Wellbeing in Cities - Liveable Cities

Wellbeing in Cities - Liveable Cities

Wellbeing in Cities 8th December 2016 Goodenough College, London Health and the city Senses Childhood High noise levels Psychological stress, poo...

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Wellbeing in Cities 8th December 2016 Goodenough College, London

Health and the city Senses

Childhood

High noise levels

Psychological stress, poor reading skills, general learning

Light: too low/high

Impact on learning and cognitive performance

No views, especially nature

Impact on learning and cognitive performance

Unsafe infrastructure, poor air quality Damp/hot/cold

Accidents Anxiety and depression

An illustration of some of the relationships between the environment and wellbeing over the life course, in Cooper et al. (2014)

Health and the city Senses

Adulthood

High noise levels

Impact on mental performance, anxiety, stress, learning, blood pressure, longterm memory, social conflicts at work, exhaustion, violence and job strain

Light: too low/high

Impact on levels of satisfaction and wellbeing, and sleeping patterns

No views, especially nature

Job dissatisfaction, job stress, feelings of isolation, depression, claustrophobia, tension

Unsafe infrastructure, Headaches, tiredness, itchy skin, poor air quality, muscle pain, psychological stress damp/hot/cold An illustration of some of the relationships between the environment and wellbeing over the life course, in Cooper et al. (2014)

Health and the city Senses

Older age

High noise levels

Abnormal sleeping patterns, agitation

Light: too low/high

Abnormal sleeping patterns

No views, especially nature

Impact on agitation

Unsafe infrastructure, poor air quality, damp/hot/cold

Impact on agitation

An illustration of some of the relationships between the environment and wellbeing over the life course, in Cooper et al. (2014)

Aspirations • More physical space to grow a family • Ability to travel • Friendly • Clean, aesthetic, noise-free, safe

What design principles can we bring to make future cities liveable- happy healthy cities?

1. Promote physical activity & healthy diet 2. Design the neighborhood for children 3. Enable independence in older age 4. Reduce Stress 5. Promote positive mood/emotions

6. Facilitate good relationships 7. Help make people feel safe from crime 8. Reduce the sense of crowding 9. Make moving about easy

10. In short, design cities that are ‘easy on the eye’, green, clean, accessible, friendly, courteous and affordable.

Wellbeing in cities Case studies

Research question: How does the urban environment impact wellbeing and walkability?

Lancaster

Birmingham

Southampton

High density, high deprivation wards Birmingham: Lozells & E. Handsworth Lancaster: Heysham North Southampton: Bevois

High density, low deprivation wards Birmingham: Selly Oak Lancaster: John O’Gaunt Southampton: Portswood

Low density, high deprivation wards Birmingham: Nechells Lancaster: Westgate Southampton: Redbridge

Low density, low deprivation wards Birmingham: Lozells & E. Handsworth Lancaster: Scotforth West Southampton: Bassett

Methods Wellbeing questionnaire (N= 233) • Developed from 3,000 wellbeing indicators • 23 questions • 5 categories of questions

Methods Built environment audit • 484 roads (40 per ward) • 31.2km walked • 10 urban design categories evaluated

Wellbeing findings: Your local neighbourhood 4.5 4 3.5 3 Beverly Hills

2.5

Detroit 2

Bayswater Victorian slums

1.5 1 0.5 0 Beauty

Green blue

Parks quality

Parks access

Wellbeing findings: Safety 5 4.5 4 3.5 3

Beverly Hills Detroit

2.5

Bayswater

2

Victorian slums 1.5 1 0.5 0 Safe day

Safe night

Safe kids

Wellbeing findings: Your health & wellbeing 4 3.5 3 2.5 Beverly Hills Detroit

2

Bayswater 1.5

Victorian slums

1 0.5 0 Anxious

Satisfied 1 yr ago

Wellbeing findings: Your environment & daily life 4.5 4 3.5 3 Beverly Hills

2.5

Detriot 2

Bayswater Victorian slums

1.5 1 0.5 0 Pride in city

Face-to-face

Built environment audit results 80 70 60 50 Beverly Hills Detroit

40

Bayswater 30

Victorian slums

20 10 0 Form

Density

Proximity

Built environment audit results 100 90 80 70 60

Beverly Hills

50

Detroit Bayswater

40

Victorian slums 30 20 10 0 Connectivity

Parks & PS

Ped amenities Personal safety

Built environment audit results 90 80 70 60 Beverly Hills

50

Detroit 40

Bayswater

30

Victorian slums

20 10 0 Traffic safety

Aesthetics

Rec facilities

State of Place

Findings Walkability High

Bayswater Beverly Hills Victorian slums Wellbeing

Low

High

Detroit

Low

Policy implications To improve residents’ wellbeing and walkability, cities need to focus on low density, high deprivation areas • Adding public green spaces is not the answer • Are there lessons to learn from other neighbourhoods? • Are there lessons to learn from other Research Challenges and Phase 2 projects?