Southern Fulmar. - Biodiversity Heritage Library

Southern Fulmar. - Biodiversity Heritage Library

685 APPENDIX Part 1. Speciesreported from the A.O.U. Check-list area with insufficient evidencefor placementon the main list. Specieson thislist have...

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685

APPENDIX Part 1. Speciesreported from the A.O.U. Check-list area with insufficient evidencefor placementon the main list. Specieson thislist havebeenreported(published)asoccurring in the geographicarea coveredby this Check-list.However,their occurrenceis considered hypotheticalfor one of more of the following reasons:

1. Physicalevidencefor their presence(e.g., specimen,photograph,video-tape,audiorecording)is lacking,of disputedorigin,or unknown.Seethe Prefacefor furtherdiscussion. 2. The naturaloccurrence(unrestrainedby humans)of the speciesis disputed. 3. An introducedpopulationhas failed to becomeestablished. 4. Inclusionin previouseditionsof the Check-listwas basedexclusivelyon recordsfrom Greenland, which is now outside the A.O.U. Check-list area.

Phoebastria irrorata (Salvin). Waved Albatross. Diornedeairrorata Salvin, 1883, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,p. 430. (Callao Bay, Peru.)

This speciesbreedson Hood Island in the Galapagosand on Isla de la Plata off Ecuador, and rangesat seaalongthe coastsof Ecuadorand Peru.A specimenwas takenjust outside the North American area at Octavia Rocks, Colombia, near the Panama-Colombiaboundary (8 March 1941, R. C. Murphy). There are sightreportsfrom Panama,west of Pitias Bay, Dari6n, 26 February1941 (Ridgely 1976), and southwestof the PearlIslands,27 September 1964. Also known as GalapagosAlbatross.

ThalassarchechrysosWma(Forster).Gray-headedAlbatross. Diornedeachrysostorna J. R. Forster,1785, M6m. Math. Phys.Acad. Sci. Paris 10: 571,

pl. 14. (voisinagedu cerclepolaireantarctique& dansl'Ocean Pacifique= Isla de los Estados[= StatenIsland], off Tierra del Fuego.) This speciesbreedson islandsoff CapeHorn, in the SouthAtlantic,in the southernIndian Ocean,andoff New Zealand.Reportsfrom Oregon(mouthof the ColumbiaRiver), California (coastnear Golden Gate), and Panama(Bay of Chiriqu0 are unsatisfactory(see A.O.U. 1957: 643, and Wetmore 1965).

Macronectesgiganteus (Gmelin). Antarctic Giant-Petrel. Procellaria giganteaGmelin, 1789, Syst.Nat. 1 (2): 563. Basedin part on the "Giant Petrel" Latham,Gen. Synop.Birds3(2): 396, pl. 100. (in oceano,potissimumaustrali, circa Staatenland,Terra del fuego = Isla los Estados[= StatenIsland], off Tierra del Fuego.)

This speciesbreedsin Antarcticaandon subantarctic islandsandrangesat seathroughout southernoceans.A reportfrom the "coastof Oregon" (immaturespecimentakenby Townsend)is generallyregardedto be in error as to locality (see Stone1930, but for conflicting opinion,seealsoFisher 1965). There are sightreportsnear Midway, HawaiianIslands:9 December 1962, dark-phasedindividual, plus two other probablesin December 1959 and December 1961 (Fisher, loc. cit.). Also known as Giant Fulmar or Southern Giant-Petrel.

Two forms, M. giganteus,a more southernbreedingform, and M. halli Mathews, 1912, were formerly consideredconspecific,but are widely sympatricin the northernportionof the rangeof M. giganteus(BourneandWarham1966, Hunter 1987). The abovereportsmay pertain to either form.

Fulmarus glacialoides(Smith). SouthernFulmar. ProcellariaglacialoidesSmith, 1840, Illus. Zool. S. Afr., pt. 11, pl. 51. (neighbourhood of the South African coast.)

This speciesbreedsaroundAntarcticaand on Antarcticislandsin the SouthAtlantic and southernIndian oceans,and rangesat sea in southernoceansnorth to southernAustralia,

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APPENDIX

New Zealand, central SouthAmerica, and South Africa. A report from off westernMexico (near Mazatlan, Sinaloa;Friedmannet al. 1950) and the locality of Townsend'sspecimen reportedfrom the "mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon" (Stone 1930) are regardedas erroneous(Bourne 1967, Banks 1988b).

Daption capense(Linnaeus). Cape Petrel. Procellaria capensisLinnaeus,1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 132. Basedprimarily on "The white and black SpottedPeteriF' Edwards,Nat. Hist. Birds 2: 90, pl. 90, right fig. (ad Cap. b. Spei = Cape of Good Hope.) This speciesbreedson Antarcticandsubantarctic islandsin the SouthAtlantic andsouthern Indian oceansand in New Zealand waters. Reportsfrom Maine (Harpswell, Cumberland County, June 1873; Norton 1922), Ireland, continentalEurope,Sicily, and Sri Lanka, as well assightreportsin thePacificOceanoff CaliforniaandAtlanticOceanoff North Carolina, have been questioned;a report from off the coast of Acapulco,Guerrero,is "indefinite" (Friedmannet al. 1957), and an early California specimen("coast of California, opposite Monterey," before 1853; Lawrence 1853) is regardedas erroneouslylabeled (Lee 1993). Thusall NorthernHemispherereportsare highly questionable. Also knownasPintadoPetrel or Cape Pigeon.

Pterodroma solandri (Gould). Solander'sPetrel. Procellaria Solandri Gould, 1844, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 57. (Australia = Bass Strait.)

This speciesbreedsin the SouthPacific on Lord Howe and (formerly) Norfolk islands; pelagicdistributionlittle-known,but recordedprimarily in southwestern Pacificoff Australia and New Zealandnorthto approximatelyTropic of Cancer.An individualfound deadin the Hawaiian Islands(Kauai, 25 November1986; 1987, 'Elepaio47: 29) andpreviouslyreported as P. solandriis an exampleof P. ultima (R. Clapp, pers.comm.).Additionalsightingsof this speciesin Hawaiian watersare unsubstantiated (Pyle 1988). All California sightingsare referableto P. ultima or are unidentifiable;none has been substantiated. A sightreport and photographfrom off Westport,Washington,11 September1983, by T R. Wahl, are not definitive.

Also known as Providence

Petrel.

Pterodroma rostrata (Peale). Tahiti Petrel. Procellaria rostrataPeale, 1848, U.S. Explor. Exped. 8: 296. (Mountainsabout600 feet on Tahiti, Society Islands.) This speciesbreedson New Caledonia and in the Society and Marquesasislands,and rangeswidely in the SouthPacific.Becauseof failure to distinguishthis speciesfrom P. alba, sight reportsin Hawaiian watersare inconclusive(Pyle 1988); there are also sight reportsnear Clippertonand the Revillagigedoislands.

Pterodroma alba (Gmelin). Phoenix Petrel. Procellaria alba Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat. 1 (2): 565. Basedon the "White-breasted Petrel" Latham,Gen. Synop.Birds3(2): 400. (in insulisTurturumet nativitatisChristi = Turtle and Christmasislands.)

This speciesbreedson islandsin the SouthPacific and is rathersedentary.Reportsfrom Hawaiian waters are uncertainbecauseof the failure to distinguishthis speciesfrom P. rostrata (Pyle 1988).

Pterodromafeae (Salvadori).Fea's Petrel. Oestralatafeae Salvadori, 1899, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova40: 305. (San NicholasIsland, Cape Verde Islands.)

This North Atlantic species,along with Pterodromamadeira Mathews, 1934 [Madeira

APPENDIX

687

Petrel], has been separatedfrom P. mollis (Gould, 1844) [Sofi-plumagedPetrel] by Bourne (1983). Reportsof birdsof the complexoff North Carolinain 1981 (Lee 1984) were attributed to mollis (A.O.U. 1985). More recentreportsoff North Carolina, includinga bird photographedin 1991 (1992, Amer.Birds,46: 130; 1992,Chat 56: 52) anda bird seenoff Georgia in 1984 (Haney et al. 1993) are consideredlikely to befeae. Becausefeaeandmadeira may not be distinguishablein the field or in photographs,available informationis insufficient for inclusionof the speciesin the main list (seealsoDeBenedictis1996). Bretagnolle(1995) suggestedon the basisof vocal similaritiesthat P. madeira may be conspecificwith P. feae.

Pterodromadefilippiana (Giglioli and Salvadori).Defilippe's Petrel. /Estrelata defilippiana Giglioli and Salvadori, 1869, Ibis, p. 63. (off coast between Calao, Peru, and Valparaiso,Chile.)

The report of this southernspeciesfrom Hawaiian waters(A.O.U. 1989: 537) pertainsto P. externa.There are no valid reportsof P. defilippianafrom the A.O.U. check-listarea.

Procellaria cinerea Gmelin. Gray Petrel. Procellaria cinerea Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat. 1 (2): 563. Based on the "Cinereous Fulmar" Latham, Gen. Synop.Birds 3(2): 405. (intra circulumAntarcticum= Antarctic seas,lat. 48ø S.) This species,frequentlyplacedin the genusAdamastor,breedson islandsin the South Pacific, South Atlantic, and southernIndian oceans,ranging at sea throughoutall southern oceansbetweenlat. 25ø and55ø S. A specimenfrom California(off Montereyprior to 1853) is consideredto be labelederroneously(Lee 1993). Also known as Black-tailedShearwater.

Procellaria aequinoctialisLinnaeus.White-chinnedPetrel. Procellaria aequinoctialisLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 132. Basedon "The Great Peteril" Edwards,Nat. Hist. Birds, p. 89, pl. 89. ("Cape of Good Hope" = South Georgia.)

This speciesbreedson subantarctic islandsandrangesat sea,mostlyin the SouthAtlantic and southernIndian oceans.An individualfoundin Texas(Rollover Pass,GalvestonCounty, 27 April 1986, photograph;1990, Amer. Birds 44:1158) is of controversialorigin. A recent report from North Carolina (October 1996, Nat. AudubonSoc. Field Notes 51: 39) is under review.

Oceanitesgracilis (Elliot). White-ventedStorm-Petrel. Thalassidromagracilis Elliot, 1859, Ibis, p. 391. (West Coast of America = coast of Chile.)

The breedinggroundsof this speciesare largely unknown,but nestshave beenfound on islandsoff north-centralChile. It rangesregularly to the GalapagosIslandsand along the Pacific coastof South America from Colombia to Chile. There are sight reportsby R. C. Murphy in September1937 in the Gulf of Panamaand at Humboldt Bay, just southof the Dari6n borderin Colombia(Ridgely and Gwynne 1989).

Fregetta grailaria (Vieillot). White-bellied Storm-Petrel. Procellaria grailaria Vieillot, 1818, Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (nouv.6d.) 25 (1817): 418. (Nouvelle-Hollande = New South Wales, Australia.)

Lawrence(1851) reportedthe captureof sevenindividualsin the harbor of St. Marks, Florida; one specimenwas preservedand given to the Academy of Natural Sciencesat Philadelphia,but its presentlocationis unknown.The reporthasbeenlistedunderF. tropica (Gould, 1844) [Black-bellied Storm-Petrel] (see A.O.U. 1957) as well as F. grailaria (see

688

APPENDIX

Palmer 1962). It is uncertainto which of thesetwo speciesthe specimenpertains,and even more doubtfulthat the locality is correct.

Oceanodromahornbyi (Gray). Ringed Storm-Petrel. ThalassidromaHornbyi G. R. Gray, 1854, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1853), p. 62. (north-west coast of America, error = west coast of South America.)

The type locality originally given for this species,normally found off the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuadorto Chile, is deemedin error (Murphy 1936). No other specimenshave beenreportedfrom North America.

SpheniscusmendiculusSundevall.GalapagosPenguin. SpheniscusrnendiculusSundevall,1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,pp. 126, 129. (GalapagosIslands.)

An immatureof this Galapagosendemicwas capturedat Puerto Armuelles,Chiriqui, Panama,in February1955 (Eisenmann1956);becauseit is unlikely, althoughnotimpossible, that this individual reachedPanamanianwaters on its own, the occurrenceis a probable resultof transportby humans.

PhalacrocoraxperspicillatusPallas. Pallas'sCormorant. PhalacrocoraxperspicillatusPallas, 1811, Zoogr.Rosso-Asiat.2: 305. (in Beringii = Bering Island.) North Americanreportsof thisspecies,knownonly from BeringIslandin theCommander Islandsand extinct since 1852, are unsatisfactory.

Phalacrocorax bougainvillii (Lesson).Guanay Cormorant. Carbo Bougainvillii Lesson,1837, in Bougainville,J. Navig. Th6tis Esp6rance2: 331. (Valparaiso,Chile.)

This speciesbreedsonislandsoff thecoastof Peru,centralChile, andsouthern Argentina, and rangesnorth to Colombia and Ecuador.There are sight reportsby R. C. Murphy in Panama,off Ensenadade GuayaboChiquito,southernDari6n, 21 May 1941. A flockof 100 individuals(from which specimenswere obtained)wasjust southof the A.O.U. Check-list area in Colombiain March and April 1941 (Ridgely 1976). The reportedintroductionof this speciesin 1953 on Isla San Ger6nimo, Baja California (see A.O.U. 1957: 34), is erroneous.

Phalacrocoraxkenyoni (Siegel-Causey).Amchitka Cormorant. StictocarbokenyoniSiegel-Causey,1991, Occas.Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Kansas140: 5. (ConstantineHarbor, Amchitka Island, Alaska.) The statusof this recentlydescribedspeciesfrom AmchitkaIsland,Alaska,is uncertain, pendingacquisitionof additionalspecimen material;at presentit is knownonlyfromskeletal material.

Phalacrocorax gaimardi (Lessonand Garnot). Red-leggedCormorant. Carbo GairnardiLessonand Garnot, 1828, in Duperrey,Voy. Coquille, Zool., Atlas 1(7): pl. 48; 1830, 1(14): 601.(Lima, au P6rou = San LorenzoIsland,roadsteadof Lima, Peru.)

Thereis a sightreportof thisspeciesfor Texas(Galveston,28 December1946;Oberholser 1974). Its normalrangeis the Pacificcoastof SouthAmerica, and an individualin eastern Texas (even if its identity were fully verified) would probablyrepresentan escapefrom captivity,perhapsa ship-transported bird.

APPENDIX

689

Mesophoyxintermedia (Wagler). IntermediateEgret. Ardea intermediaWaglet, 1829, Isis von Oken, col. 659. (Java.)

The specimenof this Old World species,also known as Yellow-billed Egret or Lesser Egret, reportedlytaken at Vancouver,British Columbia,may actuallyhave been obtained elsewhere(Brooks 1923, Godfrey 1986).

Platalea ieucorodia Linnaeus.EurasianSpoonbill. Platalea LeucorodiaLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 139. (in Europa = Sweden.) This widespreadOld World specieshasbeenincludedin previouscheck-listson the basis of one specimenfrom Greenland,where accidental.There are no known reportsfrom the A.O.U. area now treated.Also known as EuropeanSpoonbill,White Spoonbill,Common Spoonbill,or the Spoonbill.

Ciconia ciconia (Linnaeus).White Stork. Ardea Ciconia Linnaeus,1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 142. (in Europe, Asia, Africa = Sweden.)

There is one sight report of this Palearcticstork from Antigua, Lesser Antilles (Gricks 1994).

PhoenicopteruschilensisMolina. Chilean Flamingo. Phoenicopterus chilensisMolina, 1782, SaggioStoriaNat. Chili, pp. 242, 344. (Chile.) Individualsof this South American specieshave been reportedin California, Delaware, and other states;they are regardedasescapedindividuals.Many otherreportsof this species have not reachedthe scientificliterature becausethe birds are assumedto be escapesfrom captivity.

Anser anser (Linnaeus).GraylagGoose. Anas Anser Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 123. Based on "The LaughingGoose" Edwards,Nat. Hist. Birds 3: 153, pl. 153. (in Europa & America maxime boreall = Sweden.)

An individual of this widespreadEurasianspeciescapturedon the HousatonicRiver near Lenox,Massachusetts, 2 December1932, wasconsideredlater to be a domesticbird (Snyder 1957). More recent sightreports,mostly in the easternUnited States,are thoughtalso to pertainto escapesfrom captivity;a reportfrom Attu (1987, Amer. Birds 41: 476) pertains to Anserfabalis (1988, Amer. Birds 42: 121). Anser indicus Latham.

Bar-headed

Goose.

Anser indicaLatham, 1790, Index Ornithol. 2: 839. (in India; hyemegregaria;e Thibeto = India in winter, and Tibet.)

Individualsof this centralAsian speciesreportedfrom California, Saskatchewan, Illinois, Pennsylvania,Ohio, Quebec,Texas,and elsewherein North America are probableescapes from captivity (Palmer 1976; for discussionseeLahrman 1994).

Branta ruficollis (Pallas). Red-breastedGoose. Anser ruficollisPallas, 1769, Spic. Zool. 1 (6): 21, pl. 4. (lower Ob, southernRussia.) This westernSiberian specieshas been reportedin North America between September and April from California (six reports,1890s to 1969), Maine (1962), and Texas (19691970). It is widely kept by aviculturists,and thesereportsprobablypertainto escapesfrom captivity (Palmer 1976).

690

APPENDIX

Tadornaferruginea (Pallas). Ruddy Shelduck. Anasferruginea Pallas, 1764, in Vroeg, Cat. RaisonnOis., Adumbr.,p. 5. (No locality given = Tartary.) This Eurasianspecieshasbeenreportedas accidentalin westernGreenland.Reportsfrom California, and in easternNorth America from Iowa, Indiana, Ohio, Quebec,Vermont,Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,and New Jerseysouthto Florida, probably pertain to escapesfrom captivity.

Tadorna tadorna (Linnaeus). Common Shelduck. Anas Tadorna Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 122. (in Europa•maritimis = Sweden.)

This Eurasianspecies,knownin Old World literatureasthe Shelduckandkept widelyin captivity,hasbeenreportedfrom Quebec(Cap Saint-Ignace,1982), Massachusetts (Ipswich Bay, 1921), and Delaware (BombayHook, 1970-1976); thesereportslikely pertainto escaped individuals. Several other reports of birds definitely known to have escapedhave appearedin the literature.

Aix galericulata (Linnaeus). Mandarin Duck. Anas galericulataLinnaeus.1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 128. Basedon "The Chinese Teal" of Edwards,Nat. Hist. Birds,p. 102, pl. 102. (China). An introducedpopulationof thisEurasianspeciesmay be established asa breedingspecies in SonomaCounty,California. The first nestwas recordedin 1972, and by the mid-1980s, the populationhad grown to severalhundred(Shurtleff and Savage 1996). Reportsfrom elsewhereare regardedas escapeesfrom captivity.

Netta rufina (Pallas). Red-crestedPochard. Anas rufina Pallas, 1773, Reise Versch.Prov. Russ. Reichs 2: 713. (in Mari Caspio lacubusquevastissimisdesertiTatadci = Caspian Sea.) The report of a specimenof this Eurasian speciesfrom Long Island Sound (1881) is unsatisfactory;the specimencannotbe located.Sight reportsof individualsin Washington andin easternNorth Americaalmostcertainlypertainto individualsescapedfrom captivity.

Aythya baeri (Radde). Baer's Pochard. Anas (Fuligula) Baeri Radde, 1863, ReisenSOd.Ost-Sib. 2: 376, pl. 15. (in der oberen Salbatsche-Ebene auf dem rechtenAmurufer = upperSalbatchPlains,middleAmur River, eastern Siberia.)

This specieshas been included in the North American avifauna on the basis of two specimens(one still extant) reportedlytakenabout 1841 by Pealein "Oregon" (= southern British Columbia to Oregon; Friedmann 1949). The extant specimendoes not agreewith examplesof A. baeri in plumageor bill shapeand may be a hybrid (P. Rasmussen, pers. comm., contra Palmer 1976).

Aythya nyroca (Giildenst•idt).FerruginousDuck. Anas nyroca G01denst•idt,1770, Novi CommentariiAcad. Sci. Imp. Petropolitanae14 (1769): 403 (southernRussia.)

This Eurasianspecieswas reportedon Bermuda,5 January-1March 1987 (Amos 1991), but the report was evidently undocumented.

Accipiter nisus (Linnaeus).EurasianSparrowhawk. Falco NisusLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 92. (in Europa -- Sweden.) An immaturefemalebelievedto be thisOld World specieswasreportedfrom New Jersey

APPENDIX

691

(Cape May, 24 October 1978; 1979, New JerseyAudubonSuppl. 5: 11); the individual photographedis not identifiable.

Buteo polyosoma(Quoy and Gaimard).Red-backedHawk. Falco polyosomaQuoy and Gaimard, 1824, in Freycinet,Voy. Uranie Phys.,Zool., 3: 92, pl. 14. (Falkland Islands.) An individual thoughtto be of this Andean and southernSouth American specieswas reportedfrom Colorado(Gunnison,first from mid-August-31October1987, photographs; 1988, Amer. Birds 42: 112); the bird returned the next year and was paired with a B. swainsoni.IdentificationasanotherSouthAmericanspecies,B. poecilochrousGurney,1879, cannotbe ruled out; furthermore,the origin of the bird remainshighly questionable(Allen 1988).

Buteo buteo (Linnaeus). Common Buzzard. Falco Buteo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 1. (in Europa = Sweden.)

An individualthoughtto be of this Eurasianspecieswas reportedfrom Alaska (Nizki, in the Aleutian Islands,26 May 1983; 1983, Amer. Birds 37: 902); this sightreportof a highly variable speciesoften difficult to identify in the field is unsatisfactory.

Hieraaetus pennatus (Gmelin). Booted Eagle. Falco pennamsGmelin, 1788, Syst.Nat. 1: 272. Basedon "BootedFalcon" Latham, Gen. Synop.Birds 1, p. 75. (No locality given, Francesuggested by Swann, 1922, Synop.Accipitres,ed. 2, p. 113.) This speciesof southernEurasiawas reportedon Bermuda,8-13 September1989; an African origin andtransportation by HurricaneGabriellewerepostulated(Amos 1991). The report was evidentlyundocumented.

Rallus aquaticusLinnaeus.Water Rail. RallusaquaticusLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1:153. (in Europa= GreatBritain.) This Eurasianspecieswasincludedin former check-listson the basisof severalstragglers taken in Greenland.There are no known reportsfrom the A.O.U. areanow treated.

Porphyrio porphyrio (Linnaeus).Purple Swamphen. Fulica PorphyrioLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 152. (in Asia, America = lands borderingthe westernMediterraneanSea.) An individual thoughtto be a molting sub-adultand possiblyfrom one of the Middle Easternsubspecies appearedin suburbanWilmington,Delaware, 5 December1990, and it remainedtwo weeks (1991, Amer. Birds 45: 255). Its origin is questionable,but given the unusualdispersalabilitiesof many Rallidae, a naturalorigin cannotbe dismissed.

Hoploxypteruscayanus (Latham). Pied Lapwing. CharadriuscayanusLatham, 1790, Index Ornithol.2: 749. Basedmainly on "Le Pluvier arm6 de Cayenne" Buffon, Hist. Nat. Ois. 8: 102. (in Cayana = Cayenne.) The report of this SouthAmerican speciesfrom Honduras,basedon a reputedspecimen from the "Aloof River" [= Rfo Ulfia] region(1855-1856), is unsatisfactory (Monroe 1968).

Charadrius pecuarius Temminck.Kittlitz's Plover. Charadriuspecuarius Temminck, 1823, PlanchesColor., livr. 31, pl. 183. (Cape of Good Hope.) A bandedindividual of this African specieswas photographedat the mouth of the San

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^}'PENt)IX

Diego river, San Diego County, California, 26 December1970, but the origin of this individual is highly questionable(Langham1991). Charadrius

veredus Gould. Oriental

Plover.

CharadriusveredusGould, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,p. 38. (NorthernAustralia.) This Asiatic specieswas included in former check-listson the basis of a record from Greenland (A.O.U. 1957: 165-166, footnote, as C. asiaticus veredus). There are no known reportsfrom the A.O.U. area now treated.

Gallinago media (Latham). Great Snipe. ScolopaxMediaLatham,1787,Gen.Synop.Birds,suppl.,1:292. (Lancashire,England.) This Eurasianspecies,which winters in Africa, was supposedlyphotographedin New Jersey(Cape May, 7 September1963; 1964, AudubonField Notes 18: 21), but the report has not been verified.

Catharactachilensis(Bonaparte).Chilean Skua. Stercorariusantarcticusb. chilensisBonaparte,1856, Consp.Gen. Avium 2 (1857): 207. (ex Am[erica]. m[eridionale]. = Chile.) Birds reportedto be of this SouthernHemispherespeciesin Pacificwatersoff the coast of North Americahavebeenre-identifiedas C. maccormicki(Devillers 1977a).A pre-1853 specimenreportedlytaken off Monterey,California,was re-identifiedas C. lonnbergi,and the locality is probablyerroneous(Lee 1993).

Larus cirrocephalusVieillot. Gray-hoodedGull. Larus cirrocephalusVieillot, 1818, Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (nouv. 6d) 21: 502. (Brazil = Rio de Janeiro.)

This speciesbreedson bays, estuaries,and lagoonsalong the Pacific coastof Ecuador and Peru, the Atlantic coast of South America from southernBrazil to central Argentina, and in tropical and southernAfrica and Madagascar;it wintersin coastalareasand on inland lakes near the breedingareas,occasionallynorth along the coastsof South America and Africa. There is a sight report of an adult in Panama,PanamaBay at PanamaCity, 25 September1955 (Ridgely 1976).

Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein.Kelp Gull. Larus dominicanusLichtenstein,1823, Verz. Doubl. Zool. Mus. Berlin, p. 502. (Coasts of Brazil.)

This speciesbreedsfrom Tierra del Fuego north to southwesternEcuador and southern Brazil, andelsewhereat subantarctic latitudesin the SouthernHemisphere.A pair of "mated" gulls and possiblya third individual appearedin 1989 in coastalLouisianaand were tentatively identifiedas L. dominicanus.The following summer,one bred with L. argentatus, the only reportof breedingof the latter speciesin Louisiana(1990, Amer.Birds44:1147); additionalindividualsidentifiedas L. dominicanushave beenreportedthere in subsequent years.Three recordsfrom the Yucatanin 1991, 1993, and 1994 have beenaccompanied by photos(Howell et al. 1993), ashavereportsfrom TexasandIndiana.Becauseof the difficulty of positiveidentificationto specieswithout a specimen,and alsobecauseit seemsunlikely that a sub-Antarcticspecieswould colonize the subtropicalGulf of Mexico, the speciesis retainedin the Appendixuntil confirmationis obtained.Also knownalsoasDominicanGull and Southern Black-backed

Gull.

Creagrusfurcatus (N6boux). Swallow-tailed Gull. LarusfurcatusN6boux,1846,Voy. Venus,Atlas,Zool., Ois., pl. 10. (fadede Monterey, Haute-Californie,error = GalapagosIslands.)

APPENDIX

693

This speciesbreedson the GalapagosIslandsand rangesto the Pacific coastof South America.A sightreportfrom Panama(northwestof PitiasBay, Darien, 18 July 1957; Robins 1958) is unsatisfactory.The identificationof a bird from California (Monterey Bay, 6-8 June 1985, photograph;1985, Amen Birds 39: 879-880, 958-959) is not questioned,but the origin of the bird is uncertain(DeBenedictis1996). There is also a publishedreport referringto a photographfrom the Bay of Panama,14 June 1983 (Reed 1988), but the photographhas not been examined.

Sterna surnatranaRaffles. Black-napedTern. Sterna Sumatrana Raffles, 1822, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13 (2): 329. (Sumatra.)

This speciesrangesthroughoutmuchof the Indian Ocean,and in the Pacificfrom southeasternChina, and the Ryukyu, Caroline, Gilbert, and Phoenix islandssouthto Australia, New Caledonia,and the Loyalty Islands.Old reportsfrom the Hawaiian Islands(Kauai, Hawaii) are erroneousand basedon specimensof S. hirundo (Clapp et al. 1983). $terna

trudeaui

Audubon.

Trudeau's Tern.

Sterna TrudeauiAudubon,1838, Birds Amer. (folio) 4: pl. 409, fig. 2 (1839, Ornithol. Biogr. 5: 125). (Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey.)

This speciesbreedsin Chile, southernBrazil (Rio Grandedo Sul province),Uruguay,and Argentina(SantaF6, Entre Rios, and BuenosAires provinces),and winters alongthe coast of Chile, occasionallyto Peru. The type was supposedlytaken at Great Egg Harbor,New Jersey;the naturaloccurrence of this speciesin North Americais highlyquestionable. Also known also as Snowy-crownedTern.

Cepphuscarbo Pallas. SpectacledGuillemot. CepphusCarbo Pallas, 1811, Zoogr.Rosso-Asiat.2: 350. (circa insulasAleuticas,error -- Kuril Islands.)

The original type locality of this Asiatic species,known also as Sooty Guillemot,is regardedas erroneous;there is no evidencefor its occurrencein North Americanwaters.

½olurnbagoodsoniHartert. Dusky Pigeon. Columba goodsoniHartert, 1902, Bull. Brit. Ornithol. Club 12: 42. (S[an]. Javier, Pambilar, and Carondelet, n.w. Ecuador = Pambilar, Ecuador.)

This speciesis a residentof westernColombia and westernEcuador.There is a sight report of two individualsin Panama(upper Tuira valley, Dari6n, 7 March 1981; Ridgely and Gwynne 1989).

Nandayus nenday (Vieillot). Black-hoodedParakeet. PsittacusnendayVieillot, 1823, in Bonnaterreand Vieillot, Tabl. Encycl. M6th. (Ornithol.) 3 (93): 1400. (Paraguay.)

This southernSouthAmerican species,known also as Nanday Parakeetor Conure, is widely reportedin theUnitedStatesandPuertoRico asanescape.Breedinghasbeenreported in peninsularFlorida, where it may be established(Robertsonand Woolfenden1992), and in southernCalifornia,whereit seemsto have existedfor morethan 15 years(Johnstonand Garrett 1994). A small populationthat existedat Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York, has now disappeared.

Forpus xanthopterygius(Spix). Blue-wingedParrotlet. Psittaculaxanthopterygius Spix, 1824, Avium Spec.Nov. Bras. 1: 42, pl. 31. (Amazon Basin.)

This South American specieswas doubtfully reportedfrom Panama, as F. passerinus

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APPENDIX

spengeli(Hartlaub, 1885) by Wetmore(1968). The blue-rumpedforms, includingspengeli, were separatedfrom the green-rumpedpasserinusby Gyldenstolpe(1945).

Brotogerischiriri (Vieillot). Yellow-chevronedParakeet. Psittacus chiriri Vieillot, 1817 (1818), Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. (nouv. 6d.) 25: 359. (Paraguay,ex. Azara.)

Although detailsof introductionare unknownand establishmentis uncertain,this South American specieshas been replacingB. versicolurus[White-winged Parakeet]in southern California (JohnstonandGarrett 1994) andFlorida (Smith and Smith 1993) in recentyears. The two forms have beentreatedas conspecificbut are consideredseparatespecieson the basisof morphologicaldifferencesand near sympatryin southernParfi, Brazil (Pinto and Camargo1957).

Arnazona arnazonica(Linnaeus).Orange-wingedParrot. PsittacusamazonicusLinnaeus,1766, Syst.Nat. (ed. 12) 1: 147. Basedmainly on "Le PerroquetAmazone" Brisson,Ornithologie4: 256. (in Surinamo= Surinam.) Small numbersof this recentlyintroducedSouthAmericanspeciesare now residentand apparentlybreedingin PuertoRico (San Juan area, Mayaguez, Salinas,Rfo Piedras).Populationsin southernFlorida are consideredto be escapedindividualsor their descendants (Robertson and Woolfenden 1992).

Coccyzusputnilus Strickland.Dwarf Cuckoo. CoccyzuspumilusStrickland,1853, in Jardine,Contrib. Ornithol. (1852): 28, pl. 82. (Trinidad, error -- Venezuela.)

This speciesis found in northernColombiaand northernVenezuela(includingMargarita Island). There is a sightreport in Panama(Tocumen,easternPanamfiprovince,9 February 1979; Braun and Wolf 1987).

Coccyzuslansbergi Bonaparte.Gray-cappedCuckoo. CoccyzuslansbergiBonaparte,1850, Consp.Gen. Avium 1 (1): 112. (Sta. F6 de Bogot5 [Colombia].)

This SouthAmerican speciesis residentin northernColombia,northernVenezuela,and westernEcuador,migrating,at least in part, southto westernPeru. This specieswas listed from Panamainitially by Shelley(in Sclaterand Shelley1891: 303), but it seemsclearfrom the commentsof Wetmoreet al. (1984) that there are no reportsfrom Panamaprior to 1980. There are more recent sight reports in Panama (Tocumen,easternPanam5province, 10 February 1980, 7 January1982, 23 December 1985; Braun and Wolf 1987).

Anthracothoraxviridigula (Boddaert).Green-throatedMango. Trochilusviridigula Boddaert,1783,TablePlanchesEnlum.,p. 41. Basedon Daubenton, PlanchesEnlum., pl. 671, fig. 1. (Cayenne.)

This speciesis foundfrom easternVenezuela,Trinidad,and the Guianassouthto northeasternBrazil. There is a sight report of an immature individual on Union Island in the Grenadines, Lesser Antilles (Bond 1956: 91, footnote).

Chlorostilbonmellisugus(Linnaeus).Blue-tailedEmerald. Trochilusrnellisugus Linnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1' 121. (In Indiis = Cayenne.) Simon (1921' 290) erroneouslylisted "Prasitis rnelanorrhynchus purnila (Gould)" = Chlorostilbonputnilus Gould, 1872, from the Republic of Panama(Wetmore 1968). That

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695

subspecies, known from westernColombiaand westernEcuador,is placedin the species rnellisugusby Meyer de Schauensee(1966) but was referred to C. gibsoni (Fraser, 1840) by Peters(1945). Stiles(1996a), who reviewedthe taxonomyof this group,agreedwith the latter author.

Amazilia chionopectus(Gould). White-chestedEmerald. Thaurnatiaschionopectus Gould, 1859, Monogr.Trochil., pt. 18, pl. [8] and text. (Trinidad).

This speciesis found in the Guianas, northeasternVenezuela, and on Trinidad. Four specimensin the Museumof ComparativeZoology are labeled "GrenadaW. I. Peter Gellineau"; becausetheseare of a typical Trinidad "trade skin" make, they are regardedas mislabeled(Ridgway 1911: 431, footnote).

Amazilia tobaci (Gmelin). Copper-rumpedHummingbird. TrochilusTobaciGmelin, 1788, Syst.Nat. 1 (1): 498. Basedon the "TobagoHummingbird" Latham, Gen. Synop.Birds 1(2): 781. (in insula Tobago.)

This speciesis knownprimarilyfrom Tobago,Trinidad,andVenezuela.Specimensin the Boucardcollection,labeled "Grenada," may have been taken on Tobago(Bond 1956: 91, footnote),and the occurrenceof the speciesin the LesserAntilles is doubtful.

Acestrura heliodor (Bourcier). GorgetedWoodstar. Ornisrnyaheliodor Bourcier, 1840, Rev. Zool. [Paris] 3: 275. (Santa-F6 de Bogota [Colombia].) A residentof humid mountainforest in northwesternSouth America, this specieswas erroneouslyreportedfrom easternPanama(see accountof Calliphlox rnitchelliiin Robbins et al. 1985).

Ramphastosbrevis Meyer de Schauensee.Choco Toucan. Rarnphastosarnbiguusbrevis Meyer de Schauensee,1945, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia97: 14. (Rio Mechengue,2500 ft., Cauca, westernColombia.)

This species,found in the Pacific lowlandsof westernColombia and westernEcuador, was attributedto easternPanama(asRarnphastosarnbiguus)by Ridgway (1914) on the basis of a specimenin the Museumof ComparativeZoologyreportedfrom Loma del Le6n (eastern Dari6n). Wetmore(1968) and subsequent authorsregardthe locality asuncertain,andrecent field workers in eastern Dari6n have failed to discover it.

ThamnophilusmultistriatusLafresnaye.Bar-crestedAntshrike. ThamnophilusrnultistriatusLafresnaye,1844, Rev. Zool. [Paris] 7: 82. (Colombie -Bogotfi, Colombia.) This species,knownfrom the northernAndesin extremewesternVenezuelaandColombia, was reportedby Sclater(1890) from Panama;there is apparentlyno basisfor this listing, and the report is considerederroneous(Wetmore 1972).

Urocissaerythrorhyncha(Boddaert).Red-billed Blue-Magpie. Corvuserythrorynchus[sic] Boddaert,1783, Table PlanchesEnlum., p. 38. Basedon the "Geay de la Chine h bec rouge" Daubenton,PlanchesEnlum., pl. 622. (China = Canton, China.) A few individualsof this SoutheastAsian specieswere releasedon Oahu in the Hawaiian

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APPENDIX

Islandsin the mid-1960s They persistedat least into 1970 and bred (Berger 1972), but no populationbecameestablished.The specieswas also introducedin PuertoRico but did not become established(Raffaele 1983).

Corvusfrugilegus Linnaeus.Rook. CorvusfrugilegusLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 105. (in Europa = Sweden.) This Eurasianspecieswas includedin former check-listson the basisof a report from southeastern Greenland.There are no knownreportsfrom the A.O.U. areanow treated.Also known

as Eurasian

Rook.

Corvus corone Linnaeus.

Carrion Crow.

CorvusCoroneLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 105. (in Europa = England.) The distinctform of thisEurasianspeciesoccurringin Ireland, Scotland,andfrom eastern Europe eastward,formerly treatedas a separatespecies,C. cornix Linnaeus,1758 [Hooded Crow], has been includedpreviouslyon the basisof specimensfrom Greenland,which is no longer includedin the A.O.U. area. A report from southeastern California (Salton Sea) is consideredan escapefrom captivity.

Melanocoryphacalandra (Linnaeus).CalandraLark. Alauda calandra Linnaeus,1766, Syst. Nat.(ed. 12) 1: 288. (Pyrenees.) A specimenof this Old World specieswas obtainedat Glenolden,Pennsylvania,on 6 May 1928, after being observedsince 15 April (1928, Cassinia[Proc. Delaware Valley Ornithol. Club] 27: 35); it was most likely an escapedcage-bird.

Parus major Linnaeus.Great Tit. Parus major Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.(ed. 10) 1: 189. (in Europa = Sweden.)

There is a sight report of this Eurasian speciesin Alaska (Little Diomede Island, 2 September1988; 1989, Amer. Birds 43: 153; see DeBenedictis1994a).

Parus varius Temminckand Schlegel.Varied Tit. Parus varius Temminck and Schlegel,1848, in Siebold, Fauna Jpn., Aves, p. 71, pl. 35. (Japon= Honshu,Japan.) This species,a native of easternAsia southto Japan,was introducedinto the Hawaiian Islands about 1890 (on Kauai, Oahu, Maul, and Hawaii) and establishedon Kauai and Oahu.

Numbersdiminishedduring the 1940s, and it was last reportedin the 1960s (Pyle 1979).

Phylloscopustrochilus (Linnaeus).Willow Warbler. Motacilla TrochilusLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 188. (in Europa = Sweden.)

A specimen,reportedas this widespreadEurasianspecies(which has also straggledto Greenland), was taken at Barrow, Alaska, on 10 June 1952 (Pitelka 1974); however, reexaminationof the specimenindicatedthat it is an example of P. borealis (Robersonand Pitelka 1983).

Copsychussaularis (Linnaeus).Magpie Robin. Gracula Saularis Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 109. Basedmainly on the "Dialbird" Albin, Nat. Hist. Birds 3: 17, pl. 17-18. (in Asia = Bengal.) Variousintroductionsof this southernAsian specieswere madein the HawaiianIslands (Kauai and Oahu) between 1922 and 1950, but there is no evidence of establishment;there

have beenno reliablereportssince 1967.

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697

Saxicola rubetra (Linnaeus). Whinchat. Motacilla RubetraLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 186. (in Europa = Sweden.) A sight report of this Europeanspeciesfrom Massachusetts(Lincoln, 22 October 1964; 1965, AudubonField Notes 19:8) is consideredunsatisfactory.

Garrulax caerulatus(Hodgson).Gray-sidedLaughing-thrush. CinclosornaCaerulatusHodgson,1836, Asiat. Res. 19: 147. (Nepal.) Introducedin the Hawaiian Islands(Oahu), this laughing-thrushfrom southernAsia was frequentlyreportedin the northernKoolau Mountainsalongthe PoamohoTrail duringthe 1940sand 1950s;well-substantiated reportsin the samelocalityin 1978(TaylorandCollins 1979) and 1986 (Bremer 1987) suggestthat the speciesmay persistin small numbers.

Acridotheresjavanicus Cabanis.White-ventedMyna. Acridotheresjavanicus Cabanis, 1850, Mus. Heineanum 1 (1851): 205. (Java.)

A native of southeastAsia, this specieshas been introducedin PuertoRico (Bayam6n area), but its presentstatusis uncertain(Raffaele 1983).

Anthuspratensis(Linnaeus).Meadow Pipit. AnthuspratensisLinnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 166. (in Europa:pratis = Sweden.)

This Palearcticspeciesbreedsin Greenlandand has been includedin previousChecklists on that basis.

Euphonia mesochrysaSalvadori.Bronze-greenEuphonia. Euphonia rnesochrysaSalvadori, 1873, Atti R. Accad. Sci. Torino, C1. Sci. Fis. Math. Nat. 8: 193. (No locality given = BogotJ, Colombia.)

The locality "Honduras"on the label of a specimenin the Academyof Natural Sciences at Philadelphiais regardedas erroneous(Monroe 1968); the speciesis found in the Andes from Colombia

to Bolivia.

Piranga rubricepsGray. Red-hoodedTanager. PyrangarubricepsG. R. Gray, 1844, GeneraBirds2: 364, pl. 89, lower fig. (No locality given = Bogota,Colombia.) A specimenof this SouthAmericanspecieswas takenat Dos Pueblos[-- Naples],Santa BarbaraCounty,California,about1871 (Bryant 1887). It is assumedto havebeenan escape from captivity (Ridgway 1902: 776; Grinnell and Miller 1944). Also known as Gray's Tanager.

Sporophila bouvronides(Lesson).Lesson'sSeedeater. Pyrrhula bouvronidesLesson, 1831, Trait60rnith., livre 6: 450. (No locality given; Trinidaddesignatedby Hellmayr [1938].) This speciesbreeds in South America in northern and easternColombia, Venezuela, Tobago,Trinidad,Guyana,and Surinam;it winterssouthto northernPeru and Amazonian Brazil. Therearesightreportsin Panama(Yaviza,Dari6n, 30 April 1979,two pairs,J. Pujals; Ridgely 1981). AlthoughS. bouvronidesand S. lineola (Linnaeus,1758) [Lined Seedeater], a southernSouthAmericanbreederthatmigratesto northernSouthAmericain nonbreeding season(Silva 1995 and referencestherein), have been consideredconspecific(e.g., A.O.U. 1983), specieslimits were clarified by Schwartz(1975).

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APPENDIX

Icterus nigrogularis (Hahn). Yellow Oriole. XanthornusnigrogularisHahn, 1819, V6gel Asien, Afr., etc., lief 5, pl. 1. (Jamaica, Mexico, and Cayenne = Brazil.)

One or two specimenssaidto have come from the Isthmusof Panamaformedthe basis for the descriptionof IcterusxanthornusdubusiiDubois, 1875;nigrogularisis a replacement namefor xanthornus,which was preoccupied. The originof thesespecimens of this South American speciesis indefinite,but they were probablynot from Panama,where there are no other records(Hellmayr 1937). Wetmoreet al. (1972) did not mention the species.

Carduelis magellanica (Vieillot). Hooded Siskin. Fringilla magellanicaVieillot, 1805, Ois. Chant.,pl. 30. (southernAmericaandvicinity of Straitsof Magellan, error = BuenosAires, Argentina.) A specimenof this widespreadSouth American speciestaken at Henderson,Kentucky, was describedand figuredby Audubon(1838: pl. 394, fig. 2; 1839: 46); the origin of the specimenis uncertain.

Carduelischloris (Linnaeus).EuropeanGreenfinch. Loxia chlorisLinnaeus,1758, Syst.Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 174. (in Europa = Sweden.) An individual of this Europeanfinch was presentand photographedat St. John,New Brunswick,31 March-3 April 1977 (1977, Amer. Birds 31: 977); althoughthis report as well as a more recent sight report from Quebecmay representnatural vagrants,a pattern of suchvagrancyin a cage-birdspeciesshouldbe demonstrated beforethe speciesis removed from hypotheticalstatus.Also known as the Greenfinch.

Lagonosticta rubricam (Lichtenstein). African Fire-Finch. Fringilla rubricam Lichtenstein,1823, Verz. Doubl. Zool. Mus. Berlin, p. 27. (terra Caffrorum = Uitenhage,Cape Province,Africa.)

Successfulbreedingof escapedpairs of this widespreadAfrican specieswas reportedat Pacific Grove, MontereyCounty,California, in 1965 and 1966 (1966, Amer. Birds 20: 90, 598), but no populationbecame established.It was also introducedin the 1960s in the Hawaiian Islands,but it has since disappeared;there is no evidencethat the specieswas ever established(R. L. Pyle, in litt.).

Part 2. Forms of doubtful status or of hybrid origin that have been given a formal scientificname. Becausethesetaxa are of uncertainspecificstatusor of presumedhybrid origin, their genericplacementis also uncertain.Therefore,we retain the original generic and specificnamesevenwhen certainthat the genericdesignationis incorrect;the probable genericrelationshipsare indicatedin the commentsunder each species.An exceptionis made for Brewster'sand Lawrence'swarblers,which are known to be intragenerichybrids. Anas breweri

Audubon.

Anas breweri Audubon, 1838, Ornithol. Biogr. 3: 302. (Lake Barataria,Louisiana). This bird is a hybrid betweenA. platyrhynchosandA. strepera.(Cockrum 1952).

LophortyxleucoprosoponReichenow. Lophortyxleucoprosopon Reichenow,1895, Ornithol.Monatsber.3: 11. (Origin unknown).

Known only from a pair in a private aviary, believedto have beenboughtfrom a sailor arriving at Hamburg,Germany,this quail is regardedas a hybrid betweenCallipepla douglasii and C. gambelii (Hellmayr and Conover 1942).

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699

Tringa cooperi Baird. Cooper'sSandpiper. Tringa cooperiBaird, 1858, in Baird, Cassin,andLawrence,Rep. Explor.Surv. R. R. Pac. 9: 716. (RaynourSouth,Long Island [New York].) Known only from the uniquetype specimen,taken in May 1833. Althoughprobablya representativeof the presentgenusCalidris, the statusof this form remainsundetermined (Ridgway 1919, Cox 1989).

Calidris paramelanotosParker.Cox's Sandpiper. CalidrisparamelanotosParker,1982, S. Austral.Nat. 56: 63. (Price Saltfields,upper Gulf St. Vincent, South Australia.)

Christidis et al. (1996) have shown on the basis of molecular data that this form is a

hybridbetweenCurlew Sandpiper(Calidrisferruginea)andPectoralSandpiper(C. rnelanotos).It hasbeenfoundduringnonbreedingseasonsin Australia(Cox 1989 andreferences therein).Reportsfrom Massachusetts (Kasprzyket al. 1987, Vickery et al. 1987) havebeen disputedby Monroe (1991), who notedthat this observation"cannotbe definitelyascribed to anything." Larus

nelsoni

Henshaw.

Nelson's Gull.

Larus nelsoni Henshaw, 1884, Auk 1: 250. (St. Michael, Alaska.)

This gull is regardedas a hybridbetweenL. hyperboreusand L. argentatus(Jehl 1987).

Zenaida plumbea Gosse.PlumbeousDove. ZenaidaplurnbeaGosse,1849, Illustr.BirdsJamaica,pl. 85. (Jamaica.) This bird is known only from Gosse'scoloredplate. No specimensare known, although it may have occurredon Jamaicauntil the mid-1850s(Ridgway 1916).

Conurus labati Rothschild.GuadeloupeParakeet. Conuruslabati Rothschild,1905, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 16: 13. (Guadeloupe,Lesser Antilles.)

Describedfrom accountsby early travelers,this bird is believedto have been endemic to Guadeloupe,LesserAntilles. No specimensare known.

Anodorhynchus martinicus Rothschild. M'artinique Macaw. Anadorhynchus[sic]martinicusRothschild,1905, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 16: 14. (Martinique, LesserAntilles.) Describedfrom the accountof an early traveler,this bird was believedto be endemicto Martinique,LesserAntilles. No specimensare known.

AnodorhynchuspurpurascensRothschild.GuadeloupeViolet Macaw. Anadorhynchus[sic] purpurascensRothschild, 1905, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 16: 13. (Guadeloupe,LesserAntilles.)

Basedon a description by an earlytraveler,thisbird wasapparentlyrestrictedto theisland of Guadeloupe,LesserAntilles. No specimensare known. Ara atwoodi

Clark. Dominican

Macaw.

Ara atwoodi Clark, 1908, Auk 25: 310. (Dominica.)

This bird, apparentlyoccurringon Dominica,LesserAntilles,wasnamedon the basisof a descriptionin an early book.No specimensare known.

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APPENDIX

Ara erythrocephalaRothschild.Red-headedGreen Macaw. Ara erythrocephalaRothschild, 1905, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club 16: 14. (Mountainsof Trelawny and St. Anne's, Jamaica.)

This bird was reportedonly from Jamaica.One bird, perhapsa captive,was mentioned by Gosse(1847), but there are no specimens.

Ara erythrura Rothschild.Red-tailedMacaw. Ara erythruraRothschild,1907, ExtinctBirds,p. 54, pl. 15. ("One of the WestIndian Islands.")

Described from the accountsof early travelers, this bird was believed to occur on an unspecifiedAntilleanisland.No specimensare known.

Ara gosseiRothschild.Yellow-headedMacaw. Ara gosseiRothschild, 1905, Bull. Brit. Omith. Club 16: 14. (Mountains of Hanover Parish, about 10 miles east of Lucea, Jamaica.)

This bird wasreportedonly from Jamaica.A specimencollectedabout1765 wasdescribed by Gosse(1847), althoughhe apparentlydid not seethe bird.

Ara guadeloupensisClark. GuadeloupeMacaw. Ara guadeloupensis Clark, 1905, Auk 22: 272. (Guadeloupe,LesserAntilles.) Describedfrom accountsof early travelers,this bird evidently occurredon Guadeloupe and Martinique, LesserAntilles. No specimensare known.

Amazilia bangsi Ridgway. Bangs'sHummingbird. Amizilis [sic] bangsiRidgway, 1910, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 23: 54. (Volcfinde Miravalles, Costa Rica.)

This hummingbirdis regardedas a hybridbetweenAmazilia rutila andA. tzacatl(Bangs 1930).

Amazilia ocai Gould. d'Oca's Hummingbird. Arnazilia Ocai Gould, 1859, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3, 4: 96. (Xalapa, southern Mexico = Jalapa,Veracruz.) This uniquehummingbirdis regardedas a hybrid betweenArnazilia cyanocephalaand A. beryllina (Berlioz 1932). Thaumatias

lerdi d'Oca.

Thaurnatias lerdi d'Oca, 1875, La Naturaleza 3: 24. (Paso del Macho, Vera Cruz, Mexico.) This is often consideredto be the same as Arnazilia ocai (Peters 1945).

Saucerottiafiorenceae van Rossemand Hachisuka.Florence'sHummingbird. Saucerottiafiorenceaevan Rossemand Hachisuka,1938, Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 408. (Rancho Santa Barbara, 5000 feet, 20 miles northeastof Guirocoba, Sonora.)

The uniquetype is probablyan intragenerichybrid in Arnazilia (Peters 1945).

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701

Cyanomyia salvini Brewster.Salvin's Hummingbird. Cyanomyiasalvini Brewster, 1893, Auk 10: 214. (Nacosari, Sonora,Mexico.)

This form is regardedas a hybrid betweenArnazilia violicepsand Cynanthuslatirostris (Griscom 1934).

TrochilusviolajugulumJeffries.Violet-throatedHummingbird. TrochilusviolajugulurnJeffries, 1888, Auk 5: 168. (SantaBarbara,California.)

This form is regardedas a hybrid betweenArchilochusalexandri and Calypte anna (Ridgway 1911, Banks and Johnson1961).

PhasmornismysticaOberholser.ChisosHummingbird. PhasrnornisrnysticaOberholser,1974, Bird Life Texas 1: 485. (Boot Spring,Chisos Mts., Texas.)

Describedfrom the uniquetype (subsequently lost) as a new species(and genus),this form probablyrepresentsa hybrid (of unknownparentage)or an aberrantindividual of Archilochusalexandri (Browning 1978).

Selasphorus fioresii Gould. Floresi's Hummingbird. $elasphorusfloresiiGould, 1861, Monogr.Trochil.,pt. 23, pl. [10] and text; vol. 3, pl. 139. (Bolafios, Jalisco,Mexico.)

This hummingbirdis regardedas a hybrid betweenS. sasinand Calypteanna (Banksand Johnson 1961).

CeleusimmaculatusBerlepsch.ImmaculateWoodpecker. Celeus imrnaculatusBerlepsch,1880, Ibis, p. 113. (Agua Dulce, Panama.)

Both the identity and sourceof the uniquetype specimenof C. imrnaculatushave been questioned(see Wetmore 1968). The type locality was basedon the "make" of the type specimen,a trade skin of uncertainorigin. Short (1982) consideredthe specimento be an aberrantexample of the extralimital Celeus elegans [ChestnutWoodpecker];he did not commenton the locality.

Vireosylvapropinqua Baird. Vera Paz Vireo. Vireosylvia[sic] propinquaBaird, 1866, Rev. Amer. Birds 1: 345, 348. (Cob•n, Vera Paz, Guatemala.)

This form is probablya hybridbetweenVireoflavifronsand V. soldarius(Ridgway 1904).

Regulus cuvieri Audubon.Cuvier's Kinglet. Reguluscuvieri Audubon, 1829, Birds Amer. (folio), 1, pl. 55 (1831, Ornithol. Biogr. 1: 288). (FatlandFord, aboutten miles west of Norristown,Pennsylvania.)

This form is known only from Audubon'sdescriptionand plate of a specimentaken in 1812 but not saved.It probablyrepresentsan aberrantplumageof R. satrapa (fide Watson, in Parkes 1985).

Vermivora lawrencii (Herrick). Lawrence's Warbler. Helrninthophaga LawrenciiHerrick, 1875,Proc.Acad.Nat. Sci. Philadelphia26 (1874): 220). (bank of the Passaic,near Chatham,New Jersey.) This warbleris a hybridbetweenVermivorapinusand V. chrysoptera,displayingthe face patternof V. chrysoptera.It hasbeenrecordedfrom thecontactzonebetweenthetwo species

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APPENDIX

and from much of their nonbreedingdistributions(Parkes 1951). See commentsunder V. pinus.

Vermivora leucobronchialis (Brewster). Brewster'sWarbler. HelrninthophagaleucobronchialisBrewster, 1874, Amer. Sportsman5 (3): 33. (Newtonville, Massachusetts.)

This warbleris a hybridbetweenVerrnivorapinusand V. chrysoptera,displayingtheface patternof V. pinus.It hasbeenrecordedfrom the contactzonebetweenthe two speciesand from much of their nonbreedingdistributions(Parkes1951). See commentsunder V. pinus.

HelminthophagacincinnatiensisLangdon.CincinnatiWarbler. Helrninthophagacincinnatiensis Langdon,1880, J. CincinnatiSoc. Nat. Hist. 3: 119. (Madisonville, Hamilton Co., Ohio.)

This warbler is regardedas a hybrid betweenVerrnivorapinus and Oporornisformosus (Ridgway 1880, McCamey 1950, Graves 1988).

Dendroica potomac Haller. Sutton'sWarbler. DendroicapotomacHaller, 1940, Cardinal5: 50. (BerkeleyCounty,elev. 450 ft., twelve miles southof Martinsburg,West Virginia.) This warbler is generallyregardedas a hybrid betweenDendroica dorninicaand Parula americana (Brooks 1945, Morse 1989). Sightingshave been reportedfrom West Virginia, Virginia, District of Columbia,SouthCarolina,Florida,Indiana,and Texas(Carlson1981).

Sylvia carbonata Audubon.CarbonatedWarbler. Sylvia carbonataAudubon,1829, Birds Amer. (folio), 1. pl. 60 (1831, Omithol. Biogr. 1, p. 308. (near Henderson,Kentucky.) The two birds representedin Audubon'sdescriptionand plate are probablyyoungDendroica tigrina (Parkes 1985).

Sylvia montana Wilson. Blue Mountain Warbler. Sylvia montanaWilson, 1812, Amer. Omithol. 5: 113, pl. 44, fig 2. (near the Blue Mountains[Pennsylvania].)

This form is known only from descriptionsand paintingsby Wilson of a bird from Pennsylvania(notVirginia, asoftenstated)andby Audubonof a bird from California(Parkes 1985). They have not been identifiedwith certaintybut are not in the Old World genus Sylvia.

Sylvania microcephalaRidgway. Small-headedFlycatcher. Muscicaparninuta(not Gmelin, 1789) Wilson, 1812, Amer. Ornithol. 6: 62, pl. 50, fig. 5. (New Jersey.) SylvaniarnicrocephalaRidgway, 1885, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 8: 354, New namefor MuscicaparninutaWilson, preoccupied.

This bird is knownonly from the worksof Wilson andAudubon,whosespecimens were from New Jerseyand Kentucky,respectively(Parkes1985). When Ridgway proposeda new name for rninuta,preoccupiedin Muscicapa,he transferredit to the genusSylvania, a synonymof modemWilsonia,but genericplacementis uncertain;thus,we retaintheformer genericdesignation.Sometimescalled Small-headedWarbler (A.O.U. 1957).

Emberiza townsendii(Audubon).Townsend'sBunting. ErnberizatownsendiiAudubon,1834, Omithol. Biogr.2: 183. (nearNew Garden,Chester County,Pennsylvania.)

APPENDIX

703

Knownonly from the uniquetype,taken11 May 1833 by JohnK. Townsend, thisbird is oftentreatedin thegenus$piza.Parkes(1985) suggested thatit is a female$pizaamericana that lacksthe normalcarotenoidpigmentin its plumage.

AegiothusbrewsteriiRidgway. Brewster'sLinnet. Aegiothus(fiavirostrisvar.) brewsteriiRidgway,1872, Amer.Nat. 6: 433. (Waltham, Massachusetts.)

Knownonlyfromthetype,taken1 November1870,thisformis possiblya hybridbetween Carduelisfiammeusand C. pinus (Ridgway 1901).

FRENCH

NAMES

OF NORTH

AMERICAN

BIRDS

A Frenchnameis providedfor eachspeciesappearingin the mainlist andthe appendix of the 7th Editionof the Check-listof North AmericanBirds.Exceptfor a few cases,the Frenchnamesare thoseof the StandingCommitteeon FrenchNames of the Birds of the World (Commissioninternationaledes nomsfranqaisdes oiseaux)(InternationalOrnithologicalCommittee--I.O.C.),and derivedfrom the publication:NOMS FRANCAIS DES

OISEAUXDU MONDE.1993.•ditionsMultiMondes, Sainte-Foy, Qu6bec, Canada. 452

pages.SomeFrenchnameshavebeenaddedor modifiedbecauseof new taxonomicdecisions

and reflect thesetaxonomicchanges.They have been reviewedby the North American membersof the StandingCommittee on French Names and will be included in the next

editionof the world list of Frenchnames.This list followsthe taxonomicsequence and arrangementof the Check-list. TINAMIDAE

PROCELLARIIDAE

Tinamusmajor Nothocercus bonapartei Crypturellussoul

Grand Tinamou Tinamoude Bonaparte Tinamousoui

Crypturellus cinnamomeus

Crypturelluskerriae

Pterodroma cahow

P6trel des Bermudes

Tinamou de Kerr

Pterodroma hasitata

P6trel diablotin

Pterodroma

P6trel de Juan

inexpectata

Plongeoncatmarin

Gayla arctica

Plongeon arctique

iraruer

Plongeondu

PODICIPEDIDAE

dominicus

occidentalis

Aechmophorusclarkii

cervicalis

P6trel •t col blanc

hypoleuca

P6trel des Bonin

nigripennis

P6trel/t ailes noires

Pterodroma

chlororhynchos cauta

Thalassarche

melanophris

longirostris Bulweriabulwerii Bulweriafallax

Grebe esclavon

Procellaria

Grebejougris

parkinsoni

palpebrata

Phoebastrianigripes

P6trel de Stejneger P6trelde Bulwer P6trel de Jouanin

Puffin de Parkinson

Calonectris leucomelas

Grebe616gant Grebeh face blanche

Calonectrisdiomedea Puffincendr6 Puffinuscreatopus Puffin h piedsroses Puffinus carneipes Puffin •t piedsphles Puffinus gravis Puffinuspacificus Puffinus bulleri Puffinus griseus Puffinus tenuirostris Puffinus nativitatis Puffinuspuffinus Puffinus auricularis Puffinus opisthomelas Puffinus lherminieri Puffinus assimilis

Albatros•t nez jaune Albatros•t cape blanche Albatros •t sourcils noirs

Albatrosfuligineux Albatros

hurleur

Albatrosde Laysan Albatros•t pieds

Puffin leucom•le

Puffin majeur Puffin fouquet Puffin de Buller

Puffin fuligineux Puffin •t bec gr•le Puffin de la Nativit6

Puffin desAnglais Puffin de Townsend Puffin cul-noir Puffin d'Audubon Petit Puffin

HYDROBATIDAE

noirs albatrus

P6trel de Cook

Grebe/t cou noir

Phoebetria

Diomedea exulans Phoebastria immutabilis

cookii

Grebeminime Grebe• bec bigarr6 Grebe de l'Atitlan

DIOMEDEIDAE Thalassarche

Phoebastria

P6trel des Galapagos

Pterodroma Pterodroma

Tachybaptus

Thalassarche

phaeopygia

Pterodroma

Plongeon/t becblanc

P6trelmacu16

Fernandez

Pterodroma

Plongeon huard

Podilymbuspodiceps Podilymbusgigas Podicepsauritus Podicepsgrisegena Podicepsnigricollis Aechmophorus

externa

Pterodroma

Pacifique

Gayla adamsii

P6trelde Murphy

Tinamou de Boucard

Gayla stellata

Gayla

Pterodroma ultima Pterodroma

GAVIIDAE Gayla pacifica

Fulmar bor6al P6trel des Kermadec P6trel de la Trinit6 du Sud

Tinamou cannelle

Crypturellus boucardi

Fulmarusglacialis Pterodromaneglecta Pterodroma arminjoniana

Albatros•t queue courte 705

Oceanites oceanicus

Oc6anite de Wilson

Pelagodrornamarina Hydrobatespelagicus

Oc6anitefr6gate Oc6anitetemp•te

706

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Oceanodromafurcata

Oc6anite h queue fourchue

Oceanodroma leucorhoa Oceanodroma homochroa Oceanodroma Oceanodroma Oceanodroma melania Oceanodroma

Oc6anite

cul-blanc

castro

Oc6anite Oc6anite

cendr6 de Castro

tethys

Oc6anitet6thys

mexicanurn

Oc6anite Oc6anite

macrodactyla

noir de

Guadalupe Oc6anite de Markham

Oceanodroma markhami Oceanodroma tristrami Oceanodroma microsoma

Oc6anite de Tristram Oc6anite

minute

PHAETHONTIDAE

Phaethon lepturus Phaethon Phaethon

lxobrychusexilis Tigrisoma lineatum Tigrisomafasciaturn Tigrisoma

aethereus rubricauda

Pha6tonh bec jaune Pha6tonh bec rouge Pha6ton h brins rouges

Ardea Ardea Ardea Ardea

Fou masqu6 Fou h piedsbleus

$ula dactylatra $ula nebouxii

$ula variegata $ula leucogaster

Fou vari6

Sula sula Morus bassanus

Fou h pieds rouges

Fou brun Fou de Bassan

Onor6 fasci6

Onor6 du Mexique

herodias cinerea cocoi alba

Egretta eulophotes Egretta garzetta Egretta gularis

Grand H6ron H6ron cendr6 H6ron cocoi

Grande Aigrette Aigrette de Chine Aigrette garzette Aigrette h gorge blanche

Egretta thula Egretta caerulea Egretta tricolor Egretta rufescens Bubulcus ibis Butorides virescens Butorides striatus

Agamia agami Pilherodiuspileatus Nycticorax nycticorax Nyctanassa violacea Cochlearius cochlearius

SULIDAE

Petit Blongios Onor6 ray6

Aigrette neigeuse Aigrette bleue Aigrette tricolore Aigrette roussfitre H6ron garde-boeufs H6ron H6ron

vert stri6

H6ron agami H6ron coiff6

Bihoreaugris Bihoreau violac6

Savacouhupp6

THRESKIORNITHIDAE Eudocimus albus Eudocimus ruber

Ibis blanc

Plegadisfalcinellus Plegadis chihi

Ibis falcinelle Ibis h face blanche

Ibis rouge

Mesembrinibis

cayennensis

PELECANIDAE Pelecanus

Theristicus

erythrorhynchos Pelecanus occidentalis

P61icand'Am6rique P61ican brun

Cormoran

penicillatus

de Brandt

Cormoranvigua

Ibis vert Ibis mandore

Spatuleros6e

CICONIIDAE

Jabirud'Am6rique Tantaled'Am6rique

CATHARTIDAE

Coragypsatratus Cathartesaura

Urubu noir Urubu h t•te rouge

Cathartes

auritus

Phalacrocorax Phalacrocorax

Ajaja ajaja

Jabiru mycteria Mycteria americana

PHALACROCORACIDAE Phalacrocorax Phalacrocorax brasilianus Phalacrocorax

caudatus

carbo urile

Cormoranh aigrettes Grand Cormoran Cormoranh face rouge

burrovianus Gymnogyps californianus Sarcoramphuspapa

Urubu h t•te jaune

Cormoranp61agique

PHOENICOPTERIDAE Phoenicopterustuber Flamant rose

Anhinga d'Am6rique

ANATIDAE Dendrocygnaviduata Dendrocygna autumnalis Dendrocygna arborea Dendrocygnabicolor Anserfabalis Anser brachyrhynchus Anseralbifrons

Condorde Californie Sarcorampheroi

Phalacrocorax

pelagicus ANHINGIDAE

Anhinga anhinga

FREGATIDAE Fregata magnificens Fregata minor Fregata ariel

Fr6gate superbe

Fr6gatedu Pacifique Fr6gateariel

ARDEIDAE Botauruspinnatus Butor mirasol Botauruslentiginosus Butor d'Am6rique lxobrychussinensis Blongiosde Chine

Dendrocygneveuf Dendrocygneh ventre noir Dendrocygne des Antilles Dendrocygnefauve Oie des moissons Oie h bec court Oie rieuse

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Anser erythropus Chen canagica Chen caerulescens Chen rossii Branta

canadensis

Branta

sandvicensis

Branta

bernicla

Branta leucopsis Cygnusolor Cygnusbuccinator Cygnuscolumbianus Cygnuscygnus Sarkidiornis melanotos

Neochenjubata Cairina

moschata

Oie naine

Oie empereur Oie des neiges Oie de Ross Bernache du Canada Berrnache n6n6 Bernache cravant Bernache nonnette

Cygne tubercu16 Cygne trompette Cygne siffleur Cygne chanteur Canard h bosse

Ouettede l'Or6noque Canardmusqu6

Aix sponsa Anas strepera Anasfalcata Anas penelope

Canard branchu

Anas americana

Canardd'Am6rique

Anas rubripes Anas platyrhynchos Anasfulvigula Anas wyvilliana Anas laysanensis Anas poecilorhyncha

Canard Canard Canard Canard

Canardchipeau Canard h faucilles Canard siffleur noir colvert brun des Hawa'i

Canardde Laysan

Anas bahamensis

Canard h bec tachet6 Sarcelle h ailes bleues Sarcelle cannelle Canard souchet Canard des Bahamas

Anas

Canardpilet

Anas discors

Anas cyanoptera Anas clypeata acuta

Anas querquedula Anasformosa

Sarcelle d'6t6

Anas crecca

Sarcelle d'hiver

Aythya valisineria Aythya americana Aythyaretina Aythya collaris Aythyafuligula Aythya marila Aythya affinis Polystictastelleri Somateriafischeri Somateria spectabilis

Fuligule h dos blanc Fuliguleh t6te rouge Fuligule milouin Fuligule h collier Fuligule morillon Fuligule milouinan Petit Fuligule

Somateria

Eider h duvet

mollissima

Histrionicus histrionicus

Sarcelle616gante

Eider de Steller Eider h lunettes

Eider h tate grise

perspicillata Melanitta fusca Melanitta nigra Clangula hyemalis Bucephalaalbeola Bucephalaclangula Bucephala islandica Mergellus albellus Lophodytes cucullatus

Mergus merganser Mergus serrator

ACCIPITRIDAE Pandion haliaetus

Leptodon cayanensis

l•rismatureroutoutou l•rismaturerousse

Balbuzardpacheur Milan de Cayenne

Chondrohierax

Milan

uncinatus

Elanoidesforficatus

bec-en-croc

Milan h queue fourchue

Gampsonyx swainsonii Elanus leucurus

Rostrhamus Rostrhamus

sociabilis hamatus

Harpagus bidentatus

l•lanionperle l•lanion h queue blanche Milan des marais

Milan h long bec Milan

bident6

Ictinia

mississippiensis Ictinia plumbea

Milan du Mississippi

Haliaeetus

Pygargue h tate

leucocephalus Haliaeetus

albicilla

Milan

bleu5tre

blanche

Pygargueh queue blanche

Haliaeetuspelagicus Busarellusnigricollis Circus cyaneus Accipiter soloensis Accipiter superciliosus Accipiter striatus Accipiter cooperil Accipiter gundlachi Accipiter bicolor Accipiter gentilis Geranospiza caerulescens

Leucopternis plumbea Leucopternis princeps Leucopternis semiplumbea Leucopternis albicollis Asturina

nitida

Pygargueempereur Busarelle h t•te blanche Busard Saint-Martin

•pervierdeHorsfield

E.'pervier nain E.pervierbrun E.pervierde Cooper E.pervierde Cuba Epervier bicolore Autour des palombes Buse 6chasse

Buse plomb6e Buse barr6e

Buse semiplomb6e Buse blanche Buse cendr6e

Buteogallus

Arlequin plongeur

Camptorhynchus labradorius Melanitta

Nomonyx dominicus Oxyura jamaicensis

707

Eider du Labrador Macreuse h front blanc Macreuse brune Macreuse noire Harelde kakawi Petit Garrot Garrot h oeil d'or Garrot d'Islande

Harle piette Harle couronn6 Grand Harle

Harle hupp6

anthracinus

Buse noire

Buteogallussubtilis Buteogallus urubitinga Buteogallus

Buse des mangroves

meridionalis Parabuteo unicinctus

Buse roussfitre Buse de Harris

Buse urubu

Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

Buteo magnirostris Buteo lineatus

Buteo ridgwayi Buteoplatypterus Buteo brachyurus Buteo

swainsoni

Buteo albicaudatus

Buse solitaire

Buseh gros bec Buseh 6paulettes Buse de Ridgway Petite Buse

Buseh queue courte Buse de Swainson

Buseh queueblanche

708

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Buteo albonotatus Buteo solitarius

Buseh queuebarr6e Bused'Hawa¾ Buseh queuerousse Buse rouilleuse Buse pattue Harpie hupp6e Harpie f•roce

Perdixperdix Coturnixjaponica Gallusgallus Lophura leucomelanos Phasianuscolchicus Pavo cristatus

Perdrixgrise Caille du Japon Coq bankiva

Aigle royal

Bonasaumbellus

G•linottehupp•e

Buteojamaicensis Buteo regalis Buteo lagopus Morphnus guianensis Harpia harpyja Aquila chrysaetos Spizastur melanoleucus

Spizaetustyrannus Spizaetusornatus

Centrocercus

Aigle noir et blanc Aigle tyran Aigle ore6

FALCONIDAE

Micrastur ruficollis Micrastur mirandollei Micrastur

Carnifex barr•

urophasianus Falcipennis canadensis Lagopuslagopus Lagopusmutus

Lagopus leucurus

T•tras des armoises T•tras du Canada Lagop•dedes saules Lagop•de alpin

Lagop•de hqueue blanche

Carnifex

ardois6

Dendragapus

Carnifex

h collier

Tympanuchus phasianellus Tympanuchuscupido Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Meleagris gallopavo Meleagris ocellata Numida meleagris

obscurus

semitorquatus Daptrius americanus

Caracarah gorge rouge

Caracara plancus Milvago chimachima He rpetotheres cachinnans Falco tinnunculus

Caracarahupp6 Caracarah t•te jaune Macagua rieur

Falco sparverius

Faucon cr6cerelle Cr6cerelle

Falco Falco

Faucon 6merillon Faucon hobereau

d'Am6rique columbarius subbuteo

Falco femoralis Falco rufigularis

Faucon aplomado

Falco Falco

Faucon orang6 Faucongerfaut Fauconp•lerin Faucon des prairies

deiroleucus rusticolus

Falco peregrinus Falco

Faisan leucom•le Faisande Colchide Paon bleu

mexicanus

CRACIDAE Ortalis vetula

Ortalis cinereiceps Ortalis ruficauda

Faucon des chauvessouris

Ortalide

chacamel

Ortalide h t•te grise Ortalide

h ventre

roux

Ortalis wagleri

Ortalide

h ventre

Ortalis poliocephala Ortalis leucogastra

Ortalide de Wagler

marroB

Ortalide h ventre blanc

Penelope

Colinus

cristatus

Odontophorus gujanensis Odontophorus melanotis dialeucos

Penelopinanigra Oreophasisderbianus

P6n61opeunicolore P6n61opepajuil Or6ophasecomu

Odontophorus

Crax rubra

Grand Hocco

unicolor

T6tras pale Dindon sauvage Dindon Pintade

ocell6 de Numidie

Colin barbu

Colin h 1onguequeue Colin h sourcils blancs

Colin des montagnes Colin 6cail16

Colin 616gant Colin de Califomie Colin de Gambel Colin

barr6

Colin de Virginie Colin h gorge noire Colin hupp6 Tocro de Guyane Tocro h face noire

Odontophorus

P6n61opepanach6e

Chamaepetes

T6tras h queue fine T6tras des prairies

ODONTOPHORIDAE

Dendrortyx barbatus Dendrortyx macroura Dendrortyx leucophrys Oreortyx pictus Callipepla squamata Callipepla douglasii Callipepla californica Callipepla gambelii Philortyxfasciams Colinus virginianus Colinus nigrogularis

Odontophorus

purpurascens

T6tras sombre

leucolaemus

guttatus

Tocro du Panama

Tocro h poitrine noire Tocro tachet6

Dactylortyx thoracicus

Colin chanteur

Cyrtonyx PHASIANIDAE Alectoris chukar

montezumae

Perdrix choukai

Francolinus

pondicerianus

Colin arlequin Colin ocell6 Colin ceintur6

Francolin gris

Francolinus

RALLIDAE

francolinus Francolinus

Cyrtonyx ocellatus Rhynchortyxcinctus

erckelii

Tetraogallus himalayensis

Francolin

noir

Francolin

d'Erckel

T6traogalle de l'Himalaya

Coturnicops noveboracensis

Micropygia schomburgkii

R•le jaune R•le

ocell6

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Laterallus

ruber

Laterallus albigularis Laterallus Laterallus

exilis

Rhle roux

Charadrius

Rhle • mentonblanc Rhle gr•le

Charadriushiaticula

wilsonia

Rallus limicola Aramides axillaris

semipalmatus Charadriusmelodus Charadriusdubius Charadrius vociferus Charadriusmontanus

Rfile • cou roux

Charadrius

Aramides cajanea

Rfile de Cayenne

Crex crex

Rallus longirostris Rallus elegans

Amaurolimnas concolor

Porzana palmeri Porzana porzana Porzana carolina Porzana sandwichensis

Porzana fiaviventer colombianus

Neocrex erythrops Cyanolimnascerverai Pardirallus maculatus

Porphyrula martinica Porphyrula fiavirostris Gallinula chloropus Fulica Fulica Fulica Fulica

atra alai americana caribaea

Marouette Marouette

des Hawai' • sourcils

Grus grus Grus americana

BURHINIDAE Burhinus bistriatus

bachmani

RECURVIROSTRIDAE Himantopus

RhledeZapata

Himantopus

Rhletachet6 Tal•veviolac6e

Recurvirostra americana

Rhle • bec peint

Tal•ve

favorite

Gallinule poule-d'eau Foulque macroule Foulque des Hawa¾ Foulqued'Am6rique Foulque•t cachet

Gr6bifoulque d'Am6rique Caurale

soleil

Courlan

brun

Grue du Canada Grue cendr6e Grue blanche

mexicanus

bistri6

Tringa nebularia Tringa melanoleuca Tringa fiavipes Tringa stagnatilis Tringa totanus Tringa erythropus Tringa glareola Tringa ochropus Tringa solitaria Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Heteroscelusbrevipes Actitis hypoleucos

Numenius Numenius

Numenius

Pluvier argent6

Pluvier de Mongolie Pluvier Pluvier

d'Azara • collier

interrompu

Chevalier stagnatile Chevalier gambette Chevalier arlequin Chevalier sylvain Chevalier Chevalier

cul-blanc solitaire

Chevalier semipalm6 Chevalier

errant

Chevalier

de Sib6rie

Maubbche

Vanneau

Charadrius collaris Charadrius alexandrinus

Chevalier aboyeur Grand Chevalier Petit Chevalier

Bartramia

Vanellus chilensis

dominica

Jacana noir

Actitis macularia Xenus cinereus

Pluvialis squatarola Pluvialis apricaria

dor6 bronz6 fauve

Jacanadu Mexique

Chevalier guignette Chevaliergrive16 Chevalierbargette

Numenius

Pluvialis fulva Charadrius mongolus

incanus

minutus borealis

Numeniusphaeopus

Pluvier Pluvier Pluvier

Avocetted'Am6rique

SCOLOPACIDAE

Vanneauhupp6 t6ro

l•chasse d'Am6rique

JACANIDAE

Jacana spinosa Jacana jacana

longicauda Oedicn•me

de Bachman

himantopus l•chasse blanche

Heteroscelus

CHARADRIIDAE vanellus

Huttrier

blancs Rhlede Colombie

GRUIDAE Grus canadensis

Pluvier guignard

HAEMATOPODIDAE

ARAMIDAE

Aramus guarauna

morinellus

Haematopus ostralegus Huttrier pie Haematopus palliatusHuttrier d'Am6rique Haematopus

EURYPYGIDAE

Eurypyga helias

Pluvier semipalm6 Pluvier siffleur Pluvier petit-gravelot Pluvier kildir Pluvier montagnard

Marouette deLaysan Marouette ponctu6e Marouette de Caroline

HELIORNITHIDAE

Heliornisfulica

Pluvialis

de Wilson

Pluvier grandgravelot

Rhleconcolore

blanc

Vanellus

Pluvier

Charadrius

Rfile noir Rfile des genats Rfile gris Rfile 616gant Rfile de Virginie

jamaicensis

Neocrex

709

tahitiensis

madagascariensis Numenius

tenuirostris

Numenius arquata Numenius americanus Limosa limosa Limosa haemastica

Limosa lapponica

des

champs Courlis

nain

Courlis esquimau Courlis Courlis

corlieu d'Alaska

Coudis

de Sib6rie

Courlish bec grale Courlis cendr6

Courlish long bec Barge h queue noire Barge hudsonienne Barge rousse

710

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Limosafedoa Arenaria interpres

Barge marbr6e Tournepierreh collier

Arenaria

Larus atricilla Larus pipixcan

Mouette Mouette

Larus

Mouette pygm6e

minutus

atricille

de Franklin

melanocephala Aphriza virgata

Tournepierrenoir

Larus ridibundus

B6casseau du ressac

Larusphiladelphia

Mouette Mouette

Calidris

tenuirostris

B6casseau de

Larus heermanni

Go61and de

canutus alba

B6casseau

Larus modestus Larus belcheri Larus crassirostris

Go61andgris

Larus canus Larus delawarensis

Go61and cendr6 Go61and h bec cerc16 Go61and de Californie

l'Anadyr Calidris Calidris

Calidris pusilla Calidris

mauri

Calidris ruficollis

B6casseau

Calidris Calidris

minuta temminckii

B6casseauminute B6casseaude

Calidris

subminuta

B6casseauh longs

Calidris

minutilla

B6casseau minuscule

Calidris fuscicollis Calidris Calidris

bairdii melanotos

Calidris

acuminata

Calidris

maritima

Calidris ptilocnemis Calidris alpina Calidrisferruginea Calidris himantopus Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

Limicola falcinellus Tryngites subruficollis Philomachuspugnax Limnodromusgriseus

minimus

Gallinago gallinago Gallinago stenura Scolopaxrusticola Scolopaxminor Phalaropus tricolor Phalaropus lobatus Phalaropusfulicaria GLAREOLIDAE Glareola maldivarum

LARIDAE Catharactaskua Catharacta maccormicki

Laruscalifornicus

doigts

Larusargentatus

longicaudus

Laruscachinnans

B6casseau hcroupion Larusthayeri blanc Larus glaucoides

Go61andh queue

Go61andargent6 Go61andleucoph6e Go61andde Thayer Go61andarctique

B6casseau deBaird B6casseau hpoitrine cendr6e

Go61and Larus fuscus Larus schistisagusGo61and

B6casseau h queue pointue

Laruslivens Larusoccidentalis

B6casseau violet B6casseau des

Larus glaucescens

A16outiennes B6casseau variable B6casseau cocorli B6casseau h 6chasses

B6casseauspatule

brun h manteau ardois6

Go61and de Cortez Go61and d'Audubon Go61and h ailes

Larus hyperboreus

grises Go61andbourgmestre

Larus marinus Xema sabini

Go61and marin Mouette de Sabine

Rissa tridactyla

Mouette tridactyle

Rissa brevirostris

Mouette Mouette

B6casseau falcinelle

Rhodostethia rosea

B6casseau rouss•tre Combattant vari6 B6cassin roux

Sternanilotica Sternacaspia Sternamaxima

Pagophila eburnea

Sterna elegans

des brumes ros6e

Mouette blanche Sterne hansel

Sternecaspienne Sterneroyale Sterne616gante Sternehupp6e Sternecaugek Sternede Dougall Sternepierregarin Sternearctique

B6cassin hlongbec

Sterna bergii Sterna sandvicensis

B6cassinesourde B6cassinedes marais

Sternadougallii Sterna hitundo

B6cassine h queue pointue

Sternaparadisaea Sternaforsteri

B6cassedes bois

Sterna albifrons

B6cassed'Am6rique Phalaropede Wilson

Sternaantillarum Sternasuperciliaris

Phalaropeh bec 6troit Phalaropeh bec large

Sterna aleutica

Sterne des A16outiennes

Sterna

Sterneh dos gris

lunata

Glar6ole orientale

Sterna anaethetus Sterna fuscata Phaetusa simplex

GrandLabbe

Chlidonias leucopterus Chlidoniashybridus

Labbede McCormick

Chlidoniasniger

Labbepomarin

Anousstolidus

Larosterna inca

Stercorarius

parasiticus Stercorarius

Go61and sim6on noire

Temminck

Stercorarius

pomarinus

Heermann

h col roux

Limnodromus

scolopaceus L ymnocryptes

Bonaparte

maub•che

B6casseausanderling B6casseausemipalm6 B6casseaud'Alaska

rieuse de

Anous minutus

Labbeparasite Labbeh longue queue

Procelsternacerulea Gygisalba Rynchopsniger

Sterne de Forster

Sterne naine Petite Sterne

Sterneargent6e

Sterne brid6e

Sternefuligineuse Sterneh grosbec Guifette leucopt•re Guifette moustac Guifette noire Sterne inca Noddi brun Noddi noir Noddi bleu

Gygis blanche Bec-en-ciseaux

noir

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS ALCIDAE

Zenaida auriculata

Alle alle Uria aalge

Mergule nain Guillemotmarmette

Uria lomvia

Guillemot

Alca torda Pinguinusimpennis Cepphusgrylle

Briinnich Petit Pingouin Grand Pingouin Guillemot•t miroir Guillemot colombin

Cepphuscolumba Brachyramphus

perdix Brachyramphus

de

Guillemot•t longbec

marmoratus

Guillemot marbr6

Brachyramphus brevirostris Synthliboramphus hypoleucus Synthliboramphus craveri

Guillemotde Kittlitz Guillemotde Xantus

Macareuxrhinoc6ros

Fratercula

Macareux

arctica

Stariquede Cassin Stariqueperroquet Stariqueminuscule Stariquepygm6e Stariquecristatelle

Macareuxhupp6

[Incertae sedis]

Pteroclesexustus

Gangah ventrebrun

COLUMBIDAE

Columbalivia Columbacayennensis Columbaspeciosa Columbasquamosa Columba leucocephala Columbafiavirostris Columbainornata Columbafasciata

Pigeonbiset Pigeonrousset Pigeonramiret Pigeonh cou rouge Pigeon•t couronne blanche Pigeonh bec rouge Pigeonsimple Pigeon•t queue

Columbacaribaea

Pigeonde la JamaYque Pigeonvineux Pigeonh bec noir

barr6e

Columbasubvinacea Columbanigrirostris Streptopelia

Tourtereiie orientale

Tourterelle rieuse Tourterelle des bois

Streptopeliadecaocto Tourterelleturque Streptopelia

chinensis Geopeliastriata

Tourterelletigrine G6op61iez6br6e

Zenaida asiatica

Tourterelle h ailes blanches

aurita

Colombe

inca

Colombeh queue noire

Columbinatalpacoti Claravispretiosa

Colombe Colombe Colombe Colombe

Claravis mondetoura

Leptotilaverreauxi Leptotilarufaxilla Leptotilawellsi Leptotilajamaicensis Leptotilacassini Geotrygon veraguensis Geotrygonchrysia

Geotrygonmystacea Geotrygonalbifacies Geotrygon chiriquensis Geotrygoncarrikeri Geotrygonlawrencii

rousse bleut6e mond6tour de Verreaux

Colombeh front gris Colombe de Grenade Colombe de la

Tourterelleh queue carr6e

Colombe

de Cassin

Colombede Veragua Colombeh joues blanches Colombe h croissants

Colombedesnuages Colombedu Chiriqui Colombe Colombe

de Tuxtla de

Lawrence

Macareux cornu

Fraterculacirrhata

Zenaida

Tourte voyageuse

Colombepygm6e

Geotrygon

corniculata

orientalis

oreillarde triste de

Columbina minuta

moine

Fratercula

Streptopelia risoria Streptopelia turtur

Ectopistes migratorius Columbinainca Columbinapasserina

Tourterelle Tourterelle Tourterelle Socorro

JamaYque

Guillemotde Craveri Guillemoth cou blanc

Synthliboramphus antiquus Ptychoramphus aleuticus Aethiapsittacula Aethiapusilla Aethiapygmaea Aethiacristatella Cerorhinca monocerata

PTEROCLIDIDAE

Zenaida macroura Zenaidagraysoni

711

costaricensis

Geotrygongoldmani Geotrygoncaniceps Geotrygon versicolor Geotrygon violacea Geotrygon montana

Colombe

du Costa

Rica Colombe de Goldman

Colombe de Gundlach Colombe versicolore

Colombeh nuque violette Colombe rouviolette

Starnoenas

cyanocephala

Colombe

h t•te bleue

PSITTACIDAE

Melopsittacus undulatus Psittacula krameri

Pyrrhura picta Pyrrhura hoffrnanni Myiopsitta monachus Conuropsis carolinensis

Perruche ondul6e Perruche •t collier Conure versicolore Conure de Hoffmann Conure veuve

Conure de Caroline

Conure verte Aratinga holochlora Aratinga strenua oConure de Ridgway Conure de Finsch Aratinga finschi Conure ma•tresse Aratinga chloroptera Conure de Cuba Aratinga euops Conure naine Aratinga nana Aratinga canicularis Conure h front rouge Conure cuivr6e Aratinga pertinax Ara Ara

severa militaris

Ara ambigua Ara chloropterus

Ara vert Ara militaire Ara de Buffon

Ara chloropt•re

712

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Ara macao Ara tricolor

Ara rouge Ara tricolore

Saurothera longirostris

Taccod'Hispaniola

Ara ararauna

Ara bleu

Saurothera

Tacco de Porto Rico

Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha Rhynchopsittaterrisi Bolborhynchus lineola Forpuspasserinus Forpuscyanopygius Forpus conspicillatus Brotogerisjugularis Brotogeris versicolurus Touitcostaricensis Touitdilectissima Pionopsitta pyrilia Pionopsitta

Conureh grosbec Conure h front brun Toui catherine Toui 6t6 Toui du Mexique Toui h lunettes Toui h mentond'or

Toui h ailesvari6es Toui du CostaRica Toui h front bleu Ca'iquede Bonaparte

haematotis Pionusmenstruus

CaYque h capuchon Pioneh t•te bleue

Pionus senilis

Pione h couronne

vieilloti

Hyetornisrufigularis Hyetornispluvialis Piaya cayana Piaya minuta Tapera naevia Dromococcyx phasianellus Morococcyx erythropygus Geococcyxvelox Geococcyx californianus Neomorphus geoffroyi Crotophagamajor

Piaye cabrite Piaye de pluie Piaye 6cureuil Petit Piaye

Crotophaga ani Crotophaga

Ani h bec lisse

sulcirostris

G6ocoucou tachet6 G6ocoucou faisan G6ocoucou de Lesson

G6ocoucou

v61oce

Grand G6ocoucou G6ocoucou de

Geoffroy Ani des pa16tuviers Ani h bec cannel6

blanche

Amazonaalbifrons

Amazoneh front

blanc

TYTONIDAE

Effraie

des clochers

Amazona xantholora Amazone duYucatan Amazona

Tytoalba Tytoglaucops

leucocephala Amazona collaria

Amazonede Cuba Amazone sasab6

STRIGIDAE

Amazona ventralis

Amazone

Otusfiammeolus

Amazona vittata

d'Hispaniola Amazonede Porto

Otussunia Otuskennicottii

Petit-duc Petit-duc Petit-duc

Amazonaagilis Amazona

Amazoneverte Amazoneh joues

Otusasio Otusseductus

Petit-duc macu16 Petit-duc du Balsas

viridigenalis Amazona finschi

vertes Amazone h couronne

Otuscooperi Otustrichopsis

Petit-ducde Cooper

Rico

lilas

Amazonaautumnalis Amazonediad•me Amazonafarinosa Amazonepoudr6e

Otuscholiba Otusbarbarus

Amazona oratrix

Otusguatemalae

Amazona

auropalliata

Amazone ht•tejaune Amazone h nuque

d'or

Otusclarkii

Effraie d'Hispaniola

nain d'Orient des

montagnes

Petit-duc h moustaches Petit-duc choliba Petit-duc brid6 Petit-duc

guat6maltbque

Otuslawrencii

Petit-duc de Clark Petit-duc de Porto Rico Petit-duc de Cuba

Amazona versicolor Amazone deSainte-

Lophostrix cristata

Duc h aigrettes

Amazona guildingii Amazone deSaintVincent

perspicillata Bubo virginianus

Chouette h lunettes Grand-duc

Nyctea scandiaca

d'Am6rique Harfangdesneiges Chouette6pervibre

Amazona

Amazone hfront

Amazona arausiaca

Amazone de Bouquet

ochrocephala

jaune

Lucie

Amazonaimperialis CUCULIDAE Cuculus canorus Cuculus saturatus

Coccyzus erythropthalmus Coccyzusamericanus Coccyzuseuleri Coccyzusminor Coccyzusferrugineus Coccyzus melacoryphus Saurothera $aurothera

merlini vetula

Amazone imp•riale

Otusnudipes Pulsatrix

Surnia

ulula

Coucou oriental

Glaucidiumgnoma Glaucidiumjardinii

Chev•chette Chev•chette

Coulicou

Glaucidium

Chevachette

Coucougris

naine des

Andes

•t bec noir

Coulicou h bec jaune Coulicou Coulicou Coulicou

d'Euler manioc de Cocos

griseiceps Glaucidium sanchezi

h t•te

grise Chev•chette

du

Tamaulipas Glaucidium

palmarum Coulicou de Vieillot Tacco de Cuba

Glaucidium brasilianum

Taccode la Jama'ique

Glaucidiumsiju

Chev•chette Colima

du

Chev•chette Chev•chette

brune de Cuba

FRENCHNAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Micrathene whitneyi

Chev•chette

des

Caprimulgusindicus

713 Engouleventjotaka

saguaros Athene cunicularia

Ciccaba virgata Ciccaba nigrolineata

Chevache des terriers Chouette mouchet6e

Chouetteh lignes

NYCTIBIIDAE

Nyctibiusgrandis Nyctibius griseus Nyctibiusjamaicensis

Strix occidentalis

noires Chouette tachet6e

Strix varia

Chouetteray6e

STEATORNITHIDAE

Strixfulvescens

Chouette fauve

Strix nebulosa Asio otus

Steatornis caripensis

Chouette lapone Hibou moyen-duc

Asio stygius Asiofiammeus Pseudoscops

Hibou Hibou

ma•tre-bois des marais

Hibou

stri6

clamator

Pseudoscops grammicus Aegoliusfunereus Aegoliusacadicus Aegoliusridgwayi CAPRIMULGIDAE Lurocalis

semitorquatus

Hibou de la Jama'ique Nyctale de Tengmalm Petite Nyctale Nyctale immacu16e

cavernes

APODIDAE

Cypseloidesniger Cypseloidesstoreri Cypseloidescryptus

Martinet Martinet Martinet blanc

Cypseloidescherriei

Martinet h points

Streptoprocnerutila

blancs Martinet h collier

Streptoprocnezonaris

Martinet

minor

Chordeiles

gundlachii Nyctidromus albicollis

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Siphonorhis americanus

Siphonorhisbrewsteri

Engouleventh queue courte

Engouleventminime Engoulevent d'Am6rique Engoulevent piramidig Engoulevent pauraqu6 Engouleventde Nuttall

Engouleventde la Jam•que Engoulevent grouil16cor

Nyctiphrynus mcleodii

Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

Caprimulgus carolinensis

Caprimulgusrufus Caprimulgus cubanensis

Caprimulgussalvini

Engoulevemazt•que Engouleventdu

noctitherus

Caprimulgus saturatus

Caprimulgus cayennensis Caprimulgus maculicaudus

h collier

Streptoprocne

Martinet a nuque

semicollaris

blanche Martinet ramoneur Martinet de Vaux

Chaetura

vauxi

Chaetura chapmani Chaetura brachyura

Martinet de Chapman Martinet polioure

Chaetura

Martinet

andrei

Chaetura spinicauda Chaetura cinereiventris Chaetura martinica

Engouleventocell6 Engouleventde Caroline

Engouleventroux Engouleventpeut-on-

d'Andr6

Martinet spinicaude Martinet •t croupion gris Martinet chiquesol

Hirundapus caudacutus Aerodramus bartschi

Martinet 6pineux Salanganede Guam

Apus apus Apus pacificus Apus melba

Martinet Martinet Martinet blanc

Aeronautes

Martinet h gorge

saxatalis

noir de Sib6rie •t ventre

blanche

Yucatan

Panyptila cayennensis Panyptila sanctihieronymi

Martinet de Cayenne Martinet de San Geronimo

Tachornis

phoenicobia

Martinet petit-roll6

voir

Engouleventde Salvin

Caprimulgusbadius Caprimulgus ridgwayi Caprimulgus vociferus Caprimulgus

sombre de Storer h menton

roux

Chaetura pelagica

acutipennis

Guacharo des

blanc

Chordeiles

Chordeiles

Grand Ibijau Ibijau gris Ibijau jamaicain

Engouleventmaya Engouleventde Ridgway Engouleventboispourri Engouleventde Porto Rico

TROCHILIDAE Glaucis aenea Glaucis hirsuta Threnetes ruckeri

Phaethornisguy Phaethornis

superciliosus

Ermite

h brins blancs

Phaethornis

anthophilus

Engoulevent montagnard

Phaethornis

Engouleventcor6 Engoulevent• queue

Androdon

6toi16e

Ermite bronz6 Ermite hirsute Ermite de Rucker Ermite vert

longuemareus Eutoxeresaquila

aequatorialis Doryfera ludovicae

Ermite anthophile Ermite nain

Bec-en-faucilleaigle Colibri d'6quateur Porte-lance

de Louise

714

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Phaeochroa

cuvieri

Campylopterus curvipennis Campylopterus excellens

Colibri

de Cuvier

Campylopt•re h queue large Campylopt•re de Wetmore

Campylopterusrufus Campylopterus hemileucurus

Florisuga mellivora Colibri delphinae Colibri thalassinus Anthracothorax

Campylopt•reviolet Colibri jacobin Colibri de Delphine Colibri

thalassin

Anthracothorax

noire

nigricollis Anthracothorax

veraguensis Anthracothorax dominicus Anthracothorax

Mango dor6

viridis

Mango vert Mango de la Jama'ique

Anthracothorax mango

Eulampisjugularis Eulampis holosericeus

Chrysolampis mosquitus Orthorhyncus cristatus

Klais guimeti Abeillia

abeillei

Lophornis brachylopha Lophornisdelattrei Lophornis helenae Lophornisadorabilis Discosura

Mango de Veragua

conversii

Colibri

mad•re

Colibri

falle-vert

Amazilia Amazilia Amazilia Amazilia Amazilia Amazilia

candida luciae amabilis decora boucardi

cyanocephala Amazilia cyanifrons Amazilia beryllina Amazilia cyanura Amazilia saucerrottei Amazilia edward Amazilia tzacatl Amazilia

yucatanensis rutila

Colibri hupp6

Amazilia viridifrons Eupherusa eximia Eupherusa cyanophrys Eupherusapoliocerca Eupherusa

h t•te violette d'Abeil16

Coquettedu Guerrero Coquettede Delattre Coquetted'H61•ne Coquette adorable Coquetteh queue fine

Cozumel

forficatus

bella

Trochiluspolytmus

Amazilia violiceps

l•meraudecouronn6e l•meraudede

auriceps

Goethalsia

Colibri rubis-topaze

Chlorostilbon Chlorostilbon

Hylocharis xantusii Goldmania violiceps

Amazilia

Colibri Colibri

nigriventris Elvira

chionura

Elvira cupreiceps Microchera albocoronata

Chalybura buffonii Chalybura urochrysia

Chlorostilbon

Saphirde Xanms Colibri • calotte violette Colibri du Pirr6 Colibri • t•te noire Ariane candide

Ariane de Lucy Ariane Ariane Ariane Ariane

aimable charmante de Boucard • couronne

azur

Ariane

• front bleu

Ariane b•ryl Ariane h queuebleue Ariane de Sophie Ariane

d'Edward

Ariane h ventregris Ariane du Yucatan Ariane cannelle Ariane h couronne violette Ariane h front vert

Colibri h 6paulettes Colibri Colibri

d'Oaxaca du Guerrero

Colibri h ventre noir Colibri elvire Colibri h t•te cuivr6e Colibri h coiffe blanche Colibri de Buffon

Colibri h queue bronz6e

l•meraudede Canivet

canivetii

Chlorostilbon

l•meraudedu Panama

assimilis

Chlorostilbon ricordii Chlorostilbon

Colibri faux-saphir Saphirulysse Saphird'Elicia Saphirh oreilles blanches

Campylopt•re roux

Mango de Pr6vost Mango h cravate

prevostii

Lepidopyga coeruleogularis Hylocharis grayi Hylocharis eliciae Hylocharis leucotis

bracei

l•meraudede Ricord l•meraudede New Providence

Chlorostilbon swainsonii Chlorostilbon maugaeus

Cynanthussordidus Cynanthuslatirostris Cyanophaiabicolor Thalurania ridgwayi Thalurania colombica

Thalurania fannyi Panterpe insignis Damophila julie

l•me•aude d'Hispaniola l•meraudede Porto Rico Colibri sombre Colibri circ• Colibri h t•te bleue

Lampornis viridipallens Lampornissybillae Lampornis amethystinus Lampornis clemenciae

vert-d'eau

Colibri de Sybil Colibri h gorge am6thyste

Colibri h gorgebleue

Lampornis hemileucus

Lampornis calolaema Lampornis castaneoventris

Colibri h gorgelilas Colibri h gorge pourpr6e Colibri h ventre chfitain

Lamprolaima rhami

Colibri h gorge

Heliodoxa jacula Eugenesfulgens Haplophaedia

Brillant fer-de-lance Colibri de Rivoli

Dryade du Mexique Dryade couronn6e Dryade de Fanny Colibri insigne Colibri julie

Colibri

grenat

aureliae

Heliothryx barroti

l•rione d'Aur61ie Colibri f66rique

FRENCHNAMESOF NORTH AMERICANBIRDS Todus mexicanus

Heliomaster

longirostris

Colibri

corinne

Colibri Colibri

de Constant des Bahamas

Todier de Porto Rico

MOMOTIDAE

Heliomaster constantii

Calliphlox evelynae Calliphlox bryantae Calliphlox mitchellii Doricha

715

enicura

Doricha eliza

Tilmatura dupontii Calothoraxlucifer Calothoraxpulcher Archilochus Archilochus

colubris

Hylomanes momotula Aspatha gularis

Colibri magenta Colibri de Mitchell

Colibri h queue singuli•re Colibri Colibri Colibri Colibri

61ise z6m•s lucifer charmant

Colibri h gorge rubis

Momotus Momotus

mexicanus momota

Baryphthengusmartii Electron Electron

carinaturn

platyrhynchum

Motmot

nain

Motmot h gorge bleue Motmot Motmot Motmot Motmot

h t•te rousse houtouc roux h bec caren6

Motmot a bec large Motmot

Eumomota

superciliosa

a soumils

bleus

Colibri h gorgenoire

ALCEDINIDAE

Mellisuga minima Mellisuga helenae Calypte anna Calypte costae Stellula calliope

Colibri Colibri Colibri Colibri

Ceryle torquata

Martin-p•cheurh

Ceryle alcyon

Colibri calliope

Chloroceryle

Martin-p•cheur d'Am6rique Martin-p•cheur

Arthis heloisa Atthis ellioti

Colibri Colibri

Chloroceryle

alexandri

Selasphorus platycercus Selasphorusrufus Selasphorussasin Selasphorusfiammula Selasphorusardens Selasphorusscintilla

nain d'Helen d'Anna de Costa h61o'ise d'Elliot

Colibri Colibri Colibri Colibri Colibri

roux d'Allen flammule ardent scintillant

temnurus

Priotelus roseigaster Trogon melanocephalus Trogon citreolus Trogon viridis

Trogon aurantiiventris

Trogon rufus Trogon melanurus Trogon massena Trogon clathratus Euptilotis neoxenus

Trogonde Cuba Trogon damoiseau Trogonh t•te noire Trogoncitrin Trogon h queue Trogonde Baird Trogon violac6 Trogon montagnard Trogon 616gant Trogon rosalba Trogon h ventre orange

Trogon aurore Trogonh queuenoire Trogonde Mass6na

Trogon6chelette Trogonoreillard

Pharomachrus

auriceps Pharomachrus mocinno

Quetzal dor6 Quetzal resplendissant

UPUPIDAE

Upupa epops

Huppe fasci6e

TODIDAE Todus multicolor Todus subulatus

Todier de Cuba

Todus angustirostris

Todier h bec 6troit Todier de la

Todus todus

Chloroceryle inda

Martin-p•cheur vert Martin-p•cheur

Chloroceryleaenea

Martin-p•cheurnain

bicolore

BUCCONIDAE

Nystalus radiatus

Tamatia

barr6

Notharchus

blanche

Trogon bairdii Trogon violaceus Trogon mexicanus Trogon elegans Trogon collaris

roux

d'Amazonie

amazona

americana

Colibri h queuelarge

TROGONIDAE Priotelus

ventre

macrorhynchos pectoralis Notharchus

tectus

Malacoptila panamensis Micromonacha lanceolata

Jama'ique

Tamatiah plastron Tamatia pie Tamatia

de

Lafresnaye

Nonnula ruficapilla

Barbacou Barbacou

Monasa morphoeus

Barbacou

lanc6o16 h couronne

rousse

h front

blanc

GALBULIDAE

Brachygalba salmoni Galbula ruficauda

Jacamar sombre

Jacamerops aurea

Grand Jacamar

Jacamarh queue rousse

RAMPHASTIDAE

Capito maculicoronatus

Eubucco

bourcierii

Semnornisfrantzii Aulacorhynchus prasinus Pteroglossus torquatus

Todier h bec large

Tamatiah gros bec

Notharchus

Pteroglossus frantzii Selenidera spectabilis

Cab6zon h calotte tachet6e

Cab6zon h t•te rouge Cab6zon

de Frantzius

Toucanet

6meraude

Araqari h collier Araqari de Frantzius Toucanet h oreilles d'or

Ramphastos sulfuratus

Toucan h car•ne

716

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Piculus auricularis

Ramphastos swainsonii

Toucan de Swainson

PICIDAE

Jynx torquilla

Torcol fourmilier

Picumnus olivaceus

Picumne

oliv•tre

Nesoctites

Colaptespunctigula Colaptesauratus Colapteschrysoides Colaptesfernandinae Celeus loricatus Celeus castaneus

Dryocopuslineatus Dryocopuspileatus Campephilus haernatogaster Campephilus

Pic h t•te grise Pic de Cayenne Pic flamboyant Pic chryso•de Pic de Fernandina Pic cannelle Pic roux Pic ouentou Grand Pic

micromegas Melanerpeslewis Melanerpes herminieri Melanerpes portoricensis Melanerpes erythrocephalus Melanerpes formicivorus Melanerpes chrysauchen Melanerpes pucherani Melanerpesstriatus Melanerpes radiolatus Melanerpes chrysogenys Melanerpes hypopolius Melanerpes pygmaeus Melanerpes rubricapillus Melanerpes uropygialis Melanerpes hoffmannii Melanerpesaurifrons Melanerpes carolinus Melanerpes superciliaris Sphyrapicus thyroideus Sphyrapicusvarius Sphyrapicusnuchalis Sphyrapicusruber Xiphidiopicus percussus Dendrocoposmajor Picoidesscalaris

Picumne des Antilles Pic de Lewis

Pic poignard• Pic •peiche Pic arlequin

rubiginosus Thripadectes rufobrunneus

Picoides nuttallii

Pic de Nuttall

Picoidespubescens

Pic mineur

Xenops minutus Xenops rutilans

Anabate des ravins Sittine brune Sittine stri6e

Picoides Picoides Picoides Picoides

Pic Pic Pic Pic

Sclerurus mexicanus

Sc16rure•t gorge

Sclerurusalbigularis

Sc16rureh gorge grise

villosus stricklandi borealis albolarvatus

Pic de la Guadeloupe Pic de Porto Rico Pic •t t•te rouge

Pic glandivore Pic masqu6 Pic de Pucheran Pic d'Hispaniola

Pic de Malherbe

Campephilus guatemalensis Campephilus principalis Campephilus imperialis

Pic•

bec clair

Pic h bec ivoire

Pic imp6rial

FURNARIIDAE

Synallaxisalbescens Synallaxisbrachyura Synallaxis erythrothorax

Synallaxe albane Synallaxe ardois6 Synallaxe•t poitrine

Cranioleuca

Synallaxe• face

Pic alezan

erythrops Cranioleuca vulpina Xenerpestesminlosi

Synallaxe renard Queue-grisedes

Pic du Yucatan

Premnoplex

Pic •t couronnerouge

Margarornis bellulus Margarornis rubiginosus Pseudocolaptes

Pic de la Jamai/que

Pic 616gant

Pic des saguaros

Pic de Hoffman Pic h front dor6 Pic h ventre roux

rousse

rouge

feuilles brunnescens

lawrencii

Hyloctistessubulatus Syndactylasubalaris

Anabasitte

tachet6e

Anabasittesuperbe Anabasitte

rousse

Anabate chamois Anabate forestier

Anabate verget6

Anabacerthia

Pic h sourcilsnoirs Pic de Williamson Pic macul• Pic h nuquerouge Pic h poitrinerouge

variegaticeps Philydorfuscipennis

Anabate h lunettes

Philydor rufus

Anabate

Automolus ochrolaemus

Anabateh gorge

Anabateh croupion roux

roux

fauve

Automolus

chevelu de Strickland h face blanche h t•te blanche

Picoidestridactylus

Pic tridactyle

Picoides arcticus

Pic h dos noir

Veniliornisfumigatus Veniliorniskirkii Piculussimplex Piculus callopterus

Pic enfum• Pic h croupionrouge Pic h ailes rousses Pic brid6

Piculus

chrysochloros Piculus rubiginosus

melanoleucos

Pic superbe

Pic vert-dor• Pic or-olive

Anabate rubigineux

rousse

Sclerurus

guatemalensis Lochmias nematura

Sc16rure 6cail16 Picerthie de SaintHilaire

DENDROCOLAPTIDAE Dendrocincla

fuliginosa Dendrocincla anabatina

Grimparenfum6 Grimpar • ailes rousses

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Dendrocincla

homochroa Sittasomus

Grimpar roux

griseicapillus Deconychura longicauda Glyphorynchus spirurus Xiphocolaptes

Grimpar fauvette Grimpar •t longue queue

sanctihomae

Dendrocolaptes picumnus Xiphorhynchuspicus Xiphorhynchus $usurran$

Xiphorhynchus flavi gaster Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus Xiphorhynchus erythropygius Lepidocolaptes leucogaster Lepidocolaptes souleyetii Lepidocolaptesaffinis Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

Campylorhamphus pusillus

doliatus

Thamnophilus nigriceps Thamnophilus bridgesi Thamnophilus atrinucha

Xenornis setifrons Thamnistes anabatirius

Dysithamnusmentalis Dysithamnus striaticeps Dysithamnus puncticeps Myrmotherula brachyura Myrmotherula surinamensis

Myrmotherula fulviventris Myrmotherula axillaris

6toi16

Grisin de Cayenne Grisin •t croupion

Cercomacra

tyrannina

Grimpar vari6 Grimpar talapiot

nigricans Gymnocichla nudiceps Myrmeciza longipes Myrmeciza exsul Myrmeciza

Grimpar cacao

Myrmeciza

Grimpar h bec ivoire

Hylophylax

Grimpar mail16

Myrmornis torquata Gymnopithys leucaspis

Grimpar g6ant

Grimpar vermicu16

Grimpar tachet6 Grimpar givr6

Grimpar de Souleyet Grimpar mouchet6 Grimpar •t bec rouge

Grimpar •t bec brun

Grisin

sombre

laemosticta immaculata naevioides

Phaenostictus mcleannani FORMICARIIDAE Formicarius analis Formicarius

nigricapillus

Grisin de jais Alapi •t t•te nue Alapi •t ventre blanc Alapi •t dos roux Alapi tabac

Alapi immacu16 Fourmilier grive16 Palicour de Cayenne Fourmilier•tjoues blanches Fourmilier

ocell6

T6t6ma coq-de-bois T6t6ma h t•te noire

T6t6mah poitrine

Formicarius

rufipectus

rousse

michleri

Grallaire

h t•te noire

guatimalensis Hylopezus perspicillatus Hylopezusdives

Grallaire

6cail16e

Batara fasci6 Grand Batara

Grallaire Grallaire

•t lunettes buissonni•re

Batara ray6

Grallaricula Grallaire

ocr6e

Pittasoma Grailaria

fiavirostris Batara noir RHINOCRYPTIDAE

Batara capucin Batara h nuque noire Batara masqu6 Batara

rousset

Scytalopus panamensis Scytalopus

M6rulaxe

du Panama

chocoensis

M6rulaxe

du Choco

Scytalopus argentifrons

M6rulaxe argent6

Batara gorgeret TYRANNIDAE Batara stri6

Ornithion semifiavum

Bataraponctu6

Ornithion

Myrmidon pygm6e Myrmidon du Surinam

brunneicapillum Camptostoma imberbe

blancs

Myrmidon ardois6

Tyranneauh ventre jaune Tyranneauh t•te brune

Tyranneauimberbe

Camptostoma obsoletum

Myrmidon fauve Myrmidon h flancs

Myrmotherula schisticolor

callinota

Grisin

Cercomacra

THAMNOPHILIDAE

Cymbilaimuslineatus Taraba major Thamnophilus

Terenura

Grisin •t ailes rousses

roux

Grimpar bec-en-coin

promero-

pirhynchus Dendrocolaptes

Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus Microrhopias quixensis Formicivora grisea

717

Phaeomyiasmurina Nesotriccusridgwayi Capsiempisfiaveola Tyrannuluselatus Myiopagis gaimardii

Tyranneaupassegris Tyranneausouris Tyranneaude Cocos Tyranneauflav6ole

Tyranneau roitelet E16nie de Gaimard

718

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Myiopagis caniceps Myio_pagiscotta

l•16nie grise }•16nie dela

Terenotriccus erythrurus

Jama'ique

Myiobiusvillosus

Moucherolle rougequeue Moucherolle h6riss6 Moucherolle h

•16nieverd•tre •16niesiffleuse

Myiobius sul_phureipygius

Elaenia fiavogaster Elaenia chiriquensis Elaenia frantzii Elaenia fallax Ser_po_phaga cinerea

l•16nie h ventre jaune

Myiobius atricaudus Moucherolleh queue

l•16nie montagnarde

Myiophobus fasciatus

Moucherolle Moucherolle

fasci6 d'Euler

Tyranneau des

Aphanotriccus

Moucherolle

h

Mionectes

Pipromorphe olive

Aphanotriccus audax

Moucherolle

Myio_pagisviridicata Elaenia

martinica

olivaceus

l•16niemenue

l•16niesara torrents

Mionectes oleagineus

Pipromorphe

Lepto_po gon amauroce_phalus Le_pto_po gon superciliaris Phylloscartes fiavovirens Phylloscartes su_perciliaris Phyllomyias

Pipromorphe ht•te

burmeisteri

Phyllomyias griseiceps Zimmerius

vilissimus

Sublegatusarenarum

rouss•tre brune

noire

Lathrotriccuseuleri capitalis

callizonus

Tyranneau jaune-vert

Conto_pus coo_peri

Moucherolle h c6t6s olive Moucherolle de Coues Moucherolle ombr6 Moucherolle ocr6 Pioui de l'Ouest Pioui de l'Est Moucherolle cendr6 Moucherolle t•te-fou Moucherolle de la

Tyranneauh sourcils

roux

Tyranneau pattu

phaeocercus

Conto_pus pertinax

Contopus lugubris Conto_pus ochraceus

cinereum

Todirostrum

nigrice_ps Cnipodectes subbrunneus

Rhynchocyclus brevirostris

Rhynchocyclus olivaceus

Tolmomyias sulphurescens Tolmomyiasassimilis Platyrinchus cancrominus

Platyrinchus mystaceus

Platyrinchus coronatus

Microtyran hcalotte noire

Conto_pus

Jamai'que

Moucherolle

d'Hispaniola his_paniolensis Moucherolle

Contopus latirostris

Em_pidonax fiaviventris

gobemouche Moucherolle

h ventre

j aune

Tyranneau hbec courbe

Ern_pidonax virescensMoucherolle Ernpidonax alnorum Moucherolle

vert des

Lawrence Todirostre de

Ernpidonax traillii

aulnes Moucherolle

des

Tyranneau de

Desmarest Todirostre familier Todirostre h t•te noire

Platyrhynque brun Platyrhynqueh bec

court

saules

Empidonax

Moucherolleh gorge

albigularis

blanche

Em_pidonax

Moucherolle Hammond

Ernpidonaxwrightii

Moucherollegris

Em_pidonax minimus Moucherolle hammondii

tch6bec de

Em_pidonax oberholseri

Moucherolle

sombre

Em_pidonax affinis

Moucherolledes pins

Em_pidonax difficilis

Moucherolle Moucherolle ravins

c6tier des

Platyrhynque oliv•tre

Empidonax

olive Platyrhynque h miroir

Em_pidonax fiavescens Moucherollejaun•tre Em_pidonax fulvifrons Moucherolle beige

Platyrhynque h queue

Em_pidonax atrice_ps

Platyrhynquejaune-

occidentalis

courte

Platyrhynqueh moustaches Platyrhynqueh t•te

Sayornisnigricans Sayornisphoebe Sayornissaya

d' or

Moucherolleroyal

Moucherolle noire Moucherolle

h t•te noir

Moucherolleph6bi Moucherolle rOUX

Pyroce_phalus rubinus

Onychorhynchus coronatus

Moucherollehupp6

Tyranneau nain Conto_pus sordidulus Tyranneau Conto_pus virens gobemoucheron Contopus cinereus Tyranneau des Conto_pus caribaeus pa16tuviers Conto_pus pallidus

Microtyran chevelu Microtyran coiff6

Todirostrum

ceintur6

Moucherolle azt•que

Lophotriccuspileatus Lo_photriccus pilaris

Poecilotriccussylvia

Moucherolle

Xenotriccus

mexicanus Mitrephanes

Tyranneau bronz6

Oncostoma olivaceum

h bec

noir

PipromQrphe/t tgte grise

pelzelni Myiornis atrica_pillus

cinereigulare

poitrine fauve

Xenotriccus

Pseudotriccus

Oncostoma

croupionjaune

Moucherolle vermilion

h ventre

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Fluvicola pica Colonia colonus

Moucherollepie Moucherolle h longs

Tyrannusforficatus Tyrannus savana

Machetornis

brins Moucherolle

INCERTAE

rixosus

Attila spadiceus

Sirystessibilator Rhytipterna holerythra Myiarchus yucatanensis Myiarchus barbirostris Myiarchus tuberculifer Myiarchus panamensis Myiarchus cine rascens

Myiarchusnuttingi Myiarchus crinitus Myiarchus tyrannulus Myiarchusnugator Myiarchus validus Myiarchus sagrae Myiarchus stolidus Myiarchus antillarum Myiarchus oberi Deltarhynchus fiammulatus Pitangus lictor Pitangussulphuratus Megarynchus pitangua Myiozetetes cayanensis Myiozetetessimilis Myiozetetes granadensis Conopiasalbovittata Myiodynastes

hemichrysus Myiodynastes chrysocephalus Myiodynastes maculatus Myiodynastes luteiventris Legatus leucophaius Empidonomusvarius ryrannus melancholicus Tyrannuscouchii Tyrannusvociferans Tyrannus crassirostris Tyrannusverticalis Tyrannustyrannus Tyrannus dominicensis Tyrannus caudifasciatus Tyrannuscubensis

querelleur Attila/t croupion jaune Tyran siffieur Aulia roux

Tyran triste Tyran olivfitre Tyran du Panama Tyran/t gorge cendr6e

Tyran de Nutting Tyran hupp6 Tyran de Wied Tyran bayard Tyran/t queue rousse Tyran de La Sagra Tyran grosse-t•te Tyran de Porto Rico Tyran janeau Tyran flamm• Tyran licteur Tyran quiquivi Tyran pitangua

Tyran de Cayenne Tyran sociable Tyran/t t•te grise Tyran diad•me

Tyran/t 1onguequeue Tyran des savanes

SEDIS

Sapayoa aenigma Schiffornisturdinus Piprites griseiceps Lipaugus unirufus Laniocera rufescens Pachyramphus versicolor

Tyran du Yucatan

719

Pachyramphusrufus Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

Pachyramphus polychopterus Pachyramphus albogriseus Pachyramphusmajor Pachyramphus aglaiae Pachyramphus

Sapayoa/t bec large Antriade

turdoi'de

Piprite/t t•te grise Piauhau roux Aulia tachet6 B6carde B6carde

barr6e cendr6e

B6carde cannelle B6carde/t ailes blanches

B6cardepie B6cardedu Mexique B6cardeh gorgerose

Pachyramphusniger

B6carde unicolore B6carde de la

Tityra semifasciata Tityra inquisitor

JamaYque Tityre masqu6 Tityre h t•te noire

homochrous

COTINGIDAE

Cotinga amabilis Cotinga ridgwayi Cotinga nattererii Carpodecteshopkei Carpodectesantoniae Carpodectesnitidus Querula purpurata Cephalopterus glabricollis

Cotinga c61este Cotinga turquoise Cotinga bleu. Cotinga blanc Cotinga •t bec jaune Cotinga neigeux

Procnias

Araponga

tricarunculata

Coracine

noire

Coracine

ombrelle

tricaroncu16

PIPRIDAE

Tyran/t ventred'or

Chloropipo

Tyran/t casqued'or

holochlora Manacus candei Manacus aurantiacus Manacus vitellinus

Tyran audacieux

Tyran tigr• Tyran pirate Tyran tachet• Tyran m61ancolique Tyran de Couch Tyran de Cassin Tyran •t bec 6pais Tyran de l'Ouest Tyran tritri

Corapipo altera Chiroxiphia lanceolata

Chiroxiphia linearis Pipra pipra Pipra coronata Pipra erythrocephala Pipra mentalis

Manakin Manakin

vert •t col blanc

Manakin •t col orange Manakin Manakin

•t col d'or •t fraise

Manakin lanc6o16 Manakin fastueux Manakin •t t•te blanche Manakin •t t•te bleue Manakin •t t•te d'or Manakin •t cuisses

jaunes OXYRUNCIDAE

Oxyruncuscristatus

Oxyrhynquehupp6

Tyran gris Tyran t•te-police Tyran g6ant

MELIPHAGIDAE Moho braccatus

Moho apicalis

Moho de Kauai Moho d'Oahu

720

FRENCHNAMESOF NORTHAMERICANBIRDS

Moho bishopi

Moho de Bishop

Calocitta

Moho nobilis

Moho

Chaetoptila angustipluma

M61iphagekio6a

Calocittaformosa Cyanocoraxdickeyi Cyanocoraxaffinis Cyanocoraxyncas Cyanocoraxmorio Cyanocorax melanocyaneus Cyanocorax

d'Hawai'

LANIIDAE

Lanius

cristatus

Lanius ludovicianus Lanius

excubitor

Pie-gri•che brune Pie-gri•che migratrice Pie-gri•chegrise

VIREONIDAE

Vireo brevipennis Vireo griseus

Vir6o

ardois6

Vir6o aux yeux

Vireo crassirostris

blancs Vir6o h bec fort

Vireo pallens

Vir6o desmangroves

Vireo bairdi Vireo caribaeus Vireo modestus

Vir6o de Cozumel Vir6o de San Andr6s

Vireo gundlachii

Vir6o de Cuba Vir•o de Porto Rico

Vireo latimeri Vireo nanus Vireo bellii

Vireo atricapillus Vireo nelsoni Vireo vicinior Vireo osburni

Vir6o de la JamaYque

Vir6o d'Hispaniola Vir6o de Bell Vir6o h t•te noire Vir6o nain

colliei

sanblasianus

Cyanocorax yucatanicus Cyanocorax beecheii Cyanolycacucullata Cyanolycapumilo Cyanolycanana Cyanolyca argentigula Cyanolycamirabilis Aphelocoma coerulescens

Aphelocoma insularis Aphelocoma californica Aphelocoma ultramarina

Geai • face noire Geai h face blanche

Geai panach6 Geai • poitrinenoire Geai vert Geai enfum6

Geai houpp6 Geai de San Blas Geai du Yucatan Geai • dos violet Geai couronn6

Geai • gorgenoire Geai nain

Geai • gorge argent6e Geai masqu6 Geai h gorgeblanche Geai de Santa Cruz Geai buissonnier

Geai du Mexique

Vireo fiavifrons Vireo plumbeus

Vir6o h gorgejaune Vir6o plomb6

Aphelocoma unicolor Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Nucifraga

Vireo cassinii Vireo solitarius

Vir6o de Cassin Vir6o h t•te bleue

Pica pica

Pie bavarde

Vireo carmioli Vireo huttoni

Vir6o h ailes jaunes

Pica nuttalli Corvus monedula Corvus

Pie • bec jaune

Vireo hypochryseus Vireo gilvus Vireo leucophrys Vireo philadelphicus Vireo olivaceus

Vir6o gris Vir6o

Vir6o Vir6o Vir6o Vir6o

d'Osburn

de Hutton dor6 m61odieux h calotte brune

Vir6o de Philadelphie Vir6o aux yeux rouges

Vireo fiavoviridis Vireo altiloquus Vireo magister Hylophilusfiavipes

Vir•o jaune-verd•tre Vir6o h moustaches Vir•o du Yucatan

Vir6on h pattes claires

Hylophilus ochraceiceps Hylophilus aurantiifrons Hylophilus decurtatus

Vir6on

h calotte

rousse

brachyrhynchos

Vir6on • front d'or Vir6on menu

Geai despin,des Cassenoix

d'Am6rique Choucas des tours

Corneilled'Am6rique

Corvus caurinus

Corneille

Corvuspalmarum

Corneillepalmiste

Corvus nasicus Corvus

Corneille Corneille

leucognaphalus Corvusjamaicensis

Corneille

d'Alaska de Cuba

d'Hispaniola de la

Corvus imparatus

JamaYque Corneilledu Mexique

Corvus sinaloae

Corneille

Corvus ossifragus

Corneillede rivage

Corvus hawaiiensis

Corneille d' Hawa'i Corbeau • cou blanc Grand Corbeau

Corvus cryptoleucus Corvus

corax

du Sinaloa

MONARCHIDAE

Vireolanius

melitophrys

Smaragdanceintur6

Chasiempis sandwichensis

Vireolanius

pulchellus Vireolanius

columbiana

Geai unicolore

eximius

Cyclarhisgujanensis

Smaragdan6meraude Smaragdan•t sourcils jaunes

Monarque616pa'io

ALAUDIDAE Alauda arvensis

Sourciroux m61odieux

Alouettedeschamps

Eremophilaalpestris

Alouette

M6sangeaidu

Progne subis Progne cryptoleuca Progne dominicensis

Hirondelle Hirondelle Hirondelle

Progne sinaloae

Hirondelle

hausse-col

HIRUNDINIDAE

CORVIDAE Perisoreus canadensis

Cyanocitta stelleri Cyanocitta cristata

Canada Geai de Steller Geai bleu

noire de Cuba •t ventre

blanc

du Sinaloa

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Progne chalybea Progne elegans Progne tapera Tachycinetabicolor Tachycinetaalbilinea

721

Hirondellechalyb6e Hirondelle gracieuse Hirondelle tap•re Hirondellebicolore Hirondelle des mangroves

TROGLODYTIDAE Donacobius atricapillus Campylorhynchus albobrunneus Campylorhynchus zonatus

euchrysea Tachycineta thalassina Tachycineta

Hirondelledor6e Hirondelleh face blanche Hirondelle des

Campylorhynchus megalopterus Campylorhynchus chiapensis

cyaneoviridis Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Bahamas Hirondelle bleuet blanc

Campylorhynchus Troglodyteh nuque rousse rufinucha Campylorhynchus

Stelgidopteryx serripennis Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

blanches Hirondelle hailes h6riss6es Hirondelle hgorge rousse

CampylorhynchusTroglodytedu Yucatan yucatanicus Campy lorhync hus brunneicapillusTroglodytedes cactus Salpinctes obsoletusTroglodyte des

Tachycineta

Notiochelidon pileata Hirondelle/t t•te noire Neochelidon tibialis Hirondelle/t cuisses

Riparia riparia

Hirondelle de rivage

Petrochelidon Hirondelle hfront pyrrhonota blanc

Poecile rufescens

Hylorchilus sumichrasti Thryothorusspadix Thryothorus

atrogularis

M6sange/t dos matron

Troglodyte g6ant

canyons

Hirondelle Hylorchilus navai Hirondelle rustique de fen•tre M6sange deCaroline M6sange/t t•te noire M6sange deGambel M6sange grise

Troglodytez6br6

rochers

Hirundo Delichon rustica urbica Poecilecarolinensis Poecileatricapillus Poecile gambeli Poecile sclateri

Troglodyte zon6

Catherpes mexicanus Troglodytedes

Hirondelle/t front

PARIDAE

blanche

Troglodyte tachet6 gularis CampylorhynchusTroglodytede Boucard jocosus

Petrochelidonfulva

brun

Troglodyteh miroir Troglodyteh t•te

Thryothorus fasciatoventris Thryothorus nigricapillus

Thryothorus semibadius

Troglodyte• bec fin Troglodytede Nava Troglodytemoine Troglodyte • gorge noire

Troglodyte • ventre noir

Troglodyte• calotte noire

Troglodytedes ruisseaux

Poecile hudsonicusM6sange/t t•tebrune Poecile cinctus M6sange lapone Baeolophus

Thryothorus leucopogon Thryothorus

Troglodytebalafr6

Baeolophus inornatus M6sange unicolore Baeolophusgriseus M6sangedes pintdes

Thryothorus rutilus

Troglodyteflamm6 Troglodyte des

wollweberi

Baeolophusbicolor

M6sange arlequin M6sangebicolore

REMIZIDAE

Auriparusfiaviceps

Auripare verdin

thoracicus

halliers

Thryothorus maculipectus Thryothorusrufalbus Thryothorussinaloa

Troglodyteh poitrine tachet6e

Troglodyteruralbin Troglodytedu Sinaloa

AEGITHALIDAE

Psaltriparus minimus

M6sange buissonni•re

SITTIDAE Sitta canadensis

Sittelle/t poitrine

Sitta carolinensis

Sittelle h poitrine

rousse

blanche

Sitta pygmaea Sitta pusilla

Sittelle pygm6e Sittelle/t

t•te brune

Thryothorus pleurostictus Thryothorus ludovicianus

Thryothorusfelix Thryothorusleucotis

Troglodytebarr6 Troglodyte de Caroline

Troglodytejoyeux Troglodyteh face pfile

Thryothorus modestus

Thryomanesbewickii

Troglodytemodeste Troglodytede

Thryomanessissonii

Troglodyte de

Ferminia

Troglodytede Zapata Troglodyte familier

Bewick Socorro

CERTHIIDAE Certhia americana

Grimpereaubrun

cerverai

Troglodytesaedon

722

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Troglodytestanneri

Troglodytede

Polioptilaplumbea

Gobemoucheron face blanche Gobemoucheron

Troglodyteocr6

Polioptila schistaceigula

Gobemoucheron ardois6

Troglodytemignon Troglodyte•t bec

MUSCICAPIDAE Ficedula narcissina

Polioptila albiloris

Clarion

Troglodytes rufociliatus Troglodytes ochraceus

Troglodytes troglodytes Cistothorusplatensis

Troglodyteh sourcils

tropical

roux

court

Ficedulamugimaki

Cistothoruspalustris

Troglodytedes

Uropsila leucogastra

marais Troglodyte h ventre

Ficedula parva Muscicapa sibirica

Troglodyte des volcans Troglodyte h poitrine

Muscicapa griseisticta Muscicapa dauurica

Troglodyte h poitrine

TURDIDAE

Henicorhina leucosticta Henicorhina

leucophrys Microcerculus

philomela

Gobemouche Gobemouche

narcisse

mugimaki

blanc

Thryorchilusbrowni

h

blanche

grise

Luscinia calliope Luscinia

svecica

Gobemouche Gobemouche Sib6rie Gobemouche

nain de h taches

grises Gobemouche

brun

Rossignolcalliope Gorgebleueh miroir Rossignolbleu Rossignolh flancs

Microcerculus

Troglodyte philom•le Luscinia cyane

marginatus Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus

Troglodyte siffleur Tarsiger cyanurus Shama h croupion Troglodyte chanteur Copsychus blanc malabaricus roux

Oenanthe

CINCLIDAE Cinclus

mexicanus

Cincle d'Am6rique

PYCNONOTIDAE

Pycnonotuscafer Pycnonotusjocosus

Bulbul h ventre rouge

Bulbul orph•e

REGULIDAE

Regulussatrapa Reguluscalendula

Roitelet h couronne dor•e Roitelet h couronne rubis

SYLVIIDAE

Cettia diphone Locustella

ochotensis

Locustella

lanceolata

Acrocephalus familiaris Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Phylloscopusfuscatus Phylloscopusborealis Microbates cinereiventris

Bouscarlechanteuse Locustelle de Middendorff Locustellelanceolde

Rousserolleobscure

Polioptila caerulea Polioptila lembeyei Polioptila californica

Polioptila melanura Polioptila nigriceps

Sialia sialis Sialia Sialia

mexicana currucoides

Traquet motteux Tarier pfitre Merlebleu de l'Est Merlebleu de l'Ouest Merlebleu azur6 Solitaire de

Myadestes townsendi Myadestes occidentalis Myadesteselisabeth Myadestesgenibarbis Myadestesmelanops Myadestescoloratus Myadestesunicolor Myadestes myadestinus Myadesteswoahensis Myadesteslanaiensis Myadestesobscurus Myadestespalmeri

Townsend

Solitaire Solitaire Solitaire

h dos bran de Cuba siffleur

Solitaire masqu6 Solitaire Solitaire

vari6 ardois6

Solitaire Solitaire Solitaire Solitaire

kamao d'Oahu de Lanai d'Hawa¾

Solitaire pua¾ohi

Catharus

Pouillot siffleur Pouillot Pouillot

gracilirostris

brun bor6al

Catharus aurantiirostris

Catharusfuscater Microbate

cendr•

Catharus occidentalis

Microbate h long bec Gobemoucherongrisbleu

Catharusfrantzii Catharus mexicanus Catharus dryas Catharusfuscescens

Gobemoucheron Cuba Gobemoucheron

Catharus Catharus Catharus

Ramphocaenus melanurus

oenanthe

Saxicolatorquata

de de

minimus bicknelli ustulatus

Califomie Gobemoucheronh queuenoire

Catharusguttatus Hylocichla mustelina Turdusmerula

Gobemoucheron coiffe noire

Turdus obscurus Turdus naumanni

h

Grive

h bec noir

Grive h bec orange Grive Grive Grive Grive Grive Grive

ardois6e roussfitre h calotte rousse h t•te noire tave16e fauve

Grive h joues grises Grive Grive Grive Grive Merle Merle Grive

de Bicknell h dos olive solitaire des bois noir obscur de Naumann

FRENCHNAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Turduspilaris

Grive litorne

Turdus iliacus

Grive mauvis

Turdusnigrescens Turdusinfuscatus Turdusplebejus

Merle fuligineux Merle enfum6 Merle de montagne

Turdusfumigatus

Merle cacao

Turdus obsoletus

Merle cul-blanc

Turdusgrayi

Merle fauve

Turdusnudigenis

Merle h lunettes

Turdus jamaicensis

Merleauxyeux blancs

Turdusassimilis

Merleh gorge blanche

723

Melanotishypoleucus Moqueur bleu et blanc

Margaropsfuscus Margaropsfuscatus Cinclocerthia

ruficauda

Moqueur grivotte Moqueur corossol Trembleur

brun

Cinclocerthia

gutturalis

STURNIDAE

Trembleurgris

Sturnus vulgaris

gtoumeausansonnet

Acridotheres tristis

Martin

triste

Acridotheres

Turdusrufopalliatus Merleh dosroux Turdusrufftorques Merleh colroux

cristatellus Graculareligiosa

Martin hupp6 Mainate religieux

Turdusmigratorius Turdusswalesi Turdusaurantius

Merle d'Am6rique Merle de La Selle Merle h miroir

PRUNELLIDAE Prunella montanella

Accenteur

Turdus ravidus

Merle de Grande

Turdus plumbeus

Merlevantard

Motacilla fiava

Bergeronnette printani•re

Grivehpieds jaunes

Motacilla citreola

Bergeronnette citrine Bergeronnettedes

Motacilla

Bergeronnettegrise Bergeronnette lugubre Pipit des arbres Pipit h dos olive Pipit de la Petchora Pipit h gorgerousse Pipit d'Am6rique Pipit de Sprague Pipit jaunfitre

Cai'man

MOTACILLIDAE

Cichlherminia

lherminieri

Ixoreusnaevius

Grive h collier

Motacilla cinerea

misseaux

Ridgwayiapinicola

Grive azt•que

TIMALIIDAE Garrulaxpectoralis Garrulax canorus

Garrulaxeh plastron Garrulaxehoamy

Anthustrivialis

Leiothrixlutea Chamaeafasciata

L6iothrixjaune Camabrune

Anthushodgsoni Anthusgustavi Anthus

Zosterops japonicus

alba

Motacilla lugens

ZOSTEROPIDAE

cervinus

Anthus rubescens

Zost6rops du Japon

Anthusspragueii Anthus

lutescens

MIMIDAE

Dumetella

montanelle

BOMBYCILLIDAE

carolinensis Melanoptila

Moqueur chat

glabrirostris Mimuspolyglottos

Moqueurnoir Moqueurpolyglotte

Mimusgilvus

Moqueur dessavanes

Phainoptila

Oreoscoptes

Bahamas Moqueur des

Ptilogonys cinereus Ptilogonys caudatus

Ph6noptilenoir et j aune Ptilogoncendr6 Ptilogon h longue

Mimodes graysoni

Moqueur deSocorro

Phainopepla nitens

Ph6nop•pleluisant

Moqueurh long bec Moqueur de Cozumel Moqueur gris Moqueur de Bendire Moqueur ocell6 Moqueur h bec

Dulus dominicus

Esclavepalmiste

PEUCEDRAMIDAE Peucedramus taeniatus

Fauvine des pins

Mimus gundlachii montanus

Toxostomarufum

Moqueur des armoises

Moqueurroux

Toxostoma

longirostre Toxostomaguttatum Toxostomacinereum Toxostomabendirei Toxostomaocellatum Toxostoma curvirostre

courbe

Californie

Ramphocinclus brachyurus Melanotis caerulescens

PTILOGONATIDAE melanoxantha

queue

DULIDAE

Toxostoma redivivum Moqueurde Toxostomacrissale Toxostomalecontei

Bombycilla garrulus Jaseur bor6al Bombycilla cedrorum Jaseurd'Am6rique

Moqueur cul-roux Moqueur de Le Conte Moqueurgorgeblanche Moqueurbleu

PARULIDAE

Vermivorabachmanii Vermivora pinus

Vermivora chrysoptera Vermivoraperegrina Vermivoracelata Vermivoraruficapilla

Paraline de Bachman Paraline h ailes bleues Paruline h ailes dor6es Paraline obscure Paraline verdfitre

Paruline h joues grises

724

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Vermivora virginiae Vermivora Verrnivora

crissalis luciae

Parula gutturalis Parula superciliosa Parula

americana

Parula pitiayumi

Parulinede Virginia Parulinede Colima Parulinede Lucy Parulineembras6e

Oporornisagilis

Paruline h croissant

Oporornis tolmiei

Parulinetriste Paruline des buissons

Paruline• collier

Geothlypistrichas

Parulinemasqu6e

Paruline hjoues

Geothlypis beldingi

noires

Dendroica petechia

Paruline jaune

Oporornis philadelphia

Geothlypis

fiavovelata

Parulineh gorge grise

Paruline deBelding

Paruline h couronne

jaune

Geothlypisrostrata

pensylvanica Dendroica magnolia

Parulineh flancs marron Parulineh t•te cendr6e

Dendroica tigrina

Paruline tigr6e

Geothlypis nelsoni Paruline deNelson

Dendroica caerulexcens Dendroica coronata

Paruline bleue

Dendroica

Dendroica nigrescens

Paruline • croupion jaune Paruline grise

Dendroica

chrysoparia Dendroica

virens

Dendroica

townsendi

Dendroica occidentalis

Dendroicafusca Dendroica

dominica

Dendroica Dendroica Dendroica

graciae adelaidae

pityophila

Paruline Paruline noire

h dosnoir

•tgorge

Paruline de Townsend

Parulineh t•te jaune Parulineh gorge orang6e Parulineh gorge jaune Paruline de Grace Paruline d'Ad61ai'de Paruline h calotte verte

Dendroica Dendroica Dendroica Dendroica Dendroica

pinus

Parulinedes pins

kirtlandii discolor vitellina

Paruline

palmarum

Paruline des Ca'imans Paruline h couronne

Dendroica

castanea

Parulineh poitrine

de Kirtland

Paruline des pros

Geothlypis semifiava Geothlypis speciosa Geothlypis

aequinoctialis

Dendroica Dendroica

striata cerulea

Dendroicaplumbea Dendroica pharetra Dendroica angelae Catharopezabishopi Mniotilta

varia

Setophagaruticilla Protonotaria Helmitheros

citrea

vermivorus

Parulineray6e Paruline azur6e Paruline caf•iette Paruline de la

Jama'ique Parulined'Angela Paruline de SaintVincent Paruline noir et blanc

Parulineflamboyante Parulineorang6e

Teretistris

fernandinae Teretistrisfornsi Leucopeza seroperi Wilsonia

citrina

Wilsoniapusilla Wilsonia

canadensis

Cardellina rubrifrons Ergaticus ruber Ergaticus versicolor Myioboruspictus Myioborus miniatus Myioborus torquatus Euthlypislachrymosa Basileuterus culicivorus

Basileuterusrufifrons

Seiurusaurocapillus Seiurus noveboracensis Seiurus motacilla

Oporornisformosus

Paruline de Fernandina

Paruline d'Oriente Parulinepied-blanc Parulineh capuchon Paruline h calotte noire Paruline du Canada

Paruline• face rouge Parulinerouge Paruline •t t6te rose Paruline •t ailes blanches Paruline ardois6e Paruline ceintur6e Paruline des rochers Paruline h couronne dor6e Paruline h calotte rousse

Basileuterus

belli

Paruline • sourcils dor6s

Basileuterus

melanogenys Basileuterusignotus Basileuterus tristriatus

Phaeothlypis fulvicauda Zeledonia coronata Icteria virens Granatellus venustus Granatellus sallaei

Xenoligea montana

Paruline Paruline

sombre du Pirr6

Parulinetriligne Paruline • croupion fauve Paruline de Zeledon

Paruline polyglotte Paruline multicolore

Parulineh plastron Parulinequatre-yeux

COEREBIDAE Paruline

vermivore

Coerebafiaveola

Sucrier h ventre

j aune

Limnothlypis swainsonii

Paruline 6quatoriale

Geothlypis Paruline hcalotte poliocephala grise Microligea palustrisParuline auxyeux rouges

rousse

baie

Parulinedes Bahamas Parulinedesbambous Paruline• facenoire

Paruline de Swainson Paruline couronn6e Paruline des ruisseaux

Parulinehochequeue Paruline du Kentucky

THRAUPIDAE Conirostrum

leucogenys Nesospingus speculiferus

Conirostre

oreillard

Tangarade Porto Rico

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Chlorosptngus ophthalmicus Chlorosptngus

Ramphocelus Tangarades buissons Tangaradu Tacarcuna

tacarcunae

Chlorosptngus inornatus

Chlorosptngus pileatus Chlorosptngus fiavigularis Chlorosptngus canigularis Hemithraupis fiavicollis Chrysothlypis chrysomelaena Phaenicophilus palmarum Phaenicophilus poliocephalus Calyptophilustertius Calyptophilus frugivorus Rhodinocichla

rosea

Mitrospingus cassinii Chlorothraupis carmioli

Tangaradu Pirr6 Tangarah sourcils

olivacea Lanio

aurantius

leucothorax

Tangarah dos jaune

Euphoniaaffinis Euphonia luteicapilla

Tangaraloriot Tangarah couronne

Euphonia laniirostris Euphonia

noire

Tangaraquatre-yeux Tangarade Wetmore Tangaracornichon Tangaraqu6o Tangara obscur

luctuosus

Tangarah lunettes Tangarah t•te grise Tangarah gorge Tangara h gorge

Tangarah croupion jaune Tangarah sourcils rOUX

Tangarah 6paulettes blanches

Tachyphonusdelatrii Tachyphonusrufus

Tangarade Delattre Tangarah galons

Habia

Tangarah couronne

blancs rubica

rouge

Habia fuscicauda atrimaxillaris

dimidiatus

Ramphocelus passerinii

Rica

Tangaraflamboyant Tangarah t•te ray6e Tangara6v•que Tangarah miroir j aune Tangarades palmiers Tangarajaune et bleu Organistede la Jama'ique Organistede brousse Organisteh calotte jaune Organisteh bec 6pais Organisteh gorge jaune Organistelouis-d'or Organisteh capuchon Organistecul-roux Organistemouchet6 Organisteolive Organistecul-blanc Organisteh couronne rousse

Euphonia xanthogaster Chlorophonia fiavir ostris Chlorophonia occipitalis Chlorophonia callophrys Tangara inornata

Organisteh ventre

Tangara cabanisi Tangara palmeri Tangara florida Tangara

Calliste

Calliste

6meraude

icterocephala

Calliste

safran

Tangara guttata Tangara gyrola Tangara lavinia

orange

Organisteh col jaune Organisteh calotte bleue

Organisteh sourcils jaunes Calliste gris azur6

Calliste or-gris

Calliste tiquet6 Calliste rouverdin Calliste

h ailes

rousses

Calliste Calliste

Tangaraa gorge rose Tangaraorang6 Tangaravermilion Tangara6carlate Tangarah t•te rouge Tangarah dos ray6 Tangarabifasci6 Tangara 6rythroc6phale

Dacnis

Dacnis

Tangaraceintur6

EMBERIZIDAE

Tangara h dos rouge Tangarah croupion

Jacarini noir Volatinia jacarina Sporophilaschistacea Sporophileardois6 Sporophila americana Sporophilevariable

Tangarah joues noires

Piranga roseogularis Piranga fiava Piranga rubra Piranga olivacea Piranga ludoviciana Piranga bidentata Piranga leucoptera Piranga erythrocephala Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Ramphocelus

Tangaradu Costa

Tangara cucullata Tangara larvata Tangara dowii Tangara fucosa

Tangarah gorge rouge

Habia

hirundinacea

Euphonia musica Euphonia elegantissima Euphoniafulvicrissa Euphonia imitans Euphoniagouldi Euphoniaminuta Euphoniaanneae

Tangaraolive

blanche

Heterospingus rubrifrons Heterospingus xanthopygius Tachyphonus

Thraupispalmarum Bangsia arcaei Euphoniajamaica

Tangarah gorge grise

noire

Lanio

Ramphocelus fiammigerus Spindalis zena Thraupis episcopus Thraupisabbas

bris6s

Tangara•t gorge jaune

Chlorothraupis

Eucometispenicillata

costaricensis

725

rouge

venusta

dos-bleu h coiffe d'or

Callistepaillet6 Calliste h nuqueverte h cuisses

Dacnis cayana Dacnis viguieri

rouges Dacnis bleu Dacnis vert

Chlorophanesspiza Cyanerpeslucidus Cyanerpescaeruleus Cyanerpescyaneus

Guit-guit 6meraude Guit-guit brillant Guit-guit c6ru16en Guit-guit sa'i

Tersina

Tersine hirondelle

viridis

726

FRENCHNAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Sporophilatorqueola

Sporophileh col blanc

Sporophilanigricollis Sporophila minuta Oryzoborusnuttingi

Sporophile•t ventre j aune Sporophilepetit-louis Sporophilede

Oryzoborus funereus

Nutting Sporophile•t bec fort

Amaurospiza concolor

Melopyrrha nigra Tiaris

canora

Sporophilebleu Sporophilen6grito Sporophilepetitchanteur

Tiaris

olivacea

Sporophilegrandchanteur

Tiaris

bicolor

Sporophilecici

Loxipasser anoxanthus

Loxigilla portoricensis Loxigilla violacea Loxigilla noctis

Sporophilemantel6 Sporophilede Porto Rico

Sporophilepetit-coq Sporophile rougegorge

Euneorniscampestris

Pique-orangede la JamaYque

Melanospiza richardsoni Pinaroloxias inornata

Haplospiza rustica Acanthidopsbairdii Diglossa baritula Diglossa plumbea Sicalis fiaveola Sicalis

luteola

Moisson pied-blanc Spizin de Cocos Haplospizeardois6 Bec-en-chevillegris Percefleur cannelle Percefleur ardois6 Sicale bouton-d'or Sicale des savanes

Emberizoides herbicola Paroaria coronata

Paroaria capitata Lysurus crassirostris Pselliophorustibialis

Grand Tardivole

Paroarehupp6 Paroareh bec jaune Tohi masqu6 Tohi h cuissesjaunes

Pselliophorus luteoviridis

Pezopetescapitalis Atlapetes albinucha

Atlapetespileatus auarremon brunneinuchus auarremon

virenticeps Buarremontorquatus

Tohi jaune-vert Tohi •t grandspieds Tohi h calotte blanche Tohi h calotte rousse

Tohi •t nuquebrune Tohi •t raies vertes

Tohi •t t•te ray6e

Arremon aurantiirostris

Arremonops rufivtrgatus Arremonops chloronotus

Tohi h bec orange Tohi olive

conirostris

Melozone

biarcuatum

Melozone leucotis

Pipdo chlorurus Pipdo ocai

sumichrasti

Tohi •t dos vert

Tohi lign6 Tohi de Kiener Tohi •t face blanche Tohi oreillard

Tohi h flancs roux

Tohi h gorgeblanche Tohi des canyons Tohi de Californie Tohi d'Abert

Bruant lign6 Bruant h plastron Bruant

h moustaches

Bruant h queue rousse

Bruant h 6paulettes

Aimophila rufescens Aimophila notosticta Aimophila quinquestriata

Bruant

rouss•tre

Bruant

d' Oaxaca

Bruant de Cassin

Bruantdespin,des Bruant de Botteri Bruant h calotte fauve

Bruant pentaligne

Oriturus

superciliosus

Bruant ray6

Torreornis

inexpectata Spizella arborea Spizellapasserina Spizellapallida Spizella breweri Spizella pusilla Spizella wortheni Spizella atrogularis Pooecetesgramineus Chondestes

Passerculus sandwichensis Ammodramus savannarum

Ammodramus Ammodramus henslowii Ammodramus

bairdii

nelsoni

iliaca

Melospiza melodia Melospiza lincolnii Melospizageorgiana Zonotrichia capensis Zonotrichia

Bruant hudsonien Bruant familier

Bruant des plaines Bruant de Brewer

Bruant des champs Bruant de Worthen Bruant h menton noir

Bruant vespfral Bruant h joues

Bruant h gorgenoire Bruant de Bell

Bruant noir et blanc

Bruant des prfs Bruant Bruant

sauterelle de Baird

Bruant de Henslow

leconteii Ammodramus Ammodramus caudacutus Ammodramus maritimus

Passerella

Bruant de Zapata

marron

grammacus

Amphispiza bilineata Amphispizabelli Calamospiza melanocorys

albicollis

Tohi •t queueverte Tohi •t collier

Tohi tachet6

Aimophila carpalis Aimophila cassinii Aimophila aestivalis Aimophila botterii Aimophila ruficeps

Xenospiza baileyi

Arremonops Melozone kieneri

Pipilo maculatus Pipilo erythrophthalmus Pipilo albicollis Pipilo fuscus Pipilo crissalis Pipilo aberti Aimophila ruficauda Aimophila humeralis Aimophila mystacalis Aimophila

Zonotrichiaquerula

Bruant de Le Conte Bruant de Nelson

Bruanth queueaigu• Bruant Bruant Bruant Bruant Bruant Bruant

maritime des sierras fauve chanteur de Lincoln des marais

Bruantchingolo Bruant h gorge blanche Bruant h face noire

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Zonotrichia

Bruant h couronne

leucophrys

blanche

Zonotrichia

Bruant h couronne

atricapilla Junco vulcani Juncohyemalis

dorre Juncodes volcans Juncoardois6

Juncophaeonotus

Juncoaux yeux

jaunes

Calcarius mccownii Calcarius lapponicus

Bruantde McCown Bruant lapon

Calcarius pictus

Bruant deSmith

Calcarius

Bruant h ventre noir

ornatus

Emberiza

Bruanth calotte

727

ICTERIDAE

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Agelaiusphoeniceus Agelaiusassimilis Agelaiustricolor

Goglu des prrs Carougeh 6paulettes Carougede Cuba Carougede Californie

Agelaius humeralis Agelaiusxanthomus

Petit Carouge Carouge de Porto Rico

Nesopsar nigerrimus Carougede la JamaYque

Sturnella militaris

Sturnelle militaire

leucocephalos blanche Emberiza pusilla Bruant nain Emberiza rustica Bruant rustique Emberiza aureola Bruant aur6ole Emberiza variabilis Bruant gris

Sturnelledes pr6s Sturnella magna Sturnella neglecta Sturnelle de l'Ouest Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Carouge •t t•te jaune Quiscale chanteur Dives dives Quiscale violet

Emberiza schoeniclus Bruant desroseaux

Euphagus carolinus

Emberiza pallasi

Bruant dePallas

Plectrophenax nivalisBruant des neiges Plectrophenax hyperboreus Bruant blanc CARDINALIDAE Saltator albicollis

Saltator striatipectus Saltator Saltator

coerulescens maximus

Saltator atriceps Saltator grossus Caryothraustes poliogaster Caryothraustes canadensis

Cardinalis Pheucticus

cardinalis

sinuatus

Euphagus Quiscale de Brewer cyanocephalus Quiscalus quiscula Quiscale bronz6 Quiscalus major Quiscale des marais Quiscalusmexicanus

Quiscaleh longue

Saltator gros-bec

Quiscalus palustris

Saltator gris Saltator desgrands-

nicaraguensis Quiscalus niger

Quiscale de Mexico Quiscale du Nicaragua Quiscale noir Quiscale merle

queue

Saltator stri6

bois Saltator h t•tenoire Cardinal ardois6 Cardinal

h ventre

blanc

Quiscalus

Quiscalus lugubris Molothrus bonariensis Molothrus aeneus Molothrus

ater

Scaphiduraoryzivora

Cardinal

flavert

Cardinal

h collier

Rhodothraupis celaeno Cardinalis

Dives atroviolaceaQuiscale rouilleux

Cardinal rouge

Cardinalpyrrhuloxia

Icterus

dominicensis

Icterus laudabilis Icterus

oberi

Icterus bonana

Vacher luisant Vacher Vacher

bronz6 h t6te brune

Vacher grant Oriole h capuchon Oriole de SainteLucie Oriole de Montserrat Oriole de la

Martinique Icterus wagleri

Oriole cul-noir Oriole unifasci6

Cardinal hcuisses

Icterus spurius

Pheucticus ludovicianus Pheucticus

h poitrine Cardinal

Icterus chrysater

Oriole des vergers Oriole masqu6

melanocephalus Cyanocompsa cyanoides Cyanocompsa parellina

Cardinal

Guiraca

Guiraca bleu Passerin h ventre rose Passerin azur6

chrysopeplus Pheucticus

tibialis

caerulea

Cardinal jaune noires rose

Icterusmaculialatus Icteruscucullatus Icterusauricapillus

h t•te noire

l•vaque bleu-noir l•v•quepar6

Icterus

mesomelas

Icterus

icterus

Icterus pustulatus Icterus

auratus

Oriole de la Oriole macu16

JamaYque

Passerina cyanea

Passerinindigo

Passerina

rositae

Passerina

amoena

versicolor

Passerin vari6

Icterus

bullockii

Passerina leclancherii

Passerin arc-en-ciel

Icterus

abeillei

Passerina

Passerinnonpareil

Icterus parisorum Amblycercus

ciris

Spiza americana

Dickcissel

d'Amrrique

Oriole h queuejaune Oriole troupiale Oriole h dos ray6 Oriole orange

Icterus leucopteryx Icteruspectoralis Icterus gularis Icterus graduacauda Icterus galbula

Passerina

Oriole noir et or Oriole h t•te d'or

holosericeus

Oriole h gros bec Oriole d'Audubon Oriole de Baltimore Oriole h ailes blanches Oriole d'Abeil16

Oriole jaune-verd•tre Cassiqueh bec jaune

728

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Cacicus uropygialis Cacicus Cacicus

cela melanicterus

Cassiqueh dosrouge Cassiquecul-jaune Cassiqueh ailes jaunes

Psarocolius decumanus

Psarocolius montezuma

Cassiquehupp6 Cassiqueh t•te brune Cassiquede Montezuma

Psarocolius

Cassiquenoir

Pinson des arbres

Hemignathusparvus Hemignathus sagittirostris Hemignathus

Pinson du Nord

Hemignathus

Roselin h tate grise

Hemignathuslucidus Hemignathusmunroi

FRINGILLIDAE

Fringilla coelebs Fringilla montifringilla Leucosticte

tephrocotis Leucosticte atrata Leucosticte australis Pinicola enucleator

Roselin noir Roselin h tate brune

Durbec des sapins

Carpodacus erythrinus Carpodacus

Roselin cramoisi

purpureus

Roselin pourpr•

Carpodacuscassinii Carpodacus

Roselin de Cassin Roselin familiar

mexicanus Loxia curvirostra

Bec-crois•des sapins

Loxia leucoptera Carduelisfiammea

Bec-crois• bifasci• Sizerin flamm•

Carduelis hornemanni

Carduelis spinus Carduelispinus Carduelis atriceps notata

Carduelis

xanthogastra cucullata

dominicensis

Carduelispsaltria Carduelis Carduelis Carduelis Carduelis

xanthophrys Hemignathusvirens Hemignathusfiavus Hemignathus kauaiensis

guatimozinus

Carduelis Carduelis

fiaviceps Rhodacanthispalmeri Chloridopskona

Petit Psittirostre Psittirostre de Palmer

Psittirostre/tgrosbec

Pseudonestor

Psarocoliuswagleri

Carduelis

Rhodacanthis

lawrencei tristis carduelis sinica

Sizerin blanch•tre Tarin des aulnes

Tarin des pins Tarin sombre Chardonneret h t•te noire Chardonneret h

ventrejaune Chardonneretrouge Chardonneret Antilles Chardonneret

des

obscurus ellisianus

Oreomystisbairdi Oreomystismana Paroreomyza maculata

Paroreomyza fiammea Paroreomyza

Psittirostre

de Maui

Amakihi

familiar

Amakihi

d'Oahu

Amakihi de Kauai Petit Amakihi

Grand Amakihi

H6mignatheakialoa H6mignatheh long bec

H6mignathenukupuu H6mignathe akiapolaau Grimpeur de Kauai Grimpeurd'Hawa¾

Grimpeurd'Oahu Grimpeurde Molokai Grimpeurde Maui

montana

Loxops caeruleirostris

Loxops coccineus Ciridopsanna Vestiaria

coccinea

Drepanis pacifica Drepanisfunarea Palmaria

dolei

Loxopsede Kauai Loxopse des Hawa¾ Ciridopsed'Anna Iiwi rouge Dr6panidemamo Dr6panidenoir Palm6riehupp6e Picchion

cramoisi

Himatione sanguinea Melamprosops phaeosoma

Po-o-uli masqu6

PASSERIDAE Passer domesticus Passer montanus

Moineau domestique Moineau friquet

PLOCEIDAE Ploceus cucullatus

Tisserin gendarme

Euplectes franciscanus Euplectesafar

Euplectefranciscain Euplectevorab6

mineur

Chardonneretgris Chardonneretjaune Chardonneret616gant

$erinus mozambicus

Verdier de Chine Serin du

Serinus

Serin des Canaries

ESTRILDIDAE

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Bouvreuilpivoine

Uraeginthusbengalus

Cordonbleuh joues

Coccothraustes abeillei Coccothraustes

Gros-bech capuchon

Estrilda

Gros-bec Gros-bec

Estrilda melpoda

Astrild queue-devinaigre Astrild h joues

Mozambique canaria

vespertinus Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Telespiza cantans Telespiza ultima Psittirostra psittacea Dysmorodrepanis munroi

Loxioides

bailleui

rouges

errant casse-

caerulescens

Estrilda troglodytes

noyaux

Psittirostrepsittacin

Estrilda astrild Amandava amandava Lonchura malabarica

Psittirostre de Munro

Lonchura

Psittirostrepalila

Lonchura punctulata

Psittirostrede Laysan Psittirostre

de Nihoa

cucullata

orange Astrild cendr6 Astrild ondul6

Bengalirouge Capucin bec-deplomb Capucin nonnette Capucin damier

FRENCH NAMES OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Lonchura

malacca

Capucin h dos

Padda oryzivora Vidua macroura

APPENDIX

(Part 1)

Phoebastria

irrorata

Padda de Java Veuve dominicaine

Albatros

des

Galapagos Thalassarche

chrysostoma

Albatrosh t•te grise

macronectes

giganteus

P6trel g6ant

Fulmarus

glacialoides Daption capense

Fulmar argent• Damier du Cap

Pterodroma Pterodroma Pterodroma

P•trel P•trel

solandri rostrata alba

de Solander de Tahiti

P•trel h poitrine blanche

Pterodromafeae

P6trel gongon

Pterodroma

defilippiana Procellaria Procellaria

cinerea

aequinoctialis Oceanitesgracilis Fregetta grailaria

P6trel de Defillipe Puffin gris Puffin h menton blanc Oceanire d'Elliot Oceanire h ventre blanc

Oceanodroma

hornbyi Spheniscus mendiculus

Oc6anitede Hornby Manchot

des

Galapagos

Phalacrocorax

perspicillatus Phalacrocorax

bougainvillii

Cormoran Cormoran

Charadrius

veredus

Gallinago media

marron

de Pallas de

Catharacta

chilensis

Phalacrocorax

gaimardi Mesophoyx intermedia Platalea leucorodia Ciconia ciconia

Mouette h t•te grise

Larus

Go61and dominicain

dominicanus

Creagrusfurcatus

Mouette h queue

Sterna sumatrana Sterna trudeaui

fourchue Sterne diamant Sterne de Trudeau Guillemot h lunettes

Cepphuscarbo Columba goodsoni Nandayus nenday Forpus xanthopterygius Brotogeris chiriri

Anser indicus

Branta ruficollis Tadornaferruginea Tadorna

tadorna

Aix galericulata Netta rufina Aythya baeri Aythya nyroca Accipiter nisus Buteopolyosoma Buteo buteo

Hieratus pennatus Rallus aquaticus P orphyrioporphyrio Hoploxypterus cayanus

Charadriuspecuarius

Pigeonde Goodson Conure nanday Toui de Spix Toui h ailesjaunes

Amazona amazonica

Amazone

aourou

Coccyzuspumilus Coccyzuslansbergi

Coulicou

nain

Anthracothorax

viridigula

Coulicou h t•te grise Mango h cravate verte

Chlorostilbon

mellisugus Amazilia

chionopectus Amazilia

tobaci

Acestrura

heliodor

Ramphastosbrevis Thamnophilus

l•meraudeorvert Ariane h poitrine blanche Ariane de F61icie Colibri h61iodore Toucan du Choco

multistriatus Urocissa

Batara de Lafresnaye

erythrorhyncha Corvusfrugilegus

Pirolle h bec rouge

Corvus corone

Corbeau freux Corneille noire

Melanocorypha calandra

Alouette

calandre

Parus major

M6sange

Cormorande Kenyon

Parus

M6sange vari6e

Cormoran de Gaimard

Phylloscopus

Bougainville

charbonni•re varius

Pouillot

trochilus

Copsychussaularis H6ron interm6diaire

Spatuleblanche Cigogneblanche

Phoenicopterus chilensis Anser anser

Pluvier oriental B6cassine double Labbe du Chili

Larus cirrocephalus

Phalacrocorax

kenyoni

729

Saxicola Garrulax

rubetra caerulatus

fitis

Shama dayal Tarier des pros Garrulaxe

h flancs

gris Acridotheres Martin

h ventre blanc

Flamant du Chili Oie cendr6e Oie h t•te barr6e Bernache h cou roux Tadorne casarca Tadorne de Belon Canard mandarin

javanicus Anthus pratensis Euphonia mesochrysa Piranga rubriceps Sporophila

Icterus nigrogularis

Oriole jaune

Nette

Carduelis

Chardonneret

rousse

Fuligule de Baer

bouvronides

magellanica

F.uligulenyroca

Carduelis

Epervier d'Europe

Lagonosticta

Buse tricolore Buse variable

Aigle bott6

chloris

rubricata

Pipit farlouse Organistemordor• Tangarah capuchon Sporophilefauxbouvron

de

Magellan Verdier d'Europe Amarante

fonc•

APPENDIX (Part 2)

R•le d'eau Tal•ve sultane

Anas breweri

Canard

Vanneaude Cayenne Pluvier p•tre

Lophortyx leucoprosopon Tringa cooperi

Colin de Reichenow

de Brewer

B6casseaude Cooper

730

FRENCHNAMESOF NORTHAMERICANBIRDS

Calidris

Trochilus

paramelanotos

B6casseau de Cox

Larus nelsoni

Go61and de Nelson

Zenaida plumbea

Tourterelleplomb6e

violajugulum Phasmornismystica Selasphorusfioresii

Conurus

Conure de Labat

Celeus immaculatus

Ara de Martinique

Vireosylvia propinqua Regulus cuvieri

labati

Anodorhynchus martinicus

Anodorhynchus purpurascens

Ara atwoodi

Ara erythrocephala Ara erythrura Ara gossei Ara guadeloupensis Amazilia bangsi Amazilia

ocai

Thaumatias

lerdi

Ara violet

Ara de la Dominique Ara de Jama'ique Ara/t queuerouge Ara de Gosse

Ara de Guadeloupe Ariane de Bangs Ariane de Gould Colibri d'Oca

Saucerottia

fiorenceae Cyanomyia salvini

Vermivora lawrencii Vermivora leucobronchialis

Helminthophaga cincinnatiensis

Dendroica potomac Sylvia carbonata Sylvia montana

Colibri de Jeffries Colibri des Chisos Colibri de Flores Pic immacu16 Vir6o de Vera Paz Roitelet de Cuvier Paraline de Lawrence

Paruline de Brewster Paraline de Cincinnati

Paraline de Sutton Paraline charbonni•re Paraline des

montagnes

Sylvania microcephala

Colibri

de Florence

Emberiza

Colibri

de Salvin

Aegiothus brewsterii

townsendii

Paraline•t petite t•te Binant de Townsend Sizerin de Brewster

List of Supplements to the A.O.U. Check-list Supplementsto the Check-list have been publishedat irregular intervals to call attention to taxonomicor otherdecisionsof the Committeebetweeneditions.TheseSupplementsare valuablein trackingreferencesfor suchactionsand in tracingthe nomenclaturalhistory of speciesor groupsof birds.The first Supplementwaspublishedseparately.Later Supplements were publishedin The Auk (year, volume, and pagesare given below). Annual reportsof the Committee were publishedin The Auk from 1905 to 1908, and annuallists of proposed changeswere publishedfrom 1916 to 1924. Other taxonomicdecisionswere noted by the Committeein reportsin The Auk in 1973, 1984, 1990, and 1998 as noted below. This list was compiledby Roger B. Clapp (1-18), Robert W. Dickerman(19-32), and Richard C. Banks (33-41).

Supplement

*

SuppleYear

Where Published

ment

Year

Where Published

1886

First Check-list

22

1947

Auk 64:445-452

1

1889

SeparatePublication

23

1948

Auk 65:438-443

2 3

1890 1891

Auk 7:60-66 Auk 8:83-90

24 25

1949 1950

Auk 66:281-285 Auk 67:368-370

4 5 6

1892 1893 1894

Auk 9:105-108 Auk 10:59-63 Auk 11:46-51

26 27 28

1951 1952 1953

Auk 68:367-369 Auk 69:308-312 Auk 70:359-361

7 * 8 9

1895 1895 1897 1899

Auk 12:163-169 SecondEdition Auk 14:117-135 Auk 16:97-133

29 30 31 *

1954 1955 1956 1957

Auk 71:310-312 Auk 72:292-295 Auk 73:447-449 Fifth Edition

10 11 12

1901 1902 1903

Auk 18:295-320 Auk 19:315-342 Auk 20:331-368

32 33

1973 1973 1976

Auk 90:411-419 Auk 90:887 Auk 93:875-879

13

1904

Auk 21:411-424

34

1982

Auk 99: 1CC-16CC

14

1908

Auk 25:343-399

15 *

1909 1910

Auk26:294-303 ThirdEdition

35

1984 1985

Auk 101:348 Auk102:680-686

16 17 18

1912 1920 1923

Auk29:380-387 Auk37:439-449 Auk40:513-525

36 37 -

1987 1989 1990

Auk104:591-596 Auk106:532-538 Auk107:274

21

1946

Auk 63:428-432

* 19 20

1937 1944 1945

*

Fourth Edition Auk61:441-464 Auk62:436-449

38 39 40 41 -

731

1983

Sixth Edition

1991 1993 1995 1997

Auk108:750-754 Auk110:675-682 Auk 112:819-830 Auk 114:542-552

1998

Auk 115:280

LITERATURE CITED

LITERATURE

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INDEX

Compiledby Beth Sakumura A

Aethiini, 214

aethiopica, Hirundo, 463 afer, Euplectes,680 affinis, Aythya, 76 Cyanocorax,443 Empidonax,397 Euphonia, 583 Lepidocolaptes,360

aalge, Uria, 209 Abalius, 361

abbas, Thraupis,582 abeillei, Abeillia, 290 Coccothraustes, 670 Icterus, 655 Abeillia, 290

Veniliornis, 342

aberti, Pipilo, 606 acadicus,Aegolius,266 Acanthidops,597

agami, Agamia, 45 Agamia, 45 Agelaius, 640 agilis, Amazona, 243 Oporornis, 556 aglaiae, Pachyramphus,419, 420 Agriocharis, 122, 123 aguimp, Motacilla, 526

Acanthis, 664 Accentor, Mountain, 525

Siberian, 525 Accipiter, 93 Accipitres,86 Accipitridae,86, 88 Accipitrinae,87 Acridotheres, 523 Acrocephalus,490 Acrochordopus,379, 380

aikeni, Junco, 625

Aimophila, 606 Aix, 65

Ajaia, 50 ajaja, Ajaia, 50

Acrorchilus, 348 Actitis, 157 Actodromas, 166 acuminata, Calidris, 171

Akekee, 677

Akepa, 677 Common, 677 Kauai, 677 Maui, 677 Oahu, 677 Akialoa, 673, 675 Akialoa, 675 Greater, 675 Hawaii, 675 Kauai, 675 Lanai, 675 Lesser, 674 Oahu, 675

acuta, Anas, 71

acutipennis,Chordeiles,267 Adamastor, 17, 687 adamsii, Gavia, 5 adelaidae, Dendroica, 546

adolphi, Phaethornis,284 adorabilis, Lophornis,291 Aechmolophus,389 Aechmophorus,8 aedon,Troglodytes,480, 481 Aegialeus, 144 Aegithalidae,463, 467 Aegithalos,467 Aegolius, 265 aenea, Chloroceryle,324

Akiapolaau, 675 Akikiki, 676 Akohekohe, 678 alai, Fulica, 138 Alala, 452 Alauahio, Maui, 676 Oahu, 676 Alauda, 453 Alaudidae, 453 alba, Ardea, 40 Calidris, 167

Glaucis, 282 aeneus, Molothrus, 648

aenigrna,Sapayoa,416 Aenoenas, 218

aequatorialis,Androdon,284 Momotus, 321 Sittasomus, 356

Xiphorhynchus,359 aequinoctialis,Buteogallus,97 Geothlypis,559 Procellaria, 17, 687 Aerodramus, 279

Gygis, 207 Motacilla,

526

Pterodroma, 13, 686 Tyto, 253 Albatross, Black-browed, 10 Black-footed, 11

Aeronautes, 281

aeruginosus,Piculus, 343

Galapagos,685 Gray-headed,685 Laysan, 11 Light-mantled, 10 Short-tailed, 12

Aesalon, 108 aestiva, Dendroica, 539

aestivalis,Aimophila, 608 aethereus, Phaethon, 27 Aethia, 214

769

770

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Shy, 10 Sooty,see Sooty-Albatross Wandering, 11 Waved, 685

White-capped,10 Yellow-nosed, 10 albatrus, Phoebastria, 12

albellus, Mergeflus, 83 albeola, Bucephala, 82 albertinae, Tangara, 587 albescens,Synallaxis, 348 albicaudatus, Buteo, 101 albicilla, Haliaeetus, 91 albicollis, Corvus, 452

Leucopternis, 96 Nyctidromus, 268 Pipdo, 606 Saltator, 631 Turdus, 510

Allenia, 522

alnorum, Empidonax, 394, 395 alpestris, Eremophila, 454 alpina, Calidris, 172 altera, Corapipo, 424 alticola, Junco, 626

altiloquus, Vireo, 438 amabilis, Amazilia, 297 Cotinga, 420, 421 Amakihi, Common, 674 Greater, 674 Hawaii, 673 Kauai, 674 Lesser, 674 Maui, 674 Oahu, 674 Amandava, 682 amandava, Amandava, 682 Amaui, 501

Xiphocolaptes,357

amaurocephalus,Leptopogon,378

Zonotrichia, 622, 624

Amaurolimnas, 133

albifacies, Geotrygon,230 albifrons, Amazona, 242 Anser, 57, 58 Sterna, 201,202

albigula, Buteo, 101 albigularis, Empidonax,395 Falco, 110 Hirundo, 463 Laterallus, 130 Sclerurus, 354 albilinea, Columba, 220

Tachycineta,457 albiloris, Polioptila, 493 albinucha, Atlapetes, 601 Thryothorus,478 albiventer, Fluvicola, 401 albivitta, Procelsterna, 207 albobrunneus,Campylorhynchus, 471,472 albocoronata, Microchera, 302 albogriseus,Pachyramphus,419 Sirystes, 402 albogularis, Brachygalba,327 Platyrinchus, 385 albolarvatus, Picoides, 340 albonotatus, Buteo, 101

albovittata, Conopias,409 albus, Eudocimus, 47, 48 Alca, 210 Alcedines, 319 Alcedinidae, 322 Alcedinoidea, 322

Alcidae, 141,208 Alcini, 208

alcyon, Ceryle, 323 Alectoris, 114 aleutica, Sterna, 202

aleuticus,Ptychoramphus,214 alexandri, Archilochus, 309, 701 alexandrinus, Charadrius, 145

alfaroana, Amazilia, 298 Alle, 208 alle, Alle, 208

alleni, Porphyrula, 136

Amaurospiza, 594 Amaurospizopsis,594 Amazilia, 297, 298 Amazon, 241 Amazona, 241

amazona, Chloroceryle, 323 amazonica, Amazona, 694

ambigua, Ara, 237 ambiguus,Ramphastos,331,695 Trogon, 316 Amblycercus, 656 americ, Vermivora, 554 americana, Anas, 67

Aythya, 74, 75 Certhia, 470

Chloroceryle,324 Fulica, 137, 138 Grus, 141 Melanitta, 81

Mycteria, 51 Parula, 538, 702 Recurvirostra, 151

Spiza, 639, 703 Sporophila, 592 americanus, Coccyzus,247, 248 Daptrius, 106 Numenius, 162

Siphonorhis,269 amethystinus,Lampornis,303 Ammodramus, 616, 619 Ammospiza, 616, 619 amoena, Passerina, 637, 638

Amphispiza, 607, 614 amplus, Carpodacus,662 Anabacerthia, 351 anabatina, Dendrocincla, 355 anabatinus, Thamnistes, 363

anaethetus, Sterna, 203,204 analis, Formicarius, 370 Anas, 65 Anatidae, 55 Anatinae, 64 Anatini, 64

INDEX Anatoidea, 55

andina, Gallinago, 177 andinus,Podiceps,8 andrei, Chaetura, 278 Andriopsar, 649 Androdon, 284

angelae, Dendroica, 551 angolensis,Hirundo, 463 Oryzoborus,593 angustipluma,Chaetoptila, 428 angustirostris, Todus, 319 Anhinga, 34 Anhinga, 34 anhinga, Anhinga, 34 Anhingidae,34 ani, Crotophaga, 252

771 antisianus, Pharomachrus, 318 Antiurus, 270

antoniae, Carpodectes,421 Antpitta, Black-crowned, 371 Ochre-breasted, 372 Scaled, 371

Spectacled,371 Streak-chested, 371 Thicket, 371

Wing-banded,369 Antrostornus, 270 Antshrike, Bar-crested, 695 Barred, 361 Black, 362 Black-hooded, 362

Chapman's,362

Ani, Greater, 252 Groove-billed, 252 Smooth-billed, 252 Anianiau, 674

Fasciated, 361 Great, 361 Peruvian, 363 Russet, 363

anna, Calypte, 310, 701 Ciridops, 677 anneae, Euphonia, 585 Anoplops, 369

Slaty, see Slaty-Antshrike Speckle-breasted,362 Speckled, 362 Spiny-faced, 362 Tawny, 363

Anous, 206

anoxanthus,Loxipasser,595 Anser, 56, 58 anser, Anser, 689 Anseres, 55 Anseriformes, 54 Anserinae, 56 Anserini, 56

Ant-Tanager,Black-cheeked,577 Dusky-tailed, 576 Red-crowned, 576 Red-throated, 576 Salvin's, 576

Sooty, 576 antarctica, Catharacta, 181

Antbird, Bare-crowned, 367 Bicolored, 369 Buff-banded, 369 Chestnut-backed, 367 Dull-mantled, 368

Dusky, 366 Gray-faced,362

Antthrush, Black-faced, 370 Black-headed, 370 Hoffmann's, 370 Mexican, 370 Rufous-breasted, 370

Wing-banded, 369 Antvireo, Plain, 363

Spot-crowned,363 Streak-crowned, 363 Antwren, Amazonian, 366 Ash-winged, 366 Black-breasted, 366 Boucard's, 366 Checker-throated, 364 Chestnut-shouldered, 366

Dot-winged, 365 Griscom's, 364

Perija, 366 Pygmy, 364 Rufous-rumped,366 Rufous-winged, 365

Immaculate, 368 Jet, 367 Ocellated, 369 Rufous-throated, 369

Short-billed, 364

Spotted, 368 Tyrannine,367

White-flanked, 365

White-bellied, 367

White-cheeked, 369 Wing-banded,369 Wing-spotted,368 anthophilus, Phaethornis, 283 anthracina, Pipra, 425 anthracinus,Buteogallus,97, 98 Anthracothorax, 287 Anthus, 527

antillarum, Myiarchus, 406 Sterna, 201,202

antiquus,Synthliboramphus,214

Slaty, 365 Streaked, 364 (see also Streaked-Antwren)

White-fringed, 366 Yellow-rumped,366 Apapane, 678 apertus, Buarremon, 601 Aphanotriccus, 388 Aphelocoma,446 Aphriza, 164, 165 apicalis, Moho, 427, 428 Apodidae, 275 Apodiformes,275 Apodinae, 280 apolinari, Cistothorus,483 approximans, Vireo, 431

772

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

apricaria, Pluvialis, 143 Apus, 280 apus, Apus, 280 aquaticus,Rallus, 691

aquila, Eutoxeres,284 Aquila, 104 Ara, 236

Aracari, Collared, 329 Fiery-billed, 330

Stripe-billed,330 arada, Cyphorhinus,486

assimilis, Agelaius, 641 Chlorostilbon, 292

Puffinus, 22 Tolmornyias,385 Turdus, 510

astec, Aratinga, 235 astrild, Estrilda, 681 Asturina, 96

Asyndesmus,332 Atalotriccus, 382

Aramidae, 139 Ararnides, 132

ater, Molothrus, 648 Athene, 261 atlanticus, Larus, 187

Ararnus, 139 ararauna, Ara, 238

Atlapetes, 600, 601 Atlapetes,601

Aratinga, 234

atra, Fulica, 137 atrata, Leucosticte, 659

araucana, Columba, 220 arausiaca, Arnazona, 245

arborea, Dendrocygna,56 Spizella, 610 arcaei, Bangsia,582 Archilochus, 309, 310, 311 arctica, Fratercula, 216, 217 Gavia, 3, 4 arcticus, Picoides, 341 arctoa, Leucosticte, 659

arcuata, Dendrocygna,56 Ardea, 39 Ardeae, 36 Ardeidae, 36

Ardeini, 36, 39 Ardenna, 18

ardens, $elasphorus,313, 314

atratus, Coragyps, 52 atricapilla, Lonchura, 683 Zonotrichia, 624

atricapillus, Accipiter, 95 Buarrernon, 602 Donacobius, 471

Myiornis, 381 Otus, 256 Poecile, 463, 464 Vireo, 432

atricaudus, Myiobius, 387 atriceps,Carduelis,666 Empidonax,398 Myiarchus, 404 Saltator, 632 atricilla, Larus, 184

Ardeola, 43, 44 ardesiaca, Fulica, 138 ardosiaceus, Turdus, 512 Arenaria, 164, 165 Arenariinae, 164, 165 Arenariini, 164

atricristatus, Baeolophus,466

arenarum, Sublegatus,380

atroviolacea, Dives, 644 Atthis, 311, 312 Atticora, 459 Attila, 402, 403

arenicola, Toxostorna, 521

argentatus, Larus, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 692, 699

argentifrons,Scytalopus,372 argentigula,Cyanolyca,445 ariel, Fregata, 36 Arinae, 233 Aristonetta, 74

arizonae, Caprirnulgus,272 Picoides, 340 arrnenti, Molothrus, 648

arrninjoniana,Pterodrorna,13 arquata, Numenius,161, 162 Arquatella, 166 Arrernon, 602

Arremonops,602 arvensis, Alauda, 453 Alauda arvensis, 453 Asarcia, 152 asiatica, Zenaida, 223 asiaticus, Charadrius, 149, 693 Asio, 264, 265 asio, Otus, 255

Aspatha, 320

atrirnaxillaris, Habia, 576, 577

atrinucha, Tharnnophilus,362 atrirostris, Dendrocincla, 355 atrogularis, Spizella, 612 Thryothorus,475

Attila, Bright-romped,402 atwoodi, Ara, 699

audax, Aphanotriccus,389 Aquila, 104 auduboni, Dendroica, 542 Auk, Great, 210 Little, 209 Razor-billed, 210 Auklet, Cassin's, 214 Crested, 215 Least, 215 Parakeet, 215 Rhinoceros, 216 Whiskered, 215

Aulacorhynchus,329 aura, Cathartes, 52 aurantiacus, Manacus, 424

aurantiifrons, Hylophilus, 439 aurantiirostris, Arrernon, 602 Catharus, 502

aurantiiventris, Trogon, 316, 317

INDEX aurantius, Lanio, 574, 575 Turdus, 512

auratus, Colaptes, 344, 345 lcterus, 653

aurea, Aratinga, 236 Jacarnerops,328 aureliae, Haplophaedia, 306 aureola, Ernberiza, 629

auricapillus, Basileuterus,565 lcterus, 652

auriceps,Chlorostilbon,291, 292

773 Bananaquit,569 Bahama, 569 Common, 569 Bananivorus, 649

bangsi, Arnazilia, 700 Bangsia, 582 baraui, Pterodroma, 14 barbarus, Otus, 256

barbatus,Dendrortyx, 123 Myiobius, 387 Barbet, Prong-billed,329 Red-headed, 328

Pharomachrus, 318

auricularis, Geothlypis,560 Piculus, 343

Puffinus, 21 auriculata, Zenaida, 224

aurifrons, Melanerpes,335, 336 aurigaster,Pycnonotus,487 Auriparus, 463, 467 aurita, Heliothryx, 306 Sporophila, 592 Zenaida, 224 auritus, Phalacrocorax, 32

Spot-crowned,328 barbirostris,Myiarchus, 403, 404 Barbtail, Spotted, 349 White-throated, 349 Barbthroat, Band-tailed, 283

baritula, Diglossa, 598 Barn-Owl, Ashy-faced,253 Common, 253

Hispaniolan,253 baroni, Phaethornis, 283

Barred-Woodcreeper, Amazonian, 357 Northern, 357

Podiceps, 7 aurocapillus, Seiurus, 554 auropalliata, Arnazona,244

Bartrarnia,

aurulentus, Piculus, 343

bartschi, Aerodrarnus, 280

australis,Arnblycercus,656

Baryphthengus, 321

barroti, Heliothryx, 306 158

Leucosticte, 660

Basileuterus, 565

Trogon, 317

Basilinna, 295, 296 bassanus,Morus, 30

Autornolus, 352 autumnalis, Arnazona, 243

Dendrocygna,55 Avadavat, Red, 682 Aves, 1 Avocet, American, 151

battyi, Leptotila, 228 beani, Troglodytes,480 Beardless-Tyrannulet, Northern, 373 Southern, 374

Becard, Barred, 418 Black-and-white, 419

axillaris, Aramides, 133 Elanus, 89

Cinereous, 418 Cinnamon, 418

Myrmotherula, 365 Aythya, 73 Aythyini, 73

Gray-collared,419 Jamaican, 420

Azurecrown, Red-billed, 298 Small-billed, 298 B

One-colored, 419 Rose-throated, 419 Slaty, 418

bachmani,Haernatopus,150

White-winged,418 beecheil,Cyanocorax,444, 445

bachmanii, Vermivora, 533

belcheri, Larus, 187

badius, Caprirnulgus,271 Baeolophus,465 baeri, Aythya, 690

beldingi, Geothlypis,558

baharnensis, Anas, 71 Coereba, 569

baileyi, Xenospiza,619 bailleui, Loxioides, 672 bairdi, Junco, 626

Oreornystis,676 Vireo, 431

bairdii, Acanthidops,597 Amrnodrarnus, 617 Calidris, 170

Carnpephilus,347 Trogon, 315 Balanosphyra,332 baleanarurn, Sterna, 202

Passerculus, 616 bella, Goethalsia, 296 Bellbird, Three-wattled, 423

belli, Arnphispiza,614 Basileuterus, 566 Vireo, 432

bellulus, Margarornis, 350 Belonopterus,142 bendirei, Toxostorna, 519

bengalensis,Sterna, 199 bengalus, Uraeginthus,681 Bentbill, 382 Northern, 382 Southern, 382

bergii, Sterna, 198 berlepschi, Colurnba, 221

774

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

bernicla, Branta, 60 bernsteini, Sterna, 199

beryllina, Arnazilia, 299, 700 bewickii, Cygnus,63, 479 biarcuaturn, Melozone, 604 biarrnicus, Falco, 110

bicknelli, Catharus, 504, 505

bicolor, Accipiter, 94 Baeolophus,466 Cyanophaia, 294 Dendrocygna, 56 Gyrnnopithys,369 Tachycineta,457 Tiaris, 595

bidentata, Piranga, 579 bidentatus,Harpagus, 90 bifasciatus,Psarocolius,658 bilineata, Arnphispiza,614 Polioptila, 493 bilopha, Erernophila, 454 Bishop, Golden, 680 Napoleon,680

Yellow-shouldered, 641

Blasipus, 184 Blue-Magpie, Red-billed, 695 Bluebird, Eastern, 498 Mountain, 499 Western, 498 Bluetail, Red-flanked, 496 Bluethroat, 496 Bobolink, 640 Bobwhite, 126 Black-throated, 126 Common, 126 Crested, 126 Northern, 125

Spot-bellied, 126 bogotensis,Sicalis, 599 boissonneautii,Pseudocolaptes,350 Bolborhynchus,238 boliviana, Chiroxiphia, 425 bolivianurn, Glaucidiurn, 259

Bornbycilla, 529 Bombycillidae, 529

Northern Red, 680

bonana, Icterus, 650

Orange, 680

bonapartei, Nothocercus, 1

Red, 680 Taha, 680 Yellow-crowned, 680

bonariensis, Molothrus, 648 Bonasa, 118

Bishopbird,680 bishopi, Catharopeza, 551 Moho, 427 bistriatus, Burhinus, 141

bitorquata, Streptopelia, 222 Bittern, American, 36 Chinese, 37 Chinese Little, 37

Cory's Least, 38 Least, 37

Pinnated, 36

Tiger, see Tiger-Bittern

Booby, Blue-faced, 28 Blue-footed, 28 Brown, 29 Masked, 28 Peruvian, 29 Red-footed, 29 White, 28 White-bellied, 29

borealis, Contopus,390 Nurnenius, 159

Phylloscopus,490, 696 Picoides, 340 Botaurini, 36

Yellow, 37 Blacicus, 390

Botaurus, 36

Black-Hawk, Common, 97 Cuban, 97

boucardi, Arnazilia, 298

Great, 98

Mangrove, 97 Blackbird, 507 Bicolored, 641 Brewer's, 645 Cuban, 644 Eurasian, 507

European,507 Jamaican, 642 Melodious, 644

Nilgiri, 507 Red-breasted, 642 Red-shouldered, 641

Red-winged, 640 Rusty, 645 Scrub, 644

Singing, 644 Tawny-shouldered,641 Tricolored, 641 White-browed, 642 Yellow-headed, 643

botterii, Airnophila, 608

Crypturellus, 2, 3 Microrhopias, 366 bougainvillii, Phalacrocorax, 688 bourcierii, Eubucco, 328

bouvronides,Sporophila, 697 braccatus, Moho, 427 bracei, Chlorostilbon, 292

brachydactyla,Certhia, 470 Brachygalba, 327 brachylopha, Lophornis, 290 Brachypterus, 105 Brachypus,487 Brachyramphini,212 Brachyrarnphus,212 brachyrhynchos,Corvus,449, 450, 451 brachyrhynchus,Anser, 57 Larus, 188 brachytarsus,Contopus,392 brachyura, Chaetura, 278 Myrrnotherula, 364 Synallaxis,348 brachyurus,Buteo, 100, 101

INDEX Myiarchus, 405 Ramphocinclus,521

Brambling,658 branickii, Theristicus, 50 Brant, 60 Black, 61 White-bellied, 61 Branta, 59 brasilianum, Glaucidium, 260

brasilianus, Phalacrocorax, 32, 33 brasiliensis,Leptotila, 228 bresilius,Ramphocelus,580 brevipennis,Vireo, 430 brevipes,Aratinga, 234 Heteroscelus, 157

brevirostris,Brachyramphus,212 Pterodroma, 14

775 Bullfinch, 669 Azores, 669 Baikal, 669 Cuban, 594 Eurasian, 669 Greater Antillean, 596 Lesser Antillean, 596 Puerto Rican, 596 bullockii, Icterus, 654, 655 Bulweria, 16

bulwerii, Bulweria, 16, 17

Bunting,Blue, 636 Gray, 629 Indigo, 637 Lapland, 627 Lark, 615 Lazuli, 637

Rhynchocyclus,384

Leclancher's, 638

Rissa, 195

Little, 628

brevis, Ramphastos,330, 695 breviunguis,Dendroica, 550

McKay's, 630 Orange-breasted,638

breweri, Anas, 698

Painted, 638 Pallas's, 629 Pine, 628 Reed, 629

Spizella, 611 brewsteri,Empidonax,395 Siphonorhis,269 brewsterii,Aegiothus,703 bridgesi,Thamnophilus,362 Brilliant, Green-crowned, 305 Brotogeris, 239 Brown-Jay,Plain-tipped,444 White-tipped,444 browni, Thryorchilus,484 brucei, Otus, 254

brunneicapillum,Ornithion, 373 brunneicapillus,Campylorhynchus, 473 brunneicollis,Troglodytes,480 brunneinuchus, Buarremon, 601

brunnescens, Premnoplex,349 Brush-Finch, Black-headed, 602 Chestnut-capped, 601 Green-striped,602 Plain-breasted, 602 Rufous-capped,601 Stripe-headed,602

White-naped,601 Yellow-throated, 601

bryantae,Calliphlox, 307 Buarremon, 601 Bubo, 257 Bubulcus, 43

buccinator, Cygnus,62 Bucco, 325 Bucconidae, 324

Bucephala, 82 buckleyi, Columbina, 227 Budgerigar,232 Budgerygah,232 Buffiehead, 82 buffonii, Chalybura, 302 Bulbul, Himalayan, 487 Red-vented, 487

Red-whiskered, 487 Sooty-headed,487 bulleri, Puffinus, 19

(see also Reed-Bunting) Rose-bellied, 637 Rosita's, 637 Rustic, 628 Snow, 630 Townsend's, 702 Varied, 638 Yellow-breasted, 629 Burhinidae, 141 Burhinus, 141

burmeisteri.Phyllomyias,379 Burrica, 661 burrovianus, Cathartes, 52 Busarellus, 92

Bush-Robin,Orange-flanked,496 Bush-Tanager, Ashy-throated,571 Brown-headed, 570 Common, 570 Dotted, 570 Drab-breasted, 571 Olive-crowned, 571 Pirre, 570

Sooty-capped,570 Tacarcuna, 570 Volcano, 571 Yellow-throated, 571 Bush-Warbler, Chinese, 489

Japanese,489 Manchurian, 489 Bushtit, 467 Black-eared, 468 Common, 468 Buteo, 99 buteo, Buteo, 691

Buteogallus,97 Buthraupis,582 Butorides, 36, 44 Buzzard, 99 Common, 691

Rough-legged,103

776

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS C

cabanisi, Basileuterus, 565 Meiozone, 604

Tangara, 586 cachinnans,Herpetotheres, 107 Larus, 190 Cacicus, 656

Cacique, Chapman's,656 Curve-billed, 656

Flame-rumped,656 Mexican, 657 Pacific, 656 Pr•vost's, 656

Cailipepla, 125 Polioptila, 492, 493 californicum, Giaucidium, 259 californicus, Larus, 189, 190 caligatus, Trogon, 316 Cailichelidon,

457

cailinota, Terenura, 366

calliope, Luscinia, 495 Steilula, 311

Callipepla, 124 Cailiphiox, 307 cailizonus, Xenotriccus, 389

caiiophrys, Chiorophonia, 586 caliopterus, Piculus, 342 Calocitta, 442

Saffron-rumped,657 Scarlet-rumped,656

caiolaerna, Larnpornis,304, 305

Small-billed, 656

Caionectris, 17

Subtropical,656

Caiothorax, 307, 308

Yellow-billed, 656

Calypte, 310 Calyptophilus,572 Carnpephilus,346 carnpestris,Euneornis, 596 Carnptorhynchus,79 Carnptostorna, 373, 374 Carnpyiopterus,285 Carnpyiorharnphus,360 Carnpyiorhynchus,471

Yellow-rumped,656 Yellow-winged, 657 cactorurn,Aratinga, 236 Cactus-Wren, Band-backed, 472 Banded, 472 Boucard's, 473

Chiapas,472 Gray, 472 Northern, 473

Rufous-naped, 472 Spotted,473 White-headed, 471 Yucatan, 473 caerulatus, Garrulax, 697

caerulea, Egretta, 42 Guiraca, 636

Polioptila, 492 caeruleirostris,Loxops,677 caeruleogaster,Chalybura,303 caeruleogularis,Aulacorhynchus,329 caerulescens, Chen, 58 Dendroica, 541 Estriida, 681

Geranospiza,95 Melanotis, 521

caeruleus, Cyanerpes,590 Elanus, 89

cafer, Colaptes, 344 Pycnonotus,487 caffer, Apus, 280 Cahow, 14 cahow, Pterodroma, 14 Cairina, 64

cajanea, Aramides, 133 Calamospiza,615 calandra, Melanocorypha,696 Caicarius, 626

caledonicus,Nycticorax,46 calendula,Regulus,487, 488 Calidridini, 165 Calidris, 165, 174

californianus, Geococcyx,251 Gyrnnogyps,53 californica, Apheiocorna,446

Canachites, 119 canadensis, Branta, 59, 60

Caryothraustes,632, 633 Ectopistes,225 Falcipennis, 119 Grus, 140 Perisoreus, 441 Sitta, 468 Wiisonia, 562

canagica, Chen, 58 canaria, Serinus, 669

Canary, 669 Common, 669 Yellow-fronted, 669

cancrorninus,Piatyrinchus, 385 candei, Manacus, 423, 424

candicans, Caprirnuigus,273 candida, Arnazilia, 297

Gygis, 207 canescens,Arnphispizabeili, 615 caniceps,Geotrygon,231 Junco, 625

Myiopagis, 375 canicularis,Aratinga, 235 canigularis, Chiorospingus,571 canivetii, Chiorostiibon, 291,292 canora, Tiaris, 594 canorus, Cuculus, 246 Garrulax, 514 cantans, Lonchura, 682

Telespiza, 671 canturians, Cettia, 489 canus, Larus, 187 canutus, Calidris, 166 Canvasback, 74

Capella, 177 capense,Daption, 686

INDEX capensis,Morus, 30 Zonotrichia, 622

capillatus, Phalacrocorax, 33 capistratus,Carnpylorhynchus,472 capitalis, Aphanotriccus,388 Pezopetes, 600 capitata, Paroaria, 599 Capito, 328 Capitoninae,328 Caprimulgidae,267 Caprimulgiformes,267 Caprimulginae,268 Caprirnulgus,270 Capsiernpis,375 Caracara,

106

Caracara, Crested, 106

Guadalupe,107 Red-throated, 106 Southern, 107 Yellow-headed, 107 Caracarinae, 106

carbo, Cepphus,211, 693 Phalacrocorax, 32, 33

Rarnphocelus,580 carbonata, Sylvia, 702 Cardellina, 563

Cardinal, 634 Brazilian, 599

777 Carpodacus,660 Carpodectes,421 carrikeri, Geotrygon, 230 Caryothraustes, 632, 633 Casrnerodius, 39, 41

caspia, Sterna, 197 caspicus, Podiceps, 8 Cassiculus, 656, 657 Cassidix, 644, 645, 646, 647

cassini,Leptotila, 229 Psarocolius, 658 Veniliornis, 342

cassinii,Airnophila,607 Carpodacus,661 Mitrospingus, 573 Vireo, 434

castanea, Dendroica, 549

castaneiceps,Lysurus, 600 castaneoventris,Larnpornis,304 castaneus, Celeus, 345

Pachyrarnphus,418 Thryothorus,476 castro, Oceanodrorna, 23, 24, 25 Catbird, 516 Black, 516 Common, 516

Gray, 515

Common, 634

Northern, 516 Catharacta, 181, 182

Long-crested,634

Catharopeza, 539, 551

Northern, 633 Red-crested, 599 Vermilion, 634 Yellow-billed, 599 Cardinalidae, 631 Cardinalis, 633 cardinalis, Cardinalis, 633 cardonensis, Otus kennicottii, 255

Carduelinae, 659 Carduelis, 664, 668 carduelis, Carduelis, 668

Carib, Green-throated, 289

Purple-throated,288

Cathartes, 52 Cathartidae, 51

Catharus, 502, 506 Catherpes, 473, 474

Catoptrophorus,156 Cattle-Egret,Common,44 Eastern, 44

caudacutus, Arnrnodrarnus,618, 619

Hirundapus, 279 Passerherbulus, 618

caudatus,Ptilogonys,531 Theristicus, 50

caudifasciatus,Tyrannus,414

caribaea, Colurnba, 220 Fulica, 138

caurinus, Corvus, 450 cauta, Thalassarche, 10

caribaeus,Contopus,392, 393

cayana, Dacnis, 589 Piaya, 249 cayanensis,Leptodon,87 Myiozetetes,408 cayanus,Hoploxypterus,691 cayennensis,Caprirnulgus,273

Vireo, 431 caribbaea, Pterodrorna, 14 carinaturn, Electron, 322

caripensis, Steatornis, 274 carrnioli, Chlorothraupis, 573, 574 Vireo, 435, 436 carneipes,Puffinus,18 carneus, Cardinalis, 634 carolina, Porzana, 134 carolinensis, Anas, 73

Caprirnulgus,270, 271 Conuropsis, 234 Dumetella, 515 Poecile, 463, 464 Sitta, 469

catolinus, Euphagus, 645 Melanerpes, 336 carpalis, Airnophila,607

Colurnba, 218 Mesernbrinibis, 49

Panyptila, 281 Vanellus, 142

cayrnanensis, Melanerpes, 336 cedrorurn,Bornbycilla,530 cela, Cacicus, 656

celaeno, Rhodothraupis,633 celata, Verrnivora, 535 Celeus, 345 Centrocercus, 118

Centronyx,616 Centurus, 332, 334

778

CHECK-LIST

Cephalopterus,422 Cephini, 211 Cepphus,211 Cerchneis, 108 Cercomacra, 366 Cerorhinca, 216 cerritus, Manacus vitellinus, 424 Certhia, 470

certhia, Dendrocolaptes,357 Certhiaxis, 348 Certhiidae, 470 Certhiinae, 470 certhiola, Locustella, 489 cerulea, Dendroica, 550 Procelsterna, 207

cerverai, Cyanolimnas, 135 Ferminia, 480 cervicalis, Pterodroma, 15 cervinus, Anthus, 528

Ceryle, 322 Cerylinae, 322

OF NORTH

AMERICAN

BIRDS

Chen, 58

cheriway, Caracara, 106 cherriei, Cypseloides,276 cherrug, Falco, 110 chiapensis,Campylorhynchus,472 Chickadee,Black-capped,463 Boreal, 465 Brown-capped,465 Carolina, 463 Chestnut-backed, 465

Grey-headed,465 Mexican, 464 Mountain, 464 Siberian, 465 Chicken, Prairie, 122 (see also Prairie-Chicken)

chihi, Plegadis, 49 chilensis,Accipiter, 94 Catharacta, 181, 692 Phoenicopterus,54, 689 Vanellus, 142

Cettia, 489

chimachima,Milvago, 107

Chachalaca, Black, 114

chinchorroensis, Elaenia, 376

Chestnut-winged,112 Gray-headed,112 Plain, 112 Rufous-bellied, 112 Rufous-tailed, 112

Rufous-tipped,112 Rufous-vented, 112

Wagler's, 113 West Mexican, 113 White-bellied, 113

Chaetoptila, 428 Chaetura, 276, 277 Chaeturinae, 277 Chaffinch, 658 Common, 658

chalybea, Progne, 455, 456 Chalybura, 302 Chamaea, 514 Chamaeidae, 514

Chamaepetes,113 Chamaethlypis,558, 560 Chamcepelia,225 chapalensis,Geothlypis,558 chapmani, Chaetura, 277, 278 Charadrii, 141 Charadriidae, 142

Charadriiformes, 141 Charadriinae, 142 Charadrius, 144, 149

Chasiempis, 452 Chat, Gray-throated,568 Ground, 560 Red-breasted, 568 Rose-breasted,568 Tres Marias, 568 Yellow-breasted, 567 Chat-Tanager,Eastern,572 Highland, 572 Lowland, 572 Western, 572

Chaulelasmus, 65, 66

chinensis,Streptopelia, 222 chionogaster,Accipiter, 93 chionopectus, Amazilia, 695 chionura, Elvira, 302

chiriquensis,Columba, 221 Elaenia, 377

Geothlypis,560 Geotrygon,230 Scytalopus,372 chiriri, Brotogeris, 240, 694 Chiroprion, 425 Chiroxiphia, 425 chivi, Vireo, 437

Chlidonias, 204 Chloridops,673 chloris, Carduelis, 698 Hemignathus, 674 Piprites, 417 Chloroceryle, 323 Chloroenas, 218

chloronotus,Arremonops, 603 Chlorophanes,589 Chlorophonia, 585 Chlorophonia,Blue-crowned,586 Golden-browed, 586 Yellow-collared, 586 Chloropipo, 423 chloroptera,Aratinga, 235 chloropterus,Ara, 237 chloropus,Gallinula, 137 chlororhynchos,Thalassarche,10 Chlorospingus,570 chlorostephana,Amazilia, 298 Chlorostilbon, 291

Chlorothraupis,573 Chlorura, 604

chlorurus, Pipilo, 604 chocoensis,Scytalopus,372 choliba, Otus, 256 Chondestes, 613 Chondrohierax, 87

INDEX Chordeiles, 267 Chordeilinae, 267

Chroicocephalus,184 chrysaetos,Aquila, 104 chrysater,Icterus, 651,654 chrysauchen,Melanerpes,333, 334 Chryserpes,332, 334 chrysia, Geotrygon, 229 chrysocaulosus, Colaptes,344 chrysocephalus, Myiodynastes,409 chrysochloros,Piculus, 343 chrysocrotaphum,Todirostrum,383 chrysogaster,Pheucticus,634 chrysogenys,Melanerpes,334 chrysoides,Colaptes,344 Chrysolampis,289 Chrysolophus,401 chrysomelaena,Chrysothlypis,571 chrysomelas,Chrysothlypis,572 chrysoparia,Dendroica, 543, 544 chrysopeplus,Pheucticus,634, 635 chrysophrys,Tangara, 587 chrysops,Sicalis, 598 chrysoptera,Vermivora,533, 534, 701,702 Chrysoptilus,343, 344 chrysostoma,Thalassarche,685 Chrysothlypis, 571 Chrysotrogon,315

779 Pachyramphus,418 Circus, 92

Ciridops, 677 ciris, Passerina, 638 cirrhata, Fratercula, 217

cirrocephalus,Larus, 692 Cissilopha,443 Cistothorus, 482 cttrea, Protonotaria, 553 citreola, Motacilla, 525

citreolaemus,Ramphastos,330 citreolus, Trogon, 315 citrina, Wilsonia, 561 citrine!la, Emberiza, 628

clarnator,Pseudoscops,265 C!anganas,82 C!angocygnus, 62 C!angula, 81 clangula, Bucephala,82 C!aravis, 227

clarkii, Aechmophorus,9 Otus, 256

clathratus, Trogon, 317 clemenciae,Lampornis,304 clypeata,Anas, 71 Cnipodectes,383 coccinea, Vestiaria, 677 coccineus,Loxops,677 Coccothraustes, 670

Chuck-will's-widow, 270 Chukar, 114

coccothraustes, Coccothraustes, 670

chukar, Alectoris, 114 Ciccaba, 262

Coccyzinae,246 Coccyzus,246

Cichalopia, 522

Cochleariini, 47 Cochlearius, 47 cochlearius, Cochlearius, 47 cocoi, Ardea, 40

Cichlherminia, 512 ciconia, Ciconia, 689 Ciconiae, 50 Ciconiidae, 50 Ciconiiformes, 36

cincinnatiensis,Helminthophaga,702 Cinclidae, 486 Cinclocerthia, 522 Cinclus, 486 cinctus, Poecile, 465

Rhynchortyx,128 cineracea,Pyrrhula, 669 cinerascens,Myiarchus, 404, 405 cinerea, Ardea, 40 Motaci!!a, 526 Proce!!aria, 687

coelebs,Fringi!!a, 658 Coereba, 569 Coerebidae, 569

coeruleogularis,Lepidopyga,295 coerulescens,Aphelocoma,446 Saltator, 631

coeruliceps,Momotus, 321 Colaptes,343 colchicus, Phasianus, 117 Colibri, 286 Colinus, 125

Collared-Dove, African, 222 Eurasian, 222

Scolopax,158 Serpophaga,378 Tringa, 158 cinereicauda, Lampornis, 305 cinereiceps,Ortalis, 112 cinereigulare, Oncostoma,382

coilaria, Amazona, 242

cinereiventris, Chaetura, 279 Microbates, 491 cinereum, Todirostrum, 383 Toxostorna, 519 cinereus, Circus, 93

co!liei, Calocitta, 443 co!lurio, Lanius, 428 colombianus, Neocrex, 135 colombica, Thalurania, 294 Colonia, 401 colonus, Colonia, 401

Contopus,392 Ptilogonys,531 Xenus, 158

cinnamomeus, Crypturellus,2

collaris, Accipiter, 93 Aythya, 75 Charadrius, 145 Ploceus, 680

Trogon, 316, 317

coloratus,Myadestes,500, 501 colubris, Archilochus, 309, 310 Columba, 218

780

CHECK-LIST OFNORTHAMERICANBIRDS

columba, Cepphus,211

Red-faced, 33

columbarius, Falco, 109

Red-legged,688 White-breasted, 33

columbiana,Nucifraga, 448 columbianus,Crypturellus,2 Cygnus, 62 Columbidae, 218 Columbiformes, 218 Columbigallina, 225, 226, 227

corniculata, Fratercula, 217 cornix, Corvus, 696 coromanda, Bulbucus, 44 coronata, Dendroica, 542 Paroaria, 599

Columbina, 225

Pipra, 425, 426

Colyrnbus,7 Comarophagus, 574 Comb-Duck, African, 64

Zeledonia, 567

American, 64 concolor, Amaurolimnas, 133

Amaurospiza, 594 Condor, California, 53 Conebill, White-eared, 569 confinis, Turdus, 511 conirostris,Arremonops,603 Conirostrum, 569

Conopias, 409 conspicillatus,Forpus, 239 constantii, Hellomaster, 306

Contopus,390 Conure, 234 Hoffmann's, 233

Nanday, 693 Conuropsis,234 conversii, Discosura, 291

cookii, Pterodroma, 16 cooperi, Contopus,390 Otus, 255

Tringa, 699 cooperii, Accipiter, 94 Coot, 137

American, 138 Caribbean, 138 Eurasian, 137

coronatus,Harpyhaliaetus, 99 Onychorhynchus,386 Platyrinchus, 385 corone, Corvus, 450, 696

Corthylio, 488 Corvidae, 441

corvina, Sporophila, 592 Corvus, 449

Coryphotriccus,409 costae, Calypte, 310 costaricensis,Geotrygon,230 Ramphocelus,580, 581 Touit, 240

Cotinga, 420 Cotinga, Antonia's,422

Black-tipped,421 Blue, 421 Lovely, 420 Snowy, 422 Turquoise,421 Yellow-billed, 421 Cotingidae,420, 426 cotta, Myiopagis, 376 Coturnicops,129 Coturnix, 116 coturnix, Coturnix, 116

couchii, Aphelocoma,447 Tyrannus, 412

European,137

couesi, Anas, 66

Hawaiian, 138

Cowbird, Bronze-brown, 648

Coprotheres, 182 Copsychus,497 Coquette,Adorable, 291 Black-crested, 290 Rufous-crested,290 Short-crested,290

Brown-headed, 648 Giant, 649 Glossy,648 Red-eyed, 648

White-crested, 291

Coraciiformes, 319 Coragyps, 51 Corapipo, 424 corax, Corvus, 452

Cordonbleu, Red-cheeked, 681 Cormorant, 33 Amchitka, 688 Black, 33 Brandt's, 32 Common, 33 Double-crested, 32 Great, 33

Guanay,688 Neotropic, 32 Olivaceous, 32 Pallas's, 688 Pelagic, 34

Bronzed, 648

Shiny, 648 Cracidae, 112 Cracoidea, 112

Crake, Colombian, 135 Corn, 131 Gray-breasted,130 Ocellated, 129 Paint-billed, 135 Ruddy, 130

Spotted,134 Uniform, 133 White-throated, 130 Yellow-breasted, 134 Crane, 140

Common, 140

European,140 Sandhill, 140

Whooping,141 Crane-Hawk, Banded, 96

INDEX Blackish, 96

Gray, 96 Cranioleuca, 348 crassirostris, Larus, 187

Lysurus, 600 Tyrannus, 412

781 Tyrannus, 414 Cuckoo, 246

Bay-breasted,249 Black-billed, 247 Chestnut-bellied, 249

craveri, Synthliborarnphus, 213

Cocos, 248 Common, 246 Dark-billed, 248

Crax, 114

Dwarf, 694

Craxirex, 99

Gray-capped,694

Vireo, 431

creatopus,Puffinus, 18

Ground, see Ground-Cuckoo

crecca, Anas, 73

Himalayan,246

Creeper,Brown, 470

Little, 250 Lizard, see Lizard-Cuckoo

Hawaii, 676, 677 Hawaiian, 676 Kauai, 676 Maui, 676 Molokai, 676 Oahu, 676 Crex, 131 crex, Crex, 131

crinitus, Myiarchus, 405 crissale, Toxostorna, 520

crissalis,Pipilo, 606 Verrnivora, 536

cristata, Cyanocitta, 442

Mangrove, 248 Oriental, 246 Pearly-breasted,247 Pheasant,250 Squirrel, 249 Striped, 250 Sunda, 246 Yellow-billed, 247 Cuculidae, 246 Cuculiformes, 246 Cuculinae, 246 cucullata, Carduelis, 667

Eucornetis, 574

Cyanolyca,445

Lophostrix, 257

Lonchura, 682

cristatella, Aethia, 215 cristatellus, Acridotheres, 524 cristatus, Colinus, 126 Lanius, 428

Orthorhyncus,289 Oxyruncus,427 Pavo, 118 Crocethia, 166 croconotus, Icterus, 652 Crossbill, 663 Red, 662

White-winged, 663 Crotophaga, 252 Crotophaginae,252 Crow, American, 449

Carrion, 696 Common, 450 Cuban, 450 Fish, 451 Hawaiian, 451 Hooded, 696 Jamaican, 451

Mexican, 451 Northwestern, 450 Palm, 450 Sinaloa, 451

Tamaulipas,451 White-necked, 450

cruentatus,Melanerpes, 334 Crypticus, 321 cryptoleuca,Progne, 455 cryptoleucus,Corvus, 452 Crypturellus, 1 cryptus, Cypseloides,275 cubanensis,Caprirnulgus,271 cubensis, Ara, 237

Tangara, 588 cucullatus, Icterus, 651

Lophodytes,84 Ploceus, 680 Cuculus, 246

culicivorus, Basileuterus, 565 culik, Selenidera, 330 cubninatus,Rarnphastos,330 cunicularia, Athene, 261

cupido, Tyrnpanuchus,121, 122 cupreiceps, Elvira, 302 Curassow, Great, 114 Curlew, 162 Bristle-thighed,161 Common, 162 Eskimo, 159 Eurasian, 161 Far Eastern, 161 HudsonJan, 160 Little, 159

Long-billed, 162 Slender-billed, 161 currucoides, Sialia, 499

Curucujus,315 curvipennis, Carnpylopterus,285, 286 curvirostra, Loxia, 662 curvirostre, Toxostorna, 520

cuvieri, Rarnphastos,331 Regulus, 488, 701 cuvierii, Phaeochroa, 285

cyane, Luscinia, 496 cyanea, Passerina, 637 cyaneoviridis,Tachycineta,458 Cyanerpes,589, 590 cyanescens,Galbula, 327 cyaneus, Circus, 92

782

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Cyanerpes,590 cyanifrons,Amazilia, 298 cyanocephala,Amazilia, 298, 301,700 Euphonia,584 Starnoenas, 232

cyanocephalus, Euphagus,645 Gymnorhinus,447 Cyanocitta,442 Cyanocompsa,636, 637 Cyanocorax, 443 cyanoides,Cyanocompsa,636 cyanoleuca,Pygochelidon,458 Cyanolimnas,135 Cyanolyca,445 Cyanophaia,294 cyanophrys,Eupherusa,301 cyanoptera,Anas, 70 cyanopygius,Forpus, 239 cyanotus,Colibri, 287 cyanura, Amazilia, 299 cyanurus,Tarsiger, 496 Cyclarhis,441 Cyclorhynchus,214, 384 Cygnini, 61 Cygnus,61 cygnus,Cygnus,63 Cymbilaimus,361 Cymochorea,23 Cynanthus,293 Cyphorhinus,486 Cypseloides,275, 276 Cypseloidinae,275 Cyrtonyx, 128 Cyrtopelicanus,30 D

Dacnis, 589, 590

Dacnis, Blue, 589

Scarlet-thighed,589 Viridian, 589

dactylatra, Sula, 28 Dactylortyx, 127 Dafila, 65 daguae, Turdus, 510 Damophila, 295 Daptrius, 106 Darter, American, 34 dauurica, Muscicapa,495 decaocto,Streptopelia,222 Deconychura,356 decora, Arnazilia, 298 decumanus, Psarocolius, 657

decurtatus,Hylophilus,440 defilippiana,Pterodroma,15, 16, 687 deglandi, Melanitta, 80 deiroleucus, Falco, 110

delatrii, Tachyphonus,575 delattrei, Lophornis,290 delattrii, Basileuterus, 566 delawarensis, Larus, 188

delicata, Gallinago, 177

Demigretta, 41, 42 Dendragapus, 119, 120 Dendrocincla,

355

Dendrocolaptes,357 Dendrocolaptidae,354 Dendrocolaptinae,354 Dendrocopos,338 Dendrocygna, 55 Dendrocygninae,55 Dendrocygnini,55 Dendroica, 539

Dendroplex, 358 Dendrortyx, 123 derbianus,Oreophasis,114 diadema, Amazona, 244

dialeucos,Odontophorus,127 diazi, Anas, 68 Dichromanassa, 41, 43 Dickcissel, 639

dickeyi, Cyanocorax,443 dicolorus,Ramphastos,330 difficilis, Empidonax,39'7, 398 Diglossa, 597 dilectissima, Touit, 240

dimidiatus, Ramphocelus,580 dimorpha, Egretta, 41 Diomedea, 11 diomedea, Calonectris, 17 Diomedeidae, 9

diphone, Cettia, 489 Dipper, American, 486 North American, 486 discolor, Dendroica, 548 discors, Anas, 70 Discosura, 291

dissita, Cranioleuca, 349 Diver, Black-throated, 4 Great Northern, 5 White-billed, 5 Dives, 644 dives, Dives, 644

Hylopezus,371 Dixiphia, 425 dolei, Palmeria, 678

doliatus, Thamnophilus, 361 Dolichonyx, 639 domestica, Lithoenas, 218 domesticus, Passer, 679

Troglodytes,480, 481 dominica, Dendroica, 546, 547, 702 Pluvialis, 143, 144 dominicanus, Larus, 692 dominicensis, Carduelis, 667 Icterus, 649, 650

Progne, 455, 456 Spindalis,58 Tyrannus, 414 dominicus, Anthracothorax, 288 Dulus, 532

Nomonyx,85 Tachybaptus,6

Delichon, 463

Donacobius, 471

delphinae,Colibri, 286 Deltarhynchus,407

Donacobius,Black-capped,471 Doricha, 307

INDEX

783

dorsale, Toxostoma, 521 dorsalis, Junco, 626

Mexican, 69

Doryfera, 284

Muscovy, 64 Ring-necked,75 Ruddy, 86 Spot-billed,69

Dotterel, 149 Eurasian, 149

doubledayi,Chlorostilbon,293 douga!lii, Sterna, 199 douglasii, Callipepla, 124, 125, 698 Dove, Barbary, 222 Barred, 223 Brazilian, 228 Brown-backed, 228 Caribbean, 228 Cassin's, 229 Collared, see Collared-Dove Eared, 224

Gray-chested, 229 Gray-fronted,228 Gray-headed,228 Grenada, 228 Ground, see Ground-Dove Inca, 225 Mourning, 224 Pacific, 223 Peaceful, 223 Plumbeous, 699

Quail, see Quail-Dove Rock, 218 Socorro, 225

Spotted,222 Turtle, see Turtle-Dove White-bellied, 229 White-fronted, 228

White-tipped,227 White-winged,223 Zebra, 223 Zenaida, 224 Dovekie, 208

dowii, Tangara, 588, 589

Dowitcher,Long-billed, 176 Short-billed, 175 Drepanidinae,671 Drepanis, 677 Dromococcyx,250 dryas, Catharus, 503 drygalskii,Anas, 72 Dryobates, 339 Dryocopus,345 dubius, Charadrius, 148 dubusii, Icterus xanthornus, 698

Duck, American Black, 68 Bahama, 71 Black, 68 Comb, 64

(see also Comb-Duck)

Mottled, 69

Tree, see Tree-Duck

Tufted, 75

Whistling, see Whistling-Duck Wood, 65 Dulidae, 532 Dulus, 532 Durnetella, 515, 516 durnicola, Hirundo, 463 Dunlin, 172

dupontii,Tilrnatura,308 Dysitharnnus,363 Dysrnorodrepanis,672 Dytes, 7 E

Eagle, Bald, 91 Booted, 691 Crested, 103 Golden, 104

Harpy, 103 Hawk, see Hawk-Eagle Sea, see Sea-Eagle Solitary, 99 White-tailed, 91 eatoni, Anas, 72

eburnea, Pagophila, 196 ecaudatus,Myiornis, 381 Ectopistes,225 edward, Arnazilia, 299 Egret, American,41 Cattle, 44 (see also Cattle-Egret) Chinese, 41 Common, 41 Great, 40 Intermediate, 689 Lesser, 689 Little, 41 Reddish, 43

Snowy,42 Yellow-billed, 689

Egretta, 41, 43 Eider, 77 Eider, 78 Cormnon, 78

King, 77 Pacific, 78

Spectacled,77 Steller's, 77

Falcated, 66

ekmani, Caprirnulgus,271

Ferruginous,690 Harlequin, 79 Hawaiian, 69 Labrador, 79 Laysan, 69

E!aenia, 376

Long-tailed,82 Mandarin, 690 Masked, 85

Elaenia, Caribbean, 376 Chinchorro, 376

Forest, 375

Gray, 375 Greater Antillean, 377 Greenish, 376 Jamaican, 376

784

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Jamaican Yellow-crowned, 376 Lesser, 377 Mountain, 377 Yellow-bellied, 377 Elaeniinae, 373 Elanoides, 88 Elanus, 89

elatus, Tyrannulus,375 Electron, 321

elegans,Celeus,345, 701 Progne,455, 456 Rallus, 131, 132 Sterna, 198, 199

Trogon, 316 elegantissima,Euphonia,584 Elepaio, 452 elgasi,Anser albifrons,57 eliciae, Hylocharis, 295 elisabeth, Myadestes,500 eliza, Doricha, 308 ellioti, Atthis, 312 ellisiana, Akialoa, 675

ellisianus,Hemignathus,675 Elyira, 302 Emberiza, 628 Emberizidae, 591 Emberizoides, 599 Emerald, Allied, 292 Blue-tailed, 292, 694 Brace's, 292 Canivet's, 292

Piranga, 580 erythrocephalus,Melanerpes, 333 erythrocercus,Philydor, 352 erythrogaster,Hirundo, 462 erythronemius,Accipiter, 94 erythronotus,Philydor, 352 erythrophthalmus,Pipilo, 605 erythrops,Cranioleuca,348 Neocrex, 135

Odontophorus,127 erythropthalmus,Coccyzus,247 erythropus,Anser, 57 Crypturellus,2 Tringa, 154 erythropygius,Pteroglossus,329 Xiphorhynchus,359, 360 erythropygus, Morococcyx,251 erythrorhyncha,Urocissa,695 erythrorhynchos,Pelecanus, 31 Erythrosoma,564 erythrothorax,Synallaxis,348 erythrura, Ara, 700 erythrurus, Terenotriccus,386 Estrilda, 681 Estrildidae, 680

Estrildinae, 680 Eubranta, 59 Eubucco, 328

euchrysea,Tachycineta,458 Eucometis, 574

Eucorystes,657

Cozumel, 292

Eudocimus, 47 Eudromias, 144, 149

Cuban, 292

Eugenes,305

Fork-tailed, 292 Garden, 292 Golden-crowned, 291

Eulabeornis, 132, 133

Coppery-headed,302

Hispaniolan,293 Honduran, 297 Puerto Rican, 293

Salvin's, 292 White-bellied, 297 White-chested, 695 White-tailed, 302

Empidonax,388, 393 Empidonomus,411 Endomychura,213 enicura, Doricha, 307 enucleator, Pinicola, 660

episcopus,Thraupis,581 epops, Upupa, 319 Erator, 420 erckelii, Francolinus, 115

Eulampis, 288 euleri, Coccyzus,247 Lathrotriccus, 388

eulophotes,Egretta, 41 Eumomota, 322 Euneornis, 596

Eunetta, 65, 66 eunomus, Turdus, 507 Euodice, 682

euops,Aratinga, 235 Euphagus,644 Eupherusa,301 Euphonia, 582 Euphonia,Antillean, 584 Black-tailed, 583 Black-throated, 583 Blue-hooded, 584

Ereunetes, 165

Bonaparte's,584 Bronze-green,697 Elegant, 584

Ergaticus, 563

Fulvous-vented, 584

Erionotus, 361 erithachorides, Dendroica, 539 Erithacus, 495, 496 Erolia, 166

Golden-romped,584

Eremophila,453

Erythrina, 660 erythrinus,Carpodacus,661 erythrocephala,Ara, 700 Pipra, 426

Gould's, 585 Jamaican, 583 Lesson's, 583 Olive-backed, 585

Orange-bellied,585 Pale-vented, 583 Scrub, 583

INDEX Spot-crowned,584 Tawny-bellied, 585 Tawny-capped,585 Thick-billed, 583 White-vented, 585 Yellow-crowned, 583 Yellow-throated, 583

Euplectes,680 Eupoda, 144, 149 Euptilotis, 318 eurygnatha,Sterna, 198, 199 Eurynorhynchus,174 Eurypyga, 139 Eurypygidae,139 Euthlypis, 565 Eutoxeres, 284

785

fasciaturn, Tigrisoma, 38 fasciatus, Carnpylorhynchus,472 Myiophobus, 387 Philortyx, 125 feae, Pterodroma, 14, 686 fedoa, Lirnosa, 163 felix, Thryothorus,477, 478 fernoralis, Falco, 109 ferina, Aythya, 75 Ferminia, 480

fernandinae, Colaptes,345 Teretistris, 561

ferox, Myiarchus, 404 ferruginea, Calidris, 173, 699 Oxyura, 86 Tadorna, 690

evelynae, Calliphlox, 307 Exanthemops,58 excellens,Campylopterus,285

ferrugineus, Coccyzus,248 festinus, Troglodytesochraceus,482

excubitor, Lanius, 429

Ficedula, 494 Fieldfare, 508

exilipes,Carduelis, 665 exilis, lxobrychus,37

Finch, Brush, see Brush-Finch Cassin's, 661

Laterallus, 130

Cassin'sPurple, 662

eximia, Eupherusa, 301 eximius, Vireolanius, 440

exquisita,Pipra, 426 exquisitus,Coturnicops,129 exsul, Myrmeciza, 367 externa, Pterodroma, 14, 15, 687 exulans, Diomedea, 11 exustus,Pterocles, 217

Cocos, 597 Fire, see Fire-Finch Grass, see Grass-Finch Grosbeak, 673 Ground, see Ground-Finch House, 662 (see also House-Finch) Java, 683

Falco, 107

Large-footed, 600 Laysan, 671 Nihoa, 671 Olive, 600 Peg-billed, 597 Pelzeln's, 598 Purple, 661 Rosy, 659 (see also Rosy-Finch)

Falcon, Aplomado, 109 Barbary, 111

Saffron, 598 Seed, see Seed-Finch

F

fabalis, Anser, 56, 689 Fairy, Purple-crowned,306 falcata, Anas, 66 falcinellus, Limicola, 174 Plegadis, 48, 49 Falcipennis, 119

Bat, 110 Forest, see Forest-Falcon

Gyr, 110 Laughing, 107 Orange-breasted, 110 Peregrine,111 Prairie, 111 Falcones, 105 Falconidae, 105 Falconiformes, 51, 86 Falconinae, 107 Falconini, 107

falcularius, Campylorhamphus, 360 fallax, Bulweria, 17 Elaenia, 377

familiaris, Acrocephalus,490 Certhia, 470

fannyi, Thalurania, 294 farinosa, Arnazona,244 fasciata, Chamaea, 514 Columba, 220

fasciatoventris, Thryothorus,475

Singing, see Singing-Finch Slaty, 597 Sooty-faced,600 Spice, 683 St. Lucia Black, 596

Strawberry, 682 Yellow, see Yellow-Finch

Yellow-backed, 595

Yellow-green,600 Yellow-thighed,600 Finfoot, American, 139

finschi, Amazona, 243 Aratinga, 235 Fire-Finch, African, 698 Lavender, 681

fischeri, Somateria, 77 Flamingo, 54 American, 54 Chilean, 689 Greater, 54

fiammea, Carduelis, 664, 665 Paroreomyza, 676

786

CHECK-LISTOF NORTHAMERICANBIRDS

flammeolus, Otus, 254 fiammeus, Asio, 264 Carduelis, 703

fiammigerus, Ramphocelus,580, 581 fiammula, Selasphorus,313, 314 fiammulatus, Deltarhynchus,407 Flatbill, Eye-ringed,384 Olivaceous, 384

fiava, Motacilla, 525 Piranga, 577 fiaveola, Capsiempis,375 Coereba, 569 Sicalis, 598

fiavescens, Celeus, 345 Empidonax, 398 fiaviceps, Auriparus, 467 Rhodacanthis, 672

fiavicollis, Hemithraupis, 571 fiavifrons, Melanerpes,334 Vireo, 433, 701

fiavigaster, Xiphorhynchus,358 fiavigularis, Chlorospingus,570, 571 fiavipes, Hylophilus, 439 Tringa, 153 fiavirostris, Anas, 73 Chlorophonia,586 Columba, 219, 220 Grallaricula, 372

Porphyrula, 136 fiaviventer, Porzana, 134 fiaviventris, Blacicus, 388 Empidonax, 393 Lathrotriccus, 388 Tyrannula, 388 fiavogaster, Elaenia, 377 fiavovelata, Geothlypis,559 fiavovirens, Phylloscartes,379 fiavoviridis, Vireo, 438 fiavus, Hemignathus,674 Flicker, Common, 344 Cuban, 344 Fernandina's, 345 Gilded, 344 Guatemalan, 344 Northern, 344 Red-shafted, 344 Yellow-shafted, 344

fiorenceae, Saucerottia, 700 fioresii, Selasphorus,701 Florida, 41, 42 florida, Tangara, 587 Florisuga, 286

Flowerpiercer,Cinnamon,598 Cinnamon-bellied, 598 Rusty, 598 Slaty, 598

Black-capped, 398 Black-tailed, 387 Boat-billed, 408 Bran-colored, 387 Brown, 495

Brown-crested, 405 Brown-streaked, 495 Brownish, 383 Buff-breasted, 398

Buff-rumped, 387 Channel Islands, 398 Cocos, 374 Cordilleran, 398 Coues's, 391

Dark-capped,404 Dusky, 397 Dusky-capped,403 Euler's, 388 Flammulated, 407 Fork-tailed, 415

Galapagos,401 Golden-bellied, 409 Golden-crowned, 409

Gray, 396 Gray-breasted,495 Gray-capped,408 Gray-spotted,495 Great Crested, 405 Grenada, 406 Hammond's, 396 Kiskadee, 407

La Sagra's, 406 Lawrence's, 388 Least, 395 Lesser Antillean, 406 Mugimaki, 494 Narcissus, 494 Northern Beardless, 374 Nutting's, 404 Ochre-bellied, 378 Olivaceous, 404 Olive-sided, 390

Olive-striped, 378 Ometepe,405 Pacific-slope,397 Pale-throated, 405 Panama, 404 Pileated, 389 Pine, 397 Piratic, 410 Puerto Rican, 406 Red-breasted, 494

Red-throated, 494 Royal, 386

(see also Royal-Flycatcher) Ruddy-tailed, 386

Fluvicola, 401 Fluvicolinae, 386

Rufescent, 388 Rufous-tailed, 406

Flycatcher,Acadian, 394

Rusty-margined,408

Alder, 394 Ash-throated, 404 Asian Brown, 495 Belted, 389 Black-billed, 389

Sad, 403 Scissor-tailed, 414

Scrub, see Scrub-Flycatcher Sepia-capped,378 Siberian, 495

INDEX

787

Slaty-capped,379

franciscanus,Euplectes,680

Small-headed, 702 Social, 408

Francolin, Black, 115 Erckel's, 115

Solitary, 410 Sooty, 495

Francolinus, 115

Southern Beardless, 374 Stolid, 406 Streaked, 410

francolinus,Francolinus,115 franklinii, Falcipennis, 119 frantzii, Catharus, 503

Sulphur-bellied, 410 Sulphur-rumped, 387 Tawny-breasted,387 Tawny-chested,388 Tody, seeTody-Flycatcher Traill's, 395 Tufted, 389

(see also Tufted-Flycatcher) Variegated,411 Vermilion, 400 Vermilion-crowned, 408 Western, 398

White-ringed,409 White-throated, 395 Wied's, 405 Wied's Crested, 405 Willow, 395

Wright's, 397 Yellow-bellied, 393

Yellow-margined,385 Yellow-olive, 384 Yellow-throated, 409 Yellowish, 398 Yucatan, 403

Foliage-gleaner, Buff-fronted,352 Buff-throated, 352

Gray, 115

Elaenia, 377

Pteroglossus,329, 330 Sernnornis, 329 Fratercula, 216

Fraterculini, 216

freethii, Hirnatione,678 Fregata, 35 Fregatae,35 Fregatidae,35 frenata, Chlorothraupis,573 Frigatebird,Great, 35 Least, 36 Lesser, 36

Magnificent, 35 Fringilla, 658 Fringillidae,658 Fringillinae,658 Frog-Hawk, Blue, 93 Gray, 93 frontalis, Nonnula, 326 frugilegus, Corvus,696 frugivorus, Calyptophilus,572 Fruitcrow,Purple-throated, 422 fucosa, Tangara, 588 fuertesi, lcterus, 651 fulgens,Eugenes,305

Dusky-winged,352

Fulica, 137

Lineated, 351

fulica, Heliornis, 139 fulicaria, Phalaropus,180 fuliginosa, Dendrocincla,355 fuliginosus,Dendragapus,121

Ruddy, 352 Rufous-backed, 352

Rufous-rumped,352 Scaly-throated,351 Slaty-winged,351 Spectacled,351 Spot-breasted, 351 Forest-Falcon, Barred, 105 Collared, 106

Slaty-backed,105 forficatus,Chlorostilbon,292

Saltator, 632

fuligula, Aythya, 75 Fulmar, 13 Giant, 685 Northern, 12 Southern, 685 Fulrnarus, 12

fulva, Petrochelidon,461

Elanoides, 88

Pluvialis, 144

Tyrannus,414

fulvescens,Junco,626

Formicariidae, 370 Forrnicarius, 370 Formicivora, 366

forrnicivorus,Melanerpes,333 formosa, Anas, 72 Calocitta, 443

formosus,Oporornis,556, 702 fornsi, Teretistris,561 Forpus, 239 forsteri, Sterna, 201 Fox-Sparrow,Red, 620 Slate-colored, 620

Sooty, 620 Thick-billed, 620

francescae,Granatellus,568

Strix, 263

fulvicauda, Phaeothlypis,567 fulvicrissa,Euphonia,584 fulvifrons, Ernpidonax,398 fulvigula, Anas, 69 fulviventris,Myrmotherula,364 furnigatus,Contopus,391 Cypseloides,275 Turdus, 509 Veniliornis, 342

funerea, Drepanis,678 funereus,Aegolius,265 Oryzoborus, 593

furcata, Oceanodroma, 23 furcatus, Antbus,529

788

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Creagrus, 692 Furnariidae, 347, 354 fusca, Dendroica, 545 Melanitta, 80

fuscata, Sterna, 203 fuscater, Catharus, 502 fuscatus,Margarops, 522 Phylloscopus,490 fuscescens,Catharus, 503, 504, 505, 506 fuscicauda, Habia, 576, 577 fuscicollis, Calidris, 170 fuscipennis,Philydor, 351 fuscus, Larus, 189, 190, 191 Margarops, 522 Pipdo, 606

Geococcyx,251 geoffroyi,Neomorphus,251 Geopelia, 223 georgiana, Melospiza, 622 georgica, Anas, 72 Geothlypis,556, 558 Geotrygon, 229 Geranospiza,95 Giant-Petrel, Antarctic, 685 Southern, 685

gibsoni, Chlorostilbon,695 giganteus,Macronectes,685 gigas, Podilymbus,6 gilvicollis, Micrastur, 105 gilvus, Mimus, 517 Vireo, 436, 437

G

Gadwall, 66 Common, 66 Coues's, 66

gairnardi, Phalacrocorax, 688 gairnardii, Myiopagis, 375 galapagensis,Anas, 71 Galbula, 327

galbula, Galbula, 327 Icterus, 653, 654, 655 Galbuli, 324 Galbulidae, 327

galeata, Nurnida, 123 galericulata, Aix, 690 Galliformes, 112

Gallinagini,176 Gallinago, 177 gallinago, Gallinago, 177 Gallinula, 136

Gallinule, Azure, 136 Common, 137 Florida, 137

glaber, Sublegatus,381 glabricollis,Cephalopterus,422 Melanoptila, 516 glacialis, Fulmarus, 12 glacialoides, Fulmarus, 13, 685 Glareola, 180

glareola, Tringa, 155 Glareolidae, 180 Glareolinae, 180 glaucescens,Larus, 190, 191, 192, 193 Glaucidium, 259 Glaucionetta, 82 Glaucis, 282

glaucocolpa, Thraupis, 582 glaucoides,Larus, 190 glaucops, Tyto, 253 Glottis, 153

Glyphorhynchus,356 Gnatcatcher,Black-capped,493 Black-tailed, 492

Blue-gray, 492 California, 492 Cuban, 492

Purple, 136 (see alsoPurple-Gallinule) gallopavo, Meleagris, 122

Maranon, 493

Gallus, 116

Slate-throated, 493

gallus, Gallus, 117 garnbeli, Poecile, 464 garnbelii, Callipepla, 125, 698 garnbelli,Anser albifrons, 57 Garnpsonyx,88 Gannet, 30 Northern, 30 Garganey,72 garrula, Ortalis, 112 Garrulax, 513

garrulus, Bornbycilla,530 garzetta, Egretta, 41, 42 gaurneri, Chaetura, 278 Gavia, 3, 7

gavia, Puffinus,21 Gaviidae, 3 Gaviiformes, 3 gayaquilensis,Carnpephilus,347 Gelochelidon, 196, 197 genibarbis,Myadestes,500 Gennaeus, 117 gentdis,Accipiter, 95

Plumbeous,493

Tropical,493 White-browed, 493 White-lored, 493

Gnatwren, Black-tailed, 491 Half-collared, 491 Long-billed, 491 Tawny-faced,491 gnoma, Glaucidium, 259 godefrida, Claravis, 227 godmani, Euphonia, 583 Godwit, Bar-tailed, 163 Black-tailed, 162 Hudsonian, 163

Marbled, 163 goeringi, Brachygalba,327 Goethalsia, 296

Golden-Plover,American, 143 Asiatic, 144 Eurasian, 143 European, 143 Greater, 143 Lesser, 144

INDEX Pacific, 144

Goldeneye,83 Barrow's, 83 Common, 82 Goldentail, Blue-throated, 295

Goldfinch, 668 American, 668 Arkansas, 667

Dark-backed, 667

European,668 Lawrence's, 667 Lesser, 667

goldmani,Geotrygon,230 Goldmania, 296

goodsoni,Columba,221,693 Goosander, 85 Goose, Aleutian, 60 Bar-headed, 689 Barnacle, 61 Bean, 56 Blue, 59 Brent, 61

Cackling,60 Canada, 59

Emperor,58 Graylag,689 Greater White-fronted, 57 Hawaiian, 60 Hutchins's, 60 Lesser White-fronted, 57 Orinoco, 64

Pink-footed, 57 Red-breasted, 689 Richardson's, 60 Ross's, 59 Snow, 58

Tule, 57 Tundra, 60 White-fronted, 57 Goshawk, 95 American, 95 Chinese, 93 Eurasian, 95 Northern, 95

gossei,Ara, 700 gouldi, Euphonia,585 gouldii, Selenidera,330 graciae, Dendroica, 546, 547 gracilirostris, Catharus, 502 Vireo, 438

gracilis, Geranospiza,95 Oceanites, 687 Grackle, 524 Boat-tailed, 646 Bronzed, 646

789 Gracula, 524

graduacauda, lcterus, 652, 654 graeca, Alectoris, 115 Grailaria, 371 grailaria, Fregetta, 687 Grallaricula,

372

gramineus, Pooecetes,613 grammacus,Chondestes,613 grammicus,Pseudoscops,265 granadensis,Myiozetetes,408 Granatellus, 568, 573 grandior, Monasa, 327 grandis, Motacilla, 526 Nyctibius, 274 $altator, 631

Grass-Finch,Wedge-tailed,599 Yellow, 599 Grass-Wren, Eastern, 483 Western, 483

Grasshopper-Warbler, Middendorff's, 489 Grassquit,Black-faced,595 Blue-black, 591 Cuban, 594 Melodious, 595 Yellow-faced, 595 Yellow-shouldered, 595

gravis, Puffinus, 18 grayi, Hylocharis, 295 Turdus, 509

graysoni,Miraodes,518 Parula, 538 Turdus, 511 Zenaida, 224, 225

graysonii, lcterus, 652 Graytail, Double-banded,349 Grebe, Atitlan, 6 Black-necked, 8 Clark's, 9 Eared, 8 Giant Pied-billed, 6 Horned, 7 Least, 6 Pied-billed, 6 Red-necked, 7 Slavonian, 7 Western, 8

Greenfinch, 698 Chinese, 668

European,698 Oriental, 668 Greenlet, Golden-fronted,439 Gray-headed,440 Lesser, 440

Olivaceous, 439 Red-fronted, 439

Carib, 647 Common, 646

Rufous-naped,440

Great-tailed, 646 Greater Antillean, 647

Tawny-crowned,439 Yellow-green,439

Lesser Antillean, 647

Nicaraguan, 647 Purple, 646 Rice, 649

Slender-billed, 647

Scrub, 439

Greenshank, 153 Common, 153 grisea, Formicivora, 366 grisegena, Podiceps, 7

Podicepsgrisegena,8

790

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

griseicapillus,Sittasornus,356 griseiceps,Catharus,502 Glaucidiurn, 259, 260

Phyllornyias,380 Piprites, 417 griseisticta,Muscicapa,495 griseoventer,Phaethornis,283 griseus,Baelophus,466 Carnpylorhynchus, 472 Ernpidonax,397 Lirnnodromus, 175, 176 Nyctibius, 274

Puffinus, 19 Vireo, 430, 431,432 Grosbeak, Abeil16's, 670 Black-faced, 632 Black-headed, 635

Black-thighed,634 Black-throated, 632 Blue, 636 Blue-black, 636 Crimson-collared, 633

Evening,670 Golden-bellied, 634

Green, 633 Hooded, 670 Kona, 673 Pine, 660

Rose-breasted,635 Scarlet, 661 Slate-colored, 632

Yellow, 634

Yellow-green,633 grossus,Saltator, 632 Ground-Cuckoo, Lesser, 251 Rufous-vented, 251

Scaled, 251 Ground-Dove, Blue, 227 Common, 226 Maroon-chested, 227 Plain-breasted, 226

Ruddy, 227 Scaly-breasted,226 Ground-Finch,Wedge-tailed,599 Ground-Sparrow, Prevost's,604 Rusty-crowned,603 White-eared, 604 White-faced, 604 Grouse, Blue, 121

Dusky, 121 Franklin's, 119

Pinnated, 122 Red, 120 Ruffed, 118

Sage, 119 Sharp-tailed,121 Sooty, 121 Spruce, 119 Willow, 120 Gruidae, 140 Gruiformes, 129 Gruinae, 140 Grus, 140

grus, Grus, 140

grylle, Cepphus,211 guadeloupensis, Ara, 700 Guan, Black, 113 Crested, 113

Highland, 114 Horned, 114

guarauna, Ararnus, 139 guarayanus,Thryothorus,478 guaternalae,Otus,256 guaternalensis,Carnpephilus,347 Sclerurus, 354

guatirnalensis,Grailaria, 371 guatirnozinus, Psarocolius,658 gubernator,Agelaius, 641 guianensis,Morphnus, 103 Polioptila, 494 guildingii, Arnazona,245 Guillemot, 209 Black, 211 Brunnich's, 210 Kuril, 211

Pigeon, 211 Sooty, 693 Spectacled,693 guirneti,Klais, 290 Guineafowl, Helmeted, 123 Tufted, 123 West African, 123 Guiraca, 636

gujanensis,Cyclarhis,441 Odontophorus,126 gularis, Aspatha,320 Carnpylorhynchus,472, 473 Cuculus, 246

Egretta, 41 Icterus, 653

gulgula,Alauda, 453 Gull, Band-tailed, 187 Belcher's, 187 Black-headed, 185 Black-tailed, 187

Bonaparte's,186 Brown-hooded, 186 California, 189 Common, 188 Common Black-headed, 186 Dominican, 692 Franklin's, 184 Glaucous, 193

Glaucous-winged,192 Gray, 187 Gray-hooded,692 Great Black-backed, 193 Heermann's, 186

Herring, 189 Iceland, 190

Ivory, 196 Kamchatka, 188

Kelp, 692 Kumlien's, 191

Laughing, 184 Lesser Black-backed, 191 Little, 185 Mew, 187

INDEX

791

Harpyhaliaetus,98 harpyja,Harpia, 103

Nelson's, 699

Olrog's, 187 Ring-billed, 188

Harrier, American, 93 Hen, 93

Ross's, 195 Sabine's, 194 Short-billed, 188

Slaty-backed,191 Southern Black-backed, 692 Swallow-tailed, 692

Thayer's, 190

Northern, 92 hasitata, Pterodroma, 14, 15 hauxwelli, Turdus, 509 hawaiiensis, Corvus, 451 Hawfinch, 670 Hawk, Barred, 96

Bay-winged,98

Western, 192 Yellow-footed, 192

Yellow-legged, 190 gundlachi,Accipiter, 94 gundlachii, Buteogallus,97

Bicolored, 94 Black, 97

(see also Black-Hawk) Black-collared, 92

Chordeiles, 268 Mimus, 517

Broad-winged,100

Vireo, 431,432

Cooper's,94

Chilean, 94

gustavi,Anthus, 527 guttata, Tangara, 574, 587 guttatum,Toxostoma,519 guttatus,Catharus,505 Odontophorus,127 Xiphorhynchus,358 guttifer, Accipiter, 94 gutturalis,Atlapetes,601 Cinclocerthia, 523

Crane, 95

Crane, see Crane-Hawk

Ferruginous,102 Frog, seeFrog-Hawk Gray, 97 Gray-lined,97 Gundlach's, 94 Harlan's, 102 Harris's, 98

Hawaiian, 102 Marsh, 93

Corapipo, 424 Habia, 576 Parula, 537

Pigeon, 109

guy, Phaethornis,283 Gygis, 207 Gymnasio,253 Gymnocichla,367 Gymnoglaux,254, 257 Gymnogyps,53 Gymnopithys,369 Gymnorhinus,447 Gymnostinops, 658 Gyrfalcon, 110 gyrola, Tangara, 587 gyroloides,Tangara, 587 H

Plumbeous, 96 Red-backed, 691 Red-shouldered, 99 Red-tailed, 102

Ridgway's, 100 Roadside, 99

Rough-legged,103 Rufous-thighed,94 Savanna, 98

Semiplumbeous, 96 Sharp-shinned, 93 Short-tailed, 100

Sparrow,108 Spotted,94

Habia, 576

Swainson's, 101

haernastica, Limosa, 163

Tiny, 93

haematogaster,Campephilus,346 Haematopodidae,149 Haernatopus,149

White, 96 White-breasted, 94 White-tailed, 101 Zone-tailed, 101

haematotis, Pionopsitta, 241 Haliaeetus, 91 haliaetus, Pandion, 87

halli, Macronectes, 685

Halocyptena,23, 26

Hawk-Eagle, Black, 104 Black-and-white, 104 Ornate, 105

Hedymeles,634

hamatus, Rostrhamus, 90

heermanni, Larus, 186

hammondii,Empidonax,396 handleyi,Amazilia, 300 Haplophaedia,306 Haplospiza, 597 hardyi, Glaucidium,259

helenae,Lophornis,290, 291 Mellisuga, 310 helias, Eurypyga,139

harlani, Buteo, 102

Harlequin, 79 Harpagus, 90 Harpia, 103

Helicolestes, 89 heliodor, Acestrura, 695 Heliodoxa, 305 Heliomaster, 306 Heliornis, 139

Heliornithidae, 139

792

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Heliothryx, 306 hellmayri, Catharus, 502 Helminthophaga, 533 Helminthophila, 533 Helrnitheros, 553, 554 heloisa, Atthis, 311, 312

Helospiza, 621 hernichrysus,Myiodynastes,409, 410 Hernignathus, 673

hernileucurus, Carnpylopterus, 286 hernileucus,Larnpornis,304 Hernipuffinus,18 Hernistephania,284 Hernithraupis,571 Hernitriccus, 381

Hen, Heath, 122 Henicorhina, 484 henslowii, Arnrnodrarnus, 617

hepatica, Piranga, 577 heraldica, Pterodrorna, 13 herbicola, Ernberizoides, 599

Heterorhina,

484

Heterorhynchus,673 Heteroscelus, 156

Heterospingus,575 Heterospizias,97, 98 hiaticula, Charadrius, 146, 147

hiemalis, Troglodytes,482 Hierofalco, 108 Hill-Myna, Eastern,524 Southern, 524

Hillrobin, Japanese,514 himalayensis,Tetraogallus, 116 Himantopus, 150 himantopus,Calidris, 173 Himantopus, 150, 151 Himatione, 678 hirsuta, Glaucis, 282

Hirundapus, 279 hirundinacea,Euphonia, 583 Tanagra, 584 Hirundinidae, 454

herrninieri, Melanerpes, 333

Hirundininae, 454

Hermit, Baron's, 283 Boucard's, 284

Hirundo, 462

hirundo, Sterna, 199, 693

Bronzy, 282

hispaniolensis,Contopus,393

Green, 283 Hartert's, 283 Jalisco, 283 Little, 284

Histrionicus, 78 histrionicus, Histrionicus, 79

Capped,46

Hobby, Eurasian,109 hoboellii, Podicepsgrisegena, 8 hodgsoni,Anthus,527 hoffmanni,Formicarius, 370 Pyrrhura, 233 hoffmannii,Melanerpes,335, 336 holerythra,Rhytipterna,403 holochlora,Aratinga, 234 Chloropipo,423 Holoquiscalus,645, 647 holosericeus,Arnblycercus,656 Eulampis, 289

Chestnut-bellied, 45 Cocoi, 40

homochroa, Dendrocincla, 355 Oceanodroma, 24

Gray, 40

homochrous,Pachyramphus,419 hondae, lcterus, 652 Honeycreeper,Black-faced, 679

Long-tailed, 283 Pale-bellied, 283 Rufous-breasted, 282

Rusty-breasted, 283 herodias, Ardea, 39, 40 Heron, 40

Agami, 45 Boat-billed, 47 Buff-backed, 44

Great Blue, 39 Great White, 39, 41 Green, 44 Green-backed, 45 Little, 45 Little Blue, 42 Louisiana, 43

Crested, 678

Green, 589

Tiger, see Tiger-Heron

Laysan, 678 Purple, 590 Red-legged,590 Shining, 590 Hookbill, Lanai, 672 Hoopoe,Eurasian,319 hopkei, Carpodectes,421,422 hornbyi, Oceanodroma,688 hornemanni, Carduelis, 664

Tricolored, 43 White-necked, 40

Hortulanus, 604 House-Finch, Common, 662

Night, see Night-Heron Northern Boat-billed, 47 Reef, see Reef-Heron Southern Boat-billed, 47 Striated, 45

Herpetotheres, 107 Herpetotherini,107 Herpsilochrnus,365 Hesperiphona, 670 Hesperocichla, 513 Heterocnus, 38, 39

Heteropelrna, 416

Guadalupe,662 McGregor's, 662 House-Martin, Common, 463 House-Wren, Antillean, 481 Northern, 480 Southern, 481 hudsonicus, Numenius, 160

INDEX

793

Poecile, 465 hudsonius, Circus, 92 huhula, Ciccaba, 262

Rivoli's, 306 Robert's, 285

humeralis,Agelaius,641, 642 Aimophila, 607

Ruby-throated,309 Ruby-topaz,289

Terenura, 366

humilis, Campylorhynchus,472 Hummingbird,Admirable,306 Allen's, 313

Amethyst-throated, 303 Anna's, 310

Antillean Crested, 289 Azure-crowned, 298

Bangs's,700 Beautiful, 308 Bee, 310

Berylline, 299 Black-bellied, 302 Black-chinned, 309

Blue-capped,301

Rose-throated, 313

Rufous, 312

Rufous-cheeked, 296 Rufous-tailed, 300 Salvin's, 701

Sapphire-throated,295 Scaly-breasted,285 Scintillant, 314 Snowy-bellied,299 Snowy-breasted,299 Sparkling-tailed,308 Steely-vented,299 Stripe-tailed,301 Tooth-billed, 284 Vervain, 310 Violet-bellied, 295

Violet-capped,296

Blue-chested, 297 Blue-fronted, 298 Blue-headed, 294 Blue-tailed, 299 Blue-throated, 304 Blue-vented, 299 Boucard's, 298 Broad-billed, 293 Broad-tailed, 312 Buff-bellied, 300 Bumblebee, 311

White-tailed, 301 Wine-throated, 312 Xantus's, 296 Yucatan, 300 hutchinsii, Branta, 60

Calliope, 311

huttoni, Puffinus, 21

Cerise-throated, 313

Vireo, 435 Hwa-mei, 514 Hwamei, 514

Charming,298 Chisos, 701 Cinnamon, 300 Cinnamon-sided, 301

Copper-rumped,695 Costa's, 310 Cuvier's, 285 d'Oca's, 700

Doubleday's,293 Dusky, 293 Edward's, 299 Emerald-chinned, 290 Emerald-throated, 289 Escudo, 300 Fawn-breasted, 300

Fiery-throated,295 Florence's, 700 Floresi's, 701 Garnet-throated, 289, 305

Glow-throated, 314 Green-fronted, 301

Heliotrope-throated, 313 Heloise's, 312

Indigo-capped,298 Lucifer, 308

Magnificent, 305 Mangrove, 298 Margaret's, 304 Mosquitia, 298 Pirre, 296 Rieffer's, 300

Violet-crowned, 300 Violet-headed, 290

•iolet-throated, 701 Volcano, 313

White-eared, 296

hybridus, Chlidonias, 205 Hydranassa, 41, 43 Hydrobates,23 Hydrobatidae,22 Hydrochelidon,204 Hydrocoloeus, 184 Hydroprogne, 196, 197 hyernalis,Clangula, 81 Junco, 625

Hyetornis, 249 Hylatornus, 345 Hylocharis, 295 Hylocichla, 502, 504, 506, 507 Hyloctistes,350, 351 Hylomanes, 320 Hylonax, 403 Hylopezus, 371 Hylophilus,439 Hylophylax, 368 Hylorchilus, 474, 485 hyperborea, Chen, 59 hyperboreus,Larus, 190, 193, 699 Plectrophenax,630 hypochlora, Thalurania, 294 hypochryseus,Vireo, 436 hypoleuca,Pterodroma, 15, 16 hypoleucos,Actitis, 157, 158 hypoleucus,Melanotis, 521, 522 Synthliborarnphus, 213

794

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Hypomorphnus,97 hypophaeus,Chlorospingus,571 hypopolius,Melanerpes, 334, 335 hypopyrra, Laniocera, 417 Hypotriorchis, 108 hypoxantha,Sporophila, 593

Emberiza, 630

Mesophoyx, 689 internigrans, Perisoreus, 442 interpres, Arenaria, 164 Io, 102 iridescens, Anthracothorax, 287

lridoprocne, 457 ibis, Bubulcus, 44 Ibis, Buff-necked, 50

Glossy,48 Green, 49 Scarlet, 48 White, 47 White-faced, 49 Wood, 51

lbycter, 106 lcteria, 567 Icteridae, 639

icterocephala, Tangara, 587 icteronotus,Ramphocelus,581

irrorata, Phoebastria, 685 isabellinus, Lanius, 428 lschnosceles, 95

islandica, Bucephala, 83 lxobrychus,37 lxoreus, 512, 513 J

Jabiru, 50 Jabiru, 51 Jacamar, Black-chinned, 327

Dusky-backed,327 Great, 328 Rufous-tailed, 327

lcterus, 649 icterus, lcterus, 652 lctinia, 90

jacana, Jacana, 152

idoneus, Crypturellus, 2 ignota, Myrmotherula, 364 ignotus, Basileuterus, 566

Jacana, Northern, 152 Wattled, 152 Jacanidae, 152

Iiwi, 677 iliaca, Passerella, 620 iliacus, Turdus, 508

jacarina, Volatinia, 591 Jackdaw, 449

imberbe,Camptostoma,373 tmitans, Euphonia, 584 immaculata, Myrmeciza, 368 immaculatus, Celeus, 701 trainer, Gavia, 4, 5

immutabilis, Phoebastria, 11, 12 tmparatus, Corvus, 451 tmpennis, Pinguinus, 210 tmperialis, Amazona, 245 Campephilus,347 improbus,Zimmerius, 380 inca, Columbina, 225 Larosterna, 206 incanus, Heteroscelus, 156, 157

inda, Chloroceryle, 324 indica, Gracula, 524 indicus, Anser, 689

Caprimulgus,273 inexpectata,Pterodroma, 14 Torreornis, 610

infaustus,Perisoreus,442 infuscata,Muscicapa, 495 infuscatus,Turdus, 508 inornata, Columba, 220 Pinaroloxias, 597

Tangara, 586 inornatus, Baeolophus,466 Chlorospingus,570 inquisitor, Tityra, 420 insignis,Panterpe, 295 insularis, Aphelocoma,446 Junco, 625

insulicola, Empidonax, 397 intermedia, Chalybura, 303

Jacamerops,327 Jacana, 152

Eurasian, 449 Jacobin, White-necked, 286

jacula, Heliodoxa, 305 Jaeger,Long-tailed, 183 Parasitic, 182 Pomarine, 182

jamacaii, lcterus, 652 jamaica, Euphonia, 583 jamaicensis, Buteo, 102 Corvus, 450, 451 Laterallus, 130

Leptotila, 228 Nyctibius, 274 Oxyura, 86 Turdus, 510

japonica, Alauda, 453 Coturnix, 116

japonicus, Zosterops,515 jardinii, Glaucidium, 259 javanicus, Acridotheres, 697 Jay, Arizona, 447 Azure-hooded, 445

Beechey's,445 Black-and-blue, 444 Black-chested, 443 Black-throated, 445 Blue, 442 Brown, 444

(see also Brown-Jay) Bushy-crested,444 Canada, 442 Couch's, 447

Dwarf, 445

Gray, 441 Gray-breasted,447

INDEX Green, 443 Hartlaub's, 444 Inca, 444

795 Eurasian, 108

European,108 kieneri, Melozone, 603, 604

Magpie, 443 (seealsoMagpie-Jay) Mexican, 447 Omiltemi, 446

Oregon, 442 Pinyon,447 Purplish-backed,445 San Blas, 444 Santa Cruz, 446 Scrub, 446

(see also Scrub-Jay) Siberian, 442 Sichuan, 442

Killdeer, 148

Kingbird, Cassin's,412 Couch's, 412 Eastern, 413 Giant, 414

Gray, 414 Loggerhead,414 Thick-billed, 412 Tropical, 411 West Mexican, 412 Western, 413

Kingfisher,Amazon, 323 AmericanPygmy,324

Silvery-throated,445 Steller's, 442 Strickland's, 445 Tufted, 443 Ultramarine, 447 Unicolored, 447 White-throated, 446 Yucatan, 444

jocosus,Carnpylorhynchus, 473 Pycnonotus,487 johnsoni,Pseudocolaptes, 350 jubata, Neochen, 64 jugger, Falco, 110 jugularis, Brotogeris,239 Eulampis,288 julie, Damophila, 295 julienL Coccyzus,248 Junco, 624

Junco, Baird's, 626

Belted, 323 Green, 324 Green-and-rufous, 324

Ringed, 323 kingi, Acrocephalus,490 Kinglet, Cuvier's, 701 Golden-crowned, 487

Ruby-crowned,488 Kioea, 428

kirkii, Veniliornis, 342 kirtlandii, Dendroica, 547 Kiskadee, Great, 407 Lesser, 407

Kite, Cuban, 88 Double-toothed,90 Everglade,89 Gray-headed,87 Hook-billed, 87

Mississippi,90

Chiapas,626 Dark-eyed,625 Gray-headed,626 Guadalupe,626

Pearl, 88 Plumbeous, 91

Guatemala, 626 Mexican, 626

Swallow-tailed, 88 White-tailed, 89

Slender-billed, 90 Snail, 89

Oregon,626

Kittiwake,Black-legged,194 Red-legged,195

Pink-sided, 626 Red-backed, 626 Slate-colored, 626 Volcano, 624

K!ais, 289

Knot, Great, 166 Red, 166

White-winged,626 Yellow-eyed, 626 Junglefowl,Red, 117 Jynginae,331

knudseni,Himantopus, 151 Koa-Finch, Greater, 672 Lesser, 672

Jynx, 331 K

Kakawahie, 676 kakelik, Tetrao, 115 Kalochelidon, 457 Kamao, 501

kamtschatschensis, Larus, 188 kauaiensis,Hemignathus,674 kennicottii, Otus, 254, 255 kenyoni,Phalacrocorax, 688 kerriae, Crypture!!us,2 Kestrel, 108

American, 108

Orange, 672 Yellow-headed, 672 Koloa, 69 kona, Chloridops,673 krameri, Psittacula, 232 kreuperi, Sitta, 469 kreyenborgi,Falco, 111 kurnlieni, Larus, 191 L

!abati, Conurus, 699

!abradorius,Camptorhynchus, 79 !achryrnosa, Euthlypis,565 lachrymosus, Xiphorhynchus, 359 !acrymiger,Lepidocolaptes, 360

796

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

lactea, Polioptila, 493 laemosticta,Myrmeciza, 368 Lagopus, 119 lagopus,Buteo, 103 Lagopus, 119 Lampornis, 303 Lamprochelidon,457 Lamprocygna,55 Lamprolaima, 305 Lampronetta, 77 lanaiensis, Akialoa, 675

Hemignathus,675 Myadestes,501 Lancebill, Green-fronted, 285

Pseudocolaptes,350 Vermivora, 534, 701

laysanensis,Anas, 69 Leafscraper,353 Leaftosser,Gray-throated,354 Scaly-throated,354 Tawny-throated,354 leclancherii, Passerina, 638 lecontei, Toxostoma, 521 leconteii, Ammodramus, 618

Ammospiza,618 ledanti, Sitta, 469

Legatus, 410 Leiothrix, 514

lanceolata, Chiroxiphia, 425

Leiothrix, Red-billed, 514

Locustella, 489 Micromonacha, 326 Laniidae, 428

Leistes, 642

laniirostris, Euphonia, 583 Lanio, 574

Laniocera, 416, 417 Lanius, 428 Lanivireo, 430

lansbergi, Coccyzus,694 lapponica, Limosa, 163 lapponicus,Calcarius, 627 Lapwing, 142 Cayenne, 142 Northern, 142 Pied, 691 Southern, 142

Spur-winged,142 Laridae, 181 Larinae, 184 Lark, Calandra, 696 Horned, 454 Przewalski's, 454 Shore, 454

Sky, 453 (see also Skylark)

lembeyei,Polioptila, 492 lemosi, Cypseloides,275 lentiginosus,Botaurus, 36 Lepidocolaptes, 359 Lepidoenas,218 Lepidopyga, 295 Lepidothrix, 425, 426 lepidus, Cuculus, 246 Leptodon, 87 Leptopelicanus, 30 Leptopogon, 378 Leptoptilini, 50 Leptotila, 227 Leptuas, 318 lepturus,Phaethon,26 lerdi, Thaumatias, 700 lessonii, Momotus, 321

leucaspis,Gymnopithys,369 Leucoblepharon,59 leucobronchialis, Vermivora, 534, 702 Leucocarboninae, 32

leucocephala,Amazona, 242 Columba, 219

Emberiza, 628 leucocephalos,Emberiza, 628 leucocephalus,Haliaeetus, 91, 92

Temminck's, 454 Larosterna, 205 Larus, 184, 194

Leucochelidon, 457

larvata, Tangara, 588

leucogaster,Lepidocolaptes,359

Laterallus, 129 Lathrotriccus, 388 latimeri, Vireo, 432

latirostris, Contopus,393 Cynanthus,293, 701 Muscicapa, 495 $ayornis, 399 laudabilis, Icterus, 650 Laughing-thrush,Gray-sided, 697 Black-gorgeted,514 Greater Necklaced, 514 Hwamei, 514 Melodious, 514

Spectacled,514 lauta, Tanagra, 584 lavinia, Tangara, 588 lawrencei, Carduelis, 667 Lathrotriccus, 388

lawrencii, Geotrygon, 230, 231 Otus, 257

Sula, 29

leucogastra, Ortalis, 112, 113 Uropsila, 484 leucogenys,Conirostrum,569 Phyllomyias, 380 Pycnonotus,487 leucognaphalus, Corvus, 450 leucolaemus,Odontophorus,127 Piculus, 342

leucomelanos,Lophura, 117 leucomelas, Calonectris, 17

Leucopareia, 59 leucopareia, Branta, 60 Leucopeza,561 leucophaius, Legatus, 410, 411 Leucophoyx,41, 42 leucophrys,Dendrortyx, 124 Henicorhina, 485 Vireo, 436

Zonotrichia, 623,624

INDEX leucophthalrnus, Aratinga, 235 leucopogon,Colinus, 126 Thryothorus,476 Leucopolius, 144 leucoprosopon,Lophortyx, 698 leucopsis,Branta, 61 Sitta, 469

leucoptera, Loxia, 663 Piranga, 579 Pterodrorna, 16

Leucopternis, 96 leucopterus,Chlidonias, 204 leucopteryx,lcterus, 653 leucopygos,Lanius, 429 leucorhoa, Oceanodrorna, 24, 25 leucorodia, Platalea, 689

leucorrhoa, Corapipo, 424 leucosticta, Henicorhina, 484, 485 Leucosticte, 659 leucothorax, Lanio, 574

leucotis,Hylocharis, 296 Melozone, 604

Pyrrhura, 233 Thryothorus,478 leucurus, Elanus, 89 Lagopus, 120 Threnetes, 283

lewis, Melanerpes, 332 lherrninieri, Cichlherrninia, 512

Puffinus,21, 22 lictor, Pitangus, 407 Ligea, 560 Ligia, 560 lilianae, Sturnella, 643 Lirnicola, 174

lirnicola, Rallus, 132 Limnodromini, 175 Lirnnodromus, 175

Lirnnodytes,5 Lirnnogeranus,140 Lirnnothlypis,553, 554 Lirnosa, 162 lirnosa, Lirnosa, 162 Limosini, 162

Limpkin, 139 lincolnii, Melospiza, 621 linearis, Chiroxiphia, 425 Geotrygon, 230 lineaturn, Tigrisorna, 38 lineatus, Buteo, 99, 100

Cyrnbilairnus,361 Dryocopus,345, 346 lineola, Bolborhynchus,238 Sporophila, 697 Linnet, Brewster's, 703 Lipaugus, 416, 417 Lithoenas, 218 livens, Larus, 192 livia, Colurnba, 218

Lizard-Cuckoo, Great, 248

Hispaniolan,249 Jamaican, 249 Puerto Rican, 249

lobatus, Phalaropus, 179, 180

797 Lobipes, 179 Lochmias, 354 Lochmias, Streamside, 354 Locustella, 489 lornvia, Uria, 209 Lonchura, 682

longicauda,Bartrarnia, 159 Deconychura, 356 longicaudus,Stercorarius,183 longipes,Myrrneciza,367 longirostre,Toxostorna,519 longirostris,Heliornaster,306 Phaethornis, 283 Pterodrorna, 16

Railus, 131, 132 Saurothera, 249 Thryothorus, 478

Longspur,Chestnut-collared,627 Lapland, 627 McCown's, 626 Smith's, 627

longuernareus,Phaethornis,284 lonnbergi, Catharacta, 181, 692 Loornelania, 23 Loon, Arctic, 3 Black-throated, 4 Common, 4 Green-throated, 4 Pacific, 4 Red-throated, 3 Yellow-billed, 5

Lophodytes,83 Lophornis, 290 Lophortyx, 124, 125 Lophostrix, 257 Lophotriccus,381 Lophura, 117 lorata, Sterna, 202 loricatus, Celeus, 345 Loxia, 662

Loxigilla, 595 Loxirnitris, 665, 667 Loxioides, 672

Loxipasser, 595 Loxops, 674, 676 Lucar, 515 luciae, Arnazilia, 297 Verrnivora, 537 lucida, Hirundo, 463 Strix, 263

lucidus, Cyanerpes,590 Hernignathus,675 Phalacrocorax, 33

lucifer, Calothorax, 308, 309 luctuosus,Tachyphonus,575 ludovicae,Doryfera, 285 ludoviciana,Piranga, 579 ludovicianus, Lanius, 428 Pheucticus, 635, 636

Thryothorus, 478 lugens,Motacilla, 526, 527 lugubris,Brachygalba,327 Celeus, 345

Contopus,391

798

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS madaraspatensis,Motaci!!a, 526

Quiscalus, 647 !unata, Sterna, 202 Lunda, 216, 217 Lurocalis, 267 Luscinia, 495 !uscinia, Microcerculus, 485 !utea, Dendroica, 541 Leiothrix, 514

Piranga, 577 !uteicapi!!a,Euphonia,583 !uteiventris,Myiodynastes,410

madeira, Pterodroma, 14, 686

mage!!anica,Carduelis, 698 magister, Myiarchus, 405 Vireo, 438, 439

magna,Sturne!!a,642, 643 magnificens,Fregata, 35 magnirostris,Buteo, 99, 100 Mimus, 517

magnolia, Dendroica, 540 Magpie, 449 Black-billed, 448

Sicalis, 599

Blue, see Blue-Magpie

!uteola, Sicalis, 598

!uteoviridis,Pse!!iophorus,600

Yellow-billed, 449

Magpie-Jay,Black-throated,443

!utescens, Anthus, 529 !utosus, Caracara, 106

!uxuosus,Cyanocorax,444 Lymnocryptes,176 Lysurus, 600 M

macao, Ara, 237

Macaw, Blue-and-yellow,238 Buffon's, 237 Chestnut-fronted, 236 Cuban, 237 Dominican, 699 Great Green, 237 Green, 237

Green-winged,237 Guadeloupe,700 GuadeloupeViolet, 699 Martinique, 699 Military, 236 Red-and-green,237 Red-blue-and-green, 237 Red-headed Green, 700 Red-tailed, 700

Scarlet, 237 Yellow-headed, 700

maccormicki, Catharacta, 181, 182, 692 Machetes, 175 Machetornis, 401

macrodactyla,Oceanodroma,25 macrorhynchos,Notharchus,325 macroura, Dendrortyx, 123 Trogon, 317 Vidua, 684 Zenaida, 224, 225 macularia, Actitis, 157, 158

maculata, Paroreomyza,676 maculatus,Myiodynastes,410 Pardira!!us, 135

Pipilo, 605, 606 maculialatus, lcterus, 650

maculicaudus,Caprimulgus,273 maculicoronatus,Capito, 328 maculifer,Myrmeciza,368 maculifrons,Veniliornis,342 maculipectus,Thryothorus,477, 478 maculipennis,Larus, 186 maculirostris, Selenidera, 330 Turdus, 510

madagascariensis, Numenius,161

White-throated, 443 maior, Polioptila, 493 major, Crotophaga,252 Dendrocopos,338 Pachyramphus,419 Parus, 696 Quiscalus, 646 Taraba, 361 Tinamus, 1 malabarica, Lonchura, 682

malabaricus,Copsychus,497 malacca, Lonchura, 683

Malacoptila, 325 maldivarum, G!areola, 181 Mallard, 68 Mamo, 678 Black, 678 Hawaii, 678 Perkins's, 678

mana, Oreomystis,676 Manacus, 423 manacus, Manacus, 424 Manakin, Almirante, 424 Bearded, 424

Blue-backed, 425 Blue-crowned, 426 Broad-billed, 416 Collared, 424

Exquisite,426 Golden-collared, 424 Golden-headed, 426 Green, 423 Greenish-bellied, 424 Lance-tailed, 425

Long-tailed,425 Orange-collared,424 Red-capped,426 Red-headed, 426

Velvety, 426 White-bibbed, 424 White-collared, 423 White-crowned, 425 White-ruffed, 424 White-throated, 424

Yellow-thighed,426 Yungas,425 Zeledon's, 425

mango,Anthracothorax,288 Mango, Antillean, 288

INDEX Black-throated, 287 Ecuadorian, 287 Green, 288 Green-breasted, 287 Green-throated, 694 Jamaican, 288 Prevost's, 287

Veraguan,288 Mannikin, Black-headed, 683 Bronze, 682 Chestnut, 683

Nutmeg, 683 Scaly-breasted,683 Mareca, 65, 66, 67 margaritae, Lampornis, 304 Margarops, 522 Margarornis, 349 marginatus, Charadrius, 146 Microcerculus, 485

marila, Aythya, 76 marina, Pelagodroma,23 marinus, Larus, 190, 193

maritima, Calidris, 171, 172 maritimus, Ammodramus, 618, 619

markhami, Oceanodroma,25, 26 marmoratum, Trigrisoma, 38 marmoratus,Brachyramphus,212 Marsh-Wren, Eastern, 483 Long-billed, 483 Short-billed, 483 Western, 483

martii, Baryphthengus,321 Martin, Brown-chested, 456 Caribbean, 455 Cuban, 455

Gray-breasted,456 House, 463

(see also House-Martin) Purple, 454 Sand, 461 Sinaloa, 455

Snowy-bellied,455 Southern, 455, 456 martinica, Chaetura, 279 Elaenia, 376

Geotrygon, 231 Porphyrula, 136 martinicensis,Troglodytes,480 martinicus,Anodorhynchus,699 masafuerae,Pterodromaleucoptera,16 massena, Trogon, 317 matsudairae, Oceanodroma, 25 maugaeus, Chlorostilbon, 293 maugeus,Geopelia, 223 maura, Saxicola, 498 mauri, Calidris, 168 maxima, Sterna, 197, 198, 199

maximiliani, Oryzoborus,593 maximus, Saltator, 631 mccownii, Calcarius, 626

mcgregori, Carpodacus,662 mcleannani, Phaenostictus,369 mcleodii,Nyctiphrynus,270 Meadowlark, Eastern, 642

799 Lilian's, 643 Western, 643 mearnsi, Junco, 626

media, Gallinago, 692 Megaceryle, 322 Megalestris, 181 Megalopterus, 206

megalopterus,Campylorhynchus, 472 megalura, Leptotila, 228 megarhyncha,Passerella, 620 Megarynchus,407 melacoryphus,Coccyzus,248 Melamprosops,678 melanauris,Ergaticus, 563 melancholicus,Tyrannus,411,412 Melanerpes, 332 melania, Oceanodroma, 25 melanicterus, Cacicus, 657 Melanitta, 79

melanocephala,Arenaria, 165 melanocephalus,Pheucticus,635 Trogon, 315 melanochloros,Colaptes,344 melanocorys,Calamospiza,615 melanocyaneus, Cyanocorax,444, 445 melanogaster,Anhinga, 34 Ramphocelus,580 melanogenia, Galbula, 327 melanogenys,Basileuterus,566 melanoleuca,Tringa, 153 melanoleucos,Campephilus,346, 347 melanoleucus,Spizastur, 104 melanophaius,Laterallus, 130 melanophris,Thalassarche,10 melanophrys,Diomedea, 10 melanopis, Theristicus,50 melanops,Myadestes,500, 501 Melanoptila, 516 melanorrhoa, Chalybura, 303 Melanospiza, 596 Melanotis, 521

melanotis,Odontophorus,127 Psaltriparus, 468 melanotos,Calidris, 171,699 Sarkidiornis, 64

melanoxantha,Phainoptila, 531 melanura, Euphonia, 583 Polioptila, 492 melanurus,Himantopus,151 Ramphocaenus,491 Trogon, 317 melba, Apus, 280 Meleagrididae,122 Meleagridinae, 122 Meleagris, 122 meleagris, Numida, 123 Meliphagidae,427 melitophrys, Vireolanius, 440 Mellisuga, 310 mellisugus,Chlorostilbon,292, 694 mellivora, Florisuga, 286 meloda, Zenaida, 223

melodia,Melospiza,621 Melodivireo, 430

800

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

melodus, Charadrius, 147

Melozone, 603

Micropallas, 261 Micropygia, 129 Microrhopias, 365 microrhyncha,Amazilia, 298 Gygis, 207 microrhynchus,Cacicus,656

melpoda, Estrilda, 681 mendiculus,Spheniscus,688

microsoma, Oceanodroma, 26 Microtriccus, 373

menstruus, Pionus, 241

Microtrogon, 315 migratorius,Ectopistes,225 Turdus, 511

Melopelia, 223 Melopsittacus,232 Melopyrrha, 594 Melospiza, 621

mentalis, Dysithamnus, 363 Pipra, 426 menzbieri, Anthus, 528 merganser, Mergus, 84 Merganser,Common, 84 Hooded, 84 Red-breasted, 85

Mergellus, 83, 84 Mergini, 77 Mergus, 84 meridae, Cistothorus, 483

meridionalis, Buteogallus, 98 Chaetura, 278 Chaetura andrei, 278 Lanius, 429

militaris, Ara, 236, 237 Sturnella, 642 Millerbird, 490

Laysan,490 Nihoa, 490

Milvago, 106, 107 Mimidae, 515 Mimocichla, 507, 512 Mimodes, 518 Mimus, 516

miniams, Myioborus, 564 minima, Branta, 60

Mesembrinibis, 49 mesochrysa,Euphonia, 697

Mellisuga, 310 minimus, Caprimulgus,271 Catharus, 504, 505 Empidonax, 395 Lymnocryptes,176 Psaltriparus,467 minlosi, Xenerpestes,349

mesomelas, lcterus, 652

minor, Chordeiles, 268

Mesoscolopax,159

Coccyzus,248 Fregata, 35 Hylophilus, 440 Pachyramphus,419 Scolopax, 178 minuta, Calidris, 168 Columbina, 226 Euphonia, 585 Piaya, 250 Sporophila,593 minutilla, Calidris, 169

Merlin, 109 merlini, Saurothera, 248 merula, Turdus, 507 meruloides, Dendrocincla, 355

mexicana, Sialia, 498

mexicanoides,Colaptes, 344 mexicanurn,Tigrisoma, 38 mexicanus,Carpodacus,662 Catharus, 474, 503 Cinclus, 486 Cyanocorax,444 Falco, 110, 111

Himantopus, 151 Momotus, 320

Onychorhynchus,386 Phaethornis, 283

minutissimum, Glaucidium, 259 minutus, Anous, 206

Quiscalus, 646

lxobrychus,38

Sclerurus, 354 Todus, 320

Larus, 185 Numenius, 159, 160

Trogon, 316 Xenotriccus, 389

meyerianus,Accipiter, 95 michleri, Pittasoma, 371 Micrastur, 105 Micrasturinae, 105 Micrathene, 261 Microbates, 491

Xenops,353 Mionectes, 378 mirabilis, Ammodramus, 619

Cyanolyca, 446 mirandollei, Micrastur, 105

mississippiensis, lctinia, 90, 91 mitchelli, Calliphlox, 695 mitchellii, Calliphlox, 307

microcephala, Sylvania, 702

mitrata, Numida, 123

Microcerculus, 485 Microchelidon, 459 Microchera, 302

Mitrephanes, 389 Mitrephorus,389 Mitrospingus,573 Mniotilta, 551

Microlarus,

184

Microligea, 560, 568 micromegas, Nesoctites, 332 Micromonacha, 326

Micropalama, 166, 173, 174

mocinno, Pharomachrus, 318

Mockingbird, 517 Bahama, 517 Blue, 521

INDEX Blue-and-white, 522 Common, 517

Northern, 516 Socorro, 518 St. Andrew, 517

Tropical, 517 Mockingthrush,Black-capped, 471 modesta,Progne, 455, 456 modestus, Larus, 187

Sublegatus,381 Thryothorus,479

801 Highland, 321 Keel-billed, 322 Lesson's, 321 Plain-tailed, 322 Rufous, 321

Rufous-capped,321 Russet-crowned, 320

Tawny-bellied, 321 Tody, 320 Turquoise-browed, 322 Mountain-gem,Gray-tailed,305

Vireo, 431 Moho, 427

Green-breasted, 303 Green-throated, 303

mollis, Pterodroma, 14, 687 mollissima, Somateria, 78 Molothrus, 647, 649 momota, Momotus, 321 Momotidae, 320

Purple-throated,304

momotula,Hylomanes,320

White-bellied, 304 White-throated, 304 Mourner, Cinereous, 417 Rufous, 403 Speckled,417

Momotus, 320

mozambicus, Serinus, 669

monachus,Myiopsitta, 233 Tyrannussavana,415

mugimaki,Ficedula, 494

Monarchidae, 452 Monasa, 326 mondetoura, Claravis, 227 monedula, Corvus, 449

multistriatus,Thamnophilus,695 multistrigatus,Dendrocolaptes,358 Munia, Black-headed, 683

mongolus,Charadrius, 145 moniliger,Formicarius,370 Monklet, Lanceolated, 326 monocerata, Cerorhinca, 216 monorhis, Oceanodroma, 24

montana, Geotrygon,231 Microligea, 560 Paroreomyza,676 Sylvia, 702 Xenoligea, 568 montanella, Prunella, 525 montanus, Charadrius, 148

Oreoscoptes,517 Passer, 679 Poecile, 464 montezuma, Psarocolius, 658

montezurnae,Cyrtonyx, 128 monticola, Troglodytes,481 montifringilla, Fringilla, 658 Moorhen, 137 Common, 137

multicolor, Todus, 319

Bronze, 683 Chestnut, 683 Indian Black-headed, 683 Red, 682

Southern Black-headed, 683

Spotted,683 munroi,Dysmorodrepanis, 672 Hemignathus,675 murina, Phaeomyias, 374 Pyrrhula, 669 murphyi,Progne,456 Murre, Brunnich's, 210 Common, 209 Thick-billed, 209 Thin-billed, 209 Murrelet, Ancient, 214 Asiatic, 212 Craveri's, 213

Japanese,214 Kittlitz's, 212

Long-billed,212 Marbled, 212

morelleti, $porophila, 592

Scripps's,213

morinellus, Charadrius, 149

Temminck's, 214 Xantus's, 213

toorio, Cyanocorax,444 Morococcyx,250 Morphnus, 103 morphoeus,Monasa, 326 Morus, 30 moschata, Cairina, 64

mosquitus,Chrysolampis,289 Motacilla, 525 motacilla, $eiurus, 555 Motacillidae, 525 motmot, Ortalis, 113 Motmot, Blue-crowned, 321 Blue-diademed, 321 Blue-throated, 320 Broad-billed, 322

Muscicapa, 494 Muscicapidae,494 Muscivora, 411,415

Muscovy, 65 musculus,Troglodytes,480 musica, Euphonia, 584 Tyrannula, 391 musicus,Contopus,391 Turdus, 508

mustelina,Hylocichla, 506 mutus,Lagopus, 120 Myadestes,499 myadestinus,Myadestes,501,502 Mycteria, 51

802

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

mycteria, Jabiru, 51 Mycteriini, 51 Myiarchus, 402, 403, 407 Myiobius, 386, 387 Myioborus, 564 Myiochanes,390 Myiodynastes,409 Myiopagis, 375

Neochelidon, 459 Neochen, 64 Neochloe, 430 Neocrex, 135

Neoglottis, 153 Neognathae,3

Neomorphinae,250 Neomorphus,251 Neonectris, 18

Myiophobus,387 Myiopsitta,233

Neorhopias,366 Neornithes, 1 neoxena, Hirundo, 463

Myiornis, 381 Myiozetetes,408 Myna, Common,524

lxobrychus,38 neoxenus,Euptilotis,318 Nephoecetes,275

Crested, 524 Hill, 524

(see also Hill-Myna)

nereis, Sterna, 202, 207 Nesoceleus, 343 Nesochen, 59, 60 Nesoctites, 332 Nesoctitini, 332

House, 524 Indian, 524 Indian Hill, 524

Talking, 524 White-vented, 697

Myrmeciza, 367 Myrmopagis, 364 Myrmornis, 368 Myrmotherula, 364 mystacalis,Aimophila, 607 mystacea,Geotrygon,229 mystaceus,Platyrinchus,385 mystica, Phasmornis,701 N

naevia, Hylophylax,368 Tapera, 250 naevioides,Hylophylax, 368 naevius, lxoreus, 513

nana, Aratinga, 235 Cyanolyca, 445 Nannus, 480 nanum, Glaucidium, 260

nanus,Pyrocephalus,400 Vireo, 432 narcissina, Ficedula, 494

nasicus, Corvus, 450, 451

nativitatis, Puffinus,20 nattereri, Lurocalis, 267 Selenidera, 330

nattererii, Cotinga, 421 naumanni, Turdus, 507 navai, Hylorchilus, 475 nebouxii, Sula, 28

Nesocygna, 55 Nesopsar,642 Nesospingus,569 Nesotriccus, 374

Nettion, 65

nevadensis,Amphispiza,614 newelli, Puffinus,21 nicaraguensis,Quiscalus, 647 nicefori, Thryothorus,477 niger, Chlidonias, 205 Cypseloides,275 Pachyramphus, 419, 420 Quiscalus, 647 Rynchops,208 nigerrimus,Nesopsar,642 Night-Heron, Black-crowned,46 Yellow-crowned, 46

Nighthawk, Antillean, 268 Booming, 268 Chestnut-banded, 267 Common, 268 Lesser, 267 Rufous-bellied, 267 Semicollared, 267 Short-tailed, 267

Trilling, 268 Nightingale,Pekin, 514 Nightingale-Thrush, Black-backed,502 Black-billed, 502 Black-headed, 503

Needletail, White-throated, 279

Gray-headed,502 Orange-billed,502 Ruddy-capped,503

neglecta, Pterodroma, 13

Russet, 503

nebulaHa, Tringa, 153 nebulosa, Strix, 263

Sturnella, 643 nelsoni, Ammodramus, 618

Campylorhynchus megalopterus,472 Geothlypis,559 Larus, 699 Vireo, 433 nernatura, Lochmias, 354

Nemospiza,616 nenday, Nandayus, 693 Nene, 60

Slaty-backed,502 Spotted,503 Nightingale-Wren,Dark-throated,485 Northern, 485

Scaly, 485 Southern, 485

Nightjar, Buff-collared, 272 Cuban, 271

Dusky, 273 Gray, 273

INDEX Greater Antillean, 271

Hispaniolan,271 Jungle,273 Puerto Rican, 272

Ruddy, 271 Rufous, 271

Silky-tailed, 271,272 Spot-tailed,273 St. Lucia, 271

Tawny-collared,271 White-tailed, 273 Yucatan, 271

nigra, Geranospiza,95 Melanitta,

81

Melopyrrha, 594 Penelopina, 114 nigrescens, Arnrnodrarnus, 619

803

Nothocercus, 1 Notiochelidon, 459

notosticta,Aimophila, 609 novaehollandiae,Anhinga, 34 novaezelandiae,lxobrychus,38 noveboracensis,Coturnicops,129 Seiurus, 555

nuchalis,Carnpylorhynchus, 472 Sphyrapicus,337 Nucifraga, 448 nudiceps,Gyrnnocichla,367 nudigenis,Turdus, 510 nudipes,Bubo, 256 Otus, 256, 257 Strix, 256

nugator,Myiarchus,405, 406 Nukupuu, 675

Dendroica, 543, 545

Numeniini, 158

Turdus, 508, 509, 510, 511

Nurnenius, 159

nigricans,Branta, 60 Cercornacra, 367

Sayornis, 399 nigricapillus, Forrnicarius,370 Thryothorus,476 nigricauda,Myrrneciza,368 nigricephala,Spindalis,581 nigriceps,Ploceus,680 Polioptila, 493 Tharnnophilus,362 Todirostrurn, 383

nigricollis,Anthracothorax,287 Busarellus, 92

Podiceps, 8 Sporophila,592 nigripennis,Gallinago, 177 Pterodrorna, 15

nigripes,Phoebastria,11 nigrirostris, Colurnba,221 nigriventris,Eupherusa,302 nigrocincta,Tangara, 588 nigrogularis,Colinus,126 lcterus, 698

nigrolineata,Ciccaba,262 nilotica, Sterna, 196

nisus,Accipiter, 690 nitens, Phainopepla, 531 nitida, Asturina, 97

nitidus, Carpodectes,421,422 nivalis, Plectrophenax,630 niveoventer, Arnazilia, 299 nivosus, Charadrius, 146 nobilis, Moho, 427, 428

noctis,Loxigilla, 596 noctitherus,Caprirnulgus,272 Noddy, Black, 206 Blue-gray, 207 Brown, 206 Common, 206 White, 207

White-capped,207 Nornonyx,85 Nonnula, 326 notata, Carduelis, 666 Notharchus, 325

Nurnida, 123 Numidinae, 123

Nun, Black-headed, 683 Nunbird, Costa Rican, 327

Pale-winged,327 White-fronted, 326

Nunlet, Gray-cheeked,326 Rufous-capped, 326 Nutcracker, Clark's, 448 Nuthatch, Brown-headed, 469 Corsican, 469

Kabylie, 469 Krueper's,469 Pygmy, 469 Red-breasted, 468

Snowy-browed,468 White-breasted, 469 Yunnan, 469 nuttalli, Pica, 449

nuttallii, Phalaenoptilus,269 Picoides, 339 Nuttallornis, 390

nuttingi,Myiarchus,404 Oryzoborus,593 Nyctagreus, 270 Nyctanassa,46, 47 Nyctea, 258 Nyctibiidae,273 Nyctibius,273 Nycticoracini,36, 46 Nycticorax, 46, 47 nycticorax,Nycticorax,46 Nyctidrornus,268 Nyctiphrynus,269 Nyroca, 74 nyroca, Aythya, 690 Nystalus, 324, 325 O

oahensis,Myadestes,501 Oberholseria, 604

oberholseri, Ernpidonax,,397 oberi, lcterus, 650 Myiarchus, 406 obscura, Akialoa, 675

804

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Myrmotherula, 364 obscurior,Sublegatus,381 obscurus,Dendragapus,121 Empidonax, 397 Hemignathus,674 Myadestes, 500, 501 Perisoreus, 441 Phaeornis, 501

Turdus, 507

Mionectes, 378

Mitrephanes, 389 Phalacrocorax, 32 Picumnus, 331

Rhynchocyclus,384 Vireo, 437, 438, 439 olivascens, Catharus, 503 Olomao, 501 Olor, 61

obsoletum,Camptostoma,374 obsoletus,Dendrocopos,340 Salpinctes,473

olor, Cygnus,62

Turdus, 509 ocai, Amazilia, 700

Onychorhynchus, 386 Oo, Bishop's,427

Pipilo, 605 occidentalis,Aechmophorus,8, 9

Hawaii, 428 Kauai, 427 Molokai, 428 Oahu, 427 Ooaa, 427

Ardea, 39 Catharus, 503

Charadrius, 146 Dendroica, 543, 544, 545

Empidonax, 398 Larus, 192

Myadestes,500 Onychorhynchus,386 Pelecanus, 31 Strix, 262, 263

Tyrannus, 412 occipitalis, Chlorophonia,586 Podiceps, 8 oceanicus, Oceanites, 22 Oceanites, 22 Oceanodroma, 23

ocellata, Meleagris, 122 ocellatum, Toxostoma, 520

ocellatus, Cyrtonyx, 128 Nyctiphrynus,270 ochotensis, Locustella, 489

ochraceiceps,Hylophilus,439 ochraceus,Contopus,391 Loxops,677 Troglodytes,481 ochrocephala,Amazona, 244, 245 Cyclarhis, 441 ochrolaemus, Automolus, 352

ochropus,Tringa, 155 Ochthodromus, 144

ocrophus,Tringa, 155 ocularis, Aratinga, 236

Odontophoridae,123 Odontophorus,126 Oenanthe, 497

oenanthe, Oenanthe, 497

Omao, 501 Oncostoma, 382

ophthalmicus,Chlorospingus,570, 571 opisthomelas,Puffinus, 21 Oporornis, 556, 558 Orangequit,596 oratrix, Amazona, 244, 245 Orchilus, 487

oreganus, Junco, 625 orenocensis,Xiphocolaptes,357 Oreomystis,675 Oreomyza, 675 Oreopeleia, 229 Oreophasis,114 Oreortyx, 124 Oreoscoptes,517 Oreospiza, 604 Oreothlypis,537 orientalis, Branta, 61

Streptopelia,221 Oriole, Abeil16's, 655 Altamira, 653 Audubon's, 654 Baltimore, 654

Bar-winged,650 Black-backed, 655 Black-cowled, 649 Black-headed, 654 Black-throated, 653 Black-vented, 650 Bullock's, 655

Campo, 652 Fuertes's, 651 Greater Antillean, 650

Oenoenas, 218 Oidemia, 79

Honda, 652 Hooded, 651 Jamaican, 653

Oilbird, 274

Lichtenstein's, 653

Oldsquaw,81 oleagineus,Mionectes, 378 olivacea, Chlorothraupis,573, 574 Euphonia, 585

Montserrat, 650 Northern, 654, 655 Ochre, 651

Piranga, 578, 579

Martinique, 650

olivaceum, Oncostoma, 382

Orange, 653 Orange-backed, 652 Orange-crowned,652 Orchard, 650

olivaceus,Hylophilus,439

Scarlet-headed, 653

Tiaris, 595

olivaceiceps,Chlorospingus,571

•nl•x

805

Scott's, 655

Saw-whet, 266

Spot-breasted, 653

Scops,seeScops-Owl

St. Lucia, 650 Streak-backed, 652 Tres Mafias, 653

Screech, 255

Wagler's, 650

Snowy, 258 Spectacled,257 Spotted,262 (see also Spotted-Owl) Striped, 265 Stygian, 264 Tengmalm's,266 UnspottedSaw-whet,266

Yellow, 698 Yellow-backed, 651 Yellow-tailed, 652 Oriolus, 654 Oriturus, 609

orix, Euplectes,680 ornatus, Calcarius, 627 Cephalopterus, 422 Spizaetus,105 Ornithion, 373

Oropendola,Black, 658 Chestnut-headed, 657 Chestnut-mantled, 658 Crested, 657 Montezuma, 658 Olive, 658

Wagler's, 657 Ortalis, 112

Orthorhyncus,289 oryzivora,Padda, 683 Scaphidura,649 oryzivorus,Dolichonyx,640 Oryzoborus,591,593 osberti, Chlorostilbon, 292 osburni, Vireo, 433

Osprey,87 ossifragus,Corvus,451 ostralegus,Haematopus,149, 150 otiosus,Caprimulgus,271

(see also Screech-Owl) Short-eared, 264

Whiskered, 256 Wood, see Wood-Owl

Oxyechus,144 Oxyruncidae,426 Oxyruncus,427 Oxyura, 86 Oxyurini, 85

Oystercatcher, American,150 American Black, 150 Black, 150 Eurasian, 149 P

Pachyramphus,416, 417 pachyrhyncha, Rhynchopsitta, 238 pacifica, Drepanis, 678 Gavia, 4

Myrrnotherula,364 pacificus,Apus, 280 Cacicus, 656

Puffinus, 19 Rhynchocyclus,384

Otocoris, 454

Padda, 683

Otophanes,270

Pagolla, 145 Pagophila, 195 Paleognathae,1

Otus, 253 otus, Asio, 264 Ou, 671 Ovenbird, 554

Owl, Ashy-faced,253 Bare-legged,257 Barn, 253

(see also Barn-Owl) Barred, 263 Black-and-white, 262 Boreal, 265

Burrowing, 261 Crested, 257 Elf, 261

Ferruginous,260 Flammulated, 254 Fulvous, 263 Great Horned, 257

Great Gray, 263

Palila, 672

pallasi, Emberiza,629 pallens, Vireo, 431 pallescens,Dendrocolaptes, 358 Monasa, 327

palliatus,Haematopus,150 pallida, Petrochelidon,462 Spizella, 611 pallidicinctus,Tympanuchus, 122 pallidus, Contopus,393 Palm-Swift, Antillean, 282

Palm-Tanager, Black-crowned,572 Gray-crowned,572 palmarum,Corvus,450, 451 Dendroica, 548 Glaucidium, 259, 260

Phaenicophilus,572 Thraupis, 582

Hawk, 259 Jamaican, 265

Palmchat, 532

Long-eared,264

palmeri, Myadestes,502

Mottled, 262 Northern Hawk, 258 Northern Saw-whet, 266

PuertoRican Bare-legged,257 Pygmy, seePygmy-Owl

Porzana, 133 Rhodacanthis, 672

Tangara, 587 Palmeria, 678

l•alpebrata,Phoebetria,10

806

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

palpebrosus,Zosterops,515 paludicola, Cistothorus,483

Diademed, 244 Green-cheeked, 243

palustris, Cistothorus,483 Microligea, 560 Quiscalus, 647 Pampa, 285 pampa, Campylopterus,285

Hispaniolan, 242 Imperial, 245 Lilac-crowned, 243 Maroon-fronted, 238

Pan, 329

Mealy, 244 Orange-winged,694

panamensis,Malacoptila, 326 Myiarchus, 404 Scytalopus,372

Red-crowned, 243 Red-lored, 243

Pandion, 86

Red-necked, 245

Pandioninae, 86

Saffron-headed,240 Salvin's, 244 St. Lucia, 245 ß

Panterpe, 294 Panyptila, 281 papa, Sarcoramphus,53 Paphosia,290, 291 Parabuteo, 98

paradisaea, Sterna, 200 paraguaiae, Gallinago, 177 Parakeet, Aztec, 235 Barred, 238 Black-hooded, 693 Brown-throated, 236

Caribbean, 236 Carolina, 234

Crimson-fronted,235 Cuban, 235 Green, 234

Guadeloupe,699 Hispaniolan,235 Jamaican, 235 Monk, 233

Nanday, 693 Olive-throated, 235

Orange-chinned, 239 Orange-fronted,235 Pacific, 234 Painted, 233 Red-throated, 234

Rose-ringed,232 Shell, 232 Socorro, 234

Sulphur-winged,233 Tovi, 240

Veraguas,236 White-winged, 240, 694 Yellow-chevroned, 240, 694 paramelanotos, Calidris, 699 parasiticus, Stercorarius, 182 Pardirallus, 135

parellina, Cyanocompsa,636 pareola, Chiroxiphia, 425 Paridae, 463

parisorum, lcterus, 655 parkeri, Glaucidium, 259 parkinsonL Procellaria, 17 Paroaria, 599

Paroreomyza,676 Parrot, Black-billed, 243 Blue-crowned, 244 Blue-headed, 241 Brown-hooded, 241 Cuban, 242

Puerto Rican, 243

St. Vincent, 245 Thick-billed, 238

White-crowned, 241 White-fronted, 242 Yellow-billed, 242 Yellow-cheeked, 244 Yellow-crowned, 245 Yellow-headed, 244 Yellow-lored, 242 Yellow-naped,244 Parrotbill, Maui, 673 Parrotlet, Blue-fronted, 240 Blue-rumped,239 Blue-winged,693 Green-rumped,239 Guianan, 239 Mexican, 239 Red-fronted, 240 Spectacled,239 Partridge, 116 Common, 116 Gray, 116 Hungarian, 116

Wood, seeWood-Partridge Parula, 533, 537 Parula, Northern, 538 Tropical, 538 Parulidae, 532

parva, Conopias,409 Ficedula, 494

parvus, Hemignathus,674 Zimmerius, 380 Passer, 679 Passerculus, 615

Passerella, 620, 621,622, 624 Passerherbulus, 616, 618 Passeri, 427 Passeridae, 679

Passeriformes,347 Passerina, 636, 637 passerina, Columbina, 226

Spizella,610 passerinii, Ramphocelus,580, 581 passerinus,Forpus, 239, 694 pastazae, Galbula, 327 Patagioenas, 218 patagonica, Pygochelidon,458 Pauraque,Common,268 Jamaican, 269 Least, 269

INDEX Pavo, 118

pavoninus,Pharomachrus,318 Peafowl, Common, 118

pectoralis,Garrulax, 514 lcterus, 653 Notharchus, 325

807

Contopus,390, 391 peruanum, Glaucidium, 260 petechia,Dendroica, 539 petenica,Aimophila, 608 Petrel, Bermuda, 14 Black, 17

pecuarius,Charadrius,691 Pedetaithya, 7

Black-capped,14 Black-winged, 15

Pedioecetes, 121

Blue-footed, 16 Bonin, 15 Bulwer's, 16

pekinensis,Alauda arvensis,453 pelagica, Chaetura, 277, 278 pelagicus,Haliaeetus,92

Cape, 686

Hydrobates, 23 Phalacrocorax, 34 Pelagodroma, 22

Dark-rumped, 15 Defilippe's,687

Cook's, 16

Pelecani, 28 Pelecanidae, 30 Pelecaniformes, 26 Pelecanus, 30

Fea's, 686

pelegrinoides,Falco, 111

Hawaiian, 15 Herald, 13 Jamaican, 14 Jouanin's, 17 Juan Fernandez, 14 Kermadec, 13

Pelican, American White, 31 Brown, 31 Peruvian, 31 White, 31 Pelidna, 166 Pelionetta, 79

pelodoma,Petrochelidon,461 pelzelni, Granatellus,568 Pseudotriccus, 381 Sicalis, 598

penduliger,Cephalopterus,422 Pendulinus, 649

Penelope, 113 penelope,Anas, 66, 67 Penelopina,114 Penguin,Galapagos,688 penicillata, Eucometis,574 penicillatus,Phalacrocorax,32 pennatus,Hieraaetus, 691 Pennula, 133 pensylvanica,Dendroica,540 Peppershrike,Chaco, 441 Ochre-crowned, 441 Rufous-browed, 441 Yellow-backed, 441

percussus,Xiphidiopicus,338 Perdix, 116

perdix, Brachyramphus, 212 Perdix, 116

peregrina, Vermivora, 534 Peregrine, 111 peregrinus,Falco, 110, 111 Perisoreus, 441 Perissonetta, 74 Perissotriccus, 381 Peristera, 227

perquisitor, Vireo, 430 personata,Motacilla, 526 personus,Turdus, 509 perspicillata, Melanitta, 79 Pulsatrix, 257

perspicillatus,Hylopezus,371 Phalacrocorax, 688

pertinax, Aratinga, 236

Galapagos,15 Giant, see Giant-Petrel

Gray, 687

Madeira, 686 Mottled, 14

Murphy's, 13 Parkinson's, 17 Phoenix, 686 Pintado, 686 Providence, 686 Scaled, 14

Soft-plumaged,687 Solander's, 686 South Trinidad, 13

Stejneger's,16 Storm, see Storm-Petrel Tahiti, 686 Trindade, 13 Variable, 13 White-chinned, 687 White-necked, 15 Petrochelidon, 461 Peucedramidae, 532 Peucedramus, 532 Pewee, Cuban, 392 Dark, 391 Greater, 390 Greater Antillean, 393

Hispaniolan,393 Jamaican, 393 Lesser Antillean, 393 Ochraceous, 391

Short-legged,392 Tropical, 392 Western, 392 Wood, see Wood-Pewee

Pezopetes,600, 601 Phaenicophilus,572 Phaenostictus, 369

phaeocephalus,Cyphorhinus,486 phaeocercus,Mitrephanes,389 Phaeochroa, 285

808

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Phaeomyias,374 phaeonotus,Junco, 625, 626 Phaeoprogne,454, 456 phaeopus,Numenius,160 phaeopygia,Pterodroma,14, 15 Phaeornis, 499

phaeosoma,Melamprosops,678 Phaeothlypis,551,565, 567 Phaethon, 26 Phaethontes,26 Phaethontidae, 26 Phaethornis, 283 Phaethornithinae, 282 Phaetusa, 204

Phainopepla, 531 Phainopepla,531 Phainoptila, 531 Phalacrocoracidae, 32 Phalacrocoracinae,32 Phalacrocorax, 32

Phalaenoptilus, 269 Phalarope,Red, 180 Red-necked, 179 Wilson's, 179

Phalaropodinae,179 Phalaropus, 179 pharetra, Dendroica, 551 Pharomachrus, 318

phasianellus,Dromococcyx,250 Tympanuchus,121, 122 Phasianidae, 114, 123 Phasianinae, 114 Phasianoidea, 114 Phasianus, 117

Phceoptila,293 Phceopus,159 Pheasant, 117 Common, 117, 118

English, 118 Green, 117

Phoebetria, 10

phoeniceus,Agelaius,640, 641 Cardinalis, 634 phoenicobia,Tachornis,282 Phoenicopteridae,54 Phoenicopteriformes, 54 Phoenicopterus,54 Phrenopicus,339 Phyllomyias,379 Phylloscartes,379 Phylloscopus,490 Piaya, 249 Pica, 448

pica, Fluvicola, 401 Pica, 448, 449 Pici, 328 Picidae, 331 Piciformes, 324 Picinae, 332 Picoides, 338, 339

picta, Pyrrhura, 233 pictus, Calcarius, 627 Myioborus, 564 Oreortyx, 124 Piculet, Antillean, 332 Olivaceous, 331 Piculus, 342 Picumninae, 331 Picumnini, 331 Picumnus, 331

picumnus,Dendrocolaptes,357 picus, Xiphorhynchus,358 Pigeon, Band-tailed,220 Bedepsch's,221 Cape, 686 Common, 218 Domestic, 218

Dusky, 693 Feral, 218 Pale-vented, 218

Japanese,117 Kalij, 117 Ring-necked,117 Pheucticus, 634

Plain, 220 Red-billed, 219 Red-necked, 219

Philacte, 58

Ring-tailed, 220

philadelphia, Larus, 186 Oporornis, 557, 558 philadelphicus,Vireo, 437 philippi, Pterodroma, 13 Philodice, 307, 308 Philohela, 178

Philohydor,407 Philomachus, 175

philomela, Microcerculus,485 Philortyx, 125 Philydor, 350, 351 Phlceoceastes,346 Phlogothraupis,580 Phoebastria, 11

phoebe,Sayornis,392, 399 Phoebe, Black, 399 Eastern, 399

Say's, 400 White-winged, 399

Passenger, 225

Rock, 218

Ruddy, 220 Rufous, 219 Scaled, 219

Scaly-naped,219 Short-billed, 221 White-crowned, 219 White-necked, 220 Piha, Rufous, 417

pilaris, Lophotriccus,382 Turdus, 508 pileata, Notiochelidon, 459 pileatus, Atlapetes, 601 Chlorospingus,570 Dryocopus,346 Lophotriccus,382 Pilherodius, 46 Pilherodius, 45 Pinaroloxias, 597

INDEX

809

Pinguinus, 210

Plautus, 208, 210

Pinicola, 660

plebejus, Turdus,509 Plectrophenax,630 Plectropterini,64 Plegadis, 48 pleskei,Locustella,489 pleuricinctus,Pteroglossus,330 pleurostictus,Thryothorus,477

pinicola, Ridgwayia, 513 pinnatus,Botaurus,36, 37 Pintail, 72 Bahama, 71 Common, 72

Eaton's, 72

Galapagos,71 Northern, 71

White-cheeked, 71

pinus, Carduelis,665, 666, 667, 703 Dendroica, 547 Vermivora, 533, 534, 701,702

Ploceidae, 679 Ploceinae, 679 Ploceus, 679 Plover, Black-bellied, 143 Collared, 145

CommonRinged, 146

Pionopsitta, 240

Golden, 143

Pionus, 241

(see also Golden-Plover) Gray, 143

Pipdo, 604 Pipit, American,528 Meadow, 697 Menzbier's, 528 Olive-backed, 527 Pechora, 527 Red-throated, 528

Spotted,527 Sprague's,529 Tree, 527

(see also Tree-Pipit) Water, 529 Yellowish, 529

pipixcan, Larus, 184 Pipra, 423, 425 pipra, Pipra, 425 Pipridae,423 Piprites, 416, 417 Piprites,Gray-headed,417 Wing-barred,417 Pipromorpha,378 Pipromorphinae,373 Piranga, 577 Pisobia, 166

pitangua, Megarynchus,408 Pitangus, 407 pitiayumi,Parula, 538 Pittasoma, 370

pittieri, Heterorhina, 484 Pitylus, 631 pityophila,Dendroica,546, 547 placida, Geopelia, 223 plagiata, Asturina, 97 plancus,Caracara, 106 Planofalco, 108 Platalea, 50 Plataleinae, 50

platensis,Cistothorus,482 Platurornis, 312

Platycercinae,232 platycercus,Selasphorus,312 Platypsaris,418, 419 platypterus,Buteo, 99, 100 platyrhynchos,Anas, 68, 69, 698 platyrhynchum,Electron, 322 Platyrinchinae,381 Platyrinchus, 385 platyrostris,Dendrocolaptes,358

Kentish, 146 Kittlitz's, 691

Little Ringed, 148 Mongolian, 145 Mountain, 148 Oriental, 692 Peruvian, 146

Piping, 147 Ringed, 147 Semipalmated,147 Snowy, 145 Thick-billed, 146

Upland, 159 Wilson's, 146

plumbea, Dendroica, 551 Diglossa, 598 lctinia, 90, 91

Leucopternis,96 Polioptila, 493 Zenaida, 699

plumbeiceps,Leptotila, 228 plumbeus,Turdus,512 Vireo, 434, 435 Plumeleteer, Black-vented, 303 Blue-bellied, 303 Bronze-tailed, 303 Ecuadorian, 303 White-vented, 302 Pluvialis, 142

pluvialis, Hyetornis,249 Pochard, 75 Baer's, 690 Common, 75 Red-crested, 690

Podasocys,144 Podiceps,7 podiceps,Podilymbus,6 Podicipedidae,5 Podicipediformes,5 Podilymbus,6 Poecile, 463

poecilochrous,Buteo, 691 poecilorhyncha,Anas, 69 Poecilotriccus, 382

poliocephala, Geothlypis,560 Ortalis, 113

poliocephalus,Phaenicophilus,572

810

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

poliocerca, Eupherusa, 301 poliogaster, Caryothraustes,632, 633 polionota, Leucopternis,96 Polioptila, 491 Polioptilinae,491

Polioptilini,491 Polyborini, 106 Polyborus, 106 polychopterus,Pachyramphus,418, 419 Polyerata, 297 polyglottos,Mimus, 516 polyglottus,Cistothorus,483 polyosoma,Buteo, 691 Polysticta, 77 polytmus, Trochilus, 297 pomarinus, Stercorarius, 182 pondicerianus,Francolinus, 115

Prosopocygna,55 prostheleuca,Heterorhina, 484 prosthemelas,lcterus, 649 Protonotaria, 552 Prunella, 524 Prunellidae, 524

psaltria, Carduelis, 667 Psaltriparus, 467 Psarocolius, 657

Pselliophorus,600, 601 Pseudocolaptes,350 Pseudonestor, 673 Pseudonestor, 673

Pseudoscops, 265 Pseudotriccus, 381 Psilorhinus, 443

psittacea, Psittirostra, 671,672

Poo-uli, 678

Psittacidae, 232

Pooecetes, 613

Psittaciformes, 232

Poorwill, Common, 269 Eared, 270 Jamaican, 269 Least, 269 Ocellated, 270 Yucatan, 270

Psittacinae, 232 Psittacula, 232

Popelairia, 291 Porphyrio, 136 porphyrio, Porphyrio, 691 Porphyrula, 136 portoricensis,Loxigilla, 596 Melanerpes,333 Porzana, 133, 135 porzana, Porzana, 134 Porzanula, 133

potomac, Dendroica, 702 Potoo, Common, 274

Great, 274 Northern, 274

praecox, Thamnophilus,362 Prairie-Chicken, Greater, 121

psittacula, Aethia, 215 Psittirostra, 671 Psomocolax, 649

Ptarmigan, 120 Rock, 120 White-tailed, 120 Willow, 119 Pternistis, 115 Pterocles, 217 Pteroclididae, 217 Pterodroma, 13

Pteroglossus,329 ptilocnemis, Calidris, 172 Ptilogonatidae,530 Ptilogonys,531 Ptiloleptis, 249 Ptiloxena, 644

prasinus, Aulacorhynchus,329 pratensis, Anthus, 697

Ptychoramphus,214 Puaiohi, 502 pubescens,Picoides, 339 pucherani, Melanerpes, 334 puella, Trogon, 316

Pratincole, Oriental, 181 Prcedo, 388

Puffbird, Barred, 324 Black-breasted, 325

Lesser, 122

Premnoplex, 349 pretiosa, Claravis, 227 pretrei, Amazona, 243 prevostii, Anthracothorax,287, 288 princeps, Leucopternis,96 Passerculus, 615

principalis, Campephilus,347 Priocella,

12

Priotelus, 314 Procellaria, 17 Procellariidae, 12 Procellariiformes, 9 Procelsterna, 207

procerus, Hemignathus,675 Procnias, 422

Proctopus, 7

Progne, 454 promeropirhynchus,Xiphocolaptes,357 propinqua, Vireosylva,701

Buff-bellied, 325 Pied, 325 White-necked, 325

White-whiskered, 326 Puffin, 217 Atlantic, 216 Common, 217 Horn-billed, 216 Horned, 217 Tufted, 217

Puffinus, 17, 18 puffinus, Puffinus, 20, 21 Puffleg,Greenish,306 pugnax, Philomachus,175 pulchellus, Vireolanius, 440, 441 pulcher, Calothorax, 308 Melanerpes, 334 pulchra, Cyanolyca,445 Pionopsitta, 241

INDEX Pulsatrix, 257

pumilo, Cyanolyca,445 pumilus, Coccyzus,694 punctatus,Thamnophilus,362 puncticeps,Dysithamnus,363 punctigula, Colaptes, 343 punctulata, Lonchura,683 punctulatus, Chlorospingus,570 Purple-Gallinule,American, 136 purpurascens,Anodorhynchus, 699 Penelope, 113 purpurata, Querula, 422 purpureus, Carpodacus,661 pusilia, Aethia, 215 Calidris, 167 Emberiza, 628 Sitta, 469

81 1 Douglas, 125 Elegant, 124 Gambel's, 125

Harlequin, 128 Japanese,116 Mearns's, 128 Montezuma, 128 Mountain, 124

Ocellated, 128 Salle's, 128 Scaled, 124

Singing, 128 Tawny-faced,128 Wood, see Wood-Quail Quail-Dove, Blue-headed, 232 Bridled, 229 Buff-fronted, 230

Spizella, 612

Chiriqui, 230

Wilsonia, 562

Costa Rican, 230 Crested, 231

pusillus, Campylorhamphus, 360 Empidonax, 396 pustulatus,Icterus, 652, 655 Pycnonotidae,486 Pycnonotus,487 pygmaea, Aethia, 215 Sitta, 469

pygmaeus,Melanerpes, 335 pygmeus,Eurynorhynchus,174 Pygmornis, 283, 284 Pygmy-Owl, Andean, 259 Austral, 260 Central American, 259 Colima, 260 Cuban, 260

Ferruginous,260 Least, 259 Mexican, 259 Mountain, 259 Northern, 259 Peruvian, 260

Goldman's, 231

Gray-headed,231 Key West, 229 Martinique,231 Moustached, 231 Olive-backed, 229

Purplish-backed, 230 Ruddy, 231 Russet-crowned, 230 Tuxtla, 230

Veraguas,229 Violaceous, 231 White-faced, 230

Querquedula, 65 querquedula,Anas, 72 Querula, 422 querula, Zonotrichia, 623 Quetzal, Eared, 318 Golden-headed, 318

Tamaulipas,260 Yungas, 259 Pygmy-Tyrant,Black-capped,381 Bronze-olive, 381

Resplendent,318 quinquestriata,Aimophila,609 Quiscalus, 644, 645 quiscula,Quiscalus,646 quixensis,Microrhopias, 365

Pale-eyed, 382 R

Scale-crested, 382

Pygochelidon,458 pyrilia, Pionopsitta,240 Pyrocephalus,400 pyrrhodes,Philydor, 352 pyrrholaemum, Electron, 322 pyrrhonota, Petrochelidon,461,462 Pyrrhula, 669 pyrrhula, Pyrrhula, 669 pyrrhuloides, Emberiza, 630 Pyrrhuloxia, 633, 634 Pyrrhuloxia,634 Pyrrhuphonia,583 Pyrrhura, 233 Q Quail, Banded, 125

radiatus, Nystalus,324 radiolatus, Melanerpes, 334, 335, 336 Rail, Black, 130

Clapper, 131 Hawaiian, 134

King, 132 Laysan, 133 Mexican, 132 Spotted, 135 Virginia, 132 Water, 691 Wood, see Wood-Rail

Yellow, 129 Zapata, 135 Rallidae, 129

ralloides, Myadestes,500

Barred, 125

Railus, 131

California, 125

Ramphastidae,328

812

CHECK-LISTOF NORTHAMERICANBIRDS

Ramphastinae,329 Rarnphastos, 330 Ramphocaenini,491 Rarnphocaenus, 491 Rarnphocelus,580 Rarnphocinclus,521 Raven, 452 Brown-necked, 452 Chihuahuan, 452 Common, 452 Holarctic, 452 Northern, 452 White-necked, 452 ravidus, Turdus, 512 Razorbill, 210 Recurvirostra, 151

richardsoni,Melanospiza,596 richardsonii,Contopus,392 Tyrannula, 392 Richrnondena, 633

richrnondi, Chaetura, 278 ricordii, Chlorostilbon, 292

ridgwayi, Aegolius, 266 Buteo, 99, 100

Caprirnulgus,272 Cotinga, 421 Myiobius, 387 Nesotriccus, 374

Stelgidopteryx,460 Thalurania, 294

Recurvirostridae, 150 Redhead, 74 redivivurn, Toxostorna, 520

Ridgwayia, 513 ridibundus, Larus, 185 Riparia, 460 riparia, Riparia, 460 risoria, Streptopelia,221

Redpoll, 664

Rissa, 194

Arctic, 665

rivularis, Phaeothlypis,567

Common, 664 Greater, 665 Hoary, 664

rixosus, Machetornis, 401 Roadrunner, 251 Greater, 251 Lesser, 251 roberti, Phaeochroa, 285 Robin, 511 American, 511

Hornemann's, 665 Redshank, 154 Common, 154

Spotted, 154 Redstart, American, 552 Collared, 564 Painted, 564 Slate-throated, 564

Bare-eyed,510

Redwing, 508 Reed-Bunting,Dark, 630

Ecuadorian, 510

Northern, 630 Pale, 630 Reef-Heron, Indian, 42 Western, 41

regalis, Buteo, 102 Regulidae, 487 Regulus, 487 reinwardtii, Selenidera, 330 reiseri, Sittasornus, 356

relicta, Arnaurospiza,594 religiosa, Gracula, 524 Remizidae, 467

Black, 508 Bush, see Bush-Robin

Clay-colored,509 Grayson's,511 Magpie, 696 Mountain, 509 Pekin, 514 Rufous-backed, 51 ! Rufous-collared, 511 San Lucas, 511 Siberian Blue, 496

Sooty, 508 White-throated, 510 Rook, 696 Eurasian, 696 rosea, Rhodinocichla, 573 Rhodostethia, 195

rharni,Larnprolairna,289, 305 Rhinocryptidae,372 Rhinoptynx,265

Rosefinch, Common, 661 roseigaster,Priotelus, 314

Rhodacanthis, 672 Rhodinocichla, 573 Rhodostethia, 195

roseogrisea,Streptopelia,222 roseogularis,Piranga, 577 roseus,Phoenicopterus,54

Rhodothraupis,632, 633 Rhopoctites,353 Rhopoterpe,369 Rhynchocyclus,384 Rhynchodon,108 Rhynchofalco, 108 Rhynchophanes, 626, 627 Rhynchopsitta,238 Rhynchortyx, 128 Rhytipterna,402

rositae, Passerina, 637 rossii, Chen, 59 rostrata, Carduelis, 665

Riccordia, 291

Ricebird, 683

Geothlypis,559 Pterodrorna, 686 rostratus, Passerculus, 616 Rostrharnus, 89

Rosy-Finch,American,659 Black, 659

Brown-capped,660 Gray-crowned,659 Royal-Flycatcher,Amazonian, 386

INDEX Northern, 386 Swainson's, 386

Western, 386

ruber, Ergaticus,563, 564 Eudocimus, 48 Laterallus, 130

Phoenicopterus,54 Sphyrapicus,338 rubescens,Anthus, 528 rubetra, Saxicola, 697 rubica, Habia, 576

rubiginosus, Automolus,352 Margarornis, 350 Piculus, 343

rubinus,Pyrocephalus, 400 rubra, Crax, 114

Piranga, 578 rubricapillus,Melanerpes,335 rubricata,Lagonosticta,698 rubricauda, Phaethon, 27

rubriceps,Piranga, 697 rubrifrons, Cardellina, 563 Heterospingus,575 Hylophilus,439 rubripes,Anas, 68, 69 rubritorquis,Aratinga, 234 rubrocapilla, Pipra, 426 Rubythroat,Siberian,495 ruckeri, Threnetes, 283

tufa, Anhinga, 34 Fringilla, 677 rufalbus, Thryothorus,477 rufaxilla, Leptotila, 228, 229 rufescens,Aimophila,609 Egretta, 43 Laniocera, 417

Myiophobus,388 Poecile, 465 Thamnistes, 363 Ruff, 175

ruficapilla, Nonnula, 326 Vermivora, 535, 537

ruficapillus,Baryphthengus, 321 Charadrius, 146

ruficauda,Aimophila, 607 Cinclocerthia, 522 Galbula, 327 Ortalis, 112

ruficeps,Aimophila, 608 ruficollis, Branta, 689 Calidris, 168 Corvus, 452 Micrastur, 105

Stelgidopteryx,460 ruficrissa,Ortalis, 112 rufffrons,Basileuterus,565 rufigula, Gymnopithys,369 ruffgularis,Falco, 110 Hyetornis, 249 rufimarginatus,Herpsilochmus,365 ruffna, Netta, 690 rufinucha,Campylorhynchus, 472 ruffpectus,Forrnicarius,370 rufftorques,Turdus,511

813

ruffventris,Lurocalis, 267 Ramphocaenus,491 rufivirgatus,Arremonops,602 rufobrunneus,Thripadectes,353 rufociliatus,Troglodytes,481 rufocollaris,Petrochelidon,462 rufopalliatus,Turdus,511 rufulus,Troglodytes,481 rufum, Toxostoma,518, 519 rufus, Campylopterus,286 Caprimulgus,271 Loxops, 677 Pachyramphus,418, 419 Philydor, 352 Selasphorus,312, 313 Tachyphonus, 576 Trogon, 317 rustica, Emberiza, 628

Haplospiza, 597 Hirundo, 462

rusticola, Scolopax, 178 rusticolus, Falco, 110, 111 ruticilla, Setophaga,552 rutila, Amazilia, 300, 700 Streptoprocne,276 rutilans, Xenops,353 rutilus, Pipilo, 606 Thryothorus,476, 477 Rynchopinae,208 Rynchops,208 S

sabini, Xema, 194

Sabrewing,Curve-winged,285 Long-tailed,285 Rufous, 286 Violet, 286

Wedge-tailed,285 sagittirostris,Hemignathus,674 sagrae,Myiarchus,406 sallaei, Cyrtonyx, 128 Granatellus, 568

salmoni,Brachygalba,327 Tigrisoma,38 Salpinctes,473, 474 Saltator, 631 Saltator, Black-headed, 632 Buff-throated, 631

Grayish,631 Lesser Antillean, 631 Middle American, 631 Streaked, 631 salvini, Amazona, 244 Basileuterus, 566

Caprimulgus,271,272 Chlorostilbon, 292

Cyanomyia,701 Habia, 576

sanblasianus,Cyanocorax,444 sanchezi, Glaucidium, 259, 260 sanctaemartae,Tyrannussavana, 415 sanctihieronymi,Panyptila,281 sanctithomae,Dendrocolaptes,357 Sanderling,167

814

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Sandgrouse,Chestnut-bellied,217 Sandpiper,Baird's, 170 Bartram's, 159 Broad-billed, 174

Buff-breasted, 174 Common, 157

Cooper's,699 Cox's, 699 Curlew, 173, 699 Green, 155 Least, 169 Marsh, 154 Pectoral, 171,699

Purple, 171 Rock, 172 Rufous-necked, 168

Semipalmated,167 Sharp-tailed,171 Solitary, 155 Spoonbill, 174 Spotted, 158 Stilt, 173 Terek, 158

Upland, 159 Western, 168

White-rumped, 170 Wood, 155 sandvicensis, Branta, 60 $terna, 198

sandwichensis,Chasiernpis,452 Passerculus, 615 Porzana, 134 Pterodrorna, 15

sanguinea,Hirnatione, 678 sanguineus,Pteroglossus,330 sanguinolentus, Rarnphocelus,580 Sapayoa,416 Sapayoa,416 Broad-billed, 416

Sapphire,Blue-headed,295 Sapsucker,Red-breasted,338 Red-naped,337, 338 Williamson's, 336 Yellow-bellied, 337

Sarcorarnphus,53

scandiaca, Nyctea, 258 Scaphidura, 648, 649 Scardafella, 225, 226 Scaup, 76 Greater, 76 Lesser, 76

Schiffornis,416 Schiffornis, Brown, 416 Thrush-like, 416

schistacea,Egretta, 41 Leucopternis,96 Passerella, 620

Sporophila, 592 schistaceigula,Polioptila, 493 schisticolor,Myrrnotherula,365 schistisagus,Larus, 191, 193 schoeniclus, Emberiza, 629

schomburgkii,Micropygia, 129 schulzi,Dryocopus,346 scintilla, Selasphorus,314 scitulus, Trochilus, 297 sclateri, Chaetura, 279 Icterus, 653 Poecile, 464

Thryothorus,477 $clerurus, 353

scolopaceus,Lirnnodrornus,176 Scolopaci, 152

Scolopacidae,152 Scolopacinae,152 Scolopacini,178 Scolopax, 178 scops,Otus, 254 Scops-Owl, Oriental, 254 Pallid, 254 Scoter, American, 81 Asiatic, 80 Black, 81 Common, 81 Surf, 79 Velvet, 80

White-winged, 80 scoticus,Lagopus, 120 $cotothorus, 416

Screech-Owl, Balsas, 255

Sarkidiornis, 64

Bare-legged,256

sasin, $elasphorus,313, 701 satrapa, Regulus,487, 488, 701 saturatus, Caprirnulgus,273

Bare-shanked, 256 Bearded, 256 Bridled, 256 Common, 255

Cuculus, 246 Saucerottia, 297 saucerrottei, Arnazilia, 299

saularis, Copsychus,696 saundersi, $terna, 202 $aurothera, 248

savana, Tyrannus, 415 Tyrannussavana, 415 savannarum, Arnrnodrarnus, 616 saxatalis, Aeronautes, 281 Saxicola, 497

saya, $ayornis, 400 sayaca, Thraupis,582 $ayornis, 399 scalaris, Picoides, 339

Cooper's, 255 Cuban, 257 Eastern, 255 Flammulated, 254 Kennicott's, 254 Middle American, 256 Pacific, 255 Puerto Rican, 257 Santa Barbara, 256

Spotted,256 Tropical, 256 Vermiculated, 256 Vinaceous, 254 Western, 254

INDEX Whiskered, 255

scrippsi,Synthliboramphus, 213 Scrub-Flycatcher, Amazonian,381 Northern, 380 Smooth, 381 Southern, 381

Scrub-Jay,California, 447 Florida, 446 Island, 446 Sumichrast's,447 Western, 446 Woodhouse's, 447

Scytalopus,372 Scythebill,Brown-billed,360 Red-billed, 360

Sea-Eagle,Gray, 92 Steller's, 92 White-tailed, 92

Seaside-Sparrow, Cape Sable,619 Common, 619

Dusky, 619 seductus, Otus, 255 seebohrni, Oenanthe, 497 Seed-Finch, Chestnut-bellied, 593 Great-billed, 583 Lesser, 594

Nicaraguan,593 Pink-billed, 593 Thick-billed, 593 Seedeater, Black, 592 Blue, 594

Cinnamon-rumped,592 Lesson's, 697 Lined, 697 Morellet's, 592

Ruddy-breasted,593

815

Sericotes, 288, 289 Serinus, 669

Serpophaga,377 serranus, Turdus, 509

serrator, Mergus, 85 Morus, 30

serripennis,Stelgidopteryx, 459, 460 setifrons,Xenornis, 362 Setochalcis, 270

Setophaga,552 severa, Ara, 236

Shama, White-rumped, 497 Sharpbill, 427 sharpei, Terenura, 366 Sheartail, Mexican, 308 Slender, 307 Shearwater, Allied, 22 Audubon's, 21 Black-tailed, 687 Black-vented, 21 Buller's, 19 Christmas, 20

Cory's, 17 Flesh-footed, 18 Gray-backed,19 Great, 19 Greater, 18 Little, 22 Manx, 20 New Zealand, 19 Newell's, 21 Pale-footed, 18 Pink-footed, 18 Short-tailed, 20

Slender-billed, 20 Sooty, 19

Slate-blue, 594

Streaked, 17

Slate-colored, 592

Townsend's, 21 Wedge-tailed, 19

Tawny-bellied,593 Variable, 592 White-collared, 592

Wing-barred,592 Yellow-bellied, 592 Seiurus, 554

Selasphorus,311,312 Selenidera, 330

semibadius,Thryothorus,476 sernibrunneus, Hylophilus,440 sernicollaris,Streptoprocne,277 Sernicollurn, 276

sernifasciata,Tityra, 420 sernifiava,Geothlypis,559 sernifiavurn, Ornithion,373 sernifiavus,Vireo, 431 semipalmatus, Catoptrophorus, 156 Charadrius, 147

semiplumbea,Leucopternis,96 sernitorquatus,Lurocalis, 267 Micrastur, 106 Semnornis, 328 Semnornithinae, 328

sentperi,Leucopeza,561 senilis, Pionus, 241

sericocaudatus,Caprimulgus,271, 272

Shelduck, 690 Common, 690

Ruddy, 690 Shoveler, 71 Northern, 71 Shrike, Brown, 428

Chinese Gray, 429 Great Gray, 429 Loggerhead,428 Northern, 429 Red-backed, 428 Red-tailed, 428 Rufous-tailed, 428

Saharan, 429

SouthernGray, 429 Shrike-Tanager, Black-throated,574 White-throated, 574

Shrike-Vireo, Chestnut-sided, 440 Green, 440 Yellow-browed, 440 Sialia, 498 sialis, Sialia, 498

sibilans, Myadestes,500 sibilator, Sirystes,402 sibilatrix, Phylloscopus, 490

816

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

sibirica, Muscicapa, 495 Sicalis, 598

Sicklebill,White-tipped,284 Sieberocitta, 446

siju, Glaucidium,260 Silky-flycatcher,Black-and-yellow,531 Gray, 531 Long-tailed, 531 Silverbill, 682 African, 682

Warbling,682 White-throated, 682

similis, Myiozetetes,408 simillimus, Turdus, 507

simoni, Selasphorus,313 simplex,Phaetusa,204 Piculus, 342

sinaloa, Thryothorus,477 sinaloae, Corvus, 450, 451 Progne, 455

sinensis,lxobrychus,37, 38 Singing-Finch,Green, 669 sinica, Carduelis, 668 sinuatus, Cardinalis, 634

Siphonorhis,269 Sirystes,402, 403 Sirystes,402 Sibilant, 402

White-rumped, 402 Siskin, Antillean, 667

Black-capped,666 Black-headed, 666 Eurasian, 665 Hooded, 698 Pine, 665 Red, 667 Yellow-bellied, 666

sissonii,Thryomanes,479 Sitta, 468 Sittasomus, 355 Sittidae, 468 Sittinae, 468

sittoides,Diglossa, 598 Skimmer, Black, 208 skua, Catharacta, 181, 182

Skua, Arctic, 183 Brown, 181

Chilean, 692 Falkland, 181 Great, 181

Long-tailed, 183 Northern, 181 Pomarine, 182 Pomatorhine, 182 South Polar, 182 Southern, 181

Skylark, 453 Common, 453 Eurasian, 453

Snipe, 177 Common, 177 Great, 692 Jack, 176 Pin-tailed, 177 Wilson's, 177

Snowcap,302 Snowcock,Himalayan, 116 snowi, Cepphus,211 sociabilis, Rostrhamus, 89 socorroensis, Oceanodroma, 24

Pipilo, 605 Softtail, Double-banded, 349 solandri, Pterodroma, 686 Solitaire, Andean, 500 Black-faced, 500 Brown-backed, 500 Cuban, 500 Rufous-throated, 500 Slate-colored, 501 St. Vincent, 500 Townsend's, 499 Varied, 501

solitaria, Tringa, 155 solitarius, Buteo, 102

Harpyhaliaetus, 99 Myiodynastes,410 Vireo, 434, 435, 701 $olivireo, 430

soloensis,Accipiter, 93 solstitialis, Troglodytes,481 Somateria, 77

Sooty-Albatross,Light-mantled, 11 Sora, 134

sordidulus,Contopus,391,392 sordidus,Cynanthus,293 soui, Crypturellus,2 souleyetii,Lepidocolaptes,359 Spadebill,Golden-crowned, 385 Stub-tailed, 385 White-throated, 385 Yellow-crested, 385

spadiceus,Attila, 402 spadix, Thryothorus,475 Sparrow,AmericanTree, 610 Andean, 622 Bachman's, 608 Baird's, 617

Belding's,616 Bell's, 615 Black-chested, 607 Black-chinned, 612

Black-striped,603 Black-throated, 614 Botteri's, 608 Brewer's, 611 Bridled, 607

CapeSable,619 Cassin's, 607

European,453 Japanese,453 Slaty-Antshrike,Western,362 Smaragdolanius,440

Chipping,610

Smew, 83

EuropeanTree, 679

Cinnamon-tailed, 607

Clay-colored,611 Eurasian Tree, 679

INDEX Field, 612

Five-striped,609 Fox, 620

(see also Fox-Sparrow) Golden-crowned, 624

Grasshopper,616 Green-backed, 603

Ground, see Ground-Sparrow Harris's, 623 Henslow's, 617 House, 679

Ipswich, 616 Java, 683

Large-billed, 616 Lark, 613 Le Conte's, 618 Lincoln's, 621

Nelson'sSharp-tailed,618 Oaxaca, 609 Olive, 602

Orange-billed,602 Pacific, 603 Peten, 608 Pine-woods, 608 Rufous-collared, 622 Rufous-crowned, 608

817 Spindalis, 581 Spinetail,Coiba, 349 Pale-breasted, 348 Red-faced, 348

Rufous-breasted,348 Rusty-backed,349 Slaty, 348

spinicauda,Chaetura,278 spinoletta,Anthus,529 spinosa,Jacana, 152 Spinus, 665 spinus, Carduelis, 665 spirurus,Glyphorynchus, 356 Spiza, 639 spiza, Chlorophanes,589 Spizaetus,104 Spizastur, 104 Spizella, 610 splendens,Campephilus,346 spodioptila, Terenura, 366 Spodiornis,597 spodiurus,Pachyramphus,418 sponsa,Aix, 65 Spoonbill,689 Common, 689 Eurasian, 689

Rufous-winged,607

European, 689

Russet-tailed, 607

Roseate, 50

Rusty, 609 Sage, 614 SaltmarshSharp-tailed,619 Savannah, 615 Seaside, 619

(see also Seaside-Sparrow) Sierra Madre, 619

Song, 621 Stripe-headed,607 Striped, 610 Sumichrast's,607 Swamp,622 Timberline, 612

Tocuyo,603 Tree, 610, 679

Vesper,613 White-crowned, 623 White-throated, 622 Worthen's, 612

Zapata,610 Sparrowhawk,Eurasian,690 sparverius,Falco, 108 Spatula, 65 speciosa,Columba,219 Geothlypis,559 spectabilis,Eugene&306 Selenidera, 330 Sornateria, 77

speculiferus,Nesospingus,570 spengeli,Forpus passerinus,693 Speotyto,261 Spermagra,577 Spermestes,682, 683 Spermophila,591 sphenocercus, Lanius, 429 Sphyrapicus,336

White, 689

Sporophila,591 Spotted-Owl,California, 263 Mexican, 263

spragueii,Anthus,529 spurius, Icterus, 650 squamata,Callipepla, 124, 125 squamatus,Capito, 328 squamiger,Margarornis, 350 Neomorphus,251 squammata,Columbina,226 squamosa,Columba,219 Squatarola,142 squatarola,Pluvialis, 143 stagnatilis, Tringa, 154 Starling,523 Common, 523

European, 523 Spotless,523 Starnoenas, 231 Starthroat, Constant's, 307 Long-billed, 306 Plain-capped,306 Steatornis, 274 Steatornithidae, 274

Steganopus,179 stejnegeri,Akialoa, 675 Hemignathus,675 Himatione, 674 Melanitta, 80

Stelgidopteryx,459 stellaris, Cistothorus, 483 stellata, Gavia, 3

stelleri, Cyanocitta,442 Polysticta,77 Stellula, 311

818

CHECK-LISTOF NORTHAMERICANBIRDS

Stenorhynchus,522 stenura, Gallinago, 177 Stercorariinae, 181 Stercorarius, 182 Sterna, 196

striatipectus, Saltator, 631 striatipictus, Saltator, 631 striatus, Accipiter, 93 Butorides, 45

Melanerpes, 334

Sterninae, 196

stricklandi, Picoides, 340

Sternula, 196

Strigidae, 253 Strigiformes,253

stictoptera,Myrmornis, 369 Stilt, Black-necked, 151 Black-winged, 150 Hawaiian, 151 White-backed, 151 Stint, Little, 168

Long-toed, 169 Red-necked, 168 Rufous-necked, 168 Temminck's, 169 stolidus, Anous, 206

Myiarchus, 406 Stonechat, 498 Common, 498 Siberian, 498

storeri, Cypseloides,275, 276 Stork, White, 689 Wood, 51

Storm-Petrel,Ashy, 24 Band-rumped,25 Black, 25 Black-bellied, 687

$trix, 262 $turnella, 642

Sturnidae, 523 Sturnus, 523

stygius, Asio, 264

subalaris,Syndactyla,351 subbrunneus,Cnipodectes,383 subbuteo, Falco, 109

subis, Progne, 454, 455,456 $ublegatus, 380 subrninuta, Calidris, 169

subpersonata,Motacilla, 526 subrubra, Ficedula, 494 subrufescens,Mornotus, 321 subruficollis,Tryngites, 174 subtilis, Buteogallus,97 subulatus, Hyloctistes, 350 Todus, 319 subvinacea, Colurnba, 220, 221 $ula, 28 sula, $ula, 29

British, 23 Dusky-rumped, 24 European,23

sulcirostris,Crotophaga,252 sulfuratus,Rarnphastos,330

Fork-tailed, 23

sulphuratus,Pitangus,407 sulphureipygius,Myiobius, 387 sulphurescens,Tolrnornyias,384

Galapagos,25 Guadalupe,25

Sulidae, 28

Harcourt's, 25 Leach's, 23 Least, 26 Madeira, 25 Markham's, 25

surnatrana, Sterna, 693

Ringed, 688 Sooty, 26

Sunbittern, 139 sundevalli, Butorides, 45 Sungrebe,139

Tristram's, 26 Wedge-rumped,25 White-bellied, 687 White-faced, 23 White-vented, 687 Wilson's, 22 Streaked-Antwren, Amazonian, 364 Pacific, 364

surnichrasti,Airnophila,607 Arnazilia, 299

Aphelocorna,446 Hylorchilus, 474, 475

sunia, Otus, 254

superciliaris,Leptopogon,379 Melanerpes, 336 Phylloscartes,379 $terna, 202 $turnella, 642

Streamcreeper, Sharp-tailed,354

Thryothorus,478 superciliosa, Eurnornota,322

Streamertail, 297 Eastern, 297 Western, 297

superciliosus,Accipiter, 93 Arrernonops,603

strenua, Aratinga, 234 strepera, Anas, 66, 698 Streptoceryle,322 Streptopelia, 221 Streptoprocne,276 striata, Dendroica, 549

Geopelia, 223 striaticeps,Dysitharnnus,363 striaticollis, Anabacerthia, 351

striatigularis,Xiphorhynchus,358

Parula, 537

Oriturus, 610 Phaethornis, 283

Surfbird, 165 surinarnensis,Myrmotherula, 364 $urnia, 258 susurrans,Xiphorhynchus,358 svecica, Luscinia, 496 swainsoni, Buteo, 101,691 Catharus, 505

Onychorhynchus, 386

819 swainsonii, Chlorostilbon, 293

Gampsonyx,88 Lirnnothlypis,554 Notharchus, 325

Rarnphastos,331 Vireo, 436 swalesi, Turdus, 512 Swallow, Bahama, 458 Bank, 460 Barn, 462

Black-capped,459 Blue-and-white, 458 Cave, 461 Chestnut-collared, 462 Cinnamon-throated, 462 Cliff, 461 Coban, 459

European, 462 Golden, 458 Mangrove, 457 Northern Rough-winged,459 Patagonian,459 Ridgway's Rough-winged,460 Rough-winged,460 SouthernRough-winged,460 Tree, 457

Violet-green, 458 White-thighed,459 Swamphen,Purple, 691 Swan, Bewick's, 63 Mute, 62

Trumpeter,62 Tundra, 62

Whistling, 63 Whooper, 63 Swift, 280

Alpine, 280 Andre's, 278

Antillean Cloud, 276

Ash-rumped,279 Ashy-tailed, 278 Band-rumped,278 Black, 275

Cayenne,281 Chapman's,278 Chestnut-collared, 276

White-naped, 277 White-rumped, 280 White-throated, 281 White-throated Needle-tailed, 279 Yucatan, 278

Swiftlet, Guam, 280 sybillae, Larnpornis,303 sylvia, Poecilotriccus, 383 sylvicola, Sarkidiornis, 64 sylviellus, Sittasornus,356 Sylviidae, 489 Sylviinae, 489 Synallaxis, 348 Syndactyla,351 Synthliboramphini,213 Synthliborarnphus,213 Syrichta, 390 Syrichtha, 390 T

tacarcunae, Chlorospingus,570 Tachornis, 282

Tachybaptus,5 Tachycineta,457 Tachyrnarptis,280, 281 Tachyphonus,575 Tachytriorchis,99 taczanowskii,Podiceps, 8 tadorna, Tadorna, 690 Tadorninae, 64 Tadomni, 64 taeniatus, Microcerculus, 485 Peucedrarnus, 532

taha, Euplectes,680 tahitica, Hirundo, 463 tahitiensis, Nurnenius, 161

talpacoti, Colurnbina,227 Tanager,Abbot's, 582 Ant, see Ant-Tanager Azure-rumped,586 Bay-and-blue,587 Bay-and-green,588 Bay-headed, 587 Black-and-yellow,571 Blue-and-gold,582 Blue-gray, 581

Chimney, 277

Brazilian, 580

Common, 280 Dark-breasted, 278

Bush, see Bush-Tanager

Dusky-backed, 278

Chat, see Chat-Tanager

Fork-tailed, 280 Geronimo, 281

Cherrie's, 581 Crimson-backed, 580 Crimson-collared, 580

Gray-rumped,279 Great Swallow-tailed, 281 Lesser Antillean, 279 Lesser Swallow-tailed, 281 Palm, see Palm-Swift Short-tailed, 278 Sick's, 278

Spot-fronted,276 Vaux's, 277 White-chinned, 275 White-collared, 276 White-fronted, 275

Cabanis's, 586

Dusky-faced,573 Emerald, 587 Flame-colored, 579

Flame-rumped,581 Glaucous, 582 Golden-hooded, 588 Golden-masked, 588

Gray's, 697 Gray-and-gold,587 Gray-crested,574 Gray-headed,574

820

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Green-naped,588 Hepatic, 577

Teal, 73

Baikal, 72

Hispaniolan,581

Blue-winged, 70

Hooded, 588

Cinnamon, 70 Common, 73 Falcated, 66

Huallaga, 580 Jamaican, 581

Lemon-browed, 574

Lemon-spectacled,574 Lesser Antillean, 588 Masked, 588

Green-winged,73 Laysan,69 rectus, Notharchus, 325

Palm, seePalm-Tanager

teleschowi,Erernophila,454 Telespiza,671,672, 673 Telespyza,671 Telrnatodytes,482

Passerini's, 580

temminckii, Calidris, 169

Pirre, 589 Plain-colored, 586 Puerto Rican, 570

Ternnotrogon,314 Temnurus, 314 ternnurus, Priotelus, 314

Red, 578

temporalis,Anabacerthia, 351

Red-headed, 580 Red-hooded, 697 Rose-throated,577

tenuirostris, Anous, 207 Calidris, 166 Numenius, 161

Olive, 573 Palm, 582

Rufous-winged,588 Sayaca,582

Puffinus,20 Railus, 132

Scarlet, 578, 579 Scarlet-browed, 575

tephrocotis,Leucosticte,659, 660 tephronotus,Turdus,510

Shrike, see Shrike-Tanager

Terenotriccus, 386 Terenura, 366

Silver-beaked, 580 Silver-throated, 587

Spangle-cheeked,588 Speckled, 587 Streak-backed, 579

Stripe-headed,581 Sulphur-rumped, 575

Teretistris, 560

Tern, Aleutian, 202 Arctic, 200 Black, 205

Black-naped,693 Bridled, 203

Summer, 578

Cabot's, 199

Swallow, 591

Caspian, 197 Cayenne, 199

Tawny-crested,575 Thrush, see Thrush-Tanager Tooth-billed, 578 Western, 579

White-lined, 576 White-shouldered, 575

Common, 199

Elegant, 198 Fairy, 207 Forster's, 201

Gray-backed,202

White-winged,579

Great Crested, 198

Yellow-backed, 571 Yellow-browed, 574 Yellow-lored, 573

Gull-billed, 196

Yellow-rumped,581 Yellow-winged, 582 Tanagra, 583, 584 Tangara, 586, 589 Tangavius,648 tanneri, Troglodytes,481 Tapaculo,Chiriqui, 372 Choco, 372

Inca, 206

Large-billed,204 Least, 201 Little, 201 Marsh, 205

Noddy, 206 Roseate, 199

Royal, 197 Sandwich, 198, 199

Silvery-fronted,372

Snowy-crowned,693 Sooty,203

Tacarcuna, 372

Trudeau's, 693

Tapera, 250 tapera, Progne, 456 Taraba, 361

Tarsiger, 496 tatei, Prernnoplex,349 Tattler,Gray-tailed,157 Polynesian,157 Wandering, 156 taverneri, Spizella, 611

Whiskered, 205 White, 207 (see also White-Tern)

White-winged,204 White-wingedBlack, 205 Yellow-billed, 202

Ternlet, Gray, 207 terrisi, Rhynchopsitta, 238 Tersina, 591

INDEX Tersinidae, 591

tertius, Calyptophilus,572 tethys,Oceanodroma,25 Tetragonops, 328 Tetraogallus, 115 Tetraonidae, 118 Tetraoninae, 118

texensis, Myiozetetes, 408

thagus, Pelecanus, 31 Thalassarche, 10 Thalasseus, 196, 198

thalassina,Tachycineta,458

821 Forest, 512 Garden, 510

Glossy-black, 509 Grand Cayman, 512 Gray-cheeked,504 Gray's, 510 Hauxwell's, 509 Hawaiian, 501 Hermit, 505 La Selle, 512 Lesser Antillean, 509 Mountain, 509

thalassinus, Colibri, 287 Thalobata, 23 Thalurania, 294 Thamnistes, 363 Thamnomanes, 362

Naked-eyed,510

Thamnophilidae,361 Thamnophilus,361 thayeri, Larus, 190, 191

Rufous-backed, 511 Russet-backed, 505 Shama, 497 Small Kauai, 502

Theristicus, 50

Thick-knee,Double-striped,141 thoracicus,Cyphorhinus,486 Dactylortyx, 128 Thryothorus,476 Thorntail, Green, 291 Thrasher, Bendire's, 519 Brown, 518 California, 520 Cozumel, 519 Crissal, 520 Curve-billed, 520

Gray, 519 Le Conte's, 521

Long-billed, 519 Ocellated, 520

Pearly-eyed,522 Rosalia, 521

Sage, 517 San Lucas, 519

Scaly-breasted, 522 Socorro, 518 White-breasted, 521

Thraupidae, 569 Thraupis,581 Threnetes, 282 Threskiornithes, 47 Threskiornithidae, 47 Threskiornithinae, 47

Thripadectes,353 Thrush, American Mountain, 509

AmericanBare-eyed,510 Aztec, 513

Naumann's, 508 Olive-backed, 505 Pale-vented, 509

Red-legged,512

Sooty, 508 Swainson's, 505 Varied, 513

WesternRed-legged,512 White-chinned, 512

White-eyed, 510 White-necked, 510 White-throated, 510 Wood, 506

Yellow-eyed, 510 Thrush-Tanager, Rose-breasted, 573 Rosy, 573 Thryomanes,479 Thryorchilus,484 Thryospiza,616 Thryothorus,475 thula, Egretta, 41, 42 Thyellodroma,18 thyroideus,Sphyrapicus,336 Tiaris, 594 tibialis, Neochelidon, 459 Pheucticus, 634

Pselliophorus,600 Tiger-Bittern, 38 Tiger-Heron, Banded, 38 ß Bare-throated, 38 Fasciated, 38 Lineated, 38 Rufescent, 38

tigrina, Dendroica, 541,702 Tigrisoma, 38 Tigrisomatini,38

Bare-eyed,510

Tilmatura, 308

Bicknell's, 505 Black, 509 Chinese, 514

Timaliidae, 513 Tinamidae, 1 Tinamiformes, 1 Tinamou, Boucard's, 2 Choco, 2

Clay-colored,510 Cocoa, 509

Dagua, 510 Dusky, 507 EasternRed-legged,512 Eye-browed, 507 Eyebrowed, 507

Great, 1

Highland, 1 Little, 2 Rufescent, 2

Slaty-breasted,2

822

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Thicket, 2 Tinamus, 1 Tinnunculus, 107 tinnunculus, Falco, 108, 109 Tit, Great, 696 Siberian, 465 Varied, 696 Willow, 464 Titmouse, Black-crested, 467 Bridled, 466

Juniper,466 Oak, 466 Plain, 466 Tufted, 466

Tityra, 416, 420 Tityra, Black-crowned,420 Masked, 420 tobaci, Amazilia, 695

tocuyensis,Arremonops,603 Todidae, 319 Todirostrum, 383 Todoidea, 319 Todus, 319 todus, Todus, 320

Tody, Broad-billed,319 Cuban, 319

Rufous-sided, 606 Socorro, 605

Spotted,605 White-throated, 606 townsendi, Dendroica, 543, 544, 545

Myadestes,499 Thalurania, 294 townsendii, Emberiza, 702 Toxostoma, 518

traillii, Empidonax,394, 395 transfasciatus, Dendrocolaptes,358 Tree-Duck, 55 Tree-Pipit, Brown, 527 Hodgson's,527 Indian, 527 Olive, 527 Oriental, 527 Treehunter, Streak-breasted, 353 Treerunner, Beautiful, 350 Pearled, 350

Ruddy, 350 Trembler, 523 Brown, 522

Gray, 523 triangularis,Xiphorhynchus,359, 360

Hispaniolan,319

tricarunculata, Procnias, 423 Trichas, 558

Jamaican, 320 Narrow-billed, 319 Puerto Rican, 320

trichas,Geothlypis,558, 559 trichopsis,Otus, 255 tricolor, Agelaius, 641

Tody-Flycatcher,Black-headed,383 Common, 383 Slate-headed, 383 Yellow-browed, 383 Tolmarchus, 411,414

tolrniei, Oporornis,557 Tolmomyias, 384 tombacea, Galbula, 327 torda, Alca, 210

torquata, Ceryle, 323 Myrmornis, 369 Saxicola, 498

torquatus,Buarremon, 602 Myioborus,564 Phasianus, 118

Pteroglossus,329, 330 torqueola,Sporophila,592 torquilla, Jynx, 331 Torreornis, 610

torridus, Selasphorus,313 Totanus, 153

totanus, Tringa, 154 Toucan, Chestnut-mandibled, 331 Choco, 695 Keel-billed, 330 Yellow-breasted, 331 Toucanet, Emerald, 329 Yellow-eared, 330 Touit, 240 Towhee, Abert's, 606 California, 606

Ara, 237

Egretta, 43 Phalaropus, 179, 180 tridactyla,Rissa, 194 tridactylus,Picoides,341 Tringa, 152, 156, 157, 158 Tringini, 152 Tripsurus,332, 334 tristis, Acridotheres, 524 Carduelis, 668 tristrami, Oceanodroma, 26 tristriatus, Basileuterus, 566 trivialis, Anthus, 527

Trochilidae, 282 Trochilinae, 284

trochilirostris,Campylorhamphus,360 Trochilus, 297

trochilus,Phylloscopus,696 Troglodytes,479, 480, 484 troglodytes,Estrilda, 681 Troglodytes,482 Troglodytidae,471 Trogon, 314 Trogon,Baird's,315 Bar-tailed, 316 Black-headed, 315 Black-tailed, 317 Black-throated, 317

Chapman's,317

Canyon,606

Citreoline, 315 Collared, 316

Collared, 605 Eastern, 605 Green-tailed, 604

Cuban, 314 Eared, 318

Coppery-tailed,316

INDEX Elegant, 316 Gartered, 316 Graceful, 317

Hispaniolan, 314 Large-tailed, 317 Lattice-tailed, 317 Massena, 317 Mexican, 316 Mountain, 316

Orange-bellied,317 Slaty-tailed,317 Violaceous, 315 White-tailed, 315

Trogonidae,314 Trogoniformes,314 Trogoninae,314 Trogonurus,315 tropica, Fregetta, 687 Tropicbird,Red-billed, 27 Red-tailed, 27 White-tailed, 26 Yellow-billed, 27

Troupial,652

823 Paltry, 380 Rough-legged,379 Rufous-browed, 379

Sooty-headed,380 Torrent, 378 Venezuelan, 380 White-fronted, 380 Yellow, 375 Yellow-bellied, 373

Yellow-crowned, 375

Yellow-green,379 Tyrannulus, 375 tyrannulus,Myiarchus, 405, 406 Tyrannus, 411 tyrannus,Muscivora, 415 Spizaetus,104 Tyrannus, 413 Tyrant, Cattle, 401 Long-tailed, 401 Water, see Water-Tyrant Tyto, 253 Tytonidae,253 tzacatl, Amazilia, 300, 700

trudeaui, Sterna, 693

Tryngites, 174 tschutschensis,Motacilla, 525

tuberculifer, Myiarchus, 403 tucanus,Ramphastos,331 tucumana, Amazona, 243

Tufted-Flycatcher,Common, 390 Olive, 390 Tuftedcheek,Buffy, 350 Pacific, 350 Turdidae, 495 turdina, Dendrocincla, 355 turdinus, Campylorhynchus,471 Schiffornis,416 Turdus, 506, 507

Turkey, Ocellated, 122 Wild, 122 Turnstone, 165 Black, 165

Ruddy, 164 Turtle-Dove, European,222 Oriental, 221

Ringed, 221 Rufous, 221

turtur, Streptopelia,222 Twistwing, Brownish, 384 Tympanuchus,121 typica, Deconychura,356 Tyranni, 347 Tyrannidae, 373 tyrannina, Cercomacra, 366 Tyranninae,402 Tyranniscus,379, 380 Tyrannoidea,373 Tyrannula, 387 Tyrannulet,Beardless,see BeardlessTyrannulet Brown-capped,373 Crested, 380 Mistletoe, 380 Mouse-colored, 374

U

Ula-ai-hawane, 677 ultima, Pterodroma, 13, 14, 686

Telespiza, 671 ultramarina, Aphelocoma,447 ulula, Surnia, 258 umbellus, Bonasa, 118 Umbrellabird, Amazonian, 422 Bare-necked, 422

Long-wattled,422 unalaschensis, Passerella, 620 uncinatus, Chondrohierax, 87

undulatus,Melopsittacus,232 unicinctus, Parabuteo, 98

unicolor,Aphelocoma,447 Chamaepetes,113 Myadestes,501 Sturnus, 523

unirufus, Lipaugus, 417 Upupa, 319 Upupidae, 319 Upupiformes, 319 Uraeginthus,680 urbica, Delichon, 463 Uria, 209 urile, Phalacrocorax, 33, 34

urochrysia,Chalybura, 303 urophasianus,Centrocercus,119 Uropsila, 484 uropygialis, Cacicus, 656 Melanerpes, 335, 336 Urubitinga, 97 urubitinga, Buteogallus,98 Urubitornis, 99 ustulatus, Catharus, 505 V

v-nigrum, Somateria, 78 validus, Myiarchus, 406

824

CHECK-LISTOF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS

Pachyramphus,419 valisineria, Aythya, 74, 75 Vanellinae, 142 Vanellus, 142 vanellus, Vanellus, 142 vanikorensis, Aerodramus, 280 varia, Mniotilta, 551 Strix, 263 variabilis, Emberiza, 629

variegata, Sula, 29 variegaticeps,Anabacerthia, 351 varius, Empidonomus,411 Parus, 696

Sphyrapicus,337, 338 vauxi, Chaetura, 277, 278

Veery, 503 velox, Geococcyx,251 velutina, Pipra, 426 venezuelana, Terenura, 366 Veniliornis, 341 ventralis, Amazona, 242 venusta, Dacnis, 589 venustus, Granatellus, 568

veraepacis,Schiffornis,416 veraguensis,Anthracothorax, 287, 288 Geotrygon, 229 Verdin, 467 veredus, Charadrius, 149, 692 vermiculatus, Otus, 256 Vermivora, 532, 537, 538, 539 vermivorus, Helmitheros, 553

verreauxi, Leptotila, 227 versicolor, Amazona, 245

Ergaticus, 563 Geotrygon, 231 Pachyramphus,418 Passerina, 638 Phasianus, 117

Quiscalus, 647 versicolurus,Brotogeris, 240, 694 verticalis, Amazilia, 301

Tyrannus, 413 vespertinus, Coccothraustes,670 Vestiaria, 677 Vetola, 162

vetula, Ortalis, 112, 113 Saurothera, 249

vicinior, Scytalopus,372 Scytalopuspanamensis,372 Vireo, 433 Vidua, 684

viduata, Dendrocygna,55 Viduinae, 684

violajugulum, Trochilus, 701 Violet-ear, Brown, 286 Green, 287 Mountain, 287

violiceps,Amazilia, 300, 301,701 Goldmania, 296

virens, Contopus,392 Dendroica, 543, 544

Hemignathus,673, 674 lcteria, 567

Thraupis, 582 virenticeps, Buarremon, 602 Cyclarhis, 441 Vireo, 430 Vireo, Belize, 439 Bell's, 432

Black-capped, 432 Black-whiskered, 438 Blue Mountain, 433 Blue-headed, 435

Brown-capped,436 Carmiol's, 435 Cassin's, 434 Chivi, 438 Cozumel, 431 Cuban, 432 Dwarf, 433 Flat-billed, 432 Golden, 436

Gray, 433 Hutton's, 435 Jamaican, 431

JamaicanWhite-eyed,431 Mangrove, 431 Maya, 431 Old Providence, 431

Philadelphia,437 Plumbeous, 434 Puerto Rican, 432

Red-eyed,437 Slaty, 430 Solitary, 434 St. Andrew, 431 Thick-billed, 431 Vera Paz, 701 Veracruz, 430

Warbling, 436 (see alsoWarbling-Vireo) White-eyed, 430 Yellow-green,438 Yellow-throated, 433

Yellow-winged,435

vieilloti, Saurothera, 249 viguieri, Dacnis, 589

Yucatan, 439 Vireolanius, 440 Vireonidae, 429

vilissimus, Zimmerius, 380 villosa, Sitta, 468

virescens, Butorides, 44, 45

villosus,Myiobius, 387 Picoides, 339

vinaceus, Otus, 254

violacea, Geotrygon,231 Loxigilla, 596 Nyctanassa, 46 violaceus, Trogon, 315

Vireosylva, 430 Empidonax, 394 Schiffornis,417 virgata, Aphriza, 165 Ciccaba, 262

virginiae, Vermivora, 536, 537 virginianus, Bubo, 257 Colinus, 125, 126

INDEX

825

viridanum, Todirostrum, 383

Blackburnian, 545

viridicata, Myiopagis, 376 viridifiavus,Hylophilus,439 viridifrons,Arnazilia, 301 viridigenalis,Amazona,243 viridigula, Anthracothorax,694 viridigularis, Gavia, 4 viridipallens,Lampornis,303

Blackpoll, 549

viridis, Anthracothorax, 288

Blue Mountain, 702

Blue-winged, 533 Brewster's, 702

Buff-rumped,567 Bush, see Bush-Warbler Cabanis's, 565 Canada, 562

Cyclarhis, 441

Cape May, 541

Tersina, 591

Carbonated, 702 Cerulean, 550

Trogon,315 viridissima, Tangara, 587 viridiventris, Manacus, 424

Viridonia, 673, 674 vitellina, Dendroica, 548 vitellinus, Cacicus, 657 Manacus, 424

Chestnut-capped, 566 Chestnut-sided, 540 Cincinnati, 702 Colima, 536 Connecticut, 556 Crescent-chested, 537

Dusky, 490

Ramphastos,330 vittata, Amazona, 243

vociferans,Tyrannus,412 vociferus,Caprimulgus,272 Charadrius, 148 Volatinia, 591

vulcani, Junco, 624, 626

vulgaris, Sturnus,523 vulpina, Cranioleuca, 349 Vulture, Black, 52

Elfin-woods, 551 Fan-tailed, 565 Flame-throated, 537 Golden, 539 Golden-browed, 566 Golden-cheeked, 543 Golden-crowned, 565

Golden-winged,534 Grace's, 546

King, 53 Lesser Yellow-headed, 52

Turkey, 52 W

wagleri, lcterus, 650 Ortalis, 112, 113 Psarocolius, 657

wagneri, Amazilia, 301 Wagtail,African Pied, 526 Black-backed, 527 British Pied, 526 Citrine, 525

Gray, 526 Japanese,526 Masked, 526 Moroccan, 526 Pied, 526 White, 526 White-browed, 526 Yellow, 525

(see also Yellow-Wagtail) Warbler, Adelaide's, 546 Arctic, 490 Arrowhead, 551 Audubon's, 542 Bachman's, 533

Bay-breasted,549 Bell's, 566 Black-and-white, 551

Black-capped,562 Black-cheeked, 566 Black-eared, 563 Black-throated Blue, 541

Black-throatedGray, 543 Black-throated Green, 543

Grasshopper, see Grasshopper-Warbler Gray-breastedGround, 560 Green-tailed, 560 Green-tailed Ground, 560 Hartlaub's, 538 Hermit, 545 Hooded, 561

Kentucky, 556 Kirtland's, 547 Lanceolated, 489 Lawrence's, 701

Lucy's, 537 MacGillivray's, 557 Magnolia, 540 Mangrove, 539 Middendorff's, 489 Mourning, 557 Myrtle, 542 Nashville, 535 Olive, 532 Olive-backed, 539

Olive-capped,547 Orange-crowned,535 Oriente, 561 Pallas's, 489 Palm, 548 Parula, 538 Pileolated, 562 Pine, 547 Pink-headed, 563 Pirre, 566 Pleske's, 489 Plumbeous, 551 Prairie, 548

Prothonotary,553 Red, 563

826

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Red-faced, 563

Whistling-Duck, Black-bellied, 55 Fulvous, 56 West Indian, 55 White-faced, 55

Rufous-capped, 565 Salvin's, 566

Semper's,561 Small-headed, 702 Socorro, 539

White-eye, Chinese, 515 Japanese,515

Spot-breasted,538 Stripe-crowned,565

White-Tern, Atlantic, 207 Common, 207 Little, 207 Pacific, 207 whiteheadi, Sitta, 469

Sutton's, 702 Swainson's, 554 Tennessee, 534

Three-striped,566 Townsend's, 544

Virginia's, 536 Vitelline, 548

Whistling, 551 White-winged,568 White-winged Ground, 569 Willow, 696 (see also Willow-Warbler) Wilson's, 562 Wood, 490 Worm-eating,553 Yellow, 539 Yellow-headed, 561

Yellow-rumped,542 Yellow-throated, 546

Warbling-Vireo, Eastern,436 Western, 436 warszewiczi, Dives, 644

Water-Tyrant,Black-backed,401 Pied, 401 Waterthrush, Louisiana, 555 Northern, 555 Waxbill, 682

Black-rumped,681 Common, 681 Lavender, 681

Bohemian, 530 Cedar, 530 Greater, 530 Hooded, 683

Layard's,680 Mottled, 680

Napoleon,680 Village, 680 wellsi, Leptotila, 228

Eastern, 272

Black-eared, 127 Marbled, 126

Rufous-necked, 133

Wood-Wren,Black-capped,485 Cherrie's, 485 Gray-breasted,485

Weaver, Black-headed, 680

Whip-poor-will,272

Western, 391

Wood-Quail, Black-breasted,127

Wood-Rail, Gray-necked,133

Red-tailed Lavender, 681 Waxwing, 530

Northern, 497

woahensis,Myadestes,501 wollweberi, Baeolophus,466, 467 wolstenholrnei,Loxops,677 Wood-Owl, Mottled, 262 Wood-Partridge,Bearded, 123 Buffy-crowned, 124 Long-tailed, 123 Wood-Pewee, Eastern, 392

Spotted, 127

Orange-cheeked,681

Whimbrel, 160 Little, 159 Whinchat, 697

Wilsonia, 561 wilsonia, Charadrius, 146 wilsonii, Chondrohierax, 88

Tacarcuna, 127 White-throated, 127

Red-eared, 681

westlandica, Procellaria, Wheatear, 497 Black-throated, 497

whitneyi, Micrathene, 261 Whydah, Pin-tailed, 684 Wigeon, 67 American, 67 Eurasian, 66 European,67 Willet, 156 williarnsoni,Muscicapa,495 Willow-Warbler, Arctic, 491 wilsoni, Hemignathus,674, 675

Sclater's, 485 White-breasted, 484 Woodcock, 178 American, 178 Eurasian, 178

European,178 Woodcreeper,Barred, see BarredWoodcreeper 17

Black-banded, 357

Black-striped,359 Buff-throated, 358 Cherrie's, 356 Cocoa, 358 Cordilleran, 358 Cross-barred, 358

d' Orbigny's,355 Grayish, 356

Puerto Rican, 272 Ridgway's, 272

Great-billed, 357

Western, 272

Line-throated, 355

Ivory-billed, 358

INDEX

827

Long-tailed, 356

Ivory-billed, 347

Montane, 360 Olivaceous, 356 Pacific, 356 Pale-billed, 358 Plain-brown, 355

Jamaican, 334 Ladder-backed, 339 Lewis's, 332 Lineated, 345

Plain-winged,355

Northern Three-toed, 341 Nuttall's, 339 Pale-billed, 347 Pileated, 346 Pucheran's, 334 Puerto Rican, 333 Red-bellied, 336 Red-cockaded, 340 Red-crowned, 335 Red-headed, 333

Reiser's, 356

Ruddy, 355 Spot-crowned,360 Spot-throated,359 Spotted, 359 Straight-billed,358 Streak-headed, 359

Stripe-throated,358 Strong-billed,357 Tawny-winged,355 Wedge-billed,356 White-striped,359 Woodhaunter,Striped, 350 woodhouseii,Aphelocorna,446 Woodnymph,Colombian,294 Emerald-bellied, 294 Green-crowned, 294 Mexican, 294 Violet-crowned, 294

Northern Ivory-billed, 347

Red-rumped,342 Red-vented, 335

Rufous-winged,342 Smoky-brown,342 Splendid, 346 Spot-breasted,343 Strickland's, 340

Stripe-cheeked,342

Bahama, 336

Three-toed, 341 West Indian, 336 West Indian Red-bellied, 336 White-headed, 340 Yucatan, 335 Woodstar, Bahama, 307 Costa Rican, 307

Beautiful, 334 Black-backed, 341 Black-backed Three-toed, 341 Black-cheeked, 334

Gorgeted,695 Magenta-throated,307 Purple-throated,307 wortheni, Spizella, 612

Bronze-winged,343

Wren, 482

Woodpecker,Acorn, 333 Arctic, 341

Arctic Three-toed, 341 Arizona, 340

Brown-backed, 340

Apolinar's,483

Cayman, 336 Chestnut, 701

Band-backed, 471 Banded, 477 Bar-vented, 477

Chestnut-colored, 345 Cinnamon, 345 Crimson-bellied, 346 Crimson-crested, 346 Cuban Green, 338

Cuban Ivory-billed, 347 Downy, 339 Fernandina's, 345 Flint-billed, 347 Gila, 335 Golden-cheeked, 334 Golden-fronted, 335

Bay, 476 Bewick's, 479 Black-bellied, 475

Black-capped,476 Black-throated, 475 Boucard's, 473 Brown-throated, 481 Buff-breasted, 478 Cabot's, 478 Cactus, 473

(see also Cactus-Wren)

Golden-green,343 Golden-naped,333

Canebrake, 479

Golden-olive, 343

Carolina, 478

Gray-breasted,334 Gray-crowned, 343

Chiapas,472

Canyon, 474

Great Red-bellied, 336

Clarion, 481 Cozumel, 481

Great Spotted,338 Guadeloupe,333 Hairy, 339 Hispaniolan, 334 Hoffmann's, 335

Crossin's, 475 Fasciated, 472 Fawn-breasted, 478 Giant, 472 Grass, see Grass-Wren

Immaculate, 701

Gray, 478 Gray-barred,472

Imperial, 347

828

CHECK-LIST OF NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS Happy, 478

xantholora, Arnazona, 242

House, 480

xanthornus,Agelaius, 641 xanthophrys,Pseudonestor,673 xanthopterygius,Forpus, 239, 693 xanthopygius,Heterospingus,575

(see also House-Wren) Irazfi, 484 Marsh, 483

(see also Marsh-Wren) Merida, 483 Mountain, 481 Musician, 486

Xanthoura, 443 xantusi, Otus kennicottii, 255

xantusii, Hylocharis, 296 Xerna, 194

Nava's, 475 Niceforo's, 477

Nightingale,485 (see also Nightingale-Wren)

Xenerpestes,349 Xenicopsis,351 Xenicopsoides,351 Xenoctistes, 351

Northern, 482 Ochraceous, 481 Pararno, 483 Plain, 479 Riverside, 476 Rock, 473 Rufous-and-white, 477 Rufous-backed, 472 Rufous-breasted, 476 Rufous-browed, 481

Xenoligea, 560, 568 Xenopicus,339 Xenopipo,423 Xenops,353 Xenops, Plain, 353

Rufous-naped,472

Xiphidiopicus,338 Xiphocolaptes,357 Xiphorhynchus,358

Salvin's, 476 Santa Marta, 481

Streaked, 353 Xenornis, 362

Xenospiza, 619 Xenotriccus, 389

Xenus, 158

Scaly-breasted,485 Sclater's, 472

Y

Sedge, 482

yarrelli, Motacilla, 526 yelkouan,Puffinus,21 Yellow-Finch, Grassland, 598

Sinaloa, 477 Slender-billed, 475 Socorro, 479

Song, 486 Sooty-headed,475 Speckle-breasted, 477 Speckled,477 Spot-breasted,477 Spotted,472 Stripe-backed,472 Stripe-breasted,476 Stripe-throated,476 Sumichrast's, 474

Misto, 599 Montane, 599 Northern, 599

Yellow-Wagtail, Alaska, 525 Yellowhammer, 628

Yellowlegs,Greater,153 Lesser, 153

Yellowthroat, Altamira, 559 Bahama, 559

Belding's, 558 Black-lored, 560

Superciliated,478 Tepui, 481

Black-polled, 559 Chapala, 558 Chiriqui, 560

Timberline, 484

Whistling, 485 White-bellied, 484 White-headed, 471

Common, 558

Gray-crowned,560 Hooded, 559 Masked, 559 Olive-crowned, 559 Peninsular, 559 Yellow-crowned, 559

Winter, 482

Yucatan, 473 Zapata, 480 Wrenthrush, 567 Wrentit, 514

wrightii, Ernpidonax,396, 397 Wryneck, 331 Eurasian, 331

wurnizusurne, Synthliborarnphus, 214 wyvilliana,Anas, 69 X

Xanthocephalus, 643 xanthocephalus, Xanthocephalus, 643 xanthogaster,Euphonia,585 xanthogastra, Carduelis, 666

yncas,Cyanocorax,443 yucatanensis,Arnazilia, 300 Myiarchus, 403 yucatanicus,Carnpylorhynchus, 473 Cyanocorax,444 Nyctiphrynus,270 yunnanensis,Sitta, 469 Z

Zarhynchus,657 zarurnae,Tharnnophilus,362

INDEX zeledoni, Chlorospingus,571 Cochlearis, 47

Phyllomyias, 380 Thryothorus, 479 Zeledonia, 567

829 Zimmerius, 380

zonaris, Streptoprocne,276 zonatus,Campylorhynchus, 471,472 Zonotrichia, 622 Zoothera, 513

zena, Spindalis, 581

Zosteropidae,515

Zenaida, 223 Zenaidura, 223

Zosterops, 515