THE BFG - Lewis Family Playhouse

THE BFG - Lewis Family Playhouse

B EHIND THE S CENES -- THE BFG A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents S HOWTIMES … A P R I L 10 – 26, 2008 F R I D AY S – 7:00 P M , S AT U R D ...

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents

S HOWTIMES … A P R I L 10 – 26, 2008 F R I D AY S – 7:00 P M , S AT U R D AY S – 2:00 P M & 7:00 P M S C H O O L P E R F : T U E S , W E D , T H U R S @ 9:15 AM & 11:15 AM

A B O U T THE BOOK’S AUTHOR… Roald Dahl (September 13, 1916-November 23, 1990) was born in Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales in 1916 to Norwegian parents. He grew up attending several boarding schools in England, and there was inspired to write one of today’s children’s favorite books, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Dahl was a novelist, short story writer and screenwriter who started writing books for children and adults in the 1940’s. His first work, A Piece of Cake, was published in 1942 in the Saturday Evening Post. Dahl became interested in writing children’s books when he started telling bedtime stories to his daughters. Some of his best known works for children today include The Twits, Matilda, The Witches, James and the Giant Peach and The BFG. Roald Dahl loved writing for children – he once said that “if you want to remember what it’s like to live in a child’s world, you’ve got to get down on your hands and knees and live like that for a week. You’ll find that you have to look up at all these giants around you who are always telling you what to do and what not to do,”* His books are cherished by children around the world who love his sense of mischief and his wonderful, fanciful plots.

INSIDE

THE

ABOUT

THE

PLAYWRIGHT:

DAVID WOOD began writing as a student at Oxford University in the 1960’s. He wrote his first play for children in 1967 and has since written over sixty more. His plays are performed all over the world. He was dubbed 'the national children's dramatist' by Irving Wardle in The London Times and is the author of THEATRE FOR CHILDREN: GUIDE TO WRITING, ADAPTING, DIRECTING AND ACTING (Faber), co-written with Janet Grant. He has directed many of his plays for his own company, Whirligig Theatre (founded with John Gould in 1979), which tours to major theatres around England, include Sadler's Wells in London. He has also written for film, television and radio. For the last 20 years David has also toured The David Wood Magic Show to theatres all over the UK, and is a Member of the Inner Magic Circle with Gold Star. In 2004, in a ceremony at the real Buckingham Palace, he was awarded an O.B.E. in The Queen’s Birthday Honours List. For more information about David Wood, please visit his website at www.davidwoodplays.co.uk

GUIDE…

Introducing the play………………………………………………..…… Bringing the play into the classroom…………………………… Extending the learning………………………………………….…….. About the Theatre.…………………………………………………….... About the Library………………………………………………………....

2 3 4 5 6

* quote from Roald Dahl’s website: www.roalddahl.com

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents ACT I – INTRODUCING M AIN C HARACTERS

IN THE

P LAY ….

Sophie - An orphan girl who becomes friends with the BFG. The BFG -The kind and friendly giant who does not eat children. The Giants -Fleshlumpeater, Bonecruncher, Bloodbottler, Childchewer, Meatdripper, and Gizzardgulper. The mean, human-being eating giants! The Queen of England - She helps Sophie and the BFG capture the giants.

THE

PLAY

P LAY V OCABULARY The play takes place mostly in England, and the language is very British, which might be challenging for some children who have never heard it before. But the best part of THE BFG is the way the author plays with language. In the book and the play, the BFG makes up all sorts of words – and gets confused about many others. Here are a few examples: Snozzcumber – the only vegetable that grows in Giant Country – and the BFG’s only source of food! Humplecrimp – The BFG insist these are “common animals” Crumpscottle Wraprascal Human bean – human being

Mary – The Queen’s maid.

Frobscottle – The fizzy drink with upside-down bubbles that the BFG drinks

Mr. Tibbs – The Queen’s Butler. The Heads of the Army and the Air Force

Chiddler – child Trogglehumper – a nightmare

The Queen of Sweden Bellypoppers - helicopters

T HEATRE G OLDEN R ULES Before coming to the Lewis Family Playhouse, you may want to prepare your students for the experience by going over the basic rules of theatre etiquette. •

Please remain quiet (silent) and seated during the performance. Remember, the actors on stage can hear you. Of course, laughter and applause at appropriate times are always greatly appreciated!



Photography or any type of recording is not allowed inside the theatre at any time. This is not only against our union agreements, but it can be dangerous to the performers.



Please leave all food, candy and drinks (including water) outside of the theater. Eating during a performance is very distracting and could be very messy.



Because the theatre will be dark during the performance, if you need to use the restroom, leave the theatre or come in late, please alert an usher who can help you find your way during a break in the action on stage.



PLEASE turn off all pagers, cell phones and other electronic devices as they may interfere with theatre equipment and everyone’s enjoyment of the performance.



After the show, please stay in your seats until an usher guides you out. Your bus may not be in the same place it dropped you off!

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents ACT II – BRINGING

THE

P REVIEW A CTIVITIES It’s always helpful when students are familiar with the original book, but if you don’t have time to read the book in class, you might prepare them by talking a bit about the difference between fantasy and reality, and by giving them some examples of Roald Dahl’s extraordinary imagination! As in all of Roald Dahl’s books, The BFG takes place in England. This adaptation of the book has been performed in England for many years, but American students might not be as familiar with some of the language and customs depicted in the play that English kids take for granted. For instance, English children all know that the Queen lives in Buckingham Palace, but American children might not. Of course in the play, everything is exaggerated and the characters are larger than life!

PLAY INTO

THE

A FTER

S HOW A CTIVITIES

ƒ

The BFG lives in a world of his own and claims he had no education to learn language! His language is phonic-based to produce words such as langwitch and vegitibbles. Some words and phrases become muddled – a mixture of spoonerisms and malapropisms: His explanations often culminate in Am I right or left? Have the students find examples of words and phrases used by the BFG and determine their meaning based on their understanding of synonyms, antonyms, idioms and just plain common sense! (English- Language Arts –vocabulary and concept development)

ƒ

When the Head of the Army and the Air Force fly to Giant Country to capture the giants – they say they’ve flown right off the map! Have students create a map of England (or of their own community) and then see what happens if they go one step further by imagining where Giant Country might be! (History 1.2 compare and contrast the absolute and relative locations of places and people)

ƒ

The BFG and Sophie create a “dream” fit for the Queen, by combining pieces of different dreams to create a new dream. Dreams aren’t measurable in our world the way they are in the BFG’s! Instead, have students use different colored containers of water or other liquid (juice, milk, etc) and observe and record what happens when they are mixed together. Does it change with different quantities of each color? What about with different types of liquid? (Science – Investigation and Experimentation).

Students might want to know that the characters in the play all speak with different accents. People from different backgrounds and classes often speak with slightly different accents, which say a lot about where they come from (think of Eliza Doolittle in MY FAIR LADY as a good example).

D ISCUSSION Q UESTIONS 1.

When Sophie meets the BFG, he is sad when he learns that she doesn’t have a mother and father. Sophie then finds out that the other giants don’t like the BFG because he doesn’t eat people the way they do. Soon they realize they have a lot in common and become friends. How are Sophie and the BFG alike? What makes people friends?

2.

The BFG is afraid to be seen in England because he thinks people don’t understand Giants and will put him in a zoo. Ask the students if they have ever judged someone by the way they look before getting to know them. Has it ever happened to them?

3.

The BFG thinks people are not known for being kind, but Sophie tells the BFG that the Queen of England will help them. Have students talk about adults in their lives who they look up to and what makes them special.

THE

CLASSROOM

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents ACT III – EXTENDING

THE

LEARNING

Rancho Cucamonga Library Kicks-Off National Library Week Join us for a week long celebration of your library and enjoy this great line-up of events: Saturday, 4/12, 1-4pm Giants at Your Library Balloon artist, Buster Balloon and world-renowned juggler, David Cousin will join us to help salute the BFG and our amazing libraries! Monday, 4/14, 3:30-5pm School Librarian and Library Supporter Reception Enjoy light refreshments as you take a library tour, see a demonstration of our digital resources and then, check out our great collections! Monday, 4/14, 6:30pm Library Goes to the Movies Join us for a showing of “The Mummy” with Brendan Fraser. Children’s Story Theatre. (124 minutes) Tuesday, 4/15, 4pm Library Goes to the Movies Join us for a showing of “Because of Winn Dixie.” Children’s Story Theatre. (106 minutes). Tuesday, 4/15, 6:30 & 7:15pm Pajama Storytime There’s something for everyone in our Children’s Story Theatre tonight as we celebrate the best in children’s books. So wear your PJs and get ready to have some fun! Wednesday, 4/16, 4pm Let’s Time Travel for Children ages 6-11 What would it have been like to have been a passenger on the Titanic? Be there as we see what it’s like to take a voyage on this most infamous of ships. Wednesday, 4/16, 6pm Library Goes to the Movies Join us for a showing of “National Treasure.” Children’s Story Theatre. (131 minutes). Thursday, 4/17, 6pm Library Goes to the Movies Join us for a showing of “Ghostbusters.” Children’s Story Theatre. (105 minutes). Friday, 4/18, 3-5pm Fun and Games at the Library Anyone for Chutes and Ladders? How about Monopoly? The library has a great selection of board and card games just waiting for you. Just stop at the game table and check one out to play in the library. Saturday, 4/19, 2pm National Library Week Finale: Swazzle Puppeteers There’s always something fun and exciting when puppeteers extraordinaire, Swazzle, put on a show. Ideal for children ages 4-12. Saturday, 4/19, 3pm National Library Week Finale: Annie BanAnnie Balloon artist Annie BanAnnie will delight us with stories, music, jokes and some amazing balloon creations. Ideal for ages 4-12. Please call the Rancho Cucamonga Library for more information, (909) 477-2720, or check out our calendar.

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents

ABOUT THE THEATRE… THEATRE VOCABULARY

THEATRE RELATED ACTIVITIES:

Monologue – A long speech by a single actor. In THE BFG, The actress playing Sophie uses monologues to speak directly to the audience as she tells the story.

ƒ

Have students write a “review” of the show, using theatre vocabulary to describe the set, lighting, costumes and performances. How do the sets and lights help show the difference between the Giants and the humans? (Younger children can be asked to draw the set or the costumes) (Artistic Perception/ Aesthetic Valuing)

ƒ

“I’m the BFG!” Play an improvisational theatre game known as “Gibberish Tag” Everyone stands or sits in a circle. The first player gives a gibberish word to her right neighbor, who translates the word. The next player provides the next gibberish word, and so on. The receiver can provide both the translation, and a new gibberish word. For your translation, use the first thing that comes to mind. Just as in the BFG’s language, the gibberish word might sound like something `known`, or like parts of a “real” word (only the vowels, or only the consonants), or the translation can be helped by the intonation of the `giver`, or even by his/her expression or body language.

ƒ

Be your own Giant! The Giants in the play wear scary wigs and the lighting and costumes they wear make them appear larger than life. Another technique used to transform an ordinary person into someone else is to use a mask. Have students make their own masks – from very simple ones using brown paper bags or paper plates to more complex ones using papier-mache. Collect ribbon, yarn, crayons, markers, glitter or anything else you can think of to decorate your masks. How is a mask for a friendly giant different from a mask for a scary one?? (Creative Expression)

Protagonist – The main character of a play and the character with whom the audience identifies most strongly. Who is the protagonist in THE BFG? Can there be more than one? Puppetry – Almost anything brought to life by human hands to create a performance. Types of puppets include rod, hand, and marionette. In THE BFG, a rag-doll that looks like Sophie is used as a puppet. Script – The written text of a play Rehearsal – Practice sessions in which the actors (and later the technicians) prepare for public performances through repetition. Proscenium – The enlarged hole cut through a wall to allow the audience to view the stage. It is also called the proscenium arch. The archway is in a sense the frame for the action on the stage. The set design of THE BFG uses multiple frames in addition to the proscenium to depict different locations used in the play. Can you list all the different frames seen in the production? Lighting Designer – The person responsible for designing the appearance of the show using light. The lighting designer uses different colors, angles, and intensities of light to create different looks for each scene in the play. In THE BFG, the lighting designer uses shadows to make the giants look bigger than they are – and sometimes to make the audience see giants that aren’t on the stage. How else is light used in this play to help create the mood and to tell the audience where the characters are?

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B EHIND THE S CENES --

THE BFG

A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents

HELPFUL HINTS FROM Making the Classroom Come Alive! Performing Arts are important in every child’s life. Researchers say that using art in the classroom has a positive impact on a child’s cognitive, social, and emotional development. Teachers are working hard on ways to incorporate arts in the classroom. Kathy Schrock's Guide for Educators is a categorized list of sites useful for enhancing curriculum and professional growth. It is updated often to include the best sites for teaching and learning. With the California Standards at the forefront of teaching, many educators may find it difficult to integrate performing arts into their classroom. PBS has a standards based resource list that makes integrating the arts in the classroom easy! Incorporating Performing Arts in the classroom inspires new ways of teaching and learning. Differentiating the learning environment enhances the learners’ experience while tapping into their individual talents.

L IBRARY T OUR I NFORMATION As part of your class visit to the Lewis Family Playhouse, why not take a tour of the Victoria Gardens Cultural Center Library? The second of two physical branches of the library (RCPL also offers an extensive virtual library), the facility has over 100,000 volumes housed in a beautiful, 23,000 square foot facility. Among the facility’s unique features are its 20 seat technology center, teen study area and a special performing arts collection. Pre- and post- show tours last approximately 15 minutes and are scheduled on a first come, first served basis. To arrange a tour, call Casey Macarello, Adult Services Librarian at (909)477-2720 ext. 5064. This Curriculum guide was prepared by the staff of the Lewis Family Playhouse. Library information compiled by Rancho Cucamonga Library staff. For questions, comments, or suggestions, please contact Mireya “Murry” Hepner at (909) 4772775 x3734.

THE

LIBRARY!

B OOKS @

THE

L IBRARY

If you have any questions about any library resources, call the reference desk at 909.477.2720.

Enjoy these other great Roald Dahl Books! The Enormous Crocodile EASY DAHL The enormous crocodile devises secret plans to secure his lunch only to have them foiled by his neighbors. George’s Marvelous Medicine J FICTION DAHL George decides his grumpy grandmother must be a witch, so he makes medicine to “cure” her. The Minpins J FICTION DAHL Ignoring warnings against it, little Billy enters the Forest of Sins, where he encounters matchstick sized people. The Twits J FICTION DAHL The misadventures of two old people who enjoy playing nasty tricks are finally outsmarted by a family of monkeys. The Witches J FICTION DAHL A young boy and his Norwegian grandmother foil a witches plot to destroy the world’s children by turning them into mice. Boy: Tales of Childhood J 921 DAHL In his own words, the beloved children’s author recounts his days spending summers in Norway and his school days in England.

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