architectural Examining Board

GREG JONES, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2002; ALFRED C. BOHLING, Columbus Junction; term expires 2001; JON CROSE, Des Moines; term expires 2001; MONTY MITCHELL, Davenport; term expires 2000; GRACE NELSON, Frederickburg; term expires 2001; LILLIE PERRY, Washington; term expires 2002; LAURA HAWKS, Iowa City; term expires 2002; VACANT; Roger Halvorson, executive secretary The Landscape Architectural Examining Board was created in 1975. A person shall not use the title of landscape architect or any title or device indicating or representing in any manner that such person is a landscape architect or is practicing landscape architecture unless such person is a registered landscape architect. The commission shall conduct examinations of applicants for certificates of registration as landscape architects at least once each year and

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shall meet annually at the seat of government. Real Estate Appraiser Examining Board

SHARON CHRISM, chair, Ankeny; term expires 2002; RICHARD BRUCE, vice-chair, Adel; term expires 2001; JACK SEUNTJENS, Mapleton; term expires 2001; LUTHER GAMMAN, Glenwood; term expires 2002; GARY J. JOHNSON, Forest City, term expires 2000; THERESA H. LEWIS, Des Moines; term expires 2000; NANCY M. LARSON, Des Moines; term expires 2000; William M. Schroeder, executive secretary The Real Estate Appraiser Board was created in 1989 to establish standards for real estate appraisals and to establish procedures for the voluntary certification of real estate appraisers. The board consists of seven members, two of whom shall be public members and five of whom shall be real estate appraisers. All board members are appointed by the governor and are subject to confirmation by the Senate. The members are appointed to three year terms. The board shall examine candidates for certification, issue certificates, investigate violations and infractions of the law and revoke, suspend, or administer other disciplinary sanctions to persons found to be in violation of the law and/or administrative rules. Real Estate Commission

TERRY ROGERS, chair, Council Bluffs; term expires 2001; BARBARA LEESTAMPER, Cedar Falls; term expires 2002; ROBERT MILLER, Des Moines; term expires 2002; RUSSELL D. NADING, Marion; term expires 2000; EVELYN M. RANK, Clarinda; term expires 2000; Roger Hansen, executive secretary The first real estate license law was enacted by the 43rd General Assembly and became effective on January 1, 1930. The Real Estate Commission administers the Iowa Real Estate License Law, Chapter 543B, and Sales of Subdivided Land Outside of Iowa, Chapter 543C. The commission also administers appropriate portions of the Continuing Education and Regulation Program, Chapter 272C. The license law authorizes the commission to issue licenses and regulate the activities of real estate brokers and salespersons, and to carry out a program of real estate education. The subdivided land law authorizes the commission to register out-of-state subdividers who engage in business in Iowa, and to refer violations to the attorney general or to an appropriate court. Chapter 272C requires licensees to participate in continuing education, and authorized the commission to make rules. The Act also establishes procedures for review of the licenses and lists grounds for disciplinary sanctions. Utilities Division - Allan T. Thorns, chair; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5979 Iowa Utilities Board

ALLAN T. THOMS, chair, Polk County; term expires 2001; SUSAN J. FRYE, Johnson county; term expires 2005; DIANE MUNNS, term expires 2005; Raymond K. Vawter, Jr., executive secretary The Utilities Board is responsible for the regulation of the rates and services of investorowned electric, gas, telephone, and water utilities operating in Iowa. Price regulation is available to local telephone utilities which serve more than 15,000 customers. This responds to the shift from a monopoly telephone industry at the local level. Telephone companies may price and market their services more like competitive firms. As the utility industry continues to move to a competitive arena, the Board has active notice of inquiry dockets on emerging competition in the electric industry and small volume gas transportation. The three-member board is a policy-making body for the utilities division. The chairperson serves as the administrator of the utilities division. As administrator, the chairperson is responsible for all administrative functions and decisions. There are eight sections in the Utilities Division organizational structure: the Office of Executive Secretary, General Counsel, Customer Service, Energy, Information Technology, Policy Development, Safety and Engineering and Telecommunications. Office of Executive Secretary - Raymond K. Vawter, Jr., executive secretary; 515/281-5256 The Executive Secretary is appointed by the board and is its chief operating officer and responsible for all technical staff. The Executive Secretary coordinates personnel and purchasing for the division, and assists in the administration of the division. The Executive Secretary is the custodian of the board seal and all board records. The Deputy Executive

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Secretary assists the Executive Secretary in carrying out responsibilities, and is also responsible for preparing the agency budget, and managing the Records Center, Technical Library and Receptionist area. All filings are received and processed through the Records Center. General Counsel - Allan Kniep, general counsel; 515/281-3448 The General Counsel's Office provides legal advice to Utilities Board and division staff. It defends board actions which are appealed to the courts. This office also intervenes, on behalf of the board, in federal actions affecting Iowa utility ratepayers. Customer Service - Chuck Seel, manager; 515/281-5618 The Customer Service section maintains contact with media representatives and the Iowa legislature. The section serves as the agency's information contact and provides customer assistance and education for both the staff and the public. The section assists customers and competitors in resolving disputes with service providers. The section monitors customer service policies and practices, provides information to the public, and advises the board on customer service quality and issues of public concern. Energy - William Adams, manager, bureau chief; 515/281-3279 The Energy section is responsible for providing the board with recommendations for appropriate actions on energy matters. The section monitors activities of gas, electric and water service providers. It also provides analysis and recommendations on tariff filings, rate proceedings, annual fuel purchase reviews, service territory disputes, and restructuring issues. The section advises the board on issues before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Information Technology - Margaret Munson, manager; 515/281-7716 The Information Technology section is responsible for the development of electronic support and technology training for the division. This includes the development of a management information system and other data base applications for the division. It also maintains the board's LAN system and provides all computer and technical support services and systems for the processing of information and records, including the web site development and maintenance, and monitoring incoming electronic messages and requests for information. Policy Development - Lisa Stump, manager; 515/281-8825 The Policy Development section provides professional and technical support to the industry sections and the board in the areas of policy development and research. In cases before the board the section is responsible for the review and analysis of cost of capital, cost of service, and rate design. The section is responsible for performing analysis of competitive and restructuring issues, utility management performance, least cost alternatives, energy efficiency activities, and other public policy matters. Safety and Engineering - Donald Stursma, manager; 515/281-5546 The Safety and Engineering section is responsible for the regulation of gas and electric providers and pipeline and electric transmission and distribution companies as it relates to safety, construction, and operation and maintenance of facilities. The section reviews and processes all petitions for electric transmission line franchises under Iowa Code chapter 478 and for pipeline permits under Iowa Code chapters 479 and 479B. It also acts as an agent for the Federal Department of Transportation in pipeline safety matters. Telecommunications - Sandra Adams, manager; 515(281-4034 The Telecommunications section is responsible for providing the Board with recommendations for appropriate actions on telecommunication matters. The section monitors

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activities concerning telecommunications service providers. It also provides analysis and recommendations of telecommunication providers' filings, rate proceedings, and advises the Board on ratemaking and restructuring issues. The section advises the board on issues before the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

CORRECTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF W. L. Kautzky, director 420 Keo Way, Des Moines, Iowa 50309 515/242-5708 www.state, ia.us I government I doc HAYWOOD BELLE, Iowa City: term expires 2002; FRANCES COLSTON, Des Moines: term expires 2003; ROBYN MILLS, Johnston: term expires 2003; ARTHUR NEU, Carroll: term expires 2003; SUELLEN OVERTON, term expires 2001; WALTER REED, Waterloo: term expires 2003; DON TIETZ, Algona: term expires 2001; The Iowa Board of Corrections is a seven-member bipartisan board appointed by the governor, with members serving four-year terms. This board is a policy setting board and is required to meet at least twelve times per year. The Iowa Department of Corrections (DOC) manages correctional services in four areas: secure institutions, community-based correctional services, system administration, and prison industries. In May 1999 the DOC was supervising 31,703 offenders: 7,355 in prison, 822 in residential facilities, 369 in OWI programs, and 23,157 under community supervision. The Department employs over 4,000 staff including 1,050 community corrections employees in eight judicial districts. The corrections budget for fiscal 2000 is $240,856,963. Iowa Prison Industries (IPI) employs inmates in a work setting similar to factories in the free society. Experienced manufacturers systemwide train inmates to manufacture over 3000 line items that are sold to government agencies and non-profit entities. IPI generates $13 million in annual sales and employs over 500 inmates working 900,000 hours per year. IPI coordinates private sector work programs that have enables inmates to pay child support, taxes, restitution, and pay in excess of $1 million in room and board to the state. IPI is a self-funding operation and receives no appropriation. The Iowa Corrections Training Academy at Mt. Pleasant provides pre-service and in-service training for correctional officers and other direct service staff with the Department of Corrections. In Iowa's eight judicial districts, the Department of Corrections contracts for community supervision to divert low risk offenders from institutions. The Department of Correctional Services provides community based transition services for offenders returning to Iowa communities. Pre-institution services include pre-trial, pre-sentence investigations, probation supervision, and residential supervision. The corrections system provides services to low risk offenders and post-institutional services include parole and work release supervision. In recent years, improvements to pre- and post-institutional supervision target specific offender groups. Programs focus on operating while intoxicated (OWI), intensive supervision, electronic monitoring, sex offender programs, treatment alternatives to street crimes (TASC), domestic abuse programs, community service, education, and employment. In addition, a new program specifically designed to alter anti-social behavior patterns of non-violent probation, parole, and work release violators started in early 1993. Community Based Correction (CBC) programs are supervised by a judicial district department of corrections board which appoints and provides direct supervision to the district director. The Iowa Department of Corrections is responsible for general oversight and coordination of the programs offered by the eight judicial districts. In addition, CBC administers the interstate compact program. Transition services for institution offenders returning to the community are provided by the judicial districts. The eight districts maintain residential facilities in the following communities: Ames, Burlington, Cedar Rapids, Coralville, Council Bluffs, Davenport, Des Moines, Dubuque, Ft. Dodge, Marshalltown, Mason City, Ottumwa, Sheldon, Sioux City, Waterloo, and West Union. Field Service offices throughout the state ensure close contact with corrections clients. Field

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services are based in the following cities: Waterloo, Decorah, Oelwein, Independence, Dubuque, Manchester, Ames, Ft. Dodge, Marshalltown, Mason City, Sac City, Sioux City, Spencer, Council Bluffs, Des Moines, Adel, Chariton, Creston, Guthrie Center, Indianola, Newton, Pleasantville, Vinton, Marengo, Toledo, Coralville, Cedar Rapids, Davenport, Tipton, Clinton, Maquoketa, Muscatine, Burlington, Fairfield, Ft. Madison, Mt. Pleasant, Keokuk, Ottumwa, Centerville, and Oskaloosa. The department maintains nine prison institutions at various locations around the state. A description of those facilities and their mission follows: Anamosa State Penitentiary - John Ault, warden: Anamosa 52205; 3191462-3504 The Anamosa State Penitentiary (ASP) is a medium/maximum security correctional institution for adult males. Constructed in 1872, the institution has a design capacity of 840 and currently houses approximately 1100 inmates. The purpose of ASP is to protect society from those who violate the laws of Iowa by providing a confinement-type setting. The primary objective is to release individuals from the institution who have learned to cope with their problems and live within the rules of society. The primary function of staff is to provide a safe and helpful environment that encourages behavior change. The correctional process utilized to attain these objectives emphasizes individualized treatment and a disciplined environment. All resources are used to promote development of behavioral self-control, academic and vocational skills, and to institute decision-making abilities. Kirkwood Community College is the provider of GED and literacy-based education programs, while Iowa Prison Industries (IPI) provides on-the-job training and work skills in auto restoration, metal furniture, sign fabrication, graphic arts, housekeeping/laundry supplies, metal stamping, custom wood shop, and the Braille Center. In addition, IPI manages the farm program by raising crops and maintaining a stock cow herd. The institution operates a full-time licensed substance abuse program at the institution and at the Luster Heights Camp, a facility for minimum live-out inmates located in the Yellow River State Forest in northeast Iowa. This satellite facility, designed for 71, provides inmate workers to the Department of Natural Resources and various city, county, and state government agencies under 28E Agreements. Clarinda Correctional Facility - Mark Lund, superintendent; Clarinda 51632; 712/542-5634 Iowa policymakers authorized the Clarinda Correctional Facility (CCF) in 1980 as an adult male prison to serve chemically dependent, mentally retarded, and socially inadequate offenders. A new 750-bed medium security prison opened in April 1996. Both facilities are located on the grounds of the Clarinda Mental Health Institute (MHI) and share programs. These include the physical plant, dietary, administration, chaplain, laboratory, education, medical/psychiatric, and psychological services. The Special Learning Unit at CCF provides individual treatment for inmates who are mentally retarded, mentally ill, or socially inadequate. This unit also offers additional support for persons requiring protection from more aggressive offenders. Intensive substance abuse programming is another area of program emphasis. The program involves a personal examination of the reasons for abuse, obstacles to treatment, and special planning for release. Ft. Dodge Correctional Facility - John Thalaeker, warden; Ft. Dodge 50501; 515/574-4700 Designed as a 750-bed double occupancy celled environment, groundwork for the facility began in October 1996 with a construction budget of $ 34.5 million. The majority of staff was hired in early 1998. On April 21, 1998 the first 21 inmates from IMCC arrived at the facility. Recognizing the on-going need for public safety even before the first inmates arrived, the legislature and Governor approved an expansion to a design capacity of 1150 beds. Work on this $ 10 million addition will be completed in late 1999 and will include classrooms and vocational space to address the needs of young offenders who are on an average 10 years younger than other adult inmates. FDCF has been fortunate in receiving outstanding support from the Fort Dodge and Webster County communities. Consequently while in a large part inexperienced in inmate supervision, staff bring high education levels to the tasks of dealing with this special group. Over 729r have formal post high school training; 45% have at least an Associate of Arts degree; 32r# have at least a Bachelors degree; and 5% have either a Masters or Doctorate degree. Extensive work experience is also demonstrated with the average previous employment of 17 years.

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In addition to the young offender program, licensed out patient and residential substance abuse programs are available. Private sector employment on site through various companies is available as part of the method to teach good work habits, pay previous court orders, and reimburse the state for room and board. Iowa Correctional Institution for Women - Greg Ort, acting warden; Mitchelluille 50169; 515/967-4236 The Iowa Correctional Institution for Women (ICIW) is a multi-security level prison, with a design capacity for 173 female inmates, plus a violator facility for probation and parole violators. ICIW provides educational and vocational services to inmates, including Adult Basic Education and General Education Development (GED). Vocational opportunities are provided by Prison Industries and also include internal work assignments and vocational training courses. The institution emphasizes responsibility and accountability in preparing women offenders for successful return to the community. Programs offered focus on interpersonal relationships, domestic violence, career assessment and exploration, self-esteem, parenting, independent living, decision-making skills and thinking patterns, and health education. A substance abuse prevention assessment and referral program is provided by the Iowa Department of Substance Abuse. The facility also houses a licensed 30-bed in-patient substance abuse treatment program. Iowa Medical & Classification Center - Russell Rogerson, warden; Oakdale 52319; 319/626-2391 The Iowa Medical and Classification Center (IMCC) has a total design capacity of 520 beds including a 23 licensed bed psychiatric hospital. IMCC serves as the reception and classification center for all new commitments to the adult corrections system. Each inmate is evaluated in terms of security risk, health status, treatment and education needs. From IMCC, most are assigned to other Iowa prisons. A medium-security general population unit and a special management unit for high-risk female offenders also are in operation at the Oakdale facility. IMCC provides psychiatric, psychological, nursing, pharmacy, pathology, education, recreation, and social services programs. Education opportunities available to IMCC patients/inmates include instruction in GED and Adult Basic Education, and a high school diploma may be earned. The Department of Human Services operates the Civil Commitment Unit for Sex Offenders at this location. Iowa State Penitentiary - Leonard Graves, warden; Ft. Madison 52627; 319/372-5432 The Iowa State Penitentiary (ISP) was established in 1839, the year after Iowa became a territory and seven years before it became a state. ISP was patterned after the Auburn, New York Penitentiary - a prison within a prison, a cell for each convict. ISP underwent extensive renovation of its cellhouses when "unitization" was introduced in 1982. Unitization divided large cellhouses into smaller self-contained living units that are more easily managed. In 1984, a new visitor's center and infirmary were dedicated at the penitentiary. ISP is a maximum security institution, housing repeat and violent offenders. The penitentiary complex includes ISP itself, with a court ordered capacity of 550; the John Bennett Correctional Center, a medium security 100 bed dormitory adjacent to the penitentiary; two minimum security farms located within a few miles of Ft. Madison with a combined minimum security capacity of 150; and a multiple care unit with a capacity of 10. Inmates at ISP are offered Adult Basic Education and GED classes, as well as vocational training in upholstering, commercial cooking, auto service, machining and printing, as well as providing labor for a large crop farm and a cattle and swine operation. Work opportunities with hourly wages are available in Prison Industries shops at the penitentiary. A six-month substance abuse program is offered to inmates with drug or alcohol problems and Alcoholics Anonymous groups operate at the penitentiary and at the John Bennett Center. Mt. Pleasant Correctional Facility - David Scurr, superintendent- Mount Pleasant 52641; 319/385-9511 The Mt. Pleasant Correctional Facility (MPCF) is unique in that it is co-campused with the Mt. Pleasant Mental Health Institution and the Iowa Corrections Training Academy. The MPCF is a medium security facility with a design capacity for 528 inmates and a current

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emergency capacity of 892 inmates. It is designed programmatically for the treatment of male offenders with treatable character disorders and substance abuse problems. The programs focus specifically on sex offenders and substance abusers. In addition, MPCF inmates are offered educational and vocational programs as well as social skills classes to prepare them for their eventual return to the community setting. An additional 100 bed female unit for special needs offenders was added to the campus in early 1999. Newton Correctional Facility - John Mathes, warden; Newton 50208; 515/792-7552 The Newton Correctional Facility (NCF) has a design capacity of 750 inmates in medium and 221 inmates in minimum custody. The medium security facility operates on a unit management philosophy and has a variety of custody levels within medium security ranging from close custody to dormitory housing. This allows the facility to reward inmate growth and positive conduct while sanctioning misconduct. The facility operates from a philosophy that challenges inmates to confront the issues that have resulted in their incarceration. The facility offers and expects inmates to participate in programs as prescribed by the classification committee including work programs, education programs including Adult Basic Education and GED preparation and testing, cognitive treatment, criminality intervention, and substance abuse treatment. The minimum security facility (CRC) includes general population inmates, a substance abuse treatment unit, and a 100 bed Violator Unit which provides intensive short term programs for community corrections clientele who have violated the conditions of their supervision. The Violator Unit provides an alternative to long-term incarceration to those individuals selected for the program. North Central Correctional Facility - James McKinney, warden; Rockwell City 50579; 712/297-7521 The North Central Correctional Facility (NCCF) is a minimum-secured institution designed to house 228 inmates. On an average, 445 inmates were housed at NCCF during the fiscal year 1998. NCCF emphasizes individual accountability and responsibility. In assisting the inmates in this endeavor, and in preparing for successful return to the community, the institution offers a wide variety of programs. Education programs include GED, literacy, and work readiness. Self-help organizations including Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, and The Insiders have been established at NCCF. The Insiders group, with approximately 35 active members, is involved in numerous community fund raising activities. The group is involved in the March-of-Dimes, Bikes-For-Tikes and sponsor a young men's awareness group. Work opportunities for inmates are varied and attempts are made to assign inmates to jobs that utilize their skills. Inmates are assigned in general janitorial work, maintenance of the grounds, care of the extensive yard and gardens, which produce in excess of 100,000 pounds of vegetables annually, assist the instructors in the educational programs, act as cooks and kitchen helpers in the food service operation, and are employed in the maintenance department. In addition, approximately 100 inmates are employed in the private sector, earning a minimum wage in which they contribute state and federal taxes, restitution, child support, victim's compensation and room and board. A new 20,000 square foot industries building was opened in 1998.

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CULTURAL AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF Douglas Larche, director 600 E. Locust St., Des Moines 50319 515/281-7471 www.state.ia.us Igovernment Idca The Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs is devoted to improving the cultural life in Iowa through the arts, history and cultural matters affecting Iowans and our visitors. Improving Iowa's cultural life enhances the lives of all Iowans, while creating a stronger, more diversified economy, increased tourism, and more employment opportunities. The department consists of the State Historical Society of Iowa and the Iowa Arts Council. The department was created in 1986 by the 71st General Assembly as part of a comprehensive reorganization of government. The Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs offers two grants programs for direct support to communities to enhance culture. The Iowa Community Cultural Grants (ICCG) provide matching funds to cities and nonprofit, tax-exempt community groups for projects that create jobs for Iowans while enhancing local cultural, ethnic, and historical resources. The Cultural Enrichment Grant (CEG) program offers financial support for general operating expenses of Iowa's major, multi-disciplined cultural institutions such as museums, art and performance centers, and zoo, science and botanical centers. Arts Council, Iowa - Douglas Larche, administrator; 600 E. Locust St., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4451 Iowa Arts Council Board of Directors

PHYLLIS OTTO, chair, Council Bluffs; term expires 2000; DR. EDWARD CHARNEY, Waverly; term expires 2001; CYNTHIA FISHER, West Des Moines: term expires 2001; JANE A. GIBB, Fort Dodge; term expires 2000; CARL HEINRICH, Council Bluffs; term expires 2001; DR. OLIVER HOUSTON, Lamoni; term expires 1999; PATRICIA KIMLE, Ames; term expires 2001; DR. WILLIAM KORF, Burlington; term expires 2000; BRICE OAKLEY, Des Moines; term expires 1999; BARBARA ROGALSKI, Davenport; term expires 2000; GAIL SANDS, Cedar Falls; term expires 1999; DEBORAH STANTON, Clear Lake; term expires 2000; GAIL STILWILL, West Des Moines; term expires 2000; GARY J. STREIT, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000; JAMES WARNER, Sioux City: term expires 1999 The mission of the Iowa Arts Council is to "advance the arts for the benefit of all." The Iowa Arts Council works to ensure access to the arts for all Iowans, removing barriers to give all Iowans the opportunity to participate. The Iowa Arts Council seeks to foster excellence in the arts and arts education, to develop public support and recognition of the value of the arts and to further the ability of all artist and arts organizations to practice their art. Through the Artist-in-Schools and Communities program, the Iowa Arts Council has placed hundreds of Iowa artists in schools to support arts education in Iowa, enriching our children's education. The Iowa Arts Council provides technical assistance and grants to support the development of Iowa's arts councils, symphonies, theaters, dance troupes, individual artists and other cultural entities. The Council also provides professional development for arts educators. Iowa Arts Council issue grants and administer programs to improve Iowa's cultural landscape not only to enhance the lives of Iowans but also to assist in keeping a talented workforce and young Iowans in Iowa. The Iowa Arts Council Board of Directors is a citizen advisory panel of 15 Iowans who advise the director on the programs and priorities of the agency. Historical Society of Iowa, State - Tom Morain, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8837

administrator,

600 E. Locust,

Board of Trustees

DR. TOM COLBERT, chair, Marshalltown; term expires 2000; JOE HAPPE, Des Moines: term expires 2001; RUTH HOLTAN, Forest City; term expires 2001; GALEN JACKSON,'Rock Rapids; term expires 1999; JOHN LIEPA, Indianola; term expires 2001; ROSALYN MIDDLETON, Waterloo; term expires 2000; DR. ROBERT NEYMEYER, Parkersburg; term expires 2001; WALT PYPER, Council Bluffs; term expires 2001; DR. DOROTHY SCHWIEDER, Ames; term expires 1999; JOHN D. SINGER, Waterloo; term expires 2000; DR. JOSEPH

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WALT, Indianola; term expires 2000; PEGGY WHITWORTH, Cedar Rapids; term expires 1999 Entrusted to preserve Iowa's historical legacy, the State Historical Society of Iowa identifies, records, collects, preserves, manages, and provides access to Iowa's historical resources. As an advocate of understanding Iowa's past. The State Historical Society of Iowa educates Iowans of all ages, conducts and encourages research, disseminates information, and supports historic preservation and education throughout the state. The State Historical Society was established in 1857 in Iowa City as a private organization. Today, it is a division of the Iowa Department of Cultural Affairs. The Society's museum, located within the Iowa Historical Building in Des Moines, is guardian of some 85,000 artifacts, ranging from rare quilts to military armaments, from Native American beadwork to airplanes. Permanent and temporary exhibits offer visitors a personal, hands-on journey through time. Educational programs are offered for children, families and adults throughout the year. Each year, thousands of school children discover the excitement of history through our guided museum tours. The society maintains a unified library and archives programs with extraordinary collections at the Iowa Historical Building in Des Moines and the Centennial Building in Iowa city. You may uncover your roots through research on Iowa topics as varied as agriculture, labor, politics and women's suffrage. Collections include books, maps, manuscripts, newspapers, census records, oral history interviews and photographs. The State Archives in Des Moines is a central repository for preserving state records. The library and archives offer many public and technical services, from assisting genealogical and other researchers to advising on appropriate care of personal documents. Another dimension of Iowa's history is preserved through the Society's eight historic sites; Montauk (Clermont), Matthew Edel Blacksmith Shop (Haverhill), Abbie Gardner Cabin (Arnolds Park), American Gothic House (Eldon), Plum Grove (Iowa City), Blood Run National Historic Landmark (Lyon County), Toolesboro Indian Mounds National Historic Site (Wapello), and Western Historic Trails Center (Council Bluffs). The State Historical Society of Iowa produces four award-winning publications including the Goldfinch, a children's magazine; the Iowa Heritage Illustrated, a general history magazine; The Annuals of Iowa, a scholarly history journal; and The Historian, a newsletter for Society members. The Society works to preserve Iowa's architectural, historical and archeological character, which in turn promotes business, tourism and economic development. Among its services, the Society facilitates nominations of properties to the national Register of Historic Places, helps property owners qualify for federal and state tax and economic incentives to rehabilitate and reuse historic structures, and protects significant properties, districts and archeological sites. Society staff is available to assist all Iowans in researching, preserving and interpreting the history of their communities. In addition, the Society offers grants that enable local communities and individuals to organize local preservation programs and to preserve the state's historical resources. Grant Programs

Certified Local Governments Grant Program - Kerry McGrath, 600 E. Locust Street, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6826 Local governments that have Certified Local Government (CLG) status may apply for funds to complete projects to identify, evaluate and nominate historical buildings, sites or structures, comprehensive historic preservation planning and public education projects. The annual grant deadline is in December. Historical Resource Development Program - Lavon Wickett, 600 E. Locust Street, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-6194 Historical Resource Development Program (HRDP) grants are designed to help individuals, businesses, nonprofit organizations, Indian tribes, state and local government agencies and CLGs in identifying, preserving and interpreting their historical resources. The annual grant deadline is in January. For additional information write: State Historical Society of Iowa, Capitol Complex, 600 E. Locust St., Des Moines 50319, or call 515/281-6412.

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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF David J. Lyons, director 200 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50309 515/242-4700; FAX 515/242-4809 www.state, ia. us I ided Economic Development Board

LOIS EICHACKER, chairperson, Fort Madison; term expires 2002; CHARESE E. YANNEY, vice chairperson, Sioux City; term expires 2000; DAVID J. LYONS, secretary, Des Moines; legislative mandate; BOB BOCKEN, Fort Dodge; term expires 2003; JULIE BULKELEY, Red Oak; term expires 2001; FRED HAGEMANN, Waverly; term expires 2001; HARRIS HONSEY, Lake Mills; term expires 2001; PATTY JUDGE, Des Moines; legislative mandate; EUGENE L. LARSON, Swisher; term expires 2002; JOAN PHILLIPS, Manning; term expires 2000; PAMELA SESSIONS, Bloomfield; term expires 2003; WILLIAM B. TRENT, Muscatine; term expires 2001 Ex-Officio Board Members

DR. MARTIN C. JISCHKE, Ames; GENE GARDNER, Des Moines; DR. JOHN HARTUNG, Des Moines; REP. RUSSELL TEIG, Jewel; REP. PHILIP WISE, Keokuk; SEN. E. THURMAN GASKILL, Corwith; SEN. JOHN JUDGE, Albia The mission of the Iowa Department of Economic Development is to "continually develop the economic well-being and quality of life of Iowans." This mission is addressed through a wide variety of programs available throughout the department. Key to the success of the IDED is its attention to working with companies that invest in the state through infrastructure development and that create high-quality, high-wage positions. IDED, working with its Board of Directors, designs and implements policies which increase opportunities for Iowa, its citizens and communities. Through an integrated program base, developing a positive quality of life for all Iowans is of utmost importance. Business and community development, workforce training, international trade potential, and tourism and recreation opportunities all add to enhancing Iowa's excellent quality of life. There are eleven voting members on the IDED Board, as well as seven ex-officio non-voting members. The Governor appoints ten of the voting members and the eleventh is the Secretary of Agriculture. The ex-officio members are two state senators and two state representatives, appointed by legislative leadership; one president or designee of the University of Iowa or the University of Northern Iowa designated by the state board of regents on a rotating basis; one president or designee, of a private college or university appointed by the Iowa Association of Independent Colleges and Universities; and one president or designee of a community college, appointed by the Iowa Association of Community College Presidents. The IDED director is appointed by the Governor, is confirmed by the Senate and sits as Secretary of the IDED Board. The department has five divisions: Administration, Business Development, Community & Rural Development, International, and Tourism. Administration Division

This division provides budget, accounting, communications, technology and general administrative support services to the department. Business Development Division

The Business Development Division is a unified, one-stop approach to attracting industry into the state and helping Iowa businesses get started and expand. It has targeted several sectors to build and diversify Iowa's economy including life sciences, advanced manufacturing and information solutions. Community and Rural Development Division

The goal of the Community and Rural Development Division is to revitalize Iowa communities and make them aware of opportunities that lie ahead through technical assistance, community outreach and other building efforts. The division also administers a variety of community planning, housing, and development programs that offer financial assistance to help communities meet their goals.

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International Division

The responsibilities of the International Division have expanded as Iowa strives to take a greater role in the global marketplace through assisting companies to develop and expand their international markets. The International Division provides educational seminars and workshops to assist in the operational aspects of exporting, international marketing through the promotion of products at catalog shows, trade shows and trade missions and one-on-one assistance to companies. The division has offices in Tokyo, Japan and Frankfurt, Germany along with contractual arrangements in key international markets to better assist Iowa companies in those countries. We are also responsible for recruiting foreign direct investment into the States. Tourism Division

The Tourism Division has the task of letting Iowa residents and out-of-state travelers know about the hundreds of exciting, fun-filled events and attractions that take place here each year. Tourism is important to economic development as it creates jobs and brings into Iowa over $3.6 billion each year. The Division also administers the Community Attraction and Tourism Development Program which provides financial assistance for multipurpose attractions and tourism facilities.

EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF Ted Stilwill, director and executive officer Grimes State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0146 515/281-3436 www .state.ia. us Ieducate CORINE A. HADLEY, president, Newton; term expires 2002; SALLY J. FRUDDEN, vice president, Charles City; term expires 2000; GREGORY A. FORRISTALL, Macedonia; term expires 2000; C. W. CALLISON, Burlington; term expires 2004; GREGORY D. MCCLAIN, Cedar Falls; term expires 2000; MARY JEAN MONTGOMERY, Spencer; term expires 2002; GENE E. VINCENT, Carroll; term expires 2002; KAY WAGNER, Bettendorf; term expires 2004; JOHN WHITE, Iowa City; term expires 2002 The Department of Education was created by the 35th General Assembly in 1913 and was then called the Department of Public Instruction. The current name was adopted in 1986. The department's mission is to champion excellence in education through superior leadership and service. The department is committed to ensuring that all Iowans have access to a network of services that allow them to realize their potential. Through education, the department strives to build a quality of life which sets the standard for the nation. The director of the department is appointed by the governor with confirmation by the Senate. The director is responsible for supervising Iowa's system of public and non-public elementary and secondary schools, area education agencies, community colleges and the state and regional libraries. The policy-making body for the department is the State Board of Education. Nine lay people appointed for six-year terms by the governor with confirmation by the Senate constitute the board. The director serves as the board's executive officer. To accomplish its mission, the department employs approximately 662 staff members in five major divisions: Community Colleges and Workforce Preparation, Financial and Information Services; Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education, Library Services and Vocational Rehabilitation Services. For organizational purposes, Iowa Public Television is included in the department (See "Iowa Public Broadcasting Board"). Through these divisions, the department conducts a variety of activities to fulfill its major functions of leadership and service, with some regulatory duties as well. The leadership function includes long-range planning for the education system, coordinating school improvement efforts, and consulting with educators to solve problems and improve programs. In this function, the department acts as a catalyst for positive change. In its service functions, the department uses its resources as a statewide base for activities, such as conducting research and disseminating information; providing advisory services on all phases of educational programs and operations; developing innovative programs; distributing state and federal funds to Iowa's schools and community colleges and libraries; and providing

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vocational rehabilitation services to individual Iowans. By setting accreditation standards and ensuring that public schools, area education agencies and community colleges meet those standards, by approving practitioner preparation programs and by monitoring federal education programs, the department is performing its regulatory function. Although the scope of the department's responsibility is from pre-kindergarten through the two-year community colleges, one of its most important leadership roles is to set priorities for the state's educational system. Current priorities are increasing the learning, achievement and performance of all students; helping schools and their communities obtain the skills and resources to meet their learning needs; coordinating the educational support system to help schools and communities meet their local goals; and providing leadership and support for education to create system wide improvement and increased student achievement. Education Examiners, Board of - Dr. Anne Kruse, executive director; Grimes State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5849 JUDITH BRUEGGEMAN, chair, Harris; term expires 2001; NICK BENZING, Neola; term expires 2001; HELEN LEWIS, Sioux City, term expires 2003; MARY SETTLES, Winfield, term expires 2003; MARTHA CUMPTON, Des Moines, term expires 2001; JAMES EHMEN, Cedar Falls; term expires 2002; PETER E. HATHAWAY, Sioux City; term expires 2001; VELMA R. HUEBNER, Stanwood; term expires 2001; BILL HAIGH, Des Moines, term expires 2003; THOMAS SUNDERBRUCH, Davenport; term expires 2001; JUDY JEFFERY, director's designee; continuous term The Board of Educational Examiners exclusively licenses the state's education practitioner's who do not hold or receive a license from another professional licensing board. Authority of the board includes establishing criteria for the licenses, including but not limited to: issuance and renewal requirements; creating of application and renewal forms; creation of licenses that authorize different instructional functions or specialties; development of a code of professional rights and responsibilities, practice, and ethics; and the authority to develop any other classifications, distinctions, and procedures which may be necessary to exercise licensing duties. The board enforces its adopted rules through revocation or suspension of a license or other disciplinary action. Appeals are heard by the board regarding application, renewal, suspension, or revocation of licenses. The board is made up of 11 members: two members from the general public and the remaining nine must be licensed practitioners. Members of the board shall be appointed to terms of four years. The director of education or the director's designee serves until the director's term of office expires.

ELDER AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF Dr. Judith A Conlin, executive director; 236 Jewett Building, 914 Grand Ave., Des Moines 50309; 515/281-5187 www.state.ia.us/elderaffairs ALYCE M. ELMITT, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2001; HAROLD DAVIS, vice-chair, Sioux City; term expires 2001; CRAIG DOWNING, Sigourney; term expires 2000; VENNETTA M. FIEDLER, Spencer; term expires 2000; CLEMMIE HIGHTOWER, Clinton; term expires 2001; SENATOR JOHN P. KIBBIE, Emmetsburg; term expires 1999; J. RUSSELL LOWE, Waterloo; term expires 2003; REPRESENTATIVE MONA MARTIN, Davenport; JANE S. PAULSON, MD, Iowa City; term expires 2003; SENATOR SHELDON RITTMER, DeWitt; term expires 2003; REPRESENTATIVE TODD TAYLOR, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000 The Department of Elder Affairs was first created as the Commission on the Aging by the 61st General Assembly. In 1986, the responsibilities of the Commission were included in the duties of the Department of Elder Affairs. The department was established under the "Elder Iowans' Act," which sets forth the state's commitment to its elders and their dignity,

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independence, and rights. The department is an advocate for elder Iowans and is responsible for developing a comprehensive and coordinated system of services and activities for older people through 13 designated area agencies on aging across the state. An eleven member commission is the policy-making body with seven members appointed by the governor, two by the House and two by the Senate for four-year terms. The commission designates the area agencies on aging and approves and monitors the area plans for area agencies. The governor appoints an executive director subject to confirmation by the Senate. The basic concerns of the department include income, health, housing, education opportunities, employment, transportation, nutrition, volunteer opportunities, recreational activities, spiritual well-being, and community involvement in the problems of older Iowans.

ETHICS AND CAMPAIGN DISCLOSURE BOARD Kay Williams, executive director 514 East Locust Street Suite 104., Des Moines 50309 515/281-4028 FAX 515-281-3701 www.state.ia.us/government/iecdb BERNARD MCKINLEY, chair, Waterloo; term expires 2004; GERALDINE LEINEN, 1st vice chair, Davenport; term expires 2004; JAMES ALBERT, 2nd vice chair, Clive; term expires 2003; GWEN BOEKE, Cresco; term expires 2003; MARK McCORMICK, Des Moines; term expires 2005; PHYLLIS PETERS, Ames; term expires 2005 This state agency administers the Campaign Finance Disclosure Law, the Income Tax Checkoff Act, (both in Chapter 56, Iowa Code) and the Iowa Public Officials Act (as applicable to the state executive branch) (in Chapter 68B, Iowa Code). Policy is set by the six board members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Iowa Senate, no more than three of which may be of the same party or of the same gender. The executive director and the legal counsel are appointed by the Board and serve at the pleasure of the Board. The Campaign Finance Disclosure Law was enacted in 1973 and implemented in 1974, originally administered under the agency name "Campaign Finance Disclosure Commission". Under this law, the agency receives, monitors and audits reports of organized committees of state, legislative, county, city and school candidates, political action committees, partisan political committees, county central committees, and state political parties. The reports are available for public viewing and copying1 at a nominal cost. Cross-checks are made of political committee reports with candidates reports to assure all contributions are properly reported and that all committees involved in Iowa political financial activity are properly registered. The Board's goal under these provisions is to protect and maintain the public interest in disclosure while striving not to discourage volunteers and others in the Iowa political and governmental process. To that end, the Board seeks to assist and educate persons and groups covered by the disclosure law so that full understanding of deadlines, report requirements and law prohibitions is achieved; to consistently and equitably monitor the timeliness of disclosure reports filed at all levels; to assess and collect civil penalties in accordance with administrative rules; to conduct detailed desk audits of reports with occasional field audits for full compliance; and to investigate and resolve inquires and complaints informally by voluntary compliance or by formal action. The Board is also the Iowa depository for copies of disclosure material required to be filed by federal committees with Federal Election Commission in Washington, D.C. These records are also available to the public for viewing and copying at a nominal charge. Income Tax Checkoff Act was also enacted in 1973 and implemented in 1974 and provides that the agency cooperate with the Department of Revenue to enforce the statute and rules governing the expenditure of income tax checkoff funds by the state political parties. The fund allows any person whose state income tax liability for any taxable year is $1.50 or more to designate $1.50 of the tax liability to be paid over to the Iowa election campaign fund for the account of a specified political party or to be split equally between them. In the case of a joint return, $3.00 may be so designated. The agency's administration of the Iowa Public Officials Act (also known as the Ethics Law) as it applies to the executive branch of state government began in 1993, at which time the agency name became the "Ethics and Campaign Disclosure Board". The agency's responsibilities under the Act include receiving personal financial disclosure reports from covered officials and employees, receiving reports from executive branch lobbyists and their clients, advising

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persons as to the application of the law to specific conduct, and investigating and prosecuting alleged violations of the Act.

FAIR, IOWA STATE Marion Lucas, secretary/manager Statehouse, Des Moines 50319 515/262-3111 www.iowastatefair.org Officers

LEONA ASHMAN, president; Oskaloosa; BILL NEUBRAND, vice-president; LeMars MARION LUCAS, secretary/manager; Des Moines; J. MEL SHANDA, treasurer; Perry District Directors

ROBERT SCHLUTZ, Columbus Junction; ROBERT MILLER, Riverside; 1st District PAUL VAASSEN, Dubuque; DAVE HUINKER, Decorah; 2nd District LEONA ASHMAN, Oskaloosa; MAX BISHOP, Indianola; 3rd District ED AHRENDSEN,Audubon; BILL PARTLOW, Des Moines; 4th District BILL NEUBRAND, LeMars; DON GRIEMAN, Garner; 5th District Ex-Officio Members of Fair Board

THOMAS VILSACK, governor, Des Moines; PATTY JUDGE, secretary of agriculture, Des Moines; MARTIN JISCHKE, president, Iowa State University, Ames Information on the Iowa State Fair

Every August nearly a million people from all over the Midwest flock to the Iowa State Fair, the state's great celebration, a salute to Iowa's best in agriculture, industry, entertainment, and achievement. The Fair is the home of a 20-acre farm machinery show and the largest arts show in the state. More than 600 exhibitors and concessionaires offer modern merchandise and quality foods. Large 4-H and FFA shows provide excellent educational opportunity for youngsters. More than $350,000 worth of entertainment is offered free with gate admission. The Grandstand offers superstar stage shows and track events. History comes alive in Heritage Village, a tribute to Iowa's hardy pioneers. The 10-acre midway offers 100 rides, shows and games. The Iowa State Fair is one of the oldest agricultural and industrial expositions in the nation. The first was held in Fairfield, Iowa in 1854, on a six-acre tract. The next year's Fair was also held in Fairfield. From 1856 to 1879, the Fair moved from city to city: Muscatine, 1856-1857; Oskaloosa, 1858-1859; Iowa City, 1860-1861; Dubuque, 1862-1863; Burlington, 1864-1866; Clinton 1867-1868; Keokuk, 1869-1870 and 1874-1875; Cedar Rapids 1871-1873 and 18761878. In 1879, the Fair moved to Des Moines to stay. In 1884 the Iowa Legislature appropriated $50,000 for the purchase of grounds in Des Moines on condition that the city raise an equal sum for site improvements. The 270-acre site was dedicated two years later. It continued to grow to its present size of 400 acres. The Iowa Fair was the inspiration for the original novel, three motion pictures and the Rodgers and Hammerstein Broadway Musical, all titled "State Fair." A separate Fair Board was created in 1923, consisting of the governor, the secretary of agriculture, the president of Iowa State University, one director from each congressional district and three directors at-large. Reflecting redistricting, make-up of the Board was changed to two directors from each of five Congressional districts, plus the three ex-officio members, in 1992. Official delegates, representing Iowa's 103 county fairs and other agricultural associations, elect these directors at the annual State Agricultural Convention in December. The president and vice-president of the Fair Board are elected by the Board from elected directors. The board also selects the secretary and the treasurer. The Legislature may appropriate funds for major capital improvements and repairs; all other operating expenses are paid from revenue generated by the Fair. The Fairgrounds are used year-round as a meeting and exposition center, featuring such events as large trade and machinery shows; sports events; national livestock, horse, and dog shows; arts and crafts exhibitions; private gatherings; auto races; concerts; and a wide variety of other activities.

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GENERAL SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF Richard J. Haines, director Hoover State Office Building, Level A, Des Moines 50319 515/281-3196 www.state.ia.us I government I dgs I index.html The Department of General Services, was created in 1971 by the 64th General Assembly of Iowa. Under the general direction and control of the governor, the Department of General Services is headed by a director who is appointed by the governor with the approval of twothirds of the Senate. The following divisions function within the department: Administration and Purchasing; Design and Construction; Fleet and Mail; Printing and Imaging; Capitol Complex Maintenance and Building Services. The director's office is staffed by the director, two Executive Officers, legal counsel and an administrative secretary. The director serves as the secretary to the Capitol Planning Commission. Capitol Complex Maintenance - Ed Mahlstadt, Administrator; 109 SE 13th St., Des Moines 50319; 515/242-6203 The Capitol Complex Maintenance Division is responsible for maintenance of grounds and equipment on the Capitol Complex. This includes electrical/elevator maintenance, painting and wall repair, woodworking and construction repairs, concrete and masonry repairs, snow removal, mowing, tree trimming, garden care, furniture moving, HVAC systems maintenance and utilities management. Capitol Planning Commission, State - Richard J. Haines, secretary, Hoover State Office Building, Level A, Des Moines 50319; 515-281-3196 ORVILLE CROWLEY, Cumming; term expires 1999; KAREN POLKING, vice-chair, Jefferson; term expires 1999; REP. DONNA BARRY, Logan; term expires 1999; TERRANCE A. HOPKINS, chair, Cumming; term expires 1999; SEN. JOHN JENSEN, Plainfield; term expires 1999; LORAL KIRKE, Des Moines; term expires 2001; JACK E. LEAMAN, Mason City; term expires 2001; MARIE MILLARD, Woodbine; term expires 2001; SEN. DENNIS BLACK, Grinnell; term expires 2001; REP. WILLIAM WITT, Cedar Falls; term expires 1999 The Iowa State Capitol Planning Commission was established by the 58th General Assembly in 1959, and is composed of legislators, residents of the state appointed by the governor, and the Director of General Services. The commission's purpose is to advise on the location and architecture of buildings and other aspects of the development of Iowa's state capitol grounds. Building Services - Tim Ryburn, Administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Level A, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3137 It is the responsibility of the Building Services Division to provide dependable, cost effective custodial services that ensure a healthy, safe environment for occupants and the public that utilize the 1.9 million square feet of office and exhibit spaces on the Capitol Complex. Services include safety and health issues, office waste recycling, restroom sanitation, vacuuming, snow removal from sidewalks and stairs, lamp replacement, furniture moving, pest control, window washing, general office cleaning, locksmith services and special events assistance. This division also provides services related to Federal Surplus and stores. Federal Surplus acquires equipment and supplies no longer needed by the federal government and sells it to eligible agencies within Iowa. The property ranges from paper clips and typewriters to bulldozers and aircraft and is used to fill the needs of public agencies, schools, hospitals, museums, libraries and nonprofit health and education activities. Federal Surplus is located on the Iowa State Fairgrounds. In addition, Design and Construction provides services in coordinating colocation initiatives for statewide leases in major metropolitan areas. Administration and Purchasing - Patti Scroeder, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Level A, Des Moines, 50319; 515/281-8384

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The Administration and Purchasing Division is comprised of three different units. Customer Service is designed to be the first point of contact for services, information, and customer feedback within the Department of General Services. Some of its functions are to coordinate events in the Capitol Complex, coordinate requests for services from other state agencies to the six divisions within the department, parking and building access requests, statistical data related to services, and publication and flag sales. The Administrative unit provides administrative support to divisions within the Department of General Services and to other state agencies. This includes accounting, budgeting, special billings, personnel support, risk management and technology support. The Purchasing unit provides a statewide on-line procurement system that acquires supplies, equipment, services and construction using a competitive purchasing process; the issuance of statewide contracts available to state agencies and political subdivisions for a variety of products and services; and the on-line office supply system. Design and Construction - Tom Johnson, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Level A, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5838 The Design and Construction Division is responsible for providing architecture/engineering, and space management services for 9.5 million square feet of facilities on the Capitol Complex and at the 15 state institutions. During the construction phase of projects, this division is responsible for the administration of construction projects and major repairs that exceed $25,000 in value, including the Capitol restoration, and project management for the state's vertical infrastructure. This division is also responsible for the restoration painting that is performed in the Capitol, Terrace Hill, and the Old Historical Building. Fleet and Mail - Dale Schroeder, administrator; 515/281-7702

301 East 7th St., Des Moines 50319;

The Fleet and Mail Division is responsible for two major support areas for other state agencies. The Fleet and Mail section is responsible for the purchasing and assigning of motor vehicles for all branches of government, except those specifically exempted by statute. This unit responds to requests from agencies for the use of pool vehicles, purchase of new vehicles and disposal of used vehicles. The Fleet and Mail section provides a record of miles driven, cost per mile of each unit and overall operational costs on approximately 2,200 vehicles. Parts, accessories, and supplies are carried in the state garage for repair and maintenance of state vehicles. The cost of maintenance plus administrative costs and depreciation for each vehicle is charged back to each agency. New vehicles placed into service each year must meet certain statutory mandates for fuel efficiency and increasing numbers must be capable of operating with alternative fuels. The Mail section is responsible for the processing and distribution of mail which consists of U.S. Mail, UPS, courier service and local mail. This unit maintains mail rooms in each of the five major buildings on the complex and also provides delivery of finished products for Printing and Imaging. Printing and Imaging - Bill Bruce, administrator; Grimes State Office Building, Basement Level, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5050 The Printing unit serves as a consultant to state agencies to advise them as to the most cost efficient procedures for obtaining printed material. The Centralized Printing unit is a short run, quick copy service designed to meet the needs of state agencies. It is a self-sustaining operation which generates its revenues by charging agencies for printing requests. This unit also provides graphic design and artwork as needed for printing projects for state agencies. The Printing unit also has custody of state legal documents, such as the Code of Iowa and the Iowa Official Register. These documents are distributed to various state agencies and the public as directed by the Code of Iowa. The Imaging unit is charged with reviewing records-related systems within state agencies. It is responsible for the establishment and maintenance of records filing systems, including a centralized records storage facility which provides a low-cost alternative to state agencies which have records requiring retention beyond their active use. The Imaging unit also provides micrographic services to state agencies, such as filming, indexing, processing, scanning and duplicating a wide variety of records to include warrants, drawings, and blueprints.

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Records Commission, State - Bill Bruce, Department of General Services, Grimes State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5050 The State Records Commission, established in 1974 under legislation enacted by the 65th General Assembly, is responsible for the management of state records. The commission consists of the following or their designees: secretary of state, director of the Department of Cultural Affairs, treasurer of state, director of the Department of Revenue and Finance, director of the Department of Management, state librarian, auditor of state, and the director of the Department of General Services who serves as secretary of the commission. Specific duties of the State Records Commission include the determination of those records of sufficient administrative, legal, fiscal, research, or historical value to warrant continued preservation; the determination of those records of no further value to be disposed of or destroyed; the establishment of a system for the protection and preservation of records essential for the continuity or re-establishment of governmental functions in the event of an emergency; the approval of the purchase of records duplicating or microfilming equipment and supplies by state agencies; the establishment of procedures for the economical and efficient use of forms; maintenance of an index of all state agency forms; and review of the forms management practices of state agencies.

GOVERNOR'S OFFICE ON VOLUNTEERISM Mike Milligan, director Governor's Office, State Capitol Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-0161 The Governor's Office on Volunteerism was established by executive order on November 2, 1978. The Volunteerism office works hand in hand with the Iowa Commission on Volunteer Service, as well as volunteer directors in state agencies, community based volunteer agencies, the private sector, and not-for-profit volunteer organizations across the state of Iowa to serve a variety of important functions. These functions include recognizing and awarding outstanding individual, group, or community volunteer efforts through the annual Governor's Volunteer Awards. Other functions include developing new programs and initiatives driven by volunteers to serve state and local community needs, and the development of new grants to assist in new or on-going community volunteer programs. The Governor's Office on Volunteerism also serves as an information resource center on volunteer opportunities, organizations and other subjects related to volunteerism. The Iowa Commission on Volunteer Service The Iowa Commission on Volunteer Service was established by Executive Order Number 48 in February 1994. Its purpose is to engage Iowans in building stronger communities through volunteer service. The Commission fosters the ethic of community service, self-learning and volunteerism through the programs and activities it encompasses: AmeriCorp Programs, AmeriCorp VISTA, Learn and Serve, Senior Service Corps, The Iowa Summit, the Governor's Initiative Grant, and other volunteer efforts as requested by the Governor throughout the state. Members are appointed by the Governor to serve no more than two three-year terms. MARY ANN HANUSA, Council Bluffs, term expires 2001; MARGIE BENSON, Atlantic, term expires 2001; IVETTE BENDER, Boone, term expires 2001; DOROTHY CARPENTER, Newton, term expires 2000; LYNNETTE A. IRLMEIER, Ankeny, term expires 2001; STANLEY R. JOHNSON, Ames, term expires 2001; ROBERT KOOB, Cedar Falls, term expires 2001; ROBERT L. LESTER, Indianola, term expires 2001; W. THOMAS PHILLIPS, Adel; term expires 2001; JOE HERRITY, West Des Moines, term expires 2000; MARY E. STEELE, Spencer, term expires 2001; NANCY VANMILLIGEN, Dubuque, term expires 2002; MARY NEGAARD, Rock Valley, term expires 2000, JILL OLSEN-VIRLEE, Marion, term expires 2000; THOMAS POHLMAN, Des Moines, term expires 2000

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PUBLIC HEALTH, DEPARTMENT OF Stephen C. Gleason, M.D., director Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5605 www. idph. state, ia. us GARY A. PEASLEY, M.D., chair, Marshalltown; term expires 2000; C. F. BARRETT, D.D.S., vice chair, Davenport; term expires 2001; DELWYN D. STROMER, Des Moines; term expires 2001; TED P. GEORGE D.O., Rockwell City; term expires 2000; JANE HASEK R.N., Ed.D., Reinbeck; term expires 1999; MARY CONWAY, Emmetsburg; term expires 2001; MARGARET "PEG" O'CONNOR, R.Ph., Urbandale; term expires 1999; PATRICIA PEDERSEN, Harlan; term expires 2000; NANCYLEE SIEBENMANN, Cedar Rapids; term expires 1999 The Iowa State Board of Health is the policy-making body for the Iowa Department of Public Health. It has the powers and duties to adopt, promulgate, amend and repeal rules and regulations. It advises and makes recommendations to the governor, General Assembly, and the director of Public Health, relative to public health, hygiene, and sanitation. Under the direction of the director, the Iowa Department of Public Health exercises general supervision of the state's public health; promotes public hygiene and sanitation; and, unless otherwise provided, enforces law relating to public health. The department's programs are conducted through three major divisions and the Executive Staff Director. Executive Staff - Mark Schoeberl, director, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4343 The Executive Staff division is responsible for coordinating the department's research and statistical analysis activities, communications, administrative rules promulgation, strategic planning, policy development, and federal and state legislative relations. It also administers the Certificate of Need Program, the Healthy People 2010 process and regulates Organized Delivery Systems. Administration and Regulation, Division of - David Fries, Deputy Director of Operations; Director, Division of Administration and Regulation; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5784 The Division of Administration and Regulation provides administrative support to the department including fiscal management, office services, special projects, information management, purchasing, and personnel documents processing. It also administers the vital records section, which is responsible for the registration and issuance of birth, death, marriage, and other confidential records in accordance with Chapters 22 and 144, Code of Iowa. Other programs include the Chronic Renal Disease Program, Emergency Medical Services and Professional Licensure who's responsibility is the coordination, support, and licensing of 18 boards of health-related examiners. The division is responsible for the office of the State Medical Examiner. The state medical examiner provides assistance, consultation, and training to county medical examiners and law enforcement officials; keeps records concerning death or crimes requiring investigation by this division; and promulgates rules regarding the manner and techniques to be employed while conducting autopsies, and the nature, character, and extent of investigations to be made in cases of homicide, or suspected homicide necessary to allow a medical examiner to render a full and complete analysis and report. The state medical examiner receives reports of deaths in this state affecting the public interest and may require autopsies. This division also regulates programs including asbestos and polychlorinated biphenyls compliance monitoring and toxic substance evaluations regarding toxic waste sites. Health engineering and consumer products safety programs focus on compliance with the FDA milk standards, various environmental water quality problems, a swimming pool and spa registration program, and product safety recalls. Radiological health programs include the registration and licensure of radiation emitting equipment and radiation operators. Radioactive materials are licensed and inspected to ensure low level radiation exposure. Radon mitigation, testing and control programs are also administered. The division is also responsible for approving laboratories that desire to perform drug testing services for businesses located or doing business in Iowa.

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Certificate of Need

Health Facilities Council members are appointed by the governor. EDWARD NICHOLS, West Des Moines, term expires 2005; JOAN KOENIGS, St. Ansgar, term expires 2005; KATHLEEN E. KREGEL, Fort Dodge; term expires 2001; JOSEPH B. RYAN JR., West Des Moines; term expires 2003; HARRY RASDAL, Spencer; term expires 2001; Chronic Renal Disease Advisory Committee

Members are appointed by the director of public health. JEAN SHELTON, Des Moines; term expires 2002; JODI VALENTI, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2001; DR. THOMAS BAINBRIDGE, Mt. Pleasant; term expires 2003; STEPHANIE BOEHMER, Waterloo; term expires 2000; ROBERT COUCH, Davenport; term expires 2002; KIMBERLEE CROSS, Des Moines; term expires 2002; GLENN FARRAND, Des Moines; term expires 2002; ELIZABETH GILDEA, Des Moines; term expires 2003; VACANT; DR. JOHN OLDS, Des Moines; term expires 2000; GARY PETERSEN, Denison; term expires 2000; DEANNA STALLMAN, RN, MS, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000; LISA TAYLOR, Kansas City, MO; term expires 2001 Professional Licensure

Boards of health-related examiners, appointed by the governor, are administratively placed in the Professional Licensure division. The following boards receive administrative support from the Professional Licensure Division. Athletic Trainers Advisory Board - Roxanne Sparks, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6346 ALAN J. BESTE, chair, Boone; term expires 2001; TIMOTHY GIBBONS, Mason City; term expires 2000; JILL MEILAHN D.O., Ames; term expires 2002; MARGARET SUSAN CIGELMAN, Urbandale; term expires 2000; DANNY T. FOSTER, A.T., Iowa City; term expires 2001; DENISE A. HARKLAU, A.T., secretary, Ames; term expires 2001; DR. MARY L. KHOWASSAH, M.D., Iowa City; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of athletic trainers, is composed of three licensed athletic trainers, three licensed physicians, and one public member. Barber Examiners - Roxanne Sparks, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319; 515/281-6346 DENNIS RUFFCORN, chair, Missouri Valley; term expires 2000; ALAN L. THOMPSON, vice chair, Ames; term expires 2001; RAYMOND D. BARKER, Des Moines; term expires 2002; PEGGY C. DUNSHEE, Urbandale; term expires 2000; VACANT The board responsible for the licensing and inspection of approximately 2,200 barbers and 1,200 establishments, is composed of three licensed barbers and two public members. The barber licensing law was enacted in 1927, and Chapters 147, 158 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Behavioral Science Examiners - Judy Manning, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4413 MILDRED SEHNEKLOTH, Eldridge; term expires 2001; LINDA TRUDEAU, vice chair, Carroll; term expires 2001; DOROTHY ANDERSON, Des Moines; term expires 2000; REBECCA S. BEACH, Des Moines; term expires 2002; THORALD (TED) DAVIDSON, Des Moines; term expires 2000; MARTIN R. EDWARDS, Ph.D., Cedar Falls; term expires 2000; JACK HILLYARD, Windsor Heights; term expires 2002; DAVID PETERSON, Iowa City; term expires 2002; STANTON L. VISSER, Rock Valley; term expires 2001 The board, responsible for licensing of marriage and family therapists and mental health counselors, is composed of three marriage and family therapists, three mental health counselors, and three public members. The behavioral sciences licensing law was enacted in 1991, and Chapters 147, 154D and 272C are the principal laws governing the board.

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Cosmetology Examiners - Sharon Cook, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-5936 SUSANNE E. WOLRAB, chair, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2001; DAVID O. CREIGHTON SR., Clive; term expires 2002; MICHAEL F. KRONFELDT, Dubuque; term expires 2000; SHEILA O'HERN, Barnum; term expires 2002; TERESA MERTENS, Mt Pleasant; term expires 2002, CURTIS W. STAMP, Des Moines; term expires 2000; JANET FISHER, Swea City; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing and inspection of approximately 20,000 cosmetologists and 5,000 establishments, is composed of three licensed cosmetologists, 1 nail tech, 1 school instructor, and two public members. The cosmetology licensing law was enacted in 1927, and chapters 147, 157, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Chiropractic Examiners - Sharon Dozier, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6352 THOMAS STANGEL, Oskaloosa; term expires 2002; DARYL ENGELEN, Carroll; term expires 2002; RONALD C. EVANS, Waukee; term expires 2001; ELIZABETH KRESSIN, D.C., Spencer; term expires 2000; NORMA PAPIK, secretary, Blue Grass; term expires 2000; PAT HASTINGS, Jefferson; term expires 2002; DR. VALERIE J. PRAHL, Cedar Falls; term expires 2000 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 1,100 chiropractors, is composed of five licensed chiropractors and two public members. The chiropractic licensing law was enacted in 1921 and Chapters 147, 151 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Hearing Aid Dealers Examiners - Sharon Dozier, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6352 CORAL M. JUD, chair, Knierium; term expires 2000; MICHAEL SMITH, Ames; term expires 2001; MICHAEL WOLNERMAN, West Des Moines; term expires 2002; MARIE CALLAS, West Des Moines; term expires 2002; PATRICIA K. STARK, Sabula; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 281 hearing aid dealers, is composed of three licensed as hearing aid dealers and two public members. The hearing aid dealers licensing law was enacted in 1974, and Chapters 147, 154A, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Massage Therapy Board - Sharon Cook, administrator, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-5936 RALPH STEPHENS, chair, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000; E. HOWARD SONKSEN, vice-chair, Clear Lake; term expires 2000; LANA FOUGE, Des Moines; term expires 2002; ROBERT BUCHANAN, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2001; GLORIA KALBACH, Stuart; term expires 2000; JILL KOCHEL, Des Moines; term expires 2001; LOIS A. LEYTEM, vice chair, Dubuque; term expires 2002 The message therapy board was established in 1992. This board regulates licensed massage therapists. There are 530 licensed massage therapists. Mortuary Science Examiners - Marge Bledsoe, board administrator; Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-6385

Lucas State Office

JAMES BARR, chair, Fort Madison; term expires 2001; CRAIG FRATZKE, Storm Lake; term expires 2002; DANIEL DANIELSON, Urbandale; term expires 2000; DIANE E. PALMER, secretary, Des Moines; term expires 2000; MARCUS VIGEN, Keokuk; term expires 2002, RICHARD PORTER, Hawarden; term expires 2001; KAREN THOMSEN, Cumberland; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 870 funeral directors and embalmers, is composed of three licensed funeral directors and two public members. The mortuary science licensing law was enacted in 1907, and Chapters 147, 156 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board.

STATE AGENCIES Nursing Home Administrators Examiners - Sharon Dozier, board administrator; State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6352

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Lucas

GARY KIRCHHOF, R.N., chair, Cresco; term expires 2000; VACANT; LARRY HERTEL, Coralville, term expires 2002; TERRY COOPER, Winterset; term expires 2000; MARILYN FINCH, Grinnell; term expires 2000; TERRI J. GUNDERSON, Terril; term expires 2001; CLAUDIA BOEDING, Hampton; term expires 2001; DRUCILLA M. STRAUB, Des Moines; term expires 2000; WILLIAM THAYER, Madrid; term expires 2000 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 700 nursing home administrators, is composed of four licensed nursing home administrators, three persons licensed in other professions involved with the treatment of the chronically ill or elderly, and two public members. The nursing home administrators licensing law was enacted in 1970, and Chapters 155 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Optometry Examiners - Sharon Cook, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-5936 DR. ROBERT H. SHARP, OD, chair, Atlantic; term expires 2001; DR. DUANE ATTEBERRY, Manchester; term expires 2002; JANE F. ECKLUND, Jefferson; term expires 2001; VACANT; DR. LARRY W. HICKS, OD, Creston; term expires 2002; DR. RICHARD F. NOYES, OD, Marion; term expires 2000; DR. BARBARA SCHEETZ, Des Moines; term expires 2000 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 565 optometrists, is composed of five licensed optometrists and two public members. The optometry licensing law was enacted in 1909, and Chapters 147, 155, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Physical and Occupational Therapy Examiners - Judy Manning, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4413 JAMES E. HUGHES, vice chair, Decorah; term expires 2000; DIANA R. BROWER, secretary, St. Ansgar; term expires 2001; ERIC GENE JACOBS, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2001; ALICE B. PRICE, Knoxville; term expires 2000; HENRIETTA SCHOLTEN, Sioux City; term expires 2002; PHYLLIS CACCIATORE, Des Moines; term expires 2002; THEODORE PETERSON, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 1,575 therapists, is composed of three licensed physical therapists, two licensed occupational therapists, and two public members. The physical therapy law was enacted in 1965, and the occupational therapy law was enacted in 1981. Chapters 147, 148A, 148B, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Physician Assistant Examining Board - Roxanne Sparks, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6346 DIANE CARDWELL, Ames; term expires 2000; WILLIAM CONNET, Des Moines; term expires 2000; DR. JAMES CUNNINGHAM, Audubon; term expires 2000; GLORIA WELTE, Sergeant Bluff; term expires 2002; MARK G. DAVIS, P.A., Algona; term expires 2001; VACANT; RITA TAYLOR, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000 The board, responsible for licensing approximately 300 physician assistants, was established in 1988. Chapters 148C and 147 are the principal laws governing the board. Podiatry Examiners - Judy Manning, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4413 DR. GREGORY VALKASKY, Estherville; term expires 2001; DR. KIM LOZIER, Waterloo; term expires 2001; LILLIAN J. MADISON, Independence; term expires 2000; DR. RICKEY SALOCKER, D.P.M., Ft. Dodge; term expires 2000; ROBERT YOHO, West Des Moines; term expires 2002; DR. KYLE WHITTEN, Urbandale; term expires 2001 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 175 podiatrists, is composed of three licensed podiatrists and two public members. The podiatry licensing law was enacted in 1921, and Chapters 147, 149 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board.

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Psychology Examiners - Sharon Cook, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-5936 JACOB SINES, Iowa City; term expires 2002; SCOTT SHAFER, Ph.D., vice chair; Des Moines; term expires 2000; JANET MCDONOUGH, Ph.D., Des Moines; term expires 2000; DANIEL COURTNEY, Mason City; term expires 2001; CONNIE SCHMETT, Clive; term expires 2001; KUROSH R. SHAHRIARI, Ed.D., Newton; term expires 2002; RUTH DAGGETT, Creston; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 389 and 180 health service providers in psychology, is composed of five licensed psychologists and two public members. The psychology licensing law was enacted in 1975, and Chapters 147, 154B, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Speech Pathology and Audiology Examiners - Judy Manning, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319; 515/281-4413 JULIA A. BEBENSEE, West Des Moines; term expires 2000; GARY BOEKE, Cresco; term expires 2000; TRACY RIAL, Des Moines; term expires 2002; ALAN HEIDECKER, Sioux City; term expires 2001; KENNETH LOWDER, Iowa City; term expires 2001; CLIFFORD VOGEN, Clive; term expires 2000; MARIANNE MICKELSON, West Des Moines; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for licensing of approximately 427 speech pathologists and audiologists, is composed of five licensed speech pathologists or audiologists and two public members. The speech pathologists and audiologists licensing law was enacted in 1976, and Chapters 147 and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Social Work Examiners - Roxanne Sparks, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319 515/281-6346 MARK K. SMITH, Marshalltown; term expires 2002; JENNIFER LOCK OMAN, Des Moines; term expires 2001; LANCE CLEMSEN, Coralville; term expires 2001; JANICE McCOY, Perry; term expires 2001; ERLENE VEVERKA, Prairie City; term expires 2000; JAMES YEAST, Dubuque, term expires 2001; MONSIGNOR SCHMIDT, Davenport; term expires 2002 The board, responsible for the licensing of approximately 3,000 social workers, is composed of five social workers and two public members. The social worker licensing law was enacted in 1984, and Chapters 154C and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Dietetic Examiners - Sharon Dozier, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/242-6352 MARY CARLSON, chair, Humboldt; term expires 2000; MARCY ROLENC, Iowa City; term expires 2002; GEORGE PRICE, West Des Moines; term expires 2000; ELVIN SOLL, Murray; term expires 2000; JEAN ANDERSON, Ames; term expires 2001 The board, responsible for the licensing of dietitians, is composed of three dietitians and two public members. The dietitian licensing law was enacted in 1985, and Chapters 147, 152A, and 272C are the principal laws governing the board. Respiratory Care Examiners Board - Marge Bledsoe, board administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319; 515/242-6385 WILLIAM J. NIEDERT, chair, Hudson; term expires 2000; WILLIAM J. MOTZ, vice-chair, Sioux City; term expires 2001; DR. GREGORY HICKLIN, Des Moines; term expires 2002; AMY LOVE, Jefferson; term expires 2002; VACANT The board, responsible for licensing of respiratory care therapists, is composed of three respiratory therapists, one physician, and one public member. The respiratory care law was enacted in 1996, and Chapter 152B is the principal law governing the board.

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Dental Examiners, Board of - Constance L. Price, executive director; 1209 E. Court, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5157 ALAN D. HATHAWAY, D.D.S., Davenport; term expires 2002; GEORGE F. NORTH, D.D.S., Allison; term expires 2001; DEBRA L. YOSSI, R.D.H., Cedar Rapids; term expires 2002; NANCY S. LEPEAU, R.D.H., Iowa City; term expires 2000; THOMAS L. BIORGE, D.D.S., Lemars; term expires 2001; FRED A. RIDDLE, JR., D.D.S., Iowa City; term expires 2001; LEROY I. STROHMAN, D.D.S., Algona; term expires 2000; LISETTA SELL, Des Moines; term expires 2002 Family and Community Health, Division of - Mary Weaver, R.N., M.S.N., Deputy Director for Public Health; Division of Family and Community Health, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 I 281-3931 The Division of Family and Community Health provides support for local public health services throughout Iowa, including public health nursing services, well-elderly clinics, home care aide services, genetic counseling services, dental public health services, maternal and child health services, family planning services, adolescent health, child health specialty clinics, and nutrition services including WIC (Women, Infant and Children). Working with local boards of health in community development for assuring public health services is also a part of this division. Advice and assistance are provided to local communities pertaining to the incidence and control of all communicable diseases. Disease control programs are conducted for such diseases as sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, vaccine preventable diseases, and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Active monitoring of disease occurrence, case investigations, and medical consultation in diagnosis, treatment, and control are conducted daily. Health engineering and consumer safety programs within the division focus on compliance with the FDA childhood lead screening and milk standards, various environmental water quality problems, and product safety recalls. The division establishes program standards and assists communities to develop services by providing technical assistance, monitoring, and financial support. Most of the services are provided through contract with city or county governmental units or agencies serving a county or regional area. Additional services are provided directly by division staff and through contracts with University of Iowa. Rural Health and Primary Care Advisory Committee

JOAN BLUNDALL, Spencer; JACKIE BUTLER, Webster City; DAVID W. CROW, Conrad; JAMES D. DVORAK, Humboldt; NANCY L. FABER, Northwood; PATRICIA L. KUHLEMEIER, Ventura; DENNIS MAY, Kensett; JAMES MERCHANT, Iowa City; CORNELIA V. MURPHY, Des Moines; NANCY NORMAN, Ames; MAUREEN REEVES-HORSLEY, Emmetsburg; NANCY RUZICKA, Des Moines; MARLYS SCHERLIN, Creston; BETTY SOUKUP, New Hampton; RUSSELL TEIG, Jewell; MARY WEAVER, Des Moines Medical Examiners, Iowa State Board of - Ann E. Mowery, PhD, executive director, 1209 East Court Ave., Des Moines, IA 50319; 515/281-5171 S. RANDY WINSTON, M.D., Clive; term expires 2002; JAMES D. COLLINS, Jr., M.D., chair, Waterloo; term expires 2000; CURTIS L. REYNOLDS, M.D.,Cedar Rapids; term expires 2001; DALE R. HOLDIMAN, M.D., Sioux City; term expires 2002; MARY C. HODGES, Wapello; term expires 2001; DIANE L. NAGLE, Cedar Falls; term expires 2002; TERESA A. MOCK, M.D., Mason City; term expires 2001; DONNA NORMAN, D.O., Davenport; term expires 2000; LAURA J. STENSRUD, Lake Mills; term expires 2002; ALLEN J. ZAGOREN, D.O ., Des Moines; term expires 2002 The Board of Medical Examiners was created by the 21st General Assembly in 1886. The board of Osteopathic Examiners was established in 1907. These two agencies became a composite Board of Medical Examiners by action of the 60th General Assembly in 1963. Board members are appointed by the governor for three-year terms, with confirmation by the Senate. The board meets nine times annually and is responsible for administering and enforcing state laws and administrative rules governing licensure and the practice of medicine and surgery, osteopathic medicine and surgery, osteopathy, and registered acupuncturists. The board administers Step 3 of the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE)

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to both allopathic (M.D.) and osteopathic (D.O) physicians twice annually. The board also determines the eligibility of physicians for licensure by endorsement of examination scores, and issues resident physician licenses, as well as temporary and special licenses. The board is empowered with the duty and responsibility of licensure discipline, which involves the investigation of complaints, review of evidence, initiation and prosecution of disciplinary proceedings, and imposition of license discipline. The Board is authorized to operate the Impaired Physician Review Committee, a voluntary program for monitoring recovery/ rehabilitation of impaired physicians. The board may, if necessary, petition the District Court for enforcement of its authority. The board registers and establishes peer review committees to investigate and report on the evaluation of certain complaints or other evidence of acts or omissions possibly constituting cause for licensee discipline. The board issues license renewals, certifications for licensure in other jurisdictions, and determines requirements for continuing medical education. The board reviews and investigates professional liability claims filed against its licensees, including medical malpractice suits, to determine if the acts from which the claims were filed involved the violation of statutes, rules, or standards of practice. The board is responsible for evaluating applications and issuing certificates of registration to qualified acupuncturists. Persons who hold a valid Iowa license to practice medicine and surgery, osteopathic medicine and surgery, chiropractic, podiatry, or dentistry may engage in the practice of acupuncture without registration issued by the board. Nursing, Board of - Lorinda Inman, R.N., Executive director; 1223 E. Court Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3255 NANCY E. KNUTSTROM, R.N. M.S. Ed.D., Davenport; term expires 2000; PAULINE TAYLOR, R.N., Iowa City; term expires 2002; RICHARD A. PETERSEN, R.N., chair, Sioux City; term expires 2001; ANNA C. FALLON, Fort Dodge; term expires 2002; PAM BRADLEY, Urbandale; term expires 2001; MELVIN D. HULSE, Clarence; term expires 2001; ROBERT CAMPBELL, Newton; term expires 2002 The board has the responsibility to administer and enforce the laws relating to the practice of nursing, licensure of nurses, nursing education, and continuing education as a prerequisite to license renewal. The board enforces the law and rules applicable to the practice of nursing including the use of disciplinary proceedings and disciplinary action. The board issues licenses to registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and advanced registered nurse practitioners. Pharmacy Examiners, Board of - Lloyd Jessen, R.Ph., J.D., executive secretary/director; 1209 E. Court Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5944 A.D. "JACK" VAN NORMAN, pharmacist, chair, Swea City; term expires 2002; MATTHEW C. OSTERHAUS, pharmacist, vice chair, Maquoketa; term expires 2000; G. KAY BOLTON, West Des Moines; term expires 2001; KATHERINE LINDER, pharmacist, Manson; term expires 2000; MICHAEL J. SEIFERT, Urbandale; term expires 2001; MARY P. MITCHELL, Council Bluffs; term expires 2002; PAUL ABRAMOWITZ, Coralville; term expires 2002 The Iowa Commission of Pharmacy originated on April 23, 1880, at the direction of the Executive Department. The commission then established an organization known as the State Board of Pharmacy on May 5, 1880. The board was composed of three members. At this time, through the Pharmacy Act under Chapter 75, the newly formed board developed a set of standards for individuals to be qualified as pharmacists by examination. Thus, the Board of Pharmacy came into being for the protection of public health, welfare, and safety. The present board consists of seven members - five professional members and two representatives of the general public. They are all appointed by the governor for three-year terms and function under the statutory authority of Chapters 147, 155A, 124, 124A, 124B, 126, and 205, Code of Iowa, 1999. The board has the responsibility for administering competency examinations, and issues licenses to qualified applicants. Through the executive secretary/director, the board maintains all records relating to continuing education and licensure by examination or reciprocity; processes all applications for licensure; collects fees; and issues all new and renewal licenses to those persons engaged in the practice of pharmacy. The board has the authority to promulgate administrative rules and promotes and enforces minimum professional standards of practice. The board is responsible for administering the regulatory provisions of the Code relating to the following: A. The legal aspects of professional practice and the licensing of drug manufacturers,

STATE AGENCIES

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wholesalers and distributors; community, institutional, and nonresident pharmacies. B. The adulteration and labeling requirements for drugs. C. The purity, quality, and strength of drugs. D. The Controlled Substances Act and a state registration program for all legal handlers of controlled substances. E. The sale, distribution, labeling, and records requirements of transactions for designated poisonous substances. F. Precursor Substances. The board administers the pharmacy intern training program which prepares the pharmacy student for the contemporary practice of community or hospital pharmacy. State Medical Examiner - has moved from the Department of Public Safety to the Department of Public Health. See entry in Department of Public Safety for information on the State Medical Examiner. Substance Abuse and Health Promotion, Division of - Janet Zwick, director; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3641 Commission on Substance Abuse

LINDA PHILLIPS, chair, Sioux City; term expires 2001; JERRY STUBBEN, vice-chair, Ames; term expires 2001; RALPH R. BROWN, Dallas Center; term expires 2001; GERALD A. KUNCL, Glenwood; term expires 2001; PAULA PETROW LE VASSEUR, Muscatine; term expires 2002; REGINALD A. ALEXANDER, M.D., Des Moines; term expires 2002; PATRICIA L. SEMELROTH, Hiawatha; term expires 2001; CAROL J. BEHRER, Urbandale; term expires 2002; NORMAN VAN KLOMPENBURG, Newton; term expires 2002 The Iowa Department of Substance Abuse was created on January 1, 1978, through a merger of the Division of Alcoholism (Department of Public Health) and the Iowa Drug Abuse Authority. This merger was first mandated by the 66th General Assembly in 1976. The department became a division of the new Iowa Department of Public health on July 1, 1986, as a result of state government reorganization. The Division of Substance Abuse and Health Promotion handles a wide variety of activities, ranging from the licensure of substance abuse treatment centers to injury prevention, changes in lifestyle, reduced tobacco use and improved nutritional choices. There are three bureaus within the division (Substance Abuse, Health Promotion and Disability and Injury Prevention). The division administers the statewide substance (alcohol and other drugs) abuse prevention and treatment programs of the department. Substance abuse policy is established by the nine member commission on substance abuse appointed by the governor. Primary functions include: licensure of substance treatment programs, administration (planning, allocation and monitoring) of federal and state funds for substance abuse prevention and treatment efforts, provision of training opportunities for substance abuse program personnel and provision of technical assistance on substance abuse prevention and treatment to programs and communities. The Bureau of Health Promotion works to convince Iowans that they can live longer healthier lives by modifying risk factors for chronic diseases. This is accomplished through training and the use of promotional materials to show the dangers of tobacco, poor nutrition, heart disease, and breast and cervical cancer. The Bureau of Disability Prevention works toward reducing the amount of unintentional injury in the state each year. Injuries are occurring in Iowa homes, on roads, and on the job. The bureau also maintains a registry of Iowa brain and spinal cord injuries in an effort to track injury and plan appropriate safety measures. Council on Head Injuries - Roger Chapman, Administer, serves at pleasure of Governor MARGARET CURRY, Danville; term expires 2000; EDWARD H. BOLL, Sanborn; term expires 2000; LAURIE A. DYER, Des Moines; term expires 2000; DAVID L. GREIMANN, Ankeny; term expires 2000; JONI HENDERSON, Independence; term expires 1999; ROGER C. HOFFMAN, Mount Vernon; term expires 1999; BEVERLY MCCLUNG, Mason City; term expires 2000; DELBERT LEE JENSEN, St. Ansgar; term expires 1999; KAREN A. JOHNSON, Davenport; term expires 1999; GEOFFREY M. LAUER, Iowa City; term expires 1999; DR. JOHN MAY, vice-chair, Des Moines; term expires 1999; ANGELA HENCE, Creston; term expires 2000; ESTHYR ROPA, Stanwood; term expires 1999; MARVIN LEE TOOMAN, West Des Moines; term expires 1999; ROBERT VANDER PLAATS, chair, Sioux City; term expires 1999; THEODORE WELLS, Iowa City; term expires 2000; EMILY EMONIN, Fairfield; term expires 2000

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Ex-Officio Members

STEPHEN C. GLEASON, M.D., director, Department of Public Health; ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights; FREDERICK (TED) STILLWELL, director, Department of Education; THERESE M. VAUGHAN, commissioner, Division of Insurance; JESSIE RASMUSSEN, director, Department of Human Services; CREIG SLAYTON, director, Department for the Blind; vacant, administrator, Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, Department of Education ; JEANANNE HAGEN, Chief, special Education Bureau, Department of Education State Substitute Medical Decision-Making Board - Ronald D. Eckoff, M.D., M.P.H., Medical Advisor, 515/281-5914; Division of Substance Abuse and Health Promotion, Department of Public Health, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0075; 515/281-5914 PETER J. BENSON, Davenport; term expires 2001; TODD BEVERIDGE, Des Moines; term expires 2001; BETTY CARLSON, Newton; term expires 2001; MARY DUBERT, Davenport; term expires 1999; PAT FAWCETT, Ames; term expires 2001; CAROL L. HORNER, D.O., Des Moines; term expires 2000; KARL LUTHER, Sioux City; term expires 2001; JEAN MCKINNEY, Des Moines; term expires 2000; EVERETT NITZKE, M.D., Des Moines; term expires 1999; KAREN SMITH, Adel; term expires 1999; EA. WESTFALL, Van Meter; term expires 2000 Council on Chemically Exposed Infants and Children

JUDEE ALEXANDER, Waterloo; ANNE BROWN, Des Moines; GILBERT CALDWELL, III, Newton; MARTHA E. CHEYNEY, Glenwood; DIANE EASTMAN, Iowa City; BERY ENGEBRETSEN, Des Moines; ANNE LIVINGSTON, Sioux City; PAUL M. HEDQUIST, West Des Moines; JOY J. JACOBS, Dubuque; JO LERBERG, Des Moines; SYLVIA LEWIS, Iowa City; CHARLOTTE NELSON, Des Moines; LINDA RAILSBACK, Des Moines; EDWARD SCHOR, Des Moines; RIZWAN SHAH, Des Moines; JACK STOWE, Marshalltown; BECKY SWIFT, Des Moines; DAVID WRIGHT, Des Moines; JANET ZWICK, Des Moines

HUMAN RIGHTS, DEPARMENT OF Rose Vasquez, director Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-7300 V/TDD www.state.ia.us / government / dhr / index.html The Department of Human Rights is an umbrella agency composed of (1) advocacy organizations for women, families, persons with disabilities, poor, Latinos, and African American persons and (2) a service-providing organization for the deaf and hard of hearing. The divisions of Persons with Disabilities; Community Action Agencies; Deaf Services; Latinos Affairs; the Status of Women; Status of African-Americans; and Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning are included. All, with the exception of Community Action Agencies and Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning, have rule-making authority. The organizations making up this department are further delineated below: Community Action Agencies, Division of - William J. Brand, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4204 Community Action Agencies Commission

MERL MCFARLANE, Chair, Oelwein, term expires 2001; KATHY BEAUCHAMP, Des Moines, term expires 2002; MIKE COVERDALE, Nevada, term expires 2002 ; ARLYN DANKER, Minden, term expires 2001; LOIS EICHACKER, Fort Madison, term expires 2001; ARBELLA JETTER, Des Moines, term expires 2002; LOIS KOTZ, Clear Lake, term expires 2000; LOREN WAKEFIELD, Waterloo, term expires 2000; CATHERINE WHITFIELD, Des Moines, term expires 2001 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights

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141

The Division of Community Action Agencies was created in 1986 Iowa Acts, Senate File 2175, Part 6, to provide a range of services to improve the conditions of poverty in the state. The three bureaus within the division include Bureau of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Bureau, Bureau of Weatherization, and Bureau of Community Services. The purpose of the division is to provide financial assistance for community action agencies to administer the federally funded Low-Income Home Energy Assistance (LIHEAP) block grant, the Emergency Crisis Intervention Program, client education, Department of Energy funds for the Low-Income Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) received in Iowa, to implement community action programs as permitted by the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) the Community Food and Nutrition (CFN) Grant Program and in partnership with the Department of Human Services administer the Family Development and Self-Sufficiency (FaDSS) program. Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning and Statistical Analysis Center, Division of - Richard

G. Moore, administrator, 515-242-5816

Lucas State

Office Building,

Des Moines 50319;

Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning Advisory Council

LORNA BURNSIDE, chair, Storm Lake, term expires 2002; DEAN AUSTIN, Des Moines, designee; DONNA BACUS, Des Moines, designee; BETTY JEAN CLARK, Rockwell, term expires 2002; PHIL DOUGLAS, Des Moines, designee; LARRY EISENHAUER, Des Moines, designee; JOHN GOELDNER, Des Moines, designee; CHARLES LARSON, Des Moines, designee; MARY NELSON, Des Moines, designee; LINDA READE, Des Moines, designee; DAVID ROEDERER, Johnston, term expires 2002; MARK C. SMITH, Des Moines, designee; SHERRI SOICH, Des Moines, designee; RON STEHL, Johnston, term expires 2002; RALPH TALBERT, SR., Des Moines, designee; MARVIN VAN HAAFTEN, Pella, term expires 2002; CAROL WOOD, Council Bluffs, term expires 2002 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights Legislators/Ex-officio Members

SENATOR ROBERT E. DVORSKY, Coralville, term expires 2001 ; SENATOR O. GENE MADDOX, Clive, term expires 2002; REPRESENTATIVE MONA K. MARTIN, Davenport, term expires 2002; REPRESENTATIVE STEVE RICHARDSON, Indianola, term expires 2002 The Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning administers criminal and juvenile justice planning in the state, including research, program implementation, and making recommendations for policy changes. In addition, the division maintains a statistical analysis center to assist agencies in the use of criminal and juvenile justice data. The division is also responsible for administering the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Juvenile Justice Advisory Council

ALLISON FLEMING, Chair, term expires 1999; BARBARA AALFS, Sioux City, term expires 2001; JAMES BARRY, Atlantic, term expires 2000; DENISE DENTON, Ames, term expires 1999; ROBERT GREENLEE, Shell Rock, term expires 2001; PATRICIA HENDRICKSON, Davenport, term expires 2001; STEVE HUSTON, Eldora, term expires 2000; SYLVIA LEWIS, Iowa City, term expires 2001; GEORGE MILLER, JR. Des Moines, term expires 2001; SUSAN NEHRING, Iowa City, term expires 1999; MARY NELSON, Des Moines, term expires 2000; ZACHARY NUNN, Des Moines, term expires 2001; FRED SCHUSTER, Cedar Falls, term expires 2001; JACKSON SELK, Cedar Rapids, term expires 2000; VARELL WILEY, II, Des Moines, term expires 1999; THOMAS A. WILSON, Bettendorf, term expires 1999 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights The Juvenile Justice Advisory Council was established to stimulate efforts to bring Iowa into compliance with the mandates of the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 and to administer the funds coming to the state as provided in the Act. The Juvenile Justice Advisory Council administers the Act which: 1. prohibits placing status offenders or non-offenders in secure detention or correctional facilities. 2. prohibits confining juvenile delinquents with adult offenders. 3. prohibits detaining juveniles in adult jails and lock-ups.

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4. requires efforts to reduce the proportion of juveniles detained or confined in secure facilities who are members of minority groups, if such proportion exceeds the proportion such groups represent in the general population. The Council supports community-based services, coordination, and prevention efforts. The Act requires that the council have representatives of private organizations concerned with family strength; volunteer organizations; community-based treatment programs; businesses employing youth; youth workers with alternative youth programs; and expertise in the problems of the family, school violence, vandalism, and learning disabilities. At least one-fifth of the membership is to be under the age of 24. Deaf Services, Division of

Kathryn Baumann-Reese, administrator; Diusion of Deaf Services, Dept. of Human Rights, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3164 V/TDD POLLY ADAM, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2001; MARY NEGAARD, Rock Valley; term expires 2000; JACK PURCELL, Algona; term expires 2000; SHARON TERRY, Council Bluffs; term expires 2002; MARVIN TUTTLE, Des Moines; term expires 2001; LOREN J. WOODS, Ankeny; term expires 2002; SUSAN MACDONALD, Iowa City; term expires 2002 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights The Deaf Services Commission of Iowa is a division of the Department of Human Rights. The seven members serving on the commission are appointed by the governor. At least four members of the commission shall be persons who cannot hear human speech with or without the use of amplification. The duties of the commission include cooperating with the public and private agencies to assist them in identifying the needs of the deaf community and providing and/or coordinating services to meet those needs. Some of those services include interpreting services, advocacy and consultation services, referral to community resources, legislation development, and collecting and disseminating information regarding deafness through comprehensive library services, and other forms of public contact. Persons with Disabilities, Iowa Commission of - Rose Vasquez, administrator, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines, Iowa 50319; 515/242-6172 or 1-888-219-0471 (V/TTY) The Commission of Persons with Disabilities, formerly known as the Governor's Committee for the Handicapped, was created by statute in 1965. It is affiliated with the President's Committee on Employment of People with Disabilities. The 24 member commission is appointed by the governor and eleven non-voting representatives from various state agencies serve exofficio. Its principal function is to promote employment opportunities for people with disabilities throughout the state. The Commission sets policy and direction for the staff who comprise the Division of Persons with Disabilities within the Department of Human Rights. Effective October 1, 1991, the Governor designated the Division of Persons with Disabilities to operate the Iowa Client Assistance Program. The Division Administrator is appointed by the governor with Senate confirmation. The commission is mandated to: 1. Cooperate with all public and private agencies interested in the employment of persons with disabilities. 2. Cooperate with all agencies responsible for or interested in the rehabilitation and placement of persons with disabilities. 3. Encourage the organization of committees at the community level and work closely with such committees in promoting the employment of persons with disabilities. 4. Assist in developing employer acceptance of qualified workers who are persons with disabilities. 5. Inform persons with disabilities of specific facilities available in seeking employment. 6. Conduct such educational programs as members deem necessary. 7. Report annually to the governor and general assembly on commission activities and submit any recommendations believed necessary in promoting the employment of persons with disabilities. 8. Pursuant to section 216A.2, be responsible for budgetary and personnel decisions for the commission and division.

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JOE HAYS, Chair, Truro; term expires 1999; DARLENE MCMARTIN, Vice-Chair, Hancock; term expires 1999; REBECCA GODFREY, Secretary/Treasurer, Roland; term expires, 1999; DARWIN LARSON, Glenwood; term expires, 1999; LEONA WESTPHAL, Corning; term expires June 30, 2000; CHRIS WILSON, Indianola; term expires June 30, 1999; GARY MCDERMOTT, Clinton; term expires June 30, 1999; PHILIP BIRKEDAL, Mason City; term expires June 30, 2000; KATHLEEN BOWERS, Coralville; term expires June 30, 1999; RANDY BROWN, Osceola; term expires June 30, 2000; GAYLA CRAVEN, Winterset; term expires June 30, 1999; BONITA DAVIS, Independence; term expires June 30,1999; DANIEL DYKSTRA, Sioux City; term expires June 30,1999; MATTHEW GOODLAXSON, Iowa City; term expires June 30, 2000; DAVID JOHNSTON, Ankeny; term expires June 30, 1999; PAUL KIRKEGAARD, Sioux City; term expires June 30,1999; EDWARD WINTER, Cedar Rapids; term expires June 30,1999; VICKI MALLORY, Algona; term expires June 30, 2000; MAX MATTHIESEN, DeWitt; term expires June 30, 2000; THOMAS MAYES, Waterloo; term expires June 30, 2000; STEVEN OBERBROECKLING, Des Moines; term expires June 30, 1999; KATHLEEN O'LEARY, Des Moines; term expires June 30, 1999; A. JANE ORRIS, Eldridge; term expires June 30, 1999; JOYCE PACKWOOD, Ames; term expires June 30, 2000; CAROL ZEIGLER, Des Moines; term expires June 30, 1999 Ex-officio Members

ROSE VASQUEZ, Department of Human Rights, Des Moines; TED STILWELL, Department of Education, Des Moines; IRIS POST, Division of Industrial Services, Des Moines; BYRON ORTON, Division of Labor Services, Des Moines; MOLLIE ANDERSON, Department of Personnel, Des Moines; R. CREIG SLAYTON, Department for the Blind, Des Moines; JESSIE RASMUSSEN, Department of Human Services, Des Moines; DEB DESSERT, Department of Workforce Development, Des Moines; DWIGHT CARLSON, Division of Vocational Rehabilitation Services, Des Moines; STEPHEN GLEASON, Department of Public Health, Des Moines; BECKY MADDY HARKER, Governor's Developmental Disabilities Council Des Moines Latino Affairs, Division of - Sylvia Tijerina, administrator, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4070 JOHN-PAUL CHAISSON, Coralville; term expires 1999; GUADALUPE FLORES, Muscatine; term expires 1999; REVERAND RAMON L. GIMENEZ, Clinton; term expires 1999; PAULA MARTINEZ, Carlisle; term expires 1999; MARIA Y. MORAVEC, Sioux City; term expires 1999; VERONICA MENDEZ, Ft. Madison/Burlington; term expires 1999 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights In 1976, the Spanish Speaking Peoples Commission was created by the General Assembly to act as an advocacy and advisory agency for Spanish-speaking Iowans in certain areas of concern, including education, employment, health, housing, administration of justice, welfare, and recreation. The nine member commission, appointed by the governor, sets policy and direction for the staff. As of July 1, 1986, the staff support for the commission is provided by the Division of Latino Affairs, within of the Department of Human Rights. The division administrator is appointed by the governor with Senate confirmation. Its mandate set forth in Chapter 216A Code of Iowa, was amended assigning additional responsibilities for recommending interpreters for use by Iowa courts. Status of African Americans, Division of - Traevena Potter-Hall, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-7283 THERESA CLARK-KLINE, Fort Madison; term expires 2000; TAMERA DIGGS-TATE, Des Moines; term expires 2000; JAMES HESTER, Davenport; term expires 2002; ISAIAH J. JOHNSON, Denison; term expires 2002; DARRYL LIPSCOMB, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2000; GWENDA NAYLOR, Fort Dodge; term expires 2000; CAMILLE SCULLY, Waterloo; term expires 2002; JEROME THOMAS, Dubuque; term expires 2000 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights

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The Commission on the Status of African-Americans, formerly known as the Commission on the Status of Blacks, was created by statute in 1988. The governor appoints each member of the nine-member commission, which sets policy for and provides direction to the Status of African-Americans Division within the Department of Human Rights. The division administrator is appointed by the governor with Senate confirmation. The mandate of the Commission on the Status of African-Americans is to report on the status of Iowans of African-American descent. The Commission is also dedicated to identifying and addressing the changing needs and concerns of Iowa's African-American population. The Commission, with the support of staff, community leaders, public and private agencies and organizations, will consider, review, and recommend programs, services, policies, legislation and administrative rules that will improve the quality of life for Iowa's African-American population. Status of Women, Division of the - Charlotte Nelson, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4461; 800/558-4427 Citizen Members

KATHRYN BURT, chair, Marshalltown; term expires 2002; SANDRA J. BLODGETT, Clear Lake; term expires 2000; JUDGE BROWN, Fort Dodge; term expires 2000; VICTORIA BROWN, Oskaloosa; term expires 2002; DENNIS BULLOCK, Sioux City; term expires 2000; DR. SCHARRON A. CLAYTON, Waterloo; term expires 2000; LISA GREEN, Indianola; term expires 2002; SHAWN E. MULLEN, Des Moines; term expires 2000; MATTHEW WISSING, Davenport; term expires 2002 Ex-officio Member

ROSE VASQUEZ, director, Department of Human Rights Legislative Members

SEN. PATRICIA HARPER, Waterloo; term expires 2001; SEN. GENE MADDOX, Des Moines; term expires 2001; REP. BETTY GRUNDBERG, Des Moines; term expires 2002; REP. JACK HOLVECK, Des Moines; term expires 2000 The commission was established by statute in 1972. Nine citizen members are appointed by the governor and four non-voting legislative members serve ex-officio. Its principal function is to study the changing needs and problems of the women of Iowa, and to develop and recommend new programs and constructive action to the governor and the General Assembly. The commission is also mandated to: 1. Serve as a clearinghouse on programs and agencies operating to assist women. 2. Conduct conferences. 3. Cooperate with governmental agencies to assist them in equalizing opportunities between men and women in employment and in expanding women's rights and opportunities. 4. Serve as the central permanent agency for the development of services for women. 5. Cooperate with public and private agencies in joint efforts to study and resolve problems relating to the status of women. 6. Publish and disseminate information relating to women and develop other educational programs. 7. Provide assistance to organized efforts by communities, organizations, associations, and other groups working toward the improvement of women's status.

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HUMAN SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF Jessie K Rasmussen, director Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5452 www.dhs.state.ia.us DENNIS KILLION, chair, Red Oak; term expires 2001; DIANNE DETHMERS PACA, vice chair, Garner; term expires 2005; MARGARET "PEG" GUHIN, Bettendorf; term expires 2003; CHRISTINE G. LOUSCHER, Algona; term expires 2005; RUTH L. MOSHER, West Des Moines; term expires 2003; RUSSELL T. SPORER, Ottumwa; term expires 2001; DONALD WRIGHT, Cedar Falls; term expires 2005 The Department of Human Services is responsible for administering welfare (the Family Investment Program); food stamps; surplus food distribution; Medicaid; child support enforcement; adoption; foster care; various family strengthening and preservation programs; child care registration, licensing and funding; child abuse assessments; dependent adult abuse assessments; adolescent pregnancy prevention; two institutions for juveniles; refugee services; and services for the mentally ill and developmentally disabled, including the operation of four mental health institutions and two institutions for people with mental retardation The department's central office is divided into service and administration. The deputy director of services oversees the Divisions of Economic Assistance, Adult/Children/Family Services, Medical Services, Mental Health/Developmental Disabilities, Policy Coordination, the Office of the Field Support and DHS field operations. The deputy director for administration oversees the Divisions of Support Services; Data Management; Fiscal Management; and the Organization, Development and Support Unit. Reporting to the DHS director are the two deputies and the public information officer. The director, deputies, division administrators, and the chief of the Office of Field Support, legislative liaison and public information officer serve as the cabinet of the department. Human Services employs 5,500 people in its local offices, institutions, and central office. A seven member Council on Human Services, appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate, serves in a policy-making capacity for all department services, and in an advisory capacity to the governor and the director. The director is the chief executive of the department, and is responsible for the administration of department programs and services. The director is appointed by the governor, subject to Senate confirmation, and serves at the pleasure of the governor. Governor's Developmental Disabilities Council - Becky Harker, executive 617 East Second Street, Des Moines 50309; 5151281-9082; 800/452-1936

director;

BOB BACON, Iowa University Affiliated Program, Iowa City; term expires 2001; ROGER CHAPMAN, Department of Public Health, Des Moines; term expires 1999; JILL DAVISSON, Clinton county Board of Supervisors, Calamus; term expires 1999; LINDA HALEY, Western IA Technical Comm. College, Sioux City; term expires 1999; MARY HARTLE-SMITH, Consumer, Bettendorf; term expires 1999; ED JOHNSTON, Consumer, Humboldt; term expires 1999; DWIGHT CARLSON, Div. of Vocational Rehabilitation, Des Moines; term expires 2000; SUE LAMBERT, Parent, Davenport; term expires 2001; PAULA MCPHAIL, Sioux City; term expires 2000; MICHELLE POTTS, Victor; term expires 2000; ANN RILEY, Handicare, Inc., Coralville; term expires 1999; KEITH RUFF, Consumer, Iowa City; term expires 1999; ELIZABETH SCHOFIELD, Parent, Clinton; term expires 2001; CURT SYTSMA, Iowa Protection and Advocacy, Inc., Des Moines; term expires 2001; MIKE DAVIS, Dept. of Human Services, Des Moines; term expires 2000; JOHN TENPAS, Comm. for Persons with Disabilities, Des Moines; term expires 2000; DEE ANN WILSON, Department of Education, Des Moines; term expires 2000; ED WINFREY, Sioux City; term expires 2000; MARY ANN YOUNG, Department of Elder Affairs, Des Moines; term expires 2000 The Governor's Developmental Disabilities Council for the state of Iowa is established under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1996, Public Law 104-183. The purpose of the law is to assure that people with developmental disabilities and their families help design and have access to necessary services, supports, and other assistance.

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The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill Of Rights Act mandates that one-half of the membership be persons with developmental disabilities or family members of individuals with developmental disabilities. The remainder of the membership consists of representatives of principal state agencies, local and non-governmental agencies as well as private, nonprofit groups concerned with the development, administration, and delivery of support and services to individuals with development disabilities. Members are appointed by the governor and serve three-year terms. The Council is to promote, through systemic change, capacity building and advocacy, a coordinated system of culturally competent support and services that provide opportunities for individuals with developmental disabilities to be independent, productive, integrated, and included in their communities. The responsibilities of the Council include: advocating for support and services that enhance the potential for increased independence, productivity and integration of individuals with developmental disabilities; developing the state plan for the developmental disabilities program in Iowa; administering the federal grant, which is allocated to Iowa from the Federal Administration on Developmental Disabilities on an annual basis; coordinating activities with the Mental Health/Developmental Disabilities Commission; reviewing all plans of state agencies that serve individuals with developmental disabilities; being a source of information for the governor, the legislature, and agencies on matters related to any developmental disabilities program in Iowa; and submitting an annual report to the commissioner of the Administration on Developmental Disabilities that summarizes all activities related to the developmental disabilities program in Iowa. The Council is located administratively in the Department of Human Services, which is its designated state agency. Adult, Children, Family Services, Division of -Mary Nelson, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5521 The Division of Adult, Children and Family Services administers an array of services designed to support and protect children, dependent adults, and families in their own homes or communities whenever possible; and to ensure that they receive the most appropriate care in the least restrictive setting. Specific services for children and families include child care, child protective investigations, and treatment, family-centered services, family preservation, family foster care, group care, shelter care, independent living, permanency planning, adoption, and family planning. The division also administers child abuse prevention and teen pregnancy prevention grants; the child welfare decategorization projects; and licensing/approval/certification standards for day care, family foster care, group care, shelter care, detention, child placing agencies, and certified adoption investigators. In addition, the division administers the two state juvenile institutions at Eldora and Toledo. The division also administers the Interstate Compacts on the Placement of Children and Juveniles; the Title IV-B (child welfare) and IV-E (foster care) state plans; funding for services ordered by the Juvenile Court under section 232.141 as well as the juvenile justice programs of tracking and monitoring, school-based supervision, community-based treatment and life skills training; and DHS' role in Iowa's Early Intervention Services to Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities Program. The division also manages the adult protective services program and administrative rules for various community-based services. Economic Assistance Division -Deb Bingaman, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8629 This division is responsible for Iowa's welfare reform policy and program development and administration of public assistance services for low-income Iowans, including both financial assistance and services designed to promote self-sufficiency. Key programs and services include the Family Investment Program (formerly AFDC), Food Stamps, Emergency Assistance, PROMISE JOBS, Family Development and Self-Sufficiency (FaDSS), Independent Development Accounts, Entrepreneurial Training and the Office for Homelessness. Division of Medical Services (Medicaid) - Donald Herman, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8794 This division is responsible for the Medicaid Program (Title XIX), which provides quality,

STATE AGENCIES

*47

accessible and affordable health care to needy Iowans. Persons who benefit from the program include those residing in medical institutions (hospitals, long term care facilities, residential care facilities, etc.), those persons receiving financial assistance through the Supplemental Security Income program, children under the age of twenty-one years and needy persons who have dependent children in the home. This division administers several contracts with Health Maintenance Organizations and other managed care entities who deliver care to the Medicaid population. This division also administers the State Supplementary Assistance program, which includes payment to residential care facilities, In-Home-Health-Care program, Dependent Person program, funerals, etc. Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Commission - Linda Hinton, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines, 50319; 515/281-5126 MARY ANNE ANDERSON, Red Oak; term expires 2000; LORI BEARS, Iowa City; term expires 2002; RICHARD CAMPBELL, Newton; term expires 2001; ROBERT DESMIDT, Sioux City; term expires 2000; MICHAEL FLAUM, Iowa City; term expires 2002; GARY GANSEMER, Dubuque; term expires 2000; MURLEAN HALL, Des Moines; term expires 2001; CLARK LANE, Humboldt; term expires 2000; CONNIE LEHAN, Minden; term expires 2001; NANCY MCKLVEEN, Des Moines; term expires 2002; LANNIE MILLER, West Bend; term expires 2000; STEVEN REUTER, Sumner; term expires 2000; ROBERT WALKE, Guttenberg; term expires 2000; JACKIE KIBBIE WILLIAMS, Sheldon; term expires 2002; BEVERLY ANDERSON ZIEMAN, Postville; term expires 2001 The 15-member commission was established by the 1981 session of the 69th General Assembly and became effective January 1, 1992. The Governor appoints the commission with Senate approval. Four shall be county supervisors at the time of their appointment and two shall be members of a MH/DD regional planning council; one shall be either a board member of a community mental health center or of a statewide association of persons with mental illness or a family member of a person with mental illness; one shall be either a board member of an agency serving persons with mental retardation or of a statewide association for persons with mental retardation; one shall be a member of a statewide organization for persons with developmental disabilities other than mental retardation, one shall be a member of a statewide organization for persons with brain injury. The remaining members are considered to be atlarge. The commission's responsibilities include advising the Division of Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities on the administration of state plans; adopting rules as necessary pursuant to chapter 17A which relate to disability programs and services; adopting standards for accreditation of Community Mental Health Centers and other mental health programs; annually submitting a report to the governor and general assembly concerning the activities and recommendations of the commission; bi-annually submitting a report on the availability and cost effectiveness of services; and advising the administrator, the Council on Human Services, the governor and the general assembly on budgets and appropriations concerning disability services. Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Division - Linda Hinton, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5126 This division was established on January 1, 1982, by combining the former Division of Mental Health Resources, the Mental Health Authority, the Developmental Disabilities program staff, and the State Mental Health Advisory Council. The Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Commission advises the administrator and the Council on Human Services. The division is responsible for administration of the mental health institutes at Cherokee, Clarinda, Independence, and Mount Pleasant, and the hospital-schools for persons with mental retardation at Glenwood and Woodward. Other responsibilities include development, funding, and monitoring of community mental health, mental retardation, and developmental disabilities services. The division is also responsible for statewide mental health and mental retardation planning. Policy Coordination Division - Jeanne Nesbit, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8580 This division is responsible for Public Policy, Purchased Services, Appeals Unit, and the promulgation of administrative rules, manuals, and forms. Refugee Services is also part of

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this division, as is the Bureau of Collections, which collects child support for persons receiving public assistance, nonpublic assistance individuals who apply for help, and for children in foster care. Also included are Case Management Services for individuals who are mentally ill, mentally retarded or developmentally disabled. Fiscal Management Division - Jan Clausen, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4987 This division is responsible for developing budgets, monitoring expenditures, filing quarterly federal expenditures and estimates of expenditures reports, the receipt and distribution of child support and foster care moneys, processing claims, invoices, and payroll checks, coordinating federal and state audits and compliance review, conducting sub-recipient audit reviews, and operating the department's federal and state cost allocation system. Data Management Division - Lorrie Tritch, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8708 This division is responsible for planning, developing, and operating the automated systems that collect and process information to generate client and vendor payments, provide automated case management plus reporting and federal reporting. This division also provides other applications development support, support to the agencies' institutions and the Department of Corrections. The division additionally provides a wide range of technical support, such as personal computing assistance, network support, program and operational research and analysis, forecasting of program expenditures and utilization, and report development and preparation. Support Services Division - Betty Hamilton, administrator, Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5808 This division has four primary areas of responsibility. The Bureau of Operations Services is responsible for purchasing, space allocation, printing, food stamp issuance and accountability, supplies management, case receipts, manual distribution, fixed assets inventory control and mail, as well as the operation of the Central Information Delivery System, a telephone conference system. The Food Distribution Unit administers surplus food distribution programs statewide. The Program Evaluation Unit conducts federally mandated quality control reviews, food stamp management evaluations and reviews and coordinates the corrective action plan for the Food Stamp program. The division also develops the 5 year capital plan annually for the 8 DHS institutions as well as handles lease management and state vehicle fleet management for the department. Organization and Support Development Division - Mary Finnegan-McDonough, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4469 This division exists to maximize the department's performance by developing the department's greatest asset, it's people, by creating a work environment that encourages people to do their best work by constantly meeting high performance standards. This division plays a lead role in the management and adminstration of the "disaster preparedness" program for all Iowa citizens. Public Information Officer - Mary Jean Timp, public information officer; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-4847 This office provides information to clients, the general public, and the media. Office of Field Support - James Krogman, chief; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3526 This office is responsible for the delivery of a variety of financial assistance and social services to the citizens of Iowa. This is accomplished through 5 regional offices and at least one local office in each county.

STATE AGENCIES

INSPECTIONS AND APPEALS, DEPARTMENT OF Kevin W. Techau, director Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083 515/281-5457 www.state.ia.us Igovernment Idia Iindex.html The Iowa Department of Inspections and Appeals (DIA) was created by the Iowa General Assembly in 1986 as part of state government reorganization. The Department is responsible for coordinating and conducting audits, appeals, hearings, inspections, and investigations related to the operations of Iowa State Government. The Department also provides administrative support for five semi-autonomous entities. The DIA is composed of six divisions; each of which has obligations and responsibilities specifically defined by Iowa law: Administration, Administrative Hearings, Audits, Health Facilities, Inspections and Investigations. Five semi-autonomous units also are attached to the Department for administrative support purposes. Each of these entities has statutorily mandated duties that have been incorporated into the Department other responsibilities. These units are: Employment Appeal Board, Hospital Licensing Board, Iowa Citizen Foster Care Review Board, Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission and State Public Defender's Office. Administration Division - Kevin W. Techau, director; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-5457 Essential, centralized support services for the entire Department are coordinated by and through the Administration Division. The Administrative Services Bureau provides department wide support services in the areas of mail, personnel, purchasing, inventory control, vehicle fleet maintenance, records and forms management, and facility management. The Fiscal Services Bureau is responsible for centralized budgeting and financial services. Personnel in the Unit also process payroll and claims, including claims made against the state's Indigent Defense Fund. Analysis and record keeping activities within the Unit assure that the administration of all funding is consistent with state and federal laws. Staff attached to the Director's Office in the Administration Division oversees all strategic planning, legislative affairs, rule-making and public information activities for the Department. Administrative Hearings Division - Larry J. Bryant, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-3171 Administrative law judges (ALJs) within the Administrative Hearings Division conduct administrative law hearings for many state agencies. The ALJs listen to evidence provided by departments and individuals regarding actions taken by the agency. After a thorough review of the information, the ALJ issues a proposed decision to both parties. The decision is subject to final review by the director of the agency involved in the hearing. The Administrative Hearings Division conducts administrative law hearings for the departments of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Civil Rights, Commerce, Cultural Affairs, Elder Affairs, Employment Services, General Services, Human Services, Inspections and Appeals, Natural Resources, Personnel, Public Health, Public Safety, and Transportation. More than 60 percent of the hearings conducted by ALJs involve drivers' license revocations resulting from allegations of operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or from drivers being deemed serious habitual offenders. Audits Division - Sherry Hopkins, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-5686 The Audits Division is responsible for performing audits relating to the administration of health care facilities and the disbursement of state supplemental assistance and medical assistance funds. The Division also certifies Iowa businesses owned by females, minorities, and persons with disabilities for participation in the Targeted Small Business Certification Program. Division employees, too, perform expenditure audits of local Department of Human Services (DHS) offices to determine eligibility for federal fund reimbursement for operating expenses.

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These DHS audits also ensure compliance with applicable state and federal funding requirements. When conducting health care audits at residential care facilities, nursing facilities, and residential and intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded, DIA auditors protect residents by assuring them that their personal funds are being properly maintained. Audit findings, too, are used to determine whether Medicaid reimbursement procedures meet all participation requirements. Health Facilities Division - J.B. Bennett, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-4115 Health and habilitation professionals in the Health Facilities Division inspect, license, and certify under the Medicare and Medicaid programs more than 4,000 health care providers in Iowa. Among those providers inspected by the Division's staff are hospitals, nursing and skilled nursing facilities, end-stage renal disease units, hospices, rural health clinics, and child-placing agencies. Multi-member survey teams from the Division conduct unannounced on-site inspections at health care facilities to assess the quality of care and services provided to residents and clients. If problems are detected during a survey, the Division can initiate corrective and/or disciplinary action to assure a facility's compliance with state and federal rules. Inspections Division - Sherry Hopkins, administrator; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-5686 The Inspections Division regulates, inspects and licenses food-related establishments, hotels and motels, and games of skill and chance. Inspectors also check barber and beauty shops, beds, egg handlers, and food processing plants. Inspections conducted by the Division ensure Iowans that they receive safe and wholesome food and clean services from retailers throughout the state. In all, more than 7,400 inspections are conducted by the Division on an annual basis. The Division's Social and Charitable Gambling Unit has administrative control for amusement games, contests, casino nights, and commercial promotions operated in the state. In addition, the Unit regulates and licenses all games of skill and chance, bingo operations, raffles, and social gambling activities. Investigations Division - Nickolas S. Brown, administrator; Lucas State Office Building. Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-5714

The Investigations Division investigates alleged fraud in the state's public assistance programs including the theft of warrants, investigates Medicaid fraud by health care providers, and conducts professional practice investigations on behalf of state licensing boards. Through a review of applications for public assistance, the Division can prevent the issuance of funds to ineligible individuals. In addition, when individuals fraudulently receive public assistance, the Division initiates recovery actions to recoup the overpayments. Staff in the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit conduct investigations of alleged abuse and neglect of residents in long-term care facilities that receive Medicaid reimbursements from the federal government. Investigators also look into allegations that residents have been defrauded of personal funds or possessions. When abuse or fraud is substantiated, the Division works with local law enforcement officials to bring the offenders to trial. When Medicaid fraud is suspected, the DIA often works side-byside with investigators from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the U.S. Postal Service, as well as other state and federal law enforcement agencies. Employment Appeal Board - Richard Ramsey, administrative Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/281-3638

officer; Lucas State Office

EARL SEYMOUR, chair, Norwalk; term expires 2004; NORMA LOCK, vice-chair, Des Moines; term expires 2000; HARRISON WEBER, Des Moines; term expires 2002 The three-member Employment Appeal Board is appointed by the Governor and serves as the final administrative law forum for state and federal unemployment benefit appeals. The Board also hears appeals of rulings of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), rulings of the Iowa Department of Personnel (IDOP) on state employee job classifications, and rulings of the Iowa Public Employees Retirement System (IPERS). The

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Board members are appointed to represent employers, employees and the general public. In addition to unemployment cases, the Board hears appeals involving peace officer issues, elevation rule violations, and contractor registration requirements. The Board receives 96 percent of its funding from the federal government based on the number of appeals heard and the time taken to render a decision. Hospital Licensing Board

MARLYS A SCHERLIN, Creston; term expires 2001; TOM F. TIBBITS, Fort Dodge; term expires 2001 The Governor appoints the Hospital Licensing Board. Its members consult with and advise the Health Facilities Division in matters of policy affecting hospital administration. In addition, the Board reviews and approves rules and standards authorized by the State Board of Health and adoption by the Department. Iowa Citizens Foster Care Review Board - DeAnn Jones, administrator; Lucas State Office Building. Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/242-6392

JERRY FOXHOVEN, Des Moines, chair, term expires 2001; RICK DICKINSON, Dubuque; term expires 2003; KATHRYN YOUBERG, Sac City; term expires 2001; LIL PERRY, Washington; term expires 2001; DON T. ROSS, Iowa City; term expires 2002; ALBERT G. SORENSEN, Boone; term expires 2003 The Iowa Citizen Foster Care Review Board, appointed by the Governor, works to ensure that Iowa's foster children are well cared for and that the system designed to meet their needs is doing so in the most effective manner possible. The Board oversees all agency programs including local review boards and the Foster Care Registry. The Registry is a computerized listing of Iowa children in foster care. The Board is responsible for making recommendations to the Governor, Legislature, Supreme Court, chief judge of each judicial district, Department of Human Services (DHS), and childplacing agencies on ways to improve the delivery of foster care services. Members also submit recommendations on how to remove barriers that prevent the delivery of top-quality foster care. Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission - Jack P. Ketterer, administrator; 717 East Court Avenue, Suite B, Des Moines 50309; 515/281-7352

WILLARD "BILL" HANSEN, Des Moines, chair; term expires 2002; RITA SEALOCK, Council Bluffs, vice-chair; term expires 2002; DIANE HAMILTON, Storm Lake; term expires 2000; JAMES HASSENFRITZ, Sperry; term expires 2000; MICHAEL MAHAFFEY, Montezuma; term expires 2002 The Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission regulates the pari-mutuel dog and horse racing and riverboat gambling industries in Iowa. The Commission, whose members are appointed by the Governor, seeks to preserve the integrity of these industries and to maintain confidence in the industries by protecting the public. In performing its duties, the Commission investigates the eligibility of applicants for a license and selects from among those the one who can best service the citizens of Iowa. The Commission adopts standards for the licensing of racing industry occupations, as well as standards for the operating of all race meetings and facilities. Standards also are adopted by the Commission for the operation and licensing of excursion gambling boats. State Public Defender - Mark C. Smith, acting state public defender; Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0083; 515/242-6158 The mission of the State Public Defender is to provide high-quality legal representation to indigent clients who are accused of committing crimes or involved in juvenile court matters. By specializing in criminal defense work and juvenile matters, the lawyers and support staff of the State Public Defender Office represent clients at economical costs to the taxpayers. The State Public Defender Office includes an Appellant Defender Office located in Des Moines that handles indigent defense cases on appeal for the entire state. In addition, the State Public Defender has a contractual agreement with the Iowa Department of Corrections (DOC) to provide legal advice to inmates at the Iowa State Penitentiary in civil cases.

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IOWA COLLEGE STUDENT AID COMMISSION Gary W. Nichols, Executive Director 200 10th Street, Fourth Floor, Des Moines 50309; 515/281-3501 www.state.ia.us Icollegeaid RUTH ANN BARRY, chair, Irwin; term expires 1999; MICHELLE DURAND-ADAMS, vice chair, Waukee; term expires 2002; JOHN V. HARTUNG, secretary, Indianola; term expires 1999; CLEO EDWARDS, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2002; JOHN C. McDONALD, Dallas Center, term expires 2001; REP. CHRISTOPHER RANTS, Sioux City, term expires 1999; SEN. DON REDFERN, Cedar Falls, term expires 1999; J. DOUGLAS REICHARDT, Des Moines; term expires 2001; HOLLY L. REMSBURG, Lake City; term expires 2002; TED STILWILL, Des Moines; term is continuous by office; FRANK J. STORK, Urbandale, term expires 2002; ALICE L. VILLONE, Sioux City; term expires 2000 The Iowa College Student Aid Commission (ICSAC) supports postsecondary education in Iowa by: 1. Administering income sensitive student financing that promotes access and academic choice, academic recognition, and professional staffing in critical shortage fields. 2. Providing coordinated information describing student aid programs and Iowa's postsecondary education. 3. Effectively and efficiently administering existing programs which have been authorized by state and federal governments. 4. Continually evaluating and promoting changes to improve student assistance programs. The ICSAC is responsible for planning and administering programs of assistance to both public and independent colleges and universities throughout Iowa. Represented on the 12member commission are the Board of Regents, the Department of Education, Iowa independent colleges and universities, Iowa community colleges, each house of the Iowa legislature, Iowa lending institutions, Iowa students, the Iowa Student Loan Liquidity Corporation (ISLLC) and the general public. The lender, student, general public and independent college, community college, and ISLLC representatives are appointed by the governor. The director of the Department of Education serves by virtue of office. The remaining four members are appointed by the bodies they represent. Established in April 1964, to implement the federal assistance program for construction of academic facilities provided by the Higher Education Act of 1963, the commission now administers the programs described below. State of Iowa Scholarship - In May 1965, the Iowa legislature authorized establishment of a state-supported scholarship program. The state appropriation for awards in 1998-99 was $474,800. Recipients are selected on the basis of academic achievement determined by class rank and American College Test Program (ACT) or Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores. Certificates of achievement are awarded to students as recognition by the state of Iowa for their academic accomplishments. Scholars attending Iowa colleges or universities may receive freshman year awards of $400. Federal Stafford Student Loan Program - This program was implemented in 1979 and allows students to borrow from commercial lending institutions at a low rate of interest to meet educational expenses at postsecondary educational institutions. The loans are insured by ICSAC and reinsured by the federal government under the terms of agreement between the Secretary of Education and the ICSAC. Students may receive a subsidized loan (federal government pays interest while student is in school and in deferment status) based on financial need; all students are eligible to apply for unsubsidized loans. Federal PLUS Program - This program was implemented in 1982. The Iowa PLUS Program permits parents to secure unsubsidized long-term loans at reasonable interest rates from commercial lending institutions to cover postsecondary educational expenses. The loans are insured by the Iowa College Student Aid Commission and reinsured by the federal government under the terms of agreement between the Secretary of Education and ICSAC. Iowa Tuition Grant Program - In 1969, the General Assembly established the Iowa Tuition

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Grant Program to provide financial assistance for Iowa students enrolled in Iowa's independent colleges and universities. Funding for this program in 1998-99 was $44,664,750, with a maximum grant of $3,650. The amount of the grant, based on the student's estimated financial need, is limited to tuition and fees minus the average charges at a state university. Iowa Vocational-Technical Tuition Grant Program - This program was established in 1973 to provide financial assistance to needy Iowa resident students enrolled in vocational-technical or career option courses at public community colleges in the state. Qualified students may receive a maximum of $600 per year (12 month curriculum). In 1998-99, the program was funded at $2,244,197 in state funds. Iowa Work-Study Program - In 1987, the General Assembly established the Iowa Work-Study Program to provide funding for work-study jobs for Iowa residents attending Iowa colleges and universities. Funding for 1998-99 was $2,950,000. State Student Incentive Grants (SSIG) - This Federal program of matching funds for state scholarships and grants was authorized in the Education Amendment of 1972, but was not funded until fiscal 1974. These funds are used primarily to supplement the state appropriations for the Iowa Grants Program. In 1998-99, the Iowa allocation was $274,596. Iowa Grants - The Iowa Grants Program was enacted in 1990 to provide grants to Iowa resident undergraduate students attending a regent university, community college, or accredited independent college or university. This statewide non-sector-based grant program provides need-based awards of up to $1,000. The 1998-99 appropriation was $1,435,209, supplemented by $273,359 SSIG funds. Integrated Postsecondary Education Data Systems (IPEDS) - In cooperation with the National Center for Education Statistics, the commission coordinates annual collection of data from Iowa postsecondary schools. An annual digest based on the IPEDS data is published by the commission and provided to the Coordinating Council of Postsecondary Education, Iowa postsecondary schools, state planners, and members of the General Assembly. Osteopathic Forgivable Loans - Since 1991, the Osteopathic Forgivable Loan has provided state assistance to Iowa residents attending the University of Osteopathic Medicine and Health Sciences (UOMHS). Funding for 1998-99 was $379,260, which provided maximum awards to students of $4,000. The loans are forgiven if the physicians practice medicine in Iowa for one to two years, depending on the number of loans used to fund a portion of their education expenses. Chiropractic Forgivable Loans - Since 1997, the Chiropractic Forgivable Loan has provided resident Iowa students enrolled at Palmer College of Chiropractic an opportunity to secure loans, at a reasonable rate, for education expenses. Funding for 1998-99 was $70,000, which provided maximum awards to students of $1,300. The loans are forgiven if students practice chiropractic in Iowa for one full year for each loan used to fund a portion of their education expenses. Diversity Report - Since 1988, the commission has collected and maintained student and faculty ethnic diversity and policy assurances reports from Iowa colleges and universities receiving state grant moneys. Information contained in these annual reports reflects the institution's commitment to recruit and retain minority students and faculty and to ensure a safe living and learning environment. State Fair Scholarship Program - In 1998, the General Assembly asked the commission to administer the Governor Terry E. Branstad Iowa State Fair Scholarship. Recipients receive a one-time $1,000 award based on their past participation at the Iowa State Fair. Administration of Private Scholarships - Since 1992, several businesses and civic organizations have requested technical assistance in the creation and administration of scholarships and forgivable loan programs. Commission staff provides assistance by serving on selection panels, providing technical assistance on program requirements, and the development of application materials.

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IOWA COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK Harold M. "Tommy" Thompson, chief operating officer Building W-4, Camp Dodge, P.O. Box 587, Johnston 50131-0587 515-323-4692 www.icn.state.ia.us The Iowa Communications Network was established by the Seventy-fifth General Assembly effective on July 1, 1994. The Network provides voice, video and data telecommunications services to authorized users in private and public K-12 schools, area education agencies, community colleges, regents institutions, private colleges, state and federal government agencies, all court rooms, all corrections facilities including home based corrections, the U. S. Postal Service (demonstration projects), public libraries, and hospitals and physician clinics (not voice) throughout the state. The Network was created to ensure that authorized users are provided affordable telecommunications services for educational and other applications throughout rural and urban Iowa on an equal cost and access basis. The Network is dedicated to integrating technologies to enhance Iowa's quality of life. The executive director is appointed by the Iowa Telecommunications and Technology Commission (ITTC), serves at the pleasure of the Commission, and is confirmed by the Senate. Commission members are appointed by the governor and are subject to Senate confirmation. Policy, standards and rules governing the Iowa Communications Network are determined by the ITTC (see Chapter 8D of the Code of Iowa). Iowa Telecommunications and Technology Commission

RICHARD H. OPIE, chair, Des Moines; term expires 2002; JOAN U. AXEL, Muscatine; term expires 2000; TIMOTHY L. LAPOINTE, Mason City; term expires 2005; MARY A. NELSON, West Des Moines; term expires 2004; MARK J. SCHOUTEN, Orange City; term expires 2001; RICHARD A. JOHNSON, State Auditor; ex officio

IOWA FINANCE AUTHORITY Darlene M. Jeris, executive director 100 E. Grand Ave., Suite 250, Des Moines 50309 515/242-4990 or 1-800-432-7230; FAX 515/242-4957 www.ifahome.com JAMES BALMER, chair, Iowa City; term expires 2001; MARGARET COLLISION, vice-chair, West Des Moines; term expires 2003; KAY ANDERSON, LeMars; term expires 2003; VIRGINIA BORDWELL, Washington; term expires 2005; VINCINT LINTZ, Windsor Heights; term expires 2005; DARWIN T. LYNNER, JR., West Des Moines; term expires 2001; ROOSEVELT TAYLOR, Waterloo; term expires 2001; LISA WAGEMAN, Cedar Falls; term expires 2005; Vacancy In 1975, the 66th General Assembly created the Iowa Finance Authority as a public instrumentality and agency to undertake programs which assist in the attainment of quality housing for low and moderate income Iowans by encouraging the investment of private capital and stimulating the construction and rehabilitation of adequate housing through the use of public financing. A nine-member board of directors, appointed by the governor and subject to confirmation by the Senate, serves in a policy-making capacity for the agency. The authority administers the title guaranty program, the housing assistance fund program, the mortgage credit certificate program, and the low income housing tax credit program. The authority issues bonds under its single family and multifamily housing programs, small business loan program and economic development bond bank program. The authority has also been authorized to cooperate with other state entities and to issue its bonds to provide financing for various state needs such as the Iowa sewage treatment works financing program, the Iowa comprehensive underground storage tank financing program, the E911 financing program, community college dormitory financing program, the rural community 2000 program, and the juvenile housing and treatment facilities program.

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IOWA LAW ENFORCEMENT ACADEMY Gene W. Shepard, director Camp Dodge, 7700 N.W. Beaver Drive, P.O. Box 130, Johnston, 50131-0130 515/242-5357; FAX: 515/242-5471 Iowa Law Enforcement Academy Council

THOMAS C. LILLQUIST, chair, Forest City; term expires 2001; GERALD HINZMAN, vicechair, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2002; REP. BARRY BRAUNS, Conesville; term expires 2001; JACQUELINE DAY, Des Moines; term expires 2001; LYNNE R. DeKRUIF, Osage; term expires 2000; THOMAS E. GUSTAFSON, Dension; term expires 2002; ROXANNE JOHNSON, Council Bluffs; term expires 2000; D. STEVEN LYNN, Davenport; term expires 1999; VACANT The Iowa Law Enforcement Academy was created by action of the 62nd General Assembly in 1967 to maximize training opportunities for law enforcement officers, to coordinate training and to set standards for the law enforcement service, as provided for in Chapter 80B, the Code of Iowa.

The academy provides residential training sessions varying in length from 12-week basic certification courses to one day specialty and in-service seminars. Academy sponsored and conducted training programs are held in the field as well as at the central facility at Camp Dodge. Action taken by the 71st General Assembly assigned to the academy the responsibility of providing training to jailers in county jails and city holding facilities. In addition, the academy was given the responsibility for the administration of a program of psychological testing of applicants for law enforcement positions. Action by the 76th General Assembly placed with the Academy responsibility for providing training for telecommunicators. All reserve peace officers in the state who are granted authority by their jurisdiction to carry weapons must first be certified to do so by application to and approval of the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy Council. The academy develops training programs, approves regional training programs, establishes hiring standards for peace officers and provides audio-visual resources to law enforcement training and educational institutions.

IOWA PUBLIC BROADCASTING BOARD C. David Bolender, executive director Iowa Public Television, P.O. Box 6450, Johnston 50131 515/242-3100 www.iptv.org BETTY JEAN FURGERSON, president, Waterloo; term expires 2000; CORINE A. HADLEY, vice-president, Newton; term expires 2000; JOHN T. BLONG, Eldridge; term expires 1999; CHERYL M. CRITELLI, Clive; term expires 1999; PAUL FREDERICKSEN, Ankeny; term expires 1999; FRANK JUDISCH, M.D., Iowa City; term expires 2001; LINDA KLINGER, Waterloo; term expires 2000; DAVID L. CLINEFELTER, Lamoni; term expires 2001; ALBERT N. WOOD, Estherville; term expires 2001 Chapter 256.82 of the Code of Iowa creates a board to be known as the Iowa Public Broadcasting Board consisting of nine members: four appointed by the governor, one appointed by the superintendents of the merged area schools, one appointed by the state association of private colleges and universities, one appointed by the administrators of the area education agencies, one appointed by the state board of regents and one appointed by the state board of education. The purpose of the board is to plan, establish, and operate educational radio and television facilities and other telecommunications services including narrowcast and broadcast systems to serve the educational needs of the state. The board currently operates KDIN-TV, Channel 11 in Des Moines; KIIN-TV, Channel 12 in Iowa City; KRIN-TV, Channel 32 in Waterloo; KSIN-TV, Channel 27 in Sioux City; KBIN-TV, Channel 32 in Council Bluffs; KHIN-TV, Channel 36 in Red Oak; KYIN-TV, Channel 24 in Mason City; KTIN-TV, Channel 21 in Ft. Dodge; and translators Channel 33 in Ottumwa, Channel 38 in Ft. Madison, Channel 44 in Keokuk, Channel 54 in Keosauqua, Channel 25 in Rock Rapids, Channel 33 in Sibley, Channel 14 in Decorah, and Channel 41 in Lansing.

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IOWA WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Deborah L. Dessert. CPA, interim director 1000 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5365 FAX 281-4698 www.iwd.state.ia.us Iowa Workforce Development will commit its resources to Iowa's prosperity by working to ensure the income security, productivity, safety and health of all Iowans. The department will strive to provide safe workplaces, provide a productive and economically secure workforce, provide all Iowans with access to workforce development services and become a model workplace. The department is comprised of six divisions; Workers' Compensation Services, Labor Services, Research & Information Services, Customer & Administration Services, Unemployment Insurance Services, and Workforce Development Center Administration. The director has general supervision over the agency and prepares, administers, and controls the budget of the department and its divisions. Workers' Compensation Division - Iris Post, commissioner; 1000 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5934 FAX 515/281-4698 The Workers' Compensation Law was enacted by the General Assembly in 1913. This law provides medical and wage replacement benefits to workers who sustain injuries arising out of their employment. The Workers' Compensation Law is administered by the industrial commissioner. Iowa was one of the first states to provide benefits for injuries, occupational diseases, and occupational hearing losses sustained by workers. Injuries resulting in death, permanent disability or temporary disability must be reported to the commissioner. If an agreement as to compensation cannot be reached, the employee may request a hearing before a deputy commissioner in the judicial district where the injury occurred. Decisions are reviewed by the commissioner and may be appealed to the District and Supreme Courts. Labor Services Division - Byron Orton, commissioner; 1000 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3606 FAX 515/281-7995 Under the direction of the labor commissioner, the Division of Labor Services administers a variety of programs through four bureaus. The Occupational Safety and Health Bureau enforces safety and health rules in workplaces through inspections based on accidents, complaints and programmed inspections. The Occupational Safety and Health Consultation and Education Bureau helps private employers, particularly those with smaller businesses, to maintain a safe workplace by assisting them in understanding and complying with occupational safety and health regulations. The Inspections and Reporting Bureau conducts amusement rides, elevator, and boiler inspections and maintains statistical information of the workers' illness and injuries and the division's activities. The Employees Protection Bureau is responsible for enforcing laws relating to child labor, Iowa minimum wage, wage payment collection, workplace standards, asbestos removal, contractor registration, and community and emergency response right-to-know, and the licensing and regulation of private employment agencies. The labor commissioner licenses and supervises professional boxing and wrestling events. The Office of the Labor commissioner was created by the General Assembly in 1884. Customer & Administrative Services Division - Vacant, division administrator, 1000 East Grand Avenue, Des Moines, 50319; 515/281-8136 FAX 515/281-7596 The division is under the direction of a division administrator who reports to the director and is responsible for administrative support, purchasing, mail, printing, supplies, premises, planning, accounting and budget. It also includes payroll, AA/EEO, personnel and training. Customer Service Assistance Center, a call center operation for internal and external customer assistance and customer satisfaction measurements, public information office and legislative liaison for both state and federal government.

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Research and Information Services Division - Sharon McDonald, division administrator, 1000 East Grand Avenue, Des Moines, 50319; 515/281-5802 FAX 515/281-8203 The division's functions include planning, researching, analyzing, directing and coordinating labor market information and automated services for the department. The division provides the public with information on workers and jobs, future demand, occupational wages and other labor force statistics. In addition to these services, IWD also provides the public, especially key decision makers with current labor market information enabling them to make informed economic decisions. Unemployment Insurance Services Division - Renny Dohse, administrator, 1000 East Grand Avenue, Des Moines, 50319; 515/281-5526 FAX 515/281-6208 This division's function is to administer, inform, regulate and enforce the unemployment insurance laws. The division provides support for claims service in workforce development centers and makes payments to jobless workers who are eligible for benefits under Iowa's unemployment insurance programs. It also collects unemployment insurance taxes, which are paid by Iowa employers, and maintains the Iowa Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund from which benefits are paid. Workforce Development Center Administration Division - Steve Smith, administrator, 150 Des Moines Street, Des Moines, Iowa 50319. 515/281-9328 FAX 515/281-9096 The division's function is to administer, inform, regulate and enforce workforce development issues and services such as employment, training and job placement. The workforce development centers provide job counseling, job training assistance, job training, and special services to veterans, persons with disabilities, youth, older workers, and minority groups. These services are available in 69 offices around the state.

DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT Cynthia P. Eisenhauer, director State Capitol Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-3322 www .state.ia.us I government I dom I index.html The Department of Management was created in 1986 by the 71st General Assembly. The main functions include developing and coordinating long and short range planning, developing and recommending policy initiatives to meet Iowa's needs, and establishing budget oversight procedures that ensure Iowa's fiscal integrity. There are four divisions: state budget, local budget, planning and policy development, and project management. The department director is appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate, and serves at the governor's pleasure. The director serves on various committees as directed by the governor and the General Assembly, including the School Budget Review Committee, the State Appeal Board, the Revenue Estimating Conference, and the Energy Fund Disbursement Council. The department is responsible for coordinating strategic planning in the executive branch by creating a strategic planning process and guidelines for agencies in the governor's purview. The department will publish a quarterly Issue Scan detailing the implication of emerging trends on state operations. Policies are recommended to the governor and the General Assembly, along with a continuing analysis of the quality and quantity of state services through the use of monthly performance-oriented "progress review" meetings with departments and the governor. The Department of Management is responsible for coordinating the development and implementation of the Council on Human Investment's initiatives which bring performance governance to Iowa state government. The initiatives include Budgeting for Results (BFR) which connects the performance of programs to the dollars invested. The department is also responsible for coordinating the state's Continuous Quality Improvement Initiative to streamline and improve processes to efficiently meet customer needs.

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Budgetary duties include preparing the governor's annual budget for presentation to the legislature, drafting bills supporting the budget, and monitoring the use of appropriations granted through the legislative process. The department oversees the development and maintenance of state and local budgets, including cities, counties, and schools. It provides staff assistance to the City Finance Committee, and County Finance Committee. In addition, a liaison is provided with Iowa's Washington, D.C. State-Federal Relations Office concerning action that may be required on national issues affecting Iowa. Other duties of the department include administering and promoting equal opportunity in all state contracts and services and prohibiting discriminatory and unfair practices within any program receiving or benefiting from state funding. It oversees and ensures compliance with affirmative action programs, state contracts and procurement goals associated with targeted small business. Appeal Board - do Department of Management, State Capitol Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5512 MICHAEL L. FITZGERALD, treasurer of state, chair; RICHARD D. JOHNSON, C.P.A., auditor of state, vice chair; CYNTHIA P. EISENHAUER, director, Department of Management; Ronald J. Amosson, executive secretary The State Appeal Board is governed by four separate chapters of the Code of Iowa. Chapter 73A covers public contracts and bonds and allows citizens to appeal from decisions of municipalities on public improvements. Chapter 24 covers local budget laws whereby citizens can appeal on budgets adopted by municipalities. Chapter 25 covers claims against the state of Iowa and by the state of Iowa against municipalities. Chapter 669 covers tort claims filed by people against the state of Iowa when a state agency or any of its employees may have caused negligence, a wrongful act, or omission. The Appeal Board reviews all claims under Chapters 25 and 669 after receiving recommendations from the special assistant attorney general for claims, and may pay such claims. Claims denied under Chapter 25 are referred to the Iowa Legislature.

NATURAL RESOURCES, DEPARTMENT OF Paul W. Johnson,

director;

Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5145 www.state.ia.us Igovernment I dnr I index.html The Department of Natural Resources was established on July 1, 1986 by combining the Conservation Commission, the Department of Water, Air and Waste Management, the Geological Survey, and part of the Energy Policy Council. The department director is appointed by the governor and requires Senate confirmation. There are two commissions in the department: the Natural Resource Commission and the Environmental Protection Commission. Both commissions have broad authority to set policy and adopt rules and standards for the management and protection of the state's natural resources. The department director is responsible for the administration of the agency. The agency is charged with the management and protection of the state's fish and wildlife, parks, forests and preserves, and providing for public use of these resources. It also has jurisdiction over state-owned meandered lakes and streams. Additionally, the agency is responsible for improving and maintaining the quality of the state's water, air, and land resources. Floodplain management, water quality in public water supplies, air and water pollution control and enforcement, waste management, and assisting communities in grant applications in these fields are included in the department's operations. Energy conservation and research, as well as data collection and reporting on the state's geological resources, are also functions of the agency. To help meet these operational duties, the department also employs administrative support groups in public information, licensing, office management, data processing, and other similar roles.

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Environmental Protection Commission

JAMES BRAUN, Lattimer; term expires 2003; ELIZABETH CHRISTIANSEN, Iowa City; term expires 2003; WILLIAM EHM, Creston; term expires 2001; RANDAL GIANNETTO, Marshalltown; term expires 2001; ROZANNE KING, Mondamin; term expires 2001; KATHRYN MURPHY, LeMars; term expires 2001; GARY PRIEBE, Algona; term expires 2003; TERRANCE TOWNSEND, Newton; term expires 2001; RITA VENNER, Breda; term expires 2003 Natural Resources Commission

PAUL CHRISTIANSEN, Mt. Vernon; term expires 2005; RICHARD GARRELS, term expires 2003; ANTHONY HOUGH, Harlan; term expires 2003; MARIAN Bellevue; term expires 2001; CAROL KRAMER, Newton; term expires SCHNEIDER, Okoboji; term expires 2001; WILLIAM SULLIVAN, Cantril; term State Forester: MIKE BRANDRUP; State Geologist: DONALD KOCH

Mt. Pleasant; L. KIEFFER, 2005; JOAN expires 2005;

Preserves, State Advisory Board For - c/o Iowa Department of Natural Resources; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5145 DIANE FORD-SHIWERS, Norwalk; term expires 2000; KATHY GOURLEY, Johnston; term expires 2001; JOEL HANES, Mason City; term expires 1999; GARY PHILLIPS, Estherville; term expires 1999; JOHN STEEGE, Maynard; term expires 2000; LOIS TIFFANY, Ames; term expires 2001; PAUL W. JOHNSON, Des Moines; director, Dept. of Natural Resources, Statutory The 61st General Assembly in 1965 authorized the establishment of a state system of preserves to maintain areas with unusual flora, fauna, geological, archaeological, scenic, or historical features as nearly as possible in their natural condition. The advisory board will recommend dedication of certain areas as preserves, make rules and regulations for their management, and recommend the inclusion of additional public/private lands in the preserves system.

BOARD OF PAROLE Vacant, executive director 420 Keo Way, Des Moines 50319 515/242-5747 www.netifis.net/showcase/jdwhite/ibop/cgi-bin/homepage.cgi CHARLES W. LARSON, chair, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2002 KAREN MUELHAUPT, Des Moines; term expires 2003 JACKLYN ROMP, Fayette; term expires 2001 CURTIS JENKINS, Des Moines; term expires 2001 ELIZABETH WALKER, Des Moines; term expires 2000 The Board of Parole was established in 1907 by the 37th General Assembly. The Board of Parole consists of five members appointed for terms of four years by the governor and subject to confirmation by the Senate. The board is responsible directly to the governor. From those five members, the chairperson of the board is selected by the governor and may serve more than one term. A majority of the members of the board constitute a quorum to transact business. The board is charged with the duty of investigating and studying the cases of prisoners confined in the penitentiary and the men's and women's reformatories. The board is authorized to release on parole any prisoner, except those serving life terms and mandatory sentences, after serving the portion of the maximum term it deems proper. The board may revoke and remand to prison any person it has released on parole for any reason it deems proper. It also retains the power to grant a final discharge to any parolee under the supervision of the eight judicial districts in Iowa, usually on the recommendation of the supervising officer. The board is also charged with the responsibility of approving work release, making recommendations to the governor concerning executive clemency and conducting research and surveys relating to the effectiveness of the corrections system.

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PERSONNEL, DEPARTMENT OF Motile K Anderson, director Grimes State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0150 515/281-3351 www.state.ia.us/idop The 71st General Assembly passed an Act establishing, in Iowa, a central agency responsible for personnel management. Duties and responsibilities of the agency include the following: policy development; planning and research; employment activities and transactions including recruitment, testing, and certification of persons seeking employment or promotion; compensation and benefits; equal employment opportunity and affirmative action; education and training; personnel records and administration, the negotiation and administration of collective bargaining agreements on behalf of the executive branch; and the administration of the Iowa Public Employees Retirement System. Specific powers and duties of the department, its director, and the boards and committees within the department are set forth in Chapters 19A, 19B, 20, 70A, 97A, and 97B of the Code of Iowa and other provisions of law. The director of the department is appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate, and serves at the pleasure of the governor, subject to reconfirmation after four years in office. The personnel management powers and duties of the department do not extend to the legislative or judicial branches of state government, except for functions related to administering compensation and benefits programs. IPERS Investment Board - 600 East Court Ave., Box 9117, Des Moines 50306; 515/281-0020 JANET L. ADAMS, Webster City (active member); term expires 2005; BRUCE KELLEY, Des Moines (insurance); term expires 2001; SEN. JOHN KIBBIE, Emmetsburg; MICHAEL LOGAN, Coralville (retired member); term expires 2004; REP. MONA MARTIN, Davenport; KIM REYNOLDS, (active member); Osceola; term expires 2001; THOMAS D. WHITSON, McClelland (banking); term expires 2003; SHEILA M. RIGGS, Ames (industrial); term expires 2005 Ex-Officio Member

MOLLIE K. ANDERSON, Iowa Department of Personnel The IPERS Investment Board consists of nine members and includes a member of the Senate appointed by the President of the Senate and a member of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House. An executive of a domestic life insurance company, a state or national bank operating in Iowa, and a major industrial corporation located within Iowa, and two members who are active members of the system (one an employee of a school district, county school system, joint county system, or merged area, and one who is not an employee of a school district, county school system, joint county system, or merged area), and one who is a retired member of the system, are appointed to the board by the governor. The director of the department is an ex-officio, non-voting member. The assets of the system are invested in a diversified manner in accordance with a formal "Investment Policy and Goal Statement," which is adopted by the board on an annual basis. The investment program is executed by the IPERS investment staff through external investment managers and various commingled funds and partnerships.

PUBLIC DEFENSE, DEPARTMENT OF Brig. General Ron Dardis, Adjutant General of Iowa Camp Dodge, Johnston, 50131 515/252-4211 www.state.ia.us f government Idpd I index.html Chapter 29.1 of the Code of Iowa provides for the Department of Public Defense of the State of Iowa, which is composed of the Military Division and the Emergency Management Division. The Adjutant General is the Director of the Department of Public Defense and the budget and

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personnel of both of the divisions are subject to the approval of the Adjutant General. Within the department, there is a state military agency, Military Division, Department of Public Defense, with the Adjutant General as the Executive Director. The Military Division includes the Office of the Adjutant General and all functions, responsibilities, power and duties of the Adjutant General and the military forces of the state as provided in the state's laws. There is also a State Emergency Management Division with an administrator of emergency management within the department. The Adjutant General, as the executive director, exercises supervisory authority over the division. Military Division

Chapter 29A, Code of Iowa, The Military Code of Iowa provides for the establishment, command, support, administration, and operation of the military forces of the state of Iowa, as promulgated by the U.S. Constitution and implementing federal statutes, the Iowa Constitution, and applicable federal policies and regulations. The Iowa National Guard (Army and Air), constitutes the military forces of the state of Iowa except during such time as it may be in the active service of the United States. The Military Code of Iowa provides for the establishment of an "Iowa State Guard" during such time as the Iowa National Guard is in active federal service. The state mission of the Iowa National Guard is to provide sufficient organizations in the state, so trained and equipped as to enable them to function efficiently at existing strength in the protection of life and property and the preservation of peace, order, and public safety, under competent orders of the state authorities. The governor is the Commander-in-Chief of the military forces, except when they are in federal status. The governor may employ the military forces of the state for the defense or relief of the state; the enforcement of its laws; the protection of life and property; emergencies resulting from disasters or public disorders, as defined in Section 29C.2; and parades and ceremonies of a civic nature. The Adjutant General of Iowa is appointed by the governor and, as Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief, executes all orders. He is responsible for the administration, organization, equipment, and training of the military forces of the state of Iowa in accordance with policies and directives of the Department of Defense as well as federal law and regulation. The Adjutant General shall have command and control of the military department, and perform such duties as pertain to the Office of the Adjutant General under law and regulations, pursuant to the authority vested in the Adjutant General by the Governor. The federal mission of the Army and Air National Guard of the United States is to provide units for the reserve components of the Army and Air Force adequately organized, trained, and equipped and available for mobilization in the event of a national emergency or war, in accordance with the deployment schedule, and capable of participating in combat operations, in support of the Army and Air Force war plans. State Armory Board

BG RON DARDIS, chair, Johnston; COL JODI TYMESON, Winterset; COL DAVID RAES, Slater; MAJ ROSE WILLIAMS, Urbandale; DEL VAN HORN, Jefferson; LT JAN RHINER Section 29A.57, Code of Iowa, provides the authority, powers and responsibilities of the board. The Adjutant General serves as chairman of the board. The powers and responsibilities of the board include: (1) procurement of land or real estate for location or construction of armories, facilities, and outdoor training sites; (2) administration of federal and state funds assigned for construction and maintenance of armories and facilities, and coordination of the use of armories and facilities as required for administration, training, and support of the National Guard. Emergency Management Division-Ellen M. Gordon, administrator; Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3231 Chapter 29C, Code of Iowa provides for the establishment of the Emergency Management Division, Department of Public Defense. The adjutant general has general direction and control of the Emergency Management Division, and is responsible to the governor for carrying out of emergency management affairs in the state. The division is under the management of the administrator of the emergency management

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division, appointed by the governor. The administrator is vested with the authority to administer emergency management affairs within the state of Iowa, man-made or natural disasters, to include preparation and execution of the emergency management program of the state, subject to the direction of the governor and the executive director of the Department of Public Defense. The administrator is responsible for preparing a comprehensive plan and program for the emergency resource management of the state, and for coordinating the preparation of plans and programs for emergency planning for the political subdivisions and various departments of the state. Such plans are to be integrated into and coordinated with a comprehensive state emergency management program for the state of Iowa. The administrator is also responsible for making such studies and surveys of the industries, resources, and facilities in the state of Iowa as may be necessary to determine the capabilities of the state for emergency resource management and to plan for the most efficient emergency use thereof. The administrator serves as a member of the State Emergency Response Commission, appointed by the governor, with the responsibility to implement Public Law 99-499, Title III, Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act and Chapter 30, Code of Iowa. The administrator has the responsibility for the statewide administration and implementation of enhanced 9-1-1, Chapter 34A, Code of Iowa.

PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS BOARD 514 East Locust, Suite 202, Des Moines 50309 515/281-4414 RICHARD P. MOORE, chair; term expires 2002; ELIZABETH L. SEISER, Des Moines; term expires 2000; M. SUE WARNER, Johnston; term expires 2000 The Public Employment Relations Act, enacted in 1974, has as its avowed public purpose the promotion of "harmonious and cooperative relationships between government and its employees." Specifically, the statute grants employees of the state and its political subdivisions, including cities, counties, and school districts, the right to join and participate in employee organizations, and the right to bargain collectively through such employee organizations. The act contains detailed procedures by which employees can exercise those rights, including provisions for the determination of appropriate bargaining units, representation elections in which employees may select an employee organization to bargain on their behalf, prohibited practice provisions which prescribe certain conduct and activities, and provisions requiring the periodic reporting of finances by employee organizations. The Public Employment Relations Board is vested with the administration of this act. As a quasi-judicial administrative agency, operating under the Iowa Administrative Procedure Act, the board conducts hearings and issues legal decisions in unit determination and representation matters, prohibited practice complaints and petitions for declaratory ruling. A staff of administrative law judges also performs, by delegation, this function. The board also administers the remaining provisions of the act. In that regard, it provides mediators, fact-finders, and arbitrators in collective bargaining impasses; it collects data and conducts studies relating to wages, hours, benefits, and other terms and conditions of public employment; and it collects registration reports and annual reports, including financial statements, from employee organizations. The Public Employment Relations Board also adjudicates discipline and grievance appeals filed by state employees and not covered by a collective bargaining agreement. There are approximately 160,000 public employees in Iowa employed by the state and some 1,500 political subdivisions. Nearly half of those employees have exercised rights granted by the statute, and belong to units which have selected an employee organization to represent them in collective negotiations with their employers. It is the responsibility of the Public Employment Relations Board to oversee those negotiations and assure that the rights of these employees are preserved and protected.

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PUBLIC SAFETY, DEPARTMENT OF E.A. "Penny" Westphal, commissioner Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5261 www.state.ia.us / government / dps / index.html The Iowa Department of Public Safety was created by the 48th General Assembly in 1939, through the consolidation of several departments and divisions under one executive designated as commissioner of Public Safety. The Iowa Department of Public Safety has the duty of safeguarding the lives and property of Iowans and visitors to the state through enforcement of state laws. The department is a state-wide law enforcement and public safety agency that complements and supplements local law enforcement agencies and inspection services. The commissioner's office includes an internal affairs and staff inspections bureau, plans, training and research bureau, and the governor's traffic safety bureau. An assistant attorney general is also assigned to the department. Today, the Iowa Department of Public Safety includes the following divisions: Administrative Services, Division of - Carroll L. Bidler, administrator; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3211 This division provides support services to the department in the general areas of accounting, budgeting, data processing, and personnel services. This division issues private investigative and security agency licenses, and the State Weapons Permit. The division also provides data processing support to other state and local criminal justice agencies through the provisions of on-line criminal justice databases available to all criminal justice agencies via data terminals located in major police departments and county sheriffs offices. National criminal justice information is also provided through the National Crime Information Center and the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System. Capitol Police, Division of - Major Royce Anthony, director, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319-0043; 515/281-5608^ The Division of Capitol Police is a division under the Department of Public Safety. The Division of Capitol Police is responsible for providing security for the executive council, legislators, employees, visitors, and property of the State Capitol Complex as well as for the governor, his family, historical artifacts, and structures at Terrace Hill. This includes 165 acres and nine major buildings on the Capitol Complex and the nine acres surrounding Terrace Hill. Capitol Police Officers are the first to respond to bomb threats and disasters that occur on the Capitol Complex. They also control traffic, investigate auto accidents and criminal activity, assist persons with automobile problems, monitor the parking lots, provide monetary escorts, administer emergency medical treatment, and arrange transportation to medical facilities. Criminal Investigation, Division of - Darwin Chapman, director; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5138 The Iowa Division of Criminal Investigation provides expertise to local law enforcement when called upon to assist in criminal investigations. The division also investigates matters involving security of state government and is the agency with the primary responsibility for the enforcement of the lottery, pari-mutual and gaming laws. The division is divided into four sections: 1. The Administrative Section oversees the Identification Unit. This unit is responsible for all criminal history information. This section also oversees the division's budget and administer all matters related to support staff. 2. The Criminalistic Laboratory Section performs scientific analysis of all kinds of physical evidence. Forensic chemistry, serology, firearms identification, toxicology, photography, document examination, latent impression examination, and other scientific services are made available to all law enforcement in the state.

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3. The Field Operations Section conducts a wide variety of criminal investigations and collects information about on-going criminal activities. Special Agents are assigned to one of two investigative disciplines: general criminal (i.e. murder, rape, robbery, fraud) or intelligence. 4. The Gaming Section is responsible for the integrity of legalized gambling (i.e. lottery, parimutual and casino) in the state. Agents conduct extensive background investigations and criminal investigations related to gambling. Gaming Enforcement Officers provide on-site law enforcement at riverboat casinos. Fire Protection, Fire Investigation and State Building Code, Division of - Roy Marshall, fire marshal and building code commissioner; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5821 This division is responsible for the enforcement of state laws relating to arson and explosives; the investigation into the cause of fire; the compilation, analysis, and distribution of statistical data of fire incidents reported by all Iowa fire departments; and the promotion of safety through administrative rule development and enforcement, as well as by various public education programs. The division accomplishes these goals through three bureaus: the Bureau of Fire Prevention, the Bureau of State Building Code, and the Bureau of Arson and Explosives. Narcotics Enforcement, Division of - Ken Carter, director; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-9054 The Division of Narcotics Enforcement (DNE) was formed in 1987 within the Iowa Department of Public Safety. The division was implemented to meet directly with the alarming increase in abuse of illicit controlled substances. The division currently is comprised of enforcement personnel to serve the citizens of the state of Iowa. DNE has primary, statewide responsibility for providing investigative law enforcement relating to narcotics and controlled substances. It's the division's philosophy that in order to assist a majority of police agencies it will concentrate its energies on major sources and supply lines of illicit drugs. State Medical Examiner - Dr. Julia Goodin, State medical examiner/administrator, Lucas State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6726 *The medical examiner has moved to the Department of Public Health. The state medical examiner must be a physician and surgeon or osteopathic physician and surgeon with special knowledge in forensic pathology. The state medical examiner provides assistance, consultation, and training to county medical examiners and law enforcement officials; keeps records concerning deaths or crimes requiring investigation by this division; and promulgates rules regarding the manner and techniques to be employed while conducting autopsies, and the nature, character, and extent of investigations to be made in cases of homicide or suspected homicide necessary to allow a medical examiner to render a full and complete analysis and report. The state medical examiner receives reports of deaths in this state affecting the public interest and may require autopsies. State Patrol, Division of - Colonel Jon Wilson, chief; Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5824 The Iowa State Patrol was created by the 46th General Assembly in 1935 and has a current authorized strength of 434 uniformed officers. The duties of the state patrol are to enforce all motor vehicle laws; to exercise general peace officer powers (with restrictions stated in Chapter 80, Code of Iowa); to investigate motor vehicle traffic accidents occurring on roadways within Iowa; to provide emergency medical assistance to persons injured as a result of motor vehicle traffic crashes; to provide assistance to stranded motorists along Iowa roadways; to provide assistance to local law enforcement agencies upon request or when the need is evident; and to promote highway safety. The Iowa State Patrol Communications provides total police communications to the public safety sector, including local, county, state and federal agencies. Services provided include dispatch services for emergency and operational incidents as well as providing a link between the field force, data banks and other sources of information necessary for the efficient operation of field offices and personnel. This unit also provides for the design, engineering and maintenance of the state's public safety communications network. State Patrol Communications is comprised of three bureaus: operations, technical and engineering.

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REGENTS, STATE BOARD OF Frank J. Stork, Executive Director 100 Court Avenue, Suite 203, Des Moines 50319 515/281-3934 www. state, ia.us /educate I regents: OWEN J. NEWLIN, President, Des Moines; term expires 2005; ELLENGRAY G. KENNEDY, Bancroft; term expires 2001; ROGER L. LANDE, Muscatine; term expires 2001; BEVERLY A. SMITH, Waterloo; term expires 2001; LISA AHRENS, Osage; term expires 2003; DAVID J. FISHER, West Des Moines; term expires 2003; CLARKSON L. KELLY, Charles City; term expires 2003; DAVID G. NEIL, La Porte City; term expires 2005; DEBORAH A. TURNER, Mason City; term expires 2005 The Board of Regents, originally named the State Board of Education, was created in 1909 to coordinate and govern the three state institutions of higher education. Prior to that time, each of the universities had a separate board of trustees. The Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School was placed under the governance of the Board in 1911 followed by the Iowa School for the Deaf in 1917. The Board consists of nine members appointed on a bipartisan basis for six-year staggered terms. Three appointments are made every two years by the Governor and confirmed by twothirds majority vote of the Senate. The Board of Regents governs the State University of Iowa, Iowa State University, University of Northern Iowa, the Iowa School for the Deaf, and the Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School. The Board also serves as the Board of Trustees for the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. Chapter 262 of the Code of Iowa provides that the Board shall "have and exercise all the powers necessary and convenient for the effective administration of its office and of the institutions under its control..." The Board is, for example, responsible for determination of academic programs, tuition and student fee rates, admission policies, oversight of financial matters, management and control of property, administration of employment and personnel policies, and general operations of the institutions. The General Assembly has given the Board broad statutory responsibility to govern the Regent institutions and to provide educational and other services to the people of Iowa. To fulfill its responsibilities, the Board depends heavily on its staff, under the direction of the executive director, and delegates appropriate duties to the administrations of the institutions. The Board has adopted governance processes that are designed to allow it to make major policy decisions and to monitor the management of the institutions. These governance processes include strategic planning, budget development and approval, organizational audits, comprehensive fiscal reviews, and academic program approvals and reviews. Another important aspect of the Board's governance authority is an extensive system of regular reports made by the Regent institutions to the Board. Annual governance reports include enrollments, housing and dining systems, curriculum changes, tenure, purchasing, equal opportunity, student financial aid, affiliated organizations, faculty productivity, graduate study centers, and institutional roads. These reports supplement the Board's authority in establishing institutional budgets and appropriations requests.

REVENUE AND FINANCE, DEPARTMENT OF Gerald D. Bair, director Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-3204 www.state, ia. us / tax The Iowa Department of Revenue and Finance is responsible for the administration of the major sources of state and local tax revenue; the management of the state's financial accounting systems; and operation of the Iowa Lottery. The department is structured along functional lines of responsibility in order to ensure efficient accomplishment of assigned responsibilities. The responsibilities for tax administration include the collection of various revenue sources

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totaling in excess of $3 billion annually. Additionally, the agency is responsible for administration of various property tax-related functions performed by local government officials. The agency also manages the state's accounting systems in accordance with accepted accounting principles. The responsibilities include operating the state's payroll system, approval of all claims for state reimbursement, and the issuance of state financial statements. The Iowa Lottery which was initiated in 1985 is conducted by the Iowa Lottery Board and the department. The lottery activities are planned to ensure the maximum amount of state revenue is generated in a manner which is consistent with the dignity of the state of Iowa. State Board of Tax Review

CHRISTOPHER BJORNSTAD, Clay County; term expires 2003; LOWELL NORLAND, Black Hawk County; term expires 2005; MARIA WATERMAN, Scott County; term expires 2001 Created within the structure of the Department of Revenue and Finance is a State Board of Tax Review. The bipartisan board consists of three members appointed by the governor to sixyear terms. The state board serves in a review capacity, being empowered to pass upon all actions of the director and affirm, modify, reverse, or remand such actions. Iowa Lottery Board

SUSAN THOMPSON, Polk County; term expires 2003; GARY HUGHES, Johnson County; term expires 2002; JAMES KERSTEN, Webster County; term expires 2000; MICHAEL MC COY, Polk County; term expires 2003; MARY JUNGE, Linn County; term expires 2003 The Iowa Lottery Board supervises and approves the activities of the Iowa Lottery. The board establishes policies for the operation of lottery games within the state; approves all contracts for operation of the lottery; and establishes rules as to the operations of specific games and lottery activities. The bipartisan board consists of five members who serve at the pleasure of the governor.

TRANSPORTATION, DEPARTMENT OF Mark F. Wandro, director 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010 515/239-1111 www.state.ia.us / government / dot CATHERINE DUNN, Dubuque; term expires 2001; BONNIE L. VETTER, Spencer; term expires 2000; THOMAS L. ALLER, Cedar Rapids; term expires 2003; JANICE JOHNSON, Waverly; term expires 2000; RONALD N. LANGSTON, Des Moines; term expires 2001; GORDON KOKENGE, Clarinda; term expires 2002; DANIEL WIEDEMEIER, Burlington; term expires 2002 The Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT), established by legislation passed by the 65th General Assembly and mandated to begin official functions on July 1, 1975, is responsible for coordinating the various facets of Iowa's transportation system. Seven commissioners, appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Senate, are responsible for determination of general operating policies which are carried out by the director of transportation and the department staff. The purpose of the department is to provide and preserve adequate, safe, and efficient transportation services based on the use and benefits that accrue to the public. The department includes eight divisions with the duties and responsibilities summarized below.

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Director's Staff Division - Mary Christy, division director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1731 Monitors state and federal transportation issues and legislation: coordinates communication of information to internal and external customers. Works with local governments and the public to answer questions and help people understand Iowa's transportation system. Engineering Division - C. /. MacGillivray, division director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1645 Maintains high quality engineering standards to improve safety in all modes; and coordinates research and development of new processes to improve transportation. Maintenance Division - Neil Volmer, division director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1708 Maintains highways and bridges; conducts railroad track safety inspections and railroad accident investigations; and administers the rail/highway grade crossing program. Motor Vehicle Division - Shirley E. Andre, division director; Park Fair Mall, 100 Euclid Avenue, Des Moines 50306-0382; 515/237-3202 Licenses drivers, vehicle dealers and commercial vehicle operators; administers the county registration and titling of automobiles and trucks; enforces licensing, titling and commercial vehicle operating laws. Operations and Finance Division - Nancy J. Richardson, division director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1340 Supports the entire DOT by providing functions which include accounting, budgeting, auditing; data processing; purchasing, inventory, fleet and facilities management; and procurement of transit vehicles for local agencies. Planning and Programming Division - Dennis L. Tice, division director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1661 Serves the planning needs of all transportation modes; guides the allocation of funds for state transportation improvements; produces planning documents for rail, aviation and highway systems. Project Development Division - E. Thomas Cackler, director; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1124 Designs highway and bridge projects and lets contracts for that work; performs quality control inspections on these projects; acquires, manages and disposes of right of way; and assists local governments with airport improvement projects, federal or state transit assistance, and projects involving railroads, highways and recreational trails. Railway Finance Authority - Barrel Rensink, secretary; 800 Lincoln Way, Ames 50010; 515/239-1111 FRED MCKIM, chair, Arnolds Park; term expires 2002; JOSEPH H. HARPER, vice chair, Davenport; term expires 2004 ; CARMEN E. HALVERSON, Cedar Falls; term expires 2000; CATHERINE JOHNSON, Iowa City; term expires 2000; EMIL PAVICH, Council Bluffs; term expires 2002

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The five member board is appointed by the governor, subject to Senate confirmation. The director of the Department of Transportation serves as secretary to the board and the Iowa Department of Transportation employees serve as staff. To assure that the state follows a single transportation policy, the authority is directed to exercise its duties and powers consistent with the policy and plans of the Iowa Transportation Commission. The Iowa Railway Finance Authority was established by legislation in 1980 for the financing of railway facilities. The authority will enable the state to actively participate in preserving vital components of Iowa's rail system.

VETERANS AFFAIRS, COMMISSION OF Randy G. Brown, executive director Camp Dodge Office, 7700 N.W. Beaver Drive, Johnston 51031 515/242-5331

ROBERT B. LEEMAN, chairperson, American Legion, Guttenberg; MILDRED R. DAWSON, vice-chairperson, member at large, Cedar Rapids; MURIEL E. ALLAN, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Maquoketa; JESSE J. RODRIGUEZ, Military Order/Purple Heart, Des Moines; MICHAEL SCHEIBELER, Disabled American Veterans, Atlantic; MARY ELLEN WHITE, Vietnam Veterans of America, Grinnell; BARRY REMINGTON, Amvets, Cedar Falls The 74th General Assembly, 1992, created the Commission of Veteran Affairs. The governor appoints seven commissioners, six must be honorably discharged members of the armed forces of the United States, and one member of the public at-large. All must be confirmed by the Senate. Under the auspices of Chapter 35A, Code of Iowa, the commission shall prescribe the duties of an executive director and other employees necessary to carry out the duties of the commission. The commission shall supervise the commandant's administration of commission policy for the operation and conduct of the Iowa Veterans Home, maintain military service records, graves records, assist county veteran affairs commissions, provide information to government agencies, funeral homes, veteran service organizations, and administer the War Orphans Educational Fund. Iowa Commission of Veterans Affairs - Brian B. Bales, executive director, Camp Dodge, Bldg. A6A, 7700 N.W. Beaver Drive, Johnston 50131-1902; 800/838-4692; 515/242-5331; FAX 515/ 242-5659 The governor shall appoint an executive director, subject to confirmation by the Senate, who shall serve at the pleasure of the governor. He is responsible for administering the duties of the commission other than those related to the Iowa Veterans Home. The executive director shall be a resident of the state of Iowa and an honorably discharged veteran who served in the armed forces of the United States during a conflict or war. The Iowa Veterans Home - Jack Dack, commandant, 1301 Summit, Marshalltown 501585485; 800/645-4591; 515/752-1501; FAX 515/753-4278 The Iowa Veterans Home, located in Marshalltown, shall be maintained as a long term health care facility providing multiple levels of care, with attendant health care services, for honorably discharged veterans, their dependent spouses, and for surviving spouses of honorably discharged veterans. The governor shall appoint a commandant, subject to Senate confirmation, who shall serve at the pleasure of the governor. The commandant shall report directly to the commission and shall have the immediate custody and control, subject to the orders of the commission, of all property used in connection with the home. The commandant must be a resident of the state of Iowa, an honorably discharged veteran who served in the armed forces of the United States during a conflict or war, and a licensed nursing home administrator.

STATE AGENCIES

169

VOTER REGISTRATION COMMISSION Burlene Baker, director Hoover State Office Building, Des Moines 50319 515/281-5781 CHESTER J. CULVER, Secretary of State, chair; DEE STEWART, designee for chair of Republican Party of Iowa; KIM WARKENTIN, designee for chair of Iowa Democratic Party; COLLEEN RIESGAARD, designee of the president of IA State Association of County Auditors The Iowa Voter Registration Commission establishes overall voter registration policies for the state registrar of voters and county commissioners of registration. It adopts rules and standards related to registration forms, maintenance of registration records, and procedures to be used in the registration process. The commission actively promotes registration and participation in elections by all Iowans. Information concerning registration procedures and deadlines are routinely released to the public before major elections. Established in 1976, the commission was originally composed of the chairs of the two major political parties and the secretary of state or their designee. Legislation passed in 1995 added to the group a representative from the Iowa State Association of County Auditors. Voter Registration Commissioners serve terms of indefinite duration.

VOTING MACHINES AND ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEMS, BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR c/o Secretary of State, Hoover Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-0145 JAMES DOWLING, Sac City, term expires 2002; DOUGLAS JONES, Iowa City, term expires 2004; MARY SHULTZ, Webster City, term expires 2000 Requests for certification of voting equipment and voting booths are submitted to the secretary of state, who then notifies the Board of Examiners of the time and place for the examination and testing of the equipment. Following administrative rules and the requirements of the Code of Iowa, the board examines and tests the equipment and determines whether or not the equipment may be used in the state. The reports of the Board of Examiners are filed and kept in the Office of the Secretary of State. Only voting machines or systems and voting booths approved by the Board of Examiners may be used at Iowa elections. Board members are appointed by the secretary of state for six-year terms.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

Chapter 5

"Next in Importance to Freedom and Justice is Popular Education, Without Which Neither Freedom nor Justice can be Permanently Maintained/' -James A. Garfield

172

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES Bill Clinton - Arkansas (D) White House, Washington, D.C. 20500, 202/456-1414 Birth: August 19, 1946; Hope Arkansas. Education: Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, B.A., 1968; Oxford University, 1968-1970, Rhodes Scholar; Yale University Law School, J.D., 1973. Spouse: Hillary Rodham, 1975. Children: 1 daughter, Chelsea. Profession and Activities: Law faculty, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, 1973-1976. Chair, Housing Development Corp, 1975. Law practice, 1973-1976 and 1981-1983. Arkansas Attorney General, 1977-1979. Arkansas Governor, 1979-81 and 1983-1993. Salary: $200,000. Term: expires 2001

VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES Al Gore - Tennessee (D) Old Executive Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20501, 202/456-2326 Birth: March 31, 1948. Education: Harvard University (B.A., 1969, cum laude), Vanderbilt University Divinity School (1971-1972), Vanderbilt Law School (1974-1976). Military Service: U.S. Army, 1969-1971. Spouse: Mary Elizabeth "Tipper" Aitcheson (1972). Children: 4. Profession and Activities: Investigative reporter and editorial writer, The Tennessean, 1971-1976; homebuilder and land developer, 1971-1976; livestock and tobacco farmer, 19731992. U.S. House of Representatives, 19771985. U.S. Senate, 1985-1993. Salary: $171,500. Term: expires 2001.

bhuERAL GOVERNMENT

173

U.S. SENATOR Charles E. Grassley - New Hartford (R) 135 Hart Senate Office Bldg, Washington, D.C., 20510-1501 202/224-3744 Birth: September 17, 1933, New Hartford. Education: Graduated New Hartford High School, 1951; B.A., University of Northern Iowa, 1955; M.A., 1956; attended the University of Iowa, 1957-1958. Spouse: Barbara. Children: 5.

Grandchildren: 9. Profession and Activities: Farmer

and partner with son, Robin. Member: Baptist Church, Farm Bureau, Iowa Historical Society, Pi Gamma Mu, Kappa Delta Pi, Mason, International Association of Machinists, 1962-1971. Member: Iowa House of Representatives, 1959-1975; U.S. House of Representatives, 1975-1981. Elected to U.S. Senate, 1980; re-elected 1986, 1992 and 1998. Member: Finance, Judiciary, Budget and Agriculture Committees. Chair: International Trade Subcommittee; Administrative Oversight and Courts Subcomm.; Senate Special Comm. on Aging; Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control. Member: Immigration Subcommittee; Youth Violence Subcomm.; Taxation and IRS Oversight Subcommittee; Health Care Subcomm.; Production and Price Competitiveness Subcomm.; Forestry, Conservation and Rural Revitalization Subcommittee; Joint Comm. on Taxation; Congressional Advisor on Trade Policy. Salary: $133,600. Term: expires January 2005. Iowa Offices: 721 Federal Bldg, 210 Walnut St, Des Moines, 50309; 515/284-4890 210 Waterloo Bldg, 531 Commercial St, Waterloo, 50701; 319/232-6657 206 Federal Bldg, 101 First St S.E., Cedar Rapids, 52401; 319/363-6832 103 Federal Bldg, 320 Sixth St, Sioux City, 51101; 712/233-1860 116 Federal Bldg, 131 East 4th St, Davenport, 52801; 319/322-4331 wivw.grass/cy.scnatc.^or [email protected]

U.S. SENATOR Tom Harkin - Cumming (D) 731 Hart Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20510 202/224-3254 Birth: November 19, 1939, Cumming. Parents: Patrick and Frances Harkin. Education: Attended schools in Cumming and Dexter; graduated Dowling High School, Des Moines, 1958; B.S., Iowa State University, 1962; J.D., CatholicUniversity of America, 1972. Military Service: U.S. Navy jet pilot, 1962-1967; commander, U.S. Naval Air Reserve. Spouse: Ruth Raduenz Harkin. Children: 2 (laughters, Amy and Jenny. Profession and Activities: Attorney, Polk County Legal Aid Society, 1973. Named Outstanding Young Alumnus by Iowa State University Alumni Association, 1974. Elected to 94th Congress, November 1974. Re-elected in 1976, 1978, 1980, and 1982. Elected United States Senate, 1984, re-elected in 1990 and 1996. Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, 1992. Member: Agriculture (Ranking Member); Appropriations; Health; Education; Labor; Pension (LIELP) and Small Business Committees. Salary: $136,700. Term: expires January 2002. Iowa Offices: 733 Federal Building, 210 Walnut St., Des Moines, 50309; 515/284-4574 110 Federal Building, 320 Sixth St., Sioux City, 51101; 712/252-1550 www.senate.gov /harkin I torn harkin(«'//arkin.senate.gov

IOWA OFFICIAL KbGlSTHR

174

U.S. REPRESENTATIVE First District Jim Leach - Davenport (R) 2186 Rayburn House Office Bldg, Washington, DC. 20515 Phone: 202/225-6576 Counties: Cedar, Clinton, -Johnson, Jones, Linn, Louisa, Muscatine, and Scot/.

L

,

Birth: October 15, 1942, Davenport. Education: Attended Princeton, B.A. in political science, John Hopkins University, M.A. in Soviet Politics; further studies at the London School of Economics. Spouse: Elisabeth Foxley. Children: 1 daughter, Jenny; 1 son, Gallagher. Profession and

^ P ^ ^ ^ B "•'•" ^^Mfl ^TH • ^ ^ • ^ B

Activities: Foreign officer, the Department of State, 1968L969 Arms Control and Disarmameni Agency, 1970-1973 Member I1 S delegation to the Geneva Disarmament < !onferen< - L971 L972 I ' - deli gation to the LJ.N. General Assembly, 1972. Elected to the 95th Congress, re-elected to the 96th-105th Congress. Chairman: Banking and Financial Services Comm. Member: International Relations Committee. Salary: $133,600. Term: expires January 2001. Iowa Offices: 209 W. Fourth St, Davenport, 52801; 319/326-1841 1756 1st Ave. SE, Cedar Rapids. 52402-5433; 319/363-4773 Plaza Centre One, 125 S. Dubuque St., Iowa City, 52240-4003; 319/351-0789 www.house.gov./leach/ [email protected]

U.S. REPRESENTATIVE Second District Jim Nussle - Manchester (R) 303 Cannon House Office Bldg, Washington, D.C. 20515 Phone: 202/225-2911 Counties: Allamakee, Benton, Black Hoick, Bremer, Buchanan, Butler, Cerro Gorclo, Chickasaw, Clayton, Delaware, Dubuque, Fayette, Floyd, Grundy, Howard, Iowa, Jackson, Mitchell, Tama, Winneshiek, and Worth Birth: June 26, 1960, Des Moines. Education: Received B.A. m international studies, political science, and economics. Luther College; International studies, Ronshoved Hojskole, Krusaa, Denmark; J.D.. Drake University. Children: 1 daughter, Sarah Anne; 1 son, Mark Isaac. Profession and Activities: Attorney at law, Manchester. Former Delaware County Attorney. Elected to the 102nd, re-elected 103rd-106th Congress. Member: Ways and Means and Budget Committees; Ways and Means Subcommittee. Co-Chairman: Alcohol Fuels Caucus; Rural Health Care Coalition; First Lutheran Church. Salary: $133,600. Term: expires January 2001. Iowa Offices:

712 West Main St, Manchester, 52057; 319/927-5141 3641 Kimball Ave, Waterloo, 50702; 319/235-1109 2255 John F. Kennedy Road, Dubuque, 52002; 319/557-7740 23 Third St N.W., Mason City, 50401; 515/423-0303 www.house.gov/nussle/ [email protected]

GOVERNMENT

175

U.S. REPRESENTATIVE Third District Leonard L. Boswell - Davis City (D) 1029 Longworth House Office Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20515 Phone: 202/225-3806 Counties: Adams, Appanoose, Clarke, Davis, Decatur, Des Monies, Henry, Jasper, Jefferson, Keokuk, Lee, Lucas, Mahaska, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Page, Poweshiek, Ringgold, Story, Taylor, Union, Van Buren, Wapello, Warren, Washington, and Wayne. Birth: January 10, 1934, Harrison County, Missouri. Education: Graduated from Lamoni H.S.; B.A., business admin., Graceland College. Military Service: 20 years in the U.S. Army, serving in areas of Vietnam, Germany, and Portugal. Two tours of Vietnam as an assault helicopter pilot, two tours with NATO in Portugal and Germany, recipient of two Bronze Stars, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, the Soldiers' Medal. Spouse: Dody. Children: 2 daughters, 1 son. Profession and Activities: Elected to 105th Congress, re-elected to 106th Congress. Serves on the Ag. and Trans. Committees. Serves on Risk Management and Speciality Crops; Livestock, Dairy and Poultry; Aviation; and Water Resources and Environ. Subcommittees. Member: Dem. Policy and Steering Committee; Dem. Leadership Committee in House. Former chair of the Board of Dir. for Farmer's Co-op Elevator, Lamoni, Iowa. Salary: $136,700. Term: expires January 2001. Iowa Office:

709 Furnas Dr., Suite 1, Osceola, 50213; 515/342-4801 www.house.gov/lioswell rep. bos well. iaO3(^'mail.house.gov

U.S. REPRESENTATIVE Fourth District Greg Ganske - Des Moines (R) 1108 Longworth House Office Bldg, Washington, D.C. 20515 Phone: 202/225-4426 Counties: Adair, Audubon, Cass, Dallas, Fremont, Guthrie, Harrison, Madison, Mills, Montgomery, Polk, Pottaivattamie, and Shelby. Birth: March 31, 1949, New Hampton, Iowa. Education: Attended University of Iowa. Received B.A. in General and Political Sciences in 1972. Received MD in 1976. Military Service: Lt. Colonel, U.S. Army Reserve, 1986 to present. Spouse: Corrine Mikkelsen. Children: 3. Profession and Activities: Elected to 104th Congress, re-elected to 105th and 106th Congresses. Appointed to the Commerce Committee and the subcommittees of Health and the Environment; Finance and Hazardous Materials and ()versigh1 and Investigations. Salary: $133,600. Term: expires January, 2001. Iowa Offices: Federal Building, 210 Walnut St., Suite 717, Des Monies, 50301); 515/284-4634 40 Pearl Street, Council Bluffs, 51503; 712/323-5976 www.house.gov/ganske [email protected]

176

IOWA OFFICIAL

U.S. REPRESENTATIVE Fifth District Tom Latham - Alexander (R) 324 Cannon House Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20515 Phone: 202/225-5476 Counties: Boone, Buena Vista, Calhoun, Carroll, Cherokee, Clay, Crawford, Dickinson, Emmet, Franklin, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Hard in, Humboldt, Ida, Kossuth, Lyon, Monona, O'Brien, Osceola, Palo Alto, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Sac. Sioux, Webster, Winnebago, Wood bury, and Wright. Birth: July 14, 1948, Hampton. Education: Attended Iowa State University and Wartburg College. Spouse: Kathy Swenson. Children: 1 son, Justin; 2 daughters: Jennifer and Jill. Profession and Activities: Elected to the 104th Congress, re-elected to 105th-106th Congress. Serves on House Appropriations Committee. Appointed to subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies. Also serves on Commerce, Justice, State, Judiciary and Legislative subcommittees. Member and past president, Nazareth Lutheran Church; Iowa Farm Bureau Federation, Iowa Soybean Assoc, American Soybean Assoc, American Seed Trade Assoc, Iowa Corn Growers Assoc, Iowa Seed Assoc, Agribusiness Assoc of Iowa, I.S.U. Extension Citizens Advisory Council. Salary: $136,700. Term: expires January 2001. Iowa Offices: 123 Albany Ave. SE, Suite 1, Orange City, 51041; 712/737-8708 1411 First Ave S., Suite A, Fort Dodge, 50501; 515/573-2738 526 Pierce St, Sioux City, 51101; 712/277-2114 20 W Sixth St, Suite 302, Spencer, 51301; 712/262-6480 www.house.gov/latham/ [email protected]

GOVERNMENT

U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS President of the United States William J. Clinton

The White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. Washington, DC. 20500 www. whitehouse. ^rov

Vice-President of the United States Al Gore, Jr.

Executive Office Building Washington, D.C. 21510 www.whitehouse.gov

The Cabinet Department of Agriculture Dan Glickman, Secretary 14th and Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20250 www.usda.gov Department of Commerce William M. Daley, Secretary 14th and Constitution, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20230 www.doc.gov Department of Defense William S. Cohen, Secretary The Pentagon Washington, D.C. 20301 www.defenselink.mil Department of Education Richard Rilev, Secretary 400 Maryland Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20202 www.ed.gov Department of Energy Federico F. Pena, Secretary 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 www.doe.gov Department of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala, Secretary 200 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20201 www.hhs.gov Department of Housing & Urban Development Andrew M. Cuomo, Secretary 451 Seventh St., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20410 www.hud.gov

Department of the Interior Bruce Babbitt, Secretary 18th and C Streets, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20240 www.doi.gov Department of Justice Janet Reno, Attorney General 9th and Constitution Ave., N.W. Washington, D.(\ 20530 www.usdoj.gov Department of Labor Alexis M. Herman, Secretary 200 Constitution Ave., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20210 www.dol.gov Department of State Madeleine K. Albright, Secretary 2201 "C" St., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20520 www.state.gov Department of Transportation Rodney E. Slater, Secretary 400 Seventh St., 1S.W. Washington, D.C . 20590 www.dot.gov Department of the Treasury Lawernce Summers, Sec. designate 15th and Pennsylvania Ave., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20220 w w w. ustreas. gov Department of Veterans Affairs Togo West, Jr., Secretary 810 Vermont Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20420 www.va.gov

U.S. JUDICIAL BRANCH Supreme Court of the United States 1 First St. NE, Washington, D.C 2051.1 William H. Rehnquist, Chief Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Associate Justice David Souter, Associate Justice Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice

Stephen Breyer, Associate Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justi Antonin A. Scalia, Associate Justice John Paul Stevens, Associate Justice

177

178

IOWA OFFICIAL Rf:( ilSTER

U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE 8TH CIRCUIT U.S. Cmtrt and Custom

House.

1114 Market

Richard S. Arnold, Circuit. Judge C. Arlen Beam, Circuit Judge George G Fagg, Senior- Circuit Judge James B. Loken, Circuit Judge Diana E. Murphy, Circuit Judge Roger L. Wollman, Chief Judge Floyd R. (Jihson, Senior (Circuit Judge Gerald W. Heaney, Senior Circuit Judge Donald R. Ross, Senior Circuit Judge

St., Sf. Louis,

MO (i'HOl;

31'•//'539-3609

Morris S. Arnold, Circuit Judge Pasco M. Bowman, Circuit Judge David R. Hansen, Circuit Judge Frank J. Magill, Senior (Circuit Judge Theodore McMillian, Circuit Judge Myron H. Bright, Senior Circuit Judge John R. Cibson. Senior Circuit Judge Donald P. Lay, Senior Circuit Judge

U.S. DISTRICT COURT - SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA 12:i East Walnut, Des Moines 50309; 51512X4-624S; www.iasil.uscourts.xou Chief Judge: Ronald Longstall, Des Moines Judges: Robert W. Pratt, Des Moines Senior Judge: Harold D. Vietoi, Des Moines Magistrates: Celeste Bremer, Des Moines; Thomas J. Shields, Davenport; Ross Walters, Des Moines; Clerk: James R. Rosenbaum, Des Moines Attorney: Don C. Nickerson, Des Moines Assistant Attorneys: John E. Beamer, Des Moines; Inga Bumbarv-Langston. Des Moines; Clifford R. Cronk, III, Bettendorf; Kathleen Deal Des Moines; Robert Dopf. Des Moines; Christopher Hagen, Des Moines; Gary Hayward, Des Moines; Andrew Kahl. Des Moines; Edwin F. Kelly. Jr., Des Moines; Mary Luxa, West Des Moines; Maureen McGuire, Des Moines; Stephen O'Meara, West Des Moines: Lester Paff, Windsor Heights; William Purdy, Des Moines; Richard L. Richards, Des Moines; Debra L. Scorpiniti. West Des Moines; Kevin VanderSchel, Des Monies; Clifford D. Wendel, Newton Marshal: Phyllis Henry, Des Moines Chief Probation Officer: L. Jane McPhillips, Des Moines Probation Officers: Michelle DiBlasi, Des Moines; Michael Elbert, Des Moines; Jerry Evans. Pleasant Hill; Douglas Frost. West Des Moines, Tim Heinrichs, Davenport; David Klodd, Des Moines; Wendy Meyer, Davenport; Pamela Nelson, Grimes, Penny Sax, Des Monies; Jack Spicer, Des Moines; John Stites, Ankeny; Sheila Wilson, West Des Moines; John Klaassen. Des Moines; Robin Eaton, West Des Moines; Samantha O'Hara, Ankeny; Douglas Slater. Ankeny: Jay Thompson, Des Moines; Bob Donohoo, Davenport; Mike Corbin, Davenport; Jennifer Johnson, Davenport Chief Bankruptcy Judge: Russell J. Hill, Des Moines Bankruptcy Judge: Lee Jackwig, Des Moines

U.S. DISTRICT COURT - NORTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA Federal Building, Cedar Rapids 52401; 31912X6-2300; www.iand.uscourts.gov Chief Judge: Michael J. Mellow Cedar Rapids Judge: MarkW. Bennett, Sioux City Senior Judges: Edward J. McManus, Cedar Rapids; Donald O'Brien, Sioux City Magistrate: John A. Jarvey, Cedar Rapids; Paul Zoss. Sioux City Clerk: James D. Hodges, Jr., Cedar Rapids Attorney: Steve Rapp, Cedar Rapids Assistant Attorneys: Steven Colloton. Cedar Rapids; Lawrence Kudej, Cedar Rapids; Thomas Lininger, Cedar Rapids; Ana Maria Martel, Cedar Rapids; Martin McLaughlin, Cedar Rapids; Richard Murphy, Cedar Rapids; Rodger Overholser, Cedar Rapids; Janet Papenthien, Cedar Rapids; Patrick Reinert, Cedar Rapids; Robert Teig, Cedar Rapids; Kristin Tolvstad, Cedar Rapids; Daniel Tvedt, Cedar Rapids; Judith Whetstine, Cedar Rapids; Kandice Wilcox, Cedar Rapids; Stephanie Wright, Cedar Rapids; Willis Buell, Sioux City; Michael Hobart, Sioux City; Timothy Jarman, Sioux City; Donna Webb, Sioux City Marshal: Dennis H. Blome, Cedar Rapids Chief Probation Officer: Michael (.). Ebinger, Cedar Rapids Probation Officers: Robert Askelson, (Vdar Rapids; Debra Buckner. Waterloo; Patricia Cargin, Cedar Rapids; Sandra Dod^v, Sioux City; Greg Ellerbrock, Sioux City; Todd Huss. Cedar Rapids; Jay Jackson, Sioux City; Richard Niles, Sioux City; Jerry Skadburg, Sioux City; Ron Telecky, Cedar Rapids; Ann Vestle, Cedar Rapids; John Zielke, Cedar Rapids Bankruptcy Judge: William Edmonds, Sioux City Chief Bankruptcy Judge: Paul Kilburg, Cedar Rapids

179

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

IOWA'S UNITED STATES SENATORS Name

Politics Place of Birth

Date of Birth

Residence

Augustus C. Dodge George W. Jones James Harlan James W. Grimes Samuel J. Kirkwood James B. Howell James Harlan George G. Wright William B. Allison Samuel J. Kirkwood James W. McDill James F. Wilson John H. Gear Jonathan P. Dolliver Albert B. Cummins Lafayette Young William S. Kenyon Charles A. Rawson Smith W. Brookhart

Louisiana Indiana Illinois New Hampshire Maryland New Jersey Illinois Indiana Ohio Maryland Ohio Ohio New York West Virginia .... Pennsylvania Iowa Ohio Iowa Missouri

Jan. 2, 1812 ... Apr. 12, 1804 . Aug 26, 1820 .. Oct. 20, 1816.. Dec. 20, 1813 . July 4, 1816 . Aug. 26, 1820 . Mar. 24, 1826 . Mar. 2, 1829... Dec. 20, 1813 . Mar. 4, 1834... Oct. 19, 1828 .. Apr. 7, 1825 ... Feb. 26, 1858 . Feb. 15, 1850 . May 10, 1848 ... Jun. 10, 1869 ... May 20, 1867 ... Feb. 2, 1869

Burlington . Dubuque .... Mt. Pleasan Burlington . Iowa City ... Keokuk." Mt. Pleasant. Des Moines ... Dubuque Iowa City Afton Fairfield Burlington .. Ft. Dodge .... Des Moines . Des Moines .... Ft. Dodge Des Moines .... Washington ...

Daniel F. Steck David W. Stewart L.J. Dickinson Louis Murphy Guy M. Gillette Clyde L. Herring George A. Wilson Bourke B. Hickenlooper Guy M. Gillette Thomas E. Martin Jack Miller Harold E. Hughes Richard C. Clark John C. Culver Roger Jepsen Charles E. Grassley . Tom Harkin

Iowa Ohio Iowa Iowa Iowa Michigan . Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Illinois Iowa Iowa Minnesota . Iowa

Dec. 16, 1881 ... Jan. 22, 1887 ... Oct. 29, 1873 .... Nov. 6, 1875 Feb. 3, 1879 May 3, 1879 Apr. 1. 1884 Jul. 21, 1896 .... Feb. 3, 1879 Jan. 18, 1893 ... Jun. 6, 1916 Feb. 10, 1922 ... Sep. 14, 1929 ... Aug. 8, 1932 Dec. 23, 1928 ... Sep. 17, 1933 Nov. 19, 1939

Ottumwa Sioux City Algona Dubuque Cherokee Des Moines Des Moines Cedar Rapids Cherokee Iowa City Sioux City Ida Grove Marion Cedar Rapids .... Davenport New Hartford . Cumming

Iowa Iowa

Years Served 1848-1855 1848-1859 1855-1865 1859-1869 1866-1867 1870-1871 1867-1873 1871-1877 1873-1908 1877-1881 1881-1883 1883-1895 1895-1900 1900-1910 1908-1926 1910-1911 1911-1922 1922-1922 1922-1926 1927-1933 1926-1931 1926-1927 1931-1937 1933-1936 1936-1945 1937-1943 1943-1949 1945-1969 1949-1955 1955-1961 1961-1973 1969-1975 1973-1979 1975-1981 1979-1985 19811985-

DATA ON SENATORIAL SUCCESSIONS James Harlan resigned to accept the cabinet portfolio of secretary of interior in Lincoln's cabinet. Samuel J. Kirkwook was elected to fill vacancy. James W. Grimes resigned. James B. Howell elected to fill the unexpired term and George G Wright elected for the new term. Samuel J. Kirkwood resigned in 1881 to accept the cabinet portfolio of secretary of the interior. James W. McDill named by the governor to fill the vacancy; also elected by 19th General Assembly, 1882, to fill out balance of term. John H. Gear died Jul. 14, 1900. Jonathan P. Dolliver was appointed Aug. 22, 1900 to fill the vacancy. He was also elected by the 29th General Assembly, Jan 9, 1902, to fill out the remainder of the term ending March 4, 1907 and was elected for another full term. Sen. William B. Allison died Aug. 4, 1908, and Albert B. Cummins was selected at the special session of the 32nd General Assembly on Nov. 24, 1908 to fill the remainder of his term. Cummins was also elected by the 33rd General Assembly for the term beginning March 4, 1909. Dolliver died Oct. 15, 1910. Lafayette Young was appointed Nov. 12, 1910 to fill the vacancy. The 34th General Assembly, on April 12, 1911, elected William S. Kenyon to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Dolliver. He resigned Feb. 24, 1922 to accept an appointment as judge of the federal circuit court. Charles A. Rawson was appointed Feb. 25, 1922 to fill the vacancy and he served until Nov. 7, 1922. Albert B. Cummins died in Jul. 1926. David W. Stewart was appointed to fill the vacancy until election, Nov. 2, 1926. Stewart was elected to fill the unexpired term. On the death of Louis Murphy in 1936, Guy M. Gillette was elected for the short term over Berry Halden The term expired Jan 3, 1939. Smith W. Brookhart was elected Nov. 7, 1922 for the unexpired term of Kenyon. In the election of Nov. 4, 1924, Brookhart ran against Daniel F. Steck with the vote showing Brookhart winning 447,594 to 4-16,840. The election was contested; however, and on April 12, 1926, the U.S. Senate voted 16 Republicans, 29 Democrats to unseat; 31 Republicans, nine Democrats, and one Farmer-Labor against unseating. As a result, Steck took over the seat on April 12,1926 and served out the term. Brookhart subsequently won election to the Senate again in the 1926 election and served from March 4, 1927 to March 3, 1933.

180

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER IOWA'S UNITED STATE'S REPRESENTATIVES 1989-2001

District

Name

Party

Home

Profession

101st CONGRESS - 1989 to 1991 1 2 3 4 5 6

James Leach Tom Tauke David Nagle Neal Smith Jim Ross Lightfoot Fred Grandy

R R D D R R

Davenport Dubuque Waterloo Altoona Shenandoah Sioux City

Businessman Lawyer Lawyer Lawyer Businessman-Radio Actor

102nd CONGRESS - 1991 to 1993 1 2 3 4 5 6

James Leach Jim Nussle David Nagle Neal Smith Jim Ross Lightfoot Fred Grandy

R R D D R R

Davenpor Manchester Waterloo Altoona Shenandoah Sioux City

Businessman Lawyer Lawyer Lawyer Businessman-Radio Actor

103rd CONGRESS - 1993 to 1995 1 2 3 4 5

James Leach Jim Nussle Jim Ross Lightfoot Neal Smith Fred Grandy

R R R D R

Davenport Manchester Shenandoah Altoona Sioux City

Businessman Lawyer Businessman-Radio Lawyer Actor

104th CONGRESS - 1995 to 1997 1 2 3 4 5

James Leach Jim Nussle Jim Ross Lightfoot Greg Ganske Tom Latham

R R R R R

Davenport Manchester Shenandoah Des Moines Alexander

Businessman Lawyer Businessman-Radio Reconstructive Surgeon Co-owner, Seed Co.

105th CONGRESS - 1997 to 1999 1 2 3 4 5

James Leach Jim Nussle Leonard Boswell Greg Ganske Tom Latham

R R D R R

Davenport Manchester Davis City Des Moines Alexander

Businessman Lawyer Farmer Reconstructive Surgeon Co-owner, Seed Co.

106th CONGRESS - 1999 to 2001 1 2 3 4 5

James Leach Jim Nussle Leonard Boswell Greg Ganske Tom Latham

R R D R R

Davenport Manchester Davis City Des Moines Alexander

Businessman Lawyer Farmer Reconstructive Surgeon Co-owner, Seed Co.

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THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT In 1620 the Pilgrims, persecuted for conscience's sake, "braved the tempests of the vast and furious ocean and the terrors lurking in the American wilderness" to plant their State of Freedom. Even before landing they set up their government by a written Compact; the first charter of a government of the people, by the people and for the people known to history. In the cabin of the Mayflower humanity recovered its rights.

THE COMPACT Signed in the Cabin of the "Mayflower" Nov. 11th, Old Style, Nov. 21st, New Style, 1620 "In the name of God, amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyall subjects of our dread soveraigne Lord, King James, by the grace of God, of Great Britaine, Franc and Ireland king, defender of the faith haveing undertaken for the glorie of God, and advancemente of the Christian faith, and honour of our king and countrie, a voyage to plant the first colonie in the northerne parts of Virginia, doe by these presents solemnly and mutualy in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves togeather into a civill body politick, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by verture hereof to enacte, constitute and frame such just and equall lawes, ordinances, acts, constitutions and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meete and convenient for the general good of the colonie, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cap-Codd the 11 of November, in the year of the raigne of our soveraigne lord, King James of England, Franc and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. ANo Dom 1620." John Carver William Bradford Edward Winslow William Brewster Isasc Allerton Myles Standish John Alden Samuel Fuller Christopher Martin William Mullins William White Richard Warren John Howland Stephen Hopkins

Edward Tilly John Tilly Francis Cooke Thomas Rogers Thomas Tinker John Rigdale Edward Fuller John Turner Francis Eaton James Chilton John Crackston John Billington Moses Fletcher John Goodman

Degory Priest Thomas Williams Gilbert Winslow Edmond Margeson Peter Brown Richard Britteridge George Soule Richard Clarke Richard Gardiner John Allerton Thomas English Edward Doty Edward Leister

This venerable document, the first American State paper. Thus these men became the First Americans. They believed that God created all men equal; therefore, without other precedent; they made all men equal before the Law. Here was the birth of popular constitutional liberty, foreshadowing our Declaration of Independence and our American Constitution, which guarantees Freedom to all of us today. Tremendous suffering was endured as they grappled with the great unknown. Half their number perished in the struggle of that first terrible Winter. Under cover of darkness, the fast dwindling Company laid their dead; levelling the earth above them lest the Indians should learn how many were the graves. "History records no nobler venture for Faith and Freedom than that of this Pilgrim band. In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and cold, they laid the foundation of a State wherein every man, through countless ages, should have liberty to worship God in his own way, in perpetuation and spreading, throughout the World, the lofty ideals of our Republic." The "Mayflower" started with ninety-eight passengers; one was born on the voyage, and four joined them from the ship. Forty-one men signed the "Compact." There were twelve other men, twenty-two women, twenty boys, and eight girls in the company. In December, six died; in January, eight; in February, seventeen; in March, thirteen; making forty-four. Forty-four are believed to have left descendants. (Note: November 21st of our calendar is the same as November 11th of the old Style calendar.)

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THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE /// Congress, July 4, 1776 - The unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. - We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundations on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariable the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. - Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. - He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. - He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. - He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only. - He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. - He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. - He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. - He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. - He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our People, and eat out their substance. He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislature. - He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power. - He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their acts of pretended Legislation: - For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: - For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: - For imposing taxes on us without our Consent: - For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury: - For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offenses: - For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighboring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies: - For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Government: - For suspending our own Legislature, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. - He has abdicated Government here, by declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. - He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. - He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation. - He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands. - He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless

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Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions. - In every state of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant is unfit to be the rule of a free People. - Nor have We been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold Them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor. JOHN HANCOCK.

SIGNERS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE New Hampshire -

Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew Thornton.

Massachusetts Bay

Saml. Adams, John Adams, Robt. Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry.

Rhode Island -

Step. Hopkins, William Ellery.

Connecticut •

Roger Sherman, Samel. Huntington, Wm. Williams, Oliver Wolcott.

New York-

Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, Frans. Lewis, Lewis Morris.

New Jersey -

Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Frans. Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark.

Pennsylvania -

Robt. Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benja. Franklin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, James Wilson, Geo. Ross.

Delaware -

Ceasar Rodney, Geo. Read, Tho M'Kean.

Maryland -

Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton.

Virginia -

George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Th. Jefferson, Benja. Harrison, Thos. Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton.

North Carolina -

Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn.

South Carolina -

Edward Rutledge, Thos. Heyward, Junr., Thomas Lynch, Junr., Arthur Middleton.

Georgia -

Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton.

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CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES The constitution can be found on the web at: www.nara.gov NOTE: All portions of the constitution which were later amended, are included in brackets [ ] Preamble We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Article I Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen. [Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.] The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five. South Carolina five, and Georgia three. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment. Section 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, [chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.] [Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. ] No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States: but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law. Section 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be [on the first Monday in December,] unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

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Section 5. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of one fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn lor more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. Section 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time: and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. Section 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the ('ongress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. Section 8. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; To borrow money on the credit of the United States; To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes; To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States; To establish post offices and post roads; To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water; To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall he for a longer term than two years; To provide and maintain a navy;

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To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; —And To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. Section 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed. [No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.] No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state. Section 10. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection laws: and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. Article II Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows: Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. [The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each state having one vote; A quorum

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for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President. | The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States. fin case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.] The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States, or any of them. Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation:-"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." Section 2. The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or m the heads of departments. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session. Section 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States. Section 4. The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Article III Section 1. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. Section 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;—to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdict.ion;--to controversies to which the United States shall be a party;-to controversies between two or more states;—(between a state and citizens of another state;]—between citizens of different states;—between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact,

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with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed. Section 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. Article IV Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. Section 2. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. [No person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.] Section 3. New states may be admitted by the Congress into this union; but no new states shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislatures of the states concerned as well as of the Congress. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular state. Section 4. The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence. Article V The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. Article VI All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States. Article VII The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the states so ratifying the same. Done in convention by the unanimous

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consent of the states present the seventeenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven and of the independence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names, G. Washington-Presidt. and deputy from Virginia New Hampshire: John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman Massachusetts: Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King Connecticut: Wm Saml. Johnson, Roger Sherman New York: Alexander Hamilton New Jersey: Wil Livingston, David Brearly, Wm. Paterson, Jona Dayton Pennsylvania: B. Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt. Morris, Geo. <'lymer, Thos. FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouv Morris Delaware: Geo: Read, Gunning Bedford jun, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jaco Broom Maryland: James McHenry, Dan of St Thos. Jenifer, Danl Carroll Virginia: John Blair, James Madison Jr. North Carolina: Wm. Blount, Richd. Dobbs Spaight, Hu Williamson South Carolina: J. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler Georgia: William Few, Abr Baldwin AMENDMENTS: NOTE: The F i r s t 10 A m e n d m e n t s a r e c o m m o n l y k n o w n as t h e Bill of R i g h t s . Amendment I Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. A m e n d m e n t II A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. A m e n d m e n t III No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. A m e n d m e n t IV The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. Amendment V No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. A m e n d m e n t VI In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. A m e n d m e n t VII In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. A m e n d m e n t VIII

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Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Amendment EX The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Amendment X The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. Amendment XI The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state. Amendment XII The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and VicePresident, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;-The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;-the person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.] The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States. Amendment XIII Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment XIV Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, [being twenty-one years of age,] and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be

191 reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall hear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state. Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But (1ongress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. A m e n d m e n t XV Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. A m e n d m e n t XVI The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census of enumeration. Amendment XVII The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislatures. When vacancies happen in the representation of any state in the Senate, the executive authority of such state shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, that the legislature of any state may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct, This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. Amendment XVIII Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Section 2. The Congress and the several states shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several states, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the Congress.| Amendment XIX The right of citizens of the United States to vole shall not he denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article Inappropriate legislation. Amendment XX Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had nol been ratified; and the

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terms of their successors shall then begin. Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article. Section 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission. Amendment XXI Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. Section 2. The transportation or importation into any state, territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited. Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several states, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the Congress. Amendment XXII Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states by the Congress. Amendment XXIII Section 1. The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous state; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the states, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a state; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment XXIV Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or

GOVERNMENT

1 93

Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment XXV Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President. Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress. Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office. Amendment XXVI Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are 18 years of age or older, to vote, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of age. Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment XXVII No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Chapter 6

'The Object of Education is to Prepare the Young to Educate Themselves Throughout Their Lives/' - Robert Maynard Hutchins

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT For more information about municipal government contact: Iowa League of Cities, 317 Sixth Avc, Suite 1400, Des Moines, 50309; 515/244-7282; FAX 515/244-0740. Municipal government in Iowa's 949 cities is as varied as the cities' populations. However, all city officials from Des Moines (population 193,189) to Delphos (population 23) must work to create policies, manage city monies, comply with legislative regulations and maintain adequate infrastructure no matter what the size of their community. By definition in the Code of Iowa, chapter 362, a city is any municipal corporation other than a county, township, school district or special-purpose district. A municipal body must comply with the provisions outlined in the Code of Iowa, chapter 368 to incorporate as a city. Of the state's 949 cities, a total of 498 have a population of less than 500 according to 1990 census figures. While most cities have a mayor-council form of government, there are a total of six forms of municipal government in Iowa: mayor-council or mayor-council with an appointed manager; council-manager-at-large; commission; council-manager-ward; home rule charter; and special charter. The essential differences among these forms are how the legislative and administrative responsibilities are separated. The typical size of an Iowa city council is five members. In each of Iowa's cities, the city council serves as the policy-making body and is responsible for managing the city's annual budget. Basic sources of revenue for cities include: property taxes, state-shared revenue, local option taxes, service fees, license and permit fees and contracts from other local governments.

COUNTY GOVERNMENT For more information about county government contact: Iowa State Association of Counties, 701 E. Court Ave., Des Moines 50309; 515/244-7181; FAX 5151244-6397 www.iowacounties.org The origin of the American county is from the French word "conte," meaning the domain of a count; however, the American county, defined by Webster as "the largest territorial division for local government within a state of the U.S.," is based on the Anglo-Saxon county, sometimes called a shire. The head of the shire in the British Isles was the Shire Reeve, the origin for today's county sheriff. Today, elected county officials in Iowa are the board of supervisors, recorder, treasurer, auditor, sheriff, and attorney. The board of supervisors is the chief administrative body of county government. It consists of either three or five members. The functions and services of counties can be grouped into three categories: functions of state government which are administered by the county; services that are of a local nature; and internal administrative functions that the county performs for its own operation or on behalf of other local taxing jurisdictions. County governments are required to provide a number of functions which are mandated by the state and which are administered much the same way in each county. These functions, and those who generally perform them, can be broadly categorized as follows: • election administration: auditor • prosecution of state laws and • social /human sendees: board of county ordinances: attorney supervisors, director of community • licensing: treasurer and recorder services • jail administration, law • recording of documents and vital enforcement: sheriff statistics: recorder • road maintenance: engineer The local services provided by counties can be broadly categorized under the following headings: public works services, social/human services, health services, and law enforcement. The internal administrative functions performed by counties are: property tax administration, finance, and miscellaneous management and record-keeping functions. County government in Iowa has gone through many changes since Dubuque and Demoine were the only counties in the territory, but most of those changes have taken place quite recently. In the last 25 years, counties acquired home rule powers, county funds were consolidated, human service programs were reorganized, the court system was taken over by the state, and enabling legislation was enacted to provide for the option of county government reorganization. Iowa currently has 99 counties*. ^Information regarding the naming of each county can be found in Chapter 7.

197

LOCALTtOVERNMENT 1 - ADAIR County Courthouse. 400 Public Square. GREENFIELD 50849 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Ken Huddleson FAX Auditor

Jenice Wallace (R)

Clerk of Court

HelenConard

County Attorney

Clint Hight (R)

Engineer

DonTresemer

Recorder

Priscilla McClelland (R).

Sheriff

FredSkellenger(R)

Treasurer

Constance Sheriff (R)

Supervisors

Richard Dolan (D) Bob Grasty (D) Richard L. Reis (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

2 - ADAMS County Courthouse, 500 9th Street. CORNING 50841 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Carolyn Burroughs FAX Auditor

Donna West (R)

Clerk of Court

Myrna Brown

County Attorney

Earl Hardisty (R)

Engineer

EldonRike

Recorder

Mary Miller (R)

Sheriff

Merlin Dixon (D)

Treasurer

Marcus Carr (D)

Supervisors

Jim Amdor (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Verlyn Rice (R) Richard Cantieri (R) Phyllis Mullen (R) Kevin Wynn (D) FAX

3 - ALLAMAKEE County Courthouse. 110 Allamakee Street. WAUKON 52172 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Jeff Moe FAX Auditor

Bill Roe Jr. (R)

Clerk of Court

Carl Christianson

County Attorney

William Shafer (R)

Engineer

William Kerndt

Recorder

Debbie Winke (R)

Sheriff

Neil Becker (R)

Treasurer

Lori Hesse (R)

Supervisors

Lennie Burke (D) Kathy Campbell (R) .... William Clark (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

743-2531 743-2565 743-2546 743-2565 743-2445 743-2974 743-6197 743-6198 743-6111 743-2565 743-2411 743-2565 743-2148 343-7185 743-2312 743-2565 743-6111 743-6111 743-6111 743-2565

322-4312 none 322-3340 322-4647 322-4711 322-4523 322-4008 none 322-3910 322-3945 322-3744 322-3744 322-4444 322-3868 322-3210 322-4647 322-3240 322-3240 322-3240 322-3240 322-3240 322-4647

568-3145 568-0096 568-3522 568-4978 568-6351 568-6353 568-3813 568-4720 568-4574 568-6904 568-2364 568-6419 568-4521 568-4720 568-3793 568-6401 568-3522 568-3522 568-3522 568-4978

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

198 4-APPANOOSE

County Courthouse, 201 N. 12th,CENTERVII_LE 52544 Telephone Area Code: 515 Marcella Thompson Assessor FAX Auditor

Linda Demry (R)

Clerk of Court

Sharon Tice

County Attorney

Robert Bozwell (D)

Engineer

Wendell Folkerts

Recorder

Cheryl Piatt (R)

Sheriff

Gerald Banks (R)

Treasurer

Mary Kay Williams (R).

Supervisors

DeanKaster(D) Royce Joiner (D) Wayne Sheston(D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

5 -AUDUBON County Courthouse, 318 Leroy, AUDUBON 50025 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Loretta Campbell

FAX

. 563-3418 563-3730 . 563-2584 563-2556 . 563-4275 563-4276 . 563-2677 563-2705 . 563^286 563-2056 . 563-2119 563-4677 . 563-2631 563-3730 . 563-2293 563-2556

FAX

563-2428 . 563-2428 . 563-2428 563-2556

FAX Auditor

ColleenRiesgaard(R) ..

Clerk of Court

Evelyn Wiges

County Attorney

Francine Andersen (D)..

Engineer

Vacant

Recorder

Mary Lou Johansen(D).

Sheriff

Bill D. Shaw (R)

Treasurer

Peggy Smalley (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

Supervisors

. Harold Akers (D) . LaVerne Deist (D) . Sally R. Alt (R)

6 -BENTON County Courthouse, 111 West 4th Street, VINTON 52349 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Larry Andreesen

FAX Auditor

Jill Marlow (D)

Clerk of Court

Cynthia Forsyth

County Attorney

David Thompson (D)

Engineer

Myron Parizek

Recorder

Betty Wright (R)

Sheriff

KenPopenhagen(R)

Treasurer

Kelly Rae Geater (R)

Supervisors

Dell Hanson (R) Edwin J . B r e c h t ( D ) . Edward Sass (D) ....

437-4529 437-4850 856-6191 856-8023 856-6101 856-2282 437-7178 437-4850 856-6193 437-4850 856-6103 437-4850 437-7104 437-7107 856-3097 856-8104 856-5512 856-5512 856-5512 437-4850

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

472-5211 472-5212 472-2365 472-4869 . 472-2766 472-2747 . 472-2436 472-3601 . 472-2211 472-2737 . 472-3309 472-3309 . 472-2337 472-4770 . 472-2450 472-2913 . 472-4869 . 472-4869 . 472-4869 472-4869

199

LuCAtrGOVERNMENT 7 - BLACK HAWK County Courthouse, 316 E. 5th Street. WATERLOO 50703 Telephone Area Code 319 Assessor Vicki Atkins FAX Auditor

Grant Veeder(D)

Clerk of Court

Jackie J. Harrison

County Attorney

Tom Ferguson (D)

Engineer

Richard King

Recorder

Patricia Sass (D)

Sheriff

Michael Kubik (D)

Treasurer

Barbara Freet (D)

Supervisors

Craig White (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Leon Mosley (R) Brian Quirk (D) Barbara Leestamper(D). Norman Granger (R) FAX

833-3006 833-3100 833-3063 833-3119 833-3331 833-3250 833-3001 833-3020 833-3008 833-3139 833-3012 833-3170 291-2487 291-2541 833-3013 833-3179 833-3003 833-3003 833-3003 833-3003 833-3003 833-3070

8-BOONE County Courthouse, 201 State Street, BOONE 50036 Telephone Area Code: 515 . Kathleen Anderson Assessor FAX Auditor

. Philippe Meier (D)

Clerk of Court ....

. W. Brian Bovey

County Attorney .

. Jim P. Robbins (D)

Engineer

. DavidAnthoney

Recorder

. SherylThul (D)

Sheriff

. RonFehr(N/P)

Treasurer

. L Cheryl Sebring(D)..

Supervisors

. Robert Lind (D) . David Reed (D) Donovan Olson (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

433-0508 433-0509 433-0502 432-8102 433-0561 433-0563 433-0542 432-8102 433-0530 432-8102 433-0514 432-8102 433-0524 432-8047 433-0510 432-8102 433-0500 433-0500 433-0500 432-8102

9-BREMER County Courthouse, 415 East Bremer, WAVERLY 50677 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor JeanKeller FAX Auditor

Marilyn Schnell (R)

Clerk of Court

NancyGreenlee

County Attorney

Kasey Wadding (R)

Engineer

ToddFonkert

Recorder

Donna Ellison (D)

Sheriff

William Westendorf (R) .

Treasurer

Sharon Abram(R)

Supervisors

Steven Reuter(R) James Block (D) Gaylord Hinderaker (R)..

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

352-0145 352-0150 352-0340 352-0290 352-5661 352-1054 352-0214 352-0290 352-0602 352-0635 352-0401 352-0518 352-5400 352-2708 352-0242 352-0290 352-0130 352-0130 352-0130 352-0130

200

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER 10 - BUCHANAN County Courthouse, 210 5th Ave NE, INDEPENDENCE 50644 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Virginia Sleeper FAX Auditor

Cindy Witt (D)

Clerk of Court

ReneeRasmussen

County Attorney

Allan Vanderhart(R)

Engineer

Brian Keierleber

Recorder

Diane Curry (D)

Sheriff

Leonard Davis (R)

Treasurer

Judy Harland (D)

Supervisors

Ellen Gaffney(D) Leo Donnelly (D) Ralph Kremer (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 11 - BUENA VISTA County Courthouse, 215 E. 5th Steet, STORM LAKE 50588 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor TedVanGrootheest FAX Auditor

Karen Strawn (R)

Clerk of Court

Donna McPherren

County Attorney

Philip Havens (R)

Engineer

Jonltes

Recorder

ShariO'Bannon(D)

Sheriff

Chuck Eddy (D)

Treasurer

KathyBach(D)

Supervisors

Lorna Burnside (R) Jim Gustafson (D) Doug Bruns (R) Richard Vail (R) Herb Crampton (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

12-BUTLER County Courthouse, ALLISON 50602 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Deb McWhirter FAX Auditor

Holly Fokkena (R)

Clerk of Court

Sharon Dralle

County Attorney

Gregory Lievens (R)

Engineer

Robert Haylock

Recorder

Craig Franken (R)

Sheriff

Timothy Junker (R)

Treasurer

Louise Squires (R)

Supervisors

Neal Wedeking (R) Mel Bakker (R) Mike Creeden (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

334-2706 334-7451 334-4109 334-4234 334-2196 334-7455 334-3710 334-7495 334-6031 334-9951 334-4259 334-7453 334-2568 334-6542 334-4340 334-7454 334-3578 334-3578 334-3578 334-4234

749-2543 749-2544 749-2542 732-2603 749-2546 749-2700 732-1933 732-7263 749-2540 749-2704 749-2539 749-2539 749-2530 749-2557 749-2533 749-2533 749-2545 749-2545 749-2545 749-2545 749-2545 732-2603

267-2264 267-2625 267-2670 267-2625 267-2487 267-2487 267-2521 267-2625 267-2630 267-2625 267-2735 267-2675 267-2410 267-2135 267-2703 267-2625 267-2215 267-2215 267-2215 267-2625

201

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 13-CALHOUN County Courthouse, 416 4th Street, ROCKWELL CITY 50579 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor . Eileen Ludwig FAX Auditor

. Judy Howrey (R)

Clerk of Court ...

. Sue Skilling

FAX FAX County Attorney

Cynthia Voorde(R) .... FAX

Engineer

. RonHaden

Recorder

. Marty Minnick (D)

FAX FAX Sheriff

William Davis (D) FAX

Treasurer...

. Lori Erkenbrack (R) ...

Supervisors

Ray Powers (R) Larry Hood (D) DeanHoag.Sr. (N/P) .

FAX

FAX 14-CARROLL County Courthouse, 114 E 6th Street, CARROLL 51401 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Diane Janning

FAX Auditor

Paul Fricke (D)

Clerk of Court

Mary Jo Herrig

County Attorney

John Werden (R)

Engineer

DavidPaulson

Recorder

Marilyn Dopheide (D)

Sheriff

Douglas Bass (D)

Treasurer

Peggy Weitl (D)

Supervisors

Arden Hinners (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Neil Trobak (D) Floyd Klocke (R) Diane Schreck(D) Neil Bock (R)

FAX

297-7500 297-5607 297-7741 297-7382 297-8122 297-5082 297-7829 297-8620 297-8322 297-5607 297-8121 297-5000 297-7583 297-5000 297-7111 297-7479 297-7741 297-7741 297-7741 297-7382

792-9973 792-9493 792-9802 792-9493 792-4327 792-4328 792-9734 792-6981 792-3603 792-1310 792-3328 792-9493 792-4393 792-4564 792-1200 792-9493 792-4923 792-4923 792-4923 792-4923 792-4923 792-9493

15-CASS County Courthouse, 5 W. 7th Street, ATLANTIC 50022 Telephone Area Code: 712 ... Linda Campbell Assessor FAX Auditor

... DaleSunderman(R).

Clerk of Court ...

... Jane Lamp

County Attorney

... James Barry (R)

FAX FAX FAX Kenneth Coff man

Engineer

FAX Recorder

... Joyce Jensen (R)

Sheriff

... Larry Jones (R)

Treasurer

... Sharon Winchell (R) .

Supervisors

... ... ... ... ...

FAX FAX FAX Russell Joyce (D) Chuck Kinen (R) Don Volk(R) Charles Rieken (R) Kenneth Waters (R) .. FAX

243-2005 243-6660 243-4570 243-6660 243-2105 243-4661 243-5406 243-5478 243-2442 243-2061 243-1692 243-6660 243-2206 243-4736 243-5503 243-6660 243-6661 243-6661 243-6661 243-6661 243-6661 243-6660

202

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER 16-CEDAR County Courthouse, 400 Cedar Street, TIPTON 52772 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Debra Miller FAX Auditor

Patricia Meixner (R)

Clerk of Court

Lela Beine (D)

County Attorney

Lee Beine (D)

Engineer

Donald Torney

Recorder

Charline L. Thumm (R)

Sheriff

Keith Whitlatch (D)

Treasurer

Gary Jedlicka (D)

Supervisors

Billy Campion (D) Jon E. Bell (R) Dennis Weih (R) Larry Martens (R) LeRoy Moeller (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

886-6413 886-2144 886-3168 886-3339 886-2101 886-3594 886-2107 886-2591 886-6102 886-2110 886-2230 886-2120 886-2121 886-2095 886-2557 886-3339 886-3168 886-3168 886-3168 886-3168 886-3168 886-3339

17-CERROGORDO County Courthouse, 220 N. Washington Ave., MASON CITY 50401 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor JohnBoedeker FAX Auditor

Ken Kline (R)

Clerk of Court

Karen Purcell

County Attorney

Paul Martin (R)

Engineer

Jim Witt

Recorder

Colleen Pearce (D)

Sheriff

Larry Mason (D)

Treasurer

Michael Grandon(D)

Supervisors

Robert Ermer (D) Jay Urdahl (D) Roger Broers (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 18-CHEROKEE County Courthouse, CHEROKEE 51012 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Robert Hart FAX Auditor

Barbara Huey (D)

Clerk of Court

Cheryl Kaskey

County Attorney

Mark Cozine (D)

Engineer

Larry Clark

Recorder

Dawn Jones (R)

Sheriff

Albert Bofenkamp(R)

Treasurer

Lynde Lundquist(R)

Supervisors

William Hurd (D) Jeff Simonsen (R) Ron Wetherell (R) David Ladwig (D) Edwin Clow (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

421-3065 421-3078 421-3029 421-3139 424-6431 424-6726 421-3103 421-3136 424-9037 424-9058 421-3058 421-3138 421-3011 421-3135 421-3037 421-3089 421-3022 421-3024 421-3023 421-3139

225-6701 225-6484 225-6704 225-6708 225-6744 225-6749 225-3143 225-2935 225-6712 225-6715 225-6735 225-6708 225-6728 225-6738 225-6740 225-6708 225-6706 225-6706 225-6706 225-6706 225-6706 225-6708

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

203

19 - CHICKASAW County Courthouse, 8 E. Prospect, NEW HAMPTON 50659 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Wayne Schwickerath FAX Auditor

Judy A. Babcock(D)

Clerk of Court

DamianBaltes

County Attorney

Richard TeKippe(D)

Engineer

LyleLaartz

Recorder

Cindy Messersmith (D)

Sheriff

Bill Dean (N/P)

Treasurer

Geraldine Kennedy(D)

Supervisors

Arnold Boge (R) James Schueth(R) John Huegel (D) Dave Snyder (D) Sherry Mattke (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 20 - CLARKE County Courthouse, 100 S. MainOSCEOLA 50213 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Walter Paschell FAX Auditor

Anita Chandler (D)

Clerk of Court

Marilyn Fluckey

County Attorney

John D. Lloyd (R)

Engineer

Richard McKnight

Recorder

Judy Querrey (D)

Sheriff

Mark Addison (D)

Treasurer

Kimberly Reynolds (R)

Supervisors

Dennis Chaney(R) Gary L. Petersen (R) Terry Robins (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 21 - CLAY County Courthouse, 215 West 4th Street, SPENCER 51301 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Larry Rozeboom Marjorie A. Linn

Clerk of Court

Jane Hussey

County Attorney

Michael Zenor (R)

Engineer

Roger Clark

Recorder

Sharon McKeever (R)

Sheriff

Larry Stanislav (R)

Treasurer

Lavon Montgomery (R)

FAX FAX

262-2179 262-5793

FAX

262-7549 262-7549 262-7549 262-7549 262-7549 262-5793

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

Supervisors

342-3817 342-3817 342-3315 342-3315 342-6096 342-2463 342-3423 342-4913 342-2716 342-3893 342-3313 342-3313 342-2914 342-4071 342-3311 342-6260 342-3641 342-3641 342-3641 342-3315

262-1986 262-5257 262-1569 262-5793 262-4335 262-6042 262-1187 262-1189 262-2825 264-8934 262-1081 262-5793 262-3221 262-8115

FAX Auditor

394-2813 394-2393 394-2100 394-5541 394-2106 394-5106 394-3665 394-3124 394-2321 394-5541 394-2336 394-5541 394-3121 394-4173 394-2107 394-3530 394-2100 394-2100 394-2100 394-2100 394-2100 394-5541

Bill Zinn (R) Sylvia Schoer (D) Joel Sorenson (R) Del Brockshus (R) Ken Chalstrom (R)

204

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER 22 - CLAYTON County Courthouse, 111 High St. NE, ELKADER 52043 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Larry Hauser FAX Auditor

Dennis Freitag (R)

Clerk of Court

SusanKarpan

County Attorney

Kevin Clefisch (R)

Engineer

Jerry Weber

Recorder

Jean Welsh (R)

Sheriff

Verdean Dietrich (R)

Treasurer

Linda Orr (D)

Supervisors

M. Delores Schultz (R) Robert Walke (R) Neil Meyer (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

23 - CLINTON County Courthouse, 612 N. 2nd Street, CLINTON 52732 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Paul Hilmers FAX Auditor

Charles Sheridan (D)

Clerk of Court

Marilyn Huff

County Attorney

Mike Wolf (D)

Engineer

William Belzer

Recorder

Wayne Wilke (R)

Sheriff

Gary Mulholland (D)

Treasurer

Rhonda Mclntyre (R)

Supervisors

Jill Davisson (R) Lewis Todtz (R) RossSpooner(D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

24 - CRAWFORD County Courthouse, 1202 Broadway, DENISON 51442 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Eugene DuaneZenk.Jr FAX Auditor

Cecilia Fineran (D)

Clerk of Court

Karen Kahl

County Attorney

Thomas Gustafson(D)

Engineer

H. Dale Wight

Recorder

Denise Meeves (D)

Sheriff

Thomas Hogan (D)

Treasurer

Allen Hansohn (D)

Supervisors

Mark Segebart (R) Michael Goodin (R) G. Dean Hargens (R) John Lawler (D) Robert Lohrmann(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

245-2533 245-1823 245-1106 245-2353 245-2204 245-2825 964-2630 964-2630 245-1782 245-1794 245-2710 245-2353 245-1412 245-1630 245-1807 245-2353 245-2166 245-2166 245-2166 245-2697

243-0569 243-0577 244-0568 242-3154 243-6210 243-3655 243-6210 242-0011 244-0564 243-3739 244-0565 242-8412 242-9211 242-6307 244-0573 242-6874 244-0575 244-0575 244-0575 242-3154

263-3447 263-8668 263-5358 263-8382 263-2242 263-5753 263-5601 263-5602 263-2449 263-3423 263-3643 263-8382 263-2146 263-6177 263-2648 263-3131 263-5356 263-5356 263-5356 263-5356 263-5356 263-8382

205

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 25 - DALLAS County Courthouse, 801 Court Street, ADEL 50003 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor . Ronald Potter

FAX Auditor

. Carole Bayeur (D)

Clerk of Court ...

.Gloria Ward

County Attorney

. Wayne Reisetter (D)

Engineer

. James George

FAX FAX FAX FAX Recorder

Carol (Cindy) Hoi (D) ....

FAX Sheriff

. Arthur Johnson (R)

FAX Treasurer

Darrell Bauman (R)

FAX Supervisors

. JoeReece(D) . Julius Little (R) Marvin Shirley (D)

FAX

26 - DAVIS County Courthouse, 100 Courthouse Square, BLOOM FIELD 52537 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor . SheliaFite FAX Auditor

. Goldie Rysdam (D)

Clerk of Court ....

. Judith Brunk

FAX FAX County Attorney .

Rick Lynch (D)

Engineer

GaryBishop

Recorder

Louise Frymoyer (D)

FAX FAX FAX Sheriff

. Monte L. Harsch(D)

Treasurer

. Rodger Simmons (R) ....

Supervisors

. James Bailey (D) Max Proctor (R) . MaxLeyda(D)

FAX FAX

FAX

27 - DECATUR County Courthouse, 207 North Main Street, LEON 50144 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Jim Fleming FAX Auditor

William Greenwood (D)

Clerk of Court

Marvel Payton

County Attorney

Carol Clark (R)

Engineer

Steve W A k e s

Recorder

KentonMcClaran(D)

Sheriff

Hubert Muir (Ds)

Treasurer

Mary Andrew (D)

Supervisors

BillBallantyne(D) Gary Stripe (N/P) Larry Eastin (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

993-5802 993-5822 993-4751 993-5845 993-5816 993-4752 993-5060 993-5069 993-4289 993-3965 993-5804 993-5970 993-4771 993-4569 . ... 993-5808 993-5855 993-5806 993-5806 993-5806 993-5820

664-3101 664-3317 664-2101 664-1395 664-2011 664-2041 664-1997 664-2997 664-2542 664-3221 664-2321 664-3317 664-2385 664-2718 664-2155 664-3317 664-2344 664-2344 664-2344 664-1395

446-4314 446-7159 446-4323 446-7159 446-4331 446-3759 446-3773 446-3759 .... 446-7131 446-3518 446-4322 446-7159 446-4111 446-6990 446-4321 446-7159 446-4382 446-4382 446-4382 446-7159

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

206

28 - DELAWARE County Courthouse, 301 E. Main Street, MANCHESTER 52057 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor John Klaus Auditor

Sharon McCrabb (R) ...

Clerk of Court

Lodema Berkley

County Attorney

John Bernau (R)

Engineer

Brian Ridenour

Recorder

Deborah Peyton (R) ....

Sheriff

Ronald Wilhelm (R) ....

Treasurer

Carolyn Wilson (R)

Supervisors

Shirley Helmrichs (R) .. William J. Skinner (R) . Eldon Koeneke (R)

. 927-2526 FAX

927-6476 . 927-4701

FAX

927-6423 . 927-4942 927-6423 . 927-3819 927-6423 . 927-3505 927-3102 . 927-4665 927-6423 . 927-3135 927-6973 . 927-2845 927-6423 . 927-2515 . 927-2515 . 927-2515 927-6423

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

29 - DES MOINES County Courthouse, 513 N. Main Street, BURLINGTON 52601 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Michael Anderson FAX Auditor

J. Victoria Leonard (D)

Clerk of Court

Christine Brakeville

County Attorney

Patrick Jackson (D)

Engineer

James George

Recorder

Anita Kohl (D)

Sheriff

Joel Behne (D)

Treasurer

Patricia Bean (D)

Supervisors

Timothy Hoschek (D) Ben Diewold (D) David Miller (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

30-DICKINSON County Courthouse, 1802 Hill Avenue, SPIRIT LAKE 51360 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Patricia Dodds FAX

Auditor

Nancy Reiman (D)

Clerk of Court

Marcia Eckerman

County Attorney

Edward Bjomstad(D)

Engineer

Daniel Eckert

Recorder

Janice Bortscheller (D)

Sheriff

Gregory Baloun (R)

Treasurer

Linda Voss (D)

Supervisors

June Goldman (D) David Gottsche (D) Wayne Northey (R)

FAX FAX

. 253-8270 753-8721 . 753-8227 753-8227 . 753-8272 753-8253 . 753-8209 753-8219 . 753-8268 753-8740 . 753-8221 753-8721 . 753-8212 754-6910 . 753-8269 753-8721 . 753-8282 . 753-8284 . 753-8283 753-8721

336-2687 336-2677 336-3356 336-2677 336-1138 336-4005 336-4003

FAX

336-0433 336-2944

FAX

336-1601 336-1495

FAX

336-2677 336-2793 336-1946 336-1205

FAX FAX

336-2677 336-2677 336-2677

336-2677 FAX

336-2677

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

207

31 -DUBUQUE County Courthouse, 720 Central Avenue, DUBUQUE 52001 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor PaulThomsen FAX Auditor

Denise Dolan (D)

Clerk of Court

Clay Gavin

County Attorney

Fred McCaw (D)

Engineer

MarkJobgen

Recorder

Kathy Flynn Thurlow (D)

Sheriff

Leo Kennedy (D)

Treasurer

Eric Stierman (D)

Supervisors

Alan Manternach (D) Donna Smith (D) Jim Waller (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

32 - EMMET County Courthouse, 6091 st Avenue N., ESTHERVILLE 51334 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Barbara Alig FAX Auditor

Beverly Juhl (D)

Clerk of Court

Cynthia Kelly

County Attorney

William Ridout (D)

Engineer

Randy Schlei

Recorder

Susan Synder{D)

Sheriff

Larry Lamack (D)

Treasurer

Betty Anderson (D)

Supervisors

Wayne West (D) Donald Heerdt (D) Ron Smith (D) Roland Jasper (D) Roger Anderson (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

33 -FAYETTE County Courthouse, 114 N. Vine, WESTUNION 52175 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Raymond Armel FAX Auditor

Larry Popenhagen(D)

Clerk of Court

Elizabeth Nuss

County Attorney

W. Wayne Saur (R)

Engineer

William Moellering

Recorder

Karen Ford (D)

Sheriff

Virgil Smith (R)

Treasurer

Kyle Jacobsen(R)

Supervisors

JohnBunn(R) Mary Dinan (R) Jackie Reeder (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

589-4432 589-4453 589-4499 589-4478 589-4418 none 589-4470 589-4477 557-7283 557-1973 589-4434 589-4484 589-4406 589-4497 589-4436 589-7819 589-4441 589-4441 589-4441 589-4478

362-2609 362-7454 362-4261 362-7454 362-3325 362-5329 362-5885 362-3240 362-4846 362-7454 362-4115 362-7454 362-2639 362-7271 362-5679 362-7454 362-3812 362-3812 362-3812 362-3812 362-3812 362-7454

422-3397 422-3485 422-3497 422-9201 422-5694 422-3137 283-1212 283-1213 422-3552 422-9201 422-3687 422-9201 422-3234 422-6069 422-3787 422-9201 422-3538 422-3538 422-3538 422-9201

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

208

34 - FLOYD County Courthouse, 101 S . Main Street, CHARLES CITY 50616 Telephone Area Code: 515 Bruce Hovden Assessor

FAX Auditor

Bret Stowe (D)

Clerk of Court

BarbaraFuls

County Attorney

Marilyn Dettmer (R)

Engineer

LyleLaartz

Recorder

Deborah Roberts (D)

Sheriff

Rick Lynch (R)

Treasurer

Frank Rottinghaus(D) ...

Supervisors

LeoStaudt(D) Arlin Enabnit (D) Warren Dunkel (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

257-6150 257-6118 257-6109

FAX

257-6129 257-6129 257-6129 257-6112

35 - FRANKLIN County Courthouse.121 st Ave. NW, HAMPTON 50441 Telephone Area Code: 515 Ronald Dent Assessor FAX Auditor

Shirley Ludens (R)

Clerk of Court

JusyKothenbeutel

County Attorney

Brent Symens (R)

Engineer

Randall Will

Recorder

Arlene Maifeld (R)

Sheriff

Duane Payne (R)

Treasurer

Naomi Morton (R)

Supervisors

David Craighton (R) William Jurgens (R) W. Roger Palmer (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

36 - FREMONT County Courthouse, 506 Filmore, SIDNEY 51652 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Karen Berry

FAX Auditor

Lucille Hunt (D)

Clerk of Court

Clara JeanGude

County Attorney

Vicki Danley (D)

Engineer

Charles Marker

Recorder

Margaret Henkle (R)

Sheriff

StevenMacDonald(D)...

Treasurer

Christine Sheldon (D) ....

Supervisors .

JohnWhipple(R)... Keith Hickey (R) .... Martin Gordon (R) .

257-6152 257-6106 257-6131 257-6112 257-6122 257-6125 228-7571 228-7013 257-6151 228-7356 257-6154 228-6458 228-1821

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

456-5118 456-3247 456-5622 456-5748 456-5626 456-5628 456-2489 456-2489 456-4671 456-3219 456-5675 456-5748 456-2731 456-2216 456-5678 456-5748 456-5624 456-5624 456-5624 456-5748

374-2631 374-2826 374-2031 374-2826 374-2232 374-3330 374-3163 374-2735 . 374-2613 374-2222 . 374-2315 374-2826 . 374-2424 374-2532 . 374-2122 374-2826 . 374-2415 . 374-2415 . 374-2415 374-2826

209

LOrcAtrGOVERNMENT 37-GREENE County Courthouse, 114 N. Chestnut. JEFFERSON 50129 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Jim Spearman FAX Auditor

Jerry Carey (D)

Clerk of Court

Mary Gilley

County Attorney

Nicola Martino (R)

Engineer

Wade Weiss

Recorder

Marcia Tasler (D)

Sheriff

Jeffrey R Roeder (R)

Treasurer

Donna Lawson (D)

Supervisors

Jack Anderson (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Terry Adams (D) Gene Blanshan (D) Bill Raney (R) Jerry Kelley (R) FAX

.... 386-5660 386-2216 .... 386-5680 386-2216 .... 386-2516 386-2216 .... 386-3474 386-2216 .... 386-5650 386-1217 .... 386-5670 386-5274 .... 386-2136 386-3911 .... 386-5675 386-2216 .... 386-5681 386-5681 .... 386-5681 .... 386-5681 .... 386-5681 386-2216

38-GRUNDY County Courthouse, 706 G. Avenue, GRUNDY CENTER 50638 Telephone Area Code: 319 Greg Harms Assessor FAX Mary Schmidt (R)

Auditor

FAX Clerk of Court

. Jane Wilson

County Attorney

. T.J. Heronimus (R)

Engineer

. Gary Mauer

Recorder

. Charles Kruse (R)

Sheriff

. Rick Penning (R)

Treasurer

. BrendaNoteboom(R)

Supervisors

. Verne Eberline(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX . . . .

LelandArends(R) Elmer Willms (R) Don Schildroth (R) Bernie Eilderts (R) FAX

824-6216 824-6009 824-3122 824-6098 824-5229 824-3447 824-6954 824-6953 824-6912 824-6913 824-3234 824-3017 824-6933 824-5826 824-3108 824-6009 824-5813 824-5813 824-5813 824-5813 824-5813 824-6098

39-GUTHRIE County Courthouse, 200 N. 5th Street, GUTHRIE CENTER Telephone Area Code: 515 ... BarryStetzel Assessor

50115

FAX Auditor

... Janet Dickson(R)

-Clerk of Court...

... RebeccaCarico

County Attorney

... Mary Benton (D)

Engineer

... StevenAkes

Recorder

... Jackie Sloss (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Stuart Stringham(R)

Sheriff

FAX Treasurer

... Harriett Sloss (R) FAX

Supervisors ... ... ... ...

Wayne O'Brien (R) ... Larry Laughery (R) ... James Petersen(R). Jerome Caraher (D) . Barry Branson (R) .... FAX

747-3319 747-3346 . 747-3619 747-3027 747-3415 747-2420 747-3765 747-2420 747-2274 747-3346 747-3412 747-3346 . 747-2214 747-3346 747-3414 747-3346 747-3512 747-3512 747-3512 . 747-3512 747-3512 747-3027

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

210

40 - HAMILTON County Courthouse, 2300 Superior Street, WEBSTER CITY 50595 Telephone Area Code: 515 . Kevin Bahrenfuss Assessor FAX Auditor

. Mary Shultz (D) FAX

Clerk of Court ....

DarleneDingman FAX

County Attorney .

. Patrick Chambers (D)

Engineer

. Nicholas Konrady

Recorder

. Karen Kantak(D)

Sheriff

. Scott Anderson (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX Treasurer

Deborah Leksell(D) FAX

Supervisors

. M. Dick Barkema (R) . Miles Butler (D) . Rodney Rockman (R) FAX

41 - HANCOCK County Courthouse,855 State Street, GARNER 50438 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Roger Paulsen FAX Auditor

DebraBellinghausen(R)

Clerk of Court

Patricia Holland

County Attorney

Todd Holmes (R)

Engineer

J. Wm. Waddingham

Recorder

Carmin Thorson (R)

Sheriff

Robert Gerdes(R)

Treasurer

Jean Bell (R)

Supervisors

Robert Reibsamen(R) John Torkelson (R) Dianne Dethmers Paca (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

42 - HARDIN County Courthouse, 1215 Edgington Avenue, ELDORA 50627 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Betty Donner FAX Auditor

Renee McClellan (R)

Clerk of Court

Diane Ryerson

County Attorney

Richard Dunn (R)

Engineer

Robert Haylock

Recorder

Steven Pence (R)

Sheriff

Clark Carlson (R)

Treasurer

Glena Nolting (R)

Supervisors

Jim Johnson (D) Polly Granzow (R) Ed Bear (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

832-9505 832-9506 832-9510 832-9514 832-9600 832-9519 832-9580 832-9581 832-9520 832-9525 832-9535 none 832-9500 832-9504 832-9540 832-9544 832-9530 832-9530 832-9530 none

923-2269 923-3912 923-3163 923-3912 923-2532 923-3521 843-3873 843-4914 923-2243 923-3912 923-2464 923-3912 923-2621 923-2460 923-3122 923-3912 923-3421 923-3421 923-3421 923-3912

939-8103 939-8245 939-8112 939-8245 858-2328 858-2320 939-8121 939-8244 858-5058 858-3182 939-8179 939-8245 939-8189 939-8249 939-8233 939-8245 939-8220 939-8222 939-8221 939-8247

LUCAlTGOVERNMENT

211

43 - HARRISON County Courthouse, 111 N 2nd Avenue, LOGAN 51546 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Dennis Alvis FAX Auditor

Susan Bonham(D)

Clerk of Court

K.DeanRodewald

County Attorney

Judson Frisk (D)

Engineer

J. Thomas Stoner

Recorder

Lorie Thompson (R)

Sheriff

Terry E. Baxter (D)

Treasurer

Vicki Argotsmger (R) ....

Supervisors

Rolland A. Roberts (R) . Larry King (R) Robert Smith (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

44-HENRY County Courthouse, 100E. Washington. MOUNT PLEASANT 52641 Telephone Area Code: 319 Gary Dustman Assessor FAX Auditor

Carol McCulley (R)

Clerk of Court

Susie Kuhens

County Attorney

Michael Riepe (R)

Engineer

Clarence Perry

Recorder

Bernise Wallace (R)

Sheriff

Kenneth K.Krabill(R)

Treasurer

Marjorie Burden (R)

Supervisors

MarcLindeen (R) Roger L. Beckman (R) Gary See (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

45 - HOWARD County Courthouse, CRESCO 52136 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Thomas Mullen FAX Auditor

Deborah Gaul (D)

Clerk of Court

Connie Pecinovsky

County Attorney

Joseph Haskovec(D)

Engineer

Thomas Andersen

Recorder

Cherri Caffrey (D)

Sheriff

Mark Grinhaug (R)

Treasurer

Warren Steffen(R)

Supervisors

Mary Jo Wilhelm (D) Dale Fenske (D) Janet McGovern(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

644-3101 644-2643 644-2401 644-2643 644-2665 644-2615 644-2833 644-2910 644-3140 644-3412 644-2545 644-2643 644-2244 644-2274 644-2750 644-2643 644-3123 644-3123 644-3123 644-2643

385-0750 385-3601 385-0756 385-3601 385-2632 385-4144 385-0754 385-0778 385-0762 385-0777 385-0765 385-3601 385-2712 385-2384 385-0763 385-3601 385-0761 385-0760 385-0759 385-3601

547-3409 547-2802 547-2880 547-2629 547-3860 547-3605 547-4534 547-4534 547-2620 547-2564 547-3621 547-2629 547-3535 547-4711 547-3860 547-2629 547-3404 547-3404 547-3404 547-2629

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

212

46 - HUMBOLDT County Courthouse, 203 Main Street, DAKOTA CITY 50529 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Linda Fallesen FAX Auditor

Peggy J. Rice(R)

Clerk of Court

Janice Knutson

County Attorney

KurtStoebe(R)

Engineer

PaulKlevos

Recorder

Linda Fort (R)

Sheriff

Dean Kruger (R)

Treasurer

Pat Albrecht (R)

Supervisors

Harlan Hansen (R) Romaine Lee (R) John Myers (D) Kay Kollmorgen (R) JohnChristianson(D) ...

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 47 - IDA County Courthouse, 401 Moorehead Street, IDA GROVE 51445 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Marva Bennigsdorf FAX Auditor

Maxine Rogers (R)

Clerk of Court

Marcella Segebart

County Attorney

Edward Jacobson(R) ...

Engineer

EdTice

Recorder

Jim Clausen (D)

Sheriff

Wade Harriman (R)

Treasurer

Kay Cork (R)

Supervisors

Robert C. Paulsrud (R). Joseph Cronin(D) Jerry Ralston (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 48 - IOWA County Courthouse, 901 Court Avenue, MARENGO 52301 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Sharon Hudepohl Linda Griggs (D)

Clerk of Court

SherylNeal

County Attorney

Lewis McMeen(R)

FAX FAX

FAX Engineer

Vincent Ehlert

Recorder

Sue Peterson (D)

Sheriff

James Slockett (R)

Treasurer

Donna Akerman (D)

Supervisors

Charles Montross (D) .... Ricky L. Gerald (D) Rodney Straub (R) JohnTibben (R) Raymond Garringer (R).

364-3622 364-2746 364-2626 364-2746 364-2626 364-2699 386-4138 386-4445 364-2920 364-4048 364-2220 364-2746 364-3146 364-2746 364-2625 364-2746 ... 364-2632 364-2632 364-2632 364-2746

642-3851 FAX

Auditor

. 332-1463 332-7132 . 332-1571 332-1738 . 332-1806 332-7100 332-4088 992-2367 332-2366 332-5142 332-3693 332-1738 332-2471 332-5555 332-1681 332-1738 332-1571 332-1571 332-1571 332-1571 332-1571 332-1738

FAX FAX FAX FAX

642-7150 642-3923 642-7637 642-3914 642-7637 642-5521

642-7099 642-3721 642-7046 642-3622 642-5562 642-7307 642-3826 642-3921 642-7215

642-3041 642-3041 642-3041

642-3041 642-3041 FAX

642-7637

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

213

49-JACKSON County Courthouse, 201 West Platt Street, MAQUOKETA 52060 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor William Goettler FAX Auditor

Mike Cotton (R)

Clerk of Court

LoisSchnoor

County Attorney

Phillip Tabor (D)

Engineer

Clark Scholz

Recorder

Phillis Gerlach (D)

Sheriff

RussKettmann (D)

Treasurer

AlfredTebbe, Jr. (D)

Supervisors

John Willey (R) J.C. Engel (R) David B. Kendell (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

50-JASPER CountyCourthouse,1011st Street N , NEWTON 50208 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor JohnDeegan FAX Auditor

Kenneth Slothouber(D)

Clerk of Court

Judith Johnston

County Attorney

Steve Johnson (D)

Engineer

MichaelOlson

Recorder

Nancy Parrott (D)

Sheriff

James Verwers (D)

Treasurer

JanaLust(D)

Supervisors

Leo Van Elswyk (D) Glen Jesse (D) Loren "Pat" Milligan (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 51 -JEFFERSON County Courthouse, 51 East Briggs Avenue, FAIRFIELD 52556 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor SheriBlough FAX Auditor

Scott Reneker (R)

Clerk of Court

KayO'Mara

County Attorney

Timothy Dille (R)

Engineer

Thomas Goff

Recorder

Donna Clark (R)

Sheriff

Frank Bell (R)

Treasurer

Connie Hedger(R)

Supervisors

John Estle (R) J. R. Simmons (D) Frank Stever (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

652-4935 652-6975 652-3144 652-6975 652-4946 652-2708 652-3214 652-3051 652-4782 652-6975 652-2504 652-6975 652-3312 652-0662 652-5649 652-5649 652-3181 652-3181 652-3181 652-6975

792-6195 792-1602 792-7016 792-1053 792-3255 792-2818 792-5010 792-8327 792-5862 792-7740 792-5442 792-3680 792-5912 792-4202 792-7731 792-7790 792-7016 792-7016 792-7016 792-1053

472-2849 472-6695 472-2840 472-3106 472-3454 472-9472 472-9201 472-9202 472-6528 472-3398 472-4331 472-3106 472-4146 469-3353 472-2349 472-3106 472-2851 472-2851 472-2851 472-3106

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

214

52-JOHNSON County Courthouse, 913 S. Dubuque Street, IOWA CITY 52240 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Jerry Musser FAX Auditor

... Tom Slockett (D) FAX

Clerk of Court ...

Edward Steinbrech FAX

County Attorney .

... J. Patrick White (D)

Engineer

... Michael Gardner

Recorder

... Kim Painter (D)

Sheriff

... Robert Carpenter (D)

Treasurer

... Thomas Kriz (D)

Supervisors

... Charles Duffy (D) ... Carol Thompson (D) Mick Lehman (D) ... Jonathan Jordahl(D) ... Sally Stutsman (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 53-JONES County Courthouse, 500 W.Main Street, ANAMOSA 52205 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor ArnieAndreesen FAX Auditor

JanineSulzner(R)

Clerk of Court

ElizabethMcQuillen ....

County Attorney

Connie Ricklefs (R) ....

Engineer

Mike McClain

Recorder

Marie Krutzfield (R) ....

Sheriff

Mark J. Denniston (D)

Treasurer

Jan Miller (R)

Supervisors

Dan Lambertsen (R) ... Merlin D. Moore (D) ... Keith Dirks (D) Leo Cook (D) Joe Cruise (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 54 - KEOKUK County Courthouse, 101 South Main Street, SIGOURNEY 52591 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Dean Richardson FAX Auditor

Marilyn Wells (D)

Clerk of Court

Russell Noller

County Attorney

JohnSchroeder(R)

Engineer

Christy Van Buskirk

Recorder

Nancy Snakenberg(D)...

Sheriff

Ron George (D)

Treasurer

Anne Marie Lucas (D)

Supervisors

Bill Deitrich (R) Kenneth Weber (D) Richard Denny (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

356-6078 356-6086 356-6004 356-6086 356-6060 none 339-6100 339-6149 356-6046 339-6133 356-6095 356-6181 356-6020 356-6017 356-6091 356-6086 356-6000 356-6000 356-6000 356-6000 356-6000 356-6086

462-2671 none . 462-2282 462-5815 . 462-4341 none 462-3961 462-5806 462-3785 462-3903 462-2477 462-5802 462-4371 462-4766 462-3559 none 462-2378 462-2378 462-2378 462-2378 462-2378 none

. 622-2760 622-2286 . 622-2320 622-2286 . 622-2210 622-2171 . 622-3500 622-2286 . 622-2610 622-3637 . 622-2540 622-2286 . 622-2727 622-3304 . 622-2421 622-2286 . 622-2902 . 622-2902 . 622-2902 622-2286

LOCAL UUVtRNMENT

215

55 - KOSSUTH County Courthouse, 114 W. State Street, ALGONA 50511 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor K. Donald Patton FAX Auditor

Delores Thilges (D)

Clerk of Court

Audrey Haverly

County Attorney

Dave Skilling (D)

Engineer

Richard Schiek

Recorder

Karen Benschoter(R)

Sheriff

Kevin Van Otterloo (R)

Treasurer

Nicholas Rahm (D)

Supervisors

DonBesch(D) Donald McGregor (D) Laurel Fantz Anderson (R) Robert J . C i n k ( D ) Bernard W. Reilly (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 56-LEE County Courthouse, 933 Avenue H., FORT MADISON 52627 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor JanCalvert FAX Auditor

AnnePedersen(D)

Clerk of Court

Carolyn Kropf

County Attorney

Michael Short (D)

Engineer

Dennis Osipowicz

Recorder

Larry Holtkamp (D)

Sheriff

David Ireland (D)

Treasurer

Mary Hoenig (D)

Supervisors

Tracy Vance (D) Jerry Kearns (D) Matt Mohrfeld (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

57 - LINN County Courthouse, 930 First Stree SW, CEDAR RAPIDS 52404 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor TomBrunow FAX Auditor

Linda Langenberg (D)

Clerk of Court

Sharon Modracek

County Attorney

Denver Dillard (D)

Engineer

SteveGannon

Recorder

Joan McCalmant (D)

Sheriff

Don Zeller (D)

Treasurer

Mike Stevenson (D)

Supervisors

Lu Barron (D) James Houser (D) Lumir Dostal, Jr. (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

295-3857 295-9304 295-2718 295-9304 295-3240 295-2820 295-9419 295-3834 295-3320 295-9304 295-5660 295-9304 295-3514 295-9304 295-3404 295-9304 295-2718 295-2718 295-2718 295-2718 295-2718 295-9304

372-6302 372-7033 372-3705 372-7033 524-2433 none 524-9590 524-1544 372-2541 372-7033 372-4662 372-7033 372-1152 372-1213 372-3405 372-7033 372-6557 372-6557 372-6557 372-7033

398-3401 398-3905 398-3483 398-3559 398-3412 398^054 398-3434 398-4067 398-3445 373-2213 398-3441 362-5329 398-3521 398-3403 398-3464 398-3455 398-3421 398-3421 398-3421 398-3905

216

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER 58 - LOUISA County Courthouse, 117 S. Main, WAPELLO 52653 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Greg Johnson FAX Auditor

Sylvia Belzer (R)

Clerk of Court

Melissa Schoonover

County Attorney

David Matthews (R)

Engineer

Bob Simmering

Recorder

T. Jean Brauns(D)

Sheriff

Herbert Eustler (R)

Treasurer

Karen Elkin (R)

Supervisors

Forrest Bartenhagen(R) Jack Estle (R) Jeff Story (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

59 - LUCAS County Courthouse, 916 Braden, CHARITON 50049 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Tim McGee FAX Auditor

Linda Reed (R)

Clerk of Court

Vicki Black

County Attorney

Paul Goldsmith (R)

Engineer

Todde Folkerts

Recorder

Sheryl Pierce (R)

Sheriff

DelbertLongley(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Treasurer

Phyllis Baker (R) FAX

Supervisors

James Wright (R) Gary Hawk (R) Larry Davis (R) FAX

523-6111 523-3713 523-3371 523-3713 523-4541 523-4542 523-4541 523-4542 523-5271 523-5272 523-5361 523-3713 523-3511 523-4373 523-4451 523-0184 523-3372 523-3372 523-3372 523-3713

774-4411 774-2993 774-4512 774-2993 774-4421 774-8669 774-5989 774-0454 774-4013 774-2993 774-2413 774-2993 774-5083 774-0649 744-5213 774-2993 774-2018 774-2018 774-2018 774-2993

60 - LYON County Courthouse, 206 S. 2nd Avenue, ROCK RAPIDS 51246 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Fred Christians FAX Auditor

Kenneth Mellema(R)

Clerk of Court

Jean VandeWeerd

County Attorney

Paul White (R)

Engineer

Jeffrey Williams

Recorder

Eldon Kruse (R)

Sheriff

Kevin Hammer (R)

Treasurer

Richard Heidloff (R)

Supervisors

Craig Block (R) JackL.Stubbe(R) Larry Landman (R) Jerry Stubbe (R) Jasper Ter Wee (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

472-3592 472-2829 472-3713 472-2829 472-2623 472-2422 472-3770 472-3780 472-3154 472-2829 472-2381 472-2829 472-2521 472-2303 472-3704 472-2829 472-3713 472-3713 472-3713 472-3713 472-3713 472-2829

217

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 61 - MADISON County Courthouse. 112 N John Wayne Drive. WINTERSET 50273 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Catherine Weltha FAX Auditor

Joan Welch (D)

Clerk of Court

Janice Weeks

County Attorney

Martin Ramsey (D)

Engineer

ToddHagan

Recorder

Michelle Utsler (D)

Sheriff

Paul Welch (D)

Treasurer

Becky McDonald (D)

Supervisors

Loren Myers (D) Cy McDonald (D) Jerry Ayers (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

62 - MAHASKA County Courthouse. 106 S. 1st Street. OSKALOOSA 52577 Telephone Area Code: 515 . Diane McMahan Assessor FAX Auditor

. Kay Swanson (R)

Clerk of Court ....

. Mary Sexton

County Attorney

. Charles Stream (R)

Engineer

. Dennis M.Luebbe

Recorder

. Cindy Drost (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Sheriff

CharlesVanToorn(R) .... FAX

Treasurer

. Arlene Tucker (D)

Supervisors

. Greg Gordy (R)

FAX . Howard Groenendyk(R) . . Daryl Cox (D) FAX

63 - MARION County Courthouse, 214 E. Main Street. KNOXVILLE 50138 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Michael May FAX Auditor

.. Dody De Vries (R)

Clerk of Court

.. Joan Noftsger

County Attorney

.. Terry Rachels (D)

Engineer

.. Abie Davis

Recorder

.. Sandra Agan (D)

Sheriff

.. Marvin Van Haaften (D)

Treasurer

.. Denise Emal (D)

Supervisors

.. William Shepherd (R) Earl Wagner (D) .. K.C. Valster(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

462-4303 462-5888 462-3914 462-5888 462-4451 462-9825 462-5034 462-5889 462-1136 462-2506 462-3771 462-5888 462-3575 462-3684 462-1542 462-5888 462-3225 462-3225 462-3225 462-5888

673-5805 673-8979 673-7148 673-8979 673-7786 672-1256 673-9819 673-8979 672-2897 672-1385 673-8187 673-8979 673-4322 672-1191 673-5482 673-8979 673-3469 673-3469 673-3469 673-8979

828-2215 842-3593 828-2217 842-3593 828-2207 828-7580 828-2223 828-8854 828-2225 828-7349 842-2211 828-3593 828-2220 828-8453 828-2205 842-3593 828-2231 828-2231 828-2231 842-3593

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

218

64 - MARSHALL County Courthouse,1 E. Main Street, MARSHALLTOWN 50158 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Bill Williams

FAX Auditor

Jeffrey Heil (R)

Clerk of Court

Delores Fastrup

County Attorney

Jim DeTaeye (R)

Engineer

Royce Fichtner

Recorder

JoanSmith-Legg(R)

Sheriff

TedKamatchus(R)

Treasurer

Deane Adams (R)

Supervisors

JohnSoorholtz(R) Ronald Goecke(R) Gordie Johnson (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

65 - MILLS County Courthouse, 418 Sharp Street, GLENWOOD 51534 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Alice Shipley

FAX

. 527-4883 527-5124 . 527-3146 527-5124 527-4880 527-4936 527-5233 527-9767 527-4873 527-5124 527-9315 527-5124 527-4871 527^600 527-4419 527-5314

FAX

. 527-4729 527-4729 527-4729 527-5124

FAX Auditor

Cheryll Ross (D)

Clerk of Court

Berkeley Greenwood

County Attorney

C. Kenneth Whitacre (D)

Engineer

Jerry Hare

Recorder

Roberta Dashner(R)

Sheriff

Mack Taylor (R)

Treasurer

LestaKahl (R)

Supervisors

Naomi Christensen (R) DonBrantz(R) Gerald Jones (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

66 - MITCHELL County Courthouse, 508 State Street, OSAGE 50461 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor L. DeanPohren .

732-5861 FAX

Auditor

. Sandra Heckstein (R) .

Clerk of Court....

. Shirley Moore

County Attorney .

. Mark Walk (R)

Engineer

.Jim Hyde

Recorder

. Sue Reimers (D)

Sheriff

. Curtis Younker (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX Treasurer

Carol Zerck (R)

Supervisors

Cheryl Jahnel (R) William Squier (D) BobPennington(R)

. 754-6305 754-6384 . 754-6323 754-6321 . 754-1603 754-1600 . 754-6314 754-6386 754-6343 754-6384 754-6355 754-6321 754-6380 754-6369 754-6366 754-6321 754-6330 754-6330 754-6330 754-6321

732-5218 732-5861 732-5218 732-3726 732-3728 732-5727 732-5345 732-5849 732-5851 732-5861 732-5218 732-4740

FAX

732-3151 732-5861 732-5218

FAX

732-5861 732-5861 732-5861 732-5218

219

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 67 - MONONA County Courthouse, 610 Iowa Avenue, ONAWA 51040 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Lawrence Keitges

FAX Auditor

Benita Davis (D)

Clerk of Court

Marilyn Laffey

County Attorney

MichaelJensen (D)

Engineer

James Riddle

Recorder

Tena Hinkel (D)

Sheriff

Dennis Smith (D)

Treasurer

Lawrence Framke (D)

Supervisors

Neal Gorham (R).... Richard Merritt (D) . Stanley Skow (D)....

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

68-MONROE County Courthouse. 10Benton Avenue E., ALBIA 52531 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Don Cook FAX Auditor

Jeannie Bettis (R) .

Clerk of Court

Rhonda Rardin

County Attorney ....

Steve Goodlow(D)

FAX FAX FAX Engineer

JohnGoode

Recorder

Mary Lou Rinehart (D)

Sheriff

Edward Hollinrake (D)

Treasurer

Sandy Clark (D)

Supervisors

Dennis Ryan (D) Paul Koffman (D) Michael Beary (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

69 - MONTGOMERY County Courthouse, 105 Coolbaugh, RED OAK 51566 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Peggy Smith Connie Magneson(R).

Clerk of Court

Lori Bruce

County Attorney

Bruce Swanson (R)

Engineer

PeterMututwa

Recorder

JoAnn Butler (R)

Sheriff

Jeffrey Smith (R)

Treasurer

Anita Walker (R)

Supervisors

Glen Benskin (R) Clyde Jones (R) Steven Ratcliff (R)

. 932-2180 932-5905 . 932-2865 932-5905 . 932-5212 932-3245 932-3333 932-3334 932-7123 932-2863 932-5164 932-5905 932-7815 932-7381 932-5011 932-5905 932-7706 932-7706 932-7706 932-5905

623-4171 FAX

Auditor

. 423-2271 423-9578 . 423-2191 423-3203 . 423-2491 423-2744 . 423-1728 423-3034 . 423-2284 423-1230 . 423-2575 423-3034 . 423-9500 423-1398 . 423-2347 423-3034 423-1585 . 423-1585 . 423-1585 423-3034

623-6540

623-5127 FAX

623-2346

623-4986 FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

623-3569 623-3011 623-3193 623-5197 623-9477 623-4363 623-2346 623-5107 623-2670 623-3292 623-9753 623-5127 623-5127 623-5127 623-2346

220

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

70 - MUSCATINE County Courthouse, 401 East 3rd Street, MUSCATINE 52761 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor DaleMcCrea FAX Auditor

Leslie Soule (R)

Clerk of Court ...

Jeff Tollenaer

County Attorney

Richard Phillips (R)

Engineer

Keith White

Recorder

Dorothy Fitchner (R)

Sheriff

Lowell Snyder (R)

Treasurer

Jerry Coffman (R)

Supervisors

Sandra Huston (R) David Watkins (R) Roger Eichelberger (R) Esther Dean (D) JohnOberhaus(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 71 -O'BRIEN County Courthouse, 155 South Hayes Avenue, PRIMGHAR 51245 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Lowell Dykstra FAX Auditor

Barbara Rohwer(R)

Clerk of Court

Jeffrey Roos

County Attorney

Bruce Green (R)

Engineer

Steven Struble

Recorder

Kurt Brown (R)

Sheriff

Michael Anderson (R)

Treasurer

Sylvia Nikles (R)

Supervisors

Jacob Moermond (R) Dan Struve (R) Carl Struve (R) Rudolf Riessen (R) Ronald Drenkow(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 72 - OSCEOLA County Courthouse. 3007th Street, SIBLEY 51249 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Sharon Wolter FAX Auditor

Barb Echter (R)

Clerk of Court

EileenGrave

County Attorney

Robert Hansen(R)

Engineer

Tom Snyder

Recorder

ArleneKuehl(R)

Sheriff

Ed Harskamp (R)

Treasurer

Linda Carter (R)

Supervisors

Bill Imhoff (R) Daryl Strenge (R) Byron Lopau (R) Darwin Beltman (R) Derrick Petersen (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

263-7061 263-7248 263-5821 263-7248 263-6511 264-3622 263-0382 263-4944 263-6351 263-6358 263-7741 263-7248 263-6055 263-2476 263-7113 263-7248 263-5317 263-5317 263-5317 263-5317 263-5317 263-7248

757-3205 757-3046 757-3225 757-3046 757-3255 757-2965 757-4195 757-4195 757-3425 757-4740 757-3045 757-3046 757-3415 757-5445 757-3210 757-3046 757-3225 757-3225 757-3225 757-3225 757-3225 757-3046

754-3438 754-3743 754-2241 754-3743 754-3595 754-2480 754-4604 754-2505 754-2303 754-2303 754-3345 754-3743 754-2556 754-2872 754-3217 754-3743 754-2241 754-2241 754-2241 754-2241 754-2241 754-3743

rOCAITcfoVERNMENT

221

73-PAGE County Courthouse, 112 East Main Street, CLARINDA 51632 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor GeneRipley FAX Auditor

Judy Clark (R)

Clerk of Court

Jenell Anderson

County Attorney

Verd Bailey (R)

Engineer

Jim Christensen

Recorder

BrendaEsaias(R)

Sheriff

Mike Williams (R)

Treasurer

Connie Burton (R)

Supervisors

James Richardson (R) Bob Anderson (R) Elaine Armstrong (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

74 - PALO ALTO County Courthouse. 1010 Broadway, EMMETSBURG 50536 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Ross Simmelink

FAX Auditor

Gary Leonard (R)

Clerk of Court

JeannineSnavely

County Attorney

Peter Hart (D)

Engineer

Billy Conner

Recorder

Mary Clasing (D)

Sheriff

Russell Jergens (R)

Treasurer

Kathleen Thompson (D) ...

Supervisors

LeoGoeders(D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Mary Greene (D) Lannie Miller (R) Charley Naig (R) Steven Nelson (D)

FAX 75-PLYMOUTH County Courthouse, 215 4th Avenue SE, LE MARS 51031 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Judith DeBoer

FAX Auditor

K. Kae Meyer (R)

Clerk of Court

Richard Kenyon

County Attorney

Darin Raymond (R)

Engineer

Tom Rohe

Recorder

InaGatts(R)

Sheriff

Michael Van Otterloo (R) .

Treasurer

Norman Kehrberg(R)

Supervisors

Jack Spies (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX James Kestner(R) Richard Philips (R) PaulSitzmann(D) David Vander Hamm ( R ) .

FAX

542-2516 542-5019 542-3219 542-5019 542-3214 542-5460 542-2514 542-2582 542-2510 542-2766 542-3130 542-5019 542-5193 542-5880 542-5322 542-2243 542-5018 542-5018 542-5018 542-5019

. 852-3823 852-3825 . 852-2924 852-3671 852-3603 852-2274 852-3267 852-2023 . 852-3001 852-3601 . 852-3701 852-3704 . 852-3535 852-3914 . 852-3844 852-3643 852-2563 . 852-2563 852-2563 . 852-2563 852-2563 852-4671

546-4705 546-5784 546-6100 546-5784 546-4215 546-8430 546-5019 546-5031 546-4559 546-4008 546-4020 546-5784 546-8191 546-8796 546-7078 546-5784 546-9571 546-9571 546-9571 546-9571 546-9571 546-5784

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

222

76 - POCAHONTAS County Courthouse, 99 Court Square, POCAHONTAS 50574 Telephone Area Code 712 Assessor

Brian DeWall

FAX

Auditor

MargeneBunda(D)

FAX

Clerk of Court

Carol Williams

FAX

County Attorney

AnnBeneke(R)

FAX

Engineer

Steven Camp

FAX

Recorder

Mike Bollard (D)

FAX

Sheriff

Richard Jergens(D)

FAX

Treasurer

Shirlee Dense (R)

FAX

Supervisors

Dale E. Smith (D) Ralph Christiansen (D). Vincent Triggs (R) Loren Thompson (R) PaulBeneke(D)

FAX

77 - POLK County Courthouse, 111 Court Avenue, DESMOINES 50309 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Jim Maloney

FAX Auditor

Michael Mauro (D)

Clerk of Court

LoisLeary

County Attorney

JohnSarcone(D)

Engineer

Richard Van Gundy

Recorder

Timothy J. Brien (D)

Sheriff

Bob Rice (D)

Treasurer

Mary Maloney (D)

Supervisors

Angela Connolly (D) Jack Bishop (D) George Mills (R) Tom Baker (D) Gene Phillips (N/P)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 78 - POTTAWATTAMIE County Courthouse, 227 S. 6th Street, COUNCILBLUFFS 51501 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor James O'Neill

FAX Auditor

... Marilyn Jo Drake (R)...

Clerk of Court

... Ruth Kelly

County Attorney

... Richard Crowl, Jr. (R).

Engineer

... Jerry Hare

Recorder

... John Sciortino (R)

Sheriff

...Jeff Danker (R)

Treasurer

...Judy Miller (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Supervisors

. . . . .

StanGrote(R) Delmar Goos (R) Betty Moats (R) Robert Williams (R) Timothy Wichman (R)

FAX

. 335-3142 335-3143 . 335-3361 335-4502 . 335-4203 335-4608 . 845-4628 845-4546 . 335-3252 335-4502 . 335-4404 335-4502 . 335-3308 335-4300 335-4334 335-4502 335-3361 335-3361 335-3361 335-3361 335-3361 335-4502

. 286-3010 286-3386 . 286-3080 286-3608 . 286-3772 323-5250 . 286-3737 286-3428 . 286-3705 286-3437 . 286-3160 286-3608 . 286-3800 286-3410 . 286-2036 286-2225 . 286-3120 . 286-3120 . 286-3120 . 286-3120 . 286-3120 323-5225

328-5644 328-5770 328-5700 328-4740 328-5604 328-4810 328-5649 328-5753 328-5608 328-4751 328-5612 328-4738 . 328-4780 328-4822 . 328-5627 328-5823 . 328-5644 . 328-5644 . 328-5644 . 328-5644 . 328-5644 328-5770

223

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 79-POWESHIEK County Courthouse, 302 East Main Street, MONTEZUMA 50171 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor M. McMeekin-Hutchinson FAX Auditor

Jo Wray (R)

Clerk of Court

Janietta Criswell

County Attorney

Michael Mahaffey (R)

Engineer

Tom Anderson

Recorder

Beverly Malloy (D)

Sheriff

John Griffin (R)

Treasurer

Janice Schultz(R)

Supervisors

Harry McNaul (R) Robert Sutfin(R) Roger Roudabush(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

623-5445 623-2363 623-5443 623-2363 623-5644 623-5320 623-5425 623-5421 623-5435 623-5546 623-5434 623-2363 623-5679 623-5120 623-5128 623-2363 623-5723 623-5723 623-5723 623-2363

80-RINGGOLD County Courthouse, 109 West Madison, MOUNT AYR 50854 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Jeremy Larsen FAX Auditor

Paula Richards (R)

Clerk of Court

Cindy Johnson

County Attorney

Clinton Spurrier (N/P)

Engineer

Brian Moore

Recorder

Karen Schaefer(D)

Sheriff

'VACANT*

Treasurer

Beverly Noble (R)

Supervisors

Jim Goins (D) Ethel Campbell (D) Lloyd Bedier (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

81 - SAC County Courthouse, 100 N. W. State Street, SAC CITY 50583 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Robert Hawks FAX Auditor

James Dowling (R)

Clerk of Court

DonnaGerry

County Attorney

Pam Dettmann (D)

Engineer

'VACANT*

Recorder

Linda Siebrecht(R)

Sheriff

Roger Owens (R)

Treasurer

Vicki Peyton (R)

Supervisors

Russell Kroeger(R).. Laura Foell (D) Rebecca Hillmer (R) ..

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

464-3233 464-2568 464-3239 464-2568 464-3234 464-2478 464-3235 464-3185 464-3232 464-0602 464-3231 464-2568 464-3921 464-0626 464-3230 464-2568 464-3244 464-3244 464-3244 464-2568

662-4492 662-7358 662-7310 662-7879 662-7791 662-7978 662-4791 662-4123 662-7789 662-4746 662-7879 662-6298 662-7127 662-7129 662-7411 662-3299 662-7401 662-7401 662-7401 662-7879

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

224

82 - SCOTT County Courthouse, 416 W. 4th Street, DAVENPORT 52801 Telephone Area Code: 319 DaleDenklau Assessor FAX Auditor

Karen Fitzsimmons (D) ...

Clerk of Court

Marlene Nelson

County Attorney ...

William Davis (D)

Engineer

Larry Mattusch

Recorder

Richard Hagen (R)

Sheriff

Mike Bladel (D)

Treasurer

Bill Fennelly (R)

Supervisors

Jim Hancock (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX PatGibbs(R) Ed Winborn (R) Tom Otting (R) Otto Ewoldt(R) FAX 83-SHELBY County Courthouse, 612 Court Street, HARLAN 51537 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Robert Heyderhoff.

755-5718 FAX

Auditor

Marsha Carter (D)

Clerk of Court

Shannon Goeser

County Attorney

Jeffrey Larson (R)

Engineer

Daniel Ahart

Recorder

Linda Jacobsen(R)

Sheriff

GeneCavenaugh(D)

Treasurer

Kathy Stinn (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Supervisors

LavonChristensen(D) Al Burchett (R) Merlyn Knudsen (R) FAX

84-SIOUX County Courthouse, 210 Central Ave. SW, ORANGE CITY 51041 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Phylliss Kroon FAX Auditor

Dennis Lange(R)

Clerk of Court ....

Merlyn VanderBroek

County Attorney .

Mark Schouten (R)

Engineer

DouglasJulius

Recorder

Anita Van Bruggen(R)

Sheriff

Jim Schwiesow (R)

Treasurer

Robert Hagey (R)

Supervisors

Loren Bouma (R)

326-8635 322-1269 326-8631 326-8601 326-8785 326-8298 326-8600 326-8763 326-8640 326-8257 326-8621 322-1269 326-8625 326-8689 326-8664 326-8262 326-8749 326-8749 326-8749 326-8749 326-8749 328-3285

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX VemonBeernink(R) BillVanderMaten(R) Stanley De Haan (R) Bernard Smith (R) FAX

none 755-3831 755-3200 755-5543 none 755-2111 none 755-5954 755-2519 755-5640 755-5640 755-5026 none

755-5847 755-5898 755-3733 755-3733 755-3733 none

737-4274 737-6482 737-2216 737-2537 737-2286 737-8908 .. 722-2457 737-2537 737-2248 737-2757 737-9PPQ 737-2537 737-2280 737-3306 737-3505 737-2537 737-2131 737-2131 737-2131 737-2131 .. 737-2131 737-2537

225

roe-AtrtJOVERNMENT 85-STORY County Courthouse, 900 6th Street, NEVADA 50201 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Gary Bilyeu FAX Auditor

Judy Emmons (D)

Clerk of Court ...

Diane Tott

County Attorney

Stephen Holmes (D)

Engineer

Harold Jensen

Recorder

SueVandeKamp(R)

Sheriff

Paul Fitzgerald (D)

Treasurer

David Jamison (R) .

Supervisors ....

Jane Halliburton (D).... Jack Whitmer (D) Fred Mathison (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

86 - TAMA County Courthouse, 100 West High Street, TOLEDO 52342 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Beth Weeks FAX Auditor

John Adams (R)

Clerk of Court ....

AnnHendricks

County Attorney .

Brent Heeren(R)

Engineer

RobertGumbert

Recorder

MarleneThiessen(R) .

Sheriff

Mike Richardson (D) ..

Treasurer

Sandra Fowler (D)

Supervisors

James Ledvina (D) R. Kim Wilson (R) Larry Vest (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 87 - TAYLOR County Courthouse, 405 Jefferson, BEDFORD 50833 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor Leonard Bartles FAX Auditor

Bonny Baker(R)

Clerk of Court

AnnGoudie

County Attorney

Ronald Bonnett(R)

Engineer

James DeLozier

Recorder

Pamela Calfee (D)

Sheriff

Lonnie Weed(R)

Treasurer

Pam Sprague (R)

Supervisors

David Nally (R) Robert Sleep (R) RobertLundquist(D)...

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

382-7321 382-7326 382-7210 382-7221 382-7410 382-3510 382-7255 382-7270 382-7356 382-7369 382-7231 382-7326 382-7456 382-7479 382-7331 382-7336 382-7201 382-7203 382-7202 382-7326

484-3545 484-6093 484-2740 484-5127 484-3721 484-6403 484-3020 484-5758 484-3341 484-6628 484-3320 none 484-4111 484-3254 484-3141 484-6248 484-3980 484-3980 484-3980 484-5127

523-2444 523-3262 523-2280 523-2274 523-2095 523-2936 523-2260 523-3502 523-2167 523-2624 523-2275 523-2274 523-2153 523-3545 523-2080 523-2274 523-2060 523-2060 523-2060 523-2274

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

226 88-UNION

County Courthouse, 300 N. Pine, CRESTON 50801 Telephone Area Code 515 Audrey Paxton Assessor FAX Auditor

Donald Krings(R)

Clerk of Court

Marsha Parsons

County Attorney

Tim Kenyon (R)

Engineer

Curt Greenfield

Recorder

Paula Bowers (R)

Sheriff

John Coulter (D)

Treasurer

Frances Bakerink (R) ..

Supervisors

Michael Reasoner(D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Mike King (R) Gerald McLain (R) Robert Brown (D) Joann Bradley (D) FAX 89 - VAN BUREN County Courthouse, 406 Dodge Street, KEOSAUQUA 52565 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Penny Wilson FAX Auditor

Jon P. Finney (R)

Clerk of Court

NinaJ.Story

County Attorney

Crystal Cronk (R)

Engineer

Gary Bishop

Recorder

Twyla Peacock (D)

Sheriff

Ron Parker (R)

Treasurer

Becky Fry (R)

Supervisors

C. Kenneth Crabill (D) JohnWhitaker(D) William Randolph (R) .

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 90 - WAPELLO County Courthouse, 101 W. 4th Street, OTTUMWA 52501 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor JonBrinegar FAX Auditor

Mary Gaskill (D)

Clerk of Court

Gloria Larive

County Attorney

Victoria Siegel (D)

Engineer

Wendell Folkerts

Recorder

Carolyn Garrett (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX

Donald Kirkendall(D)

Treasurer

Dianne Kiefer(D)

Supervisors

RheaHuddleston(D) .. Steven Siegel (D) Jerry Parker (D)

293-3001 293-3828 293-3129 293-3828 293-3108 293-3811 293-3409 293-6250 293-3663 293-6222 293-3240 293-6327 293-3426 293-7114 293-3110 293-3828 293-3129 293-3129 293-3129 293-3828

683-0088 683-0019 683-0020 683-0019 683-0062 683-0064 683-0030 683-0039 684-5425 684-8539

683-0046 FAX

Sheriff

782-5019 none 782-7218 782-5822 782-7315 782-8241 782-7065 782-8404 782-7417 782-6492 782-7616 782-5822 782-8402 782-8404 782-2319 782-5822 782-7918 782-7918 782-7918 782-7918 782-7918 782-5822

FAX FAX

683-0019 683-4350 682-1414 683-0040 683-0019

683-4630 683-4630 683-4630 FAX

683-4634

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

227

91 - WARREN County Courthouse, 115 North Howard Street, INDIANOLA 50125 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor David Ellis FAX Auditor

Traci Vander Linden (D)

Clerk of Court

Sherry Sharp

County Attorney

Kevin Parker (D)

Engineer

Jeff Johnson

Recorder

Judith Lathrop(R)

Sheriff

James Lee (D)

Treasurer

Julie Miers (R)

Supervisors

Del Baber (D) Bob Sandy (R) Roy Seymour (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

92 - WASHINGTON County Courthouse, 224 W. Main St. WASHINGTON 52353 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor Lil Perry FAX Auditor

Curtis Mineart (R)

Clerk of Court

Julie Johnson

County Attorney

Barbara Edmondson (D)

Engineer

Robert Bauer

Recorder

Connie Pence (R)

Sheriff

Yale Jarvis (R)

Treasurer

Jeffrey Garrett (R)

Supervisors

Virginia Bordwell (R) Raymond Lasek{R) Robert L. Stout (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 93 - WAYNE County Courthouse, Jefferson Street, CORYDON 50060 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor PaulOverton Sue Ruble (D)

Clerk of Court

Sharon Perkins

County Attorney

Alan Wilson (R)

Engineer

Tim Ehrich

Recorder

JoyLoney(D)

Sheriff

Keith Davis (R)

FAX FAX

872-1566 872-1228

FAX

872-2515 872-2843

FAX

872-2221 872-2221 872-2221 872-2843

FAX FAX FAX FAX

Treasurer Supervisors

653-7738 653-7783 653-7717 653-7788 653-7741 653-7787 653-7746 653-7784 653-7731 653-7730 653-7727 653-7788 653-2107 653-1002 653-7726 653-7785 653-7712 653-7713 653-7711 653-7788

872-2663 872-2843 872-2242 872-2843 872-2264 872-2431 872-2054 872-2431 872-2025 872-2843 872-1676 872-2843

FAX Auditor

961-1010 961-1079 961-1020 961-1049 961-1069 961-1071 961-1016 961-1044 961-1050 961-1053 961-1089 none 961-1122 961-1025 961-1110 961-1112 961-1029 961-1030 961-1028 961-1013

Kim Swearingin (R) Jerry O'Dell (D) Larry Andrews (D) DonGreenlee(R)

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

228

94 - WEBSTER County Courthouse, 703 Central Avenue, FORT DODGE 50501 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor . JeanetteThanupakorn FAX Auditor

. Carol Messerly (D)

Clerk of Court

. Patricia McLoud

County Attorney

. Ronald Robertson (D)

FAX FAX FAX Engineer

Robert Sperry FAX

Recorder

. Judy Cosgrove(D)

Sheriff

. Charles Griggs (D)

Treasurer

. Janice Horton (D)

Supervisors

.Jill Kirkberg (D) . Floyd Magnusson(R) . Emmett Martin (D) . Eddie Peterson (D) . Dennis OFarrell (D)

FAX FAX FAX

FAX 95 - WINNEBAGO County Courthouse, 126 S. Clark Street, FORESTCITY 50436 Telephone Area Code: 515 Assessor Lowell Ouverson FAX Auditor

Robert Paulson (D)

Clerk of Court

Barbara Lovick

County Attorney

Robert Cooper (R)

Engineer

James Witt

Recorder

JoAnnBartleson(R)

Sheriff

Thomas Lillquist (R)

Treasurer

RuthBachman(R)

Supervisors

Douglas Yeager(D) Scott Helgeson(R) Robert Joynt(D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX

576-4721 573-5871 573-7175 574-3714 576-7115 573-0555 573-1484 573-1486 576-3281 574-0415 576-2401 574-3723 576-1410 573-2011 573-2731 573-2149 573-7175 573-7175 573-7175 573-7175 573-7175 574-3714

582-2163 582-2891 582-3412 582-2891 582-4520 582-2615 582-2712 582-3951 582-2905 582-2891 582-2094 582-2891 582-2828 582-3239 582-2322 582-2891 582-3414 582-7577 582-3619 582-2891

96-WINNESHIEK County Courthouse, 201 West Main Street, DECORAH 52101 Telephone Area Code: 319 Assessor AudreyBarth FAX Auditor

GeorgiannSchweinefus(R).

Clerk of Court

David Siefken

County Attorney

Andrew VanDerMaaten(R) .

Engineer

George Hanzlik

Recorder

LaVonneBjergum(R)

Sheriff

Floyd Ashbacher(R)

Treasurer

Wayne Walter (R)

Supervisors

Dean Darling (R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX David Hageman (D) Michael Bergan (R) Les Askelson(R) Gordon Hunter, Jr. (R) FAX

382-5356 387-4082 382-5085 387-4083 382-2469 382-0603 382-2959 382-3773 382-2951 387-3906 382-3486 387-4083 382-4268 382-2042 382-3753 387-4083 382-2370 382-2370 382-2370 382-2370 382-2370 387-4083

229

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 97-WOODBURY County Courthouse. SIOUX CITY 51101 Telephone Area Code: 712 Assessor KathySands FAX Auditor

Patrick Gill (D)

Clerk of Court

Craig Jorgensen

County Attorney

Thomas Mullin (D)

Engineer

Richard Storm

Recorder

Patrick Gill (D)

Sheriff

David Amick (R)

Treasurer

Bob Knowler(R)

Supervisors

Larry Clausen (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX BobBatcheller(R) George Boykin(D) Douglas Walish (D) Maurice Welte (D) FAX 98 - WORTH County Courthouse, 1000 Central Avenue. NORTHWOOD 50459 Telephone Area Code: 515 Daniel Reeder Assessor FAX Auditor

Morris Kalgaarden (R) ..

Clerk of Court ....

RomelleEnderson

County Attorney .

Chad Belville (N/P)

Engineer

James Hyde

Recorder

Elizabeth Barber (R)

Sheriff

David Gentz (R)

Treasurer

Helen Senne(R)

Supervisors

BeverlyPangburn(R) ... Dorothy Hanna (R) Richard Holstad (D)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX

FAX 99 - WRIGHT County Courthouse, 115N. Main Street, CLARION 50525 Telephone Area Code: 515 KathyWaddell Assessor FAX Auditor

Molly Ketchum (D)

Clerk of Court

SueHarson

County Attorney

Michael Housner (R) ....

Engineer

Randy Will

Recorder

Dwight Reiland (R)

Sheriff

VernonElston(R)

Treasurer

Karen Hobbie(R)

Supervisors

Slan Watne(R)

FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX FAX Caye Chelesvig (R) Conrad Kleppe(R) Larry Olson (R) Rodney Toftey(R) FAX

279-6514 279-6896 279-6702 279-6629 279-6616 279-6021 279-6516 279-6457 279-6484 279-6468 279-6528 279-6629 279-6010 279-6021 279-6495 279-6497 279-6525 279-6525 279-6525 279-6525 279-6525 279-6577

324-1198 324-2316 324-2316 324-2316 324-2840 324-2360 324-1291 324-3143 324-2154 324-2162 324-2734 324-2316 324-2481 324-2611 324-2942 324-1404 324-1337 324-1337 324-1337 324-2316

532-3737 532-2669 532-2771 532-2669 532-3113 532-2343 532-3240 532-7381 532-3597 532-3597 532-3204 532-2669 532-3722 532-2189 532-2691 532-2669 532-3262 532-3262 532-3262 532-3262 532-3262 532-2669

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

230

IOWA'S POPULATION FIGURES 1990/1980 CENSUS All incorporated places Plat Acklcy Ackworih Adair Adel Alton Agency Ainsworth Akron Albert City ... Albia Albion Albumen Alden Alexander Algona Alleman Allertnn Allison Alta AltaVista Alton Altoona Alvord Ames Anamosa Andover Andrew Anita Ankeny Anthon Aplington Arcadia Archer Aredale Arion Arispe Arlington Armstrong Arnolds Park . Arthur Asbury Ashton Aspinwall Atalissa Athelstan Atkins Atlantic Auburn Audubon Aurelia Aurora Avoca Ayrshire Badger Bagley Baldwin Balltown Bancroft Bankston Barnes City ... Bamum Bassett Batavia Battle Creek ... Baxter Bayard Beacon Beaconsfield.. Beaman Beaver Bedford Belle Plaine ... Bellevue Belmond Bennett Benton Berkley Bernard Bertram Bettendorf Bevington Birmingham ... Blairsburg Blairsiown

County

1990

1,6% . Franklin, Hardin . 66 . Warren . Adair, Gulhrie .... ... X94 . Dallas 3.304 ... 953 . Union 616 . Wapello ... 506 . Washington 1,450 . Plymouth ... 779 Buena Visia 3,870 . Monroe ... 585 . Marshall ... 456 .Linn ... 855 . Hardin ... 170 . Franklin 6,015 . Kossuth ... 340 Polk ... 599 . Wayne 1.000 . Butler 1.820 . Buena Visia ...246 . Chickasaw 1.063 .. Sioux ..7,191 .Polk 204 . Lyon . Story 47.1W .Jones .5,100 Clinton 99 .Jackson 319 Cass .. I.06X .Polk 18.482 . Woodbury 638 . Butler.,..' .. 1,034 . Carroll 485 . O'Bnen 131 . Butler 88 . Crawford 14X . Union 92 . Fayette 465 . Emmet 1.025 . Dickinson 953 . Ida 272 . Dubuque .. 2,013 . Osceola 462 . Crawford 52 . Muscatine 357 . Taylor 31 . Benton 637 . Cass .. 7.432 . Sac . 283 . Audubon .. .2,524 . Chrokee ... .. 1.034 . Buchanan . 196 . Pottawattamie .... .. 1.497 . Palo Alto 195 .Webster 569 . Gulhrie 303 .Jackson 137 . Dubuque 64 . Kossuth 857 . Dubuque .35 . Mahaska. Poweshiek 221 .Webster 174 . Chickas; 74 .. Jefferson .... 520 . Ida .... 818 . Jasp 938 isper . Guthrie .511 . Mahaska .... 509 . Ringgold 27 .... 183 . Grundy 46 . Boone . . Taylor . 1.528 . Benlon . 2,834 . Jackson .... . 2,239 .Wright 2.500 . Cedar .... 395 . Ringgold 39 . Boone 39 . Dubuque .... 123 Linn ....201 . Scott 28,132 . Madison, Warren . 67 . Van Buren .... 386 . Hamilton .... 269 . Benton 672

19X0 1,900 X3 883 2.X46 985 657 547 1.517 XIX 4.1X4 739 411 953 190 6,2X9 307 670 1,132 1,720 314 986 5,764 246 45,775 4.958 107 349 1,153 15,429 687 1.027 454 134 88 207 89 498 1,153 1,051 288 2.017 441 65 360 45 678 7,789 320 2.X4I 1.143 24X 1,650 243 653 370 198 106 1.0X2 40 266 198 128 525 919 951 637 530 39 219 85 1.692 2,903 2,450 2.505 45 X 33 49 130 216 27,381 60 410 288 695

Place Blakesburg Blanchard Blencoe Blockton Bloomfield Blue Grass Bode Bonaparte Bonduranl Boone Bouton Boxholm Boyden Braddyville Bradg'ale Brandon Brayton Breda Bridgewatcr Brighton Bristow Britl Bronson Brooklyn Brunsville Buckeye Buck Grove Buffalo Buffalo Center ... Burlington Burt Bussey Calamus Callender Calmar Calumet Camanche Cambridge Cantril Carbon Carlisle Carpenter Carroll Carson Carter Lake Cascade Casey Castalia Castana Cedar Falls Cedar Rapids Center Junction . Center Point Centerville Central Cit\ Centralia Chariton Charles City Charlotte Charter Oak Chatsworth Chelsea Cherokee Chester Chilicothe Churdan Cincinnati Clare Clarence Clarinda Clarion Clarksville Clayton Clear-field Clear Lake Cleghom Clemons Clermont Clinton Clio Clive Clutier Coburg Coggon

County . Wapello . Page . Monona Taylor . Davis . Scott . Humboldt ... . Van Buren.. Polk . Boone . . Dallas . Boone .. Sioux .Page Humboldt . Buchanan . Audubon Carroll . Adair . Washington . Butler . Hancock . Woudbur> . Poweshiek . Plymouth Hardin .Crawford Scott . Winnebago . DesMoines . Kossuth . Marion . . Clinton . Webster . Winneshiek . O'Bnen . Clinton Stor> . Van Buren ... . Adams . Polk, Warren . Mitchell Carroll .. Pottawattamie . Pottawattamie . Dubuque. Jones . Adair, Guthrie Winneshiek . Monona Black Hawk . Linn . Jones .Linn . Appanoose Linn .Dubuque . Lucas ..Floyd .Clinton ..Crawford ..Sioux . Tama Cherokee . Howard .Wapello .Greene . Appanoose .Webster .Cedar .Page ..Wright ..Butler .. Clayton .. Ringgold, Taylor ..Cerro Gordo' . Cherokee .. Marshall .. Fayette ..Clinton ..Wayne .. Polk ..Tama .. Montgomery' ..Linn

1990

1980

333 67 250 213 2,5X0 1,214 335 465 1,5X4 12.392 149 214 651 219 . 124 .320 . I4X 467 209 684 197 2.133 209 1.439 137 105 20 1.260 1,081 27,208 575 494 379 3X4 1.026 160 4.436 714 262 60 3.241 102 9,579 705 3.200 1.812 441 177 159 34.298 108.751 166 1.693 5,936 1.063 123 4,616 7.878 359 497 103 336 6.026 158 119 423 363 161 936 5,104 2.703 1,382 41 417 8,183 275 173 523 29,201 103 7.462 219 58 645

404 101 247 280 2,849 1,377 406 489 1,283 12,602 139 267 708 199 151 337 170 502 233 804 252 2,185 289 1.509 140 154 84 1.569 1.233 2V.529 689 579 452 446 1.053 212 4.725 732 299 110 3.073 109 9.705 716 3.438 1.912 473 188 228 36,322 110.243 182 1.591 6,558 1.067 106 5.116 8.778 442 615 110 376 7.004 175 131 540 598 229 1.001 5,458 3.060 1.424 68 433 7,458 275 175 602 32.828 106 6.064 249 52 639

231

o^VERNMENT Place

County

1980

Madison 132 Mahaska, Monroe. ... 1.010 YVapello . ... Clayton. Delaware Edgewood 776 Elberon .... Tama 203 Wapello Eldon ... 1.070 FIdora .... Hardin 3.038 Seotl Eldndge ... 3.37K ... Favelle . ..... Elcin M7 Clayton Elkader ... 1.510 Polk Elkhart 388 Shelbv Elk Horn 672 .. (Lnlon Flkport X2 ... l o s s Elk Run Hiiihts Black Hawk Elliott "! .... Montgomery 44 Elision Ringgold 451 Ellsworth Hamihon 653 Elma Howard ... . 517 Ely Linn Emerson 476 Mills Emmet.sburg ... 3,940 Palo Alto Epworth .. 1.247 .... Dubuque Essex 916 Page Estherxille .. 6.720 Emmet Fvansdalc Black Hawk ..4.63S Everlv .. (lav 706 Exira Auduhon Exline Appanoose ... IS7 Fairbank Buchanan. Fayeltc . 1.018 Fairfax 7S0 .. Linn . ..9.76X Fairfield Jefferson Farley Dubuquc .. 1,354 Farmcrsburg Clayton 2(M Farminglon 655 Van Buren Famhamville 414 .... Calhoun, Websier 498 Farragut .... Fremont Fayeltc Favellc 1.317 Fenton .... Kossuth 34h Ferguson 166 Marshall Fertile ...Worth 3S2 Rons Davis 172 Floyd ,. .. Floyd 359 Pocahonlas Fonda 731 Fontanelle Adair 712 Forest Cilv .... Hancock. WinnebaL- . 4.430 Fort Atkinson ... Winneshiek 367 Fort Diuk'e Websier 25.X44 Fort Madison 1 1.6 1 S Lee loslona Clay ... 205 .... Lee 152 Franklin Fruser Boone 120 Fredencksburg ... Chickasaw .. 1,01 1 Frederika 1XX .... Bremer Frcdonia Louisa 201 Fremont 701 . .. Mahaska Fruitland 511 Muscalme Gall ..Wright.. .43 14X (ialva Ida Garber. .. Clayton 1 IX Garden Grove ... Decalur 22^ Gamavillo Clayton 727 Garner 2.916 Hancock Garrison 320 ... Benton Garwin Tama .... 533 Genes a 1 64 Franklin 1.066 Lvon Gibson 63 Kenkuk 796 Gilbert Slorv 74X Gilbertville ... Black Hawk .. 67 Gillett Grove Hay 5X6 Gilman Marshall GilmoreCily 560 ... Humboldt Pocahonlas Gladbrook .... NKI ... Tama Glenwood 4 S7I Mills Glidden . l.04<> Carroll Goldficld ...710 ...Wright. Goodell 201 ... Hancock fMime Lake .... 221 ... Clinton Gowne ... Websier . 1.028 < iraeltinger ...813 Palo Alto Graf ' Dubucjue 78 Grafton ...Worth 2X2 Grand Junction .. Greene .... 808 Grand Mound .. Clinton 6|4 Grand River ... Decalur .... 171 Grandview .. Louisa ....514 Granger Dallas .... 6 2 4 Grant . Montgomery 123 Granville 2«>x .. Sioux Gravity 218 .. Taylor

124 1,116

Fast Peru Eddyvillc

900 194 1.255 3.063 3,279 702 1 .6XX 25o 746 4X

1.1 86 493 60 4X0

714 425 502 4,621 1,380 1.001 7.5 IX 4.798 796 978 217 980 683 4.42X 1,2X7 276 X64

461 603 1.5 1 5 394 173 372 187 408 863 X05 4,270 374 24,421 13.520 261 142 13^ 1.075 223 224 730 461 60 420 140 297 723 2,908 411 626 218 1.241 75 805 740
970 5.280 1.076 789 220 274 I.0X') 421 4X

255 970 674 IXX 473 619 \4\ 336 245

Place

County

Com Coleshurg Collax

P'I"C Detauare Jasper

Collins Colo Columbus( iiv Columbus Junct ion Colwell Conesville Conrad ('onwav Coon Rapids ... Coppock

1990

.

278 439 2 462 "M0 ....... 455 771 32S .... 1,616 44 334 464 57 .... 1.266

Story Sior'v 1 mii's.i . Louisa f : loyd Muscalme Grund\ Taylor Carroll SO Henry. Jefferson. Washington Coralville Johnson.... 10.347 Cumim.Adams CoiTCLtio.mlle 897 Wood bury CoiAMtll 354 Hancock' COIN don .. .. Wavnc 1.675 Colter Louisa .... 53 Coulter ... Franklin ..... 252 Council Bluffs Pottawallamie 54,315 | |h Craig . Plymouth 265 Washington .. Cravvl«iii|s\ille Crescenl Poltawatlamie 113 ("ies(_d ... 3.66M Howard ( lesion .... Union ... 7.41 1 Cromwell ...!..!. Union 120 Crystal Lake ... 266 Hancock Cass Cumberland 245 dimming Warren 132 Curlew Palo A l l . . . 56 Cushinu \Yoodhur\ 220 Cylinder Pulo Alto Dakota Cilv ..... Humboldt ... 1.024 Dallas Dallas Cenier 1.454 Dana 71 Greene Danbury YVoodbury 430 . . Des Monies Danville 426 Davenport Sell 45.333 UmsCily Decatur ..257 Dallas Dawsmi ' 174 Davton . . . ... Wcbski XIX Decatur C i t \ Decalur 177 Decorah Winneshiek ... X.063 Dedham Carroll 264 Deep River ..... . Poueshiek us Defiance Shelby 31 2 Delaware Delaware176 Delhi Delaware 485 Delmar 517 .... Clinton Deloit Crawford 246 Delphos Ringgold 23 404 Delta Keokuk Denison 6,604 . Craw lord Denver Bremer ... 1.600 Lucas Derbs 135 Des Momes Polk I'M.187 De Soto .... Dallas ... 1.033 DeW.u Clinton .4.514 Dallas 628 Dexter Diagonal Ringgold 298 f Ti\ Dickens v lay _I4 Dike ... .. ... 875 . (jrundv Dixon Scotl ' 202 Lmmel Dolliver 103 Donahue Scoll 316 Donnan ... Favelle .7 Donnellson . 440 Doon 1 yon 476 Douuheriv
1980 316 463 2.234 ^)7 451 XOX

367 1.424 91 M)\ 1,133 ') < 1,44 S 47 7.6X7 1 .4 V) 435 4X5 IX IX 60

264 56.444 105 "•40 547 3.X6O X.424 154 314 351 151 85 270 1 |4 1,072 1.360 1 10 492 ')
170 51 1 633 345 45 4X2 6,675 1.647 171 I9i o i n 1,035 4.51 2 67X

362 487 312 125 2X4 10 472 537 I2X 616 771 212 62,321 815 SiM

164 718 1.374 41 1,5.x \ 3..X25 I,.^5 4,324 1 1 lo 520 X44 670

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

232

Place

(iiav iiceley

irecne iieenlicld ireen Island Greenville i rimes (irmnell iriswold iruiuh ("entei iruvcr Juenisev (iulhne (enter (iutlenheru ll.ilbur.....". Hamburg Hamilton Hampton Hancock Hanlontown Hansell

llarcourl Hardv Marian Harper Harpers l c n \ Harris Hartford Harik-v Haitwick

Harvey Hastings llavelock Haverhill Hawarden Haw key Ha>es\.llc Hazelion Hendrick Henderson Hepburn Hiawatha Hills Hillboro Hinton Holland HoLstein Holy Cross Hopkinton Hornick Hospers Houghton Hubbard Hudson

County

\n,lubon Delaware .... Butler Adair . ackson 'lav 'oik 'oWeshiek ... 'ass Cirundy :mmel J OWCs|||ek Ciuthrie Clayton 'am .11 Fremont Marion

Franklin Pollauallamie Wurih -ranklin Webster Humboldl Shelby Keokuk Allamakee ...

Osceola V\ a r re n ) Hnen Weshiek Marion Mills -•ocahontas . Marshall Sloil\ as die Keokuk Buchanan .... Keokuk Mills \ige

1990 83

I0X

:M

313 I.H2 2.243

1,1-12 2 074 54 X4 2.651 8,902 1.049 2.V>\ 102

Mil

122 1.973 X.X6X 1,1 76 2.XX0

70

145 K3

1,1.14 2.257

1,713 2.42X

215

229

I.24X 115 4.133 201 193 S3

1.597

M)<^

47 5.I4X

147 2X4 170 7hX l.f>32

1 15

235 1X7 217 144 2,439 460 62 733

SI0

206 41 4.9X6 hc,2 151 h97 215 1.449 304 695 222 643 127 814 2.037 Black Hawk 1,724 Sioux Hull 4,438 Humboldt Humboldl Humeston 553 Wavne 2.047 Huxley Story 2,357 Ida Grove Ida' 88 [mogene -remont Buchanan 5.972 Independence 1 1.340 Indianola Warren X24 nwood Lynn 104 Ionia Thickasaw Iowa City 'ohnson 59,738 5.424 Iowa Falls Hardin 597 [reton Sioux 194 Shelby Irwin S7 Jackson Junction ... Wmneshiek .. 232 Guthne Jamaica Black Hawk, Bremer.. X22 Janesville 4.292 Jefferson Greene Buchanan Jesup "* PI Hamilton Jewell Junction 1.106 Johnston Polk 4.702 Worth Jo.CC 245 Calhoun 6X Jolley Washington .. 1.942 Kalona 203 Kamrar Hamilton 763 Kanavvha Hancock 314 Kellerton linggold 246 Story Kelley 626 asper Kellogg 29X Worth Kensett 65 Kent Jnion 12.451 Keokuk ^ee MM KeomaJi Village . Mahaska 1,020 Keosauqua Van Buren ... 1,000
1980

IM 4.610 254 213 138 347 72 5.357

I3X 25X 22X 7hl 1,700 92

275 215 279 173 2.722

512 93 877 X47 236 42 4.X25

547 20X 659

278 1,477 310 774 239 655 124 852 2.267 1.714 4,794 671 1.XX4 2.2X5 1XX 6.392 10,843

755 350 5O.5OX 6.174

5XS 427 94 275 X40 4.X54 2.141 1,145 2.617

223 91 1 ,S62

225 756 27X 237 654 360

70 13.536

99 1.003 1,034

300 618

Place

County

1990

1980

Kimballlon Kinysley

Audubon Plymouth Keokuk Shelby Wapello Crawford Hancock Calhoun Marion Warren Iowa Calhoun Wmnehayo hiv.kms.in

289 1,129 89

1.209

Kinross Kirkman Kirkville Kin.n Klemme Knienm Kno'..ulle Lacona Ladora Lake Cnv Lake Mills Lake Park Lakeside Lake View l.akol.i Lambs Grove l.amoni Lament. l a Mode Lanesbnro Lansing La Porte City Larch wood Larrabee Latimer Laurel Laurens Lawler Lawton Le Claire Ledyard Le Grand Lehigh Leighion Leland Le Mars Lenox Leon Le RON Lester Letts Lewis Libertvville Lidderdale Lime Springs Lincoln Linden Lineville Linn Gro\e Lisbon Liscomb Littleport Little Rock LittleSioux Li\ermore Lockridge Logan Lohrville Lone Rock Lone Tree Long Grove Lorimor Lost Nation Loviha Lowden Low Moor Luana Lucas Luther Lu Verne Luxemburg Luzerne Lvnnville Lytton McCallsburs McCausland McClelland Macedonia McGregor Mclntire Macksburs Madrid ..Z Magnolia Malcom Mallard Malov Malvern Manchester Manilla

301

79 95 220 317

.587

620

9X ... 177

Buena Vista Sac

71

125

X 212 ...357 lOX 1 X4I 2,143 996 ...522 1.303

8.141

Kossuth 2X1 ...212 Jasper 2.319 heealur Buchanan 471 Jackson 213 Carroll 182 1.007 Allamakee . 2.128 Black Hawk ... 739 l.yon .. 175 . Cherokee 410 franklin ...271 Marshall 1.550 Pocahontas Chickasaw 517 482 Woodhury 2.734 Seott . 164 Kossuth X54 Marshall .. 536 ... Webster Mahaska 142 Winnebago .311 X.454 Plymouth 1.301 Adams. Taylor 2.047 Decatur ....34 heeatur .. 257 l.\on Louisa .. 390 Cass .433 Jefferson 264 Carroll .202 Howard 438 Tama . ... 173 Dallas 201 289 Wayne . Buena Yisia 194 Linn — . . 1.452 Marshall 258 Clayton .... X8 .493 Lynn Harrison 205 416 Humboldt Jefferson ... 270 Harrison 1,401 Calhoun .. 453 Kossuth ... 185 Johnson .979 Scott 605 Union 377 '''467 Clinton Monroe 551 Cedar ... 726 2X0 Clinton Clayton 790 Lucas .... . . .... . 224 Boone ... 154 Humboldt, Kossuth ... ... 328 Dubuque 257 Benton Jasper Calhoun, Sac

storv Scott Pottawattamie Pottawattamie

Clayton Mitchell Madison Boone Harrison Poweshiek Palo Alto Ringgold Mills Delaware Crawford

...

362

'' 71 o 191 ... 320

376 2K9 2.006 2.2s 1 1,123

589 L29I

33o 228 2,705

554 322 196 1,181 2.324

701 169

441 278 1.606 534 44" 2,899

215 921 654

137 274 8,276 1.338 2.094

31 274 473 497 281 197

476 202 264 319 205 1.458 296 106 490

251 490 271 1.540

521 169 1.014 596 405

524 637

717 346 246 292 155 41S 271 114 406 377

292

104

lOX ... 139

262

381 177 279

..797

945

147

197 132

... 110 2.395 ... 204 . 447 .. 360 16 1.210 5.137

898

2.281

207 418 407 38 1.244 4.942 1020

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Place

County

1990

.Worth Manly 1.349 Manning Carroll 1,484 Manson . Calhoun 1.844 Mapleton . Monona 1.294 Muquoketa .Jackson 6,1 1 1 Marathon . Buena Vista 320 Marble Rock . Floyd 361 Marcus . Cherokee 1.171 Marengo . Iowa 2.270 . Linn Marion 20.403 Marne . Cass 149 Marquette . Clayton 479 Marshalltown . Marshall 25.178 Martelle .Jones 290 Martensdale . Wurren 491 Martinsburg . Keokuk 157 Marysville . Marion 65 Mason Cit\ . Cerro Gordo 2t-U>40 Masonville . Delaware 129 Massena .Cass 372 Sioux. Mailnck Maurice . Sioux 243 Maxwell Sti.ir>7S8 Maynard . Fayetle 513 Maysville . Scott 170 Mechanicsville Cedar 1,012 Mediapolis Des Moines I.h37 Melbourne Marshall 669 Melcher-Dallas ... . Marion ... 1.302 Melrose Monroe 150 250 . Osceola Melvin Menlo . Guthrie 356 Meriden Cherokee 193 Merrill Plymouth 729 Meservey Cerro Gordo 292 Middle-town Dcs Moines 3X6 Miles Jackson 409 Milford Dickinson 2.170 188 Millersburg Iowa Millerton Wayne 44 Millville Clayton 20 Milo Warren ... 864 Milton Van Buren 506 Minbum Dallas 346 498 Minden Pottawattamie .... 252 Mingo Jasper Missouri Valley ... Harrison 2,888 Mitchell Mitchell 170 Polk 1 670 Mitchellvillc 289 Modale Harrison 401 Mondamin Harrison Monmouth Jackson 169 Monona Clayton 1.520 Jasper 1,739 Monroe Montezuma Poweshiek 1,651 Monticello Jones ... . 3,522 Montour Tama 312 Montrose Lee 957 Moorhead 259 Monona 209 Moorland Webster Moravia 679 Appanoose Morley Jones 85 Morning Sun Louisa 841 Morrison Grundy 113 Moulton 613 Appanoose .. Mount Auburn Benton 134 Mount Ayr Ringgold 1,796 Mount Pleasant .... Henry 8,027 Mount Sterling Van Buren 53 Mount Union Henry 140 Mount Vernon Linn 3,657 Moville 1,306 Woodbury Murray Clarke 731 Muscatine .... 22,881 Muscaiine Mystic Appanoose 545 Nashua.... Chickasaw 1 476 Nemaha Sac Neola 894 Pottawattamie .... Nevada 6,009 Story New Albin 534 Allamakee Newell 1,089 Buena Visia Newhall Benlon . 854 New Hampton 3,660 Chickasaw New Hartford Butler 683 New Liberty Scot! I3 l > New London Henry 1 92"* New Market Taylor 454 New Providence ... Hardin 240 New Sharon . 1,1 16 Mahaska Newton . 14.7X9 Jasper New Vienna 376 Dubuque

1980 1,496 1,609 1 ,924 1,495 6,313 442 419

1.206 2,308 19*474 162 528 26,938 316 438 174 84 30.144 150 518 109 288 783 561 151 1,1 66 1 ^685 732 953 218 277 410 211 737 324 487 398

2,076 184 72 50 778 567 390 483 303 3,107 193 1,510 373 421 210 1,530 1,875 1,485 3,641 387 1,038 264 257 706 94

959 146 762

188 1,938 7,322 96

145 3,325 L273 703 23,467 665

1.846 120 839 5,912 609 l

M3 899 3,940 764 136

2,043 554 249 1,225 15,292 430

Place

233

County

New Virginia ..Warren Nichols .. Muscaiine Nodaway ... .. Adams Nora Spnnjjs . Floyd Northboro . Page North Buena Vis a Clayton North English .. Iowa. Keokuk ... North Liberty . .. Johnson North WashiniMo C h i 'k'i ivv North wood .. Worth Norwalk.... .. Warren Norway . Benton Numa .. Appanoose Oakland .. Pottawatlamie .... Oakland Acres .. Jasper Louisa Oukville Ocheyedan Osceola Odcbolt .. Sac Oelwcin .. Fayelte Boone Ocden Okoboji .. Dickinson Olds .Henry ..Jones Olin Keokuk Ollie Onavva ... .. Monona Onslow Jones Orange City .. Sioux Orchard Mitchell Orient .. Adair Orleans .. Dickinson Osage . Mitchell Osceola ..Clarke Oskaloosa . Mahaska Ossian .. Winne.shiek ..Clayton Oslerdock Olho .. Webster Olo .. Woodbury Ottosen Humboldt Ottumwa .. Wapelln Owa.sa .. Hardin .. Johnson Oxford Oxford Junction Jones Ovens . Plymouth Pacific Junction . .. Mills Pack wood .. Jeferson Palmer .. Pocahontas Palo . Linn .. Shelby Panama Panora Guthrie Panorama Park ... .. Scott Parkersbur° .. Butler .. Iowa .... Pumell . ...* Paton ,. Greene .. Madison Patterson Paulina .. O'Brien Pella .. Marion Peosta .. Dubuque Perry .. Dallas Persia . Harrison Peterson ..Clay IV-rson .. Woodbury .. Boone Pilot Mound Pioneer Humboldt Pisgah .. Harrison Plainfield .. Bremer ..... Piano Appanoose Pleasant Hill Polk .. Decatur Pleasanton Pleasant Plain .. Jefferson Pleasantville .. Marion Plover .. Pocahonlas Plymouth Cerro Gordo Pocahontas .. Pocahontas Polk City .. Polk Pomeroy . Calhoun Popejoy .. Franklin . Shelby Portsmouth Postville Allamakee Praineburg Linn . Jasper Prairie City .. Adams Preset >n Prcslon .Jackson Primghar O'Brien Princeton . Scott Promise City . Wayne Provotin . Howard Davis Pula.ski Quasqueton . Buchanan Quimby ( herokee Radclil'fe Hardin . Wmnebago Rake

1990

1980

433 366 153 1,505 78 145 944 2,926

512 375 185 1,572 1 15 155

]Q7

1,940 5.726 581 151 1,496 152 442 539 1,158 6,493 1 909 775 205 661 207 2.936 216 4.940 93 376 560 3,439 .... 4.164 10,632 810

49 529 118 72 24.488 37 663

881 113 548 208

230 514 201 L100 "... 'l 27 | X()4

209

255 128 1,134 9,"»7<)

...

135 6,652 312 390 341 199

46 268

455 75 3.h7l 58 128 1,536 101 ... .453 2,085 .... 1.908 762 92 209

1,472 213 1,160 287 1,025 . ... 950 806 132 305 221 579 314 574 218

990

2.046 142 2,191 2,676 633 205

1,552 139 470 599

1.299 7,564 1.953 559 225 735 232 3,283 2 18 4.5X8 95 416 546

3.718 3,750 10,9X9 829

35 692

172 92

27.38? 65 676 600 146

511 210 288 529 229

1,211 145 1,968 234 291 138 1.224 8,419 120

7,053 355 470 408

223 40 307 469

111 3,493 75 144 1,511 135 463 2.352 1,658 895

1 1 ** 240 1,475 197 1,278 349

1.120 1,050 965 149 168 267 599

424 591

283

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

234

County

Place

County

1990

1980

Place

Ralslon Randalia Randall Randolph Rathhuii Raymond Readlyn Rcasnor Redding Redfleld Red Oak Rembeek Rembrandt Remsen Renwick Rhodes Rieeville Riehland Rickardsville Ricketts Ridgeway

Carroll, Greene hiyeile Hamilton Fremont Appanoose Black Hawk Bremer Jasper Ringgold Dallas Montgomery Grundy ' Buena Vista Plymouth Humboldt Marshall Howard, Mitchell Keokuk Dubuque Crawford Winneshiek

IJ9 88 161 243 89 619 773 I'M 119 .883 6.264 1.605 229 1,513 287 272 X27 522 171 105 295

108 101 171 223 93 655 858 277 91 959 o,8lO I,SOS 291 1.592 410 367 9|9 600 215 143 308

. Story Slater . Woodbury Sloan . Woodbury Smithland . Monona Soldier .Johnson Solon . Calhoun S< imcrs South F.iig11sii .... . Keokuk Clay Spencer . Winneshiek Spillville . Dickinson Spirit Lake Jackson Spragueville Jackson Springbrook . Warren Spring Hill . Linn Springville Stacyville . Mitchell . Hamilton Sianhope . Buchanan Stanley Montgomery Stanlon Cedar Stanwood Slate Center . . .... Marshall Sleamhoal Ro<_k Hardin Stockporl . Van Buren Stockton . Muscatine Storm lake . Buena Vista Slop, Cily Siury Stout '. Grundy Slrafford . Hamilton. Webster

Rmard ..'

Calhoun

Ringsted Rippey Riverdale Riverside Riverton Robins Rock Falls Rockford Rock Rapids Rock Valley Rockwell Rockwell Cily

Fmmcl Greene Scott Washington Fremont Linn Cerro Gordo Floyd Lyon Sioux Cerro Gordo Calhoun

Rodman

'

Rodney Roland' Rolfe Rome Rose Hill Rossie Rowan Rowley Royal * Rudd Runnells Russell Ruthven Rutland Ryan Sabula Sac Cily Sageville St^Ansgar St. Anthony St. Charles St. Donatus St. Lucas St. Mans St. Olal St. Paul Salem Salix Sanborn Sandyville Scarville Schaller Schlewig Scranton Searsboro Sergeant Bluff Seymour Shambaugh Shannon City Sharpsburg Sheffield Shelby Sheldahl Sheldon Shell Rock Shellsburg Shenandoah Sherrill Shueyville Sibley Sidney Sigou'rney Silver City Sioux Center Sioux City Sioux Rapids

Palo Alto

71

97

481 275 433 824 333 875 130 863 2.601 2.540 1,008 1,981

557 304 462 826 342 726 148 1,012 2,693 2,706 1,039 2,276

56

X6

Monona 65 Story 1,035 Pocahontas 721 Henry 124 Mahaska 171 Clay hX Wright 189 Buchanan 272 Clay 466 Floyd 429 Polk 306 Lucas 531 Palo Alto 707 Humboldt 149 Delaware 382 Jackson 710 Sac 2,492 Dubuque 288 Mitchell 1.063 Marshall 112 Madison 537 Jackson 145 Fayette 174 Warren 113 Clayton Ill Lee 120 Henry 453 Woodbury 367 O'Brien .'. 1,345 Warren 59 Winnebago 92 Sac !" 7oN Crawford 851 Greene 583 Poweshiek 164 Woodbury 2.772 Wayne S69 Page 190 Ringgold, Union 97 Taylor 116 Franklin 1.174 Pottawattamie, Shelby . 637 Boone, Polk. Story 315 O'Brien, Sioux 4.937 Butler 1,385 Benton 765 Fremont. Page 5,572 Dubuque 148 Johnson 223 Osceola 2,815 Fremont 1,253 Keokuk 2.111 Mills 252 Sioux 5,074 Woodbury 80,505 Buena Vista 761

82 1.005 796 113 214 72 259 275 522 460 377 593 769 163 390 824 3.000 29| 1,100 140 507 197 194 111 138 141 463 429 1,398 86 82 832 868 74s 134 2,416 1,036 197 93 114 1,224 665 315 5,003 1,478 771 6.274 208 287 3,051 1,308 2,330 291 4,588 82,003 897

Strawberry Point .

Struble.." Stuart Sully Sumner Superior Sutherland Swaledale Swan Swea City Swisher '

Clayton . Plymouth

. Adair, Guthne .Jasper . Bremer Dickinson . O'Brien Cerro Gordo Marion

Ko-^uth .Johnson . Fremont, Mills

1990

1980

. 1.268 .... 938 235 205 .. 1.050 161 ... 224 1 1.066 387 .3.871 118 I 16 86 I.06X ...481 447 116 692 .... 646 1.248 .... 335 260 .... 1X7 . 8.769 . 2.959 ... 192 ..715 . 1.357 67 1.522 .... 841 . 2.078 128 ....714 .... 190 76

1.312 978 282 257 969 220 211 11,726 415 3,976 149 209 95 1.165 538 492 154 747 705 1.292 387 272 240 8,814 2.762 190 806 1.463 70 1.650 828 2.335 188 897 186 102 813 654 1.088 2.96X 319 77 420 87 668 200 103 442 221 413 210 3.055 607 2,445 172 1.703 981 1.280 128 407 103 75 448 515 150 1.069 645 574 I7.S69 479 490 80 682 747 245 122 614 1.046 1.434 207 96 5.040 310 230 372 1.425 285 733 256 892 897

...645 .... 957 . 2,697 Tarna ... 321 . Carroll 78 Shelby Tennant . Dickinson ....383 Terril . Union .79 Thayer Winneha'jo . 49S Thompson Humboldt . ,. 205 Thor Keokuk 91 Thornburg . Cerro G< >rd< > Thornton .... 431 Fremont ... Thurman .... 239 Johnson Tiffin .... 460 Rineeold Tingley .... 179 Cedar Tipton 2.998 Kossuth Titonka .612 Tarn a Toledo 2.380 Clinton Toronto .... 132 Tama Traer 1,552 Pottawattamie Treynor .... 897 . Bremer Tripoli . 1,1X8 . Buena Vista Truesdale .... 132 Madison Truno .... 391 Turin . Monona 95 Udell Appanoose 76 Underwood Pottawattamie ....515 Union Hardin . ...448 Unionulle Appanoose .... 133 University Height Johnson . 1,042 University Park .. Mahaska ...604 Urbana Benton ... 595 Urbandale .Polk 23.500 Ute Monona ... 395 Vail 3SS . Crawford Valeria .Jasper 69 Van Home . Benton .... 695 Van Meter .Dallas ....751 Van Wert Decatur .... 249 Varina . Pocahontas 102 Ventura . Cerro Gordo ... 590 Victor 966 . low a. Poweshiek .... Villisca . Montgomery . 1.332 Vincent 185 Webster ... Vining 78 .Tama Vinton . Benton .5,103 Volga . Clinton 306 Wade n a . Fayette 236 Wahpeton . Dickinson 484 Walcott . Muscatine. Scott .. 1,356 Walford . Benton, Linn 303 Walker Linn 673 Wallingford . Emmet 196 Wall Lake .Sac 875 Walnut 857 . Pottawattamie Tabor Tarn a Templeton

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Place

Countv

1990

Wapello Louisa 2,013 Washington Washington ....7.074 Washta Cherokee 2X4 Waterloo Black Hawk .. 66,467 Allamakee Walerville 140 Waucoma Favetle 277 Dallas Waukee .... 2,512 Waukon Allamakee ..4.019 Bremer X.53M Waverlv Wavland Henrv six Webb Clay' 167 Webster Keokuk 103 Webster City Hamilton .... 7.N94 Decatur Weldon 151 Washington Wellman .... 1,085 Grundy 682 Wellsburg Welton Clinton 177 444 Wesley Kossulh West Bend Kossuth, Palo Alto X62 West Branch Cedar .... 1,908 West Burlington ... Des Monies .... 3,083 West Chester Washington I7X West Des Moines . Polk .. 31,702 Plymouth 160 Westfield ~>07 Westgate Fayette West Liberty Muscutine .... 2,M35 Dickinson 2o3 West Okoboji Westphalia Shelby 144 West Point 1 ce 1 079 Westside Crawford 34S 2.4MO West Union Fayette Henry 104 Wesiwood* What Cheer Keokuk 762 Whealland Clinton 723 Monona 6X3 Whiting Whittenmore Kossuth 535 Whilten Hardin 137 Carroll 78 Willev 16X Williams Hamilton Williamsburg Iowa 2,174 Ih6 Williamson Lucas Wilton Cedar. Muscatine . .... 2,577 5 |go Windsor Heights... Polk Wmfield T Henry .... 1,051 Winterset Madison .... 4,196 Winthrop Buchanan 742 Wiota Cuss 160 WOden Hancock 259 Woodbine Harrison .... 1,500 Woodburn 240 Clarke Woodward Dallas .... 1,197 Woolstock Wright 212 Worthinglon Dubuque 439 Wyominc Jones 659 Yale ". Guthrie 220 Yetter Calhoun 49 Yorklown Page too Zearling hl4 Story Zvvingle Dubuque, Jackson 94

:

Incorporated January 14, 19X2.

1980 2.01 1 6,584 320 75.9XS 157 308

2,227 3,983 X.444 720 222 124 8.572 187 1,125 761 119 598 941 1.867 3,371 191 2I.X94 199 2o3 2,723 435 169 1,133 387 2,783 803 840 734 647 lhX 94 410

2,033 210 2.502 5,474 1.042 4,021 7h7

1X1 2X7 1.463 207 1.212 235 432 702 2'-Jo, 52 123 630

1 19

235

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

236

STATISTICAL INFORMATION OF IOWA COUNTIES 1990 Population of Iowa - 2,776,755 Total Voting Precincts in 1994 - 2,2501

County No. I -> 3 4 5 6 7 S

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

County Seat and Population 1990 Population 1990

County

8,409 Adair . 4.X66 Adams Allamakee .... 13,855 Appanoose .... .... 13,743 7.334 Audubon Benton ... 22429 Black Hawk .. 123,798 .... 25,186 Boone . .22.813 Bremer ... 20,844 Buchanan Buena Vista .... 19,965 Butler .... 15,731 Calhoun .... 11.508 ...21.423 Carroll Cass .... 15.128 Cedar .... 17,381 Cerro Gordo . ....46,733 ... 14,098 Cherokee Chickasaw .... 13.295 Clarke 8,287 Clay .... 17,585 Clayton .... 19.054 ....51.040 Clinton .... 16.775 Crawford Dallas .... 29,755 Davis 8,312 8,338 Decatur Delaware .. .... 18,035 Des Moines ... .... 42,614 Dickinson 14,909 Dubuque .... 86,403 Emmet 11 569 Fayette ....21,843 Floyd .... 17,058 .... 11,364 Franklin Fremont 8.226 Greene .... 10,045 Grundy .... 12,029 Guthrie .... 10,935 .... 16,071 Hamilton Hancock .... 12.638 19 094 Hardin Harrison .... 14,730 Henry .... 19,226 9,809 Howard Humboldt .... 10,756 Ida 8,365 .... 14.630 Iowa Jackson .... 19.950 Jasper ...34,795 Jefferson .... 16,310 Johnson 96,119 Jones .... 19,444 Keokuk .... 1 1,624 Kossuth .... 18,591 .... 38,687 Lee .. 168,767 Linn .... 11,592 Louisa Lucas '. 9^070 .... 11.952 Lyon Madison .... 12,483 .... 21,522 Mahaska ... 30.001 Manon Marshall ....38,276 Mills 13 ^02 Mitchell .... 10,928 Monona .... 10,034 8.114 Monroe Montgomery . .... 12,076 Muscatine .... 39,907 O'Brien .... 15444 Osceola 7.267 Page .... 16,870 Palo Alto .... 10,669 Plymouth .... 23,388

Greenfield ... 2,074 Corning ... 1 806 ... 4,019 Waukon ... 5.936 Centerville Audubon ...2,524 Vinton ...5,103 Waterloo . 66467 . 12.392 Boone ... 8,539 Waverly Independence ... ... 5,972 ... 8,769 Storm Lake Allison ... 1,000 Rockwell City .. ... 1,981 Carroll ...9.579 Atlantic ... 7432 ... 2.998 Tipton Mason City 29.040 Cherokee . 6.026 New Hampton . ... 3,660 Osceola 10.632 Spencer . 11,066 Eldader ... 1,510 Clinton . 29.201 Denison 6.604 Adel ...3,304 Bloomfield ... 2,580 Leon ... 2.047 Manchester ... 5.137 Burlington . 27,208 Spirit Lake ... 3.871 . 57.546 Dubuque Estherville ... 6,720 West Union ... 2,490 Charles City ... 7.X78 Hampton ...4.133 Sidney ... 1,253 Jefferson ... 4,292 Grundy Center . ... 2491 Guthrie Center . ... 1.614 Webster City .... ... 7.X94 Garner ...2.916 Eldora ... 3,038 Logan ... 1,401 Mount Pleasant ... 8,027 ... 3,669 Cresco Dakota City ... 1,024 Ida Grove ...2.357 Marengo ... 2.270 Maquoketa ...6.111 Newton 14.789 ... 9,768 Fairfield Iowa City . 59,738 Anamosa ... 5.100 Sigoumey ...2,111 Algona ...6,015 Fort Madison ..... 11,618 Cedar Rapids IOS.751 Wapello .2.013 Chariton ...4.616 Rock Rapids ........ 2,601 Winterset ...4,196 Oskaloosa . 10,632 Knowille ... 8.232 Marshalltown ... .25,178 Glen wood 4 571 3 439 Osuee Onawa 2.936 Albia ... 3,870 Red Oak .... 6.264 Muscatine .. 22.881 Primghar 950 Sibley ...2,815 Clarinda .... 5,104 Emmetsburg ... 3.940 LeMars .... 8,454

Area in Square Miles 570 426 660 515 444 718 573 574 439 573 580 582 573 570 565 582 575 577 505 431 573 795 710 714 591 505 535 579 429 404 616 402 731 501 583 517 572 501 594 577 573 569 701 436 473 436 432 588 650 732 440 623 576 580 976 540 724 417 435 588 563 572 575 573 441 470 699 434 424 449 574 399 535 568 864

No. of Voting Precincts 1992 16 I] 22 14 6 21 64 26 16 16 18 16 19 15 16 13 31 21 18 8 22 25 35 16 21 18 ->•)

20 ->•)

15 41 11 28 13 17 13 17 7 19 13 10 12 26 19 17 17 10 19 16 31 12 51 18 25 21 23 77 8 8 13 20 23 21 19 14

Congressional District 4 3 2 3 4 2 2 5 2 2 5 2 5 5 4 1 2 5 2 3 5 2 1 5 4 3 3 -> 3 5 7

5 -) 5 4 5 2 4 5 5 5 4 3 2 5 5 •» 2 3 3 1 1 3 5 3 ]

1 3 5 4 3 3 3 4

Judicial District 5 5 1 8 4 6 1 2 2

I

3 2 2 2 4 7 2 3 1 5 3 ]

7 3 5 8 5 1 8 3 1 3 1 -> 2 4 2 1 5 2 2 -> 4 8 1 2 3 6 7 5

s

6 6 X 3 8 6 8 5 3

•s

8 5 T

4

State Senate District2 39 44 16 46 41 30 11, 12. 13, 14.30

7,40 11 14 5 11 7 40 43 20 10 5 15 46 4.5 16

19.20 6

38, 39 46 44

14. 17 49.50 4

17, 18 4

14. 16 15 9 43 40 11 39 7.9 8 9 41 49 15 8 6 30 17 29 47

23. 24. 25 20.28 48 4.8

49, 50 25, 26. 27. 28 24 46 3 39

29.48 45.48 29, 32 43

10, 15 17 10 12 26 20 9 12 21 16

5 3 4 1 5 5

3 8 4 7

}

4 3 3

5 5

3 3

6 46 43 24 3,5 3 44 4 2.5

237

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

County No.

M

Pocahontas Polk

9,525 .327.140

2.085 Pocahontas .... Des Moines .... . 143,187

57X 542

163

78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 42 43 94 95

Pottavvattamie ... 82.62X Powe.shiek .... .. 14,033 Ringgold 5.420 Sac ... 12,^4 Scott .. 150.979 Shelby .... 13,230 Sioux .... 24.903 Story .... 74,252 Tama .... 17,414 Taylor 7,114 Union .... 12.750 Van Buren 7,676 Wapello .... 35.687 Warren .... 36,033 Washington ... .... 19,612 Wayne 7,067 Webster .... 40.342 Winnebago ... .... 12,122 Winneshiek ... 20,847 ....98.276 Woodbury Worth...." 7.991 Wnght .... 14,264

Council Bluffs ..54,315 1,651 Monlezuma ... Mount Ayr 1.796 Sac City 2,442 Davenport ...95,333 Harlan 5,148 Orange City ... 4.940 Nevada 6,004 2.380 Toledo Bedford 1,528 7,911 Creston 1,020 Keosauqua Ottumvvu 24.4XX Indianola ... 11,340 7,074 Washington .... Corydon 1,675 Fort Dodge .... ... 25,894 Forest City 4,430 Decorah 8,063 Sioux City ... 80,505 North wood 1.440 Clarion 2,703

959 5X6 536

51 21 9

97 98 44

1

County Seat and 1990 Population

No. of Voting Precincts 1992

76 77

4h

?

County

1990 Population

Area in Square Miles

578 464 541

62 16

769 574 722 537 427

23 43 IT

X

15

4X4

436 573 571 527 718 402 690 877 402 5X2

24 25 19 10 33 16 27 49 11 18

Each Iowa county has one additional precinct for absentee ballots cast within that county

Each State Senate district consists of two Iowa House districts, i.e. Senate District 1 consists of Iowa House Districts 1 & 2

Congressional District 5 4 5 3 3 5 1 4 5 3 -> 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 5 5 2 5 2 5

Judicial District

5 4 X

5 T

7 4 3 i

6

5 5 X

8 5 X

5 "> 2 1 3

State Senate District2

33, 34. 35, 36. 37, 38 41,42,43 29 44 # 14. 20, 21, 22. 24 41 3 31,32 30 44 44 46, 47 47, 4X 45 4X. 49 46

7 8 15. 16 1. 2 , 6

"i

10

2

X, 9

HlSTO RY AND THE ONSTITUTION

Chapter 7

"All Who have Mediated on the Art of Governing Mankind have been Convinced that the Fate of Empires Depends on the Education of Youth/' - Aristotle

240

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

HISTORY OF IOWA By Dorothy Sehwieder, professor of history, Iowa State University Marquette and Joliet Find Iowa Lush and Green

In the summer of 1673, French explorers Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette traveled down the Mississippi River past the land that was to become the state of Iowa. The two explorers, along with their five crewmen, stepped ashore near where the Iowa river flowed into the Mississippi. It is believed that the 1673 voyage marked the first time that white people visited the region of Iowa. After surveying the surrounding area, the Frenchmen recorded in their journals that Iowa appeared lush, green, and fertile. For the next 300 years, thousands of white settlers would agree with these early visitors: Iowa was indeed lush and green; moreover, its soil was highly productive. In fact, much of the history of the Hawkeye State is inseparably intertwined with its agricultural productivity. Iowa stands today as one of the leading agricultural states in the nation, a fact foreshadowed by the observation of the early French explorers. The Indians

Before 1673, however, the region had long been home to many Native Americans. Approximately 17 different Indian tribes had resided here at various times including the Ioway, Sauk, Mesquaki, Sioux, Potawatomi, Oto, and Missouri. The Potawatomi, Oto, and Missouri Indians had sold their land to the federal government by 1830 while the Sauk and Mesquaki remained in the Iowa region until 1845. The Santee Band of the Sioux was the last to negotiate a treaty with the federal government in 1851. The Sauk and Mesquaki constituted the largest and most powerful tribes in the Upper Mississippi Valley. They had earlier moved from the Michigan region into Wisconsin and by the 1730s, they had relocated in western Illinois. There they established their villages along the Rock and Mississippi Rivers. They lived in their main villages only for a few months each year. At other times, they traveled throughout western Illinois and eastern Iowa hunting, fishing, and gathering food and materials with which to make domestic articles. Every spring, the two tribes traveled northward into Minnesota where they tapped maple trees and made syrup. In 1829, the federal government informed the two tribes that they must leave their villages in western Illinois and move across the Mississippi River into the Iowa region. The federal government claimed ownership of the Illinois land as a result of the Treaty of 1804. The move was made but not without violence. Chief Black hawk, a highly-respected Sauk leader, protested the move and in 1832 returned to reclaim the Illinois village of Saukenauk. For the next three months, the Illinois militia pursued Black Hawk and his band of approximately 400 Indians northward along the eastern side of the Mississippi River. The Indians surrendered at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin, their numbers having dwindled to about 200. This encounter is known as the Black Hawk War. As punishment for their resistance, the federal government required the Sauk and Mesquaki to relinquish some of their land in eastern Iowa. This land, known as the Black Hawk Purchase, constituted a strip 50 miles wide lying along the Mississippi River, stretching from the Missouri border to approximately Fayette and Clayton Counties in Northeastern Iowa. Today, Iowa is still home to one Indian group, the Mesquaki, who reside on the Mesquaki Settlement in Tama County. After most Sauk and Mesquaki members had been removed from the state, some Mesquaki tribal members, along with a few Sauk, returned to hunt and fish in eastern Iowa. The Indians then approached Governor James Grimes with the request that they be allowed to purchase back some of their original land. They collected $735 for their first land purchase and eventually they bought back approximately 3,200 acres. Iowa's First White Settlers

The first official white settlement in Iowa began in June 1833, in the Black Hawk Purchase. Most of Iowa's first white settlers came from Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia. The great majority of newcomers came in family units. Most families had resided in at least one additional state between the time they left their state of birth and the time they arrived in Iowa. Sometimes families had relocated three or four times before they reached Iowa. At the same time, not all settlers remained here; many soon moved on to the Dakotas or other areas in the Great Plains. Iowa's earliest white settlers soon discovered an environment different from that which they had known back East. Most northeastern and southeastern states were heavily timbered; settlers there had material for building homes, outbuildings, and fences. Moreover, wood also provided ample fuel. Once past the extreme eastern portion of Iowa, settlers quickly discovered that the state was primarily a prairie or tall grass region. Trees grew abundantly in

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

241

The first settlers in Iowa had trouble finding enough timber to build their new homes.

the extreme eastern and southeastern portions, and along rivers and streams, but elsewhere timber was limited. In most portions of eastern and central Iowa, settlers could find sufficient timber for construction of log cabins, but substitute materials had to be found for fuel and fencing. For fuel, they turned to dried prairie hay, corn cobs, and dried animal droppings. In southern Iowa, early settlers found coal outcroppings along rivers and streams. People moving into northwest Iowa, an area also devoid of trees, constructed sod houses. Some of the early sod house residents wrote in glowing terms about their new quarters, insisting that "soddies" were not only cheap to build but were warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Settlers experimented endlessly with substitute fencing materials. Some residents built stone fences; some constructed dirt ridges; others dug ditches. The most successful fencing material was the osage orange hedge until the 1870s when the invention of barbed wire provided farmers with satisfactory fencing material. Early settlers recognized other disadvantages of prairie living. Many people complained that the prairie looked bleak and desolate. One woman, newly arrived from New York State, told her husband that she thought she would die without any trees. Emigrants from Europe, particularly the Scandinavian countries, reacted in similar fashion. These newcomers also discovered that the prairies held another disadvantage - one that could be deadly. Prairie fires were common in the tall grass country, often occurring yearly. Diaries of pioneer families provide dramatic accounts of the reactions of early Iowans to prairie fires, often a mixture of fear and awe. When a prairie fire approached, all family members were called out to help keep the flames away. One nineteenth century Iowan wrote that in the fall, people slept "with one eye open" until the first snow fell, indicating that the threat of fire had passed. Pioneer families faced additional hardships in their early years in Iowa. Constructing a farmstead was hard work in itself. Families not only had to build their homes, but often they had to construct the furniture used. Newcomers were often lonely for friends and relatives. Pioneers frequently contracted communicable diseases such as scarlet fever. Fever and ague, which consisted of alternating fevers and chills, was a constant complaint. Later generations would learn that fever and ague was a form of malaria, but pioneers thought that it was caused by gas emitted from the newly turned sod. Moreover, pioneers had few ways to relieve even common colds or toothaches. Early life on the Iowa prairie was sometimes made more difficult by the death of family members. Some pioneer women wrote of the heartache caused by the death of a child. One women, Kitturah Belknap, had lost one baby to lung fever. When a second child died, she confided in her diary:

2 42

IOWA OFFICIAL RfcGISTER

"I have h.id to pass thru another season of sorrow. Death has again entered our home. This time it claimed our dear little John for its victim. It was hard for me to give him up but dropsy on the brain ended its work in four short days... We are left again with one baby and I feel that my health is giving way." But. for- the pioneers who remained on the land1, and most did, the rewards were substantial. These early settlers soon discovered that prairie land, although requiring some adjustments, was some of the richest land to be found anywhere in the world. Moreover, by the late 1860s, most of the state had been settled and the isolation and loneliness associated with pioneer living had quickly vanished. Transportation: Railroad Fever

As thousands of settlers poured into Iowa in the mid-1800s, all shared a common concern for the development of adequate transportation. The earliest settlersr shipped their agricultural goods down the Mississippi River to New Orleans, but by the 18. )0s, Iowans had caught the nation's railroad lever. The nation's first railroad had been built near Baltimore in 1831, and by 1860, Chicago was served by almost a dozen lines. Iowans, like other Midwesterners, were anxious to start railroad building in their state. In the early 1850s, city officials in the river communities of Dubuque, Clinton, Davenport, and Burlington began to organize local railroad companies. City officials knew that railroads building west from Chicago would soon reach the Mississippi River opposite the four Iowa cities. With the 1850s, railroad planning took place which eventually resulted in the development of the Illinois Central, the Chicago and North Western, reaching Council Bluffs in 1867. Council Bluffs had been designated as the eastern terminus for the Union Pacific, the railroad that would eventually extend across the western half of the nation and along with the Central Pacific, provide the nation's first transcontinental railroad. A short time later a fifth railroad, the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Pacific, also completed its line across the state. The completion of five railroads across Iowa brought major economic changes. Of primary importance, Iowans could travel every month of the year. During the latter ninetieth and early twentieth centuries, even small Iowa towns had six passenger trains a day. Steamboats and stagecoaches had previously provided transportation, but both were highly dependent on the weather, and steam boats could not travel at all once the rivers had frozen over. Railroads also provided year-round transportation for Iowa's farmers. With Chicago's pre-eminence as a railroad center, the corn, wheat, beef, and pork raised by Iowa's farmers could be shipped through Chicago, across the nation to eastern seaports, and from there, anywhere in the world. Railroads also brought major changes in Iowa's industrial sector. Before 1870. Iowa contained some manufacturing firms in the eastern portion of the state, particularly all made possible by year-around railroad transportation. Many of the new industries were related to agriculture. In Cedar Rapid. John and Robert Stuart, along with their cousin, George Douglas, started an oats processing plant. In time, this firm took the name Quaker Oats. Meat packing plants also appeared in the 1870s in different parts of the state: Sinclair Meat Packing opened in Cedar Rapids and John Morrell and Company set up operations in Ottumwa. Education and Religion

As Iowa's population and economy continued to grow, education and religious institutions also began to take shape. Americans had long considered education important and Iowans did not deviate from that belief. Early in any neighborhood, residents began to organize schools. The first step was to set up township elementary schools, aided financially by the sale or lease of section 16 in each of the state's many townships. The first high school was established in the 1850s, but in general, high schools did not become widespread until after 1900. Private and public colleges also soon appeared. By 1900, the Congregationalists had established Grinnell College. The Catholics and Methodists were most visible in private higher education, however. As of 1900, they had each created five colleges: Iowa Wesleyan, Simpson, Cornell, Morningside. and Upper Iowa University by the Methodists; and Marycrest, St. Ambrose, Briar Cliff, Loras, and Clarke by the Catholics. Other church colleges present in Iowa by 1900 were Coe and Dubuque (Presbyterian); Wartburg and Luther (Lutheran); Central (Baptist); and Drake (Disciples of Christ). The establishment of private colleges coincided with the establishment of state educational institutions. In the mid-1800s, state officials organized three state institutions of higher learning, each with a different mission. The University of Iowa, established in 1855. was to provide classical and professional education for Iowa's young people; Iowa State College of Science and Technology (now Iowa State University), established in 1858; was to offer agricultural and technical training. Iowa State Teachers' College (now University of Northern Iowa). 'Quoted in (ilenda Riley's, Frontiers woman: The Iowa Experience lArais: Iowa Slate University Press. 1981), p. SI.

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

243

founded in 1876 was to train teachers for the state's public schools. Iowans were also quick to organize churches. Beginning in the 1840s, the Methodist Church sent out circuit riders to travel throughout the settled portion of the state. Each circuit rider typically had a two-week circuit in which he visited individual families and conducted sermons for local Methodist congregations. Because the circuit riders' sermons tended to be emotional and simply stated, Iowa's frontiers-people could readily identify with them. The Methodists profited greatly from their "floating ministry," attracting hundreds of converts in Iowa's early years. As more settled communities appeared, the Methodist Church assigned ministers to these stationary charges. Catholics also moved into Iowa soon after white settlement began. Dubuque served as the center for Iowa Catholicism as Catholics established their first diocese in that city. The leading Catholic figure was Bishop Mathias Loras, a Frenchman, who came to Dubuque in the late 1830s. Bishop Loras helped establish Catholic churches in the area and worked hard to attract priests and nuns from foreign countries. Before the Civil War, most of Iowa's Catholic clergy were from France, Ireland, and Germany. After the Civil War, more and more of that group tended to be native-born. Bishop Loras also helped establish two Catholic educational institutions in Dubuque, Clarke Drake College and Loras College. University class of 1887. Congregationalists were the third group to play an important role in Iowa before the Civil War. The first group of Congregationalist ministers here were known as the Iowa Band. This was a group of 11 ministers, all trained at Andover Theological Seminary, who agreed to carry the gospel into a frontier region. The group arrived in 1843, and each minister selected a different town in which to establish a congregation. The Iowa Band's motto was "each a church; all a college." After a number of years when each minister worked independently, the ministers collectively helped to establish Iowa College in Davenport. Later church officials move the college to Grinnell and changed its name to Grinnell College. The letters and journal of William Salter, a member of the Iowa Band, depict the commitment and philosophy of this small group. At one point, Salter wrote the following to his fiancee back East: "I shall aim to show that the West will be just what others make it, and that they which work the hardest and do the most for it shall have it. Prayer and pain will save the West and the Country is worth it..."" Throughout the nineteenth century, many other denominations also established churches within the state. Quakers established meeting houses in the communities of West Branch, Springdale, and Salem. Presbyterians were also well represented in Iowa communities. Baptists often followed the practice of hiring local farmers to preach on Sunday mornings. And as early as the 1840s, Mennonite Churches began to appear in eastern Iowa. The work of the different denominations meant that during the first three decades of settlement, Iowans had quickly established their basic religious institutions. The Civil War

By 1860, Iowa had achieved statehood (December 28, 1846), and the state continued to attract many settlers, both native and foreign-born. Only the extreme northwestern part of the state remained a frontier area. But after almost 30 years of peaceful development, Iowans found their lives greatly altered with the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. While Iowans had no battles fought on their soil, the state paid dearly through the contributions of its fightingmen. Iowa males responded enthusiastically to the call for Union volunteers and more than 75,000 Iowa men served with distinction in campaigns fought in the East and in the South. Of that number, 13,001 died in the war, many of disease rather than from battle wounds. Some men died in the Confederate prison camps, particularly Andersonville, Georgia. A total of 8,500 Iowa men were wounded. Many Iowans served with distinction in the Union Army. Probably the best known was Grenville Dodge, who became a general during the war. Dodge fulfilled two important functions: he supervised the rebuilding of many southern railroad lines to enable Union troops to move more quickly through the South; and he directed the counter intelligence operation for the union Army, locating Northern sympathizers in the South who, in turn, would relay 'Quoted in J o s e p h Wall's, Iowa: A H i s t o r y ( N e w York: W.W. N o r t o n & C o m p a n y Inc., 197S), p 70

244

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

information on Southern troop movements and military plans to military men in the North. Another Iowan, Cyrus Carpenter, was 31 years old when he entered the army in 1861. Living in Ft. Dodge, Carpenter requested a commission from the army rather than enlisting. He was given the rank of captain and was installed as quartermaster. Carpenter had never served in that capacity before, but with the aid of an army clerk, he proceeded to carry out his duties. Most of the time, Carpenter was responsible for feeding 40,000 men. Not only was it difficult to have sufficient food for the men, but Carpenter constantly had to keep his supplies and staff on the move. Carpenter found it an immensely frustrating task, but most of the time, he managed to have the food and other necessities at the right place at the right time. Iowa women also served their nation during the war. Hundreds of women knitted sweaters, sewed uniforms, rolled bandages, and collected money for military supplies. Women formed soldiers' relief societies throughout the state. Annie Wittenmyer particularly distinguished herself through volunteer work. She spent much time during the war raising money and needed supplies for Iowa soldiers. At one point, Mrs. Wittenmyer visited her brother in a Union army hospital. She objected to the food served to the patients, contending that no one could get well on greasy bacon and cold coffee. She suggested to hospital authorities that they establish diet kitchens so that the patients would receive proper nutrition. Eventually, some diet kitchens were established in military hospitals. Mrs. Wittenmyer also was responsible for the establishment of several homes for soldiers' orphans. Annie Wittenmyer The Political Arena

The Civil War era brought considerable change to Iowa and perhaps one of the most visible changes came in the political arena. During the 1840's, most Iowans voted Democratic although the state also contained some Whigs. Iowa's first two United States Senators were Democrats as were most state officials. During the 1850s, however, the state's Democratic Party developed serious internal problems as well as being unsuccessful in getting the national Democratic Party to respond to their needs. Iowans soon turned to the newly emerging Republican Party; the political career of James Grimes illustrates this change. In 1854, Iowans elected Grimes governor on the Whig ticket. Two years later, Iowans elected Grimes governor on the Republican ticket. Grimes would later serve as a Republican United States Senator from Iowa. Republicans took over state politics in the 1850s and quickly instigated several changes. They moved the state capital from Iowa City to Des Moines, they established the University of Iowa and they wrote a new state constitution. From the late 1850s until well into the twentieth century, Iowans remained strongly Republican. Iowans sent many highly capable Republicans to Washington, particularly William Boyd Allison of Dubuque, Jonathan P. Dolliver of Ft. Dodge, and Albert Baird Cummins of Des Moines. These men served their state and their nation with distinction. Another political issue facing Iowans in the 1860s was the issue of women's suffrage. From the 1860s on, Iowa contained a large number of women, and some men, who strongly supported the measure and who worked endlessly for its adoption. In keeping with the general reform mood of the latter 1860s and 1870s, the issue first received serious consideration when both houses of the General Assembly passed a women's suffrage amendment in 1870. Two years later, however, when the legislature had to consider the amendment again before it could be submitted to the general electorate, interest had waned, opposition had developed, and the amendment was defeated. Norweigian emigrant Gertrud Aga Nesheim.

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

245

For the next 47 years, Iowa women worked continually to secure passage of a women's suffrage amendment to Iowa's state constitution. During that time, the issue was considered in almost every session of the state legislature, but an amendment was offered (having passed both houses of the state legislature in two consecutive sessions) to the general electorate only once, in 1916. In that election, voters defeated the amendment by about 10,000 votes. The arguments against women's suffrage ranged from the charge that women were not interested in the vote to the charge that women's suffrage would bring the downfall of the family and would cause delinquency in children. Regarding the defeat of the 1916 state referendum on the female vote, Iowa-born Carrie Chapman Catt, a leader for the women's suffrage cause, argued that the liquor interests in the state should accept responsibility as they had worked hard to defeat the measure. During the long campaign to secure the vote, however, the women themselves were not always in agreement as to the best approach to secure a victory. Catt herself led the final victorious assault in 1918 and 1919 in Washington with her "winning plan." This called for women to work for both state (state constitutions) and national (national constitution) amendments. Finally, in 1920, after both houses of the United States Congress passed the measure and it had been approved by the proper number of states, woman's suffrage became a reality for American women everywhere. Iowa: Home for Immigrants

While Iowans were debating the issues of women's suffrage in the post Civil War period, the state itself was attracting many more people. Following the Civil War, Iowa's population continued to grow dramatically, from 674,913 people in 1860 to 1,194,020 in 1870. Moreover, the ethnic composition of Iowa's population also changed substantially. Before the Civil War, Iowa had attracted some foreign-born settlers, but the number remained small. After the Civil War, the number of immigrants increased. In 1869, the state encouraged immigration by printing a 96-page booklet entitled Iowa: The Home of Immigrants. The publication gave physical, social, educational, and political descriptions of Iowa. The legislature instructed that the booklet be published in English, German, Dutch, Swedish, and Danish. Iowans were not alone in their efforts to attract more northern and western Europeans. Throughout the nation, Americans regarded these new comers as "good stock" and welcomed them enthusiastically. Most immigrants from these countries came in family units. Germans constituted the largest group, settling in every county within the state. The great majority became farmers, but many also became craftsmen and shopkeepers. Moreover, many German-Americans edited newspapers, taught school, and headed banking establishments. In Iowa, Germans exhibited the greatest diversity in occupations, religion, and geographical settlement. The Marx Goettsch family of Davenport serves well as an example of German immigrants. At the time of his emigration in 1871, Goettsch was 24 years old, married and the father of a young son. During a two-year term in the German Army, Goettsch had learned the trade of shoemaking. Goettsch and his family chose to settle in Davenport, among Germans from the Schleswig-Holstein area. By working hard as a shoemaker, Goettsch managed not only to purchase a building for his home and shop, but also to purchased five additional town lots. Later, Goettsch had homes built on the lots which he rented out. He had then become both a small business man and a landlord. During the next 25 years, Goettsch and his wife, Anna, raised six children and enjoyed considerable prosperity. For Marx and Anna, life in America, surrounded by fellow GermanAmericans, did not differ greatly from life in the old country. For their children, however, life was quite different. The lives of the Goettsch children - or the second generation - best illustrate the social and economic opportunities available to immigrants in the United States. If the family had remained in Germany, probably all five sons would have followed their father's occupation of shoemaker. In the United States, all five pursued higher education. Two sons received Ph.D.s, two sons received M.D.s, and one son became a professional engineer. With the third generation, education was also a crucial factor. Of seven grandchildren, all became professionals. Moreover, five of the seven were female. As the Goettsch experience indicates, opportunities abounded for immigrants settling in Iowa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The newcomers and their children could take up land, go into business, or pursue higher education. For most immigrants, these areas offered a better, more prosperous life than their parents had known in the old country. Iowa also attracted many other people from Europe, including Swedes, Norwegians, Danes, Hollanders, and many emigrants from the British Isles as shown by the following table. After 1900, people also emigrated from southern and eastern Europe. In many instances, immigrant groups were identified with particular occupations. The Scandinavians, including Norwegians, who settled in Winneshiek and Story Counties; Swedes, who settled in Boone County; and Danes, who settled in southwestern Iowa; were largely associated with farming. Many Swedes also became coal miners. The Hollanders made two major settlements in Iowa, the first in Marion County, and the second in northwest Iowa.

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

246

Proportionately far more southern and eastern immigrants, particularly Italians and Croatians, went into coal mining than did western and northern Europeans. Arriving in Iowa with little money and few skills, these groups gravitated toward work that required little or no training and provided them with immediate employment. In Iowa around the turn of the century, that work happened to be coal mining.

Foreign-born in Iowa, 1880,1900, and 1920 Country All countries Germany Sweden Norway Denmark Netherlands England Scotland Wales Ireland Switzerland France Austria Czechoslovakia* Russia Italy Canada

1880

1900

1920

261,650 88,268 17,559 21,586 6,901 4,743 22,610 6,885 3,031 44,061 4,584 2,675 12,027

305,920 123,162 29,875

255,647 70,642 22,493

535 122 21,062

1,998 1,196 15,687

25,634

17,344

17,102 9,388 21,027 6,425 3,091 28,321 4,342 1,905 13,118

18,020 12,471 13,036 3,967 1,753 10,685 2,871 2,125 4,334 9,150 7,319 4,956 8,929

Source: Leland Sage, A History of Iowa (Ames: Iowa State University, 1974), p. 93 ^Residents from Bohemia numbered 9,098 and 9,500 in 1915. Totals for other countries, such as Belgium, Hungary, Poland, Yogoslavia, and Greece, are not included because each country's foreign-born was less than 1,000 in any census year.

Coal Miners

Italian emigration differed from earlier emigration in that it tended to be male dominated. Typically, the Italian male emigrated with financial support of family or friends. Once in Iowa, he worked in the mines to pay back his sponsors; then he began to save to bring his wife and family from Italy. For two generations, Italian males worked in coal mines scattered throughout central and southern Iowa. Beginning around 1925, however, the Iowa coal industry began to decline. By the mid-1950s only a few underground mines remained in the state.

The Buxton Wonders baseball team was from the coal mining town of Buxton which only existed from 1900-1922.

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

247

Life in a coal camp differed greatly from life in more settled Iowa communities. Most residents described the camps as bleak and dismal. The typical coal camp contained a company store, a tavern and pool hall, a miners' union hall, and an elementary school. Only rarely did coal camps contain churches or high schools. Coal camp residents had few social or economic opportunities. Most sons followed their fathers into the mines, and daughters tended to marry miners and continued to live in the camps. The majority of blacks who migrated to Iowa during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries also worked as coal miners. Before the Civil War, Iowa had only a small black population, but in the 1880s that number increased considerably. Unfortunately, many of the early blacks were hired as strike breakers by Iowa coal operators. In later decades, however, coal companies hired blacks as regular miners. The most notable coal community in Iowa was Buxton. Located in northern Monroe County, Buxton contained almost 5,000 people. By contrast, most coal camps averaged around 200 residents. Consolidation Coal Company owned and operated Buxton and instigated many progressive policies. Perhaps most unusual, Buxton had a high black population, at one time almost 54 percent. Most social and economic institutions were racially integrated and the town contained many black professionals. Buxton existed from 1900 to 1922 when coal seams around the area were depleted. Black families then moved on to Des Moines, Waterloo, Cedar Rapids and to communities outside the state. The Family Farm

After the Civil War, Iowa's agriculture also underwent considerable change. By the 1870s, farms and small towns blanketed the entire state. Also in that decade, Iowa farmers established definite production patterns, which led to considerable prosperity. During the Civil War, Iowa farmers had raised considerable wheat. After the war, however, prominent Iowa farmers like "Tama Jim" Wilson, later to be national secretary of agriculture for 16 years, urged farmers to diversify their production, raise corn rather than wheat, and convert that corn into pork, beef, and wool whenever possible. For many generations, Iowa farmers have followed Wilson's advice. Even though farmers changed their agricultural production, farm work continued to be dictated by the seasons. Wintertime meant butchering, fence mending, ice cutting, and wood chopping. In the spring, farmers prepared and planted their fields. Summertime brought sheep shearing, having, and threshing. In the fall, farmers picked corn, the most difficult farm task of all. Farm women's work also progressed according to the seasons. During the winter, women did their sewing and mending, and helped with butchering. Spring brought the greatest activity. Then women had to hatch and care for chickens, plant gardens, and do spring housekeeping. During the summer, women canned large amounts of vegetables and fruit. Canning often extended into the fall. Foods like apples and potatoes were stored for winter use. Throughout all the seasons, there were many constants in farm women's routines. Every-day meals had to be prepared, children cared for, and housekeeping done. With gardens to tend and chickens to feed and water, farm women had both indoor and outdoor work. Through their activities however, women produced most of their families' food supply. During the late 1800s and early 1900s, social activities for farm families were limited. Most families made few trips to town. Some Iowans remember that even in the 1920s, they went to town only on Saturday night. Family members looked to each other for companionship and socializing. Moreover, the country church and the country school were important social centers. Families gathered at neighborhood schools several times each year for Christmas programs, spelling bees, and annual end-of-the-year picnics. Many rural neighborhoods had distinct ethnic identifications, often merged into religion. Throughout the Iowa countryside, churches abounded with designations such asderman Lutheran, German Catholic, German Methodist, Swedish Lutheran, Swedish Methodist, and Swedish Baptist. Vast Changes

In 1917, the United States entered World War I and farmers as well as all Iowans experienced a wartime economy. For farmers, the change was significant. Since the beginning of the war in 1914, Iowa farmers had experienced economic prosperity. Along with farmers everywhere, they were urged to be patriotic by increasing their production. Farmers purchased more land and raised more corn, beef, and pork for the war effort. It seemed that no one could lose as farmers expanded their operations, made more money, and at the same time, helped the Allied war effort. After the war, however, Iowa farmers soon saw wartime farm subsidies eliminated. Beginning in 1920, many farmers had difficulty making the payment for debts they had incurred during the war. The 1920s were a time of hardship for Iowa's farm families and for many families, these hardships carried over into the 1930s. As economic difficulties worsened, Iowa farmers sought to find local solutions. Faced with extremely low farm prices, including corn at 10 cents a bushel and pork at three cents a pound, some Iowa farmers joined the Farm Holiday Association. This group, which had its greatest strength in

248

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

the area around Sioux City, tried to withhold farm products from markets. They believed this practice would force up farm prices. The Farm Holiday Association had onlylimited success as many farmers did not cooperate and the withholding itself did little to raise prices. Farmers experienced little relief until 1933 when the federal government, as part of Franklin Roosevelt's

The farm women had many responsibilities, including providing most of their families' food supply.

New Deal, created a federal farm program. In 1933, native Iowan Henry A. Wallace went to Washington as secretary of agriculture and served as principle architect for the new farm program. Wallace, former editor of the Midwest's leading farm journal, Wallace's Farmer, believed that prosperity would return to the agricultural sector only if agricultural production was curtailed. Further, he believed that farmers would be monetarily compensated for withholding agricultural land from production. These two principles were incorporated into the Agricultural Adjustment Act passed in 1933. Iowa farmers experienced some recovery as a result of the legislation but like all Iowans, they did not experience total recovery until the 1940s. Since World War II, Iowans have continued to undergo considerable economic, political, and social change. In the political area, Iowan experienced a major change in the 1960s when liquor by the drink came into effect. During both the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Iowans had strongly supported prohibition, but in 1933 with the repeal of national prohibition, Iowans established a state liquor commission. This group was charged with control and regulation of Iowa's liquor sales. From 1933 until the early 1960s, Iowans could purchase packaged liquor only. In the 1970s, Iowans witnessed a reapportionment of the General Assembly, achieved only after a long struggle for an equitably-apportioned state legislature. Another major political change was in regard to voting. By the mid-1950s, Iowa had developed a fairly competitive two-party structure, ending almost 100 years of Republican domination within the state. In the economic sector, Iowa also has undergone considerable change. Beginning with the first farm-related industries developed in the 1870s, Iowa has experienced a gradual increase in the number of business and manufacturing operations. The period since World War II has witnessed a particular increase in manufacturing operations. While agriculture continues to be the state's dominant industry, Iowans also produce a wide variety of products including refrigerators, washing machines, fountain pens, farm implements, and food products that are shipped around the world. Strong Traditions

At the same time, some traditions remain unchanged. Iowans are still widely known for their strong educational systems, both in secondary as well as in higher education. Today, Iowa State University and the University of Iowa continue to be recognized nationally and internationally as outstanding educational institutions. Iowa remains a state composed mostly of farms and small towns, with a limited number of larger cities. Moreover, Iowa is still a place where most people live stable, comfortable lives, where family relationships are strong and where the quality of life

249

HIS'IUKY AND THE CONSTITUTION

is high. In many peoples' minds, Iowa is "middle America." Throughout the years, Iowans have profited from their environment and the result is a progressive people and a bountiful land.

Population of Iowa: 1840 to 1990 (A minus sign (-) denotes decrease) Increase over preceding census Census

Population

1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 1940 1930 1920 1910 1900 1890 1880 1870 1860 1850 1840

2,776,755 2,913,808 2,825,368 2,757,537 2,621,073 2,538,268 2,470,939 2,404,021 2,224,771 2,231,853 1,912,297 1,624,615 1,194,020 674,913 192,214 43,112

Number

Percent

-137,053 88,440 67,831 136,464 82,805 67,328 66,918 179,250 -7,082 319,556 287,682 430,595 519,107 482,699 149,102

4.7 3.1 2.4 5.2 3.3 2.7 2.8 8.1 -0.3 16.7 17.7 36.1 76.9 251.1 345.8

I n c l u d e s p o p u l a t i o n <>l a r e a n o w c o n s l i l u l t i i ' j i h a t p a i l o l M m n c s o i . i l y i n g w e s t <>f ilu- M i s s i s s i p p i R p source northward to the C a n a d i a n b o u n d a r y

i and a line drawn from its

T h i s a r e a f o r m e d a p a r t ol" I o w a K i T ' i l m y in 1 X 4 0

THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD IN IOWA Reprinted and revised from 1973-1974 edition of the Ioiva Official

Register

Iowa had many stations on the underground railroad, an organization of men and women, many of them (Quakers, who actively assisted runaway slaves to reach Canada and freedom. Many of these stations still stand. In bars, houses, and cellers, devoted men and women found a few hours of security and rest for the fleeing slaves. One of the best know stations is Salem's Lewelling House in Henry County. Its settlers were predominantly Quakers who at the risk of their own lives and property befriended slaves. Armed Missourians with having bloodhounds often rode close behind escaping slaves. Irate slave owners threatened to shoot or hang those helping the slaves and/or burn their buildings. John Brown, the noted abolitionist, had many friends on the underground railroad and was often in Iowa. After his Kansas battles, he fled to the Quakers in this state. While these men of peace did not condone Brown's shedding of blood, they agreed with his anti-slavery stand. In Tabor, West Liberty, and Springdale, Brown was a frequent visitor. Tabor, nearest underground station to the south, was settled by Ohio abolitionists, and in the late 1850\s its square was often crowded with covered wagons loaded with immigrants bound for Kansas. Many of these men and women were abolitionists, and around the campfires discussions of slavery raged far into the night. In Tabor, John Brown chilled his followers for the fighting ahead and stored arms and ammunition. To Tabor came the sick and wounded from his Kansas battles. Brown himself sought the peace and quiet of Iowa firesides to rest, and brood and talk with his friends. The old stone Lewelling House still stands in Salem and is open to the public. In its kitchen, furnished as in Civil War days, the stone steps into the cellar which slaves followed to their hiding place may be seen.

250

IOWA OFFICIAL RF.GISTER

TERRITORIAL OFFICIALS AND GOVERNORS OF IOWA Auditors Office created Januar\ 7, 18 10

JESSE WILLIAMS, appointed 1840 WILLIAM M. CILBERT, appointed 1843, r<-appointed 1844 ROBERT M SECREST, appointed 1 s 1 r, Treasurers Office created January Ii4, 183!) THORNTON7 BAYLESS, appointed l.s:;f) MORGAN RENO, appointed 1840 Superintendent of Public Instruction Office created February lli, 1841; abolished March 9, l.S4li WILLIAM REYNOLDS, appointed 1841 Judges of the Supreme Court CHARLES MASON, chief justice 1838-1846 JOSEPH WILLIAMS, associate justice 1838-184H THOMAS S. WILSON, associate justice 18:J8-184(S GEORCE S. HAMPTON, associate justice 1839-1946 THORNTON BAYLESS, clerk 1838-1S39 EASTIN MORRIS, reporter 1843-1846 Delegates to Congress WILLIAM W. CHAPMAN, 25th and 26th Confesses FRANCIS (;EHON* ALK JUSTUS C. DODGE, 27th 28th and 29th Congresses Legislative Officers for the Territory of Iowa Before Iowa was admitted as a state in 1846, the Senate of the territory was called the Legislative Council. The presiding officer was known as the president of the council. The Iowa Constitution, approved In a vote of the people in 1857, created the office of lieutenant governor and named him as the ex officio president of the Senate. The 1838, 1839, and 1840 sessions were held at the territorial captial in Burlington. The 1841 through 184") sessions were held in Iowa City. In lsf)5. the ;~>th General Assembly voted to change the location of the capitol to Des Moines. Opening Month of Sessions

President of Legislative Council

November November November December December December December December

Jesse B. Browne Stephen P. Hempstead M. Bainbridge J.W. Parker John D. Elbert Francis Springer and Thomas Cox Francis (rehon S Clinton Hastings

!:

1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845

Elected in 1839, but may have never acted as a delegate.

Speaker of the House Wm. H. Wallace Edward Johnston Thomas Cox Warren Lewis James M. Morgan James. P. Carleton John Foley Geo. W. McCleary

251

HISTORY AND 1 Hh CONSTITUTION

Territorial Governors By Presidential Appointment

Robert Lucas 1838-1841

John Chambers 1841-1845

James Clarke 1845-1846

Governors of Iowa By Election

Ansel Briggs (D) 1846-1850

Stephen P. Hempstead (D) 1850-1854

James W. Grimes (W) 1854-1858

S a m u e l J . K i r k w o o d (R) 1860-1864

William M. Stone (R) 1864-1868

m

IHt Ralph P. Lowe (R) 1858-1860

1876-1877

252

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

Governors of Iowa

Samuel Merrill (R) 1868-1872

Cyrus C. Carpenter (R) 1872-1876

Joshua G. Newbold (R) 1877-1878

John H. Gear (R) 1878-1882

Buren R. Sherman (R) 1882-1886

William Larrabee (R) 1886-1890

Horace Boies (D) 1890-1894

Frank D. Jackson (R) 1894-1896

Francis M. Drake (R) 1896-1898

l

THE CONSTITUTION

253

Governors of Iowa

Leslie M. Shaw (R) 1898-1902

Albert B. Cummins (R) 1902-1908

Warren Garst (R) 1908-1909

Beryl F. Carroll (R) 1909-1913

George W. Clarke (R) 1913-1917

William L. Harding (R) 1917-1921

Nathan E. Kendall (R) 1921-1925

John Hammill (R) 1925-1931

Daniel W. Turner (R) 1931-1933

254

IOWA OFFICIAL KhUibJbK

Governors of Iowa

Clyde L. Herring (D) 1933-1937

Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R) 1943-1945

Leo Elthon (R) 1954-1955

Nelson G. Kraschel (D) 1937-1939

George A. Wilson (R) 1939-1943

Robert D. Blue (R) 1945-1949

William S. Beardsley (R) 1949-1954

Leo A. Hoegh (R) 1955-1957

Hershel C. Loveless (D) 1957-1961

255

HISTORY AND THb CONSTITUTION

Governors of Iowa

Norman A. Erbe (R) 1961-1963

Robert D. Ray 1969-1983

Harold E. Hughes (D) 1963-1969

Terry E. Branstad (R) 1983-1999

Robert I). Fulton (D) 1969

Tom Vilsack (D) 1999-

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

256

HISTORICAL LISTING OF STATE OFFICIALS OF IOWA 1846-1999

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257

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

Legislative Officials and Dates of Sessions; Presidents of the Senate* Number

Convened

Adjourned

Name

Home County

1st 1st Ex 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 5th Ex. 6th

Nov. 30, 1846 Jan. 3, 1848 Dec. 3, 1848 Dec. 2, 185(T Dec. 6, 1852 Dec. 4, 1854 Jul. 2, 1856 Dec. 1, 1856

Feb. 25, 1847 Jan. 25, 1848 Jan. 15, 1849 Feb. 5, 1851 Jan. 24, 1853 Jan. 26, 1855 Jul. 16, 1856 Jan. 29, 1857

Thomas N. Baker Thomas Hughes John J. Seiman Enos Lowe W. E. Leffingwell Maturin L. Fisher Maturin L. Fisher William H. Hamilton

Polk Johnson Davis Des Moines Clinton Clayton Clayton Dubuque

'Section 18, Article IV of the constitution, provides that the lieutenant governor shall perform the duties of the president of the senate. In 1988, a constitutional amendment significantly changed the duties and responsibilities of the lieutenant governor for the term beginning in 1991. As of 1991, duties of Iowa's lieutenant governor no longer include presiding over the state senate.

Lieutenant Governors Office created Sept. 3,1857, by the new constitution.

Name Oran Faville Nicholas J. Rusch John R. Needham Enoch W. Eastman Benjamin F. Gue John Scott Madison M. Walden Henry C. Bulis Joseph Dysart Joshua G. Newbold Frank T. Campbell Orlando H. Manning John A. T. Hull Alfred N. Poyneer Samuel L. Bestow Warren S. Dungan Matt Parrott James C. Milliman John Herriott Warren Garst George W. Clarke William L Harding Ernest R. Moore John Hammill Clem C. Kimball Arch W. McFarlane Nelson G. Kraschel** John K Valentine** Bourke B. Hickenlooper Robert D. Blue Kenneth A. Evans William H. Nicholas Leo Elthon William H. Nicholas Edward J. McManus** W.L. Mooty Robert D. Fulton** Roger W. Jepsen Arthur A. Neu Terry E. Branstad Robert T. Anderson** Jo Ann Zimmerman** Joy Corning Sally Pederson**

Home County Mitchell Scott Mahaska Hardin Webster Story Appanoose Winneshiek Tarn a Henry Jasper Carroll Polk Tama Lucas Lucas Black Hawk Harrison Guthrie Carroll Dallas Woodbury Linn Hancock Pottawattamie Black Hawk Shelby Appanoose Linn Wright Mills Cerro Gordo Worth Cerro Gordo Lee Grundy Black Hawk Scott Carroll Winnebago Jasper Dallas Black Hawk Polk

Date of First Election or Appointment Oct. 13, 1857 Oct. 11, 1859 Oct. 8, 1861 Oct. 13, 1863 Oct. 10, 1865 Oct. 8, 1867 Oct. 12, 1869 Sept. 13, 1871 Oct. 14, 1873 Oct. 12, 1875 Oct. 9, 1877 Oct. 11, 1881 Nov. 3, 1885 Nov. 5, 1889 Nov. 3, 1891 Nov. 7, 1893 Nov. 5, 1895 Nov. 2, 1897 Nov. 5, 1901 Nov. 6, 1906 Nov. 3, 1908 Nov. 5, 1912 Nov. 7, 1916 Nov. 2, 1920 Nov. 4, 1924 Nov. 6, 1928 Nov. 8, 1932 Nov. 3, 1936 Nov. 8, 1938 Nov. 3, 1942 Nov. 7, 1944 Nov. 7, 1950 Nov. 4, 1952 Nov. 6, 1956 Nov. 4, 1958 Nov. 8, 1960 Nov. 3, 1964 Nov. 5, 1968 Nov. 7, 1972 Nov. 7, 1978 Nov. 2, 1982 Nov. 4, 1986 Nov. 6, 1990 Nov. 3, 1998

Years Served 1858-1860 1860-1862 1862-1864 1864-1866 1866-1868 1868-1870 1870-1871 1871-1874 1874-1876 1876-1877 1878-1882 1882-1885 1886-1890 1890-1892 1892-1894 1894-1896 1896-1898 1898-1902 1902-1907 1907-1908 1909-1913 1913-1917 1917-1921 1921-1925 1925-1928 1928-1933 1933-1937 1937-1939 1939-1943 1943-1945 1945-1951 1951-1953 1953-1957 1957-1959 1959-1961 1961-1965 1965-1968 1969-1972 1973-1978 1979-1983 1983-1987 1987-1991 1991-1999 1999-

•Madison Walden resigned in 1871 and Henry C. Bulis was appointed to fill vacancy. •Joshua Newbold became governor Feb 1,1877. •Orlando Manning resigned oct. 12, 1885. No successor appointed to fill out unexpired portion of term. •Warren Garst became governor Nov. 24, 1908. •Robert D. Fulton became governor Jan. 1 through Jan 16, 1969 •** Denotes Democrat; all others are Republicans.

258

IOWA OFFICIAL

Secretaries of State Name

Home County

Elisha Cutler Jr.** Josiah H. Bonney** George W. McClearly** Elijah Sells James Wright Ed Wright Josiah T. Young John A. T. Hull Frank D. Jackson William M. McFarland George L. Dobson William B. Martin William C. Hayward William S. Allen W.C. Ramsay Ed M. Smith G.C. Greenwalt Mrs. Alex Miller** Robert E. O'Brian** Earl G. Miller Wayne N. Ropes Rolo H. Bergeson Melvin D. Synhorst Gary L. Cameron** Melvin D. Synhorst Mary Jane Odell Elaine Baxter** Paul D. Pate Chester J. Culver**

Van Buren Van Buren Louisa Muscatine Delaware Cedar Monroe Davis Butler Emmet Polk Adair Scott Jefferson Wright Madison Mills Washington Woodbury Polk Monona Woodbury Sioux Jefferson Sioux Polk Des Moines Linn Polk

Date of First Election or Appointment Years Served Oct. 26, 1846 Aug. 7, 1848 Aug. 5, 1850 Aug. 4, 1856 Oct. 14, 1862 Oct. 9, 1866 Nov. 5, 1872 Oct. 8, 1878 Nov. 4, 1884 Nov. 4, 1890 Nov. 3, 1896 Nov. 6, 1900 Nov. 6, 1906 Nov. 5, 1912 Jul. 1, 1919 Feb. 15, 1928 Nov. 4, 1930 Nov. 8, 1932 Jan. 27, 1937 Nov. 8, 1938 Nov. 3, 1942 Nov. 9, 1946 Nov. 2, 1948 Nov. 3, 1964 Nov. 8, 1966 Nov. 1, 1980 Nov. 4, 1986 Nov. 8, 1994 Nov. 3,1998

1846-1848 1848-1850 1850-1856 1856-1863 1863-1867 1867-1873 1873-1879 1879-1885 1885-1891 1891-1897 1897-1901 1901-1907 1907-1913 1913-1919 1919-1928 1928-1931 1931-1933 1933-1937 1937-1939 1939-1943 1943-1947 1947-1949 1949-1965 1965-1966 1967-1980 1980-1987 1987-1994 1995-1998 1999-

W.C. Ramsay was appointed to fill vacancy on resignation of William S. Allen. Mrs. Alex Miller died Jan. 1937. Robert E. O'Brian was appointed to fullfill the remainder of the term. Mary Jane Odell was appointed tofillvacancy on resignation of Melvin D. Synhorst.

Treasurers of State Name

Home County

Morgan Reno** Isreal Kister** Martin L. Morris** John W. Jones William H. Holmes Samuel E. Rankin William Christy George W. Bemis Edwin H. Conger Viltaire P. Twombly Byron A Beeson John Herriott Gilbert S. Gilbertson Willson W. Morrow William C. Brown E.H. Hoyt WJ. Burbank R.E. Johnson Leo J. Wegman** W.G.C. Bagley John M. Grimes M.L. Abrahamson Paul Franzenburg Maurice E. Baringer Michael L. Fitzgerald**

Johnson Davis Polk Hardin Jones Washington Clarke Buchanan Dallas Van Buren Marshall Guthrie Winnebago Union Wright Delaware Black Hawk Muscatine Carroll Cerro Gordo Clarke Boone Grundy Fayette Polk

Date of First Election or Appointment Years Served Oct. 26, 1846 Aug. 5, 1850 Aug. 2, 1852 Oct. 12, 1858 Oct. 8, 1862 Oct. 9, 1866 Nov. 5, 1872 Nov. 7, 1876 Nov. 2, 1880 Nov. 4, 1884 Nov. 4, 1890 Nov. 6, 1894 Nov. 6, 1900 Nov. 6, 1906 Nov. 5, 1912 May 14, 1917 Nov. 2, 1920 Nov. 4, 1924 Nov. 8, 1932 Nov. 8, 1938 Oct. 21, 1943 Nov. 7, 1950 Nov. 3, 1964 Nov. 5, 1968 Nov. 2, 1982

1846-1850 1850-1852 1852-1859 1859-1863 1863-1867 1867-1873 1873-1877 1877-1881 1881-1885 1885-1891 1891-1895 1895-1901 1901-1907 1907-1913 1913-1917 1917-1921 1921-1924 1925-1933 1933-1939 1939-1943 1943-1951 1951-1965 1965-1969 1969-1983 1983-

William C. Brown died May 12,1917. W.G.C. Bagley died Oct. 20,1943. ** - Denotes Democrats; all others are Republicans.

259

THE CONSTITUTION

Auditors of State Home County

Name Joseph T. Fales** William Pattee** Andrew J. Stevens*** John Pattee Jonathan W. Cattell John A. Elliott John Russell Buren R. Sherman William V. Lucas John L. Brown Jonathon W. Cattell John L. Brown Charles Beardsley John L. Brown Hames A Lyons Cornelius G. McCarthy Frank F. Merriam Beryl F. Carroll John L. Bleakly Frank S. Shaw Glenn C. Haynes James E. Thomas J.C. McClune J.W. Long C. Fred Porter Chalres W. Storms** C.B. (Chet) Akers Lome R. Worthington Lloyd R. Smith Richard D. Johnson

Des Moines Bremer Polk Bremer Cedar Mitchell Jones Benton Cerro Gordo Lucas Cedar Lucas Des Moines Lucus Guthrie Story Delaware Davis Ida Tame Cerro Gordo Montgomery Mahaska Story Polk Lee Wapello Dacatur Polk Polk

Date of First Election or Appointment Oct. 26, 1846 Aug. 5, 1850 Aug. 7, 1854 Sep. 13, 1855 Oct. 12, 1858 Nov. 8, 1864 Oct. 11, 1870 Oct. 13, 1874 Nov. 2, 1880 Oct. 7, 1882 Mar. 19, 1885 Jan. 23, 1886 Apr. 13, 1886 Jul. 14, 1886 Nov. 2, 1886 Nov. 8, 1892 Nov. 8, 1898 Nov. 4, 1902 Nov. 3, 1908 Nov. 3, 1914 Nov. 2, 1920 Sep. 1, 1924 Nov. 4, 1924 Nov. 2, 1926 Apr. 21, 1932 Nov. 8,1932 Nov. 8, 1938 Nov. 3, 1965 Nov. 8, 1966 Jan. 29, 1979

Years Served 1846- 1849 1850 - 1854 1854- 1855 1855- 1859 1859 - 1865 1865 - 1871 1871 - 1875 1875- 1881 1881 - 1883 1883 - 1885 1885 - 1886 1886 1886 1886- 1887 1887- 1893 1893 - 1899 1899 - 1903 1903 - 1909 1909 - 1915 1915 - 1921 1921 - 1924 1924- 1925 1925 - 1927 1927- 1932 1932 - 1933 1933- 1939 1939 - 1965 1965 - 1966 1967 - 1978 1979 -

** - Denotes Democrat, *** - Denotes Whig, All Others Are Republican. Andrew J. Stevens resigned 1855. John Patee appointed. John L. Brown suspended Mar. 19,1885. Jonathan W. Cattell appointed to fill vacancy. John L. Brown reinstated Jan. 23,1886. Suspended again Apr. 13,1886. Charles Breadsley appointed to fill vacancy. John L Brown reinstated Jul. 14,1886. James E. Thomas appointed to fill vacancy on resignation of Glenn C. Haynes. J.W. Long was suspended from office by Gov. Dan Turner when found guilty of cost juggling. C. Fred Porter served as acting state auditor during J.W. Long's suspension. Richard D. Johnson appointed to fill vacancy on death of Lloyd R. Smith.

Secretaries of Agriculture Office created in 1923 by the extra session of the 40th General Assembly. Name

Home Countv

R.W. Cassaday R.G. Clark Mark G. Thornburg Ray Murray** Thomas L. Curran** Mark G. Thornburg Harry D. Linn Clyde Spry LB. Liddy Kenneth E. Owen** L.B. Liddy Robert H. Lounsberry Dale M. Cochran** Patty Judge**

Monoma Hamilton Palo Alto Winnebago Wapello PaloAlto Polk Woodbury Van Buren Appanoose Van Buren Story Webster Monroe

Date of First Election or Appointment Jul. 1, 1923 Jul. 11, 1924 Jul. 28, 1924 Nov. 8 1932 Nov. 3, 1936 Nov. 8, 1938 Nov. 3, 1942 Jul. 1, 1950 Jun. 19, 1961 Nov. 3, 1964 Nov. 8, 1966 Nov. 7, 1972 Nov. 4, 1986 Nov. 3, 1998

Years Serve 19231924 1924 193319371939 194319501961 1965 196719731987 1998 -

1924 1924 1933 1937 1939 1943 1950 1961 1965 1966 1972 1987 1998

** - Denotes Democrat R.G. Clark served only as interim secretary of agriculture. Clyde Spry appointed to fill vacancy on resignation of Harry D. Linn. Elected and re-elected in 1960. DiedJun. 14,1961. L B . Liddy appointed to fill vacancy on death of Clyde Spry. Elected 1962.

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

260

Attorneys General Name

Home County

David C. Cloud** Samual A. Rice Charles C. Nourse Isaac L. Allen Frederick E. Bissell Henry O'Conner Marsena E. Cutts John F. McJunkin Smith McPherson A.J. Baker John Y. Stone Milton Remley Charles W. Mullan Howard W. Byers George Cosson Horace M. Havner Ben J. Gibson John Fletcher Edward L. O'Conner** John H. Mitchell** Fred D. Everett John M. Rankin Robert L. Larson Leo A. Hoegh Dayton Countrymen Norman A. Erbe Evan L. Hultman Lawrence F. Scalise** Richard Turner Tom Miller** Bonnie J. Campbell** Tom Miller **

Muscatine Mahaska Polk Tama Dubuque Muscatine Mahaska Washington Montgmery Appanoose Mills Johnson Black Hawk Shelby Audubon Iowa Adams Polk Johnson Webster Monroe Lee

Johnson Lucas Story Boone Black Hawk Warren Pottawattamie Clayton Polk Polk

Date of First Election or Appointment Aug. 1, 1853 Aug. 4, 1856 Nov. 6, 1860 Nov. 8, 1864 Jan. 12, 1866 Ju. 20, 1867 Feb. 23, 1872 Nov. 7, 1876 Nov. 2, 1880 Nov. 4, 1884 Nov. 6, 1888 Nov. 6, 1894 Nov. 6, 1900 Nov. 6, 1906 Nov. 8, 1910 Nov. 7, 1916 Nov. 2, 1920 Nov. 2, 1926 Nov. 8, 1932 Nov. 3, 1936 Nov. 8, 1938 Jun. 17, 1940 Jun. 25, 1947 Feb. 9, 1953 Nov. 2, 1954 Nov. 6, 1956 Nov. 8, 1960 Nov. 3, 1964 Nov. 8, 1966 Nov. 7, 1978 Nov. 6. 1990 Nov. 8, 1994

Years Served 1853 - 1856 1856 - 1861 1861 - 1865 1865- 1866 1866 - 1867 1867 - 1872 1872 - 1877 1877 - 1881 1881 - 1885 1885 - 1889 1889 - 1895 1895 - 1901 1901 - 1907 1907 - 1911 1911 - 1917 1917- 1921 1921 - 1927 1927 - 1932 1932 - 1937 1937 - 1939 1939 - 1940 1940 - 1947 1947- 1953 1953 - 1954 1954 - 1957 1957 - 1961 1961 - 1965 1965 - 1966 1967- 1978 1979 - 1991 1991 - 1994 1995-

'* - Denotes Democrat, *** - Denotes Whig, All Others Are Republican FredD. EverettdiedJun. 10,1940. John M. Rankin appointed to fill unexpired term of Fred D. Everett. Died in office Jun. 20,1947. Robert L Larson appointed to fill unexpired term of John M Rankin. Leo A. Hoegh appointed to fill vacancy on resignation of Robert L. Larson Dayton Countryman elected Nov. 2,1954 to fill the unexpired term and also for the two-year term beginning Jan. 1955.

Speakers of the House Number

Convened

Adjourned

Name

Home County

1st

Nov. 30, 1846 Jan. 3, 1848 Dec. 4, 1848 Dec. 2. 1850 Dec. 6, 1852 Dec. 4, 1854 Jul. 2, 1856 Dec. 1, 1856 Jan, 11, 1858 Jan. 8, 1860 May 15, 1861 Jan. 13, 1862 Sep. 3, 1862 Jan. 11, 1864 Jan. 8, 1866 Jan. 13, 1868

Feb. 25, 1847 Jan. 25, 1848 Jan. 15, 1849 Feb. 5, 1851 Jan. 24, 1853 Jan. 26, 1855 Jul. 16, 1856 Jan. 29, 1857 Mar. 24, 1858 Apr. 3, 1860 May 29, 1861 Apr. 8, 1862 Sep. 11, 1862 Mar. 29, 1864 Apr. 3, 1866 Apr. 8, 1868

Jesse B. Browne*** Jesse B. Browne*** Smiley H. Bonham** George Temple** James Grant** Reuben Noble*** Reuben Noble*** Samuel McFarland Stephen B. Shelledy John Edwards John Edwards Rush Clark Rush Clark Jacob Butler Ed Wright John Russell

Lee Lee

1st Ex. 2nd 3rd 4th 5th

5th Ex. 6th 7th 8th

8th Ex. 9th

9th Ex. 10th 11th 12th

Johnson Des Moines Scott Clayton Clayton Henry Jasper Lucas Lucas Johnson Johnson Muscatine Cedar Jones

261

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

Speakers of the House Convened

Adjouned

Name

Home County

13th 14th 14 Adj. 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 26th Ex. 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 32nd Ex. 33rd 34th 35th

Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Jan. Aug. Jan. Jan. Jan.

10, 1870 8, 1872 15, 1873 12, 1874 18, 1876 14, 1878 12, 1880 9, 1882 14, 1884 11, 1886 9, 1888 13, 1890 11, 1892 8, 1894 13, 1896 19, 1897 10, 1898 8, 1900 13, 1902 11, 1904 8, 1906 14, 1907 31, 1908 11, 1909 9, 1911 13, 1913

Apr. 13, 1870 Apr. 23, 1872 Feb. 20, 1873 Mar. 19, 1874 Mar. 16, 1876 Mar. 26, 1878 Mar. 27, 1880 Mar. 17, 1882 Apr. 2, 1884 Apr. 13, 1886 Apr. 10, 1888 Apr. 15, 1890 Mar. 30, 1892 Apr. 6, 1894 Apr. 11, 896 May 11, 1897 Apr. 1, 1898 Apr. 6, 1900 Apr. 11, 1902 Apr. 12, 1904 Apr. 6, 1906 Apr. 9, 1907 Nov. 24, 1908 Apr. 9, 1909 Apr. 12, 1911 Apr. 19, 1913

Clinton Tama Tama Des Moines Des Moines Mills Black Hawk Tama Cedar Greene Poweshiek Linn Adams Marshall Shelby Shelby Hardin Allamakee Mitchell Dallas Dallas Monroe Monroe Black Hawk Greene

36th 37th 38th 38th Ex. 39th 40th 40th Ex. 41st 42nd 42nd Ex.

Jan. 11, 1915 Jan. 8, 1917 Jan. 13, 1919 Jul. 2, 1919 Jan. 10, 1921 Jan. 8, 1923 Apr. 18, 1923 Jan. 12, 1925 Jan. 10, 1927 Mar. 5, 1928

Apr. 17, 1915 Apr. 14, 1917 Apr. 19, 1919 Jul. 2, 1919 Apr. 8, 1921 Apr. 17, 1923 Jul. 30, 1924 Apr. 3, 1925 Apr. 15, 1927 Mar. 14, 1928

43rd 44th 45th 45th Ex. 46th 46th Ex. 47th 48th 49th 50th 50th Ex. 51st 52nd 52nd Ex. 53rd 54th 55th 56th 57th 58th 59th 60th 60th Ex.

Jan. 14, 1929 Jan. 12, 1931 Jan. 9, 1933 Nov. 6, 1933 Jan. 14, 1935 Dec. 21, 1936 Jan. 11, 1937 Jan. 9, 1939 Jan. 13, 1941 Jan. 11, 1943 Jan. 26, 1944 Jan. 8, 1945 Jan. 13, 1947 Dec. 16, 1947 Jan. 10,1949 Jan. 3, 1951 Jan. 12, 1953 Jan. 10, 1955 Jan. 14, 1957 Jan. 12, 1959 Jan. 9, 1961 Jan. 14, 1963 Feb. 24, 1964

Apr. 12, 1929 Apr. 15, 1931 Apr. 20, 1933 Mar. 12, 1934 Apr. 23, 1935 Dec. 24, 1936 Apr. 20, 1937 Apr. 26, 1939 Apr. 10, 1941 Apr. 8, 1943 Jan. 28, 1944 Apr. 13, 1945 Apr. 25, 1947 Dec. 19, 1947 Apr. 20, 1949 Apr. 17, 1951 Apr. 29, 1953 Apr. 29, 1955 May 3, 1957 May 13, 1959 May 10, 1961 May 18, 1963 Apr. 8, 1964

Aylett R. Cotton James Wilson James Wilson John H. Gear John H. Gear John Y. Stone Lore Alford George R. Struble William P. Wolf Albert Head William H. Redman John T. Hamilton** William O. Mitchell Henry Stone Howard W. Byers Howard W. Byers James H. Funk Daniel H. Bowen Willard L. Eaton George W. Clarke George W. Clarke Nathan E. Kendall Nathan E. Kendall Guy A. Feely Paul E. Stillman Edward H. Cunningham William I. Atkinson Milton B. Pitt Arch W. McFarlane Arch W. McFarlane Arch W. McFarlane J.H. Anderson J.H. Anderson W.C. Edson L.V. Carter Howard A. Mathews pro tern J.H. Johnson Francis Johnson George E. Miller** George E. Miller** John H. Mitchell John H. Mitchell La Mar Foster John R. Irwin Robert D. Blue Henry W. Burma Henry W. Burma Harold Felton** Gus T. Kuester Gus T. Kuester Gus T. Kuester William S. Lynes William S. Lynes Arthur C. Hanson W.L. Mooty Vern Lisle Henry C. Nelson Robert W. Naden Robert W. Naden

Number

Buena Vista Butler Harrison Black Hawk Black Hawk Black Hawk Winnebago Winnebago Buena Vista Hardin Des Moines Marion Dickinson Shelby Shelby Webster Webster Cedar Lee Wright Butler Butler Warren Cass Cass Cass Bremer Bremer Lyon Grundy Page Winnebago Hamilton Hamilton

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

262

Speakers of the House Number

Convened

Adjounred

Name

Home County

61st 62nd 63rd 1st 63rd 2nd 64th 1st 64th 2nd 65th 1st 65th 2nd 66th 1st 66th 2nd 67th 1st 67th Ex. 67th 2nd 68th 1st 68th 2nd

Jan. 11, 1965 Jan. 9, 1967 Jan. 13, 1969 Jan. 12, 1970 Jan. 11, 1971 Jan. 10, 1972 Jan. 8, 1973 Jan. 14, 1974 Jan. 13, 1975 Jan 12, 1976 Jan. 10, 1977 Jun. 21, 1977 Jan. 9, 1978 Jan. 8, 1979 Jan. 14, 1980 Mar. 3, 1980 Jan. 12, 1981 Jun. 24, 1981 Aug. 12, 1981 Jan. 11, 1982 Jan. 10, 1983 Jan. 9, 1984 Jan. 7, 1985 Jan. 13, 1986 Jan. 12, 1987 Jan. 9, 1989 Jan. 8, 1990 Jan. 14, 1991 Jan. 13, 1992 May 20, 1992 Jun. 25, 1992 Jan. 11, 1993 Jan. 10, 1994 Jan. 9, 1995 Jan. 8, 1996 Jan. 13, 1997 Jan. 12, 1998 Jan. 11, 1999

Jun. 10, 1965 Jul. 2, 1967 May 23, 1969 Apr. 16, 1970 Jun. 10, 1971 Mar. 24, 1972 Jun. 20, 1973 May 4, 1974 Jun. 20, 1975 May 29, 1976 Jun. 13, 1977 Jun. 25, 1977 Jun. 6, 1978 May 11, 1979 Mar. 3, 1980 Apr. 26, 1980 May 22, 1981 Jun. 26, 1981 Aug. 14, 1981 Apr. 24, 1982 May 14, 1983 Apr. 20, 1984 May 4, 1985 May 2, 1986 May 10, 1987 Apr. 28, 1989 Apr. 8, 1990 May 11, 1991 May 4, 1992 May 21, 1992 Jun. 25, 1992 May 2, 1993 Apr. 20, 1994 May 4, 1995 May 1. 1996 Ap. 29, 1997 Apr. 22, 1998 Apr. 29, 1999

Vincent B. Steffen Maurice E. Haringer William H. Harbor William H. Harbor William H. Harbor William H. Harbor Andrew Varley Andrew Varley Dale M. Cochran** Dale M. Cochran** Dale M. Cochran** Dale M. Cochran** Dale M. Cochran** Floyd H. Millen Floyd H. Millen* William H. Harbor Delwyn Stromer Delwyn Stromer Delwyn Stromer Delwyn Stromer Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Donald D. Avenson** Bob Arnould** Bob Arnould** Bob Arnould** Bob Arnould** Harold Van Maanen Harold Van Maanen Ron Corbett Ron Corbett Ron Corbett Ron Corbett Ron Corbett

Chickasaw Gayett Mills Mills Mills Mills Adair Adair Webster Webster Webster Webster Webster Van Buren Van Buren Mills Hancock Hancock Hancock Hancock Fayette Fayette Fayette Fayette Fayette Fayette Fayette Scott Scott Scott Scott Mahaska Mahaska Linn Linn Linn Linn Linn

69th 1st 69th 1st Ex. 69th 2nd Ex. 70th 1st 70th 2nd 71st 1st 71st 2nd 72nd 1st 73rd 1st 73rd 2nd 74th 1st 74th 2nd 7th 2nd Ex. 74th 2nd, 2nd Ex. 75th 1st 75th 2nd 76th 1st 76th 2nd 77th 1st 77th 2nd 78th 1st

• Millen resigned as Speaker • ** Denotes Democrat; **' - Denotes Whig, remaining are Republicans

Justices of the Supreme Court Name

Home County

Charles Mason Thomas S. Wilson Joseph Williams

Des Moines Dubuque Muscatine

John F. Kenney George Greene S. Clinton Hastings Jonathan C. Hall William G. Woodward Norman W. Isbell Lacon D. Stockton George G. Wright

Lee

Caleb Baldwin Ralph P. Lowe John F. Dillon Chester C. Cole

Dubuque Muscatine Des Moines Muscatine Linn Des Moines Van Buren Pottawattamie Lee

Scott Polk

Dates Served 1838 1838 1838 Jan. 15, 1849 Jun. 12, 1847 Nov. 1, 1847 Jan. 26, 1848 Feb. 15, 1854 Jan. 9, 1855 Jan. 16, 1855 Jun. 3, 1856 Jan. 5, 1855 Jun. 26, 1860 Jan. 11, 1860 Jan. 12, 1860 Jan. 1, 1864 Mar. 1, 1864

-

-

Jun. 11, 1847 Oct. 31, 1847 Jan. 25, 1848 Jan. 11, 1855 Feb. 15, 1854 Jan. 9, 1855 Jan. 14, 1849 Jan. 15, 1855 Jan. 11, 1860 Jun. 2, 1856 Jun. 9, 1860 Jan. 11, 1860 Sep. 1,1870 Dec. 31, 1863 Dec. 31, 1867 Dec. 31. 1869 Jan. 19, 1876

H I M U K * AINL>

i n n CONSTITUTION

Justices of the Supreme Court Name

Home County

Lee Joseph M. Beck Clayton Elias H. Williams Fremont James G. Day Johnson William E. Miller Dubuque Austin Adams Mahaska William H. Seevers Cedar James H. Rothrock Pottawattamie Joseph R. Reed Gifford S. Robinson / Buena Vista Allamakee Charles T. Grager Polk Josiah Given Tama LeVega G. Kinne Montgomery Horace E. Deemer O'Brien Scott M. Ladd Charles M. Waterman Scott Cerro Gordo John C. Sherwin Emlin McClain ' Johnson Silas M. Weaver \ Hardin Polk Charles A. Bishop Franklin William D. Evans Byron W. Preston \ Mahaska Frank R. Gaynor Plymouth Winfield S. Withrow Henry Benjamin 1. Salinger • Carroll Femont Truman S. Stevens Harrison Thomas Arthur Polk Lawrence DeGraff Webster Frederick F. Faville Appanoose Charles W. Vermillion Greene Elma G. Albert Palo Alto Edgar A. Morling Woodbury James W. Kindig Keokuk Henry F. Wagner Linn\ John M. Grimm Cerro Gordo William L. Bliss i

Richard F. Mithcell George C. Claussen

Webster Clintoiti

Polk i Hubert Utterback Woodbury John W. Anderson SCQtt Maurice F. Donegan Dubuque John W. Kintzinger Crawford Leon W. Powers Keokuk Wilson H. Hamilton Polk James M. Parsons Montgomery Paul W. Richards Tama Carl B. Stiger Bremer Edward A. Sager Shelby Ernest M. Miller / Woodbury Ralph A. Oliver / Polk Frederic M. Miller ( Louisa Oscar Hale Story Theodore G. Garfield Charles F. Wennerstrum Lucas Audubon Halleck J. Mantz Webster John E. Mulroney Dubuque William A. Smith Marion Norman R. Hays Linn G. King Thompson Johnson Robert L. Larson Pottawattamie Henry F. Peterson Kossuth Luke E. Linnan Wayne Harry G. Garrett Black Hawk T. Eugene Thronton Ida Bruce M. Snell

Dates Served Jan. 1, 1868 Jan. 18, 1870 Sep. 1, 1870 Sep. 14, 1870 Jan. 1, 1876 Feb. 27, 1876 Feb24, 1876 Jan. 1, 1884 Jan. 1, 1888 Jan. 1, 1889 Mar. 12, 1889 Jan. 1, 1892 May 8, 1894 Jan. 1, 1897 Jan. 1, 1898 Jan. 1, 1900 Jan. 1, 1901 Jan. 1, 1902 Jul2, 1902 Sep. 17, 1908 Jan. 1, 1913 Jan. 1, 1913 Apr. 19, 1913 Jan. 1, 1915 May 1, 1917 Sep. 15, 1920 Jan. 1, 1921 Jan. 1, 1921 Nov. 15, 1923 Jan. 1, 1925 Oct. 1, 1925 Apr. 30, 1927 Sep. 6, 1927 Feb. 1, 1929 Sep. 27, 1932 Jan. 1, 1939 Dec. 6, 1932 Oct. 21, 1932 Apr. 17, 1933 Dec. 5, 1932 Jan. 1, 1933 Jan. 1, 1933 Jan. 1, 1933 Dec. 4, 1934 Jan. 1, 1935 Jan 1, 1935 Jan 1, 1935 Feb. 15, 1936 Jan. 1, 1937 Dec. 27, 1937 Dec. 14, 1938 Jan. 1, 1939 Jan. 1, 1939 Jan. 1, 1941 Jan. 1, 1941 Jan. 1, 1943 Jan. 1, 1943 Jan. 1, 1943 Oct. 3, 1946 Jan. 1, 1951 Feb. 3, 1953 Nov. 3, 1955 Sep. 3, 1958 Dec. 15, 1958 Jan. 1, 1959 Jan 1, 1961

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dec. 31, 1891 Sep. 14, 1870 Dec. 31, 1883 Dec. 31,1875 Dec. 31,1887 Dec. 31,1888 Dec. 31,1896 Feb. 28, 1889 Dec. 31, 1889 Dec. 31, 1900 Dec. 31, 1901 Dec. 31, 1897 Feb. 26, 1917 Dec. 31,1920 Jun. 18, 1902 Dec. 31,1912 Dec. 31, 1912 Nov. 6, 1923 Jul. 9, 1908 Dec. 31,1934 Dec. 31,1924 Aug. 3, 1920 Dec. 31,1914 Dec. 31,1920 Dec. 31,1934 Sep. 14, 1925 Dec. 31, 1932 Dec. 31,1932 Sep. 3, 1927 Dec. 31,1936 Oct. 15, 1932 Dec. 31,1934 Dec. 31,1932 Sep. 15, 1932 Dec. 5, 1932 Apr. 16, 1962 Dec. 31, 1942 Dec. 4, 1932 Dec. 3, 1934 Apr. 16, 1933 Dec. 31, 1938 Dec. 31, 1938 Dec. 31,1938 Feb. 14, 1936 Dec. 31, 1940 Dec. - 16, 1937 Dec. 31,1940 Dec. 31,1942 Dec. 31, 1942 Dec. 13, 1938 Oct. 1, 1962 Sep. 30, 1946 Dec. 9,1950 Nov. 2, 1969 Dec. 31, 1958 Jan. 1, 1953 Oct. 11, 1955 Jun. 10, 1958 Aug. 31,1965 Jun. 30, 1965 Apr. 1,1971 Jun. 30, 1965 Dec. 15, 1958 Dec. 31, 1960 May. 9, 1967 Mar. 4, 1970

263

264

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTF.R

Justices of the Supreme Court Name C. Edwin Moore William C. Stuart M.L. Mason Maurice E. Rawlings Francis H. Becker Clay LeGrand Warren J. Rees Harvey Uhelnhopp W.W. Reynoldson K. David Harris Mark McCormick Robert G. Allbee Arthur A. McGiverin J.L. Larson Louis W. Schultz James H. Carter Charles S. Wolle Louis A. Lavorato Linda K. Neuman Bruce M. Snell, Jr. James H. Andreasen Marcia Ternus Mark Cady

Home County Polk Lucas Cerro Gordo Woodbury Dubuque Scott Jones Franklin Clarke Greene Polk Polk Wapello Harrison Johnson Linn Woodbury Polk Scott Ida Kossuth Polk Webster

Dates Served Apr. 17, 1962 Oct. 15, 1962 Jul. 19, 1965 Jul. 19, 1965 Sep. 20, 1965 Jul. 5, 1967 Nov. 13, 1969 Mar. 10, 1970 May 1, 1971 Jan. 11, 1972 Apr. 12, 1972 Jul. 18, 1978 Aug. 15, 1978 Sep. 1, 1978 Aug. 19, 1980 Aug. 14, 1982 Mar. 11, 1983 Feb. 12, 1986 Aug. 4, 1986 Oct. 8, 1987 Nov. 13, 1987 Sept. 7, 1993 Oct. 6, 1998

-

Aug. 2, 1978 Nov. 8, 1971 Jun. 14, 1978 Aug. 17, 1978 Mar. 31, 1972 Feb. 26, 1983 Aug. 2, 1980 May 22, 1986 Oct. 1, 1987

Jan. 31, 1986 Jun. 30, 1982 Sep. 6. 1993 Aug. 12, 1987 Oct. 1, 1998 -

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION

ORIGIN AND NAMING OF IOWA COUNTIES County

Date of Est.

Adair

1851

Adams 1851 Allamakee 1847 Appanoose ....1843 Audubon 1851 Benton 1843 Black Hawk... 1843 Boone 1846 Bremer 1851 Buchanan 1839 Buena Vista .... 1 85 1 Butler 1851 Calhoun 1855 Carroll 1851 Cass 1851 Cedar 1837 Cerro Gordo ..1851 Cherokee 1851 Chickasaw 1851 Clarke 1846 Clay 1851 Clayton Clinton Crawford

1837 1 837 1851

Dallas Davis Decatur Delaware Des Moines.... Dickinson Dubuque Emmet Fayette Floyd

1846 1843 1846 1837 1834 1851 1834 1851 1837 1851

Franklin Fremont

1851 1847

Greene Grundy

1851 1851

Guthrie

1851

Hamilton

1847

Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Howard Humboldt

1851 1851 1 85 1 1836 1851 1857

Ida

1851

Iowa Jackson Jasper

1843 1837 1846

Date of Org. 1855

Named in Honor

John Adair, general during War of 1812 and 6th Governor of Kentucky. 1853 John Adams, 2nd president of U.S. 1849 Allan Makee, Indian trader. 1846 Famous Sac Indian chief. 1855 John James Audubon, American artist and naturalist. 1846 Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri. 1853 Famous Sac Indian chief. 1849 Nathan Boone, army officer in the Iowa Territory. 1853 Fredricka Bremer, Swedish traveler and author. 1846 James Buchanan, 15th president of U.S. 1859 Final victory field of General Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War. 1854 William O. Butler, general in the Mexican War. 1855 John Calhoun, vice president of the U.S. (1825-1832). 1855 Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence. 1853 Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan. 1838 Red Cedar River running through the county. 1 855 Famous battlefield of the Mexican War. 1857 Famous southern Indian tribe. 1853 Prominent Indian nation located in the south. 1851 James Clarke, last governor of the Iowa Territory. 1858 Lt. Col. Henry Clay, Jr. of Kentucky, who fell at the battle of Buena Vista. 1838 Senator John Middleton Clayton of Delaware. 1 840 DeWitt Clinton, 5th governor of New York. 1855 William H. Crawford, secretary of the U.S. treasury (1817-1825). 1847 George Mifflin Dallas, vice president of U.S. (1845-1849). 1844 Garret Davis, representative from Kentucky. 1850 Stephen Decatur, American naval officer. 1844 The state of Delaware. 1834 Des Moines River which runs through southeastern Iowa. 1858 Senator Daniel S. Dickinson of New York. 1834 Julien Du Buque, 1st white settler in Iowa. 1859 Robert Emmet, Irish nationalist (1778-1803). 1851 Marquies de Lafayette, French general and statesman. 1854 Sgt. Charles Floyd of Lewis and Clarke's expedition. Died 1804 and was buried on the banks of Missouri River. First white man whose death and burial in Iowa are on record. 1855 Benjamin Franklin, American statesman and philosopher. 1850 John Charles Fremont, lieutenant colonel in the Mexican War. 1854 Nathanial Greene, general in the Revolutionary War. 1856 Felix Grundy, chief justice of the Kentucky Supreme Court and U.S. representative and senator from Tennessee. 1851 Edwin Guthrie, captain in the Iowa volunteers during the Mexican War. 1857 William W. Hamilton, president of the Iowa Senate (1856-1857). 1858 John Hancock, president of the Continental Congress. 1853 John J. Hardin, Illinois colonel killed in the Mexican War. 1 853 William Henry Harrison, 9th president of U.S. 1837 Gen. Henry Dodge, governor of Wisconsin Territory. 1855 Tighlman A. Howard, general from Indiana. 1857 Baron Friedrich Alexander von Humboldt, German scientist. 1855 or 1858 Ida Smith, first white child born in what is now Ida Grove (1856). 1845 Iowa River running through the county. 1 837 Andrew Jackson, 7th president of U.S. 1846 William Jasper, sergeant in the Revolutionary War.

2 66

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

Jefferson Johnson

1839 1837

Jones

1837

Keokuk Kossuth

1843 1851

Lee

1836

Linn Louisa

1 837 1836

Lucas Lyon

1846 1851

Madison Mahaska

1846 1843

Marion

1845

Marshall Mills Mitchell Monona

1846 1851 1851 1851

Monroe 1843 Montgomery .1851 Muscatine O'Brien

1836 1851

Osceola Page

1 85 1 1847

Palo Alto 1851 Plymouth 1851 Pocahontas .... 1851 Polk 1846 Pottawattamie 1847 Poweshiek 1843 Ringgold 1847 Sac 1851 Scott 1837 Shelby Sioux

1851 1851

Story Tama

1846 1847

Taylor 1847 Union 1851 Van Buren 1836 Wapello 1843 Warren 1846 Washington.... 1839 Wayne 1846 Webster 1853 Winnebago .... 1851 Winneshiek.... 1847 Woodbury 1851 Worth 1851 Wright 185 1

1839 1838

Thomas Jefferson, 3rd president of U.S. Richard Mentor Johnson, vice president of U.S. (1837-1841). 1838-1847 ....George Wallace Jones, 1st delegate in Congress from the Wisconsin Territory. 1844 Sac Indian chief. 1855 Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian patriot and statesman (1802-1894). 1838 A New York land company that owned extensive interests in the half breed tract. 1 839 Senator Lewis Field Linn of Missouri. 1837 Louisa Massey, area folk heroine who avenged her brother's murder by slaying his assassin. 1894 Robert Lucas, 1st governor of Iowa Territory. 1872 Nathaniel Lyon, brigadier general in the Mexican and Seminole Wars. 1849 James Madison, 4th president of U.S. 1844 Chief of the Iowa tribe. Name is interpreted as "White Cloud." 1845 Francis Marion, American commander in the Revolutionary War. 1849 John Marshall, 4th chief justice of U.S. 1851 Major Frederick Mills, Iowa officer in the Mexican War. 1854 John Mitchell, Irish refugee of 1848. 1854 An Indian girl who, believing her white lover was killed by her people, jumped from a high rock into the Mississippi River. 1845 James Monroe, 5th president of U.S. 1853 Richard Montgomery, general killed at the Assault at Quebec (1775). 1837 Indian word thought to mean "prairie." 1860 William Smith O'Brien, leader for Irish independence in 1848. 1 87 1 Seminole Indian chief. 1851 John Page, captain in the 4th U.S. Infantry and fatally wounded in the battle of Palo Alto. 1858 First battlefield victory in the Mexican War. 1858 Landing place of the Mayflower pilgrims. 1859 Virginia Indian princess. 1846 James Knox Polk, 11th president of the U.S. 1837 Indian tribe and former possessor of Iowa Territory. 1837 Fox-Mesquaki Indian chief. 1855 Maj. Samuel Ringgold, fatally wounded in Mexican War. 1856 Indigenous Iowa Indian tribe. Name means "red bank." 1837 Major General Winfield Scott, negotiated 1st treaty pur chasing lands in Iowa from Indians. 1853 General Isaac Shelby, 1st governor of Kentucky. 1860 Indian tribe indigenous to what is now Iowa and Minnesota. Also known as the Dakota tribe. 1853 Joseph Story, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. 1853 A Fox Indian chief. Also believed to be the name of Chief Poweshiek's wife. 1851 General Zachary Taylor, 12th president of U.S. 1853 Union of the states. 1838 Martin Van Buren, 8th president of U.S. 1844 Fox Indian tribes chief. 1849 General Joseph Warren of the Revolutionary War. 1839 George Washington, 1st president of U.S. 1851 General Anthony Wayne of the Revolutionary War. 1857 Daniel Webster, American statesman and orator. 1857 Indigeneous Iowa Indian tribe. 1851 Winnebago Indian chief. 1853 Levi Woodbury. New Hampshire and U.S. statesman. 1858 William J. Worth, major general in the Mexican War. 1855 Silas Wright, 12th governor of New York; and Joseph A. Wright, governor of Indiana.

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THE DRAFTING OF IOWA'S CONSTITUTION By Steven C. Cross, secretary of the senate, Iowa General Assembly, 1975-1978 Iowa has had three constitutional conventions - all held in Iowa City. The first was in 1844. The constitution drafted then was later rejected in a popular vote. The second constitution, drafted in 1846, was the instrument by which Iowa became a state. A later convention was held in 1857 which drafted the document still used today (although much amended). Each of the conventions had central disputes which were the subject of debate. Unfortunately, as the records of the 1844 and 1846 conventions are fragmentary, the full extent of the discussions is unknown. In 1787 the founding fathers of the U.S. looked to European governments and political philosophers in drafting the federal constitution. Yet the result was the creation of a government largely new and unrecognizable from the models the drafters knew. When Iowa's drafters met, they had as models the federal constitution and the constitutions of previously admitted states plus the numerous territorial governments established by Congress. The evidence indicates that the drafters of Iowa's constitutions did indeed use the wealth of prior constitution drafting to arrive at the documents. In their broad outlines, all state constitutions follow the basic threebranch form of government found in the federal constitution. Unlike the drafters of the U.S. Constitution, the Iowa drafters were not trying to create a new form of government but only a variation of the existing form which would be relevant to Iowas experience. The immediate source of detail for Iowa's first constitution was the Organic Act for the Wisconsin Territory of which Iowa was part immediately prior to statehood. The "Organic Act" was a law passed by Congress which was, in practical effect, the "constitution" for territories not yet admitted as states. Congress followed the pattern of the U.S. Constitution in creating the Organic Act. The Organic Act for the Territory of Wisconsin provided for a three-branch government - legislative, executive, and judicial - and a Bill of Rights. The executive power was vested in the governor who was not elected but was appointed by the president. The governor would be considered a strong executive because he possessed an absolute veto over acts of the legislature. The only additional executive office was that of "Secretary". That office is the predecessor of the secretary of state. The secretarys duty was to "record and preserve" the acts and proceedings of the governor and legislature. The legislative branch consisted of the governor and a bicameral legislature consisting of a "Council" and "House of Representatives". The actual inclusion of the governor in the legislative branch somewhat blurred the distinctions between the branches of government. The governors role, however, was limited to the negative role of his veto power. The legislature was vested with general legislative power without limitation on the subject areas of legislation. However, in addition to the governor, the U.S. Congress also held a veto power over territorial legislation. The judicial branch consisted of a three-member Supreme Court and three district courts. The justices of the Supreme Court were also appointed by the president. The key dispute in 1844 was the size of the prospective state itself. The convention proposed boundaries which encompassed not only the present-day state of Iowa but also virtually all of the present state of Minnesota, south of Minneapolis and St. Paul. When Congress received Iowa's proposed constitution, they modified the boundaries to include, generally, only the eastern half of the boundaries as proposed by the drafters of Iowa's constitution. When this constitution was voted on in 1845 by the residents of Iowa, it was rejected because of the boundary question. This rejection delayed Iowa's admission. After the rejection of the 1844 constitution, the movement continued for another convention. The 1846 convention essentially kept the same document as in 1844 except that the boundaries were changed to those familiar today. These boundaries were the result of a compromise reached during the period following the 1844 convention. Both the 1844 and 1846 documents had one feature that is interesting as a historical curiosity. Both of them prohibited banks in Iowa. The "banks" which were prohibited were the then frequently existing "banks of issue". These banks printed and issued notes which were similar in appearance and use to our paper currency today. These banks were numerous in the early 1800s and were often wildcat operations. When one of these banks closed, those who held notes issued by that bank suffered a significant financial loss. Another kind of bank, a "bank of deposit", was not prohibited. The 1857 constitution was drafted because of the soon perceived problems with the 1846 document. This convention, however, continued to follow a similar governmental structure as provided for in the earlier documents. The three Iowa constitutions all had a "Bill of Rights" clearly modeled after the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The 1857 constitution provided for three branches and expressly prohibited any branch from exercising a function of the other. This explicit separation of powers is a difference from the

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federal constitution which keeps the branches separate but does not explicitly say that they are separate. As in earlier documents, the Senate and House were again given broad powers - few subjects of legislation were prohibited. The 1857 document, however, did include more prohibited subjects of legislation than did the constitution of 1846. The governor could veto legislation, but his veto was to be limited, not absolute. The 1846 document allowed an override upon the vote of two-thirds of those members of the legislature present and voting. The veto in the 1857 constitution required a two-thirds vote of the entire membership of the legislature and thus was harder to override than the veto in the 1846 constitution. The veto provision was also modified to give the governor additional time to consider his action on bills delivered to him in the three calendar days just prior to final adjournment. From 1846 to 1857, the Executive Article was changed somewhat in form but not really in substance. The governor was declared to have the "supreme executive power", but there is otherwise little in the document which sets out exactly the nature of his executive power. The fact that the powers of the governor were undelineated by the constitution indicates that those who drafted it envisioned the governor as a weak officer performing routine duties. Indeed, the weakness of the office was accepted by governors who were not full-time executives and often spent time attending to other than governmental activities. A great deal of the power of the governor today resulted from subsequent statutory enactment and a somewhat related increase in prestige. The 1857 constitution also added a lieutenant governor, but - like the Vice President in the United States Constitution - this officer has little other power than to preside over the Senate.* From 1846 to 1857, the judicial branch also remained largely unchanged. The 1857 document provided for the direct election of judges. Under the previous constitution, judges were elected by a joint vote of both houses of the General Assembly. One unusual feature of the 1857 constitution was that the office of attorney general was attached to the judicial branch of government rather than the executive branch where the office exists in most other states. In the course of the 1857 convention there were many arguments over matters which may not be guessed by looking at the mere words of the document. One such issue was that of race. (The time of the convention was, of course, just prior to the Civil War when the Republican Party was on the rise.) There were lengthy debates at the convention as to whether blacks could vote, join the militia, testify in court, and so on. In 1857, those who favored restricting most rights of blacks won, although the issue of whether blacks could vote was submitted to the people as a referendum. In the referendum, the extension of the franchise to blacks was defeated. Reflecting the temper of post-Civil War times, Iowa voters approved a constitutional amendment giving the ballot to black males in 1868. The new constitution was drafted over 39 days in February and March 1857. It was narrowly approved at a referendum in August and went into effect by proclamation of the governor on September 3, 1857. Since that time, Iowa's Constitution has been amended 46 times but the basic document still remains. It is now one of the older state constitutions in America still in force. *A constitutional amendment was voted on and approved by Iowa voters in 1988. Passage of this amendment significantly changes the duties and responsibilities of the lieutenant governor for the term beginning in 1991. As of 1991, duties of Iowa's lieutenant governor no longer include presiding over the state senate.

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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF IOWA Preamble. WE THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF IOWA, grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on Him for a continuation of those blessings, do ordain and establish a free and independent government, by the name of the State of Iowa, the boundaries whereof shall be as follows: Boundaries. Beginning in the middle of the main channel of the Mississippi River, at a point due East of the middle of the mouth of the main channel of the Des Moines River, thence up the middle of the main channel of the said Des Moines River, to a point on said river where the Northern boundary line of the state of Missouri-as established by the constitution of that Stateadopted June 12, 1820-crosses the said middle of the main channel of the said Des Moines River; thence Westwardly along the said Northern boundary line of the State of Missouri, as established at the time aforesaid, until an extension of said line intersects the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River; thence up the middle of the main channel of the said Missouri River to a point opposite the middle of the main channel of the Big Sioux River, according to Nicollett's Map; thence up the main channel of the said Big Sioux River, according to the said map, until it is intersected by the parallel of forty three degrees and thirty minutes North latitude; thence East along said parallel of forty three degrees and thirty minutes until said parallel intersects the middle of the main channel of the Mississippi River; thence down the middle of the main channel of said Mississippi River to the place of beginning. See boundary compromise agreements at the end of Volume III of the Code

ARTICLE I. - Bill of Rights Rights of persons. Section 1. All men are, by nature, free and equal, and have certain inalienable rights - among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. Political power. Section 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security, and benefit of the people, and they have the right, at all times, to alter or reform the same, whenever the public good may require it. Religion. Section 3. The General Assembly shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; nor shall any person be compelled to attend any place of worship, pay tithes, taxes, or other rates for building or repairing places of worship, or the maintenance of any minister, or ministry. Religious test-witnesses. Section 4. No religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office, or public trust, and no person shall be deprived of any of his rights, privileges, or capacities, or disqualified from the performance of any of his public or private duties, or rendered incompetent to give evidence in any court of law or equity, in consequence of his opinions on the subject of religion; and any party to any judicial proceeding shall have the right to use as a witness, or take the testimony of, any other person not qualified on account of interest, who may be cognizant of any fact material to the case; and parties to suits may be witnesses, as provided by law. Dueling. Section 5. Any citizen of this State who may hereafter be engaged, either directly, or indirectly, in a duel, either as principal, or accessory before the fact, shall forever be disqualified from holding any office under the Constitution and laws of this State. Laws uniform. Section 6. All laws of a general nature shall have a uniform operation; the General Assembly shall not grant to any citizen, or class of citizens, privileges or immunities, which, upon the same terms shall not equally belong to all citizens. Liberty of speech and press. Section 7. Every person may speak, write, and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech, or of the press. In all prosecutions or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury, and if it appear to the jury that the matter charged as libellous was true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted. Personal security-searches and seizures. Section 8. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable seizures and searches shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but on probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons and things to be seized. Right of trial by jury-due process of law. Section 9. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but the General Assembly may authorize trial by jury of a less number than twelve men in inferior courts; but no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. See also R.Cr.P. 16, 20(2), 48; R.C.P. 177,178,268

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Rights of persons accused. Section 10. In all criminal prosecutions, and in cases involving the life, or liberty of an individual the accused shall have a right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to be informed of the accusation against him, to have a copy of the same when demanded; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for his witnesses; and, to have the assistance of counsel. See 602.1601 of the Code

When indictment necessary. Section 11. All offences less than felony and in which the punishment does not exceed a fine of One hundred dollars, or imprisonment for thirty days, shall be tried summarily before a Justice of the Peace, or other officer authorized by law, on information under oath, without indictment, or the intervention of a grand jury, saving to the defendant the right of appeal; and no person shall be held to answer for any higher criminal offence, unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury,* except in cases arising in the army, or navy, or in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war or public danger. *As to indictment and the number of grand jurors, see Amendment [9], R.Cr.P. 3,4 For civil jurisdiction of Justice of Peace, see Art. XI, 1; but see 64GA. chapter 1124. Magistrate jurisdiction, 602.6405 of the Code

Twice tried-bail. Section 12. No person shall after acquittal, be tried for the same offence. A;; persons shall, before conviction, be bailable, by sufficient sureties, except for capital offences where the proof is evident, or the resumption great. Habeas corpus. Section 13. The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, or refused when application is made as required by law, unless in case of rebellion, or invasion the public safety may require it. Military. Section 14. The military shall be subordinate to the civil power. No standing army shall be kept up by the State in time of peace; and in time of war, no appropriation for a standing army shall be for a longer time than tow years. Quartering soldiers. Section 15. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war except in the manner prescribed by law. Treason. Section 16. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war against it, adhering to its enemies, or giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the evidence of two witnesses to the same overt act, or confession in open Court. Bail-punishments. Section 17. Excessive bail shall not be required; excessive fines shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishment shall not be inflicted. Eminent domain. Section 18. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation first being made, or secured to be made to the owner thereof, as soon as the damages shall be assessed by a jury, who shall not take into consideration any advantages that may result to said owner on account of the improvement for which it is taken.* *See Amendment

Imprisonment for debt. Section 19. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any civil action, on mesne or final process, unless in case of fraud; and no person shall be imprisoned for a militia fine in time of peace. Right of assemblage-petition. Section 20. The people have the right freely to assemble together to counsel for the common good; to make known their opinions to their representatives and to petition for a redress of grievances. Attainder-ex post facto law-obligation of contract. Section 21. No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall ever be passed. Resident aliens. Section 22. Foreigners who are, or may hereafter become residents of this State, shall enjoy the same rights in respect to the possession, enjoyment and descent of property, as native born citizens. Slavery-penal servitude. Section 23. There shall be no slavery in this State; nor shall there be involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime. Agricultural leases. Section 24. No lease or grant of agricultural lands, reserving any rent, or service of any kind, shall be valid for a longer period than twenty years. Rights reserved. Section 25. This enumeration of rights shall not be construed to impair or deny others, retained by the people. An additional section (section 26) was added to article I by the amendment of 1882. The supreme court, however, in the case of Koehler v. Hill, 60 Iowa 543, on April 21, 1883, held that, owing to certain irregularities, the amendment did not become a part of the Constitution. [Prohibition of intoxicating liquors]

ARTICLE II. - Right of Suffrage Electors. Section 1. [Every (white)* male citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty one years, who shall have been a resident of this State six months next preceding the election, and of the County in which he claims his vote sixty days, shall be entitled to vote at all elections which are now or hereafter may be authorized by law. *The above section was amended in 1868 by striking the word white from the first line

HISTORY AND THE CONSTITUTION thereof: See Amendment

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[1]

*For qualifications of electors, see also Amendments 19 and 26, U.S. Constitution A proposal to strike the word male was defeated in 1916. **In 1970, this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [30]

Privileged from arrest. Section 2. Electors shall, in all cases except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest on the days of election, during their attendance at such election, going to and returning therefrom. From military duty. Section 3. No elector shall be obliged to perform military duty on the day of election, except in time of war, or public danger. Persons in military service. Section 4. No person in the military, naval, or marine service of the United States shall be considered a resident of this State by being stationed in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place, or station within this State. Disqualified persons. Section 5. No idiot, or insane person, or person convicted of any infamous crime, shall be entitled to the privilege of an elector. Ballot. Section 6. All elections by the people shall be by ballot. General election. Section 7. See Amendments [7], [11] and [14] See 39.1 of the Code

ARTICLE III. - Of the Distribution of Powers Departments of government. Section 1. The powers of the government of Iowa shall be divided into three separate departments-the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial: and no person charged with the exercise of powers properly belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any function appertaining to either of the others, except in cases hereinafter expressly directed or permitted. Legislative Department. General Assembly. Section 1. The Legislative authority of this State shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives: and the style of every law shall be. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Iowa. Sessions. Section 2. [The sessions of the General Assembly shall be biennial, and shall commence on the second Monday in January next ensuing the election of its members; unless the Governor of the State shall, in the meantime, convene the General Assembly by proclamation.]* *In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendments [24] and [36] Special sessions, Art. IV, 11 and Amendment [36]

Representatives. Section 3. The members of the House of Representatives shall be chosen every second year, by the qualified electors of their respective districts, [on the second Tuesday in October,* except the years of the Presidential election, when the election shall be on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November;]* and their term of office shall commence on the first day of January next after their election, and continue two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified. *For provisions relative to the time of holding the general election, see Amendment [14]; See also 39.1 of the Code

Qualifications. Section 4. No person shall be a member of the House of Representatives who shall not have attained the age of twenty-one years, be a [free white] [male]* citizen of the United States, and shall have been an inhabitant of this State one year next preceding his election, and at the time of his election shall have had an actual residence of sixty days in the County, or District he may have been chosen to represent. *For amendments striking "free white" and "male", see Amendments [6] and [15]

Senators-qualifications. Section 5. Senators shall be chosen for the term of four years, at the same time and place as Representatives; they shall be twenty-five years of age, and possess the qualifications of Representatives as to residence and citizenship. Number and classification. Section 6. [The number of Senators shall not be less than one third, nor more than one half the representative body; and shall be so classified by lot, that one class, being as nearly one half as possible, shall be elected every two years. When the number of Senators is increased, they shall be annexed by lot to one or the other of the two classes, so as to keep them as nearly equal in numbers as practicable.]* *In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [26]

Officers-elections determined. Section 7. Each house shall choose its own officers, and judge of the qualification, election, and return of its own members. A contested election shall be determined in such manner as shall be directed by law. Quorum. Section 8. A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to transact business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide. Authority of the houses. Section 9. Each house shall sit upon its own adjournments, keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish the same; determine its rules of proceedings, punish

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members for disorderly behavior, and, with the consent of two thirds, expel a member, but not a second time for the same offense; and shall have all other powers necessary for a branch of the General Assembly of a free and independent State. Protest-record of vote. Section 10. Every member of the General Assembly shall have the liberty to dissent from, or protest against any Act or resolution which he may think injurious to the public, or an individual, and have the reasons for his dissent entered on the journals; and the yeas and nays of the members of either house, on any question, shall, at the desire of any of any two members present, be entered on the journals. Privileged from arrest. Section 11. Senators and Representatives, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same. Vacancies. Section 12. When vacancies occur in either house, the Governor or the person exercising the functions of Governor, shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. Doors open. Section 13. The doors of each house shall be open, except on such occasions, as, in the opinion of the house, may require secrecy. Adjournments. Section 14. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which they may be sitting. Bills. Section 15. Bills may originate in either house, and may be amended, altered, or rejected by the other; and every bill having passed both houses, shall be signed by the Speaker and President of their respective houses. Executive approval-veto. Section 16. Every bill which shall have passed the General Assembly, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections, to the house in which it originated, which shall enter the same upon their journal, and proceed to re-consider it; if, after such re- consideration, it again pass both houses, by yeas and nays, by a majority of two thirds of the members of each house, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the Governors objections. If any bill shall not be returned within three days after it shall have been presented to him, Sunday excepted, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the General Assembly, by adjournment, prevent such return. Any bill submitted to the Governor for his approval during the last three days of a session of the General Assembly, shall be deposited by him in the office of the Secretary of State, within thirty days after the adjournment, with his approval, if approved by him, and with his objections, if he disapproves thereof. * Statutory provisions, 3.4, 3.5 of the Code *In 1968 an additional paragraph was added to this section: See Amendment [27]

Passage of bills. Section 17. No bill shall be passed unless by the assent of a majority of all the members elected to each branch of the General Assembly, and the question upon the final passage shall be taken immediately upon its last reading, and the yeas and nays be entered on the journal. Receipts and expenditures. Section 18. An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money shall be attached to and published with the laws, at every regular session of the General Assembly. Statutory provisions, 14.10(5) of the Code Impeachment. Section 19. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment, and all impeachments shall be tried by the Senate. When sitting for that purpose, the senators shall be upon oath or affirmation; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. Officers subject to impeachment-judgment. Section 20. The Governor, Judges of the Supreme and District Courts, and other State officers, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor or malfeasance in office; but judgment in such cases shall extend only to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust, or profit, under this State; but the party convicted or acquitted shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, and punishment, according to law. All other civil officers shall be tried for misdemeanors and malfeasance in office, in such manner as the General Assembly may provide. Members not appointed to office. Section 21. No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he shall have been elected, be appointed to any civil office of profit under this State, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased during such term, except such offices as may be filled by elections by the people. Disqualification. Section 22. No person holding any lucrative office under the United States, or this State, or any other power, shall be eligible to hold a seat in the General Assembly: but offices in the militia, to which there is attached no annual salary, or the office of justice of the peace, or postmaster whose compensation does not exceed one hundred dollars per annum, or notary public, shall not be deemed lucrative. Failure to account. Section 23. No person who may hereafter be a collector or holder of public monies, shall have a seat in either House of the General Assembly, or be eligible to hold any office of trust or profit in this State, until he shall have accounted for and paid into the treasury all sums for which he may be liable.

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Appropriations. Section 24. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law. Compensation of members. Section 25. [Each member of the first General Assembly under this Constitution, shall receive three dollars per diem while in session; and the further sum of three dollars for every twenty miles traveled, in going to and returning from the place where such session is held, by the nearest traveled route; after which they shall receive such compensation as shall be fixed by law; but no General Assembly shall have power to increase the compensation of its own members. And when convened in extra session they shall receive the same mileage and per diem compensation, as fixed by law for the regular session, and none other.] ^Statutory provisions, 2.10 to 2.14 of the Code In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [28]

Time laws to take effect. Section 26. No law of the General Assembly, passed at a regular session, of a public nature, shall take effect until the fourth*day of July next after the passage thereof. Laws passed at a special session, shall take effect ninety days after the adjournment of the General Assembly by which they were passed. If the General Assembly shall deem any law of immediate importance, they may provide that the same shall take effect by publication in the newspapers in the State.** Supplementary provisions, 3.7 et seq. of the Code *For provision changing effective date, see Amendment (23) **In 1986 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [40]

Divorce. Section 27. No divorce shall be granted by the General Assembly. Lotteries. Section 28. [No lottery shall be authorized by this State; nor shall the sale of lottery tickets be allowed.] "This section repealed by Amendment [341

Acts-one subject-expressed in title. Section 29. Every act shall embrace but one subject, and matters properly connected therewith; which subject shall be expressed in the title. But if any subject shall be embraced in an act which shall not be expressed in the title, such act shall be void only as to so much thereof as shall not be expressed in the title. Local or special laws-general and uniform-boundaries of counties. Section 30. The General Assembly shall not pass local or special laws in the following cases: For the assessment and collection of taxes for State, County, or road purposes; For laying out, opening, and working roads or highways; For changing the names of persons; For the incorporation of cities and towns; For vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, or public squares; For locating or changing county seats. In all the cases above enumerated, and in all other cases where a general law can be made applicable, all laws shall be general, and of uniform operation throughout the State; and no law changing the boundary lines of any county shall have effect until upon being submitted to the people of the counties affected by the change, at a general election, it shall be approved by a majority of the votes in each county, cast for and against it. Laws uniform, see Art. I, 6 Extra compensation-payment of claims-appropriations for local or private purposes. Section 31. No extra compensation shall be made to any officer, public agent, or contractor, after the service shall have been rendered, or the contract entered into; nor, shall any money be paid on any claim, the subject matter of which shall not have been provided for by pre-existing laws, and no public money or property shall be appropriated for local, or private purposes, unless such appropriation, compensation, or claim, be allowed by two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of the General Assembly. See 3.14 of the Code

Oath of members. Section 32. Members of the General Assembly shall, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation: I do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be,) that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of Iowa, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of Senator, (or Representative, as the case may be,) according to the best of my ability. And members of the General Assembly are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said oath or affirmation. Census. Section 33. [The General Assembly shall, in the years One thousand eight hundred and fifty nine, One thousand eight hundred and sixty three, One thousand eight hundred and sixty five, One thousand eight hundred and sixty seven, One thousand eight hundred and sixty nine, and One thousand eight hundred and seventy five, and every ten years thereafter, cause an enumeration to be made of all the [white]1' inhabitants of the State.]** *The above section was amended in 1868 by striking the word white therefrom: See Amendment |21 **This section repealed by Amendment [17J

Senators-number-method of apportionment. Section 34. /The number of senators shall, at the next session following each period of making such enumeration, and the next session

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following each United States census, be fixed by law, and apportioned among the several counties, according to the number of [white]* inhabitants in each.]** *The above section has been amended three times: in 1868 it was amended by striking the word white therefrom: See Amend [3] **In 1904 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof. See Amendment |12J: Also [16J: See also Amend [26]

Senators-representatives-number-apportionment-districts. Section 35. [The Senate shall not consist of more than fifty members, nor the House of Representatives of more than one hundred; and they shall be apportioned among the several counties and representative districts of the State, according to the number oflwhite]* inhabitants in each, upon ratios to be fixed by law; but no representative district shall contain more than four organized counties, and each district shall be entitled to at least one representative. Every county and district which shall have a number of inhabitants equal to one-half of the ratio fixed by law, shall be entitled to one representative; and any one county containing in addition to the ratio fixed by law, one half of that number, or more, shall be entitled to one additional representative. No floating district shall hereafter be formed.]** ! The above section has been amended twice. In 1868 it was amended by striking the word white therefrom: See Amendment [4] **In 1904 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [12]: See also Amendment [26]

Ratio of representation. Section 36. [At its fwst session under this Constitution, and at every subsequent regular session, the General Assembly shall fix the ratio of representation, and also form into representative districts those counties which will not be entitled singly to a representative.]* In 1904 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [12]: See also Amendment [261

Districts. Section 37. [When a congressional, senatorial or representative district shall be composed of two or more counties, it shall not be entirely separated by any county belonging to another district; and no county shall be divided in forming a congressional, senatorial, or representative district.] * See Amendment [12] *In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amend [26] Elections by general assembly. Section 38. In all elections by the General Assembly, the members thereof shall vote viva voce and the votes shall be entered on the journal. Municipal home rule. Section 38A. Amendment [25]

Legislative districts. Section 39. Amendment [29]

Counties home rule. Section 39A. Amendment [37]

Administrative rules. Section 40. Amendment [38]

ARTICLE IV. - Executive Department Governor. Section 1. The Supreme Executive power of this State shall be vested in a Chief Magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the State of Iowa. Election and term. Section 2. [The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors at the time and place of voting for members of the General Assembly, and shall hold his office two years from the time of his installation, and until his successor is elected and qualified.]* *In 1972 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [32]: See also Amendment [41]

Lieutenant governor-returns of elections. Section 3. [There shall be a Lieutenant Governor, who shall hold his office two years, and be elected at the same time as the Governor. In voting for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, the electors shall designate for whom they vote as Governor, and for whom as Lieutenant Governor. The returns of every election for Governor, and Lieutenant Governor, shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government of the State, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall open and publish them in the presence of both Houses of the General Assembly.]* For statutory provisions, see 50.35 of the Code *In 1972 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [32]: See also Amendment [41]

Election by general assembly. Section 4. [The persons respectively having the highest number of votes for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, shall be declared duly elected; but in case two or more persons shall have an equal and the highest number of votes for either office, the General Assembly shall, by joint vote, forthwith proceed to elect one of said persons Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, as the case may be.]* See Amendment [19] relating to death or failure to qualify *In 1988 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [41]

Contested elections. Section 5. [Contested elections for Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, shall be determined by the General Assembly in such manner as may be prescribed by law.]* *In 1988 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [41]

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Eligibility. Section 6. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, who shall not have been a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the State, two years next preceding the election, and attained the age of thirty years at the time of said election. Commander in chief. Section 7. The Governor shall be commander in chief of the militia, the army, and navy of this State. Duties of governor. Section 8. He shall transact all executive business with the officers of government, civil and military, and may require information in writing from the officers of the executive department upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices. Duty as to state accounts, 79.8 of the Code Execution of laws. Section 9. He shall take care that the laws are faithfully executed. Vacancies. Section 10. When any office shall, from any cause, become vacant, and no mode is provided by the Constitution and laws for filling such vacancy, the Governor shall have power to fill such vacancy, by granting a commission, which shall expire at the end of the next session of the General Assembly, or at the next election by the people. Convening general assembly. Section 11. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General Assembly by proclamation, and shall state to both Houses, when assembled, the purpose for which they shall have been convened. See Amendment of 1974 No. 2 [36] Message. Section 12. He shall communicate, by message, to the General Assembly, at every regular session, the condition of the State, and recommend such matters as he shall deem expedient. Adjournment. Section 13. In case of disagreement between the two Houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the Governor shall have power to adjourn the General Assembly to such time as he may think proper; but no such adjournment shall be beyond the time fixed for the regular meeting of the next General Assembly. Disqualification. Section 14. No person shall, while holding any office under the authority of the United States, or this State, execute the office of Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, except as hereinafter expressly provided. Terms-compensation of lieutenant governor. Section 15. [The official term of the Governor, and Lieutenant Governor, shall commence on the second Monday of January next after their election, and continue for two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified. The Lieutenant Governor, while acting as Governor, shall receive the same pay as provided for Governor; and while presiding in the Senate, shall receive as compensation therefor, the same mileage and double the per diem pay provided for a Senator, and none other.]* See 2.10 of the Code *In 1972 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [321: See also Amendment (421

Pardons-reprieves-commutations. Section 16. The Governor shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, after conviction, for all offences except treason and cases of impeachment, subject to such regulations as may be provided by law. Upon conviction for treason, he shall have power to suspend the execution of the sentence until the case shall be reported to the General Assembly at its next meeting, when the General Assembly shall either grant a pardon, commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence, or grant a further reprieve. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law; and shall report to the General Assembly, at its next meeting, each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon granted, and the reasons therefor; and also all persons in whose favor remission of fines and forfeitures shall have been made, and the several amounts remitted. Lieutenant governor to act as governor. Section 17. In case of the death, impeachment, resignation, removal from office, or other disability of the Governor, the powers and duties of the office for the residue of the term, or until he shall be acquitted, or the disability removed, shall devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor. President of senate. Section 18. [The Lieutenant Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall only vote when the Senate is equally divided, and in case of his absence, or impeachment, or when he shall exercise the office of Governor, the Senate shall choose a President pro tempore.]* *In 1988 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment |42|

Vacancies. Section 19. [If 22 the Lieutenant Governor, while acting as Governor, shall be impeached, displaced, resign, or die, or otherwise become incapable of performing the duties of the office, the President pro tempore of the Senate shall act as Governor until the vacancy is filled, or the disability removed; and if the President of the Senate, for any of the above causes, shall be rendered incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the1 office of Governor, the same shall devolve upon the Speaker of the House of Representatives.] *In 1952 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment |20|: See also Amendment (421

Seal of state. Section 20. There shall be a seal of this State, which shall be kept by the

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Governor, and used by him officially, and shall be called the Great Seal of the State of Iowa. S

l i a p t e r 1 A o f t h e C o i l r f u r ;i
Grants and commissions. Section 21. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and by the authority of the people of the State of Iowa, sealed with the Great Seal of the State, signed by the (xovernor, and countersigned by the Secretary of State. Secretary-auditor-treasurer. Section 22. IA Secretary of State, Auditor of State and Treasurer of State, shall he elected by the qualified ('lectors, ivho shall continue in office two years, and until their successors are elected and qualified: and perform such duties as may be required by lair. I* I n l!)7'_! t h i s s e c t i o n w a s r r p r a l n l :irnl a s i i l . s l i t u t e a d o p t e d i n I M J H I h e r e o l

S<-<- A i T M - m l n n - n t I ' i 2 |

ARTICLE V. - Judicial Department Courts. Section 1. The Judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts, and such other Courts, inferior to the Supreme Court, as the General Assembly may, from time to time, establish. Court nl appeals. 602 '>K)1 n| the < 'ode

Supreme court. Section 2. The Supreme Court shall consist of three Judges, two of whom shall constitute a quorum to hold Court. B u t s e e se«

1 0 f o l l o w i n g ; s e e a l s o 6 0 2 4 1 0 1 o f t h e < '..,|e

Election of judges-term. Section 3. [The Judges of the Supreme Court shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State, and shall hold their Court at such time and place as the General Assembly may prescribe. The Judges of the Supreme Court so elected, shall be classified so that one Judge shall go out of office every two years; and the Judge holding the shortest term of office under such classification, shall he Chief Justice of the Court, during his term, and so on in rotation. After the expiration of their terms of office, under such classification, the term of each Judge of thr Supreme Court shall be six years, and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified. The Judges of the Supreme Court shall be ineligible to any other office in the State, during the term for which they shall have been elected.]'' *In 1962 this section was repealed: See Amendment [21] Jurisdiction of supreme court. Section 4. The Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction only in cases in chancery, and shall constitute a Court for the correction of errors at law. under such restrictions as the General Assembly may, by law, prescribe: and shall have power to issue all writs and process necessary to secure justice to parties, and exercise a supervisory control over all inferior judicial tribunals throughout the State.* See 602 4102, 6O2.42D1, 6(12.-1202, 624 2 of the < "ode This section was amended in 1M62 See Amendment [21]

District court and judge. Section 5. [The District Court shall consist of a single Judge, who shall be elected by the qualified electors of the District in which he ?*esides. The Judge of the District Court shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified; and shall be ineligible to any other office, except that of Judge of the Supreme Court, during the term for which he was elected.}'l: In 1962 this section was repealed: See Amendment |21|: See also Amendment IL'111 )|

Jurisdiction of district court. Section 6. The District Court shall be a court of law and equity, which shall be distinct and separate jurisdictions, and have jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters arising in their respective districts, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law. Statutory provision, 602 6101 of the < Vie

Conservators of the peace. Section 7. The Judges of the Supreme and District Courts shall be conservators of the peace throughout the State. Style of process. Section 8. The style of all process shall be, The State of Iowa, and all prosecutions shall be conducted in the name and by the authority of the same. Salaries. Section 9. IThe salary of each Judge of the Supreme Court shall be two thousand dollars per annum; and that of each District Judge, one thousand six hundred dollars per annum, until the year Eighteen hundred and Sixty; after which time, they shall severally receive such compensation as the General Assembly may, by law, prescribe; which compensation shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected.p In 1962 this section was repealed: See Amendment 121]

Judicial districts-supreme court. Section 10. The state shall be divided into eleven judicial districts; and after the year eighteen hundred and sixty, the general assembly may re-organize the judicial districts and increase or diminish the number of districts, or the number of judges of the said court, and may increase the number of judges of the supreme court; but such increase or diminution shall not be more than one district, or one judge of either court, at any one

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session; and no re-organization of the districts, or diminution of the number of judges, shall have the effect of removing a judge from office. Such re-organization of the districts, or any change in the boundaries thereof, or increase or diminution of the number of judges, shall take place every four years thereafter, if necessary, and at no other time.* *Much of this section apparently superseded by Amendment [8]

Judges-when chosen. Section 11. [The Judges of the Supreme and District Courts shall be chosen at the general election; and the term of office of each Judge shall commence on the first day of January next, after his election.]* *In 1962 this section was repealed: See Amendment [21]

Attorney general. Section 12. [The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for the election of an Attorney General by the people, whose term of office shall be two years, and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified.]* *In 1972 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [32]

District attorney. Section 13. [The qualified electors of each judicial district shall, at the time of the election of District Judge, elect a District Attorney, who shall be a resident of the district for which he is elected, and who shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified.] *In 1884 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [10]. In 1970 this substitute was repealed: See Amendment [31] System of court practice. Section 14. It shall be the duty of the General Assembly to provide for the carrying into effect of this article, and to provide for a general system of practice in all the Courts of this State. For provisions relative to the grand jury, see Amendment [9]

Vacancies in courts. Section 15. Amendment [21]. State and district nominating commissions. Section 16. Amendment [21]. Terms-judicial elections. Section 17. Amendment [21]. Salaries-qualifications-retirements. Section 18. Amendment [21]. Retirement and discipline of judges. Section 19. Amendment [33].

ARTICLE VI. - Militia Composition-training. Section 1. The militia of this State shall be composed of all ablebodied [white]* male citizens, between the ages of eighteen and forty five years, except such as are or may hereafter be exempted by the laws of the United States, or of this State, and shall be armed, equipped, and trained, as the General Assembly may provide by law. *The above section was amended in 1868 by striking the word white therefrom: See Amendment (5)

Exemption. Section 2. No person or persons conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to do military duty in time of peace: Provided, that such person or persons shall pay an equivalent for such exemption in the same manner as other citizens. Officers. Section 3. All commissioned officers of the militia, (staff officers excepted,) shall be elected by the persons liable to perform military duty, and shall be commissioned by the Governor.

ARTICLE VII. - State Debts Credit not to be loaned. Section 1. The credit of the State shall not, in any manner, be given or loaned to, or in aid of, any individual, association, or corporation; and the State shall never assume, or become responsible for, the debts or liabilities of any individual, association, or corporation, unless incurred in time of war for the benefit of the State. Limitation. Section 2. The State may contract debts to supply casual deficits or failures in revenues, or to meet expenses not otherwise provided for; but the aggregate amount of such debts, direct and contingent, whether contracted by virtue of one or more acts of the General Assembly, or at different periods of time, shall never exceed the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars; and the money arising from the creation of such debts, shall be applied to the purpose for which it was obtained, or to repay the debts so contracted, and to no other purpose whatever. Losses to school funds. Section 3. All losses to the permanent, School, or University fund of this State, which shall have been occasioned by the defalcation, mismanagement or fraud of the agents or officers controlling and managing the same, shall be audited by the proper authorities of the State. The amount so audited shall be a permanent funded debt against the State, in favor of the respective fund, sustaining the loss, upon which not less than six percent annual interest shall be paid. The amount of liability so created shall not be counted as a part of

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the indebtedness authorized by the second section of this article. War debts. Section 4. In addition to the above limited power to contract debts, the State may contract debts to repel invasion, suppress insurrection, or defend the State in war; but the money arising from the debts so contracted shall be applied to the purpose for which it was raised, or to repay such debts, and to no other purpose whatever. Contracting debt-submission to the people. Section 5. Except the debts herein before specified in this article, no debt shall be hereafter contracted by, or on behalf of this State, unless such debt shall be authorized by some law for some single work or object, to be distinctly specified therein; and such law shall impose and provide for the collection of a direct annual tax, sufficient to pay the interest on such debt, as it falls due, and also to pay and discharge the principal of such debt, within twenty years from the time of the contracting thereof; but no such law shall take effect until at a general election it shall have been submitted to the people, and have received a majority of all the votes cast for and against it at such election; and all money raised by authority of such law, shall be applied only to the specific object therein stated, or to the payment of the debt created thereby; and such law shall be published in at least one news paper in each County, if one is published therein, throughout the State, for three months preceding the election at which it is submitted to the people. For statutory provisions, see 6.1 to 6.9 of the Code Legislature may repeal. Section 6. The Legislature may, at any time, after the approval of such law by the people, if no debt shall have been contracted in pursuance thereof, repeal the same; and may, at any time, forbid the contracting of any further debt, or liability under such law; but the tax imposed by such law, in proportion to the debt or liability, which may have been contracted in pursuance thereof, shall remain in force and be irrepealable, and be annually collected, until the principal and interest are fully paid. Tax imposed distinctly stated. Section 7. Every law which imposes, continues, or revives a tax, shall distinctly state the tax, and the object to which it is to be applied; and it shall not be sufficient to refer to any other law to fix such tax or object. Motor vehicle fees and fuel taxes. Section 8. Amendment 118]

Fish and Wildlife Protection Fund. Section 9. Amendment [44]

ARTICLE VIII. - Corporations How created. Section 1. No corporation shall be created by special laws; but the General Assembly shall provide, by general laws, for the organization of all corporations hereafter to be created, except as hereinafter provided. Taxation of corporations. Section 2. The property of all corporations for pecuniary profit, shall be subject to taxation, the same as that of individuals. State not to be a stockholder. Section 3. The State shall not become a stockholder in any corporation, nor shall it assume or pay the debt or liability of any corporation, unless incurred in time of war for the benefit of the State. Municipal corporations. Section 4. No political or municipal corporation shall become a stockholder in any banking corporation, directly or indirectly. Banking associations. Section 5. No Act of the General Assembly, authorizing or creating corporations or associations with banking powers, nor amendments thereto shall take effect, or in any manner be in force, until the same shall have been submitted separately, to the people, at a general or special election, as provided by law, to be held not less than three months after the passage of the Act, and shall have been approved by a majority of all the electors voting for and against it at such election. State bank. Section 6. Subject to the provisions of the foregoing section, the General Assembly may also provide for the establishment of a State Bank with branches.* ^Sections 6 to 11, apply to banks of issue only. See 63 Iowa 11, also 220 Iowa 794 and 221 Iowa 102 Specie basis. Section 7. If a State Bank be established, it shall be founded on an actual specie basis, and the branches shall be mutually responsible for each others liabilities upon all notes, bills, and other issues intended for circulation as money. General banking law. Section 8. If a general Banking law shall be enacted, it shall provide for the registry and countersigning, by an officer of State, of all bills, or paper credit designed to circulate as money, and require security to the full amount thereof, to be deposited with the State Treasurer, in United States stocks, or in interest paying stocks of States in good credit and standing, to be rated at ten per cent below their average value in the City of New York, for the thirty days next preceding their deposit; and in case of a depreciation of any portion of said stocks, to the amount of ten per cent on the dollar, the bank or banks owning such stock shall be required to make up said deficiency by depositing additional stocks: and said law shall also

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provide for the recording of the names of all stockholders in such corporations, the amount of stock held by each, the time of any transfer, and to whom. Stockholders responsibility. Section 9. Every stockholder in a banking corporation or institution shall be individually responsible and liable to its creditors, over and above the amount of stock by him or her held, to an amount equal to his or her respective shares so held for all of its liabilities, accruing while he or she remains such stockholder. Bills-holders preferred Section 10. In case of the insolvency of any banking institution, the bill-holders shall have a preference over its other creditors. Specie payments-suspension. Section 11. The suspension of specie payments by banking institutions shall never be permitted or sanctioned. Amendment or repeal of laws-exclusive privileges. Section 12. Subject to the provisions of this article, the General Assembly shall have power to amend or repeal all laws for the organization or creation of corporations, or granting of special or exclusive privileges or immunities, by a vote of two thirds of each branch of the General Assembly; and no exclusive privileges, except as in this article provided, shall ever be granted. Analogous provision, 491.39 of the Code

ARTICLE IX. - Education and School Lands 1st Education* See note at the end of this 1st division

Board of education. Section 1. The educational interest of the State, including Common Schools and other educational institutions, shall be under the management of a Board of Education, which shall consist of the Lieutenant Governor, who shall be the presiding officer of the Board, and have the casting vote in case of a tie, and one member to be elected from each judicial district in the State. Eligibility. Section 2. No person shall be eligible as a member of said Board who shall not have attained the age of twenty five years, and shall have been one year a citizen of the State. Election of members. Section 3. One member of said Board shall be chosen by the qualified electors of each district, and shall hold the office for the term of four years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. After the first election under this Constitution, the Board shall be divided, as nearly as practicable, into two equal classes, and the seats of the first class shall be vacated after the expiration of two years; and one half of the Board shall be chosen every two years thereafter. First session. Section 4. The first session of the Board of Education shall be held at the Seat of Government, on the first Monday of December, after their election; after which the General Assembly may fix the time and place of meeting. Limitation of sessions. Section 5. The session of the Board shall be limited to twenty days, and but one session shall be held in any one year, except upon extraordinary occasions, when, upon the recommendation of two thirds of the Board, the Governor may order a special session. Secretary. Section 6. The Board of Education shall appoint a Secretary, who shall be the executive officer of the Board, and perform such duties as may be imposed upon him by the Board, and the laws of the State. They shall keep a journal of their proceedings, which shall be published and distributed in the same manner as the journals of the General Assembly. Rules and regulations. Section 7. All rules and regulations made by the Board shall be published and distributed to the several Counties, Townships, and School Districts, as may be provided for by the Board, and when so made, published and distributed, they shall have the force and effect of law. Power to legislate. Section 8. The Board of Education shall have full power and authority to legislate and make all needful rules and regulations in relation to Common Schools, and other education institutions, but are instituted, to receive aid from the School or University fund of this State: but all acts, rules, and regulations of said Board may be altered, amended or repealed by the General Assembly; and when so altered, amended, or repealed they shall not be reenacted by the Board of Education. Governor ex officio a member. Section 9. The Governor of the State shall be, ex officio, a member of said Board. Expenses. Section 10. The board shall have no power to levy taxes, or make appropriations of money. Their contingent expenses shall be provided for by the General Assembly. State university. Section 11. The State University shall be established at one place without branches at any other place, and the University fund shall be applied to that Institution and no other. See Laws of the Board of Education, Act 10, December 25, 1858, which provides for the management of the stnti1 University by a Board of Trustees appointed by the Board of Education. See also sec. 2 of 2nd. division of this Article

Common schools. Section 12. The Board of Education shall provide for the education of all the youths of the State, through a system of Common Schools and such school shall be orga-

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nized and kept in each school district at least three months in each year. Any district failing, for two consecutive years, to organize and keep up a school as aforesaid may be deprived of their portion of the school fund. Compensation. Section 13. The members of the Board of Education shall each receive the same per diem during the time of their session, and mileage going to and returning therefrom, as members of the General Assembly. Quorum-style of acts. Section 14. A majority of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business; but no rule, regulation, or law, for the government of Common Schools or other educational institutions, shall pass without the concurrence of a majority of all the members of the Board, which shall be expressed by the yeas and nays on the final passage. The style of all acts of the Board shall be, Be it enacted by the Board of Education of the State of Iowa. Board may be abolished. * Section 15. At any time after the year One thousand eight hundred and sixty three, the General Assembly shall have power to abolish or re-organize said Board of Education, and provide for the educational interest of the State in any other manner that to them shall seem best and proper. *The board of education was abolished in 1864 by 10GA, ch 52, 1. For statutory provisions, see chs 256 and 262 of the Code.

2nd School Funds and School Lands Control-management. Section 1. The educational and school funds and lands, shall be under the control and management of the General Assembly of this State. Permanent fund. Section 2. The University lands, and the proceeds thereof, and all monies belonging to said fund shall be a permanent fund for the sole use of the State University. The interest arising from the same shall be annually appropriated for the support and benefit of said University. Perpetual support fund. Section 3. The General Assembly shall encourage, by all suitable means, the promotion of intellectual, scientific, moral, and agricultural improvement. The proceeds of all lands that have been, or hereafter may be, granted by the United States to this State, for the support of schools, which may have been or shall hereafter be sold, or disposed of, and the five hundred thousand acres of land granted to the new States, under an act of Congress, distributing the proceeds of the public lands among the several States of the Union, approved in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, and all estates of deceased persons who may have died without leaving a will or heir, and also such percent as has been or may hereafter be granted by Congress, on the sale of lands in this State, shall be, and remain a perpetual fund, the interest of which, together with all rents of the unsold lands, and such other means as the General Assembly may provide, shall be inviolably appropriated to the support of Common schools throughout the State. Fines-how appropriated. Section 4. [The money which may have been or shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for exemption from military duty, and the clear proceeds of all fines collected in the several Counties for any breach of the penal laws, shall be exclusively applied, in the several Counties in which such money is paid, or fine collected, among the several school districts of said Counties, in proportion to the number of youths subject to enumeration in such districts, to the support of Common Schools, or the establishment of libraries, as the Board of Education shall, from time to time provide.]* *This section repealed by Amendment [35]

Proceeds of lands. Section 5. The General Assembly shall take measures for the protection, improvement, or other disposition of such lands as have been, or may hereafter be reserved, or granted by the United States, or any person or persons, to this State, for the use of the University, and the funds accruing from the rents or sale of such lands, or from any other source for the purpose aforesaid, shall be, and remain, a permanent fund, the interest of which shall be applied to the support of said University, for the promotion of literature, the arts and sciences, as may be authorized by the terms of such grant. And it shall be the duty of the General Assembly as soon as may be, to provide effectual means for the improvement and permanent security of the funds of said University. Agents of school funds. Section 6. The financial agents of the school funds shall be the same, that by law, receive and control the State and county revenue for other civil purposes, under such regulations as may be provided by law. Distribution. Section 7. [The money subject to the support and maintenance of common schools shall be distributed to the districts in proportion to the number of youths, between the ages of five and twenty-one years, in such manner as may be provided by the General Assembly.]'" *In 1984 this section was repealed: See Amendment [39]

ARTICLE X. - Amendments to the Constitution

i A N D THE

C O N S T I T U T I O N 2 8 1

How proposed-submission. Section 1. Any amendment or amendments to this Constitution may be proposed in either House of the General Assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the members elected to each of the two Houses, such proposed amendment shall be entered on their journals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred to the Legislature to be chosen at the next general election, and shall be published, as provided by law, for three months previous to the time of making such choice; and if, in the General Assembly so next chosen as aforesaid, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be agreed to, by a majority of all the members elected to each House, then it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to submit such proposed amendment or amendments to the people, in such manner, and at such time as the General Assembly shall provide; and if the people shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments, by a majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly, voting thereon, such amendment or amendments shall become a part of the Constitution of this State. F o r s t a t u t o r y p r o v i s i o n s , s e e 6 . 1 t<> 6 . 1 1 , a n d 4 9 . ' 1 3 t o 4 9 ;"><) o f t i n - < ' o d e

More than one amendment. Section 2. If two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same time, they shall be submitted in such manner that the electors shall vote for or against each of such amendments separately. Convention. Section 3. I At the general election to he held in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and in each tenth year thereafter, and also at such times as the General Assembly may, by law, provide, the question. Shall there be a Convention to revise the Constitution, and amend the same"! Shall be decided by the electors qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly; and in case a majority of the electors so qualified, voting at such election, for and against such proposition, shall decide in favor of a Convention for such purpose, the General Assembly, at its next session, shall provide by law for the election of delegates to such Convention./* *In 1964 this section w a s repealed a n d a s u b s t i t u t e adopted in lieu thereof: See A m e n d m e n t | 2 2 |

ARTICLE XI. - Miscellaneous Justice of peace-jurisdiction. Section 1. The jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace shall extend to all civil cases, (except cases in chancery, and cases where the question of title to real estate may arise,) where the amount in controversy does not exceed one hundred dollars, and by the consent of parties may be extended to any amount not exceeding three hundred dollars. Nonindictable misdemeanors, jurisdiction, Art. I, 11 [The office of Justice of Peace has been abolished by 64GA, chapter 1124] Counties. Section 2. No new County shall be hereafter created containing less than four hundred and thirty two square miles; nor shall the territory of any organized county be reduced below that area; except the County of Worth, and the counties west of it, along the Northern boundary of this State, may be organized without additional territory. Indebtedness of political or municipal corporations. Section 3. No county, or other political or municipal corporation shall be allowed to become indebted in any manner, or for any purpose, to an amount, in the aggregate, exceeding five per centum on the value of the taxable property within such county or corporation - to be ascertained by the last State and county tax lists, previous to the incurring of such indebtedness. Statutory limitation, .'UM 24 of the Code See 64 CrA, ch 10K8

Boundaries of state. Section 4. The boundaries of the State may be enlarged, with the consent of Congress and the General Assembly. S e e b o u n d a r y c o m p r o m i s e a g r e e m e n t s a t t h e e n d o f V o l u m e I I I of t h e ( ' o d e

Oath of office. Section 5. Every person elected or appointed to any office, shall, before entering upon the duties thereof, take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, and of this State, and also an oath of office. See 63.10 of the Code

How vacancies filled. Section (S. In all cases of election to fill vacancies in office occurring before the expiration of a full term, the person so elected shall hold for the residue of the unexpired term; and all persons appointed to fill vacancies in office, shall hold until the next general election, and until their successors are elected and qualified. Land grants located. Section 7. The General Assembly shall not locate any ol the publiclands, which have been, or may be granted by Congress to this State, and the location of which may be given to the General Assembly, upon lands actually settled, without the consent of the occupant. The extent of the claim of such occupant, so exempted, shall not exceed three hundred and twenty acres. Seat of government established-state university. Section S The seat of Government is hereby permanently established, as now fixed by law, at the City of Des Moines, in the County

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of Polk; and the State University, at Iowa City, in the County of Johns

ARTICLE XII. - Schedule Supreme law-constitutionality of acts. Section 1. This Constitution shall be the supreme law of the State, and any law inconsistent there with, shall be void. The General Assembly shall pass all laws necessary to carry this Constitution into effect. Laws in force. Section 2. All laws now in force and not inconsistent with this Constitution, shall remain in force until they shall expire or be repealed. Proceedings not affected. Section 3. All indictments, prosecutions, suits, pleas, plaints, process, and other proceedings pending in any of the courts, shall be prosecuted to final judgment and execution; and all appeals, writs of error, certiorari, and injunctions, shall be carried on in the several courts, in the same manner as now provided by law; and all offences, misdemeanors, and crimes that may have been committed before the taking effect of this Constitution, shall be subject to indictment, trial and punishment, in the same manner as they would have been, had not this Constitution been made. Fines inure to the state. Section 4. I All fines, penalties, or forfeitures due, or to become due, or accruing to the State, or to any Cnunty therein, or to the school fund, shall inure to the State, county, or school fund, in the manner prescribed by law.]* Tins section n-|>r^l
Bonds in force. Section 5. All bonds executed to the State, or to any officer in his official capacity, shall remain in force and inure to the use of those concerned. First election for governor and lieutenant governor. Section 6. The first election under this Constitution shall be held of the second Tuesday in October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty seven, at which time the electors of the State shall elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor. There shall also be elected at such election, the successors of such State Senators as were elected at the August election, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, and members of the House of Representatives, who shall be elected in accordance with the act of apportionment, enacted at the session of the General Assembly which commenced on the first Monday of December One thousand eight hundred and fifty six. First election of officers. Section 7. The first election for Secretary, Auditor, and Treasurer of State, Attorney General, District Judges, Members of the Board of Education, District Attorneys, members of Congress and such State officers as shall be elected at the April election, in the year One thousand eight hundred and fifty seven, (except the Superintendent of Public Instruction,) and such county officers as were elected at the August election, in the year One thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, except Prosecuting Attorneys, shall be held on the second Tuesday of October, One thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight: Provided, That the time for which any District Judge or other State or County officer elected at the April election in the year One thousand eight hundred and fifty eight, shall not extend beyond the time fixed for filling like offices at the October election in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty eight. For judges of supreme court. Section 8. The first election for Judges of the Supreme Court, and such County officers as shall be elected at the August election, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, shall be held on the second Tuesday of October in the year One thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine. General assembly-first session. Section 9. The first regular session of the General Assembly shall be held in the year One thousand eight hundred and fifty- eight, commencing on the second Monday of January of said year. Senators. Section 10. Senators elected at the August election, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, shall continue in office until the second Tuesday of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty nine, at which time their successors shall be elected as may be prescribed by law. Offices not vacated. Section 11. Every person elected by popular vote, by vote of the General Assembly, or who may hold office by executive appointment, which office is continued by this Constitution, and every person who shall be so elected or appointed, to any such office, before the taking effect of this constitution, (except as in this Constitution otherwise provided,) shall continue in office until the term for which such person has been or may be elected or appointed shall expire: but no such person shall continue in office after the taking effect of this Constitution, for a longer period than the term of such office, in this Constitution prescribed. Judicial districts. Section 12. The General Assembly, at the first session under this Constitution, shall district the State into eleven Judicial Districts, for District Court purposes; and shall also provide for the apportionment of the members of the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

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Submission of constitution. Section 13. This Constitution shall be submitted to the electors of the State at the August election, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, in the several election districts in this State. The ballots at such election shall be written or printed as follows: Those in favor of the Constitution, New Constitution - Yes. Those against the Constitution, New Constitution - No. The election shall be conducted in the same manner as the general elections of the State, and the poll-books shall be returned and canvassed as provided in the twenty-fifth chapter of the code, and abstracts shall be forwarded to the Secretary of State, which abstracts shall be canvassed in the manner provided for in the canvass of State officers. And if it shall appear that a majority of all the votes cast at such election for and against this Constitution are in favor of the same, the Governor shall immediately issue his proclamation stating that fact, and such Constitution shall be the Constitution of the State of Iowa, and shall take effect from and after the publication of said proclamation. Proposition to strike out the word "white". Section 14. At the same election that this Constitution is submitted to the people for its adoption or rejection, a proposition to amend the same by striking out the word White from the article on the Right of Suffrage, shall be separately submitted to the electors of this State for adoption or rejection in manner following Namely: A separate ballot may be given by every person having a right to vote at said election, to be deposited in a separate box; and those given for the adoption of such proposition shall have the words, Shall the word White be stricken out of the Article on the Right of Suffrage? Yes. And those given against the proposition shall have the words, Shall the word White be stricken out of the Article on the Right of Suffrage? No. And if at said election the number of ballots cast in favor of said proposition shall be equal to a majority of those cast for and against this Constitution, then said word White shall be stricken from said Article and be no part thereof. This proposition failed to be adopted but see Amendment [1] Mills county. Section 15. Until otherwise directed by law, the County of Mills shall be in and a part of the sixth Judicial District of this State. Sec. 16. For provisions relative to biennial election, see Amendment [111: See also Amendment 114)

Done in Convention at Iowa City, this fifth day of March in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and fifty seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the eighty first. In testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. TIMOTHY DAY SHELDON G. WINCHESTER DAVID BUNKER D. P. PALMER GEORGE W. ELLS J. C. HALL JOHN H. PETERS WILLIAM A. WARREN HOSEA W. GRAY ROBERT GOWER H. D. GIBSON THOMAS SEELY A. H. MARVIN J. H. EMERSON RUFUS L. B. CLARKE JAMES A. YOUNG DANIEL H. SOLOMON M. W. ROBINSON LEWIS TODHUNTER JOHN EDWARDS J. C. TRAER JAMES F. WILSON AMOS HARRIS JOHN T. CLARK SQUIRE AYERS HARVEY J. SKIFF J. A. PARVIN W. PENN CLARKE JEREMIAH HOLLINGSWORTH WILLIAM PATTERSON DANIEL W. PRICE ALPHEUS SCOTT GEORGE GILLASPY EDWARD JOHNSTONE AYLETT R. COTTON FRANCIS SPRINGER, President Attest: THOMAS J. SAUNDERS, Secretary ELLSWORTH N. BATES, Asst. Secretary

PROCLAMATION Whereas an instrument known as the "New Constitution of the State of Iowa" adopted by the constitutional convention of said State on the fifth day of March A.D. 1857 was submitted to the qualified electors of said State at the annual election held on Monday the third day of August 1857 for their approval or rejection. And whereas an official canvass of the votes cast at said election shows that there were Forty thousand three hundred and eleven votes cast for the adoption of said Constitution and Thirty

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eight t h o u s a n d six h u n d r e d and v t h e (iovernor. Elijah Sells, Secretary of State.

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF IOWA Amendments of 1868 [I] |lJ| [.')| |4] [51

1st Strike 'id. Strike 3d. Strike 4th Strike 5th Strike

the word the word the word the word the word

white, white, white, white, white,

from from from from from

Section 1 of Article II thereof; [Electors] Section 'S-\ of Article III thereof; fCensusI Section 34 of Article III thereof; [Senators! Section 3T> of Article III thereof; (Apportionment) Section 1 of Article VI thereof; [Militia]

The- first nf tln-M- a m e n d m e n t s was sulnniUed to t h e rlectu, ,ite with t h e Constitution in 1S57 hut was defeated

Amendment of 1880 |(S)

S t r i k e o u t t h e w o r d s free w h i t e f r o m t h e t h i r d l i n e of S e c t i o n f o u r ( 4 ' of A r t i c l e t h r e e ( I I I ) of said C o n s t i t u t i o n , r e l a t i n g to t h e legislative d e p a r t m e n t .

Amendments of 1884 [71 General election. [Amendment 1. The general election for State, District County and Township officers shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November.]* The above amendment, published as section 7 of Article II was repealed by Amendment |14|

|S|

Judicial districts. Amendment 2. At any regular session of the General Assembly the State may be divided into the necessary Judicial Districts for District Court purposes, or the said Districts may be reorganized and the number of the Districts and the Judges of said Courts increased or diminished; but no reorganization of the District.^ or diminution of the Judges shall have the effect of removing a Judge from office. See section 10 of Article V

[!->|

Grand jury. Amendment 3. The Grand Jury may consist of any number of members not less than five, nor more than fifteen, as the General Assembly may by law provide, or the General Assembly may provide for holding persons to answer for any criminal offense without the intervention of a Grand Jury. S e e s e c t i o n 1 1 <>l A r t i c l e I

[10] Amendment 4. That Section 13 of Article Y of the Constitution be stricken therefrom, and the following adopted as such Section. County attorney. SECTION I.'-!. /The qualified electors of each county shall, at the general election in the year ISSti, and every two rears thereafter elect a County Attorney, who shall he a resident of the county for which he is elected, and shall hold his office for two rears, and until his successor shall have heen elected and qualified. /!: In 1970 this section was repealed See Amendment |."'.l]

Amendments of 1904 [II] Amendment 1. Add as Section 1(S, to Article XII of the Constitution, the following:

General election. SECTION 16. [The first general election after the adoption of this amendment shall he held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November in the year one thousand nine hundred and six, and general elections shall be held biennially

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thereafter. In the year one thousand nine hundred and six there shall be elected a governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, auditor of state, treasurer of state, attorney general, two judges of the supreme court, the successors of the judges of the district court whose terms of office expire on December 31st, one thousand nine hundred and six, state senators who would otherwise be chosen in the year one thousand nine hundred and five, and members of the house of representatives. The terms of office of the judges of the supreme court which would otherwise expire on December 31st, in odd numbered years, and all other elective state, county and township officers whose terms of office would otherwise expire in January in the year one thousand nine hundred and six, and members of the general assembly whose successors would otherwise be chosen at the general election in the year one thousand nine hunch'ed and five, are hereby extended one year and until their successors are elected and qualified. The terms of offices of senators whose successors would otherwise be chosen in the year one thousand nine hundred and seven are hereby extended one year and until their successors are elected and qualified. The general assembly shall make such changes in the law governing the time of election and term of office of all other elective officers as shall be necessaiy to make the time of their election and terms of office conform to this amendment, and shall provide which of the judges of the supreme court shall serve as chief justice. The general assembly shall meet in regular session on the second Monday in January, in the year one thousand nine hundred and six, and also on the second Monday in January in the year one thousand nine hundred and seven, and biennially thereafter./ Practically the same amendment as the above was ratified in 1900, but the supreme court, in the case of State ex rel. Bailey v. Brookhart, 113 Iowa 250, held that said amendment was not proposed and adopted as required by the constitution, and did not become a part thereof "The alum- amendment of 1904 has apparently been superseded by Amendment [14|

[12] Amendment 2* That Sections thirty-four (34) thirty-five (35) and thirty-six (36) of Article (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, be repealed and the following be adopted in lieu thereof. Senators-number-method of apportionment. SECTION 34. [The Senate shall be composed of fifty members to be elected from the several senatorial districts, established by law and at the next session of the general assembly held following the taking of the state and national census, they shall be apportioned among the several counties:!::!: or districts of the state, according to population as shown by the last precedirig census.] •In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof See Amendment [2(S| See Amendment [16]; also Art III, see 6

Representatives-number-apportionment. SECTION 35. [The House of Representatives shall cofisist of not more than one hundred and eight members. The Ratio of representation shall be determined by dividing the whole number of the population of the state as shown by the last preceding state or national census, by the whole number of counties then existing or organized, but each county shall constitute one representative district and be entitled to one representative, but each county having a population in excess of the ratio number, as herein provided of three fifths or more of such ratio number shall Identified to one additional representative, !:but said addition shall extend only to the nine counties having the greatest population.f In 1968 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof See Amendment |26|

Ratio of representation. SECTION 36. /The General Assembly shall, at the first regular session held following the adoption of this amendment, and at each succeeding regular session held next after the taking of such census, fix the ratio of representation, and apportion the additional representatives, as herein before required./' In l!)o'S this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment |'_'(i|

Amendment of 1908 [13] That there be added to Section eighteen (1«S) of Article one (I) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, the following: Drainage ditches and levees. The (Jeneral Assembly, however, may pass laws permitting the owners of lands to construct drains, ditches, and levees for agricultural, sanitary or mining purposes across the lands of others, and provide for the organization of drainage districts, vest the proper authorities with power to construct and maintain levees, drains and ditches and to keep in repair all drains, ditches, and levees heretofore constructed under the laws of the state, by special assessments upon the property benefited thereby. The General Assembly may provide by law for the condemnation of such real estate as shall be necessary for the construction and maintenance of such drains, diiches and levees, and prescribe the method of making such condemnation.

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Amendment of 1916 |14| To repeal Section seven (7) of Article two (II) of the Constitution of Iowa and to adopt in lieu thereof the following, to-wit: General election. SECTION 7. The general election for state, district county and township officers in the year 1916 shall he held in the same month and on the same day as that fixed by the laws of the United States for the election of presidential electors, or of president and vice-president of the United States; and thereafter such election shall be held at such time as the general assembly may by law provide. The above amendment repealed Amendment (7|, which was published as section 7 of Articl<- II See also Amendment 111] Kitr statutoi \ provisions, see .'>!•). 1 .! the Code In i!)l(i ,i proposed amendment t extend 111<* i-lection lranchise to women was defeated In the people In l!»17 a second proposed prohibi lion amendment was defeated by the people In 19H» a second proposed amen. Inient to ciiliaiK:hise women was nullified by a procedural defect in failure to publish

Amendment of 1926 [151 Strike out the word male from Section four (4) of Article three fill) of said constitution, relating to the legislative department.

Amendment of 1928* [16| [That the period (.) at the end of said section thirty-four (34) of Article three (HI) of the Constitution of the state of Iowa be stricken and the following inserted: , but no county shall be entitled to more than one (I) senator.J:'!': See Art. Ill, sec. The above amendment was repealed by Amendment 1261 "Applicable to Amendment [12|

Amendment of 1936 [17] Amend Article three (III) by repealing Section thirty-three (33) relating to the state census.

Amendment of 1942 [18] That Article Seven (VII) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa be amended by adding thereto, as Section eight (8) thereof, the following: Motor vehicle fees and fuel taxes. SECTION 8. All motor vehicle registration fees and licenses and excise taxes on motor vehicle fuel, except cost of administration, shall be used exclusively for the contruction, maintenance and supervision of the public highways exclusively within the state or for the payment of bonds issued or to be issued for the construction of such public highways and the payment of interest on such bonds.

Amendments of 1952 [19] Amendment 1. Section four (4) of Article IV of the Constitution of Iowa is amended by adding thereto the following:

Death of governor-elect or failure to qualify. [If upon the completion of the canvass of votes for Governor and Lieutenant Governor by the General Assembly, it shall appear that the person who received the highest number of votes for Governor has since died, resigned, is unable to qualify, fails to qualify, or for any other reason is unable to assume the duties of the office of Governor for the ensuing term, the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the person who received the highest number of votes for Lieutenant nor until the disability is removed and, upon inauguration, he shall assume the powers and duties of Governor. T: In 19SS this section was repealed and a substitute adopted in lieu thereof: See Amendment [41]

[201 Amendment 2. Section nineteen (19) of Article IV of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Gubenatorial succession. SECTION 19. [If there be a vacancy in the office of Governor and the Lieutenant Governor shall by reason of death, impeachment, resignation, removal from office, or other disability become incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the Goveroffice of Governor, the President pro tempore of the Senate shall act as Governor until the vacancy is filled <>r the disability removed; and if the President pro tempore of the Senate, for any of the above causes, shall be incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the office of Governor the same shall devolve upon the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and if the Speaker of the House of Representatives, for any of the above causes, shall

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be incapable of performing the duties of the office of Governor, the Justices of the Supreme Court shall convene the General Assembly by proclamation and the General Assembly shall organize by the election of a President pro t cm pore by the Senate and a Speaker by the House of Representatives. The General Assembly shall thereupon immediately proceed to the election of a Governor and Lieutenant Governor in joint convention./!: P r a c t i c a l l y t h e s a m e a m e n d m e n t s w e r e p r o p o s e d i n 1 9 4 7 b u t n u l l i f i e d l>\ a p r o c e d u r a l d e l e c t in 1 9 1!) l>\ I'.ulure h> p u b l i s h b e f o r e the election In 19.SS t h i s s e c t i o n w a s r e p e a l e d a n d a s u b s t i t u t e a d o p t e d in l i e u t h e r e o f : S e e A m e n d m e n t 14-1

Amendment of 1962 [21] Article Five (V) is amended in the following manner: 1. Suction four (4) is amended by striking from lines eight (8) and nine (9) of such section the words, exercise of supervisory and inserting in lieu thereof the words, shall exercise a supervisory and administrative. 2. Sections three (3), five (5), nine (9) and eleven (11) are repealed. 3. The following sections are added thereto: Vacancies in courts. SECTION 15. Vacancies in the Supreme Court and District Court shall be filled by appointment by the Governor from lists of nominees submitted by the appropriate judicial nominating commission. Three nominees shall be submitted for each Supreme Court vacancy, and two nominees shall be submitted for each District Court vacancy. If the Governor fails for thirty days to make the appointment, it shall be made from such nominees by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

State and district nominating commissions. SECTION 16. There shall be a State Judicial Nominating Commission. Such commission shall make nominations to fill vacancies in the Supreme Court. Until July 4, 1973, and thereafter unless otherwise provided by law, the State Judicial Nominating Commission shall be composed and selected as follows: There shall be not less than three nor more than eight appointive members, as provided by law, and an equal number of elective members on such Commission, all of whom shall be electors of the state. The appointive members shall be appointed by the Governor subject to confirmation by the Senate. The elective members shall be elected by the resident members of the bar of the state. The judge of the Supreme Court who is senior in length of service on said Court, other than the Chief Justice, shall also be a member of such Commission and shall be its chairman. There shall be a District Judicial Nominating Commission in each judicial district of the state. Such commissions shall make nominations to fill vacancies in the District Court within their respective districts. Until July 4, 1973, and thereafter unless otherwise provided by law, District Judicial Nominating Commissions shall be composed and selected as follows: There shall be not less than three nor more than six appointive members, as provided by law, and an equal number of elective members on each such commission, all of whom shall be electors of the district. The appointive members shall be appointed by the Governor. The elective members shall be elected by the resident members of the bar of the district. The district judge of such district who is senior in length of service shall also be a member of such commission and shall be its chairman. Due consideration shall be given to area representation in the appointment and election of Judicial Nominating Commission members. Appointive and elective members of Judicial Nominating Commissions shall serve for six year terms, shall be ineligible for a second six year term on the same commission, shall hold no office of profit of the United States or of the state during their terms, shall be chosen without reference to political affiliation, and shall have such other qualifications as may be prescribed by law. As near as may be, the terms of one-third of such members shall expire every two years. Terms-judicial elections. SECTION 17. Members of all courts shall have such tenure in office as may be fixed by law, but terms of Supreme Court Judges shall be not less than eight years and terms of District Court Judges shall be not less than six years. Judges shall serve for one year after appointment and until the first, day of January following the next judicial election after the expiration of such year. They shall at such judicial election stand for retention in office on a separate ballot which shall submit the question of whether such judge shall be retained in office for the tenure prescribed for such office and when such tenure is a term of years, on their request, they shall, at the judicial election next before the end of each term, stand again for retention on such ballot. Present Supremo Court and District Court Judges, at the expiration of their respective terms, may be retained in office in like manner for the tenure prescribed for such office. The General Assembly shall prescribe the time for holding judicial elections. Salaries-qualifications-retirement. SECTION IS. Judges of the Supremo Court and District Court shall receive salaries from the state, shall be members of the bar of the state and shall have such other qualifications as may be prescribed by law. Judges of the Supreme

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Court and District Court shall be ineligible to any other office of the state while serving on said court and for two years thereafter, except, that District Judges shall be eligible to the office of Supreme Court Judge. Other judicial officers shall be selected in such manner and shall have such tenure, compensation and other qualification as may be fixed by law. The General Assembly shall prescribe mandatory retirement for Judges of the Supreme Court and District Court at a specified age and shall provide for adequate retirement compensation. Retired judges may be subject to special assignment to temporary judicial duties by the Supreme Court, as provided by law.

Amendment of 1964 |1221 Section three (3) of Article ten (X) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereofConstitutional convention. SECTION 3. At the general election to be held in the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy, and in each tenth year thereafter, and also at such times as the (ieneral Assembly may, by law, provide, the question, Shall there be a Convention to revise the Constitution, and propose amendment or amendments to same? Shall be decided by the electors qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly; and in case a majority of the electors so qualified, voting at such election, for and against such proposition, shall decide in favor of a Convention for such purpose, the General Assembly, at its next session, shall provide by law for the election of delegates to such Convention, and for submitting the results of said Convention to the people, in such manner and at such time as the General Assembly shall provide; and if the people shall approve and ratify such amendment or amendments, by a majority of the electors qualified to vote for members of the General Assembly, voting thereon, such amendment or amendments shall become a part of the constitution of this state. If two or more amendments shall be submitted at the same time, they shall be submitted in such a manner that electors may vote for or against each such amendment separately.

Amendment of 1966 [23]

Section twenty-six (26) of Article III is a m e n d e d by s t r i k i n g from line four <4) t h e word F o u r t h a n d i n s e r t i n g in lieu thereof t h e word first.

Amendments of 1968 [24] Amendment 1. Section two (2) of Article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Annual sessions of General Assembly. SECTION 2. [The General Assembly shall

meet in session on the second Monday of January of each year. The Governor of the state may convene the General Assembly by proclamation in the interim.]:: *In 1974 this section was repealed and a substitute adopted: See Amendment [36|

[25] Amendment 2. Article three (III), legislative department. Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby amended by adding the following new section: Municipal home rule. SECTION 38A. Municipal corporations are granted home rule power and authority, not inconsistent with the laws of the General Assembly, to determine their local affairs and government, except that they shall not have power to levy any tax unless expressly authorized by the General Assembly. The rule or proposition of law that a municipal corporation possesses and can exercise only those powers granted in express words is not a part of the law of this state. [261 Amendment 3. Section six (6) of Article three (III) section thirty-four (34) of Article three (III) and the 1904 and 1928 amendments thereto, sections thirty-five (35) and thirty-six (36) of Article three (III) and the 1904 amendment to each such section, and section thirty-seven (37) of Article three (III) are hereby repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Senators-number and classification. SECTION 6. The number of senators shall total not more than one-half the membership of the house of representatives. Senators shall be classified so that as nearly as possible one-half of the members of the senate shall be elected every two years. Senate and House of Representatives-limitation. SECTION 34. The senate shall be composed of not more than fifty and the house of representatives of not more than one hundred members. Senators and representatives shall be elected from districts established by law. Each district so established shall be of compact and contiguous territory. The state shall be apportioned into senatorial and representative districts on the basis of population. The General Assembly may provide by law for factors in addition to population, not in conflict with the Constitution of the United States, which may be considered in the appor-

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tioning of senatorial districts. No law so adopted shall permit the establishment of senatorial districts whereby a majority of the members of the senate shall represent less than forty percent of the population of the state as shown by the most recent United States decennial census. Senators and representatives-number and districts. SECTION 35. The General Assembly shall in 1971 and in each year immediately following the United States decennial census determine the number of senators and representatives to be elected to the General Assembly and establish senatorial and representative districts. The General Assembly shall complete the apportionment prior to September 1 of the year so required. If the apportionment fails to become law prior to September 15 of such year, the Supreme Court shall cause the state to be apportioned into senatorial and representative districts to comply with the requirements of the Constitution prior to December 31 of such year. The reapportioning authority shall, where necessary in establishing senatorial districts, shorten the term of any senator prior to completion of the term. Any senator whose term is so terminated shall not be compensated for the uncompleted part of the term. Review by Supreme Court. SECTION 36. Upon verified application by any qualified elector, the Supreme Court shall review an apportionment plan adopted by the General Assembly which has been enacted into law. Should the Supreme Court determine such plan does not comply with the requirements of the Constitution, the court shall within ninety days adopt or cause to be adopted an apportionment plan which shall so comply. The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction of all litigation questioning the apportionment of the General Assembly or any apportionment plan adopted by the General Assembly. Congressional districts. SECTION 37. When a congressional district is composed of two or more counties it shall not be entirely separated by a county belonging to another district and no county shall be divided in forming a congressional district. [271 Amendment 4. Section sixteen (16) of article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby amended by adding the following new paragraph at the end thereof. Item veto by Governor. The Governor may approve appropriation bills in whole or in part, and may disapprove any item of an appropriation bill; and the part approved shall become a law. Any item of an appropriation bill disapproved by the Governor shall be returned, with his objections, to the house in which it originated, or shall be deposited by him in the office of the Secretary of State in the case of an appropriation bill submitted to the Governor for his approval during the last three days of a session for the General Assembly, and the procedure in each case shall be the same as provided for other bills. Any such item of an appropriation bill may be enacted into law notwithstanding the Governors objections, in the same manner as provided for other bills. [28] Amendment 5. Section twenty-five (25) of Article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Compensation and expenses of General Assembly. SECTION 25. Each member of the General Assembly shall receive such compensation and allowances for expenses as shall be fixed by law out no General Assembly shall have the power to increase compensation and allowances effective prior to the convening of the next General Assembly following the session in which any increase is adopted.

Amendments of 1970 129] Amendment 1. Article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby amended by adding thereto the following new section: Legislative districts. SECTION 39. In establishing senatorial and representative districts, the state shall be divided into as many senatorial districts as there are members of the senate and into as many representative districts as there are members of the house of representatives. One senator shall be elected from each senatorial district and one representative shall be elected from each representative district. 130] Amendment 2. Section one (1) of Article two (II) of the Constitution, as amended in 1N6JS, is hereby repealed and the following is hereby adopted in lieu thereof: Electors. SECTION 1. Every citizen of the United States of the age of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this state for such period of time as shall be provided by law and of the county in which he claims his vote for such period of time as shall be provided by law, shall be entitled to vote at all elections which are now or hereafter may be authorized by law. The General Assembly may provide by law for different periods of residence in order to vote for various officers or in order to vote in various elections. The required periods of residence shall not exceed six months in this state and sixty days in the county. See Amendments 19 and 2
[31] Amendment 3. Section thirteen (13) of Article five (V) of the Constitution of the State of

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Iowa as amended by Amendment 4 of the Amendments of 1884 is hereby repealed. K'ounty Attorney I.

Amendments of 1972 [32|

Amendment 1. Section two (2) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Election and term [governorl. SECTION 2. [The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors at the time and place of voting for members of the General Assembly, and shall hold his office for four years from the time of Ins installation, and until his successor is elected and qualifies. I'• In 1«IHK t h i s s e c t i o n w a s r e p e l l e d a m ! a s u b s ! u n t c a d o p l r d i n IM:U I l n . M V M l . S i - f . - A m e n d m e n t

Mil

Section t h r e e (3) of Article four (IV) of t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n of t h e S t a t e of Iowa is hereby repealed and t h e following adopted in lieu thereof:

Lieutenant governor-returns of elections. SECTION'•'>.[There shall be a Lieutenant Governor who shall hold his office for the same term, and he elected at the same time as the Governor. In voting for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, the electors shall designate for whom they vote as Governor, and for whom as Lieutenant Governor. The returns of every election for Governor, and Lieutenant Governor, shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government of the State, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall open and publish them in the presence of both Houses of the General Assembly. [* I n l!)S,s t h i s M ' l - t m n w a s r e p e a l e d a n d a s n l ^ t i L u t e a d o p t e d in l i e u t h e r e o l

See A m e n d m e n t

|41|

Section fifteen (15) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Terms-compensation of lieutenant governor. SECTION 15. [The official term of the Governor, and Lieutenant Governor, shall commence on the second Monday of January next after their election, and continue until their successors are elected and qualify. The Lieutenant Governor, while acting as Governor, shall receive the same compensation as provided for Governor; and while presiding in the Senate, and between sessions such compensation and expenses as provided by law.J* 1

In l'l.xs this section was repealed and a s u b s t i t u t e adopted in lieu thereof- See A m e n d m e n t |-42|

Section twenty-two (22) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Secretary-auditor-treasurer. SECTION 22. A Secretary of State, an Auditor of State and a Treasurer of State shall be elected by the qualified electors at the same time that the governor is elected and for a four-year term commencing on the first day of January next after their election, and they shall perform such duties as may be provided by law. Section twelve (12) of Article five (V) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: Attorney general. SECTION 12. The General Assembly shall provide, by law, for the election of an Attorney General by the people, whose term of office shall be four years, and until his successor is elected and qualifies. [331 Amendment 2. Article five (V). Constitution of the State of Iowa, is hereby amended by adding thereto the following new section: Retirement and discipline of judges. SECTION 19. In addition to the legislative power of impeachment of judges as set forth in Article three (III), sections nineteen (19) and twenty (20) of the Constitution, the Supreme Court shall have power to retire judges for disability and to discipline or remove them for good cause, upon application by a commission on judicial qualifications. The General Assembly shall provide by law for the implementation of this section. [34J Amendment 3. Section twenty-eight (28) of Article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed. [Lottery prohibition].

Amendments of 1974 [35] Amendment 1. Section four (4), subdivision two (2), entitled School Funds and School Lands, of Article nine (IX) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed. Section four (4) of Article twelve (XII) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby repealed. [36] Amendment 2. Section two (2) of Article three (III) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number one (1) of the Amendments of 1968 to the Constitution of the State of Iowa, is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: The General Assembly shall meet in session on the second Monday of January of each

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year. Upon the written request to the presiding officer of each House of the General Assembly by two thirds of the members of each House, the General Assembly shall convene in special session. The Governor of the state may convene the General Assembly by proclamation in the interim.

Amendment of 1978 [37] Article three (III), legislative department, Constitution of the State of Iowa is hereby amended by adding the following new section: Counties Home Rule. SECTION 39A. Counties or joint county-municipal corporation governments are granted home rule power and authority, not inconsistent with the laws of the general assembly, to determine their local affairs and government, except that they shall not have power to levy any tax unless expressly authorized by the general assembly. The general assembly may provide for the creation and dissolution of joint county-municipal corporation governments. The general assembly may provide for the establishment of charters in county or joint county-municipal corporation governments. If the power or authority of a county conflicts with the power and authority of a municipal corporation, the power and authority exercised by a municipal corporation shall prevail within its jurisdiction. The proposition or rule of law that a county or joint county-municipal corporation government possesses and can exercise only those powers granted in express words is not a part of the law of this state.

Amendments of 1984 [38] Amendment 1. Article three (III), legislative department, Constitution of the State of Iowa, is amended by adding the following new section: Legislative veto of administrative rules. SECTION 40. The general assembly may nullify an adopted administrative rule of a state agency by the passage of a resolution by a majority of all of the members of each house of the general assembly. [39] Amendment 2. Section 7, subsection 2 entitled School Funds and School Lands, of Article IX of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed.

Amendments of 1986 [40] Section 26 of Article III of the Constitution of Iowa, as amended by the Amendment of 1966, is repealed and the following adopted in lieu thereof: An act of the General Assembly passed at a regular session of a General Assembly shall take effect on July 1 following its passage unless a different effective date is stated in an act of the General Assembly. An act passed at a special session of a General Assembly shall take effect ninety days after adjournment of the special session unless a different effective date is stated in an act of the General Assembly. The general assembly may establish by law a procedure for giving notice of the contents of acts of immediate importance which become law.

Amendments of 1988 [41] Amendment 1. Section two (2) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number one (1) of the Amendments of 1972, is repealed beginning with the general election in the year 1990 and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 2. The governor and the lieutenant governor shall be elected by the qualified electors at the time and place of voting for members of the general assembly. Each of them shall hold office for four years from the time of installation in office and until a successor is elected and qualifies. Section three (3) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number one (1) of the Amendments of 1972, is repealed beginning with the general election in the year 1990 and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 3. The electors shall designate their selections for governor and lieutenant governor as if these two offices were one and the same. The names of nominees for the governor and the lieutenant governor shall be grouped together in a set on the ballot according to which nominee for governor is seeking office with which nominee for lieutenant governor, as prescribed by law. An elector shall cast only one vote for both a nominee for governor and a nominee for lieutenant governor. The returns of every elections for governor and lieutenant governor shall be sealed and transmitted to the seat of government of the state, and directed to the speaker of the house of representatives who shall open and publish them in the presence of both houses of the general assembly. Section four (4) of

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Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number one (1) of the Amendments of 1952, is repealed beginning with the general election in the year 1990 and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 4. The nominees for governor and lieutenant governor jointly having the highest number of votes cast for them shall be declared duly elected. If two or more sets of nominees for governor and lieutenant governor have an equal and the highest number of votes for the offices jointly, the general assembly shall by joint vote proceed, as soon as is possible, to elect one set of nominees for governor and lieutenant governor. If, upon the completion by the general assembly of the canvass of votes for governor and lieutenant governor, it appears that the nominee for governor in the set of nominees for governor and lieutenant governor receiving the highest number of votes has since died or resigned, is unable to qualify, fails to qualify, or is for any other reason unable to assume the duties of the office of governor for the ensuing term, the powers and duties shall devolve to the nominee for lieutenant governor of the same set of nominees for governor and lieutenant governor, who shall assume the powers and duties of governor upon inauguration and until the disability is removed. If both nominees for governor and lieutenant governor are unable to assume the duties of the office of governor, the person next in succession shall act as governor. Section five (5) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed beginning with the general election in the year 1990 and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 5. Contested elections for the offices of governor and lieutenant governor shall be determined by the general assembly as prescribed by law. |42) Amendment 2. Section fifteen (15) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number one (1) of the Amendments of 1972, is repealed beginning with the second Monday in January, 1991, and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 15. The official terms of the governor and lieutenant governor shall commence on the Tuesday after the second Monday of January next after their election and shall continue until their successors are elected and qualify. The governor and lieutenant governor shall bepaid compensation and expenses as provided by law. The lieutenant governor, while acting as governor, shall be paid the compensation and expenses prescribed for the governor. Section eighteen (18) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is repealed beginning with the second Monday in January, 1991. and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 18. The lieutenant governor shall have the duties provided by law and those duties of the governor assigned to the lieutenant governor by the governor. Section nineteen (19) of Article four (IV) of the Constitution of the State of Iowa, as amended by amendment number two (2) of the Amendments of 1952, is repealed beginning with the second Monday in January, 1991, and the following adopted in lieu thereof: SECTION 19. If there be a vacancy in the office of the governor and the lieutenant governor shall by reason of death, impeachment, resignation, removal from office, or other disability become incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the office of governor, the president of the senate shall act as governor until the vacancy is filled or the disability removed; and if the president of the senate, for any of the above causes, shall be incapable of performing the duties pertaining to the office of governor the same shall devolve upon the speaker of the house of representatives; and if the speaker of the house of representatives, for any of the above causes, shall be incapable of performing the duties of the office of governor, the justices of the supreme court shall convene the general assembly by proclamation and the general assembly shall organize by the election of a president by the senate and a speaker by the house of representatives. The general assembly shall thereupon immediately proceed to the election of a governor and lieutenant governor in joint convention.

Amendment of 1992 [43] Section 5 of Article 1 of the Constitution of Iowa is repealed.

Amendment of 1996 [441 Article VII of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is amended by adding the following new section: Fish and Wildlife Protection Funds. SECTION 9. All revenue derived from state license fee for hunting, fishing, and trapping, and all state funds appropriated for, and federal or private funds received by the state for, the regulation or advancement of hunting,

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29 3

fishing, or trapping, or the protection, propagation, restoration, management, or harvest of fish or wildlife, shall he used exclusively for the performance and administration of activities related to those purposes.

Amendments of 1998 1451 Section 1 of Article 1 of the ('(institution of the State of Iowa is amended to read as follows: Rights of Persons. SECTION 1. All men and women are, l>y nature, free and equal, and have certain inalienable rights - among which air those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. [46] Section 11, unnumbered paragraph 1, Article I of the Constitution of the State of Iowa is amended to read as follows: All offenses less than felony and in which the maximum permissible imprisonment does not exceed thirty days shall be tried summarily before an officer authorized by law, on information under oath, without indictment, or the intervention of a grand jury, saving to the defendant the right of appeal; and no person shall be held to answer for any higher criminal offense, unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury, except in cases arising in the army, or navy, or in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war or public danger.

IOWA PROFILE

Chapter 8

Experience, Travel - These are as Education in Themselves/' - Euripides

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STATE SYMBOLS OF IOWA

STATE BANNER

Iowa was almost 75 years old before the state banner was adopted by the General Assembly. Creation of a state banner had been suggested for years by patriotic organizations, but no action was taken until World War I, when Iowa National Guardsmen stationed along the Mexican border suggested a state banner was needed. The guardsmen said regiments from other states had banners and they felt one was needed to designate their unit. This prompted the state's Daughter's of the American Revolution (DAR) to design a banner in 1917. The General Assembly officially adopted the design in 1921. With the memory of the Civil War still fresh in their minds, Iowans had not adopted a state banner because they felt a national banner was the only one needed. Approval of the banner was aided by patriotic organizations that launched a campaign to explain that a state banner was not meant to take the place of the national emblem. The banner, designed by Mrs. Dixie Cornell Gebhardt of Knoxville and a member of the DAR, consists of three vertical stripes of blue, white and red. Gebhardt explained that the blue stands for loyalty, justice and truth; the white for purity; and the red for courage. On the white center stripe is an eagle carrying in its beak blue streamers inscribed with the state motto: "Our liberties we prize, and our rights we will maintain." The word Iowa is in red below the streamers. All schools must fly the state banner on school days. The banner may be flown on the sites of public buildings. When displayed with the United States flag, the state banner must be flown below the national emblem.

THE GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF IOWA

One of the initial acts of the first General Assembly in 1847 was to create the Great Seal of Iowa. The two-inch diameter seal pictures a citizen soldier standing in a wheat field, surrounded by farming and industrial tools, with the Mississippi River in the background. An eagle is overhead holding in its beak a scroll bearing the state motto: "Our liberties we prize, and our rights we will maintain." The motto was the work of a three-member Senate committee and was incorporated into the design of the seal at their suggestion. The Great Seal cannot be used without the permission of the governor. The state seal is retained in the custody of and under the control of the governor, who uses the seal for official documents and functions. Graphics of the state symbols were provided by the Dept. of Economic Development, Division of Tourism.

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STATE FLOWER

Wild Rose

The 26th General Assembly designated the wild rose as the official state flower in 1897. It was chosen for the honor because it was one of the decorations used on the silver service which the state presented to the battleship USS Iowa that same year. Although no particular species of the flower was designated by the General Assembly, the wild prairie rose (rosa pratincola) is most often cited as the official flower. Wild roses are found throughout the state and bloom from June through late summer. The flower, in varying shades of pink, is set off by many yellow stamens in the center.

STATE BIRD

Eastern Goldfinch The General Assembly designated the eastern goldfinch, also known as the American goldfinch and the wild canary, as the official state bird in 1933. It was chosen as the state bird because it is commonly found in Iowa and often stays through the winter. Seeds from dandelions, sunflowers, ragweed, and evening primrose are the main source of food for the eastern goldfinch (carduelis tristis). In late July or early August they build their nests from plant materials and line them with thistledown. The pale blue-white eggs of the eastern goldfinch incubate for two weeks and the young birds leave the nest when they are two or three weeks old. The top of the male's head is topped with black. The bright yellow body has black wings and tail. The female has a dull olive-yellow body with a brown tail and wings. The male goldfinch acquires the same dull plumage in the winter months.

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STATE ROCK Geode

The Iowa General Assembly designated the geode as the official state rock in 1967. Because Iowa is well known for the presence of the geode, it was chosen as the official rock in an effort to promote tourism in the state. Legislators who favored making the geode the state rock pointed out that it is among the rarest and most beautiful rocks and that Iowa is known worldwide because of the large number found in the state. Other rocks considered for official status were limestone and fossil coral. In Latin, the word geode means earthlike. Geodes are shaped like the earth and average about four inches in diameter. Geodes are found in limestone formations and have a hard outer shell. When carefully broken open, a sparkling lining of mineral crystals, most often quartz and calcite, is revealed. Geologists attribute the crystal growth to the percolation of groundwater in the geologic past. Southeastern Iowa is one of the state's best Geode collecting areas. Geode State Park in Henry County is named for the occurrence of the geode.

STATE TREE Oak

The oak was designated as the official state tree in 1961. The General Assembly chose the oak because it is abundant in the state and serves as shelter, food and nesting cover for many animals and birds. It is difficult to find a tract of natural woodland in Iowa that does not harbor at least one species of oak. No other group of trees is more important to people and wildlife. Acorns, the nuts of oak trees, are a dietary staple of many animals and birds. Wild turkeys, pheasants, quail, wood ducks, raccoons, squirrels, chipmunks, bluejays, nuthatches, grackles, and several kinds of woodpeckers are a few of the species that depend on acorns for a significant portion of their diet.

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The Song of Iowa Air. "Der Tannenbaum."* (My Maryland) By. S. H. M. BYERS

1. You Ask what land I 2. See yon-der fields of

love the best, tasselled corn,

I - o - wa, I • o - wa,

*tis in

i - o - wa, The I - o - wa, Where

f

fair - cst State of Plen - ty fills her

all the west, gold - «en horn.

I - o - wa, I - o - wa,

Of In

I - o - wa. I - o - wa.

From See

M i yon - der Mis - sis - sip-pi's stream how her won - drous prai-rica shine

fair bap

19 it py land.

as Of

To where Mis- sou - ri's wa- ters gleam O! To yon - der 6un • set's pur-pling line, 0 '

p o - et's dream. land of mine.

And sin.' has maids whose laughing cy Iowa. 0! Iowa. To him who loves were Paradise. Iowa. 0' Iowa. 0 1 happiest fate that, e'er was known. Such eyes to shine for one alone, To call such beauty all his own. Iowa, ()! Iowa

I - o - wa. I - o • wa,

in Of

I

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I -

o - wa. o - wa.

4. f thy past. a. <)' Iowa W h a t glorious de
There is frequently much confusion as to the status of the so-called state son^s, due largely to the fact that they may he chosen hy official action, by popular approval, or by a combination of the two methods. In the Middle West particularly, where state boundaries are artificial and the population has constantly shifted, it is not surprising that there should be much uncertainty. There have been many aspirants to the honor1 of writing the state song for low a, but only three or four of these songs have received noteworthy official or popular recognition. First in point of time and official recognition is The Song of Iowa, the words of which were written by S.H.M. Byers, who give the following account of the inspiration of the song:

3 00

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER "At the great battle of Lookout Mountain I was captured, in a charge, and taken to Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. I was there seven months, in one room. The rebel bands often passed the prison, and for our discomfiture, sometimes played the tune 'My Maryland 1 , set to southern and bitter words. Hearing it once through our barred window, I said to myself, 'I would like some day to put that tune to loyal words.' "

Many years later, in 1897, Mr. Byers carried out his wish and wrote a song to the music of Tannenbaum, the old German folk-song which the Confederates had used for My Maryland. The next night a French concert singer at the Foster Opera House in Des Moines sang the new song upon the request of Mr. Byers. The number was a great success and was encored again and again. While Major Byers thus had the honor of writing Iowa's official song, the best known and most popular song of the state is the famous "Iowa Corn Song," which every loyal son and daughter of the Hawkeye State sings lustily on any and all occasions, reaching their hands as high toward Heaven as they possibly can when the words roar forth "That's where the tall corn grows." This famous song was written by George Hamilton, secretary of the Des Moines Chamber of Commerce and a big man in the Masonic Lodge, particularly among Shriners, with later help from Prof. John T. Bees ton, the well known band leader; sung to the tune of "Traveling." George Hamilton started the song back in 1912 when a delegation of Za-Ga-Zig Shriners had gone to Los Angeles, California, to participate in the huge Shrine convention, and it was realized that what Iowa needed was a rousing marching song, which should advertise the chief product of the state: Corn. So Hamilton wrote the original stanza, dealing mainly with the glories of the Shrine, and tacked on the original and stillintact chorus, which is far the best known and most rousing part of the song. Hundreds of later verses have been added by Hamilton himself, Professor Beeston and others, but as it is published and usually sung, the song goes in this manner:

Let's sing of grand old I O W A Y , Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. Our love is strong ev'ry day, Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. So come along and join the throng, Sev'ral hundred thousand strong, As you come, just sing this song: Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. Chorus: We're from low ay, low ay; State of all the land, Joy on every hand; We're from Ioway, Ioway. That's where the tall corn grows. Our land is full of ripening corn, Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. We've watched it grow by night and morn, Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. But now we rest, we've stood the test; All that's good, we have the best; Ioway has reached the crest; Yo-ho; yo-ho; yo-ho. Chorus.

* "Der Tannenbaum," the old air to which this song is sung, was a popular German students' song as early as 1849. It had been a Volks song long before that. During our Civil War, the Southerners adapted it to the song, "My Maryland."

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HOMES OF IOWA GOVERNORS For more information about Terrace Hill contact: Barbara Terrace Hill, 2300 Grand Ave., Des Moines 50312; 515/242-5841.

Filer,

administrator;

In 1947, Iowa purchased the first official residence for Iowa's governors. Until that time most governors were responsible for providing their own housing while in office. There was one exception, however; Governor William L. Harding (1917-1921) lived in a home that was purchased as part of the Capitol expansion plan. The house was located at 1027 Des Moines street. After Harding's administration, the home became the offices of the Health Department. It was later occupied by the Vocational Rehabilitation division of the Department of Public Instruction, until it was torn down in 1969. Many of Iowa's governors purchased or rented homes in Des Moines, while others made their homes in Des Moines hotels. Governor Joshua Newbold (1877-1878) boarded in a private home. Several plans and pieces of legislation were proposed to build a governor's residence, but none came to fruition. Because of severe post-war shortage of new housing materials, the legislature finally purchased a large Neo-colonial-style home at 2900 Grand Avenue in 1947. The residence, built in 1903 by Des Moines businessman W.W. Witmer, was occupied by Governor William S. Beardsley (1949-1954) in January, 1949. It served as the official residence until 1976, when it was sold by the state. Terrace Hill

Terrace Hill, a three-story Second Empire-style mansion, was built in 1869 by Des Moines pioneer, Benjamin Franklin Allen. The mansion's $250,000 construction cost was overseen by Chicago architect William W. Boyington. Terrace Hill was ornately furnished with polished hardwoods, brass chandeliers, and marble fireplaces. Its mechanical features included steam heating, gas lights, and indoor plumbing. It was situated on eight landscaped acres with outbuildings, including a greenhouse and a carriage house.

The Terrace Hill Mansion, built in 1869, has been the home of Iowa governors since 1972.

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Allen's tenure in Terrace Hill was brief. He met financial disaster in 1873 and sold Terrace Hill to Frederick Marion Hubbell in 1884 for $55,000. Hubbell lived there until his death in 1930. He specified that after his death, his home should be occupied by his "eldest lineal male descendents." Should his family line die out, he said, the home was to be conveyed to the State of Iowa to be used as a state "college of learning." At a ceremony in May, 1971, the descendants of F.M. Hubbell presented the keys to this impressive Iowa home to Governor Robert D. Ray. The 64th General Assembly passed legislation in 1972 authorizing the development of Terrace Hill as the governor's mansion and a historical site open to the public. The third floor of Terrace Hill was extensively renovated as an apartment for the governor. In the fall of 1976, Governor Robert D. Ray and family moved into the new quarters. Renovation continued and by 1986 the first and second floors were substantially completed. The rooms on these two floors were furnished and decorated in the elaborate nineteenth century styles that were characteristic of Terrace Hill's past. Governor Terry E. Branstad and family occupied the mansion in 1983. Mrs. Branstad remodeled the third floor apartment in 1987, using the Victorian theme and making it more harmonious with the entire mansion. In July, 1978 Terrace Hill was opened to the public for regular tours. An average of 30,000 visitors have toured the mansion each year since. Visitors have come from every state and from six continents. Official receptions by the governors have honored delegations from several foreign countries including China, Japan, Soviet Union, and Germany, and many distinguished political figures from the United States have been guests in Terrace Hill. In June, 1988, Terrace Hill became the third governor's mansion in the United States to receive the Natural Backyard Wildlife Habitat designation from the United States Department of Interior. Carriage House Visitors Center

The public tour program was augmented in 1984 by the renovation of the carriage house as a visitors center. The former stables now contain a receiving area, exhibit room, offices, and a gift shop. The second floor of the mansion was opened for regular public tours the same year. In 1989, restoration of the Victorian gardens began. The multi-phased project was completed in 1995. Tours include the gardens, weather permitting. Few executive residences in the United States are as accessible to the public as Terrace Hill, yet the home offers comfortable and quiet repose for the first family. Terrace Hill has always been a family home. Children have played in the yard and on the grand staircase in the mansion. The renovation of Terrace Hill has cost approximately $3.5 million since 1971. Of the total cost, slightly more than half the funds have been raised through private contributions due, for the most part, to the Terrace Hill Foundation and the Terrace Hill Society. Both are not for profit organizations who have pledged their continued support. The legislature appropriates the annual operational budget for the site. The Terrace Hill Commission, a nine-member board appointed by the governor, is responsible for the administration of the property.

Iowa's First Family Governor Tom Vilsack and wife Christie, with sons Jess, seated, and Doug, standing.

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photo courtesty of Iowa Division of Tourism

STATE CAPITOL Location of the Capitol on its commanding site resulted from a series of decisions that began almost with statehood. The new state quickly recognized that the Capitol should be farther west than Iowa City, and the 1st General Assembly, in 1846, authorized a commission to select a location. Amidst rivalries, a Jasper County selection was made, and then rejected. In 1854, the 5th General Assembly decreed a location "within two miles of the Raccoon fork of the Des Moines River." The exact spot was chosen when Wilson Alexander Scott gave the state 9 Vfc acres where the Capitol now stands. A group of Des Moines citizens built a temporary Capitol (which was later bought by the state) near where the Soldiers and Sailors monument now stands. In 1857, Governor James W. Grimes proclaimed Des Moines to be the capitol city, and state papers and functions were transported there. The temporary Capitol was in use for 30 years, until destroyed by fires; but in the meantime, the permanent Capitol was being planned and built. In 1870, the General Assembly established a Capitol commission to employ an architect, choose a plan for a building (not to cost more than $1,500,000), and to proceed with the work, but only by using funds available without increasing the tax rate. The board employed Edward Clark, architect of the Capitol extension in Washington, to aid in selecting plans and modifying them to keep the cost within the limits of appropriations. The board also instituted tests to ascertain whether Iowa stone could be found suitable for building. John C. Cochrane and A.H. Piquenard were designated as architects, and a cornerstone was laid on November 23, 1871. A smaller, full-time commission was appointed in 1872. Much of the original stone deteriorated through waterlogging and severe weather and had to be replaced. The cornerstone was re-laid on September 29, 1873. Although the building could not be constructed for $1,500,000 as planned, the Cochrane and Piquenard design was retained and modifications were undertaken. Cochrane resigned in 1872, but Piquenard continued until his death in 1876. He was succeeded by two of his assistants, M.E. Bell and W.F. Hackney. Bell resigned in 1883 to become supervising architect for the Department of the Treasury in Washington, and Hackney continued until completion of the building. Successive legislatures made appropriations, and the commission built within the limits of the funds appropriated. The building was dedicated in January, 1884, when the General Assembly was in session. The governor's and other offices were occupied in 1885. The Supreme Court room was dedicated in 1886.

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The building commission made its final report on June 29, 1886. The cost had totaled $2,873,294.59. The audit showed that only $3.77 was unaccounted for in the 15 years. The commission bemoaned that it could not have had another $30,000 to finish the frescoes and build the south and west steps. In 1902, in order to modernize and repair the building, a third Capitol commission was created. While work proceeded, a disastrous fire in the north wing, on January 4, 1904, ruined the House chamber and damaged other offices. The commission restored the building, purchased paintings and mosaics, and redecorated all of the interior. The original decorations are still in the Senate. These expenditures raised the total cost of the Capitol to $3,296,256. Design of Capitol

The architectural design of the Capitol, rectangular in form, with great windows and high ceilings, follows the traditional pattern of the nineteenth century planning for public buildings, a modified and refined Renaissance style which gives the impression of strength and dignity combined with utility. The commanding feature is the central towering dome. This is constructed of steel and stone and covered with 23 carat gold. The gold leafing was replaced in 1964-1965 at a cost of $79,938. The dome is surmounted by a lookout lantern that may be reached by long and winding stairs, and it terminates in a finial that is 275 feet above the ground floor. The rotunda beneath the dome is 67 feet in diameter. Four smaller domes of simple design rise from the four corners of the Capitol. The pediment over the front entrance discloses a fine piece of allegorical sculpture. Stone for the basement was quarried in Johnson County, Iowa; granite came from Iowa boulders; stone of the main structure from St. Genevieve and Carroll counties, Missouri; steps, columns, and other parts from Anamosa, Iowa; Cleveland, Ohio; Sauk Rapids, Minnesota; Lamont and Joliet, Illinois. Twenty-nine types of imported and domestic marble were used in the interior; and the wood, walnut, cherry, catalpa, butternut, and oak, used was nearly all from Iowa forests. The beauty, dignity, and arrangement of the interior become apparent as a visitor stands under the dome of the first floor. Broad, lofty corridors extend west, north, and south. Walls are highly decorated. The grand staircase is to the east. Suites opening from the south corridor are those of the governor, auditor of state, and treasurer of state. The Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals office are to the north; the secretary of state's suite is to the west. The grand staircase ascends to a landing and divides north and south to bring visitors to the floor above, where the House of Representatives is on the north, the Senate on the south, and the law library on the west. The Senate hall is 58 feet long, 91 feet wide and 41.9 feet in height. It is finished in marble, white oak, and scagliola, and is furnished in mahogany. The figures in the ceiling represent Industry, Law, Agriculture, Peace, History and Commerce. The hall of the House of Representatives is 74 by 91.4 feet, and 47. 9 feet in height. It is finished in marble, scagliola, and black walnut. The law library is 108.4 feet long, 52.6 feet wide, and 44.9 feet high. It is finished in ash and chestnut and beautifully wainscoted in marble. The Mural "Westward"

Extending the full width of the east wall over the staircase is the great mural painting, "Westward," an idealized representation of the coming of the people who made Iowa. This was completed as part of the 1904 decoration. Edwin H. Blashfield, the artist, wrote of it: "The main idea of the picture is a symbolical presentation of the Pioneers led by the spirits of Civilization and Enlightenment to the conquest by cultivation of the Great West. Considered pictorially, the canvas shows a prairie schooner drawn by oxen across the prairie. The family ride upon the wagon or walk at its side. Behind them and seen through the growth of stalks of corn at the right, come crowding the other pioneers and later men. In the air and before the wagon are floating four female figures; one holds the shield with the arms of the State of Iowa upon it; one holds a book symbolizing enlightenment; two others carry a basket and scatter the seeds which are symbolical of the change from wilderness to plowed fields and gardens that shall come over the prairie. Behind the wagon and also floating in the air, two female figures hold respectively a model of a stationary steam engine and of an electro dynamo to suggest the forces which come with the later men. In the right hand corner of the picture, melons, pumpkins, etc., among which stand a farmer and a girl, suggest that here is the fringe of cultivation and the beginning of the prairie. At the left a buffalo skull rather emphasizes this suggestion." On the upper floor level above the "Westward" painting are six mosaics in arched panels depicting Defense, Charities, the Executive, the Legislative, the Judiciary, and Education. These were made in Venice from small pieces of colored stone, according to designs by Frederick Dielman of New York, who also designed the mosaic panels, Law and History, in the Congressional Library.

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Twelve statues, high within the rotunda, beginning north of the library door, represent History, Science, Law, Fame, Art, Industry, Peace, Commerce, Agriculture, Victory, Truth, and Justice. Eight lunettes, or half-moon-shaped paintings, surrounding the rotunda are the work of Kenyon Cox, famous American artist. They are entitled: Hunting, Herding, Agriculture, the Forge, Commerce, Education, Science, and Art. They are allegorical and indicate the progress of civilization. At the top of the staircase on the south wall is a painting of a basket of corn by Floyd V. I >ra) provided the solid, straightback chairs for visitors. Frescoes of the Great Seal of the State of Iowa and of the Iowa Territorial Seal adorn the ceiling of the governor's private office. The grandfather clock in the governor's office dates from about 17f>0 and once was owned by the prominent Iowa author Emerson Hough of Newton (1K57-1923). The tall clock in the office of the executive assistant is the original master clock controlling other clocks in the Law Library, Supreme Court, and legislative chambers. Operated by air, the clock must be wound once a week. The offices are 23 feet 9 inches from floor to ceiling. The draperies are velvet and lined with satin with an underdrape of semi-sheer fabrics. Lamps in the inner office are of pewter. Prisms of cut Czechoslovakian crystal decorate the chandelier in the reception room. The woodwork was carved in cherry and mahogany by skilled German craftsman. The hearths and wainscoting are of fine domestic and imported marble. Paintings in the offices are the works of Iowa artists. Battle Flags The battle flags carried by the Iowa regiments in various wars are preserved in niches on the main floor- Civil War, 36; Spanish American War, Hi; First World War, 26. In the west hall is a plaque done by Nellie V. Walker in commemoration of the work of Iowa women in the fight for political equality. Also in the west hall is a model of the battleship Iowa. The model is IS feet 7 inches long and weighs about l,3f>0 pounds. It is a perfect scale model Viinch equalling 1 foot. It is on loan from the U.S. Navy Department. In the south hall across from the governor's office is the collection of dolls representing the 41 Iowa first ladies in replicas of their inaugural gowns. The idea was suggested by Mrs Robert Ray as her Bicentennial project and was presented to the state in 1976. Much research was done to make the dresses as authentic as possible. Where actual descriptions of the gowns could not be found, they are typical of the period. The dolls are porcelain and the faces were done from a profile of Mrs. Ray. As future first ladies take their place, they too will be represented. Above the doll case is a photograph of the 168th Infantry of the Rainbow Division after their return from France in 1919. It is 26 feet long and 6 feet high and is one of the largest reproduction photographs in the world. A lofty banner, stretched high under the vault of the dome, is a G A R . emblem. Painted by Joseph Czizek on the occasion of a Des Moines convention of the Grand Army of the Republic, the banner is retained as a permanent decoration by order of Governor Nathan K. Kendall in 1922. Above the grand stairway, facing the large "Westward," are quotations. On the south side is one by Patrick Henry: "No free government or the blessings of Liberty can be preserved to any people but a firm adherence to Justice, Moderation, Temperance, Frugality, and Virtue and by a frequent recurrence to fundamental principles." On the north side is one by G.W. Curtis; "Courageous confidence in the intelligence of the community is the sure sign of leadership and success." Underneath it is one by Solon: "The ideal state - that in which an injury done to the least of its citizens is an injury done to all." Around the rotunda on the frieze above the columns is the famous Abraham Lincoln quotation: "That government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

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RESTORATION OF THE IOWA STATE CAPITOL Information provided hy the Department of General Services. Design and Construction

Team.

If your school or tour group is planning a visit to Iowa's State Capitol in the near future, you will undoubtedly notice scaffolding surrounding various portions of the exterior of the building. Although it obscures the normal view, the temporary scaffolding represents the latest and perhaps one of the most ambitious efforts to restore the architectural integrity of the Iowa Statehouse. Early Efforts

The latest effort is not the first time Iowans have shown concern for preserving the architectural heritage of their Statehouse. Minor restoration maintenance is documented as early as the years immediately following the building's completion in 1886. In 1904, when fire swept through the areas that now house the Supreme Court and Iowa House of Representatives, major restoration was performed and documented. There is little information about who performed the actual restoration during these early years, but there is evidence that Joseph Czizek, a Statehouse decorator, made significant changes in the 1920's and 1930's. In the years preceding World War II, much of the maintenance work was contracted and awarded to government works programs. The earlier efforts to preserve the Statehouse mostly dealt with maintaining and upgrading the buildings interior. It was not until 1965, when the dome was regilded, that a large scale preservation effort and investment was made to the buildings exterior. Renewed Efforts

By the 1950's, many of the rooms and corridors of the Statehouse had been repainted to reflect changing attitudes in design. Victorian use of color and pattern were no longer considered attractive or contemporary. Lighter colored paint replaced the dark, richer Victorian tones covering much of the building's intricate stenciling. Beginning in 1976, celebration of the nation's 200th birthday prompted an increased interest in the preservation and restoration of old buildings. In Iowa, attention turned to the Statehouse. It was during this period that restoration painter Jerry Miller began the restoration effort of the Statehouse interior. Until his retirement in 1988, Miller, and restoration painter Dick Labertew, painstakingly performed the task of transforming the Capitol interiors back to their original Victorian splendor. Water leaks and other damage over the years, as well as locating proper tools and materials, presented special challenges to Miller and Labertew. After Miller's retirement in 1988, Mark Lundberg joined Labertew to carry on the task of restoring the decorative painting in the offices, meeting rooms, and corridors of the Capitol Building. The decorative painting restoration begins with research. Various documents and photographs are reviewed for evidence of original designs and colors. Also, original designs are uncovered on the walls and ceilings by using paint scrapers, razor blades, and chemical paint removers. After the designs are found, original colors are documented, measurements are taken and recorded, and tracings are drawn. The tracings are then used to make stencils and patterns. Once stencils have been made for a particular design (some designs may require as many as five separate stencils), the stencils are taped to the working area and hand-painting begins. Original colors are matched as closely as possible to paints currently available by using color decks. Paint colors are then hand mixed to achieve the most accurate color to the original. Background colors are painted with rollers and brushes. The designs are then applied using original techniques of stenciling, patterns, glazing, and fine handwork. Statehouse Gets a Facelift

By the early 1980's, the exterior of the Capitol Building had noticeably deteriorated. Sandstone pieces had begun falling from the building prompting the installation of steel canopies at all entrances of the building to protect pedestrians. Decorative stone, whose deterioration had first been documented as early as the turn of the century, had eroded further. The erosion was so severe that carved decorations were no longer discernible. This situation was further accelerated due to a copper roof which had reached the end of its useful life span. The roof was allowing water to infiltrate the stone walls, damaging both interior and exterior surfaces. A systematic examination of the building exterior was performed. The structure's stone walls, windows, and roof revealed particular problems. A program for corrective action following a restoration approach was generated, and legislation was passed to implement the restoration plan. Work included in the program for corrective action includes the complete replacement of the Carroll County, Missouri, calcareous sandstone (bluestone), which constitutes all of the decorative stone. The replacement stone is Indiana Limestone, which is similar in color but much less susceptible to deterioration from weathering and corrosive atmospheric conditions. The St. Genevieve, Missouri, siliceous sandstone (brownstone), which makes up the majority

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of the exterior wall stone, is typically in very sound condition and will require little restoration other than in limited areas where the stone has been penetrated by moisture. The copper roof, copper gutter liner, and skylights are in very critical condition and are being totally replaced. The original wood window sashes are rotting and the large panes of glass are on the verge of falling out. These windows are being replaced with new wood units that duplicate the appearance of the original windows and hardware, but have fixed insulating glass and inconspicuous vents for natural ventilation. Actual construction of the exterior restoration plan began in the spring of 1983. The first four phases constituted the four recesses (insets) of the building, with the construction of the first phase beginning on the southwest recess (inset). Phase 5 included all work on the east wing of the building. The west wing of the building (phase 6) included the replication of the symbolic, larger than life statuary in the pediment high above the entry porch. These carvings, which represent commerce, justice, liberty, knowledge, and agriculture, took nine months to complete and were installed in the fall of 1991. Phase 7, which includes the north face of the building and the two north corner pavilions (corner domes), is currently under construction and should be completed by the fall of 1999. Construction is expected to begin on Phase 8, the south face of the building and the two south corner pavilions (corner domes), in the spring of 1997 and should be completed by the fall of 2000. Phase 9, the last phase of the exterior restoration, will include all work to restore the central dome of the Capitol. Part of this work will include the regilding of the dome, one of the largest gold domes in the world. Phase 9 work is scheduled to begin in the spring of 1998 with completion of phase 9 and the entire capitol exterior restoration scheduled for the fall of 2000, at an estimated cost of $41 million. Into the 21st Century

The design of the Iowa State Capitol, state of the art in the 1870's, fulfilled the vision of the planners. However, many of the features which contribute to the grand and inspiring architecture inherently reduce safety. Also, past changes to the building, such as adding intermediate floor levels in certain areas of the building, accelerate safety problems. To keep up with technological advances, wiring has been strung, wherever possible, throughout the building. Mechanical and electrical systems have become outdated and impossible to maintain. With all these problems in mind, a task force was formed in 1991 to study various aspects of building use and condition in an integrated approach. In January 1992, a task force study report was prepared and distributed. Recommendations included in the report are as follows: 1. Install a fast reaction sprinkler system throughout the building. 2. Remove all intermediate floor levels. 3. Upgrade protection of the wood floor areas at the chamber floors and gallery levels. 4. Provide accessibility where feasibly possible throughout the building. 5. Replace the existing mechanical system. 6. Install a new electrical and communication distribution system throughout the building. 7. Continue the historical accuracy of the interior renovation. Legislation has been passed to proceed with the interior renovation of the Capitol building. A thorough interior review of the building has been done for design purposes, and bidding documents will be completed in early 1997 for phase A, which will include all work in the southwest quarter of the building. Phase B will include all work in the northwest quarter of the building and phase C will include the southeast corner of the building. Construction is scheduled to begin during early summer of 1997, with the interior renovation scheduled to be completed by the fall of 2001, at an estimated cost of $18.5 million. Restoration and renovation of the remainder of the building will be completed after construction of the new Judicial and Legislative Support Buildings.

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NOTABLE IOWANS Iowa Presidents HERBERT C. HOOVER - Born August 10, 1874 in West Branch. Served as the nation's 31st president (1929-1933). Hoover was the first president born west of the Mississippi River.

Presidents Residing in Iowa RICHARD NIXON - Stationed at the Naval Air Station in Ottumwa (1942-1943). Served as the nation's 37th president (1969-1974). RONALD REAGAN - Worked as a sportscaster for radio stations WHO and WOC in Des Moines (1933-1937). Served as the nation's 40th president (1981-1989).

Iowa Vice Presidents HENRY AGARD WALLACE - Born October 7, 1888 in Adair County. Served as President Franklin D. Roosevelt's vice president (1941-1945).

Iowa First Ladies LOU HENRY HOOVER - Born March 29, 1874 in Waterloo. Married Herbert C. Hoover February 10, 1899. Served as U.S. First Lady (1929-1933). MAMIE DOUD EISENHOWER - Born November 14, 1896 in Boone. Married Dwight D. Eisenhower July 1, 1916. Served as U.S. First Lady (1953-1961).

Iowans in United States Supreme Court SAMUEL F. MILLER - Born April 5, 1816, in Richmond, Kentucky. Located in Keokuk, Iowa, in 1850. Was personally acquainted with President Lincoln, who nominated him for the United States Supreme Court in 1862, where he served for 28 years. WILEY BLOUNT RUTLEDGE, JR. - Born July 20, 1894, in Cloverpart, Kentucky. Professor of law and dean of the College of Law at the University of Iowa from 1935 to 1939. Appointed associate justice of the United States Supreme Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1939. Appointed associate justice of the United States Supreme Court and sworn into office February 16, 1943. Served until his death in 1949.

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MONUMENTS

The Freedom Flame A Monument to all Iowans Who Contributed to the World War II Effort to Those Men and Women Who Fought in Battles Around the World as Well as Those Who Labored Here at Home. In the fall of 1994, a group of Iowa veterans of WWII discussed the fact that there was no monument on the capitol grounds commemorating the heroic efforts and sacrifices of Iowans who contributed to the victory in this monumental struggle. They determined to do something about it. A committee of veterans was formed, the necessary funds were raised, and planning proceeded. On November 11, 1996, the monument was dedicated and given to the people of Iowa. The purpose of the Freedom Flame Monument is two-fold: 1) to honor all of those who served so valiantly during World War II - veterans and civilians alike; and 2) to provide posterity with knowledge about the compelling reason for the USA's involvement in the war - the preservation of freedom around the world. There are four major components included in the monument. The Freedom Walk is a walkway with major events of the war engraved in granite, leading to the Freedom Flame and Wall of Memories. Included near the beginning of the walk is the Pearl Harbor memorial which has been incorporated into the Freedom Walk and now serves as an impressive reminder of the event which brought the United States into conflict. The Map of the World is a seventy-foot-in-diameter inlaid map of the world which forms the floor surrounding the Freedom Flame. Colored maps showing the major battles of the war are mounted on concrete stands on either side of the floor map. The Freedom Flame, towering thirty-five feet into the sky, is the dramatic centerpiece, a five-component stainless steel stylized sculpture of a flame. In the center is a beam of light visible from more than a mile away at night. The Wall of Memories is a 65 foot-long semicircular wall which serves as a fitting backdrop for the Freedom Flame. On the Wall's center panel are pictures of the nine Iowa servicemen who were awarded their country's highest honor, the Congressional Medal of Honor. The surrounding panels show various reminders of the impact that the war had on service men and women, and on civilians at home - personal letters, newspaper articles, cartoon, mementos and other memorabilia of the time. The Wall of Memories stimulates visitors to reflect on the human aspects of the war and to ponder the enormous effect of the conflict on the lives of all Iowans.

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Soldiers and Sailors' Monument The most striking monument on the Statehouse grounds is the granite shaft rising 145 feet, erected to the memory of the soldiers and sailors of the Civil War. The heroic bronze figure "Victory" is predominant, while at the base there are four groups representing different branches of the military or naval service, and numerous historical plaques and medallion portraits of typical soldiers. The original design was by Harriet A. Ketcham, and work was commenced in 1894.

Grand Army of the Republic Sundial This bronze sundial was dedicated to Union veterans of the Civil War during their 1938 GAR encampment in Des Moines. Nearly three million Union soldiers fought during the Civil War. In 1938, an estimated 5,000 were still living. More than 100 of these veterans, most over 90 years old, attended the encampment. Dr. D.W. Morehouse, then president and astronomy professor at Drake University, installed and adjusted the timepiece. Since that time, the sundial has kept accurate Central and Eastern Standard Time.

Spanish-American War Veterans Memorial The Iowa Volunteer Troop from Camp McKinley raised this memorial to honor Iowans who voluntarily served in the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, and the China Relief Expedition. A bronze cross fronts the large granite marker, listing each Iowa regiment that fought in the engagement from 1898 to 1902. Leslie P. Shaw, Iowa's governor during the Spanish-American War, is also honored.

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Korean War Memorial The drive for a Korean War monument began in 1984 when students from a Des Moines school wrote Governor Terry E. Branstad asking why Korean War veterans did not have a memorial. The monument includes a 14-foot tall central obelisk and eight 6foot tall tablets that tell the story of the Korean War with words, pictures, and maps engraved in the granite. Erected on a grassy area south of the Statehouse, the monument was dedicated by Governor Branstad on May 28, 1989.

Vietnam Veterans' Memorial On Memorial Day, 1984, Governor Terry E. Branstad and former Governor Robert D. Ray dedicated the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial. The memorial is dedicated to the 115,000 young Iowans who served during the Vietnam Era, and has the names of 855 Iowans who lost their lives during the conflict inscribed on its face. The monument is constructed from black mirror-finish coldsprings granite, which is the same material used for the National Vietnam Veterans' Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Veterans of Foreign Wars Memorial A red granite "eternal flame" burns atop this tenfoot high white granite memorial. Erected in 1976, the monument was an American bicentennial gift from Iowa chapters of the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) and their Ladies Auxiliary to honor all Americans who have fought overseas.

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Iowa Peace Officer Memorial The idea of the Peace Officer Memorial was originally conceived by Raymond Baker, police chief of Cedar Rapids. Governor Terry E. Branstad dedicated this memorial in May 1985 to all Iowa peace officers who gave their lives while protecting the rights of Iowa's citizens. Located north of the Lucas Building, the memorial's three outer forms symbolize three levels of law enforcement: city, county, and state. Pads connect these forms to the memorial's center pinnacle which represents the officers' supreme sacrifice. The original design was created by Richard Webb, an Ames police officer.

Allison Monument In 1917, friends of Senator William B. Allison, citizens and school children of Iowa, and the state legislature raised this memorial. A pivotal figure in Iowa's Republican party, Allison (1829-1908) represented Iowa in Congress for 43 years. He was twice a candidate for the presidential nomination of his party and was close associate of every United States president from Abraham Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt. The monument is an allegorical design of heroic dimensions, depicting civic duties in the public service, and is encompassed by a flower bed.

Christopher Columbus Memorial The Italian-American community in Iowa donated this monument to the state in 1938. It was financed by individual subscriptions. A bronze bust of Christopher Columbus, the Italian discoverer of America, rests between classical granite pillars. Anthony L. Sarcone of Des Moines, an ItalianAmerican publisher and civic leader, dedicated 20 years to the project.

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Statue of Liberty In 1950, the Tall Corn (now mid-Iowa) Council of the Boy Scouts of America donated this miniture Statue of Liberty to the State of Iowa as part of their annual service project.

Japanese Bell and Bell House After typhoons in 1959 severely damaged crops, homes, and farmlands of Yamanashi prefecture in Japan, citizens of Iowa generously sent breeding hogs and feed corn to aid that district. This program began a friendship culminating in a sister-state relationship, the first of its kind between the United States and Japan. As a sign of their appreciation, the citizens of Yamanashi presented this monument to Iowa in 1962. The 2,000 pound bell of peace and friendship and the structure that houses it were made in Japan.

Lincoln and Tad Monument A statewide penny drive among school children raised money to finance this monument. It is the only representation of Lincoln depicting him in his role as a father. Dedicated in 1961, this sculpture was initiated two years earlier to honor the 150th anniversary of Lincoln's birth. Fred Torrey, a renowed Lincoln sculptor, designed and created the statue. Mable Torrey, his wife and a specialist in child sculpture, did the work on Tad. The artists used a photograph of the president and his son as a guide.

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IOWA'S DIVERSIFIED ECONOMY For more information about Iowa's economy contact: Iowa Department Development, 200 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50309; 515/242-4700

of Economic

Iowa is known throughout the world as America's heartland, the source of an abundant supply of top quality agricultural and manufactured goods. The natural wealth of Iowa's soil, our cutting edge technology, world-class educational system and quality workforce has allowed Iowa to yield a diversified economy. While the trend of consolidation has resulted in a diminished farm population, the contribution of agriculture to Gross State Product assures that all Iowans maintain an interest and awareness in that portion of our economy. But it would be a mistake to restrict perception of the state to farm-related goods and services, or to conclude that all Iowans are farmers. The information in this section underscores Iowa's economy. Iowa's Top Personal Income Source: Service Sector and Manufacturing

It is clear from these charts that only a small percentage of our population derives its personal income directly from agriculture. But indirectly, agriculture-generated dollars have spawned vigorous growth in other sectors. Because our economy is in the early stages of diversification, we are still vulnerable to fluctuations in demand for agricultural products. As new industries mature, a broader consumer base will bring increasing stability. Total Personal Income by Industrial Source, 1997

Services 15% Government 10% Agriculture 5% Finance/Insurance/Real Estate 5% Construction 4%

Manufacturing Retail Trade Wholesale Trade Transportation/Public Utilities

15% 7% 5% 4%

Value of Agricultural Export, FY97 (in millions of dollars)

All Commodities Feed Grains Feeds and Fodder Seeds Dairy Products Poultry Other

$4,180.9 $1,504.0 $126.8 $64.0 $24.9 $37.1 $167.1

Soybeans Live Animals Hides and Skins Fats and Oils Vegetables Wheat

$1,615.0 $515.5 $70.0 $47.1 $ 7.5 $2 0

Value of Iowa Factory Exports by Selected Industries, 1997 (in millions of dollars)

Total $5,175.2 Machinery $1,770.2 Chemicals $454.1 Transportation Equipment $264.8 Rubber & Plastics $199.7 Fabricated Metal $151.1 Paper Products $50.4 Printing & Publishing $43.9 Apparel $17.3 Leather Products $8.4 Textiles $5.4

Food Products, Processed Electronics Instruments Primary Metal Miscellaneous Furniture & Fixtures Lumber Products Stone, Clay & Glass Petroleum Products

$1,162.3 $418.8 $213.5 $223.8 $75.2 $71.4 $27.1 $15.9 $1.9

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Manufacturers Laud our Productivity Iowa's agricultural profile is so strong that many people forget that our state is surprisingly industrial. Approximately 1«S percent of the Iowa workforce is employed in manufacturing. Historically, our manufacturing sector has focused on heavy machinery, food processing, electronics and chemicals. Taking advantage of Iowa's fine reputation for agricultural products, our food processors enjoy ready access to raw materials and an excellent workforce. Manufacturers of rubber and plastic products, machinery, electronics and pharmaceut icals all note the Iowa work ethic as a positive factor in their location here. Impact of Agriculture Felt Throughout Iowa Economy Though agriculture represents between 4 and 8 percent of Iowa's personal income, approximately 97,000 Iowa farms raise 18 percent of the U.S. corn crop and 18 percent of the U.S. soybean crop. In addition, Iowa produces 18 percent of U.S. pork, 4 percent of our grain-fed beef, and 8 percent of the egg production. Financial Sector Targeted for Continued Growth The Iowa work ethic has resulted in a well-deserved reputation for productivity. While we are proud of this characteristic, high productivity is responsible for economic shifts that continue to challenge our versatility. Productivity on the farm generated development of our manufacturing sector. Productivity in manufacturing, combined with sophisticated technology, has revealed an emerging financial sector. Iowa has seen employment growth in the home offices of its many insurance and financial service companies in an industry that has experienced cutbacks in other states. Analysts consider the people of Iowa particularly suited to strong performance in this sector. Our well-educated workforce, stable social environment, traditional values and conservative ideology provide a solid base from which to evaluate and satisfy service needs in recreation, medicine, communication and business.

AGRICULTURE - IOWA'S BASIC INDUSTRY For more information about loica agriculture, contact: Department of Agriculture Stewardship, Wallace State Office Building. Des Monies 5(Kil9; 515/2Sl-5:i21

and Land

Agriculture rebounded at a strong rate into the 1990s as farmland once again became a desirable investment, pushing land prices to a level that is two and a quarter times the low set during the farm crisis. Record meat production and record or near record production of corn and soybeans has resulted in plentiful supplies of food and fiber. U.S. agricultural products were in strong demand around the world until 199S, when the Asian market cooled and other countries became competitive in the world market. Net farm income reached record highs as commodity prices inched to new levels. Domestic and world demand kept carry over supplies drawn down to low levels. New production technologies were introduced for both crops and livestock during the 1990s and American farmers were quick to adopt them. Precision farming techniques such as genetic modification of crops for the protection against pests and adoption of swine production models are replacing conventional practices. This has enabled the American farmer to surpass domestic and world demands. As the century draws to a dose, farm gate prices dipped to extreme lows as supplies exceeded demand, forcing agriculture into a period of difficult times following a decade of strong recovery during the late 1980s and early 1990s. As Iowa agriculture enters the J l s t century, Iowans increasingly understand the need to aggressively market agricultural commodities around the world. This has resulted in many farm products being converted into value-added goods while still in the farm sector Research initiatives and shifts in consumer demand have resulted in the introduction of new products, enabling the producers to further diversify the state's production. Specialty crops have opened new markets as farmers produce special varieties of corn and soybeans with characteristics particularly useful in the food and pharmaceutical fields. Iowa producers market organically grown crops and medicated free livestock. Driven by consumer demand for pesticide and fertilizer -I ree products, and an interest to apply creative and alternative solutions to low commodity prices, many Iowa producers have

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taken the lead nationally to implement organic practices. These innovative and dedicated producers are providing high quality organic agricultural products for local, national and international markets. As markets for organic products have expanded, certified organic acreage in Iowa has increased. By enacting the Organic Agricultural Products Act of 1998, the Iowa legislature recognized the need to protect both farmers and consumers of agricultural products labeled organic in the state of Iowa. The Act encourages and enables Iowans to produce agricultural products for the organic market by setting attainable standards and a system of verification-of-compliance with these standards through a state organic certification program. This program is administered through the Organic Agriculture Section within the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship. Preserving Family Farms

Iowa is the heart of the nation with 33 million acres of land divided into 97,000 farming units. The number of farms has declined to a little less than half the number that were in the state a half century ago. The land used by agriculture has decreased by 1.5 million acres over the last five decades as this land was converted into recreational and conservation facilities, interstate highways or commercial and residential developments. About a quarter of a million of the 2.9 million Iowa residents are on farms, which is only a third of the number who resided on farms 50 years ago. The number of individual farm operations declined sharply in the mid 1990s as consolidation and restructuring took place. Programs implemented by the state and federal governments in the mid to late 1980s provided support that many of the financially stressed operations needed to survive the farm crisis. One of the most popular was the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) which began in the mid 1980s. As CRP contracts reached their fulfillment date, many owners of the land decided it was time to let someone else bring this land back into production. Producers across the state are always looking for ways to lower costs per unit of production. The two most common ways to achieve this goal are by optimization of the farming units and use of precise cultural practices. This has lead producers to adopt minimum or no tillage and precision fertilization practices. Protecting our Natural Resources

As we near the close of the millennium, we celebrate numerous conservation successes, but also recognize the considerable work yet to be done. Iowans can take pride in conservation milestones such as: 100,000 acres of conservation buffers, 100 miles of cold water stream protection, 50 years of conservation education, 50,000 acres of restored wetlands, 50 years of watershed protection, 100 years of soil survey, 50% of crops in conservation tillage, over 100 water quality projects, 100 years of building diversity in wildlife habitat, and $100 million in state cost-sharing for conservation. Our vision for Iowa and agriculture includes farmers and their neighbors working together to understand shared needs for productive and profitable agriculture and a quality environment. Iowa's soil and water conservation districts are a focal point for sharing ideas, solving agricultural and environmental problems, and coordinating federal and state programs to assist farmers and communities. Groundwater Protection

After World War II, many countries began extensive use of man-made chemicals, particularly in relationship to agriculture. It was a new field without much history to quantify the consequences of indiscriminate use of agricultural chemicals. In recent years, we have begun to recognize that there must be a great deal of responsibility accepted in the judicious use of chemicals due to their long-term effects on our environment. Iowa state government began laying the groundwork for a conscientious, studied approach to this problem in the 1980s and developed the Groundwater Protection Act of 1987. It was determined that in the agricultural environment, more discrimination in the application of agricultural pesticides and fertilizers was needed. Therefore, the Groundwater Protection Act required more stringent training and testing of all pesticide applicators and licensing of all major pesticide retail outlets. Today, the Groundwater Protection Act raises on average $3.5 million annually to fund research and education projects to limit the use of agricultural chemicals as well as research into the health effects of environmental contamination. More than $925,000 is collected from fees imposed on nitrogen-based fertilizers and more than $2,575,000 is collected from pesticide registrations. The Agriculture Management Account distributes funds to the Iowa Dept. of Public Health, the Iowa Dept. of Agriculture for demonstration projects regarding agriculture drainage wells and sinkholes, the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture at ISU, the Iowa DNR for administering grants to counties and conducting oversight of county-based programs for the testing of private water supplies and closure of abandoned wells and, the

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Iowa Dept. of Agriculture for financial incentive programs related to agricultural drainage wells and sinkholes. Marketing Iowa Agriculture

Iowa has a history of being one of the leaders in U.S. agricultural production and today is no exception. Currently, Iowa leads the U.S. in corn, soybean, and pork production. In addition, Iowa's egg industry has grown to number two in the country with current projections pushing Iowa to number one at the beginning of the next century. The production of farm commodities is big business in Iowa, generating sales of $12 billion annually. These commodities are exported to countries throughout the world. Iowa is second in the nation in exports of agricultural commodities. Iowa exports reduced the trade deficit by over $57 billion in 1997. The Agricultural Marketing Bureau in the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship works to promote and add value to Iowa's commodities in addition to commodity price reporting. This is accomplished by covering the sale of livestock at 18 auctions with the Livestock Market News Program. Cash corn and soybean prices are gathered and reported by the Grain Market News Program which provides an overview of the cash grain prices reported by 47 elevators all over Iowa. In addition, the marketing bureau works to advance value-added agricultural enterprises through trade shows and the development of promotional activities and events. Agricultural Diversification

Recognizing the need to rebuild and diversify Iowa's agricultural economy in the wake of the economic crisis of the 1980s, an Agricultural Diversification Bureau was established within the Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship in 1987. Emphasizing the development of the state's horticultural industry, the bureau has helped expand the farmers market system in Iowa from 64 markets in 1986 to more than 123 markets in 1998. The section has also developed public service announcements and product directories to assist producers of fruit, vegetables and Christmas trees to enhance sales. The Farmers Market Nutrition Program is a federal-state partnership designed to provide a supplemental source of fresh fruits and vegetables for the diets of women, infants and children who are determined to be nutritionally at risk and to promote agricultural diversification by stimulating the demand for fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets. The program has grown from serving 1,700 eligible clients and 25 producers in 1987 to serving 49,316 needy Iowans at 88 farmers markets in 1998. The Ag. Diversification Section also serves alternative crop and livestock producers by providing assistance on the marketing of products and management for new enterprises. Food Safety

The people of the U.S. and world have become more and more dependent on fewer and fewer farmers for their food. Therefore, it is essential that quality products be provided in quantities sufficient to provide every man, women and child with a wholesome diet. Iowa's agricultural industries, producers and government are cooperating in efforts to assure the safety of our agricultural goods. Cooperative state and federal programs jointly monitor and test both raw and processed food products. Dairy, meat and poultry products are subject to intense scrutiny at several levels from the farm to the grocery shelf. Organically produced crops and medication free livestock are produced under standards established by the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship to assure the consumer that they are purchasing wholesome products grown under strict guidelines. The monitoring of the health and well being of livestock built additional safeguards into the food production system during the production phase. An important component for sound healthy animals is high quality wholesome feed. The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship conducts an assurance program that measures the ingredients in feed mixtures. Agricultural Financing

Rising interest rates and reduced credit availability created the need for a financial assistance program for beginning farmers in the late 1970s. An innovative financial assistance program was established in 1981, which later became a division of the Department of Agricultural and Land Stewardship. This division, the Iowa Agricultural Development Authority, assists new and existing farmers with low net worths in obtaining financing. Since it began, more than 2,600 low-interest loans totaling nearly $262 million have been closed. The Loan Participation Program was established in 1996 to assist low income farmers with down payment funds. The authority reduces the lender's risk by providing a "last in, last out" loan participation with a lending institution. To date, 50 loans have been closed totaling $1.9 million.

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IOWA LABOR FORCE TRENDS Source of information: Iowa Workforce Development, 1000 E. Grand Ave., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-5802 Iowa's already tight labor market grew even tighter in 1998. The unemployment rate for 1998 was set at a 2.8 percent, thu lowest yearly average ever recorded and third lowest in the country. The yearly average for unemployed Iowans was a mere 43,500, another record low. The number of employed Iowans was 1,526,300. These unprecedented employment statistics were set despite depressed farm prices. Overall Iowa's economic engine got humming. But nagging doubts about looming labor shortages persist. It's estimated that between 1996 and 2005 Iowa's economy is expected to generate more than 54,500 jobs each year. Helping to improve both the quantity and the quality of Iowa's workforce is one of the prime missions of Iowa Workforce Development or IWD. Created in 1996, IWD consolidated a number of employment and job training programs under one department. Working in conjunction with the Iowa Department of Education, the Iowa Department of Economic Development, Iowa's Community Colleges and a number of other care providers, IWD is forming partnerships to address Iowa's workforce needs. IWD, in conjunction with a number of partner agencies and organizations, has established a series of Iowa Workforce Development Centers across the state. At these one-stop centers, a variety of products are offered to employers, job seekers, students, economic developers and other stakeholders in a community. Training, skills assessment, career counseling, resume writing and a variety of other services are provided, many at no charge. Employers can use the Centers to help gather, screen and interview applicants. Many of the Centers also have Resource Rooms where Iowans can access Internet Job Listing and Posting services. Iowa Workforce Development is also responsible for promoting and ensuring safe workplaces. Working with Iowa employers is the preferred approach, but fines are another enforcement tool.

TRAVEL AND TOURISM For more information about travel and tourism in Iowa, contact the Iowa Division of Tourism at: 200 East Grand Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa 50309; 1-800-345-IOWA or (515) 242-4705; web site: www.state.ia.us Iowa has something for everyone. For visitors and residents alike, Iowa offers many opportunities to explore its varied landscape and interesting history. From the countryside's rolling hills, to beautiful rivers and lakes, to miles of recreational trails, to modern urban centers and small farming communities, Iowa offers refreshing vacation spots j and some of the friendliest people you | will ever meet. "IOWA You make me smile," the state's tourism slogan, definitely reflects the feeling you will have after encountering the hospitality Iowans offer. To help you better understand what Iowa has to offer, it can be divided into ten travel areas; all of which offer something different and exciting for travelers. Northwest Iowa is home to Sioux City, where explorers Lewis and Clark left their mark, and where you can learn about the history of the Missouri River at the Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and Welcome Center. And if you are still interested Loess Hills Scenic Byway photo courtesy of Iowa Division of Tourism

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in history, move inland to Orange City, where Dutch heritage, architecture, bakeries, restaurants and imported goods continue to play an important role in the community. More water? Northwest Iowa is also home to Iowa's Great Lakes Region - where a multitude of activities await you in Okoboji. From Arnolds Park Amusement Park, to excursions on the lakes, to a host of water sports, this resort area offers fun for the whole family. West Central Iowa is rich in history and natural wonders. Historic Council Bluffs has long been a "Gateway to the West" along the Missouri River; and De Soto National Wildlife Refuge in Missouri Valley offers a wonderful look at migratory waterfowl and bald eagles each year. The Loess Hills are also very important to the area. These unusual, windblown silt bluffs are a geological rarity and offer beautiful views all along the nationally recognized Loess Hills Scenic Byway. And for a closer look at Iowa's diverse history, visit the Danish Windmill Museum and Welcome Center and the Danish Immigrant Museum, in Elk Horn, where residents celebrate their Danish heritage daily. Or check out the Donna Reed Center for the Performing Arts in Denison, where a turn-of-the-century soda fountain, a restored 1914 Germaine Opera House and an arts center add to the photos and memorabilia from Donna Reed's life and acting career. During a trip through Southwest Iowa, you can sway to the sounds of big band music when you visit the Glenn Miller Birthplace Home in Clarinda. Visits to other small towns in the area will also bring pleasant surprises and encounters with friendly people. Carry yourself back to the 19th century in the French communal of Icaria located just east of Corning. Here you can trace French ancestors and colonial histories at the Icaria Museum and Research Center. Or look for the world's largest Swedish coffeepot in Stanton, a coffeepot-shaped water tower that, along with the Swedish Heritage & Cultural Center, honors the town's rich immigrant heritage. If planes interest you, then a stop at the Iowa Aviation Preservation Center in Greenfield will make a Southwest Iowa visit worthwhile. One of only two airplane museums in the state, the center is also home to the Iowa Aviation Hall of Fame. Music, transportation history and natural beauty are all highlighted in a trip to North Central Iowa. Home to the ever-popular Clear Lake and its water-based fun, the City of Clear Lake is also home to the Surf Ballroom, where Buddy Holly gave his last concert and where bands continue to entertain music fans of all types. Just down the road in Mason City you can visit the boyhood home of Meredith Willson, who immortalized his hometown in "The Music Man," or see a large display of old commercial vehicles at Van Horn's Antique Truck Museum. For something unique, visit the Dows Depot Welcome Center in Dows for a bit of railroad history, or take a look at the Hobo Museum in Britt - the only museum of its kind in existence. And you cannot miss an opportunity to take-in the scenic Iowa River, where canoeing, fishing and other outdoor activities await outdoor enthusiasts. Central Iowa offers something for everyone! Whether it is a ride on the Boone & Scenic Valley Railroad, or a visit to the Mamie Doud Eisenhower Birthplace, the City of Boone is rich with history. And for more train-related enjoyment, you will want to see Trainland U.S.A. in Colfax, where a toy train museum depicts the development of the railroad across the United States. While in the area, Des Moines is a perfect place to spend time - especially with Adventureland, the Des Moines Art Center, the Des Moines Botanical Center, Blank Park Zoo, the Science Center of Iowa and Living History Farms all at your disposal. Not to mention visits to the State Capitol and the State of Iowa Historical Building. For more aquatic fun, visit Lake Rathbun or Red Rock Lake in South Central Iowa - for boating, fishing and/or lakeside excitement these are two spots you will not want to miss. And if you like racing, make sure you see the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame and Museum in Knoxville - the only museum of its kind in the world. Scenic countryside drives also lead to Pella, where the sights, sounds and tastes of Holland are a part of everyday life, and Madison County, where the historic covered bridges have become known worldwide due to the tremendous success of "The Bridges of Madison County" book and movie. Known as "Little Switzerland," Northeast Iowa is noted for its scenic beauty and history. In Decorah, the immigrant story comes alive at the Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum, one of America's oldest and largest museums devoted to an immigrant group. Nestled amongst spectacular river bluffs near Marquette is Effigy Mounds National Monument, where you can view prehistoric American Indian burial and ceremonial mounds as you hike 11 miles of scenic trails. A drive along the Mississippi and heading inland will allow you to see Iowa at its finest - with rolling farm fields and attractions for everyone, including the Bily Clocks Museum & Antonin Dvorak Exhibit in Spillville and the Grout Museum of History and Science in Waterloo. The "Old World" comes alive in East Central Iowa where the Amana Colonies, with its German heritage, continue to attract thousands of people each year to its interesting shops, quality restaurants and ethnic celebrations. And do not leave the area without visiting the Kalona Historical Village where you can learn firsthand about Mennonite life-style and history. In Cedar Rapids, the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library displays the largest collection of Czech and Slovak costumes in the United States and the Ushers Ferry Historic Village

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allows you to step back in time to a small turn-of-the-century Iowa town. And for a more comprehensive look at Iowa history, be sure to visit the Old Capitol Museum in Iowa City and the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Museum and National Historic Site in West Branch. Eastern Iowa is Grant Wood country, so take a drive along the Grant Wood Scenic Byway and see what the area has to offer. Along the "Mighty Mississippi," Dubuque is full of San Francisco-like scenery, river history and charming Victorian mansions on dramatic bluffs. As Iowa's first city, Dubuque has many things to see, including the Mississippi River Museum and the Mathias Ham House Historic Site. Not far away in Dyersville you can still experience the "Field of Dreams" movie site and even take a peak at the National Farm Toy Museum. And for some adventure and a look at one of Iowa's natural wonders, head toward Maquoketa to explore the unusual rock formations and 13 limestone caves of Maquoketa Caves State Park. Southeast Iowa offers a host of historical communities - all with their own character and charm. As Iowa's first territorial capital, Burlington has a number of must-see historic areas; and don't forget to see what is perhaps the city's most famous landmark: Snake Alley, called by many the "Crookedest Street in the World." In Fort Madison, you can still hear cannons and muskets roar and experience living history demonstrations at Old Fort Madison, the first outpost west of the Mississippi River. Keokuk offers the Keokuk National Cemetery and the Keokuk River Museum. Mount Pleasant is the site of the Midwest Old Threshers Heritage Museums, where you can view scores of steam engines, antique tractors and agricultural implements and tools. Finally, you cannot leave the area without experiencing the Villages of Van Buren, where resident artists, craftspeople, antique sellers and history buffs make these quaint quiet, former riverboat ports worth a visit. Friendly people, ten travel areas and hundreds of things to see and do - this is what Iowa is all about. For anyone interested in exploring the state, many resources are available to help plan a trip along Iowa's scenic byways and country roads. With an adventure around every corner, Iowa truly offers something for everyone. We "Field of Dreams" movie site invite you to experience Iowa! photo courtesty of Iowa Division of Tourism

ART AND CULTURE For more information about cultural resources in Iowa including the arts and historical museums I sites, contact: Department of Cultural Affairs, State Historical Building, 600 E. Locust St., Des Moines 50319; 515/281-6258 Iowa's educational environment naturally serves as an impetus for diverse cultural activities. Iowa has the highest literacy rate in the nation. Ninety-three percent of Iowa's schools rank above the national average in scholastic achievement. Bright, ambitious Iowans have earned more undergraduate degrees per 100,000 people than the population of any other state. Also, Iowa is one of four states in the nation with two world-class research universities. These institutions provide a nourishing environment for the development of highly sophisticated entrepreneurial efforts, as well as creative, innovative cultural endeavors. In Iowa, the arts, museums, and historic sites offer variety, quality, and distinct opportunities to our citizens. Iowans strive to improve and broaden the state's cultural, educational, and intellectual resources. Iowa Culture Develops State Economy

Iowa's communities are among the most livable places in the nation. This is largely due to Iowans' determination to culturally enrich our lives. Iowa's cultural industry is strong, signifying an investment in the state's future and reaffirming the arts as an essential part of Iowan's everyday experiences. For example, over half a million people visit Iowa's museums and galleries each year providing more than $1 million to Iowa's economy.

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Economic Development and the Arts The arts are a major force in Iowa's economic development. Over $140 million is generated each year in the state creating jobs that serve nearly - million Iowans. In Iowa, state support of 52 cents per capita is supplemented by extensive private and local support. For every public dollar spent on the arts, $300 is generated locally. The result is a large number of resident companies in dance, theatre and music and the excellent facilities in which they perform. Attendance figures alone attest to the popularity and economic significance of Iowa's fairs and festivals to the vitality of the state. Over 800,000 people participate in these events generating over $8 million in local spending each year. Iowans Use History for Economic Development Iowans have discovered t h a t history is a tool to both rediscover and preserve our own identity while attracting new investments in our communities. The historic preservation investment tax credit program alone has pumped $60 million of private investment into Iowa's economy. The results of these investments can be seen in renewed and thriving communities all over the state. Using national economic models, it is projected that these private investments created more than 3,'JOO new jobs and increased the Iowa gross output by nearly $136 million. Iowa's heritage and Iowa's businesses are working hand in hand for Iowa's future. The Historical Resource Development Program (HRDP) provides grants in three categories: historic preservation; libraries and archives; museums. The program has received funding since 1990 through the Resource Enhancement and Protection Act. Giants totalling more than $5.5 million have been awarded during the ten years the program has been in effect. Almost all of the counties in Iowa have benefitted from funded projects. Eligible applicants include not-for-profit organizations, businesses, governmental units, Indian tribes, and individuals. The goal is to preserve and protect the historical resources of Iowa, and to interpret them and make their significance available to the citizens of Iowa. The HRDP grants require match from the grant recipient, in cash and in-kind donations. Training workshops for prospective applicants are held throughout the state, prior to the deadline for applications. Peer review panels and the Board of Trustees of the State Historical Society of Iowa (SHSI) evaluate each application, and the Administrator of the SHSI makes the final awards. More than 200 projects have benefitted from this program to date. State Historical Building is Model Private/Public Partnership On December 14, 1987, Iowa opened a new 2'J0,000 square foot granite and glass State Historical Building as a symbol of the state's pride in its past and faith in its future. This futuristic facility also represents a model private/public partnership in creating a major new economic and cultural resource for the entire state. To build the facility, the state contributed $10 million while nearly 4,000 private citizens, businesses, foundations, and organizations donated another $15.4 million. The State Historical Society of Iowa serves as trustee of the collective self-image of the people who call themselves Iowans. With an active state historical agency and over 180 local historical societies and museums, history is an integral component of daily living in Iowa. Historical Sites Share Iowa's Heritage The state of Iowa owns and operates several historic sites around the state to help Iowans share and enjoy their rich cultural heritage. From Indian mounds to Frank Lloyd Wright houses, Iowa's historic sites tell fascinating human stories. Archaeological sites from Toolesboro, along the Mississippi River in Louisa County to northwest Iowa's Blood Run National Historic Landmark in Lyon County record the area's prehistoric past. In northeast Iowa, Ft. Atkinson was the only military post built by the United States to protect one Indian tribe from another. Old Capitol and Plum (Jrove in Iowa City recall the territorial and first state capital city. Plum Grove was the retirement home of Iowa's first territorial governor, Robert Lucas. The Edel Blacksmith Shop in Haverhill, Marshall County, looks like Matthew Edel just walked out the door for lunch. A classic Victorian mansion. Terrace Hill is now the governor's residence and is open to the public in Des Moines. In Iowa's Great Lakes region, in Dickinson County, the Abigail Gardner Sharp cabin recalls the 1857 "Spirit Lake Massacre" in Arnolds Park. Cedar Rock, a classic Frank Lloyd Wright Usonian home was build outside of Quas<|iieton. Montauk, located in Clermont, is a major tourist attraction in northeast Iowa. Visitors can see how the family of Iowa's twelfth governor, William Larrahee furnished and maintained their 1874 vintage brick and native limestone mansion for more than 100 years The well house, laundry, creamery, ice house, workshop, and barn also have been preserved. Montauk

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and the neighboring Union Sunday School are listed on the National Register of Historical Places. There is no admission charge for any of the sites operated by the Historical Society, including Montauk, Plum Grove, Sharp Cabin, Edel Blacksmith Shop, Toolesboro, the American Gothic House in Eldon and the new Iowa Historic Trails Center in Council Bluffs. National Ethnic Museums Celebrate Iowa's Cultural Diversity

Iowans have always welcomed and celebrated cultural diversity, from the original Mesquaki natives who returned to purchase their own lands in Tama County in 1855 to the reception of Tai Dam immigrants from Southeast Asia. The King of Norway regularly visits the Norwegian National Immigrant Museum, Vesterheim in Decorah. Czechs have established a national museum celebrating their cultural pride in Cedar Rapids and a Danish National Immigrant Museum is being established in Elk Horn. Whether it is the German heritage of the Amana Colonies, the Dutch heritage of Pella and Orange City, or the more recent cultural richness found in the Des Moines Tai Dam Ethnic Cultural Center, Iowans are exciting in their cultural diversity. Iowa Museums Artful Inside and Out

The Cedar Rapids Museum of Art has the world's largest collection of Grant Wood paintings. The University of Iowa Museum of Art contains a permanent collection of more than 5,000 selections including an outstanding collection of African art. The Putnam Museum in Davenport, the oldest regional museum west of the Mississippi, is noted for its zoological and Egyptian collections, as well as its local history exhibit. The Des Moines Art Center is known for its fine collection of twentieth century works of art from America and Europe and its distinctive structure designed by noted architects Eliel Saarinen, I.M. Pei, and Richard Meier. The Brunnier Gallery and Museum at Iowa State University has one of the finest collections of decorative arts in the Midwest with pieces dating from ancient cultures to the twentieth century. Artistic Productivity and Inspired Creativity

Iowa serves as an ideal setting for artistic productivity and inspired creativity. Iowa City ranks in the top five cities in the Midwest for the number of professional artists per capita. The internationally-acclaimed Writer's Workshop has provided the inspirational environment which has added to the success of this Iowa-based activity. The University of Iowa and the Joffrey Ballet have enjoyed a special working relationship since 1974. A new Joffrey production of the Nutcracker premiered in Iowa City and will be performed in cities throughout the United States for years to come. The Old Creamery Theatre in Garrison has received national recognition as a rural professional theatre company. Likewise, the Des Moines Metro Opera has received acclaim for its innovative programming and outreach programs. The Ames International Orchestra Association has hosted major symphonies of world renown. Hancher Auditorium in Iowa City is rated in the top 10 for quality performing facilities in the U.S. The Arts are Accessible to Iowans

In Iowa, the pace of life provides more time for pleasure and easy access makes quality cultural opportunities a part of the daily life-style. Quality art collections are easily accessible for Iowans1 enjoyment and enrichment. Nine major art museums and 57 other museums and galleries are located in the state. A network of over 80 local arts agencies provide the link for community involvement and educational opportunities at Iowa's grass roots level supporting 65 performing theatre groups, 18 music and dance associations, and 40 musical performing groups. The spirit and community pride of Iowans combine to produce over 160 arts fairs and festivals each year.

STATE PARK AND RECREATION AREAS For more information contact: Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 5151281-8368; http://www.state.ia.us/parks The Iowa state park system offers an outstanding array of outdoor recreation opportunities within its 83* state parks and recreation areas. Nearly 53,000 acres of land are available for

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activities ranging from sight-seeing and hiking to camping, picnicking, and swimming. Iowa's parks and recreation areas also encompass a great variety of beautiful and unique natural settings, as well as points of historic significance. Park lands are operated and maintained by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources for the use and enjoyment of Iowa residents and visitors. The park system is administered by the headquarter's staff in Des Moines and 4 park supervisors located throughout the state. State park attendance during the past five years has averaged 12 million, annually. Facilities and Attractions

Iowa's state parks, recreation areas, and forests provide 62 campgrounds encompassing over 5,697 campsites. Campgrounds range from the primitive to those with modern restroom facilities and electrical hookups. Special equestrian campgrounds are available at six state parks and forests. Picnicking facilities are present in almost all state park and recreation areas. Many parks feature picnic shelters. Lodges, available in 18 Iowa state parks, provide excellent settings for all types of family and group events. Family cabins are available on a weekly rental basis at eight parks, providing very economical opportunities for family recreation in a variety of beautiful settings. Three parks feature group camping opportunities geared to large groups desiring accommodations in attractive, natural settings. All of these facilities are available on a reservation basis at economical charges. Water recreation opportunities abound in Iowa's state parks and recreation areas. A total of 24 parks feature artificial lakes, most with formal beach and boat rental opportunities. Seventeen parks are located on the state's most beautiful natural lakes. Three parks border the several large U.S. Army Corps of Engineers impoundments. In those parks where lakes are not present, rivers and streams normally exist. These provide a variety of recreational opportunities in their own right. Recreational Trails

Iowa's state parks and recreation areas offer hundreds of miles of recreational trails. Opportunities are provided for the hiker, snowmobile enthusiast, cross-country skier, and equestrian. In addition, three parks feature paved bicycle paths. Interpretive Activities

Formal nature trails are located in over 40 state parks and recreation areas. Brochures, keyed to points of natural or historical interest, are available at each trailhead. In addition, many state parks offer a variety of evening campground programs featuring movies, slide presentations, and guest speakers. A formal interpretive center is open year-round at the E.B. Lyons Woodland Preserve just south of Dubuque. The center borders the 1,260-acre "Mines of Spain" tract, an area of unique natural, historical, and archaeological significance. The South Bluff Nature Center at beautiful Bellevue State Park is open seasonally and for special interpretive events. Bellevue's "Butterfly Garden" is unique to the Midwest. Its 150 individual plots contain a myriad of annual and perennial plants, which provide food and shelter for a wide variety of butterflies. The Iowa state park's interpretive program is continually expanding in order to offer additional education and enjoyment to state park visitors. Historical Facilities

In 1983, the Iowa Conservation Commission, now known as the Department of Natural Resources, was given "Cedar Rock," an historic home designed by the great architect, Frank Lloyd Wright. The residence, donated by the Lowell Walter family, is located on the scenic Wapsipinicon River in northeast Iowa. The furnished home and grounds are open for public and group tours May through October. Fort Atkinson in northeast Iowa was built and operated by the U.S. Army in the 1840s. Only a few of the original buildings remain. However, the largest of those now houses a museum, open to the public on a seasonal basis. Since 1977, the fort has been the site of the Fort Atkinson Rendezvous, a two-day recreation of an 1840 era fur trader's rendezvous. It is held the last full weekend of September. Park Fees and Services There is a nominal fee for swimming at state park beaches where concession facilities and lifeguards are provided. Nightly fees are charged for overnight camping: $9.00 per night for a campsite in modern campground (showers and flush toilets); $7.00 per night for nonmodern; and $3.00 additional if a site equipped with electrical hookup is occupied. Camping fees are discounted at many parks during the fall, winter and early spring seasons. Most state park campgrounds provide drinking water, tables, grills, and toilet facilities. Many feature sewage dump stations. A detailed "Guide to Iowa's State Parks, Forests, and Recreation Areas" is available, as well as individual brochures for the specific parks.

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* - Includes 21 areas managed under lease by county conservation boards or municipalities.

State Parks and Recreation Areas Name

Telephone Location/Highway

Area Lake Acreage

Backbone Badger Creek Recreation Area Beeds lake Bellevue Big Creek Black Hawk Lake Bobwhite Brush Creek Canyon Brushy Creek Recreation Area A. Call Cayler Prairie Cedar Rock Residence designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Open May through October. Clear Lake Dolliver Memorial Elk Rock (Red Rock) Emerson Bay Fairport Fort Atkinson Reconstructed fort built in 1840. Museum open seasonally. Fort Defiance Gardner Sharp Cabin Original cabin and site of infamous Spirit Lake massacre ofl857. Geode Green Valley Gull Point Hayden Prarie Honey Creek (Rathbun) Isthmus Access Kalsow Prairie Lacey-Keosauqua Lake Ahquabli Lake Anita Lake Darling Lake Keomah Lake Macbride Lake Manawa Lake of Three Fires Lake Wapello Ledges Lewis and Clark Lower Gar Access Maquoketa Caves Marble Beach Mclntosh Woods

319/924-2527 515/285-4502 515/456-2047 319/872-3243 515/984-6473 712/657-2639 515/873-4670 319/425-4161 515/543-8298 515/295-3669

4 mi. S.W. Strawberry Point/IA 410 6 mi. S.E. Van meter 3 mi. N.W. Hampton/County Road 2'/2 mi. S. Bellevue/ U.S. 52 2 m i. N. Polk Ci ty/IA 415 Lake View/ LA 175 & 71 1 mi. W. Allerton/ IA 40 2 mi. N. Arlington 4 ]mi. E Lehigh/ County Road 1 /2 mi. S.W. Algona 4 mi. W. Wahpeton

1,780 1,162 319 547 1,536 86 398 217 4,205 1.30 160

319/934-3572 515/357-4212 515/359-2539 515/627-5434 712/337-3211 319/263-3197

3 mi. N.W. Quasqueston 2 mi. S. Clear Lake/ IA 106 3 mi. N. W. Lehigh/IA 50 7 mi. N. Knoxville/ IA 14 2V2 mi. N. Milford/ IA 32 5 mi. E. Muscatine/ IA 22

350 55 572 2,218 12 17

319/534-7543 712/362-2078

adjoins Fort Atkinson/ IA 24 1 mi. W. Estherville/ IA 9

5 181

319/293-3502 515/961-7101 712/762-3564 319/694-2323

Arnolds Park/U.S. 71 4 mi. S.W. Danville/County Road 2>/2 mi. N.W. Creston/ County Road 31l / 2 mi. N. Milford/ IA 32 51 2 mi. S.W. Lime Springs 9 /* mi. W., 3 mi. S.E. Moravia/ IA 142 N. shore, E. Okoboji Lake 4 mi. N.W. Manson adjoins Keosauqua/ IA 1 5'/2 mi. S.W. Indianola/ IA 349 3 mi. S. Anita/ Interchange 1-80 3 mi. W Brighton/ IA 78 & 1

515/673-6975 319/644-2200 712/336-0220 712/523-2700 515/722-3371 515/432-1852 712/426-2829 712/337-32II 319/652-5833 712/337-3211 515/829-3847

5 mi. E. Oskaloosa/ IA 371 4 mi. W. Solon/ IA 3S2 Council Bluffs/ 1 mi. S. IA 92 3 mi. N.W. Bedford/ IA 49 6 mi. W Drakesxille/ IA 273 6 mi. S. Boone/1A 164 3 mi. N.W. Onawa/ IA 324 Vz mi. S. E. Arnolds Park/ U.S. 71 7 mi. N.W. Maquoketa/ IA 428 2 mi. N.W. Orleans/ IA 276 3 4 mi. E. Ventura/ U S 18

1 L641 1,000 165 240 828 7 160 1,653 770 942 1,387 373 2,150 1.529 626 1,168 1.200 176 7 272 64 62

319/556-0620 712/337-3211 515/442-2855 712/362-2078 319/895-6039 319/873-2341 712/337-3211 712/337-3211 515/582-4835 515/858-5832 319/436-7716 712/773-2701 712/423-2829 515/774-5632 515/582-4835 515/236-3722

S. edee of Dubuque from US 52 N shore Spirit Lake 6 mi. S.E. Davis City/ County Road 3 mi. N.E. Dolliver/ County Road V/i mi. W. Mount Vernon/ U S 30 3 mi. S.E. McGregor/ IA 340 212 S.W. Spirit Lake/ IA 9 Arnolds Park/ U.S. 71 4 mi. E. Forest City/ IA 9 '2 mi N.E. Eldora/ IA 118 4 mi. N & ' 2 mi. W Palo 6 mi. E. & 3 mi. S. Harlan 5 mi. S.W. Moorhead/1A 372 I mi E. Chariton/ U.S. 34 2' 2 mi. S.E. Lake Mills/ County Road 6 mi. N.E. Kellogg/ County Road 5 mi. N.W. Guthrie Center I mi. E. Farmington/ IA 2 8 mi. N.E. Guthrie Center/ IA 25 & 384 W. Lucas. E. Chariton/ U.S. 65 & 34 8 mi. N.W. Sioux City/ IA 12 adjoins Lake Park/ IA 219 N.W. shore, W. Okoboji Lake 4'.'i» mi. S.E. Guttenberg

Mines of Spain E.B. Lyons Nature Center

Mini-Wakan Nine Eagles Okamanpedan Palisades-Kepler Pikes Peak Pikes Point Pillsbury Point Pilot Knob Pine Lake (Upper and Lower) Pleasant Creek Prairie Rose Preparation Canyon Red Haw Lake Rice Lake Rock Creek Sheeder Prairie Shimek Forest Camping Springbrook Stephens Forest Camping Stone Trappers Bay Triboji Beach Turkey River Mounds

319/392-4601 515/782-5131 712/337-3211 515/7244-3739 712/337-3211

3I9/87K-3SI1 515/747-3591 515/774-5632 712/255-4698 7127337-3211 712/337-3211

1.380 20 1.119 19 970 15 6 700 572 1.927 661 344 420 47 1.697 25 786 9 1,069 57 5

85A 279M

99M 905A 925N

89A

3,684N 10,600R 3.847N

200A 428A 3,847A ll.OOOR

22A 114A 182A 299A S4A 812A 660N 99A 289A 250N 273N 4.169N 3.6S4N 4.I69N 67A 981N 3,847N 3,847N 15A 60 & 59A 410A 204A 64A 612N 602A 20A 27A 10A 12A 1.041N 3.847N

J.OV/A PROFILE Twin Lakes Union drove VikiiiL- Lake Vol«a River Recreation Area Walnui Woods \\ anata YVapsipimcon Waubonsie Wildcat IVn Wilson Island Reuealiou Area Woodman Hollow ("ieor^e \V\lh Memorial Yellow Rn'er Forest Camping

7I2/(O7-2M 1 » 5I5/473-25.M. 7I2/S2l>-22.VS 3l ( »/42S-4lhl 5I5/2N5-45O2 712/337-3211 3l'»/4«i2 -27M 172/3S2-27S(. 3I')/2(»V4337 7l2/h42-2i)(.'» 3ll»/232-55O5 3l l V5s
71 2 mi. \ Ruck well C i i \ / IA 4 A: 124 4 mi S W Ciladbrook/Cnunlv K.wil 4 mi S 1 Sianlon/Counlv Road 4 mi \ 1 a\clle/ IA 150 4 mi S.W hes Monies/ IA 5 • 2 mi S IVlcrson/ IA 10 adjoins An.imosii/ V S 151 7 mi S W Sidney/ IA 2^> ^ 2 3 mi 1 Fairport/ IA 22 5 mi \Y I o\eland/ IA M>2 5 mi N \V 1 chiL-h ad|.'ins Ceil.ii Falls/ U S 20 14 nil S I Waukon/ IA 7h

3 25 15 172 1.000 S

\22

V,M\ 1 I0A 137 A 1 *5,\

300 |M<»

251 1,247

417 577 n \ 4M4

5 1A

Source: Iowa Department of Naiural Resume

FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES For more information contact: Department of Natural Resources, Wallace State Office Building, Des Monies nO.'UV; 51512Sl-3474\ http://www.state.ia.us/wilcllife Sport Fishing Iowa's waters, like our lands, are rich and diverse. Fishing waters of our state include more than 19,000 miles of warm-water streams, 2^2 miles of cold-water trout streams, 35 natural lakes, 200 artificial recreational lakes, 30 oxbow lakes, four flood control reservoirs, fifiO miles of (Ire at Border Rivers, and myriad small farm ponds. Catfish is the "King of Fish" in our warm-water rivers, especially in placid streams of the central, southeast, and southwest parts of the state. Faster-flowing streams in northeastern Iowa offer smallmouth bass and walleye fishing. Where underground springs feed cold water to the smaller tributary streams, trout are stocked from the three state fish hatcheries located at Decorah, Manchester, and Big Spring. Natural lakes formed by glacial action nearly 2 million years ago provide excellent year around fishing for walleye, northern pike, yellow perch, crappie, and smallmouth bass. Shallow, marshlike lakes in this region provide unsurpassed bullhead fishing. Man-made recreational lakes are likely places to catch largemouth bass, bluegill, crappie, and channel catfish, while the (ireat Border Rivers - the Mississippi, Missouri, and Big Sioux - offer these fish species along with paddlefish and white bass. Mark Twain believed the Indian legends about giant fish in these waters, and wrote in Life on the Mississippi of fabulous-sized sturgeon, paddlefish, and channel catfish. Even today, myths of undiscovered, gigantic fish creatures survive among some river people. Commercial Fishing Commercial fishing in Iowa began with the first settlement along the Mississippi, when fish were caught with n e t s to provide food for i n h a b i t a n t s of river towns. From t h i s beginning,commercial fishing flourished as the Midwest's population grew. Today, more than 2,000 fishermen in Iowa are licensed to harvest fish for human consumption. The catch totals more than 3 million pounds each year, with a wholesale value of more than $1 million. Wildlife and Hunting Iowa's wildlife resources are scientifically managed by the Department of Natural Resources to ensure that all wildlife species have a place to live and wildlife populations are sufficient to meet hunting and non-consumptive recreational demands. Hunting and trapping seasons and bag limits allow surplus animals to be harvested and population levels to be maintained. Nongame programs are concerned with preserving and enhancing wetland, forest, shrub, and grassland habitats and with increasing public awareness of nongame wildlife. In addition, projects to increase the populations of some threatened and endangered species, including barn owls and river otters, are underway. Iowa is best known for its small game hunting, and the ring-necked pheasant is the number one game bird. While recent intensified agriculture in the northwest and norlh central regions has shifted pheasant populations to less intensively farmed east central southern Iowa, huntable pheasant populations are still found within easy driving distance of almost every town in the state. With an annual average harvest of more than 1 million birds, Iowa is among the top pheasant harvest states in the nation. Alternatives to the pheasant include the Hungarian or gray partridge, which has been introduced in northern Iowa and can stand severe winters better than pheasants. Although the gray partridge is spreading into southern and eastern Iowa, most productive hunting is north of Interstate SO. Bobwhite quail, found mainly in the southern two tiers of counties and

326

IOWA OFFICIAL REGISTER

along river systems, and ruffed grouse, found in moderate numbers in forested parts of northeast Iowa, provide more variety Cottontail rabbits and gray and fox squirrels are also hunted, as well as deer and wild turkey. Archers, shotgun and muzzle-loader deer hunters have individual seasons in which to hunt. Wild turkeys support two hunting seasons: a spring gobbler hunt and a fall either-sex hunt. Turkey hunting is a rapidly expanding sport with good huntable populations across the state. Most waterfowl hunting occurs in boundary rivers, natural marshes in north central and northwest Iowa, the state's four flood control reservoirs, and several man-made wetlands managed by the Department of Natural Resources. Mallards, teal, woodducks and other duck species; migrant Canada and snow geese; and (riant Canada geese, produced within the state, provide waterfowlers with a variety of game. Depending on current market prices, Iowa fur harvesters may return up to $8 million annually to the Iowa economy. Raccoon, muskrat, red and gray fox, and mink are the most important species, with hunting and trapping seasons set to maximize and distribute equally recreational opportunity between hunters and trappers. All of Iowa's wildlife populations depend upon the preservation and wise management of habitat. Most wildlife species benefit from diverse agricultural programs, but additional woodland clearing, wetland draining, or stream straightening will cause declines in wildlife populations. To maintain a reasonable quantity of wildlife in Iowa, steps will continue to be taken to reduce further degradation of our wildlife resources and habitat.

FORESTRY AND THE FOREST RESOURCE For more information, contact: Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Wallace State Office Building, Des Moines 50319; 515/281-8733; http://www.state.ia.us/forestry. Iowa has about 2 million acres of forested land, classed as commercial - available for growing forest products. The Division of Forestry, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, administers a variety of programs to maintain and improve Iowa's forest heritage. State Forests

Iowa's state forest system consists of the Loess Hills State Forest, 9000 acres in central-western Iowa; Shimek State Forest, 9000 acres in southeast Iowa; Stephens State Forest, 13,000 acres in south-central Iowa and Yellow River State Forest, 8,500 acres in northeast Iowa. Six smaller areas; Gifford, Pilot Mound, Hoist, Berkley, White Pine Hollow and Backbone State Forests range in size from 34 to 314 acres. Iowa's state forest system is managed for a range of natural resources like wildlife, wood products, clean water and scenic beauty. The forests are important recreation destinations, especially for dispersed recreation like hunting, hiking and horse riding. State Forest Nursery

Iowa's Forestry program features a seedling growing facility that produces about 3 million seedlings each year for reforestation and wildlife plantings. Seedlings are available for planting on state lands and for sale to private individuals who are establishing tree plantings and wildlife habitat. Production focuses on native Iowa hardwoods using local seed sources. Conifers and a variety of shrubs for wildlife are also available. Utilization and Marketing

The Utilization and Marketing program helps the timber industry do a more efficient job of processing raw timber into useful products. It also helps locate and expand markets for Iowa's forest products. The programs help conserve forest resources through better utilization and promotes a diverse, healthy economy for all of Iowa. Protection

The Protection program guards the forest resource against destructive agents through a variety of activities such as education, grants for community fire programs, making surplus military equipment available to fire departments and insect and disease identification and control.

iuw/\

JKKOFILE

327

Service

Twelve district foresters provide service to landowners and others interested in the forest resource. Foresters are available for on-site advice in timber management, including assistance with tree planting, forest improvement, timber harvesting and development of management plans. Much of their work is educating the public on the value of Iowa's forest resource. District foresters assist approximately 1,500 landowners each year and write 900 ma