UFOs: A History, 1950: April–July - Sign Oral History Project

UFOs: A History, 1950: April–July - Sign Oral History Project


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Loren E. Gross Copyright © 2000 Fremont CA

"UFOs are the Fifth Horseman of the Apocalypse." --- Dr. Lincoln La Paz


1 April. "The Germans have always loved April Fools Day." Headlines in the Aprill, 1950, issue ofthe Wiesbaden, West German, newspaper Wiesbadener Tagblatt declared: "FLYING SAUCER OVER WIESBADEN. A GIANT FLYING DISC CRASHED AT BLEIDIENSTADTER KOPF. CREW MEMBER IS IN CUSTODY. NO CAUSE FOR PANIC." The paper printed: "A story was told of how a flying saucer crashed during the night over Wiesbaden, there was also a survivor, a crew member, he was put into protective custody. The strange creature as said to have only one leg and moved about on a rotating plate, his arms come to an end in four stubby like fingers, he has large glaring eyes, his head was an oval shape, one ofthe US policemen was carrying an air tank with a hose attached to it[ sic] . "The mysterious Mr. X was taken to the Wiesbaden Heroberg hotel. The Americans would not comment on the incident. So that Mr. X can get used to our air, he will be taking a walk around the grounds of the hotel daily between 14:00 hrs and 15:00 hrs. "It was also stated that special trips would be arranged on the world famous Nero berg railway around the area, there was no danger to the local population from the crashed saucer and special units were out searching the area with apparatus similar to mine detectors called Telesearchgerats, the special units will be searching the woods and looking for other crew members. "Anyone who has observed anything strange in the area is requested to call the incidents room at the Town Hall, further investigations will then be carried out, we ourselves will do everything in our power to keep the public on its toes in the truest sense ofthe word!" (English translation by Mr. J.P. Johnson of M.U.F.O.I.T./Germany). The "Mr. X" story was investigated in depth by the German UFO researcher Klaus Webner in 1981. Mr. Webner visited the offices ofthe Wiesbadener Tagblatt where he met with reporter William Sprunkel who admitted dreaming up the "crashed saucer" story after noting the great number of flying saucer sightings on the newswires. Since April Fools Day is a widely observed tradition in Germany and the American occupation authorities were eager to please, Sprunkel had little trouble borrowing two U.S. soldiers to pose for a "captured saucer pilot photograph." The local U.S. Army liaison officer laughingly agreed and phoned his Commanding Officer at Wiesbaden. The CO, in turn, got approval from U.S. HQ located at Heidelberg. Having arranged for two American MPs, reporter Sprunkel then recruited a photographer Hans Scheffler and made him part of the scheme. Scheffer's five-year-old son, Peter, who enjoyed the "game" immensely, was dressed up as "Mr. X," the saucer pilot. Pictures in the Tagblatt showing "flying saucers" in the sky over Wiesbaden were also faked. Scheffer photographed a glass cover on a city water fountain and then prints of the cover were cu~ up and glued on a picture of the Wiesbadener Markt church. The glass cover gave the saucer image a ghostly appearance, a so-called ftlm process made possible by a "infra-red Kathoden ray projector." This process made the invisible saucers visible to the human eye.


The joke was more of a success then Sprunkel expected. Excited inquiries came in from all over. A journalist called and offered to pay big money for the story and the pictures, and when Sprunkel insisted the incident was ahoax, the fellow became angry and asserted the hoax explanation was just a ploy to avoid sharing the world-shattering information! The Wiesbadener Tagblatt felt compelled to set the record straight, so on April 3rd it published a statement that the spaceman story was a fake and that people should stop taking it seriously.

:1./.:)fontag._' S.

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:· :~ ·:· Tiichtig ;e!ng~falleri i:i~,;:·: ;·: . ·' Der l April hat e.~ :von je her

In rkh. WI.,. baden trat · er ln · d!esem Jah:t b<>sonders gefl!hrlich auf und brachte elnen • bead:!tlichen TeU der Bevl)lkerung ln Zwei• fel und VerwirruDg. . Die . iiiegeoden U otertn.sen ~ w:irbelten ln der L uft end erregten die Gemuter "" 1ehr, daJ3 es lid:! Hun· ; · . darn. nicht • nehmen Ue!len, Mister X bel


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telllem Sp4Ziergang auf dem Neroberg ru begrii&n.. Cesoorn abeod · no



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!'uswli.rtige . Joumalistin wid dleo ist ' · I< e i n Ap rilscherz . - von Ulll noch Elnzel· : , heiteu tiber den .GOOeimni.1voUen" wtssen · i J>od bat em dessen Foto. · ,. Damit war eo aber nicht. genug. Audl d ie ,Crilndung der sozialen, Vollcsunlon· · wurde begrill)t und von . •ehr ' vlelen filr ernst g<>nommen, ebemo w!a 'die Einrlchtung des .Sdlwimmaffenzwingen" : am Bahnhof und ..

.dWJ Aogliederung des Standesamtt.s an die. · . uod Haodelskammer. . . · ·r I ):.ndlll'l1rie. Zu unsereo A.prilicherun geMrten dann ·.,·.. . :·

The story persists.


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UFO investigator Klaus Webner was critical of William Moore and Charles Berlitz for the two author's failure to identify the Sprunkel hoax when it was mentioned in the 1980 book The Roswell Incident (pp. 102-1 03). It seems that a FBI agent named John Quinn of the New Orleans office was given a crude reprint of the "Mr. X" picture on May 22, 1950, by an unnamed informant who felt it was his duty as a good citizen to turn in such vital information, which he brought from an Army man for a dollar, since it showed a "Martian survivor of a saucer crash in the United States." The informant correctly identified Wiesbaden, West Germany, as where "it first surfaced," but the time frame of its origin is incorrectly given as the "late 1940s." That a U.S. GI stationed in far away Wiesbaden would have such a photo, puzzled Moore and Berlitz.


. 9 Monate fo.r E ntlobung", die Foto- · ··, ontagen T.D
~'::. . an aus ••• , .ZwilUng.dampfor" und .Ein :


Karne;ra.o C,naden" oowie .SI~ ·.'·:! jl··,•:.;. t&l den ,Dr!!ten Mann als dri!tc! dlo .Samon de< MAmrou tb~ume , .. . ' ~;iU . W!r d.anlcan unoereu Freunden ~ cfto : :·., ~> dor Anregungen :rum 1. April v.nd bof.. ~:1.: dall un.sere k.l6inoo Sdlm-Le ~ WJ.. ,· ;~ ;~;\·( ,t.thlet von




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The Tagblatt explains the hoax under the headline: "Good Let-Down."


The Sprunkel hoax had also been published in a local English language newspaper, which provided news to American troops stationed in Wiesbaden. Apparently an Army man snipped the spaceman picture from the paper,and brought it back with him when he returned to the U. S. The FBI/Roswell story prompted a big article in Wiesbadener Tagblatt on April 22, 1981 .

:·······················································~~·~··•: ,

: Ein TagiJiatt-Aprilscherz im Archiv des fBI

. ••

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... und jetzt auch noch als Ufo-Tat sach enbericht in ei ner Buchveroffentlich ..

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d er phunlasicvollc Vc r fussc r dicscs A r ti ·

mcnt nufbcwohrt wct·dcn wi.irdc. Se l bs t

3 G~::~~fL·;fi;rAn~1; tt1 ~:i'~~. n,·.A~·bcfr N:W·;??:~~ l . !• sbaden

kc ls h iittc nic cl nrn n gcdiichl. Noch mehr

ubcr mun man sich wundern, d nO d iesc

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.. Flicgc>ndc·Untcrtassen-Story j elzt als Tnt.
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de Untcrlusscn" verOrfc ntlicht wi rd . Wic ka.n c.<; dnzu't Nuchdl.'m dns Gcsetz zur Freig<.~b e von Untcrla gcn, die die notionulc -Sichcrhcit dcr USA nicht gefiihrdcn, er!.:.ssen wur (1 960). ~rstanden dcr J\mc-rik.:lnN Chor iC'~ Bc r lit7., Nachkommc des GrUndc-r.c;der Dcrlit z. Schoo l. und scin Tcil-

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huber Bur ry Quccnwood z.we i Wochen n nch Frcigabc de s FDI·Archivs ein BUndel dcr Dok u mnctc und f nndcn ouch einc Ko· pit• jcncr 1'n.l!IJiatt·Scitc, in dcr die Untcrtasse n-Geschicht(' obgcdruckt worden w~r. Schnell muchl<'n sic sich em die t\.rbcit, Vt>rfalllen das 1694 ScitC'n stOlrkc Buc h

unw d~m obonqonnnnton TiloL Dio Fill·

Leutc selbst habcn woh l nicht so f('C h t an dicse Mtir g€'gloubt, der Sicherheit halber haben sie den Bcri cht dcn noch 30 Ja hre in ihrcn SnfC's aufbcwahrt.



Bild : Scheffler ·

schcnfnll" und undc res, was Interesse ver-

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d ient. Doc h jenC' n Tag'o.all·Aprilsche rz als Tatsache nbcricht herauszustcllcn hOchst mcrkw\.irdig. Wie a.1f'r ents tand c n die ,.FliegendenTagblat ~ ·Untcrtasscn"? _ Lassen wirden Er· finde r sclbst zu Wort kommcn: .. M onatc vo r dcm Marz 1950 crschicne n zunUchst in Norcjamcrika. dnnn aber auch in a nc!crC'n LlindC' r n Zc itungsbcrichtc . U.bc r Fli cge ndc Un tcrtossc n, die geschcn worden waren. SchlicO\ ich wurdcn s ie auch Ube:r dcm Kattcg at und libcr I talicn beob r,chtct, wie Presscogenture n be-

kann tgaben. Es :1ahtc d e r 1. April 1950. und in dc r Re-daktion skonfc rcnz wurdc die Fruge l au t. oh auch dns T.:~gb l attAprilschcrzc br ingen sall ie, urid wc !chcr dor Ko llcgen e ine solchc bcwuf~te Ir refi.illrung rrfindcn w oll e. Obwohl ich nur C' in e vagr. Idee halt£~. Ubernuhm ich di~ Aufcabe. Die Untcrt.asse nGcsch ic htc h olle mich >~ngen~gt.


ko~i~~~~~.,~~~i~ ~';\~~c~-i~~~~~


c in m it seine r LPuch tfonl i\nc. d i<' von un ten her bunt aus2elcuchtet werden kann. Dic was.s c rd ich tcn Glass (' heibcn-daswaren mcinc Un lc rlus scn. Und so bcsp r nch

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TAGBLATI- APAILSCHERZ vor d reiBig Jahren: F\iegende Un tena ssen umkreisen diQ Wiesbadener Marktkirche; rech ts : z wei MP-Polizisten fUhren .Mist er am Neroberg ·Tempel spa· zreren. Bild : ScheMler

dungsoffizie r in dcr Bicrstad lE' r Str a ~e M ister X spaz ieren. N un hatt.P ich a ll cs 7.U ~icnhveH~~~nd~~.cz~~~;h::;te;ho~~g~~;~i;;.~; und crz5hltc ihh-t hl<'ine-n Pl.-.n, Er lnch te . ~ammen. l ch sel7.t£' mich a n d ie M aschl ne cr be! Abcndd~immcrung die Mo r ktkirchc · und sagtc.,,da mull ich rnich mitdcm S tadt- und sc hr icb in d(! f Nacht zu m 1. Apri l I 950 mit ihrcn TUrmen . Dr!und<:'ncGcschichte, d ie jet1.t alsTa tich

(~it ~-nsc rc m B~dbc~i~~ter Hans

Kurhnus·Wciher·Ginsschcibc n


nom men. Dns hatte nlso gC'klappt. Wohc r 0 0

u nd der lnchte ebenfnll•. gnb abc r zu be· de n ken, doll c r hie rzu die Gcnchmigung des amcriko.nischcn Gcnern lqu or ticrs in

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sc KomOdic u n d orte ilten lhr Einvarstand· ni s . Es ko nn te o. l so losg c h~n . H

sac hrnbr ric hlu ndbcb il dert - lnde mBuch dug• s te ll t isL

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gab ich !'l:ich zum amcrikn n i~chcn Vc r bin·

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The second German hoax. Another 1950 Gel111.£ln April Fools hoax was published by the magazine Neue Illustrierte. The magazine produced "authentic shots of an airborne invasion ofthe U.S. by Marsmen." The best known picture in this story was a photo of a "little silver man," a near naked and oddlooking figure being escorted by two "security men" in trench coats. Good, clear, reproductions ofthe so-called "silverman" reveal crude airbrush work. The men that reported the invasion news were "G. Falscht" and a "R. Lo gen." German readers could easily see the similarity to the words "gefalscht" ("forged,") and "erlogen" ("imaginary"). (xx.)

(xx.) Henningsen, Ole. "The Silverman -the retouched reality." SUFOI News 1990. No.l1, pp.8-13. "Flying Saucerman." People Today. September 26, 1950. Vol. I, No.8. pp.54-55. Entlarrit von Klas, Webner. "Mister X War A Prilscherz Untertassenabsturz." CENAP Report. No. 63. pp.2-17.

? April. Blackpool, England. (1 :45 a.m.)

Luminous discoidal object. (See page 5) (xx.) (xx.) CUFOS files. "1950 April Eng."


OBSERVATION OF FLYI NG SAUCER, BLACKPOOL (ENGLAND), 1950 This observation was made at about 1:45 A.M. on a mild night in April, 1950--the exact date cannot be recalled--by Mr. Donald



who ~ employed in a circus at this west-of-England seaside resort,


and several of his co-workers were on one of the piers when they noticed a luminous object in the western sky (i.e., over the Irish Sea.)


object hovered motionless for the first minute Qr more after it was first seen.

It appeared elliptical, the major .a.xis horiz:ontal and about

equal in apparent size to the diameter of the fUll moon. Evidently it was actually a discoidal object seen approximately "edge-on", since a row of four or five equally-spaced "portholes" could be seen, as the aketch indicates.

These "portholes" emitted spreading beama o! brilliant white

light, illuminating the thin cloud layers beneath; the body of the object glowed with a softer silvery lumina seance, and around the far edge a glow or halo was visible. ject was not rotating.

No other structural details were apparent.

The ob-

Presently it began a series of back-and-forth

movemsnts, rushing at great speed tovrexd the observers and then back again, and also performed vertical oscillations.

However, it never tipped, but

maintained at all times thG original horizontal orientation: and it never sho~d any sign of rotation, After it had been under observation for a total of three or four minutes, it dashed out of sight at i.mmense Residents of the town, when infor.med of the s~thing




similar had been seen at least twice during the preceding




COMMENT: This was told by the witness to A.D. Mebane early in Jan., 1956, in Cord 1 s restaurant at Broadway and 95th St., where J.l.r. Sharpe . was working as a night waiter. He impressed A..D.M. ae being a competent witness of above-average intelligence and complete honesty. He is of Englieh origin, perhaps a British subject still. His address in New York at the time was 35 Christopher St. Explanations; Hoax seama out of the question. Terrestrial aircraft or balloons seem remote in appearance and behaviour from. this object. Venus was not in the western slcy after dark, inferior conjunction having occurred on Feb. 1, 1950. Searchlights, the witness emphasised, were not activv at that time of light, and . in aoy case could not account for the clearly-observed detail. Mirage would have to originate in Ireland, as Blackpool has an entirely unobstructed western vista over the Irish Sea. The observation may therefore be classed as rigorously authentic.

6 ? April. Chiclayo, Peru. (daytime?) (See below) (xx.) (xx.) CUFOS files. "1950 April Peru." ~···':. ,. ~·. ,~ .(! • ;:;ci.:~~, ~ ·- •·>;:: :- .;.'·

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-~ • ·- ;- · - .-.. - ~----- ..

J£ril, .. l950, a tlying uucer was seen at Chiclayo, at an altitude of 30,000 teet aSOve~e CORPA.C airport. ·· Since the disc was stationary, a civilian ; , ~ · pilot, Juan Pa.rd.o de Miguel (an engineer) and the commander of the Peruvian Air t)..lt'' Force, Garcia Romero, went up in the engineer's small plane. They climbed tor an hour, and tor l.llOther hour followed the maneuvers of the luminous disc. Pardo \ ') de Miguel said that these maneuvers pr6Ted that the object waa intelligently controlled. · He could not get as close to the object as he 110uld have liked, because of inautf'icient ponrs his plane was capable only ot 16,000 teet, while the saucer 'W&S at 30,000. It looked like a plane seen at a distance ot 20 k:m, but ita shape was that of a flattened disc. When the pilots attempted to close in upon it, it changed ita course and was hidden in a cloudJ when the pilots took their plane into the cloud, the object had disappeared. But it appeared again above the allrport on the following d&¥·-at noon, as before. It was observed through field~lasses tor four hours. During this time it changed its position by only 50 kilometers, in the direction 262-264° North. --- -- -·--

2 April. Tipp City, Ohio. (5:00a.m.)

Flying Saucers Reported 1/Pf' c 'rr Seen Over Tipp City· Sunday~.~~~·~~~ · 1i.t ~ ~ .:,::;/!0

Say Objects Travel At Great Rate Ot Speed But At Times Seem To Hover In Sky-Head Straight j)('oy Up and Disappear-Nine Witness Strange Sight 1/1'1/<- Y



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Flying •aucers, those pesky 1\t. 1 The saucers crossed ove'r ·route~ ~ tle white objects seen in the sky 25, headed south over West Mll-~ "h ton towards Da yton, then cut back...-. "-J !rom the east to the wes .t coast, to the e3st over Wright Fie!~"" were reported seen over Tipp City Robinson slate~;! that the objects ~ early Sunda> morning by nine were travelling at ~ tenitic rate ~ Tipp Citians.--.. ~. 2- · SP ot speed and when they arrived · Jerry Robinson and three com· over Wrieht Field seemed to head -". panions , J-! arry Click, Ray Gum- straight up into' the sky and dis'.. bert and Ralph Bod iker, all ot appeared completely. Tipp, w~re returning !rom Troy One sau cer seemed to be follow- · ~\;) a t 5 a . m Sunday when they first ing the ot her, Robi.ruion stated, ' l.J~ 1 si gh ted the tw o objects. and the objects were · too bright to 1' Th e ob jects, thought to be stars be shootmg sta rs :· A amall &treak at fi rst, were b'r ighter and larger ot tire tu\lowed in th<> path .of th"


than a star. They tieemini:l.Y re· 1aucers. mai ned In one spot wh en first Upon


a rri ving in Tipp, City sighted but kept jlett.ing brighter Robinson awoke hi$ mother, Mrs. all the tune. Ma ttie Robinson, 126 South First - - - - --·street, sister, Madeen How~ Mt. and Mr~. James Bergeron and Nixola Jordan, who watched tho !lying saucers until they dliap.Peared from sight about daybreak. ~ Altogeth~tr the Tipp City resi- (\',:dents wa•ched the !lyina aaucen ' \) !or over an hour and reported that at 4mes they seemed to hoyer in the sky while at other Umea they \ apparen\iy were travel..IJ.n& at a "" I great rate o! speed. I ~ . This was the first actual report .· <::;) of !~ing saucers in Miami county.,_.,~ \

r~ ~ere: ~,

rf-·2:2. ,.)..~.. ·

7 ?April. Near Morinville, Alberta, Canada. (3 :00am.) "Nearly collided head-on."



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--. J.·y;ti:·. .•-·..,~;

C,!J)~;, MEN . WITHIN;~O FEET~';>··~.•~~~ ·~'·:W~IRQl~~f:"l~l!N"G SA UCER'''·i::·;q

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· · .. likt 30 f ..t; !)Vtr •vllttln St~f Wnter · · . ~lle top of tlie1r cu three mll~s .1.WQ }l)dm~ton motorists are con~· south of Morlnville at 3 a.m~ ~~n\ vln~ they !lWIY oolllded head-on day. · ' ·~.,~ 1 flylng _ &auc~r on the higb- Said Mr. Campbell: . "way near Morinville early Sunday "We were driving · at a ~od morning, . ·. . ' •peed toward Edmonton when. a Trucker . '1om Campbell . of sudden big flash o-f light nearly 10944-97 nhet and Phil · Slier- blinded us right on ttle ~way banlk,··.-m.C~nic: at Maple L.eaf in front o! w. . . . Mo__tors, . said a ligh•·d, . b.allonn-· . "It mLWh bri"hler a "" "" • ·


waa ·


ca.r . lf!d 1ee-med kl , bi .· oomiog 'directly lor IU. A.\ it drew cl06er it looked to be like a big -ballon wit.h a bluub · white li~t • 11\Slde.


''I wuul4 e5tlmate the ~ ol the . ooject at • aoout 100 m~ea -~ ho~;· ·. · . ,. It sHmed to b.. about 21l or 30 fee_t in dllmtter -~ ~u . not traveling 10 very fast. .. : "! · ~>topped the· car oec.UH I ·.wu afnJd . we were &olns to : ru.n into

the Ullng. · · "l't w~nt, I · ahould judie about .20 or 3() feet over the wy af .the ear.



. · ··we g.at_oo t and tJu thi.t14 ns ~ ju,st

di.s.,Ppearin& u

:we lqdped '

·. &fOUnd. .. It . Wa.tl Slli)W.W, ,







- . "! . t:lilili: We MW bbe . abj~ for . 'i.boot a mdpute ' or 10 in i.1l. It ·wu , li{)rt of oolonlt in .&hape and there · 1was a . darker outline lhe · t bluish, white tiPt in the_ cc.pt~ . , It w-.s cert&inly not .llke any · al:r- · c;ta.tt I Jlave ever acen.~ · . ·, Mr; Campbell saio he had n~er , ;b.lleved the flying 14!U·c er. •tOriea · ~ · · b.fore but now he Ia. ~enYinced · "scimtthing fvnny Is g9lnQ ;..oon." · 'Mr; Sherbanik uid the · object !opked like ••a 'huge balloon with a bright flu'Oro·5 ~ent liiht . rip( ·at its eentre.n: -./ • · ._. . .


·• Llii...""'ED, balloon-like obJ:ecf, ~sed · within . 36 feet. Weather·· ~ice oiliCWiit the -.tr~ ' WllJ.' ¥.:"'-: pot1 J&.!d it Wl,l ."lln~t•, _ t.hAt • of their -,~ar la~t night according·::to Phil Sherb&nikt. ~ - obJect w~a 0 D4!: ~· .t!:i~h; .b•l· ; garage rneeharuc, and rr:o~ Camp~ll. 10944·~7 stree~. - · loo~~&. ·TheY .poi~d a11t_.lhat, -&c~c.:;:: They demonstrated the1r 1mpress10ns of obJect u 1t . . maxim\Uil , size ¢ ~ir .,~ljOQnz;.: ·., .· appe~- before t.hem .on highway nea.r .¥:9-P4vUlEk" ~) ,: ;. -~~~,~,..S;Je-t. :.t-. ~.!!'~:. ;;,.~ · A

:~· .. ~- ~-~.;,.~ ~i. ~·s ~~ ;.:i;~~~-i..&."',. .p.,;....: ...:!-:..~~r- ·

,··\,...·.•.., . . :.c ~ • • . · -

·- · .

.. ....

I ...


-- ~....."'"'... . . .MI..........

I , .


, ....~ --- -~- ~

t'0 MoIY/!J Itt . /3oC-L ~!? !'-!~ ·TV_~~- . . .. .r


········-· ···-- ..

'8. 3 April. Psychological Warfare.

Proposed procedure impractical. (See below)

.lAlJ,J... ....-

hE,\UQ U...:..RiLRS UN iTL D STATES A IR h _. r. .::E



~ J.ut.ll



a oo, 9:·· ·


ECT. "ProJect ClRUOOE "( S:ZCEm) ~ecbnical bport TO.

- ·.~ cs, us.u

· ' J.ir Intelligence D1T1sion, ·

Direct orate o! Intelli ge nce, DCS / 0 FROM, Psychological 'n'arfare D1rlaion,

Directorate of Plana do Operation•, DCS/0 ; ., .


Tt 01' the report~ co~led 'W'jjh th_e: rwlu.•• cJ- related. p



'oA .

.r::U ~~': .~~~ ~ .~;:~~~~-:·~~~~ metbod~~~~~~~7;~~i:~i~~~~;J1ifti~~~~~~~~~~~~ J, nowever, lt is felt tha t effective eroloitation o! l ~"::. , ·oulS. re qu ire s uc h ref ir-ed in telligence, prec i o3e plan!li!lg , control

a!1d acc es~ : ? il ity t o the target a s t o render the procedure 1:npr a ct1cable resources expended for return attained. •

• •

· -


- - ~--- -~:~.;:;)~~:-~, -:~.-~~~r;;~f ~-.;;. ~:.t:.~;~- ·· ··::.;:·t~~;;~;t~r~~~~'iWi~~~ ..

4, In attelll'pting to desi!!Tlate an 'unusual aerial object 1 by plan ~or t h e purpose of creat i ng mass hysteria, thi ~ aff i c~ has tentatively co~ :lud ed tna t th e hi gh al t i t ude ( 100 , 00 0 feet) plastic b al lo on u sed for meterological 'II Or k an d. cos.mic ra:y rese?.rch offers the greatest potent i al i t ies . The l'Bl!&rts of tho c on sultin g agencies on Project ·~- (s::tem!:T) do not -H!d"icat e t:llat an at-hmpt haa be en !!l adf! t o compare the ~ata on the relea.aa . o! such ball oons b y General Miln-Corpora' n and other laboratories with t he detailed.. -r8porte of unident i fied ~rin-g, obje~• • ~· ,.. tbougb thi 6 of!i ~ ver-y li111Hed ~OUl'Cea f.o.!o-auch. purp o ~ a,- ce·r-t&in . avB.ilaille ~ ' data on high altitude balloona were checked, ae ehawn 1n I nclo , e,~rtth dd':uilta .. ·~ in~tions that obJects llighied ill aeTeral · inetancer mq •haT

innati ,auon. _1•-~~ in· ~!utun•

. __ ··::- ..... .::,~:'.;·"- : ··-=~:.;."'··' "''-"'-''·'"----""''t'':f'~~~-:.~~ti. ~Et~~

9 The psychological warfare issue three years later. The CIA examined the UFO situation after 'the huge UFO wave of 1952. UFO researcher Bruce Maccabee comments: "The CIA could fmd no mention of saucers in the Soviet media, so the Russians were not being 'conditioned' to believe in saucers by the Russian press, which was saying nothing about saucers. In the U.S., on the other hand, the recent (1952] continual press interest and 'pressure of inquiry on the Air Force' indicated that a fair proportion of the population had been 'mentally conditioned to the acceptance of the incredible.' In this fact lies the potential for touching off of mass hysteria and panic." (xx.) (xx.) Maccabee, Dr. Bruce. UFO FBI Connection. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2000. p.251. One wonders about the sudden appearance of two CIA men as NICAP members, Count Nicolas de Rochefort and Bernard J.O. Carvalho, when NICAP was first founded under the leadership ofT.T. Brown in November 1956. These men came out of nowhere and vanished from the saucer scene just as fast. Were they really interested in UFOs, or were they taking orders? A Russian immigrant, Count Rochefort, we know, was an employee ofthe CIA's Psychological Warfare Staff. Col. Joseph Bryan, who later served as a member ofNICAP's

Bc,a.rd of Governors, was said to be the founder and original chiefofthe CIA's Psychological Warfare Department (1947-53). Perhaps the CIA's interest in UFOs in regards to psychological warfare, if we can assume that as a fact, originated from Air Intelligence memos issued during project GRUDGE? 4 April. Office ofNaval Intelligence. Navy Intelligence seems to have accepted the Air Force's Project GRUDGE assessment that there was no factual evidence for existence ofUFOs after an "exhaustive scientific study." (See below and on page 10) "op-)221•'2 - Weekly Briefing Topic SJ;;CRET

SrE.t~ r t .


Tli'. ' .., ~_...i '41'' '\.1 'i >.L, . ·.

' I' '!

4 April





The recent flurry of


flyinr, saucer" sightings, culrninatin 1s in a series

of marazine, newspaper and radio stories. having \fide circulation, is founded on no nore factual evidence than has characterized all S1Ich outbreaks in the ,.

last few years.

Alrnoa t all observations of flyinr, discs can be accounted

for by the following& (a)

Planats and meteors.


!Aeteoroloi•·ical nn::l cosmic ray balloons.

10 (c)

Specular reflections_.


Optical illusions.


Contar~ious' hysteria.


Deliberate faking for publicity.

The possibility does not exist thut any foreign :bcfiwnurt;Dm nation has

Even ;wre that

so, it :,.s inconceivable thnt any nation nould risk capture or so valuable a develortuent in peacet:ime throut:h posstble malfunctioning over foreien territory. The exhaustive scientific study by the Air Force of over 200 saucer" sir,htinge 1 prepared in the fall of

1949, concluded that

11 flying

11 flyin~


jects constitute no direct threat to tlte national eecuri ty of the United Tho ~jority


of rijporta of unidentified flyinrr objects were stated

to be the result of misinterpretation of conventional nbjects and natural phenomena.


April 1950

of some of the most recent publicit.y is to attribute to the Navy Department the developnent of real aircrai't

of revoluUonar,r design,


a combination o~ helicopter and fast jet plane."

An o!ficie.l denial by a-· .....Navy Department spokeem&n will 1 or. course, never · ·- ···· . . . . ·-. quite el!.tc,h up , lfith. the .headlines. ·;_llaybe in the long run this will result in. a dimin1ahing number of flying saucer reports 1 since lllarJY observers may

be expected .t

' > .shrUg

o££ a £ly1.ng diec with "There goes another Navy p1ane."

The little mc.l from.l!ars are still elusive, and the fragments of. their: axplod~d

space jhip remain figments o!.the imagination.


In contrast, Army Intelligence, as shown by its investigation of some Monterey UFO sightings in early April, appeared to be quite convmced UFOs existed in spite of the Air Force's assertions. (See clipping below) 6 April. Denver, Colorado. (2:45p.m.)

Moitfret~l 'Saucer' i//D

"Flying Orange?" (See clipping below)

Investigated MONTEJREY, April 11-(UP)An Anny Intelligence agent · has opened an investigation into re- 1 ports ·by sheriff's deputies and others tll


. I


6 April. Norwood, Ohio. "What Glows On Here?"

··Ts ·IFFfy·i·n-g

Salic·e·r-·or--5-aucer Base? Scientists, Laymen Baffled

,f1r Ylf rb, f1 J"O . . BY



· It started on a moonlit Norwood night in Aug·ust, 1949' !

Army· Sgt. Donald R Berger, at the controls ol a searchligh t owned by SS. Peter and Paul Church, turned ! its .beam to 1600 mils (straight up). ·._ ·Suddenly, he saw it ... a circular, glowing object : caught sql,larely in the long f\nger of light. ' ' It bung stationary, while crowds gatheTed to gape. : QuestJons flew fast: Flymg saucer? Something from · · Russia? Or Mars? . Nine times since then, the searchlight has found the object. And still the_ questions go unanswered.

SAFCER BASE? •.. or an illusion

FLYING SAUCER STORIES have turned to old stufi since June 24, 1947, when a Boise, Ia., business man landed his private plane and reported br eathlessly: "I saw .a chain of nine saucer-like objects playing tag at fan tastic speeds." The HoU.ston Press rep orted not long ago: "Weird Sky .Racer Zooms Across Houston Radar." In Mexico, 24, inch midgets were "seen" on another flying saucer. The Army couldn 't make up its mind. First it said 'saucers were a "joke." Then it said they weren't. Then it hopped the other way again. "Aerodynamic· impos- . . sibility," one of its experts said,


AU .QF WHICH FAILED to stop speculation in Nori wocxl,. William Winkler, president of the Winkler Offset


:Color service and dabbler in things scientific, came up iWith this theory: \ "It's not a flying saucer. Maybe it's a base for flying 1saucers." i M.r. Winkler insists :that on Oct. 23, 1949, two clis'tinct ·groups of triangular obje.cts flew from the main ·disc. He believes these may have been flying ~aucers . which had just been serviced on the satellite. : _, __Dr. D. k Wells, professor of ph ysics at the Uni versity ' _1 ___

·- -- · ···


of Cincinnati, and Paul Herget, U. C. professor of astronomy, took a look. Said Dr. Wells: "ln my opinion it's an optical illusion. Said Prof. Herget: "It's not a fake . I believe it may be caused by the illumination of gas in the atmosphere, We need an explanation to squash people's fears." _ _fill right, w~_a_~·~-->:9~l:__J'uess?

- - - - ---------



6 April. Springfield, Massachusetts. (4:45-5:00 p.m.) Additional details on the Springfield case. (See below)

The Springfield Union : Springfield, Massachusett~ April 14, 1950 · Page 1, column 8; cont~nued on Page 8, column 3 AGAWAM MAN , SAYS HE ALSO SAW •·sAUCER' Edward Krygowski ,Corroborates Lt. J. J. Sevila's Repqrt of Strange Ship The report of a Massachusetts Air National Guard pilot, who said he spotted a flying saucer from his home in Springfield on April 6, was strengthened last night by Edward Krygowski of 35 Ley St., Agawam, who declared that he also spotted the craft, but did not report it at the time for fear people would think he was "crazy." Very


Silvery, and Shone

He told The Union that he left work at 3 that afternoon, and was digging in his lawn when he spotted the saucer between 4.45 and 5 in the afternoon. He agreed with Lt. John J. Sevila of Mystic St., a fighter pilot with the 13lst Air National Guard, that the disc was flying due west. · I

Krygowski said that just a few minutes before two four-engined C-54s flew over, heading east, and when he heard the sound of an engine again, he thought it might be the same aircraft. The Agawam man said that the saucer was very high, was silver, and shone when the sun hit it. He added that he thought about ~alling Westover Air Force Base to ask about it, but finally decided against the move for fear he would be dubbed a crazy man. After seeing the National Guard pilot's report in the newspaper yesterday, however, he decided to come forward to substantiate it. No Clouds The Agawam man reported that there was not a cloud in the sky at the time, and that he watched the disc for a full five to six minutes. He said it was so high that when he first looked up he didn't see anything, but that after squinting upward for a few seconds he saw the saucer. He said it was traveling slowly, which jibes well with Lt. Sevila's story. The lieutenant estimated it was traveling between 50 and 100 MPH, which is comparatively slow, as far as air speed is concerned.

mrp "


14 6 April. Willy Ley comments. United States News and World Report editor sticks to his story.

UFO over Asmara.

-:------ ., .. ·-- ··- "

Editor Sticks to Claim 'Saucers' Are Navy T~st~ 0 WASHINGTON, AP,hl 6....--{UPl-

The editor of Ma¢ine-which pub-· Jished the claim t..llat <:[email protected] s'aiTceFS are really secret;Nav,Y· expenrrren-rdi aircraft s~idWe_jstand by our story"-despit de}"ia. ls from Navy spokesmer{ . the- WflY up fo President Tru · n. --{ (.; u t.l..,) ..;" , ~ : L. Noble Robinson, m anaging)editor of the United States News and World Report said the appearance of the magazine on newss tands· ha

: •··.··' '"'t<'i··' o··, •"

•:···o, .·:·: · ·. ·•..- ~·

···c •.-·· · ....

; ~.-.-·--·



··· - -- ... ~

·"Flying· Saucers"· Really,:.E~i~t, I. . ·' . .. . . ... .. :According To RocJ{et Expert -~ :-- . . . l"' 00 .

MONTVALE, N . J.; April· & "-'fUP)~Willy Ley, one of . the; . world's ou tstanding au thorities on rockets and flight above the! . stratosphere, said today he is firmly convinced that "flying saucers": ~have been· winging across the United States.' ... f · Ley, a founding member of the German Rocket society from ~ ' which Nazi Germany drew scientists to produce the rockets · w'hfch' rhombarded IHtain, said the "sauce.r s': probably nre United S~~& pnjlitary · Secrets. .; · · · ·· • ·"'One thing I can say in a loudl :and clear voi'ce," Ley said. "Flying He said that although he has: saucers are not rocket-propelled.! never seen a flying saucer, he is they a;·e, they have the '~~r~t l convinced ther e' are sudh triinh · p?ssi be.~ shaP.~. for speed and effl· l· because they are possible to build c1ency. . t' ian d b ecause " a 1arge num b er of B ut, h e sa1··d , 1't IS en 1re1y pos- , . h h ", siblt! and probable that the U. 5, honest w1tnesses ave seen t em. has learned how to send discs soar"There are three possibilities," ! ·"" · · ing over the nation in controlled , he said. fligllt. ''One is that they are a united "The answer to whether discs States m1litary secret. ' can fly is simple," he said. "When 1 "The second is that they are the' I was a student, "'e used to make secret of some foreign power, preflat r ound paper discs sail through : sum ably enemy. They can't be the air just by throwing them. ' stupid enou gh to test them over. Anrone can learn how to thr ow ! ~n enemy's territory. So . that is' suc·h a disc 100 feet or more," he :discounted. · · · 1 · "The third is that they are from: said. The problem facing engineers some other planet. Even assuming: would be how to control and sus- , that some planet has learned totain · the flight. One of the secrets, iuse atomic energy in a different' he said, could be that the discs do l way from us, the size of the; not r eally fly. Jsaucers would make their range; "I don't think the flying saucers!insufficient to make a direct flight: which have been seen really fl~ to any other planet. . : in the sense that a bird or an ai~;l "That · leaves only one of the, plane flies," he said. "I do thin~ possibilities. I believe the saucers they fly only in the sense that alare a military secrr-t and there's projectile a gun flies." , not much can be done about it." 1 - · · .. -·-- -. fired from - ---- ----------- -





--- ~·




&• -'<.Reuters) - Thol!.san 1 . . people here Thur.sd~J"~~b-:· .

ed a disc w~tich ng1e'fed , .. atatlo.nary over the city . fo~ '. one hour and 25 minutei and then duappeared to the oortl\, : The crowds gaped when,' according to eyewitneJ;aea, ·' . ~·aomethlng was clearly aeeri· .



QJ . detachln~J Itself from :the duo : ·: •and then wheeling away~" · . ,, ; . The· dise was at a e-r~:at .

". height, lopking.at tir1t lilte .a :\ ·· comet. ·

· · ·.


lu bright · sunshine .- the . . ·. crow~ 'could liee Hi c;.ll'cu)&j- 7




dutlnctly. · ."· _' ·' . , A ''strange obj_ect resewbf· ·Ing two large 'boop.s one insic!.~ the other·• · was 'r eported. • ..

--------·-- -~~---------..




San Jose Ne1vs



.Jose . New2f/4-J5o


Den1es_ Use of 'Saucers' WASHINGTON, April 4 (UP).-1 Two new "real" stOries of flying I saucers tOday provoked vigorous : denials from the Armed Forces that they are, in reality, secret u.s.! we~pons. · . II Both the Air Force and the Navy said flatly that they are not e)(peri~ menting with any plane or weapon ; that could account for wirespread : reports about the flying disks. A spokesman for the Air Force, 1 ·which has been investigating hun-~ : dreds of flying saucer stories, said . : the armed services are standing : on conclusions reached last Decem- j ber that flying saucers just don't exist. . soaring through space, often at fantastic speeds, keep cropping up. Radio Commentator Henry J.l Taylor and u.s. News arid World I Report, a weekly news magazine 1 ' published here, gave the latest versions yesterday. Both stated flatly that flying- saucers do exist, but neither ·quoted any authority for their statements. In a broadcast ove r the American Broadsasting System, Taylor said that there are two types of "flying saucers" which the military has classified as secret. One, he said, is a harmless, pilot. less disk which usually disinte: grates in the air. Its purpose, he : said, is a top military secret. He said the other is the Navy's so-called "Flying Phantom" or jetpropelled XF-5-U-1. . The Navy, he said, Is experimenting with the radical plane at its Patuxent, Md., I test center. I U.S. News said simply that the sauc ers a re revolutionary new planes, probably developed by the Navy as part of its guided missile ! ex perim ents. , The Air Force issu ed its ·d enial : promptly.




The Northern California Air National Guard says it isn't pull-

irtg the pulilic's leg in displaying a flying saucer at the old circus

grounds, S. First and Alma Sts. It says the gadget is the only "captured" one in the country. The gimmick is an attentiongetter for recruiting C'lndldates for the 194th Fichter Squadron and the 244th Air Service Group, which meet at Hayward Airport for weekly drills.



7 April. Burlington, Iowa. (Morning. 10:00 a.m.?) "I' 11 never believe it until I see one with my own eyes." Burlin~too (Iowa) Haw~-Eye Gazette, ~riday, April

7, 1950

p. 11

Cigar-Shaped, F'loate Slo..,ly Over Aree. lOP :::1-!PLOY3 SIGHTS N!i:ll' 1 SrRANGE OBJECT' IN SKY Here now ie a newcomer to thoae strange oeleetial objeota that haTe been reported t'rom all parte of ' the oountry-f'ly'ing tauoer·a , ro.ckete and what-haveyou. Thie time it '• a 14-foot oigar•thaped object that seemed to be ju·et floating through the air over Burlington on · niuriiday morning (4,k;), Jll!Dea C:, l'eardonm 9'-5 North. 1tl'r, ia not a tano11'ul man. He hae always argued that the storiea about f~ying dieoe we" 'juet the nut a. • 'I'll nenr believe it unt11':'!' "'one with my ·own eyee,• he had "marked to t'riende, · Then Thursday morning (4/6), Reardon, a mail clerk at tho Iowa ordnance plant, lts.e nlking aorou the g'rounde just eouth of the huge adminietration bui"lding at ~.iddletown. Something .that reNmbhd a flaeh or a flare in the alcy attracted hil attention and ca1.111ed him ·to look up. 'There 1 t wu," t\eardon eaid. 'It a: ·peared t~r be juet about 14 feot long and was oigar-ehaped. It waen't f'iying fast, juet floating along. l figured it waa about 800 feet abon the ground, and wa.e moving t'rom the north-..et to the eo uthlaet. . . 'Slue-white f'liU!!Oa appeared to be ooming ..trom the eidea and the t'il of the object. !'hey looked lilce the flames • t'r011 a welder's torch. ·' •1 looked at my watch and i t wu 10107 in the morning~ I lf!ltohe'd.. tha:t thing for probably 9 full m1nutt!l 11'1 1~ OUt llOroe•~ . l')aen w1 thout app"arently gai~tng a pHd i t j uat dieappeared. 'It eeemed to be made of 801111 Kk:D bright eh1ny material : th~t_gHateO:.d in the aun.~ R.ar-:lon nid he reported the incident 1mmod1ately to Lt~ Co'l, il. ::;' .R yan, one of the HVeral Army officer• ueigned to the pl_ant. Ryan, he saidr·lias diepoHd to d1 eool..l'lt the etory u a triolc of imagination. ':Jut thill wae ao=ething I uw with my own •Y••," Reardon eaid • . · 'I don't lrnow what it w•u but 1t certainly W'le something up the,... •-


3onn1~ ·••aver, !)rofeeeional at the 3urlingtoo gold club, aleo reported eeeing a atrange object in the sky l'hureday ~mrning at almoet the l!l!IMI time u Reardon'• account. Weaver said the· th1n8 he- -nw wae travelin3: eut at ··· bigh aauub.,..C altitude and 11Hh great epeed, lt ll&de a fhsh in the sky and emithd a trail of' a par k e, he reporte.d •

. ~re, Paul Niemann, 170~ Oebor.n, aleo eaid she •aw a atrruoge object 1n the eky about 10 a.~. Thursday ( 4/6). lrr appearance it most cloeely ro:oeembhd a folded eilvsr · ucbrella,. she uid. 3he was looking out a window at the time ( ralking on the phor:e 'liit h 1 friend--ther.,'e a line dropped here-~J, saw it one m1nuh and the next it W'ill gone, she r!lated. ~he eaid ·ehe had thought no IDOre about tbe o bj ect until she read an acccuot of <~'eaver''e report: in I'hureday'• Ha ..lc-ry. G!lzette. <~,t :·!uecatine, a housewife rhursday ; 4,.(5i reported aeoing an object flying froa: northwest to eoutheut. It loolced like a ball of fire from a Rotllllc candle and ite trail of Yapor waa visible ITen after she (xe~~•ett«RxaKekacz«•Ei~ loet eight of the object, '!he eaid. · ( 1" ~ n!il ?aragra;>h of account eo unolear · ae to be coropletely ilhg1.ble--but !t lo()~S 1 ~ ::-: e g :- r:e~ re po r': o:' !ln o !:J jc c : le'3v!ng ~ tn.:l of' s n'irks--it co:Jl! be :oore on the i·cUecatine accouot--1'3.) Jl LL/I'B

17 7 April.

"The Case of the Flying Saucers."

Network radio show.

Part of the broadcast was printed in the CUFOS Associate Newsletter (Feburary-March 1984 Vol.S, No.1, p.3)

CUFOS Associate Newsletter

· . ying Saucer!-<,\·ir./.-.

Broadcast ..Tonigh(:;: !,

~ oiu.e ol 'the Ply!~ li.uem• Will ro on t~ ·atr In Amarillo a~ • : 30 o·cloclr tonic ht C,.,.,. JCL YN In a 30-mlnut. broadcu~ bJ J:dwlll'd R. Uurrow. ~oorded Yolc.es ot 111\.ne.ua of aauoen • . mUILary




pre~n~d .


olflcl.at. will to. bro&dcut ls reault

of KVtral month.! reuarch by CBS .

The dramattullon '01111 Include the tint rtporla from the Air F01n proJe.:t Saucer. OloN-N--.--W-u_&"_IMia __ O._&_~I

Transcript of Ed MurrowKenneth Arnold . Telephone Conversation Many of our readers will remember Edward R. Murrow, the popular, cigarette· smoking news commentator of the 1940's and 1950's who gave the news a dramatic touch in his own distinctive style. Almost three years after the famous June 24, 1947 sighting in the Cascades of the state of Washington, Mr. Murrow engaged the pilot / witness Kenneth Arnold in a conver· solian about his historic experience. Portions of that conversation ore re· produced here in an exact t ronscript of the broadcast as it was heard nationwide · an the evening of April 7, I 950. Some of you may have been listening to that broad· cost. For you and for those who ore some· what younger, here it is, "the way it was." "ARNO LD : It was while I was search· ing for this crash that I noticed a terrific blue flash pass the nose of my airplane. I noliad !hal the flash ~ilfTie from a train of very pecul iar-looking objects that were rap idly approaching Mt. Rainier at about 107 degrees. This train of objects were 9 in number. I assumed at the time they were a new forma tion or a new type of jet, though I was baffled by the fact that they did not have any tails. They passed almost directly in fro nt of me . but at a distance of about 23 miles, which is not very great in the air . I judged 1heir wingspan to be at least 100 feel across . T heir sighing d_id not particu· Iarly disturb me at the time, except that I had never seen planes of 1ha type. MURROW: Mr. Arnold, after landing, made a routine report of what he had seen to a Civil Aeronautics Administration representative, and promptly forgot the matter, until the wheels of publicity began lo turn. The noodgates opened. ARNOLD: I never could understand at that time why the world got so upset about 9 disks, as these things didn't seem lo be a menace. l believed that they had something to do with our Army and Air Force. MURROW: On three different occa · sions, Mr. Arnold was questioned by mili· tary intelligence. They expressed doubt as to the accuracy of some of his reported observations. ARNOLD: That's right. Now of course some of the reports they did take from newspapers which did not qual e me

Page 3

properly. Now, when I told the press , they misquoted me , and in the excitement of it all. one newspaper and another on got i1 as ensnarled up thai nobody knew just exactly whal they were talking abou1, I guess . MURROW: Here's how 1he name "flying saucer" was born. ARNOLD: These objects more or less fluttered like they were. oh, I'd say, boats on very rough water or very rough air of some 1ype, and when I described how 1hey flew, I said that they flew like the y take a saucer and throw it across the water. Most of the newspapers misunder· stood and misquoted that too. They said thai I said that they were saucer -like; I said that they flew in a saucer-like fashion . MURROW: That was an hislor ic misquote. While Mr. Arnold's original explanation has been forgotten, the term "flying saucer " has become a household word. Few people realize thai Mr . Arnold has reported seeing these same strange objects in 1he sky on three other occ a · s ions. He says that some pilots 1n the Mrihwesi have reported seeing them on 8 separate occasions. We asked fo r his own personal opinion on the nalure of wha1 he and the others had seen . ARNOLD: I don'l know how besl 10 explain thai. I more or less have reserved an opinion as 10 wha 1 I 1hink. Naturally, being a nal ura l·born American . if il's no1 made by our science or our Army Air Forces, I am inclined to believe it's of an extra·terrestrial origin . MURROW : Extra· lerreSi rial origin? You mean you think there's a possibility they may be coming our of space from other planet (sic)? I suppose 1ha1's prell y hard for people to take seriously. ARNOLD: Well. I'll tell you lhis much- all the airline pilots, none of us have appreciated being laughed at. We made our reports essentially to begin with. because we thought 1hat if our govern · ment didn '1 know what it was. it was only our duty 1o report it to our nalion. and ro our Air Force out o( it (sic ). I think it's somelhing 1ha1 is of concern 10 every person in the country, and I don't think it's any1hing for people to get hysterical about. Thai's jusl my frank opinion of il. MURROW: So !hat's how il all began; thai was th e trigger aclion . Kenne lh A rnold 's slory wenl scudd ing over the news wires . Radio and newspa · pers picked it up, and then wilhin days 1he counlry broke oul inlo a llood of flying saucer observations ." NOTE : all of the above commentarie:; by ARNOLD are verbalim beeperfune :itatements. whereus all MURROW rl'marks are not, bu t rather added I~Jter to connecl lhe ARNO LD stalement for 1he broadctlSI . o


8 April. Kokomo, Indiana. (dawn) "That's What I saw - Baker." "'That's exactly what I saw hovering over rnyback yard,' Earl J. Baker, 1310 North McCann street, exclaimed yesterday after a local artist sketched Baker' s description of the 'flying saucer' he said he saw a week ago [on 4/8]. "Forrest Richard Coxen, 215 East Taylor street, Kokomo artist, accompanied a Tribune reporter to the Baker horne in an effort to 'get down on paper' what Baker said 'frightened and startled' him early on the morning of April 8. "Coxen made a rough pencil sketch while Baker described in detail the outline of the flying disk the Kokomo man said he saw. After the rough sketch was made, Coxen then made a finished drawing ofthe original sketch. A Tribune photographer then made a print of the drawing. "In the drawing, Coxen drew a simulated telephone pole and wires in the lower left hand comer -corresponding with a telephone pole in the alley behind Baker's house. Shafts of light were drawn from three portholes (aroun.d the edge from which, Baker said, emerged 'a bluish light.' "Baker said the disc rotated slowly between 200 and 300 feet from the surface of the earth. He said he caught only glimpses of 'a conning tower' on top of the disc as it would 'tilt downward' from time to time. "He said he watched it for two or three minutes when fmally it rose higher and sped offtoward the north." (xx.) (xx.) Kokomo (Ind.) Tribune, Monday, April17, 1950 -p.9~


19 8 April. Buffalo, New York. (about ;7 :45p.m.) "Like an auto coming out of the sky." According to the local newspaper: " ... Mrs. Ethel Kadwell, 20 Cayuga Blvd., informed The Courier-Express yesterday that she saw an object in the sky Saturday night that resembled an 'auto coming out of the sky. ' She said she noticed the object, with extremely bright lights, while traveling in a car in Broadway near the city line about 7:45 p.m. "Shortly after that hour several calls were received at The Courier-Express from other persons who had seen the object over the East Side." (xx.) (xx.) Buffalo, New York. The Buffalo Courier-Express. 11 April 50. 8 April. Shelby, North Carolina. (daytime?)

(See below)

From Shelby Daily iStar, April 10 or 11, L950 I


.F'i ve Shelby, N.C., April lo -- (AP) - - .TJJ.lKShelby residents aren't Doubting Thomases !when it comes to tales of flyinfl_ saucers, They say they saw one ~igh over Shelby on S.:lturday (4/8).

Paul Limerick, the, com11ander of Shelby's Veterans of Foreign Wars,

gave the report 011 the whatzit of the air,

fie aaid

h.e and noane

Hulick, an employee of an auto parts firm, and three children, UXJ,tched the object, for at least two minutes. I

Limerick described, it as aluminum-colored but not in the shape of an airplane. Apparently round , it followed a horizontal southwesterly ·: :ourse wi'thout making any noise or giving off any smok_e or flame, he repo~ted. Limerick sa.id it ":w obbled" along its course for abot
7 April. Denver, Colorado. (daytime?)


a~ft?ill~ ~C,

1...Six ·D~~;erites 1- .-

- - ······ -

- · -·

_Repqrl . Seemg. . .. ;-Pair-of Saucers--L

r -~

~ _ T. I. Harkey, U42. Zuni .t, W. 1 _...., aJ>
· Gone, but not forcotieo:.; _, It was 20 Ye&ff a&D>1~ two Shelbiana:"· '_,... , \ Paul Limerick and · l)Qu, Hulick .._ were at city· paric .when tbey spotted a lHge metallic oltject hovering in the &ire The 1950 episode wu duly reported in The Star, . and this UFO

episode became one


1-. ·- They tummooed the elder Wn. ]-:. :· 'Merkey lo wltnae the p b e o .._ DOD but ahe WU l)'u .y bethlnl e : gandchiid lii4 tvWdn"\ " - -.. Mr. Harkey1 14, it.nd . h!l eon, 1 . ·. Ted!. Sit. Jaelt V. Herlteyl 14, ol i Lowry Air Fore9 s .... aa d U>ey :-·· beard "the noLM ol a larce rlane tlylnl over, loo&ed up and aa w two aU very w!Ute t\J'Inc, oa-.o which followf'd eech ou- a dUtanC9 - and . Lhm • ....Ot dlttcra~t


-~ ·~; ,...~~-~~~,;,.d

U.. · olher .

·. · wenl nQrtheul, Mr. Harkey a&ld. I

• ·-· · -

··-- - - - ·



reported acrosa. the United



the ·face ' of the Air Foree's determination that the UFO studies ought . to be phased out and despite the existence of organizationa who believe there are UFOs, tile incident here has beu forgotten by most follLs.' · .But, one night recently, both Limerick and Hulick &ot . ·telephone ealls from • , Professor McDonald ."at., the,; University of Arizona. · Tho professor was . calling to ; inquire about their spotting, saying he is et.ill . ·~ research on UF'Os. ·' , .·. In

"We saw something,


.·~~- 4~ I!t 11~ ·· i

Not, Forgotten

~ - It

wasn't a balloon and It- w.-n't a plane,•• Limerick -recalla; After 20 years, the ·~·B ; iD Shelby has not -~ it,ol~: , ;:

20 The David Lightfoot "red spray" case. Dr. James McDonald investigates. (See pages 2024.)

March 5, 1970

Mr. Ted R• Bloecher 317 East 83rd Street New York, New York, 10028 Dear Ted: This will be primarily a summary of a telephone interview with David L~~tf~t, now of Dallas. Maybe I'm slowly developing better instincts for suspecting which are the cases likely to be worth the telephone toll. I had trepidations about hunting down Lightfoot, somehow7 and my conversation with him on 2/28 pretty much confirmed them. I happened to notice Olsen's report on Lightfoot, and, seeing that it referenced the APRO BuZZ•tin for January 1963, I dug out that issue and found the fairly long press story reproduced there from the local Amarillo papers (copy enclosed for your files). As you will note, David's parents are identified by initials there, and r ·found that they are still listed on Bluebonnet Drive. The call there netted his present Dallas telephone number, and I finally talked with him. Although forty minutes of telephone conversation did leave me with the impression that David and Charles Lightfoot trobably saw something come over their headS and move a ong at low altitude before continuing on its way, I got so many corrections and revisions to the story, and even a few internal contradictions within the telephone discussion, that I would be obliged to relegate this sighting to a very low status, at present. D. L. (David Lightfoot) said that yes, he remembered the incident quite well. However, he allowed that there "probably" had been quite a few exaggerations and embellishments in that account, due to his being at • an excitable age• back in 1950. I met all such initial remarks with enough cordial understanding that he slowly let down his hair quite a bit. He never came to the point of admitting that the whole thing had been embellished beyond all reason, but that's about what it came to.


Mr. Ted R. Bloecher March 5, 1970 Page Two He pointed out what is, I believe, an extenuating circumstance for the boyish embellishmentsr He wasn't going to say anything about it to anybody. However, his younger cousin, Charles Lightfoot, told about it back at home, whence c. L's mother called the paper, in order to net a "$5 news tip,• for her efforts. · It came out that the AmariZZo Ne~s-GZobe had a standing policy of paying $5 to anyone who phoned in a usable tip, and she was right in thinking that she had one. When the newsmen came around, D. L. evidently felt cornered, with an obligation to tell the newsmen a fancier tale (by reading between the lines). Without giving too lengthy an account of a case that probably doesn't warrant it, I'll just list, in summary form, some of the salient points that emerged as we pushed the topic back and forth over the phone: 1)

The object did not sail •only a few feet over the boys,• but moved along the middle of the river at what D. L. estimated to be an altitude of about 20 yards above the river. (Mind you, D. L. did not have hia original account before him, and hence was at the slight disadvantage of being unable to shade all of his present story to fit the original press version. Not having any desire to embarrass him, I did not, for many of these points, come back with a rejoinder that they were significant exaggerations. By not coercing him on these points, even though they were immediately apparent to me, I probably got far more net information from him than I would have, if I had begun to jump him on these matters.)


The object was never on t~e · groundl At one point in our conversation, he said that it came within "3-4 yards off the ground." A little later, perhaps recalling the way he told it in 1950, he said that maybe it was "1-2 feet off the ground."


He not only never touohed the object (1), he told me, but would judge that he never got closer than about 20 yards from it, after chasing it for some time.

22 Mr. Ted R. Bloecher March S, 1970 Page Three 4)

Evidently recalling, midway through our conversation, that he had told the newsmen in 1950 that he found it on the ground and grabbed it and had described it as smooth, he made some very vague allusion to the •tactile sensations• that he had mentioned and equated them, almost meaninglessly, to something about the ridge over which he had •jumped• just before spotting it. Don't expect me to straighten out that non sBquituPr it was a bit too embarrassing to ask him any questions about such a gross lie.


He volunteered no comment about having seen anything like a •plate on top• held by •some sort of screw or something in the middle.• I didn't ask him about that one either.


I queried him about the welts and irritation on his arms. He said that •maybe•, in their haste to get back home from the incident, they might have run through some nettles or other

weeds that caused the irritation& 7)

When I then asked him if there was, in fact, any •spray or flame•, he was again very vague, but said that maybe when he came up over the ridge, his foot might have kicked up some dust that was caught in the suri and gave him the illusion of spray in the region. (I guess I'd better enlarge on that, to the extent of remarking that, as he ·t old it, he must have run from the flood plain of the creek or river for a short distance and then climbed up over a very short erosional cliff, which was topped by what he called a plateau, but which I presume was some higher erosional surface. He referred more than once to •leaping over the ridge•, in context that implied nothing more than clambering over the top of this little clay cliff. I'm afraid we shall have to agree that process, even if executed by an energetic 12-year-old, just isn't going to kick up much dust. My strong suspicion is that there was nothing even remotely resembling spray or flame.)


Further weakening his credibility, he rather contradicted himself near the end of the long conversation in the following manner1 He indicated more than a casual interest in UFOs, after we had discussed this for some time.


Mr. Ted R, Bloecher March 5, 1970

Page Four Mind you, I never interjected any embarrassing charges concerning all of this, with the net effect that he never had to retreat completely from his 1950 story, a maneuver that was obviously not in his mind as we talked. ~fter I expressed some brief comments to the effect that I felt there might be so~ething to the UFO subject, out came a rather well developed space-animal discussion that· I could scarcely choke off, despite my concer,n for the rising telephone toll. That closing discourse on his part is relevant here, in that he tied it in to the belief that this spherical thing that sailed over their fishing spot might have been a space-animal which reacted in fright to his chasing it and emitted some kind of material that would be irritating to the skin. That is probably a revealinq indicator of how thoroughly adrift he was at that point, with respect to what was truth, what was imagination, and what was embellishment in 1950. But since he had suggested nettle welts at one juncture and had talked about kicking dust in the air at another, you can see why I was eager to get off the phone about that time. 9)

He described the Apherical object as yellowish or buff to me, whereas it was blue-gray back in 1950. This is of some significance because pilot balloons are typically a tan color, and the size and description that he gave me fit very closely the pilot balloon. I mentioned that to him, and he rebutted by saying that it didn't have any box hanging from it, as such balloons always do. I explained to him, without making too big a point of it, since this was early in the conversation, that radioaonde balloons have ooxes but pilot balloons do not.


He volunteered no remarks about any whirling motion or any whistling sound.


In the version that he gave me, the object had already whisked away to a trestle about a half mile distant, by the time that Pudgy (Charles) caught up with him, toppAd the small cliff, and was in a position to look at the ~eparting object. That means that · one really has virtually no confirmation from c. L. I certainly am not going to waste any money on trying to locate c. L. at this juncture.


Ted R. Bloecher March s, 1970 Page Five ~x.

Although the above tergiversations on the part of D. L. are sufficient to warrant suspicion that thev might not have seen any object at all, I'm just a bit inclined to the view that they may have seen something. I can't spell that out very clearly, but I think it is at least conceivable, following the press attention to UFOs in March 1950, that a 12-year-old boy co~l~ see something like a pibal, mistake it, blow it up in his comments to his young cousin that it was something much more significant, and then be stuck with a bad s~ory when the cousin's mother picks up five bucks by turning in a UFO news tip. In any event, I took a few minutes of time to query D. L. as to the relative location of the fishing site and the Amarillo airport. As I understood it, they wereat a site that was northwest of the airport. The airport was east of the city about a dozen miles, whereas they lived northeast of the city by about six miles. He stated to me that the object, when first sighted, came in out of the southeast, in a direction that would have been consistent with a balloon from the airport. As he told it to me, in fair agreement with his 1950 version, it changed direction near his location, and disappeared off into th~ northeast. This was evidently somewhere near noon, if the 1950 press account is correct. Back in 1950, radiosondes were released at 0900 and 2100 CST, but my records indicate that Amarillo was not a RAOB station, at least not in 1952. However, it released four pibals a day. But the release-times closest to noon were 0900 and 1500 CST. Presumably then, only the 0900 release could have been implicated, if the boys did see a balloon. A three-hour lag between releasetime and sighting of a wayward pibal is not very reasonable. Furthermore, checking such wind data as we have at hand, I find indication that the balloon would have headed out to the northeast at lower altitudes and then veered almost due eastward. There would be little chance for it to get back to a point that lay a half dozen miles northeast of the airport, consequently. Pinally, it would be rather unlikely in any event, for a pibal to develop just enough leak to come back down to ground and still have buoyancy enough to scoot along a short distance above the ground in a nearly horizontal path. n. L. made that observation himself, and it is, of course, reasonable. Hence, the "pibal explanation" really does not fit very well here. One can write off the whole sighting as untrustworthy, or he might speculate tha~ the boys saw some unconventional object that excited them, that they didn't understand, and that they built it into a story that contained so many exaqqerations and lies that the whole thing must be

25 Mr. Ted R. Bloecher March 5, 1970 Page Six

forgotten. Either way, I think that it will be advisable to remove the Lightfoot case fro~ the category of seemingly significant UFO reports. (xx.)

* .. • * (xx.) McDonald papers. University of Arizona at Tucson. Daivd Lightfoot folder.

~:lliunal ~ .. ~.''" fit.,.-,"//(), f~So 10 April.

''Not of this earth?" (See clipping from Newsweek)

12 April. Flying Saucers and Li 'LA bner.

· · ·. Thc,:e are sane and Sl' riO IIS higli Air. Force officers who'll solern nlv asse rt in pri va te convcrs;l tinn th a t the;· believe the fl ying saucers corn ~ fro m ~Jars, now a t its nearest poin t to e;nth .

The most popular comic strip in America at this time was AI Capp's Li'L Abner. Even Queen Elizabeth of England was said to be a big fan of the goings-on in a place called Dog Patch, U.S.A.



26 -?? -AH






THAT; TR!::MBLY.'=,..

A more obvious appearance offlying saucers in the comics would have been in Rick Yeager's strip Buck Rogers, but Yeager never thought interest in the objects would last. (xx.) (xx.) Johnson, De Wayne, Kenn Thomas, and David Childress. Flying Saucers Over Los Angeles. Adventures Unlimited Press: Kempton, Illinios, 1998. p.185. 12 April. Concern over "Anomalous phenomena." When General Carroll visited the 1Oth OSI at Kelly AFB, Texas, he asked that a summary of aerial phenomena reports in the district be sent to OSI HQ in Washington D.C. Why make the request in light ofthe results of project GRUDGE, unless he, or district commanders, suffered from a lack of confidence in the Air Force study? (See UFOs: A HISTORY 1950 April-July. pp.18-22) The 101h District Commander, Lt. Col. Schaller, forwarded 40 reports, and in his memo made special mention ofthe February 16, 1949, Los Alamos conference. (Conference on Green fireballs. See UFOs: A HISTORY 1949 January-June. pp.27-59) Col. Schaller asked that OSI HQ be made aware of the anomalous phenomena problem and suggested that a "coordinated scientific effort be made." Evidently the 101h CO did. not feel the 1949 conference qualified in that regard.

28 12 April. Luminous phenomena "explained." There is no evidence of a connection, but on the 12th Dr. Joseph Kaplan ofthe Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (one of the experts that attended the 1949 Green Fireball conference), submitted an "explanation" of the luminous phenomena reported over sensitive areas to the Advisory Board Chairman, Dr. Theodore Von Karman. Dr. Kaplan also submitted a recommendation that information on the problem not be released. To his letter to Von Karman, Dr. Kaplan attached a document authored by Dr.Lincoln LaPaz detailing sightings of"anomalous luminous phenomena" over the U.S. Southwest in the years 1948-49. Here is how Dr. Kaplan "explained" the phenomena: "In an excellent study of 'The Fireball of April 3, 1949' by John F. Heard, published in the Journal of the Astronomical Society of Canada, July-August 1949, it is pointed out that some of the observers are sure that they saw it from the beginning; and describe it as 'suddenly appearing,' rather than as appearing first as an ordinary shooting star. The time of flight was also distinctly slow and is estimated as between three and four seconds. This sudden appearance is described by La Paz in paragraph (5) of his letter and the duration estimates of between 2 and 3 seconds are mentioned in paragraph (7). In these respects at least the anomalous luminous phenomena do not disagree with an actually observed fireball. Also, the speeds re~orted in La Paz's paragraph (3) agree with the speed of the April 3 frreball. Furthermore, the colors ofthe April3 fireball varied from greenish-blue at the beginning of the path to orange at the end of the path. This also agrees with the reports on the anomalous luminous phenomena. It is seen therefore that the phenomena are not as 'anomalous' as Dr. La Paz's conclusions would indicate. "These characteristics of nocturnal fireballs which are anomalous, e.g., height and lack of sound, are ones which are difficult to observe without very careful instrumentation (height) or ones which do not necessarily mean that the object is not a meteor. The absence of persistent trains could be explained if these turn out to be low level meteors." (xx.) (xx.) Memorandum for: Dr. Theodore von Karman, Chairman, Scientific Advisory Board. Subject: Anomalous Luminous Phenomena. From: Dr. J. Kaplan, Member, Scientific Advisory Board. 12 April 50. p.5. Control# NND 841508. Copy in author's files. Dr. Kaplan did have one reservation: "The anomalous daytime incidents are completely baffling. No meteor would persist for a time as long as thirty minutes." (xx.) Dr. La Paz claimed a daytime observation on March 27, 1949 "lasted more than half an hour." While Dr. Kaplan refers to incident(s), he only remarks about one. La Paz mentions another daytime sighting on February 17, 1949, which lasted seven minutes. Not only does Dr. Kaplan chose to ignore the February 17th incident, which one has to admit is impressive, he also fails to address La Paz's statement which tell us both objects were: " ... able to maneuver, i.e., to turn and climb in a manner impossible to a genuine meteorite." [!] (xx.) (xx.) Ibid. (xx.) Ibid.

29 Dr. Kaplan's conclusions and "other comments." He wrote: "The interpretation of these phenomena and other comments. "At the present writing, with the information available up to 1 January 1950, this writer concludes that the nocturnal phenomena is a natural one and that the green frreballs are meteors. The Geophysical Research Laboratory of the Air Force is coordinating and participating in a well thought.out observational program in New Mexico (White Sands) which will attemptto observe heights, speeds, ionization and other properties ofthe phenomenon." (:xx.) (xx.) Ibid.

Who needs project GRUDGE? Dr. Kaplan's "other comments." He wrote: "Recommendations regarding the release ofthis information. "It was pointed out that the Air Force Geophysical Research Laboratory and other agencies are carrying out a coordinated observing program on these luminous phenomena. Since this work is located in the neighborhood of extremely important military and atomic energy installations, it seems to be desirable not to release information at this time. I believe that as soon as the identification of the nocturnal fireballs has been completed and, as I believe these turn out to be meteors [meteors that maneuver?], the Air Force should release the story." (xx.) (xx.) Ibid. 13 April. Near Monterey, California. (6:35p.m.) ~onhrey ( :Js.lif'.)




Peninsula H-arald, Friday, April 14, 1950


p. 11


He re 1 s another one! ?aseengere on the i)$1 }l~nh li'ly-9r heading for .vtonterey s.t S:)5 p.:r,. last night (4/l.,) epothd what looke like the lateet flying eauoer to be nported in thh area. 11

A. circuh.r object, definitely an aircraft, '' '~~~·as the way ono of the

observers, A. 3. 3s.ldwin, of' )>:0nterey, de1cribed the object. !'he craft se•med to follo~ the train for nearly ten minutes, 3aldw1n eaid, bofore aaeumin ~ a ~ II c:;, zig-zag cour1e ~ment&rily and then heading out to .. a at a epeed estimated between 700 •nd 1,000 miles per hour. A trav.ling eleetrioal eog1n . . r with over )00,000 air mil~e behind him 1n tho last three yean, 3aldv1n et.1d the pueengen agreed that tbe objeot

30 •aa nothing suoh ae any of them had eeen before. •we f1rat sighted the oraf't wher: we were between ilateonTille md Outrovtlle," Bald•in said. •Although t 'he train •aa ~moving at only ~bout 2.5 milu an hour at that time, the object seetDed to follow us at th• ~edge of the oceall, flyin g 11t an altiti.lde of b.atween two and ,,000 feet. It changed oo urte and di n ppe ared wh
rno craft waa estimated to be between ,0 a.od 40 feet in diameter. P asaengere notified the ,-.l.on terey sheriff'• 1ubstation and the Navy Auxiliary ~ir Station upon t~ir arrival . h avy ph.n•• on ~routine fl i ght.~ did not. report si g hting th• object, however. OILL/I'B

16 April. Near Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. (dusk) "Giant whirling smoke ring."

(See below)

Hamilton (Ont.) §_peohtor, Monday, April 17, 1950


GIANT wHIRLl NG SMOKE: RING SH;EN HIGH O~R CITY Reported 1'raveling at fremendoue Speed A giant whirling amoke ring flaehed across the horizon in Hamilton at duek yesterday (4/16) according to several pereons. The ring disappeared in the genersl direction of Niagara FalliS, they said. Howard Scott, 1543 Barton street ea.at, said he noticed the ring while driving !lerose the Beach etrip. "It looked black and about 200 yarde in diameter. But when I stopped the color changed to a bluish-white and then it disappeared over the horizon,• he said. ~It wae traveling at tremendous speed." He stated that the ring looked flat, that he could not eee any depth 1 to it. ~I trhd to eoe stare through the center of it but I didn t have any luck," he said. Robert Henderson, Aberdeen road, 3~amaville, with three others, was driving towards Hamilton laet night (4/16) just after sunset when they noticed what ~ p peared to be a huge sepia smoke rin g in the ai~ to their right. '1 It resembled a large bicycle tire . on its side, said Mr. Henderso n . ~It ata.yed in the sky about four minutee and then corr.pletely disappeared. It seemed about a mi l8 up in the sky. • DI LL/r'S

31 16 April.

Ludlow, Massachusetts. (10:30 a.m.)

S}fF'IN! Silvery disc with gaseous tail. (See right)





7? April. Pepperwood, California. (daytime) Saucer-shaped object circles in the sky. (See below)

20 April. Houston, Texas. (4:15a.m.)


Earl Grant

"Suddenly shot up." (See below)






·., ;; '

Say~ . It Wasn't

· Pla·n~, Balloon, Meteor or ·~opter


Saucer Sighted · At P P. p perwood A "'flylnr sauc~r" wu seen by lhrre prr•ons at PePl>en>o"ood last wrr"K. lhrr have reported to . lhe llurnbol
Fn.nk Ecterer or I'ep~...,.ood repona that he was bulldlnr a chicken hotue when be uw t.he '"'flection or sornrthlnr ln the •kr on t.ho uflrr-s. Looklnr up. he a atranre,. dbk-sbaped


ob)!!"CI anrl ralird hl< wlCe and rntr.hrr. T~dhtr, the ... thrr~ l'er:lons \\'lkhcd the . ob}~d clrcln~: for about f!ve mlno~. then It dlur>'PCO.ted to the northea.•!, lf'!lwllnr · at a lerTlrlc' speed. · "'ll was

;J,vshN ~)

' t

Ct.:Jr/:J~ 7 idp~, / z.o f9.nJ ' ___ ...... .! . . .. 1Moon?

No! That Was Just Another !~ Flying· Saucer · ! - -- -- - - - - -- -- - - ---

l. . . drfln~IY

not an a.Jrplane." F.t"~rr.r oto.'tes. "'The day " '>.< d""r and the object plainly

Erreror . s3ld that he conld · not esllmalo ·lhe heiA'ht at which ..

the obJect wu Oylnr. and that ll ltft no tnll< of vapor behind · ll.

Eureka, California.

The Humbolt Times. 17 April

Chalk l.IP anotl;icr. fi•·In~o: ~liU('t>r rePQI"l for Greater j:>r•rin~;rlelci, th i11 tltlle !1·om a man who )·. _._~arl Gi·ant .\.Iiller St .. Ludlow, on ~ tlut.v 'YeHtercJa'r about 10.30 R. m. at the ni.a tt: flr'} ob>~en·a tion (ow er atop )dlnne chaut,' )1ou.n taln near !led .Bridge in Lu.
- ·- · -·-· · · - · .


.. .

A HClu,tnn mech~nic thnu~:ht he ' ! wns lnnkin.t: nt the- moon. .a;Hiv . :• Thur,cia.v mnrnin~:. but it turncci , ou't tt'l be a fl .1·in ~; ·,aur<'r--:h the ~kic~. throwin~; off ~parks 1\S it

!I · nc<'i. . . il W. C .




~ll.!IL .




Wa~chetl · H( ~PHn Mluute" , WhaL'l! more, ).~r. · Gr ·ant said he wa'tc.hed the strinJ>~' object ~full,· o;eYen m inutes kr'or.o it d isappera;l out u! si&ht · high i ~ ,the ,;ky. ."lt · deflniteh · y,:a,; I)Ot an ait ·pla n•:, or a. balloon, or <1 heli<:Ojlter <\1· . anythin~ 1 ha\'e eYcl· setin be(orc," he bflld. "'.l -\i.·ouldn ' t ' swear it was a fl;ing ~tice1·, ·but ... H .there ·ar e. ~u~b thlngs, . what' l .' liaw <.leflnitely · was one," - h·e 'said. ' l' )dr. Gnint ~alu h.e first· noticed the disc-shaped . opject's r efleniun i n th£· sun. ,\:; he Joolj,ed . ur, he said, he .saw the object . mol·in& veT:; slow!;, at · ~oeEid much ; le~R than ' the .norma4 llpeeds of ~irpl~nes h.: · is ilL' · cu:;tomed >to seetne· from ·nC'a,!'i)y \VPlHover .\ir ·: };<"{)i'c e l:la~P.. · lt appeared Ln be a.s liu;ge . as ·e.. big- ail·plane. perCecllr royn· dis;lp-


2n. of 3710 " HagP, who works nt the Gcor~r. ·• E;--F';li ling-Suppty · compan~·~- 3G 11' :·· Cnlhoun, wa~ in the cirivr.way o! · ·. '·the firm about 4:15a.m . Thur~day ::. when he noticrrl R bricht objcc~ ;·in the · sky, "about whr.rr Tr.\e1 phone Rend and the Old Spanish ~TrAil arc." . l He · to lei reporter~ he at iir~t , !. thought it . was ·the moon. but ! then rcrnllcd the mn<'n hnd _a!- ' ~ rearly ·' ~one down. ·" Bcsicics, · it : ~ wasn't · .bright cnou~:h tn be the ' ,• moon," Mr. Eil~tcrlin.l! ndded. .: He 'cnllcd the nightwatchman . . ShiVe Dobo~. anrl iu~t ns Mr. Dobo~ · nrrlvcd, the object, ullmntrd 11t nbout .aooo !cct h igh . "•udrlcnl .v shot upwnrd at n ~5-der:rcc angle. mal--·~, ·





18 April. Pullman, Washington. (1 0:30) PulllHD (Wub.) Herald, ' k!S'l'ERIOUJ



4prtl 21, 1~


l'P• 1 ~ 21

Ut.oi:RS 1 SitU O'nR PULIJ.U.N

atranr Objeoh hen lc Weird )(aneunn, rht12 V'auilb

'l'ku·•• objeoh in th, elcy ihtt· thr.. w1 b t t M I believt were •o• type et 'fly1.ng dhlc• ~re '"" about 101,0 ru..dq t110rning (4/18)cirol1nc onr Mtl1h.17 Hill and reaaintd 1n n.. light tor Ul uUmated aix to Mven ll.inutu. Tbe three to ••• the 1 uuoere 1 an Mra. Rolland L. Soule, wit• ot a wao 1n•tructor in pol1ct ICitnotJ Mre. o. T. rea-btr•toae, · witw of WSO'• ooordinator ot .,.teri!Jla 1 a.tfaireJ and I... J, P'reDo, ot B111tt)gl, tl.ontana., fathtr ot Mre. '•atbtretone who returned to Mcniaca ~dn. . dar .iter a viait to Pullman. The Sou.lu l1n at 1604 l'iek ann~» while the futheratonu an juet next door at 1606 P'ttlc. .Th• two wi.,.l b'" a 1tacding c:uatom, when tbe wtatbtr and their 1ohtdulu penrl t, of clrinldnr ooff. . · t.o.-ther tn the &ack yard d at llli d-110 rn1 ng. · firat to tee the obj.ah wu 1&-. fri'IIIO, wbo oolii1Dtnhd& 1What an tboM lei \u t• .Ul thr.. tMn uw what ftrat .. rt ahtalc•n for dia\ant paper or cardboard objeota, •o~wbat dark in appearanot againat th• sky, travel1nl yery low and rut, but trrati cally, anti ooii1Jll in over tho iJSO oampue h~adin£ nor1b. It w. . soon obviou• by the l~d and th• appar•ntly controlled natwoe ot their pro£T881 tbat the Wind did not Ill~ to be tht C~UilO of the phenomena, and the objoota, the trio at;reed, lacked the hill of lcitu. At tb.at hour, ~mltll tO. lc1te-rlying were done by truanta, lei ttl did not , . .m to the11 to be the aoawr. Tb• •nthralltd tptotatora the~ aaw tht two Eite-11ko objeo\1 gain in altitude and join a third objoot in th• eky that the watchers b.d not prt1iou.l7 ob .. rTtd. Thit third movin~ object •••~•~ \Q ~ally 1~ 1;, ~onor~l ~•1Qftp~l9Q w1\b tht more ()Onnntioaal dtscription of 1 tlyicg uu~re,~ u reported ehewhlre. U Hemed to be oiroular in ahape and to but a du.lltr and•ahiny aide. ,.. it did •barrel rl)ll" :uneuvtre aHtrnately \be obj1et would glieteo in th• sUD11ght. '!'he thrn objsch thon ~•t, a.ppuently, j;;a~ onr ;.;i 11 tary Hill, perbape a little on the north side, toward Oolt~. !'hr.. tim• the three aerial object• aade hugo elliptical :uneuvere in the 1ky, the two 11dtes" mov1ne a little apart fro:ll the "u.u~r· and ttwn tho tbne rejoinin& at the ted of •~oh pattern. The laat aeeQ of th• three objeo~· round the '•auotrs streaking aW&7 to the nor\h at bigh epeed with on• or tbo 1 kitt1 1 brtalcing awar to depart rap1417 into tht diatanoe aouthward at abolrt the UM ti!N. All had b.. n climbing at the clo81 of their rlaib1l1ty and the watohln aillply loat trs.clc of tbo .. oond 1 1dte,• whioh d1uppeartd ahortly ther•a!'ter, but tbt watohtro do oot know in what d1not1on. Erfort• of the trio to get ooat1rmat1on fro3 ~thsre •• to what they had jointly •••n prond fruitleu. Wh1o they tint uw the ~\citn" they joked di.belieTingly about their bting flTing uueera, but doubt turned to belief u they watched.

However, their as&uranc• wu jarred • little when a neighbor woman,

hanging out cloth. . , ulctd thtll what the7 wen at .ring tt 7 'rben th•;y explained, ahe looked upward and uid& •oh, tholl •" two o1rda up there!• !hey explained that they could e•• tbe bird• also, but by th111 time tha uueen were 10 high ae not to be euily looated, and ah• (the nei,bbor WQaan) ret1r9d to her hous• 10_.. what diebtlieringly. After the objeote had betn in Tiev long enough tar wonder to obang• to actioo, kn. Soule eallod her hutband at the ISO police ucience ll!ld adlllin1staat1on office aekicg hi~ to take hi~ binocular• and aeo what he could aeo from Ooll•rt Hill. He lltld othore went out fro?L )o!orrill ball, but their search of the elcite

:.:re. ::io;;le co=8nts '!, :; ,. t ~ ~~ · i ::ddent '1[ 9Vt ::~o on~ o:' t h etran[9 st t'u l i rlf '!l poteiblt. • Sho regret• that ehe did not try . to use t h a c!Ui:era whio h was already loadtd with Nlm and wu in tht Soule but~~ant. Any tut•.lre Bighting, uhe will certainly pla.n to rteord on film, althou!;h she is no txpert at u•• of the ouaera which 11 on• her hueband u.. a for e :~-ocial1Md wcr\r.:.

33 20 April. Lufkin, Texas. (about 9:00p.m.)

Lufkin (rexu) .New,, 7M.day, Apr11 ·21, 1950

P• 11

Twenty eight yu.r old Jack Robnteon of 1206 Briarwood





(!n flou~ton, llil ob3•ot e1~1lar in a.ppe~ranco &nd actions wu lighted by \wo men who didn't "believe ~o !."lying 1auoera.• :'hey nid thoy aaw the thing o"r S:>uth !>\~tin Street (early on '4/20--tet euterling-~boa caee eluwhere--1'8),) '. r . Robert son 11 a &raduate of the '!hi vereity of r~x:ae and 1 tJ a r~tg1 stered phsr.r.,.ctet .• . !1~ 11 part-owner of i Lu.t'ldn drugatoro, is !llarried a.md hae thrH. children,' !'lt hu h!ld·only on• flylqg •xl>erience, !nd that •ae in a private piane, Rob$rteon .wa!l drl. vtn~; 'Illest on llighw~ 94 io hie 191~2 l'llOdel ndan. l:io w.. about nine ~il•e from Lufkin when he auddenly spotted the object flying down ~he h!zhway baforo h111l about 2JO yarda o(! t~o gro1.11d. 'It ap?oared to ba going; about the aatr.l spud 1 wu,:" he B.' !.id, He .WU ,' g.1)~ng about 40 milos!l ao how-. •1 will! aeared to deat;,,d the pbanuciet oonf'tesed. p\llhd over tot~ side ot the road e.td -topped, !tWn .I 'got 'out or the car and cr!lwled up on t~ !'endcr to get • bet.t er, look." ' ' ·:


iiHo the tr11ng ' carr
eu: p l,.:ned.



It S'J- d -~;_;:-~"


etn ::,.~



2Jg c~k

down .tb
cl:;,ee tnought :to to~Joh.


abov• Um f'"Jr only a



"7he bott0m wss only about 12

,.,.conde befon it toolt ot'f at about a

"It rnad6 a whooehing roar whdn it took off'," assa:rt.od Rob•naon,

an:J a ~':o'lfer o~ apar:O:a t'ltl'lf ::'1·om what ~ fur the greebr ;nll·t or the cay, hurdly P"Nr gttting out in the sunsht~e •. • ·. rhat! 1 !Il w c r:derin~ 'l~out il!' whethe-r lt.!1ybody e1ao ee.w the thing," aa,ye .~.o~ ·! r t a or. . " J r.ovJ:- ea'ol 0 ·, , .:; ltf':.Jre, ; t'·iOv&ht thay _ '>N :~ " l-.e.llucinati -JOB, Juot •• o~r":- :>e:~l" htH
;:;ots 5~ ba~toT of t ::pc d a c count« !'roc: ~J.H, ,• Luf'ki" librariw ·. d:o ana~r• d tr;e ~~, (·uir :,•l •; t''. ir: :~ p) o~,;,::ht tc ·kno"" t r,blt :: 1w~ 9L. ~~~the bi.~hway to i from a 'wet, c o ·,r. ty. 'M: cllll i~ ~•.ha: old dnm;.:' hi.:;r.JIIly. ')ur couoty i .e dry and ;>eople hsvo to go a :' t~Jr thd r wr.iak•:,· oc 94. 1 --re) DlLL/rB

35 27 April.

Manning/ Adickes airliner encounter.

Dr. James McDonald investigates:

. January 11, 1968 Robert · F. ' Manning 3230 Merrill Drive ' .~ · Torrance; . california; 90503


Dear Mr. Manning: After getting your letter . of October 23, I decided to hold off replying until · ! had a chance to talk to Capt' ~ Adickes ~ Between his schedule and mine, it wasn It until yesterday· that I finally located him by phone and talked over the April 27, 19so; sighting.


,;. • . • ~ -

- • -·

.' .



. ••

,; i. .


rt ·was very kind of you to type up the copy of the notes. you made right after the incident,· so that I can have a copy in· my files :,· . Th'e re . were several points that we had not covered in our discussions, and I am very pleased to have that for reference use. The account ~at Capt. Adickes gave me confirms all of the salient features of the sighting. A difference in shape that you and he ascribed to the glowing object in your earliest accounts appears to persist until today. He still recalls it as round, when seen in side-view while it was pacing your DC-3, but vertically elongated (like a wheel seen rolling down the street from ahead or behind) when it veered off to the north. Obviously, under conditions like that, complete coincidence of all features of the report is scarcely to be expected. Capt. Adickes .made a strong point of the abrupt turn that the object made as he banked and attempted to close on it. He described it as a completely sharp-angle turn, as if it were a non-inertial object. I

asked him if he was ever personally interviewed by

the Air Force on the sighting, and he indicated that he

was. He said that a man who represented himself as an Air Force general came to his New York home about three months after the incident and spent several hours interviewing him there. The man brought a file of photos which Adickes described as •interesting", all of them of objects photographed at night, some with infrared film. The official Air Force explanation of your sighting, at least as of a date of about 1954, was that this was an

34 20 April. Klamath Falls, Oregon. (2:03? p.m.) Klamt\th ralla (Or.g. ) Herald !J}d Newt, ·ruu,


April 25, 1950

P• ls

Dorrie . :..-tho paper had barely ,one \o P"lll yeeterday afternoon, ehortly af'ter two o 1 olook, when our good friend Hury ii:ngl1eb of Dorrie called witb a bit of ohoioe newe. Not ace, not two--but .. Tin ~lying Sauoera--wer• ob.-rved by ~nglieh and at haet eeven other peraone at a few lllinut11 after two o 'cloolc (4/24). fligh oHrhead, (~glieh aa1d t~ Sauoer1 appe.u-.d to be 9.bout 8,000 feet up), the IITin d1IDS-e1ze eilnr blob• floate1 uucily overhead and than streaked out of 1ight in nothing flat. Allo in t h• groupe "'as a brown-like square objeot whioh the obee~re thought 111gbt hav• been a piece o: paper toned into the ataLOephsr.. 3ut they waren 1 t taken in by the square oht.rlk in the air but thl 1ilnr objeotl bad them aoratohing their poor head I .

Harry S:ngl1eh 15 a man not euily tano in. il'or yaau he headed the plant in1peotion atation at Dorris and he oould tell a peat a mile oft. Siooe hie retirellleot s. couple years a go, :ilglish Httled down at the Golden 3eu, ,00 yard• south or the b ug station, 9.nd it wu there yeehrday a.rternoon t h at he ob1erT1d the Flying Tvo truc k dri nre are baolc1og S:ngliah in n11 ob11na't iona of the S!luoere and no argument, When l'h" Haral d a.l"ld .Newa oalled the airport tr!lffio tower lhortly a.fter !l:ngli &h 1 s report, 1 t wu eugguted that tho obaen-er gin a ~od look ak~ard to ne if the llll.lGtTi wtrt vitH> l e, With good humor, the ol:leerv.r took one good look and gulped 1 " 'lr ell, darnod if I do n 1 t 1111 one mcx ri g ht now! " :: ow th,re you h11ve it. i<~n11 p aper people, used to h arln e t hin s s ha p pen ri gr t in our o'tf!l b !lclc yard in the
Note the fear of the Photographer in regards to the Army.


Boi~e, Irlaho, Saturday Mo~ning, April 22·, 1950 . '



Oregon Man .·. ·~ Talces Photo ..· Of 'Sauc~·~.' , . · ~.

I!A L EM, Ore. !A'I-An llmateur photognphor h .. ll picture o! Whllt he a.a y t l ~ a. fly ing II&Uctr. Thr Orego n Slllt .. man printed It ~· r id a y , but without aa.vlnK Jt wa.a or I t w'a n't. It ah ows up a r ound


in t h e ak v.

T ho p hotog raphu, ~d Herrman o C Paa<:o, Waah ., offered tt t o lh• llCWll p aper throui'h a trlend who uld Herr m an clld not W\Z\t to t.alk to r-c-p orten.


Dis cs Sighted i~ gr\~ n ~ SO_ . .§Al_QON , Ap ril . 2~f.;{A P) :-F l y i n ~

~were repor ·: d today--in-tlfe skies o v e r In do -C n 8. F ive Frenchmen , i nclud ina fi cers, sa id t ey saw a lum inou s dis c whi zzin g ea stw ard at great s peed . c_~ J ' ) . '-, . - - /



27 April.


Mr. Robert F. Manning January 11, 1968 Page Two effect of the glow of blast furnaces ·reflecting off a haze layer. When I mentioned that to Capt. Adickes, he was emphatic in regarding that as quite unreasonable. In looking over my notes based on my telephone conversation with you, I do not seem to find any remarks on that "explanation." I would assume that you would not regard that as very reasonable eithe·r, in view of the appreciable angular motions that you described, I have recently been commercial airline pilots well-known UFO sightings. talks to a number of such up to a rather impressive solution.

talking with several other who have been involved in I must say that. when one reliable witnesses, it adds picture that cries for early

Thanks again for your help. Sincerely yours,

James E. McDonald JEM/msr


(xx.) ,

Dr. James McDonald papers. Special Collections Division. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

37 27 April.

October 23, 1967 rorr•noe,C&li!ornia

E. ~ cDo n ald f h ~ U niv~r.sity Of Arizdn• I n st i tut~ a! Atrnosoherio Phyiics ru c5on, Arizon• . J~mes

I wish to apol6giz~ for not sen~in g t his l~tter to you but l ·h 01.c1 to go bac k t0 r)l)r Horpe O!!i0e !0r a11 impro mptu


m ~eti '1 8·


o llQ"ing is • copy of the nates th01.t I rn~de at the Hotel in Uhica3o, ~!t~r our Fli3ht termination, t~e th e sighting;

fh ~ f ~rQdo

ni~h t


April 27, 1950 nt a pp roximately ?.0?. 4C , ~hil~ !lying at an altit u~ e ~! 2500 !.eet tiind in « p9.'5i tion ju~t ::>outh of South Bent) I n diana ; I l oo Ke d b«c k to the ri e ht «nd s•~ an object on ~ rel«tive bearing of • b out 150 d egrees and ju~t «bout on the Hori z ~n. It "•~ h emi sp herictiil in •h•pe «l'l d ~•s Qf « gloning red color. It n~s ~i ffi i l ~r in « pp e~r«nce to ~ rising bloQd r~d moon, and appeared to be clo~ing with us ~t a relatively slon rate of con v er~enc~. I ··•at ch ed its «pproctch tor about tl'll3 rLinute8,trying to d eter!Dine ~ ha t it might be. I then attracted Adic k es' attention to the o b jec t .o.~5king h im 7Vh«t he t h•ught it ·"'as. He r0o1.n g for ou r l-le!'!te!'l!! , !} l or~~ R e n gh~w &nd 9 oi n t~~ it out to her . ~t th~t tim~ th~ obj ect ~~s ~t 0o1 rel~tive be~rine . o f about 100 d~gr~es ~ n d sli gh t l y lo"er th ~ n ~ e N~ r e. I t n~s s~~ m ing l y hol ~ in 3 i t s ~ ositi o n re l ative to u s , ;o oou t ,J ne n o;lf mile ~ ·'1 -.y. M.rlicl<~s t h ~ n s~nt t h ~ Ho5>t ess • ft to ~ l ~r t t h~ ~ ~ss•ngers s o th ~t th~ y m i ~h t s~~ it. n~ th ~ n rn ~d~ a ri:!lH tu r n to r:tternpt tn c l ose ~¥ith i t to i •ienti!y i t. A ~ >'U! t~rn ~ rl :h ~ ohj ~ ct s ~· rn·r1 to v ~er ~~~ y !rnm us i n u riir e c t inn just ~e st of ~orth , t o ~ rlr rl th ~ ~i r ~o rt ~re a o! South ~ en 1 . It s~e m ~ d t~ n ~~ c · nd ~ s i t i ncr ea s • d it s v~l ncity dl'"Jrl ~ ith in ~ !e ~ minu t e s it "' '"'s lost t:Y our :si 8h t. Fro~ JU s t ~ f te r th~ ti me 0f f i rs t s i B~t in~ unt i l it disa p9 e~ r e rl fr om vie~ it ~~ s b ela~ t h e Hori zon. Th e ~ l o~in~ col or or th e o bj ect wa~ ai mi l• r to t h ~ g l~r~ of a r ~!i n <' :cv st.; ok . ·'le l'lere crui ~ i n<>: ;ot :.. bout l .SI) mil~ s ') "' ' hour ~'" ~ ~. .: r"::: oeed 01nrl If": we r e h ·~ lo .., :i br·,k~ Yl th i'1 o v ~ ·!'cas t th '! ba~~ 0f .-. h i ch·~ ~s ~b ~ u t 4500 fe~ t . Yi~i b ili tj "a s u n ~ '!~ trict e d .

If I t o c • ll un

o. n b e o f an] ! u rth ": r

~ ss ist a n 0e

~ l~• s e

f e-: 1



.3incl!rely y ou rs,

·~k7q~ Ro b ert F . M a nn i n~ 32 30 Ne~ri ll Dri v~ Torrwnc e, U• l i!orn i a, 9050j 213 - 320 - 5J5C3

38 28 April. Grants Pass, Orgeon. (Morning) "Headed straight upwards." (See below) Granh Pau (Oreg.) .Q!Uy Cour1er, Friday, April 28, 1950

P• 1'

Grant• Paea ean now take ita place with Klamath Palls and other pointe 1n the state where supposed flying-saucer obaerYation~ have b .. n made recently. A h~lf dozen men at the Granta Paaa airport, inelading several with flying experience, report they watched a 11 aauoer" for 20 minute• this liiOrning (4/28) • .\t tention had been at trachd skyward by . a fo ur-engi ned bomber fairly high, airport Manager Fred Hale aaid. Far above the bomber waa a disk-shaped, eilvery object which tho men watched. Rale, buet at hia aerY1ee station, did not join the watohere, he said . A. G. Hayes, fonnerly of Glendale, who declared he was an eye-Witneu, eaid the object appeared to be 1 f1ve timee as high ae the bomber." 3y checking the object a g ainst the corner of tile a building \be observers established that the objeot moved hoaizontally for a oonaiderable period, and then finally headed straight upward• and out of eight, Hayee eaid. OlLL/rn

28 April. Klamath Falls, Oregon. (7:50a.m.) "Was just sitting there." Klamath Palla (Oreg.) Herald and Newa, Friday, April 28,



;;wo GIRLS R::; iuRr S AUCE R SIGHTING The day' e only fl ying Sll$lcer report came from a oouple of high achool

girle this lliOrning ( 4/28 ) . C:orinne Gheller, 16, e.nd Clydene 3ouaman, 15, told the Herald and Newo t he y saw sn objeot in the sky northwest of town at 7150 a.m. while they were walkin g to school. The objeot, big and shiny, ~wa.e just sitting tbeTO,~ t.he girle ss.id, when they firs t spo ~. ted it. Af'ter a few eeoonde, it eped &way, out of eight, to the north. It vea in view about ,0 seconda, they said. DlLL/l'B

26 April. Brisbane, California. (4:20p.m.)

Did Saucers . Cause SF . . ? \ Expl OStOlt

Dut whlrlln' In the wake ol the un&Hn . jol~ were !lylnr UU<'fn. For lnstan«• .Joha Bnnln, ~9. or auburbon Brisbane r01>0rts that when he tell .the ,blut he and • IS-rear-old IChool bor. BUI Emmelt, ·were wotchtcc t'I'O alum!num ob)ectschue ·ucli otber bleb


"Looked like planes fighting ." (See right)

'• •

. • SAN FRANCISCO, April ln the aky ·' · · 1 2. 7-(AP)-A myctenoua n:· ••kuw · ·,.pi a..,. •· 'Wa'O "' doa•t 1 •1plooion Wednesda,. rocked bat Ullaa...; We partJ of San Francisco and the oaw tb ... two th!Dro ud " two •1immediate peninrula area to rtnat.l or aaoke-bnnr11. llkt the oouth. It wu real enourh. J'11IWIIOI
: I

: says the anned services mllit.a.ry ' ln!ormaUon servke.

1. .


a brUlitnt llcht In th• dry that •ppcared to be ovt-f' ·Mo!!elt TJeld

Tho only thlnt ortlclal oourtea · -a mlll!Jiry lnslolloUon. I!& uld · are O

Previously two other · o!flc•nl who thourht thtY had ••en !lylnr saucc.n agT~ that !hoy proba bl)o nrt looklnr at a planet; Commentod orricer c..cr. They weren't looklnc at the some objeod,


28 April. Chicago, Illinios. (night) Circling phosphorescent discs. " (See below) South Bend (lnd.) l'd.bum, ~uoday Morning, April




I'wo Chi o~go an s Re P.2 rt Ob liD ln Chioa.gt, two ob&erv•r• reported flying uuoers •oruiein.gN at 200 milee an hour over that city .!"rida.y night (4/28). !.S. :)oott uid he saw two 'phoaphoreto'ent di seen ci rcl1ng in a northerly direotion at an ~ltitude of 2,000 teet. He n1 d he we.tehed the bluish-white di ace, which htld an wexhaufJt '' and were about 50 feet in dis.meter, t.mt11 none just diu.p!'3ered and the othe r went out like a light. " Cab driver Clarence Nakin report•d ho ea.w two dieoe circling each other in the sky at two different northside locationt. ~; !lkin said he stoppod a man ~d two g1 rle and thoy taw t~ diaoa, too.

30 April. Taneytown, Maryland. (no time) Big pinwheel "evaporates." (See right)

Not Missing Saucers

fu!p.g Saucer_~. Laid To GuTded ·-Missiles /~ -

t: - (

MI AM I B EACH, , Ma y 1 ,: (AP)-'Kenneth De Co urcy,' -ectHor o r the London Intelligence Digest, believes tha t the so-c alle ci "fty m g sa ucers" are actua ll y the "spe nt ca r tridges" of- gui ded missil es C (,/(:_. ::..'-. , He to ld the Mtami 8 ~ach r otar y club th a t the U.S. ) i worki n g a t top speed on gu ided missiles. H e cited reports of "flyi ng sau cers" as e vidence of this,·activ ,ty . De Co urcy said Russia is well along in both the guided-missile and submarine b ranches of modern warfare, a nd has a lr eady outstripped the U.S. in the development of submarine powe r .


DEN TON, T ex ., May 6.-lll'l- ' M e mbers of the Tro jan fr aternity · at N orth Tex a s S tate C ollege 1wan ted to make certain .no flying ~ saucers passed over tow n un- ' n oticed. So they set up a flyin.g : :saucer ob ser v atwn post on the : iroof of t he house. i


Oakland Tr\ btine S/'!/'50

St~~n~c . Qbjc~~ 1, ····:_ J~cf.orl~(~ In Sky .: , J ··)






3~ (~~ ;




Tan,e to , n, !vfd., -:\Prll The wl1e c)( a Methodist m l n~Uer ioday~'old.'i or neelnc a atrar\a ob· jed ~lri L pu[l-.er home at rut ap7: oai OYH 'I nel&hbor•., arn, . an " ·~rate." I . . 1. I r t. lr, ne Lovr- :~ld the o~Ject wu ,' loyely light hade oC blue" and I r~mlnded her I ''bi& IPin· whci!!H ' She ~d she uw It ~rom a h tiome alter he ~rln& a roa 1ng 1nole over the hous~ . · "A ftr.t 1 lh llihl It \ wa~ an air·. plan ftylni 1o1,'~ ahe reported; M 1 L
wlrtp.w et

lht • rn ~r an -.djolnlnK tarrrl, lwo bloc


Fra ford mor Ta!'l

a-..Tay, thin dl.sappeare~. . Il l the ;..ue · ol the I Rev! c I ,If. Love~ pastor or the Ox r Fhodlsl l Church In IBaltl,. , • al::i(Jul 40 ;muea aoutheasl o~ to.JJn, 1 ~ I -

40 ? April.

Wright Field says recent saucer "publicity" does not change policy. (See below)

''t ·""I


.... !orn-!OR....m::uM FOR RECORD


1. To prepare a reply to B&R received from Office of Special Luveet1gat1ona, IG, relative to collection. requirement• on unconventional aerial objects and phenomena.

JACTS AND DISCUSSION: 2. OSI Diltrict O:t'ficee have been :t'orwardincllflTing l&ucer• report• iA complia.Ace vi th llr Intelligence Requirement. Memorandum No. 4, subject •unconventional Aircraft•, dated 15 Jebruar,r 1949. Tnie memorandum baa been cancelled b7 Department of tbl Air Joroe, Rq. USAF letter, subject •Reporting of Information on Unconventional Aircraft", dated 1~ Jauu&r1 1950.

Although the special memorandum for "flying saucer" re~orts is AFCS! continues to receive reports, which &re mainly duplicates of t!le Nflying saucer" incidents receiving prominence b thP. :?re ss. 3,


4. Reply to B&R has been prepared calling attention to policy set forth in Department of the Air Force, Rq. USAF letter, subject NRe?orting of Information on Unconventional Aircraft",and stating that nothing in the recent flood of "flying saucer" -;JUblici ty changes thco.t policy. ACTION ro<:CQM!.
.A.pp ro vs.l, s ~.e;na ture e.n d f o rwarC.i~.







May 4 May. Air Force Intelligence abandons "green fireball" observations. (See below)

-·~~~·The ~~green- iireb&J.lo. cat..g~

ot1 _:: .


does not come within the s~o.P~ ~t inteD.ig~ce inten•~ . B&R from tne p).r,e.'~o:ft' Gt ~~~~igence to the Director of _R esearch and De~~nt, subject, unusual

•( Uncl&...u'ied) L).ght Phenomena", dated 1 Septsmber 1949, riot-ed "tbt-- ·thia cat~_gory o! ~c_:i,_dent s had been adjudged natural phenomena and wu referred to AFMRD tor con§i~eration by the Geophysical Sciences Branch •



. - ...~ ··:·'b., ;lHviaion does ·nat .~e•' advantage in the proposed item since c,ancJ.uicm·-.tl!ll.~&irly clear cut tand is no.t. new) that incidents are due to · ~teo~a b~rva~ione. .....





. . ...• ~

.ru. ;Division

actua.l.l7 has no pit.rt in providing deciai ve comment ~n i:;8P't~8 .to "~ball•" which are still considered natual · Pa-o~.





R. C. Bt:IXNER ~.::~~ta.i.n,

c,_,_,.; . .·,




Directorate of Iutelllgence

5 May. How the 18th OSI office interpreted the "death" of Project GRUDGE: "Reference is made to AFCSI Letter No. 85 dated 8 February 1950 which sets forth that information pertaining to unconventional aircraft should be reported to Hq OSI through the media of Spot Intelligence Reports. "This office has interpreted the above AFCSI Letter to mean that your headquarters is only interested in receiving Spot Reports on unconventional aircraft matters which appear to be credible and emanate from substantial sources. "This District Office has followed a practice of placing in the '0' file[ waste basket] those routine reports of flying saucers which do not fall in the above category. This practice will be continued until advised to the contrary by your Headquarters." (xx) (xx)

Letter: To: Director of Special Investigations, Headquarters USAF, Washington 25 D.C. Subject: Unconventional Aircraft. SPECIAL INQUIRY. (AFCSI Letter No.85). From: 18th District Office of Special Investigations, AF Specialized Depot, Box 310, Maywood, Calif. 5 May 1950. Air Force BLUE Files. OSI Records.


42 5 May. Elmendorf, Alaska. (2330 hours Alaskan Standard Time) "Unusual flying object." According to the Intelligence files of the 57th Fighter-Interceptor Wing based at Elmendorf AFB, two officers and three airman stationed at the local radar site, the 625th AC& W unit, saw something in the sky that they couldn't explain. The witnesses were: Captain Marcellus D. O'Sullivan, 1st Lt. William Reisinger, T/Sgt. Ehrle Peterson, T/Sgt. Melvin Dexter, and Airman 2/C Benny Lipson. The Intelligence report states: "Witnesses substantially agreed upon the following description of the phenomenon: the object was an unusual light, reddish-orange in color, and of a constant intensity. After remaining overhead for a period of five minutes it suddenly and with increasing rapidity began to move in the direction of220 degrees from Elmendorf on a heading of 040 degrees, disappearing over the horizon. "The sky was completely overcast with the base ofthe clouds at 7,000 feet; moon and stars were not visible. No sound was heard and no acrobatics took place. No explanation of this phenomenon was offered by any of the observers." (xx.) (xx)

Ltr, Hq 625 1h AC&W Sq, Subj: Report ofUnusual Occurrence to CG, 57 FtrIntcp Wg, dtd 8 May 50. (57th Ftr-Intcp Wg Intelligence Files, Elmendorf AFB, Als.) (Secret) Copy in author's files.

10 May. Arlington, Virginia. (about 11 :00 p.m.) Letter: "On May 10 the writer attended a night baseball game at the WashingtonLee Stadium in Arlington, and arrived home at approximately eleven o'clock. "After checking the basement and garage, I went upstairs and following a usual freshening-up in the bath, I went into the bed room. This room was not lighted and I went to the front window to raise the blind as Mrs. Dugan was asleep and I did not [to] make a light. I had put the light out in the bathroom. "To my great surprise and bewilderment, I saw very plainly and graphically what appeared to be a whirling disc, which I judged to be from 18 to 24 inches in diameter, flying in a due northerly direction right over my house and disappearing what seemed to be right over the tops of the trees surrounding the houses across the street. "The object did not seem to be over 500 feet in the air, and the duration of the experience was, I should say, from two to five seconds. The revolving motion seemed to cause a trail of smoke which looked to extend not more than 15 or 20 inches from the rear, and the color scheme seemed to be as of phosphorus or a light grayish substance, but no trace was visible after it disappeared over the trees." (xx) (xx.)

Letter: To NICAP? From: Joseph L. Dugan. 3720 Pershing Drive. Arlington,

43 Virginia. CUFOS Archives. NICAP files. "Dugan, Joseph L. 1950, May 10." Copy in author's files. 11 May. The McMinnville case. As of this writing, the work done by Dr. Bruce McMaccabee, The McMinnville Photos and basic analyses of UFO cases which involve photographic data, William L. Moore, Publications & Research, POBX 1845, Prescott, AZ, 86302, is the best and most complete study this writer has seen. I understand Brad Sparks has done some work on the case I have not yet examined, and there is always the possibility there are others in the UFO community that may be conducting investigations. There is one item that is not in McMaccabee 's study that surfaced in 1997. Concerning the fact that reporter Bill Powell found the UFO negatives ''under the couch where the Trent' s kids were playing with them," or something to that effect, we now have a better explanation. The Portland Oregonian interviewed Paul Trent in 1997 and published this: "The snapshots -crisp images of a flying saucer- put the Trents on edge. They figured the military was testing secret aircraft and their photos might bring them trouble. So, as Paul Trent put it, 'I hid' em. ' (stashed under a couch)." (xx.) (xx.)

Portland, Oregon. Portland Oregonian. 22 June 97.

5 April. Winslow, Arizona. (about 8:45p.m.) Came to Winslow at last. This clipping is dated Friday April lih but in the story there is a reference to "last Friday evening," thus it is assumed the sighting date was the 5th. ·: , Fly ing Saucer.a? .I,'·.·:·.I· ; ·,, , .• j, ... .

· . ..

,· •,,


i' . ·· ..· . ... ,

' ·" .. , . ' I :


'. : , ; .1... ::.,





Strarige ;GI~wil1g ~Ohject:.Seen

In:: N~ght ·Sky ·• Over :; Winslo~. c,; .

. Fl;• i~" sauc~~.' n 110od · Ioc· simile of.. them~· have. come . tt> · · · · ·· · · Winslow . at .last, .according .to 'E. M. Odoni. ·. · ·· ·· • · ·. : · :'

dlnory · ~lone; wou.ld . do, . thl~ strongc ' object rhot lnlo outer space, . and the light · grudually dlmnlshcd until It, .lt'cmed to blend with the sturll," Mr. Odom

Ho · ,·cpol'lod . thl• ,wook ·thnt' ho ~nld, . · , , · . 111\d his rumlly nnd ·Mr", Blhnch!l ·.· He rcpo1·tcd an 'd lire nbscnec

McEwen, · on d . . othc•·s, · sow 11 or sound .. It seemed to ho,v c ·tho !lrtln!Jc object: In · the sky -otJoer• "ability to hov.c1·, perfectly· still Win~ low lost , · Friday · ovcmln; for a moment, and .thctn Nho"t 11boul 0:4!1 p. m . ·' · · · • • • . ':· strnlght ahelld with . 1 lt•emcn· "The ol:jcct wns sll!htcd . In· thll dou~ bUI·~t .· of · specct ," · "A l time~. sky to lhc "OUlhWCl~l oC Wlnllow;',' ho ~IIIII, It , WtJUid ' UIII'l · Mld~·wu~·• he said. ''A · brilliant .white .JII:hl. und : thlln, t~c~ume ., I til ~:r.:nl·t·ul with ' nn uulcr uuro of, I'CUdtsh course. :. . · • ". .' • · ,' hozc r.:lunl! . Lo the c1;uft n~ · it :dg· · . Mt·. Odom !Did · he ' rcft th itt on~ 7.il!:J:Cd ilbout, 11nd · then >with ·a .thing is surc:·:...!'lt'.wos not uny of . tremendous .burst of speed,' passtd the conventional jel'pluncs n~ we 'over : Winslow. ·. Instcod " of · dlsop· ·know'·thom; but' mor~ pro~nul,l' n ·1 pcurlng ·ovet' thf!l hnrlmn ·~~~:"n:l')l'l vl11ltot' :ft•om '• t~.ulc~·. apRcr.'' : '· ·

IIJttii&l\r--:ftttili *' ·

1 .2~·

1::_~ ·. ·~ -.'

Winslow, Arixona

· . Friday, Nay 12, lSSO

44 11 April. Amarillo , Texas. (afternoon) The story about a "UFO landing" (mentioned in the April1th item) also contained a report about something that happened the day before (April 11th). The account stated: "Mrs. J.H. Springfield, 241 0 East Sixth, saw one yesterday afternoon. "For about 10 minutes she watched the thing stand ahnost stationary in the sky, until it finally 'seemed to go straight up, leaving a sort oftrail as it got smaller and fmally became invisible.' "'I could tell it was red,' Mrs. Springfield reported." (xx.) (xx.) Amarillo , Texas. Amarillo Globe-News. 12 May 50. (story by Paul Timmons)

12 April. Amarillo, Texas (about 1:00 a.m.) The "UFO landing at Tradewind Airport" case is told better in the official military report than the civilian newspaper account in the Amarillo Globe-News. The Globe-News, however, supplies us the witness' .. name, B.G. Hunter, and confirms there was no additional witnesses. (xx.) (xx.) Ibid. 12 April. Canada's view ofProject GRUDGE policy. A memo from G.S. Austin, Acting DAI, to the Secretary, Joint Intelligence Committee, said in part: "It was apparent .. .that on every 09casion where publicity attended such sightings there were innumerable further sighting reports immediately afterwards. The present USAF policy is to play down the subject, investigating only when considered necessary by the area commander without any special arrangements for reporting or investigation. "It seems that a similar policy on our part would be wise and that it would be undesirable to produce a special questionnaire or make any arrangements for investigation since this would tend to give publicity to the matter. It is suggested therefore that sighting reports should not be solicited and such as are volunteered should be passed to DSI for retention and further action only if such action seems necessary." (xx.)

(xx.) Memo: To: (Name not given) Secretary, Joint Intelligence Committee. Subject: Flying Saucers. From: G.S. Austin, Acting DAI S.21-l-9 (DAI) 4 August 50. Copy in author' s files. 13 May. "Saucers as targets" ''Never-Have-Seen-a-Flying- Saucer- Society." (See clippings on page 45)

45 17 May.

South ofUpton, Wyoming. (3:00a.m.)

Oil workers see saucers. According to the county newspaper: "Bud Messersmith and three other oil field workers in the Hay Creek field south of Upton reported seeing two 'flying saucers' last Wednesday morning about 3 o'clock A.M. The men said they watched the flying discs for nearly an hour as they performed over head. They said it appeared that the objects had a row of lights circulating around the front part of these mysterious ships, while at the other end they could plainly see a blast of fire shooting away from the discs. ~ey said that at times they hung motionless overhead and they would sail away at terrific speed and then return, dipping and turning at various angles. 'Bud' said he never saw anything like it in his life and figured they must be some ofthose flying things people see now and then throughout the country. They could not estimate roughly how high they were." (xx.) (xx.)

Weston County Gazette. 25 May 50. p.l.

Say Sallc~rs A~e ·\ Used As Targets~.- 0 .

LONDON, May 13.-(u~)-, The magazine Ne\vs Review said i i today that flying saucers were ! . used by the United States Air ' Force as targets for anti-rocket : weapons. ' are launched from . · They ramps in . California, fly to ! heights of 40,000 feet and reach : speeds of 1000 miles an hour, .l the magazine said. It quoted · · , no authority. f In fact, News Review said flying saucers are so fast Amer: · · ican gunners can't hit them. But the British have guns and gun- · ners who could, it added . The British guns are radar- : controlled twin four-inch cannon, : News ·Review said. Some are : mounted on the destroyer Broad- ! swords, which will sail shortly : ' for the United States to show the : : American gunners how to shoot ! down flying saucers, the magazine said. ..

~ever Saw a Sauce~ ~ever Hopes To


'-...... ~


ST. PAUL, Minn., May 13 G. Stewart has organized and lilecome myopic tnaster of the "Ilrever-Have-Seen-a-Flying Saucer



WOffianWatches EIYrng:wnatsit .·.

. :,·, ''noe .".IM& whlds" M.-.. . T.


21 May. Amarillo, Texas. (about 9:30a.m.) "Watches Whatsit." (See left)

Stewart, Northwest Alrl!nes of1\cal," formed the club when, after ~aking . cautious inquiries, he ~amed there were other scattered iersons who never had seen the J.Qth Century phenomenon. '!'!

San Jose Mere-News

8haaa&e AW In l.he aoalhtm U.y

·. Uala ~In&' "detlnllely waa no\ aa alrpiaM" 'aDd· .wu nolhlnc llb a.DJ1hlnc ~ . ha.l·· ner aee11 Wore. .·· · ' ,. · . • •· lln: i' 8hlllll&t4i. ' ·'wbo', UTH oa ', W-'-' AYMIIM _,. lhe C'..anron" .: ~.,, .w . ~ .flnl .aaw lha · ;M t.-.wbleh 1M eonslckred to be :.. a -·&boo!\ t1JO o'eloek. · ' ·•. She , aaw. ll at the'. aame time ahe !. ..,,:; an ·: alzpl&ne, · · ahe • wd. The '· pJane·,.wu · tnt.vellnf • In ; a · direct • coww·-: at · an even apeed, and the . othef objed · ~ed . to hoYer In Ule ·, akT, ' u ··if ·. ··lt.&tlonuy, The · plant cU.aappeand Into the dlat&nce, ; "I walclled ·'Ule · objeel tor a few ' mlnuta,", · Jbe·.. aald, .,.ulhen l went Into the ho\ae i and ' rot ·. • pair ol . field.,...__.'·. . ,,, :--. ': .. . ' Wn. Shumate · aald .. lhe object , at flrat ~ to . bt aU1·er col· · ored, . but · that when ahe ~>.·at.ched I It tluouth field rl&&ah It appeared · to bt ttv.lln& over and over, ~mlt-j tlnr firSt a reddl£h · name, th~n a ·

: ~~·· ,.'Jlkt ~: l;ha~ , from


ru lj

.·.. ·After '' honrtnl.'' ln ,
1t111u and rwter.·:. ·. ··· '. ·.. : ·>:.:.......-...,.----,;....

. Amarillo, Texas. Amarillo Sunday News-Globe 21 May 50. p.l5.

21 May. Cheyenne, Wyoming. Addition data on the UFO sighting by 6 members of the I 87th Fighter Squadron: "In a matter of seconds, according to air guardsman Earl Duquoin, the discs changed formation several times and then made an abrupt right angle turn, flying single file, and headed east out of sight. Duquoin said they were flying at tremendous speed." (xx.) (xx.) Weston County Gazette. 25 May 50. p.l

46 Aping similar stunts by merchants advertising their business or wares, the Air For~e conducted a "saucer drop" at Randolph Field the summer of 1950, spilling thousands of paper plates over the crowd during a fly-over. This might be construed as an attempt to trivialize the UFO mystery. ·

Actual paper plate (damaged).

Les Treece-Sinclair collection.

47 20 May. Seymour Hess sighting. Additional details. Dr. James McDonald corresponded with Dr. Hess: "He [Dr. Hess] sent about 6 copied letters between him and [Dr. Donald] Menzel, ca. 1961. Menzel was trying to argue him out ofhis sighting and comes up with the grand suggestion that maybe the disc was really only a butterfly or maybe a piece of paper. Hess gently but firmly told him negative. I sense that Hess was left with pretty firm conviction that he'd had a darned good look at something darned unconventional." (x:x.) (xx.)

Letter: To: Dick [Hall?]. From: Dr. James McDonald, The University of Arizona, Tuscon. 21 October 66. Copy in author's files

Also, in this same letter to Hall, McDonald makes this observation: "I've found you lose more than you gain by telling a typical ill-informed scientist that you think the UFOs are 'probably extraterrestrial' -even if you do lean in that direction pretty strongly." (xx.) (xx.) Ibid. 21 May. Montrose, Colorado. Additional details. "Bill Zannon, his wife and son: "They estimated the saucers remained in view for another minute. He said they traveled north for one minute and east for four minutes, covering some 20 miles as they watched. The rancher said the objects were large enough to blot out a large roof at least a mile away [here is evide~ce of distance]. He said they rotated too fast for him too observe whether they had windows or lights. "Zanon said he believed they were 'defmitely from the United States Government,' and said his only emotion was amazement." (xx.) (xx.)

Montrose, Colorado. May 21. (UP

23 May. Loveland, Colorado. (about 8:00p.m.) Seems to be a bit of a flap in this region: "The flying saucers have reached Loveland. E. L. Johnson was sitting on his front porch last night at about 8:00 p.m. when he and his wife saw two glowing disks flying in rapid circles in the northern sky. "He called a neighbor, Fred Ketels, who also saw them plainly. The disks made about ten rapid circles in the sky, before disappearing. Mr. Johnson said the 'things' had no particular visible [running?] lights but seemed to him to be large, flat glowing discs." (xx.) (xx.) Denver, Colorado. Rocky Mountain News. 25 May 50. p.39.

48 24 May. Project TWINKLE and Land-Air. In an effort to photograph UFOs in New Mexico, a contact was submitted to Land-Air Incorporated to maintain a 24-hour sky watch with Askania Phototheodolite devices. The contractual period ran from April!, 1950 to September 15, 1950. Results were very limited, we are told, but trying to get the data has not been easy. Any picture, even from a single camera, would be of great interest to UFO researchers, but nothing "is available." Some of what we know, is taken from FBI(!) records. For example, on May 241h Askania cameras #10 and #8 recorded "eight to ten objects" that could not be identified, but the recording was "not simultaneous" thus of "no value" (we are led to believe). (xx.) (xx.) Maccabee, Dr. Bruce. UFO FBI Connection. Llewellyn Publications, St. Paul, Minnesota, 2000. pp.lS0-151. A note found in the McDonald archives tells us a bit more about the incident. (See below) 24 }Jay, 1950

Holloman :\.F:B



as Insufficient Data




photos taken with Askania pnototheodolites near time of test launcn of li!X 674 ' (Ck i f that•s Atlas) shooting at 5 :fra:nes/sec, Siation p-8 ;;ot 5 succes s ive fra: ::es; statL.;n p-10 got 74 fra ..:es (al .ost 25 SeCO i ~ds, BUt unfortunaoely, were not sa .. e object so no t±iang..tlation



KUpjelt buok 8-10 ~ .

U."1derlyL1g visual obs were made by (mag~)

notes. just dots of light on

pro~· essional fil~s.

1'-':K~-? ~1(4-.,(- a...; , ....4....c-,

21 May. Montrose, Colorado. More witnesses. (See below) •



16 More.Join 'Flying Saucer' Club After SlJI19aY.Montrose :Visi~ation


· Doe_. Peot 1.-bl. disks ·firSt were reported almost . MONTl!OSE, Colo .. May 2 ' ah:aultcmeoualy by two widely SlxtHn ruJdents of tbe Montaep
-ort• .....

Denver, Colorado. Denver Post. 24 May 50. p.56.

aolutaly;rounc1 cmd smooth witll· 1 out cmy 1i9D of "'lriDdcnn, motl)a , or taD a;sumhly.

"They: ..-.:e cnrtullT brlqbt. like qal-ra:nised tm. Thetr flight : 'W'CZS sound.leu-tlwr ueme4 to float along.~ ·. Mrs. S..fln said the aaueen saile4 down to · about 600 teet. . crpJ'OGchJnq dOH to her nmc:h. · tbt: turned aaat toward Mon1roM and aocrncl upward. awUtly, clisappearlnq. , . · . . · Tht fUtHD; other "'lrit:aeuts ~ . that'a ~uat what they acnrr. too. ·



25 May. "Summary of Observations." (See below)

• , . . , ,...,.,.,C"Tg• .( ... tiiAI."'.AI' ,.., .....



. ·...,,·

'File l!o1


a.-t:CIA\,. IKYC.Tl04TIOH •

~-: .. -~ ~:.-

( 24-8)-28



·-. :.


" :.

-~· - ~·,.. .


.... ...,,


Summary of Ob:;ervntions of' Aerial T'henomena in the New

Mexico Area 1 D0cenb~r 191(3 ·:;. lAy 1950

Brigadier General Joseph F. Carroll· 'Director of Sper.ial lnvest.ir;a tions


I ie adqun.rt~n: lf'.,J.F

Tl'ashinr:;ton <'.5, I•. -c.-··'"'·'··· ··'····

:. . .•;: .;.::••~

~ - ··

-7:: ~


. :.~ .-:;:·: .-


In a llai~on meetinr: ·, Tith other military And ::-).overn:nent intel- ·. ligence a.n~ invest.ir:.ative at;cr.t::ies in Deccrncer 19~8, i ·t · was dete-rmined that the fr~quency ·Cir unexplcinod aerial phenO!ilene. · in the N~ lle::ico &.rea wa5 such that an orc::miz.ed plan of repCirtin:; these .observations should be unde1·taken, · The orp>.niz.ntir.n o!1d physical location of units of this DiB-· trict "<~ere most suit:1.blC' for collectin~ f;l1esc data, theref'ore, since Decemtel' 1940, thi!l Dir;trict has Arsswnod the re:iponllibilHy for colleotinr; Rnd rcporti;l; b11sic infonna~ion with rcsp.e ct to nerie.l Fhe;nomonA occurrinG in thi~; r.eneral art'a. These reports have been districuted to the Air !hteriel Ccrn1nnd, OS!If, in accordance 'l'ith Air Intellibencc · Req\Jirc:;Jents Ho. 1, !ln-1 to other interested military and government . e.GenciF:se 1.

.,.,_ .. l


z. There is t'.ttnched, as a part of this S\.ll"!r.lary, a C0mpile.tioo or aerial phenomena sie:htinr,s that. hnv~ . occurred mostly .in tJ1e Net! Ucxico !lrca l'I.Ild have b0cn reported by this District Office snbs~ucnt t.o December 1948. Thi~ comril~ti0n of sir,htin~s i5 not a comploto record . of all reported obs0rvation:;, but include-:; only thNe in 'tlhioh r:sufficient inform"ltion wa:; nvrd labJf., t.(' j11stify t~1cir in<:.lusiori. Tho observers of thocc rh ~ norncn~ inclurth thr; ·mor.t. i~nror!~nn 1 ; clnrn.r.tcl'ir.tics with respect to faCh c-tscrvation and eva.luat.. oll co.ch 6 i,-:JJ:i;in~. into one of three classifi:\\cations, (1) r,rcen fireb'lll phonor:v:-non, (2) disc or variation, and(~)_..,


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50 t'i l e N0, \ .. ,, r: J-C:l> Subj: SummGr)· of r_, <>crvati0ns of Acrj _,1 Phenomena the N



Director of the Institute of flcl:;eori tics and Hcnd of the Dcpnrtlticnt of Jlathematics and AstJ·onomy at the University of -NC\v L!cxico. He was Research l.!athcmo.ticia.n at the i:€'V1 Hexico Proving Grotmds under an OSRD appointment _in 1913 and 1944; and Technical Director of the Operations· Analysis" Section, lloadquarters, Second Air Force, 1944-45. Since 1948, Dr. La.Pa:r: has served on a voltmtary basis as consultant for this District ill,..COnnection with the (;rcen' fireball investigations.


4. On 17 Fcbrur..ry 1949 and nr; ain on 14 October 1949 , conferences Ylere held at Los ·Alnmos, liCYI l.:exico, for the purpose of discussing tho creon fireball phenomena. Representative s of the foll~1inE organirations were present nt these mcetin!;s: Fourth Arnry, Armed forces Special iVanpons Project, University of llcTI Mexico , fo'edcrul Bureau of Investico.tion, U. s. Atomic Energy Co:n:aiSston, University of Ct>.lifornin, u. s. Air Force Scientific Advisor.r Doo.rd, Gcophys icnl Research Division Air Hateriel · C or.cl!and USAF, nncl. the Office of . Spec inl Inve s tir;;P.tions ( IG) i..lSAF. ·A lo[iical explanation wns not prqffcr cd with resrect to the origin of tho green fire balls • It was, _ hov;ovor, r::cnerd ly cone 1uded thr. t tho phon omens existed nnd that they should b e stu•.licd scicntific!l lly until theso occu::renccs have boon so.tisfactoril.\ ' o::plr-.incd. Further, that the cont~nucd occurrence of unexplained phenomena of this nntur:e in tl10 vicinit}• of sensitive instcll~tions is c~uso for concern.

s. ·Tho Geophysical Research Divj. ~),on 1 Air I.k>.tcricl Commc.nd, Cnmbridge, lhssc.chusetts, :tas r c:ccnt l.v lf't o. contract to le!!d-Air, Inc,, Hollor.1an i.FB, AlDJ:Jogordo, Non Hc::-:ico, for e. limited scicntitic study of green firebnlls. Tho results of this scientific :::.pproo.ch to the problem will undoubtedly be of ""r·~ at valu · d t · · phenomena. o . e ~n c erm.J.n~n~ th e oricin of these \

-6 • This sur.unr-.ry of o~· scn·o.ci<:-ns 04" · prepc.red for th . e.crH'.l phcnoncn:: has boon that h c purpo:.c of r c -cmphasizinr; and rdter<'-bne: tho fact d . P cnomeno. hc.ve co:1tinuou~h· occurred in the N I' ·"' · ur1n"" tht' past 18 tl · . · .. en ·C'X.J. co sk.J.es thut these phcnomGnr.tu.oanr.cls nn ct n:c cr:nhnuin:; to occur, end, secondly, · · . occurnn~; .1n tl ~ · · · ty ' tnry o.nd goverMcnt 'l·nst 11 t • ' , h.- VlC.J.nl of sc!"sitivc milin u .J.ons•

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D ISTRID!JTIO!l: 6 cys, Director of Special .Investisa t _ions, lleadqnartcrr; u~-;o l cy; CG,-Air-l.!ateriel-Conr.a.nd; Yfri~t-Patterson AFB 1 -0~ ATTI!: · Director of Technical Iirt-elligence 1 cy, .CG, Special Weapons Coirt-nand·, Kir:tland AFD, Nev; ;.:exico 1 cy, CG, Armed Services Special Weapons Project, Sandia Base, J-2 ll~w Hexico. · ATTI!: l--
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S, G:..2'

.. l cy, CO, HollomanAFB, NEm J.lc;.;ico 1 .-C"f CO; -Air- Fo·rce Cambride;e Research Laborat0ries 1 . C.a.-llhridg.e_,--l!a.~. 1 l cy, Director, Security Division, U.S, Atomic Energy Cor.mission -, Los Alamos, l;cw J,lexico, A'rT::: l.lr. D. 0, 'Tells 1 cy, Federal Bureau of InvestiGation, El Paso, Teras 1 cy, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Albuquerque, t!C"W !Jexico 1 ey; Air Force Scientific Advisory -Board; --Pentt'.(;OO · B\ii±dinr; ATTlh .... Dr, Joseph Ko.p).ai1. 1 C)', r.esearoh -and Development l3o().rd, Pentac;on Build in{; ATT-N:- Dr, ·fl1 .. E, - Landsber~, Executive Dit-cctor ·,-G-oclm.i-tWe~l'l · Geophysics -e.nd . Gcogre.pAy 1 cy, File

25?May. Canon City, Colorado. (between 10 and, 11:00 p.m.) (newspaper unknown) I\


:------..;...___;.,._ _ _....., t


/ Canon City M:an .. ' , Sees EJeven · · 4 Flying- Saucei·s . , · r ~

A Cat)on City man Thursday night saw not just one nytng saucer; he sav; eleven. · Ben C. Hcrczl, operntor or i.he· · EMt Canon store, Friday de. i • scribed how he stood at a win- 1 dow in: hls home bc~ween 10 and : . 11 o'clpck· Thursday night and saw a parade o! the dlscs in the· ~­ vic!nlty or Pikes· Pco.k northeas~ ~ ' o! Canon City. , "I happened to look out and saw a pecullar thing go sallli'..: .! past," Herzel said. "I was a little: 1 startled ·and surprised and kept looklng in · U1at direction. About ' . a minute later -another one came by, then ·another and another ·, . e~ch abou~ a minute . apart: I Tnere were seven, then I called .J my wl!c. She and I counted !our 1

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more llt:!vre they-qtUt."



RERZET, DESCRIBED them -j · as "moving fast and looking llka j saucers all right. They were sort ; : o! star color, but they weren't ; ; !alling stars, o! thnt I'm sure." . He said It was "pretty hard" to :. .· tell how high they were; "they looked about as high as ' Pikes 'Peak, but or course that 1s de- : celvlng !rom where . we saw ·

~-- th~~·~dded thn~ It wns cl!rilcult-·~· to tell the size, "but they looked nbc\lt three feet ncross from our window. Up close they would be much, much bigger, o! course.'' .

• 1.

• • •

llF.RZF.L ADDl-:D that he -. dlcln't sec any' tall, as has been _: described b7 some snuc_er-spot-· tars. '1'lwrc wn~. howe\·cr, a "lit• ~ ,,' •--· tie streak behind, that ' looked . like 1t m!2ht hnvc h'Nl from all i J exb!,ust of some kind." The E:,st Canon mnn added 1, th,·,t "lhNc's no que3tlon In m>· 1 ti!lnd no1~· about flying saucers." He stntcd t-hat he was a little ~ reticent nbout cnlli!lJ The Rcc- : ord bccnu.sc "people m!ght thin.~ : I_~~ns imaginlnrr nil th is; hut my will benr n1e ot.:t." ...· . . · '\l,·lfc " • ' . . ... . . '




52 . 29 May. Dr. James McDonald investigates the Sperry case. (See below and on page 50) Notes on telephone interviewwi.th Capt. Willis T. Sperry on Sunday, February 11, 1968, 10:00 p.m. He confirmed that he had to put the DC-6 into a 45-degree bank to the right, under the impression that evasive maneuvers were necessary. When the object had come to rest, they levelled off and eyen turned left again. It hovered there a short time, and then circlec around behind them to the copilot's side (right). It appeared to be motionless on the right side for ten to fifteen seconds. Their estimates of the distance were admittedly very uncertain, but he thought it might have been only 400 or 500 yards away at that time. He said it was a clear night and the moon was almost full. The silhouette of the object covered almost the full diameter of the moon, he . thought. He confirmed that it passed right across the moon, so they got a full silhouette of it. No flames were visible (in contrast to Ruppelt's account), just a glow visible in the forward part. Rather bright. He recalled that the glow was visible even when the object was passing in front of the moon. He said the object looked very much like a fireball (he said "bolide") as it came down. But then it was stationary. "We were rather dumbfounded." Then it moved around to their rear. He said it was hard to estimate the speed as it moved around to their rear, but it was very much like somebody moving a sparkler around rapidly in a dark room. He stated the object wasdefinitely stationary on two occasions. When it got around on their right, it was there ten or fifteen seconds. They swung the plane once again around to a heading of about 330 degrees (NW). They had turned in order to try to see the object again as it remained stationary. Then it took off, heading almost due east and gradually climbing. They swung around left and headed into the east and picked it up again, by which time it was a considerable distance away, climbing out. He recalls that it was around 30 degrees above the horizon when it disappeared. He believes that they watched it move off to the east for at least a minute, as it climbed and got smaller and smaller. He said that one stewardess called it to the attention of the passengers. After they made their abrupt right turn, one of the stewardesses came up front to ask them what was going on and then went back and explained to the other stewardess. By that time, some of the passengers on the left side were · looking at the object, as it hovered on the left. A moment later, when it was around on their

53 ·right, passengers on that side saw it. He thought that there were more than twelve passengers aboard. I failed to ask him who interviewed the twelve passengers or how that number was established. I asked him about press interviews, however. He said, yes, there were queries even from as far away as Hong Kong, China. His destination on that flight was Tulsa, and they arrived there around two in the morning, as he recalls. The story broke loose the next morning, and they were interviewed there in Tulsa. Both Tulsa and Ft. Worth papers carried it, he knew for sure. Sperry v.ras on the left, William Gates (co-pilot) was on the right. I asked him about Gates and learned that he was killed in 1951 or 1952 in an American Airlines Convair accident, going into St. Louis. I asked him about the fight engineer, and he said that he is no longer with American Airlines. Sperry thought that he was in Dallas and will check ~ith the company to see if he can locate his address and then send it to me.·

He said, in reply to my query, that he was interviewed by the Air Force. It was a called him long distance time. That was the only (Check to see whet~er Al that time.)

few days later. He-said that Al Chop in Tulsa. His base was Tulsa at that Air Force interview that he recalls. Chop was in UFO investigation work at

Queried him in my letter of 2/12/68, as to whether he had been interviewed by Colorado. {xx.)


The Willis T. Sperry file. McDonald archives. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

Massive EM case? When Dr. James McDonald was checking on the Sperry story, he listened to a tape recording of a 1964 interview of Captain Sperry by Baxter Ward ofK.ABC-TV (city?). Part ofthe interview caught his attention. It seems the Captain had had a second strange experience. Unfortunately the year was not mentioned. The broadcast segment is worth noting: " ... [I was flying to] Chicago in a DC-7, and we were at 21,000 feet, and prior to our descent we were over Moline, Illinois, I believe, at the time, and all of sudden picked up considerable static, unrecognizable talking or noise in our radio. So we switched frequencies and tried .it on another frequency, and it was just as loud and just as garbled as the one that we had tried previously. So we tried every frequency we had in transmitting to our ground controller, the radio tower operator, and the company radio operator on the ground in Chicago, and we couldn't get anybody, so we kept hearing this very fast gibberish. It sounded very much like a high-speed

54 record; in other words, a record being turned at much higher speed than the normal rpm. When we landed at Chicago, or may' I say after about 10 minutes, we started hearing other airline pilots in the vicinity of Chicago saying that they were getting reception now; and one TWA pilot said that whatever he was watching for the last ten minutes had disappeared to the west. And we got on the ground and started correlating our experience with other's experiences, and nine different airplanes had lost their radio communications in that particular ten-minute time. It was about four-thirty in the afternoon, the 14th ofFebruary [no year given unfortunately], and, in fact, reception had dissipated to the point where there_was one plane that had taken off for Milwaukee and returned and landed becau~e he couldn't get any reception. And two other airline pilots saw an object in the sky at that time that they couldn't identify. It was a bright light. And I consider that a very interesting unidentified object that was causing some sort of radio destruction. All the frequencies that we were using at that time were completely blocked out." (xx.) (xx.) Ibid.

31 May. Louisville, Kentucky. (9:15p.m.) "Thingumajig." Courier -Journa l

Louisville, Ky.

NOV 6· 1960

in May? My husband was at church. I was alone and sitting on the front porch making quilt blocks, when my attention was drawn to this beautiful object. It moved very slowly-not a single sound. It a~l>eared to be about as big as a No. 3 washmg tub,. or about 30 inches in diameter. The thing looked like a big plate or saucer. T~e col?rs were lovely, the center a very bnght silver, which arose about 20 inches above the rest. It came from toward the Dixie was h eading in the direction of Fort Knox. I ~atc hed it for over 10 minutes. It moved steadily, sl owly ,

Two Visits From A Flying


I 1


AFTER WE PRINTED .Sue McClelland Thierman 's account of the Lexington com· I mittee that investiga_t_~.s flying saucers (September 4) . Mrs. C. T. Fegett of 6214 Hanses · Drive, Louisville, wrote in to describe a glowing object that hovered near her family, as they sat in an automobile on a Metcalfe County farm. This item was printed in our Septem· ber 25 Magazine. Now Mrs. Clara B. Hibbs of 10311 Fox Ave., Fairdale, sends us a drawing of what she saw twice in one summer: May I tell you, and try to snow you, what I saw on two occasions in the summer of 1950 while living on the old Reichmuth farm at Medora, Ky., at 9:15 the last Wednesday night

Mrs. Clara B. Hibbs asks: Whatzit? perfectly noiselessly. It passed over my house about 200 feet above. Then it began to rise to clear the hilltop and was out of sight. This strange phenomenon was seen by Miss Lowella Pendleton and Mr. Will White, .both · now deceased. as well as bv me.


l '·.

OFFERS TO .BUILn :~''Ft~tNG~;-SAUCER' FOR U;'"S: ~> .. _:'.





¢iltle_ v~r

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A . FORM . ER. the world experimented captain and In the early designer, rtudo_l."flying p h g. saucers," (in.·is Mt), w _M U> piti!d gone .inmg ··.. throughout 1940s-with Willing for . . J. ' · the United States in six to nine months. The ·40-year-old Prague uniyers!cy···graduate . said --he -made. · ·:·. · blueprints for such a machine (above), . which he calls .a ~'tlylng · top·,"· ·before ·Germall:Y's collapse _and .. .. :.... ~---~~t ..tpe .bi!Jeprints , were st_olen from his -lllborato_l}\.¥-• says the .machlne would be ~b)e_. gh~·~ J{'' 't:.i; ~)'l1th . l'lldi!JS !lf~4.000 m1les. Schrlev~ ,14~-([i EJ;•.:Aimy._~yer at Bremerhaven.· . ; (ln~ot'-


1 June. Ponsford, Minnesota. (morning)

Hovered over school. According to a Minneapolis newspaper: "On June 1, 1950, something resembling a gigantic pocket mirror hovered over a nearby Ponsford most of the morning -not over a liquor store, as one might presume, but over the Pine Point Schoo~ being seen by a Becker County commissioner, five teachers and the entire student body of 150." (x:x.) (xx.)

Minneapolis, Minnesota


2 May 99.

1 June. Korea/Japan. UFO reforts were nothing to be treated lightly if you were General Partridge, Commanding General, 51 Air Force, whose area of responsibility included Japan and Korea. A number of incidents involving objects in the sky that could not be identified were recorded in this politically sensitive part of the world. General Partridge wrote to General Stratemeyer, Commanding General, FEAF, on June 1, 1950 asking that the incidents be evaluated to determine ifthey could be attributed to missiles of Soviet origin. (x:x.) (x:x.)

Memorandum For Record. 31 July 50. U.S. Air Force Intelligence. UFO files (RG 341) 1950. Copy in author's files.


German April Fool jokes and Leo GeBaucer. Mr. Leo A. GeBaucer of the Frank Scully hoax, had been busy embellishing the "little men" story. Late in 1949 GeBaucer was spreading a new version, saying a flying saucer had been shot down in Arizona. (See UFOs A History 1949 July- December. p.63.) Three new sources of rumor sprouted from GeBaucer's wild claims: Talk of the Times (I' m not sure, but I believe this publication was a local San Diego tabloid), the San Diego Newsweekly Point, and Mr. Meade Layne, Director the San Diego-based Borderland Science Research Associates. Things really took off when Meade Layne obtained pictures and text from Germany concerning the supposed capture of saucer pilots. The result was a .mix of the German April Fool information and some fabricated persons, places, and events in America. Who is responsible is not clear. It may have been fully GeBaucer's fault, but it is possible Mr. Layne made some contribution. We may never know all the details.



·~ ~ - - -- ....v.;,







Few San Diegans know that a small office on Adams Avenue harbors almost as much data on flying discs as the Air Forces. · There, behind a desk piled high with reports, sits a weary, heavy-jowled man who has long waged a battle with Washington to release "the truth" about mysterious sky objects. This week he produced what the Air Forces have not yet come up with: photogrciphic evidence. Released to the general public exclusively in POINT, ' one of the pix would have the Air Forces up in the air · or down in the mouth: a 27-inch "aluminum" man. purportedly captured after crashing near Mexico City last spring.Although not himself the man behind the camera Meade Layne offers the photographs as unchallenge: · able proof that men of disc-tinction are real. Layne is director of the Borderland Sciences Research Associates. and his office serves as a clearing house for disc data. According to Layne, the pictures were suppressed in this country. Smuggled to Ge~many, they appeared in o Cologne newspaper. An associate in that city dispatched reproductions to Layne. Layne's report tells him a disc appeared over Monument Valley, Arizona, at 9:45p.m. last March 21, and was photographed by Flak Sgt. D. Ussel. of the 13th Airborne Division. Seconds later, flak rockets hit the object and it disintegrated in a shower of fireworks.

; _


Don't turn the page without reading the words below. There's a shocker waiting for you ... • :·About 20 silvery capsules fell to the ground," Ussel declared. . Enter the Aluminum Man. He was sealed in one of the silver capsules that fell when a similar disc cracked up in Mexico, reported Layne's source, identified as "eye-witness G-Man McKenerich, of Phoenix." Said McKenerich: "I was astounded by the importance of this great moment. For the first time I was seeing a being from another world. His body was covered with a shiny metal foilpresumably protection -from cosmic rays." The 27-inch man, however, was no pushover. It took five men to overpower him, according to Layne's data. Then, exhausted, the invader passed out, was put in chains and given a stimulant. (The captors, some think, had taken a stimulant too.l The critter put up a second fruitless fight after coming to, then died suddenly-two hours from the moment of his landing. . Where did he come from? Layne has an answer: He was a man from Etheria. Explains Layne, who has spent a lifetime probing the twilight zone between science and fiction: "We are inhabitants of a globe within the giant world of Etheria. San Diego happens to be situated smack in the center of a great Etherian lake in the heart of a great Etherian city. Why, waves are breaking over our heads at this moment." lf you wonder why we can't see or touch this ,;.,orld, Layne ~as the answer. He reasons Etheria is entirely beyond the spectra of sound, of sight, of touch. Peering at you with gentle eyes, Layne rounds out this theory: 'The Etherian~ keep archives on dying civilizations, such as They send out so-called flying saucers to reconnoiter and 15


•. .,.





This Is the 'Evidence'

Over Ariz ona, seconds before the crash collect information. Why, they are so far iri · advance of u s technologically, they merely "think" a disc into existenceand there it is." Although Rand-McNally has not yet shown interest in mapping Etheria, Layne is prepared for skeptics. "Remember, " h e says pointedl y. "They called Galileo crazy in his time ."


Plainclothesmen escort 27-inch "disc · jockey" -from the scene of his wre·cked space ship. ~


. !'

16 . - -----·- --- - -- --

_ ____:____::__ _~c..;.;___;_;____~_____:___:____~";

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59 Talk of the Times. June 1950 issue.


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(_::j:~ ~ ::/ ~erman~, ~~ - ~ : ~~ten _:'~ gi:VS\~~ r~aders~p-.:~· ·_cluulce i·~ The Editor of this xoa.gazine has spent somo 40 years of his



to see it.

l:l,fet:illle .' .) :. ·. as a Photographer, and has studied the above photograph as well · 1· · as the others received at the · same time;. ·He has failed to find any evidence of 1Vontage 11 work on nny or them (there will be / three in all, twO others in subsequent issues.)








·J r. ·· 1e·

; j~ '

' The nbove picture is ~lso being released thru Meade Layne, Director of the BSR AssociAtes for his i'eadership of Round Robin and other releases. Whether Mr Layne decides to use any of the . other pictures will be entirely up to him, but the TALK OF THE TIMES ho.s nlready hnd the outs made for its future issuea,e.nd will gladly make them available to Mr lAyne, a.s they have done other cuts on many different occasions in the past.

, The following is the translation of the c~ption beneath the nbove :11 0n

M9.roh 21,1950 1 at 9-45 P.:U:., o.bove Monument Valley,Arizona, 1:1! .• u.s.A., the first photo of e. •rlying saucer"~For weeks, American airplanes hnve folloWed these secret or mysterious objects.Several photos have been tnken, but showed ' the light beams of the 11 Saucer 11 as a white ribbon in the night sky. The objects are oapnble of suddenly changing their direction, ascending and nvoiding other planes that try to come near,This photo .was taken 'by Flnk Sgt. D. Ussel,of the 13th. Airborne division. Seconds later, hit by flak rockets, it exploded in a shower of firGWOrks. About 20 silvery capsules fell to th-a ground. 11

60 Talk of the Times. June 1950 issue.

Herewith the second piotuTe of this series, as per our promise • The above photograph tallies up with the description given fram other sources of tho capture of some of these little men from another planet, after the crashing of one of these "Flying Discs". The translated caption under this picture reads as follows:-


"As one silver cap'sule broke: the first J.ars man was captured! Eye-witness G-man, MoKenerich, from Phoenix (Arizona) ,reports 'I was astounded by the importance of this ·great moment. For the first timo I was seeing a being from another world. At tho srume time I was equally amazed by the desperation of this Aluminum Man. His body was ooverod with a shiny metal foil. 1 The observatory in Phoenix, Arizona, presumes that this is for protection from cosmic rays." .. We have one other pi'cture to 'run in this series,namely that of a reproduction of the language used by these space-travelers. We think it is s~lar to the undeoiphered ~oript found on Easter Is •

. ..

- ~- -

·---.... .

* *

*. -~


Talk of the Times. Octobe~ 1950 issue.

ABOUT THE FLYING SAUCERS Since the Talk of the Times scooped the entire magazine world with pictures of the Flying Saucer or "Disk", and the picture of the little man from another planet who arrived here in one of these disks, we have been flooded with letters and requests for photographic prints of ·these two pix already printed in the Talk of the Times. It is absolutely impossible for us to .enter into correspondence regarding these two pix, we printed them together with their explanation, and thE:re is one more still to be used to comple.te that series. We can-


not send people photographs of these two pictures, we are not in the busineso ·.. of photography, we are publishers. One correspondent even asked for the names and addresses of these four people with the little nnn; we · didn't get the names and addresses of these four people; we just ran the 1 . picture as it was rocei ved, and with that we figured our part of the pro- ' gram ceased. ·



Let it be clearly understood that these same pictures also appear- 1 at a later date in some of Meade Layne's Borderland Science Research literature, but it was tho Talk of tho Times who supplied Meade Layne with the printed sheets of these two cuts, Also, for your information, "Po'int" : magazine- a local slick published in San Diego with a local circulation only - was given permission to use these two pictures and your editor furnished prints · to them for that purpose; we give you these facta just , to keep the record straight. The engravings for these tWo pictures are th~ property of the TALK OF TBE TIMES and are in the possession of the. Edi tor.i ! As usual, one always runs into a lot of "wise " and "smrt" alecks, ' who brand e-verything that someone else has as false and their own stuff l genuine. Let us again repeat, your Editor has had 45 years experience in photographic work, and has been a news photographer of no smll reputation. These pix were examined very carefully by him, and he failed to · find ~ ~ of montage or .fakiDB .!!! ~ ~ pictures ~ . One correspondent thought that the ~i ttle mn was a "~ 11 dressed up and posed in this picture. The only trouble with this thought is that the "dummy" so-called,· was dressed exactly as described in our release about the crashing of th·e "disk" in Mexico last December, furthermore, that we have :12 n:aterial available on this planet which would even approach the



type .of material that covered the body of the little man, after he had . been taped up. WhY would they want to tape up a dW!liDY? What kind of a W'.P.A. proJect would that be? It bas been brought to my attention that "Pageant" had quite an article about the "11 ttl.e nnn" from Venus in it, in one of its moat recent issues (since, however, the Talk of the Times published its


Talk of the Times. October 1950 issue. £'the /fiE S

A&rr ·mrno SAUCERS


two pix.) • This article was written by a College Professor, who a~­ parently saw what rerrained of one of the disks after it crashed, and also saw the "little nnn'' or "men" who arrived here with it. It seems that radios have been taken out of these disks, but so far our experts have failed to be able to do much with them. · For the record again, may we remind you that we broke the story on the Mexico disk ~eok last December; at least four months before the story broke over the radio from Los Angeles. Some of 'y ou may also remember that Gabriel Heater was all hopped-up over the story, if only he had been a subscriber to the TALK OF THE TIMES, he could have told his listening audience about it four months ahead of the rest. Too bad, Gabriel, better luck next .time. Now for tho sceptics who still think tho "little man" was a posed dummy, the only thing you can do is to go find · yourself somoono with 50 years of experience in photography of all branches including news shots, and soe if they can find one single speck of evidence that the "little n:an" was a posed dUllllJlY. If you can find such an individual, then write the Editor of the TALK OF THE TIMES and let him know about it, than the tvo of them can argue it out, So go to it. get busy and hunt up your . 5G~yoar·experionced photographer, and we'll get together. In tho meantime, don't be ·surprised or panicky i f you see a lot 11 Disks 11 in the next six months, they aJ:'G friendly until we try to shoot them down , We rmy live to see the day when they .Will be a Godsend to us, and that even before World War III really gets under way. Remember this, and where you read it and also the date. It rray be useful to 'you someday, who knowsZ of these ''Flying Saucers 11 or

In a future issue, we shall publish another picture to complete our series on the "Flying Saucers", we won't state· just which issue~­ because so rm.n:r times we get clisappointed by the printer or the engraver, so be on the look out for it, that's all we can any at the l!!Oment.

****** * I

The Talk of the T;Unes has been promised an article by "Dr. Gee" of Scully's book on the. Flying' Saucers, he is at present engaged in some . highly interesting research into the old Mayan ruins in Yucatan and on his return we shall begin to publish a series . or articles by him, but there is no ass~ranoe that we shall divulge his real name either to our readership or any other publication unless we have his specific P!3r• mission to do so. So don't be misled by someone trying to jump the gun · on you regarding Dr. Gee, because what they know is only guess-work. We will in due 6ourso, give you the facts relating to his scientific background~ and will name his~ associates. '/· ' '

Rest assured, YOU will roud it FIRST _in the Talk of the Ti.mes,e.nd ·.' ·;

,·;' i f we decide . to le;t•..o~h~.t p~~licatio~vo; ~hf stpry~ it~~ E2_ ._: , until~ tho story has beon publ:l,shod· ~ tho Talk ~f. :~h~ Tim~.'~·: El.n~ :.:,, j

o\.ir readership has had a chance to digest J.t. .. .

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63 T he " Kay Disc" and the "Arizona saucer.''

The alleged "Arizona saucer·· shown in Point and Talk qlthe Times is probably a retouched photo of Dr. E. W. Kay's f1yin ·sc model. The ph here of Dr. saucer" was he press on





·.PI ··~

,. ,•·,...;.~ .. '•\

64 2 June. Onset, Maine. (10:00-10:45 p.m.) Circling discs. (See below)

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I once

American pirate planes iri the air territory/' " Zaslav.. · · , He said • th~ ~- flying discs •. had appeared . re.c ently --.in ·. Norway, over Africa and also' •\in ·some of the States _o!..th~ United States." "This is ·not a ridiculous !antasy of the ,newspaper clowns, but the SmokeSCreen pUt · OUt by the I professional .instigators , of war," 1 Zaslavsky ~~;barged. ; · ,-:.::( . ! He explained that the vanous rumors about saucers -"had been :

· sky over asserted. foreign '

David Zaslavsky, hatchet man !or the · Soviet newspaper Pravda, joined the lingering controversy over flying saucers today-with the fiat assertion : that be knew their l-eal . secret. There is nothing "mysterious" ·'abOUt .them, ·he . Said _in a Jead Pravda "article beamed by Soviet radio to North America and monitored . here by Government agencies :· · · '· .·

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ONSET, June 3-"I saw 'fiy!ng saucer'' last niaht, ·,two ot them, and I have five wltne.!se$ to prove it,'~ Ba-rtrett T .-Maxim--or-13tfi and Camp Str~bs announced toqay. Mr. Maxim served three years .as a paratrooper in World War I( What he saw · last night, he said,

wu unlike anything the Air 1 Forces used in tbe war. •· . '
· dtcled JWittly &od··steadiiy aqove


neigh'bo_r's house, ~at he .judged to ·be an alUtude ot ·200 teet, · trom about · 10 to 10:45 p. m . . He· and · his ·wfie others ·he calli!d 'out to look acreed ·on the phenomenon. The luminous. discs, silvery In hue, looked about .the .size . ot an ordinary plate, Mr. ·Maxiljl· related. They seemed to -fiash on and of!. They circled ·an area ·a bout halt a mile across, disappearing briefly in clf)uds and, reappe!!!ing, so fast that they com. pleted a circuit in pe;rliaps halt a minute. · The phenomenon ended when the saucers apparently shot off into the distance instead o! con. tinuing their circlln~. . · Those who will beat 'him out in his description, Mr. Maxim said, are his wife, neighbor, Mrs. · Emma Bumpus, and his brother;1 David, and sister-in-law, who live hi& home





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I IT is

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seen again

-but not heard

An ('nl!illl'<'r drl,·lnr. to v;ork nt Cwrnhran <1\lon) ~aw IT -n~~trrda\'. IT w:1.~ Oring at 600ft. IT'was d6vel!l'<'Y In rolour. IT looked Jif:e the 1:\n at t r IT mn de · no sound. wns e 111 clv a. manulactured obJrct." lT, he sa:r&. '1\'A.S a flying saueer.

-· ·· --~-


I' Publisher Defies

I'MilitatY' Pressure .


NEW YORK, May 26 (4,1~.­ :An: .'. editor reports t)1at Defense Department officials ·have el(efted alo. t of pressure" to pr~vent . sale f a book by Donald Keyhoe -' entled "The . Flying Sau~~rs Are eal." .. · · · · , .. · ·: · ' "Jim Bishop;·· eciitor of. Fawcett ,gold medaL books, : silid, -however, /that the book ' will ·be 'put on sale iJtine 5 any1vay "unless · the Deferise Depa~;tment gets out a re-


&training . order·:· . . . · . • 'at they .can prove p\ibli <;atiori wili do the country harm, involve national security,''. :he said, "we'll withdraw it:" · · · ·,The department, which repeat[edly has .belittled reports of "flyi4Jg saucers," said in Washington it)lat it had "no -interest" in Key~ hoe's ·book. :. ..: Bishop ·..said ·the hook already had been·'put . on sale at midwestei·n . :n/
65 7 June. Dunkirk, New York. (between 10:15 and !0:30p.m.) Descended in a vertical line and then took offhorizontally.

(See below)

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\· ·~ :-.,:· · a.ttate (K. r.:) ·!Mndh f!!!ll rrtdq, .Ji.e• 9, 1~ · - ,. ~· , . ·.::'·


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Speoial te The lhaffale E.,.ninr; Newt


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0\mklrlc, Jane 9· .- At leaet t.'M Dtmk1rlc J'tltUenh ole.i• \e haft what 1U7 ·hn be.O ·•· t'ltltt~ tawoer en w.dtsetd ay •••ntnc (6/7) while · they .. re . wattb!ac a tt-de at \be .New !erk Oentral depet ben. > . Mr. enc1 Mrf. Paul ~tsllr •t IMd'ft etr••t ea1d t'hl ebj•ot d•e-

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elewly ln a Ylrtioal 11ne un\11 lt. appeared te be eftn w1tb \he 'rilia • . leoau .. the vain 11 en an •l•Yated. etruoture and tM diu wu ~,..net t\, the eltYathn et thl lat\lr Wal oenaiderably rreater thtm that et the 'rain, they ~Uew,. lt appea"d \e be eut eyer Lake lrte. Uter reaohi1lC tt. limit • t ttl d.. cent., the tb,eot , .. k ett •n a beris.ntal oeur .. a\ hi&b epeed an4 41eappeared tewa?4 the taet. While cl .. .endinc, the. ebj eot t .. ked like a parachuw, exoep' that 'b. tnter1er appear•• \1 be 1llu81nated. Later, thl 1ntlrier 1llum1nathn cf11appe1ared ''&Dd .t w liaht• tluhld en alt•rnat•ly at the •idee -.r ttw dho, ~h• .~ .. "••• edd. They . were quite eure 1\ waa neither a plan• ner a hel1oept•r• The ebltM'atitft wu .made ·'between 10•15 and lOt ,0 p.e. and l•tttd ttr ttHPal .. .

at nut••.

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At leaet . _n• ethlr penen •. n.iW ••• net learned, 1• ••U te haft :rt~perted that \be ~ppl.....- te haYe a taU .. eem'blr wb1ob re• 'raotef wb• lt • " • etr 1ft '-lter1•nt•l t'H«bt•


8 June. HQ Far East Air Forces. There was "continued interest" in unidentified flying objects by the Far East Command, because although some reports were low grade, fragmentary, and originating from dubious sources, many were also from "fairly competent observers." Authorities of the Far East Command sent a

letter to the Director oflntelligence at the Pentagon saying that UFO reports in its region of responsibility would, within the means available, be investigated. The FEAF told the Pentagon that it was aware an "extensive study" ofnumerous flying saucer sightings failed to produce firm evidence to give credence to the existence of such objects. However, the FEAF felt that, given the close proximity of Russian territory, there is a chance that UFO sightings could be due to experimental Communist devices. The FEAF declared: ''No matter how nebulous this conjecture may be, the mere possibility is of course a source of continuing concern." (xx.) (xx.)

Letter: To : Director oflntelligence, United States Air force, Washington, D.C. From: HQ Far East Air Forces. APO 925 8 June 50. Copy in author's files.

1" .



15 June. Paramaribo, Surinam (Dutch Guiana). (about 9:00a.m.) "They were afraid it might 'destroy the City." (See below)


·First-hand Accounts Of Past Sightin~$ In future issues we intend to include material on siGhtinga wh ich are not recent , but are of importance because a detailed first-hand account has been obtained from an eyewitness. June 15, 1950: A large number of the residents of Paramaribo, Surinam (Dutc h Guiana ) , South ilmerica, observed the passage of a strange object in the skies over that city , i\ firut-hund roport wuu obtainud from Ml' , Wlli''l'~;~d Co1·ontJl, who, at that time, lived with his family at 48 Water Straat. At about 9 a.m. on the morning of June 15, 1950, he was called from his house by his father, who saw from the back yard of their home a peculiar ovoid object with a ridge around the base and a flat underside. The object was of a silvery metallic color, "like aluminum, " and the rounded top, which overhung the flat bottom, was somewhat lighte r in color than the underpart, Its apparent size against the background of the sky was as large as a full moon and it was estimated to be moving at an altitude of 6,000 meters (19;000 feet), although no basis for the estimate could be given. The day was clear and though there were scattered clouds, the witness was fairly sure that the object did not pass behind or above them, i~o sound was heard. The flat base of the object 1 remained parallel to the ground at all times as the object 11 drifted olowly 11 to the · northeust. Four or five times it 11 dippedll abruptly, losing altitude in ~ vertical descent, then movine horizontally at this lowor ultitudu 1 and thon r;LIJinr; ubruptly to Hu ud.wlnul lwiv,ht, f\l'tur riein!i from its final descent, the obJect continued to r,uin altitude and ascended at an angle into the northeast. sky until it was lo8t from vigw, The Vlitne.s.s watched the performance for about ten minutes. "Everybody was astonished- -they thouaht that it was a new invention of Russia or the United States,~' He added that some people were f rightened by it, especially when the object made its abrupt descents , and were afraid it. might "destroy the city. " According to the ·witness, it was observed by the maj ority of the city's residents . (pop , 80 , 000) ; people called each other and word spread quickly--everyone came out to "admire the view." There was extensive coverage in the city's newspapers the following day (the Research Section will att empt to obtain the published accounts), As fur as the witness can recall, there were no photoGraphs taken of th~ object, !

Details were obtained fron the observer by Ted Bloecher, who works with Mr. Coronel and can vouch for his reliability. Hr . Coronel mentio ned only suc h incidents au he wa~ al.Jc;olutely sure of. lli:.; drawing of the object is copied here . .,.,-~ - ~...,...


__ _




, Light aluminum color

'-~;..."_.)_·_ _ _ Darker

(xx.) I !


Civilian Saucer Intelligence ofNew York. CSI News Letter. Issue No.3. 6 May 56. p.8.

67 7?. June. General Cabell: "A mistake may have been made." ''No publicity over the fact the AF is still interested." (See below>

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Ma:iing thia b7 llaJor Pianitsa hopillg to aaw the ooardi.Da ted direct!w. Oen Cabell' • rlen

'bother ot u ott1ci.&.ll7 reiard.i.Dc the

"7l71Di Sauoer• FOJ•ct are

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. ·"· . a. Be t.el• that &b.D!oa: the FOJ•~ &D4 to publlcq ~ ~ loDcerJ.at~~~.~:. :. - ~-'~ BOftftf', tbe c!eoidoa hninc bMil _ . • ~ ~ t.ba• 1\ ... · . ·• · .,_ · , : iDmulbent Upotl hill DOt · to ~' « '....-;hr,~ U.. ~. . . ..


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Our inrtrwrtioft•, 'llld.alt· ~ a ~ letter. to ~·• ~ - pabl1~ 11 q ~ . · DQa, .· uau lAtter, ru.. uom-oo 7 4ated u JU~flar"/ 19,_,, aub:~llftepart~ ot l.ntorution em tl'aOODwDticnW. .lircratt". !be lut paragrapll ot . thi• Utter reqt2Utecl all r.cijd.uU ~· to. treat illtcnatioB


aoo obserTatione recei'f'&d. u intelligence intorution and to continue the proeeeaing in a nonu.l Jlla1Ul8r. 1fe have continued to rece 1 ve from many OSAF sources a number of reports of this nature. c. Ge.n C.. bell 1 a new• are that " .,8hoW.d reinat.itut.e, i t 1 t been ab&l:ldcmed, a ocmtizluinC anal.7aU ot report.a recei'ftd aDif h• expect• .t-= to do thie as part o! their obllptioD to produce air technical intelligence. He speci1'ioall7 deai.res that the project, as 1 t existed before, be .!191 i"n.lly re-imple111ented rl tb apec11Ll. tecbniciLl. te am a traveling around the country interrlew il:lg observer a , eto • , and be is particularly desiroua that there be 1!2 fanfare or publicitT..· ~r tbe fact that the USAF 1~ still !Jrt,ereated in "rlying 15&Uoer11".


d. Gen Cabell desires that ww pla~ ourMlna in a poaitiOJl that, 11' cirCUIIIatancea rsqui.re an all-ou.t e.tf'ort in thia regard at 80IM future ta. , ww will be able tO a:aDOUDOe that ww haw oont 1nued quietly our anal7ai• ot rep
le rill U.O ~ ao•nniDC State, OU, lzw:ri aid Jn7 inec-1 . . , ~ ~ . · , fur J)C"ti.DaJrt ~ioa 1lb1.ch: rill ~ rel.q.i to- .uo. YD.·. q al.M,: · · , ·, ~ · addre aa querie • regard. inc apecifio report• ot tJda zzat:czr. to DOIC~ ·: '



the · ~. JIUMI'· .. t.

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1Dd 1Tidual• -.y be acknowledged and 1nterrogat.d. t.broogh lhere pographioaJ.l.r ~. ~o sicbtiDc• U7 be i.lr'Nat.~teci quietll, at 1f1f1r cU.aaret.icla, b7 All: 4epot per~ , &D1 requaat.a tar 1DwA1ptiala ~ be t1lac1 with ~ looal ali . otnce.

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othR a1pit1cat i.JatC~n~at.ia • .WaH 1a U. ·~ ~ t1el4 :· ·· MOei.'riDI •apeaial~ uphed. beoa. .-iPh-rt. 1a .~·· . - . pl.&o.d UpGD all t.cshld.cal iat.el.J.icace t'ialda. ' ·· .. · ·


1a DOt

· 2. · The toregoU& JII'Obahl7 ia 1a .on 4.tau ·tlla u aeo-••1'7--·· ·· I!', &fter nading th1a ;J"OQ are .-till uncertain aa to what to ·do,' · gin 111e a call. I!' tbia cJ.arU'ies 7aur questiozus, go ahead UDder A 11::


general directive to produce air tech.nica.l intelligence.


69 One fact that may have helped General Cabell see things differently (other than the war in Korea) was a sudden surge in impressive reports from highly qualified witnesses. Edward Ruppelt tells us that the Air Force was cognizant of 35 reported aerial encounters between airliners and UFOs over the three month period of April through June, 1950. (xx.) (xx.)

Ruppelt, Edward. The Report on Unidentified Flying Objects. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, 1956. p.109.

This also may explain something Dr. James McDonald heard from Airline Captain Adickes of the 27 April 50 Adickes/Manning UFO encounter. McDol).ald asked Adickes if he had been personally interviewed by the Air Force. McDonald wrot~: " ... he indicated that he was. He said that a man who represented himself as an Air Force general carne to his New York horne about three months [July?] after the incident and spent several hours interviewing him there. The man brought a file of photos which Adickes described as 'interesting,' all ofthern photographed at night, some with infrared film." (xx.) (xx.)

Letter: To: Robert F. Manning, 3230 Merrill Drive, Torrance, California. From: Dr. James McDonald. 11 January 68. University of Arizona at Tuscon. McDonald Archives.

13 July. Ocala, Florida.


Additional details: According to witness C.L. Quixley the UFOs: " ... were traveling about 10 in a line, with 3 off to one side in a 'checkmark formation."' (xx.) (A similar formation was reported over Boulder City, Nevada, in Mid-August 1956) (xx.) Ocala, Florida. Star-Banner. 13 July 50. p.l.


17 July. Chehalis, Washington. (2:30 or 3:00p.m. and 8:00p.m.) (See below) These two sightings are of interest because'ofUFO activity over Hanford on the 301h.


Post Office Bo x 580 · Centralia, Washi ngton 91:1531 206 736·3311

Lewis County

June 3, 1971 As per your request the following .is a transcript of the article in our paper on J uly 17, 1950. SKY SAUCERS SPOTTED


The mysterious flying saucers are buzzing- - and baffling the Twin Cities again, but this time coming closer than ever before. Stanley Carpenter of Adna saw on4 sw.day afternoon on Ceres Hill, west of Chehalis, that came within an estimated 250 to 300 feet from him. Although his closeup view of . the strange craft lasted only seconds, Carpenter was able to make a mental note of its descript ion. In Centralia's Logan district, Fred Blumenthal spotted what might have been the same saucer, high in the sky and t~aveling east at a terrific rate of speed. Blumenthal described the saucer "like a wash tub and bright like a lamp post bulb. Carpen te r said the saucer was perfectly round and revolved at high speed . It was some 25 feet around and five or six feet in d~pth, he said, and probably had glass windows on the sides. Carpenter said he noticed the fact when the sun cast a reflection as the saucer revolved. · The Adna man said he Fas picking ferns when he returned to his car about 2: 30 . or 3 'p.m. Sunday. Coming on the road from the woods he said he heard a swishing sound like a great swarm of bees. Glacing up, Carpenter said he saw the strange craft almost directly overhead, just clearing the tops of the trees. As he saw the saucer, Carpenter said it darted straight up in the air taking off in a southeasterly direction. Prior to that moment, however, he said it was apparently foll owing the road, Carpenter, who was alone at the time, estimated the speed of the saucer in excess of 500 miles per hour. Blumenthal saw the saucer about 8 p.m. Sunday, coming from the south.

Ltjwis County - Leaper in Timber Production and Power Generating'


30 July. Hanford AEC plant, Washington. (no time) (See


7-3o -5V I . •

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lffiWPJ. HDU!Il FOR RECO HD: ~:: · SUBJECT: · ~1-yine; Discs -





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... . . . .


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'Tile following info~tion was fur;1ish d Major Carlan by Lt Colonel Mildren(on 4 Ausust 1950: -~-:-. . Since 30 July 1956- objects, · rou tr.e Hanford AEC Plant. portedly were above 15,000 feet in 11 jet s attempted interception with neg units including the anti-aircraft ba t.ir }'orca fiehter squadrons, and the I nv e s ti g~ ti on have been alerted for ·n1e ;..tomic I:n
in form, hnve been T.-1ese obje cts retitude. Air Force tive results. All tali on, radar units, Federal bureau of r ther obs e rvu t1 on. hat the investi sa ls will be for\~&.rded d


~.. o:na€1rb,'r ·~~~~~~: ··-- ·y ... 9 . . ~.iscs'::)Husions "~:; .. ;.tl . United Press



q S'6


,,.) EAITLE, Wash., July 31-Gen. ¥oYt Vandenberg, Air Force Chlef .of/ Staff, . says there is no such 1 . flying saucer and reo ~ thing as ·J)9rts ·of l)J'nidentified objects iri : 'the sky are the ·result of " double I .vision." •I p!,1/I. don't .bi!t1'e \-e ·there are fly- i


iJlg saucers," he told Boeing Air-:

plane · Co. . officials · yesterday:~ ;;,I:J,9~ever, , there apparently are ! ;j>h_rtical phenomena which make : ~P,le , . think they have seen i ',f:11ein." lolct,71:N# pqp(!,-· : ~ £ ( ~:·Vandenberg denied that : the\ ~jhings'' -are the product of ex··; ·. ~'!iinents by our armed forces, ·~ :and ·,said they "certainly are not , ~fuii;c.hlnes ~loo/11 •··by _-,-men : from ; ~ari or from .any foreign 'power.·;.;



U. G.


:Major, GSC Survey Section




~, \



Adickes, Capt. Robert. pp.35,69. Amarillo, TX. pp.44-45. Amarillo News-Globe. pp.21,44. Arnold, Kenneth. p.17. As mara, Eritrea. p.14. Atomic Energy Commission. p.71. Austin, G.S. p.44. B

Baker, Earl. p. l8. Baldwin, A.B. p.29. Berger, Donald. p.12. Bergeron, James. p.6. Berlitz, Charles. p.2. Bishop, Jim. p.64. Blackpool, England. pp.4-5. Blumenthal, Fred. p.70. Bodiker, Ralph. p.6. Borderland Sciences Research Associates. pp.57,59-61. Boulder City, NV. p.69. Boulier, Larry. p.34. Bousman, Clydene. p.38. Branin, John. p.38. Brisbane, CA. p.38. Brixner, R.C. p.41. Brown, T.T. p.9. Bryan, Col. Joseph. p.9. Buck Rogers. p.27. Buffalo, NY. p.l9. Bumpus, Emma. p.64. Burlington, IA. p.l6.

c Cabell, General C.P. pp.67,69. Campbell, Tom. p.7. Canon City, CO. p.51. Capp, AI. p.25. Carlan, Maj. U.G. p.71. Carroll, General Joseph. pp.27,49. Carvalho, J.O. p.9. Chehalis, WA. p. 70. Chicago, IL. p.39.

Chiclayo, Peru. p.6. CIA. p.9. Click, Harry. p.6. Coronel, Wilfred. p.66. Coxen, Richard. p.18. Cross, Ted. p.ll. Cwmbran, England. p.64. D

Dates: 1949. pp.28,56. 16 February 49. p.27. 17 February 49. pp.28,50. 27 March 49. p.28. Fall of 1949. p.10. 1 September 49. p.41. 14 October 49. p.50. 23 October 49. p.12. 1 January 50. p.29. 11 January 50. p.63. 21 March 50. pp.57,59. 1 April 50. pp.1,48. 2 April 50. p.6.

3 April 50. pp.2,8,28. 4 April 50. pp.9-10. 5 April 50. p.43. 6April50. pp.11-14,16. 7 April 50. pp.16-17,19,31. 8 April 50. pp.l8-19. 10 April 50. p.25. 11 April 50. p.44. 12 April 50. pp.25,27-28,44. 13 April 50. p.29. 16 April 50. pp.30-31. 18 April 50. p.32. 20 April 50. pp.31,33-34. 26 April 50. p.38. 27 April 50. pp.35,37,69. 28 April 50. pp.38-39. 30 April 50. p.30. 4 May 50. p.41. 5 May 50. pp.41-42. 10 May 50. p.42. 11 May 50. p.43.1 13 May 50. p.44. 17 May 50. p.45. 20 May 50. p.47. 21 May 50. pp.45-47.


22 May 50. p.2. 23 May 50. p.49. 24 May 50. p.48. 25 May 50. pp.49-51. 26 May 50. p.64. 29 May 50. p.52. 31 May 50. p.54. 1 June 50. p.55. 2 June 50. p.64. 5 June 50. p.64. 7 June 50. p.67. 15 June 50. p.66. 13 July 50. p.69. 17 July 50. p.70. 30 July 50. p.71. 31 July 50. p. 71. 4 August 50. p.71. 15 September 50. p.48. 1952. p.9. November 1956. p.9. 1981. p.l. 22 April 81. p.l.

Germany. pp.1-2,4,57. Gheller, Corinne. p.38. "G-Man McKenerich." p.60. Grant, Earl. p.31. Grants Pass, OR. p.38. GRUDGE, Project. pp.S-9,27,41 , 44. Gumbert, Ray. p.6.


Denver, CO. pp.l1 ,19. Dexter, Melvin. p.42. Dobos, Steve. p.31 . Duquoin, Earl. p.45.

Hale, Fred. p.38. Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. p.30. Hanford AEC Plant, WA. p.71. Harkey, Jack. p.l9. Harkey, T.J. p.19. Hayes, A.G. p.38. Heard, John. p.28. Henderson, Robert. p.30. Herezl, Ben. p.51. Herrman, Rand. p.34. Hess Seymour. p.47. Hibbs, Clara. p.54. Houston, TX. p.31. Howell, Madeen. p.6. Hulick, Doane. p.19. Hunter, B.G. pp.44.



Easterling, W.C. p.31. Eggerer, Frank. p.31 . Elmendorf, Alaska. p.42. Emmett, Bil. p.38. English, Harry. p.34.


De Courcy, Kermeth. p.39.


Failing, George. p.31. "Falscht, G." p.4. FBI. pp.2-3 ,71. Featherstone, O.T. p.32. Fegett, C.T. p.54. G

GeBaucer, Leo A pp.56,62 .. Geophysical Research Laboratory. p.29.

Japan. p.55. Johnson, J.P. p.l. Jordon, Nixola. p.6. Journal of the Astronomical Society of Canada. p.28. K

Kadwell, Ethel. p.19. Kaplan, Dr. Joseph. p.28. Kay, Dr. E.W. p.63. Ketels, Fred. p.47. Keyhoe, Donald. p.64. Klamath Falls, OR. pp.34,38. Kokomo, IN. p.18. Korea. p.55. Krygowski, Edward. p.l3


Land-Air Incorporated. pp.48, 50. LaPaz, Dr. Lincoln. pp.28,49-50. Layne, Meade. pp.56-57,59,61. Ley, Willy. p.14. Lightfoot, David. pp.20-26. Li 'L Abner. pp.25-27. Limerick, Paul. p.19. Lipson, Benny. p.42. "Logen, R." p.4. London Intelligence Digest. p. 39. Louisville, KY. p.54. Love, Irene. p.39. Loveland, CO. p.47. Ludlow, MA. p.31. Lufkin, TX. p.33. M

Maccabee, Dr. Bruce. pp.9,43. Manning, Capt.Robert. p.35. Mars. pp.2,4,25. Matney, Jim. p.ll. Maxim, Bartlett. p.64. McDonald, Dr. James. pp.20,35-37 47,52-53,69. McEwen, Blanche. p.43. "McKenerich, G-Man," p.15. Me Minnville, OR. p.43. Menzel, Dr. Donald. p.47. Messersmith, Bud. p.45. Miguel, Juan Parde de. p.6. Mildren, Lt. Col. p.71. Monterey, CA. pp.11,29. Montrose, CO. pp.47-48. Moore, William. p.2. Morinville, Alberta, Canada. p.7. Murrow, Edward R. p.l7. Muscatine, IA. p.l6. N

Nakin, Clarence. p.39. New Orleans, LA. p.2. Newsweek. p.25. Neue Illustrierte. p.4.

NICAP. p.9. Niemann, Mrs. Paul. p.16. Norwood, OH. p.12. 0

Ocala, FL. p.69. Odom, E. p.43. Office ofNaval Intelligence. p. 9. O'Hara, John. p.ll. Onset, ME. p.64. O'Sullivan, Marcellus. p.42. p Pageant. p.61. Paramaribo, Surinam. p.66. Partridge, General? p.55. Pazanda, Elizabeth. p.ll. Pepperwood, CA. p.31. Peterson, Ehrle. p.42. Point. pp.56-58. Ponsford, :MN. p.55.

Powell, Bill. p.43. Pravda. p.64. Premo, L.J. p.32. Psychological Warfare. pp.8-9. Pullman, WA. p.32.

Q Quinn, John. p.2. Quixley, C.L. p.69. R

Reardon, James. p.l6. Rees, Doyld. p.50.

Reisinger, William. p.42. Robertson, Jack. p.33. Robinson, Jerry. p.6. Robinson, Mrs. Mattie. P.6. Robinson, L. p.l4. Rochefort, Count Nicolas de. p.9. Romero, Garcia. p.6. Ruppelt, Edward. p.69. Russia. pp.9,39,64.

Ryan, Lt. Col. W.E. p.l6.


w Ward, Baxter. p.53. Watson, Col. H.E. p.67. Weaver, Bonnie. p.16. Webner, Klaus. p.l2. Wells, Dr. D.A. p.l2. Wiesbaden Tagblatt. pp.l-3 . Wiesbaden, West Germany. pp. 1-3. Winkler, William. p. l2. Winslow, AZ. p.43.

Saigon, Indo-China. p.34. Schaller, Lt. Col. ? p.27. Schriever, Rudolph. p.55. Scott, E.S. p.39. Scott, Howard. p.30. Scully, Frank. p.56. Seevers, Clyde. p.48. Sevila, J.J. p.13. Sharpe, Donald. p.5. Shelby, NC. p.19. Sherbanik, Phil. p. 7. Shumate, T.L. p.45. Soule, Rolland. p.32. Sperry, Capt. Willis T. pp.52-53. Springfield, J.H. p.44. Sprunkel, William. pp.l-3. Stratemeyer, General. p.55.

Yeager, Rick. p.27.



Talk of the Times. pp.56-63.

Zannon, Bill. p.47.

Taneytown, MD. p.39.

Zaslavsky, David. p.64.

Taylor, Henry J. p.15. The Flying Saucers Are Real. p. 64. The Roswell Incident. p.2. Tipp City, OH. p.6. Trent, Paul. p.43. TWINKLE, Project. p.48.

u Union, Springfield, MA. p.13 . Upton, WY. p.45. U.S . Army. pp.l-3,11.

US. News and World Report. p.14. "Ussel, Sgt. D." pp.57,59.

v Vandenberg, General Hoyt. p. 71. Von Karman, Dr. Theodore. p. 28.


"X," Mr. pp.l-2. y