T H E -J-0 U R N A L T H E NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM

T H E -J-0 U R N A L T H E NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM

T H E -J-0 U R N A L NORTHUMBERLAND F A M I L Y O F AND H I S T O R Y T H E DURHAM S O C I E T Y Vol ~4 No 3 April 1979 CONTENTS EDITORIAL SEC...

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T H E -J-0 U R N A L NORTHUMBERLAND F A M I L Y

O F

AND

H I S T O R Y

T H E DURHAM

S O C I E T Y

Vol ~4 No 3

April 1979 CONTENTS

EDITORIAL SECRETARY'S HOW FAR

JOTTINGS

BACK

CAN

A

CAUTIONARY

A

STRAY EXCISEMAN

INK

IN

TUB

BACON

ANCESTORS

THE

GROUP

A

FAMILY

LONGHORSLEY

TRIMDON THE

POSTSCRIPT

TO

IN

THE

IN

THE

CEMETERIES COUNTY

LOST

LAMBS

MEMBERS

DURHAM

AND

THEIR

SECOND

TIME

AROUND

CHANGES

of

ADDRESS

FAMILY FAMILY" DALES

CATHOLICS INTERESTS

THE NOVEMBER MEETING PUTTING LEAVES ON THE FAMILY TREE - THE ESTATE PAPERS ON DURHAM CATHEDRAL DEATHS PARSON FUTURE

ABROAD GRICE

UNMASKED

PROGRAMME

67

A. Bacon

68 69

A .J . Pain

RISCHMILLER "INK

A.H.. Perry IN

LEASES

MYSTERIES or FOG

SOME

63 66

ARMS

INTO

F .R . Jarrett

66

FAMILY

OF

RESEARCH

TRACED?

TALE

THE POPULATION OF 1788 AND 1811 THE BLACK SHEEP

A

BE

62

H . Rischmiller

70 73 75

P .J . Storey

77

Alan Wright

78

N .J . Vaughan

81

H . Lamb

82 83 84 87 88

P . Mussett

88 89 90 90

All items in this Journal are the copyright of the Northumberland and Durham Family History Society or its contributors . Correspondence connected with the Journal should be addressed to the Editor, Mr G . Nicholson, 57 Manor Park, Concord, Washington, Tyne & wear, All other correspondence should be addressed to the Secretary, NE37 2BU . PLEASE Mr J .A . Readdie, 38 Archery Rise, Neville's Cress, Durham, Dill 4LA . always include stamps for return postage when writing (two International Reply Coupons from overseas members) and quote your membership number . Books from the Society's Library may be borrowed from, and should be returned to, the Librarian, Dr M .E . Wilson, 33 Archery Rise, Neville's Cross, Durham, DHl 4LA .

EDITORIAL One thing about addressing oneself to over six hundred enthusiasts The response to the is that no appeal for help is likely to go unheeded . request for suitable items for the Journal, made in the last issue, has been such as to fill the present edition comfortably - and, in your Editor's opinion, with some very suitable material indeed However, members will notice a lack of the usual reports of meetings this time . The material available to fill the gap has therefore been more valuable than ever . Dealt think the Society has ceased to meet regularly - what has happened is that some meetings have not been of a suitable nature to be reported in the form of a Journal article, and on other occasions notes For one recent meeting promised by the speaker have not been produced . the speaker himself did not appear, but the members present did say they enjoyed the discussion which took place instead as much as (or did I even hear "more than"?) they would have the speaker : Our meeting for February at which Dr Campbell spoke on the Highland Clearances was a most stimulating one It was attended also by members of the local branch of the Highland Association and the ideas of each group seemed to stimulate the minds of the other to produce one of the liveliest discussions we have had for a Subjects aired ranged from the Disruption of the Scots Kirk long time . in the 1840s (evolution?) to Scottish politico of the 1970s (devolution) This may not sound as by way of Karl Marx and Das Kapital (revolution) . if it had much to do with family history, but in fact it was all found highly relevant by those present! There are If you live near enough, why not attend a meeting? usually some thirty to fourty members present and many a useful piece of information has been received is the discussions which take place at then, the inform al "chatting session" after the formal business is over frequently being the most appreciated part of the evening . Why not make a special Who knows - you nay find yourself effort to come to the AGM in May? installed as one of our Officers for the coming year (perhaps oven as Editor!) . Suitable material is still needed for future issues and new members, in particular (though not forgetting the older ones!), are requested to write up all they know about their families - and where they are stuck so that we can see what the rest of the membership can add to it . SECRETARY'S

JOTTINGS

The fourth A .G.M . of the Society will be held at Newcastle YMCA, Ellison Place, Newcastle, on Wednesday, 16th May . Any nominations for officers, or for membership of the Committee, should be made to me as soon Please try to come to the as possible, with a proposer and seconder . A .G .M so that the Society can learn your views on the way you think we should be moving, what we should be doing, etc . New ideas are always welcome! Newer members might like to note that previous issues of the Journal are still available, price 50p . each, from me . Some are in very short supply - and Vol . I, No . 2 is completely sold out - so if you want any to make up a set, don't delay . There are also a very few copies of the Directory of Members' Interests (covering the first 400 members of the Society) available at 75p .

- 62- -

HOW

FAR BACK

CAN

ANCESTORS BE

TRACED?

F .R . Jarrett When our interest was first aroused in family history we had little expectation of getting back more than a generation or two before our anteAll the information our cedents would be lost in the mists of time . parents passed on to us seemed to indicate that our forebears were of no great social standing, in fact poverty seemed to be the common denominator . We had so little expectation of finding out very much that it really seemed Still we decided to make a hardly worth -the effort of starting at all . start . We started with our paternal line but soon found ourselves well and truly stuck as we could not find out where our grandfather was born in the Unfortunately our grandmother had destroyed all family papers 1820s . before she died . However in the case of our maternal grandmother's family of Whitehead This we owed to our great-great-grandfather, we did have a better start . Charles Whitehead (1782-1853) who had compiled shortly before he died a brief The opening paragraph reads as follows :history of his family . In the beginning of the year 1800 when Charles Whitehead resided at Nether Mill of Cowden he was often at his grandmothers and had many long conversations with her about the genealogy of the Whiteheads . As she had had a good education and had made good use of it and although advanced in years her memory had not in the least failed she also was able to repeat old histories correctly and I took notes at the time which afterwards I derived a great benefit from when I commenced selecting the undoubted I next informed my parents facts and documents all in writing . considered to be right from of what she told me and which they what they had formerly learned from different quarters and they likewise stated that about the year 1770 Alexander Frazer, Sherriff's clerk of Haddington took some old books and papers to examine them but never returned any of them again . In spite of this further loss of family papers, all too common an experience it seems, we had a continuous record of the family back to the birth of Charles Whitehead's grandparents c .1700 . Nicholas Whitehead b . 1705 d. Nicholas Whitehead b . 1741 d . 1812

.

Nicholas Mason Whitehead b . 1819 d . 1876

.

Charles Whitehead b . 1782 d . 1853

Marion Veitch Whitehead b . 1851 d . 1920

.

Eleanor Robinson b . 1717 d. Marion Mason b . 1749 d . 1822 Agnes Dixon b . 1794 d. Marion Lennie b . 1825 d . 1873 Robert Tervet b . 1849 d . 1920

Frank Lucas Jarrett Marion Lennie Tervet b . 1868 b . 1875 d . 1950 d . 1957 Our parents - 63-

The earlier generations are, however, without any supporting documentation . Does anyone know what Alexander Frazer did with the books and papers and It would be great to trace them after 200 years! where they are now? According to Charles Whitehead's account, his grandfather rented a He married farm called Chiplea (?Shipley) near Alnwick, Northumberland . Eleanor Robinson, daughter of John Robinson of Felton Moor in 1738 and had One of the sons, Nicholas a. family of seven sons and four daughters . Whitehead, born in 1741, went to Scotland and rented a limeworks near Dunbar and in 1768 married Marion Mason, daughter of John Mason and Katherine Bowden (or Cowden or Coldon) of Crumblehaugh (or Crumble Ha' or Cromwell Hall) in the parish of Oldhamstocks, East Lothian, and had a family of seven Charles Whitehead was their eighth child . sons and six daughters . With our very limited in tracing through records, centuries, and with far too to let things lie with very further back than this .

knowledge of genealogy and even less experience especially those of the seventeenth and eighteenth full a life in other directions we were content little hope or expectation of ever getting any

However a young cousin who had recently qualified as a librarian found that there was a book entitled 'The History of the Whitehead Families from A .D . 1200 - 1919' . He was able to trace a copy and borrow it from a uni versity library . In this there was a family tree of one branch of the Whiteheads the last two generations of which overlapped precisely the first two generations recorded by Charles Whitehead . The agreement of the two accounts (much fuller than here in both Charles Whitehead's account and in the book) gave us the confidence that we had the right family and in spite of the loss of documents Charles White head's notes had been carefully and accurately prepared . Robert Whitehead

.... .. .. .. ....

Thomas Whitehead of Monkwearmouth d . 28 .10 .1580

Barbara Lawson of Usworth

George Whitehead of Boulmer

Mary . . . . . . . . . = Margaret Widdrington

Nicholas Whitehead of Boulmer Nicholas Whitehead of Lesbury Field bap . 26 .12 .1667

Barbara Craster d . 10 .10 .1732

Eleanor Robinson of Felton Moor b . 9 .8 .1717 = Marion Mason b . 1749

Nicholas Whitehead of Long Houghton b . 26 .11-1705 Nicholas Whitehead b . 6 .11-1741

This tree takes our branch of the Whitehead family back to about 1540 and once again we are stuck with very little hope or expectation of tracing the Whiteheads any further back - unless, of course, someone with the necessary knowledge and skills can again come to our aid! However, the most exciting part of this discovery concerns the Widdrington and Craster families into which the Whiteheads had married . From the New History of Northumberland and Surtees' 'Durham' and other sources our young cousin was able to trace the Widdrington family back to - 64-

John de Woderington c . 1139 and through Sir John Widdrington, Sherriff of Northumberland in 1472, who married Isobel Ogle, to Umfrid de Hoggell c .1150 . From Burke's Extinct Peerage we find that through the Ogle family we are 13th cousins to the present Duke of Portland and connected with numerous other exalted personages! Our ancestry suddenly took on an entirely different aspect and it showed how wrong our earlier suppositions had been . Through the Craster family we can trace back to William de Craster c .1150 and through the Mitford family into which the Crasters married, to the Musgrave and Rudchester families back to one Halden who was living in 1140 . All this staggering amount of information came through published genealogies and required no research into the original documentation which made it all very easy indeed . We have since learnt that one of the Widdringtons, Roger de Woderington, born 1427, married Elizabeth Grey of Heton and the Ogles also married into the same family so by two routes we can now trace blood relationship with Henry III, William the Conqueror, Ethelred the Unready, Malcolm III and St . Margaret! From a recent article in the North Cheshire Family Historian by A .J . Gautrey we learned that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle gives the pedigree of Ethelred the Unready as follows :Ethelred the Unready, the son of Edgar, the son of King Edmund I, the son of King Edward 'the Elder', the son of King Alfred, the And Ethelwalf was son of King Ethelwulf who died in 855 A.D . the the son of Egburt, the son of Ealhund, son of Eafa, the son This Ingild was the brother of of Eoppa, the son of Ingild . Ine, King of the West Saxons, who held the Kingdom for 37 years and afterwards went to St . Peter's and ended his life there . Cenred was the son of Ceolwold, And they were the sons of Cenred . the son of Cutha, the son of Cuthwine, the son of Ceawlin, the Cedric son of Cynric, the son of Creoda, the son of Cedric . was the son of Elesa, the son of Elsa, the son of Gewis, the son of Wig, the son of Freawine, the son of Freothgar, the son of Brand, the son of Baldeg, the son of Wodin, the son of Frealaf, the son of Finn, the son of Godwulf, the son of Goat, the son of Tetwa, the son of Beaw, the son of Sceldwa, the son of Heremond, the son of Itermon, the son of Bathra, the son of Hwala, the son of Bedwig, the son of Sceaf, the son of Noah who was born in Noah's Ark . Chapter V of Genesis gives the descent of Noah from Adam through Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahaleel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah and Lamech . Unfortunately the Bible omits to mention that Noah had a son called Sceaf who was born in the Ark but I suppose that every If you do not pedigree must have a weak link in it somewhere . believe in Adam and Eve of course, it is too bad, but no genealogist can trace your ancestry back to an amoeba since they did not keep much in the way of records! The long genealogy of Ethelwulf in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is supposed to be historically accurate as far back as Cedric, who was the founder King of Wessex and who died in 534 A .D . but further back than that it cannot be checked . - 6 5-

INK

IN

THE

FAMILY

A.H . Perry "I'm stuck!", a cry that can be echoed by many genealogists ; due, perhaps, to that elusive baptism or marriage entry, or alternatively a confusing census return that bears little relation to the known facts . Frustrating though these difficulties are, they may serve to be most helpful in the long term, by forcing research into unexpected and often very interesting avenues, yielding information that might otherwise have been. missed . An instance of such a situation is described here . An ancestor, Benjamin Perry (C .1781-1850), lived for approximately forty years of his life in the Northumberland village of Rothbury, where he worked initially as a cordwainer, and then later as a victualler of the 'Rifleman Inn' . Benjamin and his wife, Rachel, had nine children each of The lengthy entries in the bapwhom was baptised at the parish church . tism register are of a most helpful nature to a genealogist ; for example :December 21st, 1806 : Elizabeth Perry of Rothbury, born October 29th, third daughter of Benjamin, cordwainer, native of Alnwick, by his wife Rachel, daughter of John Todd, native of Rothbury . Unfortunately, Benjamin's name is absent from the baptism records of every denomination in Alnwick, and the surrounding area . Furthermore, apprenticeship records, directories, and the Alnwick Freemen's Guild records not only failed to mention Benjamin, but also failed to reveal any Perry in the area who could have been a relative . It was at this stage that by re-tracing steps, and examining the facts already gathered about Benjamin's descendants, another line of 'attack' was discovered . "Printer", "Bookprinter" and "Compositor" were familiar terms because they appeared regularly on certificates concerning the Perry family obtained Printing was obviously a skill that from St . Catherine's House, London . was much in demand during the mid-nineteenth century; indeed it was the calling which caused one branch of the family to move such a great distance in so short a time . Benjamin's youngest son, William Todd Perry, was born in Rothbury in 1823 ; by the time he was married in Tynemouth in 1845 he was A year later he was working at Wortley near Leeds, and by a book-printer . The early 1860s found the family well 1.850 he had moved to Heckmondwike . established in Stratford, Essex, where both William Todd Perry and his son Their employers were the Great Eastern Railway were employed as printers . Company, who had a printing works at Stratford . Although the story was interesting, it was not until the difficulty in locating Benjamin occurred, that any consideration was given to questions such as "Where was William Researchiag the answers trained?", or "Was printing a family tradition?" . proved most interesting . The history of individual printers and their work has received attention from historians and researchers ; biographical lists have been produced, and these are of value to the family historian . One volume, published in 1975, proved very helpful regarding the Perrys - "The Book Trade in Northumberland and Durham to 1860" by C .J . Hunt . This is a biographical dictionary of persons who were engaged in the printing, engraving, publishing and sale of books and other materials . The book is the fruit of work undertaken by the the History of Newcastle University. Book Trade group, whose chairman is Professor Isaacs of The above volume listed a Joseph Perry of Alnwick, who registered a printing press in February 1803, and who for a short time was in partnership with William Davison . One of the main reasons why such lists of printers

can be compiled for this period is that the Seditious Societies Act 1799, commonly called the "Gag Act", required every person with a press to register the fact with the clerk of the peace . Furthermore, the statute required and address of the printer to be attached to each piece of work the name legislation may be attributed printed . Such to the climate of fear that been fostered in the minds of the authorities by recent events in France . had "Gag Act" succeeded in restricting publication of treasonable Whether the a matter of debate, but the resulting records are certainly of material is value . The returns made to the clerk of the peace in Newcastle are now deposited at the Northumberland Record Office ; therefore I was able to The obtain a photocopy of the registration submitted by Joseph Perry . by a document itself, probably drawn solicitor, consists of little more than the formal words of registration, the name of the printer, and his address, in this case "Alnwick" . It is signed by the printer, and the signature is witnessed . Resort to printing history had thus provided information that might Joseph is certainly a family Christian not have otherwise been discovered . name, and the printing connection would appear to speak for itself . However, nothing is proved, and it is proving as difficult to locate the origins of Joseph ; nevertheless, there is at least another name to look for, another clue . Two other volumes that might assist genealogists in this field are : "Directory of Printers and Others - London and Vicinity, 18001840", ed . Todd, Printing Historical Society ; and "Dictionary of Printers and Book sellers who were at work in England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1726-1775", Plomer . Both should be available through the inter-library loan scheme, although my local library has not as yet been able to trace a copy of the latter work for me . THE

BACON

ARMS

B. Bacon Ever since I can remember as a child there has always been hanging on the wall, a framed painting of the family Arms together with a pedigree chart telling us that we originally came from Northumberland and Durham, that John Bacon was Northumberland's High Sheriff in 1693 and his son William Bacon likewise in 1745 and that the name Forster featured somewhere . It has always been one of those things that I just took for granted but two years ago I decided to find out just who the Bacons and the Forsters really were . My cousin surprised me when he came up with a great pile of old papers Among the letters I found correspondence between a former and manuscripts . He had been trying to update member of my family and the College of Arms . the family pedigree and to establish his right to the Armorial Bearings . Upon these papers coming into my hands I called on the Lancaster Herald in Victoria Street, London to reopen the file. inspection of the appro- . . priate book of registration showed that in 1814 a very extensive pedigree was entered showing the descendants of George Bacon of Claylin, County Derby and of Broadwood Hall, Allendale . I also found that by patent dated 29th June 1752 arms were assigned to John Bacon of Newton Cap in County Durham, F .B .S . and only son of William Bacon of the same place, son and heir of John Bacon of Staward Pile, Esquires, to be borne by himself and his descendants and by other descendants of his said grandfather .

My

- 68-

FMeamls

Total

In order therefore to establish the title to the Arms it was necessary for a pedigree to be compiled, duly approved and entered in the records of the College setting; forth the descent from a member of the family already on record . In order to connect with such member on record I handed over documents such as had come into my possession via my cousin . Parting with the sum of £105 I left the College with an air of expectancy together with an intense interest in my family origins . Last year the Examiners at the College of Arms accepted the continuation pedigree of my family and hence my own entitlement to Armorial Bearings . In addition to those granted to John Bacon, Blue Mantle Pursuivant advised me that I was also entitled to several other quarterings . They include the Arms of Thomas Forster of Adderstone, Sir William Forster of. Bamburgh Castle, William Clervaux, Sir William Chaytor of Croft, Co . York, Sir William Selby of Twizell and Thornton, Richard Lowther of Kippax and Swillington and Sir Cuthbert Radclyffe of Dilston and Blanchland . The pedigree at some stages in addition to the above shows connections with well known Northumberland and Durham families such as the Blenkinsopps who at one time owned Blenkinsopp and Bellister Castles, Ord of Fenham, Fenwick of Bywell, Forster of Adderstone, Forster of Bamburgh Castle, Ridley of Unthank and later of Walltown, Marshall of Walltown, Wastell of Simonburn, Bates of Halliwell, Essington of Walwick Grange, Blackett of Wylam and Coulson of Jesmond . THE

POPULATION

OF LONCEHORSLEY

IN

1788

AND

1811

The following extracts are from the Longhorsley parish registers : "Thomas Thurlow, D .D ., Lord Bishop of this Diocese held his Primary Visitation at Morpoth D . 1788, at same time a Confirmation was held, when 81 candidates from this Parish were admitted . At that time this Parish contained, 227 Families A 836 souls, belonging to the established Church, 12 Families of Protestant Dissenters, and 56 Roman Catholic souls . Joe Middleton, B .A ., Vicar Jno Bu,cklebarrow, Curate ." "By the returns made under the act for ascertaining the Population of Britain in 1811, this Parish contained 538 Males and 496 Females . Total Population 1034 Inhabited Houses

Number of Families

45 46

49 46 22 3 33 -7 7

3 33 35 6 6

Lord Carlisle's Freehold . . . . . . Todburn . . . . . . . Wingates . . . . . . Stanton . . . . . . . Long Bhaws . . . .

121 139 41 12 91 89 23 22

106 120 55 7 85 89 17 17

227 254 96 19 176 178 40 39

Robt Messenger .Curate Augt. 10th 1811 ." - 69-

THE

BLACK

SHEEP

If that elusive ancestor of yours cannot be found in the 1851 census where you thought ho should be, maybe it is because ho was not as honest and upright a citizen as you imagined : perhaps he was is prison ; The "inmates"" of Durham Gaol on the night of March 30th 1851 were six officers, with nine in their families, four "servants and others" and 190 men and 36 women prisoners . They were mainly County Durham born, but all parts of the British Isles were represented and there wore even throe Dutchmen . No less than 30 men and six women were Irish born, perhaps refugees from the potato famines in Ireland at this time . Ono is struck, also, by the youth of many of the unfortunates - nearly 20% of the men were What offence can the 11 year old Irish lad James still is their teens . Horn have committed which merited a prison sentence? Or Bridget and Ellen McQuire, presumably sisters, aged only 14 and 12 and described as "ballad singers"? Here are the names, with the prisoners rearranged into alphabetical order . After the name, the marital state (U - unmarried, M - married, W - widowed) and the age is given, followed by occupation and place of birth The abbreviations used are c .lab . - common labourer, and DA domestic assistance . Some of the place names are unidentifiable, especially the Irish ones, no doubt because the enumerator could not understand the Irish brogue . (D) after the place name indicates that it is stated to be in County Durham - but where in the county are Climary Dilmone or Austin? [Austin could be Ouston, parish of Chester-le-Street .- Ed .) STAFF, ETC . William GREEN, governor, M56, governor of gaol, Ellen GREEN, his wife, 50, son William, U27, colliery viewer, son Frederick, U18, scholar, daughter Emma, U16, scholar at home, son Edward, U14, scholar, daughter Ann, U12, scholar at home, daughter Rose, U9, scholar at home - all born Durham (D) ; Ellen EMERY, U25, governess, Lynn, Norfolk ; Sarah DUNBAR, U28, house servant, Middleton, Northumberland ; Frances HICKSON, servant, U17, Durham (D) ; George HUTTON, U20, servant, Shincliffe (D) ; John THOMPSON, M41, door porter, Durham ; Jane THOMPSON, female searcher, M49, Barton, Yorks ; son George, U10, Durham, son John U8, Durham ; Agnes JOHNSON, -35, matron, Edinburgh St . Andrew ; Hannah SPARK, -30, schoolmistress in the gaol, Weaterley, Yorks ; Ann THURLOWAY, -28, warden, Hiphill (D) . MALE

PRISONERS

Robert ALDERSON, M26, Glass cutting, Bishopwearmouth (D) ; John ANTRIM, U19, sailor, Clapham, Surrey ; James ASHCROFT, M26, Glassmaker, Hatter Heath, Lanes ; Peter ATKIN, U22, c .lab ., Sunderland (D) ; William ATKIN, U16, sailor, Liverpool, Lance ; William BARCLAY, M35, innkeeper, Black Water (?), Armagh ; Robert BARKER, M55, c .lab ., Sedgefield (D) ; William BARRON, U19, coal miner, Ravensworth (D) ; Walter BATES, M25, master builder, Shields (D) ; John BIRD, U21, coal miner, Easington Lane (D) ; Thomas BRADY, X27, bookkeeper, Crossnal; Roscommon ; Thomas BROOKS, U18, sailor, London, Middlesex ; Henry BROTHERTON, M25, master grocer, Lanchester (D) ; William BRUCE, M20, butcher, Shadforth (D) ; John CAIN, U34, c .lab ., Mildenhall, Suffolk ; William CAMPBELL, U15, sailor, Sunderland (D) ; Robert CARLTON, M65, sailor, Darlington (D) ; Thomas CASH, U20, turner & brazier, Nottingham ; William Christie, M42, shoemaker, Edinburgh ; John CLARK, M49, gardener, Richmond, Yorks ; Robert CLARK, U39, c .lab ., Gateshead (D) ; Bowen de CLOE, M36, sailor, Holland; John COATES, M29, coal trimmer, Climary Dilmone(?) (D) ; George COCKBURN, U19, coal miner, Draycole, Yorks ; Teasdal COLLEGE, M28, master mariner, Sunderland (D) ; Joseph COLLING, M45, auctioneer, Romaldkirk, Yorks ; Dennis COOPER, U24, carpet weaver, Barnard Castle (D) ; Nicholas CRANSTON, U18, coal miner, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Christopher CURRAH, M44, gamekeeper, Durham (D) ; James CURTIS, U13, tailor, Sunderland (D) ; John DAVIS,

U18, c .lab ., Newry, Down ; William DAVISON, M36, shipwright, Bentrick, Derby ; John DELANY, U17, sailor, St . Nicholas ; Roger DINNINGS, M28, blacksmith, Swalwell (D) ; William DITCHBURN, M25, master grocer, Lamesley (D) ; James DUNBAR, M31, chain maker, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; John EVANS, M21, boat builder, North America, British subject ; George FARMER, M30, whitesmith, Liverpool ; Thomas FENWICK, U44, shoemaker, Fishburn (D) ; John FISHER, U23, sailor, Harwidge, Essex ; John FREEMAN, U16, sailor, Sunderland (D) ; Thomas FRYER, M28, cabinet maker, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lance ; Peter GALACHER, U18, c .lab ., Gateshead (D) ; Robert GARNET, W62, blacksmith journeyman, Sunderland (D) ; William GARNET, U20, painter, Sunderland (D) ; William GIBSON, U24, shoemaker, Darlington (D) ; James GINNET, U20, teaser at a cotton factory, St . Giles, London ; James GRAHAM, U44, c .lab ., Glasgow ; William GRANT, U20, sailor, North America, New York, British subject ; Robert GREATREX, W58, sailor, Sunderland (D) ; Joseph GREEN, M46, cartman, Fulham, Middlesex ; John GRIFFIN, U23, c .lab ., Pallinstree, Galway ; William GRIEVES, M20, coal miner, Gatesc .lab ., Shields (D) ; Henry HALLGARTH, head (D) ; Fenwick H . HABBARD M37 M33, cordial maker, Riarth Coleath (D) ; Frederick B . HANDFORD, U40, sailor, Sunderland (D) ; Thomas HANN, U20, coal miner, Sheriff Hill (D) ; James HARDING, U19, c .lab ., Spalding, Lincs ; William HARDY, U25, sailor, Shields (D) Edward HARPER, U24, tailor, Barnard Castle (D) ; John HARRISON, U22, boiler smith, France, British subject ; Thomas HARVEY, U13, c .lab ., Newry Kilaney, Ireland ; James HECKHERTY, M49, sailor, Kerry, Ireland ; Patrick HEERON, U28, c .lab ., Louth, Ireland ; Robert S . HENDERSON, U28, millwright, Easington (D) ; Daniel HENRY, W65, c .lab ., Shields (D) ; Peter HENRY, U35, c .lab ., Derry Mackra ; John HESLOP, M24(?), coal miner, Austin (D) ; Edward HEWIT, M37, sailor, Shields (D) ; Stewart HEWSON, W30, sailor, Babk Head, Northumberland ; George HILL, U20, c .lab ., Belfast, Antrim ; William HOLT, M43, coal miner, Baken(?), Northumberland ; John HOOPER, U21, shipwright, Sunderland (D) ; James HORN, Ull, c..lab., Lethran Drumbolam, Ireland ; James HOWE, W35, bottler, West Auckland (D) ; John HOWLEY, M36, c .lab ., Ballimore, Mayo ; . John HUDDLESTONE, M54, master boat builder, Monkwearmouth (D) ; John HUGGETT, U17, sailor, Shields (D) ; Hugh HUTCHINSON, U21, sailor, Shetland Isle ; Robert JAMES, U26, woolcomber, Barton,Yorks ; William JAMESON, U15, c .lab ., Jarrow (D) ; James JEFFERSON, U58, c .lab ., Shields (D) ; George JOHNSON, M24, sailor, Shields (D) ; James JOHNSON, M34, c .lab ., Alnwi.ck, Northumberland ; John JOHNSON, M36, c .lab ., Boston, Lincs ; William JONES, U24, c .lab ., Kildare ; William JONES, U20, sailor, N . Shields, Northumberland ; John KEAN, U17, sailor, Kilkenny Rowan ; James KEEDY, U20, c .lab ., Newcastleon-Tyne ; Thomas KENNEDY,-M23, c .lab ., Carrarah, Sligo ; Peter KILDAY, U33, c .lab ., Plymouth ; Richard KIRK, U21, brick maker, Dorally, Monaghan ; William KITCHEN, M30 shoemaker, Eling, Hampshire ; John LANSBURG, M29, sailor, Flushing, Holland ; Thomas LAVERICK, U28, miller, Cramlington, Northumberland ; John LAVIN, alias HANN, U26, hatter, Roscommon, Kilmore ; John LAWS, U17, shipwright, Sunderland (D) ; John LITTLEHAILS, M25, master bootmaker, Edinburgh ; William LLOYD, U27, surgeon an assistant, Limerick ; John LOGAN, U47, c .lab ., Gothgarn, Derry ; George LOWE, U15, coalminer, Austin (D) ; John MABON, U22, c .lab ., Tullanescal, Monaghan ; Thomas McDONALD, U32, c .lab ., Farmoy, Sligo ; Patrick McGOUGH, M26, coal miner, Lisnekelly, Monaghan ; Patrick McKENNA, U26, c .lab ., Monaghan College Hall ; John McKIE, U26, weaver, Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire ; Edward McLAUGHLIN, M58, c .lab ., Edington, Northumberland ; Patrick McQUILLAN, U20, hawker, Essex ; Alexander MADDON, U16, shoemaker, Dublin City ; George MALLETT, U23, cabinet maker, glassmaker, Horninglow, Stafford-Birkenhead, Cheshire ; Abraham MARLOW, M27 shire ; Matthew MARTIN, c .lab ., Fachill, Armagh ; Philip MARTIN, U23, c .lab ., Maracloon, Monaghan ; William MATHER, U20, glassblower, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Thomas MATTHEWS, M27, watchmaker, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Joseph MAUDLING, M36, coal miner, Bemish (D) ; Matthew MITCHELL, M42, sailor, Rothesay, Renfrewshire ; Samuel MITCHELL, U23, sailor, Jersey, British subject ; James MOODEY, U23, c .lab ., Sunderland (D) ; James MORTON, M24, turner, Isle of Wight, Hants ; John OATES, U22, coal miner, Etherley (D) ; Thomas OATES, W44, shipwright, Sunderland (D) ; Thomas ORD, M29, coal miner, Houghton-le-Spring (D) ; George PATTINSON, M24, coal miner, New Bottle (D) ; Charles POSKETT, M28, c .lab ., - 71 -

Fishliek, Yorks ; Thomas PRATT, U27, carpet weaver, Barnard Castle (D) ; George PRINGLE, U19 shipwright, Sunderland (D) ; John RICHARDSON,M46, plumber, Shields (D); James RILEY, M24, c .lab ., Maidstone, Kent; John RILEY, U21, sailor, London, Middlesex ; David ROBERTSON, U19, sailor, Dundee, Forf arshire ; William ROBERTSON, U19, glassmaker, Sunderland (D) ; George ROBINSON, U19, c .lab ., Easingwold, Yorks ; Walter M . ROBINSON, U15, sailor, Hetton Hall (D) ;, William A . ROBINSON, U17, Rotten Hall (D) ; William ROBISON, U35, breweres clerk, Stranten (D) ; Thomas ROBSON, U20, tobacco manufacturers, Newcastle-on-Tyne ; Thomas ROGAN, U32, * .lab ., Down, Ireland ;; George RUSSELL, U18, coal miner, Stanhope (D) ; George RUTHERFORD, U26, joiner, Shields (D) ; Joseph SCAIFE, U19, beet closer, Darlington (D) ; Joseph SCOTT, M46, Potato Dealer master, Greathan (D) ; Robert SHAW, U34, no trade had an annuity but has gone through, Usworth(D); James SMITH, U40, joiner, Darlington (D) ; John SMITH, U18, sailor, Middlesex, London ; John SMITH, U20, coal miner, Hetton+le-Hole (D) ; Joseph SMITH, U21, printer, Darlington (D) ; ., William SMITH, U19, sailor, Shields (D) ; James SPARK, U19, sailor Sutton, Heat ;, Joseph SPEARS, U30, c .lab ., Down, Ireland ; Solomon SPEARS, U16, sailor, Belfast, Antrim ; George SPENCER, M29, putter, Maltea, Yorks ; John STEELE M55, mason journeyman, Gateshead (D) ; William STEWART, sailor, Perth ; Joseph TAYLOR, U21, c .lab ., Marlborough, Wilts ; Robert U17 TEASDALE, M50, master innkeeper, Durham (D) ; Robert THIRKELD, U22, farm servant, Egglestene (D) ; James THOMAS, U36, general clerk, Swansea, Glamorgan ; ; Edward THOMPSON, U18, miller, Durham (D), John THOMPSON, M27, c .lab ., Leightran, Ireland ; Robert THOMPSON, M44, sailor, Sunderland (D) ; Stephen THOMPSON, U50, farmer, Greenhead, Northumberland ; William THOMPSON, M30, c .lab ., Liverpool ; ; John TOY, M27, c .lab . Durham, Durham Gael ; John TURNBULL, U15, coal miner, Wreckington (D); William TURNBULL, U51, coal miner, Gateshead (D) ;; William TURNBULL, U14, Sunderland (D) ; John TURNER, U20, c .lab ., Newcastle-on-Tyne; William VANDERSIDE, U40, sailor, Holland, Heemewood ; Robert VAUGHAN, U17, sailor, Spitalfields, London ; William WAILES, W40, chainmaker, Wallsend, Northumberland ; William WAKE, M25, engine driver, Thornley (D) ; John WALTERS, M33, coalminer Monkwearnouth (D) ; Joseph WALTON, alias WHITE, M28, coal miner, Stanhope (D) ; Ralph WATSON, M33, coalminer, Wreckington (D) ; John D . WATSON, U21, miller, Cotherstone, Yorks ;, Thomas WATSON, M24, shipwright, Hylton (D) ; William WATSON, U18, c .lab ., Wiggan, Lance ; John WESLEY, U21, sailor, USA ; . . . . . WHITE, W50, c.lab., Harwood Dale, Yorks ; Thomas WILE, U23, sailor, Norway, British subject ; ; James WILLIAMSON, U19, brush maker, Newcastle, Staffs ; Cuthbert WILSON, M20, coal miner, Shields (D) ; James WILSON, U20, glass cutter, Manchester ; John WILSON, U19, cotton weaver, Deal, Best ; Hoary WOOD, U16, * .lab ., Surrey, London ; James WOOD, U21, glazier, Nee toe (D) ; John WOODHOUSE, U40, c .lab ., Dublin City ; Hoary WRIGHT, U18, sailor, Middlesbrough, Yorks . FEMALE

PRISONERS

Elizabeth ANDERSON, U19, prostitute, Sligo ; Jane ATKINSON, U19, prostitute, Shields (D) ; Mary BALMER, U20, rope spinner, Sunderland (D) ; Mary BROWN M32, sempstress, Chester-le-Street (D) ; Isabella BRUNNING, M38, DA, Durham ; Elizabeth B. BURN, M39, oakum teaser, Sunderland (D) ; Elizabeth CARMAN, U40, potter, Jersey ; Jane CLAIG, U28, prostitute, Co . Cavan ; Mary Ann COLE, M28, DA, Worsall, Yorks ; Ellen CUMMINGS, M55, hawker, May* ; Mary Ann DAVISON, M45, milliner, Goeforth, Northumberland ; Rosanna DINNING, W45, hawker, Edinburgh West Kirk ; Catherine DODDS, W40, prostitute, Belfast ; Ellen HOLMES, U19, hawker, Hull, Yorks ; Ann JAAG, W40, hawker, Belfast ; Mary Ann JOHNSON, M31,prostitute, Liverpool ; Hannah LEYBOURN, U29, prostitute, Darlington (L)!; Mary LOGAN, M50, DA, Darlington (D) ; Mary Ann McGOUGH, U19, silk weaver, Manchester ; Bridget McQUIRE, U16, works in the fields, Liverpool, Lanes ; Bridget McQUIRE, U14, ballad singer, Newcastle ; Ellen McQUIRE, U12, ballad singer, Newcastle ; Janet MESSENGER, M33, DA, Inverness ; Mary MITCHELL, M45, DA, Alawick, Northumberland ; Ann MOFFOOT, U23, prostitute, Shields (D) ; Ellen O'BRIEN, U34, prostitute, Shields (D) ; Mary O'BRIEN, - 72 -

W48, works in the fields, Sligo ; Margaret PATTISON, U16, knitting, Middlesbrough, Yorks ; Margaret RICHARDSON, M45, DA, Sunderland (D) ; Margaret Jane ROBINSON, M23, prostitute, Stockton (D) ; Agnes ROBSON, W37, prostitute, Perth St . Johns ; Elizabeth ROGERS, M46, ginger broad maker, Reith, York* ; Catherine SALKELD, U25, prostitute, Shields (D) ; Mary Ann SMITHSON, M23, chairwoman, "Durham Hull"; Rachel TAYLOR, M25, DA, York, Marks ; Margaret WATSON, U16, DA, St . Peters (D) . A

GROUP

OF TRIMDON

LEASES

A .J . Pain A recent and interesting addition to Durham County Record Office has been a collection of leases relating to Trimdon granted is 1616 or 161? . In his history of the Palatinate Surtees explains : "By indenture 31 July 13 Jac . Humphrey Wharton of Gillingwood, co York Esq and Thomas Wharton Seaton his son and heir acquired the manor of Trimdon and lands in Thornley By several indentures Elton of Philip Lord Wharton sad Sir Thomas Wharton . the same Humphrey and Thomas Wharton granted out various dated 13 and 14 Jac parcels of the lands belonging to the manor to different persons to hold for terms of 999 or 1000 years . . . ." For a long time the forty four leases were thought to have been either lost or inaccessible but now forty ono of them have been deposited with the Record Office . Whilst the majority of the lessees are described as being yeomen, for examples Robert Jackson, Richard Corban, William Brass, James Shadforth, all of whom came from Trimdon, not all of them are so described There is a John Jackson of Trimdon a weaver and a Francis Weemes [Weames] of Trimdon a widow and her eldest son Robert a yeoman of Durham . There is incidentally a John Weemes of Trimdon who may be related to Francis . There is another widow, Margaret Hutchinson, and her son, William . Again as one would expect the majority of the lessees are from Trimdon but not all : I have already mentioned Robert Weemes but there is a James Smeton of Durham, William Stoddart of Greenside, Richard Stoddart of Greenside (the last two may be related to Brian Stoddart of Trimdon, yeoman) and a Nicholas Barron [Baccon?] of Easington. There are five families which perhaps deserve some special mention . The Burleysen [Burletson] family took two leases in 1616 . One lessee is Robert described as a yeoman of Trimdon . He seems to be ono and the same as the Robert in Surtees pedigree of the Burletson family (vol . 1, p . 110) . It is It seems likely that he had a brother Bryan who leased lands too . unlikely to have been Robert's son Bryan who was baptised in 1612 and who married Dorothy daughter of Jarrad Pearson on 16 October 1638 . Surtees mentions two earlier Bryans : "Bryan Burletson and Margaret Furrow married 17 May 1602" and "Bryan Burletson and Elisabeth Bailes married 18 February 1616". Robert Ward of Trimdon, gentleman took two leases ono on 2 August 1615, the other on 12 June 1616. He was one of the few lessees able to sign his own name is a fair hand . There is a pedigree of the Warde family of Triadea and Bowes in Surtees (vol . 1, p . 110) and there is a Robert therein who married Barbara the daughter of Thomas Blenkinsop of Helbeck is Westmoreland . They had a son called William aged 18 in 1615 . On

.

On 12 June The Pearson family features prominently in the village . On land 1616 of Robert leas Pearson two tok a Trimdon yeoman 20 November 1616 ho took a lease of a very considerable tract of land, and on the same day Briaa Pearson and John Pearson both leased other largo pieces of land . - 73 -

With the leases there is filed a deed dated 4 September 1735 which contains more detail regarding this family . A Robert Pearson whose wife was stilled was the devisee of John Pearson, yeoman of Trinden . Ann Robert had a son called Robert who married a girl called Alice This Robert apparently owned land in Southfield Trimdon . John Pearson's will was dated .14 December 1637 . Robert Sadler of Trimdon took a lease of a small piece of laud in 1617 . Once again filed with the leases is a deed dated 22 April 1708 which provides further information about the family . Robert Sadler the elder had a son Robert who was to die before his father . Robert junior married Anne and had a sister Jane who married Anthony Smith, but Jane and Anthony sold their lands in Trimdounin 1657 . Anne, by the way, was still alive in 1670 . Finally, of course, the namo Robert Reaper [Roper] appears as ono of the lessees. in 1616 . The pedigree of this family appears in Surtees (vol. 1, p . 107) and numbers within its members Robert Roper of Trimdon, LLD, Chancellor of the Diocese of York and Auditor of the Duchy Court of Lancaster for the Northern Parts . Re married (secondly) Henrietta the daughter of the 7th Earl of Kinnoul. It may be of interest if mention is made of the will of an earlier Robert Roper of Trimdon who died is 1987 for it illustrates the close relation of the villagers : "Robert Roper of Trymdonsickein.bodye smton aBry dRobert d.myaughtersElabth and Annas . . . my wyfe Annas Roper . . . Robt . Jackson, Richard Jackson and Cuthbert Close to have the oversight . Witness : Robt. Burlyson." Surtees goes on to say "A considerable estate in Trimdon has descended for severalgenerations inanother branch ofthe familtroper....[it was ultimately asultimately to Chancellor Robert Roper's grand nephew Roper-Stote-Donnison devised] Roper the present proprietor ." In fact it was not until 1906 that Trimdon Hall farm was sold out of the Roper family . It should be noted that the Durham County Record Office contains the following Church of England Parish Registers : Baptisms : Marriages : Burials :

1721+1869 1721-1940 1721-1891

All local records of this type are fascinating, in the register of marriages we find : John Redman (of St . Dunstan's Stepney) married Mary Smith on 29 September 1763, one of the witnesses being Brass Crosley who was to become Lord Mayor of London . In 1789 the marriage between Joseph Simpson (of St . Andrew's Auckland) and Elizabeth Thiner was "prevented for want of proper asking" . Amongst the christenings many of the families already mentioned appear, for example : Richard son of John Jackson (12.4.1721); William son of Robert Hutchinson of Garmondsway (1 .4 .1722) ; Ann the daughter of John Pearson (2 .4 .1727) ; John the son of Matthew Stobbart (20 .10,1730) ; Mary the daughter of Robert Burleyson (' .9 .1732) . Like most Durham villages Trimdon saw changes in the Victorian ago and many now families bought land there, for example, Robert Dennison, a miller of Floaters Mill (died 8 .12 .1861, Will proved 20 .8 .1862) and his grand daughter Jane Mary Coates married William Dalkin the village blacksmith, while another, Mary Dennison Coates, married Richard Walker, a farmer of Fishburn . John Thomas Brown was an innkeeper there in 1888 (died 24 .7 .1903) and there is a clause in his will in which ho loft eight shillings per week to his mother and father and the survivor of then . That for me serves to emphasize the close family ties within this village which must surely reward investigation by interested family historians .

RESEARCH

INTO

TUB

RISC HMILLER

FAMILY

H . Rischmiller At first this would appear to be quite an easy matter with such a same as ours as it is rather unique sad, as has been discovered, anyone in the U .K ., and in various parts of the world, with our name and spelling, has originated from Frederick William, born Friederich Wilhelm Rischmuller, who came to this country from Germany during the reign of George III . Unfortunately some members of the family did not like the name with its German connotation so they deleted the first part and became just Miller This of course made life more difficult as Miller is quite a common name it the English speaking world . Our history was commenced, rather sketchily, almost a hundred years ago by a young member of the family who was dying of consumption and passed away at the early age of twenty . As he had written it so it remained until a few years ago when renewed interest became apparent . As far back as I should think, sixty years ago, an aunt of mine long since passed away, told me that there was someone of our name, a naval officer, is London, but this could not be tied up as having any connection with our family until I began research just a few years ago . It was stated in our 'history' that Frederick William, who I will call had come to London from North Germany, married Mary Knibb and eventual(1), at Felling Shore where he obtained ly moved north to live Snowden's Hole) chemical works in that district . From this marriage there employment in the Only the last, a daughter, baptised at were four children . Mary, was Heworth, so it is presumed that the others were born elsewhere, probably in London . As it was presumed that Frederick (1) had obtained employment is the royal household soon after his arrival in England, attempts were made to see if any information with regard to the marriage, and births of the children, could be obtained from the Royal Archivist at Windsor Castle, or from The eldest several churches around the Royal Palaces but all to no avail . my great-grandfather . There were two daughters whose son Frederick (2) was then be Caroline and Mary, and disnames were not recorded, but I found to remained unmarried and carried on the occupation of covered that they had second Harry, who changed his same to dressmakers in Gateshead . The son, a sea captain and, as far the 'history' was concerned, he had Miller, was as However, in another copy of not married and therefore had left no family . a it was stated that the second the 'history' which I obtained at later date, son of Frederick (2), who was named Henry and called himself Miller, had gone to sea in one of his cousin's Thomas Robson Miller, ships . This set me thinking that if Henry Miller had a cousin, this cousin must have been the son of Harry Miller the sea captain, who, by the way, eventually was lost at sea . Henry as a sea captain also lost his life at sea . In 1971 when I was becoming interested in my family history I noticed in the Daily Telegraph, on the Court Circular page, the announcement of the death of Commander Dawson Risch Miller . I thought this must be the naval officer my aunt had mentioned so many years ago . I did nothing at the time but about five years later, on the same page of the Daily Telegraph, was recorded the death of Cyril Gibson Risch Miller, and I immediately assumed that this must have been a brother to the late naval commander . Subsequently a neighbour gave me a cutting from the Daily Telegraph, a legal notice requesting anyone having interest in the deceased's estate to contact a named solicitor in London . I wrote (not having any interest in the estate, of course) and was brought in touch with the son of Cyril Gibson Risch Miller, who was kind enough to write to me and also passed on my letter to one of his aunts who also wrote to me and gave me quite a lot of background to the It appears that Thomas Robson Miller, grandfather to Risch Miller family . - 75 -

the deceased gentleman, was a shipowner in Newcastle in the last century, lived at Winton House, Morpeth, the town of which ho was a councillor and Mayor in 1877 . He must have worried about his father dropping the Risch part of our name so ho introduced it again by naming one of his sons Harry. Risch . He also had a daughter and another son, Thomas Dawson, who became Sir Thomas Dawson Miller, High Court Judge in Patna, India . Harry Risch then passed on the name of Risch to his four children, the two deceased gentlemen already mentioned, and to two daughters who are still alive . Thomas Robson Miller was not successful as a shipowner and eventually turned to shipping insurance and moved to Leads& and founded the firm of Thos R . Miller, which today is a thriving business . Thomas Robson had a sister and brothers . Ono of the brothers, Harry, also had a son, who he named Harry Bisch, who became a ship's broker in Newcastle, lived in Jesmond and had a country cottage, "Pondicherri", in Rothbury, which is still there but in different ownership . I visited Pondicherri last summer but the present owner was not in residence so I could only see the cottage from the outside, but could admire the Coquet and the beautiful view of the surrounding countryside from that wonderful vantage point. The information I obtained about this branch of the family came to me by another obituary notice that was cut out of a copy of the Newcastle Chronicle and saved for me for my subsequent annual visit to the Tyne . It was a notice of the death of Edith Hasler Miller, widow of Harry Risch Miller, and it mentioned that she had boon a very active member of St.James Church, Newcastle . I therefore wrote a letter to the church secretary who very kindly furnished me with a wealth of information about the family . It appeared that this Harry Bisch had boon the secretary of the church for many years, and had been a member since the end of the last century until his death in 1949 . Through knowledge I had thus gained I was able to locate his son, Harry Hasler Miller, who is now an American and lives in the USA. I am in regular correspondence with him and ho has boon to visit me . Ho sent me a family history, written by his father . I found it was more complete than, the one I had, and tied up the relationship between our families which I had taken a long time to find out by diligent searchos . Ho also sent me a copy of the "Last Will and Testament" of Ann Robson of among the effects High Felling,who died in 1847. He had found the Will of his late mother . Ann was the mother of Sarah Robson who was married to the first Captain Harry Miller . Ann Robson was the wife of Thomas Robson, builder, of High Felling and was born around 1787 . Thomas Robson Miller, as already mentioned, was Mayor of Morpeth in 1877 . This interested me greatly as I am the only other member of the family to have attained this office by being Mayor of Bedford during the year 1972/73. I wrote to the Chief Executive of Morpeth to see what in formation I could glean from that source about Thomas R . Miller . He put me in touch with a historian who is engaged in writing a history of the past Mayors of Merpeth and between this historian and myself a quite comprehensive picture of the gentleman was produced, even to a photograph which I was fortunate enough to obtain from London . During the course of my research I have been quite unable to trace the marriage of my great-grandparents, Frederick (2) and Elisabeth Fairbridge . Our history states that she was the cousin of George Stephenson, the great Engineer, and the daughter of a farmer in Felling and had worked at Felling Hall . In spite of intensive search I have been unable to trace the name of Fairbridge in this area, or the marriage . Also, no trace can be found of the marriage of Harry Miller and Sarah Robson in spite of the fact that they both belonged to Felling, continued living there and had their family born and brought up in the area . This has boon very frustrating .

second cousin of mine, Ralph Rischmiller, whose family had gone to the USA about the year 1926, became interested in family research and on searching through a German Who's Who,in New York, came across the name of Friedrich Rischmuller of Oldenburg, Germany, and wrote to his to see if he This gentleman invited Ralph to go to could establish any relationship . records of the village from when the family came Germany to search the parish in a motor car accident almost two years ago Unfortunately Ralph was killed the offer . I then wrote to Germany and and before he was able to take up and so in July of last year my wife and I was offered the same hospitality treated extremely well and were taken to the We were went to Oldenburg . renowned for its Pied Piper, and disvillages concerned, near to Hamlyn, about the time we had thought we should, covered the births of Rischmullers at not finding the entry we were seeking and 1770/80, but were disappointed birth of our ances of discovering the returned home without the satisfaction . However, our his fortune in this country tor who came from Germany to seek the search East Friesland, continued host, who is the retired Chief Justice of entry we we were informed that the for us and shortly after our return home subsequentWilhelm Rischmuller, had been seeking had been located : Friedrich ly Frederick William Rischmiller, had been born the son of Henrich Johan Rischmuller and Marie Louise, nee Sassenbergs, in 1778, at mattendorf, not far from Weibig I understand, and of course near to Hamlyn . It has brought This ended a long search which has been most rewarding . which is very the Rischmiller±Miller family, as in touch with many members of meant a great . Of course it has extensive, much larger than I had dreamed of Librarians, the world, to Archivists, deal of letter writing to all parts of Churches, members of the family, and so on, and there is no doubt that everyWithout their one with whom I have been in touch has been most helpful . all the inforIn turn I have supplied help I could have got nowhere at all . my research has who are interested so that mation I have found to all these away for ever satisfaction to be locked not been something for my own personal something of many families to know but it has served the purpose of helping Maybe it will not be followed up, but their background and of their origin . member of the family, yet unborn, may poswho knows a hundred years hence a in a small document written almosta sibly be interested as I was interested destined to develop into full manhood. hundred years ago by a young sick man not It will be readily recognised that this is quite a brief summary of my It would take a book to write it all up - maybe this will come research . at a later date! THE FAMILY" Readers of Mr Perry's article (pp . 67-68) may be interested in some The additional details about the lists of printers which he mentions . in England, Scotland and Ireand Booksellers at work "Dictionary of Printers G .H . Bushnell and E .R .McC . jointly by H .R . Planer, land, 1726-75" was compiled in 1932, four years after Bibliographical Society Dix and published by the The Society had already published similar Dictionaries by Planer's death . Ploner for the periods 1641-67 (1907 and 1668-1725 (1922 and one edited by Copies of these volumes are available in R .B . McKerrow for 1557-1640 (1910 . Public Library and the National Library Library, Edinburgh Edinburgh University the Bibliographical Society republished the four Dicof Scotland, but in 1977 reduced size,and members may unrevised,reprint,in tionaries as a one volume, original volumes . find this easier to locate than the Members might also like to note that additional information or amendC .J . Hunt, "The ments to the entries about printers, booksellers, etc ., in welcomed by Professor would be to 1860"~ and Durham Northumberland Trade in Book Trade in the Isaacs, Chairman of the Committee for the History of the Book His address is : Dept . of Civil Engineering, Newcastle University, North . Mr Hunt himself is now in Australia but it is Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 7RU . possible to publish a revised edition of his book . hoped that it will one day be P .J .S . A

POSTSCRIPT

TO

"INK

IN

FAMILY F06

IN

MYSTERIES THE

DALES

Alan Wright 1 . Introduct ion

My interest in family history received its initial stimulus from

On the yellowing flytleaves in neat, faded hand paternal grandmother . writing were detailed the family of Thomas Holmes and Jane Kidd, who married on July 5th 1828 at St . John's Chapel, Weardale .

anexaminationaof bmily ei(5kgnbweihlt)ogntowmyife's

Like many amateur family historians I have since experienced the whole range of emotions from the exhilaration on finding a long-searched name to the despair after many a fruitless search ; from the physical dis comfort of sitting for hours in freezing-cold church vestries in the height of British summer, to perspiring is the ever-heated searchrooms of Record Offices . Again in common with many searchers the results, far from illuminating the family history, often only multiply the mystery . A more appropriate title for our society might be the "Northumberland and Durham Family Mystery Society" : While the following 'mysteries' concern fairly humble members of the human race I trust that you will find them no less intriguing . 2 . The Holmes Affair What evidence there is suggests that Stanhope Parish was not the home According to the parish registers the name first appears of the Holmes . We have to wait in 1705 when Margaret Holmes married Rowland Stephenson . 45 years before it surfaces again in another marriage, Rachel Holmes to Neither of these marriages of coarse perpetuates the Thomas Errington . name . The first male that occurs is that of Richard Holmes of Romaldkirk in 1760 who married Jane Little . Apart from a marriage of James Holmes and Elinor Nattras in 1773 all of the subsequent births, marriages and deaths seem to stem from the Richard/Jane marriage . The registers record ten children as being born from this union and all survived childhood except Jonathan, the youngest, and Jane, who died in 1789, aged 14 years . The last seven children were recorded as being born at Harthopeburn just outside Chapel . Richard Holmes =

Jane Little

Richard Mary Sarah Thomas Jane Margaret Rachel Ann Esther Jonathan (1763) (1765) (1767) (1772) (1775) (1777) (1779) (1781) (1782) (1786) On 12th May 1790 the eldest son, Richard, married Elizabeth Slack at Alston and one month later a Mary Holmes and John Wearmouth were wed at Chapel . Because there is no evidence of any other Holmes family in the vicinity it is a reasonable assumption that Mary is the sister of Richard . If so, it is then necessary to explain the presence of a William Holmes, a witness at Mary's wedding, and this is discussed later . The Richard/Elizabeth marriage produced nine children., three boys and six girls, of which five were born at Westgate and the remainder at Nenthall , near Alston . Richard m was an innkeeper and a, descendant of his . another William Holmes, still lives in Front Street, Alston. - 78-

further marriage occurred in 1797 between William Holmes and Mary Dixon with Thomas Holmes and Ann Dixon as witnesses . Thomas and Ann marry in 1798 with Richard as a witness . While it is possible that Mary and Ann are sisters and Thomas is there because of his relationship with Ann, it is more reasonable to assume a relationship with William - a case of two brothers marrying two sisters . Another marriage of a Holmes occurs in 1797, that of Sarah to William Collingwood, also with Thomas as a witness . Only two further marriages occur up to 1812, that of Margaret Holmes to Thomas Mitchell in 1808 and a William Holmes to Jane Daglish in 1803, with the ever-popular Thomas earning his keep as a witness in the former . Margaret would appear to be the daughter of Richard/Jane but who is William? A first suggestion is that it could be the same William who married Mary Dixon but this is easily discounted as William/Mary are recorded as having children in this period . There are no recorded children to the Another William/Jane marriage so they could have moved outside the area . possibility exists in that there is a death of a William aged 77 of Pinfold House, Daddry Shields, in 1812, so William and Jane could have been past caring about children when they married . However, other considerations support the first alternative as being the more likely of the two . The William/Mary union produced eleven children, six boys and five girls ; two of the boys and one of the girls died in infancy . A farther son, Richard, died in 1828 and a fourth, William, was murdered by a poacher in 1832 . The youngest son, Adam, does not appear again, leaving only the eldest, Thomas Dixon, to carry the name through to the next generation . Of one thing I am certain is that Thomas Dixon Holmes is the Thomas Holmes in the family bible . Meanwhile, not to be outdone, Thomas/Ann were also producing a large family of seven boys and two girls, losing three boys and one girl in infancy . A significant fact supporting a close relationship between William and Thomas is that some of both their families were born at Pinfold House, Daddry . Could they have been brothers? Examination of the birth sequence in the Richard/Jane family shows a regular two year gasp between births except between Sarah and Thomas when the interval is five years . So William could fit in comfortably . The emission in the baptismal record, if indeed it is, is puzzling since Richard/Jane were very conscientious about their other ten children . Referring to the earlier mentioned death of William (77) it is suggested that this in fact could be Richard . Support for this assumption comes from the fact that there is no recorded death of a Richard right up to 1850 and beyond . However, there is the death of Jane Holmes (84) in 1899, which is obviously Richard's wife (or widow) . Ann, wife of Thomas, died in 1816, aged 38 . However, there is a vague possibility that this could have been Ann, sister of Thomas, who would have been 35 in 1816 . Ann's last recorded child was born four months before the death so the cause may have been this last confinement . Mary, wife of William, died in 1848, aged 72., but to-date no record of the "departure" of Thomas or William has yet been found . Apart from entries relating to the family of Thomas D . Holmes, there are only sporadic occasions when the name Holmes crops up between 1820-50 . Families of a John and a Thomas can be identified and these were probably sons of Thomas . The registers confirm the family bible details but, in addition, give some farther interesting information . Three daughters, Frances, Ester and

Mar garet were known to have produced out-of-wedlock children (Margaret had two) and the registers actually give the names of the respective fathers . Margaret, surprisingly, never married the father of her two children but eventually married the village blacksmith at Daddry, George Harrison, a widower . The Thomas D ./Jane marriage produced ten girls and one boy, William, Interestingly, all the ex-family children were girls also who died young . the girls/boys totals are tabulated for all the known families an and if arises : unusual pattern 1 . Richard/Jane . . . . . 2 . Richard/Elizabeth /Mary . . . .. 3William . h. Thomas/Ann . . . . . . 5 . Thomas/Jane . . . . . . 6 . Thomas D ./Jane . . .

7/4. ... . . . . . 6/3 5/6 . . .. . . .. 2/7, . . . . 4/6x . . . . 10/1

Totals . . . . . . . . .

34/27

In general, for the population at large, the ratio girls/boys births is less than unity and although the above is not a strictly scientific sample, Perhaps, this is why, in it is in opposition to this general pattern . spite of the large families, the Holmes name died out in the dales . 3.Wh o's. Kidding Who

The other half of the saga is Rot so involved and concerns the Jane Kidd - the second of three children tracing of the Kidd branch : The family were recorded as born to John Kidd and Mary Gibson at Chapel . Chapel . This is a useful piece of living at Hilltop, a farm overlooking Gibson and his wife Mary (Peart) lived information because from 1762 John daughter Mary (b .1763) gave one some at Hilltop, so finding their first when she married and she and John Kidd She would have been 39 confidence . too old to bear before she became managed to squeeze in three children rather nicely until - another Mary It all fitted together children . was cured easily as a check in the (b.1779) turned up . This small hiccup had died in 1778 . 'Burials' showed that the first Mary John Gibson and Mary Peart had eleven children (5b, 5g) spaced over Checks on a : 30 years which is an unusually long period of fertility . periods of between number of other large family groups gave child-bearing yawning gap of seven years In the Gibson sequence there is a 20-25 years . Another (1770-77) between the 4th and 5th child which looked ominous . consultation with the 'Burials' book revealed the death of a Mary Gibson, If this is Mary of Hilltop then John must have wife of John, in 1773 . Unfortunately there is no record of remarried and to another Mary . another marriage, or even of another John/Mary to fit the bill . A further twinge of unease arises because when daughter Mary wed John Kidd in 1802 the witnesses were Isaac and Margaret Gibson and these names Could Mary belong to a do not appear in the John/Mary (Peart) family . The choice of witnesses outside the different Gibson family altogether? immediate family indicates this as a possibility . On the Kidd side from 1705 to 1804 there were 37 Kidd marriages of so if we assume John Kidd was about 25 when he which 24 were male Kidds If he was the last of a large married this puts his birthdate around 1777 . Thomas' fourth son, z" Thomas was the second son of Richard and Elizabeth . . Holmes of Alston Walton Holmes, was the grandfather of William .. 80 ..

family there are five possible sets of parents, while if he was the eldest in spite of the of a family there are another three possibles . However, large number of potential parents floating around, there is an extreme Where did they shortage of births - only one in the 1760s, for example . all go to? 4» Conclusion

My first foray into family history produced reams of names, dates, places and a consuming desire to solve the puzzles presented by this deluge It is rather like trying to complete a complicated jigsaw while of data . having at one's disposal three or four times the required number of pieces . Any solutions to my puzzles will be gratefully received and prizes awarded accordingly .

F .J . Vaughan The Industrial Revolution caused a huge increase in the population of England, villages became towns and towns swelled to cities so that by the middle of the last century the old Parish Churchyards could not cope with The position regarding the Burial of the the number of burials required . Dead was so grim that Acts of Parliament were passed closing to burials those Parish Churchyards which were full or surrounded by other buildings and houses . In place of the Churchyards large rural Cemeteries were opened . In the country These were generally independent of any Religious Body . areas, parishioners continued to be buried in the churchyard and the practice still continues today . The first cemeteries were opened at Liverpool and Manchester and The early cemeLondon's first cemetery at Kensal Green was opened in 1832 . teries were formed by public companies but Municipal Cemeteries followed The grave lay out in the "company" cemeteries tended to be haphazard . later . A customer (or rather his relations picked the site of the grave, the area became scattered with graves and,in time, new ones were being squeezed into odd vacant spaces . In such a Cemetery it is impossible to locate a particular grave without consulting a plan of the grave plots, and it is often diffi-~ cult to locate on the plan . The newer cemeteries, and probably all the municipal ones, were plotted out before any graves were sold . These cemewere generally laid out in Sections, A-B-C-D, etc . and the graves is teries section were numbered in rows . In such a cemetery it is fairly easy to each a grave without consulting a plan, providing that you know the grave find number . You know that Grave No . A368 will adjoin No . A369 and that they will not be at opposite ends of the Cemetery . Although the Cemetery Registers are detailed it always worth looking at a grave in case it had a Memorial very is Inscription which gives additional details of family history . In recent years with the decrease in burials and an increase in cremamany cemeteries have closed and the fate of their records is uncertain . tion, Municipal Cemeteries are generally still open (they can afford to run at The the Rates) Their records are kept in the Superintendent's Office a loss on . the Cemetery . Many of the public cemetery companies have at the entrance to gone into liquidation and if you wish to consult their registers, your only hope is that they have been deposited at the local Record Office . Unless the cemetery belongs to a particular religious body such as the Jews or Roman Catholics, it will consist of Consecrated and Unconsecrated Sections . The Consecrated Section has been blessed according to the Estab lishedChurch,whilea graveintheUnconsecratedSectionisbles edindviu-aly bytheOf ic ating Clergyman t hefirst burialinthegrave.Ther - 81 -

may be a separate burial Register for each of these sections . The great majority of graves are private or Subscription graves, but a number are public graves . These latter type are not pauper burials as many people seem to think, but it means that no individual owns the exclu sive burial rights to the grave and therefore the people buried in each grave have no connection with each other . These graves do not have monumental inscriptions . The private graves are an asset to the genealogist and often enable him to discover an instant family tree in a few minutes even when there is no monumental inscription on the grave . The purchaser of a private grave obtained the sole rights to the burials in that grave . These graves vary in size from cemetery to cemetery . Some were made to contain three or four interments but in the north of England people evidently wanted,more for their money and the graves were designed for five adults or ten infants or a mixture of both . There is a separate ledger kept for private graves with a section in the ledger for each grave . As each burial takes place in the grave a reference number is added to the section for that grave, the reference number being that referring to a burial in the Chronological Burial Register . The beauty of this information is that several searches in the Burial Register to find different deaths in one family are unnecessary . To illustrate how this works . You have found that your grandmother, Ann Green, died on 6th June 1950, aged 72 years . (If you de net knew the grave number in which she is buried you must find first the exact date of death of one of the people buried in the grave .) The Registrar looks at the 1950 burial register, and sees that she was buried in grave no . B432 Consecrated . He then consults the Grave Ledger and informs you that Grave B432 Consecrated was bought on 12 September 1880 by Frederick Green, that there are five people buried in the grave . can leek up these He referen-cesim ediately and informyou thattheyrefertoJohnGreen,died10September 1880, aged 67 years ; Mary Green, died 30 August 1901, aged 61 years ; Frederick Green, died 26 January 1926, aged 85 years ; William Green, died 1 . December 1912 aged 40 years You know that all these people are relations and the details of "Next -of -Kin" will often reveal the relationship of each person in the grave . (In the old Church Registers you have no moans of knowing whether any of the people you come across are related because you do not know whether or not the burials occurred in thesame grave .) The information given in Cemetery Registers varies . Generally it consists of the name of the deceased, date of death, age, occupation, address ; ; name and address of next of kin . The Municipal Cemeteries of Bradford, Yorkshire, also give the names of the mother and father of each person buried . This gives as much information as you would find en a Scottish Death Certificate . If you have not considered Cemeteries in your research up to now, why not drop in at your local? CATHOLIS

DURHAM

COUNTY

SOME

Following on our publication of the lists of Roman Catholics confirmed by Bishop Leyburn on his confirmation tour in Northumberland in 1687, readers may be interested to know of a later list of Catholics, this time in County Durham . Darlington Public library has a, "List of Catholics in the Townships of Darlington and Cockerton, 1767" (reference U418b), consisting of one and a half typed pages, and in some cases giving extra details, for example, age, place of birth, or occupation .

LOST

LAMBS

H . Lamb When my father and I first started on our family history about three years ago we progressed, as I presume most people do, in fits and starts . We kept returning to the beginning to seek guidance from the memory of an aunt (b . 1892) . The first line back was fairly easily established and confirmed by Baptismal records and Census Returns . Jane

b.Welton 1847

Robert b,Welton 1849

John b.Welton 1851

James b.4 1854

Henry b.East Matfen 1856

William & Elizabeth b.Jarrow 1863

I can These were the children of James Lamb, born Bedlington 1822 . who other children James (1854) nor any the birthplace of find no trace of married and 1863 . James Lamb, (1822) born between 1856 could have been Again Dorothy Potts who stated Welton 1824 as her birthplace and birth . at 4 New the family was living of her family . In 1851 I can find no trace Wall House, Welton. The second line back :Hannah Elizabeth Robert Mary b.Monk- b.Monk- bBedlington b.Bedlington 1820 seaton 1813 1816 seaton 1818

Margaret

James 1822 1824

There is a strong suspicion, howwas again fairly comfortably ascertained . second family . There is recorded the death of a Mary ever, that this was a Robert's, died 1807 . James Lamb, (Husbandman), Lamb of Netherton, wife of ownership of establish through the was very easy to the eldest son's, line 1841-1851), Widderington Bedlington, Linton, farm lands at Red House, Indeed, Broadlaw, Shilvington (1861) and Berwick Hills, Ponteland 1871) . . living in Ponteland descendants still we have contacted some of his Robert was willed part of Red House, Bedlington, through his mother He sold this in 1836 to (Elizabeth Thompson) by a Matthew Catchside . for 0315 .00 . House, Bedlington, William Wharton Borden of Hartford Elizabeth Thompson (no trace of her family, or how she is linked with James is described as a Matthew Catchside) married James Lamb in 1810 . banns James died in Bedlington in . "native of Tynemouth" on the marriage 1848 (reported by Robert) aged 73 years . The only trace of a James Lamb born about this time is not at Tynenouth, but at Howick, as part of the family of Lake Lamb and Elizabeth Stephenson (married at Rennington 1774) .*: Robert b .Howick 1775

James b .Howick 1778

William b .Howick 1781

Matthew b .Long Houghton, 1785

It is not proof positive of the same family but this William followed Janes Indeed, William's family was still Lamb onto Red House Farm, Bedlingtox. farming this land by the 1871 Consus . Luke Lamb, was married previously to Isabel Marshall (b.1736, Bamburgh married, of Swinhoe, at Bamburgh 1759 ; died Howick father David Marshall family was Mark, Elizabeth, Jane, Luke and Isabel . Their 1772) . - 83, ..

This is where we come to a full stop, and all of our -searches since have provided no clue as to where Luke was born or it he had any other relations . Going back to the beginning again we were told that it was thought that Elizabeth Lamb (b . Jarrow 1863) had married a John Lamb in Sunderland and that this John Lamb was a cousin . A fresh search was started to see if this line would be fruitful . This John Lamb (b .1860 at Penshaw) was a Sea Captain . From the Electoral Roll it was found that he lived at Hunter Terrace, Sunderland, until 1914 . He died and was buried in Sydney Harbour, Australia, in 1914 . His father, John Lamb, was Station Master at Penshaw (1861) and Sunderland, Fawcett Street (1871) . He states in both these census returns that he was born in Bedlington in 1829 - we can find no trace of this . We presume that he is the relation claimed as the census return of 1871 states :Johm Lamb, of 10 Grey Street, Sunderland, Widdwer, Station Master, 42 years, born Bedlington JANE LAMB, NIECE, Housekeeper, born WELTON, EAST MATFEN, aged 24 years John Lamb, son, 11 years, scholar, born Penshaw James B. Lamb, son, 17 years, born Bishopwearmouth James B. Lamb is a mystery, although written in an old Bible in our possession is Brodley Lamb, 18 Hunter, Sunderland . I should be grateful for any advice from members . Indeed, there may be 'relations' who have researched better than we have . from Wills and other transactions our relations may be Catchside, Thompson, Bates, Potts, Barn, Summerside and Louron . During the course of my searches I decided to carry out a full survey of the Lambs in Northumberland in 1851 . I an at present half way through this . When complete I will forward a copy, indexed, to the Society . MEMBERS

AND

THEIR

INTERESTS

Items for inclusion in this and the Second Time Around golumn should be sent to Mrs Anne S endiff, 17 Augustus Drive, Bedlington, Northumberland . Entries for the next July) issue of the Journal should reach Mrs Spendiff by 7th May . Please include your membership number when writing . 634

635

636

637

Mr F . WAPPAT, 6 Kittiwake Close, The Links, Blyth . Mr Wappat has traced his family back to two villages in Teesdale : . in 1 697 Ann, daughter of Ralph Wappat, was baptised in Whorlton Church, and in 1719, Ralph, son of (a different) Ralph Wappat was baptised at Winston nearby . The church records began long before 1697., but there is no further mention of the family. Has anyone any ideas of the whereabouts of the Wappats before 16971 Me C . JOBLIING, 3416 Faulklaad Rd, Wiliagtoa, Delaware, 19808, USA. Seeking information on the Jobling family in the areas of Northallerton and Bishop Auckland, especially John Jobling, who was born in September 1826, Miss M . PORTER, 31 Blakesley Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067, Australia . Researching Judge William Maule, whose daughter, Isabella Grace, was a straw-bonnet maker, born in Newton in 1825, and died at Cap Hill, Stanhope, in 1892 . His son, also William, was the keeper of Alawick Castle . Mr J .R. ESTHER, 21 Bramble Road, Fern Park, Stockton, Cleveland .

638

639

Mr B

BACON, 640 Fig Tree Pocket Rd, Fig Tree Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland 4069, Australia . Mr Bacon is descended from the Bacons of Steward Pole, Styford, and Newton Cap, and from the Forsters of Adderstone and Bamburgh, who were prolific breeders . Both families are old, the Forsters dating back to the 14th century, and the Bacons to the 15th, and Mr Bacon is currently trying to find local history material that would give some information about their activities . Does anyone know of any descendant of Charles Edward Bacon of Madras, merchant All (b .1789), Richard Bacon (b..1794) or George Bacon (b .1795)? were born at Newton Cap, the children of John and Mary Bacon of Hartlaw . Mr B .M . WOODTHORPE, "Newbank", Middleton Rd, Sadberge, Nr.Darlingtom, DL2 IRP . Interested in the following : (1) Thomas family which moved from Giuisborough to Hurworth-on-Tees in the 19th century ; (2) Thomas family which settled in Seaton Carew in the mid-19th century ; (3) Hartley fanvil , Summerhouse, near Darlington, early to aid19th century ; Ellersons of Darlington, 18th and 19th centuries ; (5) descendants of Joseph Rickerby, master baker, Durham City and Adelaide ; (6) Shepherds of south Durham ; (7) marriage of Richard Thomas of Hurworth and Jane Hartley, c .1854 . Mrs J .F . HALL, 215 Union Rd, Surrey Hills Victoria 3127, Australia.+ . Researching the Swan family of the Alnwick area, later of Sunderland, Foster Smith of Sunderland and Isaac Vickers of Westgate . Mr D . COOK, Chalet Apts, Chadds Peak "E', Pine Hill, New Jersey 08021,USA Mr Cook's interests are all in County Durham in the 19th century : the Cook family around Bishop Auckland and Cockfield ; Thornton family, Sherburn Hill area ; Ryan family around Thornley and in_ the Thornley area . Framwellgate Moor;Sharp family Mrs U.S . THOMAS, Flat 7/16 Fruganini Rd, Carnegie 3163, Victoria, Australia- . Researching the family of her mother, Margaret Ann Cromarty, who was born at Holy Island, and whose parents were probably Jane and Mrs Thomas' Thomas, who died in 1938 and 1940 respectively . Other grandfather was George Thomas Angrave, one of seven brothers One of these (he was the only one to be born on Holy Island) . died at sea, and the rest of the family went to Australia when George Thomas was a youngster . Miss B.M . GARDINER, Beacon Rd, Glenmont, New York 12077, USA . Miss Gardiner would like to correspond with any descendants of the Gardiners of upper Weardale, especially Thomas (born 1781), Ralph (born 1793) and Fanny (born 1788) . She is also searching for the birth of Hannah Forster, wife of John Gardiner, who died in 1806, aged 25, the birth of Mary Blades, who married Francis Gardiner in 1776, the marriage of John Gardiner in about 1750, and the birth and second marriage of George Gardner in about 1725 . Mr W .H . EDMUNDSON, 51 Bridge Park, Gosforth, Newcastle+upon-Tyne, NE3 2DX Old Forge, New Street, HaIsall, Ormskirk, Lancashire . Dr A. BIRD John Scambler married Margaret Hedley at Netherwitten in 1784 . Their first child, Margaret, was born in 1786 and married John Burn of Morpeth. John (b.1788), Elizabeth (b.1791) and Richard (b .1793) were baptised together in 1794 at Netherwitton . James Scambler (presumably a brother of John) ,married Mary Warner at Whalton in 1790, and they had a son James . It is likely that John and James were born in the area between Sedbargh and Orton. Any suggestions as to why they wore in Northumberland and what became of their families would be welcome . Other spellings are Skamler Scrambler, Scambley . Mr J .F . THORNTON, 4 Chase,, End, Harworth, Darlington, DL2 2JH .

(4)

640 641

642

643

644 645

646

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647 648

649

Mr A . BRADLEY, 15 Cedar Av Shirley, Southampton ., Hampshire . Seeks information an the family and relatives of Thomas Bradley and Ann Rowlings of the Sunderland and Monkwearmouth area . R .C . Dr J LIGHT, The Light House, 24 Longfield Rd, Tring, Herts, HP23 4DG .

Interested in any information about Samuel Short, miller of Deddington, Northumberland, 1820-30 ; baptism of his daughter,

Elizabeth, in 1825 (possibly a Congregationalist) ; and the baptism of Grace Taylor, his wife, c .1787 . Mrs M .A . JOBEY, Bridge House, The Brents, Faversham, Kent . Seeks the marriage, in. about 1870, of Benjamin Jebey, who was

born in Heddon-on-the-Wall and died in Belvedere, aged 76 .

650. 6.51

652 653

654

655

656

657

658

659

He

married Elizabeth McWhirter, also a northerner, who died in Benjamin was a pattern maker who moved south, Erith aged 69 . to Erith . They had seven children . Ltd ., 12 Dover Street, Canterbury, Kent, CTI 3RD . KINTRACERS Miss M . STEWART, 129 Leighton Road, London, N .W .5 . Looking for the families of Stewart of the Easington Lane area, with Corbet and Page used as Christian names ; & Page of Weardale (mainly Stanhope), with Corbet used as a Christian name . It is likely that a Corbet married a Page before 1766 . Also, seeking a Page married to a Stewart, after 1745 . Mr F . BUTCHER, 62 Glen Street, Hebburn, Tyne A Wear Mr A. BEDWORTH, 48 Shaw Wood, Thursby, Carlisle, CA5 6QQ . Searching for Hedworths of Gateshead and Seaham Harbour 1750-1850, especially Anthony, a widower who married Dorothy Smart is Sunderland, 1879 . Also the Mould family of 189 Gateshead High Street, 1850-52, and in particular Ellen, born 17 June 1836, who may have married a Reward before 1890 . Also the Grey family of Sunderland, Seaham and Seaham Harbour . Thomas married Susan Lawrence before 1866, when they lived at 18 Sussex St, Sunderland . Mrs J . WILLCOCK, 131 14th Avenue, Taurauga, New Zealand . Many of Jars Willcock's interests are in Lancashire, but she lists the following from our local area : . Willcock, Featherstone, Darlington 1880 ; White, of Jarrow, 1890 ; Nicholson of Whitehaven 'in 1855 and Jarrow in 1890 'Tallentire of Harrington, Cumbria, 1855 ; Thornham and Chester of Halifax in 1838 ; Barker of Acklam, and Everson and Roantree of Yorkshire . Huggate and Hull, 1841-71; Mr R. KIPLING, Summerfield House Low Stanners, Morpeth, Northumberland,

NE61 1SR .

Searching for the marriage of a Kipling and a Skolds in about 1787, and the history of the Skold family in Southampton . Also, the ancestors of Robert Kipling and Elizabeth Rebecca Batty, who married in Bradford in 1869 . Does anyone know of any Kipling connections in Marf a and Pecos, Texas, Roswell, New Mexico, British Columbia and California from 1825 onwards? Mrs K .B . BALL, Gorse End', Hill Road, Reydon, Southwold, Suffolk . Anxious to trace the birth of Anthony Lightly, born in Northumberland x.1796 . Re married Anne, who was born in Felling . they had a son, James, born in S . Shields, and father and sea were engineers and connected with ships . James and his wife, Eliza Jeffs, had a daughter, Anne, born in Holyhead, and a son, George Edwin., born in Holyhead in 1855 . Mrs D . OATES, 33 Broom Lane, Whickham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE16 4QZ . Mr P .T . REED, 17 Florey Street, Wulguru, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia . Interested in the Reed family of Embleten, Craster, Hartburn and South Shields . Ms J . MILLER, 20342 Victoria Pl, Drummoyue, 2047, Sydney, N .S .W .,

Australia .

Seeking information on George Foster and his family . He is believed to have been the manager of Consett Iron Works, and

owned a racehorse in 1857 . Also the Ratcliff and Godley families in the Sunderland area in the 18th and 19th centuries . 660 Mrs P . GEE, 64 Broadway, Lincoln, LN2 1SN . Searching for the dates of birth of Richard Grey, a blacksmith in Middleton-in-Teesdale in the mid-19th century, and his wife, Sally Whalton. Mrs Gee's other interests include the Veal family of West Rainton, 19th century, the Grey, Whalton and Race families of the Middleton-in-Teesdale, Staindrop and Baby areas in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the Ryecroft family in the Middridge and Shildon areas in the 19th century . 661 Mr G .V . PICKERING, 27 Alexandra Close, Framwellgate Moor, Durham,DH1 52D . Seeks information on the place and date of birth of Mary Wharrier, Father was believed to be about 1845 in Gateshead/Felling area . an engineman called James . 662 . Mrs M.J . GRAVE, The Croft, Curthwaite, Wigton., Cumbria . 663 Mrs M . BROWN, 'Gorse Croft', Ranmoor Lane, Hathersage, Nr . Sheffield, S30 1BW Looking for information on the Ross family of N . Northumberland in the 19th century . The connections are with Howey, Riddle, Spence, Allison and Smith . 664 Mrs J .M . FRERICHS, 3 Woodfield Av, Bury, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire . 665 Mr D .E . GILROY, 4 Longmoor Av, Woolston, Southampton, S02 9FZ . 666 Mr G .W . ROBSON, 12 Keats Ay, Boldon,Colliery, Tyne & Wear . 667 Mr D . BEDWORTH, c/o Lucas Industries, Suite 1501, Goldhill Plaza, Singapore 11 . 668 Mrs Y . ERLE 42 Custance St, Farrer, A .G .T ., 2607, Australia SECOND 205

.509

563

599

TIME

AROUND

Mrs J . CROOKS, 17 Searells Rd, Christchurch 5, New Zealand . Can anyone help with the descendants of Robert William Crooks, born in 1862 in Canterbury, Now Zealand, son of Robert and ElizaHe left Now Zealand between 1900 and 1906, believed to be beth? Also interested in Richard going to the USA via Australia . , , Marley born in 1801 at Stainton Cleveland the -son of John Elizabeth. Hemarried-Elizabeth HolmesofHerrington. Finally, the Todd family : William Todd was born in Crooks, Dundonald, and His parents, William, and married Mary McWhinnie in about 1840 . 1807 . Agnes Gibson, married in Dundonald in South Shields . 89, Landseer Gdns Whitleas Mrs Z.L . SLAUGHTER The marriage between Matthew Knott and Ann Miller took place in Mrs Slaughter 1802 and not 1866 as given in the last Journal . has now found evidence that Matthew was born in Simenburn and is proceeding on that basis . Mr S . LIVINGSTONE, 216 Jesmond Dene Road, Newcastleupon-Tyne, NE2 2JT . Would like to hear from anyone who has information regarding the following families : Isabella Atchison, born c .1840 (place unknown), Their daughter, married Joseph .Hunter (place and date unknown) . Mary, was born in 1871 in Tyne Street, Newcastle . Isabella died in 1877 in Mitford Street, Newcastle . Also, Elizabeth Wilkinson, who was born in Gateshead about 1838 and married Matthew Brown, Also James Hall, a native of Lamesley, Co . a cooper, in 1861 . Durham, a woodman, born in 1780, the son of William and Dorothy Hall . Mr J .M . STUDHAM, 29 Princes Street, Shildon, Co . Durham . Interested in any references to the names Studham, Studholm(e), References prior Studdam, Studdom, Stoddam, Speddham or Speddam . Evidence suggests that in would be particularly useful . to 1750 the family lived in the and early 18th centuries the late 17th was of the Roman a branch at Corbridge, and Hexham district, with about 1680 . Catholic persuasion from - 8 7-

604

628

Mr J. NESBIT, 702 Jackson St, Reynoldsville, Pa 15851, USA. Searching for the marriage of John Nesbit to Isabelle Robinson in Berwick or Roxburgh counties between 1845 and 1855, the birth of William Nesbit, son of Joha and Isabelle, on 21 June 1856 is the same area . Also the deaths of John and Isabelle between 1882 and 1902 . Mr E .W . SHAFTO-HILTON, The Bury, Flitwick Rd, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, UK45 2NP .

Seeking the birthplace of Thomas Hilton, who married Bridget Cole at Over, Cambridgeshire on 1 April 1658 . Subsequently they moved to Newmarket . Family legend suggests that they originated in the north . Thomas may have had a brother named Charles . CHANGES

OF

ADDRESS

Mrs C .M . JAMES, 14 Redhills Lane, Crosegate Moor, Durham, DH1 4AT . Miss C . TENNIER, Little Wormhill Cottage, Medley, Herefordshire . 509 Mrs B.L. SLAUGHTER 89 Landseer Gardens Whitleas S. Shields. Rd, Wem, Salop. 545 Mr J.R.W. RIDSDALE "w Westlands Station 228 503

METING PUTTING_ . LEAVES_ THE

ESTATE

ON

PAPERS

THE OF

NOVEMBR FAMILY

DURHAM

TREE CATHEDRAL

P . Mussett Mr Muss ett began an interesting talk on the records held in the Prior's Kitchen, Durham, by commenting that, while basic records can provide a skeleton of the family tree, it is often necessary to look elsewhere for details which may help to put the leaves on the family tree . Quarrels, sales and purchases all offer possible lines of inquiry . The estate records in the Prior's Kitchen deal with the administration of the estates owned by the Dean and Chapter of Durham Cathedral from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century . An acquaintance with these records will also give some idea of what to expect from records for the estates owned by the Deans and Chapters of other Cathedrals, by Bishops, by Westminster Abbey and by the various Colleges of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, as all of ;these were organised in a similar fashion . Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries a new non-monastic Dean and Chapter was set up in Durham in 1541 . The Cathedral lost some of its outlying estates but retained much of the property that the old monastic establishment had held, nearly all of it lying within the boundaries of the old county of Durham. The property owned changed little between 1541 and the aid-nineteenth century as the Dean and Chapter could not sell land without a private Act of Parliament, which was expensive and only worthwhile in special circumstances . There were some 2,250 pieces of property,varying in size and value from a smallholding to a large farm, commercial premises or a salt pan, held by around fifteen hundred tenants . The records deal with the administration of all this varied property - court cases (one began in the 1290a and was not finally abandoned until 1920 :) - accounts leases . Leases could be, for 21 years, or for 40 years for house property in a town, and some estates gave leases for three lives (the lease contained the names of three people chosen by the tenant and lasted for as long as any one of these three was alive) ; people expected to be able to renew an - 88 -

THE

ecclesiastical lease and to be able to pass property on to their heirs ; rents tended to be low but a fine, or lump sum, was paid when a new lease was taken out or an old one renewed and this fine, rather than the rent, reflected the real value of the property ; leases were generally renewed when only one-third expired, so a 21 year lease would be renewed after seven years, a 40 year one after 14 years and one for three lives when one of the named persons died . Leases generally contained few restrictions beyond keeping the property in good repair, except on mining without a mineral lease and on timber . It was thus quite easy to be a Cathedral tenant for life and for the property to pass to a man's widow or sea on his death if they wished to continue renting it . This system continued until Parliament established the Ecclesiastical . (now the Church) Commissioners by an Act passed in 1840 . The Commissioners changed the system and tenants had to choose between buying the freehold or becoming annual tenants . Having thus described the background to the records, Mr Mussett went on to describe seine of the records in the collection in more detail . Leases . There are 350 boxes full of leases in the Prior's Kitchen . These leases contain the name of the tenant, an often vague description of the property, and the annual rent, but not the fine paid . They can contain other bits of useful information, such as a new house being built, but this is not necessarily reliable as it may simply have been copied from the provious lease and the house described as new may have been new 14 years earlier! For the years 1660-1829 there are annual lists of agreements for leases arranged in alphabetical order under the tenant's name so if you think your ancestor rented property at a particular period it is comparatively simple to check these annual lists to see whether his name occurs . Receivers`- Books, 1541-1871 There are some gaps in these in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, and especially during the Commonwealth, but t they are complete from the 1660s. These can be useful in tracing the probably date of death of a tenant : start when the last lease was taken out and check until the name is crossed out or replaced by a new tenant . Renewals Books, c .1660-1790 . These give details about each piece of property : what the property was, the year the lease was issued, the name of the tenant, rent, yearly value, fines (amount paid for renewal) and sometimes other notes such as that against a fine for a house in the suburbs of Durham in 1739 : "In favour as an old servant, abate 20/- on fine" . Mr Mussett concluded an informative evening by reminding members that the Prior's Kitchen keeps the same hours as the Department of Palaeography in South Road, namely 10 a .m . - 1 p .m . and 2 - 5 p .m ., except in August, plus Saturday mornings during the University term . He added that it is helpful if people phone before calling but that this is not essential . P .J .S . DEATHS

ABROAD

Richard Marley, born Millfieid, Monkwearmouth, Sunderland, married Mary Scott (of Sydney, Australia), Monkwearmouth, 7 March 1918, died Greymouth, New Zealand, 15 November 1970 . Joseph Marley, born Fulwell, Sunderland, 2 October 1913, died Greymouth, New Zealand, 6 August 1960 . These two were brothers, the eldest and youngest of eight children born to William and Elizabeth Marley . 89

PARSON

GRICE

UNMASKED

Many members have expressed an interest in the "little red book" which was the subject of the article on "The thoughts of Parson Grice" in Now member 199, Mr Alan the Journal, volume 3, number 4, July 1978 . Wright has pointed out several errors in that article, which must now be corrected . As Mr Wright lives in Whickham he would have featured is that book himself had he only been 150 years older, although as he is a Methodist the comments may not have been very complimentary : The book was not compiled by the "Parson",or Rector, of Whickham, but by his Curate, and his name was not trice but the Rev . William Gould. As Curate he was, in a way, serving his "apprenticeship" and like all apprentices he would be given the "dirty jobs" . The Rector would be a substantial figure in the Parish and might possibly consider it beneath his dignity to visit the meaner of his nominal parishioners . One can imagine the Rector saying to his Curate "4e out and visit my flock, get to know them, who they are, what they do for a living, what their problems are, etc ." . Perhaps there was behind it all a genuine desire to get to know people and understand their situation . If this survey is unusual the initiative may have come from the Curate himself - perhaps the Rev . Gould was a rather unusual Curate . It would be interesting to discover what he eventually achieved in the Church of. England . Mr Wright thinks the article a little cynical of the Rev . Gould's motives (e .g . " . . . clearly hated the demon drink . . .") . Unlike the Methodists the Church of England clergy, then as now, were not particularly noted for any aversion to alcohol and the Curate of Whickham probably simply spoke as he found . It would have been quite typical for him to have found several drink-sodden households in the Parish, especially in the village of Swalwell where there was heavy industry in the shape of an ironworks and also a sizeable community of keelmen . It is also probably unfair to accuse the Rev . Gould of repeating gossip . He did actually visit the families concerned and his information would be first-hand . Rachel Moss, for instance, told him herself that she was poor and that her husband had "ran off to America" . The correct title of this mini-census was "Speculum Gregis" ("Mirror of the Flock") . Presumably "Grice" is simply a mis-reading of "Gregis" . FUTURE

PROGRAMME

Wednesday, 18 April New Members' Night, specially planned to supplement B. .B .C .2 programmes . and find out how your local society can help you and meet those members Come who have already started on the road to growing a family tree . YMCA Building, Ellison Place, Newcastle, 7 .15 p .m .

Wednesday, 16 May Annual General Meeting followed by Workshop and Display evening . Please bring your own work, however sketchily prepared, to pass round and discuss with fellow members . YMCA Building, Ellison Place, Newcastle, 7 .15 p .m .

_We dnesday, June 13th Wheatsheaf Hotel, on A696 near Newcastle Airport, 7 .15 p .m . Northumberland v Durham genealogy quiz followed by buffet supper and bar - our first real a opportunity to meet socially. o Tickets £1.50 from It is hoped to have Frank Wappat of Radio Newcastle as Quiz Master . - 9 0-

r