Stowaway - Australian National Maritime Museum

Stowaway - Australian National Maritime Museum

    HMB Endeavour Teacher Endeavour Reading oom books to read, enjoy, study and discuss Image courtesy of RodicaPrato Stowaway Karen Hesse Robe...

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HMB Endeavour Teacher

Endeavour Reading oom books to read, enjoy, study and discuss

Image courtesy of RodicaPrato

Stowaway Karen Hesse Robert Andrew Parker

Ahoy! Did you know there was an 11-year-old stowaway on board when Captain James Cook set sail on the H.M.S. Endeavour in 1768? Many people don’t. This is the story of that boy – Nicholas Young. It is a different type of recount of the voyage we have all heard about since childhood. “I only wanted a long voyage. I did not know I had stowed away on such an important one.” (p.11) Based on the journals of Cook and Banks, but with some fictional embellishments to bring the ‘young side’ to life, Nick shares his experiences, good and bad.

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National Maritime Museum 2012

Ahoy! Did you know there was an 11-year-old stowaway on board when Captain James Cook set sail on the H.M.S. Endeavour in 1768? Many people don’t. This is the story of that boy – Nicholas Young. It is a different type of recount of the voyage we have all heard about since childhood. “I only wanted a long voyage. I did not know I had stowed away on such an important one.” (p.11) Based on the journals of Cook and Banks, but with some fictional embellishments to bring the ‘young side’ to life, Nick shares his experiences, good and bad. From hiding in the Pinnace for several weeks, to watching his fellow sailors and friends die during the voyage, the tales are heartfelt and informative. We hear of watching the Transit of Venus near Tahiti (King George’s Land), taking on board two native Tahitians (one close to Nick’s age), sharing in the discoveries of Banks and Solander, the healings of Surgeon Monkhouse, the charting of New Zealand (Nick is recognised as being the first to sight NZ soil), and finally the return journey to England. As well as forging human friendships Nick spends as much time as he can with the ship’s goat, and the two greyhound dogs (Lord and Lady Grey). Mixed with the pleasant times are the not so pleasant tales of illness, cruelty (especially by Mr Bootie) and hardship which go hand in hand with such an expedition, and of Nick’s admiration for the Captain and the Gentleman (Banks). Historical records show that Young actually sailed again with Banks in 1772. Written in diary format this story is perfect to read in small chunks, and lends itself to role play and drama activities to take students back to the time of Cook’s voyage. There is plenty of action - “I’m up in the rigging every chance I get. It’s not so different from climbing trees at Grandmother’s. Some of the seamen are friendlier, now they see I can do my share of the work, even if I am a bit undersized.” (p.20); and plenty of pathos and insight “I cannot watch him mourn himself to death over Tarheto without doing the same myself. My heart is a knot. I can barely move.” (p.259) Rich in detail, this story brings history alive, and is certainly worth a read. Recommended for ages 10 and above.

Other Reviews : http://pinksheepcafe.wordpress.com/2011/07/22/stowaway-karen-hesse-book-review/ http://www.kidsreads.com/reviews/0689839871.asp http://www.amazon.com/Stowaway-Karen-Hesse/dp/0689839898 http://www.librarything.com/work/508376 http://www.captaincooksociety.com/ccsu217.htm

Australian National Maritime Museum

Author biography ( taken

from (http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/contributor/karen-hesse) Karen Hesse was born on 29 August 1952 . “While growing up in Baltimore, Maryland, I dreamed of becoming many things: an archaeologist, an ambassador, an actor, an author. In 1969, I attended Towson State College as a theater major, but transferred after two semesters to the University of Maryland, where I eventually earned a B.A. in English with double minors in Psychology and Anthropology. From the time I was ten I thought of myself as “good with words,” thanks to a perceptive and supportive fifth grade teacher. Mrs. Datnoff believed I could be a professional writer some day and because she believed, I believed too. Though I gave up all my other career dreams, I never gave up dreaming of publication. It took more than thirty years to see that fifth grade dream come true. I don't know whether that makes me extremely patient or just plain stubborn. I have earned wages as a waitress, a nanny, a librarian, a personnel officer, an agricultural laborer, an advertising secretary, a typesetter, a proofreader, a mental-health-care provider, a substitute teacher, and a book reviewer. In and around the edges of all those jobs I have written poems, stories, and books, books, books. The seed for Out of the Dust grew out of a picture-book idea. Presented with an early draft of the forthcoming picture book, Come On, Rain (1999), my writers group insisted I elaborate on why my characters wanted rain so badly. I began researching times when people desperately wanted rain and Out of the Dust blossomed into existence. I love writing. I can't wait to get to my keyboard every morning. I also love reading, hiking, spending time with friends and family, traveling, and music — both playing it and listening to it. National Public Radio is a frequent companion... the inspiration for The Music of Dolphins came from an interview I heard on “Fresh Air.” Young readers are the most challenging, demanding, and rewarding of audiences. Adults often ask why I write for the younger set. My reply: I can't think of anyone I'd rather write for.” Karen Hesse lives in Vermont with her husband and two adult daughters. The following contact details are correct at the time of publication: Fan Mail Address (via the publisher): Karen Hesse Hyperion Books for Children 114 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10011 USA Phone: (212) 633-4400 Fax: (212) 807-5432

Australian National Maritime Museum

Rationale:

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The Shape of the Australian Curriculum: English, proposes that F-10 curriculum in English be organised around three interrelated strands: Language: The Language strand involves the development of a coherent, dynamic and evolving body of knowledge about the English language and how it works. Literature: Students learn to interpret, appreciate, evaluate and create literary texts such as narrative, poetry, prose, plays, film and multimodal texts, in spoken, print and digital/online contexts. Literacy: Students apply their English skills and knowledge to read, view, speak, listen to, write and create a growing repertoire of texts. (National Curriculum Board Shape of the Australian Curriculum : English May 2009) This ‘literature package’ aims to provide teachers with activities to support an in-depth study of a historical novel which can be adapted across (NSW) stages 3, 4 and 5 (Years 5 – 10) to suit students of varying ability levels. There are similar links in the syllabi of other states, including English in all states, and SOSE in Queensland, S&E in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and South Australia, S&H in Tasmania.

Aims: Students will : • • • • • • •

Understand the historical setting of the novel Enjoy the narrative from the perspective of someone around their own age Meet a range of characters Follow an itinerary based on the real ship’s log and diary entries Gain a deeper knowledge and understanding of life on board HMB Endeavour 1768 – 1771 Have the opportunity to develop further language, literature and literacy skills through a range of activities Appreciate the genre of historical fiction

Australian National Maritime Museum

Content and activities: Depending on the desired perspective, the abilities and composition of the class, and the time available, teachers may choose to engage with one small part of the book, a separate section or perspective from the book, or the book as a whole. A variety of teaching and learning strategies should be used to assist students to reflect on their own learning. Activities should address a range of learning styles and preferences, and challenge students of all abilities. The following stimulus ideas are intended to serve as a guide only. • •

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Use sentence starters or quotes for students to continue a story, either verbally or in writing Make a classroom ‘museum exhibition’ of Endeavour-related artworks, models and photographs of interesting items from the trip and ask students to write captions and text panels for the exhibits Students make up recipes using ingredients mentioned in the book. Model the ship’s biscuit as the example Write a procedure for one of the chores on board an eighteenth century tall ship Write a book review or make a book web trailer – provide a scaffold (see resources) Write a new diary entry / ending/ account of a particular incident from a different character’s perspective, or a fictional account eg from the perspective of the figurehead Write a news report or conduct an oral interview about one of the events in the book eg finding the stowaway Make a class glossary of different words and nautical terms in the book Write letters or emails to different characters asking them questions, possibly from the perspective of ‘if they were alive today …’ Write / speak a ‘chain story’ using objects as motivators (moving around a circle, one sentence each), or pick a word from a bag and make up an ongoing story (one or two sentences each) Write poems in different styles eg limericks, haiku, mnemonics Who/What am I? Ask questions to find out who they are (hat on head, sign on back) Make a comic strip / graphic novel version using speech bubbles Make a computer game, animation, board game or fact cards Select a history topic relevant to the time of the novel (maybe from a brainstorm list). Research the topic, looking for factual details to include in their stories (names, places, and events). Create a Story Map to develop the details of their story. Work individually, in pairs or as a team to write the story in whatever format they want (eg. diary, verse, narrative). When the stories are finished display them in your classroom by placing them



in order along an historical timeline. Storytelling to recount the story to different audiences eg small children, adults around a



campfire, members of a university conference Performance of vignettes eg different role plays and interaction segments between the



range of characters, which may include costuming and fashion of the era Group and individual research activities to hone in on particular aspects of the historical content eg European exploration, the impact on indigenous peoples, the benefits to science of activities such as recording new species of flora and fauna, observing the transit of Venus



Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of writing in a diary style

Australian National Maritime Museum

Some interesting quotes from Stowaway for discussion : p.1“ It’s a good hiding place I’ve got, in the aft of what Samuel Evans calls the Pinnace, a small boat Endeavour carries aboard her. I can look over the edge and see the deck without being noticed. But it is difficult, lying still, day and night. Sometimes the urge to cry out nearly gets the better of me. I haven’t yet….” Discuss feelings, repercussions / consequences of actions, loyalty and dependence on others, changing weather and m oods on board… p.90 “Some of the men have been sent out to collect Ballast to take aboard Endeavour. The men found heapings of rock at a sacred burial site and thought it ideal ballast. When they began dismantling the burial place, the natives rose in protest and insisted they desist… How would they feel if the Natives hauled off grave markers from an English cemetery?” Discuss the impact of European explorations on the indigenous populations eg Tahiti and Australia. How was it handled by both sides ? W ould it be different now? Can you think of any ‘m odern’ parallels?

p.144 “ Christmas will be here soon. How is London, I wonder? And my family? I suppose the butcher is up to his ears in goose feathers about now. There’s some comfort in that. …” Discuss feelings about being a long way away. Depth of memories, visual and em otional. Im portance of traditions in our lives, then and now. How and why have things changed?

p.145 “ Captain has known for some time that this is not a totally new and uncharted Continent. In fact, this land was discovered a very long time ago, Mr Banks says, 150 years to be exact. By a Dutchman named Tasman. This land has a name after all, New Zeland. …” Discuss the sense of adm iration for the learned men on board, eg Cook and Banks, and their role models to a young, intelligent man keen to observe and learn, and listen, and ask questions. W hy had NZ not been settled earlier? Find som e factual evidence to support this.

p.175 “ “Perhaps we should stop the lessons awhile.” Samuel said. Hard words to say. Hard words to hear. I thought I was strong enough, alert enough for Mr Bootie. I was wrong.” Discuss the treatment of different crew m em bers, and the various punishm ents given. Look at bullying then and now, in different social and historical contexts, and its effect on various personalities both on board and in today’s society.

p.256 “ The ship is alive the way a hive is with bees. Our tents are filled with moaning and cries for water and bad smells and insufferable heat. Tarheto looks out of eyes glassy with fever… I remember when he studied the colour of my skin on OTahiti, and I studied his. We have come so far since then…” Discuss the imagery here, and the change in understanding over time. How important are personal, real life experiences in affecting our attitudes to others? Think of som e m odern day sim ilarities, situations which m ay lead to changes in understanding others m ore.

Australian National Maritime Museum

Technology : Include one or more of the following components to satisfy requirements for the integration of technology into the unit : Make a book trailer – see example in Resources below Make a vodcast or podcast of an interview with other students about their opinions of the book Create a simple computer game or animation related to the story Word process various styles of writing Format text in a variety of styles Experiment with design and layout options Create PowerPoint presentations Evaluate a range of multimedia texts eg websites or CD Roms Conduct an online interactive session or email conversations with the author

Resources: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ligoJcwF9BY cwe trailer – quite good 1.16minutes http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/calendar-activities/karen-hesse-authornewbery-20673.html classroom ideas for Out of the dust which could be adapted to Stowaway http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Young_(sailor) Use Nicholas Young as a character / guide https://fuse.education.vic.gov.au/primary/pages/View.aspx?id=8b8a6636-6e7a-4f0a-81dce0166cb3baf2&Source=%252fPrimary%252fPages%252fResults.aspx%253fs%253darts%2526 sb%253dKBNGModified%252bDESC%25252c%252bRank%252bDESC%2526col%253dmuseu mvictoria.com.au ABC interactive via Victorian Department of Education site http://www.abc.net.au/stowaways/ companion

Some interesting episodes with Nicholas and his Tahitian

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/7325164 comment about Nicholas’s death http://www.integratededucation.com/NZ+History+Alive+Tape+Exerpts/Young+Nick.html More information about young Nick

Australian National Maritime Museum

Evaluation : Assessment could be through a series of informal activities and observations, plus a formal assessment task which outlines the outcomes, task requirements, assessment criteria and marking guidelines. This may be a piece of creative writing, the presentation of some research, a response to a given question or a group activity.

We want to hear from you! Let us know how the book and activities worked with your students. Encourage your students to write and send in their own book reviews to us. Maybe you have formed your own book club or literary discussion group. We want to hear about it! We welcome any discussion or constructive feedback. Email [email protected]

Australian National Maritime Museum