Spain - Energy System Overview

Spain - Energy System Overview

Spain - Energy System Overview General information Spain 505 000 km Country size Population (2016) 2 6th compared to IEA countries 46.5 million ...

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Spain - Energy System Overview General information

Spain 505 000 km

Country size Population (2016)

2

6th compared to IEA countries

46.5 million

GDP (2016)

4.1% of IEA population

1520 billion USD 2010 prices and PPPs

* PPP = Purchasing Power Parities

Energy system transformation SUPPLY AND DEMAND 2016 TPES: 119 Mtoe, 15% renewables (IEA average 10%)

ELECTRICITY GENERATION: 271.2 TWh 39% renewables (IEA average: 24%)

Mtoe 140

Heat Net impor t

120

Tr ansfor mation and other losses

Electricity Other renewable

100

Commer cial

Hydro 13%

Oil 6%

Biofuels and waste

80

Biofuels & waste 2%

Nuclear 22%

Nuclear

60

Gas 20%

Natural Gas

Tr anspor t

40

Solar 5%

Renewables

Wind 18%

Oil Residential

Coal 14%

Coal

20 Industr y

0 Production

TPES

TFC* (by fuel)

TFC* (by sector)

*Demand data are for 2015

Fuel shares compared to IEA average Fuel

TPES (%)

IEA average* (%)

IEA range (%)

Electricity (%)

IEA average (%)

IEA range (%)

Coal

9

17

0-69

14

28

0-84

Oil

42

36

7-58

6

2

0-10

Gas

21

27

2-40

19

27

1-51

Hydro

3

2

0-43

13

13

0-96

Nuclear

13

10

0-44

22

19

0-73

Biofuels

6

6

2-27

2

3

0-26

Wind

4

1

0-7

18

6

0-42

Geothermal

0

1

0-23

0

0

0-18

Solar

3

1

0-3

5

2

0-13

* IEA Average - total supply per fuel / TPES for 29 IEA countries

KEY ENERGY INDICATOR DEVELOPMENT, 1990-2015

ENERGY AND CARBON INTENSITY (2016)

Index (1990=100)

180

Spain

IEA average

TPES per capita (toe/cap)

2.56

4.42

Electricity consum ption per capita (MWh/cap)

5.50

8.69

Em issions* per capita (tCO2/cap)

5.32

9.88

Energy intensity (TPES) (Mtoe/USD PPP million)

78

96

Em ission* intensity (tCO2/ USD PPP million)

168

193

GDP (USD 2010 prices and PPPs)

160

Population

140

TPES

120

TFC

100

CO 2 emissions emissions CO2

80 1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

* CO2 emissio ns fro m fuel co mbustio n (2015 data)

Energy Security PRODUCTION AND SELF SUFFICIENCY, 2016

ENERGY IMPORT/EXPORT FUEL

Self sufficiency

Mtoe 60

8%

50

Production TPES

6% 40

Self sufficiency

30

4%

20 2% 10

0

0% Oil

Natural gas

Coal

QUANTITY

IMPORT/EXPORT COUNTRY

Crude Oil Imports

67.2 Mt

Mexico (13.7%)

Exports Oil Products

3.4 Mt

Netherlands (26.6%)

Imports

18.1 Mt

Italy (19.1%)

Exports Natural gas

21.3 Mt

Morocco (14.2%)

Imports

32.4 bcm

Algeria (56.8%)

Exports Coal

4 bcm

Portugal (81.4%)

Imports

13.8 Mt

Colombia (29.3%)

Exports

0.5 Mt

Italy (53.6%)

ELECTRICITY Imports Exports No te: 2016 data are estimated

15 TWh 15.1 TWh

France (61.1%) Portugal (53.5%) So urce: IEA Wo rld Energy B alances 2017