Table of Contents - API

Table of Contents - API

American Petroleum Institute Purchasing Guidelines ® ® API Monogram Equipment Purchase API Spec 5CT online at www.api.org/publications API Specifica...

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American Petroleum Institute Purchasing Guidelines ® ® API Monogram Equipment

Purchase API Spec 5CT online at www.api.org/publications

API Specification

ISO 11960:2011 Petroleum and natural gas industries — Steel pipes for use as casing or tubing for wells

5CT 9th Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

Table of Contents 1.0

Product 1.1

Products

1.2

Casing

1.3

Coupling

1.4

Pup Joint

1.5

Thread Protector

1.6

Tubing

2.0

Purchaser’s Rights

3.0

Purchaser’s Responsibility

4.0

Design Requirements

5.0

4.1

Design Requirements

4.2

Design Data Tables – SI Units

4.3

Design Data Tables – USC Units

Testing Requirements 5.1

Defects

5.2

Depth Tests

5.3

Drift Testing

5.4

Frequency & Retesting

5.5

Hardness Testing

5.6

Hydrostatic Testing

5.7

Impact Testing

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

5.8

NDE Testing

5.9

Product Analyses

5.10

Shear Testing

5.11

Test Specimens

5.12

Supplementary Testing

5.13

Temperature Testing

5.14

Tensile Testing

5.15

Wall Thickness

6.0

Shipping Requirements

7.0

Documentation Requirements

8.0

Purchase Agreement

9.0

Processing Requirements 9.1

Supplementary Requirements

9.2

Coating

9.3

Heat Treatment

9.4

Process Control

9.5

Straightening

9.6

Threads

9.7

Thread Treatment

9.8

Welding

10.0 Marking Requirements 11.0 Inspection Requirements

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

1.0 Product Specification 5CT includes the following requirements for product ordered and may be applicable in addition to any product-specific requirements listed in other sections identified herein

1.1

PRODUCTS 1.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 4.1.35

 short round thread casing (SC);  long round thread casing (LC);  buttress thread casing (BC);  non-upset tubing (NU);  external upset tubing (EU);  integral tubing connections (IJ). 1.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 4.1.35 Pipe, coupling, coupling stock, coupling material, coupling blank or accessory material, either individually or collectively as applicable.

1.1.3

API Specification 5CT – Introduction This Standard is not intended to inhibit a vendor from offering, or the purchaser from accepting, alternative equipment or engineering solutions for the individual application.

1.1.4

API Specification 5CT – 1.1 By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, this Standard can also be applied to other plain-end pipe sizes and wall thicknesses.

1.1.5

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.1 The use of the Monogram on products constitutes a representation and warranty by the Licensee to purchasers of the products that, on the date indicated, the products were produced in accordance with a verified quality management system and in accordance with an API product specification.

1.1.6

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.1

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

This annex describes Product Specification Level (PSL) requirements for PSL-2 and PSL-3, for all Grades except H-40, L-80 9Cr and C110, that may be specified by the purchaser. Higher PSL requirements may be furnished at the option of the manufacturer. 1.1.7

API Specification 5CT – 2.2 In this Standard, data are expressed in both the International System (SI) of units and the United States Customary (USC) system of units. For a specific order item, it is intended that only one system of units be used, without combining data expressed in the other system. Products manufactured to specifications expressed in either of these unit systems shall be considered equivalent and totally interchangeable. Consequently, compliance with the requirements of this Standard as expressed in one system provides compliance with requirements expressed in the other system. For data expressed in the SI, a comma is used as the decimal separator and a space as the thousands separator. For data expressed in the USC system, a dot (on the line) is used as the decimal separator and a space as the thousands separator. In the text, data in SI units are followed by data in USC units in parentheses. Separate tables for data expressed in SI units and USC units are given in Annex C and Annex E respectively. Figures are contained in Annex D and express data in both SI and USC units.

1.2

CASING API Specification 5CT – 4.1.5 Pipe run from the surface and intended to line the walls of a drilled well.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

1.3

COUPLING API Specification 5CT – 4.1.8 Internally threaded cylinder for joining two lengths of threaded pipe.

1.4

PUP JOINT API Specification 5CT – 4.1.37 Casing or tubing of length shorter than Range 1, see Table C.27 or Table E.27.

1.5

THREAD PROTECTOR API Specification 5CT – 4.1.45 Cap or insert used to protect threads and seals during handling, transportation and storage.

1.6

TUBING API Specification 5CT – 4.1.46 Pipe placed in a well to produce or inject fluids.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

2.0 PURCHASER’S RIGHTS 2.1

INSPECTION 2.1.1

API Specification 5CT – Annex B.2 The inspector representing the purchaser shall have unrestricted access, at all times while work on the contract of the purchaser is being performed, to all parts of the manufacturer's works which will concern the manufacturer of the pipe or couplings ordered. The manufacturer shall afford the inspector all reasonable facilities to satisfy the inspector that the pipe is being manufactured in accordance with this Standard. All inspections should be made prior to shipment at the place of manufacture or processing, unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement, and shall be so conducted as not to interfere unnecessarily with the operation of the works.

2.1.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex B.3 The manufacturer is responsible for complying with all of the provisions of this Standard. The purchaser may make any investigation necessary to ensure compliance by the manufacturer and may reject any material that does not comply with this Standard.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

3.0 PURCHASER’S RESPONSIBILITY 3.1

PURCHASER 3.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 4.1.39 Party responsible for both the definition of requirements for a product order and for payment for that order.

3.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 7.14.1 The purchaser should refer to ISO 15156-2 or ANSI-NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2 for guidance on the usage of Grades C90, T95 and C110. Particular attention should be given to the application of Grade C110 in ISO 15156-2 or ANSI-NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2 SSC Regions 2 or 3, as this material is not suitable for all sour (hydrogen sulfide-containing) service applications

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

4.0 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 4.1

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 4.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 1.3 Casing sizes larger than Label 1 4-1/2 but smaller than Label 1 10-3/4 can be specified by the purchaser to be used in tubing service, see Tables C.1, C.23, C.27 and C.28 or Tables E.1, E.23, E.27 and E.28.

4.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 6.1 Accessory material for casing and tubing shall be seamless unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.3

API Specification 5CT – 7.3.1 If the minimum shear area is less than 75 % or if the requirements of b) are not met, then either the material shall be rejected or a transition curve shall be made to demonstrate that the product is on the upper shelf at the specified test temperature (either the standard test temperature or a reduced test temperature specified by the purchaser).

4.1.4

API Specification 5CT – 7.3.2 For coupling stock, coupling materials and accessory materials where the critical thickness is not specified in the purchaser agreement, the critical thickness shall be the specified wall thickness.

4.1.5

API Specification 5CT – 7.6.6 If not specified on the purchase agreement, a) the critical thickness for determining the impact energy requirements shall be based on the thickness of the cross-section of the accessory that has the lowest t/D ratio, where D is the specified outside diameter and t is the calculated wall thickness at that section. b) for an accessory with API internal threads, the critical thickness for these API threads is shown in Table C.7 or Table E.7, and D is

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

the specified outside diameter of the connection as specified in 9.4 and 9.6. c) for special end-finish connections, the critical thickness for externally threaded members is the specified pipe body thickness, while for internally threaded members it is the calculated thickness of the internally threaded member at the plane of the small end of the pin (when the connection is made up power-tight). 4.1.6

API Specification 5CT – 7.7.1 a) Grades M65, L80 all types, C90, T95 and C110 – Through-wall hardness The hardness numbers and/or mean hardness numbers obtained shall comply with the requirements in Table C.5 or Table E.5. b) Grades C90, T95 and C110 — Surface hardness (only if required in accordance with 10.6) For Grades C90 and T95, if the Brinell or Rockwell C-scale hardness number does not exceed 255 HBW or 25,4 HRC respectively, then the length or piece is acceptable. If any of the hardness numbers are over 255 HBW or 25,4 HRC two additional indentations may be made in the immediate area. If either of the second test hardness numbers exceeds 255 HBW or 25,4 HRC the length or piece shall be rejected. For Grade C110 upset product and individually heat treated coupling blanks, pup joints or accessory material, if the Brinell or Rockwell C-scale hardness number does not exceed 286 HBW or 30 HRC respectively then the piece is acceptable. If any of the hardness numbers are over 286 HBW or 30 HRC two additional indentations may be made in the immediate area. If either of the second test hardness numbers exceeds 286 HBW or 30 HRC the piece shall be rejected. c) Grades C90, T95 and C110 — Through-wall hardness For Grades C90 and T95, any mean hardness number not exceeding 25,4 HRC is acceptable. If any hardness number from a single indentation exceeds 27,0 HRC, the length or piece shall be

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

rejected. Products with mean hardness numbers between 25,4 HRC and 27,0 HRC shall be retested. For Grade C110, any mean hardness number not exceeding 30 HRC is acceptable. If any hardness number from a single indentation exceeds 32 HRC the length or piece shall be rejected. Products with mean hardness numbers between 30 HRC and 32 HRC shall be retested. d) Grades C90 and T95 — Alternative maximum hardness requirements By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, the maximum mean hardness numbers may be altered from those stated above, based on sulfide stress corrosion cracking tests specified in 7.14. 4.1.7

API Specification 5CT – 7.10.2 For pipe, coupling blanks, coupling material and coupling stock with a wall thickness of 30 mm (1.181 in) or larger, an alternative requirement may be used by agreement between manufacturer and purchaser.

4.1.8

API Specification 5CT – 8.2 Pipe shall be furnished in the sizes, wall thicknesses and masses (as shown in Tables C.23to C.26 inclusive or Tables E.23 to E.26 inclusive) as specified on the purchase agreement. Other plain-end pipe sizes and wall thicknesses may be furnished by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer. Coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material shall be furnished in dimensions specified on the purchase agreement or, in the case of coupling material, the dimensions shall be specified in the manufacturer's internal requirements.

4.1.9

API Specification 5CT – 8.2 Casing sizes larger than Label 1 4-1/2 but smaller than Label 1 10-3/4 may be specified by the purchaser to be used in tubing service, see Tables C.1, C.23, C.27 and C.28 or Tables E.1, E.23, E.27 and E.28. API Specification 5CT – 8.3.2

4.1.10

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

The outside diameter shall be within the tolerances specified in 8.11.1. For pipe furnished non-upset and plain-end and which is specified on the purchase agreement for the manufacture of pup joints, the non-upset plain-end tolerances shall apply to the full length. 4.1.11

API Specification 5CT – 8.3.2 For coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material outside diameter tolerances shall be specified on the purchase agreement or, in the case of coupling material and accessory material, the outside diameter tolerances shall be specified in the manufacturer's internal requirements.

4.1.12

API Specification 5CT – 8.4 For coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material the wall thickness tolerance shall be specified on the purchase agreement or, in the case of coupling material and accessory material, the wall thickness shall be specified in the manufacturer's internal requirements. API Specification 5CT – 8.5 The masses determined as described in 10.13.7 shall conform to the calculated masses as specified herein (or adjusted calculated masses for martensitic chromium grades L80 Type 9Cr or L80 Type 13Cr) for the end-finish specified on the purchase agreement, within the tolerances stipulated in 8.11.3.

4.1.13

4.1.14

API Specification 5CT – 8.6 Casing, tubing and pup joints shall be furnished in lengths conforming to Table C.27 or Table E.27. The length of API couplings shall be as specified in Tables C.32 to C.35 or Tables E.32 to E.35 as applicable. The length of coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material shall be as specified on the purchase agreement or, in the case of coupling material and accessory material, the length shall be specified in the manufacturer's internal requirements.

4.1.15

API Specification 5CT – 8.7

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

If so specified on the purchase agreement, for round thread casing only, jointers (two pieces coupled to make a standard length) may be furnished to a maximum of 5 % of the order; but no length used in making a jointer shall be less than 1,52 m (5.0 ft). 4.1.16

API Specification 5CT – 8.9.2 Straightness requirements shall be as agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer or, in the case of coupling material and accessory material, the straightness shall be specified in the manufacturer's internal requirements.

4.1.17

API Specification 5CT – 8.11.6 External upset tubing may be ordered with extended length upsets (Lel) as agreed between purchaser and manufacturer. A minimum of 95 % of the number of lengths (both ends) shall meet the Lel with the remaining balance meeting Leu requirements, unless otherwise agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.

4.1.18

API Specification 5CT – 8.12.2 Product shall be furnished with one of the end finishes specified in Tables C.1 and C.2 or Tables E.1 and E.2 as specified on the purchase agreement. Additionally, seal ring configuration in accordance with A.8 SR13 may be ordered. Some items of Grades H40, J55, K55 or M65 casing are available in either short or long thread forms (see Table C.1 or Table E.1). If long thread is desired on these items, the purchaser shall so specify on the purchase agreement. Otherwise short-thread casing in accordance with Table C.23 or Table E.23 shall be furnished.

4.1.19

4.1.20

API Specification 5CT – 8.12.3 In lieu of the conventional corner breaks on the threaded ends of external upset tubing, the “round” or “bullet-nose” end may be supplied at the manufacturer’s option or may be specified by the purchaser. API Specification 5CT – 8.12.6

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

Pipe with end-finish not specified in this Standard may be furnished if so specified in the purchase agreement. This pipe shall have the body of the pipe manufactured in accordance with the requirements of this Standard. When threaded by the pipe mill or processor, the pipe shall be marked as specified in 11.5.2. 4.1.21

API Specification 5CT – 8.12.6 Couplings and accessories with end-finish not specified in this Standard may be furnished if so specified in the purchase agreement. These items shall be manufactured in accordance with the requirements of this Standard, except for end-finish and dimensions, and shall be marked as specified in 11.5.2.

4.1.22

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.4 Grade J55 EU tubing shall be furnished with Grade L80 Type 1 special clearance couplings when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.23

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.5 Grades J55 and K55 buttress casing shall be furnished with Grade L80 Type 1 couplings when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.24

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.9 Grades N80 Type 1 and N80Q EUE tubing shall be furnished with Grade P110 special clearance couplings when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.25

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.10 Grades N80 Type 1 and N80Q buttress casing shall be furnished with Grade P110 couplings when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.26

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.11 Grade P110 buttress casing shall be furnished with Grade Q125 couplings when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.27

API Specification 5CT – 9.4.1

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

Couplings shall conform to the dimensions and tolerances shown in Tables C.32 to C.35 or Tables E.32 to E.35. Unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement, threaded and coupled casing and tubing shall be furnished with regular couplings. 4.1.28

API Specification 5CT – 9.4.2 Couplings may be machined on the complete outside surface in addition to the inside surface. Dimensions shall be as specified on the purchase agreement unless couplings with standard API threads are ordered, in which case the dimensions shall be as shown in Tables C.32 and C.33 or Tables E.32 and E.33.

4.1.29

API Specification 5CT – 9.6 When specified in the purchase agreement, special-clearance (reduced outside diameter Wc) couplings for buttress casing and external upset tubing shall be furnished. Unless otherwise specified, special-clearance external upset tubing couplings shall have a special bevel on both ends as specified in 9.10 and shown on Figure D.5.

4.1.30

API Specification 5CT – 9.6 When specified in the purchase agreement, special-clearance buttress thread casing couplings shall have a special bevel on both ends as shown on Figure D.3. The inside and outside edges of the bearing face shall be rounded or broken as shown on Figures D.3 and D.5.

4.1.31

API Specification 5CT – 9.7 Combination couplings with different types of thread of the same specified size shall be furnished when specified on the purchase agreement. The minimum length and minimum outside diameter of combination couplings shall be sufficient to accommodate the specified size and type of threads.

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4.1.32

API Specification 5CT – 9.8 Reducing couplings are used to connect two pipes of different diameter with the same or different types of thread on the two ends, and shall be furnished when specified on the purchase agreement. The minimum length and minimum diameter of reducing couplings shall be sufficient to accommodate the specified size and type of threads.

4.1.33

API Specification 5CT – 9.9 Seal-ring couplings conforming to the requirements of A.8 SR13 shall be furnished when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.34

API Specification 5CT – 9.10 When specified in the purchase agreement, special-bevel tubing regular couplings conforming to the requirements of Tables C.34 and C.35 or Tables E.34 and E.35 shall be furnished for non-upset and external-upset tubing. Unless otherwise specified, special bevel tubing regular couplings shall be bevelled on both ends as shown on Figures D.4 and D.5. The inside and outside edges of the bearing face shall be rounded or broken as shown on Figures D.4 and D.5. The root faces of the couplings shall be faced at right angles to the axis.

4.1.35

API Specification 5CT – 9.11.2 Casing couplings shall be furnished with one of the end finishes specified in Tables C.1 and C.2 or Tables E.1 and E.2 as specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.36

API Specification 5CT – 9.11.2 Tubing couplings shall be furnished with one of the end-finishes specified in Table C.2 or Table E.2 as specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.37

API Specification 5CT – 10.6.11 Hardness conversions shall be made in accordance with an appropriate conversion table selected by the manufacturer, unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement. API Specification 5CT – 10.13.6

4.1.38

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

For plain-end pipe, and for other products if specified on the purchase agreement, the length shall be measured from end to end. For threaded and coupled pipe - when measured with the coupling installed the length shall be measured from the end of the pin to the outer face of the coupling - when measured without coupling the length shall be measured from pin end to pin end and proper allowance for the length of the coupling shall be added. For integral-joint tubing the length shall be measured from the pin end to the outer face of the box end. For pup joints and accessories the length shall be measured from end to end. 4.1.39

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.4.1 Coupling blank dimensions shall be adequate to yield a fully machined cylinder with uniform wall thickness with an outside diameter, inside diameter and length as specified on the purchase agreement. The coupling blanks shall be provided fully machined by the manufacturer only when specified on the purchase agreement.

4.1.40

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.4.2 For fully machined coupling blanks, the tolerance on outside +3/32 in) and the tolerance on diameter shall be +2,38 0 mm 0( 0 0 the inside diameter shall be +2,38 mm ( +3/32 in), unless otherwise agreed upon between purchaser and manufacturer. Coupling blanks ordered with as-rolled outside diameter surface shall have an outside diameter tolerance of 1 %, but not greater than ( )."

4.1.41

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.5.1

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

Grade Q125 casing shall be provided with upset end(s). Dimensions of the upset shall be specified on the purchase agreement. 4.1.42

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.7.2 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, a factor F of 3,090 may be used in lieu of the values given in Table C.51 (SR12.1) or Table E.51 (SR12.1) provided the standard deviation of the new lot of material is consistent with past experience.

4.1.43

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.11.1 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, the Supplementary Requirements for enhanced leak resistance LC in SR22 shall apply. It should be noted that the SR22 product is fully interchangeable with standard API LC connections. However, the SR22 design criteria concerning leak resistance shall not apply for such mixed product.

4.1.44

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.7.2 The mean hardness numbers obtained as specified in 7.10.1 shall equal or exceed the hardness corresponding to a minimum of 95 % martensite as determined by Equation H.2

For product with a wall thickness of 30 mm (1.181 in) or larger, an alternative requirement may be used by agreement between manufacturer and purchaser. 4.1.45

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.18.4.2 Coupling stock containing defects shall either be given disposition in accordance with 10.15.18, or the section of coupling stock containing the defect shall be cut off within the limits of the requirements on length specified on the coupling stock purchase agreement.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

4.2

DESIGN DATA TABLES – SI UNITS API Specification 5CT – Annex C

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4.3

DESIGN DATA TABLES – USC UNITS API Specification 5CT – Annex E

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5.0 TESTING REQUIREMENTS 5.1

DEFECTS API Specification 5CT – 10.15.12 Coupling stock containing defects may be given further evaluation in accordance with 10.15.15, except the maximum size of the nonsurface-breaking imperfection specified in 8.13.1 c) shall be reduced to 32 mm2 (0.05 in2). Coupling stock containing defects shall either be given a disposition in accordance with 10.15.18, or the section of coupling stock containing the defect shall be cut off within the limits of the requirements on length specified on the coupling stock purchase agreement.

5.2

DEPTH TESTING API Specification 5CT – 10.15.16 For the evaluation of an indicated imperfection, the depth shall be measured by one of the following methods a) using a mechanical measuring device (for example, pit gauge, callipers, etc.). Removal of material by grinding or other means to facilitate measurement shall not, for pipe, reduce the remaining wall thickness below 87,5 % of the specified wall thickness or, for coupling stock, reduce the remaining outside diameter or wall thickness below the minimum specified on the purchase agreement. Abrupt changes in wall thickness caused by material removal during prove-up shall be removed. b) using an ultrasonic technique(s) (time- and/or amplitudebased), or other comparable techniques. Verification of the ultrasonic technique(s) shall be documented, and shall show capability to differentiate imperfection sizes larger and smaller than the appropriate defect size stated in 8.13. If the purchaser and manufacturer do not agree on the evaluation test results, either party may require destructive evaluation of the material; after which disposition shall be as described in B.4

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5.3

DRIFT TESTING 5.3.1

API Specification 5CT – 8.1 When specified by the purchaser as “alternative drift pipe”, pipe in the sizes and masses in Table C.29 or Table E.29 shall be tested with the alternative drift mandrels as shown. Pipe which is drifted with the alternative drift mandrels shall be marked as described in Clause 11.

5.3.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex G.4.1 The SI values for standard drift diameters of pipe were calculated (not converted) using Equation G.6

The drift constants used are given below.

The calculated SI values for standard drift diameters were rounded to the nearest 0,01 mm.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

5.4

FREQUENCY & RETESTING 5.4.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.14.2 a) Grades C90 and T95 for each lot, as specified by 10.2, manufacturers shall demonstrate that the product meets or exceeds the minimum SSC requirement using one of the ANSINACE TM0177-2005 test methods given in 7.14.5. If the purchaser requires an SSC requirement higher than the minimum, or requires a specific test method from the list below, agreement shall be reached between purchaser and manufacturer. Additional requirements for PSL-3 products are specified in Annex H. b) Grade C110 for each lot, as defined in 10.2, manufacturers shall demonstrate that the product meets or exceeds the minimum SSC requirement using ANSI-NACE TM0177-2005 test Method A or test Method D as given in 7.14.5. If the purchaser requires an SSC requirement higher than the minimum or requires a specific test method, agreement shall be reached between the purchaser and manufacturer. c) For Method A full size tensile test specimens shall be used except where sub-size tensile specimens are required because of product size constraints. d) For Method D, a full size DCB specimen shall be used except where sub-size DCB specimens are required because of product size constraints. When Method D sub-size or alternative specimens are required, acceptance criteria shall be agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer. e) When not specified in this Standard, the details of the manufacturer’s qualification, frequency of sulfide stress-cracking testing, retest procedures and testing practices should be addressed by the purchaser and manufacturer prior to placing or accepting a purchase agreement.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

5.4.2

API Specification 5CT – 9.3

Couplings shall conform to the mechanical requirements specified in Clauses 7 and 10, including the frequency of testing, re-test provision, etc. A record of these tests shall be open to inspection by the purchaser. 5.5

HARDNESS TESTING 5.5.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.9 All individually heat-treated coupling blanks, pup joints or accessory material shall be surface hardness tested to verify process control. For Grades C90, T95 and C110, the surface hardness test results shall be used in the selection of the pieces for through-wall hardness testing. The process-control hardness test results need not be provided by the manufacturer or processor unless specified on the purchase agreement.

5.5.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.6.2 Additional hardness testing on the outside surface and throughwall hardness testing of pipe and upsets may be carried out as agreed between purchaser and manufacturer. Test procedures for this additional testing shall be agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.

5.5.3

API Specification 5CT – 10.6.5 For Grade C110, one through-wall hardness test in one quadrant shall be made on each length from both ends of each pipe. If the manufacturer applies a process control plan which has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the purchaser to be sufficient to ensure that the entire length of the pipe has homogeneous hardness properties, the testing frequency may be reduced to the frequency applicable for Grades C90 and T95.

5.5.4

API Specification 5CT – 10.6.10 The use of the Rockwell B-scale on materials having a hardness below 20 HRC is at the manufacturer's option or as specified on the purchase agreement. Rockwell hardness numbers and mean hardness numbers shall be reported in Rockwell C, from actual or converted numbers, to the first or second decimal place. When

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

A.9 SR15 is specified on the purchase agreement, manufacturer shall provide these data to the purchaser. 5.5.5

5.6

the

API Specification 5CT – 10.6.12 The testing machine shall be checked at the beginning and end of a continuous run of testing and at such times as are required to assure the operator of the equipment and the purchaser (or his representative) that the machine is satisfactory. In any event, checks should be made at least every 8 h of a continuous run of testing. Checks shall be made on standardized test blocks within the following hardness ranges

HYDROSTATIC TESTING 5.6.1

API Specification 5CT – 10.12.2 For threaded pipe, the hydrostatic test pressures shall be standard pressures calculated as described in 10.12.3, or a higher pressure as agreed upon between the purchaser and the entity performing the threading.

5.6.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.12.2 For plain-end pipe except Grade Q125, the hydrostatic test pressures shall be the pressures calculated as described in 10.12.3, or a higher pressure as agreed upon between purchaser and manufacturer. This does not preclude conducting subsequent hydrostatic tests at a fibre stress not exceeding 80 % of specified minimum yield strength, in accordance with the formula listed below. Failure to pass this hydrostatic test without leakage is basis for rejection.

5.6.3

API Specification 5CT – 10.12.3 The manufacturer shall have a documented design basis to establish the physical limitations of the hydrostatic test equipment. If the calculated test pressure (based on the outside diameter, thickness and grade) is greater than the physical capability of the hydrostatic test equipment, the manufacturer, upon agreement with the purchaser, shall use a test pressure equal to the physical capability of the test equipment. However, the hydrostatic test capability may be less than 20,5 MPa (3 000 psi) only for those

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

products where the calculated test pressure is less than 20,5 MPa (3 000 psi). 5.6.4

5.7

5.8

API Specification 5CT – 10.12.3 Alternative test pressures for Grades H40, J55 and K55 in sizes larger than Label 1 9-5/8 are calculated using a factor f of 0,8. For Grades C110, P110 and Q125, when the calculated test pressure exceeds 69,0 MPa (10 000 psi), the standard test pressure is limited to 69,0 MPa (10 000 psi) and the alternative test pressure is as calculated. The alternative test pressures are given in parentheses in the tables. Alternative test pressures shall be used when specified on the purchase agreement and when agreed by the purchaser and manufacturer.

IMPACT TESTING 5.7.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.5.6 For all other grades except Grades H40, J55, K55 and N80 Type 1 (which have no mandatory impact requirements for pipe), compliance with the requirements of 7.5.3 may be qualified by a documented procedure in lieu of testing, at the manufacturer's option, unless A.10 SR16 is specified on the purchase agreement, in which case testing is mandatory as specified in 10.7

5.7.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.5.5 The requirements in A.6 SR11 shall apply when EW pipe and A.6 SR11 are specified on the purchase agreement (see 6.1).

5.7.3

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.10.1 When A.10 SR16 is specified on the purchase agreement for Group 1 Grades N80Q and R95, Group 2 (except M65), and Group 3, the testing provisions of 10.7, which are optional for the manufacturer in accordance with 7.5.6, become mandatory. When A.10 SR16 is specified on the purchase agreement for Group 1 Grades H40, J55, K55 and N80 Type 1, the requirements in A.10.2 are mandatory.

NDE TESTING

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

API Specification 5CT – 8.13.1 When NDE (except visual) is specified by this Standard [see 10.15, A.2 SR1 and A.3 SR2] or specified on the purchase agreement, any non-surface-breaking imperfection detected that, when outlined on the outside surface, has an area greater than 260 mm2 (0.40 in2).

5.9

PRODUCT ANALYSES 5.9.1

API Specification 5CT – 10.3.2 For Groups 1, 2 (except for Grade C110) and 3, the product analyses shall be available to the purchaser on request.

5.9.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.3.2 For Grades C110 and Q125, the product analyses shall be provided to the purchaser.

5.9.3

API Specification 5CT – 10.3.4 Samples for re-check product analyses shall be taken in the same manner as specified for product analysis samples. The results of all re-check product analyses shall be provided to the purchaser when specified on the purchase agreement.

5.10 SHEAR TESTING API Specification 5CT – Annex H.6.1 Either a) the minimum shear area shall be 75 %, in accordance with ASTM E23; or b) the manufacturer may use a documented procedure (taking into account, as a minimum, variations in chemistry, diameter and wall thickness) together with the impact test results to demonstrate that the upper shelf behavior is achieved If the minimum shear area is less than 75 % or if the requirements of b) are not met, then either the material shall be rejected or a transition curve shall be made to demonstrate that the product is Copyright © 2012 – API-American Petroleum Institute

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

on the upper shelf at the specified test temperature (either the standard test temperature or a reduced test temperature specified by the purchaser).

5.11 TEST SPECIMENS 5.11.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.14.3 For all test methods, when agreed by the purchaser, the manufacturer may use randomly selected test specimens provided prior documented validation test results or previous qualification of the manufacturing procedure (according to ISO 15156-2 or ANSI-NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2) confirm that the manufacturing procedure results in products that meet the SSC requirements of this Standard.

5.11.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.7.3 For pipe, one set of test specimens shall be taken from each lot unless compliance with the requirements is qualified by a documented procedure, see 7.5.6. If A.10 SR16 is specified in the purchase agreement, testing is mandatory.

5.12 SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS 5.12.1

API Specification 5CT – 1.4 Supplementary requirements that can optionally be agreed between purchaser and manufacturer for non-destructive examination, fully machined coupling blanks, upset casing, electric-welded casing, tubing and pup joints, impact testing, seal ring couplings, test certificates, tensile testing and sulfide stress cracking testing are given in Annex A.

5.12.2

API Specification 5CT – 7.2.4 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer the supplementary requirements for statistical tensile testing of Grades C90, T95 and C110 in A.12 (SR38) shall apply.

5.12.3

API Specification 5CT – 7.3.8

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, the supplementary requirements for statistical impact testing in A.7 SR12 shall apply. 5.12.4

API Specification 5CT – 13.2 Where additional information is required, including the results of mechanical testing, the supplementary requirement in A.9 SR15 shall be specified in the purchase agreement.

5.13 TEMPERATURE TESTING 5.13.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.3.7 The test temperature shall be 0 ºC (32 ºF) for all groups except Group 1, Grades J55 and K55. Grades J55 and K55 shall be tested at 21 ºC (70 ºF). An alternative lower test temperature may be specified on the purchase agreement or selected by the manufacturer for any grade. The tolerance on the test temperature

5.13.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.10.6.3 The test temperature for full-size test specimens shall be specified by the purchaser as a) + 21 ºC (+ 70 ºF), or b) 0 ºC (+ 32 ºF), or c) – 10 ºC (+ 14 ºF), or d) other temperature as specified on the purchase agreement. The tolerance on the test temperature for full-size test specimens The test temperature shall be reduced as specified in A.10.6.5 SR16.5.5 for Grades H40, J55 and K55 when sub-size test specimens are required. Additional requirements for PSL-2 and PSL-3 product are given in Annex H.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

5.13.3

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.10.7 The size and orientation of the test specimen (i.e. full-size, ¾-size or ½-size), the actual test temperature (i.e. specified temperature less the test temperature reduction that may be applicable for Grades H40, J55, and K55), the results of the individual specimens (i.e. the impact energy absorption and the percentage shear), and the average absorbed energy shall be reported to the purchaser.

5.13.4

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.6.2.1 Impact testing shall be carried out in accordance with A.10 SR16. The test temperature shall be 21 °C (70 °F) for Grades J55 and K55 and 0 °C (32 °F) for all other grades, or a lower temperature by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer.

5.14 TENSILE TESTING 5.14.1

API Specification 5CT – 7.2.1 The tensile properties of upset casing and tubing, except elongation of the upset ends, shall comply with the requirements given for the pipe body. In case of dispute, the properties (except elongation) of the upset shall be determined from a tensile test specimen cut from the upset. A record of such tests shall be available to the purchaser.

5.14.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.4.5 When tensile testing of the upset is required, the purchaser and manufacturer shall agree upon the most representative type and size of test specimen to be used for the test.

5.14.3

API Specification 5CT – 10.4.6 Tensile test specimens for coupling blanks and pup joint or accessory material heat-treated in coupling blank or individual lengths shall be removed from the piece as illustrated in Figure D.9. Reduced-section strip specimens may be used by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

5.14.4

API Specification 5CT – 10.10 For Grade C110, the level of resistance to sulfide stress cracking shall be evaluated using the tensile method (Method A), unless one of the DCB methods (Method D) in Annex A.13, SR39 is specified on the purchase agreement.

5.14.5

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.5.2 Tensile, impact and hardness properties of the pipe and upset shall comply with the requirements of Clause 7. The allowable hardness variation of the upset shall be based on the nominal wall thickness of the upset specified on the purchase agreement. The tensile test specimens for the upset shall be the largest round specimen feasible. The size to be used shall be agreed by the purchaser and manufacturer prior to testing.

5.15 WALL THICKNESS 5.15.1

API Specification 5CT – 10.13.4 For Grade C110, wall thickness shall be measured over the full length, with a minimum coverage of 100 % of the surface area covered by the automatic system. The minimum measured wall thickness for each pipe shall be reported. Traceability by pipe is only required when specified on the purchase agreement.

5.15.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.13.4 Accessory material shall have the wall thickness verified if so specified in the purchase agreement.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

6.0 SHIPPING REQUIREMENTS 6.1

SHIPPING 6.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 8.14.1 All casing couplings and regular tubing couplings shall be screwed onto the pipe power-tight, except that they shall be screwed on handling-tight (see Note 1 below) or shipped separately if so specified on the purchase agreement. Special-clearance tubing couplings shall be screwed onto the pipe handling-tight, except that they shall be shipped separately if so specified on the purchase agreement.

6.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 8.14.2 The requirements for Group 4 are the same as that shown in 8.14.1, except that couplings with API threads shall be shipped separately unless power-tight make-up is specified on the purchase agreement.

6.1.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.20 Unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement, seal rings for field-end box threads shall be shipped separately in a sealed package labelled with the quantity, connection , connection manufacturer, date inspected, and date packaged.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

7.0 DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS 7.1

DOCUMENTATION 7.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 13.1 A material test report, certificate of compliance or similar document printed from or used in electronic form from an electronic data interchange (EDI) transmission shall be regarded as having the same validity as a counterpart printed in the certifier’s facility. The content of the EDI-transmitted document shall meet the requirements of this Standard and conform to any existing EDI agreement between purchaser and manufacturer.

7.1.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.1 This annex describes supplementary requirements that may be specified by the purchaser or agreed between purchaser and manufacturer. These requirements apply only when stated on the purchase agreement.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

8.0 PURCHASE AGREEMENT 8.1

PURCHASE AGREEMENT 8.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 5.1 The purchaser should refer to ISO 15156-2 or ANSI-NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2 for guidance on the usage of Grades C90, T95 and C110. Particular attention should be given to the application of Grade C110 in ISO 15156-2 or ANSI-NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2 SSC Regions 2 or 3, as this material is not suitable for all sour (hydrogen sulfide-containing) service applications. NOTE The SSC test is for quality control purposes only and does not qualify the material for any specific sour service application. It is the product user’s responsibility to ensure that the product is suitable for the intended application.

8.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 5.2.1 When enquiring or placing orders for pipe manufactured in accordance with this Standard, the purchaser shall specify the following

Requirement Standard Quantity Type of pipe or couplings Casing Threaded or plain-end Type of connection SC, LC or BC or other connection With or without couplings Special clearance couplings – BC Special clearance couplings with special bevel – BC Label 1 or specified outside diameter Label 2 or specified mass or wall thickness Grade and type where applicable Range length Seamless or electric-welded Critical thickness for special end-finish couplings, stock or blanks Delivery date and shipping instructions Inspection by purchaser

8.1.3

Reference API 5CT

8.12.1, Table С.1 or Table E.1 8.12.2, Table C.1 or Table E.1 8.12.2, Table C.1 or Table E.1 9.6, Tables C.1, C.33 or Tables E.1, E.33 9.6 Table C.1 or Table E.1 Table C.1 or Table E.1 Tables C.1, C.4 or Tables E.1, E.4 8.6, Table C.27 or Table E.27 6.1, Table C.3 or Table E.3 7.6.6 Annex B

API Specification 5CT – 5.2.2

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

The purchaser shall also state on the purchase agreement the requirements, where applicable, concerning the following stipulations, which are at the purchaser’s option Requirement Heat treatment Lower alternative impact test temperature Impact testing for Group 1 Grades N80 type Q and R95, Group 2 (except M65) and Group 3 Impact testing for Group 1 Grades H40, J55, K55, N80 type 1 Casing jointers – SC and LC Alternative drifting requirements Casing with couplings detached Coupling make-up (other than power-tight) Coupling grade Seal ring couplings Heat and supplementary analyses Additional markings Pipe coatings Material certification Product Specification Level (PSL-2 or PSL-3) Alternative grades or heat treatments of coupling Statistical tensile test - Grades C90, T95, C110 Combination couplings Reducing couplings - Groups 1, 2 and 3

8.1.4

API Specification 5CT – 5.2.3 The following may be agreed manufacturer

Reference 6.2, Table С.3 or Table E.3 7.3.7 7.5.6, A.10 SR16 7.5.1, A.10 SR16 8.7 8.10 8.14 8.14 9.2 9.9, A.8 SR13 10.3 11 12.1 13.2, A.9 SR15 Annex H 9.2 A.12 SR38 9.7 9.8

between

purchaser

Requirement Upset – Grade C110 Cold rotary straightening - Grade Q125 Statistical tensile testing Statistical impact testing Impact of Group 1 non-heat-treated pipe Sulfide stress cracking test - Grades C90 and T95 Sulfide stress cracking test and test solution – Grade C110

Reference 6.1 6.3.6 7.2.4, A.12 SR38 7.3.8, A.7 SR12 7.5.1, A.10 SR16 7.14 7.14, A.13 SR39

Thread and storage compound Waiving NDE of Group 1 couplings in Grades H40, J55 and K55 Coupling thread surface treatment - Grade Q125 only

8.14 9.12.3 9.15

Reduced section tensile specimens – Grade Q125 Additional hardness testing

10.4.6 10.6.2

Alternative hydrostatic test pressures Plain-end Grade Q125 casing hydrostatic testing Non-destructive examination

10.12.3 10.12.2 10.15, A.2 SR1, A.3 SR2, A.5 SR10 and A.6 SR11 11

Marking requirements Copyright © 2012 – API-American Petroleum Institute

and

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing Thread protectors Coupling blanks – Grade Q125 only Upset casing – Grade Q125 only Electric-weld casing and pup joints – Grades P110 and Q125 Alternative F factor for statistical impact testing Special end-finish for casing, couplings or pup joints

12.2 9.4.2, A.4 SR9 A.5 SR10 A.6 SR11 A.7.2 SR12.2 8.12.6, 9.11.2

Special size and wall thickness – plain-end pipe Enhanced leak resistance LC connections

8.2 A.11 SR22

8.1.5

API Specification 5CT – 5.3.1 When enquiring or placing orders for pipe manufactured in accordance with this Standard, the purchaser shall specify the following

Requirement Standard Quantity Type of pipe or couplings Tubing Non-upset, external-upset or integral joint Threaded, plain-end, or other connection With or without couplings Regular couplings with special bevel – NU, EU Special clearance couplings – EU Label 1 or specified outside diameter Label 2 or specified mass or wall thickness Grade and type, where applicable Range length Seamless or electric-welded Critical thickness for special end-finish couplings Delivery date and shipping instructions Inspection by purchaser

8.1.6

Reference API 5CT

Table C.2 or Table E.2 8.12 8.12 9.10, Tables C.24, C.34 and C.35 or Tables E.24, E.34 and E.35 9.6, Tables C.24, C.35 or Tables E.24 and E.35 Table C.2 or Table E.2 Table C.2 or Table E.2 Table C.2 or Table E.2, Table C.4 or Table E.4 8.6, Table C.27 or Table E.27 6.1, Table C.3 or Table E.3 7.4.6 Annex B

API Specification 5CT – 5.3.2

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

The purchaser shall also state on the purchase agreement the requirements, where applicable, concerning the following stipulations, which are at the purchaser’s option Requirement Heat treatment Lower alternative impact test temperature Impact testing for Group 1 Grades N80 type Q and R95, Group 2 (except M65) and Group 3 Impact testing for Group 1 Grades H40, J55, N80 type 1 Alternative drift requirements Extended length upset Rounded nose for EU Coupling make-up (other than power-tight) Tubing with couplings detached Coupling grade Alternative grades or heat treatments of coupling Combination couplings Reducing couplings — Groups 1, 2 and 3 Seal ring couplings Heat and supplementary analyses Additional hardness testing Additional markings Pipe coatings Material certification Product Specification Level (PSL-2 or PSL-3)

8.1.7

API Specification 5CT – 5.3.3 The following may be agreed manufacturer

between

Requirement Statistical tensile test Statistical impact testing Impact testing of Group 1 non-heat-treated pipe Sulfide stress cracking test — Grades C90 and T95 Extended length upsets – EU Upset length – regular or extended Thread and storage compound Special end-finish for tubing, couplings or pup-joints Waiving NDE of Group 1 couplings in Grades H40, J55 and K55 Additional hardness testing

Reference 7.2.4, A.12 SR38 7.3.8, A.7 SR12 7.5.1, A.10 SR16 7.14 8.11.6 8.11.6 8.14 8.12.6, 9.11.3 9.12.3 10.6.2

Alternative hydrostatic test pressures Non-destructive examination

10.12.3 10.15, A.2 SR1, A.6 SR11 11 12.2

Marking requirements Thread protectors Copyright © 2012 – API-American Petroleum Institute

Reference 6.2, Table С.3 or Table E.3 7.3.7 7.5.6, A.10 SR16 7.5.1, A.10 SR16 8.10 8.11.6 8.12.3 8.14 8.14 9.2 9.2 9.7 9.8 9.9, A.8 SR13 10.3 10.6.2 11 12.1 13.2, A.9 SR15 Annex H

purchaser

A.3 SR2,

and

A.5 SR10

and

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing Electric-weld tubing and pup joints — Grade P110

A.6 SR11

Special size and wall thickness Casing used for tubing

8.2 8.2, Table C.27 or Table E.27

8.1.8

API Specification 5CT – 5.4.1 When enquiring or placing orders for coupling stock, coupling material or accessory material manufactured in accordance with this Standard, the purchaser shall specify the following

Requirement Standard Quantity Kind of product coupling stock, coupling material or accessory material Outside diameter and tolerances Wall thickness and tolerances Straightness tolerance Length Grade and type, where applicable Impact requirements or critical thickness Inspection by purchaser Critical thickness for special end-finish accessory material Wall thickness verification of special end-finish accessory material Delivery date and shipping instructions

Copyright © 2012 – API-American Petroleum Institute

Reference API 5CT

8.2 8.2 8.9.2 8.6 Tables C.3 & C.4 or Tables E.3 & E.4 7.4 Annex B 7.6.6 10.13.4

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

8.1.9

API Specification 5CT – 5.4.2 The purchaser shall also state on the purchase agreement the requirements, where applicable, concerning the following stipulations, which are at the purchaser’s option

Requirement Heat treatment Statistical tensile testing Statistical impact testing Impact testing Sulfide stress cracking test – Grades C90 and T95 Sulfide stress cracking test and test solution – Grade C110 Heat and supplementary analyses Additional markings Material certification Product Specification Level (PSL-2 or PSL-3)

Reference 6.2, Table С.3 or Table E.3 7.2.4, A.12 SR38 7.3.8, A.7 SR12 7.5.3, A.10 SR16 7.14 7.14, A.13 SR39 10.3 11 13.2, 13.3, A.9 SR15 Annex H

8.1.10

API Specification 5CT – 6.1 Electric-welded Grade P110 pipe and Grade Q125 casing shall be provided only when the supplementary requirement in A.6 SR11 is specified on the purchase agreement.

8.1.11

API Specification 5CT – 6.1 Grade Q125 upset casing shall be provided only when the supplementary requirement in A.5 SR10 is specified on the purchase agreement.

8.1.12

API Specification 5CT – 7.6.5 By agreement between the manufacturer and purchaser, the provisions of A.10 SR16 shall apply.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

9.0 PROCESSING REQUIREMENTS 9.1

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS API Specification 5CT – Annex A.9.1 The manufacturer shall provide the following data, as applicable, for each item for which this Supplementary Requirement is specified on the purchase agreement. The manufacturer's certificate shall cite this Standard, and revision date thereof, to which the product was manufactured. a) SR15.1.1 Specified diameter, wall thickness, grade, process of manufacture and type of heat treatment. b) SR.15.1.2 The minimum tempering temperature allowed by the documented heat treatment procedure for each lot of quenched and tempered or normalised and tempered casing and tubing (except coupling stock and coupling material). c) SR15.1.3 Chemical analyses (heat, product, control, and re-check) showing the mass fraction, expressed as a percent, of all elements whose limits or reporting requirements are set in this Standard. d) SR15.1.4 Test data for all tensile tests required by this Standard, including yield strength, tensile strength, elongation. The type, size and orientation of specimens shall be shown. If elongation is recorded or reported, the record or report shall show the nominal width of the test specimen when strip specimens are used, the diameter and gauge length when roundbar specimens are used, or it shall state when full-section specimens are used. e) SR15.1.5 Where impact testing is required by this Standard, impact test results including • the test criteria • the size, location and orientation of the test specimen

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

• the nominal test temperature (i.e. the actual test temperature, including the sub-size temperature reduction if applicable) • the absorbed energy measured for each test specimen and • the average absorbed energy for each test. The percent shear area shall be reported for • Grade C110 as specified in 7.3.1. • PSL-2 or PSL-3 product as specified in H.6.1 or

f) SR15.1.6 Hardness test results (including Rockwell hardness numbers and mean hardness numbers, test type and criterion, and specimen location and orientation) where such testing is required. g) SR15.1.7 The grain size and the test method used to determine the grain size. h) SR15.1.8 For Grade C110 tested in accordance with A.13 (SR39), the certification shall include a statement specifying if the SSC testing was performed in Solution A or the actual percent H2S when performed in the solution described in A.13.3 (SR39.3). i) SR 15.1.9 The information specified in the ANSI-NACE TM0177-2005 “NACE UNIFORM Material Testing Report Form (Part 2) Testing in Accordance with ANSI-NACE TM0177 Method – NACE Standard DCB Test” shall be provided. j) SR15.1.10 Minimum hydrostatic test pressure and duration. k) SR15.1.11 For welded pipe for which NDE of the weld seam is required by this Standard, the method of NDE employed (ultrasonic, electromagnetic and/or magnetic particle) and the type of reference standard. l) SR15.1.12

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

For seamless product for which NDE is specified by the purchaser (either in the body of this Standard, in the Supplementary Requirements or in the purchase agreement), the method of inspection employed (ultrasonic, electromagnetic or magnetic particle) the acceptance level, the location and orientation of the reference indicator used. and the type and size of the reference standard used. m) SR15.1.13 For electric-welded pipe, the minimum temperature for heat treatment of the weld seam. If such heat treatment is not performed, “No Seam Heat Treatment” shall be stated on the certificate. n) SR15.1.14 Results of any supplemental testing required by the purchaser.

9.2

COATING 9.2.1

API Specification 5CT – 12.1.1 Unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement, pipe and couplings shall be given an external coating for protection from rust while in transit. An attempt should be made to make these coatings smooth, hard to the touch and with minimum sags. The coating shall be rated to protect the pipe for at least three months.

9.2.2

API Specification 5CT – 12.1.1 Unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement, coupling stock, coupling material and accessory material shall be supplied without external coating (bare), except for a protective coating that may be applied over the stencil.

9.2.3

API Specification 5CT – 12.1.1 The purchase agreement shall specify when bare pipe or specially coated pipe is required. For special coatings, the purchase agreement shall further specify whether the coating shall be applied to the full length or whether a certain specific distance from the end shall be left un-coated. Unless otherwise specified, such bare ends are commonly given a coating with oil for protection in transit.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

9.2.4

API Specification 5CT – 12.1.2 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, protective coatings, internal and external, may be required for pipe for longterm storage to protect against corrosion, especially when stored in a marine environment. The following points shall apply. a) The protection shall be effective against corrosion in a marine environment during the long-term storage period defined by the purchaser and manufacturer; minor surface discolouration shall be acceptable. b) There shall be no need for removal of the protective coating before the running of the tubulars. c) Correct application of the coating is essential and the following parameters shall be assessed    

dryness of the pipe; cleanliness of the pipe; temperature at application; thickness of the coating film.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

9.3

HEAT TREATMENT 9.3.1

API Specification 5CT – 6.2.1 Product shall be heat-treated in accordance with a documented procedure as stipulated in Table C.3 or Table E.3 for the particular grade and type specified on the purchase agreement.

9.3.2

API Specification 5CT – 6.2.2 For Grades J55 and K55 product the heat treatment (see Table C.3 or Table E.3) is at the manufacturer’s option unless a specific type of treatment, consistent with Table C.3 footnote b or Table E.3 footnote b, is specified on the purchase agreement.

9.3.3

API Specification 5CT – 6.2.3 When requested by the purchaser, the manufacturer shall produce evidence to show that the tempering practice will result in the pipe attaining the minimum tempering temperature.

9.3.4

API Specification 5CT – 6.3.6 Gag-press straightening or hot rotary-straightening at 400 ºC (750 ºF) minimum at the end of rotary-straightening is acceptable (unless a higher minimum temperature is specified on the purchase agreement). If hot rotary-straightening is not possible, the product may be cold rotary-straightened provided it is then stress-relieved at 510 ºC (950 ºF) or higher. Product may be cold rotary-straightened without subsequent stress-relieving only by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer.

9.3.5

API Specification 5CT – 7.1 For Grade C110 the manufacturer shall inform the purchaser at the time of inquiry of the minimum and maximum concentrations for all elements intentionally added to each heat, regardless of the purpose of the addition.

9.3.6

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.1

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

When heat treatment is not stipulated on the purchase agreement, Grade H40 pipe shall be furnished with Grade H40, J55 or K55 couplings which are either as-rolled, normalised, normalised and tempered, or quenched and tempered. 9.3.7

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.2 When heat treatment is not stipulated on the purchase agreement, Grade J55 pipe shall be furnished with Grade J55 or K55 couplings which are either as-rolled, normalised, normalised and tempered, or quenched and tempered.

9.3.8

API Specification 5CT – 9.2.3 When heat treatment is not stipulated on the purchase agreement, Grade K55 pipe shall be furnished with Grade K55 couplings which are either as-rolled, normalised, normalised and tempered, or quenched and tempered.

9.3.9

API Specification 5CT – 10.3.1 For Groups 1, 2 (except Grade C110) and 3, when requested by the purchaser, the manufacturer shall furnish a report giving the heat analysis of each heat of steel used in the manufacture of product specified on the purchase agreement. In addition the purchaser, upon request, shall be furnished the results of quantitative analyses for other elements used by the manufacturer to control mechanical properties.

9.3.10

API Specification 5CT – 10.3.1 For Grades C110 and Q125, the manufacturer shall furnish a report giving the heat analysis of each heat of steel used in the manufacture of product specified on the purchase agreement. The report shall include quantitative analyses for other elements used by the manufacturer to control mechanical properties.

9.3.11

API Specification 5CT – 13.2 A record of heat control tests shall be available to the purchaser. API Specification 5CT – Annex H.4

9.3.12

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

The manufacturer shall inform the purchaser at the time of inquiry of the minimum and maximum concentrations for all elements intentionally added to each heat, regardless of the purpose of the addition. 9.3.13

9.4

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.9.2 If requested by the purchaser, the manufacturer shall for each heat demonstrate that the product meets or exceeds the 80 % SMYS threshold using test Method A in accordance with ANSI-NACE TM0177-2005. The test solution shall have a pH of 3,5 and a partial pressure of H2S of 10 kPa (1.5 psi).

PROCESS CONTROL 9.4.1

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.9.1 By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, the number of specimens per lot required may be reduced to no less than one with a process control plan that is sufficient to ensure that the product meets or exceeds the 90 % YSmin threshold.

9.4.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.14.1 The manufacturer shall apply a process control plan which has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of the purchaser as sufficient to ensure that each pipe body, each upset and each coupling has mechanical properties conforming to the requirements of this Standard. If this condition is not fulfilled, each pipe body, each upset and each coupling shall be surface hardness tested. Hardness minimum and maximum values, when not specified in this Standard, shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications or by agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

9.5

STRAIGHTENING API Specification 5CT – Annex H.3.2 Gag press straightening or hot rotary straightening [400 ºC (750 ºF) minimum at end of rotary straightening unless a higher minimum temperature is specified on the purchase agreement] is acceptable. If hot rotary straightening is not possible, the pipe may be cold rotary straightened provided it is then stress-relieved at 510 ºC (950 ºF) or higher.

9.6

THREADS 9.6.1

API Specification 5CT – 8.12.5 For Grade C110 the pin and box threads shall be abrasive-blasted, unless processed by any appropriate technique, including the threading process, which has been agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer to be sufficient to avoid the presence of material susceptible to detaching or causing galling during connection make-up.

9.6.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.10 Pin threads shall be abrasive-blasted, unless processed by any appropriate technique, including the threading process, which has been agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer to be sufficient to avoid the presence of material susceptible to detaching or causing galling during make-up.

9.6.3

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.12 Box threads shall be abrasive-blasted, unless processed by any appropriate technique, including the threading process, which has been agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer to be sufficient to avoid the presence of material susceptible to detaching or causing galling during make-up.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

9.7

THREAD TREATMENT 9.7.1

API Specification 5CT – 8.14.1 A thread compound shall be applied to cover the full surface on the engaged thread of either the coupling or pipe before making up the connection. Application on both coupling and pipe may be agreed between purchaser and manufacturer. Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser, the thread compound shall conform to ISO 13678 or API RP 5A3.

9.7.2

API Specification 5CT – 9.15 Thread surface treatment shall be as specified on the purchase agreement.

9.7.3

API Specification 5CT – 12.2.1 The entity performing the threading shall apply external and internal thread protectors that meet the requirements of Annex I unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement.

9.7.4

API Specification 5CT – 12.2.3 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, open-ended, driftable protectors may be supplied. Thread compound shall cover the entire thread and seal surfaces of the connection.

9.7.5

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.2.6 For buttress casing in all sizes and grades and for round thread casing in sizes label 1 16 and larger in grades H40, J55, K55 and M65, the make-up triangle shall be stamped on the outside of each length on both ends. By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, the make-up triangle may be replaced with a transverse white paint band 10 mm (3/8 in) wide by 76 mm (3 in) long. To assist in locating the triangle or transverse white paint band on buttress casing, a 25 mm (1 in) wide by 610 mm (24 in) long longitudinal white paint stripe shall be placed adjacent to the triangle or transverse paint band on the field end; additionally, a 25 mm (1 in) wide by 100 mm (4 in) long longitudinal white paint stripe shall be placed adjacent to the triangle or transverse paint band on the mill end. API Specification 5CT – Annex I.1.2

9.7.6

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

The thread-protector manufacturer shall document the design criteria, evaluation data and installation procedures to demonstrate compliance with these requirements. This information shall be available upon request to both the protector purchaser and/or the tubular user. 9.7.7

9.8

API Specification 5CT – Annex I.1.3 The thread-protector manufacturer shall design the protector to be used in conjunction with API and/or SF thread forms. Threadprotector design shall assist in minimizing corrosion that can result from moisture intrusion or entrapment. The protectors shall be capable of a snug-up fit with the face of the pin or coupling as applicable (no gap). The use of a gasket-type insert in the pin-end protector is acceptable by agreement between the manufacturer and purchaser.

WELDING 9.8.1

API Specification 5CT – 6.1 Pipe furnished to this Standard shall be made by the seamless or electric-weld process as shown in Table C.3 or Table E.3 and as specified on the purchase agreement.

9.8.2

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.6.1 Casing (Grades P110 and Q125) and tubing (Grade P110) may be produced by the electric-weld process only when detailed quality control provisions are jointly agreed by purchaser and manufacturer prior to the manufacture of the pipe. Tensile, impact and hardness testing shall be performed as frequently as required for seamless pipe.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

10.0 MARKING REQUIREMENTS 10.1 MARKING REQUIREMENTS 10.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 6.4.2 The serial number shall be marked on products as specified below. It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to maintain the identification of material until it is received by the purchaser.

10.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 10.15.18 If a defect is not removed from coupling stock and accessory material within acceptable limits, then the area shall be marked to indicate the presence of a defect. The marking shall consist of a paint band encircling the tube body that covers the entire defect area if this area is equal to or less than 50 mm (2 in) in axial length, or bands in a cross-hatched pattern if this area is greater than 50 mm (2 in) in length. The band colour shall be as agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer.

10.1.3

API Specification 5CT – 11.1.4 Products shall be marked by stencilling, or a combination of stencilling and stamping, at the option of the manufacturer, as stipulated ― by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, stamping can be required, in which case a combination of stamping and stencil marking shall be used;

10.1.4

API Specification 5CT – 11.1.10 Other additional markings are allowed and may be applied as desired by the manufacturer or as requested by the purchaser, but shall be applied after the markings specified in Table C.48 or Table E.48.

10.1.5

API Specification 5CT – 11.1.11 Marking for coupling material and accessory material shall be specified on the purchase agreement or, in the case of coupling material, in the manufacturer’s internal marking requirements but shall be traceable to, as a minimum, this Standard, the manufacturer, the date of manufacture and the grade. When the

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

purchase agreement specifies marking with colour bands these bands shall be consistent with Table C.46 or Table E.46. 10.1.6

API Specification 5CT – 11.2.4 When specified on the purchase agreement, products shall be stamped by one or more of the methods in 11.2.1 at the option of the manufacturer.

10.1.7

API Specification 5CT – 11.2.5 When specified on the purchase agreement, products shall be stamped by one or more of the methods in 11.2.1 at the option of the manufacturer. In addition, the following apply  Grade R95 and Group 2 (except Grades C90, T95 and C110) products shall be heat-treated subsequent to using method 2 in 11.2.1.  Grades C90, T95, C110 and Q125 products shall be heat-treated subsequent to using methods 2 and 4 in 11.2.1, with the following exceptions -stamping of the make-up triangle; -when the stamp markings are removed by cropping or by grinding, machining, threading to a depth not less than twice the depth of the stamping; -by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, the stamp marks may be left in the product.

10.1.8

API Specification 5CT – 11.2.6 For buttress casing in all sizes and grades and for round thread casing in sizes Label 1 16 and larger in Grades H40, J55, K55 and M65, the make-up triangle shall be stamped on the outside of each length on both ends. By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, the make-up triangle may be replaced with a transverse white paint band 10 mm (3/8 in) wide by 76 mm (3 in) long.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

10.1.9

API Specification 5CT – 11.4.1 Each product shall be colour-coded as specified in 11.4.2 to 11.4.6, unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement.

10.1.10

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.1.4 Products shall be marked by stencilling, or a combination of stencilling and stamping, at the option of the manufacturer, as stipulated. By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, stamping can be required, in which case a combination of stamping and stencil marking shall be used

10.1.11

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.1.6 It is allowable to place additional markings for other compatible standards following the required marking sequence. Such markings are at the option of the manufacturer or as requested by the purchaser.

10.1.12

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.1.10 Other additional markings are allowed and may be applied as desired by the manufacturer or as requested by the purchaser, but shall be applied after the markings specified in Table C.61 or Table E.61.

10.1.13

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.2.4 When specified on the purchase agreement, products shall be stamped by one or more of the methods in F.2.1 at the option of the manufacturer.

10.1.14

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.2.5 When specified on the purchase agreement, products may be stamped by one or more of the methods in F.2.1 at the option of the manufacturer.  Grade R95 and group 2 (except grades C90, T95 and C110) shall be heat-treated subsequent to using method 2 in F.2.1.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

 Grades C90, T95, C110 and Q125 products shall be heat-treated subsequent to using methods 2 and 4 in F.2.1, with the following exceptions -the make-up triangle mark; -when the stamp markings are removed by grinding, machining, threading or cropping to a depth not less than twice the depth of the stamping; -when not removing the stamping is by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer. 10.1.15

API Specification 5CT – Annex F.4.4.1 Each product shall be colour-coded as described in F.4.2 to F.4.6, unless otherwise specified on the purchase agreement.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

11.0 INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS 11.1 INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS 11.1.1

API Specification 5CT – 8.12.4 Product threads, gauging practice and thread inspection shall conform to the requirements of API Spec 5B. Product ends shall not be rounded out by hammering but may be slightly shaped to secure conformance with threading requirements. For grade C90 and higher strength grades this shaping shall only be carried out if agreed with the purchaser.

11.1.2

API Specification 5CT – 9.12.2 All couplings shall be inspected on the outside and inside surfaces after finish machining and before any inside or outside surface plating, using the wet fluorescent magnetic particle method in accordance with ISO 13665 or ASTM E709 with a circumferentially oriented magnetic field for the detection of longitudinal surface imperfections, or by other non-destructive method of equal sensitivity as demonstrated to the purchaser.

11.1.3

API Specification 5CT – 9.12.3 By agreement between purchaser and manufacturer, NDE of Grades H40, J55 and K55 couplings may be waived. However, in this case, the couplings shall be inspected visually on the outside and inside surfaces after finish machining and before plating, and shall be free from all visible seams, cracks and porosity.

11.1.4

API Specification 5CT – 10.15.1 If the provisions for purchaser inspection of pipe and/or witnessing of NDE operations are stated on the purchase agreement, they shall be in accordance with Annex B.

11.1.5

API Specification 5CT – 10.15.11 For API round thread pup joints in size designations listed in Table C.2 or Table E.2 in Group 1, Group 2 Grades L80 and Group 3, the required inspections, unless otherwise agreed upon between purchaser and manufacturer. API Specification 5CT – 10.15.12

11.1.6

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

Coupling stock shall be inspected for longitudinal and transverse imperfections on the inside surface using ultrasonic shear-wave techniques to acceptance level L3 with a maximum notch length of 25 mm (1 in). By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, alternative NDE methods which demonstrate the capability to detect the reference indicators may be used. 11.1.7

API Specification 5CT – 10.15.13 Grade C110 pipe, with the ends treated in accordance with 10.15.13 b), shall be inspected after end finishing (and before coupling installation on threaded and coupled tubulars) using the wet magnetic particle method, or a method agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer.

11.1.8

API Specification 5CT – 13.2 The manufacturer shall, upon request by the purchaser, furnish to the purchaser a certificate of compliance stating that the material has been manufactured, sampled, tested and inspected in accordance with this Standard and has been found to meet the requirements. Additional requirements for PSL-2 and PSL-3 product are given in Annex H.

11.1.9

API Specification 5CT – 13.4 Tests and inspections requiring retention of records in this Standard are shown in Table C.49 or Table E.49. Such records shall be retained by the manufacturer and shall be available to the purchaser on request for a period of three years after the date of purchase from the manufacturer.

11.1.10

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.4.3 Coupling blanks that will not be fully machined by either the manufacturer or the purchaser shall be inspected and meet the same requirements as finished couplings. Coupling blanks that will be fully machined by either the manufacturer or the purchaser may have imperfections on the as-rolled surface; however, the machined surface shall meet the surface inspection criteria of 9.12 and be to the specified dimensions.

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API Specification 5CT 9 Edition, June 2011 Specification for Casing and Tubing

11.1.11

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.6.5.5 The inspection equipment shall be adjusted to produce a welldefined indication from each reference indicator when the reference standard is scanned by the inspection system(s). Responses from the notches and hole shall meet the required system(s) sensitivity level. Outside-wall and inside-wall notches of reduced length may be used by agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.

11.1.12

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.8.1 The inspection shall be by the wet fluorescent magnetic particle method, using a circumferentially oriented magnetic field, or by another non-destructive method of equal sensitivity as demonstrated to the purchaser. The inspection shall encompass both the inside and outside surfaces. The inspection shall exclude the dry magnetic particle method.

11.1.13

API Specification 5CT – Annex A.14.2 The inspection equipment shall be adjusted to produce a welldefined indication from each reference indicator when the reference standard is scanned by the inspection system(s). Responses from the notches and hole shall meet the required system(s) sensitivity level. Outside-wall and inside-wall notches of reduced length may be used by agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.

11.1.14

API Specification 5CT – Annex B.1 Inspection notice If the inspector representing the purchaser desires to inspect the product or witness a test, reasonable notice shall be given of the time at which the run is intended to be made.

11.1.15

API Specification 5CT – Annex B.4 Rejection Unless otherwise provided, material which shows defects on inspection or subsequent to acceptance at manufacturer's works, or which proves defective when properly applied in service, may be rejected, and the manufacturer so notified. If tests that require the destruction of material are made, any product which is proven

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not to meet the requirements of this Standard shall be rejected. Disposition of rejected product shall be a matter of agreement between purchaser and manufacturer. 11.1.16

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.18.3 The pipe ends shall be either treated in accordance with 10.15.13 a) or c), or inspected after end finishing (and before coupling installation on threaded and coupled tubulars) using the wet magnetic-particle method, or a method agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.

11.1.17

API Specification 5CT – Annex H.18.4.4 Coupling stock shall be inspected for longitudinal and transverse imperfections on the inside surface using ultrasonic shear-wave techniques to acceptance level L4. By agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer, alternative NDE methods which demonstrate the capability to detect the reference indicators may be used.

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5CT-91