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GERALD S. DOYLE LTD. Manufacturers' Agents. representing in NEWFOUNDLAND • The Dr. A. W. Chase Medicine • John Steedman & Co. Co., Ltd. • Scott & Turner, Ltd. • Life Savers Corporation. • Seeck & Kade, Inc. • The Centaur Company. Ex-Lax, Inc. • The Prophylactic Brush Co. • Lux V ise1, Inc. • The Procter & Gamble • Foster·Dack Co., Ltd. Distributing Co. • Scott & Bowne. • William R. Warner & Co., Inc. Sterling Products International • The Dodd's Medicine Co., Ltd. Inc. • American Hard Rubber Co. • Affiliated Products Inc. • The Denver Chemical Mfg. Co. • Maryland Glass Corporation. • Richard Hudnul. • Vick Chemical Company. Templeton's Limited. Carter Products, Inc. • The Allcock Manufacturing Co. • R. B. Davis Sales Co. Fellows Medical Manufacturing • International Cellucotton Co. Products Co. • Chesebrough Manufacturing Co, • The Seamless Rubber Co. • Shirriff's Limited. Three in One Oil Company. • The Bayer Co., Ltd. • The Chas. H. Phillips Chemical Bristol·Myers Company. Co. • Lambert Pharmacal Company. • The Campana Corporation.
Over a thousand distributors in Newfoundland and Labrador. Our salesmen cover the entire country.
GERALD S. DOYLE LTD. 335 Water St.
St. John'S, Newfoundland
• A contemporary of ours in Newfoundland who gets occasional letters from Ron Pollett says he would rather read Pollett than Shakespeare. With such unqualified endorsement from a gentleman whose opinion we value we had no hesitation whatever in giving our readers "The Outpon Millionaire" in July. When we followed, in the August issue, with II A Born Trouter", readers in many quarters showered us with bouquets to pass on to the author. Nowadays the most frequent question we get fired at us is: ., \Vho is Ron Pollett?" With still another Pollett classic scheduled for this issue: "Let's Look at the Squid", we made good and sure that we had all the answers. Ron Pollett was born in New Harbour, Trinity Bay, in 1900. He started at sixteen as a country school teacher but quit after three years to work in Grand Falls. In the early 20's he emigrated to the United States, entered into training in the graphic arts and has worked as a printer in New York ever since. He married Caroline Gilbert of Haystack, Placentia Bay, and has two children, Ronald James, 17, and Ethel May, 5. He writes newspaper articles occasionally but has never taken his talent seriously, although everything he has ever submitted for publication has seen daylight. (He broke into print as a schoolboy with a poem) "Eeling"). Ron says (bless him) that Newfoundlanders everywhere should support AI/antic Guardian to the hilt "so it can grow to mansize and bring out the illustrated short story depicting the island's colour, life and stir that are crying for a place in literature".
He visits .1 home" frequently for a spell at hand-lining and trouting, claims that" fish cooked out in punt" is the beSt food in the world, and thoroughly enjoys chewing the rag with old-time fishermen. He lives in the Fort Hamil· ton section of Brooklyn, near the harbour entrance, so that he "can smell the salt water". You can depend on it-we are going to keep hammering on his door for more stuff that has a real salt-water tang to it. • The tourist boom that has hit Montreal this summer is not without' its side-interests for ·us on Atlantic Guardian. Returning from lunch one day we found a c~ummy note from. Mr. and Mrs. Maunce Pelley of Roselle Park, N.J. They were visiting in the city and took advantage of the occasion to call at the office of the homeland magazine. \Ve would find their subscription in the envelope ... Another day brought \Villiam Barnes, formerly of Champneys, T.B., and now of Elizabeth, N.J. where he is employed with
Atlantic: Guardian is published monthly by Ewart Young, 985 Sherbrooke Street W., Montreal Quebec, Conoda. Authorized os Second Class Matter by the Post Office Department at Ottawa. Subscription rates: Canada and Newfoundland $1~50 per year; United States and all other countries $2.00. Single copies 15 cents (20 cents in U.S,). Printed by Woodward Press Inc., Montreal. Newfoundland Representative: H. N. Hoken, 175 Woter St" St. John's.
Proctor & Gamble. For Mr. Barnes the sights of Montreal included A/lant;,; Guardian office, and every montll now he will be getting a reminder of the visit in the form of a magazine ... Such visitors are always welcome at Suite 2.985 Sherbrooke Street West . • Some of our Criends are too far away to call in person. There's Mrs. E. Painter of Bidborough, England, who writes to say how much she enjoys reading Atlantic Guardian." During the war", says Mrs. Painter, "the 23rd Battery of the Newfoundland Regiment R.A. was billeted in this village. We made friends with quite a number of the boys and they were a good advertisement for Newfoundland. We are very proud to have known such a nice bunch of lads. Two of them are buried in the village churchyard and I am proud to look after their graves." Mrs. Painter says she and her husband are hoping to visit Newfoundland one of these days to meet their old friends again. Then we have a letter from S. \Vebb, 100 Cold Harbour Lane. Kernsley. Near Sittingbourne, Kent, England, who says he would like to live in Newfoundland and wants to know if we can put him in touch with a Dental Technician in that country with whom he might correspond. He is serving his apprenticeship in that trade and will be through in another three years, by which time he hopes to be able to find a place for himself in Newfoundland. Anyone inter- ~ ested plea 5 e wri te direct.
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Mercy Ships of the Air. By Fit w. A. R. Bony, D.F.C.
MATCHLESS is a paint specially suited to rigorous climatic conditions. Thousands of Newfoundland homes are protected by it.
This is Grand Bruit By D. W. S. Ryan
Photogenic Newfoundland By F.R.D.
Let's look at the Squid
By Ron Pollett 22
The Host of Signal Hill By R. A. Murphy
Cover: A forest of spars in St. John's. Photo by Lee Wulff, courtesy of Nf/d. Tourid Board.
The Magazine of Newfoundland
ATLAnTIC GUARDIAn EWART YOUNG Editor and Publisher Brian Cahill,' A.R. Scammell
Associote Editors Ted Meaney .• Newfoundlond Editor Charity+Anne Gallop . • • • Artist
The Standard Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
E. J. Pr.tt
F. Fraser Bond (New York)
W. H. Hatcher
ST. JOHN'S, NFLD. YOI. 2 No. 9 4
(Toronto) ( Montr•• I)
During the War Years, reciprocal trade between ewfound· land and Canada increased by more than 450%. The people of both countries will benefit if this high level of trade is maintained. The Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa, is urging Canadian firms to establish their export business on a sound basis of Ccntinuous suppJy, Quality that is uniform, and Prices that are fair. This policy will benefit importers of Canadian goods. The new Import Division of the Canadian Foreign Trade Service is rendering every assistance possible to Canadian importers. This is another direct benefit to business men in other countries with goods to sell in Canada. These Agencies of the Canadian Government will be glad to help YOl1 buy or sell in Canada. For complete inIorm.atio~ contact• J. C. BRITl'ON, Canadian Trade Commissioner Circular Road, St. John's, Newfoundland
Department of Trade and Commerce OTTAWA, CANADA HON. JAMES A. MllIcKINNON Mini"...
M. W. MACKENZIE Deputy Minis*,
P1anes like this, a Republic "Sea b••" soon to b. introduced in the island1fy-Nftd. Aero Sales & Service Ltd., may be coiled upon to continue the good work begun by R.C.A.F. Aircraft.
Mercy Ships of the Air By F/L W. A. R. BARRY, D.F.C.
THE Indians of the Naskapi tribe who roam through Labrador eleven months of the year hunting and trapping wait the other 30 days in great anxiety at the mou th of North West River for the yearly visit of their spiritual guide; and jovial, white-haired Father Edward J. O'Brien never fails them. During the war years when aircraft plied regularly between the airports in Newfoundland
and Goose Bay, Labrador, a stone's throw from the Indians' summer meeting-place, the friendly parish priest from Northern Bay was aided in attending his distant flock by both the R.C.A.F. and the U.S. Army Air Force. Each July for the past three years Father O'Brien has been flown from Gander to Labrador and back as well as on other courtesy and mercy flights to outlying points on the island itself. 6
The Labrador priest, who is affectionately known on the coast as "Father \Vhitehead", relates that the Indians at first were amazed when he explained that his trip to the camp had taken only two and a half hours instead of the usual seven or eight days by boat. Later, when planes became a common sight in the north they found it easier to believe and even came to respect the men in Air Force blue. Almost from the first day that Newfoundland became an operational base for the Royal Canadian Air Force, personnel and planes were called upon to deviate from their war missions to carry out mercy flights. In
the early days few records of such trips were kept, but as the R.C.A.F. organization on the island grew requests for flights became so numerous that it was necessary to set up a system to handle requests and grant authority for flights. This was accomplished by routing letters and telegrams through the Department of Public Health and Welfare for verification of the necessi ty of using aircraft and thence to the Department of Public Works which in turn approached No.1 Group Headquarters in St. John's or the R.C.A.F. stations at Torbay or Gander. Official records taken from the files of the Department of
-R.C.A.F. Photo by Sgt. C. H. Buckman Rev. Edward J. O'Brien, P.P. of Northern Bay, Nfld., packs his altar kit in preparation for his annual visit to the Labrador Indians. Going in by air cuts trip from a week to
a few hours.
-R.C.A.F. Photo by Sgt. C. H. 8uckman. A "Mercy Flight" patient is removed from a Canso aircraft to the waiting ambulance. Such flights were common during the war and many lives were saved by prompt action of R.C.A.F.
Public Works show that between March 3rd, 1942, and February 28th, 1946, some 68 requests for mercy flights were received from outlying points. Action was taken in 55 cases and in most instances a patient was successfully flown to hospital or medical aid delivered to the scene. In 29 of these cases as far as can be ascertained from the files a life was definitely saved, but how many more may have later become cases of life and death is hard to say. In quite a number of cases epidemics of contagious diseases were stopped in the early stages.
To realize why these mercy f1igh ts were necessary it must be remembered that the people of this scenic, resourceful but rugged land are scattered thinly over 42,000 square miles of rocky surface broken by lakes, streams, mountains and woods,
where roads are few and far between and transportation of any sort, except by air, is necessarily slow. FIVE MEN STRANDED
In February, 1944, a message was received from the wireless operator on Fair Island, B.B., stating that five fishermen from 8
Gooseberry Island were marooned on an ou tside island and that no assistance could reach them because boats could not get through the "slob" ice. They had been away 14 days, with only food enough to last them fouf, when an aircraft was despatched from Gander and successfully dropped supplies to them. Most likely without this food the men would have perished on the small barren island. Later the same year a Canso in flight was instructed to proceed to Bay L' Argent on the South Coast to pick up a woman reported as being seriously ill with a stomach ailment. She
was flown to Torbay and transferred to the General Hospital in St. John's where a blood transfusion was immediately given. In the Medical Officer's opinion, Air Transport saved the woman's life. Towards the end of 1944 a radio-telegraph message was received from Sops Arm in \Vhite Bay stating that an epidemic of diphtheria had broken out. Gathering all the anti-toxin that could be spared from Torbay station hospital, a doctor and nurse boarded a Canso to bring aid to the sufferers. Despite unfavourable flying conditions, the (Continued on page 27)
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When you are in The Capital, visit
NEWFOU NOLAND'S PREM I ER DEPARTMENT STORES
This is Grand Bruit What is it like to live in a Newfoundland fishing outport of 250 inhabitants? This vivid word picture supplies all the answers. BY D. W. S. RYAN
LIFE in the fishing settlements hill the little Post and Telegraph strung along the coasts of Office stands out prominently. Newfoundland is varied. In each In the foreground, bordering the settlement you will see some harbour front, are many fishing differences in community life, stages and small wharves. In the some poin ts of peculiar interest. background loom barren, craggy For example, there are places hills. where a wedding is a community The coastal boat, the only affair, where men fish all the means of transporta tion by year round, and where heavy which you can get here, anchors woollen guernseys with high-roll just outside the harbourcollars are knit by the womeR entrance. Dories, small paddle for their children and husbands. boats and a motor boat or two Such a place is Grand Bruit, a plough their way to the ship t,l1at typical fishing settlemen t of 250 brings the freight and mail. The inhabitants on the south coast. big boats go near the ship and From the deck of the coastal tie up, while the small ones boat, which calls here irregularly, swarm around them. The freight you get your first sweeping is then- swung out and lowered glance of Grand Bruit. Your into the boats, and the packages central attraction is a great and barrels are passed from one waterfall, with a wooden bridge boat into the other. When there spanning its upper course and a is a heavy sea 'running, or a little white church reposing a strong wind blowing, it is high short distance from its crest. adventure to handle freight in Flat-roofed, one and two-storied this way because the boats toss houses are well posted on the and dip and behave like a sloping hillsides on both sides of roly-poly. the waterfall. Back of those on TEN DAYS WITHOUT MAIL the right is another little white church and a two-roomed school. Ten days or two weeks someA society hall rests on the rocky times pass without a mail, but hill-top, and underneath the when it does arrive the little 11
The fishing boats which the fishermen use, and which they modestly call "skiffs" are really schooners of 10, 15, and 20 tons. Those skiffs are decked, equipped with masts, sails, engines, and sleeping quarters for the crew. In those skiffs they go winter trawling for cod off shore. Baiting hooks and hauling frozen lines have no pleasant feelings attached to it. Yet, in fair weather, in freezing temperatures, the skiffs are off at sunrise. They are back again in the late afternoon. Sometimes they return as ghost ships-shrouded in ice. But cod-fishing does not take up all the fishermen's time.
buff-coloured .Post and Telegraph Office is partly hidden by the crowd that congregate outside, waiting eagerly for the mail to be assorted. The little office porch is crowded also. Through the wicket, the operator calls ou t the various names and the letters, newspapers, and parcels are passed over many heads to its owner. The fishing stages and boats in the harbour tell the story of the chief occupation of the people. Here, year in and year out, in winter and in summer, the people fish for cod. In communities along the north and east coasts, the cod-fishing season ends in the late fall and is resumed again in the late spring. Here it never ends.
LOBSTERS IN APRIL
In April many are busy tending their lobster traps which they string along the shore. The morning sun sneaks upon the fishermen as they paddle from one lot of traps to another. When the little buoy is seized, the trap is pulled up by the rope to which it is attached, and the flipping lobster soon finds itself in the bottom of the boat, to be shipped alive to a Canadian market. Once a day those traps are hauled and baited, and a catch of fifty to seven ty lobsters is the average. May comes and the salmon season begins. From the middle of May to early July, fishermen toil early and late, tending their lobster traps once a day-the
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lobster season does not end until the last of June-and their salmon traps twice a day. A catch of sixty or seventy salmon for one haul is not unusual. The catches' vary according to the number of nets and where they are located. Some fishermen have fifteen nets, others have more or less. Usually there are two weeks of exceptionally good salmon catching, and contented is the fisherman who brings in seven or eight hundred pounds as his day's catch. During one good salmon season, one fisherman and crew made more than two thousand dollars in one month. This was an exceptional catch and is far above the average.
While engaged at the lobster and salmon fishery, the fishermen take time out to do a little gardening. Their gardens are small because there is a lack of good soil, and good grassland. Nevertheless, man y raise enough vegetables to last them' through the winter. Grass, in some cases, is brought to the community in boat. It is cut in some marsh or on some river-bank farther down the coast. Small row boats, with stacks of freshcut grass coned high in the stem and stern, presen t a charming picture as they enter the harbour, especially if it be at dusk on a calm evening in summer.
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affair. Nearly everyone, or everyone in the community gets an invitation. The little societyhall at the top of the hill is hired for the purpose. A long table is set up the whole length of the building, and the guests sit in to the wedding feast. In an adjoining room, the dancers take their place on the floor. The kerosene lamps on the walls throw a rustic glow on them as they "cut corners", "swing their partners", and circle "around the house". It's the old-fashioned square dance which they enjoy.
In autumn many men travel the barrens to hun t partridges which are not too plentiful. There is quite an abundance of sea birds at this se~son; loons and ducks are victims of good shooting. Ducks offer the best shot because they congregate together in snug companies and as a result one shot may pick off ten, twenty, or more. Bird-hunting around the shore is an adventure. The hunter has to creep cautiously near the kelpy rocks when a bird is sighted. If the bird is some distance from the shore, he can, by imitating its call quite naturally, cause the bird to come within shooting range. As soon as the shot is fired, his dog which usually accompanies him, leaps instantly into the water and retrieves the bird. Occasionally a moose appears on the barrens. He is a good target, and the hunter has no need to worry if he can produce a five-dollar licence. The caribou can also be hunted-one must have a licence, of course-if you care to walk about ten miles inland. In the late winter a few seals bob up along the shore. They are hunted and many of them just bob up once too often. When a marriage takes place, the village is an arsenal. Muskets, shot-guns and rifles smoke at the barrels. As the marriage train wend their way to the church, they are accompanied by a platoon of fusiliers. The wedding is a community
"MUMMERING" AT CHRISTMAS
The usual festive occasions are celebrated with all the fervour that the occasion calls for. The chief amusement at Christmas is "mummering." At night, folks dress up-that is, they disguise themselves by putting on old clothes and by masking or veiling their faces. The "mummers" as they are called are as funny to look at as a clown at a circus. Some have a Mr. Pickwick appearance with a pillow or something stuffed in to rotund the stomach. Others are humped - backed, stodgy abou t the legs or bulging at the sides. I t is generally the custom to ask a mummer if he or she can dance. If the response is a long drawn out "yea-ell" someone gets an accordion or a mouth organ and pipes up some jigs. As a reward for their dancing (Continued on page 28)
• 10" x 15" and 12" x 18" Make-ready on Craftsman Automatic Units is as easy as on any hand·fed press. Delivery table pivots to one side. . feed ond delivery bars ore readily removed. so that platen and form are completely accessible. Make-ready proceeds in exactly the some manner as
on any hand-fed press - BUT impression
made by Hand-wheel IMPRfSSION CONTROL. Adjustments are lew and simple. so that any pressman will secure best production results even tbough he may
not have had previous
SOU: CANADIAN AGENTS
Manton Brothers Limited TORONTO
Twilight at Englee
Speed Graphic camera. Super XX film paclc. Taken late in July about 9 pm. Exposure on.·holl second at F·Jr. A tripod was used. Developed in 0·72 for 4 minutes. Enlarged on portrait proof poper.
Typical of the peace of a Newfoundland
schooner more prominent, might hove added
outpart Sunday evening is the schooner at
to the picture, but it was f.lt the expanse of
anchor in the harbour at Englee.
water, caught by the shorter focal length,
hod gone down when the picture was taken
balanced the somewhat too lively sky and
added to the feeling of tranquility. Exposure
A longer lens, to
was determined from the meter reading.
A PICTURE PARADISE Newfoundland is one of the Few Spots Where Photography Finds New Subjects NEWFOUNOLA TO, one of the more picturesque spots in the Western Hemisphere, has been neglected by the photographer. Little, if anything, has been done to capture a record of its beauty and quaintness on film. The argument might be advanced that there is a reason for this. Previous to the war Tewfoundland was rather off the beaten track. It wasn't inaccessible, but what it offered the photographer was, and for that matter, still is, unknown. True, the influx of Canadian and United States troops dispelled many misconceptions. It also helped to dispel some of the inaccurate ideas of life in Newfoundland held by the outside world. Photographers go many strange places. To them faraway fields always are green. The growing roster of photographic enthusiasts is constantly on the lookout for new faces and places to record on film. Canada and the United States have spent millions on the restoration and preservation of historical places. They have made access to such places easy. The tourist promotion of these countries caters to the photographer as much as to the fisherman and hunter. Prizes are offered for the best pictures submitted in annual competitions. Tours, under the guidance of a photographer who knows the terri tory, are arranged. Coun tries seeking to swell the national revenue by means of the tourist dollar spare no pains to promote all angles. Good roads for quick easy communication, and comfortable stopping places are important. In many places when private enterprise has lagged in providing these the government has stepped in. They predicate their campaigns on ease of travel and an attractive place to eat and rest. It makes no difference if the visitor is a Waltonite, a Timrod or a camera bug. He spends money and every dollar swells the tourist wealth of the country visited. The hiding of lights under bushels has never been considered good business practice. Only when the light shines out clear and bright will the photographer or other visitor see and appreciate the charm and loveliness that is really I ewfoundland.-F.R.O. 17
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PEERLESS Mc;,~~~~ilf1 /I '~~~
Let' 5 Look at the Squid This comic actor with only a
sliver of cellophane for
backbone has earned a solid place in our island's folklore. BY RON POLLm
eVerywhere along the coast, the squid is used as bait to hook cod halibut, turbot and other staples of the trawling grounds. This bai t is prized by off-shore fishing schooners, called bankers, which earl y pu t in to port and wai t near the jigging grounds. But the squid besides being boobish is capricious: some years it does not appear at all. The fish is not seined or netted but trolled with a lure called a jigger. A jigger in turn is a small metal squid. This lure-gleaming brass pin-hooks set in metal -simulates the fighting fish with horns spread. If there is anything that will nettle a squid more than a jigger ~t is two jiggers. Each squidder works two lines, with two or more men in a punt or dory, and the boats are bunched in deepish water near a bend in the shore. This is the jigging hole. The slogan of the squidder is "The more of us, the merrier." The camaraderie of the jigging ground, where punts from several communities
THE squid is the clown fish of our country. It is not its size or shape-it is neat and easy on the eyes-but its boobish habits that have placed it in rollicking folk song and inspired such ballads as the "Sq uid ]iggin' Ground." For instance, if the squid were not a fighting fool that feeds on its own spite there would be no jigging hole to add color to the life of the fisherman. Shaped like a stubby arrow, its octopus-horned head the feathered end, this streamliner of the deep does not swim bu t is spurted at high speed by jet propulsion backwards. Whether it lacks hind vision, or is pre-occupied with the jet business, or simply is plain suicidal are questions for scientists; but the fact remains the boob will often as not shoot itself high and dry onto the beach. Appearing in late summer, first at deep water coves like Dildo and Holyrood and later 19
gather at evening in a favored spot, is the squid's valuable contribu tion to robust social life among fishermen. "SQUIDS !"
In calm weather the "army" 0'£ squid may be seen approaching on the surface, their paravaned tails, called ears, bobbling like massed flags. The cry "Squido!" at the first strike springs all jiggers into action, and presently the jigging ground is shot with spray trumpeted from the jets of hundreds of fish being boated. No small part of the fun is in trying to dodge this blast, which is not clear water but a dirty, brownish fluid the squid ejects as a smoke screen when
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attacked. It always carries a full fountain pen, and when surfaced by an amateur usually makes a bull's-eye. The squidder learns early to keep his mouth shut. For small boys who crowd the punts, jigging this animated squirt-gun is more fun than a circus. The guileless little summer visitor from the city is eagerly invited to "come along fishing"-with hilarious result bu t no harm done that soap and water cannot cure. Squidding at night in "burny" (phosphorescent) water has some aspects of a minor fireworks display. Sometimes the catch can be exchanged for bright coins at the bankers anchored nearby. All that fun, and money too! After the boated squid has spent its water and ink it sucks gobfuls of air. The subsequent outburst is it most exquisite raspberry - a studied Bronx cheer, a resounding "bird"-the quintessence of derision. This final blast seems to lampoon the farcial, willynilly, dart-about ex-
Here eTl I 111II 01 the SHAW COUl58:
~:~ Accountant fC.GoA.)
Write for Calaloglle, Shaw Schools, Dept. L60 HEAD OFFICE: Bay b' Charles Sis.. Toronto Montreal Branch Office. Sun Llje Bldg.,Room ]6S6
In Newfoundland through
STEERS, LI M ITED 20
istence of the comedian-a fitting climax to a silly career. On a still night, the soulful salute of a stranded squid on the lonesome beach startles the stranger as a disconsolate wheeze from the village ghost. In late fall when the fish has attained a foot size the sound carries almost a mile. No other fish looks fresher than a fresh squid, its color a pleasing maroon tinged with purple. But after several days when it has gone from pale to grayish white and finally a sickly pink, at which stage it is called an "old soldier," nothing in the world can look deader. Old soldiers make effective fertilizer for the village gardens because the feathered pests will leave it bide. Thus the outporter living abroad who stops to gaze into a city fish market window almost like a Broadway doll in a jewellery shop, will focus his nostalgic eyes not on the cod, flatfish, or live lobster but on the
lowly squid. Unlike the Oriental who shuffles in to buy the fish as a tidbit for supper, the Newfoundlander from the jigging grounds endows it with romance and tradition. To him the squid is a sort of comic hero, a Mickey Mouse of the sea.
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The Host of Signal Hill BY R. A. MURPHY
This artide was in type when news of the sudden death of Robert Gardiner while on duty on Signal Hill was received. We are publishing it exactly as it was written in tribute to I'a man's man."-Editor.
EARLY in 1941, when the U.S. Army was establishing bases in the North Atlantic, it became necessary to set up our Battalion Command Post in the shadow of historic Cabot Tower,
overlooking the harbor of St. John's, Newfoundland. The view from our CP was impressive: looking down on the port jam-packed with dull grey freighters, business - looking corvettes, rusty retread destroyers and the one familiar sight of all, our troopship, Edmund B. Alexander. Since we were not theoretically at war at that time, her myriad lights outlined a huge American flag amidships, the only cheery sight in the midst of a bustling harbor at war. Out beyond Cape Spear the grey Atlantic kicked up her white-capped heels at the bobbing patrol vessels and whipped her cold spray against the rocks below us. After we had the guns dug in, the novel ty of the strange place began to wear thin. The dull
THE HUNTING SEASON In Newfoundland has many attractions to offer the sportsmen. We invite correspondence regard. ing Outfit and Food Supplies, which will be packed and shipped to any part of the country.
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Stations at Mlddl. Arm and Curting
there." The door was thrown open, and there blew in upon us a blur of snow and ice. While striving to recover our scattered poop sheets, we began to take in the intruder. He was of medium height and solidly built with the gay air and manner of a life spent most at sea. Rivulets of melted snow glistened from his parka and when he threw back his hood, the gray hair ac: cenuated a ruddy wind-whipped face. I t was a pleasan t one full of joie de ·vivre. Sportive eyes framed by tiny corrugations betrayed a jolly and mischievous nature, ever ready to find the humor in life.
winter days hung heavy and oppressive like the dank fog which shrouded the town beneath us. As every artillery man knows, manning gun positions twenty-four hours a day can become very tiring and equally boring as well. Especially so, when you know there isn't much chance either for action or a painless heroic ribbon. "Hurry up and wait", became the unhappy lamen t of our Coast Artillery Battalion that winter. And it would have seemed a great deal more monotonous had it not been for the kindly host of Signal Hill. One bitter February day, after we had begun to feel acclimated to it all, we heard a friendly I\ewfie voice calling: "Hello in
A HEARTY WELCOME
"\Yelcome to Signal Hill, Gentlemen," and a hearty hand
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During World War I, like so many of his sea-loving Newfoundlanders, he served with distinction in the Royal Navy. Tales of the Dardanelles, Gallipoli and the incredible Turk, tlew thick and fast. After "Old Gardiner", as he was affectionately called by everyone, had been retired from the Navy, he had spen t the last twen ty-odd years as the caretaker of Signal Hill and had raised a family of which any man might well be proud. Already, one son was carrying on the tradition of the sea by serving as a line officer on an R.C.N. Corvette. Whenever the u.s.a. troupe would journey to our gun positions, the old skipper would always have an honored seat in Ilbrass hat row." A true sailor, he enjoyed the shows as much as any of us. After every performance, he would always seek out the C.O. and put his stamp of approval and appreciation with a "damn fine show that!" And off he would go skylarking with the soldiers. He was the best liked man on the hill that winter. This was especially true with
F. M. O'Lllary, Ltd.
stretched out to us. There followed the usual mumbled introductions from LieutenantColonel on down. Our jovial C.O. remarked that this was an occasion which called for a celebration, though, in those. days, there was little need for an occasion or cause to celebrate. The lOP was speedily dispatched and after a hurried search, presently returned with the welcome old Angus. Drinks were poured and with canteen cups clicking, we began to learn more about our visitor. His name was Robert Gardiner and he seemed to have been peculiarly designed to fit the description of "a man's man." It was fascinating to listen to his brogue and enjoy his merry way of telling a story.
The Newfoundland Railway Is Ready
St. John's, Newfoundland
Established 1922 24
OF SIGNAL HILL
of history as the first attempt of a U-Boat to sink an island! One of his more important duties was to fire the noon day gun. Through all kinds of weather with which man is blessed and damned he never missed a day. In tribute to his punctuality we would synchronize our watches as if it were the time signal from Arlington. On the IOOth anniversary of the firing of the gun, he graciously invited one of the officers to pull the Ian yard so that the good Captain could proudly send the local newspaper clipping to his native Virginia, where no doubt, it was filed lovingly in his wife's scrap book.
the draftee battery where his ready wit was sharpened and apprecia ted by the G I repartee of the Brooklyn and Jersey variety. In the spring of 1942 an attempt was made by a Nazi Submarine to slip two torpedoes through the Narrows. Fortunately, their aim was poor and the torpedos exploded harmlessly against the rocks below. Now this was meat for our host. We were immediately kidded about the Defense (or "Yellow Jaundice") ribbons which were so gallantly sported at that time. He ribbed us about the Campaign of Signal Hill which would probably go down in the annals
Friendly gesture-Have a Coke
GADEN'S LTD. ST. JOHN'S
We saw a great deal of our friend during the long watch on the hill. Con trary to the usual, the more we came to know him the more we admired and respected him. Well do we remember one morning when ice covered the wind-swept path which led to town, and the old skipper was in a great state of excitement. It seemed that the Ladies' Aid was having its annual "rummage sale" and nothing would keep the "missus" fro?, attending it. A quick estImate of the situation was made and off she went in the Battalion's only Command Car. Her arrival at the church must have created quite a stir among the good ladies but it is doubtful whether it was as great a com-
motion as was created at Battalion Headquarters by the unfortunate Adjutant's too liberal in terpretation of Lend Lease! AMBASSADOR OF GOODWILL
Now that the war is finally won, many of us will some day revisit the familiar scenes of Signal Hill. We hope "Old Gardiner" will still be there, proudly pointing out the places of in terest and basking in the reflections of its historic pasta past in which Signal Hill has witnessed a great many "firsts" in the passing parade of world events. I t could recall the August day in 1583 when Sir Humphrey Gilbert landed in St. John's and established Britain's (Continued on page 30)
BUILDING OR REPAIRING MEANS
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MERCY SHIPS OF THE AIR (ContinfUd irom page 9)
crew and medical party winged their way northward, to find on arrival over Sops Arm that the bay was full of slob ice. A message was dropped in a tin can asking the inhabitants if they could get a boat out through the ice to the clear water. Soon almost the entire settlement was waving to indicate an affirmative answer. Before the Canso came to rest at the edge of the ice a small rowboat was being pushed through the slob, and in a short time the doctor and nurse were on their way to the stricken village. Meanwhile, the Canso had to make a quick take-off to escape the ice. On shore the Medical Officer found the people suffering from pneumonia, not diphtheria. One child had died two days before and two others in the same house were in a critical state. He administered sulfa drugs and remained with them through the night. Next day he went from house to house, and at each
James Baird (Labrador) UmUed Comfort Bigh~ Labrador
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SQUID JIGGIN' GROUND NeWfoundland~'S
famous Folk Song recorded by the author,
A. R. Scammell, on RCA disks. R.ecords may b. obtained from
Head OHice: ST. JOHN'S NEWFOUNDLAND
A. R. SCAMMELL 3484 SHUTER ST.
door there was someone to say: flearne with me now, Doctor". Whooping cough, colds and 'flu were ram pan t. Three days later a Norseman landed on the solid ice of the arm and picked up the doctor and the nurse who left behind them in Sops Arm many grateful hearts. Lately the call for such mercy flights has slackened - the Department of Public Health and Welfare has not had a request for four and a half months. It may be because the
people realize that the R.C.A.F. has now left Newfoundland and that there are no military aircraft available for the work, or it may be that the need has not arisen. In any case a good work has been started. This friendly gesture of the R.C.A.F., appreciated so much by the people of Newfoundland, has been the means of building even more friendly relations between the people of Canada and the neighbouring island of Newfoundland. THIS IS GRAND BRUIT (Continued from page 14)
they are sometimes given a piece of Christmas cake, a glass of syrup, or some other drink. There is the usual Christmas concert staged by the school pupils or by the members of some society. As it is the only theatrical performance until Easter or the coming Christmas, the concert is well attended. The New Year finds everyone in a mood for enjoyment. Folks crowd to the little society hall for a steaming hot supper and to while away the night in dancing. It is during the late summer that the wild berries ripen. Crowds then wander off to the barrens to pick partridge berries
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she will knit into heavy guernseys, mitts and socks. On l\londays the housewife is busy with her weekly wash which she hangs out on poles. Near every house are two or three lines of horizon tal poles resting in supports on vertical poles. If a shirt, for example, is hung out to dry, the two sleeves are pulled over the pole, a quilt is just thrown over and is pinned on each side, while a pair of overalls may sometimes dangle by the one leg. When she takes in her clothes, she starts at one end of the pole and pushes the clothes along to the other end. Then the pole is lifted out of its socket, and five or six garmen ts come off in an instant.
and blueberries. Earlier in the summer the delicious bake-apple gets squashy. Then there is an exodus to the nearby marshes, where the bakeapples are picked by the pail-ful. \Vhen winter comes the young folk think of skating. It is the chief sport at this season. \Vhen the ice is smooth and the nights moonlit, the pond nearby is filled with skaters. Sliding is good at this season. When the snow hardens to a thick crust the children are everywhere with their sleds. At this season it is not uncommon to hear the whirr of the spinning wheel. The housewife is busy spinning her yarn which
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pulled. The District Nurse has to be doctor and dentist as well. Such is life in Grand Bruit, a place of French origin but of English settlers. When the French visited the settlement is not known, but back in the late 1600's they were in possession of settlemen ts on the sou th coast. One bright morning many, many springs ago when the brooks and streams were swelling over their banks, and all Nature seemed to skip and dance, a little harbour, surrounded by tree-clad hills and lying at the foot of a big roaring waterfall, was discovered. One of the discoverers, enraptured by the thunderous waterfall, exclaimed in his native language, "Oh, Grand Bruit!" which means "Gr'eat or Glorious Noise", and that exclamation has echoed through the years and has become the name of this settlement-Grand Bruit.
The housewife's attention is also taken up at least three times a day tending the little henhouse. It resembles a large doll's house, with a pane of glass in or just above the door to warn the rooster when dawn comes, should he fail to know it instinctively. This little peakroofed house is usuall y set off by itself. It is the home of fowls in winter and in summer. The Public Health Dispensary, in charge of a Registered Nurse, is a busy spot in the life of the community. Here medical advice is given, illnesses are diagnosed, drugs are administered or sold, and teeth are
TO THE TRAVELLING PUBLIC OF NEWFOUNDLAND • \Ve appreciate your patronage and are happy to tell you that with additional rooms and extra
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THE HOST OF SIGNAL HILL
(Continued from page Z6)
first colony. Again it could remember Marconi who, in 1902,
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T HIS SPLENDID STEAMER now under construction for the Borden, Prince Edward Island, Cape Tormentine, New Brunswick service is expected to be ready for delivery in the fall months of 1946. Owned by The Department of Transport and operated by The Canadian National Railways. Will carry nineteen railroad cars, sixty automobiles and over nine hundred passengers per trip. This magnificent steamer, diesel electric operated, will replace the 5.5. Prince Edward Island now operating and which for almost thirty years carried on so staunchly.
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sent and received the first transAtlantic communications between Cornwall, England, and St. John's. Eighteen years later, Alcock and Brown passed over her Cabot Tower at the start of the first non-stop flight from Newfoundland to Ireland. Now over five years ago, the troopship Edmund B. Alexander passed through the Narrows,
bringing from the United States the first contingent of Yanks, the forerunners of the millions who later served their country in every corner of the world. When that time comes, we'll hang back on the fringe of the tourist crowd and hear his: "Now there, b'y, is the Queens Battery where the English and French battled years ago, and over there is Gibbet Hill . . . " Until that day "Old Gardiner" will be the subject of many pleasant stories and reminiscences all over the globe whereever the Ridge Runners of Signal Hill meet and swap yarns. Those of us who were there are all the better for it, for we couldn't help but imbibe some of his worthwhile philosophy. He is truly one of Tewfoundlands' best ambassadors of goodwill.
HARVEY & COMPANY LTD.
ST. JOHN'S, NFLD.
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NEWFOUNDLAND General Agents in Newfoundland for Trans-Canada Air Lines - British Overseas Airways Corporation -
delivery of Atlantic
Guardian each month, subscribers who change their address should notify us in time to have the necessary changes made. Please send both old and new addresses.
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-Photo by Gustav Anderson, Courlesy NFld. Tourist Soard
NEWFOUNDLAND IS DIFFERENT! Warm Days ... Cool Nights ... No Humidity Newfoundland's innumerable lakes and streams provide the sportsman and camper with any number of delightful and restful camping spots such as the one pictured abave-Newman's Sound, Trinity Boy. Boiling the kettle at the edge of the lake. with a dory drawn up alongside, is suggestive of the pleasure and satisfaction offered the fisherman and the hunter who go afield in Newfoundland. No. 15 in a serus of adrt
"Down North" in Newfoundland, fishermen bring th.ir schooners to rest at nightfall in some sh.ltered ha.....n to await the daylight of 0 new day. Her. too is a hoven for the holiday traveller, a refuge, where the world con b. shut out, where the magic and charm of Newfoundland's seo-girt villages is a soothing tonic to tired nerves.
For information on the
ways of reaching and skoring the feast of summer beauty and peace as depicted in Ikis striking photograph, writ. to
ST. JOHN'S AND CORNER BROOK Al,a Newfoundland Information Bureau, 620 Sth Avenue, New York
-Photo by F. R. Davies.