The Netherlands - Lonely Planet

The Netherlands - Lonely Planet

©Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd The Netherlands Includes  Amsterdam. . . . . . . . . . 811 Haarlem. . . . . . . . . . . . 820 Leiden. . . . . ...

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©Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd

The Netherlands Includes 

Amsterdam. . . . . . . . . . 811 Haarlem. . . . . . . . . . . . 820 Leiden. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 821 Den Haag. . . . . . . . . . . 822 Delft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 824 Rotterdam. . . . . . . . . . 826 Utrecht. . . . . . . . . . . . . 830 Maastricht. . . . . . . . . . 832

Best Places to Eat ¨¨Ron Gastrobar (p817) ¨¨Bisschopsmolen (p832) ¨¨Restaurant Allard (p823) ¨¨Tante Nel (p827) ¨¨Brick (p821)

Best Places to Stay

Why Go?

Old and new intertwine in the Netherlands. The legacies of great Dutch artists Rembrandt, Vermeer and Van Gogh, beautiful 17th-century canals, windmills, tulips and quaint brown cafes lit by flickering candles coexist with ground-breaking contemporary architecture, cutting-edge fashion, homewares, design and food scenes, phenomenal nightlife and a progressive mindset. Much of the Netherlands is famously below sea level and the pancake-flat landscape offers idyllic cycling. Locals live on bicycles and you can too. Rental outlets are ubiquitous throughout the country, which is crisscrossed with dedicated cycling paths. Allow plenty of time to revel in the magical, multifaceted capital Amsterdam, to venture further afield to charming canal-laced towns such as Leiden and Delft. Check out Dutch cities such as exquisite Maastricht, with its city walls, ancient churches and grand squares, and the pulsing port city of Rotterdam, currently undergoing an urban renaissance.

When to Go Amsterdam

Rainfall inches/mm

°C/°F Temp



3.9/100 20/68


¨¨Hoxton Amsterdam





¨¨King Kong Hostel (p827) ¨¨Mary K Hotel (p831) ¨¨Pincoffs (p827) ¨¨Collector (p817)





Mar–May Colour explodes as billions of bulbs bloom.






Jul Mild summer temps and long daylight hours keep you outside cycling and drinking.






Dec–Feb When the canals freeze, the Dutch passion for ice skating is on display nationwide.


AMSTERDAM % 020 / POP 813,000



(% 020-622 19 18;; off Gedempte Begijnensloot; h 9am-5pm; j 1/2/5 Spui) F This enclosed former convent

dates from the early 14th century. It’s a surreal oasis of peace, with tiny houses and postage-stamp gardens around a well-kept courtyard. The beguines were a Catholic order of unmarried or widowed women who cared for the elderly and lived a religious life without taking monastic vows. The last true beguine died in 1971.

1 Sights

1 Canal Ring

Amsterdam is compact and you can roam the city on foot but there’s also an excellent public transport network.

Amsterdam’s Canal Ring was built during the 17th-century after the seafaring port grew beyond its medieval walls, and authorities devised a ground-breaking expansion plan. Wandering here amid architectural treasures and their reflections on the narrow waters of the Prinsengracht, Keizersgracht and Herengracht can cause days to vanish.

1 City Centre Crowned by the Royal Palace (p811), the square that puts the ‘Dam’ in Amsterdam anchors the city’s oldest quarter, which is also home to its infamous Red Light District.

oRoyal Palace


(Koninklijk Paleis; % 020-620 40 60; www.paleis; Dam; adult/child €10/free; h 10am5pm; j 4/9/16/24 Dam) Opened as a town

hall in 1655, this building became a palace in the 19th century. The interiors gleam, especially the marble work – at its best in a floor inlaid with maps of the world in the great burgerzaal (citizens’ hall), which occupies the heart of the building. Pick up a free audio tour at the desk after you enter; it will ex-

oAnne Frank Huis


(% 020-556 71 05;; Prinsengracht 267; adult/child €9/4.50; h 9am-10pm Apr-Oct, 9am-7pm Sun-Fri, to 9pm Sat Nov-Mar; j 13/14/17 Westermarkt) The Anne Frank Huis

draws almost one million visitors annually (prepurchase tickets online to minimise the queues). With its reconstruction of Anne’s melancholy bedroom and her actual diary – sitting alone in its glass case, filled with sunnily optimistic writing tempered by quiet despair – it’s a powerful experience.


Spend three days canal exploring, museum hopping and cafe crawling in Amsterdam. Work your way through the ancient towns of the Randstad and the contemporary vibe of Rotterdam, and save a day for the grandeur of Maastricht.

Two Weeks Allow four days for Amsterdam’s many delights, plus a day trip to the old towns of the north, and a day or two exploring some of the region’s smaller towns. Then add a day each at beautiful Delft, regal Den Haag (The Hague), student-filled Utrecht and buzzing Rotterdam. Finish off with two days in historic Maastricht.

Th e N e th e rl a n ds A S im Mgs STE httesrdam RDAM

World Heritage–listed canals lined by gabled houses, candlelit cafes, whirring bicycles, lush parks, monumental museums, colourful markets, diverse dining, quirky shopping and legendary nightlife make the free-spirited Dutch capital one of Europe’s great cities. Amsterdam has been a liberal place since the Netherlands’ Golden Age, when it was at the forefront of European art and trade. Centuries later, in the 1960s, it again led the pack – this time in the principles of tolerance, with broad-minded views on drugs and same-sex relationships taking centre stage. Explore its many worlds-within-worlds, where nothing ever seems the same twice.

plain everything you see in vivid detail. King Willem-Alexander uses the palace only for ceremonies; check the website for periodic closures.