Suffrage Rally - Beamish

Suffrage Rally - Beamish

Learning Resources Key Stage 3 & 4 SUFFRAGE RALLY Character Cards - Long Version :: page 4 - 38 Character Cards - Short Version :: page 39 - 71 Charac...

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Learning Resources Key Stage 3 & 4 SUFFRAGE RALLY Character Cards - Long Version :: page 4 - 38 Character Cards - Short Version :: page 39 - 71 Character Profile Sheet :: page 72 & 73 Fictional Role-Play Scenarios :: page 74 - 76

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Historical Scenarios – Freeze Frames and Role-Play With this resource, role-play and drama can used to help pupils explore the history of the movement and prepare for the visit to Beamish.

KS3/4 Resources to Support the Suffrage Rally at Beamish Museum

Each scenario refers to a range of issues in the suffrage movement, for example: stereotypes, gender roles, methods of political protests, response of those in authority – police, government, force feeding etc. This is a chance to flesh out characters, rehearse political arguments and practice role-play skills.

Preparation:

Differentiated Character Cards

• Distribute character cards. • Pupils should consider what their character might be like, the A3 profile sheet can help with this.

• Cards are intended to be starting points from which pupils may develop fictional characters, based on the history of the suffrage movement.

Task

• Each set of cards will tell the pupil which faction they belong to: Suffragette, Suffragist or Anti.

Long Version – Writing in Role If using this set of cards, each pupil will receive a letter, a diary entry or a scrapbook page written by their character. This piece of writing includes information regarding their character’s life and personal circumstances, a relevant photograph and details that could be used during the role-play/ debate.

• Pupils should be split into groups (about five pupils in each). Groups should include all factions – suffragettes, suffragists and antis. • Distribute fictional scenarios, one per group. Read through and discuss the issues as a group. • Pupils must decide, in their group, how each fi ctional character would react in that situation. • Freeze frames should be created to show the moment in time described in the scenario. • Pupils then develop this further by adding:

Short Version

• A sentence to express how their character is feeling/what they are saying

If using this set of cards, each pupil will receive information regarding their character’s life and a relevant photograph.

• A full scene to show what happens and how the situation unravels

Character Profile Sheet

• Pupils should watch each group in turn, discuss the issues explored and discuss how dramatic performances could be improved (louder speech, physical movements etc).

This sheet can be used as a prompt to help pupils fl esh out their fictional character. This should be blown up to form an A3 sheet that can be folded into files.

DVD – Calling all Campaigners We have filmed six fictional characters from each faction talking about the suffrage movement, rehearsing arguments they might use during a debate. Pupils can use these arguments during role-play activities. Footage can also be used to consider the public speaking skills they will use at the Museum – our characters represent people from the Beamish community and so both strengths and weaknesses in ‘presentations’ can be discussed.

Suffrage Rally: KS3/4 Resources Summary 2

Suffrage Rally: KS3/4 Resources Summary

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My Husband is a very wonderful Solicitor! He has just been made partner at his firm. This is a photograph of our family having tea on the lawn to celebrate! I have learnt that our maid (in the background) has become the object of Tea on the Lawn – Sum rumour and speculation mer 1913 e om bec has She n. in Tow ls, involved with those criminals nk I am the so-called Suffragettes! I thi going to have to replace her. itely not be I think that women should defin y and proper able to vote. That is a man’s dut life. role. He is best suited to public ctable and A woman should be refined, respe welfare of should concern herself with the are not her husband and family. Women d conflict suited to the unpleasantness an remain above involved with politics. We must all that.

I passed some wom en in the street campaigning for th said I was lettin e vot tee. TTh heey g my children down y by subjugating myse husband! I disagr lf to my eed with them an d we n t ac ross the road to si the other petition gn , the one saying wo men should not vo gave me a badge! te. They My husband is a miner and I work hard to look after little ones. him and our

The behaviour of th e Suffragettes is shocking. Breakin destroying property g windows, , arson and being ar re sted – where will I have seen pictu it end? res of riots. I hav e re ad ac counts of women disrupting politica l meetings and h ec kling respectable These women cann politicians. ot be respectable. Where are their m orals? And to go on hun ger strike, not on ce but time and ti knowing they will me again be force-fed! How ca n any sensible, san do this? It is mad e woman ness – and they ar e pr ov ing all their crit right who accuse ics them of instabilit y and hysteria. I will not associat e myself with th ese women and th eiir ‘ccaau ussee’’..

Summer 1913 - This is my family and I am proud to be a mother and a wife.

proper I will show my support for the all tasteful womanly virtues by wearing a sm lly. badge on my coat during the Ra

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Dear Margaret,

man and Congratulations on your news, Tom is a nice rried for at I am sure you will both be very happily ma you? I least 100 years!! Will your Father be living with hope he gets better soon. I am still working hard at the Co-op as an assistant behind the counter.

he mish at the There are a lot of things happening at Bea a March and Rally moment – the mad Suffragettes want to hold a lot of talk in the Co-op here, which has everyone arguing! There is band if I am marching about this. Can’t imagine ever getting a hus myself to the park fence up and down yelling at people, if I chain or hit some poor policeman with my umbrella! another shop in I have a photo of some friends who work in WSPU (on the far right of Lamesley, and one of them has joined the bers of the peaceful the photo). Two other assistants there are mem ing to convert us all lot, the NUWSS (on the left), and they are try ebates’ are very funny to here at the Beamish store. We think their ‘d listen to!

er us all anyway. I am I think the men do a good job looking aft ge you a badg ave ssent y st! I hhav oneest m iiss ttoo bbee hhon not sure what their problem to wear at the Rally. See you soon, p.s. Does Tom have any brothers?

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Dear Ella,

y with us for a You are welcome to come and sta th in the mine I little while. Since my husband’s dea nd ing in washing and have been earning extra money by tak were not caught making quilts. My sons of course l in our house in the accident and so we are stil . It is hard now and they are still bringing in money and it would be Henry is gone but we are managing good to see you. ingg ein bein b s be hee iis Sh r sister now. S I must say some words about you feel. You must be rm with her. inuenced by the wrong people I and do not know how to behave. Young women today have no morals after your family without There is enough to do just looking to rallies and meetings. Neglecting wasting your time and money going Women who break the law and your household duties is wrong. not behave as Christian women are arrested are shameful! They do should! the wrong path. If you bring her Guide her so she does not follow k. here I can help you with this tas day. I thought you might I was given a badge in Town yester appreciate it! to your sister’s coat and her Perhaps you could secretly pin it in! friends might refuse to see her aga is full of mischief and fun! Here I am with my youngest. He Yours sincerely,

Your dearest friend.

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Dear Mary,

Elizabeth, A quick note – are you going to this ‘S uffrage Rally’ in T everyone is talking own that about - if it happe ns at all that is? not sure I have th I am e time to waste on such things! Politics is for thos e people who can af ford it! Travelling meetings, buying pu to blications, joining or ganizations and pa membership fees ... ying And the time! Wh o has the time to d this in between was o all hing, cleaning and feeding the family? husband works har My d down the mine, an d I work hard to m he is fed and his ake sure children are cared for. Rich women in big hats – that’s who have the time! Dab politics is just a bi bling in t of fun for that lo t. I think women shou ld not be able to vo te. Most of us don to anyway! We hav ’t want e more important th ings to do with our time. If you do go to town , would you pick up so me things for me fr Co-op – carbolic soap om the , flour, butter, if yo u don’t mind. Her picture of us all fo e is a r Mother’s mantelp iece, could you give it to her? Thanks. Your Sister.

r from you and Harry. Do My Husband and I were so pleased to hea n grown so much! you like the photograph – haven’t the childre ome involved in the I have some news – our dear friend has bec ried about her. I keep women’s suffrage movement and I am wor de the political decisions trying to tell her that men have always ma ngement’ that works and there is no need to undermine an ‘arra ided at all costs in my perfectly well. Social upheaval should be avo that is why we are great opinion. We are a calm rational country and in the World. y will be destabilized People fear that the Empire and the econom it has been in my if women get the vote. I fear for our Farm, t will happen to us all if husband’s family for generations and wha t the vote what will they there is turmoil in the country? If they ge demand next? Our land? Things are as they should be. ote! Women should not be given the vvote Will you write to Ivy and talkk some sense into her? If she persists in this folly wwee cannot remain friends. My family must come first. I look forward to your next letter. Your friend always.

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Dear Mother,

In answer to your question, yes I am still will be marchin a Suffragette g in the colour and I s of the WSPU at Beamish. if there is a rally I am sorry tha t you and the family are so e and I hope th mbarrassed by at one day you me will understan law and went d why I broke to prison. the Women must b e able to vote. We must make continue to da this happen. I mage property will to make people listen. I have sent a picture so you will remember daughter even I am still your though you dis agree with me I work hard as now. My friend servants at H and ome Farm – but more to life th there must be an this! I don ’t mean gettin to do more tha g married, I w n that some d ant ay! Mother, I don’t want to be bos sed around by people for the men and wealt rest of my life hy and if women be able to do s got the vote I omething diffe might rent with my to other people life. I would b . I would have e eqquual rights. Don’t you want a better life f or me than you have had? To get this be tter life I must take act ion. I wish you and Dad could be pr oud of me. Come to the ra lly if it takes place and wat me march. The ch re will be spee ches and you w understand m ill e better. Your loving dau ghter.

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rtoaDemllandy

th eVot e for Wom en munity, Members of the Beamish Com I am sure you know my Friends, you all know me, and s Suffrage. In a modern views on the issue of Women’ injustice that educated, democracy it is an obscene en cannot vote. propertied, respectable wom – for example child I campaign on many issues for women, improved poverty, employment rights healthcare provision educational opportunities, s and I work tirelessly and sanitation. My colleague nge will only happen if in this regard but real cha that vote to make change we obtain the vote and use happen! to improve the lives of The vote is vital if we are women in this country. Beamish Courant supports My husband as Editor of the me in this. are arranging a Rally at My colleagues in the WSPU Beamish to demand the vote. police, arrested, I have been brutalized by the lst campaigning. imprisoned and force fed whi I do not ask this of you. to ours. I ask you to add your voice justice, and the vote. Support us in our call for

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Summer 1913 Dear Agnes,

Summer 1913 Dear Diary, lping persuade people he y da to n w To in as w I e are organising. My to join us in the Rally w e and pretended not m ed pass aw -l in rhe ot br ked, but thought to to know me! I was shoc mily now, the WSPU , fa ew n a ve ha I f: el ys m ! so I shall not mind him have found his ld ou w as om Th at th k I thin amusing if he were brother’s reaction quite d, he would have still alive. As my husban . suppor ted me, I am sure ning as a teacher, He was proud of my trai it up when I had ve gi to d ha I gh ou th even have wanted better our children. He would ughters too I think. da r ou r fo es ti ni tu or opp money to suppor t gh ou en ft le s ha as om Th now he is gone, so I our family financially, Suffrage Rally: Long Character Card 12

and be thankful I at th h it w do e ak m t us m suppose. en wonderful for Joining the WSPU has be me. political I do have to admit, I find fulfilling, and I campaigning extremely ation and talents am able to use my educ useful. once again for something new friends and I have also made lots of I am without that has helped me now nely! Thomas. Life is not so lo a lot to learn from My brother-in-law has ld raise politics out women – women wou , more moral, more er gh hi a to ’ er utt g ‘ e th of ust write and tell common-sense level. I m him so!

I have just been released from prison. I am back at home wit h my husband and he is doing a wo nderful job looking after me. I feel quite weak and unwell I must say. I refused food again whilst in prison and so of course they forced it into me. They are barbaric. This is torture, nothing less than torture. They will no t stop me though, they make me more determined to fight for our rig hts! My husband has had to endure many insults from his so-called friends at the mine. They say I am a criminal and ‘deserve all I get ’. He takes this very badly I am afraid. But he still goes to work every da y, putting up with it, killing himself down there to keep a roof over our heads and food in our bellies! Some of the oth er women in the WSPU don’t realise how we struggle to find the money to campaign as we do. But if we are ever to have a better life we must make peo ple sit up and listen. My husband understand s this. If I am well enough for the Rally, I will attend as you ask , and I will join you in your latest pla n! You always think of ingeni ous ways of protesting! They will have to sit up and take notice of us I have no doubt! I think we will be seeing the Constable again!

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Summer 1913 Dear Mother,

both well. I am working hard and are d da d an u yo r hea to d gla I am d at all. my new job in Lamesley is not ba ish, but I cannot agree am Be in lly Ra the to go to not You have asked me en, but it is, it must be, and it wom for not is s itic pol y sa You r. to that Mothe is for me!

need to improve our lives and the en wom we at wh d an rst de un not Men do g to act time and time ilin fa by s thi ved pro ve ha ey Th . lives of our children employed working men, but un d an k sic ps hel tion isla leg t en again. Governm without enough protection. they have left women and children roved – now, not next year, or in imp be will s live t tha so e vot the ed Women ne ten years time. We need it now. d to break the law again I will. An ed ne I if d an r, the Mo rch ma will I s, as you fear, I do not thi of use ca be me rry ma to s nt wa if no man ever care.

u both. I love you and Dad, and miss yo I hope to see you soon, ghter. g Daug our loving YYou

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Dear Dia

ry,

My fath er Beamish is the Station . He is a n hone Master here at pride in st m h asked m is work. My frie an and takes e n I told t what he does ds in the WSP he th U running m: he is respo e other day a nd nsible fo of the s r the da tation a of the b ily oo n signalma king office cle d he is in char g r n and t he port k, the station e e r s. I know w or a fire hat they are t hin a demons t the station w king – a bom b tration of our d ould be a perfe the vot edicatio c e. n to win t in g I do no t know if I can though support . them in this My fath er would bad hap pened t be distraught if he knew I a was inv re and especia nything olved, t ll y if he hat I h ad help ed

them p er gave th form what he c em info rmation alls a ‘crime’. I gave th fI ab em alight m keys, or actu out schedules, yself, h e would ally set the pla c never f When p orgive m e eople fo e. un damage his repu d out I had a hand in tation w I can im th a o Couran gine the headli uld be destroy e t now: e n d. e s in the B ‘Su Destroy eamish s Statio ffragette Dau gh n – was Involve Station ter d?’ Master He has been a g ood and loving f Should ather t I give t o me. h father a em info rmation nd his s ta a informa tion abo ff? Should I g bout my iv u building e t the la s? yout an them d the They sa y importa I will have to c nt to m e: my fa hoose what is mily or m the vot ost e…

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Dear Diary,

My sons will go I am a miners wife. hters will become down the pit. My daug there has to be wives themselves, but em…doesn’t there? something more for th em than the th r fo fe li er tt be a I want one I am living. all to think I am encouraging them e girls are just th d an es lv se em th r fo me to political beginning to accompany meetings. fe however, and I I want them to be sa any harm coming to of t gh ou th e th te ha e feeding – it is them (arrest and forc is should happenn ttoo th at th e bl ka in th un my girls)

Dear Sister,

to organize Have you heard about the Suffrage Rally they are trying t time we here in Beamish? If it is on, are you coming? I think it is abou women got a better deal in this life! me because Some of the men who work here at the Co-op are laughing at apprentice I say I am able to understand politics. I may be just an am stupid! shop assistant on 16s. 10d. per week but that does not mean I laughing I thought that Alf would have stood up for me when they were they could at me, but he joined in. He said women should not vote and if the whole country would be in trouble! tram with him I’ve gone right off Alf now! I told him I won’t catch the ! to work any more, I am going to ride my bike to work – alone I don’t support the Suffragettes though.

be arrested. I don’t think it is ever ok to break the law. I don’t want to k all our People here at the Co-op are worried the Suffragettes will brea t happen to windows during the rally. (I am a bit scared of wwhat migh be honest!)

My beautiful ful daughters.

hey I am thinking of joining the NUWSS iff tthey do hold a Rally here. - Peaceful protestt – ould that’s the way! Do come to the rally, wwee ccould join up together!

Summer 1913.3.

Your loving sister.

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should be able to I believe that women legal methods to e us t us m we t bu te vo further this cause. dermine our The suffragettes un the law. They arguments by breaking their actions. make people afraid by WSS and by I am part of the NU with petitions, , ng ni ig pa m ca ul ef ac pe ess conduct – we persuasion and blamel will achieve our aims. fe for my family. I will win a better li Beamish. Our at ly al R a be ay m re The s the community arguments will impres I am sure.

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Dear Editor, I am a Suffragist - member of the NUWSS. I believe women should be able to vote and I want to pass on a messa ge to the readers of your newspaper. I am the wife of a coal miner. I have six children and I take my responsibilities towards them all very seriously. If our homes are not well organized and happy how can the nation as a whole be well organized and happy? Involvement in politics does not stop me being a good mother and a good wife. Women have to be good organizers, we work hard and have to make diffic ult decisions every day. We are used to bearing great responsibility. It is a natura l progression to use our God-given talents to benefit the political realm as well as the private realm. I do want to reassure you however that we do not support the lawbreaking activities of the Suffragettes. Such criminal actions are a bad example to our children. The NUWSS respects the law of this great country and we will continue to campaign at Beamish through legal methods, petitioning, persuading and marching for our cause. We are no threat to the peace! Respect for the law and the family, as well as for democracy drives us all on. Join your voices with ours as we call “Votes for Women!” Y Yours faithfully, a devoted m mothe r, wife and member of the NUWSS.

To the School Board,

Note to the Sch ool Bo ard Mem bers, We hav e recei v ed a co class t mplain eacher t that has bee etc. Sh the n invo e has b l ved in e en ask action marche ed to a s. This s ccount is her mainta f o r her respon ined th s e t o us. S at she is a Ra will m he has lly at arch if Beamis teache there h. Shou r at th ld she e schoo remain l? Plea a se advi se us.

Dear Sirs,

s about ve expressed concern ha le op pe e m so at I am aware th hip of the NUWSS. rs be em m y m d an my political views to men should be able wo at th e ev li be do and I I am a Suffragist vote. the reaking activities of wb la e th t or pp su do not d Having said this I suggest I am a ba to ir fa un is it at I feel th law! Suffragettes and pupils to beak the n ai rt ce e ag ur co en example who might e have always put th I d an r he ac te a d ed hard as r them that has le I have always work fo rn ce n co y m is pils first. It . interests of my pu ould be able to vote sh en m wo at th w me to the vie d abilities as their an ls il sk e m sa e th girls who have throughout Every day I teach potential, now and at th l il lf fu to em brothers. I want th portunities and new op ew n d ee n ey th do this their whole lives. To re and we lead the pi Em t ea gr a e ar e is is 1913. W in political reform d political rights. Th rl wo e th ad le so can we not al World in so much – and democracy? the welfare of my at th l al ou y e r re u I aassssu most ppupils remains the me iimportant thing to the aand membership of to their N NUWSS is no threat w wellbeing.

This is my class Suffrage Rally: Long Character Card 18

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Dear Sister ,

Dear Diary,

raphic portrait. Our latest photog parlour where my It will hang in the dental ait before having w ts en ti pa s d’ an husb ell ce is doing very w ti ac pr s Hi . ne do work these days!

d! do look very gran I have to say we was a supporter of The photographer an and we had quite the Suffragettes ue of discussing the iss entertaining time . Women’s Suffrage bers are of course mem My husband and I to we felt it our duty of the NUWSS, so ays – the error of his w point out to him simply al behaviour that supporting crimin rm! It is le to oppose refo op pe es ag ur co en down suppose burning to s ou ul ic rid e it qu tors that the perpetra e ov pr ill w g in ild a bu

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ough to l and intelligent en are reliable, logica vote! es and ove with the tim Britain needs to m d that women coul recognise the skills e slow politics. People ar bring to national keep er, so we need to to change howev d fear their ignorance an at ay aw ng pi ip ch tion. ments and dedica gu ar ed on as re h wit country n thrive and our re ild ch r ou n ca How vists s most ardent acti it n he w d ar rw fo move g the prison? Destabilisin are shut away in e will ith a wave of crim whole country w achieve nothing! ld not accept this, ou w er ph ra og ot The ph ted rd we tried. I invi no matter how ha hear eeting, so he can him to our next m aceful approach to more about the pe me. I I hope he will co political protest. n the make him abando to ed in rm te de am ttes! misguided Suffrage

Don’t worry about your first day of very good p work. I hav osition here e found a as maid and and I am s companion t ure your jo o Mrs Smith b will work Mrs Smith. out well too I am very . I really li lucky to wo ke r k h e r e. Now, I get paid five sh illings per w and lodging, eek which in and Mrs Sm cludes boar ith is trainin That means d g me to run I could one t h e h o d u a s y be a hous ehold. house! My d ekeeper in uties include a b la ig undry, clean what you wil ing and coo l probably b king which is e doing as we for her mus ll. Mrs. Smit ic lessons; h charges 6 she teache and I can d s people in hear them the front ro all as I wo om rk in the kit Mrs Smith is c h e n . a Suffragist , I have be lot about w en talking t omen gettin o her a g the vote Actually, I and I think went with h she is right er to an NU . and ended u WSS meetin p joining my g la st week self! She is at Beamish looking forw because sh a r d to a Rally e thinks tha when they h t more peo ear about t ple will join he issues. up Before I c ame to Rav ensworth Te a maid for rrace to wo a short tim rk I was e at Home there and m F a r m , b oved to Mr ut I didn’t s. Smith’s. T like it his is a pic ture of me and my frien d there. Sh e is a Suffraget and wants m te e to join up with them, don’t agree b u t I with breakin g the law a certainly do nd I n’t want to end up in pr ison! Good luck w ith the new job, and I I will see y hope ou at the R a lly . I will be marching wit h Mrs. Smit h , maybe you could join u s too!

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Dear Editor,

Dear Sir,

mish. I have I am the Head of the Co-op at Bea ly and I am heard about the proposed Suffrage Ral t shops are extremely concerned. I have heard tha protests by often deliberately damaged during such nk it acceptable militant Suffragettes, women who thi property in the to break windows and deface private name of their misguided cause. ur here and I fear that similar behaviour may occ safety of our threaten our store. I also fear for the k and this employees. I earn 30 shillings per wee my staff in is not enough money to put myself or danger for! able to vote. I believe that women should not be ions that They have proved by their criminal act cannot be they have no respect for the law and trusted. this rally. If Firstly I ask that you should oppose ure no damage it does go ahead I ask that you ens police officer is done to the Co-op by assigning a to guard the property.

I am a Miner, a Shot Fi rer. I have been told th at militant Suffragettes have atte mpted to persuade so me miners to give them explosives and detona tors to use during prot ests. I know how dangerous such explos ives are and protectin g life is more importan than making some ridic t ulous political point. I do not want innocent people hurt by danger ous criminal actions. Th ese women should not be trusted to organize a public Rally! Come to the mine, talk to some of the men an d take photographs. I think people will be in terested to read in yo ur paper just what th women are doing. ese Clearly women should not be able to vote. Su ch behaviour shows that they are hysteric al and have no common sense! This is what I do for 38 s per week. It is dang erous work. I have seen men die down he re. The vote is not worth dying for! I want my family protec ted from these Suffrag ette women! Their methods are no t poollit itiiccal,, tth heeyy are ccrrim minnal al!l! Yours Sincerely, A concerned member of the Community.

Yours Sincerely, Head of the Co-op, Beamish.

This is a picture of our store.

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Dear Diary

Dear Harry,

tled into your new home. I hope you are all well and have set is summer at Home Farm, We are expecting a good harvest th far! In fact this is the so us to d goo n bee s ha r he at we e th king over from Father – best year I can remember since ta has been in our family for m far e th at th rse cou of ow kn you well. I have sent a photograph generations. The children are all of us all for Mary. g everyone in town at the There is some nonsense upsettin using no doubt. Women moment, you would find it quite am d a Rally may be held in are trying to get the vote here, an joined a political group and ve ha I is. th ss scu di to ish am Be oss. (You will see I am using I will attend to put our point acr their stationery!) Men have always made the political decisions and there is no need to works undermine an ‘arrangement’ that d be perfectly well. Social upheaval shoul perfectly avoided at all costs. Things work course well the way they are. My wife of agrees with me. r new Are the women all going mad in you country also? will I hope to hear from you soon and I write again shortly.

It has been v ery busy in th e hardware dept. - I have certainly earn ed my 24s this week! P eople have all been talking about the Rall y that the Cr iminal Suffragette i s trying to ar range in the Park. Women say th ey want the v ote – where will this end? They are alre ady filling jobs that shou ld be taken by men women even wa nt to be Doctor . Some s! I would never go to se e a woman Doc tor, it is just ridiculou s! Women shou ld be looking after their c hildren and h usbands – that is the ir rightful rol e. They

NO VOTES FOR WOMEN!

WOMEN CAN'T THINK! GO BACK TO THE KITCHEN SINK!

do nott unders tand finance or the workings of in dustry. I don ’t want a fiancé who neglects her d uty and acts like a ma n! I hope Sar ah does not get caught up in this st upidity. Women should not be able to vote. I was talking to some people ab out this. They were ha nding out bad ges so I took one! I am working the day of th e Rally but I will make su re I tell them what I think of them as they march past! We have been practicing our heckles already!

WE WON’T SUFFER THE SUFFRAGETTES!

Your brother and friend …

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Note to Editor. One of our apprentice printers would like to write a short piece about women’s suffrage in the next issue. He is a hardworking lad and has given me this quick outline to show you. Let me know if he should go ahead and write it. George

rn k at the Beamish Courant and ea wor I – er int Pr e tic ren App an I am mber of Beamish like most me ing bid -a law , ble ta pec res a am 10s per week. I ak for them. of the readers of the paper. I spe the believe that a woman’s place is in I e. vot to e abl be not d oul sh n Wome home. men and women should behave. how of les mp exa are r he fat d an My mother life. ve different roles and talents in ha ey Th er. oth ch ea rt ppo su ey Th , and my mother could not earn a me d fee or me t for com not ld cou My father describe politics of the nation. I want to e th in lf rse he e olv inv d an ing liv rs. I am proud of them. de rea e th for r he et tog e lif eir th them and king hard to get it. I want wor am I d an ve ha ts en par my at I want wh manner putting her children and a wife who will behave in the proper demands. These Suffragettes are h fis sel d an s ion not h lis foo ore family bef en have had since Adam wom e rol per pro e th ect rej not d immoral and shoul and Eve. g their children if they are burnin to le mp exa d goo a set rs he mot How can m wrong if they are away fro ht rig em th ach te ey th can w down property? Ho from home and in prison? y on the matter! I have a lot more than this to sa

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Dear Jack,

swer to your question I am earning an In ll. we all are you ar he to d I am gla to what a farm worker such ed par com bt dou no pay d goo is it 6s, 6d per shift, days back-breaking graft! as yourself is earning for a hard for the safety of 14 Hewers le sib pon res now am I h. oug th y That is as a deput y checks and report to the Colliery fet sa out ry car to is e rol My . ne in the Mi s. Think about it and let les bit a on be ld wou you re he e Manager. If you cam me know. her! I don’t pay much ow kn You e. vot d oul sh en wom ink Yes our sister does th time. Too busy getting food for ve ha ’t don h, oug th h bis rub r he attention to gripes! I am a man with ly sil eir th d an en wom ly sil ut the family to worry abo responsibilities! making such a fuss because they y onl are on nd Lo in en wom h ric Those role – they should look after eir th ow kn en wom r ope Pr ! nd sba hu cannot find a are fit and fed for work. ey th re su ke ma d an k fol nme their ly they would soon get ill. per pro er aft ed look d an fed not If the men are ose pretty women in their pretty th not – l coa e th out g di ld wou o Then wh dresses ! is all a bit of a joke really, women it ing ink th lp he ’t can I t, mi ad I have to g some trouble in the family sin cau is It y ry! nt cou e th g nin like our sister run icss.. pseett bbyy hheer aannttic meed aannd uups though. Our parents are aasshhaam theer.r. Yours Sincerely, Your Broth

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Open Let ter A to the Re aders of the News s the Ed pape itor of

the Beamis I must state h Courant I feel my politic , for the record, al views o subject of women’s su n the ffrage. I believe

r

I will now take this op portunity to explain why I su pport the Suffragette s. My wife is a Suffra member o gette (a that wome f th e be able to n W sh S o u P ld h U as been ar ) and vote – and rested on I Suffragette a number s are rig think the of occasions. ht to use militant ta force fed w She has also been ctics to fu hilst in pri rther their cause. son (havin gone on h g unger strik e ) and I am outraged b The newsp y th ap is e r will how policy. I hav continue ever a long time e for to (even befo unbiased re present fair and my wif re I met e) had so po me sympat issue (as w rts concerning this for th hy ese wome ith any oth n. I hate er issue), and the our readers political restrictions placed upon us al assured th may rest ‘polite lb at society’ an d would ra y the facts an they will find only not h ther ave to follo d not pro paganda of of w these ‘ru any kind in les’ all the time. this publica I am very tion. to g la h d ave been b On a mo not re comme orn a wom rcial level – I am aw an! are of the I may fr is om time the campai gn, and th sues and express m y views in to time ink that th ‘social confl is as is pro Editorials, ict’ is great per and ex for selling papers! p e ct e d, but we will always report the If you wan facts, first and forem ost. t to b

e informed , buy the B eamish Co urant!

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or, To the Edit t the ought abou h t le p o e p at to know wh women want e s e h t f I You wanted mish. them, that’s ally at Bea R r o d f e d s o o o p g o r p , then d campaign n a h c r a m to ! r. It’s what I say er, a hewe in m a ’m I . ek, wealthy man hillings a we s 5 3 is it I am not a et for and all I g fire. k r o w d r a h coal in my d n a d a e h r my uld a roof ove and if I co y il m a f y m for me and Life is hard . gs I would and change thin tanding up s , n e m o w hese WSPU f you want I . in e I admire t v e li e b ut what they mething abo o s o d o fighting for t e hav hange you r you! It is o f it o d things to c l il e w bit, no one – no one els a p u s g in h it yourself g t urning them shakin e e s o t y started b e d h o t go e r o f ’s e o them b going, that t n g o in n p e e t s e li k was gs – the shing paintin la s d n ening now, a t s s li g e r a buildin s r pape ent is ! The news he governm t d n a w o what I say n ning lic are liste b u p l a r e n e g ! listening now body in this y r e v E . e t o e v uld have th shaking the p e e K . e Women sho t o e v uld have th mple for us a x e d o o g country sho re a up – they a t n e m n r e v o g ollow. miners to f

Dear Sir,

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Dear Michael, Our sister has been asking how easy it would be for me to get her some explosives from the min e! I think she has a grand idea of blowing something up to prove women should vote!

T OF IN SUPPOR the

Women's Social and Political union

Now that Dad is gone, I am the last one working down the mine. If they sack me we will all be evicted! I may only be a Shot Firer on 38s per week, with nothing else to my name, but I don ’t want to be arrested and loose what I do have beca use she tried to blow up Beamish! I was encouraging her work with the WSPU – we all think women should be able to vote and all men as well! I have even gone on marches with her to prove that. I didn’t mind when she broke all those windows in London; I congratulated her whe n she slashed the cushions in the train carriage last mon th; I even cheered when she poured acid on the golf course! But explosives - that is going too far!

She is your sister too, can’t you persuad e her out of this latest plan, it is too risky for the who le family! Tell her to let her mad friend Em ily Davison carry out the risky stuff! Your Brother, Dan D aniiel el

ts I am a landowner local to Beamish and I have investmen , in mines around the North East. I need an effective, stable trustworthy government to rule our Nation if my businesses . are to survive and the men I employ are to remain in work in I urge you all to support the Women’s Social Political Union their call for the female suffrage. I have seen the valuable work that women can do first hand, n while serving on our local School Board. I feel that if wome y can serve on town councils and school boards, become factor inspectors and vote in select regional elections (if they have enough property of course), and become Mayors – then they should have the right to vote in Parliamentary elections. Women pay taxes. Clearly they should be able to vote to say how those taxes are spent. t A stronger democracy will bring about a stronger governmen and a more stable economy.

I urge you again – Support the WSPU!

Support Votes for Women!

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e Beamish Courant, To the Editor of th Dear Sir, have heard that by profession and I er ph ra og ot ph a am I cause of the sympathetic to the ng your paper might be rested in publishi least would be inte at or s, te et ag ffr Su a number of . I have collected material about them various events: e past few years of photographs over th ndon and in eeches - both in Lo sp s, ie ll ra , ns io at demonstr a very interesting photos would make this region. These since the readers, especially ur yo r fo n io it ed special very doorstep in ing brought to your suffrage debate is be the form of a Rally. t the political rested to read abou te in be y ma s er ad Your re e pictures I have to the Rally, and th issues in the run up d the passion e determination an th y la re y nl ai rt e abuse will ce ey will also show th Th n. me wo e es th s which motivate neral public gning, from the ge ai mp ca en wh e iv ce they re aders should be made e. I think your re and from police alik d country a so-called civilise in s en pp ha at wh aware of eir voices heard! when women make th s to show you my uple of photograph I have included a co d following e WSPU activists an th to g in lk ta r te work. Af pport them and I have to say I do su their campaigns I ey endure r the hardships th fo on ti ra mi ad t ea have gr feeding). cule, assault, force (imprisonment, ridi ographs ng some of my phot hi is bl pu in ed st re If you are inte we can discuss n to show you and io ct le se a g in br I will n.. ents then financial arrangem

A Rally at Redcar Suffrage Rally: Long Character Card 32

avison D ly i m E f o al The Funer

Dear Diary

e trying to arrange a The Suffragettes ar e they can convince th Rally at Beamish. If is, it would be a good community to allow th need to enter the thing I think. People women should be able debate. I believe that s to ould use legal method to vote – but they sh further their cause. other peaceful I campaign with the the ical reform (not with ‘Suffragists’ for polit ). If there is to be a militant Suffragettes t must take part and pu Rally, we Suffragists our views across. e e Government (and th I strongly feel that th ould be more forwardnation as a whole) sh s th the times. Progres looking and keep up wi w professions, new cannot be avoided – ne is is cal inventions . . . th industries, new medi ! New s the way in so much 1913 and Britain lead men must follow. political rights for wo

gettes are involved ra ff Su e th if at th I fear during the Rally here in criminal activities e ordinary man and they will alienate th ch needed reform. turn him away from mu st follow our example, The Suffragettes mu d reason to influence they must use logic an ll work. policy. Nothing else wi aign peacefully must Those of us who camp termination to gather work with even more de e. I will be holding supporters to our caus home for like-minded a meeting in my own r r campaign strategy fo people. We will plan ou the Rally. e th educated. I use th My wife and I are bo t and treatments in most modern equipmen am a forward thinking my dental surgery. I in everything I do as man, you can see this well as in my politics.

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Dear Rose,

reed to marry me. I am very glad you have ag se. We are both still 16yrs ur co of ars ye few a it wa to We will have ek. I am paid by we r pe s 35 ut abo n ear ly on old and as a Putter I 20 tubs of coal I push ery ev for y ne mo e eiv rec I the score you see dway during my shift. roa in ma e th to e fac e th m fro taking photographs of us all tly en rec re he s wa r he ap gr A press photo do. working. This shows what I SS. You have opinions W NU e th of rt pa are u yo I do not mind that you! I may even join ut abo e lik I at wh is at th and ambitions and t to support you! Let me es gg su u yo p ou gr ng ni aig the men’s camp with would not rk wo I n me e th of lot A think about it a bit more. a hard time. understand and would give me not have gone to work d ul wo I er oth M my to If it had been up at before. She would have th u yo d tol I if ow kn t n’ at in the mine, do couldn’t afford it. I think th we t bu ol ho sc at on ay st liked me to ce than some men! en lig tel in d an e ns se re mo ve perhaps some women ha fferent place if women di a be d ul wo rld wo e th if I wonder sometimes see what would happen. I to g tin es ter in be t gh mi it could vote and working down the mine. te ha I ! off rse wo ch mu could not be to vote – and I think they e abl be ld ou sh n me wo at th I believe e. I support the actions us ca eir th er rth fu to s od th should use legal me tteess. fraaggeett Sufffr ant Su litan milit the mi no not th , ’, s’, s t st s i gi g a ag r fra f f uf ‘S l efu ac pe e th of

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Dear Sister I knew you would want me to

come to the rally with you!

As always you know you have my support. I understand wh y you are so interested in politics, why you feel so strongly about th e conditions women have to endure. I am not su re I agree with everything you say but as far as I am concerned if women want to vote I don’t see wh at the problem is. I don’t want to stop you! If you are afraid that the Suffragettes are going to ca use trouble I had best come along - I know it means a lot to you and I prom ised Mam I would look out for you. Thanks for the badge, I will remember to wear it so ever yone knows I do not support the other lot! Do you think my wife Emily is badly off though? As a miner, a hewer, I earn about 36s per week, Em ily and I live rent-free in our house and we receive free coal. She keeps the house, looks after our ch ildren and I work eleven days in a fortnight. Is that so bad? Do you thin k she is ‘enduring’ hardship? This is all we know? What ot her way is there to live? I don’t know if she feels the same as you but if she wants to vote that is fi ne by me. I myself am not much interested in politics.

Your loving brother.

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Me ssage to th e Men of Beam ish

Dear Diary My daughters wa nt to attend the Suffrage Rally if it goes ah ead. I think I wi ll take them. It does concern th em after all, this will affect their future. My dear wife has been gone for 3 ye ars now, but the girls grow more like her ever y day. Katy would have wanted her daughters to have the vote. Women seem quite capable of de bating and campaigning just like any man woul d and I know my daughters are clever enough to ta ke part in national politics. I am glad that th e girls can talk to me about the way the world works – and not ju st about clothes, babies an d boys! If that was all they talked about they would be very bori ng! If the vote will give them more chances in life I am all for that! Mar y wants to be a D o to oc tor li like ke me, e,

and she has enou gh dedication to do it. Emma has announced th at she has no liki ng for dolls and much prefers to play with her male cousins. I cannot see her content with need lework and housekeeping as sh e grows. Their grandmothe r is afraid they will associate with cr iminals – but I th ink they are sensible enou gh to stay away fr om the socalled Suffragette s. My daughters re spect law and order. They know also that a D octor’s family cannot be associat ed with any ques tionable or criminal activity . I am encouraging them to support th e NUWSS. I am impressed by this organisation . It is well run and has a so und strategy for achieving their aims. I am intending to find out more about them m at at th t e Ral alllly lyy.. ly

WOMEN’S I HAVE RECENTLY JOINED THE MEN’S LEAGUE FOR SUFFRAGE AND I URGE YOU ALL TO DO THE SAME. My wife has long campaigned for the vote and I feel that now, amidst the sensationalist publicity generated by the Suffragettes, the law abiding women of our country need our support and encouragement. You all know that my wife Laura is an active member of the NUWSS. Her approach is one of intellectual persuasion and seless dedication to the cause of female suffrage. Her arguments are based on sound logic� • Women own land, own wealth from industry, are householders and taxpayers – yet cannot vote. This is hypocrisy. ded by Parliament and • The rights of non-voters are disregar Women need the vote unequal rights have been enshrined in law. ly by Government. so that they are represented and treated fair

FRIENDS,

LAURA DOES NOT BREAK OUR LAWS. LAURA DOES NOT BURN DOWN BUILDINGS.

LAURA DOES NOT DAMAGE PUBLIC PROPERTY. SHE WILL USE THE VOTE WISELY MY FRIENDS, TO IMPROVE THE LAWS THAT GOVERN US.

community. I support her I am a teacher, a respected member of our I will march with her, demand for democracy and fair treatment. l the laws of this land petition parliament and campaign with her unti are changed.

Join us in this ght for justice. Join us at the

Rally.

Stay informed, read the monthly paper: Men’s League for Women’s Suffrage (1d, including postage)

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FEMALE ANTI 1 You do not agree with votes for women.

Dear Sarah, I will ask the Minister if you can hold a NUWSS meeting to discuss women’s suffrage in the Chapel. He is not keen to encourag e the Suffragettes in any way however, and as the Chapel Ste ward I am responsible for the upkeep of the Chapel and so I don’t want any damage happening either.

You are the wife of a solicitor. Your family is wealthy. You believe that the ideal for women in Great Britain is to maintain a composed facade, a delicate and demure manner. You have a distas te for all things violent. The Suffragettes are going against all that is ladylike. You will not act in an unladylike manner.

As you know, I support your organisation and the cause of women’s suffrage, so I will put a good word in for you. My wife thinks it is a good idea also, and as she points out, the Wesley Guild often has spea kers talking on a range of subjects at the Chapel. You know the philosophy of the Wesleyan Methodists fits in well with the suffragist movement – hard work, independence, self-imp rovement. We are for peaceful, orderly, change – not radical upheaval! Coal owners often support the Methodist movement because they think it is a stabilizing influence amongst the workforce! Many Methodists are involved in the Trade Union Movement, campaigning for better work cond itions and pay. Peaceful campaigning mind, not lawbreaking like the suff ragettes. The Methodist Chapel is very important to our communit y. If the Rally goes well perhaps that will prove to the Min ister that a meeting will be a good idea. I will seee yyou ou aatt tthe he R Rall ally ttoo ttalk alk aabou b t this a bit more

.

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39

FEMALE ANTI 2 r’s wife. able to vote. You are a Mine be t no ld ou sh n me wo t tha You believe d husband. You look after your family an g. Breaking of the suffragettes is shockin You think that the behaviour it end? being arrested – where will d an on ars , rty pe pro ng oyi windows, destr rupting read accounts of women dis ve ha You ts. rio of es tur pic You have seen n cannot ble politicians. These wome cta pe res ing ckl he d an s ng political meeti their morals? be respectable. Where are you time and time again knowing t bu ce on t no , ike str er ng And to go on hu not ne woman do this? You will sa e, ibl ns se y an n ca w Ho will be force-fed! women and their ‘cause’. associate yourself with these

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FEMALE ANTI 3

You believe women shou You work in a shop in Be

ld not have the vote.

amish Town. You are no

t married. You think that the actio ns of the Suffragettes ar e giving women a bad You overhear talk in the name. shop about the things they do and feel strongly opposed to their actions . You feel that women have enough rights as it is.

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FEMALE ANTI 4

FEMALE ANTI 5

You believe that women should not be able to vote. You are a miner’s widow. You are able to live in your house still becau se your sons are miners also. You earn extra money by taking in washing and making quilts. Your husband was against women voting and so are you. Young women today have no morals and do not know how to behav e. There is enough to do just looking after your family without wasting your time and money going to rallies and meetings. Neglecting your household duties is wrong. Women who break the law and are arrested are shameful! They do not behave as Christian women should!

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be able to vote. They don’t want to You believe that women should not do with their time. anyway! More important things to r your house and family. You are a miner’s wife. You look afte ing afford it! Travelling to meetings, pay Politics is for those people who can e! joining organisations ... and the tim entrance fees, buying publications, ily? Rich hing, cleaning and feeding the fam Who has the time in between was women in big hats with time to fill!

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FEMALE ANTI 6

You believe that women should not be able to vote. You are the wife of a wealthy landowner – Home Farm has been in your Husband’s family for generations. Men have always made the political decisions and there is no need to undermine an ‘arrangement’ that works perfectly well. Social upheaval should be avoided at all costs. You like things just the way they are. Your husband agrees with you.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGETTE 1 the vote – and you think to le ab be ld ou sh en use. You believe that wom ics to further their ca ct ta t an ilit m e us to Suffragettes are right e in the Courant. You are activ ish am Be e th of r ito Ed e ics. In fact You are married to th come involved in Polit be to ey on m d an e tim t conditions WSPU. You have the ild poverty, employmen ch g. e. – s ue iss y an m you campaign about tend to use it. good education and in a d ha ve ha u Yo . en for wom rce fed and you have been fo es tim of r be m nu a ed ore You have been arrest has made you even m is Th . e) rik st er ng hu on in prison (having gone ign for change. determined to campa you think the be able to vote – and ld ou sh en m wo at th You believe their cause. ilitant tactics to further m e us to ht rig e ar s Suffragette

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FEMALE SUFFRAGETTE 2

You are a Widow. You used to be a Teacher. You have been well provided for by your Father and Husband (now deceased). You are of an age where you feel that no man should tell you what to do and think. You want better conditions for your daughter. Political campaigning is extremely interesting and you are able to put your talents (writing and debate) to good use. You have made a lot of good friends in the WSPU and secretly think protesting is very exciting! Men have a lot to learn from women – women would raise politics out of the ‘gutter’ to a higher, more moral level.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGETTE 3

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use militant tactics to further their cause. You work as a servant at Home Farm and you probably will do so until you marry and have children. You resent being bossed around by your wealthy employers and see women’s enfranchisement as one more step towards your own freedom – someday. Some of your relatives are embarrassed by your political views, whilst others support you, and this has caused a rift in the family.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGETTE 4

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use militant tactics to further their cause. You are a miner’s wife. Both you and your husband are politically active and believe in universal suffrage. The upper classes will never accept change unless they are ‘forced’ to so you feel justified in breaking the law.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGETTE 5

You believe that women should have the vote and are prepared to fight for your beliefs. You work in a shop in Beamish Town. You are not married. You see that government measures helped sick and unemployed working men, but have left women and children without protection. You believe that votes for women are the only way to change this.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGIST 1

You are a miner’s wife. You want a better life for your daughters than the one you are living. You are encouraging your daughters to think for themselves and they are just beginning to accompany you to political meetings. You want them to be safe however, and hate the thought of any harm coming to them (i.e. arrest and force feeding). You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think they should use legal methods to further their cause.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGIST 2

You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes. You are an apprentice shop assistant at the Co-op. You

are not married.

You earn: 16s. 10d. per week. You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think they should use legal methods to further their cause. You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGIST 3

You support the actions of the peaceful Suffragists, not the militant Suffragettes. You are the wife of a coal miner. You have six children. You believe that women should continue to be good wives and mothers but that the right to vote would not change this. Women are natural organisers and know their minds. You do not want your children to be set a bad example by the violent Suffragettes, however, so you support the peaceful Suffragists.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGIST 4

You support the actions of the peaceful Suffragists, not the militant Suffragettes. You work in Beamish Board School as a teacher. You see every day that girls have the same skills and abilities as boys. You want the children you teach to be able to make decisions about their lives and use all of their skills, without the vote, girls will not be able to do this.

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FEMALE SUFFRAGIST 5

You support the actions of the peacefu l ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes. You are married to a Dentist. You think that the country needs to mov e with the times and recognise the skills and attributes women could bring to national politics. You understand that people are slow to accept change, but if you keep chipping away at the status quo, you will eventually achieve the franchise.

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MALE ANTI 1

t. in the Co-op. You earn 30s per

You are the Head of the Drapery Dep week.

t e to shops during protests by militan You have heard of the damage don ffiti etc.) and you fear that this suffragettes (window-smashing, gra n the Co-op in Town. behaviour may spread and threate You believe that women should not

be able to vote.

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MALE ANTI 2

You are a Miner, a Shot Firer. You earn 38s per week. This is a dangerous job! You have heard that militant suffragettes have attempted to persuade some miners to give them explosives and detonators to use during protests. You know how dangerous such explosives are and think that protecting life is more important than making some ridiculous political point. Such behaviour shows that women are hysterical and have no common sense!

MALE ANTI 3

You are a wealthy landowner – Home Farm has been in generations.

your family for

is no need to Men have always made the political decisions and there Social upheaval should undermine an ‘arrangement’ that works perfectly well. are. Your wife agrees be avoided at all costs. You like things just the way they with you. You believe that women should not be able to vote.

You believe that women should not be able to vote.

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MALE ANTI 4

You are a Hardware Counter Assistant at the Co-op. You earn 24s per week. Women want the vote – and where will this end? They are already filling jobs that should be taken by men. Women should be looking after their children and husbands – that is their rightful role. You believe that women should not be able to vote.

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MALE ANTI 5

You are an Apprentice Printer – you work at the Beamish 10s per week.

Courant. You earn

is in the Just like your father, you believe that a woman’s place was good enough for your mother!

home. That

You believe that women should not be able to vote.

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MALE ANTI 6

You are a Miner – a Deputy. You are

MALE ANTI 7

paid by the shift at 6s, 6d.

You are responsible for the safety of 14 Hewers in the Mine. Your role is to carry our safety checks and report to the Colliery Manager. You focus upon your job and looking after your fam ily – you don’t have time to waste thinking about silly women and their gripes. You are a man with responsibilities! These are only making such a fuss because they cannot find a husban d! Proper women know their role – the y should look after their men-folk and make sure they are fit and fed for work. You believe that women should not be able to vote.

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You are against votes for women. You work in the Garage in Beamish Town. and you genuinely You see politics as a hard and dirty business, keep women out of this arena.

want to

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MALE SUFFRAGETTE SUPPORTER 1

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use mil itant tactics to further their cau se. You are a Miner (a Hewer). You earn 35s per week, live rent-fr ee and receive free coal. You like to see the ‘Es tablishment’ (the rich upper cla sses who own businesses and property and the Government) shaken up a bit. You like to see the ‘status quo’ challen ged!

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MALE SUFFRAGETTE SUPPORTER 2

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use militant tactics to further their cause. You are a Miner (a Shot Firer). You earn 38s per week, live rent-free and receive free coal. You would like to see conditions improve for your family and community – one aspect of this is for women to gain political rights. Improved rights should be extended to men as well as women though!

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGETTE SUPPORTER 3

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use militant tact ics to further their cause. You are a wealthy man. You are the Edit or of the Beamish Courant and you are often involved with the printing proces s (you are a bit eccentric!) You earn: £8 per week. Your wife is a Suffragette and has been arrested on a number of occasions. She has also been force fed whilst in pris on (having gone on hunger strike) and you are outraged by this policy. You have for a long time (even before you met your wife) had some sympathy for these women. You hate the restrictions placed upon you by ‘polite society’ and would rather not have to follow the ‘rules’ all of the time. You are very glad not to have been born a woman! On a more commercial level – you are aware of the issues and the campaign, and think that this ‘social con flict’ is great for selling papers!

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGETTE SUPPORTER 4

You support votes for women. You are a landowner and have investments in mines around the North East. You have seen the work that women can do first hand while serving on the local school board. You feel that if women can serve on town councils and school boards, become factory inspectors and vote in select regional elections (if they have enough property), and become mayors – then they should have the right to vote for Parliament.

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGETTE SUPPORTER 5

You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think the Suffragettes are right to use militant tactics to further their cause. You are a Teacher – an Assistant Schoolmaster. You earn: 25s per week. You work with female teachers and know them to be sensible and intelligent. You often think it unfair that the girls in your classes have less chance of gaining a good education than the boys you teach. You are a socialist and your political beliefs would be cons idered to be quite radical by most.

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGIST SUPPORTER 1

You are a wealthy man. You are a Dentist. ld be more forwardYou believe that the Country and the Government shou avoided – new looking and keep up with the times. Progress cannot be political rights for professions, new industries, new inventions ... and new women. think they should You believe that women should be able to vote – and you use legal methods to further their cause. the militant You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not suffragettes.

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MALE SUFFRAGIST SUPPORTER 2

You are a young Miner, a Putter (16 yrs old). You earn about 35s per week, you are paid by the score – your receive money for every 20 tubs of coal you push from the face to the main roadway during your shift. If it had been up to your Mother you would not have gone to work in the mine. You think that perhaps some women have more sense and intelligence than some men! You wonder if the world would be a differ ent place if women could vote and it might be interesting to see what woul d happen. You could not be much worse off! You believe that women should be able to vote – and you think they should use legal methods to further their cause. You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes.

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGIST SUPPORTER 3

You are a Miner, a Hewer. You earn about 36s per week, live rent-free and receive free coal. You work eleven days in a fortnight. You are not much interested in politics yourself, but your sister is. She feels very strongly about the conditions women endure, and if she wants the vote that is OK with you! You believe that women should be able to vote if they want to – and you think they should use legal methods to further their cause. You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes.

Suffrage Rally: Short Character Cards

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MALE SUFFRAGIST SUPPORTER 4

You are a Shop Assistant; you work in the Co-op Gr ocery. You earn 24 s per week. If women want to vote – let them vote. Th ey seem to be able to debate and campaign jus t like any man would. You have all daughters, an d you know that they are intelligent. You are glad that they can talk to you about the way the world works – and not just abou clothes, babies and boys t ! If that was all they talke d ab ou t the y would be very boring! You wish they had more chances in life. You believe that women sh ould be able to vote – an d you think they should use legal methods to furthe r their cause. You support the actions of the peaceful ‘suffragists’, not the militant suffragettes.

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MALE SUFFRAGIST SUPPORTER 5

You think women should have the right to vote. You are a coal miner in the Drift Mine at Beamish. justified. When you You support their cause and think their arguments are you disagree because hear people say that a woman’s place is in the home, de the home – many you can clearly see many women doing good work outsi be doctors. The women are teachers, nurses and some have trained to evidence speaks for itself.

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Life Experience – What has happened in your character’s life to make him or her think this way? Outline a few key events that have helped form your character’s beliefs. ...............................................................................................................................

Character Profile

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This is the character you will be during the Suffrage Rally at Beamish. What kind of person is your character? What is his or her life like?

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Describe your character’s personality – What is he/she like? How does he/she behave? ...............................................................................................................................

Campaigning – What have you done to further your cause?

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............................................................................................................................... Husband/Wife – Do you agree? Views regarding the Suffrage Campaign – should women be able to vote? (Why? You can use these arguments during the debate).

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Children – How are they affected?

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Friends – What do they think?

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Fictional Role-Play Scenarios

A WSPU activist is addressing a small gathering of people, trying to attract new members and promote the cause of female suffrage. How does everyone react?

You are all at the races and a woman runs out in front of the Kings horse. She tumbles head over heels and is badly injured. It soon becomes clear that she is a Suffragette attempting to protest. How do you react?

A suffragette recently burnt down a local building in support of her cause. She has just been released from prison and is returning home to her family. What happens when you all see her in the street?

You are waiting at a train station with a group of other people. You all see a poster on the ground showing the force-feeding of an imprisoned suffragette. In the poster, she is being held down by prison guards whilst the doctor feeds her through a tube and funnel. She will be speaking at a forthcoming Rally. Do you think she should be allowed to address a gathering of law-abiding people? Perhaps you think she is not the criminal in this situation at all – the criminals are actually the prison guards, the doctors and the state itself. Someone tries to pin the poster back up. How do the other people react?

A group of people are in the Co-op shopping. Some of the women (members of the mining community) have controversially been attending local WSPU meetings and this has caused comment amongst the others. What is happening?

A group of people march to the local MP’s house to hand over a petition supporting extension of the Franchise to women. There is a large police presence and it looks like there may be trouble. Previous marches have ended in riots and, it has been said, police brutality. What happens at the march and how are you involved?

A husband and his wife are arguing on the street about the campaign for women’s suffrage. The man’s sister supports his views – that women should not vote. People standing near them are being drawn into the argument. What should you say to his wife – should she support her husbands views regardless of her own and cause a family split?

A new shop has opened on the busy high street in Town, selling WSPU merchandise to support the cause of Women’s Suffrage. People seem to be going in to have a look around so you go in as well. There seems to be a disturbance inside – what is happening?

A group of militant WSPU suffragettes are discussing what their next act of protest should be – and are trying to persuade some new members to become actively involved. You overhear them. What is happening?

Suffrage Rally: Role-Play Scenarios

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Suffrage Rally: Role-Play Scenarios

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A number of WSPU members are campaigning, holding placards and trying to sign up new members. They are also chalking the date of the next Rally on the pavement for people to see. They notice that a man across the street is taking photographs of them. A passer-by tells them that he is a policeman – and that they must be under police surveillance. What are the reactions?

A group of WSPU members are posing for a photo – holding a broken window in it’s frame. You are passing by and notice how proud they look of themselves. What do you say to them?

A WSPU campaigner is walking along the road carrying a placard demanding that women be given the vote. A policeman has noticed her and is approaching. If she were walking on the pavement she could be arrested for obstruction, however she remains on the road and continues on. A government minister is about to leave the constituency meeting he has just attended and the policeman is anxious to avoid an incident. What happens next?

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