San Diego History Center

San Diego History Center

The Jour n a l of Volume 62 Spring 2016 Number 2 • The Journal of San Diego History © San Diego History The Journal of San Diego History Fou...

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The Jour n a l of

Volume 62

Spring 2016

Number 2

The Journal of San Diego History


San Diego History

The Journal of San Diego History

Founded in 1928 as the San Diego Historical Society, today’s San Diego History Center is one of the largest and oldest historical organizations on the West Coast. It houses vast regionally significant collections of objects, photographs, documents, films, oral histories, historic clothing, paintings, and other works of art. The San Diego History Center operates two major facilities in national historic landmark districts: The Research Library and History Museum in Balboa Park and the Serra Museum in Presidio Park. The San Diego History Center presents dynamic changing exhibitions that tell the diverse stories of San Diego’s past, present, and future, and it provides educational programs for K-12 schoolchildren as well as adults and families.

Front Cover: Collage of photos from the San Diego Zoo. Photos by Allen Wynar. Back Cover: Original zoo cages remaining from the 1915 Panama California Exposition. San Diego Zoo, Balboa Park Aerial, 1921. ©SDHC #S-22. Design and Layout: Allen Wynar Printing: Crest Offset Printing Editorial Assistants: Cynthia van Stralen Travis Degheri Joey Seymour

Articles appearing in The Journal of San Diego History are abstracted and indexed in Historical Abstracts and America: History and Life. The paper in the publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Science-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1984.

The Jour nal of




Review Editors

Published since 1955 by the SAN DIEGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1649 El Prado, Balboa Park, San Diego, California 92101 ISSN 0022-4383

The Jour na l of

San Diego History VOLUM E 62

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Editorial Consultants MATTHEW BOKOVOY University of Nebraska Press WILLIAM DEVERELL University of Southern California; Director, Huntington-USC Institute of California and the West VICTOR GERACI University of California, Berkeley DONALD H. HARRISON Publisher, San Diego Jewish World J. MICHAEL KELLY Committee of 100 Balboa Park ROGER W. LOTCHIN University of North Carolina Chapel Hill JOHN PUTMAN San Diego State University ANDREW ROLLE The Huntington Library ROGER SHOWLEY The San Diego Union-Tribune ABE SHRAGGE Independent Historian RAYMOND STARR San Diego State University, emeritus PHOEBE S. K. YOUNG University of Colorado at Boulder


Published quarterly by the San Diego History Center at 1649 El Prado, Balboa Park, San Diego, California 92101. A $60.00 annual membership in the San Diego History Center includes subscription to The Journal of San Diego History and the SDHC Times. All back issues are accessible at www. Articles and book reviews for publication consideration, as well as editorial correspondence, should be addressed to Editors, The Journal of San Diego History, Department of History, University of San Diego, 5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA 92110 All article submissons should be computer generated, double-spaced with endnotes, and follow the Chicago Manual of Style. Authors should submit an electronic copy in Microsoft Word. Photographs must be submitted separately at 300ppi. The San Diego History Center assumes no responsibility for the statements or opinions of the authors or reviewers. ©2016 by the San Diego History Center ISSN 0022-4383 Periodicals postage paid at San Diego, CA Publication No. 331-870 (619) 232-6203 Note: For a change of address, please call (619) 232-6203 ext. 102 or email [email protected]



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ARTICLES The San Diego Zoo after 100 years Sarah Matteson 105

Cosoy: The Birthplace of New California Geoffrey Mogilner 131

A Big Man with Big Plans: The Life and Death of George Cooke Nancy Carol Carter 159

The Cuyamaca Water Company Partnership: Colorful New Scenes from San Diego’s Water History Bill Farley 181





The Journal of San Diego History


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Already a member? Thank you for your continued support! Share your love of history with others by purchasing a membership as a gift. [email protected] | 619.232.6203 x 102



The Journal of San Diego History

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR William Lawrence BOARD OF TRUSTEES Thompson Fetter, President Joe Craver, Vice President Robert J. Watkins, Vice President Frank Alessi, Treasurer Ann Hill, Secretary Robert F. Adelizzi, President Emeritus Hal Sadler FAIA, President Emeritus TRUSTEES Chuck Bieler Richard Bregante Ray Carpenter Debra Cushman-Parrish Dan Eaton

Gayle Hom Lucy C. Jackson John Morrell Ann Navarra Susan B. Peinado Sandra Perlatti Kay Porter Margie Warner Allan Wasserman Tom Wornham Roger Zucchet ADVISORY BOARD Malin Burnham Thomas A. Caughlan, USMC, Ret. M. Wayne Donaldson, FAIA Iris Engstrand, Ph.D.

Kim Fletcher Tom Karlo Bob Kelly Helen Kinnaird Yvonne W. Larsen David Malcolm Seth W. Mallios, Ph.D. Rana Sampson Hon. Lynn Schenk Drew Schlosberg Mary L. Walshok, Ph.D. Stephen B. Williams Hon. Pete Wilson Karin E. Winner

INDIVIDUAL GIFTS The San Diego History Center gratefully acknowledges the generous support of individuals contributing above $1,000 since May 1, 2015-May 1, 2016. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Adelizzi Mr. and Mrs. Frank Alessi Mr. and Mrs. Dominic Alessio Mr. and Mrs. Willis Allen Mr. and Mrs. C. Neil Ash Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bieler Mr. and Mrs. Richard Bregante Mr. and Mrs. Malin Burnham Mr. and Mrs. David Canedo Mr. Ray Carpenter Mrs. Jane Cowgill Mr. and Mrs. Joe W. Craver Ms. Debra Cushman-Parrish Mr. Tom and Ms. Berit Durier Mr. Dan Eaton Mr. and Mrs. Jim Elliott Mrs. Anne L. Evans Mr. and Mrs. Thompson Fetter Mr. Nicholas M. Fintzelberg Mr. and Mrs. Kim Fletcher

Mr. and Mrs. Philip Gildred Mr. and Mrs. George Gildred Mrs. Jacqueline M. Gillman Ms. Connie K. Golden Mr. James M. Hall Mrs. Ann Hill and Dr. John D. Hill Ms. Gayle Hom Dr. and Mrs. Oliver Jones Mr. and Mrs. Webster Kinnaird Ms. Janet Klauber Mr. Peter R. LaDow Mr. and Mrs. William Lawrence Pamela Hamilton Lester and James Lester Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Malone Mr. and Mrs. James Milch Mr. and Mrs. Scott McMillin Mr. and Mrs. John Morrell Ms. Ann Navarra Ms. Sandra Perlatti

Mrs. Kay Porter Allison and Robert Price Mr. and Mrs. M. Lea Rudee Mr. and Mrs. Hal Sadler Laurie and Rowan Sefton-Hanson Mr. John Thornton Mr. Albert E. Trepte Dr. Robert D. Wallace Dr. Mary L. Walshok, PhD Mrs. Nell Waltz Mr. and Mrs. John H. Warner Mr. and Mrs. Allan Wasserman Mr. and Mrs. Bob Watkins Mr. and Mrs. James Wiesler Mrs. B.J. Williams Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Williams The Honorable Pete Wilson and Mrs. Gayle Wilson Ms. Karin E. Winner Mr. Thomas Wornham

CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION SUPPORT The San Diego History Center gratefully acknowledges the generous support of businesses and foundations contributing above $1,000 since May 1, 2015-May 1, 2016. Alfred C. Berner Estate Allison and Robert Price Family Foundation The Arthur and Jeanette Pratt Memorial Fund Bank of America BB&T John Burnham Insurance The Beatrice F. Knott Estate Bert’s Office Trailers BrightView Landscape Development Carmel Mountain Ranch Veterinary Hospital The Chase Group Chula Vista Electric City of San Diego Commission for Arts and Culture Concrete Contractors Interstate The Corky McMillin Companies County of San Diego Cushman Foundation David C. Copley Foundation De Falco Family Foundation, Inc. Duane Morris LLP Ed and Mary Fletcher Fund The Favrot Fund Fidelity National Title Insurance Fortress Fence and Landscape Design Hazard Construction Co. Heartland Meat Co. The Heller Foundation of San Diego


Higgs, Fletcher & Mack, LLP The Historic Spreckels Theater and Building I. Lehman Trust Jerome’s Furniture Las Patronas Layer 3 Security Services The Legler Benbough Foundation Lindsey Veterinary Hospital MA Engineers Marian and Walter Trevor, Jane Trevor Fetter and Thompson Fetter Fund Meyer Charitable Foundation Milburn Family Estate New School of Architecture The Paper Company The Parker Foundation Patrons of the Prado The Paula B. and Oliver W. Jones Family Foundation Paul Bechtner Foundation Philip Klauber Estate Phyllis H. Paul Trust Price Philanthropies Foundation Quest for Truth Foundation RJC Architects The Robert David Lion Gardiner Foundation, Inc. Robinson Electric

Rotary Club of San Diego The Ruth Lane Charitable Foundation Samuel and Katherine French Fund Samuel I. and John Henry Fox Foundation San Diego County Veterinary Medical Association San Diego Gas & Electric San Diego Historical Society Endowment Fund Scott Fence Company The Sheryl and Harvey White Foundation Silvani Decedent’s Trust B Spreckels Properties LLC Thomas C. Ackerman Foundation The Thursday Club Turner Construction Company U.S. Bank Union Bank of California VCA Inc. VCA Emergency Animal Hospital & Referral Center VCA Animal Specialty Group VCA Eye Clinic for Animals Veterinary Specialty Hospital Wells Fargo Bank Willis Towers Watson

The San Diego History Center gratefully acknowledges the generosity of the Robert D.L. Gardiner Foundation and the

Quest for Truth Foundation for their ongoing support of The Journal of San Diego History

Contributions to support The Journal may also be made to

The Journal of San Diego History Fund at The San Diego Foundation

(619) 235-2300 or (858) 385-1595 [email protected]